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2.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1420051

ABSTRACT

Los Síndromes Mielodisplásicos (SMD) son un grupo heterogéneo de enfermedades mieloides. Esta heterogeneidad en la presentación clínica complejiza el diagnóstico requiriendo diversos estudios complementarios. El tratamiento debe ser individualizado y adaptado al riesgo, desde terapias de soporte hasta intervenciones de alto costo. Para conocer la accesibilidad a las herramientas diagnóstico y terapéuticas se realizó una encuesta online dirigida a los hematólogos que asisten pacientes con SMD en Uruguay en 2016 y 2019. Las encuestas fueron respondidas por 32.5% y 26.6% de los miembros de la Sociedad de Hematología del Uruguay. Más del 90% tienen acceso a estudios histológicos, citogenéticos, FISH y citometría de flujo. La posibilidad de realizar paneles de secuenciación masiva se encuentra restringida a menos de 10% derivando la muestra al exterior, siendo mayor en 2019 en comparación a 2016. Los sistemas de estratificación de riesgo más utilizados son el sistema internacional de puntuación de riesgo (IPSS) y su versión revisada (IPSS-R). La disponibilidad de tratamientos de soporte (transfusiones, eritropoyetina y G-CSF), de azacitidina y del trasplante alogénico de precursores hematopoyéticos es amplia. Existió un aumento en indicación de azacitidina en 2019 con respecto a 2016. Sin embargo, el acceso a decitabina, lenalidomida y fármacos quelantes de hierro es escaso y no se cuenta con ensayos clínicos donde incluir pacientes que fallan o no responden a los tratamientos convencionales. La presente encuesta, realizada en dos períodos, describe la realidad y su evolución en nuestro país en cuanto a accesibilidad a herramientas diagnósticas y terapéuticas extrapolables a otras patologías oncohematológicas. Los datos recabados permitirán plantear estrategias tendientes a mejorar el abordaje diagnóstico-terapéutico de los pacientes con SMD en Uruguay.


Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS) constitutes an heterogenous group of hematological malignancies. Reaching an accurate diagnosis, represents in an important number of cases, a major challenge that requires different diagnostic tools. In order to acknowledge the scope of access to those tools in our country, we performed a survey addressed to Uruguayan hematologists who care for MDS patients in their clinical practice. The survey was carried out in 2016 and 2019 among Uruguayan Hematology Society members. Response rate was 32.5% and 26.6% respectively. Access to bone marrow biopsy, cytogenetics, FISH and flow cytometry was accessible to more than 90% of physicians. Less than 10% of respondents were able to request next generation sequencing (NGS) studies and in that case, they have to send them abroad. IPSS and R-IPSS were the most frequently used risk scores. Support treatment such as growth factors and transfusions are widely accessible. Azacytidine and allogenic transplant are available as well. However, access to decitabine, lenalidomide and iron chelating drugs is scarce and there are no clinical trials to include patients who fail or do not respond to conventional treatments. This survey, carried out in two periods, describes the reality and its evolution in our country in terms of accessibility to diagnostic and therapeutic tools that can be extrapolated to other oncohematological pathologies. We were able to get to know our country reality regarding diagnostic and therapeutic tools for MDS patients. This, would represent an important input in order to design health strategies aiming to improve clinical care for our patients.


