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1.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 741-748, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986984

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the correlation of polymorphisms of AF4/FMR2 family genes and IL-10 gene with genetic susceptibility to ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and identify the high-risk factors of AS.@*METHODS@#This case-control study was conducted among 207 AS patients and 321 healthy individuals. The tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs340630, rs241084, rs10865035, rs1698105, and rs1800896 of the AF4/FMR2 family gene and IL-10 gene of the AS patients were genotyped, and the distribution frequencies of the genotypes and alleles were analyzed to explore the relationship between different genetic models and AS and the gene-gene and gene-environment interactions.@*RESULTS@#Gender ratio, smoking history, drinking history, hypertension, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein differed significantly between the case group and the control group (P < 0.05). The dominant model and recessive model of AFF1 rs340630, the recessive model of AFF3 rs10865035, and the recessive model of IL-10 rs1800896 were significantly different between the two groups (P=0.031, 0.010, 0.031, and 0.019, respectively). Gene-environment interaction analysis suggested that the interaction model incorporating AFF1 rs340630, AFF2 rs241084, AFF3 rs10865035, AFF4 rs1698105, IL-10 rs1800896, smoking history and drinking history was the best model. The genes related with AF4/FMR2 and IL-10 were enriched in the biological processes of AF4 super extension complex, interleukin family signal transduction, cytokine stimulation and apoptosis. The expression levels of AF4/FMR2 and IL-10 were positively correlated with immune infiltration (r > 0).@*CONCLUSION@#The SNPs of AF4/FMR2 and IL-10 genes are associated with the susceptibility to AS, and the interactions of AF4/FMR2 and IL-10 genes with the environmental factors contributes causes AS through immune infiltration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Case-Control Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Interleukin-10/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/genetics , Transcriptional Elongation Factors/genetics , Nuclear Proteins/genetics
2.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 659-668, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010073

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The SMARCA4 mutation has been shown to account for at least 10% of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In the present, conventional radiotherapy and targeted therapy are difficult to improve outcomes due to the highly aggressive and refractory nature of SMARCA4-deficient NSCLC (SMARCA4-DNSCLC) and the absence of sensitive site mutations for targeted drug therapy, and chemotherapy combined with or without immunotherapy is the main treatment. Effective SMARCA4-DNSCLC therapeutic options, however, are still debatable. Our study aimed to investigate the efficacy and prognosis of programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) in combination with chemotherapy and chemotherapy in patients with stage III-IV SMARCA4-DNSCLC.@*METHODS@#46 patients with stage III-IV SMARCA4-DNSCLC were divided into two groups based on their treatment regimen: the chemotherapy group and the PD-1 ICIs plus chemotherapy group, and their clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. Efficacy assessment and survival analysis were performed in both groups, and the influencing factors for prognosis were explored for patients with SMARCA4-DNSCLC.@*RESULTS@#Male smokers are more likely to develop SMARCA4-DNSCLC. There was no significant difference in the objective response rate (76.5% vs 69.0%, P=0.836) between chemotherapy and the PD-1 ICIs plus chemotherapy or the disease control rate (100.0% vs 89.7%, P=0.286). The one-year overall survival rate in the group with PD-1 ICIs plus chemotherapy was 62.7%, and that of the chemotherapy group was 46.0%. The difference in median progression-free survival (PFS) between the PD-1 ICIs plus chemotherapy group and the chemotherapy group was statistically significant (9.3 mon vs 6.1 mon, P=0.048). The results of Cox regression analysis showed that treatment regimen and smoking history were independent influencing factors of PFS in patients with stage III-IV SMARCA4-DNSCLC, and family history was an individual influencing factor of overall survival in patients with stage III-IV SMARCA4-DNSCLC.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Treatment regimen may be a prognostic factor for patients with SMARCA4-DNSCLC, and patients with PD-1 ICIs plus chemotherapy may have a better prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological/therapeutic use , Prognosis , DNA Helicases/genetics , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics
3.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 808-813, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012312

