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1.
RFO UPF ; 27(1): 134-152, 08 ago. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1509390

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar a eficácia do acessório mamilo aplicado a aparelhos ortopédicos/ ortodônticos no tratamento de hábitos deletérios de sucção de chupeta, língua, lábio e dedo, e onicofagia em pacientes tratados nos últimos 20 anos com o aparelho. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo clínico observacional, retrospectivo, no qual a amostra foi composta de prontuários de pacientes de ambos os gêneros, atendidos por profissionais habilitados pelo aparelho mamilo, que os utilizaram em crianças de 03 a 16 anos portadoras de hábitos deletérios. Os prontuários utilizados, correspondem a pacientes tratados entre os anos 2000 a 2020. Todas as análises foram realizadas no programa R, com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Foram analisados 142 prontuários, nos quais 122 foram incluídos, por estarem dentro dos critérios de inclusão propostos no estudo e 20 foram excluídos da pesquisa por apresentarem informações incompletas e/ou não preenchidas corretamente. O hábito com maior incidência foi o de sucção digital, em 71,3% dos pacientes, 91,8% dos pacientes deixaram o hábito, destacando que nos casos de sucção de chupeta e onicofagia, o sucesso na remoção do hábito foi de 100%, em ambos os casos. O tempo médio de uso do aparelho foi de 4,8 meses, variando de 0,6 a 14 meses. O tempo médio para a remoção do hábito após a instalação do aparelho foi de 1,6 meses, variando de 0 a 12 meses. Conclusão: O aparelho mamilo, mostra-se como uma alternativa de alta eficácia na remoção de hábitos deletérios de sução de chupeta, dedo, língua e onicofagia.(AU)


Objective: Evaluate the effectiveness of the nipple accessory applied to orthopedic/orthodontic appliances in the treatment of harmful pacifier, tongue, lip and finger sucking habits, and onychophagia in patients treated in the last 20 years with the device. Methods: This is an observational, retrospective clinical study, in which the sample consisted of medical records of patients of both genders, assisted by professionals qualified by the nipple device, who used them in children aged 03 to 16 years with deleterious habits. The medical records used correspond to patients treated between the years 2000 and 2020. All analyzes were performed in the R program, with a significance level of 5%. Results: 142 medical records were analyzed, in which 122 were included, as they were within the inclusion criteria proposed in the study and 20 were excluded from the research because they presented incomplete information and/or not filled in correctly. The habit with the highest incidence was digital sucking, in 71.3% of patients, 91.8% of patients quit the habit, noting that in cases of pacifier sucking and onychophagia, success in removing the habit was 100%, in both cases. The average time of use of the device was 4.8 months, ranging from 0.6 to 14 months. The mean time to remove the habit after installing the device was 1.6 months, ranging from 0 to 12 months. Conclusion: The nipple device is a highly efficient alternative for removing harmful habits of pacifier, finger, tongue and onychophagy sucking.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Orthodontic Appliances , Tongue Habits/therapy , Pacifiers , Fingersucking/therapy , Nail Biting/therapy , Time Factors , Retrospective Studies , Age Factors , Treatment Outcome , Orthodontic Appliance Design , Nipples
2.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 22: e20236667, 01 jan 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1525220

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: investigar, na literatura, a definição de trauma mamilar relacionado à amamentação, os tipos de trauma e seus tratamentos. MÉTODO: revisão de escopo. Foram consultados: PubMed; Literatura Latino Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS); Cumulated Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL); SCOPUS; Web of Science; Base de dados de enfermagem (BDENF), EMBASE e Biblioteca Cochrane. Incluídos estudos publicados de 2015 a 2020. RESULTADOS: a amostra final foi composta por 23 artigos, sendo que 14 deles abordaram a definição de trauma mamilar. Esse evento inclui dor, sendo um dos problemas mais comuns durante a amamentação e relevante fator para desmame precoce. A melhor forma de preveni-lo e tratá-lo é por meio de posicionamento e pega adequados. CONCLUSÃO: não há padronização quanto à definição de trauma mamilar e os diferentes tipos. Há necessidade de refinamento da nomenclatura, a fim de auxiliar no diagnóstico e tratamento adequados.


OBJECTIVE: to investigate the definition of nipple trauma related to breastfeeding, the types of trauma and their treatments in the literature. METHOD: scope review. The following were consulted: PubMed; Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (LILACS); Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL); SCOPUS; Web of Science; Nursing database (BDENF), EMBASE and Cochrane Library. Studies published from 2015 to 2020 were included. RESULTS: the final sample consisted of 23 articles, 14 of which addressed the definition of nipple trauma. This event includes pain, one of the most common problems during breastfeeding and a relevant factor for early weaning. Proper positioning and latch-on is the best way to prevent and treat it. CONCLUSION: there is no standardization regarding the definition of nipple trauma and the different types. There is a need for refinement of the nomenclature, in order to assist in the diagnosis and adequate treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Feeding , Nipples/injuries
3.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 27: e20220099, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1404750

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo avaliar a efetividade de intervenção educativa utilizando o jogo sério AleitaGame como recurso educacional no ensino sobre lesões mamilares. Método estudo quase experimental, do tipo grupo único, antes e depois, não randomizado, desenvolvido entre agosto e outubro de 2021. A intervenção foi realizada com 43 profissionais atuantes em um hospital do Rio Grande do Norte. Os dados foram analisados a partir de estatística descritiva e inferencial. Resultados o recurso educacional apresentou efeito positivo, com aumento significativo no conhecimento dos participantes da intervenção educativa (p<0,05). No que concerne à avaliação da satisfação dos participantes quanto ao AleitaGame como recurso educativo, a maioria dos participantes consideraram ótimos todos os itens das categorias "conteúdo", "linguagem", "organização e layout", "motivação e aprendizagem". Conclusão e implicações para a prática os resultados do estudo são critérios convidativos para docentes da área passarem a incorporar o AleitaGame em suas salas de aula, bem como para utilização do recurso como estratégia para educação permanente dos profissionais nos serviços de saúde. O jogo sério está disponível através do link: <https://aleitagame.github.io/>.


