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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 408-420, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007638

ABSTRACT

As pancreatic cancer (PC) is highly malignant, its patients tend to develop metastasis at an early stage and show a poor response to conventional chemotherapies. First-line chemotherapies for PC, according to current guidelines, include fluoropyrimidine- and gemcitabine-based regimens. Accumulating research on drug resistance has shown that biochemical metabolic aberrations in PC, especially those involving glycolysis and glutamine metabolism, are highly associated with chemoresistance. Additionally, lipid metabolism is a major factor in chemoresistance. However, emerging compounds that target these key metabolic pathways have the potential to overcome chemoresistance. This review summarizes how PC develops chemoresistance through aberrations in biochemical metabolism and discusses novel critical targets and pathways within cancer metabolism for new drug research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gemcitabine , Deoxycytidine/therapeutic use , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Metabolic Reprogramming , Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal/drug therapy , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Cell Line, Tumor
2.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 51-64, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010597

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic cancer is among the most malignant cancers, and thus early intervention is the key to better survival outcomes. However, no methods have been derived that can reliably identify early precursors of development into malignancy. Therefore, it is urgent to discover early molecular changes during pancreatic tumorigenesis. As aberrant glycosylation is closely associated with cancer progression, numerous efforts have been made to mine glycosylation changes as biomarkers for diagnosis; however, detailed glycoproteomic information, especially site-specific N-glycosylation changes in pancreatic cancer with and without drug treatment, needs to be further explored. Herein, we used comprehensive solid-phase chemoenzymatic glycoproteomics to analyze glycans, glycosites, and intact glycopeptides in pancreatic cancer cells and patient sera. The profiling of N-glycans in cancer cells revealed an increase in the secreted glycoproteins from the primary tumor of MIA PaCa-2 cells, whereas human sera, which contain many secreted glycoproteins, had significant changes of glycans at their specific glycosites. These results indicated the potential role for tumor-specific glycosylation as disease biomarkers. We also found that AMG-510, a small molecule inhibitor against Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) G12C mutation, profoundly reduced the glycosylation level in MIA PaCa-2 cells, suggesting that KRAS plays a role in the cellular glycosylation process, and thus glycosylation inhibition contributes to the anti-tumor effect of AMG-510.


Subject(s)
Humans , Glycosylation , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma , Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)/metabolism , Glycoproteins , Mass Spectrometry , Biomarkers/metabolism , Polysaccharides
3.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(6): e202202857, dic. 2023. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1518596

ABSTRACT

Las neoplasias de páncreas son una entidad poco frecuente en pediatría; el tumor pseudopapilar de páncreas (TSP) es el más comúnmente diagnosticado. Habitualmente, se localizan en la cabeza del páncreas. La cirugía de Whipple o pancreatoduodenectomía es la técnica elegida para el tratamiento de los tumores benignos o malignos de páncreas. Si bien la mortalidad conocida ha descendido en los últimos años, debido a la mayor experiencia de los cirujanos y al mejor cuidado pre- y posoperatorio, la morbilidad se ha mantenido elevada secundaria a las complicaciones asociadas. Dentro de estas se destacan retardo en el vaciamiento gástrico, colecciones intraabdominales, fístula pancreática, reestenosis del sitio quirúrgico y hemorragia pospancreatectomía. Se presenta el caso clínico de una niña de 13 años con diagnóstico de TSP que recibió tratamiento quirúrgico efectivo desde el punto de vista oncológico, pero que requirió una internación prolongada secundaria a las complicaciones quirúrgicas.


Pancreatic neoplasms are rare in pediatrics; the pseudopapillary tumor (PPT) of the pancreas is the most common. PPTs of the pancreas are usually located in the head of the pancreas. A pancreaticoduodenectomy or Whipple procedure is the technique of choice for the treatment of benign or malignant pancreatic tumors. Although mortality for this cause has decreased in recent years, due to the greater experience of surgeons and improved pre- and postoperative care, morbidity has remained high secondary to associated complications. These include delayed gastric emptying, intra-abdominal collections, pancreatic fistula, surgical site restenosis, and post-pancreatectomy hemorrhage. Here we describe the clinical case of a 13-year-old girl diagnosed with PPT of the pancreas who underwent an effective surgery in terms of cancer treatment, but who required a prolonged hospitalization secondary to surgical complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/adverse effects , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/methods , Pancreatectomy/adverse effects , Pancreatectomy/methods , Postoperative Complications/diagnosis , Postoperative Complications/etiology
4.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 471-478, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981293