As Síndromes Mielodisplásicas (SMD) são um grupo heterogêneo de doenças mielóides. Essa heterogeneidade na apresentação clínica torna o diagnóstico mais complexo, exigindo vários estudos complementares. O tratamento deve ser individualizado e adaptado ao risco, desde terapias de suporte até intervenções de alto custo. Para conhecer a acessibilidade de ferramentas diagnósticas e terapêuticas, foi realizada uma pesquisa online dirigida aos hematologistas que atendem pacientes com SMD no Uruguai em 2016 e 2019. As pesquisas foram respondidas por 32,5% e 26,6% dos membros da Sociedad de Hematologia do Uruguai. Mais de 90% têm acesso a estudos histológicos, citogenéticos, FISH e citometria de fluxo. A possibilidade de realização de painéis de sequenciamento massivo está restrita a menos de 10% provenientes da amostra no exterior, sendo maior em 2019 em relação a 2016. Os sistemas de estratificação de risco mais utilizados são o sistema internacional de pontuação de risco (IPSS) e sua versão revisada (IPSS -R). Tratamentos de suporte (transfusões, eritropoietina e G-CSF), azacitidina e transplante alogênico de células-tronco hematopoiéticas estão amplamente disponíveis. Houve aumento da indicação de azacitidina em 2019 em relação a 2016. No entanto, o acesso a decitabina, lenalidomida e quelantes de ferro é escasso e não há ensaios clínicos para incluir pacientes que falham ou não respondem aos tratamentos convencionais. Este inquérito, realizado em dois períodos, descreve a realidade e a sua evolução no nosso país em termos de acessibilidade a instrumentos diagnósticos e terapêuticos que podem ser extrapolados para outras patologias onco-hematológicas. Os dados coletados permitirão propor estratégias destinadas a melhorar a abordagem diagnóstico-terapêutica de pacientes com SMD no Uruguai.


Subject(s)
Humans , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/diagnosis , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/therapy , Health Services Accessibility/statistics & numerical data , Therapeutics/statistics & numerical data , Uruguay , Health Care Surveys , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures/statistics & numerical data
3.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 681-687, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985974

ABSTRACT

Objective: To exploring the clinical features of SF3B1-mutated myelodysplastic syndrome with excess blasts (MDS-EB) and analyzing the association between SF3B1 mutation, and efficacy and prognostic significance for patients with MDS-EB. Methods: This was a retrospective case series study. The clinical data of 266 patients with MDS-EB diagnosed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University between April 2016 and November 2021 were analyzed. The observed indicators included blood routine counts, mutated genes, overall response rate (ORR), overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and leukemia-free survival (LFS). The Kaplan-Meier method was used to depict the survival curves. The Log-rank test method was equally used to compare survival across groups and performed the Cox proportional hazard regression model for prognostic analysis. Results: In 266 patients with MDS-EB, 166 (62.4%) were men, and the median age was 57 (17-81) years. Moreover, there were included 26 and 240 patients in the SF3B1-mutated and SF3B1 wild-type groups. Patients in the SF3B1-mutated group were older [median age 65 (51, 69) years vs. 56 (46, 66) years, P=0.033], had higher white blood cell (WBC) counts [3.08 (2.35, 4.78) × 109/L vs. 2.13 (1.40, 3.77) × 109/L], platelet (PLT) counts [122.5 (50.5, 215.0) ×109/L vs. 49.0 (24.3, 100.8) × 109/L], absolute neutrophil counts (ANC) [1.83 (1.01, 2.88) × 109/L vs. 0.80 (0.41, 1.99) × 109/L]and occurrence of DNMT3A mutation [23.1% (6/26) vs. 6.7% (16/240)] (all P<0.05). The ORR were similar in both groups after 2 and 4 cycles of therapy (P=0.348, P=1.000). Moreover, the LFS (P=0.218), PFS (P=0.179) and OS (P=0.188) were similar across the groups. Univariate Cox analysis revealed that SF3B1 mutation did not affect the prognosis of patients with MDS-EB (OS: P=0.193; PFS: P=0.184). Conclusions: Patients with SF3B1 mutation were older, with greater WBC, PLT, and ANC, and SF3B1 mutation easily co-occurred with DNMT3A mutation. From this model, there were no significant differences in efficacy and survival of MDS-EB with or without SF3B1 mutation.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Aged, 80 and over , Leukocytes , Mutation , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/diagnosis , Phosphoproteins/genetics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , RNA Splicing Factors/genetics
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 469-475, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982082

