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1.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 40(1): e813, ene.-mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289455

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La encía queratinizada es un componente importante del complejo mucogingival. Su ausencia puede deberse a recesiones gingivales, traumas, caries radicular, entre otras. La técnica de injerto gingival libre es considerada el estándar de oro, por ser una técnica óptima para aumentar la extensión del vestíbulo y el ancho del tejido queratinizado por sus altas tasas de éxito y predictibilidad clínica. Objetivo: El propósito de este caso clínico fue evaluar el uso de una modificación de la técnica del injerto gingival libre. Presentación de caso: El caso clínico incluyó aumento de la profundidad del vestíbulo y de la encía queratinizada en ambas zonas del sector anteroinferior, para lo cual se utilizaron las dos hemiarcadas del paladar como la zona dadora del injerto (doble injerto). El caso utilizó un doble injerto gingival libre como técnica novedosa para el aumento gingival. Después de dos meses de cicatrización, se observó reducción de la recesión gingival y un aumento notorio del ancho de la encía queratinizada. Conclusiones: La técnica modificada de doble injerto gingival libre, es una buena alternativa para aumentar el grosor de la encía queratinizada en el sector anteroinferior, además de reducir el tiempo posoperatorio y generar una cicatrización uniforme a nivel de la línea mucogingival(AU)


Introduction: Keratinized gingiva is an important component of the mucogingival complex. Its absence may be due to gingival recessions, trauma, root caries, among others. The free gingival graft technique is considered the gold standard, as it is an optimal technique to increase the extension of the vestibule and the width of the keratinized tissue due to its high success rates and clinical predictability. Objective: The purpose of this clinical case was to evaluate the use of a modification of the free gingival graft technique. Case report: The clinical case included an increase in the depth of the vestibule as well as the keratinized gingiva in both areas of the anteroinferior sector, for which the two hemiarchates of the palate were used as the graft donor area (double graft). The case used a free double gingival graft as a novel technique for gingival augmentation. After two months of healing, a reduction in the gingival recession was observed, as well as a noticeable increase in the width of the keratinized gingiva. Conclusions: The modified free double gingival graft technique is a good alternative to increase the thickness of the keratinized gingiva in the anteroinferior sector, in addition to reducing the post-operative time and generating uniform healing at the level of the mucogingival line(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tissue Donors , Wounds and Injuries , Operative Time , Gingival Recession , Herpes Zoster
2.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(12): 1696-1701, Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143677

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY INTRODUCTION: Patients with bilateral kidney stones and burdened by large stones are challenging cases for endourologists. Simultaneous bilateral percutaneous nephrolithotomy (sbPCNL) is an option; however, it may be accompanied by important morbidity. An alternative is a staged PCNL, operating one side each time. Herein, we compare the impact of sbPCNL and staged PCNL on complication rates and renal function. METHODS: Patients who underwent sbPCNL or staged bilateral PCNL with a frame time of 6 months were searched in our prospectively collected kidney stone database. Groups were compared for age, gender, body mass index (BMI), comorbidities (classification by the American Society of Anesthesiology - ASA), stone size, Guy's score, stone-free status, renal function, blood loss, blood transfusion rate, complication rate, and length of hospital stay. RESULTS: Twenty-six patients and 52 kidney units were enrolled. The mean operative time was 134.7 min. Only 11.3% of cases had complications, all of them minor (Clavien ≤ 2). Overall, the stone-free rate was 61.50%. Comparing the groups, there was a significantly longer operative time in the sbPCNL group (172.5 vs. 126.3 min; p=0.016), as well as a higher transfusion rate (12.5% vs. 5.6%; p=0.036). There was no statistically significant difference in creatinine levels between the groups. Regarding the stone-free rate, there was a significantly higher proportion of patients in the staged PCNL group (64.9% vs. 43.8%; p=0.012). CONCLUSION: sbPCNL is a safe procedure; however, when compared to staged procedures it has a higher transfusion and lower stone-free rate.


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO: Paciente com cálculos renais bilaterais e de grande volume são casos desafiadores para os endourologistas. A nefrolitotripsia percutânea bilateral simultânea (NLPbs) é um opção, entretanto esse procedimento pode ser acompanhado de morbidade importante. Uma alternativa é a NLP estagiada, operando um lado de cada vez. Aqui, nós comparamos o impacto da NLPbs e da NLP estagiada nas taxas de complicações e função renal. MÉTODOS: Pacientes que foram submetidos a NLPsb ou NLP stagiada com intervalo de até 6 meses foram pesquisados em nossa base de dados de cálculos renais prospectivamente coletada. Os grupos foram comparados em idade, gênero, índice de massa corpórea (IMC), comorbidades (classificação da Sociedade Americana de Anestesiologia - ASA), tamanho do cálculo, Classificação de Guys, taxa de pacientes livres de cálculos, função renal, perda sanguínea, taxa de transfusão, taxa de complicações e tempo de internação hospitalar. RESULTADOS: Vinte e seis paciente e 52 unidades renais foram incluídas. O tempo operatório médio foi de 134,7 min. Apenas 11.3% dos casos tiveram complicações, sendo todas menores (Clavien ≤ 2). No geral, a taxa de pacientes livres de cálculos foi de 61,5%. Comparando os grupos houve um tempo operatório significativamente maior no grupo NLPbs(172,5 vs. 126,3 min; p=0,016), assim como uma maior taxa de transfusão (12,5% vs. 5,6%; p=0.036). Não houve diferença significante nos níveis de creatinina entre os grupos. Em relação a taxa de doentes livre de cálculos houve uma proporção significativamente maior de pacientes livres de cálculos na NLP estagiada (64,9% vs. 43,8%; p=0,012). CONCLUSÃO: A NLPsb é um procedimento seguro, entretando quando comparada ao procedimento estagiado apresenta uma maior taxa de transfusão e uma menor taxa de pacientes livres de cálculos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous/adverse effects , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Operative Time , Length of Stay
3.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(11): 1573-1576, Nov. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143630

