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1.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782050

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Long-term oxygen therapy provides various benefits, including prolonged survival for severely hypoxic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. However, adequate management strategies for home oxygen therapy are not well established in Korea. This study aimed to explore the current situation of home oxygen therapy to provide basic data for developing a strategy for COPD patients on home oxygen therapy.METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we enrolled COPD patients using home oxygen therapy for at least 1 month. Face-to-face interviews were conducted, guided by a structured questionnaire about home oxygen therapy.RESULTS: A total of 195 patients were enrolled. The mean age was 72.6 ± 9.7 years, and 76.4% of patients were men. The mean modified Medical Research Council, COPD Assessment Test, and EuroQol-5D index scores were 3.4 ± 0.8, 29.7 ± 6.8, and 0.35 ± 0.44, respectively. At rest, patients were prescribed oxygen for 12.5 ± 7.3 hr/day and used 12.9 ± 8.5 hr/day on average. During exercise, the mean duration of prescribed oxygen was 6.6 ± 4.3 hr/day, and the actual use was 1.1 ± 2.9 hr/day. A total of 25.6% of patients used ambulatory oxygen; with financial burden the main reason for nonuse. The mean number of hospitalizations and emergency room visits were 2.5 and 2.6, respectively.CONCLUSION: This study revealed low adherence to home oxygen therapy, poor health-related quality of life, frequent hospitalizations, and a high financial burden among COPD patients using home oxygen therapy. The study highlights the need for adequate strategies to improve the quality of home oxygen therapy.


Subject(s)
Cross-Sectional Studies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Hospitalization , Humans , Korea , Male , Morinda , Oxygen , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Quality of Life
2.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 23(262): 3672-3677, abr.2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1100493

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: investigar a qualidade de vida de pessoas vivendo com HIV e aids, segundo dimensões psicológica e espiritual. Método: Investigação exploratória, descritiva, com enfoque misto. Participaram do estudo 18 usuários de um Hospital Escola em João Pessoa - PB. Utilizou-se a técnica de gravação em aparelho mp3, as quais foram transcritas na íntegra, no programa de texto Notepad. Após essa etapa, para análise das respostas utilizou-se o software IRAMUTEQ. Resultados: 83,3% eram do sexo feminino, 38,8% encontravam-se entre 19 e 32 anos de idade e 55,5% eram casados. 50% concluiu o segundo grau e 44,4% são católicos. Dos discursos, emergiram as categorias dimensão psicológica relacionada à necessidade de ajuda; dimensão espiritual relacionada à necessidade de ajuda e dimensão espiritual de cuidado e saúde do ser humano. Conclusão: As dimensões emocional e espiritual devem ser abordadas no cuidado às pessoas que vivem com HIV e aids. (AU)


Objective: to investigate the quality of life of people living with HIV and aids, according to psychological and spiritual dimensions. Method: Exploratory, descriptive research, with a mixed focus. Eighteen users of a teaching hospital in João Pessoa - PB participated in the study. The recording technique on an mp3 device was used, which were fully transcribed in the Notepad text program. After this step, the IRAMUTEQ software was used to analyze the responses. Results: 83.3% were female, 38.8% were between 19 and 32 years of age and 55.5% were married. 50% completed high school and 44.4% are catholic. From the speeches, the categories psychological dimension related to the need for help emerged; spiritual dimension related to the need for help and spiritual dimension of care and health of the human being. Conclusion: The emotional and spiritual dimensions must be addressed in caring for people living with HIV and aids.(AU)


Objetivo: investigar la calidad de vida de las personas que viven con HIV y sida, de acuerdo con las dimensiones psicológicas y espirituales. Método: investigación exploratoria, descriptiva, con un enfoque mixto. Dieciocho usuarios de un hospital docente en João Pessoa - PB participaron en el estudio. Se utilizó la técnica de grabación de mp3, que se transcribió en su totalidad, en el programa de texto del Bloc de notas. Después de este paso, se utilizó el software IRAMUTEQ para analizar las respuestas. Resultados: 83.3% eran mujeres, 38.8% tenían entre 19 y 32 años y 55.5% estaban casados. 50% completaron la escuela secundaria y 44.4% son católicos. A partir de los discursos, surgieron las categorías psicológicas relacionadas con la necesidad de ayuda; dimensión espiritual relacionada con la necesidad de ayuda y dimensión espiritual del cuidado y la salud del ser humano. Conclusión: las dimensiones emocionales y espirituales deben abordarse en el cuidado de las personas que viven con el HIV y sida.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/psychology , Spirituality , Health Promotion , Socioeconomic Factors , HIV , Treatment Adherence and Compliance
3.
Rev. bras. cancerol ; 66(2): 1-13, 20200402.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1097148

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A religiosidade e a espiritualidade são fatores ímpares na saúde do ser humano. Elas servem de auxílio para lidar com o câncer em seu processo de história natural. Objetivo: Analisar a produção científica nacional e internacional, acerca dos temas espiritualidade, religiosidade e pacientes oncológicos. Método: Revisão integrativa de literatura sobre a influência da espiritualidade e da religiosidade em pacientes oncológicos, nas bases de dados SciELO, MEDLINE e EBSCO e nos idiomas português e inglês, que buscou artigos publicados entre janeiro de 2009 a janeiro de 2019. Resultados: Oito artigos relataram a influência da religiosidade e da espiritualidade desde o momento do diagnóstico do câncer até a aceitação do tratamento. Dez artigos relataram que ambas servem como apoio, chance de encarar a vida e a morte de forma diferentes e de melhorar a qualidade de vida e bem-estar do paciente. A religiosidade e a espiritualidade ajudam os pacientes com as consequências do câncer e influenciarão a sua vida e o seu modo de viver durante o tratamento. Além disso, constituem uma estratégia que legitima e ameniza a incerteza diante das questões de caráter moral, pessoal e social, relativas à condição oncológica crônica. Conclusão: O apego à espiritualidade e à religiosidade influencia positivamente na saúde biopsicossocial do paciente com câncer. Ademais, pacientes dotados de espiritualidade e religiosidade podem apresentar melhor maior aceitação do câncer do tratamento, além de maior esperança e positividade no decorrer da doença.


