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1.
São Paulo; s.n; 20220720. 50 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1379730

ABSTRACT

Nas últimas décadas a sociedade como um todo foi impactada das mais diversas maneiras pelo uso da tecnologia. Inteligência Artificial é o termo usado para se referir a algoritmos que permitem com que computadores realizem tarefas que exigem a percepção humana para serem feitas. O presente estudo tem o objetivo de relatar o que há de mais recente na literatura sobre o tema de Inteligência Artificial na Odontologia, mais propriamente na área de Patologia Oral e Maxilofacial, e realizar um piloto para diferenciação de lesões utilizando software gratuito. Para realizar o estudo, foram selecionados casos específicos dos últimos 20 anos do Serviço de Patologia Oral e Maxilofacial da Universidade de São Paulo, sendo estes casos de lesões benignas e malignas para comparação e poder elucidar como a patologia através da IA pode ser realizada.). Ao finalizar este processo, o modelo de ML identificou as imagens que foram pedidas para que o software analisasse e uma taxa de acurácia foi obtida, que neste caso foi de 98% de assertividade de que a imagem colocada era referente a uma imagem histológica de uma lesão maligna e de 97% para a lesão benigna (neste caso, um carcinoma epidermoide e um fibroma respectivamente). O estudo concluiu que a IA é pouca explorada tanto no âmbito rotineiro quanto acadêmico e que novas pesquisas devem ser realizadas com incentivo a fim de produzir literatura, mostrar aos estudantes o que pode ser realizado com tecnologia apropriada e agilizar o processo diagnóstico, facilitando a vida do profissional e de todo o sistema que o envolve.


Subject(s)
Pathology, Oral , Artificial Intelligence , Biomedical Technology
2.
Arq. odontol ; 58: 3-10, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1380264

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Investigar as percepções e atitudes de pais/responsáveis sobre cuidados relacionados à saúde bucal das crianças por meio de um estudo descritivo. Métodos: Foi aplicado um questionário semiestruturado aos pais/responsáveis de crianças atendidas nas clinicas de Odontopediatria da Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais (PUC-MG) em 78 pais/responsáveis. O questionário apresentava questões sociodemográficas, assim como questões específicas relacionadas aos cuidados e atitudes para a saúde bucal de seus filhos/crianças. Análise descritiva e exploratória, por meio de médias, frequências e porcentagens foram realizadas e ilustradas por meio de figuras. Resultados: Embora a maioria dos entrevistados tenha alegado já terem recebido informações a respeito dos cuidados bucais infantis, pais/responsáveis consideraram o momento propício para a primeira visita ao dentista somente após o 1º ano de vida, período inadequado para o aleitamento materno, além da utilização inadequada de chupeta e mamadeira por longos períodos e do período para a inserção do hábito da escovação. Além disso, temáticas relacionadas à erosão dentária, teste da linguinha e a importância do íon fluoreto para a saúde bucal foram os assuntos classificados com mais dúvidas. Conclusão: Em geral, as atitudes dos pais e responsáveis não se mostraram adequadas, apesar de possuírem informações prévias no que tange a saúde bucal das crianças. Com isso, verifica-se a necessidade de enfatizar mais a fundo questões referentes a esta temática e diferentes meios para a difusão deste tipo de informação.


Aim: To investigate the perceptions and attitudes of parents/guardians about oral health care for children through a descriptive/cross-sectional study. Methods: A semi-structured questionnaire was applied to 78 parents/guardians of children seen at the Pediatric Dentistry Clinics of the Pontific Catholic University of Minas Gerais (PUC-MG). The questionnaire presented sociodemographic questions, as well as specific questions related to the care and attitudes towards the oral health of their children. Exploratory and descriptive analyses by means of means, frequencies,and percentages were performed and illustrated in figures. Results: Although most of the interviewees claimed to have already received information regarding children's oral care, they considered the proper time for the first visit to the dentist only after the 1st year of life, an inadequate period for breastfeeding, as well as the inappropriate use of pacifiers and bottles for long periods and an improper period for the insertion of the habit of tooth brushing. Furthermore, issues related to dental erosion, the tongue test, and the importance of fluoride ions for oral health were the subjects classified with the most doubts. Conclusion: In general, the attitudes of parents and guardians proved to be inappropriate, although they have previous information regarding the oral health of children. Thus, there is a need to offer a more in-depth emphasis on issues related to this theme and different means through which to disseminate this type of information.


