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1.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 27(1): 92-95, ene.-jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280498

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las malformaciones venosas son lesiones vasculares benignas infrecuentes que se presentan en el útero. Están conformadas por venas anormales, de diferentes tamaños y proporciones, con configuración espongiforme y disposición al azar. En la literatura, han sido previamente reportados algunos casos, usando el término "hemangioma cavernoso", pero según los cambios recientes en la terminología, aprobados por Sociedad Internacional para el Estudio de las Anormalidades Vasculares (ISSVA), se desaconseja el uso de este término y se sugiere el de "Malformación venosa", si se cumplen los hallazgos histopatológicos al momento de hacer el diagnóstico. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 44 años, con cuadro de hemorragia vaginal anormal y diagnóstico clínico de miomatosis y mioma abortado por el orificio cervical interno, el estudio histopatológico reveló la presencia de una malformación venosa que comprometía el miometrio y endometrio, con formación subsecuente de un pólipo.


Abstract Venous malformations are benign vascular lesions that rarely appear in the uterus. They are made up of abnormal veins, of different sizes and proportions, with spongiform configuration and random disposition. In the literature, some cases have been previously reported, using the term "cavernous hemangioma", but according to recent changes in terminology, approved by the International Society for the Study of Vascular Abnormalities (ISSVA), the use of this term is discouraged, and the diagnosis of Venous malformation is suggested, if the histopathological findings are met. We present the case of a 44-year-old woman, with abnormal vaginal bleeding and a clinical diagnosis of myomatosis and myoma aborted by the internal cervical orifice, in whom the histopathological study revealed the presence of a venous malformation that compromised the myometrium and endometrium, with subsequent formation of a polyp.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Uterus , Vascular Malformations , Hemangioma, Cavernous , Uterus/pathology , Vascular System Injuries , Hemangioma , Morphogenesis
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880861

ABSTRACT

Tooth root morphogenesis involves two biological processes, root elongation and dentinogenesis, which are guaranteed by downgrowth of Hertwig's epithelial root sheath (HERS) and normal odontoblast differentiation. Ubiquitin-dependent protein degradation has been reported to precisely regulate various physiological processes, while its role in tooth development is still elusive. Here we show ubiquitin-specific protease 34 (USP34) plays a pivotal role in root formation. Deletion of Usp34 in dental mesenchymal cells leads to short root anomaly, characterized by truncated roots and thin root dentin. The USP34-deficient dental pulp cells (DPCs) exhibit decreased odontogenic differentiation with downregulation of nuclear factor I/C (NFIC). Overexpression of NFIC partially restores the impaired odontogenic potential of DPCs. These findings indicate that USP34-dependent deubiquitination is critical for root morphogenesis by stabilizing NFIC.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Female , Morphogenesis , NFI Transcription Factors , Odontogenesis , Tooth Root
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880858

ABSTRACT

During embryonic development, organs undergo distinct and programmed morphological changes as they develop into their functional forms. While genetics and biochemical signals are well recognized regulators of morphogenesis, mechanical forces and the physical properties of tissues are now emerging as integral parts of this process as well. These physical factors drive coordinated cell movements and reorganizations, shape and size changes, proliferation and differentiation, as well as gene expression changes, and ultimately sculpt any developing structure by guiding correct cellular architectures and compositions. In this review we focus on several craniofacial structures, including the tooth, the mandible, the palate, and the cranium. We discuss the spatiotemporal regulation of different mechanical cues at both the cellular and tissue scales during craniofacial development and examine how tissue mechanics control various aspects of cell biology and signaling to shape a developing craniofacial organ.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Morphogenesis , Signal Transduction , Skull , Tooth
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828531