RESUMEN Objetivo evaluar la efectividad de una intervención educativa utilizando el juego serio AleitaGame como recurso educativo en la enseñanza de las lesiones en los pezones. Método estudio cuasi-experimental, del tipo grupo único, antes y después, no aleatorizado, desarrollado entre agosto y octubre de 2021. La intervención fue realizada con 43 profesionales que actúan en un hospital de Rio Grande do Norte. Los datos se analizaron mediante estadística descriptiva e inferencial. Resultados el recurso educativo tuvo un efecto positivo, con un aumento significativo en el conocimiento de los participantes de la intervención educativa (p<0,05). En cuanto a la evaluación de la satisfacción de los participantes con AleitaGame como recurso educativo, la mayoría consideró excelentes todos los ítems en las categorías "contenido", "lenguaje", "organización y diseño", "motivación y aprendizaje". Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica los resultados del estudio son criterios atractivos para que los profesores del área pasen a incorporar el AleitaGame en sus clases, así como a utilizar el recurso como estrategia para la formación continua de los profesionales de los servicios de salud. El juego serio está disponible a través del link: <https://aleitagame.github.io/>.


ABSTRACT Objective to evaluate the effectiveness of an educational intervention using the serious game AleitaGame as an educational resource in teaching about mammillary injuries. Method a quasi-experimental, single group, before and after, non-randomized study, developed between August and October 2021. The intervention was carried out with 43 professionals working in a hospital in Rio Grande do Norte. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results the educational resource had a positive effect, with a significant increase in the knowledge of the participants of the educational intervention (p<0.05). Regarding the evaluation of participants' satisfaction about AleitaGame as an educational resource, most participants considered all items in the "content", "language", "organization and layout", "motivation and learning" categories to be excellent. Conclusion and implications for practice the results of the study are inviting criteria for professors in the area to start incorporating AleitaGame in their classrooms, as well as for using the resource as a strategy for the continuing education of professionals in health services. The serious game is available on the link: <https://aleitagame.github.io/>.


Subject(s)
Humans , Teaching Materials , Breast Feeding , Health Personnel/education , Educational Technology , Education, Continuing , Nipples/injuries
4.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1031-1036, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009019

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review the advances in methods for reconstructing nipple projection based on tissue graft support.@*METHODS@#The literature related to nipple projection reconstruction based on tissue graft support was reviewed and summarized in terms of the advantages and disadvantages of various tissue grafts and the improved nipple projection results.@*RESULTS@#Loss of nipple projection is a common cause of decreased patient's satisfaction. Reconstructing nipple projection based on tissue graft support is a more common clinical method and can be done with autologous and allogeneic tissues. Autologous tissue grafts include dermis, adipose tissue with dermis, adipose tissue, ear cartilage, rib cartilage, and contralateral nipple tissue. Autologous tissue grafts are easy to obtain and have no immune rejection, but may lead to donor area damage and prolong the surgical time for tissue collection. Allogeneic tissue grafts include acellular dermal matrix, lyophilized rib cartilage, and extracellular matrix collagen, and decellularized nipple tissue. Allogeneic tissue grafts do not cause additional donor area damage, are highly malleable, and can be designed to be utilized according to the recipient area, but the high cost often limits the development of this technique.@*CONCLUSION@#There is no gold standard regarding tissue graft-assisted nipple projection reconstruction techniques, and there are advantages and disadvantages to both autologous and allogeneic tissue grafts. Surgeons should choose the appropriate graft based on the actual condition of the patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adipose Tissue , Autografts , Costal Cartilage , Nipples/surgery , Transplants
5.
Cambios rev med ; 21(2): 878, 30 Diciembre 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1415283

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La mastitis granulomatosa idiopática es una patología inflamatoria benigna de mama con clínica y hallazgos imagenológicos no específicos; usualmente confundida con cáncer de mama. El síntoma más frecuente es una masa mamaria palpable. El diagnóstico es histopatológico. OBJETIVO. Describir el perfil demográfico, presentación clínica y hallazgos radiográficos de pacientes con diagnóstico histopatológico de mastitis granulomatosa idiopática. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio observacional, descriptivo, retrospectivo. Población de 1130 y muestra de 49 datos de historias clínicas electrónicas de pacientes con diagnóstico histológico de mastitis granulomatosa idiopática con el código CIE10 N61x Trastornos Inflamatorios de la mama, atendidas en la Unidad Técnica de Imagenología del Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín en la ciudad de Quito entre enero 2019 hasta diciembre 2021. El criterio de inclusión fue la confirmación histopatológica de mastitis granulomatosa idiopática. Los criterios de exclusión: antecedentes de neoplasia maligna de mama, antecedentes de HIV, patología inflamatoria sistémica como granulomatosis de Wegener, sarcoidosis, infecciones granulomatosas crónicas como tuberculosis, brucelosis, histoplasmosis, sífilis y reacciones a cuerpos extraños como material de implantes mamarios. Se analizaron datos demográficos, presentación clínica, hallazgos mamográficos, ecográficos y la categorización BIRADS. Se efectuó un análisis univarial; para las variables cualitativas se realizó frecuencias y porcentajes; para las variables cuantitativas se realizó medidas de tendencia central. La información recolectada fue analizada en el programa estadístico International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. RESULTADOS La mediana de la edad fue 36 años. El 94,00% de pacientes tenían por lo menos un hijo; 77,50% presentaron con una masa palpable; 55,10% se acompañaron de signos inflamatorios; 16,00% asociaron fístulas y 24,40% presentaron secreción. Solo 1 caso presentó afectación bilateral. CONCLUSIÓN En este estudio, la mastitis granulomatosa idiopática afecta a mujeres en edad reproductiva sin antecedentes de malignidad quienes presentan una masa mamaria palpable que puede estar acompañada de signos inflamatorios, colecciones y fístulas. La realización de una biopsia core eco guiada, para confirmar su diagnóstico.


INTRODUCTION. Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis is a benign inflammatory breast pathology with nonspecific clinical and imaging findings; usually mistaken for breast cancer. The most frequent symptom is a palpable breast mass. The diagnosis is histopathologic. OBJECTIVE. To describe the demographic profile, clinical presentation and radiographic findings of patients with histopathologic diagnosis of idiopathic granulomatous mastitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Observational, descriptive, retrospective study. Population of 1130 and sample of 49 data from electronic medical records of patients with histological diagnosis of idiopathic granulomatous mastitis with ICD10 code N61x Inflammatory disorders of the breast, attended at the Technical Imaging Unit of the Carlos Andrade Marín Specialties Hospital in the city of Quito between January 2019 and December 2021. The inclusion criterion was histopathological confirmation of idiopathic granulomatous mastitis. Exclusion criteria: history of malignant breast neoplasia, history of HIV, systemic inflammatory pathology such as Wegener's granulomatosis, sarcoidosis, chronic granulomatous infections such as tuberculosis, brucellosis, histoplasmosis, syphilis and reactions to foreign bodies such as breast implant material. Demographic data, clinical presentation, mammographic and ultrasound findings and BIRADS categorization were analyzed. Univariate analysis was performed; frequencies and percentages were used for qualitative variables; measures of central tendency were used for quantitative variables. RESULTS. The median age was 36 years. 94,00% of patients had at least one child; 77,50% presented with a palpable mass; 55,10% were accompanied by inflammatory signs; 16,00% were associated with fistulas and 24,40% presented with discharge. Only 1 case presented bilateral involvement. CONCLUSION. In this study, idiopathic granulomatous mastitis affects women of reproductive age with no history of malignancy who present with a palpable breast mass that may be accompanied by inflammatory signs, collections and fistulas. The performance of an echo-guided core biopsy to confirm the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Breast Diseases , Mammography , Ultrasonography, Mammary , Granulomatous Mastitis , Biopsy, Large-Core Needle , Mastitis , Pathology , Hyperprolactinemia , Colony-Stimulating Factors , Breast Implantation , Ecuador , Edema , Erythema , Image-Guided Biopsy , Fistula , Hyperemia , Nipples
6.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 68(3)Jul-Set. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1412036