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the distribution of bone marrow lymphocyte subsets in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome(MDS),the proportion of activated T cells with immunophenotype CD3+HLA-DR+ in the lymphocytes and its clinical significance, and to understand the effects of different types of MDS, different immunophenotypes, and different expression levels of WT1 on the proportion of lymphocyte subsets and activated T cells.@*METHODS@#The immunophenotypes of 96 MDS patients, the subsets of bone marrow lymphocytes and activated T cells were detected by flow cytometry. The relative expression of WT1 was detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR, and the first induced remission rate (CR1) was calculated, the differences of lymphocyte subsets and activated T cells in MDS patients with different immunophenotype, different WT1 expression, and different course of disease were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The percentage of CD4+T lymphocyte in MDS-EB-2, IPSS high-risk, CD34+ cells >10%, and patients with CD34+CD7+ cell population and WT1 gene overexpression at intial diagnosis decreased significantly (P<0.05), and the percentage of NK cells and activated T cells increased significantly (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in the ratio of B lymphocytes. Compared with the normal control group, the percentage of NK cells and activated T cells in IPSS-intermediate-2 group was significantly higher(P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in the percentage of CD3+T, CD4+T lymphocytes. The percentage of CD4+T cells in patients with complete remission after the first chemotherapy was significantly higher than in patients with incomplete remission(P<0.05), and the percentage of NK cells and activated T cells was significantly lower than that in patients with incomplete remission (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#In MDS patients, the proportion of CD3+T and CD4+T lymphocytes decreased, and the proportion of activated T cells increased, indicating that the differentiation type of MDS is more primitive and the prognosis is worse.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphocyte Subsets , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/diagnosis , Bone Marrow , B-Lymphocytes , Killer Cells, Natural , Flow Cytometry , T-Lymphocyte Subsets
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1231-1235, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888543

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the diagnostic value of peripheral blood cell parameters for early recognition of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical and laboratory data of 86 patients with MDS and 72 patients with non-malignant clonal anemia treated in first diagnosed in the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2017 was retrospectively analyzed. The peripheral blood cell parameters of the patients in two groups were analyzed, generated the receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) from the statistically significant parameters, the binary logistic model was build to calculate and compare the area under the ROC curve (AUC) combined with multiple indicators and individual indicators, sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratio, and diagnostic accuracy, the diagnostic efficacy of the patients was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with patients in the non-malignant clonal anemia group ,white blood cell count (WBC), neutrophil percentage (NE%), eosinophil percentage (E%), eosinophil absolute value (E#), platelet count (PLT), platelet specific volume (PCT%) in the MDS patients were significantly reduced; while percentage of lymphocytes (LY%), basophilic percentage (B%), and the width of platelet distribution (PDW) significantly increased. The several ROC curves with the above indicators were established, which showed that AUC@*CONCLUSION@#PDW, B% and LY% in peripheral blood cell parameters have certain diagnostic value for early recognition of MDS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukocyte Count , Lymphocytes , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/diagnosis , Platelet Count , Retrospective Studies
6.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 41(4): 371-373, Oct.-Dec. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056241

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a group of heterogeneous clonal hematopoietic stem cell disorders that results in peripheral blood (PB) cytopenias and bone marrow (BM) dysplasia. Dysplasia is the hallmark of the disorder, and must exceed the threshold of 10%. Conventional karyotype (KT) has a role in the classification and prognostication of subtypes. In daily practice, many cases are diagnosed in face of exuberant clinical complains, but cases with dismal evidences pose real difficulties to definitively conclude the case. Material and methods: The objective of this study is to detect cases in which no morphology evidence of dysplasia or increased blasts were observed but KT was decisive for MDS diagnosis. 666 cases were admitted to rule out MDS. Results: There were found 5 (0.75%) cases who presented no evident dysplasia morphology or whose dysplasia was borderline but the karyotype was decisive because showed clonal evidence. The karyotype was: case 1: 46,XY,del(5q)(q13q33),del(11)(q13q23)[7]/46,XY[13]; case 2: 46,XX,del(11)(q21q23)[20]; case 3: 46,XX,del(7)(q22q34)[4]/46,XX[8]; case 4: 47,XX,del(5)(q13q33),+mar[12]/46,XX[8] and case 5: 46,XXt(2;11)(p21;q24),del(4)(?q25),del(21)(q22)[14]/46,XX[6]. Conclusion: Patients with cytopenia and insufficient or borderline evidence of dysplasia may experience a long journey before a MDS diagnosis is made. Cytogenetics studies may abbreviate this pathway when clonal aberrations considered presumptive of MDS are detected. This study shows that karyotype should still be considered as a diagnostic tool.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/diagnosis , Karyotype
7.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 79(3): 174-184, June 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020055