Introduction: Religiosity and spirituality are unique factors in human health. They are helpful in dealing with cancer in its natural course. Objective: Analyze the national and international scientific publications involving the themes of Spirituality and Religiosity in Cancer Patients. Method: Integrative literature review that searched SciELO, MEDLINE and EBSCO databases for articles published between January 2009 and January 2019, in Portuguese and in English, about the influence of spirituality and religiosity in cancer patients from. Results: Eight articles reported the influence of religiosity and spirituality from the moment of cancer diagnosis through acceptance of the treatment. 10 articles reported that both serve as support, chance of facing life and death differently and to improve the patient's quality of life and well-being. Religiosity and spirituality help patients with the consequences of cancer and will influence their life and lifestyle during and after treatment. Moreover, they constitute a strategy that legitimizes and mitigates uncertainty about moral, personal and social issues related to the chronic oncological condition. Conclusion: Attachment to spirituality and religiosity positively influences the biopsychosocial health of cancer patients. Moreover, patients endowed with spirituality and religiosity may have better acceptance of cancer treatment, in addition of greater hope and positiveness during the course of the disease.


Introducción: La religiosidad y la espiritualidad son factores únicos en la salud humana. Son útiles para tratar el cáncer en su proceso de historia natural. Objetivo: Analizar la producción científica nacional e internacional, sobre los temas Espiritualidad, Religiosidad y Pacientes con cáncer. Método: Revisión bibliográfica integradora sobre la influencia de la espiritualidad y la religión en pacientes con cáncer en las bases de datos SciELO, MEDLINE y EBSCO, en idiomas portugués e inglés, quienes buscaron artículos publicados entre enero de 2009 y enero de 2019. Resultados: Ocho de los artículos informaron la influencia de la religiosidad y la espiritualidad desde el momento del diagnóstico del cáncer hasta la aceptación del tratamiento. Diez artigos informaron que ambos sirven como apoyo, una oportunidad para enfrentar la vida y la muerte de manera diferente y para mejorar la calidad de vida y el bienestar del paciente.La religiosidad y la espiritualidad ayudan a los pacientes con las consecuencias del cáncer e influirán en su vida y estilo de vida durante el tratamiento. Además, constituyen una estrategia que legitima y mitiga la incertidumbre frente a cuestiones morales, personales y sociales relacionadas con la condición oncológica crónica. Conclusion: Attachment to spirituality and religiosity positively influences the biopsychosocial health of cancer patients. Moreover, patients with spirituality and religiosity may have better acceptance of cancer treatment, and greater hope and positivity during the course of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Religion and Medicine , Spirituality , Quality of Life , Religion , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Neoplasms/therapy
4.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 41(3): 238-244, May-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1011494

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate the 12-month prevalence of mental health services utilization (overall and by type of service sector), the adequacy of treatment provided, and sociodemographic correlates in the Argentinean Study of Mental Health Epidemiology (ASMHE). Methods: The ASMHE is a multistage probability household sample representative of adults in urban areas of Argentina. The World Health Organization World Mental Health Composite International Diagnostic Interview (WMH-CIDI) was used to evaluate psychiatric diagnosis and service utilization. Results: Among those with a disorder, 27.6% received any treatment in the prior 12 months. Of these, 78.3% received minimally adequate treatment using a broad definition and only 43.6% using a stringent definition. For individuals with a disorder, more services were provided by mental health professionals (17.7%) than by general medical professionals (11.5%) or non-healthcare sectors (2.6%). Younger individuals with low education and income were less likely to receive treatment; those never married and those with an anxiety or mood disorder were more likely to receive treatment. Among those in treatment, treatment was least adequate among younger individuals with low education and low income. Conclusions: Policies to increase access to services for mental health disorders in Argentina are needed, as is training for primary care practitioners in the early detection and treatment of psychiatric disorders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Substance-Related Disorders/therapy , Substance-Related Disorders/epidemiology , Mental Disorders/therapy , Mental Disorders/epidemiology , Mental Health Services/statistics & numerical data , Argentina/epidemiology , Psychiatry/education , Socioeconomic Factors , Urban Population/statistics & numerical data , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Health Surveys , Substance-Related Disorders/diagnosis , General Practitioners/education , Health Services Accessibility/statistics & numerical data , Mental Disorders/diagnosis , Middle Aged
5.
Saúde Soc ; 28(1): 222-234, jan.-mar. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-991665

