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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(4): 689-696, 20230906. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1511119

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El trasplante es la mejor opción de tratamiento para los pacientes con enfermedad renal terminal, sin embargo, existe discrepancia entre las listas de espera y la disponibilidad de órganos a partir de la donación cadavérica. Buscando aumentar el número de órganos disponibles se implementó el trasplante con donante vivo. A partir de la introducción de técnicas mínimamente invasivas para la nefrectomía, el donante vivo ha logrado cifras cercanas al 50 % de los trasplantes realizados en muchas instituciones, debido a los beneficios propios del procedimiento. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir los resultados después de la incorporación del procedimiento totalmente laparoscópico en nuestra institución. Métodos. Se hizo un análisis retrospectivo de las características de los pacientes llevados a nefrectomía para obtención de injerto por técnica totalmente laparoscópica y los resultados en un solo centro en Cali, Colombia, desde noviembre de 2019 hasta octubre de 2022. Los datos fueron obtenidos mediante la revisión de las historias clínicas electrónicas. Resultados. Se realizaron 78 nefrectomías para obtención de injerto con técnica totalmente laparoscópica. El tiempo operatorio promedio fue de 152 minutos, el sangrado promedio fue de 12 ml, la estancia hospitalaria promedio del donante fue de 2,8 días. La tasa de complicaciones fue de 7,6 % (4 pacientes con complicación Clavien-Dindo I y 2 pacientes Clavien-Dindo IIIb). No se presentó ningún caso de mortalidad. Conclusiones. La técnica totalmente laparoscópica resulta ser una técnica segura con baja tasa de morbilidad y excelentes beneficios para los donantes.


Introduction. Kidney transplant is the best treatment option for end-stage renal disease. However, the discrepancy between waiting lists and the availability of organs from cadaveric donation is well known. Organ transplantation with a living donor was implemented to increase the number of organs available. Since the introduction of minimally invasive techniques for nephrectomy, living donors have achieved figures close to 50% of transplants performed in many institutions due to the procedure's benefits. In our country, the experiences described are from the hand-assisted technique. This is the first description after incorporating the laparoscopic procedure. Methods. A retrospective analysis of the characteristics and results of all patients undergoing nephrectomy to obtain a graft using a laparoscopic technique was carried at a single center in Cali, Colombia, from November 2019 to October 2022. The electronic medical records were reviewed to obtain the data. Results. Seventy-eight nephrectomies were performed to obtain a graft with a laparoscopic technique. The mean operating time was 152 minutes, the average bleeding was 12 cc, and the average hospital stay was 2.8 days. The complication rate was 7.6% (four patients with Clavien-Dindo I complication and two Clavien-Dindo IIIb patients). There were no cases of mortality. Conclusions. The laparoscopic technique is safe, with a low morbidity rate and excellent benefits.


Subject(s)
Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Laparoscopy , Nephrectomy , Transplantation , Tissue and Organ Procurement , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
2.
Rev. méd. hondur ; 91(1): 50-53, ene.-jun. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BIMENA | ID: biblio-1443366

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: La primera nefrectomía laparoscópica en pediatría fue realizada por el Dr. Martin Koyle en un niño de 8 meses con displasia renal multiquística. En la actualidad este procedimiento es aceptado como estándar de oro para realizar cualquier nefrectomía en patología renal benigna en adultos o niños, ya que permite una mejor exposición anatómica y mejor control vascular con una estancia más corta, menor uso de analgésicos y mejor resultado estético. Descripción de los casos clínicos: se presenta una serie de casos de nefrectomía laparoscópica comprendidas desde agosto 2001 a agosto de 2019 realizadas en el Hospital de Especialidades del Instituto Hondureño del Seguro Social localizado en el Barrio La Granja de Tegucigalpa, incluyendo en forma consecutiva todos los pacientes que ameritaron una nefrectomía programada en riñón no funcional por patología renal benigna. Durante ese período se diagnosticaron 12 displasias renales, 9 hidronefrosis obstructivas, 2 nefropatías por reflujo y 2 riñones ectópicos, de los cuales 23 fueron diagnósticos prenatales y 2 posnatales, una infección urinaria y una hipertensión. Se realizó un total de 25 nefrectomías laparoscópicas de forma segura y exitosa sin ninguna conversión a cirugía abierta ni morbilidades. Todos los pacientes iniciaron la vía oral a las 6 horas postoperatorias y fueron dados de alta antes de completar las 24 horas intrahospitalarias. Conclusiones: La nefrectomía laparoscópica es un procedimiento seguro y exitoso en pediatría, aun cuando el tiempo operatorio es más prolongado, permite en forma más temprana el inicio de la vía oral alta precoz con resultados estéticos superiores...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Laparoscopy , Nephrectomy/methods , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Kidney Diseases
3.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 654-659, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986975

