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1.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 71(3): 164-177, sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1353177

ABSTRACT

Diversos estudios epidemiológicos y de intervención apuntan a una asociación fuerte y consistente entre la ingesta excesiva de azúcares y el riesgo de desarrollar caries dentales y enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles. El objetivo fue describir los 10 principales alimentos que contribuyen a la ingesta de azúcares añadidos en muestras representativas de poblaciones urbanas de ocho países latinoamericanos, y considerar diferencias por país, sexo, nivel socioeconómico (NSE) y grupo de edad. Se realizó una encuesta transversal multinacional en hogares de Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Perú y Venezuela (N=9218; 15­65 años). La contribución porcentual a la ingesta total del nutriente sirvió para identificar los alimentos aportadores. Los datos se estratificaron por país, sexo, NSE y grupo de edad y se compararon los gramos por día. Excepto en Perú y en el grupo de 50 a 65 años, los refrescos figuraron como el principal contribuyente a la ingesta de azúcares añadidos. Las bebidas caseras y las industrializadas también destacaron. Argentina fue el país con mayor ingesta de azúcares añadidos aportados por bebidas industrializadas, y Chile el país con menor frecuencia de bebidas como fuentes. Entre los 10 contribuyentes, la ingesta de azúcares añadidos fue mayor en el sexo masculino, excepto para sacarosa y pasteles dulces. Mayores ingestas de azúcares provenientes del jugo de fruta natural y sacarosa fueron observadas en el NSE más bajo. Las mayores y menores ingestas en los grupos de edad cambian de acuerdo con la fuente alimentaria. En conclusión, las bebidas azucaradas fueron los principales contribuyentes a la ingesta de azúcares añadidos, y la ingesta varió según la ubicación geográfica y los factores sociodemográficos(AU)


This study aimed to describe the top 10 foods that contribute to added sugars intake in representative samples of urban populations in eight Latin American countries, and consider differences by country, sex, socioeconomic level (SEL), and age group. A household-based, multinational, cross-sectional survey was conducted in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela (N=9218; 15­65 years). Contributors to added sugars were identified and listed based on the percentage of contribution to total intake of this nutrient. Data were stratified by country, sex, SEL, and age group, and the grams per day compared. Except in Peru and in the 50 to 65 years age group, soft drinks were the leading contributor to added sugar intake. Homemade beverages together industrialized beverages have been a prominent position on ranking. In general, the highest intake of added sugars by industrialized beverages was from Argentina, and the lowest frequency of beverages as sources of added sugars was observed in Chile. Among the top 10 contributors, male sex had highest added sugar intake, except for sucrose and sweet cakes. Higher intakes of sugars from natural fruit juice and sucrose were observed in the lower SEL. The highest and lowest intakes in the age groups change according to the food source. In conclusion, sugar-sweetened beverages were main contributors to added sugar intake, and the intake vary with geographical location and sociodemographic factors(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Chronic Disease , Dental Caries/etiology , Sugar-Sweetened Beverages , Obesity/etiology , Exercise , Epidemiologic Studies , Family Characteristics , Surveys and Questionnaires , Eating , Sugars/adverse effects , Nutritional Sciences
2.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 32(2): e274, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347400

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los cuestionarios son instrumentos estandarizados que se utilizan en la vigilancia global de la actividad física en las personas con diabetes mellitus y obesidad. Estos constituyen una técnica costo-efectiva más viable pero menos precisa en comparación con los métodos objetivos que se utilizan para medir la actividad física a nivel poblacional. Sin embargo, son la herramienta más empleada por los especialistas por su interacción directa con los pacientes que se incluyen en las investigaciones sobre la diabetes y la obesidad. Objetivos: Identificar los cuestionarios como una opción factible en Cuba para medir el nivel de actividad física en estudios epidemiológicos en personas con diabetes mellitus y obesidad. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión integradora de la bibliografía durante el periodo 2013-2020, a partir de los criterios de inclusión. La búsqueda se efectuó a través de PubMed, Cochrane, LILIACS y SciELO. Las palabras o criterios empleados fueron: actividad física, actividad física/cuestionarios, actividad física/técnicas de medición, enfermedades no transmisibles, diabetes mellitus y obesidad. Se identificaron 68 artículos, de los cuales fueron seleccionados 29 que contribuyeron al resultado final. Conclusiones: Las nuevas evidencias expuestas propician elementos sólidos para identificar los cuestionarios validados por sensores de movimiento como una opción factible que debe ser utilizada en Cuba para medir el nivel de actividad física en estudios epidemiológicos en personas con diabetes mellitus y obesidad(AU)


Introduction: The questionnaires are standardized instruments, which are used in full monitoring of physical activity in people with diabetes mellitus and obesity. They are a more viable cost-effect technique, but less precise in comparison with the objective methods that are used to measure physical activity in the population level. However, they are the most used tool by the specialists due to its direct interaction with patients included in researches on diabetes and obesity. Objectives: Identify the questionnaires as a feasible option in Cuba to measure the level of physical activity in epidemiological studies in people with diabetes mellitus and obesity. Methods: An integrative review of the bibliography was carried out from the inclusion criteria during the period 2013-2020. The search was carried out through PubMed, Cochrane, LILACS and SciELO to answer the question of the review: What is the physical activity´s measurement technique that can be used in people with diabetes mellitus and obesity in the Cuban population, taking into account the new empirical evidence on the subject? Physical activity, physical activity / questionnaires, physical activity / measurement techniques, non-communicable diseases, diabetes mellitus and obesity; were the words or criteria used. 68 articles were identified, and 29 of them were selected so, they contributed to the final result. Conclusions: The new evidences presented provide solid elements to identify the questionnaires validated by motion sensors as a feasible option that should be used in Cuba to measure the level of physical activity in epidemiological studies of people with diabetes mellitus and obesity(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Exercise , Surveys and Questionnaires , Diabetes Mellitus/etiology , Noncommunicable Diseases/epidemiology , Obesity/etiology , Review Literature as Topic , Epidemiologic Studies , Databases, Bibliographic
3.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 28(1): 233-253, mar. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154321

