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Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 74-81, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009112


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects and underlying mechanisms of VX765 on osteoarthritis (OA) and chondrocytes inflammation in rats.@*METHODS@#Chondrocytes were isolated from the knee joints of 4-week-old Sprague Dawley (SD) rats. The third-generation cells were subjected to cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8) analysis to assess the impact of various concentrations (0, 1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 μmol/L) of VX765 on rat chondrocyte activity. An in vitro lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced cell inflammation model was employed, dividing cells into control group, LPS group, VX765 concentration 1 group and VX765 concentration 2 group without obvious cytotoxicity. Western blot, real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR, and ELISA were conducted to measure the expression levels of inflammatory factors-transforming growth factor β 1 (TGF-β 1), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α). Additionally, Western blot and immunofluorescence staining were employed to assess the expressions of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1). Thirty-two SD rats were randomly assigned to sham surgery group (group A), OA group (group B), OA+VX765 (50 mg/kg) group (group C), and OA+VX765 (100 mg/kg) group (group D), with 8 rats in each group. Group A underwent a sham operation with a medial incision, while groups B to D underwent additional transverse incisions to the medial collateral ligament and anterior cruciate ligament, with removal of the medial meniscus. One week post-surgery, groups C and D were orally administered 50 mg/kg and 100 mg/kg VX765, respectively, while groups A and B received an equivalent volume of saline. Histopathological examination using HE and safranin-fast green staining was performed, and Mankin scoring was utilized for evaluation. Immunohistochemical staining technique was employed to analyze the expressions of matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP-13) and collagen type Ⅱ.@*RESULTS@#The CCK-8 assay indicated a significant decrease in cell viability at VX765 concentrations exceeding 10 μmol/L ( P<0.05), so 4 μmol/L and 8 μmol/L VX765 without obvious cytotoxicity were selected for subsequent experiments. Following LPS induction, the expressions of TGF-β 1, IL-6, and TNF-α in cells significantly increased when compared with the control group ( P<0.05). However, intervention with 4 μmol/L and 8 μmol/L VX765 led to a significant decrease in expression compared to the LPS group ( P<0.05). Western blot and immunofluorescence staining demonstrated a significant upregulation of Nrf2 pathway-related molecules Nrf2 and HO-1 protein expressions by VX765 ( P<0.05), indicating Nrf2 pathway activation. Histopathological examination of rat knee joint tissues and immunohistochemical staining revealed that, compared to group B, treatment with VX765 in groups C and D improved joint structural damage in rat OA, alleviated inflammatory reactions, downregulated MMP-13 expression, and increased collagen type Ⅱ expression.@*CONCLUSION@#VX765 can improve rat OA and reduce chondrocyte inflammation, possibly through the activation of the Nrf2 pathway.

Rats , Animals , Chondrocytes/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 13/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Collagen Type II/metabolism , Interleukin-6 , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/pharmacology , Inflammation/drug therapy , Osteoarthritis/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism , Dipeptides , para-Aminobenzoates
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 60: e23203, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533986


Abstract Humans are exposed to natural compounds such as phytoestrogens primarily through diet and supplements. These compounds promote health by alleviating the symptoms and illnesses associated with menopause and arthritis. Diosgenin (DSG) occurs naturally in plants such as Dioscorea villosa (DV) and binds to estrogen receptors, so it may have similar effects to this hormone, including against arthritis. Thus, we investigated the effect of chronic treatment with dry extract of DV and its phytoestrogen DSG on ovariectomized mice with arthritis. We found that dry extract of Dioscorea villosa (DV) contains the phytoestrogen diosgenin (DSG) in its composition. Furthermore, arthritic mice treated with DV and DSG showed reduced neutrophil accumulation in the articular cartilage. Also, the dry extract of DV administered orally (v.o) did not alter the leukocyte count in the joints or promote changes in the reproductive tract. However, DSG altered these parameters, with possible beneficial effects by reducing symptoms related to reproductive aging. Thus, oral treatment with dry extract of DV and subcutaneous (s.c) treatment with DSG showed promise by acting against inflammation caused by arthritis and reducing symptoms in the reproductive tract due to menopause.

Animals , Female , Mice , Arthritis/chemically induced , Zymosan/administration & dosage , Dioscorea/adverse effects , Diosgenin/adverse effects , Osteoarthritis/chemically induced , Plant Extracts/agonists
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1552151


Introducción: La artrodesis tibioastragalina es una opción para tratar la artrosis de tobillo en pacientes que no responden a las medidas conservadoras. Su principal desventaja es el compromiso a mediano y largo plazo de las articulaciones vecinas. Objetivo: Determinar el compromiso de las articulaciones vecinas a mediano y largo plazo, y su impacto sobre los resultados funcionales en los pacientes con artrodesis de tobillo. Materiales y Métodos: Se evaluó a una serie de 11 pacientes (6 mujeres y 5 hombres). El diagnóstico inicial era artrosis postraumática (9 casos), artritis séptica (1 caso) y lesión osteocondral de astrágalo (1 caso). El promedio de edad al operarse era de 50 años. La media de seguimiento fue de 9 años. Se evaluó el compromiso radiográfico de las articulaciones vecinas. La función se valoró mediante la escala analógica visual para dolor, la escala de la AOFAS y un cuestionario simple de satisfacción. Resultados: Diez pacientes (91%) tenían artrosis en alguna de las articulaciones vecinas. El puntaje medio en la escala analógica visual fue de 2,6 y el de la escala de la AOFAS, de 71. Nueve refirieron estar muy satisfechos; uno, medianamente satisfecho y otro se manifestó insatisfecho. Conclusión: El compromiso de las articulaciones vecinas es muy frecuente a largo plazo, pero esto no repercute directamente en los resultados funcionales. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