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of dexmedetomidine (DEX) on renal function after laparoscopic radical nephrectomy.@*METHODS@#We reviewed the clinical data of 282 patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC), who underwent laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) in the Department of Urology, Third Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from November, 2020 and June, 2022.According to whether DEX was used during the operation, the patients were divided into DEX group and control group, and after propensity score matching, 99 patients were finally enrolled in each group.The incidence of acute kidney injuries were compared between the two groups.Serum creatinine (sCr) data within 3 months to 1 year after the operation were available in 51 patients, including 26 in DEX group and 25 in the control group, and the incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) was compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After propensity score matching and adjustment for significant covariates, there were no significant differences in postoperative levels of sCr, cystatin C (CysC), β2-microglobulin (β2-MG), hemoglobin (Hb), or C-reactive protein (CRP), extubation time, incidence of AKI, or length of hospital stay between the two groups (P>0.05).The intraoperative urine volume was significantly higher in DEX group than in the control group (P < 0.05).A significant correlation between AKI and CKD was noted in the patients (P < 0.05).The incidence of CKD did not differ significantly between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#DEX can not reduce the incidence of AKI or CKD after LRN.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dexmedetomidine , Incidence , Propensity Score , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/epidemiology , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Nephrectomy/adverse effects , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Acute Kidney Injury/prevention & control , Retrospective Studies
4.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2023. 47 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1518923

ABSTRACT

A incidência dos casos de neoplasia de rim tem aumentado consideravelmente e o emprego da cirurgia minimamente invasiva poupadora de néfrons é, atualmente, considerado o padrão ouro para tumores T1a e T1b. Essa cirurgia pode ser realizada de forma minimamente invasiva, por meio da técnica laparoscópica e laparoscópica assistida por robô. No entanto, faz-se necessário um estudo para avaliar os resultados dessas duas técnicas, tendo em vista uma crescente difusão da técnica robô assistida e um maior número de cirurgiões em treinamento. Soma-se a isso a importância de preservação renal e de segurança oncológica, possibilitada pela nefrectomia parcial, que ainda é subutilizada devido à maior dificuldade técnica de realizá-la pela via laparoscópica. OBJETIVO: comparar a cirurgia aparoscópica com a cirurgia laparoscópica assistida por robô na realização da nefrectomia parcial, no período per e pós-operatório, quanto aos resultados de cada uma delas. MÉTODO: trata-se de uma coorte retrospectiva de 209 pacientes com neoplasia de rim localizado, submetidos à nefrectomia parcial laparoscópica no Hospital Madre Teresa, no período de outubro de 2014 a junho de 2019, e à nefrectomia parcial assistida por robô, no Hospital Felício Rocho, entre os anos de 2018 a 2021. Os dados do estudo foram coletados e gerenciados, usando-se as ferramentas eletrônicas de captura de dados REDCap, além da pesquisa de prontuário. A análise dos dados foi realizada utilizandose o software SPSS versão 25. Em todos os testes estatísticos, foi considerado um nível de significância de 5%. RESULTADOS: em relação a fatores clínicos e cirúrgicos, observou-se que o tempo cirúrgico em horas, a permanência no hospital e a permanência no CTI foram maiores no grupo de nefrectomia parcial laparoscópica, quando comparados à nefrectomia parcial laparoscópica assistida por robô. Variáveis como complicações operatórias, hemotransfusão no per operatório, tipo de tumor, tamanho da lesão na peça cirúrgica e margens acometidas não mostraram diferença significativa entre os grupos (p>0,05). As complicações pós-operatórias foram mais frequentes no grupo de nefrectomia parcial laparoscópica (16,7%) quando comparadas ao grupo nefrectomia parcial laparoscópica assistida por robô (7,0%). O estadiamento pós-operatório também apresentou diferença significativa entre os grupos, sendo que os estádios iniciais (T0 e T1) foram proporcionalmente maiores no grupo de nefrectomia parcial laparoscópica, quando comparados ao grupo nefrectomia parcial laparoscópica assistida por robô. Já os estádios (T2 e T3) foram mais incidentes no grupo de nefrectomia parcial laparoscópica assistida por robô em relação ao outro grupo. CONCLUSÃO: com base nos resultados, pode-se afirmar que a técnica robô-assistida apresenta ganhos técnicos significativos e possibilita a ressecção de tumores tecnicamente mais difíceis, com menor taxa de complicações no pós-operatório. Apresenta tempo cirúrgico e tempo de internação hospitalar reduzidos em comparação com a cirurgia realizada por laparoscopia, além de alta precoce para aqueles que necessitam de unidade de terapia intensiva no pósoperatório.


Kidney cancer cases have increased considerably, and minimally invasive nephronsparing surgery is currently considered the gold standard for T1a and T1b tumors. This surgery can be performed minimally invasively, using the laparoscopic and robotassisted laparoscopic techniques. However, a study to evaluate the results of these two techniques is necessary, considering the increasing diffusion of the robot-assisted technique and the larger number of surgeons in training. Added to this is the importance of renal preservation and oncologic safety, made possible by partial nephrectomy, which is still underutilized due to the incredible technical difficulty of performing it laparoscopically. OBJECTIVE: To compare laparoscopic surgery with robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery in performing partial nephrectomy, in the per- and postoperative periods, regarding the results of each. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort of 209 patients with localized kidney cancer who underwent laparoscopic partial nephrectomy at Hospital Madre Teresa from October 2014 to June 2019 and robot-assisted partial nephrectomy at Hospital Felício Rocho between the years 2018 and 2021. Study data were collected and managed using REDCap electronic data capture tools and chart search. Data analysis was performed using SPSS version 25 software. A 5% significance level was considered in all statistical tests. RESULTS: Regarding clinical and surgical factors, surgical time in hours, hospital stay, and intensive care unit stay were higher in the laparoscopic partial nephrectomy group when compared to the robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. Variables such as operative complications, intraoperative blood transfusion, tumor type, size of the lesion on the surgical specimen, and affected margins showed no significant difference between groups (p>0.05). The variable postoperative complications showed higher frequency in the laparoscopic partial nephrectomy group (16.7%) compared to the robot-assisted partial nephrectomy group (7.0%). Postoperative staging also showed significant differences between groups, with early stages (T0 and T1) proportionally higher in the laparoscopic partial nephrectomy group when compared to the robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy group. Stages (T2 and T3) were higher in the laparoscopic robot-assisted partial nephrectomy group compared to the other group. CONCLUSION: Based on the results, it can be stated that the robot-assisted technique presents significant technical gains and allowed the resection of tumors that are technically more difficult and with a lower rate of complications in the postoperative period. It presented reduced surgical time and hospital stay compared to the surgery performed by laparoscopy. In patients who need to be referred to the intensive care unit postoperatively, the robot-assisted technique demonstrates a reduction in the length of stay in the intensive care unit.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Period , Wound Healing , Comparative Study , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Laparoscopy , Preoperative Period , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Nephrectomy
6.
Rev. med. Chile ; 150(8): 994-999, ago. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1431880

