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1.
Rev. polis psique ; 13(2): 57-75, 2023-11-13.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1517840

ABSTRACT

O projeto de pesquisa-intervenção As narrativas ficcionais e o cuidado à dor crônica atuou no Setor de Dor e Cuidados Paliativos de um hospital público, oferecendo-se como coadjuvante do cuidado em saúde. O Ateliê Jardim de Histórias foi um de seus dispositivos e propôs o bordado inventado como linhas de sustentação para um fazer compartilhado. No contexto latinoamericano, o bordar remete à transmissão transgeracional e a práticas políticas e processos de luta e luto no laço social. Este artigo propõe recuperar a história do bordado para além da perspectiva colonial e, a partir disso, a-bordar essa experiência da pesquisa-intervenção no hospital e suas possibilidades. Entende-se que o bordado inventado ressalta a dimensão de improviso e de criatividade dessa prática enquanto um suporte afetivo para a tessitura de narrativas, a partir da disposição de estar com o outro em torno de um fazer sem prescrições. (AU)


The research-intervention project Fictional narratives and chronic pain careacted in the Sector of Pain and Palliative Care of a public hospital, offering an adjunct to health care. The Garden of Stories Atelierwas one of its devices, which proposed the invented embroidery as threads of support for a shared work. In Latin America, embroidery refers to transgenerational transmission, and to political practices and processes of struggle and mourning in the social bond. This article aims to retrieve the history of embroidery beyond the colonial perspective and, from there, to approach this experience of research-intervention in the hospital and its possibilities. The invented embroidery is thought to emphasize the dimension of improvisation and creativity of this practice, as an affective support for the weaving of narratives, from the willingness to be together around an activity without prescriptions. (AU)


El proyecto de investigación-intervención Narrativas ficcionales y el cuidado al dolor crónicofuncionó en el Sector de Dolor y Cuidados Paliativos de un hospital público, ofreciéndose como complemento al cuidado en salud. El Taller Jardín de Historiasfue uno de sus dispositivos y propuso el bordado inventado como líneas de apoyo para una acción compartida. En latinoamerica, el bordado remite a la transmisión transgeneracional y a prácticas políticas y procesos de lucha y luto en el lazo social. Este artículo se propone recuperar la historia del bordado más allá de la perspectiva colonial y, desde allí, abordar esta experiencia de investigación-intervención en el hospital y sus posibilidades. Se entiende que el bordado inventado enfatiza la dimensión deimprovisación y creatividad de esta práctica como soporte afectivo para el tejido de narrativas, desde la voluntad de estar con el otro en torno a un hacer sin recetas. (AU)


Subject(s)
Palliative Care/methods , Patients/psychology , Art , Chronic Pain/therapy , Hospitals, Public
2.
Psicol. Estud. (Online) ; 28: e53629, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448934

ABSTRACT

RESUMO A dor é um dos sintomas mais temidos por pacientes oncológicos e precisa ser considerada em sua integralidade. Com o objetivo de atender esse desafio, os cuidados paliativos previnem e aliviam o sofrimento de pacientes que enfrentam doenças que ameaçam a vida, pela identificação precoce, avaliação e intervenção correta da dor, considerando a integralidade do ser, por meio de quatro componentes da dor total: física, psíquica, social e espiritual. Para entender essa complexidade, a presente pesquisa objetiva analisar a produção científica nacional e internacional sobre dor total em pacientes oncológicos. Realizou-se uma revisão integrativa da literatura, selecionando artigos publicados em português e inglês entre 2014 e 2019, nas bases de dados da Scientific Electronic Library Online e do portal PubMed, por meio de quatro combinações de descritores e booleanos, encontrando-se 21.548 arquivos. Após a aplicação dos critérios de exclusão, foram selecionados 25 artigos. Prevaleceram os estudos em inglês, quantitativos e realizados por médicos. Eles sinalizaram que, dentre os sintomas, a dor é o mais prevalente na doença oncológica e o maior responsável por influenciar negativamente a qualidade de vida dos pacientes. Sinalizaram a dificuldade dos profissionais de saúde em diagnosticar e tratar a dor de forma multidimensional e a ausência de instrumentos e protocolos que norteiam essa avaliação. Conclui-se que, para a identificação e tratamento eficaz da dor de paciente em cuidados paliativos, ela deve ser considerada em sua integralidade. Para tal, fazem-se necessárias a capacitação de profissionais de saúde e a criação de instrumentos que os auxiliem no manejo dessa dor que se expressa de forma total.


