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1.
rev.cuid. (Bucaramanga. 2010) ; 14(3): 1-13, 20230901.
Article in Spanish | COLNAL, BDENF, LILACS | ID: biblio-1525812

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La cobertura de vacunación contra el virus del papiloma humano no se ha realizado en la totalidad de la población, existen factores que interfieren en que los padres de las adolescentes acepten su aplicación. Objetivo: Relacionar el conocimiento sobre el virus del papiloma humano, el conocimiento sobre la vacuna contra el virus, las creencias sobre la vacuna con la aceptabilidad de la vacuna por los padres de las adolescentes de 9-12 años escolarizadas en Chihuahua, México.Materiales y Métodos: Estudio de tipo descriptivo, correlacional y transversal, la muestra fue de tipo censal, se conformó por 145 padres de niñas entre 9 a 12 años inscritas en tres primarias públicas ubicadas en una zona urbana de Chihuahua, México. Resultados: El conocimiento sobre el virus del papiloma humano se relacionó con la aceptabilidad de la vacuna (p < 0,009), de igual manera con el conocimiento acerca de la vacuna del virus del papiloma humano (p < 0,030) mientras que las creencias sobre el VPH y la vacuna no se relacionaron (p < 0, 747). Discusión: Los resultados coinciden con literatura previa en que el conocimiento sobre el virus y su vacuna es bajo, sin embargo, en este estudio las puntuaciones fueron más bajas. Mientras que la aceptabilidad de la vacuna contra el VPH tiende a ser alta al igual que estudios previos. Conclusiones: El conocimiento sobre el virus del papiloma humano y la vacuna se relacionaron con la aceptabilidad de los padres para aplicar la vacuna a sus hijas.


Introduction: Human papillomavirus vaccination coverage has not been achieved in the general population. There are factors that interfere with the acceptance of the vaccine by the parents of adolescent girls. Objective: To correlate knowledge of human papillomavirus, knowledge of the vaccine against the virus, and beliefs about the vaccine with vaccine acceptance among parents of adolescent girls aged 9-12 years in Chihuahua, Mexico. Materials and Methods: A descriptive, correlational, and cross-sectional study was conducted with a census sample of 145 parents of girls between the ages of 9 and 12 enrolled in three public elementary schools in an urban area of Chihuahua, Mexico. Results: Knowledge of human papillomavirus was related to vaccine acceptance (p < 0.009), as was knowledge of the human papillomavirus vaccine (p < 0.030). In contrast, beliefs about HPV and the vaccine were not related (p < 0.747). Discussion: The results are consistent with previous literature in that knowledge of the virus and its vaccine is low, but the scores were lower in this study. In contrast, HPV vaccine acceptance tends to be high, as in previous studies. Conclusions: Knowledge about human papillomavirus and the vaccine was associated with parental acceptance of giving it to their daughters.


Introdução: A cobertura vacinal contra o papilomavírus humano não tem sido realizada em toda a população, existem fatores que interferem na aceitação da sua aplicação pelos pais de meninas adolescentes. Objetivo: Relacionar o conhecimento sobre o papilomavírus humano, o conhecimento sobre a vacina contra o vírus, as crenças sobre a vacina com a aceitabilidade da vacina pelos pais de meninas adolescentes de 9 a 12 anos que frequentam a escola em Chihuahua, México. Materiais e Métodos: Estudo descritivo, correlacional e transversal, a amostra foi do tipo censitária, composta por 145 pais de meninas entre 9 e 12 anos matriculadas em três escolas primárias públicas localizadas em uma área urbana de Chihuahua, México. Resultados: O conhecimento sobre o papilomavírus humano esteve relacionado com a aceitabilidade da vacina (p < 0,009), da mesma forma com o conhecimento sobre a vacina contra o papilomavírus humano (p < 0,030), enquanto as crenças sobre o HPV e a vacina não foram relacionadas (p < 0,747). Discussão: Os resultados coincidem com a literatura anterior na medida em que o conhecimento sobre o vírus e sua vacina é baixo, porém, neste estudo as pontuações foram inferiores. Embora a aceitabilidade da vacina contra o HPV tenda a ser elevada como em estudos anteriores. Conclusões: O conhecimento sobre o papilomavírus humano e a vacina esteve relacionado à aceitabilidade dos pais em aplicar a vacina em suas filhas.


Subject(s)
Parents , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Knowledge , Papillomavirus Vaccines
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(3): 514-522, May-June 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449822

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To analyze the profile and perception ofpatients on the waiting list for total hip arthroplasty (THA) about performing elective surgeries during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods From July to November 2021, patients on the THA waiting list were interviewed during outpatient consultations. To compare the groups regarding categorical variables, the Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test was applied, and for quantitative variables the Mann-Whitney test was applied. The results were calculated using the Statistica program version 7. Results 39 patients answered the questionnaire. The mean age was 58.95 years, with 53.85% male. Approximately 60% expressed concern about contracting or transmitting COVID-19 to their family members after hospitalization for THA. 58.9% of patients felt hampered by the delay in scheduling elective surgeries during the pandemic. 23% lost or had a family member who lost their job during the pandemic, with a statistical difference for the group under 60 years old (p = 0.04). Conclusion Most patients were concerned about becoming infected and exposing family members to COVID-19 after surgery and noted damage due to suspensions and delay in scheduling elective surgeries. The economic impact of the pandemic was revealed by the rate of 23% of respondents who lost or had a family member who lost their job during the pandemic, being higher in patients under 60 years of age (p = 0.04).


Resumo Objetivo Analisar o perfil e a percepção dos pacientes em lista de espera para artroplastia total do quadril (ATQ) sobre a realização das cirurgias eletivas durante a pandemia pela COVID-19. Métodos De julho a novembro de 2021, foram entrevistados pacientes em lista de espera para ATQ durante consultas ambulatoriais. Para comparar os grupos com relação às variáveis categóricas foi aplicado o Teste Qui-quadrado ou Teste exato de Fisher e para as variáveis quantitativas foi aplicado o teste de Mann-Whitney. Os resultados foram calculados utilizando o programa Statistica versão 7. Resultados 39 pacientes responderam ao questionário. A média de idade foi de 58,95 anos, sendo 53,85% do sexo masculino. Aproximadamente, 60% manifestaram preocupação em contrair ou transmitir COVID-19 aos seus familiares após internação hospitalar para ATQ. 58,9% dos pacientes sentiram-se prejudicados pelo atraso no agendamento das cirurgias eletivas durante a pandemia. 23% perderam ou tiveram algum familiar que perdeu o emprego durante a pandemia, havendo diferença estatística para o grupo com menos de 60 anos (p = 0,04). Conclusão A maioria dos pacientes sentiram preocupação em infectar-se e expor familiares à COVID-19 após a cirurgia e notaram prejuízo pelas suspensões e atraso no agendamento de cirurgias eletivas. O impacto econômico da pandemia revelou-se pela taxa de 23% de entrevistados que perderam ou tiveram algum familiar que perdeu seu emprego durante a pandemia, sendo maior nos pacientes menores de 60 anos (p = 0,04).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Elective Surgical Procedures , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , COVID-19
3.
DST j. bras. doenças sex. transm ; 35jan. 31, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1429001

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Telemedicine was leveraged for its contribution to mitigate the impact of COVID-19 in Brazil and worldwide. Objective: We aim to evaluate the acceptability of incorporating teleconsultation through synchronized videoconference by users and professionals in a service specialized in the prevention and treatment of the human immunodeficiency virus and other sexually transmitted infections, and to identify associated factors. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with 410 users and 57 professionals who answered a category-standardized questionnaire. Predictors of acceptability were assessed using logistic regression model. Results: A total of 364 (88.8%) users said they would accept the modality. The factors positively associated with the odds of acceptance were the self-assessment of having favorable conditions to participate in a teleconsultation (aOR 54.8; 95%CI 12.4­242.1; p<0.001), the perception of saving money (aOR 5.2; 95%CI 1.9­14.0; p=0.001), and perceived convenience of the modality (aOR 6.7; 95%CI 2.9­15.9; p<0.001). Factors associated with reduced odds of acceptance were the fear of not being evaluated well (aOR 0.2; 95%CI 0.1­0.4; p<0.001), or remaining long without seeing the professional (aOR 0.2; 95%CI 0.1­0.5; p<0.001). The acceptance of the modality among professionals was 75.4% and the perception of its convenience (aOR 16.8; 95%CI 2.6­108.4; p=0.003) and that the institution has appropriated conditions (aOR 7.7; 95%CI 1.5­40.6; p=0.016) were associated with increased odds of accepting its incorporation in their routine. Conclusion: Governance should invest in infrastructure and support, secure protocols, digital literacy, and training of its users and employees for video teleconsultation. (AU)


