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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1733-1740, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922326

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinicobiological heterogeneity of NPM1 mutated (NPM1@*METHODS@#The NGS data based on 112 genes related to blood disease in 238 newly diagnosed patients with NPM1@*RESULTS@#Among all the patients, at least one co-mutation was detected out. The median number per case of the mutated genes, including NPM1@*CONCLUSION@#Prognoses of AML involving less common NPM1 missense mutations should be stated on a case by case basis. The mutational landscape and co-occurrence and mutual exclusivity correlations of NPM1


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921968

ABSTRACT

MAMLD1 gene has been implicated in 46,XY disorders of sex development (DSD) in recent years. Patients carrying MAMLD1 gene variants showed a "continuous spectrum" of simple micropenis, mild, moderate and severe hypospadias with micropenis, cryptorchidism, split scrotum and even complete gonadal dysplasia. The function of MAMLD1 gene in sexual development has not been fully elucidated, and its role in DSD has remained controversial. This article has reviewed recent findings on the role of the MAMLD1 gene in DSD, including the MAMLD1 gene, its encoded protein, genetic variants, clinical phenotype and possible pathogenic mechanism in DSD.


Subject(s)
DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Disorders of Sex Development/genetics , Humans , Male , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Phenotype , Sexual Development , Transcription Factors/genetics
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2340-2352, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921125

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Emerging evidence indicates that the sineoculis homeobox homolog 1-eyes absent homolog 1 (SIX1-EYA1) transcriptional complex significantly contributes to the pathogenesis of multiple cancers by mediating the expression of genes involved in different biological processes, such as cell-cycle progression and metastasis. However, the roles of the SIX1-EYA1 transcriptional complex and its targets in colorectal cancer (CRC) are still being investigated. This study aimed to investigate the roles of SIX1-EYA1 in the pathogenesis of CRC, to screen inhibitors disrupting the SIX1-EYA1 interaction and to evaluate the efficiency of small molecules in the inhibition of CRC cell growth.@*METHODS@#Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting were performed to examine gene and protein levels in CRC cells and clinical tissues (collected from CRC patients who underwent surgery in the Department of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, between 2016 and 2018, n = 24). In vivo immunoprecipitation and in vitro pulldown assays were carried out to determine SIX1-EYA1 interaction. Cell proliferation, cell survival, and cell invasion were determined using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, clonogenic assay, and Boyden chamber assay, respectively. The Amplified Luminescent Proximity Homogeneous Assay Screen (AlphaScreen) method was used to obtain small molecules that specifically disrupted SIX1-EYA1 interaction. CRC cells harboring different levels of SIX1/EYA1 were injected into nude mice to establish tumor xenografts, and small molecules were also injected into mice to evaluate their efficiency to inhibit tumor growth.@*RESULTS@#Both SIX1 and EYA1 were overexpressed in CRC cancerous tissues (for SIX1, 7.47 ± 3.54 vs.1.88 ± 0.35, t = 4.92, P = 0.008; for EYA1, 7.61 ± 2.03 vs. 2.22 ± 0.45, t = 6.73, P = 0.005). The SIX1/EYA1 complex could mediate the expression of two important genes including cyclin A1 (CCNA1) and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFB1) by binding to the myocyte enhancer factor 3 consensus. Knockdown of both SIX1 and EYA1 could decrease cell proliferation, cell invasion, tumor growth, and in vivo tumor growth (all P < 0.01). Two small molecules, NSC0191 and NSC0933, were obtained using AlphaScreen and they could significantly inhibit the SIX1-EYA1 interaction with a half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 12.60 ± 1.15 μmol/L and 83.43 ± 7.24 μmol/L, respectively. Administration of these two compounds could significantly repress the expression of CCNA1 and TGFB1 and inhibit the growth of CRC cells in vitro and in vivo.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Overexpression of the SIX1/EYA1 complex transactivated the expression of CCNA1 and TGFB1, causing the pathogenesis of CRC. Pharmacological inhibition of the SIX1-EYA1 interaction with NSC0191 and NSC0933 significantly inhibited CRC cell growth by affecting cell-cycle progression and metastasis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Genes, Homeobox , Homeodomain Proteins/metabolism , Humans , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Mice , Mice, Nude , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases/genetics
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888374

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis of a child with recurrent infection, multiple malformation and dysmorphism.@*METHODS@#The child and his parents were subjected to trio whole exome sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The child had a complaint of fever and cough, with long and thin eye fissures and long eyelashes. Genetic testing revealed that the child has carried a non-triplet deletion of the KDM6A gene, which was unreported previously. The variant resulted in frameshift and premature termination of the translation. His parents were both of the wild type for the locus. After antibiotic and immunoglobulin treatment, the severe secondary pneumonia caused by immunodeficiency has improved.@*CONCLUSION@#With combined laboratory test, imaging examination and genetic testing, the child was ultimately diagnosed with Kabuki syndrome type 2. The characteristics of immunodeficiency of Kabuki syndrome may render conventional antibiotic treatment ineffective, which deserves clinical attention.


