Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 595
Filter
1.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(3): 283-289, jun. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407923

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: La lesión del nervio laríngeo recurrente es una grave complicación en cirugía tiroidea. El propósito del presente estudio es analizar la utilidad de la neuromonitorización vagal continua intraoperatoria en un hospital terciario. Materiales y Método: Estudio observacional, analítico y retrospectivo que recoge pacientes intervenidos de cirugía tiroidea con neuromonitorización en un período de 14 meses. La pérdida de señal se define como amplitud final nerviosa < 100 ^V, realizándose laringoscopia postquirúrgica ante la sospecha de lesión nerviosa. El análisis estadístico se realizó con el programa SPSS® V25,0, con p < 0,05. Resultados: Se incluyeron 120 pacientes intervenidos, registrándose en el 24,2% pérdida de señal. Factores de riesgo para lesión fueron bocio intratorácico (OR 5,31; IC 95% 1,56-17,99; p = 0,007), cirugía cervical previa (OR 5,76; IC 95% 0,64-51,97; p = 0,119) y patología maligna (OR 1,44; IC 95% 0,16-12,79; p = 0,743). Fue posible el cambio de estrategia quirúrgica en 7 casos. En el seguimiento posterior se cuantificó parálisis recurrencial transitoria en 27 pacientes y permanente en 4. Discusión: La neuromonitorización parece reducir la incidencia de parálisis laríngea porque aumenta la seguridad en la identificación del nervio recurrente y reduce su manipulación durante la cirugía. Conclusiones: La neuromonitorización intraoperatoria es útil para identificar el nervio laríngeo recurrente y advierte del riesgo potencial de lesión, permitiendo cambiar la estrategia quirúrgica para evitar la parálisis bilateral de cuerdas vocales.


Aim: Recurrent laryngeal nerve injury is a serious complication in thyroid surgery. The purpose of the present study is to analyze the use of intraoperative continuous vagal neuromonitoring in a tertiary hospital. Materials and Method: Observational, analytical and retrospective study that includes patients who underwent thyroid surgery with neuromonitoring in a period of 14 months. Loss of signal is defined as final nerve amplitude < 100 ^V, and postsurgical laryngoscopy is performed due to suspicion of nerve injury. Statistical analysis was performed with the SPSS® V25.0 program, with p < 0.05. Results: 120 operated patients were included, registering loss of signal in 24.2%. Risk factors for injury were intrathoracic goiter (OR 5.31; 95% CI 1.56-17.99; p = 0.007), previous cervical surgery (OR 5.76; 95% CI 0.64-51.97; p = 0.119) and malignant pathology (OR 1.44; 95% CI 0.16-12.79; p = 0.743). A change in surgical strategy was possible in 7 cases. In the subsequent follow-up, transient recurrent paralysis was quantified in 27 patients and permanent in 4. Discussion: Neuromonitoring seems to reduce the incidence of laryngeal paralysis because it increases the security in the identification of the recurrent nerve and reduces its manipulation during surgery. Conclusions: Intraoperative neuromonitoring is useful to identify the recurrent laryngeal nerve and warns of the potential risk of injury, allowing to change the surgical strategy to avoid bilateral vocal cord paralysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve/pathology , Thyroid Gland/surgery , Vagus Nerve , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Monitoring, Intraoperative
2.
Rev. SOBECC (Online) ; 27: 1-7, 01-01-2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1410462

ABSTRACT

Analisar a correlação entre hipotermia intraoperatória e ocorrência de infecção de sítio cirúrgico em pacientes oncológicos. Método: Estudo de coorte retrospectiva com dados extraídos do prontuário eletrônico de 79 pacientes entre 2014 e 2015. Todos os preceitos éticos foram cumpridos. Resultados: De 79 pacientes, 18 (22,79%) desenvolveram infecção de sítio cirúrgico, sendo 12 (66,66%) durante a internação e 6 (33,33%) após a alta. A infecção do sítio cirúrgico apresentou correlação significativa com diabetes mellitus, transfusão intraoperatória, tipo de cirurgia proposta, tempo de permanência em Unidade de Internação ou de Terapia Intensiva, reabordagem cirúrgica e readmissão hospitalar. Verificou-se que cada episódio de hipotermia menor ou igual a 35,5°C aumentou a chance de infecção do sítio cirúrgico em 6,2%.


To analyze the correlation between intraoperative hypothermia and the occurrence of surgical site infection in patients with cancer. Method: Retrospective cohort study with data extracted from the electronic medical records of 79 patients between 2014 and 2015. All ethical precepts were complied with. Results: Of 79 patients, 18 (22.79%) developed surgical site infection, 12 (66.66%) during hospitalization and 6 (33.33%) after hospital discharge. Surgical site infection was significantly correlated with diabetes mellitus, intraoperative transfusion, type of surgery proposed, length of stay in an Inpatient or Intensive Care Unit, surgical re-approach and hospital readmission. Each episode of hypothermia lower than or equal to 35.5 °C increased the chance of surgical site infection by 6.2%.


: Analizar la correlación entre la hipotermia intraoperatoria y la ocurrencia de infección del sitio quirúrgico en pacientes oncológicos. Método: Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo con datos extraídos de la historia clínica electrónica de 79 pacientes entre 2014 y 2015. Se cumplieron todos los preceptos éticos. Resultados: De 79 pacientes, 18 (22,79%) desarrollaron infección del sitio quirúrgico, 12 (66,66%) durante la hospitalización y 6 (33,33%) después del alta. La infección del sitio quirúrgico se correlacionó significativamente con la diabetes mellitus, la transfusión intraoperatoria, el tipo de cirugía propuesta, la estancia hospitalaria o en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos, la reintervención quirúrgica y el reingreso hospitalario. Se encontró que cada episodio de hipotermia menor o igual a 35,5°C aumentó la probabilidad de infección del sitio quirúrgico en un 6,2%.