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Vena cava (VC) involvement in kidney tumors occurs in 4 to 10% of cases, and is associated with a higher mortality. Nephrectomy with thrombectomy of the VC, performed by a multidisciplinary team, improves survival. Aim: To report a series of consecutive nephrectomies with caval thrombectomy performed in an academic center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We report 32 patients with cT3b and 3c renal tumors, who underwent radical nephrectomy with VC thrombectomy between 2001 and 2021. A descriptive analysis of clinical, surgical and pathological variables was performed. Overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) was calculated using Kaplan-Meier curves. Results: The mean tumor size was 9.7 cm. According to Mayo classification 3/32 (9%) patients had a type I thrombus, 10/32 (31%) had a type II thrombus, 8/32 (25%) had a type III thrombus, and 5/32 (16%) had a type IV thrombus. The mean bleeding was 2000 cc. There was one intraoperative death. Nineteen percent of patients had complications >= 3 according to Clavien-Dindo classification. Reoperations occurred in 9%. Pre and postoperative creatinine levels were 1.17 and 1.91 mg/dl respectively (p < 0.01). Pre and postoperative Hematocrit levels were 47.9 and 31% respectively (p = 0.02). Sixty six percent of tumors were clear cell renal cancer, 9% were papillary and 3% were chromophobic. Mean OS was 10 months. Two-year SCE was 40%. CONCLUSIONS: Our results are similar to those reported elsewhere. Despite being an unusual pathology, the surgical technique has been improving, thanks to the multidisciplinary work of urologists and surgeons.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thrombosis/surgery , Thrombosis/complications , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Vena Cava, Inferior/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Thrombectomy/methods , Nephrectomy/adverse effects , Nephrectomy/methods
7.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(2)jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408249

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cierre con pérdida masiva de tejido de la pared abdominal constituye un reto en la cirugía. Objetivo: Presentar un caso de cierre abdominal difícil donde se utilizó la técnica plicatura de la bolsa Bogotá hasta lograr aproximación de los planos cutáneo, muscular y aponeurótico. Caso clínico: Paciente recibido en emergencias con herida perforo-cortante en fosa lumbar izquierda. En la intervención se encontró hemoperitoneo por lesión esplénica, diafragmática y sección del ángulo esplénico del colon. Se le realizó esplenectomía, pleurostomía izquierda y rafia de lesión colónica. Pasadas cinco horas se reintervino por signos de choque y se encontró hematoma retroperitoneal y sección completa del polo superior del riñón izquierdo. Se le realizó nefrectomía izquierda. Al quinto día del posoperatorio mostró signos peritoneales y la exploración confirmó peritonitis fecaloidea por dehiscencia de sutura de colon. Se lavó cavidad y se le ejecutó colostomía tipo Devine. La pérdida masiva de pared abdominal obligó a emplear una plicatura de la bolsa Bogotá para aproximar ambos colgajos, se obtuvo aproximación paulatina hasta la síntesis de la pared. Conclusiones: El abdomen catastrófico es una condición grave y de difícil tratamiento. La bolsa Bogotá es una alternativa viable para esta condición y modificada con plicaturas paulatinas permite el acercamiento de los dos colgajos cutáneos y garantiza el cierre de la pared abdominal, además de ser una técnica fácil de usar y económica(AU)


Introduction: Closure with massive loss of abdominal wall tissue is a challenge in surgery. Objective: To report a case of difficult abdominal closure where the Bogotá bag technique was used until the approximation of the cutaneous, muscular and aponeurotic planes was achieved. Clinical case report: This patient was received in the emergency room with a perforating-cutting wound in the left lumbar fossa. In the intervention, hemoperitoneum was found due to splenic and diaphragmatic injury and section of the splenic flexure of the colon. Splenectomy, left pleurostomy and colonic injury raffia were performed. After five hours, the patient was operated again due to signs of shock. We found a retroperitoneal hematoma and a complete section of the upper pole of the left kidney. It was decided to perform left nephrectomy. On the fifth postoperative day, this patient showed peritoneal signs and examination confirmed fecal peritonitis due to dehiscence of the colon suture. Cavity was washed and a Devine-type colostomy was performed. The massive loss of the abdominal wall made it necessary to use a plication of the Bogotá bag to approximate both flaps, a gradual approximation was obtained until the synthesis of the wall. Conclusions: The catastrophic abdomen is a serious condition that is difficult to treat. The Bogotá bag is a viable alternative for this condition and modified with gradual plications, it allows the two skin flaps to approach each other and guarantees the closure of the abdominal wall, in addition to being an easy-to-use and economical technique(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Colostomy/methods , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Colon, Transverse/surgery , Emergency Service, Hospital , Splenectomy/methods , Research Report , Nephrectomy/adverse effects
8.
urol. colomb. (Bogotá. En línea) ; 31(1): 28-31, 15/03/2022.
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1368860