ABSTRACT

Resumo A população em situação de rua (PSR) constitui-se como um público crescente nas cidades, refletindo processos sociais desiguais e excludentes. Entre as barreiras para o acesso aos direitos sociais básicos, destaca-se a negação do direito à saúde a essas pessoas. Poucos estudos buscam conhecer as estratégias desenvolvidas pela PSR diante da carência de serviços públicos e das barreiras de acesso aos existentes. Diante disso, buscou-se identificar e analisar os itinerários terapêuticos da PSR em um município de pequeno porte. Foi utilizada a triangulação de métodos qualitativos para a coleta de informações por meio de observações participantes e entrevistas semiestruturadas. Foram entrevistados sete homens e uma mulher, e o conjunto de dados foi analisado com base na análise temática. Ressalta-se, nos relatos, a utilização de redes de apoio social como fonte prioritária de cuidado, por intermédio do autocuidado, da automedicação, do uso da medicina popular e da mudança na rotina da vida nas ruas para recuperação da saúde. Tais redes também são alternativos à garantia de acesso aos serviços públicos. Evidencia-se a negação do direito à saúde decorrente do processo de exclusão social a que estão submetidos. Destaca-se o compartilhamento de uma visão de saúde ampliada, relacionada aos determinantes sociais do processo saúde-doença. Diante desse panorama, é fundamental que o setor profissional de cuidado à saúde promova ações que permitam o cuidado contínuo e integral da PSR.


Abstract The homeless is a growing public in cities, which reflects unequal and excluding social processes. Among the obstacles to access basic social rights is the denial of this public's right to health care. Few studies seek to identify the strategies developed by the homeless due to the lack of public services and the barrier to access existing ones. Therefore, we sought to identify and analyze the therapeutic itineraries of this population in a small city. Triangulation of qualitative methods was used to collect research data through participant observations and semi-structured interviews. Seven men and one woman were interviewed, and the data set was analyzed through thematic analysis. The reports highlight the use of social support networks as a central source of health care through self-care, self-medication, use of popular medicine and day-by-day routine adjustments in the streets for health recovery. Such networks are also alternatives to the guarantee to access public services. The denial of the right to health, due to the process of social exclusion to which they are submitted, is evidenced. We emphasize the sharing of an expanded health vision, related to the social determinants of the health-disease process. Given this scenario, it is fundamental that the professional health care sector promote actions to allow the continuous and integral care of the homeless.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Social Support , Right to Health , Homeless Persons , Health Equity , Health Services , Medicine, Traditional , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Health Status Disparities , Social Inequity
6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-766576

ABSTRACT

The term “essential health care” is used as both an absolute concept and a relative concept. In countries with a high level of economic development, the implications of the relative concept of essential health care are generally more important, as the essential medical services included within the absolute concept are usually covered. The definition of essential health technologies as those that should be prioritized in public healthcare from a socioeconomic point of view is crucial for the process of in a timely manner. These determinations should be based on scientifically rigorous, comprehensive, and critical evaluations, including systematic reviews of the literature, and decision-making should proceed through a process of based on medical and socio-economic values. These decision-making processes should be transparent and consistent. In South Korea, the legal standard for decision-making by the health insurance program regarding whether mandates taking into account medical validity, medical, effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, patient cost burden, and social benefits. However, there are a number of committees that make coverage decisions, and there are no guidelines for standardized decision-making methods and procedures; therefore, it is urgently necessary to develop an explicit, detailed and specific decision-making guideline.


Subject(s)
Delivery of Health Care , Economic Development , Evidence-Based Practice , Humans , Insurance, Health , Korea , Needs Assessment , Patient Acceptance of Health Care
7.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-766141

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The perceptions of family-planning (FP) acceptors regarding contraception influence the reasons for which they choose to switch their method of contraception. The objective of this study was to analyze the perceptions of contraception and rationales for switching contraceptive methods among female FP acceptors in West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. METHODS: This study involved the analysis of secondary data from the Improve Contraceptive Method Mix study, which was conducted in 2013 by the Center for Health Research, University of Indonesia. The design of the study was cross-sectional. We performed 3 stages of sampling using the cluster technique and selected 4819 women who were FP acceptors in West Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia as the subjects of this study. The data were analyzed using multiple logistic regression. RESULTS: The predominant pattern of switching contraceptive methods was switching from one non-long-term method of contraception to another. Only 31.0% of the acceptors reported a rational pattern of switching contraceptive methods given their age, number of children, and FP motivations. Perceptions of the side effects of contraceptive methods, the ease of contraceptive use, and the cost of the contraceptives were significantly associated (at the level of α=0.05) with rational patterns of switching contraceptive methods. CONCLUSIONS: Perceptions among FP-accepting women were found to play an important role in their patterns of switching contraceptive methods. Hence, fostering a better understanding of contraception through high-quality counseling is needed to improve perceptions and thereby to encourage rational, effective, and efficient contraceptive use.