Subject(s)
Abnormalities, Multiple , Child , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Face/abnormalities , Genetic Testing , Hematologic Diseases , Histone Demethylases/genetics , Humans , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Phenotype , Pneumonia , Vestibular Diseases
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879535

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the mRNA level of cell proliferation-related genes Twist1, SIRT1, FGF2 and TGF-β3 in placenta mesenchymal stem cells (PA-MSCs), umbilical cord mensenchymals (UC-MSCs) and dental pulp mesenchymal stem cells (DP-MSCs).@*METHODS@#The morphology of various passages of PA-MSCs, UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs were observed by microscopy. Proliferation and promoting ability of the three cell lines were detected with the MTT method. Real-time PCR (RT-PCR) was used to determine the mRNA levels of Twist1, SIRT1, FGF2, TGF-β3.@*RESULTS@#The morphology of UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs was different from that of PA-MSCs. Proliferation ability and promoting ability of the PA-MSCs was superior to that of UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs. In PA-MSCs, expression level of Twist1 and TGF-β3 was the highest and FGF2 was the lowest. SIRT1 was highly expressed in UC-MSCs. With the cell subcultured, different expression levels of Twist1, SIRT1, FGF2, TGF-β3 was observed in PA-MSCs, UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs.@*CONCLUSION@#Up-regulated expression of the Twist1, SIRT1 and TGF-β3 genes can promote proliferation of PA-MSCs, UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs, whilst TGF-β3 may inhibit these. The regulatory effect of Twist1, SIRT1, FGF2 and TGF-β3 genes on PA-MSCs, UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs are different.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Cells, Cultured , Dental Pulp/cytology , Female , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/genetics , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Placenta/cytology , Pregnancy , Sirtuin 1/genetics , Transforming Growth Factor beta3/genetics , Twist-Related Protein 1/genetics , Umbilical Cord/cytology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880090

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of CD73 in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with NPM1 mutant and wild-type, and to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and prognosis of CD73 to the AML patients.@*METHODS@#160 patients with AML treated in our hospital from June 2015 to June 2019 were enrolled, and 40 non-AML bone marrow samples from healthy people were selected as controls during the same period. The expression of CD73 in healthy people, NPM1 mutation and NPM1 wild-type AML patients were compared, and the relationship between the expression of CD73 and its clinicopathological characteristics, as while as efficacy in AML patients were analyzed. The patients were followed up, and the influence of CD73 to the prognosis of different AML patients was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The positive expression rate of CD73 in AML patients (23.75%) was significantly higher than that in the healthy control group (0.62%), and the positive expression rate of CD73 in AML patients with NPM1 mutation (74.75%) was significantly higher than that with NPM1 wild-type (25.51%) (both P<0.001). AML patients with CD73 positive expression was associated with age, FAB typing, disease risk classification, and NPM1 gene mutation (both P<0.05). The overall survival rate of AML patients with NPM1 gene mutation was 75.98%, which was significantly higher than the patients with NPM1 wild-type (34.68%)(P<0.001), the median survival time of AML patients with NPM1 gene mutation in the CD73@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of CD73 was increased in AML patients with NPM1 gene mutation, and CD73 showed different prognostic significance in AML patients with different NPM1 gene mutation. The combination of clinicopathologic features, CD73 expression and NPM1 gene in AML patients is helpful to determine their prognosis and guide the formulation of relevant treatment plans.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Prognosis , Survival Rate , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880088

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a method for rapid detection and typing of NPM1 mutations in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) by fluorescence melting curve analysis technology.@*METHODS@#A pair of primers and a fluorescent single-stranded probe (molecule beacon) were designed for the mutant genes mutA, mutB, mutD in exon 12 of nucleopsin (NPM1) and wild type. With a real-time qPCR, the A, B, and D gene mutations of NPM1 were detected and typed by different-melting curve peak value of the probe through RT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#This method could detected the mutations of A, B, and D in NPM1 effectively with a sensitivity of 1%. Furthermore, 62 AML clinical samples were evaluated by the method. In the results, the detection rate and typing of NPM1 mutations were consistent with the sequencing results of clinical samples.@*CONCLUSION@#There are three features in the method of fluorescence melting curve analysis: stable PCR system, easy to operate, and the easily distinguishable results. The method might meet the demand for rapid typing of NPM1 gene mutation in early diagnosis or concomitant diagnosis of AML.


