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Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(2): e202310095, abr. 2024. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1537751


La intoxicación por naftaleno es poco frecuente en los niños. Es causada por la ingesta, la inhalación o el contacto con la piel de sustancias que contienen naftaleno. Los pacientes suelen tener orina de color marrón oscuro, diarrea acuosa y vómito bilioso. Los signos incluyen fiebre, taquicardia, hipotensión y valores bajos en la oximetría de pulso, incluso con oxigenoterapia. Los análisis de sangre detectan anemia hemolítica, metahemoglobinemia, insuficiencia renal e hiperbilirrubinemia. Además del tratamiento sintomático, se hacen transfusiones de eritrocitos y se les administran ácido ascórbico, azul de metileno y N-acetilcisteína. En este artículo, presentamos el caso de un paciente masculino de 23 meses de edad con metahemoglobinemia y hemólisis intravascular aguda que recibió atención en la unidad de cuidados intensivos durante cinco días por intoxicación por naftaleno. Si bien la intoxicación por naftaleno es muy poco frecuente, tiene consecuencias mortales y se debe ejercer precaución con su uso y venta.

Poisoning by naphthalene is uncommon in children. It is a type of poisoning brought on by ingesting, inhaling, or coming into touch with naphthalene-containing substances on the skin. Patients typically present with an initial onset of dark brown urine, watery diarrhea, and bile vomit. The signs include fever, tachycardia, hypotension, and low pulse oximetry readings even with oxygen support. Hemolytic anemia, methemoglobinemia, renal failure, and hyperbilirubinemia are all detected in blood tests. Erythrocyte transfusion, ascorbic acid, methylene blue, and N-acetylcysteine (NAC) therapies are provided to inpatients in addition to symptomatic treatment. We present a 23-month-old male patient who developed methemoglobinemia and acute intravascular hemolysis, who was followed up in the intensive care unit for five days due to naphthalene intoxication. Although naphthalene poisoning is very rare, it should be known that it has fatal consequences, and more care should be taken in its use and sale.

Humans , Male , Infant , Anemia, Hemolytic/diagnosis , Methemoglobinemia/diagnosis , Methemoglobinemia/chemically induced , Ascorbic Acid , Hemolysis , Naphthalenes
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 201-206, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936302


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the molecular mechanism by which a novel naphthalene allyl trifluoromethyl benzocyclopentanone XX0335 inhibits the proliferation and induces apoptosis of lung cancer A549 cells.@*METHODS@#Lung cancer A549 cells were treated with 0.1% DMSO (control) or different concentrations (6.25, 12.5, and 25 μg/mL) of XX0335, and the changes in cell viability, cell cycle, proliferation and apoptosis were assessed with CCK-8 assay, EdU experiment, and flow cytometry. The effects of different concentrations of XX0335 on phosphorylation levels of proliferation-related proteins Akt, mTOR, Akt/mTOR and the expressions of cleaved PARP and cyclin D1 were determined using Western blotting. We also assessed the effect of XX0335 on tumor growth in a mouse model bearing A945 cell xenograft.@*RESULTS@#Treatment with XX0335 reduced the viability of A549 cells in a dose-dependent manner (P < 0.01) and significantly inhibited cell proliferation (P < 0.001). Flow cytometry showed that XX0335 treatment promoted apoptosis of the cells (P < 0.01) and caused an obvious increase of the number of G1-phase cells. Compared with DMSO, XX0335 significantly inhibited the phosphorylation of Akt and mTOR, increased the expression of cleaved PARP, and lowered the protein expression of cyclin D1. In the tumor-bearing mouse models, injection of XX0335 significantly decreased the tumor volume (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#XX0335 inhibits the proliferation, cycle and induces apoptosis of lung cancer A549 cells possibly by inhibiting the Akt/mTOR signal pathway.