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic cancer is one of the digestive system tumors with a high degree of malignancy,and most of the patients are diagnosed in advanced stages.Because of limited available therapies,the mortality of this disease remains high.Tumor-associated macrophages(TAM),the main immune cells in the tumor microenvironment,are involved in the regulation of the occurrence and development of pancreatic cancer.Specifically,TAM are involved in the proliferation,invasion,immune escape,and chemoresistance of pancreatic cancer cells,demonstrating potential in the targeted therapy of pancreatic cancer.In this paper,we summarize the TAM-based therapies including consuming TAM,reprogramming TAM,dynamic imaging of TAM with nanoprobes,and regulating the phagocytic ability of TAM for pancreatic cancer,aiming to provide a theoretical basis for developing new therapies for pancreatic cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tumor-Associated Macrophages , Macrophages , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Tumor Microenvironment
5.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 413-428, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981017

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic cancer has an insidious onset and lacks effective treatment methods, which is one of the tumors with the worst prognosis, so it is urgent to explore new treatment directions. Metabolic reprogramming is one of the important hallmarks of tumors. Pancreatic cancer cells in the harsh tumor microenvironment have comprehensively increased cholesterol metabolism in order to maintain strong metabolic needs, and cancer associated fibroblasts also provide cancer cells with a large amount of lipids. Cholesterol metabolism reprogramming involves the changes in the synthesis, uptake, esterification and metabolites of cholesterol, which are closely related to the proliferation, invasion, metastasis, drug resistance, and immunosuppression of pancreatic cancer. Inhibition of cholesterol metabolism has obvious anti-tumor effect. In this paper, the important effects and complexity of cholesterol metabolism in pancreatic cancer were comprehensively reviewed from perspectives of risk factors for pancreatic cancer, energy interaction between tumor-related cells, key targets of cholesterol metabolism and its targeted drugs. Cholesterol metabolism has a strict regulation and feedback mechanism, and the effect of single-target drugs in clinical application is not clear. Therefore, multi-target therapy of cholesterol metabolism is a new direction for pancreatic cancer treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Cholesterol/metabolism , Tumor Microenvironment
6.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 251-255, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970187

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic cancer is a malignant tumor of digestive system with poor prognosis,and surgical resection is still the only hope for a radical cure. Although the current consensus and guidelines describe in detail the standard and extended range of lymph node dissection,the selection of specific range of lymph node dissection and its impact on prognosis are still controversial. Current studies have not only proposed some improved extent of lymph node dissection, such as total mesopancreas excision and Heidelberg triangle dissection, but also suggested different extent of lymph node dissection for ventral and dorsal pancreatic head cancer. In addition, the prognosis of pancreatic head cancer in uncinate process and non-uncinate process is different after para-aortic lymph node dissection, which is worthy of further study. Neoadjuvant therapy or conversion therapy provides more surgical opportunities for patients with pancreatic cancer. For these patients, Heidelberg triangle dissection has potential value in improving prognosis. This paper summarizes the exploration and latest progress of standard and extended lymph node dissection, lymph node dissection of specific site of pancreatic head cancer and the extent of lymph node dissection after neoadjuvant/transformation therapy in recent years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Pancreas/pathology , Prognosis
7.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 187-195, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970179

ABSTRACT

Although there are still controversies over the efficiency and safety of minimally invasive radical surgery for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), most available studies have suggested a promising application of minimally invasive radical surgery. This consensus, referring to Chinese expert opinions and worldwide researches, aimed to discuss the related issues on minimally invasive radical surgery for PDAC to ensure the perioperative and oncological outcomes. Quality of evidence and strength of recommendations were evaluated based on the GRADE approach. The 15 recommendations covered 5 topics: oncological outcomes and patient safety of laparoscopic and robotic pancreatoduodenectomy, left-side pancreatectomy for PDAC, learning curve, safety of neoadjuvant therapy, and vascular resection in minimally invasive radical surgery for PDAC. This consensus gives reference and guidance to surgeons on the use of minimally invasive radical surgery for PDAC. Although this consensus is not sufficient to answer all the questions about minimally invasive radical surgery for PDAC, it represents the current consensus on the application of the techniques in the treatment of PDAC on the Chinese mainland.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal/surgery , Consensus , Laparoscopy/methods , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Pancreatectomy/methods , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Treatment Outcome , China
8.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1-6, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970164

