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1.
J. bras. pneumol ; 47(1): e20200589, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154687

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Biomarkers associated with mucin 1, such as Krebs von den Lungen-6 and carbohydrate antigen (CA) 15-3, are increased in various interstitial lung diseases. Our aim was to determine whether CA 15-3 could be considered a biomarker of disease severity in patients with chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis (cHP). Methods: This was a prospective observational study involving adult patients with cHP. Serum levels of CA 15-3 were measured and were correlated with variables related to disease severity and extension. HRCT scans were quantitatively analyzed using a computational platform and an image analysis tool (Computer Aided Lung Informatics for Pathology Evaluation and Rating). CA 15-3 levels were normalized by logarithmic transformation. Results: The sample comprised 41 patients. The mean age of the patients was 60.1 ± 11.6 years. The mean FVC in % of predicted was 70.3% ± 17.3%, and the median of the serum level of CA 15-3 was 48.1 U/mL. CA 15-3 levels inversely correlated with FVC in % of predicted (r = −0,30; p = 0,05), DLCO in % of predicted (r = −0,54; p < 0,01), and SpO2 at the end of a 4-min step test (r = −0,59; p < 0,01), but they directly correlated with total quantitative HRCT scores (r = 0,47; p = 0,004), especially regarding ground-glass opacities (r = 0.58; p < 0,001). Conclusions: CA 15-3 is likely to be a biomarker of disease severity of patients with cHP, particularly regarding gas exchange abnormalities.


RESUMO Objetivo: Biomarcadores associados à mucina-1, tais como Krebs von den Lungen-6 e carbohydrate antigen (CA, antígeno carboidrato) 15-3, encontram-se aumentados em diversas doenças pulmonares intersticiais. Nosso objetivo foi determinar se CA 15-3 poderia ser considerado um biomarcador de gravidade de doença em pacientes com pneumonite de hipersensibilidade crônica (PHc). Métodos: Estudo prospectivo observacional envolvendo pacientes adultos com PHc. Os níveis séricos de CA 15-3 foram medidos e correlacionados com variáveis relacionadas à gravidade e extensão da doença. As imagens de TCAR foram analisadas quantitativamente utilizando uma plataforma computacional e uma ferramenta de análise de imagem (Computer-Aided Lung Informatics for Pathology Evaluation and Rating). Os níveis de CA 15-3 foram normalizados por transformação logarítmica. Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 41 pacientes. A média de idade dos pacientes foi de 60,1 ± 11,6 anos. A média da CVF em % do previsto foi de 70,3% ± 17,3%, e a mediana do nível sérico de CA 15-3 foi de 48,1 U/mL. Os níveis de CA 15-3 se correlacionaram inversamente com CVF em % do previsto (r = −0,30; p = 0,05), DLCO em % do previsto (r = −0,54; p < 0,01) e SpO2 ao final de um teste de degrau de 4 minutos (r = −0,59; p < 0,01), mas se correlacionaram diretamente com a pontuação quantitativa total da TCAR (r = 0,47; p = 0,004), especialmente quanto a opacidades em vidro fosco (r = 0,58; p < 0,001). Conclusões: É provável que o CA 15-3 seja um biomarcador de gravidade de doença em pacientes com PHc, particularmente quanto a anormalidades nas trocas gasosas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Mucin-1 , Alveolitis, Extrinsic Allergic/diagnostic imaging , Severity of Illness Index , Carbohydrates , Biomarkers , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
2.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(1): 290-294, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1088932

ABSTRACT

The objective of the present study was to analyze the serum levels of the tumor marker Ca15.3 in healthy bitches and those with mammary neoplasms, correlating results with tumor type, clinical staging, time until presentation, and presence of ulceration and vascularization. For the study, 30 bitches with mammary tumors and 30 healthy bitches (control group) were selected. Histopathology was performed for identification of tumor type, and blood was collected for measurement of serum concentration of the marker via the chemiluminescence method using a commercial kit. A higher frequency of malignant neoplasms was observed (76.7%), with a higher quantity of carcinoma in mixed tumor (26.7%). Regarding serum concentration of the marker Ca15.3, there was no difference in serum values when comparing the means from bitches with neoplasia and healthy bitches, nor when comparing the other characteristics. The majority of results for serum concentration of Ca15.3, whether in bitches with neoplasia or in healthy bitches, was zero. It is concluded that the measurement of the marker Ca15.3 using the chemiluminescence method and commercial kits for humans did not offer significant results that would make this method or this marker a useful tool for patient monitoring and evaluation of the prognosis of bitches with mammary neoplasms.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Biomarkers, Tumor/blood , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal , Mucin-1/administration & dosage , Luminescence , Electrochemotherapy/veterinary
3.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 66(5): 673-679, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS | ID: biblio-1136258