ABSTRACT

La Argentina es un país caracterizado por una distribución heterogénea de su población, de sus recursos económicos y, consiguientemente, del acceso a los servicios de salud, lo cual podría afectar el diagnóstico y tratamiento de los pacientes con síndromes mielodisplásicos. Basados en la complejidad creciente para arribar al diagnóstico, estimar el riesgo e indicar un tratamiento adecuado, hemos conducido una encuesta de veintitrés preguntas para evaluar patrones de práctica clínica. El cuestionario se distribuyó entre los 850 hematólogos argentinos inscriptos al XXII Congreso Argentino de Hematología y 195 (22.9%) fueron contestados. El 40.0% refieren que < 75% de sus pacientes acceden al cariotipo, histología de la médula ósea y citometría de flujo. Este acceso disminuye significativamente por una baja cobertura sanitaria (OR 6.3), en población adulta (OR 3.8), al derivar el estudio citogenético (OR 3.2) y fuera del área metropolitana de Buenos Aires (OR 2.4). Los encuestados evitan terminologías oncológicas (77.0%) al introducir el diagnóstico y utilizan el sistema internacional de predicción o su revisión (74.2%) para estadificar riesgo. Sin embargo, éstos priorizan la edad al seleccionar tratamiento y los pediatras indican preferentemente el trasplante de precursores hematopoyéticos. La mayoría de los hematólogos ha prescripto los tratamientos recomendados, cuyas suspensiones se relacionaron con falta de respuesta (62.7%), con participación reducida en ensayos clínicos (8.9%). Por ende, refieren heterogeneidad en el acceso a las herramientas diagnósticas complementarias con diferencias al momento de indicar un tratamiento, dependiendo de la edad de sus pacientes, sin limitaciones aparentes en su prescripción.


Argentina is a country characterized by a heterogeneous distribution of its population, its economic resources and, consequently, access to health services, which could affect the diagnosis and treatment of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes. Based on the increasing complexity to arrive at the diagnosis, estimate the risk and indicate an adequate treatment, we have conducted a survey of twenty-three questions to evaluate patterns of clinical practice. The questionnaire was distributed among 850 hematologists registered at the XXII Argentine Congress of Hematology, and 195 (22.9%) were answered; 40.0% report that < 75% of their patients access the karyotype, bone marrow histology and flow cytometry. This access decreases significantly due to low health coverage (OR 6.3), in the adult population (OR 3.8), when the cytogenetic study is derived (OR 3.2) and outside the metropolitan area of Buenos Aires (OR 2.4). The respondents avoid oncological terminologies (77.0%) when introducing the diagnosis and use the international prediction system or its review (74.2%) to stage risk. However, they prioritize age when selecting treatment and pediatricians preferentially recommend the transplantation of hematopoietic precursors. Most of the haematologists have prescribed the recommended treatments, whose suspensions were related to lack of response (62.7%), with reduced participation in clinical trials (8.9%). Therefore, they report heterogeneity in the access to complementary diagnostic tools with differences at the time of indicating a treatment, depending on the age of their patients without apparent limitations in their prescription.