Subject(s)
Pathology, Oral , Tooth Erosion , Breast Feeding , Oral Health , Pediatric Dentistry , Dental Caries
3.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211817, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253160

ABSTRACT

Tumors of the maxillomandibular complex are a heterogeneous group of lesions with a wide spectrum of clinical and histopathological characteristics. Aim: To evaluate the prevalence of odontogenic and non-odontogenic tumors associated with maxillary bones in a Reference Center for Oral Lesions. Methods: A cross-sectional study based on the medical records of a Reference Center for Oral Lesions at the State University of Feira de Santana, from 2006 to 2018. The data was initially analyzed in a descriptive manner. For bivariate analysis, Pearson's chi-square test was applied. The level of significance was set at 5%, where p≤ 0.05 is considered significant. Results: The prevalence of tumors was 2.27%. The average age of the individuals was 22.2 (± 15.1) years, the majority being up to 39 years (79.59%) and female (69.40%). A statistically significant difference was observed in relation to age (p = 0.00), as well as regarding the location of tumors in the anterior or posterior region (p = 0.02). Odontogenic tumors were benign, with odontoma being most frequent (46.90%), followed by ameloblastoma (16.30%). As for the non-odontogenic, neurofibroma (4.10%) and osteoma (4.10%) were the most common across the benign, while osteosarcoma accounted for 6.10% of cases. Conclusion: Odontogenic tumors were the most frequent in women, with age up to 39 years, odontoma being most common in the posterior region of the mandible. Among nonodontogenic tumors, central neurofibroma and osteoma were the most common. Osteosarcoma was more frequent in men over 40 years old and in the mandible region


Subject(s)
Pathology, Oral , Jaw Neoplasms/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diagnosis
4.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 21(1): 32-35, jan.-mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252431

ABSTRACT

O Granuloma Piogênico (GP) é uma lesão de caráter inflamatório originado da membrana mucosa ou do tecido conjuntivo, que possui predileção por pacientes leucodermas, do sexo feminino, entre 11 e 40 anos, especialmente durante a gravidez. Clinicamente apresentase preferencialmente na maxila, com forma irregular, consistente, pediculado, de crescimento lento e sem sintomatologia dolorosa. As principais causas do GP são os traumas ou irritantes locais associados à má higiene oral. Histologicamente apresenta-se bastante vascularizado, organizado em agregados lobulares. O tratamento cirúrgico de escolha é a exérese total da lesão. O objetivo deste trabalho é relatar um caso de granuloma piogênico com características clínicas incomuns, tratado cirurgicamente... (AU)


Piogenic Granuloma (GP) is an inflammatory lesion originating from the mucous membrane or connective tissue, which is predilected by female patients, between 11 and 40 years old, especially during pregnancy. Clinically it presents preferably in the maxilla, with irregular shape, consistent, pediculated, slow-growing and without painful symptomatology. The main causes of GP are the traumas or local irritants associated with poor oral hygiene. Histologically, it is quite vascularized, organized in lobular aggregates. The surgical treatment of choice is the total exeresis of the lesion. The objective of this study is to report a case of pyogenic granuloma with unusual clinical features, treated surgically... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pathology, Oral , Surgery, Oral , Granuloma, Pyogenic , Mucous Membrane
5.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1351213

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the effect of the COVID-19 impacts on the activities of researchers in the field of Oral Medicine (OM) and Oral Pathology (OP). To assess the research activities and training of human resources by Brazilian productivity fellows in research (BPFR) in OM and OP in the COVID-19 Era. Material and Methods Thirty-six BPFR in OM and OP areas, funded by National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq), received a virtual structured questionnaire by e-mail, on the Google Forms (Google®) platform, with questions regarding research activities and training of human resources (supervision of undergraduate and postgraduate students), during the COVID-19 pandemic. From the thirty-six BPFR in OM and OP, twenty-seven (75.0%) answered the questionnaire. Results Most of them were males (n=20; 74.1%) and were distributed in four Brazilian regions and ten states of the federation, including the Federal District. Twenty-four (88.9%) BPFR reported having suspended clinical activities, while sixteen (59.3%) answered that histopathology practices are suspended. Twenty-five (92.6%) BPFR mentioned difficulties in conducting research projects and 55.5% stated having no difficulties in the supervision of undergraduates, master's and PhD students. Conclusion The current scenario may significantly impact the diagnosis of oral diseases in Brazil. Moreover, a decrease in the scientific production of BPFR in OM and OP in the coming years is also considered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pathology, Oral , Research Support as Topic , Training Support , Brazil/epidemiology , Oral Medicine , COVID-19 , Research , Technological Development , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Workforce , Mentoring
6.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1154999