Subject(s)
Child , Contraception , Contraceptive Agents , Counseling , Family Planning Services , Female , Foster Home Care , Humans , Indonesia , Logistic Models , Methods , Patient Acceptance of Health Care
8.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-765156

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to analyze the barriers affecting the utilization of antenatal care (ANC) among Senegalese mothers. METHODS: Health facility staffs were surveyed to examine the availability coverage of ANC (infrastructural capacity of health posts to handle maternal and newborn healthcare). A total of 113 women of childbearing age were surveyed to identify factors associated with the accessibility coverage (physical, economic, and information accessibility factors), acceptability coverage (socio-cultural features, social acceptance, and language), and effectiveness coverage (ratio of mothers having completed 4 visits) of ANC. Further, to identify the socio-cultural factors and the specific characteristics of the barriers, 5 focus group discussions were conducted with women of childbearing age, their husbands and mothers-in-law, community health workers, and health facility staff. The effectiveness coverage of ANC was analyzed by reviewing materials from the District Health Information System 2 of Senegal. RESULTS: Key barriers of ANC utilization were associated with acceptability coverage. ANC during early pregnancy was avoided owing to the negative social stigma surrounding miscarriage. The survey results indicated an extremely high miscarriage rate of 30.9% among the participants. The social stigma towards unmarried mothers caused them to hide their pregnancy, which deterred ANC utilization. The husband was the final decision maker and social supporter on ANC utilization. CONCLUSION: To promote the utilization of ANC services among pregnant women in Senegal, it is important to alleviate the social stigma towards miscarriages and unmarried mothers, and to provide greater social support for pregnancies and newborn deliveries within family.


Subject(s)
Abortion, Spontaneous , Community Health Workers , Female , Focus Groups , Health Facilities , Health Information Systems , Humans , Illegitimacy , Infant Health , Infant, Newborn , Maternal Health , Mothers , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , Senegal , Social Distance , Social Stigma , Spouses
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-763929

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The one-person households (OPH) are rapidly increasing and vulnerable to socioeconomic and health problems. Because it is predicted to be inequitable to health care utilization, we would like to find out about the equity of health care utilization of the OPH by comparison with the multi-person households (MPH). METHODS: This study followed the theoretical framework of Wagstaff and van Doorslaer (2000), O'Donnell and his colleagues (2008), where the horizontal inequity index is the difference between the concentration indices of actual health care utilization and health care needs. This study employed the 9th Korea Health Panel survey, and a total of 10,807 cases were analyzed. Health care needs were measured by age, sex, subjective health status, chronic disease count, Charlson's Comorbidity Index, limitation of activities, and disability. RESULTS: Compared with the MPH, there were pro-poor inequities in hospitalization, emergency utilization, hospitalization out-of-pocket payments, and pro-rich inequities in outpatient out-of-pocket payments for the OPH. The decomposition of the concentration index revealed that chronic disease count made the largest contribution to socioeconomic inequality in outpatient utilization. Age, health insurance, economic activities, and subjective health status also proved more important contributors to inequality. The variables contributing to the hospitalization and emergency utilization inequity were age, education, Charlson's Comorbidity Index, marital status, and income. CONCLUSION: Because the OPH was more vulnerable to health problems than the MPH and there were pro-poor inequities in medical utilization, hospitalization, and emergency costs, it is necessary to develop a policy that can correct and improve the portion of high contribution to medical utilization of the OPH.


Subject(s)
Chronic Disease , Comorbidity , Delivery of Health Care , Diagnostic Self Evaluation , Education , Emergencies , Family Characteristics , Health Expenditures , Hospitalization , Humans , Insurance, Health , Korea , Marital Status , Outpatients , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Socioeconomic Factors
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-763920

ABSTRACT

On May 1, 2019, the Minister of Health and Welfare announced publicly the first Comprehensive Plan of National Health Insurance (NHI). The Comprehensive Plan which is the 5-year plan including expenditure and revenue aspect of NHI, is desirable in 42 years of introduction of NHI and 30 years of universal coverage of NHI, though the Plan was late and had some conflict process. The Comprehensive Plan was established without evaluation of Moon's Care Plan, did not included to relationship with NHI and other health security systems, and did not have the blue print of NHI. The Plan was not sufficient in content of adequate health care utilization and relationship with service benefit and cash benefit. The Comprehensive Plan should be modified in considering the blue print of NHI and national healthcare system with participating stakeholder in turbulent environment-low fertility, rapid ageing, low economic growth rate, era of non-communicable diseases, unification of the Korean Peninsula, and 4th industrial revolution. Therefore, I suggest to establish the President's Committee of Improving Healthcare System for the blue print of health care and NHI.


Subject(s)
Clergy , Delivery of Health Care , Economic Development , Fertility , Health Expenditures , Humans , National Health Programs , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Universal Health Insurance
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-776030

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the health care-seeking behaviors of Mosuo and Pumi people.Methods The subjects were enrolled by using the multi-stage stratified random sampling method and surveyed by the self-designed questionnaire.Results To tally 1669 subjects including 1121 Mosuo people and 548 Pumi people completed the survey.When Mosuo and Pumi people suffer from ailments,they preferred to buy drugs in drugstores(47.3% for Mosuo and 46.9% for Pumi),followed by visiting a local township hospital(27.0% for Mosuo and 24.3% for Pumi).When they suffered from severe diseases,they preferred to visit the county/city/state hospital(93.4% for Mosuo and 91.1% for Pumi).The mental disease were mainly treated in the county/city/state hospitals(49.3% for Mosuo and 52.7% for Pumi);notably,39.3% of the Mosuo respondents and 31.5% of the Pumi respondents skipped this question.Conclusion Health education,including awareness-raising activities on mental health,should be enhanced in Mosuo and Pumi people to further improve their health care-seeking behaviors.