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A micropigmentação dérmica comumente conhecida como tatuagem é uma técnica de reconstrução do complexo aréolo- -papilar desde 1986. Objetivo: Identificar na literatura científica evidências sobre a prática de micropigmentação dérmica à reconstrução do complexo aréolo-papilar em mulheres tratadas por câncer de mama. Método: Revisão integrativa com busca nas bases de dados PubMed, SciELO e LILACS. A partir dos critérios de elegibilidade, foram selecionados 14 artigos. A revisão foi relatada segundo os critérios do PRISMA e o nível de evidência classificado segundo o Centro para Medicina Baseada em Evidências de Oxford. Resultados: Na literatura consultada, 71,4% dos estudos são de nível quatro de evidência. Foram sintetizados os achados em quatro categorias: 1) micropigmentação dérmica como método de escolha; 2) período recomendado para realização da micropigmentação; 3) etapas da micropigmentação dérmica; 4) reações esperadas e adversas da micropigmentação. Conclusão: A micropigmentação dérmica é uma técnica que tem proporcionado benefícios psicossociais para as mulheres e oferece à paciente uma aréola com aspecto próximo ao natural, por meio de um procedimento seguro, rápido, raramente doloroso e com baixo risco de complicações, quando garantidas as medidas de biossegurança. As decisões no processo devem ser baseadas por evidências e tomadas em conjunto com as pacientes, respeitando desejos e informando riscos e benefícios


Introduction: Since 1986, dermal micropigmentation commonly known as tattooing has been a technique for reconstruction of the nipple-areola complex. Objective: To identify scientific evidence in the literature on the practice of dermal micropigmentation for reconstruction of the nipple-areola complex in women treated for breast cancer. Method: Integrative review upon search in the databases PubMed, SciELO and LILACS resulting in 14 articles selected according to the eligibility criteria. The review was reported according to PRISMA criteria, and the level of evidence classified according to the Oxford Center for Evidence-Based Medicine criteria. Results: 71.4% of the studies presented level four of evidence. The findings were synthesized in four categories: 1) dermal micropigmentation as the method of choice; 2) recommended period for micropigmentation; 3) steps of dermal micropigmentation; 4) expected and adverse reactions from micropigmentation. Conclusion: Dermal micropigmentation is a technique that has provided psychosocial benefits for women and offers the patient an areola with a natural appearance through a safe, fast, rarely painful procedure with low risk of complications, if biosafety measures are in place. Decisions in the process should be evidence-based and taken together with patients, respecting their wishes and sharing risks and benefits


Introducción: La micropigmentación dérmica comúnmente conocida como tatuaje ha sido una técnica para reconstruir el complejo areola-pezón desde 1986. Objetivo: Identificar evidencia en la literatura científica sobre la práctica de la micropigmentación dérmica para la reconstrucción del complejo areola-pezón en mujeres tratadas por cáncer de mama. Método: Revisión integrativa con búsqueda en bases de datos PubMed, SciELO y LILACS. Con base en los criterios de elegibilidad, se seleccionaron 14 artículos. La revisión se informó de acuerdo con los criterios PRISMA y el nivel de evidencia clasificado de acuerdo con el Centro de Medicina basada en la evidencia de Oxford. Resultados: En la literatura consultada, el 71,4% de los estudios tienen nivel de evidencia cuatro. Fueron sintetizados los hallazgos en cuatro categorías: 1) micropigmentación dérmica como método de elección; 2) período recomendado de micropigmentación; 3) pasos de micropigmentación dérmica; 4) reacciones adversas y esperadas por micropigmentación. Conclusión: La micropigmentación dérmica es una técnica que ha brindado beneficios psicosociales para la mujer y ofrece a la paciente una areola con apariencia natural, a través de un procedimiento seguro, rápido, rara vez doloroso y con bajo riesgo de complicaciones, cuando las medidas de bioseguridad están garantizadas. Las decisiones en el proceso deben basarse en pruebas y tomarse junto con los pacientes, respetando los deseos e informando los riesgos y beneficios


Subject(s)
Humans , Tattooing , Breast Neoplasms , Women's Health , Evidence-Based Practice , Nipples
7.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE01367, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1402910

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Identificar intervenções baseadas em evidências científicas eficazes para o tratamento de trauma mamilar decorrente da amamentação. Métodos Revisão sistemática realizada nas bases de dados MEDLINE®/PubMed, Scopus, Cinahl, Web of Science, Cochrane e Lilacs, entre agosto e setembro de 2020. Foram utilizados os descritores nipple* AND wound and injuries OR trauma AND therapeutic OR treatment AND breastfeeding (Mamilo* e ferida e lesões ou trauma e terapêutica ou tratamento e amamentação). Os critérios de elegibilidade foram: estudos de intervenção, sem restrição de idioma e tempo, texto completo e que não abordassem trauma mamilar não relacionado à amamentação. Foram consideradas intervenções eficazes aquelas com desfecho positivo para reparação tecidual e/ou dor. As buscas foram em pares, e a qualidade dos ensaios foi avaliada pela escala Jadad e pelo Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation. Resultados A amostra final foi de sete artigos, encontrados nas bases de dados Cinahl, Web of Science e Scopus. As intervenções eficazes encontradas envolveram: pomada de camomila, uso de lanolina altamente purificada, fotobiomodulação com laser de baixa potência, mel, mil-folhas e leite materno. Cada intervenção encontrada foi usada em situações e de maneiras diferentes, que devem ser consideradas para a prática clínica. Orientações sobre a pega estiveram presentes em associação com a maioria das intervenções eficazes. Conclusão As intervenções evidenciadas podem contribuir para diminuir as dificuldades na amamentação, na redução da dor e na reparação tecidual das lesões.