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the intra-examiner and inter-examiner reliability of linear and curvilinear measurements for the complete assessment of implant sites and jaw pathologies using Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT). Material and Methods: Fifty cone-beam computed tomographic images of patients were retrieved from the archives of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology. CBCT images taken for implant planning and evaluation of intrabony jaw pathologies (benign cyst/tumor) were included. Two expert oral and maxillofacial radiologists analyzed the images independently and made the measurements. The images for implant planning were analyzed for width, the height of the edentulous site, and the qualitative analysis of bone in the region. Jaw pathologies were assessed for linear dimensions and curvilinear measurements. Results: The inter-observer measurement error for implant site analysis ranged from 0.12 to 0.42 mm with almost perfect agreement (ICC: 0.94 to 1). The inter-observer measurement error for jaw pathology was 0.09 to 0.25 mm (ICC: 0.98-1). Curvilinear measurements showed perfect agreement between the observers. The intraobserver reliability for the various parameters used for the assessment of the implant site and jaw pathologies indicated almost perfect agreement. Conclusion: Reliability between the radiologists is high for various measurements on CBCT images taken for implant planning and jaw pathologies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pathology, Oral , Diagnostic Imaging/instrumentation , Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted/instrumentation , Dental Implantation/instrumentation , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Observational Studies as Topic/methods , Dimensional Measurement Accuracy , Radiologists , India/epidemiology , Jaw , Mandible/pathology
7.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1250462

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the frequency of oral potentially malignant disorders and Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC) and evaluate the consistency between their clinical and pathological features. Material and Methods: This retrospective study was conducted on records with a diagnosis of oral leukoplakia, oral erythroplakia, erythroleukoplakia, actinic cheilitis, lichen planus, and OSCC in the Pathology Department of Kerman dental school from September 1997 to September 2017. Data were analyzed in SPSS 21 at the significance level of ≤5%. Results: There were 378 cases of oral potentially malignant disorders and 70 cases of OSCC with a mean age of 46.82 ± 15.24 years. Buccal mucosa was the most frequent site, and lichen planus the most common lesion. Females were significantly older than males in leukoplakia and carcinoma in situ lesions. Clinical diagnosis and histopathology were consistent in 69.03% of cases. Conclusion: Clinical and histopathological diagnoses were consistent in 69.03% of records. The highest degree of clinical compliance with histopathology was observed in OSCC. Dentists should pay attention to oral potentially malignant disorders for early diagnosis to prevent their transformation to malignancy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Leukoplakia, Oral , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Clinical Diagnosis/diagnosis , Medical Records , Lichen Planus, Oral , Pathology, Oral , Cheilitis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Early Diagnosis , Erythroplasia , Iran
8.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1250444

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the agreement of clinical and radiographic diagnosis with the histopathological diagnosis in fibro-osseous lesions of the jaws. Material and Methods: An analytical and exploratory study was made based on systematic collected data, carried out in the laboratory of surgical pathology of a public Dental School. There were evaluated cases of fibrous dysplasia (FD), cemento-osseous dysplasia (COD) and ossifyng fibroma (OF), diagnosed by clinical, radiographic (panoramic and periapical radiography), and histopathological analysis, in a period of 12 years (from March 2001 to June 2013). Descriptive and inferential statistics (Fisher's exact test) were obtained. Results: Ninety-six cases of FOLs were evaluated. The radiographic aspects of the FOLs studied did not differ significantly (p=0.09). Radiolucent lesions were the least frequent, corresponding to approximately 13.5% of radiographic findings. Mixed lesions and radiopaques were more present, how they were COD and FD, respectively. The more aggressive variation of OF (Juvenile Ossifying Fibroma - JOF) was less frequent among the pathologies evaluated. In approximately 61.46% of the cases clinical and radiographic diagnosis were confirmed by histopathological diagnosis of FOLs. The highest agreement and the highest disagreement were observed in COD cases (40.7% and 62.2%, respectively). Conclusion: FOLs of the maxillaries represent a group of lesions in which the establishment of the clinical and radiographic diagnosis supported by the histopathological confirmation is critical and challenging.