Animals , Humans , Mice , A549 Cells , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Naphthalenes/pharmacology
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 28(4): 760-763, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058003


Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a single dose of oral afoxolaner in controlling fleas in cats. Fourteen cats were used. The cats were given identification numbers, housed individually, artificially infested with Ctenocephalides felis felis, and treated (or not) with afoxolaner. Were divided into a treatment group and a control group (n = 7/group), on the basis of the fleas count hours after an infestation applied on Day (one-by-one allocation after ordering by count). At the start of the experimental protocol (designated day 0), the treated group received afoxolaner in a single dose of 2.5 mg/kg and the control group animals received a placebo. All animals were infested with 100 C. felis felis fleas two days before day 0, as well as on days 5, 12, 19, 26, 33, 40, 47, 54, and 63, parasite loads being evaluated at 48 h after each infestation. The efficacy of afoxolaner was 100% on day 2 and remained above 98% until day 42, decreasing to 95.3% by day 63. The findings confirm that a single dose of oral afoxolaner was effective in controlling C. felis felis in cats, and there were no observed adverse events.

Resumo O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a eficácia de uma dose única de afoxolaner oral no controle de pulgas em gatos. Foram utilizados 14 gatos. Os animais foram identificados, alojados individualmente, infestados artificialmente com C. felis felis e tratados (ou não) com afoxolaner. Foram divididos em um grupo de tratamento e um grupo controle (n = 7/ grupo), com base na contagem de pulgas, horas após a infestação aplicada no dia (alocação de um por um após o período por contagem). No início do protocolo experimental (dia 0), o grupo tratado recebeu afoxolaner em dose inicial de 2,5 mg / kg e os animais do grupo controle receberam um placebo. Todos os animais foram infestados com 100 pulgas C. felis felis dois dias antes do dia 0, assim como nos dias 5, 12, 19, 26, 33, 40, 47, 54 e 63, sendo avaliadas as cargas parasitárias às 48 h após cada infestação. A eficácia do afoxolaner foi de 100% no dia 2 e permaneceu acima de 98% até o dia 42, diminuindo para 95,3% no dia 63. Os resultados confirmam que uma dose única de afoxolaner oral foi eficaz no controle de C. felis felis em gatos, e não houve eventos adversos observados.

Animals , Male , Female , Cats , Cat Diseases/parasitology , Flea Infestations/veterinary , Isoxazoles/administration & dosage , Naphthalenes/administration & dosage , Antiparasitic Agents/administration & dosage , Cat Diseases/drug therapy , Case-Control Studies , Treatment Outcome , Flea Infestations/drug therapy , Parasite Load , Siphonaptera
Rev. chil. infectol ; 35(2): 204-206, abr. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959432


Resumen Las mascotas exóticas, como el erizo de tierra, son capaces de transmitir al ser humano diferentes infecciones, como salmonelosis, micobacterias, protozoos como Cryptosporidium parvum, y dermatofitosis. Presentamos el caso de un paciente adulto masculino, que recientemente había adquirido un erizo de tierra, que presentó en la mano una lesión de tiña incógnita y un granuloma de Majocchi. Se identificó el agente etiológico como Trichophyton erinacei, por cultivo micológico y biología molecular. El paciente se trató con terbinafina por vía oral, por seis meses, con excelente respuesta.

Exotic pets, such as the ground hedgehog, are capable of transmitting to the human being different zoonoses, such as salmonellosis, mycobacteria, protozoa such as Cryptosporidium parvum, and dermatophytosis. We present the case report of a male adult patient, who had recently acquired a ground hedgehog, who presented in his hand a ringworm lesion incognito and a Majocchi granuloma. The etiological agent was identified as Trichophyton erinacei by mycological culture and molecular biology. The patient was treated with terbinafine oral, with excellent response.

Humans , Animals , Male , Adult , Tinea/microbiology , Tinea/pathology , Trichophyton/isolation & purification , Granuloma/microbiology , Hedgehogs/microbiology , Tinea/drug therapy , Diagnosis, Differential , Eczema/diagnosis , Terbinafine , Granuloma/drug therapy , Hand/pathology , Mexico , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Naphthalenes/therapeutic use
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3884-3886, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775402


A new naphthaldehyde derivative has been isolated from Comastoma pulmonarium by using various chromatographic techniques, including silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, MCI-gel resin and RP-HPLC. This compounds was determined as 5-methoxy-2-methyl-7-(2-oxopropyl)naphthalene-1-carbaldehyde(1) by NMR, MS, IR and UV spectra. This compound was also evaluated for its anti-tobacco mosaic virus (anti-TMV) activity. The result showed that it showed high anti-TMV activity with inhibition rate of 32.8%. The inhibition rate is close to that of positive control (ningnanmycin).