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, immunophenotype and prognosis of nuclear protein in testis (NUT) midline carcinoma. Methods: Twenty-four resection cases of NUT midline carcinoma diagnosed at the Department of Pathology, Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China from January 2018 to September 2022, were collected, and retrospectively analyzed for their clinicopathological characteristics. Relevant literature was reviewed. Results: All 24 cases of NUT midline carcinoma occurred in the chest or head and neck, including 14 men and 10 women, with a median age of 40 years. Histological examination showed that the tumors were poorly differentiated, with solid nested or sheet-like arrangement, small to medium-sized cells, sparse cytoplasm and coarse granular chromatin, including 5 cases with abrupt squamous epithelial differentiation. Immunohistochemistry showed that all 24 cases were positive for NUT protein, while 16 cases were p63 positive, 19 cases were p40 positive, 15 out of 18 cases were CK5/6 positive. Follow-up data were obtained for 21 patients (follow-up time range, 1-21 months), of which 11 survived, 10 died, and 3 were lost to follow-up. Conclusions: NUT midline carcinoma is a rare and highly aggressive malignancy with unique histological, immunophenotypic and molecular features. It has a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Adult , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Carcinoma/surgery , Testicular Neoplasms
4.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 748-754, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011037

ABSTRACT

Objective:By analyzing the clinical phenotypic characteristics and gene sequences of two patients with Treacher Collins syndrome(TCS), the biological causes of the disease were determined. Then discuss the therapeutic effect of hearing intervention after bone bridge implantation. Methods:All clinical data of the two family members were collected, and the patients signed the informed consent. The peripheral blood of the proband and family members was extracted, DNA was extracted for whole exome sequencing, and Sanger sequencing was performed on the family members for the mutation site.TCOF1genetic mutations analysis was performed on the paitents. Then, the hearing threshold and speech recognition rate of family 2 proband were evaluated and compared under the sound field between bare ear and wearing bone bridge. Results:In the two pedigrees, the probands of both families presented with auricle deformity, zygomatic and mandibular hypoplasia, micrognathia, hypotropia of the eye fissure, and hypoplasia of the medial eyelashes. The proband of Family 1 also presents with specific features including right-sided narrow anterior nasal aperture and dental hypoplasia, which were consistent with the clinical diagnosis of Treacher Collins syndrome. Genetic testing was conducted on both families, and two heterozygous mutations were identified in the TCOF1 gene: c. 1350_1351dupGG(p. A451Gfs*43) and c. 4362_4366del(p. K1457Efs*12), resulting in frameshift mutations in the amino acid sequence. Sanger sequencing validation of the TCOF1 gene in the parents of the proband in Family 1 did not detect any mutations. Proband 1 TCOF1 c. 1350_1351dupGG heterozygous variants have not been reported previously. The postoperative monosyllabic speech recognition rate of family 2 proband was 76%, the Categories of Auditory Performance(CAP) score was 6, and the Speech Intelligibility Rating(SIR) score was 4. Assessment using the Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale(MAIS) showed notable improvement in the patient's auditory perception, comprehension, and usage of hearing aids. Evaluation using the Glasgow Children's Benefit Inventory and quality of life assessment revealed significant improvements in the child's self care abilities, daily living and learning, social interactions, and psychological well being, as perceived by the parents. Conclusion:This study has elucidated the biological cause of Treacher Collins syndrome, enriched the spectrum of TCOF1 gene mutations in the Chinese population, and demonstrated that bone bridge implantation can improve the auditory and speech recognition rates in TCS patients.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Mandibulofacial Dysostosis/genetics , Quality of Life , Speech , Parents , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Phosphoproteins/genetics
5.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 889-906, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010805