Subject(s)
Humans , Professional Practice , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/diagnosis , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/therapy , Argentina , Clinical Protocols , Surveys and Questionnaires , Health Surveys
8.
Bol. méd. Hosp. Infant. Méx ; 76(2): 87-94, mar.-abr. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055272

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Los niños con trisomía 21 enfrentan una amplia gama de problemas en la región de la cabeza y el cuello, por lo cual es importante reconocer las manifestaciones otorrinolaringológicas que presentan, así como su apropiado manejo. Métodos: Estudio de serie de casos retrospectivo de pacientes pediátricos con trisomía 21. De cada caso se analizó el espectro de manifestaciones otorrinolaringológicas, el manejo establecido y los resultados. Resultados: Se incluyeron 171 niños. La edad media de la primera valoración por otorrinolaringología en la institución fue de 7.2 ± 4.2 años. Las manifestaciones otológicas más frecuentes fueron la estenosis del conducto auditivo externo y la disfunción de la trompa de Eustaquio. Más de la mitad de los pacientes (63 %) presentaron hipoacusia, principalmente de tipo conductivo bilateral, y hasta el 75 % de los pacientes con afectación otológica requirieron algún procedimiento quirúrgico. Las manifestaciones rinológicas más comunes fueron la rinosinusitis crónica y la rinitis alérgica. La apnea obstructiva del sueño estuvo presente en el 30% de los pacientes. El tratamiento principal fue la amigdalectomía, seguida del tratamiento con dispositivos de presión positiva de la vía aérea. Menos del 5 % de los pacientes presentaron un compromiso laríngeo. Conclusiones: Los pacientes pediátricos con trisomía 21 deben ser remitidos sistemáticamente a una evaluación otorrinolaringológica periódica, debido a la alta incidencia de manifestaciones en esta región. Se deben ofrecer tratamientos oportunos para mejorar su salud y calidad de vida.


Abstract Introduction: Children with trisomy 21 face a wide range of conditions in the head and neck region, for which it is important that physicians are aware and have a strong understanding of the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) disorders, and their management as well. Methods: Retrospective case series of pediatric patients with trisomy 21. The spectrum of otolaryngological manifestations, their management, and outcomes of each case were analysed. Results: One hundred and seventeen pediatric patients were included. The mean age was 7.2 ± 4.2 years. More than half of the patients (63 %) had hearing loss (HL). The most frequent presentation was conductive HL, predominating the mild and bilateral type. The most common otological manifestations found were external ear canal stenosis and Eustachian tube dysfunction. Up to 75 % of the patients with otologic involvement required some surgical procedure. The most common rhinological manifestations were chronic rhinosinusitis and allergic rhinitis. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) was present in 30% of all patients, which main treatment was tonsillectomy, followed by continuous positive and biphasic positive airway pressure treatments. Less than 5 % of the patients presented a laryngeal compromise. Conclusions: Pediatric patients with trisomy 21 systematically should be referred to periodic ENT assessment due to the high incidence of manifestations in this region. Timely treatments should be offered in order to improve the health and the quality of life of the patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7/genetics , Chromosome Deletion , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Hematologic Neoplasms/genetics , Karyotyping/methods , Myeloproliferative Disorders/genetics , Prognosis , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/diagnosis , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/diagnosis , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Cohort Studies , Hematologic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Hematologic Neoplasms/pathology , Gene Frequency , Myeloproliferative Disorders/diagnosis , Myeloproliferative Disorders/pathology
9.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(2): e8194, 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-984032

ABSTRACT

Cytogenetics is essential in myeloid neoplasms (MN) and pre-analytical variables are important for karyotyping. We assessed the relationship between pre-analytical variables (time from collection to sample processing, material type, sample cellularity, and diagnosis) and failures of karyotyping. Bone marrow (BM, n=352) and peripheral blood (PB, n=69) samples were analyzed from acute myeloid leukemia (n=113), myelodysplastic syndromes (n=73), myelodysplastic syndromes/myeloproliferative neoplasms (n=17), myeloproliferative neoplasms (n=137), and other with conclusive diagnosis (n=6), and reactive disorders/no conclusive diagnosis (n=75). The rate of unsuccessful karyotyping was 18.5% and was associated with the use of PB and a low number of nucleated cells (≤7×103/µL) in the sample. High and low cellularity in BM and high and low cellularity in PB samples showed no metaphases in 3.9, 39.7, 41.9, and 84.6% of cases, respectively. Collecting a good BM sample is the key for the success of karyotyping in MN and avoids the use of expensive molecular techniques.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Specimen Handling/methods , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/genetics , Bone Marrow Cells/pathology , Leukemia, Myeloid/genetics , Karyotyping/methods , Myeloproliferative Disorders/genetics , Specimen Handling/standards , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/diagnosis , Leukemia, Myeloid/diagnosis , Myeloproliferative Disorders/diagnosis
10.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 32(4): 0-0, oct.-dic. 2016. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-844894