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Analyze the over expression of neural precursor cell expressed developmentally down-regulated protein 9 (NEDD-9) deregulated associated with a poor prognosis in various carcinomas. Our objective was to investigate the relationship between the levels of NEDD-9, CA 15-3, and CEA and PET (SUVmax, MTV40, TLG40) with the clinical parameters of patients with breast cancer (BC). METHODS One hundred and eleven patients (82 BC patients who underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT and 29 healthy controls) were evaluated. SUVmax, MTV, and TLG of the primary tumor were compared with the molecular and histopathological subtypes. 18F-FDG, MTV, and TLG were evaluated based on the clinical data, i.e., nodal involvement, distant metastasis, ER and PR status, Ki-67, serum levels of NEDD-9, CA15-3, and CEA. We compared the NEDD-9 in the BC and healthy control groups. RESULTS The mean ± SD of SUVmax in the 82 patients was 13.0 ± 8.6. A statistically significant relationship (p = 0.022) was found between the molecular subtypes and 18F-FDG uptake. The relationship between 18F-FDG uptake and TLG measured in patients <50 years, ER-PR negativity, and HER2 positivity were statistically significant (p=0.015, 0.007, 0.046, and 0.001, respectively). MTV40, TLG40, and CA 15-3 in metastatic patients were statistically significant (p=0.004, 0.005, and 0.003, respectively). NEDD-9 in the BC group was significantly higher than in the healthy group (p=0.017). There was a positive correlation between SUVmax and Ki67 and CA 15-3; MTV40 and CEA; CA 15-3, CEA, SUVmax, and MTV40; a negative correlation was found between CEA, TLG40, and age. CONCLUSION The use of SUVmax, MTV40, and TLG40 parameters with NEDD-9 and tumor markers has been shown to provide a high diagnostic, predictive, and prognostic value for the management of BC. This is considered to be the basis of interventions focused on the treatment objectives related to NEDD-9.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Analisar a associação da superrexpressão das células NEDD-9 ao prognóstico negativo em vários tipos de carcinoma. Nosso objetivo foi investigar a relação entre os níveis de NEDD-9, CA 15-3 e CEA e PET (SUVmax, MTV40, TLG) e os parâmetros clínicos em pacientes com câncer de mama (CM). MÉTODOS Cento e onze pacientes (82 pacientes de CM submetidos a 18F-FDG PET/TC e 29 controles saudáveis) foram avaliados. SUVmax, MTV, e TLG do tumor primário foram comparados nos subtipos molecular e histopatológico. A captação de 18F-FDG, MTV, e TLG foi avaliada com base em dados clínicos (envolvimento nodal, metástase distante, status de ER e PR, Ki-67, níveis séricos de NEDD-9, CA15-3 e CEA). Foi comparada a NEDD-9 do grupo de CM e o controle saudável. RESULTADOS A média ± DP de SUVmax de 82 pacientes foi de 13,0 ± 8,6. Uma relação estatisticamente significativa (p=0,022) foi encontrada entre subtipos moleculares e captação de 18F-FDG. A relação entre captação de 18F-FDG e TLG medida em pacientes com idade <50 anos, ER-PR negativo e HER2 positivo foi estatisticamente significativa (p=0,015; 0,007; 0,046; e 0,001, respectivamente). MTV40, TLG40 e CA 15-3 em pacientes metastáticos foram estatisticamente significantes (p=0,004, 0,005 e 0,003, respectivamente). NEDD-9 no grupo BC foi significativamente maior do que no grupo saudável (p=0,017). Uma correlação positiva foi encontrada entre SUVmax e Ki67 e CA 15-3; MTV40 e CEA; CA 15-3, CEA, SUVmax e MTV40; uma correlação negativa foi encontrada entre CEA, TLG40 e idade. CONCLUSÃO O uso dos parâmetros SUVmax, MTV40 e TLG40 com NEDD-9 e marcadores tumorais demonstrou um alto valor diagnóstico, preditivo e prognóstico para o manejo do CM. Isso é considerado a base para intervenções focadas nos objetivos de tratamento relacionados às NEDD9.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms/blood , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Prognosis , Carcinoembryonic Antigen/blood , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , Mucin-1/blood , Radiopharmaceuticals , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Positron-Emission Tomography , Microtubule-Associated Proteins/blood
4.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(3): 407-416, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1114915

ABSTRACT

El adenocarcinoma NOS (no especificado de otra manera) es un tumor salival sin patrón especial poco mencionado en la literatura; su diagnóstico es un desafío porque estructuralmente no se identifica con otros carcinomas salivales más definidos. Por otro lado, Ki67 es un marcador de proliferación celular que brinda información pronóstica de las neoplasias. En cuanto a la mucina humana transmembrana MUC-1 se sobre-expresa en las neoplasias malignas perdiendo su localización exclusivamente apical. Presentamos dos casos de adenocarcinoma NOS diagnosticados con H/E y correlacionamos la expresión de Ki67 y la localización y sobreexpresión de MUC-1 con su grado histológico y pronóstico. Cortes histológicos de dos adenocarcinomas NOS de parótida en mujeres de 62 y 63 años respectivamente se colorearon con H/E e inmunomarcaron para Ki67 y MUC-1. En ambos tumores predominaban estructuras ductales, algunas quísticas, cordones celulares ramificados e islotes sólidos. Las formaciones glandulares presentaban células claras y algunas de aspecto oncocítico. Había importante atipia celular, comedonecrosis, invasión perineural, áreas hemorrágicas y compromiso de los márgenes quirúrgicos. La marcación nuclear con Ki67 fue importante; MUC-1 presentó una fuerte coloración en membranas y citoplasmas. Las dos lesiones se diagnosticaron como de alto grado de malignidad. Nuestros resultados demuestran que existe una importante proliferación marcada con Ki67 y una sobre-expresión de MUC-1 asociadas a atipia celular, infiltración perineural, necrosis y compromiso de márgenes quirúrgicos, factores asociados a un peor pronóstico. El reconocimiento de este tumor es trascendente para médicos y odontólogos ya que por la ausencia de rasgos distintivos que sí presentan otros carcinomas más específicos es fundamental el diagnóstico de exclusión.