Subject(s)
Humans , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Hypothermia , Medical Oncology , General Surgery , Cohort Studies , Infections
4.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(5): 276-281, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1359360

ABSTRACT

La lesión del nervio laríngeo recurrente (NLR) es una de las complicaciones más severas en las tiroidectomías. La lesión unilateral genera trastornos disfónicos que se manifiesta por voz débil y una posición paramedial de la cuerda vocal afectada, mientas que la bilateral genera trastornos respiratorios, incluyendo la asfixia. Se ha estimado que la lesión del NLR en las tiroidectomías se encuentra entre un rango de 0.3%- 18.9%. Se ha visto que con el neuromonitoreo intraoperatorio ha disminuido la incidencia de lesión, aunque debemos tener en cuenta un factor muy importante a la hora de solicitarlo y utilizarlo, el económico. La tasa de lesión permanente del nervio laríngeo recurrente debe permanecer por debajo de 1 a 2 %. Sin embargo, existen circunstancias en las cuales los nervios están expuestos a un mayor riesgo y son muchos los factores involucrados en su mecanismo de lesión. Este artículo pretende hacer una revisión del tema enfatizando en la importancia de la preservación de la funcionalidad e integridad de ambos nervios laríngeos recurrentes.


Recurrent laryngeal nerve injury (RLN) is one of the most severe complications in thyroidectomies. Unilateral injury generates dysphonic disorders manifested by weak voice and a paramedial position of the affected vocal cord, while bilateral injury generates respiratory disorders, including suffocation. RLN injury in thyroidectomies has been estimated to be in the range of 0.3% - 18.9%. It has been seen that with intraoperative neuromonitoring the incidence of injury has decreased, although we must take into account a very important factor when requesting and using it, the economic one. The rate of permanent injury to the recurrent laryngeal nerve should remain below 1% to 2%. However, there are circumstances in which the nerves are exposed to greater risk and many factors are involved in their mechanism of injury. This article aims to review the subject, emphasizing the importance of preserving the functionality and integrity of both recurrent laryngeal nerves


Subject(s)
Humans , Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve/pathology , Thyroidectomy , Thyroid Neoplasms/complications , Monitoring, Intraoperative
5.
J. bras. nefrol ; 43(2): 228-235, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286934

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Some authors advise in favor of delayed sampling of intraoperative parathormone testing (ioPTH) during parathyroidectomy in dialysis and kidney-transplanted patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the intensity and the role of delayed sampling in the interpretation of ioPTH during parathyroidectomy in dialysis patients (2HPT) and successful kidney-transplanted patients (3HPT) compared to those in single parathyroid adenoma patients (1HPT). Methods: This was a retrospective study of ioPTH profiles in patients with 1HPT, 2HPT, and 3HPT operated on in a single institution. Samples were taken at baseline ioPTH (sampling at the beginning of the operation), ioPTH-10 min (10 minutes after excision of the parathyroid glands), and ioPTH-15 min (15 minutes after excision of the parathyroid glands). The values were compared to baseline. Results: Median percentage values of ioPTH compared to baseline (100%) were as follows: 1HPT, ioPTH-10 min = 20% and ioPTH-15 min = 16%; 2HPT, ioPTH-10 min = 14% and ioPTH-15 min = 12%; 3HPT, ioPTH-10 min = 18% and ioPTH-15 min = 15%. Discussion: The reduction was equally effective at 10 minutes in all groups. In successful cases, ioPTH decreases satisfactorily 10 minutes after parathyroid glands excision in dialysis and transplanted patients, despite significant differences in kidney function. The postponed sampling of ioPTH appears to be unnecessary.


Resumo Introdução: Alguns autores aconselham a favor de se fazer uma amostragem tardia de teste de paratormônio intraoperatório (PTHIO) durante paratireoidectomia em pacientes transplantados renais e em diálise. O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a intensidade e o papel da amostragem tardia na interpretação do PTHIO durante paratireoidectomia em pacientes em diálise (2HPT) e pacientes com transplante renal bem sucedido (3HPT) em comparação com aqueles em pacientes com adenoma único de paratireoide (1HPT). Métodos: Este foi um estudo retrospectivo dos perfis de PTHIO em pacientes com 1HPT, 2HPT, e 3HPT operados em uma única instituição. Foram coletadas amostras de PTHIO basal (amostragem no início da operação), PTHIO-10 min (10 minutos após a excisão das glândulas paratireoides), e PTHIO-15 min (15 minutos após a excisão das glândulas paratireoides). Os valores foram comparados aos resultados basais. Resultados: Os valores percentuais medianos do PTHIO em comparação aos basais (100%) foram os seguintes: 1HPT, PTHIO-10 min = 20% e PTHIO-15 min = 16%; 2HPT, PTHIO-10 min = 14% e PTHIO-15 min = 12%; 3HPT, PTHIO-10 min = 18% e PTHIO-15 min = 15%. Discussão: A redução foi igualmente eficaz aos 10 minutos em todos os grupos. Em casos de sucesso, o PTHIO diminui satisfatoriamente 10 minutos após a excisão das glândulas paratireoides em pacientes em diálise e transplantados, apesar das diferenças significativas na função renal. A amostragem tardia de PTHIO parece ser desnecessária.