Resumen Objetivo Identificar intervenciones con base en evidencias científicas eficaces para el tratamiento de trauma mamilar resultante de la lactancia. Métodos Revisión sistemática realizada en las bases de datos MEDLINE®/PubMed, Scopus, Cinahl, Web of Science, Cochrane y Lilacs, entre agosto y septiembre de 2020. Se utilizaron los descriptores nipple* AND wound and injuries OR trauma AND therapeutic OR treatment AND breastfeeding (pezón* y herida y lesiones o trauma y terapéutica o tratamiento y lactancia). Los criterios de elegibilidad fueron: estudios de intervención, sin restricción de idioma y tiempo, con texto completo y que no trataran trauma del pezón no relacionado a la lactancia. Se consideraron intervenciones eficaces las que presentaron desenlace positivo para la reparación de los tejidos y del dolor. Las búsquedas se hicieron por pares y la calidad de los ensayos se evaluó a través de la escala Jadad y por el Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation. Resultados La muestra final estuvo formada por siete artículos, encontrados en las bases de datos Cinahl, Web of Science y Scopus. Las intervenciones eficaces encontradas contuvieron: pomada de camomila, uso de lanolina altamente purificada, fotobiomodulación con láser de baja potencia, miel, milenrama y leche materna. Cada intervención encontrada fue usada en situaciones y de maneras distintas, que deben ser consideradas para la práctica clínica. Orientaciones sobre la prendida estuvieron presentes junto con la mayoría de las intervenciones eficaces. Conclusión Las intervenciones evidenciadas pueden contribuir para reducir las dificultades de la lactancia y el dolor, y para reparar los tejidos de las lesiones.


Abstract Objective To identify interventions based on effective scientific evidence for treating nipple trauma due to breastfeeding. Methods This is a systematic review, carried out in the MEDLINE®/PubMed®, Scopus, CINAHL, Web of Science, Cochrane and LILACS databases, between August and September 2020. The descriptors nipple* AND wound and injuries OR trauma AND therapeutic OR treatment AND breastfeeding were used. Intervention studies, without language and time restriction, full text and that did not address nipple trauma not related to breastfeeding were included. Effective interventions were considered those with positive outcome for tissue repair and/or pain. The searches were in pairs, and the quality of the trials was assessed by the Jadad scale and by the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation. Results The final sample was composed of seven articles, found in the CINAHL, Web of Science and Scopus databases. The effective interventions found involved chamomile ointment, use of highly purified lanolin, low-level laser photobiomodulation, honey, millefeuille and breast milk. Each intervention found was used in different situations and in different ways, which should be considered for clinical practice. Guidance on the handle was present in association with most effective interventions. Conclusion The interventions evidenced may contribute to reduce difficulties in breastfeeding, in the reduction of pain and injury tissue repair.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Wounds and Injuries/therapy , Breast Feeding , Breast Feeding/adverse effects , Women's Health , Nipples , Infant
8.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 761-766, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940936

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the surgical strategy of nipple areola complex (NAC) management in central breast cancer. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 164 cases of central breast cancer who underwent surgery treatment from December 2017 to December 2020 in the Breast Center of Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University. Prior to the surgery, the tumor-nipple distance (TND) and the maximum diameter of the tumor were measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The presence of nipple invagination, nipple discharge, and nipple ulceration (including nipple Paget's disease) were recorded accordingly. NAC was preserved in patients with TND≥0.5 cm, no signs of NAC invasion (nipple invagination, nipple ulceration) and negative intraoperative frozen pathological margin. All patients with signs of NAC involvement, TND<0.5 cm or positive NAC basal resection margin confirmed by intraoperative frozen pathology underwent NAC removal. χ(2) test or Fisher exact test was used to analyze the influencing factors. Results: Of the 164 cases of central breast cancer, 73 cases underwent breast-conserving surgery, 43 cases underwent nipple-areola complex sparing mastectomy (NSM), 34 cases underwent total mastectomy, and the remaining 14 cases underwent skin sparing mastectomy (SSM). Among the 58 cases of NAC resection (including 34 cases of total mastectomy, 14 cases of SSM, and 10 cases of breast-conserving surgery), 25 cases were confirmed tumor involving NAC (total mastectomy in 12 cases, SSM in 9 cases, and breast-conserving surgery in 4 cases). The related factors of NAC involvement included TND (P=0.040) and nipple invagination (P=0.031). There were no correlations between tumor size (P=0.519), lymph node metastasis (P=0.847), bloody nipple discharge (P=0.742) and NAC involvement. During the follow-up period of 12 to 48 months, there was 1 case of local recurrence and 3 cases of distant metastasis. Conclusions: For central breast cancer, data suggest that patients with TND≥0.5cm, no signs of NAC invasion (nipple invagination, nipple ulceration) and negative NAC margin in intraoperative frozen pathology should be treated with NAC preservation surgery, whereas for those with TND<0.5 cm or accompanied by signs of NAC invasion, NAC should be removed. In addition, nipple reconstruction can be selected to further improve the postoperative appearance of patients with central breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mammaplasty/methods , Mastectomy/methods , Nipples/surgery , Retrospective Studies
9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 244-248, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935607

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the outcome of different incision selection for nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) with implant-based breast reconstruction (IBBR). Methods: Ninety-Two cases accepted NSM and IBBR from totally 1 002 cases of breast cancer admitted to Beijing Tongren Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from June 2013 to December 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. All the patients were female, aging (42.0±7.5) years (range: 27 to 64 years). There were 12 patients at stage 0, 47 patients at stage Ⅰ, 17 patients at stage Ⅱ, and 16 patients at stage Ⅲ. The patients were divided in three groups by the incision: peri-areolar group (n=23), inframammary group (n=33) and lateral group (n=36). The age, tumor size, lymph node status, hormone receptor, operation method and postoperative complications were followed-up of three groups and compared by one-way ANOVA, χ2 test or Fisher's exact test and expansion to comparied. Results: There was no significant difference in operation time ((180.7±54.0) minutes vs. (176.9±48.1) minutes vs. (194.6±37.5) minutes, F=1.401, P=0.252), postoperative drainage volume ((497.5±226.0) ml vs. (495.4±182.5) ml vs. (519.8±172.0) ml, F=0.167, P=0.846) and drainage time ((8.8±3.8) days vs. (8.0±2.5) days vs. (8.3±2.9) days, F=0.542, P=0.583) among the peri-areolar, inframammary, and lateral groups. The cumulative postoperative complications were relatively higher in the peri-areola group (26.1%(6/23) vs. 0 vs.8.3%(3/36), χ²=9.675, P=0.004). All female patients were followed up for (49.0±25.6) months(range: 12 to 112 months). Breast cancer related death rate was 2.2% (2/92), local recurrence was 1.1% (1/92), regional recurrence was 4.3% (4/92), distant metastasis was 6.5% (6/92), and the disease-free survival rate was 88.0% (81/92). Conclusion: The surgical effects of the peri-areolar, inframammary and lateral incisions for NSM and IBBR are approximate, the total complication rate of the peri-areolar incision is slightly higher.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Mammaplasty/methods , Mastectomy/methods , Nipples/surgery , Retrospective Studies
10.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(6): e600-e609, dic. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1343032