Aldehydes , Pharmacology , Antiviral Agents , Pharmacology , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Gentianaceae , Chemistry , Naphthalenes , Pharmacology , Phytochemicals , Pharmacology , Nicotiana , Tobacco Mosaic Virus
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 49(3): 282-288, set. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-958009


Squamocin belongs to a group of compounds called annonaceous acetogenins. They are secondary products of Annonaceae metabolism and can be isolated from Annona cherimolia seeds. This paper deals with the stimulation of biofilm formation of Bacillus atrophaeus CN4 by employing low squamocin concentrations to increase naphthalene degradation. Bacillus atrophaeus CN4, isolated from contaminated soil, has the ability to degrade naphthalene as the only source of carbon and energy. In the absence of additional carbon sources, the strain removed 69% of the initial concentration of naphthalene (approx. 0.2 mmol/l) in the first 12 h of incubation. The addition of squamocin in LB medium stimulated Bacillus atrophaeus CN4 biofilm formation and enhanced naphthalene removal. Squamocin (2.5 pg/ml) does not affect planktonic growth and therefore, the observed increases are solely due to the stimulation of biofilm formation.

Squamocin pertenece a un grupo de compuestos llamados acetogeninas annonáceas (ACG). Las ACG son productos secundarios del metabolismo de plantas de la familia Annonaceae y se pueden aislar a partir de semillas de Annona cherimola. Este artículo trata de la estimulación de la formación de biofilm de Bacillus atrophaeus CN4 mediante el empleo de bajas concentraciones de squamocin para optimizar la degradación de naftaleno. B. atrophaeus CN4, aislado de suelo contaminado, tiene la capacidad de emplear naftaleno como única fuente de carbono y energía. En ausencia de fuentes de carbono adicionales, la cepa degradó el 69% de la concentración inicial de naftaleno (aprox. 0,2 mmol/l) en las primeras 12h de incubación. La adición de squamocin en medio LB estimula la formación de biofilm y la remoción naftaleno de B. atrophaeus CN4. Squamocin (2,5 µg/ml) no afecta al crecimiento planctónico y, por lo tanto, los incrementos observados se deben únicamente a la estimulación de la formación de biofilm.

Bacillus , Acetogenins , Furans , Lactones , Naphthalenes , Bacillus/physiology , Furans/pharmacology , Lactones/pharmacology , Naphthalenes/metabolism
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 112(5): 376-381, May 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-841795


BACKGROUND Sporothrix brasiliensis is the most virulent sporotrichosis agent. This species usually responds to antifungal drugs, but therapeutic failure can occur in some patients. Antifungal susceptibility tests have been performed on this species, but no clinical breakpoints (CBPs) are available. In this situation, minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) distributions and epidemiological cutoff values (ECVs) support the detection of identification of resistant strains. OBJECTIVES To study the MIC distributions of five antifungal drugs against S. brasiliensis and to propose tentative ECVs. METHODS MICs of amphotericin B (AMB), itraconazole (ITR), ketoconazole (KET), posaconazole (POS), and terbinafine (TRB) against 335 S. brasiliensis strains were determined by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute broth microdilution method. FINDINGS The proposed ECV, in µg/mL, for AMB, ITR, KET, POS, and TRB were 4.0, 2.0, 1.0, 2.0, and 0.25, respectively. Percentages of wild-type strains in our population for the above antifungal drugs were 98.48, 95.22, 95.33, 100, and 97.67%, respectively. MAIN CONCLUSIONS These ECVs will be useful to detect strains with resistance, to define CBPs, and to elaborate specific therapeutic guidelines for S. brasiliensis. Rational use of antifungals is strongly recommended to avoid the emergence of resistant strains and ensure the therapeutic effectiveness of sporotrichosis.