Introdução: A telemedicina foi alavancada por sua contribuição para mitigar o impacto da COVID-19 no Brasil e no mundo. Objetivo: Pretendemos avaliar a aceitabilidade da incorporação da teleconsulta por videoconferência síncrona por usuários e profissionais de um serviço especializado na prevenção e tratamento da infecção pelo vírus da imunodeficiência humana (HIV) e outras infecções sexualmente transmissíveis, bem como identificar fatores associados. Métodos: Estudo transversal com 410 usuários e 57 profissionais, que responderam a um questionário padronizado por categoria. Os preditores de aceitabilidade foram avaliados utilizando-se um modelo de regressão logística. Resultados: O total de 364 (88,8%) usuários disseram que aceitariam a modalidade. Os fatores positivamente associados à probabilidade de aceitação foram a autoavaliação quanto a ter condições favoráveis para participar de uma teleconsulta (razão de chances ajustada ­ aOR 54,8; intervalo de confiança de 95% ­ IC95% 12,4­242,1; p<0,001), a percepção de poupar dinheiro (aOR 5,2; IC95% 1,9­14,0; p=0,001) e a percepção de conveniência da modalidade (aOR 6,7; IC95% 2,9­15,9; p<0,001). As menores probabilidades de aceitação foram o medo de não ser bem avaliado (aOR 0,2; IC95% 0,1­0,4; p<0,001) e de permanecer muito tempo sem ver o profissional (aOR 0,2; IC95% 0,1­0,5; p<0,001). A aceitação da modalidade pelos profissionais foi de 75,4% e a percepção de sua conveniência (aOR 16,8; IC95% 2,6­108,4; p=0,003) e a de que a instituição possui condições favoráveis (aOR 7,7; IC95% 1,5­40,6; p=0,016) foram associadas com a maior probabilidade de aceitar a incorporação da modalidade em sua rotina. Conclusão: A governança deve investir em infraestrutura e apoio, protocolos seguros, literacia digital e treinamento de seus usuários e funcionários para a videoconsulta. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/therapy , HIV Infections/therapy , Public Sector , Remote Consultation , Socioeconomic Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
4.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e253403, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448955

ABSTRACT

O hospital constitui-se como um contexto em que a urgência subjetiva pode vir a se apresentar de forma frequente, instaurando, para cada sujeito, uma vivência de angústia. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi investigar as possibilidades para uma clínica das urgências subjetivas no contexto de um hospital universitário em Salvador, considerando as vivências em uma residência multiprofissional. Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa de caráter exploratório, em que se realizou revisão teórica sobre o tema e se construiu um caso clínico, sob orientação psicanalítica. A escolha do caso baseou-se na escuta clínica ao longo dos atendimentos e da atuação em equipe multiprofissional, considerando os impasses ao longo do tratamento. Foram utilizados registros documentais produzidos pela psicóloga residente ao longo dos atendimentos, que ocorreram durante três meses. Os resultados apontam para as contribuições da escuta psicanalítica no tratamento das urgências e na atuação em equipe multiprofissional no contexto hospitalar. A subjetivação da urgência permitiu, no caso em questão, um tratamento pela palavra do que havia incidido diretamente no corpo como fenômeno. Conclui-se pela relevância em discutir o tema da urgência e suscitar novas pesquisas, reintroduzindo no contexto hospitalar a questão sobre a subjetividade.(AU)


Hospitals are contexts in which subjective urgency can frequently materialize, triggering an experience of anguish for each subject. Hence, this research investigates the possibilities of establishing a subjective urgency clinic at a university hospital in Salvador, considering the experiences in a multidisciplinary residence. A qualitative, exploratory research was conducted by means of a theoretical review on the topic and construction of a clinical case, under psychoanalytical advisement. The case was chosen based on clinical listening during the sessions and performance in a multidisciplinary team, considering the obstacles for long-term treatment. Data were collected from documentary records produced by the resident psychologist during three months. Results point to the contributions of psychoanalytic listening to treating subjective urgencies and to the performance of a multidisciplinary team in the hospital context. In the case in question, subjectivation of urgency allowed a treatment through the word of affecting phenomenon. In conclusion, discussing urgency and conducting further research, are fundamental to reintroduce subjectivity in the hospital context.(AU)


El hospital es un contexto en el que frecuentemente se puede percibir una urgencia subjetiva, estableciendo una experiencia de angustia para cada sujeto. El objetivo de esta investigación fue investigar las posibilidades de una clínica de urgencia subjetiva en el contexto de un hospital universitario en Salvador (Brasil), considerando las experiencias en una Residencia Multiprofesional. Se trata de una investigación cualitativa, de carácter exploratorio, en la que se realizó una revisión teórica sobre el tema y construcción de un caso clínico, con orientación psicoanalítica. La elección del caso se basó en la escucha clínica a lo largo de las sesiones y actuación en un equipo multidisciplinar, considerando los impasses para el tratamiento a largo plazo. Se utilizaron registros documentales elaborados por el psicólogo residente, durante las atenciones, que se realizaron durante tres meses. Los resultados apuntan a las contribuciones de la escucha psicoanalítica en el tratamiento de urgencias y en la actuación de un equipo multidisciplinario en el contexto hospitalario. La subjetivación de la urgencia permitió, en el caso en cuestión, un tratamiento a través de la palabra de lo que había afectado directamente al cuerpo como fenómeno. Se concluye que es relevante discutir el tema de la urgencia y plantear nuevas investigaciones, reintroduciendo el tema de la subjetividad en el contexto hospitalario.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Personal Satisfaction , Psychoanalysis , Emergencies , Hospitals, University , Anxiety , Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Pain , Parapsychology , Patient Discharge , Primary Health Care , Psychiatry , Psychology , Quality of Life , Rehabilitation , Religion , Safety , Self Care , Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms , Teaching , Therapeutics , Training Support , Universities , Violence , Wounds and Injuries , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Unified Health System , Patients' Rooms , Health Infrastructure , Case Reports , Symbolism , Activities of Daily Living , Bereavement , Family , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Laboratory and Fieldwork Analytical Methods , Mental Health , Disease , Liability, Legal , Treatment Refusal , Occupational Therapy , Treatment Outcome , Patient Satisfaction , Long-Term Care , Comprehensive Health Care , Life , Benchmarking , Critical Care , Biomedical Technology , Personal Autonomy , Patient Rights , Death , Delivery of Health Care , Information Dissemination , Interdisciplinary Communication , Qualitative Research , After-Hours Care , Diagnosis , Education, Continuing , Education, Medical, Continuing , Emotions , Empathy , Academic Medical Centers , Interdisciplinary Research , Publications for Science Diffusion , Disease Prevention , Humanization of Assistance , Health Care Facilities, Manpower, and Services , Electronic Health Records , Health Communication , Early Medical Intervention , Financial Management , Neurological Rehabilitation , Psychological Trauma , Mentoring , Universalization of Health , Psychological Distress , Patient Care , Diversity, Equity, Inclusion , Health Planning , Health Planning Guidelines , Health Policy , Hospital Administration , Hospitalization , Hospitals, Teaching , Human Rights , Accounting , Imagination , Internship and Residency , Laboratories , Learning , Length of Stay , Life Change Events , Medical Assistance , Memory , Nursing Care
5.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e247962, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1422424

ABSTRACT

Resumo Conceitos como o de alteridade, encontro de saberes, polifasia cognitiva, o princípio de familiaridade e de representações sociais operaram na complexa tarefa de compreender como os encontros entre profissionais e usuários sustentavam e/ou transformavam as práticas de acolhimento. Entretanto, a experiência da minha pesquisa de doutorado me levou a questionar os próprios conceitos utilizados da Teoria das Representações Sociais. Ao final do ensaio, após discutir aspectos teórico-metodológicos, o princípio de familiaridade e a questão da tensão e dos afetos nas representações sociais, espero evidenciar como o movimento provocado pelo encontro com usuários e profissionais de uma Rede de Atenção Psicossocial levou-me a questionar pontos essenciais da teoria: o papel domesticador das representações, a forma ainda estática de evidenciar os fenômenos, a separação entre um sujeito que representa e o objeto representado e a dificuldade em usar suas ferramentas conceituais para acompanhar processos me fazem repensar meu lugar e minha função de pesquisador.