ABSTRACT

Abstract This paper argues that many of the foundations and trends that led to the rise in obesity and other diet-related health problems in Latin America began to develop in the late nineteenth century. The tendency towards presentism in the nutrition transition literature provides a much abbreviated and limited history of changes in diet and weight. Whereas medical and nutrition researchers have tended to emphasize the recent onset of the crisis, a historical perspective suggests that increasingly global food sourcing prompted changes in foodways and a gradual "fattening" of Latin America. This paper also provides a methodological and historiographic exploration of how to historicize the nutrition transition, drawing on a diverse array of sources from pre-1980 to the present.


Resumo Este trabalho argumenta que fundamentos e tendências que levaram ao aumento da obesidade e de outros problemas de saúde relacionados à alimentação na América Latina começaram a surgir no final do século XIX. A propensão ao presentismo na literatura sobre transição nutricional produz uma história abreviada e limitada das mudanças em alimentação e peso. Embora pesquisadores médicos e nutricionistas enfatizem a recente instalação da crise, uma perspectiva histórica sugere que fontes alimentares crescentemente globalizadas resultaram em mudanças na alimentação e em gradual "aumento de gordura" na população latino-americana. O artigo propõe ainda a exploração metodológica e historiográfica de como historicizar a transição nutricional recorrendo a fontes pré-1980 até o momento.


Subject(s)
Humans , History, 19th Century , History, 20th Century , Diet/history , Obesity/history , Carbonated Beverages/history , Advertising/history , Diet/trends , Sugar-Sweetened Beverages/history , Latin America , Nutritional Physiological Phenomena , Obesity/etiology
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(9): e11116, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249338

ABSTRACT

The interplay between obesity and gastrointestinal (GI) motility is contradictory, and the transgenerational influence on this parameter is unknown. We aimed to evaluate the GI function in a model of paternal obesity and two subsequent generations of their male offspring. Newborn male rats were treated with monosodium glutamate (MSG) and composed the F1 generation, while control rats (CONT) received saline. At 90 days, male F1 were mated with non-obese females to obtain male offspring (F2), which later mated with non-obese females for obtaining male offspring of F3 generation. Lee Index analysis was adopted to set up the obesity groups. Alternating current biosusceptometry (ACB) technique was employed to calculate GI transit parameters: mean gastric emptying time (MGET), mean cecum arrival time (MCAT), mean small intestinal transit time (MSITT), and gastric frequency and amplitude of contractions. Glucose, insulin, and leptin levels and duodenal morphometry were measured. F1 obese rats showed a decrease in the frequency and amplitude of gastric contractions, while obese rats from the F2 generation showed accelerated MGET and delayed MCAT and MSITT. Glucose and leptin levels were increased in F1 and F2 generations. Insulin levels decreased in F1, F2, and F3 generations. Duodenal morphometry was altered in all three generations. Obesity may have paternal transgenerational transmission, and it provoked disturbances in the gastrointestinal function of three generations.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Rats , Paternal Exposure , Obesity/etiology , Gastrointestinal Transit , Leptin , Gastrointestinal Motility , Insulin
6.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 31(2): e218, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1138892

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El cuestionario abreviado de evaluación de la actividad física para la atención primaria (BPAAT, por sus siglas en inglés) se diseñó con el objetivo de evaluar las mismas dimensiones de actividad física que mide el cuestionario internacional de actividad física (IPAQ, por sus siglas en inglés), pero de manera más efectiva. Objetivo: Determinar la utilidad del cuestionario corto BPAAT para medir actividad física en una población cubana. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo y transversal, con una muestra de 230 personas, de dos áreas de salud del municipio "Plaza de la Revolución" para evaluar la utilidad de este cuestionario. Previo a su empleo en el estudio, se realizó la adaptación cultural del cuestionario. La concordancia entre los cuestionarios IPAQ y BPAAT se estimó con el coeficiente kappa. Se determinó si la proporción de sujetos suficientemente activos (SA) era superior al 71 por ciento en los cuestionarios. Resultados: El grupo más representado fue el de 50-64 años (41,7 por ciento). El nivel promedio de actividad física acumulada en la semana fue de 1236,7 equivalentes calóricos (MET's), lo que se corresponde con la categoría moderada. El nivel de concordancia entre los cuestionarios fue de considerable (k = 0,774). Existió correlación negativa entre el grado de actividad física, la edad (p = 0,001) y el índice de masa corporal (p < 0,0001). Conclusiones: El cuestionario BPAAT tiene un grado de concordancia considerable con la versión corta del IPAQ. La mayoría de los sujetos a los que se les aplico el BPAAT estuvo en la categoría suficientemente activos, por lo que resulta adecuado como instrumento de medición de la actividad física en la población estudiada(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: The Brief Physical Activity Assessment Tool (BPAAT, as it stands in English) for primary care was designed with the aim of evaluating the same physical activity dimensions as measured by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ, as it stands in English), but more effectively. Objective: To determine the usefulness of the short BPAAT questionnaire to measure physical activity in a Cuban population. Methods: A cross-sectional and observational-descriptive study was carried out with a sample of 230 people from two health areas of Plaza de la Revolution Municipality, in order to evaluate the usefulness of this questionnaire. Prior to its use in the study, the cultural adaptation of the questionnaire was done. Agreement between the IPAQ and BPAAT questionnaires was estimated with the Kappa coefficient. It was determined whether the proportion of sufficiently active subjects (AS) was greater than 71 percent in the questionnaires. Results: The most represented group was that of 50-64 years (41.7 percent). The average level of physical activity accumulated in a week was 1236.7 caloric equivalents (MET's), which is in correspondence with the moderate category. The level of agreement between the questionnaires was considerable (k = 0.774). There was a negative correlation between degree of physical activity, age (p = 0.001), and body mass index (p < 0.0001). Conclusions: The BPAAT questionnaire has a considerable degree of agreement with the short version of the IPAQ. Most of the subjects to whom the BPAAT was applied were in the SA category, making it suitable as a tool for measuring physical activity in the population studied(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Exercise/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Obesity/etiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
7.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 64(3): 223-234, May-June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131088