Humans , Animals , Cats , Sporothrix/drug effects , Triazoles/pharmacology , Amphotericin B/pharmacology , Itraconazole/pharmacology , Ketoconazole/pharmacology , Antifungal Agents/pharmacology , Naphthalenes/pharmacology , Drug Resistance , Cats , Anti-Infective Agents
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2017; 30 (3 [Special]): 1103-1106
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-189318


The paper is intended to analyze and evaluate the specific curative effect and safety of 2% liranaftate ointment in treating patients with tinea pedis and tinea cruris. 1,100 cases of patients with tinea pedis and tinea corporis and cruris were selected as research objects and were divided into two groups according to the random number table method. They were treated with different methods: 550 cases of patients were treated with 2% liranaftate ointment for external use in the observation group and the rest 550 cases of patients were treated with 1% bifonazole cream in the control group. The treatment time was two weeks for patients with tinea corporis and cruris and four weeks for those with tinea pedis respectively. Meanwhile, the one-month follow-up visit was conducted among the patients to compare the curative effects of two groups. After the medication, the curative effectiveness rate was 87.65% [482/550] in the observation group, while that was 84.91% [467/550] in the control group. After the average follow-up visits of [15.5 +/- 2.4], the curative effectiveness rate 96.55% [531/550] in the observation group, while that was 91.45% [503/550] in the control group. Two groups of patients recovered well with a low incidence of adverse reactions in the treatment, and the overall curative effect was good with the inter-group difference at P>0.05, so it was without statistical significance. The curative effect of 2% liranaftate ointment is safe and obvious in treating tinea pedis and tinea corporis and cruris, so it is valuable for clinical popularization and application

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Tinea Pedis/drug therapy , Naphthalenes/therapeutic use , Pyridines/therapeutic use , Thiocarbamates/therapeutic use , Ointments , Safety
Korean Journal of Legal Medicine ; : 137-140, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-67294


Suicide through naphthalene poisoning is rare. Prolonged hemolytic anemia and hemoglobinuria are typical symptoms of naphthalene poisoning. We report an unusual case of naphthalene poisoning. The decedent was an 87-year-old female who intentionally ingested over 5 g of naphthalene. After more than 5 hours, she was found in a drowsy state. During initial examination, hemoglobin level and urine test results were normal. Aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase levels were elevated (854 and 1,197 U/L, respectively). Metabolic acidosis was found on arterial blood gas analysis. The patient was treated conservatively by administration of activated charcoal, calcium gluconate, insulin, and glucose. However, the patient died after 1 day of hospital admission. On autopsy, the liver showed toxic hepatitis with confluent necrosis. Naphthalene concentrations in the blood and gastric contents were 5.4 and 5.8 mg/L, respectively. In conclusion, the decedent ingested naphthalene and died due to liver failure without hemolysis.

Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Acidosis , Alanine Transaminase , Anemia, Hemolytic , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Autopsy , Blood Gas Analysis , Calcium Gluconate , Charcoal , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Glucose , Hemoglobinuria , Hemolysis , Insulin , Intention , Liver , Liver Failure , Naphthalenes , Necrosis , Poisoning , Suicide
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(6): 829-831, Nov.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837967


Abstract Tinea faciei is a relatively uncommon dermatophyte infection entailing atypical clinical symptoms, usually misdiagnosed and treated with corticosteroids. The authors describe a case of tinea faciei on the right eyebrow caused by Trichophyton interdigitale. The patient was an 18-year-old girl, who had an inflammatory plaque with a scaly, pustular surface on the right eyebrow and upper eyelid, which had persisted for over 1 month. She was once misdiagnosed as having eczema and was treated using corticosteroid cream. A diagnosis of tinea faciei was made based on direct microscopy and culture. The sequencing of the nuclear ribosomal ITS region and β-tubulin gene of the isolate established its T. interdigitale lineage. The patient was cured by treatment with systemic terbinafine in combination with topical application of 1% naftifine-0.25% ketaconazole cream for 2 weeks.

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Tinea/pathology , Trichophyton/isolation & purification , Eyebrows/microbiology , Eyebrows/pathology , Facial Dermatoses/microbiology , Facial Dermatoses/pathology , Tinea/drug therapy , Urease/analysis , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Treatment Outcome , Dermoscopy , Facial Dermatoses/drug therapy , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Naphthalenes/therapeutic use
Braz. j. microbiol ; 47(3): 551-562, July-Sept. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-788953