ABSTRACT

El frenillo lingual corto, o anquiloglosia, puede generar problemas durante la lactancia con repercusión en el desarrollo del lactante, daño en el pezón de la madre y abandono precoz de la lactancia. Actualmente no existe homogeneidad en los criterios diagnósticos, lo que ocasiona tanto sobrediagnóstico como infradiagnóstico de esta alteración, con las consecuencias clínicas que ello conlleva. La dificultad en el abordaje radica en saber cuándo se trata de variantes anatómicas normales o de un frenillo lingual sin repercusión funcional, y cuándo los problemas de lactancia, que clásicamente se le atribuyen se deben realmente al frenillo. Alrededor del 50 % de los niños con frenillo lingual corto no presenta problemas de lactancia o estos se resuelven con apoyo y asesoramiento. En el resto de casos se puede recurrir a tratamiento quirúrgico. En este artículo se ha realizado una actualización de la clasificación y tratamiento de la anquiloglosia que permitirá a los profesionales un manejo adecuado de estos pacientes


Short frenulum, or ankyloglossia, may lead to breastfeeding problems, with an impact on infant development, nipple damage, and early abandonment of breastfeeding. There are currently no homogeneous diagnostic criteria, thus leading to both overdiagnosis and underdiagnosis and associated clinical consequences. The challenge to approach this condition lies in establishing whether it is a normal anatomical variation or a lingual frenulum without a functional impact and when breastfeeding difficulties which are typically attributed to it are actually caused by the frenulum. Approximately 50 % of ankyloglossia cases do not result in breastfeeding problems or these can be resolved with support and advice. Surgery may be proposed for the rest of the cases. This article offers an update on the classification and treatment of ankyloglossia, which will help health care providers to provide an adequate management to these patients


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Ankyloglossia/diagnosis , Ankyloglossia/therapy , Lingual Frenum/surgery , Breast Feeding , Health Personnel , Nipples/injuries
11.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 20: e20216508, 05 maio 2021. ilus
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1284571

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Identificar na literatura científica a aplicação da laserterapia de baixa intensidade no tratamento de traumas mamilares em puérperas. MÉTODO: Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura. O levantamento das publicações ocorreu no período de setembro a novembro de 2020, utilizando os descritores "low-level light therapy" e "laser therapy", além da palavra-chave: "nipple trauma", nas bases de dados da PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Scopuse Web of Science.Após a leitura e análise dos artigos, 3 artigos foram selecionados para a amostra final. RESULTADOS: Os dados analisados compuseram dois eixos temáticos denominados: "Uso da laserterapia no alívio da dor mamilar" e "Uso da laserterapia na cicatrização de fissuras mamilares". CONCLUSÃO: A aplicação da laserterapia resultou na diminuição da dor e boa regeneração tecidual mamilar, contribuindo para manutenção do aleitamento materno.


OBJECTIVE: To identify in the scientific literature the application of low-level laser therapy in the treatment of nipple traumas in puerperal women. METHOD: This is an integrative literature review.The survey of publications took place from September to November2020, using the descriptors "low-level light therapy" and "laser therapy", in addition to the keyword"nipple trauma", in the PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Scopus and Web of Science databases.After reading and analyzing the articles, 3 were selected for the finalsample. RESULTS: The analyzed data composed two thematic axes, namely: "The use of laser therapy for nipple pain relief" and "The use of laser therapy in the healing of nipple fissures". CONCLUSION: The application of laser therapy resulted in pain reduction and in good nipple tissue regeneration, contributing to the maintenance of breastfeeding.


OBJETIVO: Identificar en la literatura científica la aplicación de laserterapia de baja intensidad en el tratamiento del traumatismo del pezón en mujeres posparto. MÉTODO: Se trata de una revisión integradora de la literatura. El levantamiento de publicaciones se realizó de septiembre a noviembre de 2020, utilizando los descriptores "low-level light therapy" y "laser therapy", además de la palabra clave: "nipple trauma", en las bases de datos de PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Scopus y Web of Science. Después de leer y analizar los artículos, se seleccionaron 3 artículos para la muestra final. RESULTADOS: Los datos analizados comprendieron dos ejes temáticos denominados: "Uso de laserterapia para aliviar el dolor del pezón" y "Uso de laserterapia para la cicatrización de las grietas del pezón". CONCLUSIÓN: La aplicación de laserterapia dio como resultado una disminución del dolor y una buena regeneración del tejido del pezón, contribuyendo al mantenimiento de la lactancia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Diseases/radiotherapy , Breast Feeding/adverse effects , Low-Level Light Therapy , Postpartum Period , Nipples/injuries , Wound Healing/radiation effects , Breast Diseases/etiology , Mastodynia/radiotherapy
12.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(1): 151-159, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250680

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to measure the micro-cost of local laser therapy (LL) and transcutaneous laser therapy application by Irradiation Laser Intravascular of Blood (ILIB) to treat nipple trauma and compare the most effective and efficient alternative treatment. Methods: a cross-sectional analytical and quantitative study with analysis on the micro absorption cost, implemented as a clipping, from a randomized clinical trial that used two types of laser therapy to treat nipple trauma due to breastfeeding. The sample consisted of 101 nipple lesions. Patients were randomized into three groups (Control - CG, Local Laser -LLG and ILIB-ILIBG). Materials used, direct labor (DL) and laser equipment were predictors of costs. The delta calculation (effect size) was the indicator for measuring effectiveness and efficiency. Results: after three sessions, the average final cost was R$ 40.04for CG, R$ 53.55for LLG and R$ 67.29for ILIBG. After three sessions of treatment, ILIBG showed a great reduction in the lesion area, but with a higher cost (p<0.05). Conclusions: ILIBG had a better effect on healing the nipple trauma when compared to CG and LLG, even though it is more expensive, it suggests a positive cost-benefit and the most effective and efficient alternative treatment.