Abstract Concepts such as alterity, encounter of knowledge, cognitive polyphasia, the principle of familiarity and the very concept of social representations operated in the complex task of understanding how the encounters between professionals and users supported and / or transformed user embracement practices. However, the experience of my doctoral research led me to question the very concepts used in the Theory of Social Representations. At the end of the essay, after discussing theoretical and methodological aspects, the principle of familiarity and the issue of tension and affects in social representations, I hope to show how the movement caused by the encounter with users and professionals of a Psychosocial Care Network, led me to question essential points of the theory: the domesticating role of representations, the still static way of showing phenomena, the separation between a subject that represents and the object represented and the difficulty in using their conceptual tools to accompany processes makes me rethink my place and role as a researcher.


Resumen Conceptos como la alteridad, el encuentro de saberes, la polifasia cognitiva, el principio de familiaridad y el concepto mismo de representaciones sociales operaron en la compleja tarea de comprender cómo los encuentros entre profesionales y usuarios apoyaron y / o transformaron las prácticas de acogimiento. Sin embargo, la experiencia de mi investigación doctoral me llevó a cuestionar los propios conceptos utilizados en la Teoría de las Representaciones Sociales. Al final del ensayo, después de discutir aspectos teóricos y metodológicos, el principio de familiaridad y el tema de tensión y afectos en las representaciones sociales, Espero mostrar cómo el movimiento provocado por el encuentro con usuarios y profesionales de una Red de Atención Psicosocial, me llevó a cuestionar puntos esenciales de la teoría: el rol domesticador de las representaciones, la forma todavía estática de mostrar los fenómenos, la separación entre un sujeto que representa y el objeto representado y la dificultad para utilizar sus herramientas conceptuales para acompañar procesos, me hace repensar mi lugar y rol como investigador.


Subject(s)
Humans , Psychology, Social , Qualitative Research , Social Representation , Pain , Patient Care Team , Politics , Prejudice , Problem Solving , Psychiatric Nursing , Psychiatry , Psychology , Psychopharmacology , Psychotherapy, Group , Public Policy , Rehabilitation , Sex Offenses , Social Isolation , Social Support , Social Welfare , Social Work , Socioeconomic Factors , Sociology , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , Substance Withdrawal Syndrome , Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms , Thinking , Unemployment , Health Surveillance , Ill-Housed Persons , Biotransformation , Inactivation, Metabolic , Health Behavior , Family , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Illicit Drugs , Hygiene , Mental Health , Treatment Refusal , Patient Satisfaction , Parenting , Crack Cocaine , Commitment of Mentally Ill , Risk Assessment , Life , Substance-Related Disorders , Counseling , Crisis Intervention , Affective Symptoms , Psychosocial Impact , Personal Autonomy , State , Harm Reduction , Aggression , Depressive Disorder , Economics , Empathy , Methodology as a Subject , User Embracement , Ethics , Family Relations , Mental Fatigue , Resilience, Psychological , Drug Users , Drug Overdose , Community Integration , Sociological Factors , Compassion Fatigue , Emotional Adjustment , Pessimism , Psychological Trauma , Psychiatric Rehabilitation , Occupational Stress , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Health Risk Behaviors , Incivility , Survivorship , Involuntary Treatment, Psychiatric , Worldview , Freedom , Self-Neglect , Solidarity , Psychological Distress , Food Insecurity , Home Environment , Social Vulnerability , Family Support , Coping Skills , Homicide , Hospitals, Psychiatric , Intelligence , Life Change Events , Loneliness , Mental Disorders
6.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e255912, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529214

ABSTRACT

Pouco se sabe sobre a atuação do psicólogo no Brasil junto a pessoas com Diabetes Mellitus. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi identificar os psicólogos brasileiros que trabalham com essa população e suas ações. Foram convidados a responder a um questionário online psicólogos que atuam ou atuaram junto a pessoas com diabetes. Participaram 79 psicólogos, principalmente da região Sudeste (59,5%). Todos declararam que haviam cursado pósgraduação. Na amostra, predominou o gênero feminino (89,9%), com idade entre 26 e 40 anos (46,8%). A maioria dos que atuam com diabetes declarou-se autônoma ou voluntária, e quase metade trabalhava menos do que 10 horas semanais. Entre aqueles que deixaram de trabalhar com diabetes, apenas uma minoria tinha vínculo empregatício. Além do trabalho com pessoas com diabetes, a maior parte declarou exercer outras atividades profissionais, como atendimentos clínicos em consultórios particulares, sugerindo que esta não é a atividade principal. Majoritariamente, os respondentes declararam não ter conhecimentos suficientes para o atendimento específico às pessoas com diabetes. Discute-se a qualidade da formação profissional dos psicólogos no Brasil, a necessidade de aprimoramento em relação à atuação com pessoas com diabetes e as condições de trabalho.(AU)


Little is known about the practice of psychologists in Brazil caring for people with Diabetes Mellitus. The aim of this research was to identify the Brazilian psychologists who work with this population and describe their actions. Psychologists who work or have worked with people diagnosed with diabetes were invited to answer an online questionnaire. The 79 participants lived mainly in the Southeast Region (59.5%). All of them declared to have a graduate degree, most were female (89.9%), aged 26 to 40 years (46.8%). Most of those working with diabetes declared to be autonomous or voluntary, and almost half had a workload of less than 10 hours a week. Among those who stopped working with diabetes, only a minority had a formal employment contract. In addition, most of them stated that they had other professional activities related to clinical care in private offices, suggesting that working with diabetes is not their main activity. Mostly, respondents stated that they did not have enough knowledge to care for people with diabetes. The quality of professional education of psychologists in Brazil, the need for specific improvement in labor relations and conditions were discussed.(AU)


Son escasas las informaciones del trabajo de los psicólogos en Brasil con las personas con Diabetes Mellitus. El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar los psicólogos brasileños que trabajan con esta población y describir sus acciones. Se invitó a psicólogos que trabajan o hayan trabajado con personas con diabetes a responder un cuestionario en línea. Participaron 79 psicólogos, principalmente de la región Sureste de Brasil (59,5%). Todos declararon tener posgrado. En la muestra hubo una mayor prevalencia del género femenino (89,9%), de edades de entre 26 y 40 años (46,8%). La mayoría de los que trabajan con personas con diabetes se declararon autónomos o voluntarios, y casi la mitad trabajaba menos de 10 horas a la semana. Entre los que dejaron de trabajar con las personas con diabetes, solo una minoría tenía una relación laboral. Además de trabajar con personas con diabetes, la mayoría afirmó tener otras actividades profesionales, como la atención clínica en consultorios privados, lo que sugiere que esta no es su actividad principal. La mayoría de los encuestados afirmaron que no tenían los conocimientos suficientes para atender específicamente a las personas con diabetes. Se discuten la calidad de la formación profesional de los psicólogos en Brasil, la necesidad de mejora en relación con el trabajo con personas con diabetes y las condiciones laborales.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Psychology , Acting Out , Diabetes Mellitus , Professional Training , Anxiety , Pain , Patient Care Team , Primary Health Care , Public Policy , Quality of Life , Research Personnel , Self Care , Self-Care Units , Self Concept , Social Sciences , Autoimmune Diseases , Specialization , Stress, Psychological , Therapeutics , Transplantation , Volunteers , Wound Healing , Behavior , Body Composition , Adaptation, Psychological , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Exercise , Weight Loss , Family , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Blindness , Cholesterol , Mental Health , Disease Outbreaks , Episode of Care , Diabetic Ketoacidosis , Cost of Illness , Continuity of Patient Care , Counseling , Universal Access to Health Care Services , Crisis Intervention , Health Law , Death , Diabetes Complications , Depression , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Diabetic Angiopathies , Diagnosis , Dialysis , Emergencies , Disease Prevention , Bariatric Surgery , Fear , Binge-Eating Disorder , Epidemics , Chronic Pain , Insulins , Cognitive Dysfunction , Problem Behavior , Diet, Healthy , Global Burden of Disease , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Access to Essential Medicines and Health Technologies , Burnout, Psychological , Self-Neglect , Sadness , Diabulimia , Psychological Distress , Transtheoretical Model , Psychosocial Intervention , Glycemic Control , Sociodemographic Factors , Psychological Well-Being , Food, Processed , Health Promotion , Health Services Accessibility , Amputation, Surgical , Hospitalization , Hyperglycemia , Hypoglycemia , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Life Style , Mental Disorders , Metabolism , Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases , Obesity
7.
REVISA (Online) ; 12(1): 219-230, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437515