ABSTRACT

Neurons are the structural and functional unit of the nervous system. Precisely regulated dendrite morphogenesis is the basis of neural circuit assembly. Numerous studies have been conducted to explore the regulatory mechanisms of dendritic morphogenesis. According to their action regions, we divide them into two categories: the intrinsic and extrinsic regulators of neuronal dendritic morphogenesis. Intrinsic factors are cell type-specific transcription factors, actin polymerization or depolymerization regulators and regulators of the secretion or endocytic pathways. These intrinsic factors are produced by neuron itself and play an important role in regulating the development of dendrites. The extrinsic regulators are either secreted proteins or transmembrane domain containing cell adhesion molecules. They often form receptor-ligand pairs to mediate attractive or repulsive dendritic guidance. In this review, we summarize recent findings on the intrinsic and external molecular mechanisms of dendrite morphogenesis from multiple model organisms, including , and mice. These studies will provide a better understanding on how defective dendrite development and maintenance are associated with neurological diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Caenorhabditis elegans , Cell Biology , Dendrites , Mice , Morphogenesis , Nervous System Diseases , Neurons , Cell Biology , Transcription Factors , Metabolism
5.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190578, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101256

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study sought to analyze the gene expression of Candida albicans in sound root surface and root caries lesions, exploring its role in root caries pathogenesis. Methodology The differential gene expression of C. albicans and the specific genes related to cariogenic traits were studied in association with samples of biofilm collected from exposed sound root surface (SRS, n=10) and from biofilm and carious dentin of active root carious lesions (RC, n=9). The total microbial RNA was extracted, and the cDNA libraries were prepared and sequenced on the Illumina Hi-Seq2500. Unique reads were mapped to 163 oral microbial reference genomes including two chromosomes of C. albicans SC5314 (14,217 genes). The putative presence of C. albicans was estimated (sum of reads/total number of genes≥1) in each sample. Count data were normalized (using the DESeq method package) to analyze differential gene expression (using the DESeq2R package) applying the Benjamini-Hochberg correction (FDR<0.05). Results Two genes (CaO19.610, FDR=0.009; CaO19.2506, FDR=0.018) were up-regulated on SRS, and their functions are related to biofilm formation. Seven genes ( UTP20 , FDR=0.018; ITR1 , FDR=0.036; DHN6 , FDR=0.046; CaO19.7197 , FDR=0.046; CaO19.7838 , FDR=0.046; STT4 , FDR=0.046; GUT1 , FDR=0.046) were up-regulated on RC and their functions are related to metabolic activity, sugar transport, stress tolerance, invasion and pH regulation. The use of alternative carbon sources, including lactate, and the ability to form hypha may be a unique trait of C. albicans influencing biofilm virulence. Conclusions C. albicans is metabolically active in SRS and RC biofilm, with different roles in health and disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Root/microbiology , Candida albicans/genetics , DNA, Fungal/genetics , Root Caries/microbiology , Biofilms/growth & development , Candida albicans/isolation & purification , Candida albicans/growth & development , Gene Expression , Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal , Up-Regulation , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Transcriptome , Morphogenesis
7.
CorSalud ; 11(4): 307-316, oct.-dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124629

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las cardiopatías congénitas son los defectos congénitos más frecuentes en los seres humanos. Se realizó una revisión de la literatura médica con el objetivo de identificar los avances más recientes en el conocimiento de las bases moleculares y celulares de las cardiopatías congénitas. La información obtenida se dividió en dos partes: en la primera se dirigió la atención a los genes y a la morfogénesis cardíaca, y esta segunda parte la complementa, haciendo hincapié en las cardiopatías congénitas propiamente dichas.


ABSTRACT Congenital heart defect is the most common birth defect in humans. We conducted a review of the medical literature with the aim of identifying the most recent advances in the knowledge of its molecular and cellular bases. The information obtained was divided into two parts: the first one emphasized on genes and cardiac morphogenesis, and this second part complements the previous one, with special focus on congenital heart defects.