Subject(s)
Pathology, Oral , Pathology, Surgical , Neoplasms, Fibrous Tissue/pathology , Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone/pathology , Schools, Dental , Brazil , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Fibroma, Ossifying
9.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 8(3): e034, sept.-dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1253440

ABSTRACT

El quiste dentígero y el ameloblastoma son patologías con poca sintomatología y características clínicas, las cuales son evidentes cuando las lesiones alcanzan dimensiones mayores y esto sucede cuando llevan un tiempo considerable de evolución, por lo cual son descubiertas generalmente en exámenes radiográficos de rutina. El presente artículo describe los hallazgos histológicos y su correlación clínico-patológica y radiográfica entre el quiste dentígero y el ameloblastoma, lo que permite un diagnóstico y un plan de tratamiento. Se presentan dos casos de pacientes masculinos, de 12 y 15 años, que asisten a consulta a la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Cartagena en Colombia, por presentar tumefacción en zona de sínfisis mandibular y en zona de tercer molar inferior derecho. Se especifican hallazgos clínicos, radiográficos e histológicos. Para llegar a los diagnósticos de quiste dentígero y ameloblastoma se deben tener en cuenta todos los hallazgos del examen clínico y radiográfico, pero debe primar el dictamen del examen histopatológico para determinar un tratamiento adecuado. (AU)


Dentigerous cysts and ameloblastomas present with few symptoms, and clinical characteristics present when lesions reach larger dimensions following a considerable length of evolution, and thus, these lesions are often discovered in routine radiographic examinations. This study describes the histological findings and clinical, pathological, and radiographic correlations between dentigerous cysts and ameloblastomas which aid in diagnosis and treatment planning. Two male patients, aged 12 and 15, were attended at the Faculty of Dentistry of the Cartagena University in Colombia due to swelling at the mandibular symphysis and lower right third molar area. The clinical, radiographic and histological findings are described. Clinical and radiographic findings must be taken into account to diagnose dentigerous cysts and ameloblastomas, with histopathological examination providing the definitive diagnosis and allowing adequate patient management. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Pathology, Oral , Ameloblastoma , Dentigerous Cyst , Diagnosis, Differential , Histology
10.
Autops. Case Rep ; 10(2): e2020160, Apr.-June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131813

ABSTRACT

Leukemic cells are rarely present in the oral cavity, and there are very few reports regarding such cases. However, we identified some reports of leukemic cells infiltrating tissues in the oral cavity, including gingival involvement. Recurrent painful oral ulcerations and prominent generalized periodontal destruction are the most common oral features of neutrophil disorders, and they may even be the initial symptoms of the disease. The ulcers may affect any part of the oral mucosa, including the tongue and palate. The objective of this report is to describe and discuss a case of myeloid sarcoma in the oral cavity of a 48-year-old male patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Leukemia , Sarcoma, Myeloid/pathology , Pathology, Oral
11.
Univ. salud ; 22(1): 70-76, ene.-abr. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1094581

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El desarrollo de las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación (TIC) y su fácil acceso, hacen de ésta una alternativa educativa que contribuye a incrementar la calidad de la educación, facilitando el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje con medios virtuales. Las lesiones elementales son alteraciones del tejido bucal y su conocimiento es importante para realizar un adecuado diagnóstico y manejo terapéutico. Objetivo: Diseñar, implementar y evaluar una aplicación móvil para la enseñanza de lesiones elementales en cavidad bucal. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de intervención, experimental, que evaluó una herramienta educativa sobre lesiones elementales bucales, utilizando una pre-prueba, una intervención y una prueba posterior, para el grupo control se evaluó el aprendizaje a través de la lectura de un artículo. Se compararon los resultados obtenidos mediante prueba de Chi 2 con un p≤0,05. Resultados: Ambos grupos lograron un incremento en el nivel de conocimiento sobre lesiones elementales; sin embargo, quien utilizó la aplicación móvil obtuvo resultados significativamente mejores de aprendizaje (Chi 2 p=0,014). Conclusiones: Las TIC constituyen una estrategia útil para afianzar nuevos conocimientos, se comprobó que los estudiantes que emplearon la herramienta educativa incrementaron significativamente el aprendizaje en lesiones elementales de una forma agradable y amena.


Introduction: The development and widespread access to Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have reinforced the view of them as didactic alternatives to improve the quality of education. These technological advances have facilitated the teaching-learning process through the use of virtual media. Knowing elementary lesions in the oral cavity tissue is important for their appropriate diagnosis and therapeutic management. Objective: To design, implement and assess the use of a mobile application in the teaching of elementary lesions of the oral cavity. Materials and methods: An intervention and experimental study that evaluated a didactic tool about oral elementary lesions, applying intervention, pre and post testing. The control group learning skills were assessed through the reading of an article. We finally compared the results via Chi2 test, with p≤0.05. Results: Although both groups showed an improvement in learning levels, the group that used the mobile application achieved significantly better results in reference to learning about elementary lesions (Chi2 p=0.014). Conclusions: ICTs have become useful strategies to strengthen new knowledge. In this study, we show that students who used the educational tool improved the learning of elementary lesions, in a significant and enjoyable way.