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genetic disorder caused by the absence of gene expression in the 15q11.2-q13 paternal chromosome. Patients with PWS develop hypothalamic dysfunction that can lead to various endocrine changes such as: obesity, growth hormone deficiency, hypogonadism, hypothyroidism, adrenal insufficiency and low bone mineral density. In addition, individuals with PWS have increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus. This review summarizes and updates the current knowledge about the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of endocrine manifestations associated with Prader Willi syndrome, especially diagnosis of growth hormone deficiency, management and monitoring of adverse effects; diagnosis of central adrenal insufficiency and management in stressful situations; screening for central hypothyroidism; research and treatment of hypogonadism; prevention and treatment of disorders of glucose metabolism. Careful attention to the endocrine aspects of PWS contributes significantly to the health of these individuals. Arch Endocrinol Metab. 2020;64(3):223-34


Subject(s)
Humans , Prader-Willi Syndrome/complications , Prader-Willi Syndrome/diagnosis , Prader-Willi Syndrome/genetics , Diabetes Mellitus/etiology , Hypogonadism/etiology , Hypothyroidism/etiology , Obesity/etiology
8.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(6): 316-324, June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137839

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the influence of health-related behaviors including food intake, physical activity, sleep time, smoking habits, stress, depression, and optimism on excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) among women with overweight and obesity. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Women's Hospital of the Universidade de Campinas, Campinas, state of São Paulo, Brazil, with 386 mediate postpartum women that fit the inclusion criteria of ≥ 19 years old, first prenatal care visit at or before 14 weeks, and single live baby. Dietary habits, physical exercise practice, sleep duration, smoking and alcohol habits were self-reported. Psychosocial history was evaluated using the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R). Sociodemographic, obstetric, anthropometric, and neonatal data were retrieved from medical records. Descriptive statistics and stepwise logistic regression were performed. Results The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 29.27% and 24.61%, respectively, according to the body mass index (BMI). Excessive GWG was observed in 47.79% of women with overweight and in 45.26% of women with obesity. Excessive GWG among overweight and obese women was associated with inadequate vegetable and bean consumption (odds ratio [OR] = 2.95, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.35-6.46 and OR = 1.91; 95%CI: 1.01-3.63, respectively) and stress (OR = 1.63; 95%CI 1.01-2.64). After adjustment by maternal age, multiparity, sleep duration, smoking, and alcohol intake, we found that stress (PSS ≥ 20) was associated with excessive GWG in women with overweight or obesity (OR: 1.75; 95%CI: 1.03-2.96). Conclusion Among women with overweight and obesity, stress is the main variable associated with excessive GWG. Inadequate vegetables and beans consumption also showed association with excessive GWG.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a influência de comportamentos relacionados à saúde: ingestão alimentar, atividade física, tempo de sono, tabagismo, estresse, depressão e otimismo no ganho de peso gestacional (GPG) excessivo em mulheres com sobrepeso e obesidade. Métodos Estudo transversal no Hospital da Mulher, Universidade de Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brasil, com 386 mulheres no puerpério mediato, ≥ 19 anos, primeira consulta pré-natal até 14 semanas e cuja gestação resultou em neonato vivo. Os comportamentos relacionados à saúde foram autorreferidos. História psicossocial foi avaliada usando: Escala de Depressão Pós-Parto de Edimburgo (EPDS, na sigla em inglês), Escala de Estresse Percebido (PSS, na sigla em inglês) e Teste de Orientação à Vida-Revisado (LOT-R, na sigla em inglês). Dados sociodemográficos, obstétricos, antropométricos e neonatais foram obtidos dos prontuários médicos. Realizou-se análises descritivas e regressão logística. Resultados A prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade foi de 29,27% e de 24,61%, respectivamente. Ganho de peso gestacional excessivo foi observado em 47,79% das mulheres com sobrepeso e em 45,26% das mulheres com obesidade. O consumo inadequado de verduras e feijão (razão de probabilidade [OR] = 2,95; índice de confiança [IC] 95%: 1,35-6,46 e OR = 1,91; IC95%: 1,01-3,63, respectivamente) e estresse (OR = 1,63; IC95%: 1,01-2,64) foram associados ao GPG excessivo em mulheres com sobrepeso e obesidade. Análises ajustadas para idade materna, multiparidade, duração do sono, tabagismo e ingestão de álcool mostraram que o estresse (PSS ≥ 20) associou-se ao GPG excessivo em mulheres com sobrepeso e obesidade (OR = 1.75; 95%CI: 1.03-2.96). Conclusão Entre mulheres com sobrepeso e obesidade, o estresse foi a principal variável associada ao GPG excessivo. O consumo inadequado de verduras e feijão também se associou com o GPG excessivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Health Behavior , Obesity/epidemiology , Pregnancy Complications/etiology , Pregnancy Complications/psychology , Psychometrics , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Exercise , Demography , Medical Records , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Overweight/etiology , Overweight/psychology , Overweight/epidemiology , Gestational Weight Gain , Obesity/etiology , Obesity/psychology
9.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 31(1): e128, ene.-abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126453