Subject(s)
China , Humans , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Surveys and Questionnaires
12.
Intestinal Research ; : 87-93, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-740027

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Oral mesalazine is an important treatment for ulcerative colitis (UC), and non-adherence to mesalazine increases the risk of relapse. Controlled-release (CR) mesalazine has 2 formulations: tablets and granules. The relative acceptabilities of these formulations may influence patient adherence; however, they have not been compared to date. This study aimed to evaluate the acceptabilities of the 2 formulations of CR mesalazine in relation to patient adherence using a crossover questionnaire survey. METHODS: UC patients were randomly assigned to 2 groups in a 1:1 ratio. Patients in each group took either 4 g of CR mesalazine tablets or granules for 6 to 9 weeks, and then switched to 4 g of the other formulation for a further 6 to 9 weeks. The acceptability and efficacy were evaluated by questionnaires, and adherence was assessed using a visual analog scale. The difference in acceptabilities between the 2 formulations and its impact on adherence were assessed. RESULTS: A total of 49 patients were prospectively enrolled and 33 patients were included in the analysis. Significantly more patients found the tablets to be less acceptable than the granules (76% vs. 33%, P=0.0005). The granules were preferable to the tablets when the 2 formulations were compared directly (73% vs. 21%, P=0.004), for their portability, size, and numbers of pills. The adherence rate was slightly better among patients taking the granules (94% vs. 91%) during the observation period, but the difference was not significant (P=0.139). CONCLUSIONS: CR mesalazine granules are more acceptable than tablets, and may therefore be a better option for long-term medication.


Subject(s)
Colitis, Ulcerative , Drug Compounding , Humans , Medication Adherence , Mesalamine , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Patient Compliance , Prospective Studies , Recurrence , Tablets , Ulcer , Visual Analog Scale
14.
Rev. bras. psiquiatr ; 40(4): 424-431, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-959266

ABSTRACT

Objective: There is a lack of studies on negative mood states and sexual risk behavior in men of all sexual orientations who seek treatment for excessive sexual behavior (ESB). We aim to examine sexual compulsivity (SC), anxiety, depression, and sexual risk behavior in a treatment-seeking sample of men and controls. Methods: We enrolled 88 (37 [42%] gay or bisexual and 51 [58%] heterosexual) ESB outpatients and 64 controls. Assessments included the Sexual Compulsivity Scale (SCS), the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and sexual risk behaviors. Results: Compared to controls, ESB outpatients showed increased SC, anxiety, and depression, which were correlated. Regarding sex with casual partners, ESB outpatients reported more sexual intercourse, a greater number of partners, more anal intercourse, and unprotected anal intercourse. Anxiety, depression, and SC were associated with protected vaginal intercourse with a main partner, whereas they were associated with unprotected anal intercourse with a casual partner. Depression was associated with unprotected vaginal intercourse with a casual partner. Condomless anal intercourse was predicted by SC and was also reported by the heterosexual ESB outpatients (36%). Conclusion: The data contribute to the field by providing information on men of all sexual orientations who are searching for mental healthcare. The connections among these psychopathological factors and sexual risk behavior have implications for public health, clinicians, and research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Anxiety/diagnosis , Risk-Taking , Sexual Behavior/psychology , Compulsive Behavior/psychology , Depression/diagnosis , Anxiety/psychology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Sexual Behavior/classification , Brazil , Sexual Partners/psychology , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Health Surveys , Condoms/statistics & numerical data , Depression/psychology , Unsafe Sex/psychology
15.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-716090

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study is performed to investigate the trend of health care (HC) utilization among cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) during 2007–2016 by using data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service (KNHIS). METHODS: The KNHIS data were reorganized to count a specific patient only once for a specific year. Cleft type (cleft lip [CL], cleft palate [CP], and cleft lip and palate [CLP]), sex, and age at HC utilization were investigated. The study period was divided into the first half (2007–2011) and the last half (2012–2016). The utilization number and rate per 1,000 population were calculated for the total population and for new-born patients. Independent t-test and one-way analysis of variance were used for statistical analyses. RESULTS: The total CL/P population (n = 48,707) comprised 19.2% CLP, 35.5% CL, and 45.3% CP (CLP < CL < CP; p < 0.001). Their HC utilization rate increased from 0.066 in 2007 to 0.118 in 2016. The new-born patient population (n = 7,617) comprised 18.6% CLP, 30.4% CL, and 51.0% CP (CLP < CL < CP; p < 0.001). Their HC utilization rate increased from 1.12 in 2007 to 1.74 in 2016. An examination of the utilization number and rate among new-born patients revealed CP exhibited a female-dominant pattern (all p < 0.01), while CL and CLP exhibited a male-dominant pattern (all p < 0.01). However, utilization number showed no difference by sex and cleft type between 2007–2011 and 2012–2016. CONCLUSIONS: These results might serve as a guideline for HC utilization among patients with CL/P.


Subject(s)
Cleft Lip , Cleft Palate , Delivery of Health Care , Humans , Korea , Lip , National Health Programs , Palate , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Population Surveillance , Republic of Korea
16.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 519-528, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-738716