ABSTRACT

Over the past 20 years, the concept of pancreatic surgery has been updated and surgical skills has improved dramatically. With the significant improvement of surgical safety and increase of resection rate for pancreatic cancer, some traditional surgical issues such as surgical indications, timing and extent of resection are being re-evaluated. The improvement of patients' prognosis is the gold standard for judging the surgical indications. The traditional criteria of "unresectable" based on morphology will be constantly broken through, and the estimation of resectability will transition from "what can we resect" to "what should we resect". Except for clinical research, standard extent of lymph node dissection is recommended. However, for borderline resectable and locally advanced pancreatic cancer after neoadjuvant treatment, extended lymph node dissection is recommended. All kinds of surgical approaches are feasible. The approach is subject to the needs of anatomy, anatomy is subject to the needs of radical treatment, and radical treatment is subject to the needs of improving prognosis. For some patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer, sub-adventitial divestment of superior mesenteric artery and "Heidelberg triangle" cleaning are helpful to improve the resection rate and reduce the local recurrence rate,however, the impact on the long-term prognosis still needs to be further observed clinically. The quality of pancreaticojejunostomy has more influence on the incidence of pancreatic fistula than the type of pancreaticojejunostomy. For the centers with high volume patients and the surgeons with rich personal experience, laparoscopic or robot assisted surgery has the advantages of minimally invasive, but for pancreatic head carcinoma, it is not enough evidence to prove the oncological advantages of laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy and robotic-assistant pancreaticoduodenectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Laparoscopy , Pancreaticoduodenectomy
9.
ABCD (São Paulo, Online) ; 36: e1772, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1519803

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Para-aortic lymph nodes involvement in pancreatic head cancer has been described as an independent adverse prognostic factor. To avoid futile pancreatic resection, we systematically perform para-aortic lymphadenectomy as a first step. AIMS: To describe our technique for para-aortic lymphadenectomy. METHODS: A 77-year-old female patient, with jaundice and resectable pancreatic head adenocarcinoma, underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy associated with infracolic lymphadenectomy. RESULTS: The infracolic anterior technique has two main advantages. It is faster and prevents the formation of postoperative adhesions, which can make subsequent surgical interventions more difficult. CONCLUSIONS: We recommend systematic para-aortic lymphadenectomy as the first step of pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic head adenocarcinoma by this approach.


RESUMO RACIONAL: O envolvimento dos gânglios linfáticos para-aórticos no câncer da cabeça do pâncreas tem sido descrito como um fator prognóstico adverso independente. Para evitar a ressecção pancreática inútil, realizamos sistematicamente linfadenectomia para-aórtica. OBJETIVOS: Descrever a técnica de linfadenectomia para-aórtica. MÉTODOS: Paciente do sexo feminino, 77 anos, com quadro de icterícia e adenocarcinoma da cabeça do pâncreas ressecável, submetida à duodenopancreatectomia associada à linfadenectomia infracólica. RESULTADOS: Esta técnica anterior infracólica tem duas vantagens principais: é mais rápida e evita a formação de aderências pós-operatórias, o que pode dificultar as intervenções cirúrgicas subsequentes. CONCLUSÕES: Recomendamos a linfadenectomia para-aórtica sistemática como o primeiro passo da duodenopancreatectomia para o adenocarcinoma da cabeça do pâncreas por esta abordagem.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/methods , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 582-589, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985812