Introduction: Tibiotalar arthrodesis is an option in the treatment of ankle osteoarthritis in patients who do not respond to conservative measures. Its main disadvantage is the compromise of adjacent joints in the medium and long term. Objective: To determine the involvement of adjacent joints in the medium and long term and its impact on functional outcomes in patients with ankle arthrodesis. Materials and Methods: We evaluated a series of 11 patients, 6 females and 5 males. The initial diagnosis was post-traumatic osteoarthritis (9 cases), septic arthritis (1 case), and osteochondral lesion of the talus (1 case). The mean age at the time of surgery was 50 years. The mean follow-up was 9 years. The radiographic compromise of the adjacent joints was evaluated. The patients were functionally evaluated using the Visual Analog Pain Scale (VAS), the AOFAS scale (American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Score), and a simple satisfaction questionnaire. Results: 10 patients (91%) presented with osteoarthritis of one of the adjacent joints. The average score on the VAS was 2.6, while on the AOFAS scale, it was 71. Nine patients reported being very satisfied, one was moderately satisfied, and one was dissatisfied. Conclusion: The involvement of adjacent joints is very frequent in the long term, but this does not have a direct impact on the patient's functional outcomes. Level of Evidence: IV

Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis , Arthrodesis , Ankle Joint , Follow-Up Studies
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1552152


Introducción: Las osteotomías supramaleolares son una opción terapéutica para la artrosis asimétrica de tobillo. El objetivo de este artículo es describir los resultados clínicos, radiográficos y subjetivos obtenidos en pacientes con artrosis de tobillo sometidos a una osteotomía supramaleolar. Materiales y métodos: Estudio observacional descriptivo retrospectivo de pacientes sometidos a una osteotomía supramaleolar por artrosis de tobillo entre enero de 2010 y julio de 2017. Se analizaron las historias clínicas para recabar datos clínicos y radiográficos preoperatorios y posoperatorios. Resultados: Se incluyó a 13 pacientes: 8 con una desalineación del tobillo y retropié en valgo (61,5%) y 5 (38,5%) en varo. El puntaje medio posoperatorio de la escala analógica visual del grupo con deformidad en varo disminuyó de 9 ± 0,45 a 3 ± 1 (p <0,05) y de una media de 7,88 ± 0,35 a 2,15 ± 1,64 (p <0,05) en aquellos con deformidad en valgo. El puntaje medio de la escala de la AOFAS se modificó de 32,8 ± 16,2 antes de la cirugía a 82,1 ± 13,6 en el posoperatorio, en el grupo con deformidad en varo (p <0,05) y de 31 ± 17,3 a 93,1 ± 6,20, respectivamente, en aquellos con deformidad en valgo (p <0,05). Se constató la consolidación radiográfica en 12 pacientes (92,3%), en un promedio de 10.4 semanas. Conclusión:La osteotomía supramaleolar como tratamiento de la artrosis asimétrica de tobillo es una técnica predecible, con muy buenos resultados clínicos y radiográficos a corto y mediano plazo. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

Introduction: Supramalleolar osteotomies are a treatment option for asymmetric ankle osteoarthritis. Our work aims to describe the clinical, radiographic, and subjective outcomes obtained in patients with ankle osteoarthritis who underwent a supramalleolar osteotomy (SMOT). Materials and methods: Retrospective, observational, and descriptive study on patients who underwent SMOT for ankle osteoarthritis between January 2010 and July 2017. The patients' clinical records were analyzed. Results: We included 13 patients who underwent SMOT, 8 patients with valgus (61.5%) and 5 (38.5%) with varus rearfoot and ankle misalignment. The mean varus VAS score decreased from 9 ± 0.45 to 3 ± 1 postoperatively (p <0.05) and, in valgus deformities, from a mean 7.88 ± 0.35 to 2.15 ±1.64 postoperatively (p <0.05). The mean AOFAS score changed from 32.8 ± 16.2 to 82.1 ± 13.6 postoperatively in the varus deformity group (p <0.05) and from 31 ± 17.3 preoperatively to 93.1 ± 6.20 postoperatively in the valgus deformity group (p <0.05). Twelve patients (92.3%) achieved radiographic union in an average time of 10.4 weeks. Conclusion:Supramalleolar osteotomy as a treatment for asymmetric ankle osteoarthritis is a predictable technique with very good clinical and radiological outcomes in the short and medium term. Level of Evidence: IV

Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis , Osteotomy , Treatment Outcome , Ankle Joint
Vet. zootec ; 31: 1-5, 2024. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1552935


O presente relato de caso avaliou o meloxicam solução oral spray com o sistema de absorção transmucosa no tratamento de um cão tripedal acometido por osteoartrose em joelho e coluna. Além da avaliação ortopédica, foram realizados questionários de avaliação de dor, baropodometria, termografia e monitoramento de atividade.

The present case report evaluated the meloxicam oral solution spray with the transmucosal absorption system in the treatment of a three-legged dog affected by osteoarthritis in the knee and spine. In addition to the orthopedic evaluation, assessments of pain, baropodometry, thermography, and activity monitoring were carried out.

El presente informe de caso evaluó el spray de solución oral de meloxicam con el sistema de absorción transmucosa en el tratamiento de un perro de tres patas afectado por osteoartritis en la rodilla y columna. Además de la evaluación ortopédica, se realizaron cuestionarios de evaluación del dolor, baropodometría, termografía y monitoreo de la actividad.