ABSTRACT

Horseshoe kidney (HSK) has a prevalence of 1 in every 500 individuals. The management of patients with HSK is usually conservative, except in the presence of symptoms such as obstruction, stones, glomerulopathies, and tumors. In the following case report, we describe how a bilateral en-block transmesenteric laparoscopic nephrectomy in supine position was performed. A 5-year-old boy, with proximal hypospadias and early onset of chronic kidney disease due to focal segmental glomerulosclerosis on biopsy, underwent a genetic molecular evaluation that confirmed a pathogenic mutation at the WT-1 gene. Due to the increased risk of developing Wilms tumor, he underwent a bilateral transmesenteric nephrectomy. In a five-minute video, we describe how we performed an en-block transperitoneal and transmesenteric laparoscopic nephrectomy with special attention to patient positioning, including the feasibility of performing the dissection of the left renal hilum and isthmus with the patient in supine with no need for repositioning, and then moving to the dissection of the right renal hilum and completion of the procedure. The case herein reported enables us to describe the technical key-points to perform a bilateral en-block laparoscopic nephrectomy with shorter operative time and reduction of blood loss by preserving the entire specimen, without the need for an isthmus transection.


El riñón en herradura (RH) tiene una prevalencia de 1 en cada 500 individuos. El manejo del RH es usualmente conservador, excepto cuando genera síntomas como obstrucción, litiasis, glomerulopatías o tumores. Con este reporte de caso, describimos como se realizó una nefrectomia bilateral en bloque transmesentérica en un paciente con riñón en herradura. Un paciente de 5 años de edad, con hypospadias proximal y desarrollo temprano de enfermedad renal crónica por glomeruloesclerosis focal segmentaria, fue sometido a un estudio molecular que confirmó la presencia de una mutación en el gen WT-1. Dado el alto riesgo de desarrollar tumor de Wilms, se decidió realizar una nefrectomía transperitoneal laparoscópica bilateral. En un video de cinco minutos, describimos como se realizó una nefrectomía transperitoneal y transmesentérica en bloque, con especial atención al posicionamiento del paciente, incluso la viabilidad de realizar la disección del hilio renal izquierdo y el istmo con el paciente en supino, sin necesidad de reposicionarlo, y, después, la disección del hilio renal derecho y el fin del procedimiento. El caso reportado nos permite describir los puntos clave técnicos para realizar una nefrectomía laparoscópica bilateral en bloque con un tiempo operativo más corto y reducción del sangrado al preservar todo el espécimen, sin la necesidad de realizar la transección del istmo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Biopsy , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Fused Kidney , Nephrectomy , Glomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental , Supine Position , Lithiasis , Glomerulonephritis , Hypospadias , Kidney , Neoplasms
9.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(1): 110-119, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356276

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Nephrometric scores play an interesting role in nephron sparring surgery (NSS) planning. The aim of this study is to evaluate if R.E.N.A.L. score (RS) is capable to predict the occurrence of adverse events in laparoscopic NSS. Materials and Methods: We prospectively studied 150 laparoscopic NSS between 2015 and 2018 to evaluate the relationship between RS and incidence of adverse events. Clavien 3 or superior complications, warm ischemia time (WIT) over 30 minutes, tumor violation, positive surgical margins (PSM) and necessity of amplification of renal parenchyma during the resection of the masses to obtain free margins were considered as adverse events. We compared each item of the RS isolated and divided the patients between low risk and high risk. Results: Adverse results occurred in 48 cases (32%). Amplification of the margin of resection was observed in 28 cases (19%). WIT exceeded 30 minutes in 9 cases (6.1%), complications Clavien 3 or superior occurred in 13 cases (9%) and PSM were detected en 6 cases (4%). Comparing the patients with adverse outcomes and each item of the RS we did not find any statistical difference, but when divided into high risk and low risk, we found that patients in the high risk group had a higher tendency to present ad-verse results - 25.84% vs. 44.26% (p=0.03). Conclusions: RS system is a good way to predict adverse outcomes in NSS, especially in cases over 7. Further studies should focus on robotic approach and patient's characteristics other than the masses' aspects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Laparoscopy , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Nephrectomy/adverse effects , Nephrons/surgery
10.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(1): 196-197, Jan.-Feb. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356285

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Inferior vena cava (IVC) invasion from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) occurs at a rate of 4-10% (1). IVC thrombectomy (IVC-TE) can be an open procedure because of the need for handling of the IVC (2). The first reported series of robotic management of IVC-TE started in 2011 for the management of Level I - II thrombi with subsequent case reports in recent years (2-5). Materials and Methods: The following is a patient in his 50's with no significant medical history. Magnetic resonance imaging and IR venogram were performed preoperatively. The tumor was clinical stage T3b with a 4.3cm inferior vena cava thrombus. The patient underwent robotic assisted nephrectomy and IVC-TE. Rummel tourniquets were used for the contralateral kidney and the IVC. The tourniquets were created using vessel loops, a 24 French foley catheter and hem-o-lock clips. Results: The patient tolerated the surgical procedure well with no intraoperative complications. Total surgical time was 274 min with 200 minutes of console time and 22 minutes of IVC occlusion. Total blood loss in the surgery was 850cc. The patient was discharged from the hospital on post-operative day 3 without any complications. The final pathology of the specimen was pT3b clear cell renal cell carcinoma Fuhrman grade 2. The patient followed up post-operatively at both four months and six months without disease recurrence. The patient continues annual follow-up with no recurrence. Conclusions: Surgeon experience is a key factor in radical nephrectomy with thrombectomy as patients have a reported 50-65% survival rate after IVC-TE (4).