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar as experiências e discriminações vividas pela população LGBTQIA+ em envelhecimento durante a prestação dos serviços de saúde. Método: Estudo exploratório de abordagem qualitativa, por meio da aplicação de um questionário com informações sociodemográficas e questões sobre experiências anteriores dentro de instituições de saúde e percepção do cuidado recebido. Resultados: Participaram nove pessoas, predominantemente, identificadas como homens cisgêneros; e, apenas um estava com idade entre 65 e 70 anos. Em sua maioria buscam o serviço de saúde duas vezes ao ano motivado principalmente por problemas particulares, do sistema respiratório, hipertensão arterial ou dores persistentes. Indicaram não haver desencorajamento para a procura de serviços e a maioria não relatou experiências de discriminação. Conclusão: A baixa frequência de discriminação pode indicar a dificuldade de caracterizar a exposição e/ou vivências por esta população. Sendo assim, devese buscar entender o que essa população considera discriminação por parte dos serviços de saúde a pessoas LGBTQIA + durante o processo de envelhecimento.


Objective: To identify the experiences and discrimination experienced by the aging LGBTQIA+ population during the provision of health services. Method: Exploratory study with a qualitative approach, through the application of a questionnaire with sociodemographic information and questions about previous experiences within health institutions and perception of care received. Results: Nine people participated, predominantly identified as cisgender men; and, only one was aged between 65 and 70 years. Most seek the health service twice a year motivated mainly by particular problems, the respiratory system, high blood pressure or persistent pain. They indicated that there was no discouragement to seek services and most did not report experiences of discrimination. Conclusion: The low frequency of discrimination may indicate the difficulty of characterizing the exposure and/or experiences of this population. Therefore, one should seek to understand what this population considers discrimination by health services to LGBTQIA+ people during the aging process.


Objetivo: Identificar las experiencias y la discriminación que vive la población LGBTQIA+ envejecida durante la prestación de los servicios de salud. Método: Estudio exploratorio con enfoque cualitativo, mediante la aplicación de un cuestionario con información sociodemográfica y preguntas sobre experiencias previas dentro de las instituciones de salud y percepción de la atención recibida. Resultados: Participaron nueve personas, predominantemente identificadas como hombres cisgénero; y, solo uno tenía entre 65 y 70 años. La mayoría acude al servicio de salud dos veces al año motivada principalmente por problemas particulares, del sistema respiratorio, hipertensión arterial o dolor persistente. Indicaron que no hubo desánimo para buscar servicios y la mayoría no reportó experiencias de discriminación. Conclusión: La baja frecuencia de discriminación puede indicar la dificultad de caracterizar las exposiciones y/o experiencias de esta población. Por lo tanto, se debe buscar comprender lo que esta población considera discriminación por parte de los servicios de salud a las personas LGBTQIA+ durante el proceso de envejecimiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Population Dynamics , Delivery of Health Care , Health Services Accessibility
8.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e254081, 2023. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1440799

ABSTRACT

Este artigo pretende conhecer como a rede de cuidados em saúde tem se operacionalizado a partir da percepção de familiares de crianças com demanda de cuidado em saúde mental (SM). Foram realizados dois grupos focais, um com familiares da Atenção Básica (AB) e outro com familiares do Centro de Atenção Psicossocial Infantojuvenil (CAPSij), totalizando 15 participantes. Seguiu-se com a análise lexical do tipo classificação hierárquica descendente, com o auxílio do software R Interface, a fim de análises multidimensionais de textos e questionários (IRaMuTeQ), resultando em cinco classes: A Pílula Mágica; Forças e Fraquezas dos serviços; Procurando por ajuda; Aceitando o diagnóstico da criança e Onde procurei ajuda. Os resultados apontam para dificuldades presentes na AB em identificar e manejar situações de Saúde Mental Infantojuvenil (SMIJ), por meio de uma lógica ainda medicalizante. Ressalta-se que a escola é apresentada como lugar de destaque na produção da demanda por cuidado e a família ainda é pouco convocada à construção das ações. Conclui-se, então, que avanços ainda são necessários para operacionalização de um cuidado pautado nas diretrizes da política de SMIJ.(AU)


This article aims to know how the healthcare network has been operationalized from the perception of family members of children with demand for mental health care (MH). Two focus groups were held, one with family members from Primary Care (PC) and the other with family members from the Child Psychosocial Care Center (CAPSij), totaling 15 participants. A lexical analysis of the descending hierarchical classification type was performed with the help of the software R Interface for multidimensional analyzes of texts and questionnaires (IRAMUTEQ), resulting in five classes: The Magic Pill; Strengths and Weaknesses of services; Looking for help; Accepting the child's diagnosis; and Where did I look for help. The results point to difficulties present in PC in identifying and managing situations of mental health in children and adolescents (MHCA), with a medicalization logic. Note that the school is presented as a prominent place in producing the demand for care, and the family is still not very much involved in the actions. It is, thus, concluded that advances are still needed for operationalization of care guided by MHCA policy guidelines.(AU)


Este artículo tuvo por objetivo conocer cómo opera una red asistencial a partir de la percepción de familiares de niños con demanda de atención en salud mental (SM). Se realizaron dos grupos focales, uno con familiares de Atención Primaria (AP) y otro con familiares del Centro de Atención Psicosocial Infantojuvenil (CAPSij), totalizando 15 participantes. Se realizó análisis léxico del tipo clasificación jerárquica descendente con la ayuda del software Interface de R pour les Analyses Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionnaires (IRAMUTEQ), lo que resultó en cinco clases: "La píldora mágica"; "Fortalezas y debilidades de los servicios"; "En busca de ayuda"; "Aceptar el diagnóstico del niño" y "¿Dónde busqué ayuda?". Los resultados apuntan las dificultades presentes en AP para identificar y manejar situaciones de salud mental infantojuvenil (SMIJ) mediante una lógica aún medicalizante. La escuela tiene un lugar destacado en la producción de la demanda de cuidados y la familia aún no está muy involucrada en la construcción de acciones. Se concluye que se necesitan avances para ofertar una atención guiada por lineamientos de la política del SMIJ.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Child , Adolescent , Intersectoral Collaboration , Mental Health Assistance , Health Policy , Anxiety Disorders , Parents , Patient Escort Service , Pediatrics , Play and Playthings , Play Therapy , Prejudice , Professional-Family Relations , Professional-Patient Relations , Proprioception , Psychoanalysis , Psychology , Psychomotor Disorders , Psychotherapy , Psychotic Disorders , Referral and Consultation , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity , Self Care , Autistic Disorder , Social Alienation , Social Environment , Social Isolation , Social Support , Socialization , Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms , Therapeutics , Violence , Mainstreaming, Education , Shyness , Neurosciences , Adaptation, Psychological , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Health Centers , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Comorbidity , Child Advocacy , Child Behavior Disorders , Child Care , Child Development , Developmental Disabilities , Child Language , Occupational Therapy , Cognition , Communication Disorders , Neurobehavioral Manifestations , Stereotypic Movement Disorder , Behavioral Disciplines and Activities , Disabled Children , Affect , Crying , Aggression , Dermatitis, Contact , Diagnosis , Dissociative Disorders , Dyslexia , Echolalia , Education , Education of Intellectually Disabled , Education, Special , Emotions , Family Conflict , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Medication Adherence , Apathy , Acceptance and Commitment Therapy , Emotional Adjustment , Literacy , Neurodevelopmental Disorders , Autism Spectrum Disorder , Orientation, Spatial , Applied Behavior Analysis , Cognitive Remediation , Emotion-Focused Therapy , Pediatricians , Data Analysis , Sadness , Psychological Distress , Social Interaction , Health Services Accessibility , Human Rights , Hyperkinesis , Intelligence , Interpersonal Relations , Anger , Language Disorders , Learning , Learning Disabilities , Loneliness , Malpractice , Mental Disorders , Intellectual Disability , Nervous System Diseases , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
9.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 45(4): 179-185, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449724