Animals , Dogs , Osteoarthritis/therapy , Meloxicam/administration & dosage , Pain Measurement/veterinary , Joint Diseases/veterinary
Acta cir. bras ; 39: e390924, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1533354


Purpose: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease which is categorized via destruction of joint cartilage and it also affects the various joints, especially knees and hips. Sinomenine active phytoconstituents isolated from the stem of Sinomenium acutum and already proof anti-inflammatory effect against the arthritis model of rodent. In this experimental protocol, we scrutinized the anti-osteoarthritis effect of sinomenine against monosodium iodoacetate (MIA) induced OA in rats. Methods: MIA (3 mg/50 µL) was used for inducing the OA in the rats, and rats received the oral administration of sinomenine (2.5, 5 and 7.5 mg/kg body weight) up to the end of the experimental study (four weeks). The body and organs weight were estimated. Aggrecan, C-terminal cross-linked telopeptide of type II collagen (CTX-II), glycosaminoglycans (GCGs), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), Interferon gamma (IFN-γ), antioxidant, inflammatory cytokines, inflammatory mediators and matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) were analyzed. Results: Sinomenine significantly (P < 0.001) boosted the body weight and reduced the heart weight, but the weight of spleen and kidney remain unchanged. Sinomenine significantly (P < 0.001) reduced the level of nitric oxide, MCP-1 and improved the level of aggrecan, IFN-γ and GCGs. Sinomenine remarkably upregulated the level of glutathione, superoxide dismutase and suppressed the level of malonaldehyde. It effectually modulated the level of inflammatory cytokines and inflammatory mediators and significantly (P < 0.001) reduced the level of MMPs, like MMP-1, 2, 3, 9 and 13. Conclusions: Sinomenine is a beneficial active agent for the treatment of OA disease.

Animals , Rats , Osteoarthritis , Iodoacetic Acid , Hip Injuries , Inflammation , Knee Injuries
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 9(3): 33128, 26 dez. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1524392


Introdução:A osteoartrite é uma doença degenerativa caracterizada pela deterioração progressiva da cartilagem articular, resultando em dor e incapacidade articular total em estágios avançados.Éconsiderada um dos distúrbios articulares mais comuns em todo o mundo e sua prevalência está aumentando constantemente devido ao envelhecimento, dietas inflamatórias e inatividade física. Objetivo:Investigar a contribuição da microbiota intestinal e dos componentes dietéticos, naperspectiva dediminuir as patologias associadas à osteoartrite. Metodologia:Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa desenvolvida a partir da seleção de artigos disponíveis escritos nalíngua inglesa, publicados nas bases de dados Pubmed e Science Direct. Resultados:No total, 25.583 artigos foram encontrados na busca, após os critérios de exclusão, 19 artigos compuseram o corpo de análise da revisão. Pesquisas em animais mostram que os efeitos induzidos por dieta rica em gordura foram evidentes e indicaram uma inflamação sistêmica de baixo grau resultando no agravamento da oesteoartritepor meio do aumento da degeneração da cartilagem. Dado ao impacto potencial da dieta na oesteoartrite, foram realizados estudos para avaliar a dieta mediterrânea, os níveis de ômega 3 e 6, vitamina C e E, com destaque para a oligofrutose, uma abordagem nova para tratar a oesteoartriteda obesidade. Conclusões:Conclui-se que apesar de já existir alguma evidência da utilidade da nutrição por meioda dieta alimentar como complemento da terapêutica na osteoartrite são necessários mais estudos que comprovem as intervenções na redução máxima dos marcadores inflamatórios ocasionando o alíviodos sintomas em pacientes com oesteoartrite (AU).

Introduction:Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease characterized by progressive deterioration of the articular cartilage, resulting in pain and total joint disability in advanced stages. It is considered one of the most common joint disorders worldwide and its prevalence is steadily increasing due to aging, inflammatory diets and physical inactivity. Objective:The aim of this literature review was to investigate the contribution of intestinal microbiota and dietary components to try to reduce the pathologies associated with osteoarthritis.Methodology:This is an integrative review, developed from the selectionof available articles written in English, published in the Pubmed and Science Direct databases. Results:Intotal, 25.583articleswerefoundinthesearch,aftertheexclusioncriteria,19 articles madeupthebodyofanalysisofthereview.Animal research shows that the effects induced by a high-fat diet were evident and indicated low-grade systemic inflammation resulting in worsening osteoarthritis by increasing cartilage degeneration. Given the potential impact of diet on osteoarthritis, studies have been conducted to evaluate the Mediterranean diet, omega 3 and 6 levels, vitamin C and E, especially oligofructose, a new approach to treat obesity osteoarthritis.Conclusions:It is concluded that although there is already some evidence of the usefulness of nutrition through the diet as a complement to therapy in osteoarthritis, further studiesare needed to prove the interventions in the maximum reduction of inflammatory markers will cause the relief of symptoms in patients with osteoarthritis (AU).

Introducción: La artrosis es una enfermedad degenerativa caracterizada por el deterioro progresivo del cartílago articular, que se traduce en dolor e incapacidad articular total en estadios avanzados. Se considera uno de los trastornos articulares más comunes en todo el mundo y su prevalencia aumenta constantemente debido al envejecimiento, las dietas inflamatorias y la inactividad física. Objetivo: El objetivo de esta revisión fue investigar la contribución de la microbiota intestinal y los componentes de la dieta, en un intento por reducirlas patologías asociadas a la artrosis. Metodología: Se trata de una revisión integradora, desarrollada a partir de la selección de artículos disponibles escritos en inglés, publicados en las bases de datos Pubmed y Science Direct. Resultados: En total, se encontraron 25.583 artículos en la búsqueda, después de los criterios de exclusión, 19 artículos conformaron el cuerpo de análisis de la revisión.La investigación en animales muestra que los efectos inducidos por una dieta alta en grasas fueron evidentes e indicaron una inflamación sistémica de bajo grado que resultó en un empeoramiento de la osteoartritis a través de una mayor degeneración del cartílago. Dado el impacto potencial de la dieta en la osteoartritis, se han realizado estudios para evaluar ladieta mediterránea, los niveles de omega 3 y 6, vitamina C y E, con énfasis en la oligofructosa, un nuevo enfoque para tratar la osteoartritis por obesidade.Conclusiones: Se concluye que aunque ya existe alguna evidencia de la utilidad de la nutrición a través de la dieta como complemento al tratamiento de la artrosis, son necesarios más estudios que prueben intervenciones en la reducción máxima de los marcadores inflamatorios, provocando el alivio de los síntomas en pacientes con osteoartritis (AU).