ABSTRACT The goal of this investigation was to isolate competent polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons degraders that can utilize polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons of former industrial sites at McDoel Switchyard in Bloomington, Indiana. Using conventional enrichment method based on soil slurry, we isolated, screened and purified two bacterial species strains PB1 and PB2. Applying the ribotyping technique using the 16S rRNA gene analysis, the strains were assigned to the genus Pseudomonas (Pseudomonas plecoglossicida strain PB1 and Pseudomonas sp. PB2). Both isolates showed promising metabolic capacity on pyrene sprayed MS agar plates during the preliminary investigations. Using time course studies in the liquid cultures at calculated concentrations 123, 64, 97 and 94 ppm for naphthalene, chrysene, fluroanthene and pyrene, P. plecoglossicida strain PB1 and Pseudomonas sp. PB2 showed partial utilization of the polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons. Naphthalene was degraded between 26% and 40%, chrysene 14% and 16%, fluroanthene 5% and 7%; pyrene 8% and 13% by P. plecoglossicida strain PB1 and Pseudomonas sp. PB2 respectively. Based on their growth profile, we developed a model R2 = 1 to predict the degradation rate of slow polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon-degraders where all the necessary parameters are constant. From this investigation, we confirm that the former industrial site soil microbial communities may be explored for the biorestoration of the industrial site.

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons/metabolism , Pseudomonas/metabolism , Phylogeny , Pseudomonas/classification , Pseudomonas/genetics , Pyrenes/metabolism , Soil/chemistry , Soil Microbiology , Biodegradation, Environmental , Carbon/chemistry , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , Chrysenes/metabolism , Naphthalenes/metabolism , Nitrogen/chemistry
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 411-414, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262337


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical effect and safety of dapoxetine in the treatment of premature ejaculation (PE).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We randomly assigned 116 PE patients to receive dapoxetine on demand at 30 mg qd (dapoxetine group, n = 60, aged 23-49 years) or oral tamsulosin at 20 mg qd (control group, n = 56, aged 24-46 years). After 4 weeks of medication, we compared the clinical global impression of change (CGIC) , PE profile (PEP) scores, intravaginal ejaculation latency time (IELT) , and adverse reactions between the two groups of patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the baseline, the IELT was remarkably prolonged after treatment both in the dapoxetine group ([0.86 ± 0.17] vs [4.32 ± 2.23] min, P < 0.05) and the control ([0.88 ± 0.15] vs [4.17 ± 2.26] min, P < 0.05), with no statistically significant difference between the two groups (P > 0. 05). The post-treatment rate of CGIC in the dapoxetine group had no statistically significant difference from that in the control (85.00% vs 82.14%, P > 0.05). In comparison with pre-treatment, the patients of both the dapoxetine and control groups showed dramatically improved scores after medication in perceived control over ejaculation (0.85 ± 0.23 vs 2.13 ± 0.97 and 0.88 ± 0.21 vs 2.06 ± 0.34, both P < 0.05), ejaculation-related personal distress (1.15 ± 0.64 vs 2.89 ± 0.26 and 1.19 ± 0.53 vs 2.82 ± 0.69, both P < 0.05), satisfaction with sexual intercourse (0.81 ± 0.33 vs 2.58 ± 0.37 and 0.79 ± 0.28 vs 2.45 ± 0.32, both P < 0.05), and ejaculation-related interpersonal difficulty (2.05 ± 0.61 vs 3.24 ± 0.35 and 2.03 ± 0.65 vs 3.18 ± 0.76, both P < 0.05), with no significant differences between the two groups (P > 0.05). The incidence of adverse reactions was significantly lower in the dapoxetine than in the control group (3.33% vs 30.36%, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Dapoxetine is effective for the treatment of PE, with its advantages of prolonging the intravaginal ejaculation latency time, improving the quality of sexual life, and low incidence of adverse reactions.</p>

Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Benzylamines , Therapeutic Uses , Coitus , Double-Blind Method , Ejaculation , Naphthalenes , Therapeutic Uses , Patient Satisfaction , Premature Ejaculation , Drug Therapy , Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Sexual Behavior , Sulfonamides , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 817-822, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262288