Subject(s)
Humans , Parathyroidectomy , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/surgery , Parathyroid Hormone , Retrospective Studies , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Renal Dialysis , Kidney
6.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(2): 113-119, 15/06/2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362174

ABSTRACT

Objective The purpose of the present study is to demonstrate the usefulness of intraoperative ultrasound guidance as a technique for the assessment, in real time, of tumor resection and as a navigation aid during intra-axial brain lesion removal on patients admitted in the Neurosurgical Department at the Hospital Universitario de Caracas, Caracas, Venezuela, in 2018. Methods A total of 10 patients were enrolled, each with intra-axial brain lesions with no previous neurosurgical procedures and a mean age of 49 years old, ranging from 29 to 59 years old. Results A male predominance was observed with 7 cases (70%) over 3 female cases (30%). Six patients had lesions in the dominant hemisphere. The frontal lobe was the most commonly affected,with 5 cases, followed by the parietal lobe,with 4 cases. After craniotomy, ultrasound evaluation was performed previously to dural opening, during tumor resection and after tumor removal. The mean tumor size in axial, coronal and sagittal views was 3.72 cm, 3.08 cm and 3.00 cm, respectively, previously to dural opening with intraoperative ultrasound. The average tumor depth was 1.73 cm from the cerebral cortex. The location and removal duration from the beginning of the approach (ultrasound usage time) was 83.60 minutes, and the average surgery duration was 201 minutes. Navigation with intraoperative ultrasound served to resect intra-axial tumors more precisely and safely. There was no postoperative complication associated with the surgery in this series of cases. Conclusions Intraoperative ultrasound guidance for intra-axial subcortical tumor resection is a technique that serves as a surgical and anatomical orientation tool.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Brain Neoplasms/surgery , Monitoring, Intraoperative/methods , Ultrasonography , Neuronavigation/methods , Glioma/surgery , Brain Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Neurosurgical Procedures/methods , Craniotomy/methods , Glioma/physiopathology , Glioma/diagnostic imaging
7.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(1): 125-130, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288183

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La vesícula izquierda (VI) es una rara anomalía de la vía biliar que, cuando enferma, no suele dar sín tomas diferentes de aquella normoposicionada, haciendo infrecuente su diagnóstico preoperatorio. Presentamos el caso de una colecistitis aguda en un paciente con VI, resuelto en forma segura por vía laparoscópica. Un paciente ingresa por un cuadro típico de colecistitis aguda. Como hallazgo in traoperatorio se constata una vesícula biliar inflamada, ubicada en posición siniestra. Se modificó la ubicación de los puertos de trabajo y se realizó colangiografía transvesicular por punción, antes de iniciar la disección del hilio vesicular. Luego de identificar el conducto cístico, se realizó colangiografía transcística que confirmó la anatomía de la vía biliar completa y expedita. Se completó la colecistec tomía laparoscópica en forma segura. El hallazgo de una VI obliga al cirujano a cambiar la técnica de una colecistectomía laparoscópica. Esta anomalía incrementa el riesgo de lesiones de la vía biliar. La disección cuidadosa del hilio vesicular logrando una visión crítica de seguridad y el uso de colangiogra fía intraoperatoria son de extrema importancia para una colecistectomía segura.


ABSTRACT Left-sided gallbladder (LSGB) is a rare bile duct abnormality, usually found during a cholecystectomy. Symptoms usually do not differ from those of a normally positioned gallbladder, making the preoperative diagnosis extremely uncommon. We report the case of an acute cholecystitis in a patient whit LSGB, safely managed with laparoscopic surgery. A 24-year-old male patient was admitted to our institution with clinical and radiological signs of acute cholecystitis. The intraoperative finding of an acute cholecystitis in a LSGB made us modify ports positioning and a cholangiograhy was done by direct puncture of the gallbladder before hilum dissection. After the cystic duct was identified, a transcystic cholangiography was performed which confirmed a complete and clear bile duct anatomy and laparoscopic cholecystectomy was safely completed. The intraoperative finding of a LSGB makes the surgeon change some aspects of the usual technique to perform a safe cholecystectomy as LSGB significantly increases the risk of common bile duct injuries. Meticulous dissection of the gallbladder hilum to achieve a critical view of safety and the systematic use of intraoperative cholangiography are extremely important to perform a safe laparoscopic cholecystectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Cholecystitis, Acute/diagnostic imaging , Gallbladder , Cholangiography , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Laparoscopy
8.
Rev. chil. anest ; 50(1): 56-78, 2021. graf, tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512393

ABSTRACT

Perioperative hypothermia is a common complication of general anesthesia, but it can also occur in patients undergoing regional anesthesia. It signifiicantly increases perioperative morbidity and mortality. Complications such as increased incidence of surgical site infection, delayed healing, coagulation abnormalities, increased surgical bleeding, perioperative cardiac events, decreased metabolism of drugs involved in anesthesia and a great discomfort in the immediate postoperative period (due to shivering), have been identified. The decrease in the patient's core temperature is due to a combination of physiological events related to the surgical anesthetic act. These include deterioration of the effector responses of the hypothalamus (tending to conserve heat), heat distribution between the central compartment and the periphery, and net heat loss to a generally colder environment, such as the surgical ward. Hypothermia is often an undetected complication of the anesthetic act due to the lack of regular temperature monitoring. It is not considered a basic standard of care, despite the fact that in recent years new guidelines and recommendations have emerged, which suggest its implementation in all patients in whom the duration of their surgery is expected to last longer than 1 hour. The measures aimed at keeping the patient normothermic can be classified as passive, within which the simplest is to cover the patient for as long as possible during their presence in the ward, and active, which are those that transfer heat to the body, within the which the most effective is the use of convective heat blankets. It has recently been suggested that prewarming the patient before inducing anesthesia is an efficient strategy to avoid hypothermia, decreasing temperature differences between core and peripheral tissues. However, the effectiveness of this measure remain to be evaluated with prospective, randomized trials. In the context of the emergency patient, although hypothermia shows the same characteristics as in the elective patient, it becomes more relevant in three clinical settings: patient with major burns, patient in hemorrhagic shock and the polytraumatized patient. In these scenarios, keeping the patient normothermic will prevent a series of serious complications, which can strongly affect mortality.