Adenocarcinoma NOS (not otherwise specified) is a no special pattern salivary tumor briefly mentioned in the literature; its diagnosis is a challenge because structurally it is not identified with other more definite salivary carcinomas. On the other hand, Ki67 is a marker of cellular proliferation that provides prognostic information of neoplasms. As for human transmembrane mucin, MUC-1 is overexpressed in malignant neoplasms, losing their exclusively apical location. We present two cases of adenocarcinoma NOS diagnosed with H/E and correlate the expression of Ki67 and the location and over-expression of MUC-1 with its histological grade and prognosis. Histological sections of two NOS adenocarcinomas of parotid in women of 62 and 63 ages respectively were stained with H/E and immunolabelled for Ki67 and MUC-1. Both are predominated by ductal structures, some cystic, branched cell cords and solid islets. The glandular formations presented clear cells and some of oncocytic appearance. There was important cellular atypia, comedonecrosis, perineural growth, haemorrhagic areas and compromise of surgical margins. Nuclear marking with Ki67 was important; MUC-1 presented a strong staining in membranes and cytoplasms. They were diagnosed as high-grade malignancy. Our results show that there is an important proliferation marked with Ki67 and overexpression of MUC-1 associated with cellular atypia, perineural growth, necrosis and compromise of surgical margins, factorsassociated with a poor prognosis. The recognition of this tumor is transcendent for physicians and dentists since, due to the absence of distinctive features that other more specific carcinomas present, the diagnosis of exclusion is essential.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Parotid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Parotid Neoplasms/metabolism , Parotid Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Prognosis , Salivary Gland Neoplasms , Immunohistochemistry , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Biomarkers, Tumor , Mucin-1/metabolism , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Cell Proliferation
5.
Rev. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Quito) ; 44(2): 24-33, diciembre 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364015

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Los biomarcadores tumorales CA 15-3 y CEA son predictores de metástasis en el cáncer de mama; no obstante, existe división de criterios de las ventajas de determinarlos de forma individual o conjunta. Objetivo: Evaluar la asociación de los biomarcadores tumorales CA 15-3 y CEA, por separado y en conjunto, en relación a la enfermedad metastásica en mujeres ecuatorianas con cáncer de mama. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de prevalencia, en base a la información obtenida de las historias clínicas de 90 mujeres con cáncer de mama. Se identificaron los marcadores (CA 15-3, CEA y el conjunto de los dos (CA 15-3 ­ CEA) y se buscó la asociación con presencia o no de metástasis mediante prueba exacta de Fisher e índice Kappa de Cohen. Además, se determinó la sensibilidad, especificidad y valores predictivos positivos y negativos de cada marcador tumoral y en conjunto. Resultados: La prevalencia de carcinoma ductal invasivo en etapas localmente avanzadas de IIB a IIIC fue 77.8%. El sistema óseo y pulmonar fueron lugares frecuentes de invasión. De manera individual y conjunta existe una relación estadísticamente significativa (P <0.05) entre el valor de los biomarcadores y la presencia de procesos metastásicos, siendo CA15-3 y CA15-3-CEA los de mayor concordancia. CA15-3 presentó sensibilidad (S) 55% y especificidad (E) 91%. CEA tuvo (S) 30%; (E) 96%. En conjunto presentaron (S) 40%; (E) 100%. Conclusiones: La presencia de metástasis y mayor carga tumoral se correlacionan con la positividad de los biomarcadores tumorales CA 15-3-CEA, lo cual refuerza la utilidad clínica de evaluar los dos biomarcadores en conjunto.