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Gender-related differences in health care utilization for atrial fibrillation (AF) are increasingly recognized. However, large cohort data for examining gender-related differences in AF are lacking in Asian populations. METHODS: The Registry for Comparison Study of Drugs for Symptom Control and Complication Prevention of AF (CODE-AF Registry) is a prospective observational cohort-study that enrolled participants at 10 tertiary hospitals in South Korea. Baseline characteristics retrieved from the CODE-AF Registry were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 6,274 patients were recruited (mean age 67±11 years, mean CHA2DS2-VASc score 2.7±1.7, 63% male, 65% paroxysmal AF) from June 2016 to April 2017. Women underwent less electric cardioversion (12.3% vs. 19.6%, p < 0.001), less radiofrequency ablation (12.4% vs. 17.9%, p < 0.001), and less antiarrhythmic drug therapy (44.7% vs. 49.5%, p < 0.001), despite having more severe symptoms (symptom class III or IV, 45.8% vs. 37.5%, p < 0.001). Among patients with a CHA2DS2-VA score of 2 or more, a slightly higher proportion of women were taking oral anticoagulants than men (85.7% vs. 81.9%, p=0.002), and non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant (NOAC) use was more prevalent in women than men (70.4% vs. 62.3%, p < 0.001). Insufficient NOAC dosing was very common, more so in women than men (61.5% vs. 56.3%, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Female patients with AF were treated more conservatively and rhythm control strategies were used less frequently than in males, even though the female patients with AF had more severe symptoms. While insufficient NOAC dosing was common in both sex, it was significantly more frequent in women.


Subject(s)
Anticoagulants , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Atrial Fibrillation , Catheter Ablation , Cohort Studies , Drug Therapy , Electric Countershock , Female , Humans , Korea , Male , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Prospective Studies , Registries , Sex Characteristics , Tertiary Care Centers
17.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 34(9): e00011618, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-952468

ABSTRACT

Despite the overall benefits of immunization, vaccine hesitancy has been a growing trend and has been associated with the resurgence of vaccine-preventable diseases. The aim of this study was to assess vaccine confidence and hesitancy in Brazil, as part of a wider project to map vaccine confidence globally. One thousand subjects were interviewed, either online or face-to-face, based on a general questionnaire regarding perceptions on vaccines and vaccination. Further exploratory questions were used with the subset of respondents who were parents of children aged under 5. Such questions extracted information regarding vaccination behavior, opinions on vaccination and government health services, and vaccine hesitancy. Reasons for hesitancy were classified as relating to confidence, convenience and/or complacency, and the population was also analyzed socio-demographically. The results showed that overall confidence in immunization was higher than confidence in family planning services, community health workers and emergency services. Seventy-six people reported hesitancy to vaccinate. The commonest reasons for hesitancy were issues with confidence (41.4%), efficacy/safety of the vaccine (25.5%) and concerns about adverse events (23.6%). The sociodemographic analysis revealed that vaccine hesitancy was associated with marital status, level of education and income. Despite overall vaccine confidence being high, a clear trend toward lower levels of confidence was associated with higher levels of hesitancy, which warrants on-going monitoring, due to the dynamic and changing nature of vaccine hesitancy.


Apesar dos benefícios globais da imunização, a hesitação em vacinar é uma tendência crescente que tem sido associada ao ressurgimento das doenças imunopreveníveis. O estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a confiança nas vacinas e a hesitação em vacinar no Brasil, como parte de um projeto mais amplo para mapear a confiança em vacinas em nível global. Foram entrevistadas mil pessoas, direta ou virtualmente, usando um questionário geral sobre percepção em relação às vacinas e à vacinação. Foram utilizadas perguntas exploratórias adicionais no subconjunto de entrevistados que eram pais de crianças abaixo de cinco anos de idade. Essas perguntas produziram informações sobre o comportamento em relação à vacinação, opiniões sobre vacinação e serviços públicos de saúde e hesitação em vacinar. Os motivos da hesitação foram classificados em relação à confiança, conveniência e/ou acomodação, e a população também foi analisada conforme as características sociodemográficas. Os resultados mostraram que a confiança geral na imunização foi maior do que nos serviços de planejamento familiar, agentes comunitários de saúde e serviços de emergência. Setenta e seis pessoas relataram hesitação em vacinar. Os motivos mais frequentes da hesitação diziam respeito a confiança (41,4%), eficácia/segurança da vacina (25,5%) e preocupações com eventos adversos (23,6%). A análise sociodemográfica mostrou que a hesitação em vacinar estava associada ao estado civil, escolaridade e renda. Apesar da alta confiança geral na vacinação, uma clara tendência para níveis de confiança mais baixos esteve associada a níveis mais altos de hesitação, o que justifica o monitoramento permanente dessa tendência, em função da natureza dinâmica da hesitação em vacinar.


A pesar de lo beneficios generales de la inmunización, la renuencia a la vacunación ha sido una tendencia en crecimiento que ha sido asociada con el resurgimiento de las enfermedades prevenibles por vacunación. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la confianza y renuencia a las vacunas en Brasil, como parte de un proyecto más amplio para mapear la confianza en las vacunas globalmente. Mil sujetos fueron entrevistados, bien en línea o cara-a-cara, mediante un cuestionario general respecto a sus percepciones sobre las vacunas y la vacunación. Se utilizaron otras preguntas exploratorias con el subconjunto de encuestados, que eran padres de niños con una edad inferior a los cinco años. Tales preguntas recabaron información respecto al comportamiento sobre la vacunación, opiniones sobre vacunación y servicios de salud gubernamentales, así como su renuencia a las vacunas. Las razones para esta última se clasificaron como aquellas relacionadas con la confianza, conveniencia y/o complacencia, y la población fue también analizada sociodemográficamente. Los resultados mostraron que la confianza general en inmunización fue más alta que la confianza en servicios de planificación familiar, trabajadores de salud comunitarios y servicios de emergencia. Setenta y seis personas informaron de renuencia a la vacunación. Las razones más comunes para la renuencia fueron temas relacionados con la confianza (41,4%), eficacia/seguridad de la vacuna (25,5%) y preocupaciones sobre efectos adversos (23,6%). El análisis sociodemográfico reveló que la renuencia a la vacunación estaba asociada con el estado civil, nivel de educación e ingresos. A pesar de que la confianza general en las vacunas es alta, existe una clara tendencia hacia niveles más bajos de confianza, que estaba asociada con altos niveles de renuencia, lo que garantiza una supervisión permanente, debido a la dinámica y naturaleza cambiante del rechazo a las vacunas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Vaccines/administration & dosage , Attitude to Health , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Vaccination/statistics & numerical data , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil , Middle Aged
18.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 39: e20180004, 2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-978493