Subject(s)
Pathology, Oral , Mouth , Effectiveness , Health Education , Information Technology , Learning
13.
Autops. Case Rep ; 10(4): e2020183, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131857

ABSTRACT

Synovial chondromatosis (SC) in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is an uncommon entity, mostly when the involvement is bilateral. The authors report a rare case of bilateral SC, with a follow-up of 13 months, and a literature review. A 60-year-old Caucasian woman, with the chief complaint of pain for 6 years in the bilateral pre-auricular region, had a progressive clacking and discomfort on the left side during mouth opening. The panoramic image was suggestive of SC. The bilateral lesion was surgically removed by direct access. Histopathological examination confirmed the clinical diagnosis of bilateral SC. This article shows the importance of a multidisciplinary approach for the early diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Also, it encourages the referral of such cases to professionals with a greater familiarity with this entity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Chondromatosis, Synovial/pathology , Pathology, Oral , Temporomandibular Joint , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Osteochondromatosis
14.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 19(3): 21-24, jul.-set. 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253802

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O adenoma pleomórfico (AP) ou tumor misto benigno é a neoplasia de glândula salivar mais comum. A glândula parótida geralmente é a mais acometida com 80% dos casos, e, quando surge em glândulas salivares menores, o palato é a região mais afetada. O objetivo deste trabalho é relatar um caso clínico de AP em palato duro, tratado de forma conservadora. Relato de caso: Paciente 35 anos, gênero masculino, apresentando aumento de volume em palato, aos 6 meses de evolução, foi submetido à realização de procedimento cirúrgico, realizado sob anestesia local, para enucleação da lesão, seguido por curetagem de periósteo e com preservação de tecido mucoso sobrejacente. Considerações Finais: No momento, o paciente encontra-se com 1 ano de acompanhamento e não apresenta sinais de recidiva... (AU)


Introduction: Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) or benign mixed tumor is a more common salivary gland neoplasia. The parotid gland is usually the most affected with 80% of the cases and when they appear in smaller salivary glands, the palate is a region more affected. The objective of this study is to report a case of PA in the hard palate, treated conservatively. Case report: Patient 35 years old, male, presenting a palate volume increase with 6 months of evolution and submitted to surgical surgery performed under local anesthesia for enucleation of the process followed by periosteum cures and preservation of overlying mucosal tissue. Final considerations: At the moment, the patient is 1 year of follow-up and shows no signs of relapse... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Pathology, Oral , Surgery, Oral , Adenoma, Pleomorphic , Neoplasms , Signs and Symptoms , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Wounds and Injuries , Palate, Hard , Anesthesia, Local
15.
Poblac. salud mesoam ; 16(2): 134-154, Jan.-Jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1091667

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: determinar la frecuencia de las diferentes lesiones de la mucosa oral en el internado clínico de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Costa Rica (UCR). Metodología: estudio retrospectivo de 263 informes de lesiones orales recuperados del archivo de biopsias de la Facultad de Odontología de la UCR del 2008 a 2015. Se evaluaron y analizaron de forma descriptiva y cualitativa información sobre el sexo, edad, localización de la lesión y diagnóstico histopatológico. Resultados: los casos de lesiones de la mucosa oral afectaron preferentemente a las mujeres (n= 144; 54.8 %), el promedio de edad fue 48.8 años (16.4 DS) y con lesiones predominantemente localizadas en lengua (n= 68; 25.9 %), encía (n=62; 23.6 %) y labio (n=61; 23.2 %). Las lesiones proliferativas no neoplásicas (n=101; 38.7 %), lesiones potencialmente malignas (n=29; 11.1 %) y lesiones epiteliales benignas y malignas (n=24; 9.1 %) fueron los grupos más prevalentes. Las cuatro lesiones más predominantes fueron la hiperplasia fibrosa, hiperplasia fibrosa inflamatoria, liquen plano e hiperqueratosis sin atipia. Conclusiones: las lesiones proliferativas no neoplásicas fueron las predominantes, siendo en forma individual la hiperplasia fibrosa la lesión más prevalente. Estos resultados pueden ser útiles para comprender la distribución de las enfermedades bucales en una muestra nacional.