Osteoarthritis/pathology , Obesity , Logistic Models
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 27(2)jun. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440536


Introducción: El bienestar del adulto mayor constituye una prioridad del Sistema Sanitario, por lo que es necesario contar con instrumentos válidos y confiables para su evaluación. Objetivo: Validar la Escala de Bienestar Psicológico de Carol Ryff, en una muestra de adultos mayores con diagnóstico presuntivo de osteoartrosis de rodilla, de la provincia de Villa Clara, Cuba. Métodos: Se asumió el paradigma de investigación cuantitativo y un tipo de estudio instrumental. La selección muestral fue probabilística, conformada por 170 adultos mayores. Se aplicó el instrumento Escala de Bienestar Psicológico de Carol Ryff (42 aspectos); para el procesamiento de la información se emplearon las pruebas estadísticas: coeficiente alpha de Cronbach y el Análisis Factorial Exploratorio. Resultados: Se determinó una estructura coherente de 5 factores: autoaceptación, propósito en la vida, dominio del entorno, autonomía y relaciones positivas con los demás. Se apreció una elevada consistencia interna de la escala global y sus dimensiones, así como adecuadas correlaciones entre los diversos aspectos. Conclusión: El instrumento posee adecuadas propiedades psicométricas y permite evaluar el constructo en esta población.

Introduction: the well-being of the elderly is a priority of the health system, that is why valid and reliable instruments are necessary for its evaluation. Objective: to validate the Carol Ryff's Psychological Well-Being Scale in a sample of older adults from Villa Clara province, Cuba with a presumptive diagnosis of knee osteoarthritis. Methods: a quantitative and instrumental research was assumed. The sample selection was probabilistic, made up of 170 older adults with this condition. The Carol Ryff's Psychological Well-Being Scale was applied (42 items); statistical tests were used for information processing such as Cronbach's alpha coefficient and Exploratory Factor Analysis. Results: a coherent factorial structure of 5 factors was determined: self-acceptance, purpose in life, environmental mastery, autonomy, and positive relationships with others. A high internal consistency of the global scale and its dimensions were observed, as well as adequate inter-item correlations. Conclusion: the instrument has adequate psychometric properties and allows us to evaluate the construct in this population.

Osteoarthritis , Personal Satisfaction , Aged , Reproducibility of Results
Int. j. morphol ; 41(3): 699-704, jun. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514323


SUMMARY: One of the most important minimally invasive treatments today in temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJ- OA) is the intra-articular exogenous hyaluronic acid (HA) injection, which has yielded good results in pain relief and improves mandibular function with few side effects. However, the effectiveness of HA continues to be controversial, partly due to the heterogeneity in the injection protocols in their molecular weight, viscosity and frequency of infiltration, among other properties. The aim of this review is to identify the differences in the histological and clinical effects of the different types of HA and the frequency of infiltration on TMJ-OA treatment. Materials and methods: A bibliographic search was performed in the PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus databases. The search was limited up to September 2022. Search terms included "osteoarthritis", "hyaluronic acid, "molecular weight", "concentration", "viscosity", "dose" and "temporomandibular", using AND/OR as Boolean terms. Results: Exogenous HA in its different molecular weights offers an improvement in histological and clinical characteristics. Apparently, low and medium molecular weight HA presents better results. No clinical studies related to the degree of HA viscosity were found. Respect to the frequency of infiltration, single injection, weekly injections for 3 weeks, weekly injections for 5 weeks and other protocols are used. However, their comparison is complex. There seems to be differences in the effects of the different HA preparations for the treatment of TMJ-OA, mainly in their molecular weight. However, the evidence remains scant.

Uno de los tratamientos mínimamente invasivos más importantes en la actualidad en la artrosis de la articulación temporomandibular (OATM) es la inyección intraarticular de ácido hialurónico (AH) exógeno, que ha dado buenos resultados en el alivio del dolor y mejora la función mandibular con pocos efectos secundarios. Sin embargo, la efectividad del AH continúa siendo controversial, en parte debido a la heterogeneidad en los protocolos de inyección en cuanto a su peso molecular, viscosidad y frecuencia de infiltración, entre otras propiedades. El objetivo de esta revisión fue identificar las diferencias en los efectos histológicos y clínicos de los diferentes tipos de HA y la frecuencia de infiltración en el tratamiento de TMJ-OA. Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en las bases de datos PubMed, Web of Science y Scopus. La búsqueda se limitó hasta septiembre de 2022. Los términos de búsqueda incluyeron "osteoartritis", "ácido hialurónico", "peso molecular", "concentración", "viscosidad", "dosis" y "temporomandibular", utilizando AND/OR como términos booleanos. El HA exógeno en sus diferentes pesos moleculares ofrece una mejora en las características histológicas y clínicas. Aparentemente, el AH de bajo y medio peso molecular presenta mejores resultados. No se encontraron estudios clínicos relacionados con el grado de viscosidad del HA. Respecto a la frecuencia de infiltración, se utilizan inyecciones únicas, inyecciones semanales durante 3 semanas, inyecciones semanales durante 5 semanas y otros protocolos. Sin embargo, su comparación es compleja. Parece haber diferencias en los efectos de las diferentes preparaciones de HA para el tratamiento de la OA-TMJ, principalmente en su peso molecular. Sin embargo, la evidencia sigue siendo escasa.