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a growing public health problem associated with many comorbid diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between body mass index and complications of thyroidectomy. METHODS: Patients who underwent total thyroidectomy between January 2015 and December 2018 were enrolled. Patients were divided into two groups, i.e., BMI <25 (group A) and BMI≥ 25 (group B). Demographics, operative time, and complications were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: The study included 145 patients (66 in Group A and 79 in Group B). There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of age (p=0.330) and gender (p=0.055). No surgical site infection and bleeding complications were observed in any patients. The mean operative time was 148.4 minutes (90-235) in Group A and 153.4 minutes (85-285) in Group B (p=0.399). Transient hypocalcemia was observed in 25 (37.9%) patients in group A, and 23 (29.1%) patients in Group B (p = 0.291). Permanent hypocalcemia was not observed in any patient in group A, and in 2 patients in Group B (2.5%) (p = 0.501). Transient recurrent nerve palsy was observed in 1 (1.5%) patient in Group A and in 3 (3.8%) patients in Group B (p=0.626). None of the patients had permanent recurrent nerve palsy. Parathyroid autotransplantation was performed on 1 patient (1.5%) in group A and on 7 (8.9%) patients in Group B (p=0.055). CONCLUSION: We think there is no relationship between a high BMI and thyroidectomy complications, and surgery can also be performed safely in this patient group.


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO: A obesidade é um crescente problema de saúde pública associado a muitas doenças comórbidas. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a relação entre o índice de massa corporal e as complicações da tireoidectomia. MÉTODOS: Os pacientes submetidos a tireoidectomia total entre janeiro de 2015 e dezembro de 2018 foram incluidos. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois como IMC <25 (grupo A) e IMC . 25 (grupo B). Demografia, tempo operatorio e complicacoes revisadas retrospectivamente. RESULTADOS: O estudo incluiu 145 pacientes (66 no grupo A e 79 no grupo B). Não houve diferença significativa entre os dois grupos em termos de idade (p = 0,033) e sexo (p = 0,055). Nenhuma infecção do sítio cirúrgico e complicações hemorrágicas foram observadas em nenhum paciente. O tempo operatório médio foi de 148,4 minutos (90-235) no grupo A e 153,4 minutos (85-285) no grupo B (p = 0,399). Hipocalcemia transitória foi observada em 25 (37,9%) pacientes do grupo A e 23 (29,1%) do grupo B (p = 0,291). Hipocalcemia permanente não foi observada em nenhum paciente do grupo A e em 2 pacientes do grupo B (2,5%) (p = 0,501). Paralisia nervosa recorrente transitória foi observada em 1 (1,5%) paciente no grupo A e em 3 (3,8%) pacientes no grupo B (p = 0,626). Nenhum dos pacientes apresentou paralisia nervosa recorrente permanente. O autotransplante de paratireóide foi realizado em 1 paciente (1,5%) no grupo A e em 7 (8,9%) pacientes no grupo B (p = 0,055). CONCLUSÃO:: Acreditamos que não há relação entre um IMC alto e as complicações da tireoidectomia e a cirurgia pode ser realizada com segurança também neste grupo de pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Thyroidectomy/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Retrospective Studies , Operative Time , Hypocalcemia/etiology
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1479-1484, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134465

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Gastric cancer (CG) is the second leading cause of cancer deaths. The best treatment option for patients with advanced GC (AGC) is still surgery, which involves performing a gastrectomy and D2 lymphadenectomy (D2L). The aim of this study was to determine postoperative morbidity (POM) and 5-year OS in patients resected by AGC without neoadjuvant. Case series with follow-up of patients with AGC undergoing total or subtotal gastrectomies and D2L, consecutively at RedSalud Mayor Temuco Clinic, between 2008 and 2019. The outcome variables were POM and 5-year OS. Other variables of interest were surgical time, number of resected lymph nodes, hospital stay, and recurrence. Descriptive statistics was used, and Kaplan-Meier curves were calculated. In this analysis 38 patients (71.1 % men), with a median age of 65 years, were operated. The most frequent location was subcardial (50.0 %). The most frequent type of resection was total gastrectomy (60.5 %). The median of surgical time, number of resected lymph nodes and hospital stay; was 190 min, 32 and 6 days respectively. MPO was 18.4 %. With a median follow-up of 28 months, a recurrence of 44.7 % was verified; and 5-year OS for stages IIIA, IIIB and IV were 53.3 %, 46.1 % and 20.0 % respectively (p= 0,007). The results achieved, in terms of POM and OS series were similar to national and international series in which neoadjuvant therapies have not been applied.


RESUMEN: El cáncer gástrico (CG) es la segunda causa de muerte por cáncer. La mejor opción terapéutica para pacientes con CG avanzado (CGA), sigue siendo la cirugía, que supone la realización de gastrectomía asociada a linfadenectomía D2 (LD2). El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar morbilidad postoperatoria (MPO) y supervivencia (SV) en pacientes resecados por CGA sin neoadyuvancia. Serie de casos con seguimiento, de pacientes con CGA sometidos a gastrectomía total o subtotal con LD2, de forma consecutiva, en Clínica RedSalud Mayor Temuco, entre 2008 y 2019. Las variables resultado fueron MPO y SV actuarial global (SVAG) a 5 años. Otras variables de interés fueron: tiempo quirúrgico, número de linfonodos resecados, estancia hospitalaria y recurrencia. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva, con medidas de tendencia central y dispersión; y análisis de SV con curvas de Kaplan Meier. Se intervinieron 38 pacientes (71,1 % hombres), con una mediana de edad de 65 años. La localización más frecuente fue subcardial (50,0 %); el tipo de resección más frecuente fue gastrectomía total (60,5 %). Las medianas del tiempo quirúrgico, del número de linfonodos resecados y de estancia hospitalaria; fue 190 min, 32 y 6 días respectivamente. La MPO fue 18,4 %. Con una mediana de seguimiento de 28 meses, se verificó recurrencia de 44,7 %; y SVAG a 5 años para estadios IIIA, IIIB y IV de 53,3%, 46,1 % y 20,0 % respectivamente (p=0,007). Los resultados obtenidos, en términos de MPO, mortalidad y SVAG, fueron similares a series de centros de derivación nacionales e internacionales en los que no se ha aplicado terapias neoadyuvantes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Gastrectomy/methods , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence , Survival Analysis , Follow-Up Studies , Operative Time , Length of Stay
5.
Int. j interdiscip. dent. (Print) ; 13(1): 40-43, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1114892