ABSTRACT Objective: to determine the frequency of the different lesions of the oral mucosa in the clinical internship of the Faculty of Dentistry of the University of Costa Rica (UCR). Methodology: retrospective study of 263 reports of oral lesions recovered from the biopsies file of the Faculty of Dentistry of the UCR from 2008 to 2015. Information on sex, age, location of the lesion and histopathological diagnosis was collected and evaluated in a descriptive and qualitative manner. Results: cases of oral mucosal lesions affected women preferentially (n = 144, 54.8 %), the average age was 48.8 years (16.4 SD) and with lesions predominantly located in tongue (n = 68, 25.9%), gum (n = 62, 23.6 %) and lip (n = 61, 23.2 %). Non-neoplastic proliferative lesions (n ​​= 101, 38.7 %), potentially malignant lesions (n ​​= 29, 11.1%) and benign and malignant epithelial lesions (n ​​= 24, 9.1 %) were the most prevalent groups. The four most predominant lesions were fibrous hyperplasia, inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia, lichen planus and hyperkeratosis without atypia. Conclusions: non-neoplastic proliferative lesions were predominant, with the fibrous hyperplasia being the most prevalent lesion. These results may be useful to understand the distribution of oral diseases in a national sample.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pathology, Oral , Costa Rica , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology , Mouth Mucosa
16.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 19(2): 33-36, abr.-jun. 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254006

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Os sialolitos são calcificações, que ocorrem no interior dos ductos ou nas glândulas salivares. De origem desconhecida, tal afecção constitui uma das mais comuns, que acometem as glândulas salivares, podendo ter tamanhos diversos e localizações. Os sialolitos maiores de 15 mm são considerados raros, podendo gerar uma diminuição da qualidade de vida do paciente em virtude de alterações funcionais da glândula salivar acometida. O diagnóstico de tal afecção é realizado por meio do exame clínico associado a radiografias e, se necessário, tomografia computadorizada na busca de uma maior elucidação do caso. Atualmente, existem diversas modalidades de tratamento para os sialolitos, que irá depender de sua localização e dimensões, variando desde tratamento conservador, com utilização de hidratação e sialogogos à remoção cirúrgica do sialolito. Relato de caso: Este artigo científico tem como objetivo relatar o caso clínico de um raro sialolito de aproximadamente 37 mm, localizado no ducto de Wharton em paciente geriátrico. O caso foi conduzido por remoção cirúrgica do sialolito com a confecção de uma nova desembocadura para o ducto. Considerações Finais: Após 2 anos de proservação, a região de assoalho bucal apresenta sinais de normalidade com relação a fluxo salivar e estruturas anatômicas adjacentes, sem apresentar recidiva da lesão... (AU)


Introduction: Sialoliths are calcifications that occur within the ducts or in the salivary glands. Of unknown origin, this condition is one of the most common that affects the salivary glands and may have different sizes and locations. Sialoliths larger than 15 mm are considered rare, and may lead to a reduction in the quality of life due to functional alterations of the affected salivary gland. The diagnosis of this condition is made through clinical examination associated with radiographs and, if necessary, computed tomography in the search for a better elucidation of the case. Currently, there are several treatment modalities for sialolites, which will depend on their location and dimensions, ranging from conservative treatment with hydration and sialogogs to the surgical removal of sialolite. Case report: This scientific article aims to report the clinical case of a rare sialolite of approximately 37mm, located in the Wharton duct in a geriatric patient. The case was conducted by surgical removal of the sialolite with the creation of a new outlet for the duct. Final considerations: After 2 years of proservation, the buccal floor region shows signs of normality with respect to salivary flow and adjacent anatomical structures and not presenting recurrence of the lesion... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pathology, Oral , Salivary Glands , Submandibular Gland , Salivary Gland Calculi , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Mouth Floor
17.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 19(4): 7-12, out.-dez. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253605

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Os tumores neurais são lesões, que têm origem nos nervos periféricos e representam um percentual de 45% dos neoplasmas, que atingem a região de cabeça e pescoço. A alta incidência nessa área é justificada pela quantidade relativamente grande de terminações nervosas periféricas agrupadas. Ainda que sejam de mesma origem neural, sua heterogeneidade microscópica e patogenética lhes conferem um variado padrão de apresentação clínica e histopatológica, diferindo na sua forma de tratamento. O objetivo do presente estudo foi analisar, por meio da técnica imuno-histoquímica, a expressão das proteínas S100 e CD68 em tumores neurais, localizados na cavidade bucal de pacientes atendidos no Serviço de Patologia Bucal da Universidade de Odontologia de Pernambuco. Metodologia: Todos os casos referentes a tumores neurais do Serviço de Patologia oral e maxilofacial da Faculdade de Odontologia de Pernambuco foram revistos. Avaliaram-se dados relativos à idade, ao sexo e à localização anatômica. A técnica imunohistoquímica foi realizada por meio do método estreptavidina-biotina, utilizando-se os anticorpos anti: S100 e CD68. A análise foi feita de forma descritiva, conforme dados da pesquisa. Resultados: foram avaliados 23 casos de tumores neurais da cavidade bucal, 15 neurofibromas, 6 neuromas traumáticos, 1 neurilemoma e 1 neuroma encapsulado em paliçada. Verificou-se que a proteína S100 foi expressa em todos os casos estudados com positividade variada, e a proteína CD68 apresentou expressão positiva em 18 casos (neuroma traumático, neurofibroma). Conclusões: os tumores neurais da cavidade bucal foram considerados raros, visto que ocorreram em apenas 23 casos entre 5.761, ou seja, em 2,3% das lesões biopsiadas da FOP-UPE... (AU)