Subject(s)
Transcription Factors , Signal Transduction , DNA Methylation , Heart Defects, Congenital , Morphogenesis
8.
CorSalud ; 11(3): 233-240, jul.-set. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089742

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las cardiopatías congénitas son los defectos congénitos más frecuentes en humanos. Muchos estudios indican que el desarrollo cardíaco está estrechamente regulado por diferentes vías de señalización celular y eventos morfológicos, genéticamente controlados. La identificación de nuevos genes que intervienen en el proceso de cardiogénesis es de gran utilidad para conocer los mecanismos moleculares y celulares por el que se genera el amplio espectro fenotípico de las cardiopatías congénitas. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica, con el objetivo de identificar los avances más recientes en el conocimiento de las bases moleculares y celulares de las cardiopatías congénitas; lo que permite una clasificación más efectiva de estos defectos congénitos y una futura optimización del tratamiento individualizado para cada paciente, además de ofrecer posibles puntos específicos y susceptibles de intervención que posibilitarían la prevención de algunos de los defectos congénitos más frecuentes en los seres humanos.


ABSTARACT Congenital heart diseases are the most common congenital defect in humans. Many studies indicate that the cardiac development is tightly regulated by different cell signaling pathways and genetically controlled morphological events. The identification of new genes involved in the cardiogenesis process is very useful in order to know the molecular and cellular mechanisms by which the broad phenotypic spectrum of congenital heart disease is generated. An updated bibliographic review was carried out, with the aim of identifying the most recent advances in the knowledge of the molecular and cellular bases of congenital heart disease. This knowledge allows a more effective classification of these congenital defects and a future optimization of the individualized treatment for each patient, in addition to offering possible specific and susceptible points of intervention that would allow the prevention of some of these more frequent congenital defects in humans.


Subject(s)
Heart Defects, Congenital , Transcription Factors , Signal Transduction , DNA Methylation , Morphogenesis
9.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4402, 01 Fevereiro 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-998038

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate of the microstructure of the salivary glands of experimental animals born from of females rats, who were subjected to different modes of motor activity during the pregnancy: limited and compensated by regular moderate training. Material and Methods: The sample was composed 84 three-month-old descendants of Wistar rats which were divided into three groups: G1 (n = 27): posterity of female rats, who during gestation were in standard conditions; G2 (n = 25): posterity of female rats, who during pregnancy were in hypokinesia conditions; G3 (n = 32): which stayed in conditions of hypokinesia, but had running load in running wheel regularly 5 times a week. Results: In adult descendants of G2, morphological structure of the submandibular salivary glands was characterized by decrease size and number of glandular cells; reduction of their cytoplasm; increase in heterochromatin amount and decrease in the intensity of fuchsinophilia. Microstructure of the submandibular salivary glands of the offspring of G3 indicates positive effect of regular short-term physical activity on the morphofunctional state of the specified glands. An increased number of tissue basophils in their stroma is also in favor of greater functional activity of salivary glands. Conclusion: This study indicates deceleration of the metabolic processes in salivary glands of animals under the influence of hypokinesia of their mothers during pregnancy. It was also confirmed that regular physical activity completely eliminates the negative effect of mothers' hypokinesia on morphology the salivary glands of the descendant.


Subject(s)
Animals , Pregnancy , Rats , Salivary Glands , Submandibular Gland , Morphological and Microscopic Findings , Morphogenesis , Motor Activity , Ukraine , Pregnancy , Rats, Wistar , Hypokinesia , Animal Experimentation
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786673

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Stem cell engineering is appealing consideration for regenerating damaged endothelial cells (ECs) because stem cells can differentiate into EC-like cells. In this study, we demonstrate that tonsil-derived mesenchymal stem cells (TMSCs) can differentiate into EC-like cells under optimal physiochemical microenvironments.METHODS: TMSCs were preconditioned with Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium (DMEM) or EC growth medium (EGM) for 4 days and then replating them on Matrigel to observe the formation of a capillary-like network under light microscope. Microarray, quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction, Western blotting and immunofluorescence analyses were used to evaluate the expression of gene and protein of EC-related markers.RESULTS: Preconditioning TMSCs in EGM for 4 days and then replating them on Matrigel induced the formation of a capillary-like network in 3 h, but TMSCs preconditioned with DMEM did not form such a network. Genome analyses confirmed that EGM preconditioning significantly affected the expression of genes related to angiogenesis, blood vessel morphogenesis and development, and vascular development. Western blot analyses revealed that EGM preconditioning with gelatin coating induced the expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), a mature EC-specific marker, as well as phosphorylated Akt at serine 473, a signaling molecule related to eNOS activation. Gelatin-coating during EGM preconditioning further enhanced the stability of the capillary-like network, and also resulted in the network more closely resembled to those observed in human umbilical vein endothelial cells.CONCLUSION: This study suggests that under specific conditions, i.e., EGM preconditioning with gelatin coating for 4 days followed by Matrigel, TMSCs could be a source of generating endothelial cells for treating vascular dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Blood Vessels , Blotting, Western , Eagles , Endothelial Cells , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Gelatin , Genome , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Morphogenesis , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Palatine Tonsil , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Serine , Stem Cells
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739999