ABSTRACT

Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is an uncommon non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with poor prognosis. This study aimed to depict the genetic landscape of Chinese PCNSLs. Whole-genome sequencing was performed on 68 newly diagnosed Chinese PCNSL samples, whose genomic characteristics and clinicopathologic features were also analyzed. Structural variations were identified in all patients with a mean of 349, which did not significantly influence prognosis. Copy loss occurred in all samples, while gains were detected in 77.9% of the samples. The high level of copy number variations was significantly associated with poor progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). A total of 263 genes mutated in coding regions were identified, including 6 newly discovered genes (ROBO2, KMT2C, CXCR4, MYOM2, BCLAF1, and NRXN3) detected in ⩾ 10% of the cases. CD79B mutation was significantly associated with lower PFS, TMSB4X mutation and high expression of TMSB4X protein was associated with lower OS. A prognostic risk scoring system was also established for PCNSL, which included Karnofsky performance status and six mutated genes (BRD4, EBF1, BTG1, CCND3, STAG2, and TMSB4X). Collectively, this study comprehensively reveals the genomic landscape of newly diagnosed Chinese PCNSLs, thereby enriching the present understanding of the genetic mechanisms of PCNSL.


Subject(s)
Humans , DNA Copy Number Variations , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Central Nervous System Neoplasms/pathology , Transcription Factors/genetics , Prognosis , Lymphoma/genetics , Genomics , China , Central Nervous System/pathology , Bromodomain Containing Proteins , Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics
6.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 665-670, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985755

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate and elucidate the clinicopathological and prognostic characteristics of SMARCA4-deficient non-small cell lung cancer. Methods: The clinicopathological and prognostic data were collected in 127 patients with SMARCA4-deficient non-small cell lung cancer diagnosed in Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, Shanghai, China from January 2020 to March 2022. The variation and expression of biomarkers related to treatment were retrospectively reviewed. Results: One hundred and twenty-seven patients were eligible for enrollment. Among them 120 patients (94.5%) were male and 7 cases (5.5%) were female, while the average age was 63 years (range 42-80 years). There were 41 cases (32.3%) of stage Ⅰ cancer, 23 cases (18.1%) of stage Ⅱ, 31 cases (24.4%) of stage Ⅲ and 32 cases (25.2%) of stage Ⅳ. SMARCA4 expression detected by immunohistochemistry was completely absent in 117 cases (92.1%) and partially absent in 10 cases (7.9%). PD-L1 immunohistochemical analyses were performed on 107 cases. PD-L1 was negative, weakly positive and strongly positive in 49.5% (53/107), 26.2% (28/107) and 24.3% (26/107) of the cases, respectively. Twenty-one cases showed gene alterations (21/104, 20.2%). The KRAS gene alternation (n=10) was most common. Mutant-type SMARCA4-deficient non-small cell lung cancer was more commonly detected in females, and was associated with positive lymph nodes and advanced clinical stage (P<0.01). Univariate survival analysis showed that advanced clinical stage was a poor prognosis factor, and vascular invasion was a poor predictor of progression-free survival in patients with surgical resection. Conclusions: SMARCA4-deficient non-small cell lung cancer is a rare tumor with poor prognosis, and often occurs in elderly male patients. However, SMARCA4-deficient non-small cell lung cancers with gene mutations are often seen in female patients. Vascular invasion is a prognostic factor for disease progression or recurrence in patients with resectable tumor. Early detection and access to treatment are important for improving patient survivals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , China , Prognosis , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , DNA Helicases/genetics , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics
7.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1128-1133, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009263

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a Chinese pedigree affected with Branchio-Oto syndrome (BOS).@*METHODS@#A pedigree with BOS which had presented at the Genetics and Prenatal Diagnosis Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University in May 2021 was selected as the study subject. Clinical data of the pedigree was collected. Peripheral blood samples of the proband and her parents were collected. Whole exome sequencing (WES) was carried out for the proband. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) was used to verify the result of WES, short tandem repeat (STR) analysis was used to verify the relationship between the proband and her parents, and the pathogenicity of the candidate variant was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The proband, a 6-year-old girl, had manifested severe congenital deafness, along with inner ear malformation and bilateral branchial fistulae. WES revealed that she has harbored a heterozygous deletion of 2 466 kb at chromosome 8q13.3, which encompassed the EYA1 gene. MLPA confirmed that all of the 18 exons of the EYA1 gene were lost, and neither of her parents has carried the same deletion variant. STR analysis supported that both of her parents are biological parents. Based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, the deletion was classified as pathogenic (PVS1+PS2+PM2_Supporting+PP4).@*CONCLUSION@#The heterozygous deletion of EYA1 gene probably underlay the pathogenicity of BOS in the proband, which has provided a basis for the clinical diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Child , Pedigree , Family , Parents , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 3 , Exons , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics
8.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 51-63, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971605