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La ginecomastia define el aumento benigno del tamaño de la glándula mamaria en el hombre. Objetivo: Determinar las características clínicas, etiológicas y bioquímicas de los pacientes con diagnóstico de ginecomastia atendidos en el servicio de Cirugía General. Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en una muestra de 108 pacientes, mayores de 18 años, atendidos en el servicio de Cirugía General con diagnóstico de ginecomastia. El estudio se llevó a cabo en los Hospitales Mariano Pérez Balí y Celia Sánchez Manduley, entre septiembre 2015 y marzo 2017. Se determinó edad, características clínicas, etiología y perfil bioquímico de estos pacientes. Resultados: La edad media fue de 27,63 años siendo la afectación estética el principal motivo de consulta. Predominó la ginecomastia bilateral, el sobrepeso/obesidad, el grado IIa de la enfermedad, la etiología idiopática y el antecedente de ginecomastia puberal. La presencia de galactorrea, hiperprolactinemia, hipoandrogenismo e hiperestrogenemia fue mínima. Conclusiones: La ginecomastia bilateral de causa idiopática, en pacientes con sobrepeso/obesidad y niveles normales de hormonas hipofisarias y gonadales es la forma de presentación más frecuente de esta afección(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Gynecomastia defines the benign increase of the mammary gland size in men. Objective: To determine the clinical, etiological and biochemical characteristics of patients diagnosed with gynecomastia attended at the General Surgery service. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in a sample of 108 patients over the age of 18 years, attended at the service of General Surgery with a diagnosis of gynecomastia. The study was carried out in ´´Mariano Perez Bali´´ and ´´Celia Sánchez Manduley´´ Hospitals from September 2015 to March 2017. The age, clinical characteristics, etiology, and biochemical profile of these patients were determined. Results: The mean age was 27.63 years and the aesthetic affectations were the main reason for consultation. There was a predominance of bilateral gynecomastia, overweight/obesity, grade IIa of the disease, idiopathic etiology and the history of pubertal gynecomastia. The presence of hyperprolactinemia, galactorrhea, hypoandrogenism and hyperstrogenism was minimal. Conclusions: Bilateral gynecomastia of idiopathic cause, in patients with overweight/obesity and normal levels of gonadal and pituitary hormones is the most common presentation of this condition(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Esthetics , Overweight/epidemiology , Gynecomastia/diagnosis , Obesity/etiology , Hyperprolactinemia/etiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
11.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(1): 39-45, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1091655

ABSTRACT

Insulin deregulation (ID) is a central player in the pathophysiology of equine metabolic syndrome (EMS), which is associated with generalized and/or regional obesity. The objective of this experiment was to characterize the alterations in the hormonal profile in horses exposed to a hypercaloric diet. A total of nine Mangalarga Marchador adult horses with initial body condition score (BCS) of 2.9±1/9 (mean±SD) were submitted to a high calorie grain-rich diet for 5 months. The data was collected before the start of the experiment and every 15 days until the end of the experiment and glucose and insulin concentrations were measured in the plasma. Proxies G:I, RISQI, HOMA-IR and MIRG were calculated. The low-dose oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed and the total area under the glucose (GTA) and insulin (ITA) curves at three different timepoints (before inducing obesity, after 90 days and after 150 days) was used. Analysis of variance of the results was performed considering the time effects and the means were compared with repeated measures by the Tukey's test (P≤0.05). The ID was observed during the first 90 days of the experiment and was characterized as a decompensated ID, showing an increase of basal glucose and insulin plasma levels, changes in all proxies and a significant increase in GTA (P<0.001) and ITA (P<0.05). However, a clear compensation of the ID was evident after 150 days of experiment, which was supported by data from the insulin secretory response of ß cells of the pancreas that showed an increase in insulin plasma levels, after fasting or exposure to gastric glucose, with a concomitant decrease in fasting glucose and fructosamine levels, and a decrease of GTA and marked increase of ITA (P<0.0001) in the dynamic test. These findings confirm the occurrence of hyperinsulinemia associated with insulin deregulation in Mangalarga Marchador horses exposed to hypercaloric diets.(AU)


A desregulação insulínica (DI) é o ponto central dos mecanismos fisiopatológicos da síndrome metabólica equina (SME), que é associada à obesidade generalizada e/ou regional. O objetivo deste experimento foi caracterizar as alterações no perfil hormonal em equinos submetidos à dieta hipercalórica. Foram utilizados nove equinos Mangalarga Marchador adultos com escore corporal (EC) médio (±DP) inicial de 2,9±1 (escala de 1-9) submetidos à dieta hipercalórica atingindo um EC de 8,3±1 após cinco meses. Os dados foram coletados antes do início do experimento e com o intervalo de 15 dias até o final do experimento, os valores plasmáticos foram obtidos para mensuração das concentrações de glicose e insulina. Foram calculados os proxies G:I, RISQI, HOMA-IR e o MIRG. Foi realizado o teste de baixa dose de glicose oral (TBDGO) utilizando a área total sob a curva de glicose (ATG) e insulina (ATI) em três momentos, antes da indução a obesidade, após 90 e 150 dias. Os resultados foram submetidos à análise de variância considerando-se os efeitos de tempo e as médias comparadas com medidas repetidas pelo teste de Tukey, com o valor P≤0,05. A DI foi observada nos primeiros 90 dias de experimento, se caracterizando como um quadro de DI descompensada, apresentando um aumento dos níveis plasmáticos basais de glicose e insulina, pelas alterações em todos os proxies e com um aumento significativo da ATG (P<0,001) e ATI (P<0,05). Contudo, ficou evidente uma compensação do quadro de DI após 150 dias de experimento, sendo demonstrado pelos dados da resposta secretória insulínica das células ß do pâncreas, que se manifestaram pelo aumento dos níveis plasmáticos de insulina pós-jejum ou exposição à glicose gástrica com concomitante redução nos níveis de glicose e frutosamina pós-jejum e pela redução da ATG e pela marcada elevação de ATI (P<0,0001) no teste dinâmico. Tais achados comprovam a ocorrência de hiperinsulinemia associada à desregulação insulínica em equinos Mangalarga Marchador expostos a dietas à dieta hipercalórica.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Insulin Resistance , Metabolic Syndrome/etiology , Metabolic Syndrome/veterinary , Diet/veterinary , Horses/metabolism , Hyperinsulinism/etiology , Hyperinsulinism/veterinary , Obesity/etiology , Weight Gain , Obesity/veterinary
12.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO4876, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039734