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To evaluate the positive rate of left posterior lymph nodes of the superior mesenteric artery (14cd-LN) in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic head carcinoma,to analyze the impact of 14cd-LN dissection on lymph node staging and tumor TNM staging. Methods: The clinical and pathological data of 103 consecutive patients with pancreatic cancer who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy at Pancreatic Center,the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January to December 2022 were analyzed,retrospectively. There were 69 males and 34 females,with an age(M (IQR))of 63.0 (14.0) years (range:48.0 to 86.0 years). The χ2 test and Fisher's exact probability method was used for comparison of the count data between the groups,respectively. The rank sum test was used for comparison of the measurement data between groups. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analyzes were used for the analysis of risk factors. Results: All 103 patients underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy successfully using the left-sided uncinate process and the artery first approach. Pathological examination showed pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma in all cases. The location of the tumors was the pancreatic head in 40 cases,pancreatic head-uncinate in 45 cases,and pancreatic head-neck in 18 cases. Of the 103 patients,38 cases had moderately differentiated tumor and 65 cases had poorly differentiated tumor. The diameter of the lesions was 3.2 (0.8) cm (range:1.7 to 6.5 cm),the number of lymph nodes harvested was 25 (10) (range:11 to 53),and the number of positive lymph nodes was 1 (3) (range:0 to 40). The lymph node stage was stage N0 in 35 cases (34.0%),stage N1 in 43 cases (41.7%),and stage N2 in 25 cases (24.3%). TNM staging was stage ⅠA in 5 cases (4.9%),stage ⅠB in 19 cases (18.4%),stage ⅡA in 2 cases (1.9%),stage ⅡB in 38 cases (36.9%),stage Ⅲ in 38 cases (36.9%),and stage Ⅳ in 1 case (1.0%). In 103 patients with pancreatic head cancer,the overall positivity rate for 14cd-LN was 31.1% (32/103),and the positive rates for 14c-LN and 14d-LN were 21.4% (22/103) and 18.4% (19/103),respectively. 14cd-LN dissection increased the number of lymph nodes (P<0.01) and positive lymph nodes (P<0.01). As a result of the 14cd-LN dissection,the lymph node stage was changed in 6 patients,including 5 patients changed from N0 to N1 and 1 patient changed from N1 to N2. Similarly,the TNM stage was changed in 5 patients,including 2 patients changed from stage ⅠB to ⅡB,2 patients changed from stage ⅡA to ⅡB,and 1 patient changed from stage ⅡB to Ⅲ. Tumors located in the pancreatic head-uncinate (OR=3.43,95%CI:1.08 to 10.93,P=0.037) and the positivity of 7,8,9,12 LN (OR=5.45,95%CI:1.45 to 20.44,P=0.012) were independent risk factors for 14c-LN metastasis; while tumors with diameter >3 cm (OR=3.93,95%CI:1.08 to 14.33,P=0.038) and the positivity of 7,8,9,12 LN (OR=11.09,95%CI:2.69 to 45.80,P=0.001) were independent risk factors for 14d-LN metastasis. Conclusion: Due to its high positive rate in pancreatic head cancer,dissection of 14cd-LN during pancreaticoduodenectomy should be recommended,which can increase the number of lymph nodes harvested,provide a more accurate lymph node staging and TNM staging.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Prognosis , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Staging
11.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 546-549, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985806

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic cancer is a highly malignant tumor. About 75% of patients with pancreatic cancer who underwent radical surgical resection will still experience postoperative recurrence. Neoadjuvant therapy could improve outcomes in patients with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer,has become a consensus;however it is still controversial in resectable pancreatic cancer. Limited high-quality randomized controlled trial studies support the routine initiation of neoadjuvant therapy in resectable pancreatic cancer. With the development of new technologies, such as next-generation sequencing, liquid biopsy, imaging omics, and organoids, patients are expected to benefit from the precision screening of potential candidates for neoadjuvant therapy and individualized treatment strategy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neoadjuvant Therapy/methods , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology
12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 594-604, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984755

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the mechanism of Doublecortin-like kinase 1 (DCLK1) in promoting cell migration, invasion and proliferation in pancreatic cancer. Methods: The correlation between DCLK1 and Hippo pathway was analyzed using TCGA and GTEx databases and confirmed by fluorescence staining of pancreatic cancer tissue microarrays. At the cellular level, immunofluorescence staining of cell crawls and western blot assays were performed to clarify whether DCLK1 regulates yes associated protein1 (YAP1), a downstream effector of the Hippo pathway. Reverse transcription-quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to analyze the expressions of YAP1 binding transcription factor TEA-DNA binding proteins (TEAD) and downstream malignant behavior-promoting molecules CYR61, EDN1, AREG, and CTGF. Transwell test of the DCLK1-overexpressing cells treated with the Hippo pathway inhibitor Verteporfin was used to examine whether the malignant behavior-promoting ability was blocked. Analysis of changes in the proliferation index of experimental cells used real-time label-free cells. Results: TCGA combined with GTEx data analysis showed that the expressions of DCLK1 and YAP1 molecules in pancreatic cancer tissues were significantly higher than those in adjacent tissues (P<0.05). Moreover, DCLK1was positively correlated with the expressions of many effectors in the Hippo pathway, including LATS1 (r=0.53, P<0.001), LATS2 (r=0.34, P<0.001), MOB1B (r=0.40, P<0.001). In addition, the tissue microarray of pancreatic cancer patients was stained with multicolor fluorescence, indicated that the high expression of DCLK1 in pancreatic cancer patients was accompanied by the up-regulated expression of YAP1. The expression of DCLK1 in pancreatic cancer cell lines was analyzed by the CCLE database. The results showed that the expression of DCLK1 in AsPC-1 and PANC-1 cells was low. Thus, we overexpressed DCLK1 in AsPC-1 and PANC-1 cell lines and found that DCLK1 overexpression in pancreatic cancer cell lines promoted YAP1 expression and accessible to the nucleus. In addition, DCLK1 up-regulated the expression of YAP1 binding transcription factor TEAD and increased the mRNA expression levels of downstream malignant behavior-promoting molecules. Finally, Verteporfin, an inhibitor of the Hippo pathway, could antagonize the cell's malignant behavior-promoting ability mediated by high expression of DCLK1. We found that the number of migrated cells with DCLK1 overexpressing AsPC-1 group was 68.33±7.09, which was significantly higher than 22.00±4.58 of DCLK1 overexpressing cells treated with Verteporfin (P<0.05). Similarly, the migration number of PANC-1 cells overexpressing DCLK1 was 65.66±8.73, which was significantly higher than 37.00±6.00 of the control group and 32.33±9.61 of Hippo pathway inhibitor-treated group (P<0.05). Meanwhile, the number of invasive cells in the DCLK1-overexpressed group was significantly higher than that in the DCLK1 wild-type group cells, while the Verteporfin-treated DCLK1-overexpressed cells showed a significant decrease. In addition, we monitored the cell proliferation index using the real-time cellular analysis (RTCA) assay, and the proliferation index of DCLK1-overexpressed AsPC-1 cells was 0.66±0.04, which was significantly higher than 0.38±0.01 of DCLK1 wild-type AsPC-1 cells (P<0.05) as well as 0.05±0.03 of DCLK1-overexpressed AsPC1 cells treated with Verteporfin (P<0.05). PANC-1 cells showed the same pattern, with a proliferation index of 0.77±0.04 for DCLK1-overexpressed PANC-1 cells, significantly higher than DCLK1-overexpressed PANC1 cells after Verteporfin treatment (0.14±0.05, P<0.05). Conclusion: The expression of DCLK1 is remarkably associated with the Hippo pathway, it promotes the migration, invasion, and proliferation of pancreatic cancer cells by activating the Hippo pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Doublecortin-Like Kinases , Hippo Signaling Pathway , Verteporfin/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , YAP-Signaling Proteins , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/genetics
13.
Rev. med. Chile ; 150(7): 966-969, jul. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1424150