ABSTRACT

RBM46 is a germ cell-specific RNA-binding protein required for gametogenesis, but the targets and molecular functions of RBM46 remain unknown. Here, we demonstrate that RBM46 binds at specific motifs in the 3'UTRs of mRNAs encoding multiple meiotic cohesin subunits and show that RBM46 is required for normal synaptonemal complex formation during meiosis initiation. Using a recently reported, high-resolution technique known as LACE-seq and working with low-input cells, we profiled the targets of RBM46 at single-nucleotide resolution in leptotene and zygotene stage gametes. We found that RBM46 preferentially binds target mRNAs containing GCCUAU/GUUCGA motifs in their 3'UTRs regions. In Rbm46 knockout mice, the RBM46-target cohesin subunits displayed unaltered mRNA levels but had reduced translation, resulting in the failed assembly of axial elements, synapsis disruption, and meiotic arrest. Our study thus provides mechanistic insights into the molecular functions of RBM46 in gametogenesis and illustrates the power of LACE-seq for investigations of RNA-binding protein functions when working with low-abundance input materials.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , 3' Untranslated Regions/genetics , Cell Cycle Proteins/metabolism , Gametogenesis/genetics , Meiosis/genetics , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics
9.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 273-291, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971555

ABSTRACT

MAGED4B belongs to the melanoma-associated antigen family; originally found in melanoma, it is expressed in various types of cancer, and is especially enriched in glioblastoma. However, the functional role and molecular mechanisms of MAGED4B in glioma are still unclear. In this study, we found that the MAGED4B level was higher in glioma tissue than that in non-cancer tissue, and the level was positively correlated with glioma grade, tumor diameter, Ki-67 level, and patient age. The patients with higher levels had a worse prognosis than those with lower MAGED4B levels. In glioma cells, MAGED4B overexpression promoted proliferation, invasion, and migration, as well as decreasing apoptosis and the chemosensitivity to cisplatin and temozolomide. On the contrary, MAGED4B knockdown in glioma cells inhibited proliferation, invasion, and migration, as well as increasing apoptosis and the chemosensitivity to cisplatin and temozolomide. MAGED4B knockdown also inhibited the growth of gliomas implanted into the rat brain. The interaction between MAGED4B and tripartite motif-containing 27 (TRIM27) in glioma cells was detected by co-immunoprecipitation assay, which showed that MAGED4B was co-localized with TRIM27. In addition, MAGED4B overexpression down-regulated the TRIM27 protein level, and this was blocked by carbobenzoxyl-L-leucyl-L-leucyl-L-leucine (MG132), an inhibitor of the proteasome. On the contrary, MAGED4B knockdown up-regulated the TRIM27 level. Furthermore, MAGED4B overexpression increased TRIM27 ubiquitination in the presence of MG132. Accordingly, MAGED4B down-regulated the protein levels of genes downstream of ubiquitin-specific protease 7 (USP7) involved in the tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α)-induced apoptotic pathway. These findings indicate that MAGED4B promotes glioma growth via a TRIM27/USP7/receptor-interacting serine/threonine-protein kinase 1 (RIP1)-dependent TNF-α-induced apoptotic pathway, which suggests that MAGED4B is a potential target for glioma diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Ubiquitin-Specific Peptidase 7 , Cisplatin , Temozolomide , Transcription Factors , Glioma , Cell Proliferation , Melanoma , Cell Line, Tumor , Apoptosis , Nuclear Proteins/genetics
10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 217-221, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970908