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: El propósito de esta revisión fue evaluar sistemáticamente la literatura científica sobre los resultados clínicos que se obtienen al remover los frenillos aberrantes al utilizar los procedimientos quirúrgicos convencionales y el láser. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Búsqueda detallada en las bases de datos PubMed, ScienceDirect, Cochrane y SciELO para obtener la información más actualizada los resultados clínicos (dolor posoperatorio, dolor al hablar, dolor al masticar y complicaciones posquirúrgicas) entre las técnicas convencionales (uso del escalpelo) y las técnicas de remoción con el láser (búsqueda de ensayos clínicos). RESULTADOS: De los 501 archivos identificados inicialmente, se excluyeron reportes clínicos, revisiones, estudios observacionales, comentarios, estudios con pacientes pediátricos, etc. Se incluyeron cuatro ensayos clínicos que contrastaron las variables entre la técnica convencional y las técnicas con el láser Nd: YAG y láser CO2 CONCLUSIÓN: La percepción del dolor posoperatorio, el dolor al hablar y el disconfort al masticar luego de la frenectomía es menor en las técnicas que utilizan el láser de Nd: YAG y CO2 frente a las técnicas que utilizan el escalpelo. El tiempo quirúrgico con el uso del láser es significativamente menor que al utilizar el escalpelo. La heterogeneidad de los estudios limita la realización de un metanálisis con respecto a los resultados.


OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to evaluate systematically the scientific literature on the clinical results obtained by removing aberrant frenulums using conventional surgical procedures and laser. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A detailed search was performed in the PubMed, ScienceDirect, Cochrane and SciELO databases to obtain the most up-to-date clinical results (postoperative pain, pain when speaking, pain when chewing and postoperative complications) among conventional (scalpel use) and laser removal techniques (search for clinical trials). RESULTS: Of the 501 records initially identified, clinical reports, reviews, observational studies, comments, studies with pediatric patients, etc. were excluded. We included four clinical trials that contrasted the variables between the conventional technique and the techniques with the Nd: YAG laser and CO2 laser. CONCLUSION: The perception of postoperative pain, pain when speaking and chewing discomfort after frenectomy is lower in the techniques using the Nd: YAG and CO2 laser versus the techniques using the scalpel. The surgical time when using of laser is significantly lower than when using the scalpel. The heterogeneity of the studies limits the performance of a meta-analysis with respect to the results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oral Surgical Procedures/methods , Labial Frenum/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Surgery, Oral , Carbon Dioxide , Treatment Outcome , Laser Therapy , Lasers, Solid-State , Operative Time
6.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 24(1): 80-85, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090562

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The use of endoscope is rapidly increasing in otological and neuro- otological surgery in the last 2 decades. Middle ear surgeries, including tympanoplasty, have increasingly utilized endoscopes as an adjunct to or as a replacement for the operative microscope. Superior visualization and transcanal access to diseases normal- ly managed with a transmastoid approach are touted as advantages with the endoscope. Objectives The present study aimed to compare the outcomes of endoscopic and microscopic cartilage tympanoplasty (Type I) Methods This was a retrospective comparative study of 70 patients (25 males and 45 females) who underwent type I tympanoplasty between March 2015 and April 2016. The subjects were classified into 2 groups: endoscopic tympanoplasty (ET, n = 35), and microscopic tympanoplasty (MT, n = 35). Tragal cartilage was used as a graft and technique used was cartilage shield tympanoplasty in both groups. Demographic data, perforation size of the tympanic membrane at the preoperative state, operation time, hearing outcome, and graft success rate were evaluated. Results The epidemiological profiles, the preoperative hearing status, and the perforation size were similar in both groups. The mean operation time of the MT group (52.63 ± 8.68 minutes) was longer than that of the ET group (48.20 ± 10.37 minutes), but the difference was not statistically significant. The graft success rates 12 weeks postoperatively were 91.42% both in the ET and MT groups, that is, 32/35; and these values were not statistically significantly different. There was a statistically significant improvement in hearing within the groups, both pre- and postoperatively, but there was no difference between the groups. Conclusion Endoscopic tympanoplasty is a minimally invasive surgery with similar graft success rate, comparable hearing outcomes and shorter operative time period as compared to microscopic use.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Middle Aged , Aged , Tympanoplasty/methods , Endoscopy , Microsurgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ear Cartilage/transplantation , Operative Time
7.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(1): 36-42, feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092888

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción El uso del sistema de visión 3D en cirugía laparoscópica puede significar una mejor performance de los procedimientos quirúrgicos de mayor complejidad. Objetivo Reportar las indicaciones, los resultados y la valoración de un grupo de cirujanos de diferentes especialidades en el uso de visión 3D. Materiales y Método: Se analizan las indicaciones quirúrgicas y los resultados subjetivos y objetivos del uso del sistema óptico 3D (n = 155 pacientes) en cirugía laparoscópica compleja. Para evaluación subjetiva se aplicó a una encuesta de percepción cualitativa a los cirujanos participantes tipo Likert. Para la evaluación objetiva, se registran los tiempos quirúrgicos empleados en los diferentes procedimientos efectuados y las complicaciones postoperatorias y se comparan con los pacientes operados con sistema 2D (n = 783 pacientes) en el mismo periodo. Resultados el 70,6% concuerda tener mejor imagen con la técnica 3D, el 64,7% de los cirujanos refieren que se puede reducir el tiempo operatorio, el 58,8% considera que se puede reducir el error quirúrgico, el 92% y 100% respectivamente afirman que el confort del cirujano es mejor con el uso de óptica 3D y que esta técnica es recomendable para los procedimientos complejos. El tiempo operatorio se redujo en algunos procedimientos, especialmente urológicos. No se encontró diferencias sustanciales al comparar los resultados con el uso de sistema 3D versus 2D en cuanto a complicaciones postoperatorias. En la 3D no se encontró mortalidad postoperatoria, probablemente por el menor número de pacientes de ese grupo. Conclusión La laparoscopia 3D posee una buena valoración por los cirujanos que la emplearon, principalmente en calidad de imagen, reducción del tiempo operatorio y confort del cirujano en comparación con la laparoscopía 2D convencional. No se encontró diferencias sustanciales al comparar los resultados con el uso de sistema 3D versus 2D en cuanto a tiempo operatorio ni complicaciones postoperatorias.