La hipotermia perioperatoria es una complicación frecuente de la anestesia general, pero que también se puede presentar en pacientes sometidos a anestesia regional. Se relaciona con un aumento significativo de la morbilidad y mortalidad perioperatorias, donde se han identificado complicaciones como aumento de la incidencia de infección del sitio quirúrgico, retardo de la cicatrización, alteraciones de la coagulación, aumento del sangrado quirúrgico, de los eventos cardiacos perioperatorios, disminución del metabolismo de drogas implicadas en la anestesia y sensación de gran incomodidad del paciente en el posoperatorio inmediato, por la presencia de calosfríos. La disminución de la temperatura central del paciente se debe a un combinación de eventos fisiológicos relacionados con el acto anestésico quirúrgico, con deterioro de las respuestas efectoras del hipotálamo tendientes a conservar calor, fenómenos distributivos de calor entre el compartimiento central y la periferia del propio paciente y pérdida de calor neta hacia un medio ambiente en general más frío, como lo es el pabellón quirúrgico. El hecho de que la hipotermia sea muchas veces considerada una complicación no detectada del acto anestésico, se debe a que aún la monitorización regular de la temperatura no se considera un estándar básico de cuidado, pese a que en los últimos años han surgido nuevas guías y recomendaciones, que sugieren que ésta sea implementada en todo paciente en que se proyecte una duración de la cirugía mayor a 1 hora. Las medidas tendientes a mantener al paciente normotérmico, pueden ser clasificadas en pasivas, dentro de las cuales la más simple es cubrir al paciente el mayor tiempo posible durante su presencia en pabellón y activas, que son aquellas que transfieren calor al cuerpo, dentro de las cuales la más efectiva es el uso de mantas de calor convectivo. Recientemente, se ha sugerido que una de las estrategias eficientes para evitar la HPO es el precalentamiento del paciente, que permite que sus tejidos periféricos estén a mayor temperatura al momento de inducir la anestesia, sin embargo, la efectividad de esta medida debe ser evaluada con estudios prospectivos y aleatorizados más concluyentes. La hipotermia en el contexto del paciente de urgencia, si bien presenta las mismas características que en el paciente electivo, cobra mayor relevancia en tres escenarios clínicos: el gran quemado, el paciente en hemorrágico y el paciente politraumatizado, escenarios en que mantener al paciente normotérmico, implicará evitar una serie de complicaciones graves, que pueden incidir fuertemente en la mortalidad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Complications , Hypothermia/etiology , Intraoperative Complications , Anesthesia/adverse effects , Body Temperature , Body Temperature Regulation/drug effects , Body Temperature Regulation/physiology , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Emergencies , Heating , Hypothermia/complications , Hypothermia/therapy
9.
Rev. chil. anest ; 50(1): 231-251, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512465

ABSTRACT

Both transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography have allowed a significant improvement in cardiovascular monitoring. With adequate training and in the search for specific answers, echocardiography can be very useful.


La ecocardiografía tanto transtorácica como transesofágica han permitido una mejoría importante en la monitorización cardiovascular. Con un adecuado entrenamiento y en la búsqueda de respuestas puntuales la ecocardiografía puede ser de gran utilidad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Echocardiography/methods , Cardiovascular Diseases , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Echocardiography, Transesophageal , Critical Care , Emergencies , Perioperative Period , Heart Function Tests , Hemodynamics , Anesthesia
10.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 1087-1092, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942580

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the application efficacy of the "classification of external branch of superior laryngeal nerve (EBSLN)" combined with intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) in the dissection of EBSLN for protecting the nerve from injuery, compared with ligation of branches of the superior thyroid vessels without attempts to visually identify the nerve. Methods: A prospective randomized controled study was performed in our center. Patients subjected to thyroidectomy from January 2017 to June 2019 were randomly divided into 2 groups, patients in experimental group underwent thyroidectomy and "classification of EBSLN" with IONM to dissect EBSLN, and patients in control group received synchronous surgery without attempts to visually identify the nerve. The anatomical subtypes of EBSLN in experimental group were recorded. The voice handicap index 10 (VHI-10) score was evaluated and the movement of bilateral vocal cords was examined by laryngoscope before surgery, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months after surgery, respectively. SPSS 26.0 statistical software was used for statistical analysis. Results: Among the 1 377 EBSLN from 827 patients (317 males and 510 females, aged 24-58 years old), 691 EBSLNs in experimental group and 686 EBSLNs in control group. Totally 98.3% of EBSLNs in experimental group were identified by IONM including 16.4% (113/691) for type Ⅰ, 21.3% (147/691) for type Ⅱa, 31.4% (217/691) for type Ⅱb, 10.4% (72/691) for type Ⅲa, 3.9% (27/691) for type Ⅲb, 16.6% (115/691) for type Ⅲc. There was no statistical significance difference in baseline data between 2 groups (all P>0.05). All patients were followed up for more than 6 months. The postoperative nerve injury rate of experimental group was significantly lower than that of control group (1.2% vs. 7.5%, χ²=12.659, P<0.001), and the VHI-10 scores and laryngoscope results of experimental group were better than those of control group in three follow-up visits (P<0.001). With postoperative laryngoscope examination, 3 patients in the experimental group and 23 patients in the control group showed vocal cord relaxation, bilateral oblique asymmetry and other phenomena, which were considered as the results of permanent injury. Other patients with symptoms were relieved to varying degrees during the follow-up, and their symptoms were considered as the results of temporary injury. Conclusion: IONM combined with "classification of EBSLN" can reduce significantly the risk of EBSLN injury in thyroidectomy, which is better than direct ligation of branches without attempts to visually identify the nerve.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Laryngeal Nerve Injuries , Laryngeal Nerves , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Prospective Studies , Thyroid Gland , Thyroidectomy
11.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 946-951, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942280