Humans , Osteoarthritis/drug therapy , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/drug therapy , Hyaluronic Acid/administration & dosage , Viscosity/drug effects , Injections , Molecular Weight
Int. j. morphol ; 41(2): 660-667, abr. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440325


SUMMARY: The aim of this systematic review was to assess the histological effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJ-OA) in animal models. A systematic search was performed using PubMed, WoS, EMBASE, Science Direct and SCOPUS databases. The inclusion criteria were experimental studies in animal models that evaluated the use of PRP as a treatment for TMJ-OA with or without arthrocentesis/arthroscopy. Comparison was made to a healthy control group or to other treatment. The variables evaluated were the histological effects of the treatments, characteristics of the primary articles, characteristics of the sample studied and the risk of bias. The systematic search identified 120 studies. Eventually 5 studies were included in the analysis. Four of the studies showed a statistically significant repair in joint tissues and improvement of cartilage thickness in animals treated with PRP. The global risk of bias was unclear. The results of this systematic review suggest that PRP treatment in TMJ-OA has benefits at the histological level in cartilage, articular disc and articular bone tissue in animal models. However, due to the low number of studies and the risk of bias, further research is needed to recommend its use.

El objetivo de esta revisión sistemática fue evaluar los efectos histológicos del plasma rico en plaquetas (PRP) en la osteoartritis de la articulación temporomandibular (ATM-OA) en modelos animales. Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática en las bases de datos PubMed, WoS, EMBASE, Science Direct y SCOPUS. Los criterios de inclusión fueron estudios experimentales en modelos animales que evaluaran el uso de PRP como tratamiento para la ATM-OA con o sin artrocentesis/ artroscopia. La comparación se realizó con un grupo de control sano o con otro tratamiento. Las variables evaluadas fueron los efectos histológicos de los tratamientos, las características de los artículos primarios, las características de la muestra estudiada y el riesgo de sesgo. La búsqueda sistemática identificó 120 estudios. Finalmente se incluyeron 5 estudios en el análisis. Cuatro de los estudios mostraron una reparación estadísticamente significativa en los tejidos articulares y una mejora del grosor del cartílago en los animales tratados con PRP. El riesgo global de sesgo fue incierto. Los resultados de esta revisión sistemática sugieren que el tratamiento con PRP en la ATM-OA tiene beneficios a nivel histológico en el cartílago, el disco articular y el tejido óseo articular en modelos animales. Sin embargo, debido al escaso número de estudios y al riesgo de sesgo, se necesitan investigaciones adicionales para recomendar su uso.

Animals , Osteoarthritis/therapy , Temporomandibular Joint/anatomy & histology , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/therapy , Platelet-Rich Plasma/physiology , Disease Models, Animal
Arq. Ciênc. Vet. Zool. UNIPAR (Online) ; 26(1cont): 45-58, jan.-jun. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1433847


A Cannabis sativa é uma planta que apresenta vários benefícios terapêuticos para animais, como tratamento da dor neuropática, inflamatória e osteoartrose. A dor é bastante recorrente na rotina clínica, sendo importante seu manejo para que seja ofertada uma melhor qualidade e conforto de vida para o paciente. O estudo objetivou identificar, a partir de evidências científicas, as características da utilização medicinal do uso de Cannabis Sativa no tratamento da dor crônica no cão, utilizando um dos seus princípios ativos, canabidiol (CBD). Foi feito uma revisão bibliográfica onde foi realizada a busca de estudos experimentais e relatos de caso em bases de dados eletrônicos, sendo incluídas fontes contendo a utilização do CBD em animais, que abordaram controle da dor, assim como escore avaliativo da dor antes, durante e após o tratamento proposto. Após eleger e analisar 54 estudos percebe-se que na medicina veterinária o uso do canabidio é insuficiente, uma vez que o foco da maior parte dos estudos clínicos é voltado para medicina humana. Ainda assim, a utilização de CBD mostrou-se eficaz, confirmando uma nova alternativa para o controle da dor em animais.(AU)

Cannabis sativa is a plant that has several therapeutic benefits for animals, such as the treatment of neuropathic and inflammatory pain and osteoarthritis. Pain is quite recurrent in the clinical routine, and its management is important to offer a better quality and comfort of life for the patient. The study aimed to identify, based on scientific evidence, the characteristics of the medicinal use of Cannabis Sativa in the treatment of chronic pain in dogs, using one of its active principles, cannabidiol (CBD). A bibliographical review was carried out in which experimental studies and case reports were searched in electronic databases, including sources containing the use of CBD in animals, which addressed pain control, as well as pain assessment score before, during and after the proposed treatment. After choosing and analyzing 54 studies, it is clear that in veterinary medicine the use of CBD is few, and the focus of clinical studies is on human medicine. The use of CBD proved to be effective, thus confirming a new alternative for pain control in animals.(AU)

El cannabis sativa es una planta que tiene varios beneficios terapéuticos para los animales, como el tratamiento del dolor neuropático e inflamatorio y la osteoartritis. El dolor es bastante recurrente en la rutina clínica, y su manejo es importante para ofrecer una mejor calidad y comodidad de vida al paciente. El estudio tuvo como objetivo identificar, con base en la evidencia científica, las características del uso medicinal de Cannabis Sativa en el tratamiento del dolor crónico en perros, utilizando uno de sus principios activos, el cannabidiol (CBD). Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica en la que se buscaron estudios experimentales y reportes de casos en bases de datos electrónicas, incluyendo fuentes que contengan el uso de CBD en animales, que abordaran el control del dolor, así como la puntuación de evaluación del dolor antes, durante y después del tratamiento propuesto. Después de elegir y analizar 54 estudios, queda claro que en medicina veterinaria el uso de cannabidio es insuficiente, ya que el foco de la mayoría de los estudios clínicos está en la medicina humana. Aun así, el uso de CBD demostró ser efectivo, confirmando una nueva alternativa para el control del dolor en animales.(AU)