ABSTRACT

Hyaluronic acid (HA) has long been studied in diverse applications. It is a naturally occurring linear polysaccharide in a family of unbranched glycosaminoglycans, which consists of repeating di-saccharide units of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine and D-glucuronic acid. It is almost ubiquitous in humans and other vertebrates, where it participates in many key processes, including cell signaling, tissue regeneration, wound healing, morphogenesis, matrix organization, and pathobiology. HA is biocompatible, biodegradable, muco-adhesive, hygroscopic, and viscoelastic. These unique physico-chemical properties have been exploited for several medicinal purposes, including recent uses in the adjuvant treatment for chronic inflammatory disease and to reduce pain and accelerate healing after third molar intervention. This review focuses on the post-operative effect of HA after third molar intervention along with its various physio-chemical, biochemical, and pharmaco-therapeutic uses.


Subject(s)
Acetylglucosamine , Biocompatible Materials , Glycosaminoglycans , Humans , Hyaluronic Acid , Molar, Third , Morphogenesis , Regeneration , Vertebrates , Wound Healing
12.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(1): 221-226, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-990030

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Para que se desarrolle el iris, se requiere una especificación de la capa periférica de la copa óptica a un destino no neuronal y además la migración de células mesenquimales perioculares. Nuestro objetivo fue reconocer los cambios histológicos de los derivados periféricos de la copa óptica y mesénquima periocular, como también reconocer la presencia del morfógeno Sonic hedgehog (Shh) en las capas que constituyen el esbozo de iris. Se utilizaron 15 ratones hembras (Mus musculus) adultas jóvenes gestantes. Se realizó eutanasia con tiopental sódico. Los embriones y fetos de 12, 14,5 y 17 días post-coital (dpc) fueron procesados con técnica histológica e inmunohistoquímica con anticuerpo anti-Shh (scbt, H-160, conejo) con dilución 1:100 en PBS. A los 12 dpc, se observa una cópa óptica que presenta capas retinianas interna y externa, y el iris no se observa. Entre el cristalino y el ectodermo superficial se identifican 4 capas de células mesenquimales. A los 14,5 dpc, el iris contiene dos capas epiteliales (interna y externa) que se continúan con las capas neural y pigmentaria de la retina. Se observan 8 capas de células mesenquimales. A los 17 dpc, la capa epitelial interna del iris presenta un segmento más elongado con inmunotinción positiva a Shh y otra parte que constituye un epitelio de células cilíndricas simples negativas a este anticuerpo. La capa epitelial externa presenta el mismo epitelio inmunonegativo. Las capas de la retina también son positivas, como también la periferia del cristalino. No esta formado el iris ni tampoco el cuerpo ciliar. La inmunopositividad en el cristalino, en el primer segmento de la capa interna del esbozo del iris y en la capa ganglionar retinal a los 17 dpc, se relaciona con la diferenciación tardía del iris y con los ojos cerrados de las crías al nacimiento.