<p><b>Objective</b>To evaluate the effect and safety of Yimusake Tablets combined with dapoxetine hydrochloride and either of them used alone in the treatment of premature ejaculation (PE).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We randomly assigned 180 PE patients to oral medication of Yimusake Tablets at 1.5 g per night (group A), dapoxetine hydrochloride at 30 mg at 1-3 hours before anticipated sexual activity (group B), the Yimusake Tablets plus dapoxetine hydrochloride simultaneously (group C), all for 8 weeks. After 4 and 8 weeks of medication, we recorded and compared the changes in the intravaginal ejaculation latency time (IELT), measures of the PE profile (PEP), and adverse events among the three groups of patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The treatment was accomplished and complete data obtained from 154 of the patients, 56 in group A, 52 in group B, and 46 in group C. After 4 and 8 weeks of medication, the mean IELT was dramatically prolonged in all the three groups as compared with the baseline (P<0.01), most significantly at 8 weeks in group C ([2.08±0.68] min), followed by B ([1.76±0.52] min) and A ([1.47±0.44] min), with statistically significant differences among the three groups (P<0.01). The PEP measures were remarkably improved in group A at 8 weeks (P<0.05), and both in B and C at 4 and 8 weeks (P<0.05), most significantly at 8 weeks in group C (P<0.05), in which the patients scored 1.96±0.77 in perception of control over ejaculation, 2.62±0.98 in satisfaction with sexual intercourse, 3.04±0.62 in PE-related distress, and 3.57±0.80 in PE-induced difficult relationship with their partners, all markedly improved as compared with groups A and B (P<0.05). Adverse reactions were observed in 2 cases (3.6%) in group A, 6 cases (9.6%) in B, and 5 cases (10.9%) in C. No severe adverse events occurred in any of the patients during the study.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Combined medication of Yimusake Tablets and dapoxetine hydrochloride, with its advantages of effectiveness and safety, deserves to be recommended for the treatment of PE.</p>

Adult , Humans , Male , Administration, Oral , Benzylamines , Therapeutic Uses , Coitus , Psychology , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Ejaculation , Naphthalenes , Therapeutic Uses , Personal Satisfaction , Premature Ejaculation , Drug Therapy , Sexual Behavior , Tablets , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 478-486, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337449


Simvastatin is one of the important prescription drugs for hypercholesterolemia. Monacolin J is a key intermediate during simvastatin synthesis, and also an intermediate of lovastatin biosynthesis. In this work, we construct a monacolin J producing strain via RNA interference to achieve one-step fermentation to obtain simvastatin. The lovF gene silencing plasmid pMHJ137 was constructed and transformed into Aspergillus terreus by Agrobacterium tumefaciens mediated transformation method. Precursor DMB-S-MMP was supplied during the fermentation to screen positive strains of transformants; which also further confirmed the simvastatin producing capability of MJ1-24 by one-step fermentation. Strain MJ1-24 produced monacolin J rather than lovastatin, and the feeding of DMB-S-MMP resulted in the generation of simvastatin. This study suggested that RNAi can efficiently silence the lovF gene of A. terreus and promote the simvastatin production by one-step fermentation.

3-Mercaptopropionic Acid , Aspergillus , Chemistry , Genetics , Fermentation , Industrial Microbiology , Naphthalenes , Chemistry , RNA Interference , Simvastatin , Chemistry
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 57(supl.19): 31-37, Sept. 2015.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-762053


SUMMARYConsidered to be an emerging endemic mycosis in Latin America, paracoccidioidomycosis is characterized by a chronic course and involvement of multiple organs in immunocompromised hosts. Infection sequelae are mainly related to pulmonary and adrenal insufficiency. The host-parasite interaction results in different expressions of the immune response depending on parasite pathogenicity, fungal load and genetic characteristics of the host. A few controlled and case series reports have shown that azoles and fast-acting sulfa derivatives are useful treatment alternatives in milder forms of the disease. For moderate/severe cases, more prolonged treatments or even parenteral routes are required especially when there is involvement of the digestive tract mucosa, resulting in poor drug absorption. Although comparative studies have reported that shorter treatment regimens with itraconazole are able to induce cure in chronically-infected patients, there are still treatment challenges such as the need for more controlled studies involving acute cases, the search for new drugs and combinations, and the search for compounds capable of modulating the immune response in severe cases as well as the paradoxical reactions.