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To investigate the effects of sericin extracted from silkworm Bombyx mori cocoon on morphophysiological parameters in mice with obesity induced by high-fat diet. Methods Male C57Bl6 mice aged 9 weeks were allocated to one of two groups - Control and Obese, and fed a standard or high-fat diet for 10 weeks, respectively. Mice were then further subdivided into four groups with seven mice each, as follows: Control, Control-Sericin, Obese, and Obese-Sericin. The standard or high fat diet was given for 4 more weeks; sericin (1,000mg/kg body weight) was given orally to mice in the Control-Sericin and Obese-Sericin Groups during this period. Weight gain, food intake, fecal weight, fecal lipid content, gut motility and glucose tolerance were monitored. At the end of experimental period, plasma was collected for biochemical analysis. Samples of white adipose tissue, liver and jejunum were collected and processed for light microscopy analysis; liver fragments were used for lipid content determination. Results Obese mice experienced significantly greater weight gain and fat accumulation and had higher total cholesterol and glucose levels compared to controls. Retroperitoneal and periepididymal adipocyte hypertrophy, development of hepatic steatosis, increased cholesterol and triglyceride levels and morphometric changes in the jejunal wall were observed. Conclusion Physiological changes induced by obesity were not fully reverted by sericin; however, sericin treatment restored jejunal morphometry and increased lipid excretion in feces in obese mice, suggesting potential anti-obesity effects.


RESUMO Objetivo Investigar os efeitos da sericina extraída de casulos de Bombyx mori na morfofisiologia de camundongos com obesidade induzida por dieta hiperlipídica. Métodos Camundongos machos C57Bl6, com 9 semanas de idade, foram distribuídos em Grupos Controle e Obeso, que receberam ração padrão para roedores ou dieta hiperlipídica por 10 semanas, respectivamente. Posteriormente, os animais foram redistribuídos em quatro grupos, com sete animais cada: Controle, Controle-Sericina, Obeso e Obeso-Sericina. Os animais permaneceram recebendo ração padrão ou hiperlipídica por 4 semanas, período no qual a sericina foi administrada oralmente na dose de 1.000mg/kg de massa corporal aos Grupos Controle-Sericina e Obeso-Sericina. Parâmetros fisiológicos, como ganho de peso, consumo alimentar, peso das fezes em análise de lipídios fecais, motilidade intestinal e tolerância à glicose foram monitorados. Ao término do experimento, o plasma foi coletado para dosagens bioquímicas e fragmentos de tecido adiposo branco; fígado e jejuno foram processados para análises histológicas, e amostras hepáticas foram usadas para determinação lipídica. Resultados Camundongos obesos apresentaram ganho de peso e acúmulo de gordura significativamente maior que os controles, aumento do colesterol total e glicemia. Houve hipertrofia dos adipócitos retroperitoneais e periepididimais, instalação de esteatose e aumento do colesterol e triglicerídeos hepáticos, bem como alteração morfométrica da parede jejunal. Conclusão O tratamento com sericina não reverteu todas as alterações fisiológicas promovidas pela obesidade, mas restaurou a morfometria jejunal e aumentou a quantidade de lipídios eliminados nas fezes dos camundongos obesos, apresentando-se como potencial tratamento para a obesidade.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Anti-Obesity Agents/therapeutic use , Sericins/therapeutic use , Obesity/drug therapy , Time Factors , Triglycerides/analysis , Body Weight/drug effects , Gastrointestinal Transit/drug effects , Weight Gain/drug effects , Adipose Tissue/pathology , Cholesterol/analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Anti-Obesity Agents/pharmacology , Sericins/pharmacology , Eating/drug effects , Fatty Liver/pathology , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Glucose Tolerance Test , Liver/metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Obese , Obesity/etiology , Obesity/physiopathology
13.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 95(6): 705-712, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056657

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: This study examined the growth status and physical development of Brazilian children with autism spectrum disorders from 4 to 15 years of age. Furthermore, it was examined whether variation in growth patterns and weight status was influenced by the use of psychotropic medications. Methods: One-hundred and twenty children aged 3.6-12.1 years at baseline (average = 7.2 years, SD = 2.3 years) diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders were measured on three repeated occasions across a 4-year period. Stature, body mass, and body mass index were considered. Bayesian multilevel modeling was used to describe the individual growth patterns. Results: Growth in stature was comparable to the age-specific 50th percentile for Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reference data until approximately 8 years, but a substantial decrease in growth rate was observed thereafter, reaching the age-specific 5th percentile at 15 years of age. Both body mass and body mass index values were, on average, higher than both the Brazilian and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention age-specific 95th percentile reference until 8 years, but below the 50th specific-age percentile at the age of 15 years. Conclusions: Brazilian boys with autism spectrum disorders between 4 and 15 years appear to have impaired growth in stature after 8-9 years of age, likely impacting pubertal growth. A high prevalence of overweight and obesity was observed in early childhood, although a trend of substantial decrease in body mass and body mass index was apparent when children with autism spectrum disorders entered the years of pubertal development.