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective We describe the development and structure of a novel mobile application in a mixed model of prenatal care, in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Furthermore, we assess the acceptability of this mobile app in a cohort of patients. Methods First, we introduced a mixed model of prenatal care; second, we developed a comprehensive, computer-based clinical record to support our system. Lastly, we built a novel mobile app as a tool for prenatal care. We used Flutter Software version 2.2 to build the app for Android and iOS smartphones. A cross-sectional study was carried out to assess the acceptability of the app. Results A mobile app was also built with the main attribute of being connected in real-time with the computer-based clinical records. The app screens detail information about activities programmed and developed in the prenatal care according to gestational age. A downloadable maternity book is available and some screens show warning signs and symptoms of pregnancy. The acceptability assessment was mostly rated positively regarding the characteristics of the mobile app, by 50 patients. Conclusion This novel mobile app was developed as a tool among pregnant patients to increase the information available about their pregnancies in the provision of a mixed model of prenatal care in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. It was fully customized to the needs of our users following the local protocols. The introduction of this novel mobile app was highly accepted by the patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Prenatal Care , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Telemedicine , Mobile Applications , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/therapy
10.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1437085

ABSTRACT

Labour pain is perceived as the most harrowing and agonizing event of a woman's life. Efforts at reducing the pain and making the event less stressful have predated modern obstetric practice. Epidural analgesia has provided effective pain relief in labour for over three decades. Delivery with epidural analgesia is routine for willing parturients in the developing world, however ignorance, cost as well as lack of qualified personnel has made this to be out of reach of the average Nigerian mother. The aim of this study was to assess level of awareness, acceptability, previous utilization and willingness to utilize epidural analgesia in labour following health education.Subjects/Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in the antenatal clinic of UTH, Osogbo. Health education on events of labour and methods of analgesia available was provided to all antenatal clinic attendees between September 2021and March 2022, following which a semi­structured purpose designed, and self- administered questionnaire was administered to 415 of these women who consented to participate in this study. Results: The mean age of the respondents was 32.57± 4.42 years and mean parity of 1.73± 0.96. 70.8% reported that labour pain was severe. 41.7% were aware of epidural analgesia before the health talk. 3.6% of our subjects had utilized epidural in their last confinement. However, only 47.7% expressed a wish to utilize epidural analgesia in labour. Conclusion: Awareness of epidural analgesia in study population was passable at 40% however willingness to utilize it was less than average despite health talk and reassurance by their attending obstetric team.


Subject(s)
Humans , Labor Relations , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Pain , Awareness , Analgesia, Epidural , Knowledge
11.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 73(3): 255-264, July-Sept. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1408050

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivos: describir la frecuencia del no cumplimiento del control prenatal en gestantes de 35 años o más del departamento del Cauca, Colombia, y hacer un análisis exploratorio de los factores asociados. Materiales y métodos: estudio descriptivo de corte transversal. Se incluyeron gestantes entre 35 y 41 años afiliadas a la Entidad Administradora de Planes de Beneficios Asociación Indígena del Cauca Entidad Promotora de Salud-I (EAPB AIC-I) e inscritas al programa de control prenatal, entre 2016 y 2018. Se excluyeron pacientes con registros sin información completa. Se analizaron variables sociodemográficas, clínicas y la frecuencia de no asistencia adecuado al control prenatal a través de estadística descriptiva, y se calcularon Odd Ratios con sus intervalos de confianza para los factores asociados. Resultados: en 1016 pacientes entre 35 y 41 años evaluadas se encontró una frecuencia de no cumplimiento de mínimo seis controles prenatales de 61,3 %. El antecedente de aborto (OR ajustado: 0,46; IC 95 % 0,33-0,64,) y gravidez de cinco o más (OR ajustado: 3,22; IC 95 % 1,50-6,91) fueron los factores asociados. Conclusiones: el no cumplimiento de controles prenatales por gestantes de 35 o más años inscritos en la EAPB AIC-I del Cauca es alto. Se requieren nuevos estudios cualitativos que evalúen factores culturales y sociales presentes en estas comunidades que afectan la adherencia al control prenatal, así como estudios prospectivos que confirmen el análisis exploratorio de los factores asociados a la no adherencia. Es importante que las empresas aseguradoras del régimen subsidiado realicen actividades de promoción en estas comunidades para incrementar su cumplimento.


ABSTRACT Objectives: To describe the frequency and factors associated with non-adherence to prenatal follow-up in pregnant women 35 years of age or older in the department of Cauca, Colombia, between 2016 and 2018. Material and methods: Cross-sectional, descriptive observational study of records of pregnant women between 35 and 41 years of age affiliated to the Cauca Indigenous Association Health Benefit Plan Management Organization-I (EAPB AIC-I) and registered in the prenatal care program, between 2016 and 2018. Duplicate records and records with incomplete information were excluded. Sociodemographic and clinical variables, as well as program outcomes, were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Odds ratios and their confidence intervals were calculated. Results: In 1016 patients between 35 and 41 years of age, a frequency of 61.3 % of non-adherence to at least six prenatal visits was found. History of abortion (adjusted OR: 0.46; 95 % CI 0.33-0.64) and pregnancy of five or more (adjusted OR: 3,22; IC 95 % 1,50-6,91) were the associated factors. Conclusions: Non-adherence to prenatal care by pregnant women of 35 years or more affiliated to the Cauca EAPB AIC-I is high. Further qualitative studies are needed to examine the cultural and social factors present in these communities that may affect adherence to prenatal monitoring, together with prospective studies to confirm the exploratory analysis of factors associated with non-adherence. Insurance organizations in the subsidized regime should be called upon to conduct promotion activities in these communities in order to improve adherence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Prenatal Care/statistics & numerical data , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Confidence Intervals , Maternal Mortality , Cross-Sectional Studies , Colombia/epidemiology , Cultural Factors , Social Factors , Sociodemographic Factors
12.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 39(3): 274-280, jul.-sep. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1410011

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivos. Explorar los factores que predisponen la aceptabilidad o reticencia a la vacunación contra la COVID-19 utilizando métodos cualitativos. Materiales y métodos. Estudio cualitativo descriptivo realizado entre abril y junio del 2021. Se utilizó una guía de entrevista semiestructurada que exploró las percepciones de los participantes de diferentes regiones del Perú con relación a la aplicación de la vacuna para la COVID-19, tomando como marco teórico el modelo de creencias en salud, cuyas dimensiones son: susceptibilidad, severidad, beneficios, barreras y estímulos asociados para ejecutar la acción. Resultados. Se entrevistó a treinta personas, en su mayoría mujeres. Para los participantes la eficacia de las vacunas se relaciona con el país de procedencia, además, consideran que es importante conocer los efectos a largo plazo en la salud luego de la aplicación de la vacuna. La información recibida por las autoridades gubernamentales y sanitarias puede ser un factor decisivo para la aplicación de la vacuna. Las personas con la intención de no vacunarse sienten que las estrategias de promoción de la vacunación vulneran sus derechos humanos. Conclusiones. Existe un grupo de personas indecisas o inseguras de recibir las vacunas contra la COVID-19 en quienes es necesario fomentar estímulos de acuerdo con sus preocupaciones y necesidades. Las autoridades gubernamentales y sanitarias deben trabajar conjuntamente para mejorar la confianza de la población y brindar mensajes que despejen las principales dudas sobre la eficacia y las reacciones adversas de las vacunas.