RESUMEN El dolor es uno de los sintomas más temidos por los pacientes con cancer y debe considerarse em su totalidad. Para hacer frente a este desafio, los cuidados paliativos previenen y alivian el sufrimiento de pacientes que enfrentan enfermedades potencialmente mortales, a través de la identificación prematura, evaluación e intervención correcta del dolor, considerando la integralidad del ser, por medio de cuatro componentes del dolor total: física, psíquica, social y espiritual. La presente investigación objetiva examinar la producción científica nacional e internacional sobre dolor total en pacientes oncológicos. Se llevó a cabo una revisión integrativa de la literatura, seleccionando artículos publicados en portugués e inglés, entre 2014 y 2019, en las bases de datos de Scielo y del portal PubMed, encontrándose 21.548 archivos. Tras la aplicación de los criterios de exclusión, fueron seleccionado 25 artículos. Han prevalecido los estudios en inglés, cuantitativos y realizados por médicos. Ellos señalaron que, de entre los síntomas, el dolor es lo más prevalente en lo cancer y el mayor responsable por influenciar negativamente la calidad de vida de los pacientes. Han señalado la dificultad de los profesionales de salud en diagnosticar y tratar el dolor de forma multidimensional y la ausencia de instrumentos y protocolos que guían esa evaluación. Se concluyó que, para la identificación y tratamiento eficaz del dolor de paciente en cuidados paliativos, ella debe ser considerada en su grado completo. Se hacen necesarias la capacitación de profesionales de salud y la creación de instrumentos que los auxilien en el manejo de ese dolor que se expresa de manera total.


ABSTRACT Pain is one of the most feared symptoms by cancer patients and needs to be considered in its entirety. In order to meet this challenge, palliative care, it prevents and alleviates suffering of patients facing life-threatening illnesses, through early identification, assessment and correct intervention in pain that should be considered from the perspective of the whole being, through four components of total pain: physical, psychic, social and spiritual. To understand this complexity, this research aims to investigate the national and international scientific production about total pain in cancer patients. An integrative literature review was peformed, selecting articles published in Portuguese and English, between 2014 and 2019 in the Scientific Electronic Library Online and Pubmed portal databases, using four combinations of descriptors and booleans, with 21,548 files. After applying the exclusion criteria, 25 articles were selected. Studies in English, quantitative and performed by doctors, prevailed. They pointed that among the symptoms, pain is the most prevalent in cancer disease and the major responsible for influencing patients' quality of life negatively. They pointed out the difficulty of health professionals in diagnosing and treating pain in a multidimensional way, with few instruments and protocols that guide the assessment. The conclusion is that for the identification and effective treatment of pain in palliative care patients, the treatment must be considered in its entirety. For this, it is necessary the qualification of health professionals and the creation of instruments that help them to manage pain in its full expression.


Subject(s)
Patients/psychology , Health Personnel/education , Cancer Pain/diagnosis , Palliative Care/psychology , Quality of Life/psychology , Review , Pain Management/nursing
3.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(3): 1147-1163, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425447

ABSTRACT

A Insuficiência Cardíaca (IC) é uma das principais causas de internação hospitalar no mundo e tem um elevado grau de morbidade e mortalidade, sendo um grave problema de saúde pública. Os lncRNAs (RNAs longo não codificantes), têm funções regulatórias transcricionais e/ou pós transcricionais bem complexas e que ainda não são totalmente claras, mas que podem exercer influência sobre as doenças cardiovasculares, dentre elas a IC. Assim o estudo teve como objetivo identificar na literatura o papel dos lncRNAs na patogênese da IC por meio de uma revisão integrativa com busca sistemática. Foram considerados elegíveis para leitura e composição do estudo 33 artigos e os principais papéis dos lncRNA na IC foram relatados como possíveis marcadores biológicos para diagnóstico e prognóstico da doença devido a sua expressividade na corrente sanguínea. Além disso, os lncRNAs podem estar relacionados à capacidade funcional uma vez que o aumento ou diminuição de sua expressão promove redução da apoptose de células endoteliais, melhora a disfunção cardíaca, distúrbios de contratilidade e dos canais de cálcio em pacientes com IC. Portanto, os lncRNAs parecem estar envolvidos na patogênese e/ou fisiopatologia da IC, podendo ser utilizados como biomarcadores genéticos com sensibilidade e especificidade semelhantes ou superiores aos empregados atualmente no diagnóstico e prognóstico da IC.