Introduction: Neural tumors are lesions that originate from peripheral nerves and represent a percentage of 45% of neoplasms that reach the head and neck region. The high incidence in this area is explained by the relatively large number of grouped peripheral nerve endings. Although they are of the same neural origin, their microscopic and pathogenetic heterogeneity give them a varied pattern of clinical and histopathological presentation, as well as differing in their form of treatment. The aim of the present study was to analyze by immunohistochemical technique the expression of S100 and CD68 proteins in neural tumors located in the oral cavity of patients treated at the Oral Pathology Service of the University of Dentistry of Pernambuco. Methodology: All cases referring to neural tumors of the Service of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology of the School of Dentistry of Pernambuco were reviewed. Data regarding age, sex, and anatomical location were evaluated. The immunohistochemical technique was performed by the streptavidin-biotin method using the anti-S100 and CD68 antibodies. The analysis was made in a descriptive way according to the research data. Results: 23 cases of neural tumors of the buccal cavity, 15 neurofibromas, 6 traumatic neuromas, 1 neurilemoma and 1 palisade encapsulated neuroma were evaluated. It was verified that S100 protein was expressed in all the cases studied with varied positivity, and the CD68 protein showed positive expression in 18 cases (traumatic neuroma, neurofibroma). Conclusions: Neural tumors of the oral cavity were considered rare, since they occurred in only 23 cases among 5,761, that is, 2.3% of FOP-UPE biopsied lesions... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pathology, Oral , Peripheral Nerves , Immunohistochemistry , S100 Proteins , Incidence , Neoplasms , Dentistry , Mouth , Nerve Endings
18.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 19(4): 13-19, out.-dez. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253608

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Tendo em vista a importância do campo da patologia oral e maxilofacial, faz-se necessário compreender o impacto da mais recente Classificação dos Tumores de Cabeça e Pescoço da OMS na frequência e distribuição dos cistos e tumores odontogênicos. Este estudo teve como objetivo estabelecer a frequência de lesões odontogênicas ao longo de 12 anos, em um serviço de referência em Patologia Oral, no Nordeste brasileiro. Metodologia: Os casos diagnosticados como cisto (OC) ou tumor (OT) odontogênico de 1999 a 2010 foram revisados e reclassificados de acordo com a atual Classificação da OMS de Tumores de Cabeça e Pescoço. Foram analisados dados referentes ao diagnóstico histopatológico, à localização da lesão, à idade, ao sexo e à etnia. A análise dos dados bivariados foi realizada, calculando-se as razões de prevalência, o teste do qui-quadrado e o teste exato de Fisher. Resultados: Entre 3.034 espécimes, 409 foram OC e 199 foram OT. Os Oc mais frequentes foram o cisto radicular (n = 129) e ceratocisto odontogênico (n = 99). Entre os OT, os mais frequentes foram ameloblastoma (n = 80) e odontoma (n = 47). Conclusões: Houve uma redução considerável na frequência relativa de OT após a reclassificação de lesões... (AU)


Introduction: Due to the importance of oral and maxillofacial pathology, it is necessary to understand the impact of the latest WHO Head and Neck Tumor Classification on the frequency and distribution of odontogenic cysts and tumors. This study aimed to establish the frequency of odontogenic injuries over 12 years in a reference service of Oral Pathology in the Northeast of Brazil. Methodology: All cases which received a diagnosis of odontogenic cyst (OC) or tumour (OT) from 1999 to 2010 were reviewed and reclassified according to the lastest WHO Classification of Head and Neck Tumors. Data regarding the histopathological diagnosis, location of the lesion, age, gender and Ethnicity were analyzed. The bivariate data analysis was performed by calculating the prevalence ratios, as well as the chi-square test and Fisher's exact test. Results: Among 3,034 specimens, 409 were OC and 199 were OT. The most frequent OC were the radicular cyst (n = 129) and odontogenic keratocyst (n = 99). Among the OT, the most frequents were ameloblastoma (n = 80) and odontoma (n = 47). Conclusions: There was a considerable reduction in relative frequency of OTs after the reclassification of important pathological entities... (AU)