RESUMOConsiderada micose endêmica emergente na América Latina, a paracoccidioidomicose é caracterizada por uma evolução crônica e envolvimento de múltiplos órgãos em pacientes com comprometimento imunológico. Sequelas da infecção estão relacionadas principalmente à insuficiência pulmonar e adrenal. A interação hospedeiro-parasito resulta em diferentes expressões da resposta imune dependendo da patogenicidade do parasito, carga fúngica e características genéticas do hospedeiro. Alguns estudos controlados e séries de casos têm demonstrado que azóis de ação rápida e derivados de sulfa constituem alternativas terapêuticas úteis nas formas mais leves da doença. Para casos moderados/graves, tratamentos mais prolongados ou mesmo por via parenteral são necessários especialmente quando há envolvimento de mucosa do trato digestivo, resultando em absorção deficiente de drogas. Embora estudos comparativos tenham relatado que esquemas terapêuticos mais curtos com itraconazol sejam capazes de induzir cura em pacientes cronicamente infectados, ainda existem desafios no tratamento, tais como a necessidade de maior número de estudos controlados envolvendo casos agudos, busca por novas drogas e combinações, compostos capazes de modular a resposta imune nos casos graves, e reações paradoxais.

Humans , Paracoccidioidomycosis/drug therapy , Sulfonamides/therapeutic use , Azoles/therapeutic use , Amphotericin B/therapeutic use , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Naphthalenes/therapeutic use , Severity of Illness Index , Drug Resistance , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Central Nervous System Fungal Infections/drug therapy
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 57(4): 289-294, July-Aug. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-761166


SUMMARYSporothrix schenckiiwas reclassified as a complex encompassing six cryptic species, which calls for the reassessment of clinical and epidemiological data of these new species. We evaluated the susceptibility of Sporothrix albicans(n = 1) , S. brasiliensis(n = 6) , S. globosa(n = 1), S. mexicana(n = 1) and S. schenckii(n = 36) to terbinafine (TRB) alone and in combination with itraconazole (ITZ), ketoconazole (KTZ), and voriconazole (VRZ) by a checkerboard microdilution method and determined the enzymatic profile of these species with the API-ZYM kit. Most interactions were additive (27.5%, 32.5% and 5%) or indifferent (70%, 50% and 52.5%) for TRB+KTZ, TRB+ITZ and TRB+VRZ, respectively. Antagonisms were observed in 42.5% of isolates for the TRB+VRZ combination. Based on enzymatic profiling, the Sporothrix schenckiistrains were categorized into 14 biotypes. Leucine arylamidase (LA) activity was observed only for S. albicansand S. mexicana. The species S. globosaand S. mexicanawere the only species without β-glucosidase (GS) activity. Our results may contribute to a better understanding of virulence and resistance among species of the genus Sporothrixin further studies.

RESUMOAvaliou-se a susceptibilidade de Sporothrix albicans(n = 1), S. brasiliensis(n = 1), S. globosa(n = 1), S. mexicana(n = 1) e S. schenckii(n = 36) frente à terbinafina (TRB) e a TRB em combinação com itraconazol (ITZ), cetoconazol (KTZ) e voriconazol (VRZ) pelo método de microdiluição ( checkerboard); o perfil enzimático destas espécies foi também avaliado, com base no kit API-ZYM. A maioria das interações foram aditivas (27,5%, 32,5% e 5%) ou indiferentes (70%, 50% e 52,5%) para TRB+KTZ, TRB+ITZ e TRB+VRZ, respectivamente. Antagonismo foi observado em 42,5% dos isolados para a combinação TRB+VRZ. Com base nos perfis enzimáticos, as cepas de Sporothrix schenckiievidenciaram 14 biotipos distintos. A atividade da leucina arilamidase (LA) só foi observada em S. albicanse S. mexicana.As espécies S. globosae S. mexicanaforam as únicas que não evidenciaram atividade da enzima β-glucosidase (GS). Estes resultados poderão contribuir para um melhor entendimento da virulência e resistência entre as espécies do gênero Sporothrixem futuros estudos.

Humans , Animals , Cats , Antifungal Agents/pharmacology , Sporothrix/drug effects , Sporothrix/enzymology , Itraconazole/pharmacology , Ketoconazole/pharmacology , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Naphthalenes/pharmacology , Phylogeny , Voriconazole/pharmacology
Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol ; 2015 Jul-Aug; 81(4): 363-369
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-160055