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare well-known preload dynamic parameters intraoperatively including stroke volume variation (SVV), pulse pressure variation (PPV), and plethysmographic variability index (PVI) in children who underwent craniotomy for epileptogenic lesion excision.@*METHODS@#A total of 30 children aged 0 to 14 years undergoing craniotomy for intracranial epileptogenic lesion excision were enrolled. During surgery, we measured PPV, SVV (measured by the Flotrac/Vigileo device), and PVI (measured by the Masimo Radical-7 monitor) simultaneously and continuously. Preload dynamic parameter measurements were collected at predefined steps: after induction of anesthesia, during opening the skull, intraoperative electroencephalogram monitoring, excision of epileptogenic lesion, skull closure, at the end of the operation. After exclusion of outliers, agreement among SVV, PPV, and PVI was assessed using repeated measures of Bland-Altman approach. The 4-quadrant and polar plot techniques were used to assess the trending ability among the changes in the three parameters.@*RESULTS@#The mean SVV, PPV, and PVI were 8%±2%, 10%±3%, and 15%±7%, respectively during surgery. We analyzed a total of 834 paired measurements (3 to 8 data sets for each phase per patient). Repeated measures Bland-Altman analysis identified a bias of -2.3 and 95% confidence intervals between -1.9 and -2.7 (95% limits of agreement between -6.0 and 1.5) between PPV and SVV, showing significant correlation at all periods. The bias between PPV and PVI was -5.0 with 95% limits of agreement between -20.5 and 10.5, and that between SVV and PVI was -7.5 with 95% limits of agreement between -22.7 and 7.8, both not showing significant correlation. Reflected by 4-quadrant plots, the con-cordance rates showing the trending ability between the changes in PPV and SVV, PPV and PVI, SVV and PVI were 88.6%, 50.4%, and 50.1%, respectively. The concordance rate between PPV and SVV was higher (92.7%) in children aged less than 3 years compared with those aged 3 and more than 3 years. The mean angular bias, radial limits of agreement, and angular concordance rate in the polar analysis were not clinically acceptable in the changes between arterial pressure waveform-based parameters and volume-based PVI (PPV vs. PVI: angular mean bias 8.4°, angular concordance rate 29.9%; SVV vs. PVI: angular mean bias 2.4°, angular concordance rate 29.1%). There was a high concordance between the two arterial pressure waveform-based parameters reflected by the polar plot (angular mean bias -0.22°, angular concordance rate 86.6%).@*CONCLUSION@#PPV can be viewed as a surrogate for SVV, especially in children aged less than 3 years. The agreement between arterial pressure waveform-based preload parameters (PPV and SVV) and PVI is poor and these two should not be considered interchangeable. Attempt to combine PVI and PPV for improving the anesthesiologist's ability to monitor cardiac preload in major pediatric surgery is warranted.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Arterial Pressure , Blood Pressure , Craniotomy , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Stroke Volume
12.
Rev. argent. neurocir ; 1(supl. 1): 56-62, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1397252

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los tumores intramedulares (TIM) constituyen una patología infrecuente siendo pasibles de resección radical con alto riesgo de deterioro neurológico definitivo. Objetivos: Evaluar factores determinantes de la evolución tales como la técnica quirúrgica empleada, la utilidad del monitoreo neurofisiológico y la evolución de los casos tratados recientemente en nuestro Servicio. Material y Métodos: Revisamos retrospectivamente las Historias Clínicas de pacientes diagnosticados como tumores espinales entre diciembre de 2011 y diciembre 2018. Se consigna el examen neurológico pre y post operatorio, extensión tumoral, descripción de la técnica quirúrgica y los registros obtenidos durante el monitoreo neurofisiológico. Se reflejó la evolución en la Escala de McCormick inmediata, a 6 y 12 meses. Las IRM de ingreso y posoperatoria fueron comparadas para determinar el grado de resección. Se registraron los procedimientos de estabilización ortopédica, así como el tratamiento oncológico complementario. Resultados: Sobre un total de 51 Tumores espinales registrados en el período estudiado, 13 de ellos fueron diagnosticados como TIM. 7 Femeninas, 6 Masculinos. Edad media: 8 años (8 meses a 14 años). Seguimiento de 6 meses a 5 años. Sintomatología: Trastorno de la marcha: 5, Dolor: 5, Escoliosis: 4, Trastornos vesicales: 3, Tortícolis: 2.Características en neuroimágenes: Sólido 8, Sólido/quístico 5, Siringomielia asociada: 5 Técnica quirúrgica: Laminoplastía: 12 pacientes. Laminectomía: 1. Monitoreo intraoperatorio: Atenuación de la onda menor 50%: 5, atenuación mayor 50%: 6.Resección Total: 7, Subtotal/Parcial: 4, Biopsia: 2. Reoperación: una paciente portadora de Ependimoma con residuo en cara anterior medular.Resultado postoperatorio al año: Empeorado: 3. Sin cambios: 5. Mejoría: 5. No se registraron fallecimientos relacionados con el procedimiento.Quimioterapia adyuvante: 2. El déficit funcional mediato mejoró o se mantuvo estable en 12 casos. Se obtuvo recuperación a los 6 meses en 11 pacientes. Un paciente que adicionalmente sufrió un empiema a la semana no recuperó la paraplejía al año de la cirugía. Otro paciente falleció en el curso de la quimioterapia en los dos meses posoperatorios. Conclusiones: El empeoramiento en la función neurológica es esperable en el posoperatorio inmediato. La mayoría de los pacientes exhiben recuperación en los meses siguientes. La resección radical es factible y permite curación o favorece el tratamiento oncológico a largo plazo acorde a la biología tumoral.


Introduction: Intramedullary tumors constitute an infrequent pathology, being capable of radical resection with a high risk of definitive neurological deterioration. Objectives: Evaluate outcome determinants such as the surgical technique used, the usefulness of neurophysiological monitoring and the evolution of the cases recently treated in our Hospital. Material and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of patients diagnosed as spinal tumors between December 2011 and December 2018. The pre and post-operative neurological examination, tumor extension, description of the surgical technique and the information obtained during neurophysiological monitoring are recorded. The evolution was analyzed by the McCormick Scale, at 6 and 12 months. Admission and postoperative MRIs were compared to determine the degree of resection. Orthopedic stabilization procedures as well as complementary oncological treatment were studied. Results: Follow up: 6 months to 5 years. 7 Female, 6 Male. Average age: 8 years (8 months to 14 years) Symptoms: Gait disturbance: 5, Pain: 5, Scoliosis: 4, Bladder Disturbance: 3, Tortícolis: 2.MRI: Solid 8, Solid/ cystic 5, associated Syrinx: 5Surgery: Laminoplasty: 11. Laminectomy: 2. Surgery monitoring : flattened wave less to 50%: 5, up to 50%: 6.Gross total removal: 7, Subtotal/Partial: 4, Biopsy: 2. New exploration: a patient with anterior spinal cord remained Ependymoma.Surgical results: Worsened : 3. Unchanged: 5. Improvement: 5Chemotherapy : 2. Improvement of functional deficit was seen in 11 cases between 6-12 months. There were no deaths due the surgery. Conclusions: Worsening of neurological function is usual immediately to intramedullary surgery. Mostly of patients will have a recovery. Radical resection of this tumors is feasible and in some cases curative, in other cases provide better chemotherapy opportunities.