Animals , Osteoarthritis/drug therapy , Dogs , Chronic Pain/therapy , Marijuana Use/adverse effects
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 36-36, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010691


The anterior disc displacement (ADD) leads to temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJOA) and mandibular growth retardation in adolescents. To investigate the potential functional role of fibrocartilage stem cells (FCSCs) during the process, a surgical ADD-TMJOA mouse model was established. From 1 week after model generation, ADD mice exhibited aggravated mandibular growth retardation with osteoarthritis (OA)-like joint cartilage degeneration, manifesting with impaired chondrogenic differentiation and loss of subchondral bone homeostasis. Lineage tracing using Gli1-CreER+; Tmfl/-mice and Sox9-CreER+;Tmfl/-mice showed that ADD interfered with the chondrogenic capacity of Gli1+ FCSCs as well as osteogenic differentiation of Sox9+ lineage, mainly in the middle zone of TMJ cartilage. Then, a surgically induced disc reposition (DR) mouse model was generated. The inhibited FCSCs capacity was significantly alleviated by DR treatment in ADD mice. And both the ADD mice and adolescent ADD patients had significantly relieved OA phenotype and improved condylar growth after DR treatment. In conclusion, ADD-TMJOA leads to impaired chondrogenic progenitor capacity and osteogenesis differentiation of FCSCs lineage, resulting in cartilage degeneration and loss of subchondral bone homeostasis, finally causing TMJ growth retardation. DR at an early stage could significantly alleviate cartilage degeneration and restore TMJ cartilage growth potential.

Animals , Mice , Osteogenesis , Zinc Finger Protein GLI1 , Fibrocartilage , Temporomandibular Joint , Disease Models, Animal , Osteoarthritis , Stem Cells , Growth Disorders
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 297-304, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981127


OBJECTIVES@#The aim of this study was to compare the anterior and posterior occlusal plane characteristics of patients with different temporomandibular joint osseous statuses.@*METHODS@#A total of 306 patients with initial cone beam CT (CBCT) and cephalograms were included. They were divided into three groups on the basis of their temporomandibular joint osseous status: bilateral normal (BN) group, indeterminate for osteoarthrosis (I) group, and osteoarthrosis (OA) group. The anterior and posterior occlusal planes (AOP and POP) of the different groups were compared. Then, the regression equation was established after adjusting for confounding factors, and a correlation analysis between the occlusion planes and other parameters was performed.@*RESULTS@#SNA, SNB, FMA, SN-MP, Ar-Go, and S-Go were correlated with the occlusal planes. Relative to the BN and I groups, the FH-OP of the OA group increased by 1.67° on the average, FH-POP increased by 1.42° on the average, and FH-AOP increased by 2.05° on the average.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The occlusal planes were steeper in the patients with temporomandibular osteoarthrosis than in the patients without it, and the mandible rotated downward and backward. The height of the mandibular ramus, the mandibular body length, and the posterior face height were small. In clinical practice, attention should be given to the potential risk of temporomandibular joint osteoarthrosis in such patients. In addition, SNB, FMA, SN-MP, Ar-Go, S-Go, and occlusal planes had moderate correlations.

Humans , Dental Occlusion , Cephalometry , Mandible , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/diagnostic imaging , Temporomandibular Joint/diagnostic imaging , Osteoarthritis/diagnostic imaging , Mandibular Condyle
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1065-1069, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009186


OBJECTIVE@#To explore 3.0T MRI accurate measurement of knee cartilage thickness in healthy youth provides reliable anatomical parameters for quantitative diagnosis of osteoarthritis and accurate osteotomy of joint replacement.@*METHODS@#From January 2013 to December 2013, 30 healthy young volunteers including 14 males and 16 females with an average age of (25.8±2.4) years old ranging from 22 to 33 years were recruited in Changchun, Jilin Province, and a 3.0T MRI scan was performed on the bilateral knee joints of each volunteer. The cartilage thickness was measured on the lateral femoral condyle (LFC), medial femoral condyle (MFC), lateral tibial plateau (LTP) and medial tibial plateau (MTP).@*RESULTS@#In four regions of the knee joint:LFC, MFC, LTP and MTP, whether young men or women, there was no significant difference in cartilage thickness between the left and right knee joints (P>0.05). There were significant differences in knee cartilage thickness between healthy young men and women (P<0.05). In the same sex group, LFC cartilage thickness was thinner in the middle, thicker in front and rear;MFC cartilage thickness was the thinnest in front and gradually thickening from the front to the rear; LTP cartilage thickness was thickest in the middle, second in the rear and thinnest in the front;MTP cartilage thickness was the thinnest in the front, was relatively uniform in the middle and rear and thicker than that in the front.@*CONCLUSION@#In Northeast China, among healthy adults aged 22 to 33, gender difference may be an important factor in the difference of cartilage thickness in various regions of the knee joint. Regardless of whether male or female healthy young people, the cartilage thickness of the entire knee joint is unevenly distributed, but there is no significant difference in cartilage thickness in the same area between the left and right knee joints.