Subject(s)
Exons , Genotype , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics
8.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(6): 711-722, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057503

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To determine the role of the dishevelled binding antagonist of beta catenin 1 (DACT1) in the cytoskeletal arrangement of cardiomyocytes in atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods: The DACT1 expression and its associations with the degree of fibrosis and β-catenin in valvular disease patients were analyzed by immunohistochemistry and Masson's staining. DACT1 was overexpressed in the atrial myocyte cell line (HL-1) and the cardiac cell line (H9C2) by adenoviral vectors. Alterations in the fibrous actin (F-actin) content and organization and the expression of β-catenin were detected by flow cytometry, immunofluorescence, and Western blotting. Additionally, the association of DACT1 with gap junctions connexin 43 (Cx43) was detected by immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, and Western blotting. Results: Decreased cytoplasmic DACT1 expression in the myocardium was associated with AF (P=0.037) and a high degree of fibrosis (weak vs. strong, P=0.028; weak vs. very strong, P=0.029). A positive association was observed between DACT1 and β-catenin expression in clinical samples (P=0.028, Spearman's rho=0.408). Furthermore, overexpression of DACT1 in HL-1 and H9C2 cells induced an increase in β-catenin and subsequent partial colocalization of DACT1 and β-catenin. In addition, F-actin content and organization were enhanced. Interestingly, DACT1 was positively correlated with the Cx43 expression in clinical samples (P=0.048, Spearman's rho=0.370) and changed the Cx43 distribution in cardiac cell lines. Conclusion: DACT1 proved to be a novel AF-related gene by regulating Cx43 via cytoskeletal organization induced by β-catenin accumulation in cardiomyocytes. DACT1 could thus serve as a potential therapeutic marker for AF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Atrial Fibrillation/metabolism , Cytoskeleton/metabolism , Nuclear Proteins/metabolism , Connexin 43/metabolism , Myocytes, Cardiac/cytology , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , Atrial Fibrillation/physiopathology , Atrial Fibrillation/genetics , Immunohistochemistry , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Cell Movement , Connexin 43/genetics , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics
9.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(3): 166-173, Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001345

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT It is currently unknown how genetic factors may influence the clinical course of multiple sclerosis (MS). Objective: We examined the impact of CIITA polymorphisms −168A/G (rs3087456) and +1614G/C (rs4774) on the risk of disability progression, severity and on responses to first-line immunomodulator treatments. Methods: Genomic DNA was extracted from blood samples. We used ABI3730xl and GeneMapper v.4.0 software to identify genotype variations. All patients were followed up and clinically reassessed at three-month intervals. Disability progression was measured by the Expanded Disability Status Scale and disease severity by the Multiple Sclerosis Spasticity Scale (MSSS). Results: We included 37 men and 80 women. We found no evidence regarding the influence of the single nucleotide polymorphisms studied in the Expanded Disability Status Scale or therapeutic response of the evaluated drugs. We performed a logistic regression analysis with the MSSS and found that a less severe MS course was associated with wild type CIITA −168AA and CIITA +1614GG, as the chance of the patient progressing to MSSS2 and MSSS3 decreased in 61% and 75% with CIITA −168AA and 66% and 75% with CIITA +1614GG, respectively (p < 0.0001). Although less significant, the CIITA +1614 GC also pointed to a less severe MS course and the chance of the patient progressing to MSSS3 decreased 79% (p = 0.015). We also observed that the CIITA −168GG genotype was more frequent in MSSS2 and MSSS3 and had 40% lower odds ratio to becoming more severe MS. Conclusion: These data suggest that CIITA −168AA, CIITA +1614GG and CIITA +1614 GC polymorphisms may be associated with a better MS clinical course. This knowledge may be useful for a better understanding of MS and its therapeutic management.