Resumo Objetivos: mensurar o microcusteio da aplicação de Laserterapia Local (LL) e trans-cutânea por Irradiation Laser Intravascular of Blood (ILIB) no tratamento de traumas mamilares e comparar a alternativa de tratamento mais eficaz e eficiente. Métodos: estudo transversal analítico do tipo quantitativo com análise de microcusteio de procedimento por absorção, implementado como recorte, de um ensaio clínico rando-mizado que utilizou duas modalidades de laserterapia para tratamento de traumas mamilares ocasionados pela amamentação. A amostra foi composta de 101 lesões mamilares. As pacientes foram aleatorizadas em três grupos (Controle - GG, Laser Local - GLL e ILIB -GILIB). Foram preditores de custos os materiais consumidos, Mão de obra Direta (MoD) e o equipamentos de laser O cálculo Delta (tamanho do efeito) foi o indicador para a medida da eficácia e eficiência. Resultados: após três sessões, a média do custo final foi de R$ 40,04 para o GC, R$ 53,55 para o GLL e R$ 67,29 para o GILIB. Após três sessões de tratamento, GILIB apresentou maior redução da área da lesão, contudo custo mais elevado (p<0,05). Conclusão: o GILIB teve efeito melhor na cicatrização dos traumas mamilares quando comparado com o GC e GLL, mesmo sendo mais caro sugere um custo benefício positivo e a alternativa de tratamento mais eficaz eficiente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Breast Feeding/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Costs and Cost Analysis , Low-Level Light Therapy/instrumentation , Nipples/injuries , Cross-Sectional Studies
13.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 20: e61774, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1375109

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: descrever a perceção dos enfermeiros acerca do processo de implantação da titulação de Hospital Amigo da Criança de um hospital escola do Sul do Brasil. Método: pesquisa com abordagem qualitativa descritiva e exploratória. A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio de entrevista semiestruturada com 14 enfermeiros que trabalham na Unidade Materno-infantil do Hospital Escola da Universidade Federal de Pelotas e os dados foram analisados segundo a proposta Operativa de Minayo. Resultados: os enfermeiros se sentem corresponsáveis, mesmo não participando de algumas fases do processo. Enfatizam que o processo é dificil, existe fragilidade no engajamento da equipe multidisciplinar, bem como no incentivo institucional. Destacaram que o incentivo ao aleitamento materno, o contato pele a pele, amamentação na 1ª hora de vida e o alojamento conjunto são as ações que potencializam o processo, contrapondo com o uso de bico/chupeta e o número de partos cesáreos realizados na instituição. Conclusão: a maioria dos enfermeiros declara-se participativa e atuante na busca pelo título de Hospital Amigo da Criança, mesmo não participando de todas as fases do processo e das atividades propostas. Os resultados apresentados poderão fornecer subsídios aos gestores e profissionais de saúde na construção de ações para garantir que mais hospitais alcancem a titulação e IHAC.


RESUMEN Objetivo: describir la percepción de los enfermeros sobre el proceso de implantación de la titulación de Hospital Amigo del Niño (IHAN) de un hospital escuela del Sur de Brasil. Método: investigación con abordaje cualitativo descriptivo y exploratorio. La recolección de datos fue realizada por medio de entrevista semiestructurada con 14 enfermeros que trabajan en una Unidad Materno-infantil del Hospital Escuela de la Universidad Federal de Pelotas y los datos fueron analizados según la propuesta Operativa de Minayo. Resultados: los enfermeros se sienten corresponsables, aunque no participen de algunas fases del proceso. Señalan que el proceso es difícil, existe fragilidad en el compromiso del equipo multidisciplinario, así como en el fomento institucional. Destacaron que el estímulo a la lactancia materna, el contacto piel a piel, lactancia en la 1ª hora de vida y el alojamiento conjunto son las acciones que potencian el proceso, contraponiendo con el uso de boquilla/chupete y el número de partos cesáreos realizados en la institución. Conclusión: la mayoría de los enfermeros se declara participativa y actuante en la búsqueda del título de Hospital Amigo del Niño, aunque no participen en todas las fases del proceso y de las actividades propuestas. Los resultados presentados podrán proporcionar colaboraciones a los gestores y profesionales de salud en la construcción de acciones para garantizar que más hospitales logren la titulación e IHAN


ABSTRACT Objective: to describe the nurses' perception about the implementation of the titling process of Hospital Amigo da Criança of a Teaching Hospital in southern Brazil. Method: it is a research with a descriptive and exploratory qualitative approach. The data collection was carried out through semi-structured interviews with 14 nurses who work in the Maternal-Infant Unit of the Teaching Hospital of the Federal University of Pelotas and the data were analyzed according to Minayo's Operative proposal. Results: the nurses feel co-responsible, even not participating in some phases of the process, they emphasize that the process is difficult, there is weakness in the engagement of the multidisciplinary team, as well as in institutional encouragement. They highlighted that encouraging breastfeeding, skin-to-skin contact, breastfeeding in the 1st hour of life and rooming-in are the actions that enhance the process, relying on the use of a nipple/pacifier and the number of cesarean deliveries performed in the institution. Conclusion: most nurses declare them selves participative and active in the search for the title of Hospital Amigo da Criança, even though they do not participate in all phases of the process and proposed activities. The results presented may provide subsidies to managers and health professionals in the construction of actions to ensure that more hospitals reach the title and "IHAC".


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Hospitals, Teaching , Nurses , Nurses, Male , Patient Care Team , Rooming-in Care , Schools , Skin , Universities , Beak , Breast Feeding , Lactation , Cesarean Section , Maternal and Child Health , Health Personnel , Pacifiers , Health Manager , Frailty , Hospitals , Motivation , Nipples
14.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 26: e2471, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350149

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivos Identificar e analisar os estudos que avaliaram as dificuldades enfrentadas pelas puérperas para implementação do aleitamento materno exclusivo até 72 horas após o parto, durante o período em que permaneceram no alojamento conjunto. Estratégia de pesquisa Foi realizada busca de artigos nas plataformas PubMed, BVS e SciELO. Critérios de seleção Foram selecionados artigos originais, com resumo disponível, publicados entre os anos de 2010 e 2020, em português, inglês ou espanhol, que investigaram as dificuldades observadas no aleitamento materno exclusivo durante o período em que a díade mãe/bebê permaneceu no alojamento conjunto. Resultados A amostra final consistiu em 11 artigos publicados entre os anos de 2010 e 2019, sendo o Brasil o país com maior número de publicações. O tamanho das amostras nos estudos variou de 40 a 1.691 puérperas, com faixas etárias entre 13 e 46 anos. Observou-se prevalência de amamentação na primeira hora após o nascimento entre 43,9% e 77,3%. Conclusão A maioria dos artigos indicou que a principal dificuldade no aleitamento materno no período pós-parto se refere aos traumas mamilares. Os traumas mamilares são ocasionados por características do aleitamento, da mulher, da mama, da gestação, do parto e da rede de apoio da puérpera.