Introduction The use of the 3D vision system in laparoscopic surgery can mean better performance in more complex surgical procedures. Aim Report the indications, results and assessment of a group of surgeons of different specialties in the use of 3D vision. Materials and Method Surgical indications and subjective and objective results of the use of 3D optical system in patients (n = 155) submitted to complex laparoscopic surgery are analyzed. Subjective evaluation based on a survey of qualitative perception (Likert) was applied to the participating surgeons. For objective evaluation, the operatory times and postoperative complications were recorded and compared with the results observed with the use of the 2D system (783 patients) in the same period. Results 70.6% agree to have a better image with the 3D technique, 64.7% of surgeons report that the operative time can be reduced, 58.8% consider that it can be reduced the surgical error, 92% and 100% respectively considered that the comfort of the surgeon is better with the use of 3D optics and that this technique is recommended for complex procedures. No substantial differences were found when comparing the results with the use of 3D versus 2D system by the same surgical teams in terms of operative times and postoperative complications. In 3D, postoperative mortality was probably not found due to the lower number of patients in this group. Conclusion 3D laparoscopy has a good evaluation by the surgeons who used it, mainly in image quality, reduction of operative time and comfort of the surgeon compared to conventional 2D laparoscopy. No substantial differences were found when comparing the results with the use of 3D versus 2D system in terms of operative times or postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Laparoscopy/methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Chile , Surveys and Questionnaires , Laparoscopy/statistics & numerical data , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/instrumentation , Surgery, Computer-Assisted/methods , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Operative Time
8.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(1): 79-86, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098063

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Achalasia is a neurodegenerative motility esophageal disorder characterized by failure of lower esophageal sphincter relaxation. The conventional treatment option for achalasia has been laparoscopic Heller myotomy (LHM). However, in 2010, Inoue et al. described peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM), a minimally invasive procedure, as an alternative therapy. To date, some studies with small sample sizes have aimed to compare outcomes of LHM vs POEM. OBJECTIVE: Thus, the aim of this study is to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to better evaluate the efficacy and safety of these two techniques. METHODS: Individualized search strategies were developed from inception through April 2019 in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. Variables analyzed included operative time, overall adverse events rate, post-procedure gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), hospitalization length, post-procedure pain score, and Eckardt Score reduction. RESULTS: Twelve cohort trials were selected, consisting of 893 patients (359 in POEM group and 534 in LHM.) No randomized clinical trials were available. There was no difference in operative time (MD= -10,26, 95% CI (-5,6 to 8,2), P<0.001) or Post-Operative Gastroesophageal Reflux (RD: -0.00, 95%CI: (-0.09, 0.09), I2: 0%). There was decreased length of hospital stay for POEM (MD: -0.6, 95% CI (-1.11, -0.09), P=0.02), and an increased mean reduction in Eckardt score in POEM patients (MD = -0.257, 95% CI: (-0.512 to -0.002), P=0.048), with similar rates of adverse events. CONCLUSION: POEM demonstrated similar results compared to laparoscopic Heller myotomy with regards to improvement of dysphagia, post-procedure reflux, and surgical time, with the benefit of shorter length of hospital stay. Therefore, POEM can be considered an option for patients with achalasia.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A acalasia é um distúrbio esofágico da motilidade neurodegenerativa caracterizado por falha no relaxamento do esfíncter esofágico inferior (EEI). A opção de tratamento convencional para acalasia tem sido a miotomia laparoscópica de Heller (LHM). No entanto, em 2010, Inoue et al. descreveram a miotomia endoscópica peroral (POEM), um procedimento minimamente invasivo, como uma terapia alternativa. Até o momento, poucos estudos com amostras pequenas tiveram como objetivo comparar os resultados do LHM versus POEM. OBJETIVO: Assim, o objetivo deste estudo é realizar uma revisão sistemática e metanálise para melhor avaliar a eficácia e segurança dessas duas técnicas. MÉTODOS: Estratégias de busca individualizadas foram desenvolvidas desde o início até abril de 2019, de acordo com as diretrizes do PRISMA. As variáveis analisadas incluíram tempo operatório, taxa global de eventos adversos, doença de refluxo gastroesofágico (DRGE) pós-procedimento, tempo de internação, escore de dor pós-procedimento e redução do escore de Eckardt. RESULTADOS: Doze estudos de coorte foram selecionados, consistindo em 893 pacientes (359 no grupo POEM e 524 no LHM). Nenhum ensaio clínico randomizado estava disponível. Não houve diferença no tempo operatório (MD = -10,26, IC 95% (-5,6 a 8,2), P<0,001) ou refluxo gastroesofágico pós-operatório (RD: -0,00, 95% IC: (-0,09, 0,09), I2: 0%). Houve diminuição do tempo de permanência hospitalar para POEM (MD: -0,6, 95% CI (-1,11, -0,09), P=0,02) e um aumento da redução média no escore de Eckardt em pacientes POEM (MD= -0,257, IC95%: (-0,512 a -0,002), P=0,048), com taxas similares de eventos adversos. CONCLUSÃO: O POEM demonstrou resultados semelhantes aos da miotomia a Heller por videolaparoscopia, com melhora da disfagia, do refluxo pós-procedimento e tempo cirúrgico, com o benefício de menor tempo de internação hospitalar. Portanto, o POEM pode ser considerado uma opção para pacientes com acalasia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Achalasia/surgery , Esophagoscopy/methods , Myotomy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Controlled Clinical Trials as Topic , Operative Time , Length of Stay
10.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(1): 108-115, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056353