ABSTRACT Objectives. To explore factors that influence the acceptance or reluctance to COVID-19 vaccination using qualitative methods. Materials and methods. Descriptive qualitative study conducted between April and June 2021. A semi-structured interview guide was used to explore the perceptions of participants from different regions of Peru regarding COVID-19 vaccination. The Health Belief Model was used as theoretical framework and its dimensions are: susceptibility, severity, benefits, barriers, and cues to action. Results. We interviewed 30 people, mostly were women. For the participants, the efficacy of vaccines is related to the country of origin of the vaccines; in addition, they consider that it is important to know the long-term effects on health after vaccination. The information received by governmental and health authorities can be a decisive factor for vaccination. People with the intention of not being vaccinated feel that vaccination promotion strategies violate their human rights. Conclusions. There is a group of people undecided or unsure about receiving COVID-19 vaccines who need to be encouraged according to their concerns and needs. Governmental and health authorities should work together to improve the confidence of the population and provide messages to clarify doubts about the efficacy and adverse reactions of vaccines.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/psychology , Vaccination Refusal/psychology , COVID-19 Vaccines/therapeutic use , COVID-19/prevention & control , Peru , Interviews as Topic , Health Strategies , Health Belief Model
13.
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 8(2): 109-117, abr.-jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391929

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Desde la última década se ha evidenciado el aumento de la población de personas mayores en Chile. Muchos de ellos son usuarios regulares del sistema público de salud el cual se caracteriza por entregar una atención de tipo integral. En este sentido, resulta relevante conocer los requerimientos en salud desde la perspectiva de las experiencias de las personas mayores con respecto al uso de este servicio. OBJETIDO: El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar las expectativas de las personas mayores que asisten a los centros de APS. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Este es un estudio cualitativo, descriptivo, donde la muestra fue de 13 personas mayores de 65 años y más, autovalentes, de tres centros APS, los cuales fueron entrevistados mediante instrumento semiestructurado, con análisis cualitativo de datos método que incluyó codificación abierta y focalizada. RESULTADOS: Las expectativas de las personas mayores fueron categorizadas como requerimiento de una atención profesional integral, oportunidad de atención, accesibilidad de la atención, promoción de salud sobre el autocuidado, explicación de cambios en el envejecimiento con enfoque biológico y alfabetización en salud. CONCLUSIONES: Las expectativas de las personas mayores en este estudio dan cuenta de una atención profesional integral poco efectiva, además de la necesidad de un trato especializado al grupo poblacional específico, no sólo de los profesionales, sino también del personal administrativo de los centros de APS, considerándolos una barrera en la calidad de la atención.


INTRODUCTION: Since the last decade there has been evidence of an increase in the population of older people in Chile. Many of them are regular users of the public health system (PHS) which is characterized by providing comprehensive care. In this sense, it is relevant to know the health requirements from the perspective of the experiences of the older people regarding the use of this health service. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify the needs and expectations of older people attending PHS centers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It were a qualitative and descriptive study. The sample was compounded by 13 people over 65 years and over, self-sufficient, from three PHS centers. It was used a semi-structured instrument. RESULTS: The main needs of the elderly were categorized as a requirement for comprehensive professional care, the opportunity for care, accessibility of care, health promotion on self-care, explanation of changes in aging with a biological focus and health literacy. CONCLUSIONS: The needs and expectations of the older people in this study account for an ineffective comprehensive professional care, in addition to the need for specialized treatment of the specific population group, not only of professionals but also of the administrative staff of the centers of PHS, considering them a barrier in the quality of care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Primary Health Care , Aged/psychology , Attitude to Health , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Perception , Self Care/psychology , Aging/psychology , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Patient Satisfaction , Qualitative Research , Health Literacy , Noncommunicable Diseases/psychology
14.
Rev. APS ; 25(Supl 1): 208-229, 2022-05-06.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1371072

ABSTRACT

Alma-Ata definiu a Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS) como "cuidados essenciais de saúde baseados em métodos e tecnologias práticas, cientificamente bem fundamentadas e socialmente aceitáveis"1, mas parece faltar "aceitabilidade social" paradiversas tecnologias usadas na APS, além de pouca investigação de tal conceito. Esta pesquisa buscou compreendera aceitabilidade social das tecnologias praticadas na APS,no Brasil e no mundo, por meio de uma revisão de escopo, visando mapear conceitos-chave, tipos de evidências e lacunas no campo através de sistemática busca, seleção e síntese do conhecimento existente. Buscaram-se artigos de 1978 a 2019 no Medline -PubMed, BVS/Lilacs, Academic Search Premier, Web of Science, Science Direct, SciELO e CINAHL complete. Pesquisou-se, também, nas referências desses artigos e por meio de busca complementar efetuada no Google e no Google Scholar. Identificados13.874 artigos, foram selecionados 201 para tabulação e análise. Encontrou-se grande variedade de tecnologias usadas na APS em 41 países, que foram organizadas em forma temática. Identificaram-se sete acepções para"aceitabilidade social": percepções sobre uma tecnologia, intenções de aceitar uma tecnologia, aceitar uma tecnologia ou não, confiança, participação, acesso e qualidade do cuidado.


Alma-Ata defined Primary Health Care (PHC) as "essential health care based on practical, scientifically and socially acceptable methods and technology," 1 but it seems that several technologies used in PHC lack social acceptability ­a concept seldom investigated. This research was pursued to acknowledge the social acceptability of PHC technologies, in Brazil and in the world, through a Scoping Review, in order to map concepts, evidence, and gaps in the research field through a systematic search, selection, and synthesis of existing knowledge. The articles, published between the years of 1978 and 2019, were searched in the following databases: Medline-PubMed, BVS/Lilacs, Academic Search Premier, Web of Science, Science Direct, SciELO, and CINAHL Complete. Further references cited in these articles were explored along with complementary searches on Google and Google Scholar. Out of 13,874 articles identified, 201 wereselected for data extraction and analysis. As a result, thematic maps of the large scope of technologies used in PHC were created. Seven different groups were created to assess "social acceptability": perceptions about a specific technology; the intentionto accept it; simply accepting it; trust; participation; access; and quality of care.


Subject(s)
Psychological Distance , Primary Health Care , Quality of Health Care , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Health Policy
15.
J. bras. psiquiatr ; 71(1): 50-55, jan.-mar. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365057

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: São Paulo's Crackland is the biggest and oldest open drug use scene in Brazil, yet little is known about the profile of crack cocaine treatment-seeking individuals living in this region. The aim of this crossectional study was to describe the demographics and clinical characteristics of treatment-seeking crack users living in the Crackland region. METHODS: A sample of nighty eight individuals were screened for DSM-V substance use disorders, including substance use, impulsiveness, and psychiatric symptoms. Recent crack cocaine use was also tested using biologic specimens. RESULTS: Results indicated severe social vulnerability, as participants experienced high rates of homelessness (46.9%), unstable housing (50%), unemployment (60.4%) and early school drop-out (27.5%). The average age of crack use onset was 20 years (SD = 6.9) and the mean duration of continuous crack use was 15 years (SD = 9.7). Most participants presented with concomitant mental health disorders, particularly alcohol use disorder (87.8%), as well high rates of psychiatric symptomatology and impulsiveness. More than half of the sample reported at least one previous inpatient (73.5%) and outpatient (65.3%) addiction treatment attempt. CONCLUSION: This population profile should inform mental healthcare services, promoting the provision of tailored assistance by targeting specific demands at all levels of treatment.


OBJETIVO: Localizada em São Paulo, a Cracolândia é o maior e mais antigo cenário aberto de uso de drogas do Brasil. Ainda assim, pouco se sabe sobre o perfil dos indivíduos que vivem nessa região e buscam tratamento para crack. O objetivo deste estudo transversal foi descrever características demográficas e clínicas de usuários de crack vivendo na região da Cracolândia que estão em busca de tratamento. MÉTODOS: Noventa e oito indivíduos foram avaliados para transtornos por uso de substâncias do DSM-V, padrão de uso de substâncias, impulsividade e sintomatologia psiquiátrica. O uso recente de crack também foi determinado por meio de coleta de amostras toxicológicas. RESULTADOS: Os resultados indicaram grave vulnerabilidade social, com significativas prevalências de falta de moradia (46,9%), moradia instável (50%), desemprego (60,4%) e abandono escolar precoce (27,5%). A idade média de início do uso de crack foi de 20 anos (DP = 6,9) e a duração média do uso contínuo do crack foi de 15 anos (DP = 9,7). A maioria dos participantes apresentou alguma comorbidade psiquiátrica, particularmente transtorno por uso de álcool (87,8%), bem como altas taxas de sintomatologia psiquiátrica e impulsividade. Mais da metade da amostra relatou pelo menos uma tentativa anterior de tratamento por internação (73,5%) e ambulatorial (65,3%). CONCLUSÃO: Os achados desse estudo permitem um maior entendimento do perfil e das necessidades de usuários de crack vivendo na região da Cracolândia e podem ajudar serviços de saúde especializados em dependência química a promoverem uma assistência mais direcionada às demandas específicas dessa população.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/psychology , Crack Cocaine/adverse effects , Substance-Related Disorders/diagnosis , Cocaine-Related Disorders/therapy , Cocaine-Related Disorders/epidemiology , Drug Users/psychology , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil , Ill-Housed Persons/statistics & numerical data , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies
16.
Article in English, French | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370663