Subject(s)
Spinal Cord Neoplasms , Spinal Cord , General Surgery , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Neoplasms
13.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(3): 256-261, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137172

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To observe the effects of preoperative right stellate ganglion block on perioperative atrial fibrillation in patients undergoing lung lobectomy. Methods: Two hundred patients who underwent a scheduled lobectomy were randomly divided into the S and C groups. The S group was injected with 4 mL of 0.2% ropivacaine under ultrasound guidance, and the C group did not receive stellate ganglion block. The patients underwent continuous ECG monitoring, and the incidences of atrial fibrillation and other types of arrhythmias were recorded from the start of surgery to 24 hours after surgery. Results: The respective incidences of atrial fibrillation in the S group and the C group were 3% and 10% (p = 0.045); other atrial arrhythmias were 20% and 38% (p = 0.005); and ventricular arrhythmia were 28% and 39% (p = 0.09). Conclusions: The results of the study indicated that preoperative right stellate ganglion block can effectively reduce the incidence of intraoperative and postoperative atrial fibrillation.


Resumo Objetivo: Observar os efeitos do bloqueio do gânglio estrelado na fibrilação atrial no período perioperatório em pacientes submetidos a lobectomia pulmonar. Método: Duzentos pacientes programados para lobectomia foram divididos aleatoriamente nos grupos S e C. O grupo S recebeu infusão de 4 mL de ropivacaína a 0,2% orientada por ultrassom e o grupo C não foi submetido a bloqueio do gânglio estrelado. Os pacientes foram submetidos à monitoração contínua de ECG, e as incidências de fibrilação atrial e outros tipos de arritmias foram registradas do início da cirurgia até 24 horas depois da cirurgia. Resultados: As incidências de fibrilação atrial no grupo S e no grupo C foram 3% e 10%, respectivamente (p = 0,045); as de outras arritmias atriais foram 20% e 38% (p = 0,005); e de arritmias ventriculares, 28% e 39% (p = 0,09). Conclusões: Os resultados do estudo indicaram que o bloqueio do gânglio estrelado no pré-operatório pode ser efetivo na redução da incidência de fibrilação atrial nos períodos intra- e pós-operatório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Pneumonectomy , Atrial Fibrillation/epidemiology , Autonomic Nerve Block/methods , Stellate Ganglion , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnosis , Incidence , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Electrocardiography , Intraoperative Complications/diagnosis , Middle Aged
14.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 24(1): 11-17, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090557

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Local anesthesia with sedation has been employed for an increasingly number of otolaryngology procedures, and might be associated with lower surgical morbidity and costs. Facial nerve monitoring is often advisable in otology to minimize the risks of injuries to this cranial nerve, but the principles, techniques and parameters involved have only been studied for procedures under general anesthesia. Objective To report the preliminary outcomes of intraoperative facial nerve moni- toring during otologic procedures under sedation and local anesthesia. Methods A total of five procedures and their respective intraoperative electrophysi- ological main findings were described. Facial neuromonitoring was performed using the same device by an electrophysiologist. The monitor sensitivity was set at 100 mV, and a stimulating probe was used whenever needed. Results Progressively decreasing low-amplitude baseline values were usually obtained as the level of anesthesia increased, with isolated oscillations possibly related to some degree of voluntary muscular activity. These oscillations could be easily distinguished from those of the surgical manipulation or electrical stimulation of the nerve, which tended to be of much greater amplitude and shorter latency, occurring during specific surgical steps. Conclusion With a surgical team with proper procedural knowledge and broad expertise regarding the technique, intraoperative facial nerve monitoring under local anesthesia with sedation seemed both feasible and reliable. Thus, the need for intraoperative neuromonitoring should not be an obstacle for otologic procedures under less aggressive anesthetic management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Otologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Monitoring, Intraoperative/methods , Facial Nerve/physiology , Anesthesia, Local , Treatment Outcome , Electric Stimulation , Electromyography
15.
J. vasc. bras ; 19: e20190027, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1091015

ABSTRACT

Resumo Contexto A espectroscopia próxima ao infravermelho (NIRS) é uma técnica não invasiva que detecta as alterações hemodinâmicas teciduais. A NIRS pode monitorar de forma contínua as informações fisiológicas vasculares intracranianas. Por ser portátil, ela pode ser utilizada à beira do leito e no centro cirúrgico. Objetivos Avaliar as possíveis alterações hemodinâmicas cerebrais durante a endarterectomia em pacientes com estenoses maiores que 70% utilizando NIRS. Métodos Foram avaliados 10 voluntários portadores de doença carotídea aterosclerótica com indicação de endarterectomia. Após a seleção dos pacientes, que responderam um questionário com dados epidemiológicos e informações referentes à presença de comorbidades, a doença foi confirmada por métodos diagnósticos. No procedimento cirúrgico, utilizou-se a NIRS para monitorização. Foram avaliadas as variáveis saturação de oxigênio (SatO2), hemoglobina total (HbT), hemoglobina reduzida (HbR) e hemoglobina oxigenada (HbO) nos três tempos cirúrgicos pré-, trans e pós-clampeamento carotídeo. Utilizou-se p < 0,05 como nível de significância. Resultados A avaliação dos resultados obtidos por meio das medidas registradas pela NIRS permite afirmar que HbR e SatO2 variam ao longo das etapas da cirurgia. Durante o clampeamento, a variável HbR mostra valores mais elevados que nas outras duas etapas da cirurgia. Por outro lado, a variável SatO2 mostra redução durante o clampeamento. Conclusões A NIRS é um método viável e aplicável de monitorização intracerebral, não invasivo e em tempo real, durante a endarterectomia carotídea, capaz de medir de forma precisa as mudanças das condições hemodinâmicas capilares intracerebrais.