Subject(s)
Pathology, Oral , World Health Organization , Jaw Diseases , Odontogenic Cysts , Odontogenic Tumors , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Neoplasms , Prevalence , Morbidity , Data Analysis
19.
Rev. bras. odontol ; 76(1): 1-6, jan. 2019. ilust, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121848

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar artigos científicos sobre o índice de proliferação celular usando o anticorpo anti-Ki-67 em ceratocistos odontogênicos e comparar esses trabalhos para estimar um índice médio para essa lesão. Material e Métodos: dois pesquisadores realizaram a busca literária de forma independente na base de dados MEDLINE/PubMed e 28 artigos contendo dados relevantes foram selecionados. Resultados: a análise imuno-histoquímica utilizada nos artigos avaliados mostrou-se muito variável, não apresentando metodologias claras e unificadas, tornando a comparação entre os diferentes resultados difícil. Conclusão: Considerando o ceratocisto odontogênico uma lesão de comportamento clínico incomum, uma classificação adequada é necessária, assim como um tratamento apropriado com um bom prognostico deve ser estabelecido para o paciente de acordo com sua natureza. Dessa forma, um protocolo de análise imuno-histoquímica deve ser estabelecido para que possamos obter dados confiáveis sobre essa lesão


Objective: this review aims to analyze scientific articles about cell proliferation index using Ki-67 in odontogenic keratocyst and compare these papers to estimate the average index of this lesion. Material and Methods: two researchers performed a literature search independently in the MEDLINE/PubMed database and 28 articles containing relevant data were selected. Results: the immunohistochemical analysis methodology showed great variability among all the papers, with unclear and unified methodologies, making the comparison among different studies difficult. Conclusion: considering odontogenic keratocyst as a lesion with an uncommon clinical behavior, an adequate classification for it is necessary, so an appropriate treatment with a good prognosis for the patient can be established according to its nature. A standardization is needed so immunohistochemical analyses will find reliable data to classify properly this lesion


Subject(s)
Pathology, Oral , Odontogenic Cysts , Odontogenic Tumors , Cell Proliferation , Antigens
20.
Acta odontol. Colomb. (En linea) ; 9(2): 112-122, 2019. ilus, Tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1026412

ABSTRACT

El presente informe tiene como propósito reportar un caso clínico de odontoma complejo intraóseo ubicado en la zona posterior del tercer molar inferior derecho, molar que se encuentra retenido y que es parte principal de la estructura del odontoma. Un odontoma ­o hamartoma de tejido odontogénico­ es una alteración del desarrollo o malformación que presenta tejidos dentales como esmalte, dentina, cemento y pulpa. La Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) define los odontomas como tumores odontogénicos benignos mixtos, epiteliales y mesenquimáticos; son, por lo general, asintomáticos; su etiología no se encuentra definida ­por lo que se asocian a distintos factores­; se clasifican en compuestos y complejos ­en virtud de diferencias en la organización del tejido dentario­; y, regularmente, son diagnosticados mediante análisis radiográficos y con biopsias enviadas a patología. Al Paciente ­de sexo masculino, 45 años, hipertenso controlado­ se le realizaron radiografías panorámica y tomografía. Una vez analizados los estudios complementarios, se realizó la enucleación y la exodoncia quirúrgica los molares tercero y segundo, que resultaron afectados. Adicionalmente, se utilizó Plasma Rico en Fibrina (PRF) para rellenar la cavidad ósea. Finalmente, se realizó estudio histopatológico, donde se confirmó el diagnóstico de odontoma.


Purpose: to report a clinical case of Odontoma complex intraosseous, located in the posterior area of the lower right third molar, which is retained, the same that is forming a main part of the structure of the odontoma. The odontomas are a developmental alteration or malformation known as hamartoma of odontogenic tissue, presents dental tissues such as enamel, dentin, cement and pulp, the World Health Organization defines it as benign mixed odontogenic tumors, epithelial and mesenchymal; are classified into compounds and complexes, its difference is the organization of dental tissue, usually are asymptomatic, its etiology is not defined by what is associated with various factors, by virtue of differences in the organization of dental tissue, regularly they are diagnosed by radiographic analysis and with protests sent to pathology. The patient ­male, 45 years old, controlled hypertensive­ had panoramic radiographs and tomography. Once the complementary studies were analyzed, enucleation and surgical exodontist were performed on the third and second molars, which were affected. In addition, Plasma Rich in Fibrin (PRF) was added to fill the bone cavity. Finally, a histopathological study was performed, where the diagnosis of odontoma was confirmed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Odontoma , Pathology, Oral , Tomography , Diagnosis , Ecuador , Molar, Third , Neoplasms
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