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Tourniquets , Vena Cava, Inferior/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Thrombectomy , Nephrectomy
12.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 328-333, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928974

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Renal cancer is a common malignancy of the urinary system, and the partial nephrectomy is a common surgical modality for early renal cancer. 3D printing technology can create a visual three-dimensional model by using 3D digital models of the patient's imaging data. With this model, surgeons can perform preoperative assessment to clarify the location, depth, and blood supply of the tumor, which helps to develop preoperative plans and achieve better surgical outcomes. In this study, the R.E.N.A.L scoring system was used to stratify patients with renal tumors and to explore the clinical application value of 3D printing technology in laparoscopic partial nephrectomy.@*METHODS@#A total of 114 renal cancer patients who received laparoscopic partial nephrectomy in Xiangya Hospital from June 2019 to December 2020 were enrolled. The patients were assigned into an experimental group (n=52) and a control group (n=62) according to whether 3D printing technology was performed, and the differences in perioperative parameters between the 2 groups were compared. Thirty-nine patients were assigned into a low-complexity group (4-6 points), 32 into a moderate-complexity group (7-9 points), and 43 into a high-complexity group (10-12 points) according to R.E.N.A.L score, and the differences in perioperative parameters between the experimental group and the control group in each score group were compared.@*RESULTS@#The experimental group had shorter operative time, renal ischemia time, and postoperative hospital stay (all P<0.05), less intraoperative blood loss (P=0.047), and smaller postoperative blood creatinine change (P=0.032) compared with the control group. In the low-complexity group, there were no statistically significant differences between the experimental group and the control group in operation time, renal ischemia time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative blood creatinine changes, and postoperative hospital stay (all P>0.05). In the moderate- and high- complexity groups, the experimental group had shorter operative time, renal ischemia time, and postoperative hospital stay (P<0.05 or P<0.001), less intraoperative blood loss (P=0.022 and P<0.001, respectively), and smaller postoperative blood creatinine changes (P<0.05 and P<0.001, respectively) compared with the control group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with renal tumor patients with R.E.N.A.L score<7, renal cancer patients with R.E.N.A.L score≥7 may benefit more from 3D printing assessment before undergoing partial nephrectomy.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Blood Loss, Surgical , Creatinine , Ischemia , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Nephrectomy/methods , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
13.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 68(4)Out-Dez. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1442879

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O câncer renal corresponde a 13ª neoplasia mais incidente no mundo, sendo o terceiro tipo de câncer geniturinário mais comum. A maioria dos pacientes é assintomática, ocorrendo o diagnóstico de maneira incidental durante a realização de exames de imagem. O tratamento padrão-ouro é o cirúrgico. Objetivo: Correlacionar os parâmetros clínicos e patológicos com a sobrevida livre de doença em pacientes com câncer renal submetidos à nefrectomia. Método: Estudo retrospectivo com 99 pacientes submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico do câncer renal no período de 2010 a 2020. Foram comparados os parâmetros clínicos e patológicos com o desfecho clínico oncológico após nefrectomia. Resultados: Os 99 pacientes tiveram seguimento pós-operatório médio de 26,9 meses, sendo a sobrevida livre de doença (média) de 61,9%. A análise univariada demonstrou que as variáveis tamanho de tumor >7 cm e graus de Fuhrman III e IV estiveram relacionadas à progressão de doença após a nefrectomia (p=0,046 e IC=1,017-7,083; p=0,005 e IC=1,725-23,004, respectivamente). Na análise multivariada, o tamanho do tumor >7 cm (p=0,014 e IC=1,290-9,326) e os graus de Fuhrman III e IV (p=0,028 e IC=1,174-16,616) foram identificados como fatores preditores à progressão. Conclusão: O tamanho tumoral >7 cm e/ou os graus III ou IV de Fuhrman são fatores de risco para recorrência tumoral após o tratamento cirúrgico do câncer renal


Introduction: Kidney cancer corresponds to the 13th most incident cancer in the world, and the third most common type of genitourinary cancer. Most patients are asymptomatic, and the diagnosis used to be incidental during routine imaging exams. Surgical treatment is the gold standard. Objective: To correlate clinical and pathological parameters with diseasefree survival in renal cancer patients submitted to nephrectomy. Method: Retrospective study with 99 patients who underwent surgical treatment of kidney cancer from 2010 to 2020. Clinical and pathological parameters were compared with the clinical oncologic outcome after surgery. Results: Ninety-nine patients were followed-up postoperatively for an average time of 26.9 months, and the mean disease-free survival was 61.9%. Univariate analysis showed that tumor size >7 cm and Fuhrman grades III and IV were risk factors related to disease progression after nephrectomy (p=0.046 and CI=1.017-7.083; p=0.005 and CI=1.725-23.004, respectively). In the multivariate analysis, tumor size > 7cm (p=0.014 and CI=1.290-9.326) and Fuhrman grades III and IV (p=0.028 and CI=1.174-16.616) were identified as predictors of progression. Conclusion: Tumor size >7 cm and/or Fuhrman grades III or IV are risk factors for tumor recurrence after surgical treatment of renal cancer