SUMMARY: In order for the iris to develop, a specification of the peripheral layer of the optic cup to a non-neuronal target is required, as well as the migration of periocular mesenchymal cells. Our aim was to recognize the histological changes of peripheral derivatives of the optic cup and periocular mesenchyme, as well as recognize the presence of the morphogen Sonic hedgehog (Shh) in the layers constituting the outline of the iris. 15 female mice (Mus musculus) pregnant young adults were used. Euthanasia was performed with sodium thiopental. Embryos and fetuses of 12, 14.5 and 17 days post-coital (dpc) were processed with histological and immunohistochemical technique with anti-Shh antibody (scbt, H 160, rabbit) with dilution 1:100 in PBS. At 12 dpc, an optic cup showing internal and external retinal layers is observed, and the iris is not observed. Between the lens and the superficial ectoderm, 4 layers of mesenchymal cells are identified. At 14.5 dpc, the iris contains two epithelial layers (internal and external) that are continued with the neural and pigmentary layers of the retina. 8 layers of mesenchymal cells are observed. At 17 dpc, the inner epithelial layer of the iris presents a more elongated segment with positive immunostaining to Shh and another part that constitutes an epithelium of simple cylindrical cells negative to this antibody. The outer epithelial layer presents the same immunonegative epithelium. The layers of the retina are also positive, as well as the periphery of the lens. The iris is not formed nor is the ciliary body.The immunopositivity in the lens, in the first segment of the inner layer of the iris outline and in the retinal ganglion layer at 17 dpc, is related to the late differentiation of the iris and the closed eyes of the offspring at birth.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Iris/embryology , Eye/embryology , Hedgehog Proteins , Iris/anatomy & histology , Eye/anatomy & histology , Morphogenesis
13.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 62: e19170803, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011538

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The present study reports a shoot organogenesis-based system for in vitro regeneration of Passiflora miniata, an Amazonia passion fruit species. Root segments were cultured in Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with different concentrations (range 2-9 µM) of 6-benzyladenine (BA); thidiazuron (TDZ) or kinetin (KIN). Plant growth regulators were not added to the control treatment. Root explants have showed a high regenerative potential. After 30 days of in vitro culture, the root explants showed several shoots formed direct and indirectly. TDZ provided the best response in the differentiation adventitious shoots, mainly in the presence of 6.8 µM. The cytokinins BA and KIN responded producing a reduced number of shoots. After 120 days, rooted regenerated plants were transferred to a greenhouse for acclimatization. This regeneration system opens new perspectives for micropropagation and conservation of this wild Amazonic passion fruit species.


Subject(s)
Morphogenesis , In Vitro Techniques , Passiflora , Organogenesis, Plant
14.
Biol. Res ; 52: 3, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011433

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Gymnema sylvestre is a medicinal woody perennial vine known for its sweetening properties and antidiabetic therapeutic uses in the modern and traditional medicines. Its over-exploitation for the therapeutic uses and to meet the demand of pharmaceutical industry in raw materials supply for the production of anti-diabetic drugs has led to considerable decline in its natural population. RESULTS: An efficient system of shoot bud sprouting from nodal segment explants and indirect plant regeneration from apical meristem-induced callus cultures of G. sylvestre have been developed on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium amended with concentrations of cytokinins. Of the three growth regulators tested, N6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) was the most efficient and 2.0 mg L-1 gave the best shoot formation efficiency. This was followed by thidiazuron (TDZ) and kinetin (Kin) but, most of the TDZ-induced micro shoots showed stunted growth. Multiple shoot formation was observed on medium amended with BAP or TDZ at higher concentrations. The produced micro shoots were rooted on half strength MS medium amended with auxins and rooted plantlets acclimatized with 87% survival of the regenerates. CONCLUSIONS: The developed regeneration system can be exploited for genetic transformation studies, particularly when aimed at producing its high yielding cell lines for the anti-diabetic phytochemicals. It also offers opportunities for exploring the expression of totipotency in the anti-diabetic perennial vine.