ABSTRACT Purpose Identify and analyze the studies that evaluated the difficulties faced by the puerperal women to implement exclusive breastfeeding up to 72 hours after delivery during the period in which they stayed in the rooming-in. Research strategy The search for articles was carried out on the PubMed, BVS, and SciELO platforms. Selection criteria Original articles were selected, with an available summary, published between 2010 and 2020 in Portuguese, English or Spanish that investigated the difficulties observed in exclusive breastfeeding during which the mother-baby dyad stayed in the period of Rooming-in Care. Results The final sample of this study consisted of 11 articles published between the years 2010 and 2019, having Brazil being the country with the largest number of publications. The sample sizes in the studies ranged from 40 to 1,691 puerperal women, having ages between 13 and 46 years. It was observed a prevalence of breastfeeding in the first hour after birth between 43.9% and 77.3%. Conclusion Most articles pointed out that the main difficulty in relation to breastfeeding in the postpartum period refers to nipple trauma. Nipple trauma is caused by characteristics of breastfeeding, women, breast, pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum support network.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Rooming-in Care , Weaning , Breast Feeding , Postpartum Period , Nipples/injuries
15.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 279-283, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921877

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the reasons of misdiagnosis of primary syphilitic chancre and strengthen the understanding of atypical features of this disease. Methods A case series of twenty-seven challenging primary syphilis patients who were not immediately recognized as chancre was included in our study. The clinical data including the patients' age, sex, skin lesions, HIV status, syphilis serologic test results, treatment, and follow-up results were collected. Hematoxylin-eosin and immunohistochemistry staining of skin biopsy sections were reviewed. Results Four female cases with extragenital chancres presenting as erythema or erosive skin lesions on the nipple were misdiagnosed as Paget's disease or eczema. The disorder of missed or misdiagnosed male cases manifested as syphilitic balanitis or multiple chancres on the penis root and adjacent pubis rather than coronal sulcus or frenum. Patients with nonreactive nontreponemal tests at initial presentation were also easily missed or misdiagnosed. Conclusion Primary syphilis presenting as multiple lesions rather than a single chancre, at atypical locations, or with a nonreactive nontreponemal test result, tends to be missed or misdiagnosed.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Chancre/diagnosis , Nipples , Skin , Syphilis/diagnosis
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 806-813, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878036

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Mastectomy techniques have been extended to nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM). This study aimed to assess the actual application of NSM in China and identify the factors influencing postoperative complications.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 615 patients (641 surgeries) undergoing NSM from January 1st, 2018 to December 31st, 2018 at 28 centers nationwide were retrospectively analyzed to obtain the rate of NSM and investigate factors related to NSM surgery.@*RESULTS@#The proportion of NSM surgery performed in this study was 2.67% (17/641). Malignant breast tumors accounted for the majority of NSM surgery (559/641, 87.2%). A total of 475 (77.3%) patients underwent NSM combined with reconstructive surgery. The rate of reconstruction decreased with age in our study, and implants were the most common option (344/641, 53.7%) in reconstruction. Radial incision was the most selected method regardless of reconstruction. However, for those who underwent reconstruction surgery, 18.4% (85/462) of cases also chose curvilinear incision, while in the simple NSM surgery group, more patients chose circumareolar incision (26/136, 19.1%). The tumor-to-nipple distance (TND) influenced postoperative complications (P = 0.004). There were no relationships between postoperative complications and tumor size, tumor location, histologic grade, molecular subtype, nipple discharge, and axillary lymph nodes.@*CONCLUSIONS@#NSM surgery is feasible and only TND influenced postoperative complications of NSM surgery. But the proportion of NSM surgery performed is still low in nationwide centers of China. The selection criteria for appropriate surgical methods are important for NSM in clinical practice. To optimize clinical applications of NSM, further multicenter prospective randomized controlled studies are needed.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ChiCTR.org.cn, ChiCTR1900027423; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showprojen.aspx?proj=38739.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , China , Mammaplasty , Mastectomy , Nipples/surgery , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies
17.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(6): 751-753, Nov.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142116

ABSTRACT

Abstract Paget's disease is a rare disorder of the nipple and/or the areola that is characterized by an erythematosquamous lesion and is often associated with in situ or invasive breast carcinoma. The authors present an atypical, exuberant case that had evolved over eight years, emphasizing the importance of early diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Paget's Disease, Mammary , Thorax/diagnostic imaging , Ulcer , Nipples
18.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(5): 418-426, oct. 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138733

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Se presenta experiencia realizada en Servicio de Salud Talcahuano, de masculinización mamaria en el proceso de reasignación sexual, de transexuales masculinos. En Chile se estima que habrían 754 mujeres transexuales. Materiales y Método: Estudio de 47 individuos, intervenidos en Hospital Las Higueras de Talcahuano, entre 2006 y 2019, sometidos a masculinización mamaria mediante mastectomía subcutánea y reconstrucción del complejo areolomamilar. Resultados: Se intervinieron pacientes de todo el país; 59% corresponde a octava región; 42,5% operados entre los años 2017 y 2018. Un 36% rango de edad de 18 a 22 años. Un 68% IMC entre 24 y 30. Según el tamaño de las mamas, 57% copa B, 31% C, 12% D y 12% de gigantomastía. Un 29%, peso promedio de la mastectomía fue de 600 g; un 29% de 300 gramos y en 9% más de 800 g por lado. En 68% se utilizó abordaje submamario e injerto de piel total del complejo aréola pezón (CAP); otras tecnicas fueron periareolar, incisión en T y liposucción. La complicación más frecuente fue la colección. Biopsia normal en un 100%. Discusión: Experiencia pionera en Chile, realizada en un Hospital Público, en el difícil proceso de reasignación de género, en la población transexual de Chile. Individuos muy estigmatizados de parte de la comunidad, que encontraron en el Servicio de Salud de Talcahuano, una mano amiga, que les extendió su apoyo desinteresado y calificado, logrando excelentes resultados finales.