ABSTRACT

Lipase hypersecretion syndrome (LHS) is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome, associated with acinar cell carcinoma of the pancreas (ACCP) in 10% to 15% of patients. Clinically, LHS manifests itself with the appearance of subcutaneous fibrocystic nodules, associated with trophic changes in the overlying skin, such as ulcers or fistulas that are difficult to manage, mainly affecting the lower extremities. Additionally, lipolysis near the joints and in the intraosseous adipose tissue can cause bilateral arthralgias, especially of the knees and ankles. We report a 57-year-old man, with a history of insulin resistance and allergic rhinitis, who presented in June 2019 with multiple subcutaneous nodules in the lower extremities, predominantly in both ankles, associated with arthralgia in that region. Additionally, a CT scan of the abdomen revealed a significant abdominal mass, measuring approximately 17 cm and in contact with the body and tail of the pancreas, pathologically compatible with an ACCP. Treatment with capecitabine was started with a favorable progression. The patient currently presents a small left lateral retro malleolar fistula, which, given the analyzes, studies and reviewed literature is concluded to be a lesion in the context of LHS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pancreatic Neoplasms/complications , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Skin Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Acinar Cell/complications , Carcinoma, Acinar Cell/pathology , Pancreas/pathology , Acinar Cells/pathology , Abdomen/pathology , Lipase
14.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 1305-1329, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969791

ABSTRACT

Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (GEP-NENs) are highly heterogeneous tumors. According to the 2019 World Health Organization classification and grading criteria for neuroendocrine neoplasms of the gastrointestinal tract and hepatopancreatobiliary organs, GEP-NENs include well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors (NETs), poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs), and mixed neuroendocrine-non-neuroendocrine neoplasms (MiNENs). GEP-NETs may present as hormonally functioning or nonfunctioning tumors and may have distinct clinical features based on their sites of origin. The Expert Committee of Neuroendocrine Tumors, Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology revised and updated the 2016 version of Chinese expert consensus on GEP-NENs. The update the consensus includes the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, biochemical and imaging examinations, pathological features, and treatment and follow-up of GEP-NENs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consensus , Intestinal Neoplasms/therapy , Neuroendocrine Tumors/pathology , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , China
15.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 441-448, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935619