ABSTRACT

Los síndromes mielodisplásicos, ahora denominados por la Organización Mundial de la Salud como neoplasias mieloides, han sufrido grandes cambios en los últimos años. Se han identificado nuevos elementos en su fisiopatología con influencia en el diagnóstico, pronóstico y terapéutica de estos pacientes. Múltiples y profundos descubrimientos han ocurrido en la biología molecular, la citogenética y el inmunofenotipaje de la enfermedad, que sientan las bases para nuevas terapéuticas, ya en investigación. En este artículo se realiza un resumen de los principales acontecimientos ocurridos en la última década(AU)


Myelodysplastic syndromes, now called as myeloid neoplasms, by the World Health Organization, have undergone great changesin recent years. New elements have been identified in pathophysiology with influence indiagnosis, prognosis and therapy of these patients. Many profound discoveries have occurred in molecular biology, cytogenetics and immune phenotyp in go this disease, which lay the foundation for new therapeutic and researchs. This article summarizes the major developments in the last decade(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/diagnosis , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/epidemiology
13.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1254-1261, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143633

ABSTRACT

This retrospective study investigated the clinical characteristics and outcomes of second malignant neoplasms (SMNs) in survivors of childhood cancer from multiple institutions in Korea. A total of 102 patients from 11 institutions who developed SMN after childhood cancer treatment between 1998 and 2011 were retrospectively enrolled. The most common primary malignant neoplasms (PMNs) were central nervous system (CNS) tumors (n = 17), followed by acute lymphoblastic leukemia (n = 16), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (n = 13), and osteosarcoma (n = 12). The most common SMNs were therapy-related myeloid neoplasms (t-MNs; acute myeloid leukemia [AML], 29 cases; myelodysplastic syndrome [MDS], 12 cases), followed by thyroid carcinomas (n = 15) and CNS tumors (n = 10). The median latency period was 4.9 years (range, 0.5-18.5 years). Among 45 patients with solid tumors defined as an SMN, 15 (33%) developed the lesion in a field previously subjected to radiation. The 5-year overall survival (OS) rate of patients with an SMN was 45% with a median follow-up time of 8.6 years. Patients with AML, MDS, and CNS tumors exhibited the poorest outcomes with 5-year OS rates of 18%, 33%, and 32%, respectively, whereas those with second osteosarcoma showed comparable outcomes (64%) to patients with primary counterpart and those with second thyroid carcinoma had a 100% OS rate. Further therapeutic efforts are recommended to improve the survival outcomes in patients with SMNs, especially in cases with t-MNs and CNS tumors.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Young Adult , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Central Nervous System Neoplasms/diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Hospitals , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/diagnosis , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/diagnosis , Neoplasms, Second Primary/diagnosis , Osteosarcoma/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Stem Cell Transplantation , Survival Rate , Transplantation, Autologous
14.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1254-1261, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143624