Introducción: El cáncer de riñón corresponde a la 13ª neoplasia más incidente en el mundo, siendo el tercer tipo de cáncer genitourinario más común. La mayoría de los pacientes son asintomáticos, realizándose el diagnóstico de forma incidental durante las pruebas de imagen. El tratamiento estándar de oro es el quirúrgico. Objetivo: Correlacionar parámetros clínicos y patológicos con la supervivencia libre de enfermedad en pacientes con cáncer renal sometidos a nefrectomía. Método: Estudio retrospectivo con 99 pacientes sometidos a tratamiento quirúrgico de cáncer renal desde 2010 hasta 2020. Se compararon los parámetros clínicos y patológicos con el resultado clínico oncológico tras la nefrectomía. Resultados: Los 99 pacientes tuvieron un seguimiento postoperatorio medio de 26,9 meses, siendo la supervivencia libre de enfermedad (mediana) de 61,9%. El análisis univariado demostró que las variables tamaño del tumor >7 cm y grados III y IV de Fuhrman fueron factores relacionados con la progresión de la enfermedad tras la nefrectomía (p=0,046 e IC=1,017-7,083; p=0,005 e IC=1,725-23,004, respectivamente). En el análisis multivariante, el tamaño del tumor >7 cm (p=0,014 e IC=1,290-9,326) y grados de Fuhrman III y IV (p=0,028 e IC=1,174-16,616) fueron identificados como predictores de progresión. Conclusión: El tamaño tumoral >7 cm y/o los grados III o IV de Fuhrman son factores de riesgo para la recidiva tumoral tras el tratamiento quirúrgico del cáncer renal


Subject(s)
Survival Analysis , Kidney Neoplasms , Nephrectomy
14.
urol. colomb. (Bogotá. En línea) ; 31(3): 109-115, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1412080

ABSTRACT

Objective To describe the five-year overall survival (OS) and perioperative morbidity of patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with venous tumor thrombus (VTT) treated through radical nephrectomy and thrombectomy. Materials and Methods We evaluated a cohort of 530 patients with a diagnosis of RCC from January 2009 to December 2019, and found VTT in 42 of them; these 42 patients composed the study sample. The patients were stratified according to the Neves Thrombus Classification (NTC). The baseline and perioperative characteristics, as well as the follow-up, were described. The Kaplan-Meier curve and its respective Cox regression were applied to present the 5-year OS and the OS stratified by the NTC. Results The average age of the sample was of 63.19 ± 10.7 years, and there were no differences regarding gender. In total, VTT was present in 7.9% of the patients. According to the NTC, 30.9% of the cases corresponded to level I, 21.4%, to level II, 26.1%, to level III, and 21.4%, to level IV. The 5-year OS was of 88%. For level-I and level-II patients, the 5-year OS was of 100%, and of only 38% among level-IV patients. Complications, mostly minor, occurred in 57% of the cases. Conclusions Radical nephrectomy with thrombectomy is a morbid procedure; however, most complications are minor, and the five-year mortality is null for patients in NTC levels I and II, and low for levels III and IV, and it may be even lower in level-III patients when standardizing transesophageal echocardiogram intraoperatively and routinary extracorporeal bypass. Thus, we recommend considering this surgery as the first-line management in patients with RCC and VTT.


Objetivo Describir la supervivencia global (SG) a los cinco años y la morbilidad perioperatoria de pacientes con carcinoma de células renales (CCR) con trombo tumoral venoso (TTV) tratados por nefrectomía radical y trombectomía. Materiales y Métodos Se evaluó una cohorte de 530 pacientes con diagnóstico de CCR entre enero de 2009 y diciembre de 2019, y se encontró TTV en 42 de ellos; esos 42 pacientes compusieron la muestra de este estudio. Los pacientes fueron estratificados según la clasificación de trombos de Neves (CTN). Se describieron las características basales y perioperatorias de los pacientes, así como el seguimiento. Se aplicaron la curva de Kaplan-Meier y su respectiva regresión de COX para presentar la SG a los 5 años y la SG estratificada por CTN. Resultados La edad promedio de la muestra fue de 63,19 ± 10,7 años, sin diferencia respecto a género. El TTV estuvo presente en el 7,9% de los pacientes. Según la CTN, el 30,9% de los casos correspondía al nivel I, el 21,4%, al nivel II, el 26,1%, al nivel III, y el 21,4%, al nivel IV. La SG a los 5 años fue del 88%. Para los niveles I y II, la SG a los 5 años fue del 100%, y, para el nivel IV del 38%. Las complicaciones, menores en su mayoría, ocurrieron en el 57% de los casos. Conclusiones La nefrectomía radical con trombectomía es un procedimiento mórbido; sin embargo, la mayoría de las complicaciones son menores, y la mortalidad a los 5 años es nula cuando en los pacientes de niveles I y II en la CYN, y baja en los niveles III y IV, y puede ser incluso menor en los pacientes de nivel III al estandarizar el ecocardiograma transesofágico intraoperatorio y el baipás extracorpóreo rutinario. Por ello, recomendamos considerar esta cirugía como manejo de primera línea en pacientes con CCR y TTV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Thrombectomy , Nephrectomy , Aftercare , Gender Identity , Neoplasms
15.
urol. colomb. (Bogotá. En línea) ; 31(4): 177-185, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1412098