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the outcomes of modified Appleby procedure and sub-adventitial divestment technique for locally advanced or borderline resectable pancreatic body cancer. Methods: A total of consecutive 58 patients(33 males and 25 females) who were diagnosed as locally advanced or borderline resectable pancreatic body cancer and underwent distal pancreatectomy at Pancreas Center, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University between September 2013 and May 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. The age(M(IQR)) was 62(9)years(range: 43 to 79 years). Thirty-one patients underwent distal pancreatectomy with celiac axis resection (DP-CAR) and 27 patients underwent distal pancreatectomy with sub-adventitial divestment technique(SDT). Perioperative parameters and follow-up data of these patients were analyzed. Quantitative data were compared with Wilcoxon test while categorical variables were compared with χ2 test or Fisher's exact test. Survival results were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier survival method with a Log-rank test. Results: There were no differences in age,gender,body mass index,abdominal symptoms,comorbidity or preoperative serum CA19-9 between two groups(all P>0.05). Obvious preoperative weight loss was more common in the group of SDT(48.1%(13/27) vs. 19.4%(6/31),χ²=5.431,P=0.020). Longer operative time(310(123) minutes vs. 254(137)minutes, Z=2.277,P=0.023),higher rate of combined organ resection(41.9%(13/31) vs. 14.8%(4/27),χ²=5.123,P=0.041) and longer postoperative hospital stay(15(10) days vs. 11(5)days,Z=2.292,P=0.022) were observed in the group of DP-CAR. Moreover,rate of overall morbidities was also higher (71.0%(22/31) vs. 29.6%(8/27),χ2=9.876,P=0.003),implicated by clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula(61.3%(19/31) vs. 29.6%(8/27),χ2=5.814,P=0.020) in the DP-CAR group. Tumor size of the DP-CAR group was bigger(4.9(1.5)cm vs. 4.0(1.2)cm,Z=2.343,P=0.019) but no difference was seen between the DP-CAR group and SDT group in R0+R1(<1 mm) resection rate (84.0%(21/25) vs. 90.0%(18/20),P=0.678) and LNR(12.0(23.0)% vs. 9.0(18.0)%,Z=1.238,P=0.216),as well as median disease free survival(11.7 months vs. 11.4 months,Z=0.019,P=0.892) and median overall survival(16.3 months vs. 13.7 months,Z=0.172,P=0.679). Conclusions: Both DP-CAR and distal pancreatectomy with SDT are relatively safe and feasible for locally advanced or borderline resectable pancreatic body cancer. Compared with arterial resection,SDT may contribute to lower rates of postoperative complications and shorter duration of hospitalization,but no significant benefit is seen in long-term survival.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Celiac Artery/surgery , Pancreatectomy/methods , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies
16.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 419-424, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935556

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the tumor immunity-related pathologic features and clinical significance in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Methods: All pathologic materials and clinical information of 192 PDAC patients from the Cancer Hospital of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences from January 2010 to December 2020 were collected. The onco-immune microenvironment associated morphologic features were evaluated, and MHC-Ⅰ, PD-L1, CD3, and CD8 expression were detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Then the correlation between the factors and their influence on prognosis was analyzed. Results: There were 163 cases of non-specific adenocarcinoma (163/192, 84.90%), 18 cases of adeno-squamous carcinoma (18/192, 9.37%), and 11 cases of other rare subtypes (11/192, 5.73%). Perineural invasion was observed in 110 cases (110/192, 57.29%) and vascular invasion in 86 cases (86/192, 44.79%). There were 84 cases (84/182, 46.15%) with severe chronic inflammation. Tumor infiltrating immune cell numbers (TII-N) were increased in 52 cases (52/192, 27.08%). Lymphocytes and plasma cells were the main infiltrating immune cells in 60 cases (60/192, 31.25%), whereas in 34 cases (34/192, 17.71%) the tumors were mainly infiltrated by granulocytes, and 98 cases (98/192, 51.04%) showed mixed infiltration. CD3+T cells were deficient in 124 cases (124/192, 66.31%). CD8+T cells were deficient in 152 cases (152/192, 79.58%). MHC-Ⅰ expression was down-regulated in 156 cases (156/192, 81.25%), and PD-L1 was positive (CPS≥1) in 46 cases (46/192, 23.96%). Statistical analysis showed that TII-N was negatively correlated with vascular invasion (P=0.035), perineural invasion (P=0.002), stage (P=0.004) and long-term alcohol consumption (P=0.039). The type of immune cells correlated positively with chronic pancreatic inflammation (P=0.002), and negatively with tumor differentiation (P=0.024). CD8+T cells were positively correlated with CD3+T cells (P=0.032), MHC-Ⅰ expression (P<0.001) and PD-L1 expression (P=0.001), and negatively correlated with long-term smoking (P=0.016). Univariate analysis showed that histological nonspecific type (P=0.013) and TII-N (P<0.001) were the factors for good prognosis. Vascular invasion (P=0.032), perineural invasion (P=0.001), high stage (P=0.003) and long-term alcohol consumption (P=0.004) were adverse prognostic factors. COX multivariate risk analysis found that TII-N was an independent favorable factor for PDAC, while perineural invasion was an independent adverse risk factor. Conclusions: TII-N is an independent superior prognostic factor for PDAC, and significantly correlated with many factors; chronic alcohol consumption and smoking may inhibit onco-immunity in PDAC patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal/pathology , Inflammation/pathology , Lymphocytes, Tumor-Infiltrating/metabolism , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Tumor Microenvironment
17.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 149(12): 1773-1786, dic. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389415