Adult , Adolescent , Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Cartilage, Articular/diagnostic imaging , Knee Joint/surgery , Osteoarthritis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Femur
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 996-1004, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009174


OBJECTIVE@#To systematically review the clinical efficacy of total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) and ankle arthrodesis (AA) in the treatment of end-stage ankle arthritis.@*METHODS@#The PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library databases were searched for articles published in the treatment of end-stage ankle arthritis with AA or TAA from the establishment of the database to June 2021. Bias risk tool was used to evaluate the quality of the literature. The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle-Hindfoot Scale(AOFAS), visual analog scale (VAS), ankle osteoarthritis scale(AOS), gait analysis (pace, frequency, stride), range of motion (ROM), satisfaction, complications and reoperation rate were analyzed by meta-analysis between AA and TAA groups by RevMan 5.3 software.@*RESULTS@#A total of 12 articles were included, including 1 050 patients in the AA group and 3 760 patients in the TAA group, totaling 4 810 patients. Meta-analysis showed that the total score of AOFAS[MD=-3.12, 95%CI(-9.02, 2.96), P=0.31], pain score [MD=1.60, 95%CI(-1.35, 4.54), P=0.29], alignmentl score[MD=-0.04, 95%CI(-0.52, 0.44), P=0.88], VAS[MD=0.10, 95%CI(-0.49, 0.68), P=0.74], and AOS total score [MD=-4.01, 95%CI(-8.28, 0.25), P=0.06], the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The score of AOFAS functional in TAA group was significantly higher than that in TAA group[MD=44.22, 95%CI(-8.01, -0.43), P=0.03]. There was no significant difference in gait analysis between the two groups (P>0.05). Postoperative ROM [MD=-4.93, 95%CI(-6.35, -3.52), P<0.000 01] and change in ROM from preoperative to follow-up[MD=-5.74, 95%CI(-8.88, -2.61), P=0.0003] between two groups, the difference was statistically significant. There was no significant difference in satisfaction between the two groups [OR=1.011, 95%CI(0.46, 2.23), P=0.98]. Complications [OR=1.61, 95%CI(1.26, 2.06), P=0.0002] and non-revision reoperation [OR=1.61, 95%CI(1.17, 2.21), P=0.003] were significantly lower in the TAA group than in the AA group. There was no significant difference in the rate of revision and reoperation(P>0.05) between the two groups [OR=1.02, 95%CI(0.37, 2.78), P=0.97].@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical efficacy of AA is similar to that of TAA, but the non revision reoperation rate and main surgical complications of TAA are significantly reduced. Therefore, further high-quality methodological research and long-term follow-up are needed to confirm this conclusion.

Humans , Ankle/surgery , Ankle Joint/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Ankle , Treatment Outcome , Osteoarthritis/surgery , Arthrodesis , Retrospective Studies
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 743-747, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009128


OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of high-intensity laser therapy(HILT) combined with targeted hand function training on pain and lateral pinch force in grade 1-2 thumb carpometacarpal(CMC) osteoarthritis(OA).@*METHODS@#From April 2020 and April 2022, 42 female patients with thumb CMC OA grade 1 to 2, aged from 58 to 80 years old with an everage of (68.90±7.58) years old were divided into observation group of 21 patients who received HILT and targeted hand function training for 4 weeks, and 21 patients in control group who received ultrashort wave therapy combined with using of an orthosis for 4 weeks. Visual analogue scale(VAS) was applied to evaluate degree of pain, function of finger was evaluated by dynamometer to measure lateral pinch force at baseline, immediately following intervention at 4 and 12 weeks following intervention.@*RESULTS@#VAS and lateral pinch force at immediately and 12 weeks after intervention betwwen two groups were better than that of before intervention(P<0.05). Compared with control group, the degree of pain in observation group improved more(immediately after intervention t=3.37, P<0.05, 12 weeks after intervention t=9.05, P<0.05), lateral pinch force higher than that of control group (immediately after intervention t=-2.55, P<0.05, 12 weeks after intervention t=9.51, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#High-intensity laser therapy combined with targeted hand function training is more effective than traditional methods in improving pain and lateral pinch force in grade 1-2 thumb carpometacarpal osteoarthritis.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Thumb , Laser Therapy , Braces , Osteoarthritis/therapy , Pain
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1482-1488, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009087


OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effectiveness of supramalleolar osteotomy (SMOT) and ankle arthrodesis (AA) in the treatment of inverted ankle osteoarthritis (OA) in Takakura 3A stage with talus tilt.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 41 patients with inverted ankle OA in Takakura 3A stage with talus tilt admitted between January 2016 to January 2020 and met the selection criteria were retrospectively analyzed, and they were divided into SMOT group (21 cases) and AA group (20 cases) according to the surgical method. There was no significant difference in baseline data such as gender, age, affected side, cause of injury, and preoperative talar tilt angle (TT), American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score, visual analogue scale (VAS) score, short-form 36 health survey scale (SF-36) score, and sagittal range of motion (ROM) between the two groups ( P>0.05). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, partial weight-bearing time, and complications were recorded in the two groups. AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score, VAS score, SF-36 score, and sagittal ROM were used to evaluate the effectiveness. Bone healing was observed and the time of bony healing was recorded. In the SMOT group, the tibial lateral surface angle (TLS), TT, and the tibial articular surface angle (TAS) were measured on ankle joint weight-bearing anteroposterior and lateral X-ray films and compared with those before operation. And Takakura staging assessment was also performed.@*RESULTS@#The operation time and intraoperative blood loss in AA group were significantly less than those in SMOT group ( P<0.05). Patients in both groups were followed up 24-36 months, with an average of 28.9 months. Incision infection occurred in 2 patients in SMOT group and 1 patient in AA group, respectively, and no vascular or nerve injury occurred in both groups. The partial weight-bearing time of SMOT group was significantly less than that of AA group ( P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in bony healing time between the two groups ( P>0.05). At last follow-up, the difference of VAS score and SF-36 score before and after operation of AA group were less than those of SMOT group, and the difference of sagittal ROM before and after operation in SMOT group was less than that of AA group, with significant differences ( P<0.05). The difference of AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score before and after operation in AA group was slightly greater than that in SMOT group, but the difference was not significant ( P>0.05). The above scores in both groups significantly improved when compared with those before operation ( P<0.05). Sagittal ROM in AA group was significantly less than that before operation ( P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in SMOT group ( P>0.05). In the SMOT group, 17 patients (81.0%) showed improvement in imaging staging, 2 patients (9.5%) showed no improvement in staging, and 2 patients (9.5%) showed stage aggravation. TLS, TAS, and TT significantly improved when compared with those before operation ( P<0.05). At last follow-up, 2 patients in SMOT group received AA due to pain and stage aggravation, and 1 patient with bone nonunion underwent bone graft. Subtalar joint fusion was performed in 1 case of subtalar arthritis in AA group.@*CONCLUSION@#For inverted ankle OA in Takakura 3A stage with talus tilt, both SMOT and AA can significantly releave pain, improve foot function and quality of life, but AA has more definite effectiveness and better patient satisfaction.