RESUMO Objetivo: Este estudo examinou o estado de crescimento e o desenvolvimento físico de crianças brasileiras com transtornos do espectro autista entre 4 e 15 anos. Adicionalmente, examinamos se a variação nos padrões de crescimento e na massa corporal foi influenciada pelo uso de medicamentos psicotrópicos. Métodos: 120 crianças com idades entre 3,6 e 12,1 anos no início do estudo (média = 7,2 anos, DP = 2,3 anos) diagnosticadas com transtornos do espectro autista foram avaliadas em três ocasiões repetidas em um período de 4 anos. Foram considerados estatura, massa corporal e índice de massa corporal. O modelo multinível bayesiano foi utilizado para descrever os padrões de crescimento individual. Resultados: O crescimento em estatura foi comparável ao percentil 50 específico para a idade para os dados de referência do Centro de Controle e Prevenção de Doenças dos Estados Unidos até cerca de 8 anos. Porém, foi observada uma redução substancial na taxa de crescimento depois dos 8 anos, atingindo o percentil 5 específico para a idade aos 15 anos de idade. Tanto os valores de massa corporal quanto de índice de massa corporal foram, em média, maiores comparativamente ao percentil 95 específico para a idade até aos 8 anos da referência brasileira e do Centro de Controle e Prevenção de Doenças dos Estados Unidos, porém abaixo do percentil 50 específico para a idade aos 15 anos de idade. Conclusões: Os meninos brasileiros com transtornos do espectro autista entre 4 e 15 anos parecem ter retardo do crescimento na estatura após os 8-9 anos, provavelmente afeta o crescimento púbere. Foi observada uma alta prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade na primeira infância, apesar de uma tendência de redução substancial na massa corporal e no índice de massa corporal ter sido aparente quando as crianças com transtornos do espectro autista entraram nos anos de desenvolvimento púbere.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Body Height , Autism Spectrum Disorder/complications , Body Mass Index , Child Development , Longitudinal Studies , Bayes Theorem , Overweight/etiology , Obesity/etiology
15.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 155(4): 423-427, jul.-ago. 2019.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286528

ABSTRACT

Resumen En el tercer trimestre del embarazo son frecuentes las alteraciones del sueño, las cuales generan cambios en la secreción de melatonina en mujeres gestantes que duermen menos de ocho horas o presentan alteraciones de sueño, promoviendo diversos cambios fisiológicos en la madre, que a su vez derivan en bajo peso al nacimiento (BPN) en el producto. El bajo peso al nacimiento está asociado con un fenómeno conocido como "programación metabólica", en la que el feto es sometido a estrés que tiene como resultado alteraciones metabólicas irreversibles que lo predisponen al desarrollo de obesidad en la edad adulta.


Abstract Sleep disturbances are common in the third trimester of pregnancy and generate changes in the secretion of melatonin in pregnant women who sleep less than eight hours or have sleep disturbances, which promote various physiological changes in the mother that in turn result in low birth weight (LBW) in the fetus. LBW is associated with a phenomenon known as "metabolic programming," in which the fetus is subjected to a stressful situation that results in irreversible metabolic alterations that predispose it to the development of obesity in adulthood.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Sleep Wake Disorders/epidemiology , Obesity/epidemiology , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Obesity/etiology
16.
Rev. cuba. salud pública ; 45(1)ene.-mar. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1042996

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Es poco lo que se conoce sobre cómo son recibidos e interpretados por los escolares los mensajes sobre promoción de la salud emitidos por las instituciones sociales. Objetivo: Analizar la influencia de los mensajes procedentes del discurso de las instituciones sociales en la construcción de las ideas sobre la salud de los escolares. Método: Estudio observacional descriptivo e interpretativo bajo el paradigma cualitativo de investigación. La muestra es no probabilística intencionada o racional, no discriminante y equitativa, compuesta por 27 escolares de la enseñanza secundaria obligatoria. El trabajo de campo se ha desarrollado en tres centros educativos. Como instrumentos principales se seleccionaron el grupo focal, la observación participante y las notas de campo, lo que permitió realizar una triangulación de los datos. Se realizó un análisis de contenido del discurso de los escolares con la ayuda del software QRS N-Vivo 10. Para describir este proceso pedagógico de adaptación del discurso social sobre la salud se tuvieron en cuenta los conceptos de recontextualización y biopedagogía desarrollados por Basil Bernstein y Valerie Harwood, basados en Michael Foucault. Resultados: La madre de los escolares y los medios de comunicación son los agentes sociales más influyentes en sus ideas sobre salud. Los escolares vinculan estar delgado con estar sano y tener obesidad con estar enfermo. Conclusiones: Tras la recontextualización realizada, los escolares asumieron que se puede conseguir un estado óptimo de salud mediante el control del peso corporal. La asunción de estos discursos biopedagógicos puede favorecer relaciones conflictivas entre los escolares y su cuerpo(AU)


Introduction: We know little about how the messages about health promotion issued by social institutions are being received and interpreted by schoolchildren. Objective: To analyze the influence of messages from the discourse of social institutions in the construction of ideas about the health of schoolchildren. Method: Observational, descriptive and interpretative study under the qualitative research paradigm. The sample is non-probabilistic, intentional or rational, non-discriminatory and equitable composed by 27 students of compulsory secondary education. Fieldwork has been developed in three educational centers. As main tools were chosen the focal group, participating observation and field notes, thus allowing to perform a triangulation of the data. A content analysis of the discourse of schoolchildren was carried out with the help of QRS N-Vivo 10 software. To describe this pedagogical process of adapting the social discourse on health were taken into account the concepts of recontextualisation and biopedagogy that has been developed by Basil Bernstein and Valerie Harwood based on Michael Foucault researches. Results: The mother of schoolchildren and the media are the most influential social agents in their ideas about health. Schoolchildren link being thin with being healthy and obesity with being sick. Conclusions: After the recontextualisation, the students assume that an optimal state of health can be achieved by controlling body weight. The assumption of these biopedagogical discourses can favor conflicting relations among the schoolchildren and their body(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , School Health Services , Obesity/etiology , Obesity/prevention & control , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Study
17.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4550, 01 Fevereiro 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-997907