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a child featuring short stature and postaxial polydactyly.@*METHODS@#A child who presented at Ningbo Women & Children's Hospital in May 2021 due to the"discovery of growth retardation for more than two years" was selected as the subject. Peripheral blood samples of the child and his parents were collected for the extraction of genomic DNA. Whole exome sequencing was carried out for the child, and candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing of his family members.@*RESULTS@#The child was found to harbor a heterozygous c.3670C>T (p.Q1224) variant of the GLI2 gene, which may lead to premature termination of protein translation. The variant was not detected in either parent.@*CONCLUSION@#The child was diagnosed with Culler-Jones syndrome. The c.3670C>T (p.Q1224*) variant of the GLI2 gene probably underlay the disease in this child.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Fingers , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Polydactyly/genetics , Toes , Zinc Finger Protein Gli2/genetics
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 659-670, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939673

ABSTRACT

AbstractObjective: To identify the expression and methylation patterns of lncRNA CASC15 in bone marrow (BM) samples of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients, and further explore its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#Eighty-two de novo AML patients and 18 healthy donors were included in the study. Meanwhile, seven public datasets from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) were included to confirm the expression and methylation data of CASC15. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was applied to determine the discriminative capacity of CASC15 expression to identify AML. The patients were divided into CASC15high group and CASC15low group by X-tile method, and the prognostic value of CASC15 was identified by Kaplan-Meier method and univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of CASC15 was significantly decreased in BM cells of AML patients compared with healthy donors (P<0.001). ROC curve analysis suggested that CASC15 expression might be a potential biomarker to discriminate AML from controls. The expression of CASC15 was high at the early stage of hematopoiesis, and reached a peak at the stage of multipotent progenitors differentiation, then decreased rapidly, and was at a range of low level fluctuations in the subsequent process. Among FAB subtypes, CASC15 expression in M0 was significantly higher than that in M1-M7. Clinically, CASC15low patients were more likely to have NPM1 mutations than CASC15high patients (P=0.048), while CASC15high patients had a significantly higher frequency of IDH1 and RUNX1 mutations (P=0.021 and 0.014, respectively). Moreover, CASC15low group had a shorter overall survival (OS) in patients with NPM1 mutations. Furthermore, multivariate analysis confirmed that CASC15 expression was a significant independent risk factor for OS in NPM1 mutated AML patients. In addition, CASC15 methylation level in BM samples of AML patients was significantly decreased compared with healthy donors. Patients with CASC15 high methylation had poor OS and disease-free survival.@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of CASC15 is decreased in AML, and low CASC15 expression may predict adverse prognosis in AML patients with NPM1 mutations. Moreover, CASC15 methylation level in AML is significantly decreased, and high CASC15 methylation may predict poor prognosis in AML.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/metabolism , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Nucleophosmin/genetics , Prognosis , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 653-658, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939672

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish the droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) assay for the detection of NPM1 type A mutation in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and to evaluate its specificity, sensitivity and its value in clinical application.@*METHODS@#NPM1 mutant and wildtype plasmids were used to verify the performance of ddPCR. Both ddPCR and Sanger sequencing were used to detect the bone marrow samples of 87 AML patients, which were confirmed by next generation sequencing (NGS). Moreover, NPM1 mutation burden was dynamically monitored in five patients by ddPCR.@*RESULTS@#The limit of blank (LOB) of ddPCR established for NPM1 mutation detection was 1.1 copies/μl, and the limit of detection (LOD) was 2.43 copies/μl, which had good linearity. Among the 87 newly diagnosed AML patients, ddPCR identified seventeen cases positive for NPM1 mutation (19.5%), which was consistent with Sanger sequencing. NGS confirmed 12 positive cases, including 8 of type A mutations, 2 of type D mutations, and 2 of rare type mutations. The results of dynamic monitoring of NPM1 mutation burden in 5 patients showed that the NPM1 mutation burden decreased obviously even close to 0, when patients achieve complete remission after chemotherapy. However, the mutation burden was increased again at the time of relapse.@*CONCLUSION@#In this study, we established a ddPCR method for detection of NPM1 mutation with good sensitivity and repeatability, which can be used for screening NPM1 mutation in newly diagnosed AML patients and for minimal residual disease monitoring after remission in positive AML patients to guide treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Nucleophosmin , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prognosis
13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 374-377, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928422