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic cystic neoplasms (PCN) are frequently detected on abdominal images performed for non-pancreatic indications. Their prevalence in asymptomatic population ranges from 2.7 to 24.8%, and increases with age. There are several types of pancreatic cysts. Some may contain cancer or have malignant potential, such as mucinous cystic neoplasms, including mucinous cystadenoma (MCN) and intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN). In contrast, others are benign, such as serous cystadenoma (SCA). However, even those cysts with malignant potential rarely progress to cancer. Currently, the only treatment for pancreatic cysts is surgery, which is associated with high morbidity and occasional mortality. The Board of the Chilean Pancreas Club of the Chilean Gastroenterology Society developed the first Chilean multidisciplinary consensus for diagnosis, management, and surveillance of PCN. Thirty experts were invited and answered 21 statements with five possible alternatives: 1) fully agree; 2) partially agree; 3) undecided; 4) disagree and 5) strongly disagree. A consensus was adopted when at least 80% of the sum of the answers "fully agree" and "partially agree" was reached. The consensus was approved by the Board of Directors of the Chilean Pancreas Club for publication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreatic Cyst/diagnosis , Pancreatic Cyst/therapy , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Pancreatic Neoplasms/therapy , Chile/epidemiology , Consensus
18.
Rev. venez. cir ; 74(2): 26-31, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1369626

ABSTRACT

El tumor sólido pseudopapilar de páncreas tiene una incidencia de 0,13-2,7%, afectando preferentemente a mujeres jóvenes. Presentamos la experiencia en el manejo de tumores sólidos pseudopapilares de páncreas durante 10 años en el Hospital Coromoto de Maracaibo. Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo realizado en el Hospital Coromoto de Maracaibo desde enero 2010 hasta diciembre 2019. Se analizaron las variables edad, sexo, ubicación del tumor, procedimiento quirúrgico, tamaño del tumor, tiempo quirúrgico, tiempo de hospitalización y complicaciones. Resultados: De 183 casos totales de cirugía pancreática,15 casos presentaron diagnóstico anatomopatológico de tumor sólido pseudopapilar, representando un 8,20% del total de las cirugías pancreáticas; con edades comprendidas entre 15 a 56 años, con una media de 27,93 de los cuales el 93,33% fueron del género femenino. La ubicación más frecuente fue el cuerpo y la cola del páncreas con un 53,33%. El procedimiento quirúrgico más empleado fue la pancreatectomía distal en 8 casos. El tamaño promedio de los tumores fue de 6,47cm y el tiempo quirúrgico empleado fue de 254 minutos para las pancreatectomías distales y 412 minutos para los procedimientos de Whipple, con una media de hospitalización de 4,6 y 7,2 días respectivamente. Presentaron complicaciones 2 pacientes y sin decesos. Conclusiones: El tumor sólido pseudopapilar es una neoplasia pancreática de comportamiento incierto, con una baja incidencia entre todos los tumores de páncreas, donde la laparoscopia es un método de abordaje seguro en las pancreatectomías distales, sin diferencias en estancia hospitalaria y tiempo quirúrgico. La resección quirúrgica con márgenes libres es curativa(AU)


The solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas has an incidence of 0.13-2.7%, preferentially affecting young women. We present the experience in the management of solid pseudopapillary tumors of the pancreas for 10 years at the Coromoto Hospital in Maracaibo. Methods: Retrospective study carried out at the Coromoto Hospital in Maracaibo from January 2010 to December 2019. The variables age, sex, tumor location, surgical procedure, tumor size, surgical time, hospitalization time and complications were analyzed. Results: Of 183 total cases of pancreatic surgery, 15 cases had a pathological diagnosis of a solid pseudopapillary tumor, representing 8.20% of the total of pancreatic surgeries; with ages ranging from 15 to 56 years, with an average of 27.93 of which 93.33% were female. The most frequent location was the body and tail of the pancreas with 53.33%. The most used surgical procedure was distal pancreatectomy in 8 cases. The average size of the tumors was 6.47cm and the surgical time used was 254 minutes for distal pancreatectomies and 412 minutes for Whipple procedures, with a mean hospital stay of 4.6 and 7.2 days, respectively. Two patients presented complications and no deaths. Conclusions: The solid pseudopapillary tumor is a pancreatic neoplasm of uncertain behavior, with a low incidence among all pancreatic tumors, where laparoscopy is a safe approach to distal pancreatectomies, without differences in hospital stay and surgical time. Surgical resection with free margins is curative(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Pancreatectomy , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Retrospective Studies , Laparoscopy
19.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020201, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142397