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar a produção científica sobre itinerários terapêuticos de pessoas com diabetes mellitus no Brasil. Métodos: Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura com publicações recuperadas a partir do acesso a Medical Literature Analysis and Retrievel System Online (MEDLINE), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), Web of Science, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS) e Base de Dados em Enfermagem (BDENF), incluindo nestes dois últimos casos a literatura cinzenta (dissertações e teses). Os critérios de inclusão deram-se por: artigo de pesquisa de campo, teórico e de revisão; relato de experiência ou trabalho de conclusão de curso que abordasse os itinerários terapêuticos de pacientes com diabetes mellitus no Brasil, no idioma inglês, português ou espanhol, publicado até a data das buscas (março e abril de 2020), sem restrição quanto à data inicial. Resultados: Dez publicações compuseram a amostra final. Os resultados apresentaram-se agrupados em quatro categorias temáticas: a) experiência em relação aos serviços de atenção à saúde; b) recursos de apoio no cuidado à saúde; c) práticas de autocuidado utilizadas; e d) dificuldades para o autocuidado e enfrentamento do diabetes mellitus. Conclusão: A organização e a articulação dos serviços, a atuação das equipes, o apoio familiar ou social, além de aspectos pessoais, socioeconômicos e laborais são fatores que influenciam os itinerários terapêuticos e o enfrentamento do diabetes mellitus.


Objective: To analyze the scientific production on therapeutic itineraries of people with Diabetes Mellitus in Brazil. Methods: This is an integrative literature review of publications retrieved from the Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), Web of Science, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS) and the Nursing Database (Base de Dados Enfermagem ­ BDENF), including in these last two cases the gray literature (theses and dissertations). Inclusion criteria were: field, theoretical and review research article, experience report or course completion work that addressed the therapeutic itineraries of patients with Diabetes Mellitus in Brazil, in English, Portuguese or Spanish, published until the date of the searches (March and April 2020), without restrictions as to the starting date. Results: Ten publications made up the final sample. The results were grouped into four thematic categories: a) experience in relation to health care services, b) health care support resources, c) self-care practices used and d) difficulties in self-careand coping with Diabetes Mellitus. Conclusion: The organization and articulation of services, the performance of the teams, the family or social support and personal, socioeconomic, and work aspects are factors that influence therapeutic itineraries and coping with Diabetes Mellitus.


Objetivo: Analizar la producción científica sobre los itinerarios terapéuticos de personas con diabetes mellitus en Brasil. Métodos: Se trata de una revisión integrativa de la literatura con publicaciones recuperadas a partir del acceso al Medical Literature Analysis and Retrievel System Online (MEDLINE), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), Web of Science, Literatura Latino-Americana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud (LILACS) y la Base de Datos en Enfermería (BDENF), incluyendo en los dos últimos casos la literatura gris (trabajos de maestría y tesis). Los criterios de inclusión se dieron por artículo de investigación de campo, teórico y de revisión; relato de experiencia o trabajo de fin de grado que tratara de itinerarios terapéuticos de pacientes con diabetes mellitus en Brasil, en los idiomas inglés, portugués o español, que hubiera sido publicado hasta la fecha de las búsqueda (marzo y abril de 2020), sin restricción de la fecha inicial. Resultados: Diez publicaciones han compuesto la muestra final. Los resultados se presentaron de manera agrupada en cuatro categorías temáticas: a) experiencia con los servicios de atención a la salud; b) recursos de apoyo con el cuidado de salud; c) prácticas de autocuidado utilizadas; y d) dificultades para el autocuidado y el afrontamiento de la diabetes mellitus. Conclusión: La organización y la articulación de los servicios, la actuación de los equipos, el apoyo familiar o social, además de los aspectos personales, socioeconómicos y laborales son factores que influyen en los itinerarios terapéuticos y el afrontamiento de la diabetes mellitus


Subject(s)
Self Care , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Diabetes Mellitus , Health Services Accessibility
17.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 197-202, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935270

ABSTRACT

Objective: To systematically evaluate the acceptance of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China, so as to provide reference for the promotion of preventive drug use before human immunodeficiency virus exposure in China. Methods: By searching the databases of China national knowledge infrastructure, VIP database, Wanfan knowledge service platform, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and The Cochrane Library with key words of "men who have sex with men" "pre-exposure prophylaxis" "PrEP" and "MSM". The literature on the willingness of Chinese MSM population to accept PrEP was systematically collected, and the data of the literature meeting the inclusion criteria were extracted for Meta analysis. Results: A total of 12 articles were selected in this study, including 6 articles in English and 6 in Chinese. The score of bias risk assessment of eligible articles was 14-18, which was more than 70% of the total score. The total number of samples was 11 269. The overall acceptance rate of PrEP was 0.77(95%CI:0.71-0.82). In subgroup analysis, the acceptance rates of different nationalities, marriage, household registration, age, education background, income, sexual orientation, sexual behavior and awareness of PrEP were statistically significant. Conclusion: In general, the acceptance rate of PrEP in MSM population is higher, but the awareness rate is low. There are differences in the acceptance rate among different groups.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , China/epidemiology , HIV Infections/prevention & control , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Homosexuality, Male , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis , Sexual Behavior , Sexual and Gender Minorities
18.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 56: 1-9, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365959

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To analyze knowledge, attitudes, and practices of adolescent students from public schools in the municipality of Teresina, state of Piauí, regarding human papillomavirus (HPV). METHODS Cross-sectional, analytical study carried out in 12 public schools in the municipality of Teresina, with a random sample of 472 15-year-old adolescents. All participants answered a validated questionnaire, which evaluated sociodemographic characteristics, level of knowledge about HPV, attitudes regarding vaccination and vaccination status. The levels of knowledge and attitude were classified by standardized scores and practice by the vaccination situation. The analyses were carried out using the SPSS software. In the bivariate analysis, simple logistic regression was used generating odds ratios to identify the associations of sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge, and attitude with HPV prevention practice. Variables that presented p-value ≤ 0.20 in the bivariate analysis were inserted in a multivariate logistic regression model. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. RESULTS Among the participants, 27.3% had sufficient knowledge, 34.1% had positive attitudes, and 74.6% had adequate practice. In the multivariate analysis, we observed a statistically significant association among females (ORa = 15.62; 95%CI: 9.08-26.9), satisfactory knowledge (ORa = 2.09; 95%CI: 1.15-3.81), and positive attitudes (ORa = 1.89; 95%CI: 1.10-3.23) with proper practice. CONCLUSIONS Being female, having a satisfactory level of knowledge about HPV and the vaccine, and having positive attitudes towards HPV vaccination reinforce the appropriate practice of vaccination. These findings demonstrate the need to expand the knowledge of adolescents, generating positive attitudes towards vaccination within an appropriate perspective.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Analisar conhecimentos, atitudes e práticas de adolescentes estudantes de escolas públicas do município de Teresina-PI sobre o papilomavírus humano (HPV). MÉTODOS Estudo transversal, analítico, realizado em 12 escolas da rede pública do município de Teresina, com uma amostra aleatória de 472 adolescentes de 15 anos. Todos os participantes responderam a um questionário validado, que avaliou as características sociodemográficas, o nível de conhecimento sobre o HPV, atitudes relacionadas à vacinação e ao status vacinal. Os níveis de conhecimento e atitude foram classificados por meio de escores padronizados e a prática mediante a situação vacinal. As análises foram realizadas com o uso do SPSS. Na análise bivariada, utilizou-se a regressão logística simples, por meio de odds ratio para identificar as associações entre as características sociodemográficas e o conhecimento, e a atitude com a prática de prevenção contra o HPV. As variáveis que na análise bivariada apresentaram valor de p ≤ 0,20 foram submetidas ao modelo multivariado de regressão logística. A significância estatística foi fixada em p < 0,05. RESULTADOS Dentre os participantes, 27,3% apresentaram conhecimento suficiente, 34,1% atitudes positivas e 74,6% prática adequada. Na análise multivariada observou-se associação estatisticamente significativa entre o sexo feminino (ORa = 15,62; IC95%: 9,08-26,9), conhecimento satisfatório (ORa = 2,09; IC95%: 1,15-3,81), e atitudes positivas (ORa = 1,89; IC95%: 1,10-3,23) com a prática adequada. CONCLUSÕES Ser do sexo feminino, ter nível de conhecimento sobre o HPV e a vacina classificados como satisfatório, bem como ter atitudes positivas frente à vacinação contra o HPV reforçam a prática adequada de vacinação. Estes achados demonstram a necessidade de ampliar o conhecimento dos adolescentes, gerando atitudes positivas com vistas à vacinação dentro de uma perspectiva adequada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/prevention & control , Papillomavirus Infections/prevention & control , Alphapapillomavirus , Papillomavirus Vaccines , Papillomaviridae , Brazil , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Vaccination
19.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 56: 1-15, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361135