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical phenotype and genetic basis for a Chinese pedigree suspected for branchiootic syndrome (BOS).@*METHODS@#The proband was subjected to target-capture high-throughput sequencing to detect potential variant of deafness-associated genes. Candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing of the family members.@*RESULTS@#The proband was found to harbor a c.1627C>T (p.Gln543Ter) nonsense variant of the EYA1 gene. Sanger sequencing confirmed that all of the 4 patients with the BOS phenotype from the pedigree have harbored the same heterozygous variant. Based on the guidelines of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, the variant was predicted to be pathogenic (PVS1+PS+PP3+PP4).@*CONCLUSION@#The c.1627C>T (p.Gln543Ter) variant of the EYA1 gene probably underlay the BOS phenotype in this pedigree. Above finding has provided a basis for its clinical diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Branchio-Oto-Renal Syndrome , China , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Pedigree , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases/genetics
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 631-635, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928766

ABSTRACT

The clinical therapeutic regimen for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is not significantly different between adults and children, which is mostly based on IA (idarubicin and cytosine arabinoside) induction chemotherapy. With the rapid development of sequencing technique, people's understandings towards the molecular and biological abnormalities of AML are increasing, diverse AML gene mutation-based targeted drugs have been rapidly developed and applied. In this review, several commonly gene mutations in AML (such as FLT3, NPM1 and C/EBPA) was described, and the therapeutic effects and differences of targeted drugs that used in clinical treatment or had been reported (like tyrosine kinase inhibitor, IDH1 mutation inhibitor and epigenetic modification inhibitor) in child and adult AML patients were summrized.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Humans , Cytarabine , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Mutation , Myeloproliferative Disorders , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Nucleophosmin , Prognosis , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3/genetics
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 56-60, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928670

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explain the clinicobiological heterogeneity of NPM1 mutated (NPM1mut) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) by analyzing the association between next-generation sequencing (NGS) profiles and MICM characteristics in patients with this AML subtype.@*METHODS@#Data of 238 NPM1mut patients with available NGS information on 112 genes related to blood disease was collected, and χ2 test and nonparametric test were used to analyze the distribution association between NGS-detecting mutations and conventional MICM parameters.@*RESULTS@#In entire NPM1mut cohort, totaling 240 NPM1 mutation events were identified, of whom 10 (10/240, 4.2%) were missense mutations, which did not involve any W288 or W290 locus and were found exclusively in NPM1mut/FLT3-ITD- group. All but one of these missense mutations (9/10, 90%) were accompanied by AML subtype-defining recurrent cytogenetic or molecular abnormalities, of which 7 cases were in the low risk and 2 in the high risk. NPM1mut occurred solely as an insertion/deletion (indel) type in the NPM1mut/FLT3-ITD+ group. The incidence of favorable plus unfavorable karyotypes in NPM1mut/FLT3-ITD- group was higher than in NPM1mut/FLT3-ITD+ group (6.4% vs. 0, P=0.031). The positive rates of CD34 and CD7 in NPM1mut/FLT3-ITD+ group were significantly higher than in NPM1mut/FLT3-ITD- group (CD34: 47.9% vs. 20.6%, P<0.001; CD7: 61.5% vs. 29.9%, P<0.001). Logistic analysis showed that FLT3-ITD independently predicted for CD34+ and CD7+ [odds ratio (OR)=5.29, 95%CI: 2.64-10.60, P<0.001; OR=3.47, 95%CI: 1.79-6.73, P<0.001; respectively]. Ras-pathway mutations independently predicted for HLA-DR+ (OR=4.05, 95%CI: 1.70-9.63, P=0.002), and KRAS mutation for MPO- (OR=0.18, 95%CI: 0.05-0.62, P=0.007). TET2/IDH1 mutations independently predicted for CD34- and CD7- (OR=0.26, 95%CI: 0.11-0.62, P=0.002; OR=0.30, 95%CI: 0.14-0.62, P=0.001; respectively), and MPO+ (OR=3.52, 95%CI: 1.48-8.38, P=0.004). DNMT3A-R882 independently predicted for CD7+ and HLA-DR+ (OR=3.59, 95%CI: 1.80-7.16, P<0.001; OR=13.41, 95%CI: 4.56-39.45, P<0.001; respectively), and DNMT3A mutation for MPO-(OR=0.35, 95%CI: 1.48-8.38, P=0.004).@*CONCLUSION@#Co-existing FLT3-ITD in NPM1mut AML independently predicts for CD34+ and CD7+, co-existing Ras-pathway mutation for HLA-DR+ and MPO-, co-existing TET2/IDH1 mutation for CD34-, CD7-, and MPO+, and co-existing DNMT3A mutation for HLA-DR+, CD7+, and MPO-, thereby providing a new mechanism explanation for the immunophenotypic heterogeneity of these AML patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Nucleophosmin , Prognosis , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3/genetics
16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 241-246, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929564