Introduction: Dermatophytes are the most frequently implicated agents in toenail onychomycosis and oral terbinafi ne has shown the best cure rates in this condition. The pharmacokinetics of terbinafi ne favors its effi cacy in pulse dosing. Objectives: To compare the effi cacy of terbinafi ne in continuous and pulse dosing schedules in the treatment of toenail dermatophytosis. Methods: Seventy-six patients of potassium hydroxide (KOH) and culture positive dermatophyte toenail onychomycosis were randomly allocated to two treatment groups receiving either continuous terbinafi ne 250 mg daily for 12 weeks or 3 pulses of terbinafi ne (each of 500mg daily for a week) repeated every 4 weeks. Patients were followed up at 4, 8 and12 weeks during treatment and post-treatment at 24 weeks. At each visit, a KOH mount and culture were performed. In each patient, improvement in a target nail was assessed using a clinical score; total scores for all nails and global assessments by physician and patient were also recorded. Mycological, clinical and complete cure rates, clinical effectivity and treatment failure rates were then compared. Results: The declines in target nail and total scores from baseline were signifi cant at each follow-up visit in both the treatment groups. However, the inter-group difference was statistically insignifi cant. The same was true for global assessment indices, clinical effectivity as well as clinical, mycological, and complete cure rates. Limitations: The short follow-up in our study may have led to lower cure rates being recorded. Conclusion: Terbinafi ne in pulse dosing is as effective as continuous dosing in the treatment of dermatophyte toenail onychomycosis.

Arthrodermataceae/drug effects , Double-Blind Method , Humans , Naphthalenes/administration & dosage , Nails/microbiology , Onychomycosis/drug therapy , Onychomycosis/epidemiology , Pulse Therapy, Drug/methods , Tinea/drug therapy , Tinea/epidemiology , Toes/microbiology
Rev. méd. Chile ; 143(1): 120-123, ene. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-742561


We report a 37 years old male with a dermatomyositis treated with oral cyclophosphamide. He was admitted to the hospital due to a zone of skin necrosis with purulent exudate, located in the second left toe. A complete blood count showed a leukocyte count of 2,600 cells/mm³. A Chest CAT scan showed a pneumomediastinum with emphysema of adjacent soft tissue. Cyclophosphamide was discontinued and leukocyte count improved. The affected toe was amputated and a chest CAT scan showed a partial resolution of the pneumomediastinum. We discuss and review the pathogenesis, clinical presentation and management of pneumomediastinum and cutaneous necrosis in association with dermatomyositis.

Animals , Female , Rats , Benzoxazines/therapeutic use , Cannabinoids/agonists , Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental/drug therapy , Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental/pathology , Morpholines/therapeutic use , Naphthalenes/therapeutic use , Neurons/drug effects , Oligodendroglia/drug effects , Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor/metabolism , Analysis of Variance , /metabolism , Caspase 9/metabolism , Cell Count/methods , Central Nervous System/pathology , Cytokines/genetics , Cytokines/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental/complications , Macrophages/drug effects , Nerve Degeneration/etiology , Nerve Degeneration/prevention & control , Neurologic Examination , Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases/metabolism , Spinal Cord/drug effects , Spinal Cord/pathology , T-Lymphocytes/drug effects , Time Factors
Urology Annals. 2015; 7 (1): 74-78
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-154911


Lower urinary tract symptoms in men, over age of 50 years is suggestive of benign prostatic enlargement [BPE]. Different alpha-blockers have been evaluated for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia for over last 30 years. This study was conducted in a tertiary care institution during the period of year between June 2011 and August 2013 to compare the effect of naftopidil and tamsulosin in reducing the obstructive and irritable symptoms of BPE. A prospective randomized comparative study was carried on 60 patients of BPE by assigning half of them to treatment with tamsulosin and rest with naftopidil. Pre- and post-treatment uroflowmetry [UFM], post-void residue [PVR], International Prostate Symptoms Score [IPSS], were obtained at 15 and 30 days after starting treatment. The age of patients ranged from 51 to 78. At base line there was no statistical difference between UFM parameter, PVR and IPSS in the two groups. UFM and PVR showed significantly better response at both intervals with naftopidil. Comparison of IPSS showed better improvement in Group A both at 15 and 30 days. It was seen that the obstructive symptoms showed a significantly better response with tamsulosin and symptoms of irritability was seen better response with naftopidil. It was seen that during the period of follow-up of 30 days naftopidil had a better effect on UFM, PVR, IPSS compared with tamsulosin. In general, obstructive symptoms showed better improvement in tamsulosin and irritative symptoms showed better improvement in naftopidil

Humans , Male , Naphthalenes , Piperazines , Sulfonamides , Prospective Studies