Abstract Backgrounds Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is non-invasive technique that detects hemodynamic alterations in tissues. It enables continuous monitoring of intracerebral vascular physiologic information. Due to its portable nature, NIRS may be used bedside or in the operating room. Objectives To evaluate use of NIRS for intraoperative monitoring of the brain hemodynamic response, during carotid endarterectomy. Methods 10 patients with atherosclerotic carotid disease scheduled for endarterectomy were evaluated. After patients had been selected, they answered a questionnaire on epidemiological data and information about comorbidities and then carotid disease was confirmed with diagnostic methods. NRIS monitoring was used during the surgical procedure. The variables analyzed before, during and after carotid clamping were oxygen saturation (SatO2), total hemoglobin (THb), reduced hemoglobin (RHb), and oxyhemoglobin (OHb). A p value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results The results obtained from NIRS show that RHb and SatO2 vary during the different stages of surgery. RHb levels are higher during clamping, when compared with the other two surgical stages. On the other hand, SatO2 is lower during clamping. Conclusions During carotid endarterectomy, NIRS is a feasible, real-time, and non-invasive intracranial monitoring method that accurately and reliably measures the changes in intracerebral capillary hemodynamic conditions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Monitoring, Intraoperative/instrumentation , Endarterectomy, Carotid/instrumentation , Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared/methods , Carotid Artery Diseases/surgery , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Cerebrum/blood supply , Hemodynamic Monitoring/instrumentation , Intraoperative Period
16.
Rev. chil. anest ; 49(4): 538-547, 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1511824

ABSTRACT

We present our experience in cardiac tumor resection surgery in adult patients: 30 subjects with sternotomy approach with later diagnosis of myxomas (12), fibroelastomas (7), sarcomas (4), cardiac methastasis of a breast cancer and cardiac invasion of renal tumor (6), and 3 with videothroacoscopic approach with diagnosis of atrial myxoma (2) and intraventricular sarcoma (1). We highlight the usefulness of TEE as an essential monitor in this subtype of cardiac surgery in allowing location confirmation and completion of resection. Likewise as anesthesiologists and active participants of the surgical team, we were able to document absence of residual heart defects, lesions or perforations or dysfunction of heart valves. Evaluation of preexisting anatomy and function and post Cardiopulmonary Bypass ventricular function and circulation were important in early diagnosis of complications.


Presentamos nuestra experiencia en resección de tumores cardíacos en pacientes adultos: 30 casos con resecciones tumorales por esternotomía: 12 mixomas, 7 fibroeslastomas, 4 sarcomas, 6 tumores renales con invasión cardíaca y 1 metástasis cardíaca de cáncer de mama. En 3 pacientes las resecciones tumorales fueron por videotoracoscopía (2 mixomas y un sarcoma intraventricular). La cirugía por video supone un nuevo desafío para el anestesiólogo. Destacamos la utilidad de la ecocardiografía transesofágica como monitor, hoy imprescindible en cirugía cardíaca. Éste nos permitió confirmar la localización del tumor y su completa resección. Así mismo, como anestesiólogos y formando parte activa en el equipo quirúrgico, pudimos documentar la ausencia de defectos residuales, perforaciones o incompetencia de las válvulas cardíacas; evaluar la función ventricular y la volemia postcirculación extracorpórea, obtener información no conocida previamente y realizar así un diagnóstico precoz de complicaciones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Echocardiography, Transesophageal/methods , Anesthetics, General/administration & dosage , Heart Neoplasms/surgery , Heart Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Monitoring, Intraoperative
18.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 47(4): 211-218, Oct-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1042731

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Sugammadex has made it possible to reverse any type of rocuronium-induced block quickly and safely. The most frequent neuromuscular blockade is the moderate one where doses smaller than those recommended by the industry could get a full reversal. Objective: We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of half the industry recommended dose of sugammadex to reverse a moderate neuromuscular block. Methods: Unicenter phase IV clinical trial that included 34 patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Intravenous general anesthesia was induced, with acceleromyographic monitoring of the neuromuscular block. After the intervention, the block was reversed with all or half the dose of sugammadex recommended for moderate blocks, using a blinded syringe. Results: Patient characteristics of the 2 groups were similar. Mean time to recovery was 3.6± 1.7minutes for the study group and 3.1 ± 1.7minutes for the control group (P=0.42). Reversal of the block was complete with a single dose of sugammadex in all patients. There was an important linear correlation between depth of block and time to recovery. Conclusion: Intraoperative monitoring is essential to allow us to individualize the dose of the neuromuscular blocking agent. To reverse a moderate block under neuromuscular monitoring, a dose of 1 mg/kg is sufficient in most cases and is equally safe and effective.