Humans , Ankle , Talus/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical , Quality of Life , Ankle Joint/surgery , Osteoarthritis/surgery , Osteotomy/methods , Arthrodesis , Pain , Treatment Outcome
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5957-5964, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008793


This study evaluated the clinical effectiveness of Ruyi Zhenbao Pills in the treatment of osteoarthritis, aiming to clarify its clinical advantages and promote rational drug use and related policy transformation. Following the relevant standards in Guidelines for the Comprehensive Evaluation of Drugs in Clinical Practice and Technical Specifications for the Clinical Comprehensive Evaluation of Chinese Patent Medicine, comprehensive research and related data on Ruyi Zhenbao Pills in the treatment of osteoarthritis were collected in the dimensions of safety, effectiveness, economy, innovation, suitability, accessibility, and traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) cha-racteristics(referred to as the "6+1" dimensions). Through evidence-based medicine, questionnaire surveys, health technology assessment, pharmacoeconomic evaluation, and other methods, a multi-criteria decision analysis(MCDA) model and CSC v2.0 software were used to comprehensively evaluate the clinical value of Ruyi Zhenbao Pills. Spontaneous reporting system data on adverse reactions and literature data indicate that the adverse reactions of Ruyi Zhenbao Pills are mostly general adverse reactions, with no reports of se-rious adverse reactions. The known risks are small, and its safety is rated as class A. It has been shown to effectively relieve joint pain and restore joint function in the treatment of osteoarthritis. However, more high-quality, large-sample randomized controlled trials are needed to further validate its effectiveness, which is rated as class B. There is evidence supporting its economic viability, and its economic is rated as class B. It demonstrates good clinical innovation, innovative enterprise service system, and industrial innovation, and innovation is rated as class A. Medical professionals and patients have a favorable perception of the suitability of Ruyi Zhenbao Pills, and further improvement can be made in terms of convenience of administration and promotion to facilitate rational drug use by healthcare professionals and patients. Suitability is rated as class B. The drug has a favorable price level, availability, and affordability, and accessibility is rated as class A. Ruyi Zhenbao Pills are a classic Tibetan medicinal prescription with excellent TCM theoretical characteristics. However, further research is needed on its use in human studies. TCM characteristics are rated as class B. Based on the evaluation results of the "6+1" dimensions, the comprehensive clinical evaluation is rated as grade B. Ruyi Zhenbao Pills have good clinical value in the treatment of osteoarthritis, and it is recommended to undergo the necessary procedures for conditional transformation into a policy for the management of essential clinical drugs.

Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Reference Standards , Nonprescription Drugs , Drugs, Essential , Osteoarthritis/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 368-376, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982271


Lower limb osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic, multifactorial disease characterized by impaired physical function, chronic pain, compromised psychological health and decreased social functioning. Chronic inflammation plays a critical role in the pathophysiology of OA. Tai Chi is a type of classical mind-body exercise derived from ancient Chinese martial arts. Evidence supports that Tai Chi has significant benefits for relieving lower limb OA symptoms. Using a biopsychosocial framework, this review aims to elucidate the beneficial effects of Tai Chi in lower limb OA and disentangle its potential mechanisms from the perspective of biology, psychology, and social factors. Complex biomechanical, biochemical, neurological, psychological, and social mechanisms, including strengthening of muscles, proprioception improvement, joint mechanical stress reduction, change of brain activation and sensitization, attenuation of inflammation, emotion modulation and social support, are discussed.

Humans , Tai Ji , Osteoarthritis/therapy , Exercise Therapy , Lower Extremity , Chronic Disease , Inflammation
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 885-894, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981683


OBJECTIVE@#To review the research progress of meniscus repair in recent years, in order to provide help for the clinical decision-making of meniscus injury treatment.@*METHODS@#The domestic and foreign literature related to meniscal repair in recent years was extensively reviewed to summarize the reasons for the prevalence of meniscal repair, surgical indications, various repair methods and long-term effectiveness, the need to deal with mechanical structural abnormalities, biological enhancement repair technology, rehabilitation treatment, and so on.@*RESULTS@#In order to delay the occurrence of osteoarthritis, the best treatment of meniscus has undergone an important change from partial meniscectomy to meniscal repair, and the indications for meniscal repair have been expanding. The mid- and long-term effectiveness of different meniscal repair methods are ideal. During meniscus repair, the abnormality of lower limb force line and meniscus protrusion should be corrected at the same time. There are controversies about the biological enhancement technology to promote meniscus healing and rehabilitation programs, which need further study.@*CONCLUSION@#Meniscal repair can restore the normal mechanical conduction of lower limbs and reduce the incidence of traumatic osteoarthritis, but the poor blood supply and healing ability of meniscal tissue bring difficulties to meniscal repair. Further development of new biological enhanced repair technology and individualized rehabilitation program and verification of its effectiveness will be an important research direction.

Humans , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Meniscectomy/methods , Lower Extremity , Osteoarthritis