ABSTRACT

Resumo OBJETIVO Conhecer as dificuldades encontradas pelas famílias no itinerário terapêutico de crianças com câncer. MÉTODO Pesquisa descritiva e exploratória, de abordagem qualitativa, realizada de março a novembro de 2016, através de entrevistas semiestruturadas, com 21 familiares de crianças em tratamento oncológico em um hospital universitário federal no Rio de Janeiro, cujos dados foram submetido à análise temática. RESULTADOS As dificuldades das famílias perpassam a identificação e a investigação pelos profissionais de saúde dos sinais e sintomas da criança e a passagem dos familiares por diversos serviços de saúde até a confirmação diagnóstica. CONSIDERAÇÕES FINAIS O diagnóstico precoce do câncer infantil depende de ações de instituições de saúde e de ensino para a apropriada investigação da doença pelos profissionais, entre eles o enfermeiro que atua nas classificações de risco das emergências e na atenção básica, além do adequado funcionamento do sistema de referência e contrarreferência do sistema de saúde.


Resumen OBJETIVO conocer las dificultades encontradas por las familias en el trayecto terapéutico de niños con cáncer. MÉTODO investigación cualitativa, descriptiva y exploratoria, con planteamiento cualitativo, efectuada entre marzo y noviembre de 2016, mediante entrevistas semiestructuradas presenciales, con 21 parientes de niños bajo tratamiento oncológico en un hospital universitario federal en Río de Janeiro, cuyos datos se sometieron al análisis de contenido. RESULTADOS las dificultades de las familias atraviesan la identificación e investigación por los profesionales de salud de los signos y síntomas del niño y el pasaje de los parientes por diversos servicios sanitarios hasta la confirmación diagnóstica. CONSIDERACIONES FINALES el diagnóstico precoz del cáncer infantil depende de acciones de instituciones de salud y de enseñanza para la apropiada investigación de la enfermedad por los profesionales, incluyendo el enfermero que actúa en las clasificaciones de riesgo de las emergencias y en la atención primaria, además del adecuado funcionamiento del sistema de referencia y contrarreferencia del sistema de salud.


Abstract OBJECTIVE To know the difficulties faced by families in the therapeutic pathway of children with cancer. METHOD Qualitative, descriptive and exploratory research, with a quantitative approach, performed from March to November 2016, through face-to-face semi-structured interviews, with 21 relatives of children undergoing oncological treatment at a federal university hospital in Rio de Janeiro, whose data were submitted to content analysis. RESULTS The difficulties of these families traverse the identification and investigation by health professionals regarding the signs and symptoms of children as well as the passage of relatives through various health services until diagnostic confirmation. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS The early diagnosis of childhood cancer depends on actions from health and teaching institutions for the appropriate investigation of the disease by professionals, including the nurse who works with risk classification in emergency departments and in primary care, besides the appropriate operation of the reference and counter-reference system of the health system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Family , Neoplasms/therapy , Patient Acceptance of Health Care
19.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 34(2): e00047217, 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-952381

ABSTRACT

O papel dos serviços de saúde é crucial para o alcance da meta 90-90-90 de controle da epidemia do HIV. O estudo avalia a organização dos serviços brasileiros nas ações de promoção, monitoramento e suporte à retenção no seguimento e apoio ao tratamento. Foram comparadas, por meio de variação percentual (VP), as respostas dos serviços a um questionário de avaliação da qualidade organizacional (Qualiaids) em 2007 e em 2010. Analisou-se os 419 serviços que responderam ao questionário em 2007 (83,1% dos respondentes) e 2010 (63,6%). Ações gerenciais relacionadas à retenção e apoio, embora incrementadas no período, permaneceram com baixa frequência, tais como: reuniões sistemáticas para discussão de casos; (32,7% em 2010; VP = 19,8%), registro de faltas em consulta médica (35,3%; VP = 36,8%). Ações assistenciais relacionadas à adesão ao tratamento medicamentoso permanecem majoritariamente exclusivas do médico. O aporte de recursos de provisão federal - medicamentos e exames específicos para HIV - manteve-se alto para a grande maioria dos serviços (~90%). Não se alcançará decréscimo significativo da transmissão do HIV enquanto a permanência no tratamento não for prioridade de todos os serviços de assistência.


El papel de los servicios de salud es crucial para el alcance de la meta 90-90-90 de control de la epidemia de VIH. El estudio evalúa la organización de los servicios brasileños en las acciones de promoción, monitoreo y apoyo al mantenimiento del seguimiento y tratamiento. Se compararon, mediante la variación porcentual (VP), las respuestas de los servicios a un cuestionario de evaluación de la calidad organizativa (Qualiaids) en 2007 y en 2010. Se analizaron los 419 servicios que respondieron al cuestionario en 2007 (83,1% de los participantes) y 2010 (63,6%). Las acciones de gerencia, relacionadas con el mantenimiento y apoyo, aunque se incrementaron durante el período, permanecieron con baja frecuencia, tales como: reuniones sistemáticas para discusión de casos; (32,7% en 2010; VP = 19,8%), registro de faltas en consulta médica (35,3%; VP = 36,8%). Las acciones asistenciales relacionadas con la adhesión al tratamiento farmacológico continúan siendo mayoritariamente exclusivas del médico. La aportación de recursos de provisión federal -medicamentos y exámenes específicos para VIH- se mantuvo alta para la gran mayoría de los servicios (~90%). No se alcanzará un decremento significativo en la transmisión del VIH, mientras la permanencia en el tratamiento no sea una prioridad de todos los servicios de asistencia.


Health services play a crucial role in reaching the 90-90-90 target of controlling the HIV epidemic. This study evaluates the organization of Brazilian health services in improving, monitoring, and retention in HIV care and adherence support. Percentage variation (PV) was used to compare the responses by services to an evaluation questionnaire on organizational quality (Qualiaids) in 2007 and 2010. The study analyzed the 419 services that completed the questionnaire in 2007 (83.1% of respondents) and 2010 (63.6%). Management actions of retention and support although increased in the period, but remained at low rates, for example: systematic meetings for case discussion (32.7% in 2010; PV = 19.8%) and recording of missed medical appointments (35.3%; PV = 36.8%). Patient care actions related to adherence to ART remained largely exclusive to the attending physician. The supply of funds and resources from the Federal Government (medicines and specific HIV tests) remained high for the vast majority of the services (~90%). It will not be possible to achieve a significant decrease in HIV transmission as long as retention in treatment is not a priority in all the health services.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Health Care , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , HIV Infections/therapy , Ambulatory Care/organization & administration , National Health Programs , Brazil , Surveys and Questionnaires , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/therapy , HIV Long-Term Survivors
20.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 34(5): e00208216, 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-889980

ABSTRACT

Resumo: Este estudo teve por objetivo compreender como trabalhadores metalúrgicos vivenciam a incapacidade prolongada para o trabalho por lesões por esforços repetitivos/distúrbios osteomusculares relacionados ao trabalho (LER/DORT) e o impacto do adoecimento crônico na construção/desconstrução da masculinidade. Foi realizado um estudo qualitativo baseado em entrevistas narrativas com homens metalúrgicos de um complexo automotivo no Estado da Bahia, Brasil. Os resultados revelaram como o conflito da experiência de adoecimento, a tentativa de manutenção da identidade masculina, bem como as expectativas de cumprir as regras ditadas pela masculinidade hegemônica são vivenciadas e significadas no cotidiano. A experiência de adoecimento dos metalúrgicos com LER/DORT se expressa na incapacitação para o trabalho, desconstrução da autoimagem, perda da identidade coletiva, desconstrução do self e interdição do futuro. Conclui-se que a masculinidade hegemônica expõe os homens a mais riscos em saúde, cumpre papel mediador do adoecimento no trabalho, altera trajetórias de cuidado e explica a resistência dos homens em procurar ajuda.


Abstract: This study aimed to reveal how metalworkers experience prolonged incapacity for work due to repetitive strain injury/work-related musculoskeletal disorder (RSI/WRMD) and the impact of chronic illness on the construction/deconstruction of masculinity. A qualitative study was performed, based on narrative interviews with male metalworkers in an automotive factory in the State of Bahia, Brazil. The results showed how the conflict in the experience of illness, the maintenance of male identity, and expectations of meeting the rules dictated by hegemonic masculinity are experienced and signified in daily life. Metalworkers' experience of illness with RSI/WRMD is expressed in their incapacity for work, deconstruction of self-esteem, loss of collective identity, and interruption of future prospects. In conclusion, hegemonic masculinity exposes men to more health risks, plays a mediating role in work-related illness, alters trajectories of care, and explains men's unwillingness to seek help.


Resumen: El objetivo de este estudio fue comprender cómo viven la incapacidad prolongada para el trabajo, debido a lesiones por esfuerzos repetitivos y trastornos osteo muscular relacionados con el trabajo (LER/DORT), los trabajadores metalúrgicos, así como su impacto en el padecimiento crónico y en la construcción/deconstrucción de la masculinidad. Se realizó un estudio cualitativo, basado en entrevistas narrativas con hombres del sector metalúrgico de un complejo automovilístico en el estado de Bahía, Brasil. Los resultados revelaron cómo el conflicto de la experiencia del padecimiento, el mantenimiento de su identidad masculina, así como las expectativas de cumplir las reglas dictadas por la masculinidad hegemónica se viven y se manifiestan en el día a día. La experiencia de padecimiento de los trabajadores metalúrgicos con LER/DORT se expresa en la incapacitación para el trabajo, deconstrucción de la autoimagen, pérdida de la identidad colectiva, deconstrucción del self y la ausencia de perspectivas de futuro. Se concluye que la masculinidad hegemónica expone a los hombres a más riesgos en salud, cumple un papel mediador de la enfermedad en el trabajo, altera trayectorias de cuidado y explica la resistencia de los hombres a buscar ayuda.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Cumulative Trauma Disorders/psychology , Men's Health , Masculinity , Gender Identity , Metallurgy , Occupational Diseases/psychology , Self Concept , Cumulative Trauma Disorders/complications , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/psychology , Chronic Disease , Qualitative Research , Occupational Diseases/complications
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