ABSTRACT

Renal angiomyolipomas (AMLs), formerly known as PEComas (tumors showing perivascular epithelioid cell differentiation) are common benign renal masses composed of a varying ratio of fat, blood vessels, and smooth muscles. They are largely asymptomatic and diagnosed incidentally on imaging. The adipose tissue content is the factor that gives AMLs their characteristic appearance on imaging and makes them easily identifiable. However, the fat-poor or fat-invisible varieties, which are difficult to differentiate radiologically from renal cell carcinomas (RCCs), present a diagnostic challenge. It is thus essential to establish the diagnosis and identify the atypical and hereditary cases as they require more intense surveillance and management due to their potential for malignant transformation. Multiple management options are available, ranging from conservative approach to embolization and to the more radical option of nephrectomy. While the indications for intervention are relatively clear and aimed at a rather small cohort, the protocol for follow-up of the remainder of the cohort forming the majority of cases is not well established. The surveillance and discharge policies therefore vary between institutions and even between individual practitioners. We have reviewed the literature to establish an optimum management pathway focusing on the typical AMLs.


Los angiomiolipomas renales (AML), antes conocidos como PEComas (tumores que muestran epitelioides perivasculares) son masas renales benignas frecuentes compuestas por una proporción variable de grasa, vasos sanguíneos y músculos lisos. Suelen ser asintomáticos y se diagnostican de forma incidental en las pruebas de imagen. El contenido de tejido adiposo es el factor que confiere a los AML su aspecto característico en las imágenes y los hace fácilmente identificables. Sin embargo, las variedades pobres en grasa o invisibles, que son difíciles de diferenciar radiológicamente de los carcinomas de células renales (CCR), suponen un reto diagnóstico. Por lo tanto, es esencial establecer el diagnóstico e identificar los casos atípicos y hereditarios, ya que requieren una vigilancia y un tratamiento más intensos debido a su potencial de malignización. debido a su potencial de transformación maligna. Existen múltiples opciones de tratamiento, que van desde el enfoque conservador hasta la embolización y la opción más radical de la nefrectomía. Si bien las indicaciones para la intervención son relativamente claras y están dirigidas a una cohorte bastante pequeña, el protocolo para el seguimiento del resto de la cohorte que forma la mayoría de los casos no está bien establecido. Por lo tanto, las políticas de vigilancia y alta varían entre instituciones e incluso entre profesionales individuales. Hemos revisado la literatura para establecer una ruta de manejo óptima centrada en los AML típicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Clinical Protocols , Angiomyolipoma , Perivascular Epithelioid Cell Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Epithelioid Cells , Nephrectomy
16.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(2): 330-337, 20220316. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362996

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El tumor de Wilms es la neoplasia abdominal más común en pacientes pediátricos. En la mayoría de los casos se presenta como una masa unilateral indolora en el abdomen. El objetivo de este artículo fue presentar el caso de una paciente de 4 años con tumor de Wilms unilateral derecho manejado con cirugía mínimamente invasiva en el Hospital Universitario del Valle. Métodos. Revisión de la historia clínica e imágenes de la paciente, descripción de la técnica quirúrgica y revisión de la literatura del manejo de tumor de Wilms unilateral. Caso clínico. Paciente femenina de 4 años quien consultó en abril de 2019 por un cuadro clínico de dolor abdominal y sensación de masa en flanco derecho. Se realizó ecografía abdominal donde se encontró imagen nodular heterogénea de contornos definidos en riñón derecho, con riñón izquierdo normal. Se hizo diagnóstico de tumor de Wilms unilateral y se llevó a cirugía mediante abordaje mínimamente invasivo, con buena evolución postoperatoria. Conclusión. La cirugía es el pilar del manejo, y la nefrectomía mediante abordaje laparoscópico para casos seleccionados, en manos entrenadas, tiene la suficiente eficacia, seguridad y cumplimiento de los principios quirúrgicos y oncológicos que provee la cirugía abierta.


Introduction. Wilms tumor is the most common abdominal neoplasm in pediatric patients. In most cases it presents as a painless unilateral mass in the abdomen. The objective of this article was to present the case of a 4-year-old patient with right unilateral Wilms tumor managed with minimally invasive surgery at the Hospital Universitario del Valle. Methods. Review of the patient's clinical history and images, description of the surgical technique and review of the literature on the management of unilateral Wilms tumor.Clinical case. A 4-year-old female patient who consulted on April 4, 2019 with a clinical presentation of abdominal pain and sensation of mass in the right flank. Abdominal ultrasound was performed where a heterogeneous nodular image of defined contours was found in the right kidney, with a normal left kidney. A diagnosis of unilateral Wilms tumor was made and surgery was carried out using a minimally invasive approach, with good postoperative evolution. Conclusion. Wilms tumor is the most common abdominal neoplasm in pediatric patients. The most common presentation is a painless palpable mass. Surgery is the mainstay of management, and nephrectomy using a laparoscopic approach for selected cases, in trained hands, has sufficient efficacy, safety, and compliance with surgical and oncological principles that open surgery provides.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Wilms Tumor , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Kidney Neoplasms , Laparoscopy , Nephrectomy
17.
Acta cir. bras ; 37(6): e370607, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1402963