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Cystectomy with urinary diversion is the gold standard for muscle invasive bladder cancer. It also may be performed as part of pelvic exenteration for non-urologic malignancy, neurogenic bladder dysfunction, and chronic conditions that result in a non-functional bladder (e.g., interstitial cystitis, radiation cystitis). Our objective is to describe the surgical technique of urinary diversion using large intestine as a conduit whilst creating an end colostomy, thereby avoiding a primary bowel anastomosis and to show its applicability with respect to urologic conditions. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed five cases from a single institution that utilized the described method of urinary diversion with large intestine. We describe operative times, hospital length of stay (LOS), and describe post-operative complications. Results: Five patients with a variety of urologic and oncologic pathology underwent the described procedures. Their operative times ranged from 5 hours to 11 hours and one patient experienced a Clavien III complication. Conclusion: We describe five patients who underwent this procedure for various medical indications, and describe their outcomes, and believe dual diversion of urinary and gastrointestinal systems with colon as a urinary conduit to be an excellent surgical option for the appropriate surgical candidate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Colon, Sigmoid/surgery , Colostomy/methods , Urinary Diversion/methods , Urinary Bladder Diseases/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical , Cystectomy/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Operative Time , Length of Stay , Medical Illustration , Middle Aged
11.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(1): 83-89, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056362

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Obliterative urethral stenosis is a type of urethral lesion that compromises the whole corpus spongiosum's circumference. We present our experience in resolving complex long segment urethral obliteration in a single procedure using a combination of dorsal onlay oral mucosa graft (OMG) and ventral fasciocutaneous penile skin flap. Materials and methods: A prospectively maintained database was reviewed, which included data of men presenting long, obliterative strictures. Patients were excluded if they were lost to follow-up before one year. Failure was defined as need for further urethral instrumentation. The surgical technique used consisted on the fixation of OMG to the tunica albuginea of the corpus cavernosum, thus creating a new urethral plate. Penile or foreskin flaps were employed to complete the ventral aspect. Postoperative follow-up was done with a voiding cystourethrography at week 3. Results: A total of 21 patients were included with a median age of 49 years. Mean follow-up was 25 months. Failure was found for 3 patients (2 of them needing dilations and only one required a new urethral reconstruction). Conclusion: Single stage combination of dorsal OMG with ventral fasciocutaneous penile flap showed good results for selected patients affected with obliterative urethral stenosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Penis/surgery , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Urethral Stricture/surgery , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Mouth Mucosa/transplantation , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Operative Time , Middle Aged
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876428

ABSTRACT

@#Objective: To determine the relationship of the surgeon handedness and operative site laterality on operative duration and hearing improvement in otologic surgery, and to further explore whether this relationship may be related to surgeon experience. Methods: Design: Retrospective Cohort Setting: Tertiary Private Teaching Hospital Participants: Seventy-three (73) patients aged 18 to 65 years old who underwent primary ear surgery under general anesthesia between January 2016 and December 2019 were retrospectively divided into two groups: 39 contralateral and 34 ipsilateral. The operative durations and hearing improvements were compared using independent t-tests, with consideration of surgeon experience in years further stratifying patients. Results: There was no significant difference in operative duration, t(71) = 1.14, p = .26, between the contralateral (M = 281.95 minutes, SD = 71.82) and ipsilateral (M = 261.15, SD = 79.26) groups. This same pattern was more pronounced among surgeons with 10+ years of experience although there was also no significant difference in operative time, t(33) = 1.31, p = .19 for both ipsilateral and contralateral surgeries There was no statistically significant difference, t(36) = -0.72, p = .47, in overall mean hearing gain among patients in the contralateral (M = +2.22 dB, SD = 10.54) and ipsilateral (M = +5.12 dB, SD = 14.26) groups. Although the difference was also not statistically significant, t(16) = -1.94, p = .07 for contralateral (M = 0.00, SD = 5.43) and ipsilateral (M = +7.95 dB, SD = 11.52) procedures performed by surgeons with experience of 10 years or more, a mean hearing gain of +7 dB in the ipsilateral group compared to 0 dB in the contralateral group was notable. Conclusion: This study did not prove that regardless of surgeon experience, right-handed surgeons operating on the right ear and left-handed surgeons operating on the left ear have better ear surgery outcomes of operative duration and hearing improvement compared to right- handed surgeons operating on the left ear and left-handed surgeons operating on the right ear. Future studies on larger samples with more complete data may yet demonstrate this effect.


Subject(s)
Functional Laterality , Otologic Surgical Procedures , Hearing , Operative Time
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828894

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the application of digital positioning guide plate in extraction of impacted supernumerary teeth and evaluate its clinical efficacy.@*METHODS@#From March to August, 2019, 30 patients with labial impacted supernumerary teeth treated in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Stomatological Hospital, Southern Medical University were enrolled in this study. Fifteen of the patients were treated with digital positioning guide plate to remove the impacted supernumerary teeth (test group). According to the CBCT data and the dentition model of the patients, the positioning guide plate was positioned by avoiding the important anatomical structure with the tooth-bone surface as the support to design the soft tissue incision line and bone tissue exposure range. The other 15 patients who were treated without the use of the guide plate for operation served as the control group. The design time, tooth searching time, operation time and complications were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The positioning guide plate was well attached during the operation and allowed quick location of the supernumerary teeth while helping to expose the supernumerary teeth and avoid the damage of the adjacent important anatomical structures. The pre-operative design time was 50 ± 5 min in the test group and 0 min in the control group. The average time of tooth finding in the test group was 5±2 min, as compared with 10±3 min in the control group (=15.40, < 0.01); the average time of operation was significantly shorter in the test group than in the control group (25±4 min 45±6 min; =35.50, < 0.01). No intraoperative complications occurred in the test group, and slight deviation occurred in one case in the control group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The application of digital positioning guide plate in extraction of embedded supernumerary teeth can significantly shorten the time of tooth finding, reduce the difficulty of operation, and improve the quality of operation.


Subject(s)
Bone Plates , Bone and Bones , Humans , Operative Time , Tooth Extraction , Tooth, Impacted , Tooth, Supernumerary
14.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(5): 654-658, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136269

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE To compare the effect of two internal fixation methods in the treatment of proximal clavicle fractures. METHODS Fifty patients with proximal clavicle fractures received surgical treatment. They were divided into a clavicular T-plate group and a double mini-plates group. The duration of the operation, blood loss during the operation, fracture healing time, and incision infection were evaluated between the two groups. RESULTS Operation time (t=2.063, P=0.058), intraoperative bleeding (t=1.979, P=0.062), and fracture healing time (t=1.082, P=0.066) were not statistically significant in the two groups. The patients were followed up for 12-18 months; one patient in the T-plate group had early removal of nails, but no clinical symptoms. At the 2-month follow-up, the ASES score in the double mini-plates group was significantly better than in the T-plate group (P<0.001); but at the 6-month follow-up, 1-week before removal of internal fixation and the final follow-up, the two groups had no significant differences (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS Both internal fixations have similar clinical results in the duration of operation, blood loss during the operation, and fracture healing time. The double mini-plates fixation presents advantages by reducing complications and speeding fracture healing; thus it is a more effective method to treat proximal clavicle fractures.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Comparar o efeito de dois métodos de fixação interna no tratamento de fraturas da clavícula proximal. MÉTODOS Cinquenta pacientes com fraturas da clavícula proximal receberam tratamento cirúrgico. Eles foram divididos em um grupo de placa T clavicular e um grupo de miniplacas duplas. A duração da operação, perda de sangue durante a operação, tempo de cura da fratura e infecção na incisão foram avaliados nos dois grupos. RESULTADOS O tempo de operação (t=2,063, P=0,058), perda de sangue durante a operação (t=1,979, P=0,062) e tempo de cura das fraturas (t=1,082, P=0,066) não foram estatisticamente significativos nos dois grupos. Os pacientes foram acompanhados por 12-18 meses; um dos pacientes do grupo da placa T teve retirada antecipada dos parafusos, mas não apresentou sintomas clínicos. Aos dois meses de acompanhamento, a pontuação ASES no grupo de miniplacas duplas foi significativamente melhor do que a do grupo de placas T (P<0,001). Porém, no acompanhamento de seis meses, uma semana antes da remoção da fixação interna e do acompanhamento final, os dois grupos não apresentavem diferenças significativas (P>0,05). CONCLUSÃO Ambas técnicas de fixação interna têm resultados clínicos semelhantes quanto a duração da operação, perda de sangue durante a operação e tempo de cura da fratura. A fixação de miniplacas duplas apresenta vantagens quanto a redução das complicações e cura mais rápida da fratura, sendo, portanto, um método mais eficaz para tratar fraturas da clavícula proximal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clavicle , Fractures, Bone , Bone Plates , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Operative Time , Fracture Fixation, Internal
15.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202574, 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136603

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The COVID-19 Pandemic has resulted in a high number of hospital admissions and some of those patients need ventilatory support in intensive care units. The viral pneumonia secondary to Sars-cov-2 infection may lead to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and longer mechanical ventilation needs, resulting in a higher demand for tracheostomies. Due to the high aerosolization potential of such procedure, and the associated risks of staff and envoirenment contamination, it is necesseray to develop a specific standardization of the of the whole process involving tracheostomies. This manuscript aims to demonstrate the main steps of the standardization created by a tracheostomy team in a tertiary hospital dedicated to providing care for patients with COVID-19.


RESUMO A pandemia da COVID-19 tem gerado um número elevado de internações hospitalares e muitos pacientes são admitidos nas unidades de terapia intensiva para suporte ventilatório invasivo. A pneumonia viral provocada pelo Sars-cov-2 pode resultar na síndrome da disfunção respiratória aguda (SDRA) e em um tempo prolongado de ventilação mecânica, gerando uma demanda maior de traqueostomias. Diante do alto potencial de aerossolização desse procedimento, com risco de contaminação da equipe e do ambiente, é necessário criar uma padronização específica de todo o processo que envolve essa cirurgia. Este artigo visa demonstrar as principais etapas dessa padronização desenvolvida por um equipe dedicada à realização de traqueostomias em um hospital terciário dedicado ao atendimento de pacientes com suspeita ou confirmação de COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/surgery , Tracheostomy/standards , Elective Surgical Procedures/standards , Coronavirus Infections/surgery , Tertiary Care Centers/standards , Operating Rooms/standards , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Brazil , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Aerosols/adverse effects , Pandemics/prevention & control , Operative Time , Personal Protective Equipment/standards , Betacoronavirus , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
16.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 28: e3261, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1101712

ABSTRACT

Objective: to validate the Risk Assessment Scale for the Development of Injuries due to Surgical Positioning in the stratification of risk for injury development in perioperative patients at a rehabilitation hospital. Method: analytical, longitudinal and quantitative study. An instrument and the scale were used in the three perioperative phases in 106 patients. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: most patients showed high risk for perioperative injuries, both in the scale score with estimated time and in the real-time score, with a mean of 19.97 (±3.02) and 19.96 (±3.12), respectively. Most participants did not show skin lesions (87.8%) or pain (92.5%). Inferential analysis enabled us to assert that the scale scores are associated with the appearance of injuries resulting from positioning, therefore, it can adequately predict that low-risk patients are unlikely to have injuries and those at high risk are more likely to develop injuries. Conclusion: the scale validation is shown by the association of scores with the appearance of injuries, therefore, it is a valid and useful tool, and it can guide the clinical practice of perioperative nurses in rehabilitation hospitals in order to reduce risk for injuries due to surgical positioning.


Objetivo: validar a Escala de Avaliação de Risco para o Desenvolvimento de Lesões Decorrentes do Posicionamento Cirúrgico na estratificação do risco de desenvolvimento de lesões em pacientes perioperatórios de um hospital de reabilitação. Método: pesquisa analítica, longitudinal e quantitativa. Um instrumento e a escala foram utilizados nas três fases perioperatórias em 106 pacientes. Os dados foram analisados por estatística descritiva e inferencial. Resultados: a maioria dos pacientes apresentou alto risco para lesões perioperatórias, tanto no escore da escala com tempo estimado quanto no escore com tempo real, com média 19,97 (+3,02) e 19,96 (+3,12), respectivamente. A maioria dos participantes não apresentou lesão de pele (87,8%) e dor (92,5%). A análise inferencial permite afirmar que os escores da escala estão associados com o surgimento de lesões decorrentes do posicionamento, portanto, consegue prever adequadamente que pacientes com baixo risco provavelmente não apresentarão lesões e aqueles com alto risco estarão mais propensos a desenvolver lesões. Conclusão: a validação da escala é evidenciada pela associação dos escores com o surgimento de lesões, portanto, é ferramenta válida e útil, e poderá nortear a prática clínica do enfermeiro perioperatório de hospital de reabilitação na redução de riscos de lesões decorrentes da posição cirúrgica.


Objetivo: validar la Escala de Evaluación de Riesgo para el Desarrollo de Lesiones Debidas al Posicionamiento Quirúrgico en la estratificación del riesgo de desarrollo de lesiones en pacientes perioperatorios de un hospital de rehabilitación. Método: investigación analítica, longitudinal y cuantitativa. Se utilizó la escala y un instrumento en las tres etapas perioperatorias en 106 pacientes. El análisis de datos se realizó con estadística descriptiva e inferencial. Resultados: la mayor parte de los pacientes presentó alto riesgo de desarrollo de lesiones perioperatorias, tanto en el puntaje de la escala con tiempo estimado como en el puntaje de tiempo real, con promedio 19,97 (+3,02) y 19,96 (+3,12), respectivamente. La mayor parte de los participantes no presentaron lesiones de piel (87,8%) ni dolor (92,5%). El análisis inferencial permite afirmar que los puntajes de la escala están asociados con el surgimiento de lesiones provenientes del posicionamiento, por lo tanto, se infiere que los pacientes con bajo riesgo probablemente no presenten lesiones y que, aquellos de alto riesgo, serán más proclives a desarrollar lesiones. Conclusión: la validación de la escala se evidencia por la asociación de los puntajes con el surgimiento de lesiones, por tanto, es una herramienta válida y útil, y podrá guiar la práctica clínica del enfermero perioperatorio del hospital de rehabilitación en lo atinente a la reducción de riesgos de lesiones provenientes de la posición quirúrgica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Perioperative Nursing , Risk Factors , Patient Positioning , Operative Time , Hospitals, Rehabilitation , Intraoperative Complications
17.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1258622

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Despite agreement in the literature that"stable"blunt trauma patients may be managed con-servatively, in Egypt many such patients receive operative management. This paper presents the results of apragmatic, prospective, observational study to evaluate outcomes of non-operative (NOP) versus operative (OP)management of blunt abdominal solid organ trauma in hemodynamically stable adults admitted to TantaUniversity Emergency Hospital (TUH) in Egypt.Methods:A prospective observational study enrolled adult blunt abdominal trauma patients with solid organinjury at TUH over a 3-year period (June 2014­June 2017). Inclusion criteria were age≥18 yr, mean arterialpressure > 65 mm Hg, heart rate < 110 bpm, hematocrit≥7 mg/dl, and abdominal organ injury diagnosed byultrasound or computed tomography (CT). Excluded patients were those with pelvis and femur fractures; pa-tients with penetrating abdominal trauma; predominate burn injuries, children and pregnant women. All pa-tients were assigned to non-operative or operative management based on clinician preference. Outcomes ofinterest were 30-day mortality, blood transfusion volume, and length of stay. Descriptive statistics andχ2wereused to compare outcomes. Results:During the study period, 4254 trauma patients presented to TUH. Of these, 790 had blunt abdominaltrauma and 111 (14.1%) met inclusion criteria. Injury severity scores for each group were comparable (24 ± 10­NOP vs. 28 ± 11­OP,p= 0.126). NOP received less transfused blood (213.41 ± 360.3 ml [NOP]vs.1155.17 ± 380.4 ml [OP] (p< 0.0001)) but had a longer length of stay (8.29 ± 2.8 [NOP] vs.6.45 ± 1.97 days [OP] (p= 0.012)). There was no difference in mortality between groups (p= 0.091). Conclusion:Our study demonstrated that non-operative management in Egypt of blunt abdominal trauma wassafe and resulted in fewer procedures, fewer units of blood transfused, and no increase in mortality. Longerlength of stay for non-operative patients might reflect treating physician caution in their management


Subject(s)
Abdominal Injuries , Adult , Egypt , Operative Time , Patients , Wounds, Nonpenetrating
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811272

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The need for proper wound closure is of paramount importance after any intra-oral surgery. Various wound closure techniques have been described in literature using traditional non-absorbable suture materials. These include like synthetic absorbable sutures, surgical staples and tissue adhesives. Cyanoacrylates are among the most commonly used biocompatible tissue adhesives. To evaluate and compare intraoral wound healing using 3-0 silk sutures and n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate after alveoloplasty.MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 20 patients requiring bilateral alveoloplasty in the same arch (upper or lower) were included in this study. Patients with any pre-existing pathology or systemic disease were excluded. After alveoloplasty was performed, the wound was closed using 3-0 braided silk sutures on one side, and using n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate bio adhesive on the other side. Patients were evaluated based on the following parameters: time required to achieve wound closure; the incidence of immediate and postoperative hemostasis; the time to the use of the first rescue medication; the side where pain first arises; and the side where wound healing begins first.RESULTS: Compared to 3-0 silk sutures, cyanoacrylate demonstrated better hemostatic properties, reduced operative time, reduced postoperative pain and better wound healing.CONCLUSION: These data suggest that cyanoacrylate glue is an adequate alternative to conventional sutures to close the surgical wound after alveoloplasty, and better than are 3-0 silk sutures.