Subject(s)
Plant Growth Regulators/pharmacology , Regeneration/drug effects , Plant Shoots/growth & development , Gymnema sylvestre/growth & development , Morphogenesis/drug effects , Phenylurea Compounds/pharmacology , Purines/pharmacology , Thiadiazoles/pharmacology , Benzyl Compounds/pharmacology , Plant Shoots/drug effects , Gymnema sylvestre/drug effects , Kinetin/pharmacology
15.
Neotrop. ichthyol ; 17(1): e170168, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-990194

ABSTRACT

Morphological characters of species are essential for assessing the functional structure of a fish assemblage, since differences between them, for example in body shape, are related to many functional and ecological traits (e.g., swimming, search for food, striking and capturing prey, evading predators, spawning). Globally, tidal flats are relevant to fish assemblages by offering feeding, refuge, and reproduction grounds. To analyze the morphofunctional structure of the fish assemblage from a tidal flat on the Brazilian coast, we conducted standardized sampling using nine different fishing gears. The geometric morphometric method was applied to describe the fish shapes and verify the morphological structure of the assemblage. Here, we present the influence/susceptibility of each gear type on the morphological diversity of the fish assemblage. The results indicated that beach seine, otter trawl, marginal encircling gillnet, and fish traps, together, were the most effective gears to represent the maximum morphological variability of fish inhabiting that tidal flat. Moreover, the assemblage showed high morphological redundancy considered as a resistance of the ecosystem for avoiding functional diversity loss, emphasizing the importance of complementary gear use when determining fish assemblages in a conservation context.(AU)


Os caracteres morfológicos das espécies são essenciais para avaliar a estrutura funcional de uma assembleia de peixes, uma vez que as diferenças entre elas são indicativas de distintas características ecológicas. De forma geral, as planícies de maré são importantes para assembleias de peixes por oferecerem áreas para alimentação, refúgio e reprodução. Para analisar a estrutura morfofuncional da assembleia de peixes de uma planície de maré na costa brasileira, realizamos amostragens utilizando nove diferentes artes de pesca. Para descrever as formas dos peixes e verificar a diversidade morfológica da assembleia foi aplicado o método de morfometria geométrica. Aqui, apresentamos a influência/suscetibilidade de cada arte de pesca na composição morfológica da assembleia de peixes, uma vez que a forma do corpo está relacionada a diversos aspectos funcionais e ecológicos (como por exemplo nadar, procurar ativamente por comida, atacar e capturar presas, evadir de predadores, se reproduzir). Os resultados indicaram que o arrasto de praia, o arrasto de fundo, a rede de emalhar marginal e as armadilhas, em conjunto, foram os apetrechos mais efetivos para representar a máxima diversidade morfológica dos peixes que habitam esta planície de maré. Além disso, a assembleia apresentou elevada redundância morfológica, fato que indica resistência deste ecossistema para evitar a perda de diversidade funcional.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Fishes/anatomy & histology , Morphogenesis , Fishing Industry
16.
Rev. cuba. obstet. ginecol ; 44(3): 1-17, jul.-set. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093610

ABSTRACT

La vía de señalización Notch desempeña un papel clave para regular el destino celular, crecimiento, proliferación y la muerte celular programada durante el desarrollo de organismos eucariotas. Esta vía está relacionada con una enorme diversidad de procesos del desarrollo y su disfunción está implicada en el origen de muchas malformaciones congénitas. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica con el objetivo de actualizar la información sobre la vía de señalización Notch y su relación con el origen de diferentes malformaciones congénitas sensibles a la deficiencia materna de ácido fólico y otros micronutrientes. La literatura médica publicada en idiomas español e inglés se recopiló a través de buscadores como PubMed, Medline, Scielo, Lilacs y la biblioteca Cochrane en enero de 2018 usando palabras clave apropiadas. El conocimiento de esta vía de señalización podría ayudar a comprender mejor algunos aspectos de la morfogénesis, ya que, al actuar como un controlador maestro del destino celular, la proliferación, diferenciación y muerte celular programada, ofrece puntos específicos y susceptibles de intervención que posibilitan la prevención de determinadas malformaciones congénitas en el hombre(AU)


Notch signaling pathway plays a key role to regulate cell grow, fates, proliferation and programmed cell death in development of eukaryotic organisms. This pathway is related with an enormous diversity of developmental processes and its dysfunction is implicated in the origin of many congenital malformations. A review was performed to provide updated information on Notch signaling pathway involved in the origin of some congenital malformations related with maternal deficiency of folic acid and other micronutrients. Published medical literature in Spanish and English languages was retrieved from PubMed, Medline, Scielo, Lilacs and the Cochrane Library in January 2018, using appropriate key words. Knowledge about this signaling pathway could help to better understand some topics of morphogenesis, since by acting as a master controller of cell fate, proliferation, differentiation and programmed cell death, it offers susceptible and specific points which make possible to prevent some human congenital malformations(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Receptors, Notch/analysis , Receptors, Notch/genetics , Receptors, Notch/therapeutic use , Morphogenesis/genetics , Congenital Abnormalities/genetics
17.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 70(1): 287-296, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-888075

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar os efeitos da utilização de diferentes arranjos populacionais na implantação de sorgo forrageiro nas características morfogênicas e estruturais do pasto. Os tratamentos foram 22 ou 44cm entrelinhas e 12 ou 24kg de sementes ha-1. O método de pastoreio foi contínuo. Foram utilizadas 36 novilhas, com idade e peso corporal médios de 15 meses de 262kg. As variáveis morfogênicas não foram influenciadas significativamente (P>0,05) pelos arranjos populacionais e pelos períodos de avaliação, sendo obtidos taxa de alongamento e senescência foliar de 1,43 e 1,11cm dia-1afilho-1, respectivamente, taxa de aparecimento foliar e intervalo de surgimento de folhas de 0,28 folhas dia-1afilho-1 e 3,81 dias, filocrono e duração de vida foliar de 72,99 e 351,68 graus dia, nessa ordem. As características estruturais do pasto foram influenciadas pelos períodos de avaliação. Do primeiro para o terceiro período de avaliação, foi verificada uma redução de 65,53% no número de folhas em alongamento e de 47,79% no número de folhas vivas.(AU)


The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of using different population arrangements in the implementation of sorghum in the morphogenetic and structural characteristics of the pasture. The treatments were 22 or 44cm between rows and 12 or 24kg ha-1 of seed. The grazing method was continuous. The sample consisted of 36 heifers with an average age of 15 months and average body weight of 262kg. Morphogenic variables were not significantly influenced (P>0.05) by population arrangements and evaluation periods, elongation rate and leaf senescence of 1.43 and 1.11cm afilho-1 day-1 being obtained, respectively, and leaf appearance rate of leaf appearance leaves the range of 0.28 day-1 and 1afilho 3.81 days, phyllochron and leaf duration of life of 72.99 and 351.68 degree day, in that order. The structural characteristics of the pasture were influenced by evaluation periods. From the first to the third evaluation period, a reduction of 65.53% in the number of leaves in stretching and 47.79% in the number of living leaves was verified.(AU)


Subject(s)
Pasture/analysis , Sorghum/anatomy & histology , Morphogenesis
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713700

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) is involved in the pathology of numerous diseases including atherosclerosis, diabetes, obesity, and cancer. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a significant role in tissue remodeling related to various processes such as morphogenesis, angiogenesis, tissue repair, invasion, and metastasis. We investigated the effects of PPARγ on MMP expression and invasion in breast cancer cells. METHODS: MCF-7 cells were cultured and then cell viability was monitored in an MTT assay. Western blotting, gelatin zymography, real-time polymerase chain reaction, and luciferase assays were performed to investigate the effect of the synthetic PPARγ ligand troglitazone on MMP expression. Transcription factor DNA binding was analyzed by electrophoretic mobility shift assay. A Matrigel invasion assay was used to assess the effects of troglitazone on MCF-7 cells. RESULTS: Troglitazone did not affect MCF-7 cell viability. 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) induced MMP-9 expression and invasion in MCF-7 cell. However, these effects were decreased by troglitazone. TPA increased nuclear factor κB and activator protein-1 DNA binding, while troglitazone inhibited these effects. The selective PPARγ antagonist GW9662 reversed MMP-9 inhibition by troglitazone in TPA-treated MCF-7 cells. CONCLUSION: Troglitazone inhibited nuclear factor κB and activator protein-1-mediated MMP-9 expression and invasion of MCF-7 cells through a PPARγ-dependent mechanism.


Subject(s)
Atherosclerosis , Blotting, Western , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cell Survival , DNA , Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay , Gelatin , Luciferases , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Matrix Metalloproteinases , MCF-7 Cells , Morphogenesis , Neoplasm Metastasis , NF-kappa B , Obesity , Pathology , Peroxisomes , PPAR gamma , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transcription Factor AP-1 , Transcription Factors
19.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(3): 544-550, mar. 2018. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-965648

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate weight and morphometric growth of the products of the complete diallel cross-breeding between pacu and tambaqui during the period from the end of spring to the beginning of winter. Was used 400 pacu, tambaqui, tambacu and paqui. 20 fish from each group were collected, weighed and submitted to morphometric evaluation every 28 days. The Logistic function adjusted better to describe the growth in body weight and the morphometric measures for age on all the genetic groups. The studied groups presented similar behavior of growth for body weight and morphometric measures. There were significant differences between the genetic groups regarding parameters A (asymptotic value) and B (integration constant) for body weight and for all the morphometric measures evaluated. For the parameter K (maturity rate), there were significant difference between groups for body weight, head length and body height. The groups possibly were affected the decrease of temperature. The Tambacu was superior to the Paqui in all the variables evaluated for the parameter A, and was also superior to the pure breed, except for head length and body width.(AU)


Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o peso e crescimento morfométrico dos produtos do cruzamento dialélico completo entre pacu e tambaqui. 20 peixes de cada grupo foram coletados, pesados e submetidos à análise morfométrica a cada 28 dias. O modelo que obteve o maior coeficiente de determinação e que melhor se ajuste ao método de Akaike foi verificado. A função logística foi ajustada para melhor descrever o crescimento do peso corporal e as medidas morfométricas para a idade em todos os grupos genéticos. Os quatro grupos estudados apresentaram comportamento semelhante para o peso corporal, bem como para as medidas morfométricas. Houve diferenças significativas entre os grupos genéticos sobre os parâmetros A (valor assintótico) e B (constante de integração) para o peso corporal e para todas as medidas morfométricas avaliadas. Para o parâmetro K (taxa de maturação), houve diferença significativa entre os grupos para o peso corporal, comprimento da cabeça e altura do corpo. Os grupos possivelmente foram afetados pela diminuição da temperatura. O tambacu foi superior ao Paqui em todas as variáveis avaliadas para o parâmetro A, e também foi superior para a raça pura, exceto para o comprimento e largura do corpo de cabeça.(AU)


Subject(s)
Body Weight , Fishes/growth & development , Morphogenesis
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738942

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Salivary hypofunction is one of the common side effects after radioiodine therapy, and its pathophysiology is salivary ductal stenosis resulting from ductal cell injury. This study aimed to develop the functional culture environment of human parotid gland ductal cells in in vitro three-dimensional perfusion culture system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared plastic dish culture method and three-dimensional culture system containing Matrigel and nanofiber. Morphogenesis of reconstituted salivary structures was assessed by histomorphometry. Functional characteristics were assessed by immunohistochemistry and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (aquaporin 5, CK7, CK18, connexin 43, and p21). In addition, we designed the media perfusion culture system and identified higher rate of cell proliferation and expression of connexin 43 in perfusion system comparing to dish. RESULTS: Human parotid ductal cells were well proliferated with the ductal cell characters under environment with Matrigel. In the presence of Matrigel, aquaporin 5, CK18 and connexin 43 were more expressed than 2D dish and 3D nanofiber setting. In the media perfusion culture system, ductal cells in 3D culture media showed higher cells count and connexin 43 expression compared to 2D dish. CONCLUSION: This in vitro ductal cell perfusion culture system using Matrigel could be used to study for radioiodine induced sialadenitis model in vivo.


Subject(s)
Aquaporin 5 , Cell Proliferation , Connexin 43 , Constriction, Pathologic , Culture Media , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , In Vitro Techniques , Methods , Morphogenesis , Nanofibers , Parotid Gland , Perfusion , Plastics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcription , Salivary Ducts , Salivary Glands , Sialadenitis , Thyroid Neoplasms
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