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the clinical and prognostic significance of TET2 single nucleotide polymorphism I1762V in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) . Methods: The high-throughput sequencing method was used to sequence 58 hematological tumor-related genes in bone marrow samples from 413 patients with AML. TET2 I1762V and other somatic mutations were annotated and compared with patients' clinical information and prognosis. Results: I1762V was found in 154 patients with AML, which was significantly different from the general population in NyuWa Chinese Population Variant Database (χ(2)=72.4, P<0.001) . I1762V was not related to sex, age, and karyotype of patients with AML (P>0.05) . Patients with I1762V had a significantly higher proportion of NPM1 and KIT gene mutations than others (P<0.001) . NPM1 and KIT mutations were mutually exclusive. The survival analysis results revealed that the overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of patients with AML with I1762V were significantly greater than those of wild-type patients (HR=0.57, P=0.030; HR=0.55, P=0.020) , whereas the OS and PFS in patients with AML with DNMT3A mutation (with or without I1762V mutation) were lower than those of wild-type patients (HR=1.79, P=0.030; HR=1.74, P=0.040) . Conclusion: TET2 SNP I1762V has been linked to AML. I1762V is a prognostic factor of patients with AML, which can be used to guide the treatment and evaluate the prognosis of AML.


Subject(s)
Humans , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Dioxygenases/genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Prognosis
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1733-1740, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922326

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinicobiological heterogeneity of NPM1 mutated (NPM1@*METHODS@#The NGS data based on 112 genes related to blood disease in 238 newly diagnosed patients with NPM1@*RESULTS@#Among all the patients, at least one co-mutation was detected out. The median number per case of the mutated genes, including NPM1@*CONCLUSION@#Prognoses of AML involving less common NPM1 missense mutations should be stated on a case by case basis. The mutational landscape and co-occurrence and mutual exclusivity correlations of NPM1


Subject(s)
Humans , Base Sequence , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2340-2352, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921125

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Emerging evidence indicates that the sineoculis homeobox homolog 1-eyes absent homolog 1 (SIX1-EYA1) transcriptional complex significantly contributes to the pathogenesis of multiple cancers by mediating the expression of genes involved in different biological processes, such as cell-cycle progression and metastasis. However, the roles of the SIX1-EYA1 transcriptional complex and its targets in colorectal cancer (CRC) are still being investigated. This study aimed to investigate the roles of SIX1-EYA1 in the pathogenesis of CRC, to screen inhibitors disrupting the SIX1-EYA1 interaction and to evaluate the efficiency of small molecules in the inhibition of CRC cell growth.@*METHODS@#Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting were performed to examine gene and protein levels in CRC cells and clinical tissues (collected from CRC patients who underwent surgery in the Department of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, between 2016 and 2018, n = 24). In vivo immunoprecipitation and in vitro pulldown assays were carried out to determine SIX1-EYA1 interaction. Cell proliferation, cell survival, and cell invasion were determined using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, clonogenic assay, and Boyden chamber assay, respectively. The Amplified Luminescent Proximity Homogeneous Assay Screen (AlphaScreen) method was used to obtain small molecules that specifically disrupted SIX1-EYA1 interaction. CRC cells harboring different levels of SIX1/EYA1 were injected into nude mice to establish tumor xenografts, and small molecules were also injected into mice to evaluate their efficiency to inhibit tumor growth.@*RESULTS@#Both SIX1 and EYA1 were overexpressed in CRC cancerous tissues (for SIX1, 7.47 ± 3.54 vs.1.88 ± 0.35, t = 4.92, P = 0.008; for EYA1, 7.61 ± 2.03 vs. 2.22 ± 0.45, t = 6.73, P = 0.005). The SIX1/EYA1 complex could mediate the expression of two important genes including cyclin A1 (CCNA1) and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFB1) by binding to the myocyte enhancer factor 3 consensus. Knockdown of both SIX1 and EYA1 could decrease cell proliferation, cell invasion, tumor growth, and in vivo tumor growth (all P < 0.01). Two small molecules, NSC0191 and NSC0933, were obtained using AlphaScreen and they could significantly inhibit the SIX1-EYA1 interaction with a half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 12.60 ± 1.15 μmol/L and 83.43 ± 7.24 μmol/L, respectively. Administration of these two compounds could significantly repress the expression of CCNA1 and TGFB1 and inhibit the growth of CRC cells in vitro and in vivo.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Overexpression of the SIX1/EYA1 complex transactivated the expression of CCNA1 and TGFB1, causing the pathogenesis of CRC. Pharmacological inhibition of the SIX1-EYA1 interaction with NSC0191 and NSC0933 significantly inhibited CRC cell growth by affecting cell-cycle progression and metastasis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Genes, Homeobox , Homeodomain Proteins/metabolism , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Mice, Nude , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases/genetics
19.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 678-680, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888374

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis of a child with recurrent infection, multiple malformation and dysmorphism.@*METHODS@#The child and his parents were subjected to trio whole exome sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The child had a complaint of fever and cough, with long and thin eye fissures and long eyelashes. Genetic testing revealed that the child has carried a non-triplet deletion of the KDM6A gene, which was unreported previously. The variant resulted in frameshift and premature termination of the translation. His parents were both of the wild type for the locus. After antibiotic and immunoglobulin treatment, the severe secondary pneumonia caused by immunodeficiency has improved.@*CONCLUSION@#With combined laboratory test, imaging examination and genetic testing, the child was ultimately diagnosed with Kabuki syndrome type 2. The characteristics of immunodeficiency of Kabuki syndrome may render conventional antibiotic treatment ineffective, which deserves clinical attention.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Abnormalities, Multiple , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Face/abnormalities , Genetic Testing , Hematologic Diseases , Histone Demethylases/genetics , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Phenotype , Pneumonia , Vestibular Diseases
20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 912-916, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921968

ABSTRACT

MAMLD1 gene has been implicated in 46,XY disorders of sex development (DSD) in recent years. Patients carrying MAMLD1 gene variants showed a "continuous spectrum" of simple micropenis, mild, moderate and severe hypospadias with micropenis, cryptorchidism, split scrotum and even complete gonadal dysplasia. The function of MAMLD1 gene in sexual development has not been fully elucidated, and its role in DSD has remained controversial. This article has reviewed recent findings on the role of the MAMLD1 gene in DSD, including the MAMLD1 gene, its encoded protein, genetic variants, clinical phenotype and possible pathogenic mechanism in DSD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Disorders of Sex Development/genetics , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Phenotype , Sexual Development , Transcription Factors/genetics
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