ABSTRACT

This retrospective study investigated the clinical characteristics and outcomes of second malignant neoplasms (SMNs) in survivors of childhood cancer from multiple institutions in Korea. A total of 102 patients from 11 institutions who developed SMN after childhood cancer treatment between 1998 and 2011 were retrospectively enrolled. The most common primary malignant neoplasms (PMNs) were central nervous system (CNS) tumors (n = 17), followed by acute lymphoblastic leukemia (n = 16), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (n = 13), and osteosarcoma (n = 12). The most common SMNs were therapy-related myeloid neoplasms (t-MNs; acute myeloid leukemia [AML], 29 cases; myelodysplastic syndrome [MDS], 12 cases), followed by thyroid carcinomas (n = 15) and CNS tumors (n = 10). The median latency period was 4.9 years (range, 0.5-18.5 years). Among 45 patients with solid tumors defined as an SMN, 15 (33%) developed the lesion in a field previously subjected to radiation. The 5-year overall survival (OS) rate of patients with an SMN was 45% with a median follow-up time of 8.6 years. Patients with AML, MDS, and CNS tumors exhibited the poorest outcomes with 5-year OS rates of 18%, 33%, and 32%, respectively, whereas those with second osteosarcoma showed comparable outcomes (64%) to patients with primary counterpart and those with second thyroid carcinoma had a 100% OS rate. Further therapeutic efforts are recommended to improve the survival outcomes in patients with SMNs, especially in cases with t-MNs and CNS tumors.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Young Adult , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Central Nervous System Neoplasms/diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Hospitals , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/diagnosis , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/diagnosis , Neoplasms, Second Primary/diagnosis , Osteosarcoma/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Stem Cell Transplantation , Survival Rate , Transplantation, Autologous
15.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 35(2): 62-65, jun. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1416758

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Sweet o dermatosis neutrofílica febril aguda es una enfermedad sistémica de etiología desconocida, caracterizada por aparición brusca de fiebre y lesiones cutáneas, asociadas con leucocitosis y neutrofilia. Puede ser idiopático o estar asociado a Enfermedades hematológicas, procesos inflamatorios, infecciones, fármacos o embarazo. Las mielodisplasias son trastornos hematológicos caracterizados por una o más citopenias secundarias a disfunción de la médula ósea. Presentamos el caso de un paciente de 81 años con síndrome de Sweet y posterior diagnóstico de síndrome mielodisplásico, con buena respuesta al tratamiento corticoideo y resolución de las lesiones cutáneas. (AU)


Sweet's syndrome or acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis is a systemic disease of unknown etiology characterized by sudden onset of painful skin lesions; predominance of polymorphonuclear leukocytosis. It can be associated with hematologic malignancies, idiopathic, parainflammatory, secondary to drugs and pregnancy. Myelodysplasias are haematological disorders characterized by one or more cytopenias secondary to bone marrow dysfunction. We report the case of a patient of 81 years with Sweet syndrome with subsequent diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndrome with good response to corticosteroid treatment and resolution of the skin lesions. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/diagnosis , Sweet Syndrome/diagnosis , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/complications , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/drug therapy , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Sweet Syndrome/complications , Sweet Syndrome/etiology , Sweet Syndrome/drug therapy
16.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 13(1)abr. 2015. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-749221

ABSTRACT

A Split-hand/foot Malformation, muitas vezes aceita como sinônimo de ectrodactilia, é uma malformação com diferentes padrões de hereditariedade que pode se apresentar isoladamente ou como parte de síndromes de maior expressão clínica. Discutimos as peculiaridades do seu diagnóstico e das manifestações associadas ao quadro. Descrevemos o caso esporádico de um paciente com ectrodactilia que desenvolveu uma Síndrome Mielodisplásica associada a manifestações reumatológicas e a Trombose Venosa Profunda. Consideramos o paciente como portador da forma isolada da Split-hand/foot Malformation e as suas outras manifestações como consequências atípicas da Síndrome Mielodisplásica.


The Split-hand/foot Malformation often accepted as a synonym for ectrodactyly is a malformation with different patterns of heredity that can present it individually or as part of syndromes with most clinical significance. We discussed the peculiarities of their diagnosis and clinical manifestations associated with the condition presented. We describe a sporadic case of a patient with ectrodactyly who developed a myelodysplastic syndrome associated with rheumatic manifestations and Deep VeinThrombosis. We considered the patient as suffering from an isolated form of Split-hand/foot Malformation and its other manifestations as atypical consequences of myelodysplastic syndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Musculoskeletal Abnormalities/genetics , Foot Deformities, Congenital , Hand Deformities, Congenital , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/diagnosis , Venous Thrombosis
18.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 426-432, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-178239