RESUMO Atualmente não se sabe como os fatores genéticos podem influenciar o curso clínico da esclerose múltipla (EM). Objetivo: Examinamos o impacto dos polimorfismos CIITA −168A/G (rs3087456) e CIITA +1614G/C (rs4774) no risco de progressão da incapacidade, gravidade e resposta aos tratamentos imunomoduladores de primeira linha. Métodos: O DNA genômico foi extraído de amostras de sangue. Utilizamos o software ABI3730xl e GeneMapper v.4.0 (Applied Biosystems) para identificar variações genotípicas. Todos os pacientes foram acompanhados e reavaliados clinicamente em intervalos de três meses. A progressão da incapacidade foi medida pela EDSS e a gravidade da doença pelo MSSS. Resultados: Incluímos 37 homens e 80 mulheres. Não encontramos evidências sobre a influência dos SNPs estudados no EDSS e na resposta terapêutica aos fármacos avaliados. Realizamos uma análise de regressão logística com o MSSS e observamos uma evolução menos grave da EM associada aos tipos selvagens CIITA −168AA e CIITA +1614GG, pois a chance do paciente atingir MSSS2 e MSSS3 diminuiu em 61%/75%, e 66/75% respectivamente (p < 0,0001). Embora menos significativo, o CIITA +1614GC também foi relacionado com evolução menos grave da EM e a chance do paciente atingir o MSSS3 diminuiu 79% (p = 0,015). Nós também observamos que o genótipo CIITA −168GG foi mais frequente no MSSS2 e MSSS3 e teve uma razão de chance 40% menor para atingir forma mais grave da EM. Conclusão: Estes dados sugerem que os polimorfismos CIITA −168AA, CIITA +1614GG e CIITA +1614GC podem estar associados a um melhor curso clínico da EM. Este conhecimento pode ser útil para uma melhor compreensão da EM e o seu manejo terapêutico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Trans-Activators/genetics , Disease Progression , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Multiple Sclerosis/genetics , Time Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Logistic Models , Retrospective Studies , Interferon-beta/therapeutic use , Disability Evaluation , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Genetic Association Studies , Glatiramer Acetate/therapeutic use , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Immunologic Factors/therapeutic use , Multiple Sclerosis/mortality , Multiple Sclerosis/drug therapy
10.
Biol. Res ; 52: 31, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019497

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of the methylation status of the DACT1 gene on the invasion and metastasis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells. METHODS: The levels of methylation and expression of the DACT1 gene in nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues and CNE2 cells were determined by methylation-specific PCR and RT-PCR, respectively. CNE2 cells were treated with 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine, and the variation in the methylation status of the DACT1 gene was detected, as well as the influence of methylation on invasiveness of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells. RESULTS: The DACT1 gene was hyper-methylated in 44 of 62 cases of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. The DACT1 gene was hyper-methylated in 32 of 38 cases of nasopharyngeal carcinoma with lymph node metastasis, and the DACT1 gene was hyper-methylated in 7 of 24 cases of nasopharyngeal carcinoma without lymph node metastasis. The DACT1 mRNA level was weakly expressed or not expressed in all nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues with hyper-methylated DACT1 genes; however, the DACT1 mRNA level was highly expressed in nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues with low expression of the methylated DACT1 gene. The DACT1 gene was hyper-methylated and not expressed in CNE2 cells that did not have 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine treatment. After 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine treatment, the DACT1 gene was demethylated and the expression of DACT1 was restored. Moreover, the invasion ability was inhibited in CNE2 cells treated with 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine. CONCLUSION: The expression of DACT1 was related to the methylation status. High expression of DACT1 may inhibit the invasion and metastasis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , DNA Methylation/genetics , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/secondary , Nuclear Proteins/metabolism , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/genetics , Promoter Regions, Genetic , DNA Methylation/physiology , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/genetics , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Proteins/metabolism
11.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(1): e7952, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974269

ABSTRACT

Malignant melanoma is an aggressive skin cancer with a high mortality rate. Nucleolar protein 14 (NOP14) has been implicated in cancer development. However, the role of NOP14 in malignant melanoma progression remains largely unclear. In this study, we observed that malignant melanoma tissue showed NOP14 down-regulation compared to melanocytic nevi tissues. Moreover, we observed that NOP14 expression was significantly associated with melanoma tumor thickness and lymph node metastasis. NOP14 overexpression in melanoma cells suppressed proliferation, caused G1 phase arrest, promoted apoptosis, and inhibited melanoma cell migration and invasion. Further investigations revealed that NOP14 overexpression reduced the expression levels of Wnt3a, β-catenin, and GSK-3β of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. In summary, we demonstrated that NOP14 inhibited melanoma cell proliferation and metastasis by regulating the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Nuclear Proteins/metabolism , beta Catenin/metabolism , Wnt Signaling Pathway/genetics , Melanoma/secondary , Skin Neoplasms/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Movement , Blotting, Western , Apoptosis , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , beta Catenin/genetics , Lymphatic Metastasis , Melanoma/metabolism
12.
Clinics ; 73: e455, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974907