Resumen Introducción: El sugammadex permite revertir cualquier tipo de bloqueo inducido por rocuronio de forma rápida y segura. El bloqueo neuromuscular más frecuente es el moderado, en el cual dosis inferiores a las recomendadas por la industria podrían revertirlo completamente. Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad de la mitad de la dosis de sugammadex recomendada por la industria para revertir un bloqueo neuromuscular moderado. Métodos: Ensayo clínico de fase IV en un unico centro que incluyó a 34 pacientes intervenidos de colecistectomía laparoscópica. Se realizó anestesia general intravenosa con monitoreo aceleromiográfico del bloqueo neuromuscular. Tras la intervención, el bloqueo se revirtió con la totalidad o con la mitad de la dosis de sugammadex recomendada para bloqueos moderados, utilizando una jeringa ciega. Resultados: Las características de los pacientes de los dos grupos fueron similares. La media de tiempo de recuperación fue de 3,6 ± 1,7 minutos para el grupo de estudio y de 3,1 ± 1,7 minutos para el grupo de control (p = 0,42). La reversión del bloqueo se completó con una dosis única de sugammadex en todos los pacientes. Hubo una correlación lineal importante entre la profundidad del bloqueo y el tiempo de recuperación. Conclusión: El monitoreo transquirúrgico es esencial para individualizar la dosis del agente de bloqueo neuromuscular. Para revertir un bloqueo moderado bajo monitoreo neuromuscular, una dosis de 1mg/kg es suficiente e igualmente segura y efectiva.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sugammadex , Rocuronium , Anesthesia, General , Neuromuscular Blocking Agents , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Neuromuscular Blockade , Dosage , Neuromuscular Monitoring
19.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(5): 477-483, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057453

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: Dilated cardiomyopathy is a state of progressive enlargement of cardiac chambers mainly left ventricle which leads to decreased cardiac output and ultimately cardiac failure. Although it has multifactorial etiology, it is quite common in patients with end stage renal disease who require renal transplant surgery for their cure. Both conditions go side by side and anesthetic management of such cases poses real challenge to anesthesiologist. Strict monitoring and control of cardiac physiology is of utmost importance besides meticulous fluid management, thus preserving renal blood flow on one hand and preventing cardiac failure on other hand. This is the basis of achieving good outcome of the renal transplant surgery. Methods: This is a retrospective observational study done by analysing electronic database of 31 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy who underwent renal transplant surgery. Data was studied in terms of demographics, duration of renal disease, comorbidities mainly hypertension, cardiac echo graphic findings including ejection fraction, medications and post-operative outcome. Results: Most common perioperative complication in this patient population was hypotension (51.61%) followed by pulmonary complications postoperative mechanical ventilation (12.9%) and pulmonary edema (6.45%). High incidence of hypotension may be a causative factor to increased rate of delayed graft functioning (12.9%) and acute tubular necrosis (2.23%) in these patients. Conclusion: Strict monitoring and control of hemodynamic parameters as well as meticulous fluid therapy is the cornerstone in improving outcome in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy undergoing renal transplant surgery.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos A cardiomiopatia dilatada é um estado de aumento progressivo das câmaras cardíacas, principalmente do ventrículo esquerdo, que leva à diminuição do débito cardíaco e, por fim, à insuficiência cardíaca. Embora tenha etiologia multifatorial, é bastante comum em pacientes com doença renal terminal que precisam de transplante renal para sua cura. Ambas as condições andam lado a lado e o manejo anestésico de tais casos é um verdadeiro desafio para o anestesiologista. A monitoração e o controle rigoroso da fisiologia cardíaca são de extrema importância, além de um meticuloso manejo dos líquidos, o que por um lado preserva o fluxo sanguíneo renal, por outro previne a insuficiência cardíaca. Essa é a base para alcançar o bom resultado da cirurgia de transplante renal. Métodos Este estudo observacional retrospectivo foi feito mediante a análise de prontuários eletrônicos de 31 pacientes com cardiomiopatia dilatada submetidos à cirurgia de transplante renal. Os dados foram avaliados em termos demográficos, duração da doença renal, comorbidades (principalmente hipertensão), achados ecocardiográficos (inclusive fração de ejeção), medicamentos e resultados no pós-operatório. Resultados A complicação perioperatória mais comum nessa população de pacientes foi hipotensão (51,61%), seguida de complicações pulmonares, como ventilação mecânica pós-operatória (12,9%) e edema pulmonar (6,45%). A alta incidência de hipotensão pode ser um fator causador do aumento da incidência de atraso no funcionamento do enxerto (12,9%) e necrose tubular aguda (2,23%) nesses pacientes. Conclusão A monitoração rigorosa e o controle dos parâmetros hemodinâmicos, bem como a fluidoterapia criteriosa, são a pedra angular na melhoria dos resultados em pacientes com cardiomiopatia dilatada submetidos à cirurgia de transplante renal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/complications , Kidney Transplantation , Anesthesia , Kidney Failure, Chronic/surgery , Kidney Failure, Chronic/complications , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Retrospective Studies , Monitoring, Intraoperative
20.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(4): 377-382, July-Aug. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041994

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives According to the manufacturer, the Bispectral Index (BIS) has a processing time delay of 5-10 s. Studies addressing this have suggested longer delays. We evaluated the time delay in the Bispectral Index response. Methods Based on clinical data from 45 patients, using the difference between the predicted and the real BIS, calculated during a fixed 3 minutes period after the moment the Bispectral Index dropped below 80 during the induction of general anesthesia with propofol and remifentanil. Results The difference between the predicted and the real BIS was in average 30.09 ± 18.73 s. Conclusion Our results may be another indication that the delay in BIS processing may be much longer than stated by the manufacture, a fact with clinical implications.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos De acordo com o fabricante, o índice bispectral (BIS) tem um tempo de processamento de cinco a dez segundos. Estudos que avaliaram esse tempo de processamento sugeriram atrasos mais longos. Nós avaliamos o tempo de atraso na resposta do BIS. Métodos Com base em dados clínicos de 45 pacientes, calculamos a diferença entre o tempo de atraso previsto e real do índice bispectral durante um período fixo de três minutos após o momento em que o BIS caiu abaixo de 80 durante a indução da anestesia geral com propofol e remifentanil. Resultados A diferença entre o BIS previsto e real foi em média 30,09 ± 18,73 segundos. Conclusão Nossos resultados sugerem que o atraso no processamento do índice bispectral pode ser muito maior do que o declarado pelo fabricante, um fato com implicações clínicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Propofol/administration & dosage , Consciousness Monitors , Remifentanil/administration & dosage , Anesthesia, General/methods , Time Factors , Monitoring, Intraoperative/methods , Anesthetics, Intravenous/administration & dosage , Middle Aged
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL