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1.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 92(2): e212, dic. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1339132

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la sepsis tardía por estafilococo coagulasa negativo (SCoN) es una causa común de morbimortalidad en la unidad neonatal. Los SCoN son los microorganismos más frecuentemente involucrados con aproximadamente el 50% de los casos. El objetivo de este estudio es analizar la incidencia y las características de los neonatos portadores de sepsis tardía por SCoN. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo, longitudinal, retrospectivo. Se utilizaron las bases de datos del laboratorio de microbiología del hospital y las historias clínicas electrónicas para obtener la información. El período de estudio analizado fueron los años 2018 y 2019 en la unidad de cuidados intensivos e intermedios de recién nacidos del Centro Hospitalario Pereira Rossell. Resultados: obtuvimos una incidencia de 2,5% de los ingresos a cuidados intensivos e intermedios (25 pacientes). La edad gestacional al nacer fue de 28 semanas (25,0-35,0) y la mediana del peso fue de 1.070 g (730,0-2.365,0). La media de edad gestacional posmenstrual al momento del diagnóstico fue de 32,92±7,921 semanas. Por sospecha de sepsis precoz, 17 pacientes habían recibido un curso de antibióticos previo. El signo clínico más frecuentemente observado fue el deterioro del estado general, en 11 pacientes, seguido de distensión abdominal en 6 y fiebre en 5. Dentro de los SCoN, el más frecuentemente aislado fue el Staphylococcus epidermidis (13 pacientes); 22 pacientes recibieron tratamiento, 18 de ellos con vancomicina-meropenem y 4 con monoterapia con vancomicina. Conclusión: estos patógenos representan una causa importante de morbimortalidad en la unidad neonatal, particularmente en pacientes que presentan mayor gravedad y mayor necesidad de soporte vital. Se necesitan pautas claras de interpretación del rol de estos microorganismos y de abordaje de pacientes con riesgo de sepsis tardía, incluyendo el tratamiento antibiótico empírico.


Introduction: Coagulase Negative Staphylococci (CoNS) late onset sepsis is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). CoNS are the most frequently isolated microorganisms and total 50% of cases. The objective of this study is to analyze the incidence and characteristics of newborns carriers of late onset CoNS. Materials and methods: we performed a descriptive, retrospective, longitudinal study. Data was obtained from the hospital's microbiology laboratory database and electronic medical records. Patients included were those admitted to NICU during the period between 2018 and 2019. Results: we obtained an incidence of 2.5% of patients admitted to the NICU (25 patients). Median gestational age at birth was 28 weeks 25.0-35.0 and median birth weight was 1.070 g 730.0-2365.0. Mean gestational age at the time of diagnosis was 32.92±7.921 weeks. 17 patients had received an antibiotics course at birth because of early onset sepsis suspicion. The most frequently observed clinical symptom was deterioration of general condition, 11 patients, followed by abdominal distention in 6 and fever in 5. Among CoNS, the most frequently isolated pathogen was Staphylococcus epidermidis (13 patients). 22 patients received treatment, 18 a combination of vancomycin and meropenem and 4 received vancomycin monotherapy. Conclusion: these pathogens are a common cause of morbidity and mortality in the newborn intensive care unit, particularly in patients with more serious conditions and in those who require more advanced life support measures. Clearer interpretation of their role is needed as well as to determine a proper approach to patients at risk of late onset sepsis, including empiric antibiotic treatment.


Sepse tardia para Staphylococcus coagulase negativa (SCoN) é uma causa comum de morbidade e mortalidade na unidade neonatal. SCoNs são os microrganismos mais frequentemente envolvidos e representam aproximadamente 50% dos casos. O objetivo deste estudo é analisar a incidência e as características de neonatos com sepse tardia por SCoN. Materiais e métodos: foi realizado um estudo descritivo, longitudinal e retrospectivo. Usamos os bancos de dados do laboratório de microbiologia e prontuários médicos eletrônicos de nosso hospital para obter as informações. O período de estudo analisado foi de 2018 e 2019 na unidade de terapia intensiva e intermediária para recém-nascidos do Centro Hospitalar Pereira Rossell. Resultados: obtivemos uma incidência de 2,5% de internações em Terapia Intensiva e Intermediária (25 pacientes). A idade gestacional ao nascer foi de 28 semanas 25,0-35,0 e o peso médio foi de 1070g 730,0-2365,0. A média da idade gestacional pós-menstrual no momento do diagnóstico foi de 32,92 ± 7,921 semanas. 17 pacientes haviam recebido um curso anterior de antibióticos por suspeita de sepse precoce. O sinal clínico mais frequentemente observado foi deterioração do estado geral em 11 pacientes, seguido por distensão abdominal em 6 e febre em 5. Dentre os SCoN, o mais isolado foi o Staphylococcus Epidermidis (13 pacientes). 22 pacientes receberam tratamento, 18 deles com Vancomicina-Meropenem e 4 com Vancomicina em monoterapia. Conclusão: esses patógenos representam uma importante causa de morbimortalidade na unidade neonatal, principalmente em pacientes com maior gravidade e maior necessidade de suporte de vida. Orientações claras são necessárias para interpretar o papel desses microrganismos e para abordar pacientes com risco de sepse tardia, incluindo tratamento com antibióticos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Staphylococcal Infections/epidemiology , Neonatal Sepsis/epidemiology , Staphylococcal Infections/diagnosis , Staphylococcal Infections/drug therapy , Staphylococcus epidermidis/virology , Uruguay/epidemiology , Vancomycin/therapeutic use , Cross Infection , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Coagulase , Staphylococcus haemolyticus/virology , Staphylococcus hominis/virology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
2.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 9(1): e192, 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1053027

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Evaluar la epidemiología de la sepsis neonatal en los recién nacidos atendidos en emergencia pediátrica del HUC del 1 de enero 2017 al 31 de diciembre del 2017. Métodos: estudio descriptivo, prospectivo, que incluyó a los recién nacidos con diagnóstico de sepsis neonatal. Se recolectaron datos como edad, sexo, lugar de nacimiento, lugar de procedencia, factores de riesgos, manifestaciones clínicas. Resultados: se incluyeron 14 pacientes con diagnóstico de sepsis neonatal. Grupo de edad más afectado: 15-21 días 50% (n=7), género más afectado: masculino 71,42% (n=10), lugar de nacimientos más frecuente Distrito Capital 57,15% (n=8), lugar de procedencia más frecuente estado Miranda 71,43% (n=10), Según tiempo de evolución, la más frecuente fue sepsis neonatal tardía 92,86% (n=13), los principales factores de riesgos identificados fueron: infección materna en el 3er trimestre 36,35% (n=8), prematuridad 29,42% (n=5), bajo peso al nacer 23,54% (n=4), procedimientos invasivos 37,50% (n=3), las manifestaciones clínicas más frecuentes fueron: fiebre, ictericia, palidez o aspecto séptico 7,89% (n=6), la incidencia de sepsis neonatal en el estudio fue 3.92 por 1000 nacidos vivos y 2,6% de casos atendidos con sepsis neonatal. Conclusión: epidemiológicamente la sepsis neonatal, es más frecuente en el grupo de edad de 15-21 días, sexo masculino, lugar de nacimiento Distrito Capital, procedencia estado Miranda, factores de riesgo más frecuentes infección materna en el 3er trimestre, prematuridad, bajo peso al nacer, procedimientos invasivos. Manifestaciones clínicas más frecuente fiebre, ictericia, palidez o aspecto séptico, incidencia de 3.92 por 1000 nacidos vivos y 2,6% de casos atendidos con sepsis neonatal(AU)


Objective: To evaluate the epidemiology of neonatal sepsis in newborns attended in pediatric emergency of the HUC from January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2017. Methods: a prospective, descriptive study that included newborns with a diagnosis of neonatal sepsis. Data were collected as age, sex, place of birth, place of origin, risk factors, clinical manifestations. Results: 14 patients with diagnosis of neonatal sepsis were included. Most affected age group: 15-21 days 50% (n = 7), most affected gender: male 71.42% (n = 10), most frequent place of births Capital District 57.15% (n = 8), Most frequent place of origin Miranda state 71.43% (n = 10), According to time of evolution, the most frequent was late neonatal sepsis 92.86% (n = 13), the main risk factors identified were: maternal infection in 3rd trimester 36.35% (n = 8), prematurity 29.42% (n = 5), low birth weight 23.54% (n = 4), invasive procedures 37.50% (n = 3), the most frequent clinical manifestations were: fever, jaundice, pallor or septic appearance 7.89% (n = 6), the incidence of neonatal sepsis in the study was 3.92 per 1000 live births and 2.6% of cases attended with neonatal sepsis. Conclusion: neonatal sepsis is epidemiologically more frequent in the age group of 15-21 days, male sex, place of birth, Capital District, Miranda state origin, most frequent risk factors maternal infection in the 3rd trimester, prematurity, low weight at birth, invasive procedures. Clinical manifestations more frequent fever, jaundice, pallor or septic appearance, incidence of 3.92 per 1000 live births and 2.6% of cases treated with neonatal sepsis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Bacterial Infections/drug therapy , Breast Feeding , Neonatal Sepsis/diagnosis , Neonatal Sepsis/epidemiology , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature/growth & development , Prospective Studies , Heart Defects, Congenital , Metabolic Diseases/drug therapy
3.
South Sudan med. j ; 13(3): 86-89, 2020.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1272133

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Neonatal sepsis is one of the most common causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality in developing countries.Objective: This study aimed to determine the prevalence and factors associated with neonatal sepsis among hospitalized new-borns at Ruvuma, southern Tanzania.Methods: A facility-based retrospective study was conducted at Songea Regional Referral hospital in Ruvuma, during August-October, 2018. A standardized questionnaire was used to collect demographic, obstetric and clinical information from medical case files of patients. Neonatal sepsis was diagnosed clinically. Data were analysed using SPSS version 24.0. Chi square test was used to assess relationship between outcome and exposure variables. Multivariate logistic regression was used to measure association after controlling for confounders, and P-values of <0.05 were statistically significant.Results: Medical case files of 263 neonates were reviewed. Of these, 131(49.8%) had sepsis. Factors associated with neonatal sepsis were prematurity (AOR=2.2; 95%CI. 1.3 ­ 3.6, p=0.002), age of more than a week (AOR=2.2; 95%CI. 1.0 ­ 4.6, p=0.04), intravenous cannulation after birth (AOR=6.3; 95%CI. 2.1 ­ 19.0, p=0.002), and resuscitation with nasal oxygen prongs (AOR=1.7; 95%CI. 1.1 ­ 2.9, p=0.02).Conclusions: Neonatal sepsis is relatively common among neonates in Ruvuma and is associated with maternal and health services related factors. The findings underscore the importance of routine assessment and close monitoring of neonates


Subject(s)
Child, Hospitalized , Infant, Newborn , Neonatal Sepsis/epidemiology , Neonatal Sepsis/mortality , Risk Factors , Tanzania
4.
Salud pública Méx ; 61(1): 35-45, ene.-feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1043356

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Objetivo: Desarrollar y pilotar indicadores de calidad de la atención a neonatos con padecimientos relevantes en México (prematuridad, sepsis neonatal, asfixia perinatal e hipoxia intrauterina). Material y métodos: Se construyeron indicadores propios a partir de recomendaciones clave de las guías de práctica clínica nacionales e indicadores encontrados en repositorios internacionales. Previa búsqueda, selección y priorización, los indicadores fueron pilotados en dos hospitales. Se analizó la factibilidad de medición, fiabilidad (índice kappa) y utilidad para detectar problemas de calidad. Resultados: Se seleccionaron y pilotaron 23 indicadores; 12 eran compuestos. Del total, nueve fueron factibles y fiables. La calidad de la información en los hospitales fue diversa y frecuentemente deficiente, limitando tanto la factibilidad como la fiabilidad de los indicadores. Los niveles de cumplimiento identificaron oportunidades de mejora. Conclusiones: Se propone un set de nueve indicadores válidos, factibles, fiables y útiles para la monitorización de la calidad en la atención a neonatos patológicos.


Abstract Objective: Develop and pilot indicators of quality of care to neonates with relevant conditions in Mexico (prematurity, neonatal sepsis, perinatal asphyxia, and intrauterine hypoxia). Materials and methods: Own indicators were built based on key recommendations of national clinical practice guidelines and indicators found in international repositories. With previous search, selection and prioritization, the indicators were piloted within two hospitals. The feasibility of measuring, (kappa index) reliability and usefulness was analyzed to detect quality problems. Results: 23 indicators were selected and piloted, 12 are compounds, of the total, nine were feasible and reliable. The quality of the hospital's information was diverse and often poor, limiting both the feasibility and the reliability of the indicators. Improvement opportunities were identified thorough the compliance levels. Conclusions: A set of nine indicators valid, reliable, feasible and useful indicators is proposed in order to monitor the quality of care of pathological neonates.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Asphyxia Neonatorum/epidemiology , Quality Indicators, Health Care , Fetal Hypoxia/epidemiology , Neonatal Sepsis/epidemiology , Quality of Health Care , Infant, Premature , Pilot Projects , Reproducibility of Results , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Quality Improvement , Data Accuracy , Infant, Premature, Diseases/epidemiology , Mexico/epidemiology
5.
Ethiop. j. health sci ; 29(3): 333-342, 2019. ilus
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1261914

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Globally, sepsis remains one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in neonates, in spite of recent advances in health care units. The major burden of the problem occurs in the developing world while most evidence is derived from developed countries. The objective of this study was to evaluate the epidemiology of neonatal sepsis and associated factors among neonates admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). METHODS: Hospital based prospective cross-sectional study was conducted from April 2016 to May 2017. Neonates with clinical sepsis were included into the study. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20. Frequencies, proportion and summary statistics were used to describe the study population in relation to relevant variables. Multivariate logistic regressions were used to assess factors associated with neonatal sepsis. p-values of < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. RESULTS: A total of 901neonates were admitted to NICU of which 303 neonates were admitted with diagnosis of clinical sepsis making the prevalence of neonatal sepsis to be 34%. Bacteremia were confirmed in 88/303(29.3%) of clinical sepsis, and gram-positive bacteria constituted 47/88(53.4%). Of all positive blood cultures, 52/88(59.1%) were reported from late onset sepsis. Coagulase negative staphylococcus (CoNS) accounted for 22/88(25%) followed by E. coli and S. aureus, each contributing 18/88(20.3%) and 16/88(18.2%) respectively. Prolonged PROM, low fifth Apgar score, prematurity and low birth weight were strongly associated with increased risk of neonatal sepsis. Neonates born to mothers who received antibiotics during labor and delivery were at significantly lower risk of acquiring neonatal sepsis. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of neonatal sepsis was high, and most causes of neonatal sepsis were gram positive bacteria and most bacteria isolates were from late onset sepsis. Obstetric factors were strongly associated with development of neonatal sepsis. Intrapartal antibiotic administration significantly reduces neonatal sepsis


Subject(s)
Ethiopia , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Gram-Positive Bacteria , Neonatal Sepsis/epidemiology , Neonatal Sepsis/mortality , Risk Factors
6.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 21(1): 92-97, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039184

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: To describe early-onset neonatal sepsis (EOS) epidemiology in a public maternity hospital in Brasilia, Brazil. Methods: We defined EOS as a positive blood culture result obtained from infants aged ≤72 hours of life plus treatment with antibiotic therapy for ≥5 days. Incidence was calculated based on the number of cases and total live births (LB). This is a descriptive study comparing the period of 2012-2013 with the period of 2014-September 2015, before and after implementation of antibiotic prophylaxis during labor for group B streptococcus (GBS) prevention, respectively. Results: Overall, 36 infants developed EOS among 21,219 LB (1.7 cases per 1000 LB) and 16 died (case fatality rate of 44%). From 2014, 305 vaginal-rectal swabs were collected from high-risk women and 74 (24%) turned out positive for GBS. After implementation of GBS prevention guidelines, no new cases of GBS were detected, and the EOS incidence was reduced from 1.9 (95% CI 1.3-2.8) to 1.3 (95% CI 0.7-2.3) cases per 1000 LB from 2012-2013 to 2014-September 2015 (p = 0.32). Conclusions: Although the reduction of EOS incidence was not significant, GBS colonization among pregnant women was high, no cases of neonatal GBS have occurred after implementation of prevention guidelines.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/epidemiology , Streptococcal Infections/prevention & control , Streptococcal Infections/epidemiology , Antibiotic Prophylaxis/methods , Neonatal Sepsis/prevention & control , Neonatal Sepsis/epidemiology , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/microbiology , Streptococcus/drug effects , Vaginal Smears , Brazil/epidemiology , Incidence , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Escherichia coli/isolation & purification , Escherichia coli/drug effects , Escherichia coli Infections/prevention & control , Escherichia coli Infections/epidemiology , Neonatal Sepsis/microbiology , Hospitals, Maternity
8.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 3(3): 903-908, sept. 2016. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087454

ABSTRACT

Sepsis neonatal Temprana es la infección comprobada que se presenta en el recién nacido antes de las 72 horas de vida. El objetivo fue determinar las características epidemiológicas y clínicas de los recién nacidos con sepsis temprana, atendidos en Hospital Santa Bárbara Integrado, durante enero 2014 a diciembre 2015. Se realizó un estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo, trasversal en sala de Neonatología de dicho Hospital. El universo; 1,146 y la muestra 136 obtenida mediante muestreo aleatorio probabilístico sistemático. La recolección de datos fue mediante cuestionario validado por juicio de expertos. Se realizó el análisis con el paquete estadístico SPSS, versión 19. La prevalencia de sepsis neonatal temprana fue 60,6 %, la edad materna osciló entre 15-43 años, con moda de 21 y media 25,7 años, 92 % (125) procedían del área rural,40,4 % (55) eran analfabetas, 36,8 % (50) eran primigestas. 59 % (80) se realizaron 5 o más controles prenatales, de los que 89 (65,4 %) fueron realizados en Centro de Salud con médico. 44,0 % (30) presentaron Infección del tracto urinario sin tratamiento antes del parto. 53,7 % (73) de los RN eran del sexo masculino, 26,5 % (36) presentaron fiebre en las primeras horas de vida, se encontró que 22 (16,2 %) delos recién nacidos presentaron complicaciones. La condición de egreso fue; alta médica 127 (93,4 %), 9 (6,6%) fueron referidos a hospital de mayor complejidad y ninguno falleció. La prevalencia de sepsis neonatal temprana en dicho Hospital es alta, se presenta más frecuentemente en hijos de madres primigestas, analfabetas, con infecciones del tracto urinario sin tratamiento y vaginosis y en neonatos masculinos.


Early neonatal sepsis is proven infection that occurs in the newborn before 72 hoursof life. The objective of the study was to determine the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of newborns with early sepsis in the Santa Barbara Integrated Hospital during January 2014 to December 2015. Quantitative, descriptive, transversal study in neonatology room of the Hospital. The universe; 1146and the sample 136 obtained by probabilistic systematic random sampling. Data collection was through expert judgment validated questionnaire.Analysis with SPSS, version 19. The prevalence ofearly neonatal sepsis was 60.6 %, maternal ageranged from 15-43 years, with 21 fashion and ave-rage 25. 7 years, 92 % (125) came from rural areas,40.4 % (55) were illiterate, 36.8 % (50) wereprimiparous. 59 % (80) 5 or more prenatal visits, ofwhich 89 (65.4 %) were performed in a Health Center,doctor performed. 44.0 % (30) had urinary tractinfection without treatment before delivery. 53.7 %(73) of infants were male, 26.5 % (36) had fever in the first few hours of life, it was found that 22 (16.2%) of the infants had complications. Condition at time of exit was; Medical release 127 (93.4 %), 9(6.6 %) were referred to hospital more complex and none died. The prevalence of early neonatal sepsis inthe hospital is high, most often in children of primiparous mothers, illiterate, with urinary tract infections and untreated vaginosis and male infants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Neonatal Sepsis/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Rural Areas , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Educational Status , Neonatal Sepsis/complications , Neonatal Sepsis/diagnosis , Honduras
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