Background: CA 15-3 and CEA tumor markers are metastasis predictors in breast cancer; however, criteria of the advantages in determining them in an individual or joint way are still not consensual. Objective: To evaluate the association of CA 15-3 and CEA tumor markers, in individual or joint way, in Ecuadorian patients diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer. Methods: A prevalence study was carried out, based on the information obtained from the medical records of 90 women with breast cancer. The markers CA 15-3, CEA were identified individually and together (CA 15-3 - CEA) and the association between the presence or absence of metastasis was established by using Fisher's exact test and Cohen's Kappa index. In addition, the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of each tumor marker as individual element and as a whole were determined Results: The prevalence of invasive ductal carcinoma in locally advanced stages from IIB to IIIC was 77.8%. The bone and lung system were frequent sites of cancer spread. There was a statistically significant relation (p<0.05) between the individual or whole biomarkers values and the presence of metastatic processes, being CA 15-3 and CA 15-3-CEA the ones with the highest concordance. CA 15-3 presented 55% sensitivity and 91% specificity. CEA presented 30% sensitivity and 96% specificity. As a whole, those have 40% sensitivity and 100% specificity. Conclusions: A higher tumor burden and metastatic development correlate with CA15-3-CEA biomarker positivity as a set, reinforcing the clinical benefit of evaluating both biomarkers simultaneously


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Breast Neoplasms , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Mucin-1 , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prevalence , Sensitivity and Specificity , Diagnosis
6.
International Journal of Oral Biology ; : 77-80, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764048

ABSTRACT

Clear cell odontogenic carcinoma (CCOC), a very rare neoplasm located mostly in the mandible, has been regarded as a benign tumor. However, due to the accumulation of case reports, CCOC has been reclassified as a malignant entity by the World Health Organization. Patients with CCOC present with regional swelling and periodontal indications with variable pain, often remaining misdiagnosed for a long period. CCOC has slow growth but aggressive behavior, requiring radical resection. Histologic analysis revealed the monophasic, biphasic, and ameloblastic types of CCOC with clear cells and a mixed combination of polygonal and palisading cells. At the molecular level, CCOC shows the expression of cytokeratin and epithelial membrane antigen, along with markers that assign CCOC to the sarcoma family. At the genetic level, Ewing sarcoma breakpoint region 1-activating transcription factor 1 fusion is regarded as the key feature for identification. Nevertheless, the scarcity of cases and dependence on histological data delay the development of an efficient therapy. Regarding the high recurrence rate and the potential of distant metastasis, further characterization of CCOC is necessary for an early and accurate diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ameloblasts , Diagnosis , Keratins , Mandible , Mucin-1 , Neoplasm Metastasis , Odontogenic Tumors , Recurrence , Sarcoma , Sarcoma, Ewing , Transcription Factors , World Health Organization
7.
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 119-124, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766010

ABSTRACT

Primary malignant melanoma of the breast (PMMB) is a rare tumor with only a few case reports available in the literature. We report two cases of PMMB, one derived from the breast parenchyma and the other from the breast skin. The first case consisted of atypical epithelioid cells without overt melanocytic differentiation like melanin pigments. The tumor cells showed diffuse positivity for S100 protein, tyrosinase, and BRAF V600E. However, the tumor cells were negative for cytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen, and HMB-45. The second case showed atypical melanocytic proliferation with heavy melanin pigmentation. The tumor cells were positive for S100 protein, HMB-45, tyrosinase, and BRAF V600E. These two cases represent two distinct presentations of PMMB in terms of skin involvement, melanin pigmentation, and HMB-45 positivity. Although PMMB is very rare, the possibility of this entity should be considered in malignant epithelioid neoplasms in the breast parenchyma.


Subject(s)
Breast , Epithelioid Cells , Keratins , Melanins , Melanoma , Monophenol Monooxygenase , Mucin-1 , Pigmentation , Skin
8.
Archives of Craniofacial Surgery ; : 336-340, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762789

ABSTRACT

Myoepithelioma was recognized as a histological distinct entity by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1991. Myoepithelial cells are believed to be of ectodermal origin. In salivary glands, the myoepithelial cells that surround the intercalated ducts are spindled, which is in contrast to the large stellate ones that envelop the acini. Myoepithelioma is a benign salivary gland tumor that consists entirely of myoepithelial cells. A 53-year-old man presented with a 1-year history of a painless mass originating from the right parotid gland. The mass grew rapidly reaching a size of approximately 6 cm. The patient had no facial paralysis. The authors performed right parotidectomy. Immunohistochemistry study of this tumor showed that it was positive for vimentin, positive for S-100, focally positive for pancytokeratin, and focally positive for p63 and that it had a Ki-67 labeling index (below 10%). Additionally, the tumor was negative for epithelial membrane antigen, negative for actin, negative for desmin, negative for CD34 and negative for anaplastic lymphoma kinase. The authors present a case of benign spindle cell myoepithelioma of the parotid gland in a 53-year-old man diagnosed after immunohistochemistry study, describing its importance, along with a brief review of the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Actins , Desmin , Ectoderm , Facial Paralysis , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphoma , Mucin-1 , Myoepithelioma , Parotid Gland , Parotid Neoplasms , Phosphotransferases , Salivary Glands , Vimentin , World Health Organization
9.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(9): 1800-1807, set. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-976507