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To describe the use of endocavitary ultrasound probe as an auxiliary tool when performing partial nephrectomy in cases of endophytic renal tumors, to standardize the method, and to report the preliminary results achieved with this technique. Methods: Fifteen patients diagnosed with completely endophytic underwent partial nephrectomy with the use of an endocavitary ultrasound probe. This article describes the technique involved in partial nephrectomy and details the preparation of the endocavitary ultrasound probe to ensure its safe use. Results: All the patients had a RENAL score between 8 and 11. The median time of warm ischemia was 26 and 18 minutes for laparoscopic or robot-assisted surgery, respectively. The median duration of surgery was 150 minutes, and the median console time was 145 minutes for the laparoscopic and robot-assisted surgery groups, respectively. The median estimate of blood loss was 200 mL. Only three patients in the laparoscopic group had focal positive surgical margins. There were no cases of infection at the site of probe entry. Conclusions: Intraoperative use of an endocavitary ultrasound probe for partial nephrectomy is possible and a safe alternative to the excision of endophytic tumors when neither robotic probes nor laparoscopic probes are available.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stents , Nephrectomy/instrumentation , Nephrectomy/methods , Endoscopy/instrumentation , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery
18.
Med. UIS ; 34(3): 79-84, Sep.-Dec. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386178

ABSTRACT

Resumen La fístula uro-entérica es una comunicación patológica entre la vía urinaria y digestiva. El compromiso del apéndice es infrecuente y son pocos los casos de fístulas reno-apendiculares en la literatura. Se presenta el caso de un paciente con clínica de fiebre, dolor lumbar e hidronefrosis derecha severa secundaria a cálculo coraliforme en la tomografía de vías urinarias. Manejado inicialmente con antibióticos y nefrostomía bajo fluoroscopia, posteriormente suspendida por paso de contraste al intestino. Se realizó una tomografía contrastada que reportó fístula del riñón al intestino. Se llevó a nefrectomía y se encontró fistula hacía el apéndice, por lo cual se realizó apendicectomía concomitante con mejoría clínica evidente. La patología reportó pielonefritis xantogranulomatosa y apendicitis secundaria. La fístula reno-apendicular posee una clínica inespecífica, la tomografía contrastada es una herramienta diagnóstica y la mayoría se detectan como un hallazgo intraoperatorio. El tratamiento usualmente es quirúrgico, con nefrectomía y reparación del segmento intestinal. MÉD. UIS.2021;34(3): 79-84.


Abstract Uro-enteric fistula is a pathological communication between the urinary and digestive tract. Compromise of the appendix is infrequent and few cases of reno-appendicular fistulas have been described in the literature. The case of patient with symptoms of fever, low back pain and severe right hydronephrosis secondary to staghorn calculus on urinary tract tomography is presented. Initially managed with antibiotics and nephrostomy under fluoroscopy, subsequently suspended by passing contrast to the intestine. A contrasted tomography was performed which reported a fistula from the kidney to the intestine. A nephrectomy was carried out and a fistula was found to the appendix, for which a concomitant appendectomy was performed with evident clinical improvement. The pathology reported xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis and secondary appendicitis. Reno-appendicular fistula has nonspecific symptoms, contrasted tomography is a diagnostic tool and most are detected as an intraoperative finding. Treatment is usually surgical, with nephrectomy and intestinal segment repair. MÉD.UIS.2021;34(3): 79-84.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Appendix , Pyelonephritis, Xanthogranulomatous , Urinary Fistula , Staghorn Calculi , Kidney , Nephrectomy
19.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(6): 1272-1273, Nov.-Dec. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340035

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Three-dimensional (3D) virtual models have recently gained consideration in the partial nephrectomy (PN) field as useful tools since they may potentially improve preoperative surgical planning and thus contributing to maximizing postoperative outcomes (1-5). The aim of the present study was to describe our first experience with 3D virtual models as preoperative guidance for robot-assisted PN. Materials and methods: Data of patients with renal mass amenable to robotic PN were prospectively collected at our Institution from January to April 2020. Using a dedicated web-based platform, abdominal CT-scan images were processed by M3DICS (Turin, Italy) and used to obtain 3D virtual models. 2D CT images and 3D models were separately assessed by two different highly experienced urologists to assess the PADUA score and risk category and to forecast the surgical strategy of the single cases, accordingly. Results: Overall, 30 patients were included in the study. Median tumor size was 4.3cm (range 1.3-11). Interestingly, 8 (26.4%) cases had their PADUA score downgraded when switching from 2D CT-scan to 3D virtual model assessment and 4 (13.4%) cases had also lowered their PADUA risk category. Moreover, preoperative off-clamp, selective clamping strategy and enucleation resection strategy increased from CT-scan to 3D evaluation. Conclusion: 3D virtual models are promising tools as they showed to offer a reliable assessment of surgical planning. However, the advantages offered by the 3D reconstruction appeared to be more evident as the complexity of the mass raises. These tools may ultimately increase tumor's selection for PN, particularly in highly complex renal masses. Disclosure of potential conflicts of interest: The authors declare they do not have conflict of interests. Informed consent: Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study. All the procedures were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and national research Committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.


Subject(s)
Humans , Robotics , Laparoscopy , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Nephrectomy
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