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The presence of significant dysplasia in bone marrow (BM) aspirates helps to distinguish between hypocellular myelodysplastic syndrome (hMDS) and aplastic anemia (AA). Occasionally, diluted BM aspirates make it difficult to recognize dysplastic changes and can also negatively affect the detection of cytogenetic abnormalities in hMDS. We evaluated the usefulness of CD34 and p53 immunoreactivity for discriminating between hMDS and AA and for estimating survival outcomes in hMDS patients. METHODS: BM clot section (BMC) or BM biopsy (BMB) specimens were obtained from 64 hMDS/AA patients (33 with hMDS and 31 with AA) and seven controls. Immunohistochemical (IHC) staining for CD34 and p53 was performed by using the EnVision detection system (Dako, Denmark). We compared the results of IHC staining, BM findings, and chromosomal analyses, and determined overall survival outcomes. RESULTS: The number of CD34- and p53-positive BM cells was higher among the patients with hMDS than among the patients with AA (P<0.001 and P=0.001, respectively). hMDS patients with increased CD34-positive cells had significantly poorer survival outcomes compared with those with normal number of CD34-positive cells (P=0.013). CONCLUSIONS: CD34 and p53 IHC stains of BMC or BMB provide useful information for differentiating between hMDS and AA. CD34 IHC staining of BMC or BMB also provides useful information for estimating survival outcomes in hMDS patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anemia, Aplastic/diagnosis , Antigens, CD34/metabolism , Bone Marrow/metabolism , Chromosome Aberrations , Diagnosis, Differential , Immunohistochemistry , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/diagnosis , ROC Curve , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism
19.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 926-933, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-70754

ABSTRACT

The combined array comparative genomic hybridization plus single-nucleotide polymorphism microarray (CGH+SNP microarray) platform can simultaneously detect copy number alterations (CNA) and copy-neutral loss of heterozygosity (LOH). Eighteen children with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (n=15) or myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) (n=3) were studied using CGH+SNP microarray to evaluate the clinical significance of submicroscopic chromosomal aberrations. CGH+SNP microarray revealed CNAs at 14 regions in 9 patients, while metaphase cytogenetic (MC) analysis detected CNAs in 11 regions in 8 patients. Using CGH+SNP microarray, LOHs>10 Mb involving terminal regions or the whole chromosome were detected in 3 of 18 patients (17%). CGH+SNP microarray revealed cryptic LOHs with or without CNAs in 3 of 5 patients with normal karyotypes. CGH+SNP microarray detected additional cryptic CNAs (n=2) and LOHs (n=5) in 6 of 13 patients with abnormal MC. In total, 9 patients demonstrated additional aberrations, including CNAs (n=3) and/or LOHs (n=8). Three of 15 patients with AML and terminal LOH>10 Mb demonstrated a significantly inferior relapse-free survival rate (P=0.041). This study demonstrates that CGH+SNP microarray can simultaneously detect previously cryptic CNAs and LOH, which may demonstrate prognostic implications.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Chromosome Aberrations , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , DNA/analysis , DNA Copy Number Variations , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/diagnosis , Loss of Heterozygosity , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/diagnosis , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transplantation, Homologous
20.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 46(1): 85-90, 11/jan. 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-665803

ABSTRACT

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) are rare hematopoietic stem cell diseases affecting children. Cytogenetics plays an important role in the diagnosis of these diseases. We report here the experience of the Cytogenetic Subcommittee of the Brazilian Cooperative Group on Pediatric Myelodysplastic Syndromes (BCG-MDS-PED). We analyzed 168 cytogenetic studies performed in 23 different cytogenetic centers; 84 of these studies were performed in patients with confirmed MDS (primary MDS, secondary MDS, JMML, and acute myeloid leukemia/MDS+Down syndrome). Clonal abnormalities were found in 36.9% of the MDS cases and cytogenetic studies were important for the detection of constitutional diseases and for differential diagnosis with other myeloid neoplasms. These data show the importance of the Cooperative Group for continuing education in order to avoid a late or wrong diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Cytogenetics/methods , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/genetics , Brazil , Karyotyping , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/diagnosis , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/mortality , Survival Analysis
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