ABSTRACT

Undifferentiated carcinoma of the pancreas with osteoclast-like giant cells (UCOGCs) is an extremely rare morphologically and clinically distinct variant of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), exhibiting a characteristic component of reactive osteoclast-like giant cells admixed with neoplastic mononuclear cells. Sommers and Meissner first described it in 1954 as an "unusual carcinoma of the pancreas". Later it acquired many different names. In 2010, the WHO classified these tumors as a variant of PDAC under the heading of "undifferentiated carcinoma with osteoclast-like giant cells". Here we describe the first case of pancreatic mixed neuroendocrine-non-neuroendocrine neoplasms (MiNEN) composed of UCOGC and pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (NET), which occurred in a 78-year-old man with biliary colic and pancreatitis. The mass did not respond to the chemotherapy, and he soon developed liver metastasis from the NET component, and unfortunately, the patient passed away 10 months later. Since UCOGC is extremely rare, and its association with NET has not been reported yet, our case expands the knowledge regarding its unusual presentation and poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Neuroendocrine Tumors , Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal/pathology , Giant Cells , Fatal Outcome
20.
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 33(4): e1554, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152626

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: It is important to obtain representative histological samples of solid biliopancreatic lesions without a clear indication for resection. The role of new needles in such task is yet to be determined. Aim: To compare performance assessment between 20G double fine needle biopsy (FNB) and conventional 22G fine needle aspiration (FNA) needles for endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided biopsy. Methods: This prospective study examined 20 patients who underwent the random puncture of solid pancreatic lesions with both needles and the analysis of tissue samples by a single pathologist. Results: The ProCore 20G FNB needle provided more adequate tissue samples (16 vs. 9, p=0.039) with better cellularity quantitative scores (11 vs. 5, p=0.002) and larger diameter of the histological sample (1.51±1.3 mm vs. 0.94±0.55 mm, p=0.032) than the 22G needle. The technical success, puncture difficulty, and sample bleeding were similar between groups. The sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy were 88.9%, 100%, and 90% and 77.8%, 100%, and 78.9% for the 20G and 22G needles, respectively. Conclusions: The samples obtained with the ProCore 20G FNB showed better histological parameters; although there was no difference in the diagnostic performance between the two needles, these findings may improve pathologist performance.


RESUMO Racional: As lesões sólidas pancreáticas não ressecáveis cirurgicamente demandam boa amostragem tecidual para definição histológica e condução oncológica . O papel das novas agulhas de ecopunção no aprimoramento diagnóstico ainda necessita elucidação. Objetivo: Comparar as biópsias guiadas por ecoendoscoopia com a nova agulha 20G de bisel frontal duplo (FNB) com a agulha de aspiração fina 22G convencional. Métodos: Este estudo prospectivo avaliou 20 pacientes submetidos à punção de lesões pancreáticas sólidas com ambas agulhas e envolveu análise de amostras teciduais por um único patologista. Resultados: A agulha FNB 20G forneceu amostras de tecido mais adequadas (16 vs. 9, p=0,039) com melhores escores quantitativos de celularidade (11 vs. 5, p=0,002) e maior diâmetro máximo da amostra histológica (1,51±1,3 mm vs. 0,94±0,55 mm, p=0,032) que a agulha 22G. O sucesso técnico, dificuldade de punção e sangramento da amostra foram semelhantes entre os grupos. A sensibilidade, especificidade e acurácia diagnóstica foram 88,9%, 100% e 90% e 77,8%, 100% e 78,9% para as agulhas 20G e 22G, respectivamente. Conclusão: As amostras obtidas com a FNB 20G apresentaram melhores parâmetros histológicos, embora não tenha havido diferença no desempenho diagnóstico entre as duas agulhas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pancreas/diagnostic imaging , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration/standards , Needles/classification , Pancreas/pathology , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Prospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration/instrumentation , Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration/methods , Needles/adverse effects
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