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To study the relationship between the Asp1104His polymorphism of the nucleotide excision repair gene ERCC5 and treatment sensitivity to oxaliplatin in patients with advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) in China. METHODS: A group of 226 patients in the Department of Gastrointestinal Oncology at Zhejiang Xiaoshan Hospital from July 2011∼December 2016 and a control group of 226 normal healthy individuals were involved in this study. All patients were first diagnosed with advanced CRC and were treated with oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy. The genotype of ERCC5 at the site of amino acid 1104 was determined by a TaqMan probe-based real-time PCR approach. RESULTS: There were no differences in age or gender between the groups, but the percentages of smokers and individuals with a family history of cancer were significantly higher in the patient group than in the control group. Analysis of the G/C polymorphism frequency among the patients and the healthy controls showed that the frequencies of the CC genotype and the CC+GC genotype were significantly related to CRC, but no significant difference in these frequencies was found between genders. The analysis of the relationship between the 5-year survival rate and different genotypes showed that in the total patient group, regardless of gender, the 5-year survival rate was significantly associated with the Asp1104His polymorphism of ERCC5. CONCLUSIONS: The Asp1104His polymorphism of ERCC5 was associated with the risk and 5-year survival rate of CRC as well as treatment sensitivity to oxaliplatin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Endonucleases/genetics , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Transcription Factors/genetics , Colorectal Neoplasms/mortality , Case-Control Studies , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Oxaliplatin/therapeutic use , Genotype , Neoplasm Staging
13.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 83(6): 670-676, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889318

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is the most common cancer originating from the nasopharynx. Objective: To study the mechanisms of nasopharyngeal carcinoma, we analyzed GSE12452 microarray data. Methods: GSE12452 was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database and included 31 nasopharyngeal carcinoma samples and 10 normal nasopharyngeal tissue samples. The differentially expressed genes were screened by ANOVA in the PGS package. Using the BiNGO plugin in Cytoscape and pathway enrichment analysis in the PGS package, functional and pathway enrichment analyses were performed separately to predict potential functions of the differentially expressed genes. Furthermore, Transcription factor-differentially expressed gene pairs were searched, and then the transcription factor-differentially expressed gene regulatory network was visualized using Cytoscape software. Results: A total of 487 genes were screened as differentially expressed genes between the nasopharyngeal carcinoma samples and the normal nasopharyngeal tissue samples. Enrichment analysis indicated that PTGS2 was involved in the regulation of biological process and small cell lung cancer. ZIC2 and OVOL1 may function in nasopharyngeal carcinoma through targeting significantly up-regulated genes (such as PTGS2, FN1, CXCL9 and CXCL10) in the Transcription factor-differentially expressed gene regulatory network (e.g., ZIC2→PTGS2 and OVOL1→CXCL10). Conclusion: PTGS2, FN1, CXCL9, CXCL10, ZIC2 and OVOL1 might play roles in nasopharyngeal carcinoma.


Resumo Introdução: O carcinoma nasofaríngeo é o câncer mais comum originário da nasofaringe. Objetivo: Estudar os mecanismos do câncer de nasofaringe; dados do microarray GSE12452 foram analisados. Método: GSE12452 foi obtido da base de dados Gene Expression Omnibus e inclui 31 amostras de carcinoma nasofaríngeo e 10 amostras de tecido nasofaríngeo normal. Os genes diferencialmente expressos foram analisados por ANOVA no kit PGS. Usando o plugin BiNGO no Cytoscape e análise de enriquecimento da via no kit PGS, análises de enriquecimento funcional e da via foram realizadas separadamente para prever as potenciais funções dos genes diferencialmente expressos. Além disso, os pares Fator de Transcrição - genes diferencialmente expressos foram pesquisados e em seguida a sua rede reguladora foi visualizada usando o programa Cytoscape. Resultados: Um total de 487 genes foram analisados como genes diferencialmente expressos entre as amostras de carcinoma nasofaríngeo e amostras de tecido nasofaríngeo normal. A análise de enriquecimento indicou que PTGS2 estava envolvido na regulação do processo biológico e câncer pulmonar de pequenas células. ZIC2 e OVOL1 podem funcionar no carcinoma nasofaríngeo almejando-se de maneira significativa os genes suprarregulados (como o PTGS2, FN1, CXCL9 e CXCL10) na rede reguladora de fator de transcrição - genes diferencialmente expressos (p.ex., ZIC2→PTGS2 e OVOL1→CXCL10). Conclusão: PTGS2, FN1, CXCL9, CXCL10, ZIC2 e OVOL1 podem desempenhar alguns papéis no carcinoma de nasofaringe.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma/genetics , Gene Expression , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Carcinoma/pathology , Cluster Analysis , Down-Regulation , Up-Regulation , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Analysis of Variance , Gene Expression Profiling , Databases, Genetic , Microarray Analysis , Gene Regulatory Networks , Chemokine CXCL9/genetics , Chemokine CXCL10/genetics , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
14.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 165-173, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65048

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Numerous studies have assessed the association of SP110 gene variants with tuberculosis (TB), but the results were inconsistent. Through a comprehensive review and meta-analysis, our study aimed to clarify the nature of genetic risks contributed by 11 polymorphisms for the development of TB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Through searching PubMed, web of science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases, a total of 11 articles including 13 independent studies were selected. The pooled odd ratios (ORs) along with their corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) were estimated for allelic comparisons, additive model (homozygote comparisons; heterozygote comparisons), dominant model and recessive model. We also assessed the heterogeneity across the studies and publication bias. RESULTS: The results of combined analysis revealed a significantly increased risk of TB for single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs9061 in all five comparisons (allelic comparisons: OR=1.28, 95% CI=1.14–1.44, p<0.0001; homozygote comparisons: OR=2.84, 95% CI=1.84–4.38, p<0.00001; heterozygote comparisons: OR=1.23, 95% CI=1.05–1.43, p=0.009; dominant model: OR=1.32, 95% CI=1.14–1.53, p=0.0003; recessive model: OR=2.26, 95% CI=1.18–4.34, p=0.01). In subgroup analysis, the risk of TB associated with SNP rs9061 appeared to be increased. Moreover, increased risk of TB was also found in Asian subgroup of SNP rs11556887, while decreased risk of TB appeared in large sample size subgroup of SNP rs1135791. No significant association was observed between other SNPs and the risk of TB. CONCLUSION: Our meta-analysis suggested that the variant of SNP rs9061 might be a risk factor for TB.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Asian Continental Ancestry Group/genetics , China , Confidence Intervals , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Heterozygote , Homozygote , Humans , Minor Histocompatibility Antigens/genetics , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Odds Ratio , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Risk Factors , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/genetics
15.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 87(4): 288-292, ago. 2016. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-796817

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Sotos (SS) es una enfermedad genética con un patrón de herencia autosómico dominante, causado por haploinsuficiencia del gen NSD1 secundaria a mutaciones puntuales o microdeleciones del locus 5q35 en el que está ubicado el gen. Es un síndrome poco frecuente, presentándose en 7 de cada 100.000 nacimientos. El objetivo de este reporte es presentar el caso de una paciente de 4 años con retardo global del desarrollo, y hallazgos físicos especiales que sugerían un sindrome genético. Caso clínico: Paciente de 4 años, género femenino, cabello ralo, fascie triangular, fisura palpebral alargada, papadar ojival, mandíbula prominente, escápula alada y clinodactilia del quinto dedo de ambas manos. La prueba molecular de hibridación genómica comparativa por microarreglos, mostró microdeleción de la región 5q35.2 q35.3 de 2.082 MB, que incluye el gen NSD1. Conclusión: Proponemos realizar la prueba de hibridación genómica comparativa en pacientes con retraso global del desarrollo y hallazgos fenotípicos menores.


Sotos Syndrome (SS) is a genetic disease with an autosomal dominant pattern caused by haplo-insufficiency of NSD1 gene secondary to point mutations or microdeletion of the 5q35 locus where the gene is located. It is a rare syndrome, occurring in 7 out of every 100,000 births. The objective of this report is to present the case of a 4 year-old patient with a global developmental delay, as well as specific physical findings suggesting a syndrome of genetic origin. Clinical case: Female patient, 4 years of age, thinning hair, triangular facie, long palpebral fissure, arched palate, prominent jaw, winged scapula and clinodactilia of the fifth finger both hands. The molecular test comparative genomic hybridisation test by microarray was subsequently performed, with the result showing 5q35.2 q35.3 region microdeletion of 2,082 MB, including the NSD1 gene. Conclusion: Finally, this article also proposes the performing of comparative genomic hybridisation as the first diagnostic option in cases where clinical findings are suggestive of SS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics , Comparative Genomic Hybridization/methods , Sotos Syndrome/diagnosis , Chromosome Deletion , Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase , Sotos Syndrome/physiopathology , Sotos Syndrome/genetics , Histone Methyltransferases
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-59857

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Nucleophosmin gene (NPM1) mutation may be a good molecular marker for assessing the clinical status and predicting the outcomes in AML patients. We evaluated the applicability of NPM1 type A mutation (NPM1-mutA) quantitation for this purpose. METHODS: Twenty-seven AML patients with normal karyotype but bearing the mutated NPM1 were enrolled in the study, and real-time quantitative PCR of NPM1-mutA was performed on 93 bone marrow (BM) samples (27 samples at diagnosis and 56 at follow-up). The NPM1-mutA allele burdens (represented as the NPM1-mutA/Abelson gene (ABL) ratio) at diagnosis and at follow-up were compared. RESULTS: The median NPM1-mutA/ABL ratio was 1.3287 at diagnosis and 0.092 at 28 days after chemotherapy, corresponding to a median log10 reduction of 1.7061. Significant correlations were observed between BM blast counts and NPM1-mutA quantitation results measured at diagnosis (γ=0.5885, P=0.0012) and after chemotherapy (γ=0.5106, P=0.0065). Total 16 patients achieved morphologic complete remission at 28 days after chemotherapy, and 14 (87.5%) patients showed a >3 log10 reduction of the NPM1-mutA/ABL ratio. The NPM1-mutA allele was detected in each of five patients who had relapsed, giving a median increase of 0.91-fold of the NPM1-mutA/ABL ratio at relapse over that at diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: The NPM1-mutA quantitation results corresponded to BM assessment results with high stability at relapse, and could predict patient outcomes. Quantitation of the NPM1-mutA burden at follow-up would be useful in the management of AML patients harboring this gene mutation.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Bone Marrow/metabolism , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Daunorubicin , Humans , Karyotype , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Recurrence , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies , Sequence Analysis, DNA , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3/genetics
18.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 18(supl.2): 17-32, Out.-Dez. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-776702

ABSTRACT

Resumo: Objetivo: Descrever medidas do cuidado assistencial destinadas ao paciente com diabetes mellitus autorreferido no Brasil. Métodos: Foram utilizados dados da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde(2013), estudo transversal de base populacional, referentes ao cuidado em saúde com o diabetes mellitus autorreferido, quanto ao uso de serviços de saúde e acesso a medicamentos. Resultados: A prevalência de diabetes mellitus autorreferido foi de 6,2%, e 11,5% da população nunca fez uma glicemia na vida. Dos adultos que referiram diabetes mellitus , 80,2% tomaram medicamentos nas duas semanas anteriores à entrevista, 57,4% usaram o Programa Farmácia Popular, 73,2% receberam assistência médica e 47,1% realizaram o atendimento nas Unidades Básicas de Saúde. Em 65,2%, o médico que atendeu na última consulta era o mesmo das consultas anteriores, 95,3% dos pacientes conseguiram realizar os exames complementares solicitados e 83,3% conseguiram fazer as consultas com o médico especialista. A avaliação de pés e olhos foi relatada por 35,6 e 29,1% dos portadores de diabetes mellitus , respectivamente. Relataram internação hospitalar por causa do diabetes ou de alguma complicação 13,4% dos adultos, e outros 7,0% relataram limitações nas atividades diárias. Em geral, mulheres, assim como a população mais idosa, de maior escolaridade, brancos e residentes nas regiões Sul e Sudeste, tiveram maior prevalência da doença e maior acesso aos serviços, medicamentos e consultas. Discussão: Os cuidados aos portadores de diabetes foram recebidos de forma adequada, na maioria dos casos, o que é essencial para manter a qualidade de vida dos pacientes e prevenir desfechos mais graves.


Abstract: Objective: To describe the care measurements provided to patients with self-reported diabetes mellitus in Brazil. Methods: Data from the Brazilian National Health Survey (2013) were used. This is a cross-sectional population-based study in which the subjects with self-reported diabetes mellitus answered questions concerning their use of health services and access to medicine. Results: The prevalence of self-reported diabetes mellitus was 6.2%, while 11.5% of the population had never undergone a glucose testing. From the adults with diabetes mellitus, 80.2% had taken medications two weeks before the interview, 57.4% used the Popular Pharmacy Program, 73.2% received medical care, and 47.1% were cared for in the Health Basic Units. In 65.2%, the physician who cared for them in the last appointment was the same from previous ones, 95.3% of the patients were able to perform the required complementary examinations, and 83.3% could go to the appointments with a specialist. About 35.6 and 29.1% of the subjects with diabetes mellitus reported feet and eyes examination, respectively. About 13.4% declared previous hospitalization owing to diabetes or any complications, and 7.0% mentioned limitations in their daily activities owing to the disease. In general, women and the elderly people, those with higher education levels, white, and those living in the south and southeastern regions showed a higher prevalence of the disease and greater access to services, medicine, and appointments. Discussion: The care reported by patients with diabetes, which is essential to maintain their quality of life and prevent serious outcomes, seemed, in most cases, to be adequate.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Hepatitis B virus/physiology , Hepatitis B, Chronic/genetics , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Asian Continental Ancestry Group/ethnology , Asian Continental Ancestry Group/genetics , China/ethnology , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Hepatitis B, Chronic/ethnology , Hepatitis B, Chronic/virology
19.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 23(4): 635-641, July-Aug. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-761706

ABSTRACT

AbstractObjective: to validate the content of the prevention protocol for early sepsis caused by Streptococcus agalactiaein newborns.Method: a transversal, descriptive and methodological study, with a quantitative approach. The sample was composed of 15 judges, 8 obstetricians and 7 pediatricians. The validation occurred through the assessment of the content of the protocol by the judges that received the instrument for data collection - checklist - which contained 7 items that represent the requisites to be met by the protocol. The validation of the content was achieved by applying the Content Validity Index.Result: in the judging process, all the items that represented requirements considered by the protocol obtained concordance within the established level (Content Validity Index > 0.75). Of 7 items, 6 have obtained full concordance (Content Validity Index 1.0) and the feasibility item obtained a Content Validity Index of 0.93. The global assessment of the instruments obtained a Content Validity Index of 0.99.Conclusion: the validation of content that was done was an efficient tool for the adjustment of the protocol, according to the judgment of experienced professionals, which demonstrates the importance of conducting a previous validation of the instruments. It is expected that this study will serve as an incentive for the adoption of universal tracking by other institutions through validated protocols.


ResumoObjetivo:validar o conteúdo do protocolo de prevenção da sepse precoce porStreptococcus agalactiaeem recém-nascidos.Método:estudo transversal, descritivo, do tipo metodológico, com abordagem quantitativa. A amostra foi composta por 15 juízes, oito médicos obstetras e sete pediatras. A validação ocorreu por intermédio da avaliação de conteúdo do protocolo pelos juízes, os quais receberam o instrumento de coleta de dados - checklist - contendo sete itens, que representam requisitos a serem contemplados no protocolo. A validação de conteúdo foi atingida mediante aplicação do Índice de Validade de Conteúdo.Resultado:no processo de julgamento, todos os itens que representam requisitos contemplados no protocolo obtiveram concordância dentro do nível estabelecido (Índice de Validade de Conteúdo >0,75). Dos sete itens, seis obtiveram concordância total, (Índice de Validade de Conteúdo 1.0) e o item exequibilidade obteve Índice de Validade de Conteúdo de 0,93. A avaliação global dos instrumentos obteve Índice de Validade de Conteúdo de 0,99.Conclusão:a validação de conteúdo realizada foi ferramenta eficaz para adequação do protocolo, de acordo com o julgamento de profissionais experientes, demonstrando a importância em se realizar validação prévia de instrumentos. Espera-se que, este estudo incentive a adoção do rastreio universal por outras instituições, mediante protocolos validados.


ResumenObjetivo:validar el contenido del protocolo de prevención de la sepsis precoz porStreptococcus agalactiaeen recién nacidos.Método:estudio transversal, descriptivo, del tipo metodológico, con un enfoque cuantitativo. La muestra fue conformada por 15 jueces, ocho obstetras y siete pediatras. La validación se dio a través de la evaluación de contenido del protocolo por los jueces, los cuales recibieron el instrumento de recolección de datos - checklist - conteniendo siete ítems, que representan los requisitos para ser incluidos en el protocolo. La validación de contenido se logró a través de la aplicación del Índice de Validez de Contenido.Resultado:en el proceso de evaluación, todos los ítems que representan los requisitos contemplados en el protocolo obtuvieron una concordancia dentro del nivel establecido (Índice de Validez de Contenido > 0,75). De los siete ítems, seis obtuvieron una concordancia total (Índice de Validez de Contenido 1,0), y el ítem viabilidad obtuvo un Índice de Validez de Contenido de 0,93. La evaluación global de los instrumentos obtuvo un Índice de Validez de Contenido de 0,99.Conclusión:la validación de contenido realizada fue una herramienta eficaz para la adecuación del protocolo, según la evaluación de profesionales expertos, demostrando así la importancia de realizar la validación previa de los instrumentos. Se espera que este estudio fomente la adopción del cribado (screening) universal por otras instituciones, mediante protocolos validados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Arteries/transplantation , Graft Survival , Nuclear Proteins , Organ Transplantation , Trans-Activators , Transplantation Tolerance/genetics , Animals, Genetically Modified , Graft Survival/genetics , Graft Survival/immunology , Heterografts , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Nuclear Proteins/immunology , Papio , Swine , Trans-Activators/genetics , Trans-Activators/immunology
20.
An. bras. dermatol ; 90(3,supl.1): 168-170, May-June 2015. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-755731

ABSTRACT

Abstract

Muir-Torre Syndrome is defined by the coexistence of sebaceous skin tumors and internal malignancies. Mutations in the DNA mismatch repair genes are found in the inherited form of the disease, resulting in the absence of crucial enzymes involved with DNA replication process. This case describes a patient with sebaceous adenoma and colorectal carcinoma, meeting the criteria for Muir-Torre Syndrome. The immunohistochemical analysis of the skin lesion was an important tool to confirm the diagnosis, as it revealed nuclear negativity for MSH2 and MSH6.

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Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Carcinoma/diagnosis , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Immunohistochemistry/methods , Muir-Torre Syndrome/diagnosis , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Carcinoma/genetics , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Germ-Line Mutation , Muir-Torre Syndrome/genetics , /genetics , Nuclear Proteins/genetics
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