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the facial morphology of Caucasian obese adults in relation to normal weight peers, and to study the association between three-dimensional soft-tissue facial measurements and cardiometabolic risk factors. Material and Methods: Nineteen Caucasian obese subjects aged 25 to 73 years underwent anthropometric measurements, blood samples and a stereophotogrammetric facial scan. Soft-tissue facial linear distances, angles, and volumes were obtained and compared to those collected on normal weight subjects by computing z-scores. Spearman correlation was used to assess the associations between facial measurements and metabolic parameters. Logistic regression analysis adjusted for sex and age was used to assess the risk of metabolic syndrome associated to the facial measurements. Results: Overall, when compared to normal weight persons, obese adults had a wider face in the horizontal dimension, with a middle face (maxilla) that was larger both in absolute value and relatively to the lower face (mandible), and a larger right side gonial angle (Wilcoxon test, p < 0.01). Only the mean (left and right) gonial angle was positively associated to serum triglycerides level, while the other facial measurements were associated with none of the cardiometabolic parameters. Moreover, none of the facial measurements was associated with the risk of metabolic syndrome. Conclusion: Despite larger facial dimensions and altered mandible/maxilla volume ratio, three-dimensional soft-tissue facial morphometry in Caucasian obese adults is not related to cardiometabolic risk factors. The actual association between morphological facial characteristics and clinical information on the health conditions of patients is still to be investigated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Risk Factors , Adult , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Metabolic Syndrome , Face/anatomy & histology , Obesity/etiology , Photogrammetry/methods , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Regression Analysis , Statistics, Nonparametric , Italy
18.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(2): e1434, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001042

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Sarcopenia is prevalent before liver transplantation, and it is considered to be a risk factor for morbidity/mortality. After liver transplantation, some authors suggest that sarcopenia remains, and as patients gain weight as fat, they reach sarcopenic obesity status. Aim: Prospectively to assess changes in body composition, prevalence and associated factors with respect to sarcopenia, obesity and sarcopenic obesity after transplantation. Methods: Patients were evaluated at two different times for body composition, 4.0±3.2y and 7.6±3.1y after transplantation. Body composition data were obtained using bioelectrical impedance. The fat-free mass index and fat mass index were calculated, and the patients were classified into the following categories: sarcopenic; obesity; sarcopenic obesity. Results: A total of 100 patients were evaluated (52.6±13.3years; 57.0% male). The fat-free mass index decreased (17.9±2.5 to 17.5±3.5 kg/m2), fat mass index increased (8.5±3.5 to 9.0±4.0; p<0.05), prevalence of sarcopenia (19.0 to 22.0%), obesity (32.0 to 37.0%) and sarcopenic obesity (0 to 2.0%) also increased, although not significantly. The female gender was associated with sarcopenia. Conclusion: The fat increased over the years after surgery and the lean mass decreased, although not significantly. Sarcopenia and obesity were present after transplantation; however, sarcopenic obesity was not a reality observed in these patients.


RESUMO Racional: A sarcopenia é prevalente antes do transplante de fígado e é considerada fator de risco para morbidade/mortalidade desses pacientes. Após o transplante hepático, alguns autores sugerem que a sarcopenia permanece, e os pacientes ganham peso na forma de gordura, atingindo o status de obesidade sarcopênica. Objetivo: Avaliar prospectivamente as mudanças na composição corporal, prevalência e fatores associados em relação à sarcopenia, obesidade e obesidade sarcopênica após o transplante. Métodos: Os pacientes foram avaliados em dois momentos diferentes para composição corporal, 4,0±3,2 e 7,6±3,1 anos e após o transplante. Os dados da composição corporal foram obtidos por meio de bioimpedância elétrica. O índice de massa livre de gordura e o índice de massa gorda foram calculados, e os pacientes foram classificados nas seguintes categorias: sarcopênico; obesidade; obesidade sarcopênica. Resultados: Foram avaliados 100 pacientes (52,6±13,3 anos; 57,0% homens). A prevalência de sarcopenia (19,0% para 22,0%), obesidade (32,0% para 37,0%) e índice de massa livre de gordura (17,9±2,5 para 17,5±3,5 kg/m2), índice de massa gorda aumentou (8,5±3,5 para 9,0±4,0 kg/m2), e obesidade sarcopênica (0 para 2,0%) também aumentaram, embora não significativamente. O gênero feminino foi associado à sarcopenia. Conclusão: Após a operação, a gordura aumentou ao longo dos anos e a massa magra diminuiu, embora não significativamente. A sarcopenia e a obesidade estavam presentes após o transplante; no entanto, a obesidade sarcopênica não foi realidade observada nesses pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Body Composition/physiology , Liver Transplantation/adverse effects , Sarcopenia/etiology , Sarcopenia/physiopathology , Obesity/etiology , Obesity/physiopathology , Time Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Weight Gain/physiology , Body Mass Index , Nutritional Status/physiology , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Sarcopenia/epidemiology , Obesity/epidemiology
19.
Med. interna (Caracas) ; 35(4): 145-154, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1102332