Aim: Describe the experience in Talcahuano Helath Service, of mammary masculinization in the sexual reassignment process, of male transsexuals. In Chile it is estimated that there will be 754 transsexual women. Materials and Method: Study of 47 individuals, operated at Las Higueras Hospital in Talcahuano, between 2006 and 2019, subjected to breast masculinization by subcutaneous mastectomy and reconstruction of the areolomamilar complex. Results: Patients from all over the country were operated; 59% corresponds to the Bio-Bio province; 42.5% operated between 2017 and 2018. A 36% range of ages from 18 to 22 years. 68% BMI between 24 and 30. According to the size of the breasts, 57% B cup, 31% C, 12% D and 12% gigantomasty. At 29%, the average weight of the mastectomy was 600 grams; 29% of 300 grams and 9% more than 800 grams per side. In 68%, the submammary approach and total skin graft of the CAP were used; Other techniques were periareolar, incision in T and liposuction. The most frequent complication was the collection. 100% normal biopsy. Discussion: Pioneering experience in Chile, carried out in a public hospital, in the difficult process of gender reassignment, in the transsexual population of Chile. Individuals very stigmatized by the community, who found in the Health Service of Talcahuano, a helping hand, which extended their selfless and qualified support, achieving excellent final results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Mastectomy, Subcutaneous/methods , Transgender Persons , Nipples/surgery , Age Distribution , Plastic Surgery Procedures
19.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 20(3): 695-703, July-Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS | ID: biblio-1136449

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to evaluate the effect of an intervention on the incidence of nipple trauma and the quality of breastfeeding technique in the first month of postpartum. Methods: this is a quasi-randomized intervention study with 180 puerperal women equally distributed between experimental and control groups. The intervention was performed at a maternity and consisted of an educational session on breastfeeding technique. A descrip-tive analysis of the groups' characteristics was performed, comparing the frequencies of unfa-vorable parameters related to breastfeeding technique between groups. Pearson's chi-square test and Fisher's test were used, and p≤0.05 was adopted as the critical level of significance. Results: at 30 days, 64% and 15% of the mothers used the technique correctly, respec-tively, in the experimental and control groups with RR=4.87 (CI95%=2.93-8.34); NNT=1.96 (CI95% =1.61-2.72); p<0.001. In the experimental group, a decrease was observed in the unfavorable parameters of the breastfeeding technique (p≤0.05). The incidence of nipple trauma was 30% in the experimental group and 38.9% in the control group (p=0.21). Conclusions: the intervention was insufficient to prevent nipple trauma in the experi-mental group, but significantly improved the quality in the breastfeeding technique.


Resumo Objetivos: avaliar o efeito de uma intervenção na incidência de traumas mamilares e na qualidade da técnica de amamentar no primeiro mês pós-parto. Métodos: trata-se de um estudo de intervenção quasi randomizado com 180 puérperas distribuídas entre os grupos experimental e controle. A intervenção foi realizada na mater-nidade e consistiu de sessão educativa sobre a técnica de amamentar. Foi realizada análise descritiva das características dos grupos, comparadas as frequências dos parâmetros desfa-voráveis da técnica de amamentar. O teste do qui-quadrado de Pearson e teste de Fisher foram utilizados, sendo adotado p≤ 0,05 como nível crítico de significância. Resultados: aos 30 dias, 64% e 15%, das mães apresentaram técnica correta, respectiva-mente, nos grupos experimental e controle com RR= 4,87 (IC95%=2,93-8,34); NNT= 1,96 (IC95%=1,61-2,72); p<0,001.No grupo experimental percebeu-se que houve diminuição dos parâmetros desfavoráveis da técnica de amamentar (p≤0,05). A incidência de trauma mamilar foi de 30% no grupo experimental e 38,9% no grupo controle (p=0,21). Conclusão: no grupo experimental a intervenção realizada não foi suficiente para prevenir a ocorrência de traumas mamilares, porém melhorou significantemente a qualidade da técnica de amamentar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Breast Feeding/methods , Health Education , Postpartum Period , Nipples/injuries , Chi-Square Distribution
20.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 20(2): 333-345, Apr.-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS | ID: biblio-1136440

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to analyze the effectiveness on health education to prevent nipple trauma in breastfeeding compared to other interventions. Methods: systematic literature review was carried out in January 2019, according to PRISMA recommendations. The searches were conducted in Cinahl, PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and in the references cited in the selected articles. The studies were assessed for quality and level of evidence according to the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE). Results: twelve studies were selected, all conducted at the maternities. The interventions were classified in two categories: health education on breastfeeding and the use of nipple covers. Health education on breastfeeding presents a moderate level of evidence on the prevention of nipple trauma. There is a moderate to high level of evidence on the positive effects of guaiazulene, gel or peppermint water applied in the postpartum period to prevent nipple trauma. Conclusion: health education on breastfeeding with clinical demonstration is an important strategy to prevent nipple trauma and requires more than one educational approach. The use of nipple covers requires some consideration, since they must be removed prior to breastfeeding. All interventions were conducted in the postpartum period, which points out for the necessity of clinical research to prevent nipple trauma in prenatal care.


Resumo Objetivos: analisar a eficácia da educação em saúde para a prevenção do trauma mamilar na amamentação comparado a outras intervenções. Métodos: revisão sistemática realizada em janeiro de 2019, segundo recomendações PRISMA. As buscas foram realizadas na Cinahl, PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus e referências citadas nos artigos selecionados. Os estudos foram avaliados quanto à qualidade e nível de evidência conforme o sistema Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation. Resultados: foram selecionados 12 estudos, todos executados em maternidades. As intervenções foram representadas em duas categorias: educação em saúde sobre amamentação e uso de coberturas mamilares. A educação em saúde sobre amamentação apresenta moderada evidência na prevenção do trauma mamilar. As coberturas de gel ou água de hortelã-pimenta, de guaiazulene, aplicadas no pós-parto, têm efeito positivo na prevenção do trauma mamilar, com moderada a alta evidência. Conclusão: a educação em saúde sobre amamentação, com demonstração clínica, configura-se importante estratégia para prevenção do trauma mamilar, devendo ser realizada mais de uma abordagem educativa. A implementação de coberturas mamilares precisa ser ponderada, pois todas exigiram remoção antes da mamada. Todas as intervenções foram conduzidas no pós-parto, o que aponta para a necessidade de pesquisas clínicas sobre a prevenção do trauma mamilar no pré-natal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Breast Feeding , Health Education , Nipple Protectors , Nipples/injuries , Postpartum Period
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