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To investigate the use of health services among adults living in Manaus, Amazonas. METHODS This was a panel of two cross-sectional studies conducted in Manaus in 2015 and 2019. Individuals aged ≥ 18 years were selected by probabilistic sampling and interviewed at home. The study outcomes were doctor visits and hospitalizations in the previous 12 months, and unmet surgical needs. Variations between 2015 and 2019 were tested using chi-squared goodness-of-fit test. Poisson regression with robust variance was employed to calculate the prevalence ratios (PR) of the outcomes with 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). RESULTS The surveys included 5,800 participants in total. Visits to the doctor decreased from 2015 (78.7%) to 2019 (76.3%; p < 0.001), hospital admissions increased from 2015 (7.9%) to 2019 (11.5%; p < 0.001), and unmet surgical needs decreased in the period (15.9% to 12.1%; p < 0.001). These variations were particularly observed in vulnerable individuals - sicker; poorer; non-whites; and those belonging to lower social classes, with less access to education, formal jobs, and health insurance (p < 0.05). Doctor visits were higher in people with fair health status (PR = 1.09; 95%CI 1.06-1.12), health insurance (PR = 1.13; 95%CI 1.09-1.17), and chronic diseases (p < 0.001) but lower in men (PR = 0.87; 95%CI 0.84-0.90) and informal workers (PR = 0.89; 95%CI 0.84-0.94). Hospitalizations were higher in people with worse health statuses (p < 0.001), without partners (PR = 1.27; 95%CI 1.05-1.53), and with multimorbidity (PR = 1.68; 95%CI 1.33-2.12) but lower in men (PR = 0.55; 95%CI 0.44-0.68), older adults (p < 0.001), informal workers (PR = 0.67; 95%CI 0.51-0.89), and unemployed (PR = 0.72; 95%CI 0.53-0.97). Unmet surgical needs were higher in older adults (p < 0.001), middle-class people (PR = 1.24; 95%CI 1.01-1.55), worse health statuses (p < 0.001), and chronic diseases (p < 0.001) but lower in men (PR = 0.76; 95%CI 0.65-0.86). CONCLUSIONS From 2015 to 2019, less people visited the doctor, more were admitted to hospitals, and less were in need of surgery or aware of that need, potentially indicating poorer access to health services.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Aged , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Facilities and Services Utilization , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Insurance, Health
20.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE01326, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1393710

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Analisar as características associadas aos pais de crianças e adolescentes que ouviram falar sobre o Papillomavirus humano, bem como o conhecimento sobre a infecção e a intenção de vacinar seus filhos. Métodos Estudo transversal com abordagem quantitativa, realizado por meio de entrevista utilizando instrumento estruturado. Entrevistaram-se 376 pais de crianças e adolescentes que aguardavam atendimento pediátrico em unidades de saúde de Três Lagoas/MS. Os dados coletados (características sociodemográficas; características reprodutivas e sexuais; conhecimento sobre o Papillomavirus humano e intenção de vacinar o/a filho/a) foram analisados por meio de técnica de estatística descritiva, teste de associação Qui-quadrado ou exato de Fisher e Teste T Student. Resultados Dentre os entrevistados, 327 (87,0%) afirmaram ter ouvido falar sobre o Papillomavirus humano. Identificou-se associação entre os pais que nunca ouviram falar sobre a infecção e sexo masculino, idade entre 18 e 25 anos e ensino fundamental incompleto. Dentre os pais que ouviram falar sobre o Papilomavírus Humano, 152 (46,5%) afirmaram que é uma infecção sexualmente transmissível, 245 (74,9%) garantiram que a transmissão ocorre através da relação sexual desprotegida, 275 (75,5%) desconhecem seus sinais e sintomas, 218 (66,7%) afirmaram erroneamente que tal infecção tem cura e 283 (86,5%) sabem da existência da vacina. Dentre todos os entrevistados, 98,1% levariam seu(ua) filho(a) para vacinar contra o vírus. Conclusão Observaram-se lacunas no conhecimento dos pais de crianças e adolescentes sobre o Papillomavirus humano, mostrando a necessidade de educação em saúde e divulgação de ações de enfrentamento à infecção em meios de comunicação e redes sociais.


Resumen Objetivo Analizar las características asociadas a padres de niños y adolescentes que escucharon hablar sobre el virus del papiloma humano, así como el conocimiento sobre la infección y la intención de vacunar a sus hijos. Métodos Estudio transversal, con enfoque cuantitativo, realizado por medio de encuesta con instrumento estructurado. Se encuestaron 376 padres de niños y adolescentes que esperaban atención pediátrica en unidades de salud de Três Lagoas, estado de Mato Grosso do Sul. Los datos recopilados (características sociodemográficas, características reproductivas y sexuales, conocimiento sobre el virus del papiloma humano e intención de vacunar al hijo/a) se analizaron por medio de técnica de estadística descriptiva, prueba de asociación ji cuadrado o prueba exacta de Fisher y test-T Student. Resultados Entre los encuestados, 327 (87,0 %) afirmaron haber escuchado hablar sobre el virus del papiloma humano. Se identificó relación entre los padres que nunca escucharon hablar sobre la infección y el sexo masculino, edad entre 18 y 25 años y educación primaria incompleta. De los padres que escucharon hablar sobre el virus del papiloma humano, 152 (46,5 %) afirmaron que es una infección de transmisión sexual, 245 (74,9 %) aseguraron que la transmisión ocurre a través de las relaciones sexuales sin protección, 275 (75,5 %) desconocen sus signos y síntomas, 218 (66,7 %) afirmaron erróneamente que tal infección tiene cura, y 283 (86,5 %) saben de la existencia de la vacuna. Entre los encuestados, el 98,1 % llevaría a su hijo/a vacunarse contra el virus. Conclusión Se observaron vacíos de conocimiento en los padres de niños y adolescentes sobre el virus del papiloma humano, lo que muestra la necesidad de educación para la salud y difusión de acciones para enfrentar la infección en medios de comunicación y redes sociales.


Abstract Objective Analyze the characteristics associated with the parents of children and adolescents who have heard about the human papillomavirus, as well as the knowledge about the infection and the intention to vaccinate their children. Methods Cross-sectional study with quantitative approach, conducted through a structured interview. We interviewed 376 parents of children and adolescents who were awaiting pediatric care at health services in Três Lagoas/MS. The collected data (sociodemographic characteristics; reproductive and sexual characteristics; knowledge about human papillomavirus and intention to vaccinate the child) were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Fisher's exact test or the chi-square association test and Student's t-test. Results Among the respondents, 327 (87.0%) said they had heard about the human papillomavirus. An association was identified between parents who had never heard of the infection and male sex, age between 18 and 25 years and unfinished primary education. Among the parents who had heard about the human papillomavirus, 152 (46.5%) stated that it is a sexually transmitted infection, 245 (74.9%) assured that the transmission occurs through unprotected sexual intercourse, 275 (75.5%) are unaware of its signs and symptoms, 218 (66.7%) mistakenly stated that this infection is curable and 283 (86.5%) know of the existence of the vaccine. Among all respondents, 98.1% would take their child to get vaccinated against the virus. Conclusion Gaps were observed in the knowledge of the parents of children and adolescents about the human papillomavirus, showing the need for health education and dissemination of actions to cope with the infection in the media and social networks.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Papillomaviridae , Parents/psychology , Attitude to Health/ethnology , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice/ethnology , Knowledge , Papillomavirus Infections , Papillomavirus Vaccines , Child , Cross-Sectional Studies , Interviews as Topic , Adolescent
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