ABSTRACT

Las complicaciones crónicas de la diabetes mellitus pueden resultar en una baja calidad de vida, por lo cual la aplicación de un índice pronóstico puede ser una herramienta útil para mejorar esta situación.Objetivo: Asociar la presencia actual de complicaciones crónicas de la Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2, con las presentes 10 años antes aplicando la formula RECODE. Métodos: estudio observacional, analítico, longitudinal, retro-prospectivo en pacientes mayores de 30 años, se evaluaron las complicaciones crónicas en el presente y se aplicó la formula RECODE tomando los datos de la historia anterior. Tratamiento estadístico: estadística descriptiva para cada variable a través de análisis de frecuencia y porcentaje, además de la formula RECODE. Resultados: Se evaluaron 593 pacientes, con 308 exclusiones. El promedio de edad fue 63 años ± 15,5 DE. Hubo leve predominio de mujeres en 55%. En 75% de los pacientes había hipertensión. Las complicaciones crónicas encontradas fueron: nefropatía diabética 44%, neuropatía en 41% y afección cardiovascular en 14%. La mortalidad fue de 2%. Al confrontar las complicaciones crónicas que predice la formula RECODE en la actualidad, con los resultados de la fórmula con datos de 10 años previos, se encontró que todos los eventos ya estaban presentes durante la evaluación actual y la fórmula estimaba una menor frecuencia de los hallazgos documentados, con excepción de la cardiopatía isquémica o enfermedad cerebrovascular. Conclusión: La presencia de complicaciones crónicas actuales fue mayor a la que estimada según RECODE 10 años antes; aún así se concluye que dicha fórmula es útil para el cálculo de riesgo de complicaciones crónicas(AU)


The chronic complications of diabetes mellitus can result in a low quality of life for these patients. The application of a prognostic index can be a useful medical tool to improve this issue. Objective: To associate the present chronic complications of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, with the result of the application of the RECODE formula in the recent past. Methods: observational, analytical, longitudinal, retro-prospective study of patients older than 30 years. the chronic complications were assesed in the clinical record and at the present time using the RECODE formula as well as for the former 10 years Statistics:descriptive statistics for each variable through frequency and percentage analysis, in addition to the RECODE formula. Results: 593 patients were evaluated, with 308 exclusions. The average age was 63 years ± 15.5 SD. There was a slight predominance of women in 55%. Hypertension was present in 75%. Among the chronic complications found were: diabetic nephropathy 44%, followed by neuropathy in 41% and cardiovascular disease in 14%. Mortality was 2%. When comparing the present chronic complications predicted by the RECODE formula, with the results of the formula dated 10 years before we found that all the events were already present during the current evaluation and the formula estimated a lower frequency of the documented findings, with the exception of ischemic heart disease or cerebrovascular disease in 10 patients. Conclusion: The presence of current chronic complications was greater than estimated according to RECODE 10 years before.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/physiopathology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Obesity/etiology , Quality of Life , Public Health , Chronic Disease
20.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(4): e2238, 2019. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020367

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: comparar os efeitos do extrato hidroalcoólico da casca do Camu-Camu, uma planta frutífera pertencente à família Myrtaceae amplamente distribuída na bacia amazônica, com os da gastrectomia vertical, sobre o peso e a glicemia de ratos Wistar. Métodos: vinte e quatro ratos Wistar foram submetidos à indução de obesidade através de dieta hiperlipídica por oito semanas (período de engorda), e randomizados em três grupos: Grupo Controle (GC), Grupo Camu-Camu (GCC) e Grupo Cirurgia Bariátrica (GCB). Após esse período, todos os animais retornaram a uma dieta normal e iniciou-se o período de intervenção: o GC não sofreu nenhuma intervenção além da mudança da dieta; o GCC foi submetido ao procedimento de gavagem para administração de extrato hidroalcoólico de Camu-Camu 1g/kg/dia por quatro semanas; e o GCB foi submetido ao procedimento cirúrgico de gastrectomia vertical. Todos os animais foram acompanhados por quatro semanas. Resultados: houve apenas uma perda no GCB devido à fístula gástrica. Observou-se variações significativas no peso médio dos animais: o GC evoluiu com aumento de peso mesmo após a retirada da dieta de engorda, enquanto os outros dois grupos apresentaram redução de peso. O GCB apresentou redução significativa do peso e do IMC (p<0,05); o GCC obteve redução significativa apenas do IMC (p<0,05). Não houve alterações estatisticamente significantes nos níveis glicêmicos. Conclusão: apesar de reduzir o peso, o extrato hidroalcoólico bruto da casca do Camu-Camu não foi capaz de se mostrar tão eficiente quanto a cirurgia de gastrectomia vertical no controle do peso corporal em ratos Wistar.


ABSTRACT Objective: to compare the effects of the hydroalcoholic extract from the peel of Camu-Camu, a fruit plant belonging to the Myrtaceae family, widely distributed in the Amazon basin, with those of sleeve gastrectomy, on the weight and glycemia of Wistar rats. Methods: twenty-four Wistar rats underwent obesity induction through a hyperlipid diet for eight weeks (fat period), and were randomized into three groups: Control Group (CG), Camu-Camu Group (CCG) and Bariatric Surgery Group (BSG). After this period, all animals returned to a normal diet and the intervention period began: CG did not undergo any intervention beyond diet change; CCG animals underwent gavage procedure for administration of Camu-Camu hydroalcoholic extract, 1g/kg/day, for four weeks; and the BSG was submitted to the surgical procedure of sleeve gastrectomy. We followed all animals for four weeks. Results: there was only one loss in BSG due to a gastric fistula. We observed significant variations in the animals' mean weight: the CG evolved with weight gain even after the withdraw of the hypercaloric diet, while the other two groups presented weight reduction. BSG presented a significant reduction of weight and BMI (p<0.05); CCG achieved a significant reduction only of the BMI (p<0.05). There were no statistically significant changes in the glycemic levels. Conclusion: in spite of reducing weight, the crude hydroalcoholic extract of the Camu-Camu peel was not able to be as efficient as sleeve gastrectomy in the control of body weight in Wistar rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Weight Loss , Myrtaceae/chemistry , Bariatric Surgery , Obesity/diet therapy , Rats, Wistar , Dietary Supplements , Nutrition Therapy , Disease Models, Animal , Fruit/chemistry , Obesity/surgery , Obesity/etiology
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