ABSTRACT

O antígeno CA 15-3 é uma proteína presente no soro utilizado no acompanhamento de mulheres com câncer de mama, essencialmente na detecção de metástases. Os objetivos deste estudo foram avaliar a efetividade e a viabilidade da utilização do marcador tumoral CA 15-3 em cadelas, comparando-se os valores do marcador entre cadelas sem e com neoplasia mamária, avaliando-se alterações nos valores do marcador após a mastectomia, e suas correlações entre o tipo histológico. Foi realizada a quantificação sérica do marcador tumoral CA 15-3 (teste de eletroquimioluminescência), em vinte cadelas hígidas (grupo controle) e vinte cadelas com neoplasia mamária (grupo teste). Os animais com neoplasia tiveram a dosagem do marcador realizada antes e 10 dias após a mastectomia. Ainda, foi realiza a citologia vaginal no momento da mastectomia e foram estabelecidos três grupos de acordo com a fase estral de cada cadela, Diestro, Proestro e Anestro. As massas tumorais foram encaminhadas para exame histopatológico. A avaliação dos dados de citologia vaginal entre os grupos Diestro, Proestro e Anestro pelo teste de ANOVA não demonstrou diferença estatística significativa entre os valores encontrados. E na análise para a comparação dos valores do marcador tumoral com os tipos histológicos de neoplasias, divididas em dois grupos, benignas e malignas, utilizando o teste de Mann-Whitney Rank Sum Test, o teste não demonstrou diferença estatística significativa visto que p>0,05. Os valores encontrados do marcador no grupo controle foram uma média de 0,19+0,39 U/mL, no grupo pré-mastectomia 1,56+0,39 U/mL e pós-mastectomia 0,66+0,27 U/mL. Em análise estatística com a comparação de grupo pré e pós-mastectomia, e do grupo controle com o grupo pré e pós-mastectomia observou-se significância com p< 0,005. Assim, observou-se diferença nos valores do marcador antes e depois da remoção cirúrgica da neoplasia, sugerindo seu possível uso como controle de crescimento tumoral pós-mastectomia individual. Porém há muita variação dos resultados nos diferentes métodos existentes, e não há ainda um padrão dos valores de referência para cada método, sendo necessários mais estudos sobre o uso dos marcadores.(AU)


The CA 15-3 antigen is a protein present in the serum, used to monitor women with breast cancer, mainly in metastatic disease detection. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and feasibility of the CA 15-3 tumor marker in dogs, comparing the marker values between dogs with or without breast cancer, to estimate changes in marker values after mastectomy, and their correlation between the histological types. Serum quantification of the tumor marker CA 15-3 (electrochemiluminescence test) was performed in twenty healthy bitches and twenty others with mammary neoplasia. Bitches with cancer had the content of the tracer performed before and 10 days after mastectomy. The vaginal cytology was performed at the moment of the mastectomy, dividing the animals into three different groups (diestrus, proestrus and anestrus). All the mammary tumors were examined histopathologically. The evaluation of the vaginal cytology data of the groups Diestro, Proestro and Anestro by the ANOVA test did not show a statistically significant difference between the values ​​found. In the analysis histological types of tumor marker values of neoplasms, divided into two groups, benign and malignant, using the Mann-Whitney Rank Sum Test, there was no statistical significant difference at p>0.05. The values of the marker in the control group had an average of 0.19+0.39 U/mL, of the pre-mastectomy group 1.56+0.39 U/mL, and of the post-mastectomy group 0.66+0.27 U/mL. The statistic was performed comparing groups pre- and post-mastectomy, and the control group with group pre- and post-mastectomy with a statistical significance p< 0.005 in both tests. There was a difference of marker values ​​before and after surgical removal of the neoplasia, suggesting its possible use in post-mastectomy tumor control. But exist variation of results with the different existing methods, and there will be still a standard reference value for each method.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Breast Neoplasms/veterinary , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Dogs/abnormalities , Mucin-1 , Electrochemotherapy
10.
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 416-419, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741197

ABSTRACT

We describe a case of a 61-year-old Korean man who was diagnosed with renal cell carcinoma that was discovered on abdominopelvic computed tomography obtained after the patient complained of back pain. A radical nephrectomy was performed, and the surgical specimen showed a relatively well-circumscribed and yellowish lobulated hard mass. Microscopically, the tumor showed sheets and nests of hypercellular pleomorphic cells with thick fibrous septation, frequent mitoses, and areas of adrenal cortical-like tissue. Immunohistochemical staining revealed that the tumor cells were positive for inhibin-α, vimentin, synaptophysin, and melan A. It also revealed that the tumor cells were negative for pan-cytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen, paired box 8, α-methylacyl-coenzyme A racemase, CD10, cytokeratin 7, carbonic anhydrase 9, c-Kit, renal cell carcinoma, transcription factor E3, human melanoma black 45, desmin, smooth muscle actin, S-100, chromogranin A, CD34, anaplastic lymphoma kinase, and integrase interactor 1. Based on these histopathological and immunohistochemical findings, we diagnosed the tumor as intrarenal adrenocortical carcinoma arising in an adrenal rest. Several cases of intrarenal adrenocortical carcinoma have been reported, although they are very rare. Due to its poor prognosis and common recurrence or metastasis, clinicians and pathologists must be aware of this entity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Actins , Adrenal Rest Tumor , Adrenocortical Carcinoma , Back Pain , Carbonic Anhydrases , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Chromogranin A , Desmin , Integrases , Keratin-7 , Lymphoma , MART-1 Antigen , Melanoma , Mitosis , Mucin-1 , Muscle, Smooth , Neoplasm Metastasis , Nephrectomy , Phosphotransferases , Prognosis , Recurrence , Synaptophysin , Transcription Factors , Vimentin
11.
Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine [The]. 2018; 71 (4): 2950-2955
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-192551

ABSTRACT

Background: Breast cancer remains the most frequent type of cancer in females worldwide, with nearly 1.7 million new cases diagnosed in 2012. In Egypt, breast cancer is the most common malignancy among females accounting for 18.3% of total cancer cases in Egypt. Unfortunately, the traditional imaging techniques as well as the currently accepted markers such as serum CEA and CA 15.3 cannot adequately identify early stage patients. MiRNAs are a class of endogenous non-coding RNAs tilde 22 nucleotides in length, which regulate gene expression primarily at the post-transcriptional level and thus are involved in many cellular processes, such as cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. One of which is miRNA-21 and its alterations have been shown to play critical roles in breast cancer


Materials and Methods: This is a pilot retrospective case-control study. We quantified serum microRNA-21 expression levels using qRT-PCR in 30 breast cancer patients and another 10 controls in comparison to CA 15-3 as a conventional marker of breast cancer used in clinical practice


Results: MiRNA-21 expression levels in early diagnosis of breast cancer patients with a superior both sensitivity and specificity of 100% specially in comparison with CA 15.3 that displayed 70% sensitivity and 60% specificity


Conclusion: MiRNA-21 levels are significantly higher in breast cancer patients compared to healthy subjects. Furthermore, we found that increased miRNA-21 expression levels correlated with progression of breast cancer stages


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/blood , Pilot Projects , Retrospective Studies , Case-Control Studies , Mucin-1
12.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 617-629, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-646576

ABSTRACT

Artificial uterus using endometrium implant can be a novel treatment strategy for infertile women with refractory endometrial dysfunction. At early pregnancy, the function of uterine endometrial cells for the communication between the conceptus of pre-implantation period and maternal reproductive system is essential. MicroRNA (miR) expression profile of endometrial cells according to progesterone, a crucial pregnancy-maintaining hormone, provides important data for in vitro endometrial cell culture strategy that is useful for engineering artificial uteri using endometrial implants. The present study aimed to evaluate the miR expression profile of in vitro cultured endometrial cells under hormonal milieu mimicking early pregnancy period in terms of progesterone concentration. We cultured murine uterine endometrial cells, human uterine endometrial carcinoma cells, and immortalized human uterine endometrial cells using different progesterone concentrations, and analyzed the expression of miRs critical for early pregnancy. The expression of miR-20a, -21, -196a, -199a, and -200a was differently regulated according to progesterone concentration in different endometrial cell lines. The analysis of candidate target genes showed that the expression of phosphatase and tensin homolog, mucin 1 (MUC1), progesterone receptor, transforming growth factor β receptor II, matrix metallopeptidase-9 was up-regulated by progesterone treatment in mouse and human endometrial cell lines. These results indicate that physiological concentration range (10⁻⁷ and 10⁻⁹ M) of progesterone affect the survival and target gene expression via modulating miR expression. Taken together, progesterone can be a crucial factor in regulating miR expression on in vitro cultured endometrial cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Pregnancy , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Line , Endometrial Neoplasms , Endometrium , Gene Expression , In Vitro Techniques , MicroRNAs , Mucin-1 , Progesterone , Receptors, Progesterone , Transforming Growth Factors , Uterus
13.
Philippine Journal of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; : 60-61, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961032

ABSTRACT

@#A 63-year old Filipino female presented with epistaxis of undisclosed duration. Examination showed a vascular, pulsating, rubbery intranasal mass involving both nasal cavities. The clinical impression was that of a nasal hemangioma. She underwent excision of the tumor and the specimen was sent for histopathologic evaluation. The specimen consisted of several tan-brown irregular tissue fragments with an aggregate diameter of 2 cm. Microscopic examination showed a cellular spindle cell tumor underneath the respiratory mucosa. (Figure 1) The tumor cells formed a syncytial pattern arranged in whorls that were separated by thin fibrovascular bands. (Figure 2) The cells had round to oval nuclei with nuclear clearing and moderate amount of syncytial cytoplasm compatible with a meningothelial derivation. (Figure 3) There was absence of nuclear atypia, significant mitotic activity, and necrosis. Immunohistochemistry studies showed positivity for Epithelial Membrane Antigen (EMA) and Progesterone Receptors (PR), and absence of reaction for Smooth Muscle Actin (SMA) and CD34. (Figure 4) Our diagnosis was sinonasal tract meningioma. Primary extracranial meningioma of the sinonasal cavity is rare and thus secondary extension from a primary intracranial tumor should be ruled out. It involves a wide age range with no striking gender predilection.1,2 Most common symptoms include nasal obstruction, epistaxis, exophthalmos, and a mass. Etiogenesis is not completely established and is postulated to arise from meningocytes that are entrapped during closure of midline structures, very similar to the development of meningoceles.3 Histopathologic examination discloses a spindle cell tumor arranged predominantly in whorls composed of cells showing meningothelial differentiation. Most are histologically grade 1 tumors. Grade 2 and 3 sinonasal tract meningiomas are rare.4 Histologic differential diagnoses include a glomangiopericytoma, leiomyosarcoma, and a solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytoma. Close histologic evaluation with appropriate immunohistochemistry studies point to the correct diagnosis. Meningioma shows strong diffuse positivity with EMA and PR, and is usually negative for other immunohistochemistry markers such as muscle actins (for glomangiopericytoma and leiomyosarcoma), and CD34 (for solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytoma).1,3 A diagnosis of primary sinonasal meningioma should not be made if an intracranial mass is identified.4 Sinonasal meningiomas are benign tumors with no documented distant metastases.1,2 Although recurrences occur in about 30% (mostly due to incomplete excision), metastasis and malignant transformation has not been reported.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Meningioma , Epistaxis , Nasal Cavity , Mucin-1 , Immunohistochemistry , Receptors, Progesterone , Actins , Meningeal Neoplasms , Nose , Hemangioma , Respiratory Mucosa , Muscle, Smooth
14.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 334-336, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959868

ABSTRACT

@#<p style="text-align: justify;">We report the first published case of multiple eruptive myxoid dermatofibroma (MEMDF) in a male with chronic hepatitis B infection presenting with eruptive lesions showing marked deposits of dermal mucin. Alcian blue and immunohistochemistry confirmed the diagnosis of myxoid dermatofibroma. Further work-up showed asymptomatic chronic hepatitis B infection without cirrhosis.This case highlights an extremely rare histologic variant and the importance of screening for altered immunity in patients with eruptive dermatofibromas.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous , Mucins , Alcian Blue , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Immunohistochemistry , Mucin-1 , Liver Cirrhosis , Exanthema
15.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 786-789, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-225289

ABSTRACT

Syringoid eccrine carcinoma (SEC) is a rare cutaneous malignant tumor thought to be derived from eccrine sweat apparatus. It is usually present in the head, neck and trunk region, and often occurs in the fourth to seventh decades of life. A 94-year-old male patient visited our department with an 80-year history of a lesion showing a 2×2 cm sized well-demarcated round shaped erythematous to pinkish colored nodule with ulcer on his left thigh. Histological findings revealed a tumor consisted mainly of numerous small cords and nests forming luminal or tubular structures and tumor cells showing variable atypia. Some ductal structures showed tadpole appearance. On immunohistochemical staining, epithelial membrane antigen, S-100, cytokeratin 7 and carcinoembryonic antigen were reactive and Ki-67 showed less than 10% positivity. Based on these findings, the final diagnosis was made as SEC. The patient was treated with local wide excision and didn't show any recurrence during the follow-up period of 12 months. Herein, we report a very rare case of SEC which occurred on the left thigh and discuss 10 cases of SEC presented on the extremities, including our case.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Diagnosis , Extremities , Follow-Up Studies , Head , Keratin-7 , Larva , Mucin-1 , Neck , Phenobarbital , Recurrence , Sweat , Sweat Gland Neoplasms , Thigh , Ulcer
16.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 610-614, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-112169

ABSTRACT

Primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma (PCALCL) is a rare primary cutaneous lymphoma that is predominantly composed of large lymphoid cells that express the CD30 antigen. The skin lesion of PCALCL is usually single, ulcerative, and located on the trunk or extremities and rarely the palm. A 25-year-old woman presented with a plaque on the left palm for 20 days. The plaque was walnut-sized and purple to gray colored with erosion in the center. Histopathologic examination showed infiltration of large atypical cells in the dermis. The large tumor cells showed positivity for CD3, CD4, and CD30 and negativity for CD8, CD20, epithelial membrane antigen, and anaplastic lymphoma kinase. PET-CT showed no other hypermetabolic lesion except that on the left palm, and we finally arrived at a diagnosis of PCALCL. The patient was treated with an intralesional injection of methotrexate (25 mg/mL, 0.45 cc). After 3 months of treatment, the walnut-sized plaque had disappeared and a peripheral hyperpigmented patch remained.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Ki-1 Antigen , Dermis , Diagnosis , Extremities , Injections, Intralesional , Lymphocytes , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Anaplastic , Lymphoma, Primary Cutaneous Anaplastic Large Cell , Methotrexate , Mucin-1 , Phosphotransferases , Skin , Ulcer
17.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1595-1602, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-14442

ABSTRACT

In colorectal carcinoma, poorly differentiated clusters (PDCs) are a poor prognostic indicator and show morphological continuity and behavioral similarities to micropapillary patterns (MPPs) as well as tumor buds (TBs). Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and inhibition of cancer-stromal interactions may contribute to the development of PDCs. To clarify the biological nature of PDCs, we examined immunohistochemical stainings for β-catenin, Ki-67, E-cadherin, epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM), MUC1, and epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), which are associated with EMT and cancer-stromal interactions. The expression frequencies and patterns of PDCs, TBs, and differentiated neoplastic glands from the tumor center (TC) were compared. In the study group (117 cases), the nuclear β-catenin staining index was higher in PDCs (37.3%) and TBs (43.3%) than in neoplastic glands from TC (8.9%, P < 0.001). The mean Ki-67 labeling index in TC was 71.5%, whereas it was decreased in PDCs (31.2%) and TBs (10.2%, P < 0.001). E-cadherin and EpCAM displayed a tendency to be found along the cell membrane in TC samples (91.5% and 92.3%, respectively), whereas they showed loss of membranous staining in PDC (44.4% and 36.8%, respectively) and TB samples (60.7% and 68.4%, respectively). An inside-out pattern for MUC1 and EMA was frequently observed in PDC (48.7% and 45.3%, respectively) and TB samples (46.2% and 45.3%, respectively), but not in TC samples. Our data demonstrate that there is a pathogenetic overlap among PDCs, TBs, and MPPs and suggest that they might represent sequential growth patterns that branch from common biological processes such as dedifferentiation and alteration in cancer-stromal interactions.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Biological Phenomena , Cadherins , Cell Membrane , Colorectal Neoplasms , Epithelial Cells , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Mucin-1
18.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 213-218, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-6979

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Primary low-grade thyroid-like papillary adenocarcinomas are extremely rare neoplasms that generally originate in the nasopharynx. Here, we describe a novel case of a 15-year-old Chinese girl who was diagnosed with low-grade thyroid-like papillary adenocarcinoma, including a brief review of the literature to reveal the clinicopathological features of low-grade thyroid-like nasopharyngeal papillary adenocarcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was used to evaluate the expression of pan-cytokeratin (CKpan), cytokeratin (CK) 7, thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF-1), vimentin, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), thyroglobulin, CD15, S100, P40, CK20, CDX-2, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), and Ki-67. Additionally, in situ hybridization investigation was utilized to identify the presence of small Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)–encoded RNA. RESULTS: Histopathological analysis revealed florid proliferation of papillary structures lined by columnar epithelial cells with fibrovascular cores. Immunohistochemically, the neoplastic cells were positive for CKpan, CK7, TTF-1, vimentin, and EMA, but negative for thyroglobulin, CD15, S100, P40, CK20, CDX-2, and GFAP. The Ki-67–labeling index reached 5% in the most concentrated spot. In situ hybridization for EBV was negative. CONCLUSION: Due to the distinct rarity of low-grade thyroid-like papillary adenocarcinomaswith a favorable clinical outcome, a nationwide effort to raise public awareness of this neoplasm is required.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Adenocarcinoma, Papillary , Asian People , Epithelial Cells , Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Immunohistochemistry , In Situ Hybridization , Keratins , Mucin-1 , Nasopharynx , RNA , Thyroglobulin , Thyroid Gland , Transcription Factors , Vimentin
19.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 277-281, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-169126

ABSTRACT

Plexiform angiomyxoid myofibroblastic tumor (PAMT) of the stomach is a very rare mesenchymal tumor of the gastrointestinal tract. We report a case of asymptomatic gastric PAMT that was pathologically confirmed after surgical resection. The tumor had a multinodular plexiform growth pattern, bland-looking spindle cells, and an Alcian blue-positive myxoid stromal matrix rich in small blood vessels. Immunohistochemistry analysis revealed that the tumor cells of the PAMT were positive for smooth muscle actin (SMA) and negative for c-kit, CD34, S-100 protein, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), and desmin. PAMT should be differentiated from other submucosal tumors of the stomach by immunohistochemical findings. Considering the benign features of this tumor, observation without resection may be an option for the treatment of PAMT if the tumor is asymptomatic.


Subject(s)
Actins , Blood Vessels , Desmin , Gastrointestinal Tract , Immunohistochemistry , Mucin-1 , Muscle, Smooth , Myofibroblasts , S100 Proteins , Stomach
20.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 91-94, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-165803

ABSTRACT

Epithelioid angiomyolipoma (EAML) of liver is a rare neoplasm. Hepatic EAML is often misdiagnosed as other neoplasms such as hepatocellular carcinoma due to non-specific clinical and radiologic features. The morphologic features under microscope and immunohistochemistry staining profile are important in the diagnosis EAML. Here, we report a case of 52-year-old man who found 1.2 cm mass in liver by routine checkup. On the impression of hepatocellular carcinoma, lateral sectionectomy of the liver was done. Microscopically, the tumor is composed of predominant epithelioid cells with vascular component and foamy cells. These cells were positive for HMB45, MelanA, and smooth muscle actin and negative for epithelial membrane antigen. The final diagnosis was hepatic EAML.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Actins , Angiomyolipoma , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Diagnosis , Epithelioid Cells , Immunohistochemistry , Liver , MART-1 Antigen , Mucin-1 , Muscle, Smooth , Perivascular Epithelioid Cell Neoplasms
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