Subject(s)
Adhesives , Alveoloplasty , Cyanoacrylates , Enbucrilate , Hemostasis , Humans , Incidence , Operative Time , Pain, Postoperative , Pathology , Silk , Sutures , Tissue Adhesives , Wound Closure Techniques , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811124

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is one of the commonly found catastrophic complications after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis, proper skin cleansing, shortened operative time, and sterility of surgical field and equipment are essential to minimize the risk of PJI. Although bacterial contamination of electrocautery tips has been reported, contamination of residual product of electrocoagulation, burnt necrotic tissue (BNT), is not well known. Therefore, we aimed to assess the contamination rate of BNT and association between contaminated BNT and PJI, and risk factors.METHODS: BNTs from 183 patients who had undergone unilateral primary TKA at our institution were retrospectively analyzed. In each patient, three to five specimens of BNT were routinely collected in the operative field of primary TKA. Collecting time was defined as the duration from start of using the electrocautery device to the first collection of BNT.RESULTS: Culture was positive in eight of 183 patients (4.4%; contaminated BNT group), and the most commonly isolated organism was coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (62.5%). The average operative time was 103.1 ± 44.2 minutes in the contaminated BNT group and 79.0 ± 16.7 minutes in the non-contaminated BNT group (p = 0.17), and collecting time was 48.0 ± 44.3 minutes and 29.7 ± 17.0 minutes (p = 0.28), respectively. None of the patients with contaminated BNT developed PJI, whereas four patients with culture-negative BNT developed PJI within 2 postoperative years.CONCLUSIONS: BNT in surgical field can become a reservoir of contaminating bacteria. However, contamination of BNT was not associated with PJI. Therefore, routine removal of all BNTs may be unnecessary.


Subject(s)
Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Arthroplasty , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Bacteria , Electrocoagulation , Humans , Infertility , Joints , Knee , Operative Time , Prosthesis-Related Infections , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Skin , Staphylococcus , Surgical Instruments
20.
Rev. argent. cir ; 111(4): 245-267, dic. 2019. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057368

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: la hemicolectomía derecha laparoscópica con abordaje suprapúbico (HDLS) y empleo de tecnología. En los pacientes con cáncer de colon con metástasis hepáticas sincrónicas (CCMHS), la resección completa del tumor primario con las metástasis es la única opción de tratamiento con intención curativa. Se conocen varios informes de series de casos en el mundo; sin embargo, no existe ningún estudio aleatorizado controlado. Objetivo: el objetivo es evaluar la factibilidad y seguridad del abordaje laparoscópico simultáneo de la resección del tumor primario de colon y de la metástasis hepática. Material y métodos: es un estudio retrospectivo; a tal fin se recolectaron todos los pacientes con sospecha de CCMHS abordados por laparoscopia con intención de resección simultánea del tumor primario de colon con las metástasis hepáticas. Se analizaron variables preoperatorias, operatorias, resultados a corto y largo plazo, y anatomopatológicas. Resultados: en el período de estudio se realizaron 89 resecciones hepáticas laparoscópicas (RHL). En 28 pacientes se realizó ‒en forma simultánea con la RHL‒ otro procedimiento, en 21 de los cuales fue una colectomía laparoscópica. El tiempo quirúrgico promedio total de los dos procedimientos llegó a 407 minutos. El promedio de días de estadía hospitalaria fue de 8 días. No hubo mortalidad en la serie, y la morbilidad global fue del 71%, pero un solo caso con morbilidad mayor. La sobrevida global y la sobrevida libre de recurrencia a los 3 años fue de 55,2% y 16,3%, respectivamente. Conclusión: Esta es la primera publicación acerca del tema en nuestro país. Podemos decir que, en casos bien seleccionados, el abordaje laparoscópico simultáneo es factible de realizar, con aceptable morbimortalidad y sin comprometer los resultados oncológicos.


Background: In patients with colorectal cancer with synchronous liver metastases (CLM), complete resection of the primary tumor with the metastases is the only option for curative treatment. Several case series have been reported but no randomized controlled trials have been published. Objective: The aim was to evaluate if the simultaneous laparoscopic resection of the primary colon tumor and liver metastases is feasible and safe. Material and methods: A retrospective study was conducted with patients with suspected CLM scheduled for simultaneous laparoscopic resection of the primary tumor of the colon and liver metastases. The preoperative and operative variables, short- and long-term outcomes and pathological variables were analyzed. Results: A total of 89 laparoscopic liver resections (LLR) were performed during the study period. In 28 patients, LLR was simultaneous with other procedures, 21 of which corresponded to laparoscopic colon resection. Mean surgical time for both procedures was 407 minutes. Mean hospital length of stay was 8 days. None of the patients died and overall morbidity rate was 71% with only one major complication. Overall survival and relapse-free survival at three years was 55.2% and 16.3%, respectively. Conclusion: This is the first publication analyzing this approach in our country. In well selected cases, the simultaneous laparoscopic approach is feasible, with low morbidity and mortality and acceptable oncological results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Morbidity , Colectomy , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Methods , Neoplasms , Patients , Recurrence , Safety , Survival , Time , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Retrospective Studies , Colonic Neoplasms , Intention , Employment , Operative Time , Hospitals , Length of Stay , Liver
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