Heart Failure (HF) is one of the main causes of hospitalization worldwide and has a high degree of morbidity and mortality being considered a public health pro- blem. lncRNAs (non-coding long RNAs) have very complex transcriptional and/or post- transcriptional regulatory functions that are still not entirely clear but may influence car- diovascular diseases, including HF. Thus, the study aimed to identify in the literature the role of lncRNAs in the pathogenesis of HF through an integrative review with a systema- tic search. A total of 33 articles were considered eligible for reading and composition of the study. The roles of lncRNA in HF were reported as possible biological markers for the diagnosis and prognosis of the disease due to its expressiveness in the bloodstream. In addition, lncRNAs may be related to functional capacity since the increase or decrease in their expression promotes a reduction in endothelial cell apoptosis, and improves car- diac dysfunction, contractility, and calcium channel disorders in patients with HF. The- refore, lncRNAs seem to be involved in the pathogenesis and/or pathophysiology of HF and can be used as genetic biomarkers with sensitivity and specificity similar or superior to those currently employed in the diagnosis and prognosis of HF.


La Insuficiencia Cardiaca (IC) es una de las principales causas de hospita- lización en el mundo y tiene un alto grado de morbimortalidad considerándose un pro- blema de salud pública. Los lncRNAs (ARN largos no codificantes) tienen funciones re- guladoras transcripcionales y/o post-transcripcionales muy complejas que aún no están del todo claras pero que pueden influir en las enfermedades cardiovasculares, incluida la IC. Así pues, el estudio se propuso identificar en la literatura el papel de los lncRNAs en la patogénesis de la IC mediante una revisión integradora con una búsqueda sistemática. Un total de 33 artículos fueron considerados elegibles para su lectura y composición del estudio. Las funciones de los lncRNA en la IC se señalaron como posibles marcadores biológicos para el diagnóstico y pronóstico de la enfermedad debido a su expresividad en el torrente sanguíneo. Además, los lncRNAs pueden estar relacionados con la capacidad funcional, ya que el aumento o disminución de su expresión promueve una reducción de la apoptosis de las células endoteliales y mejora la disfunción cardiaca, la contractilidad y los trastornos de los canales de calcio en pacientes con IC. Por tanto, los lncRNAs parecen estar implicados en la patogénesis y/o fisiopatología de la IC y pueden ser utili- zados como biomarcadores genéticos con sensibilidad y spe-cificidad similares o superi- ores a los empleados actualmente en el diagnóstico y pronóstico de la IC.


Subject(s)
Heart Failure/diagnosis , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Patients/psychology , Review Literature as Topic , Biomarkers , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Gene Expression , Public Health/statistics & numerical data , Heart Diseases/diagnosis , Hospitalization
4.
Horiz. enferm ; 34(1): 22-34, 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1427979

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El trato humanizado es cuando un profesional aborda el cuidado y la familia, compartiendo experiencias, apreciando valores y reconociendo la individualidad de la otra persona. OBJETIVO: Determinar la percepción en la recuperación de la salud de la persona hospitalizada respecto a la calidad de los cuidados de enfermería en el hospital regional de San Gil. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo-transversal, la muestra estuvo conformada por 101 personas hospitalizadas que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión, se aplicó el Instrumento sobre la Percepción en la recuperación de la salud de la persona hospitalizada respecto a la calidad de los cuidados de enfermería en el hospital regional de San Gil, los resultados se analizaron en el programa estadístico SPSS. RESULTADOS: El 97,0% (n=98) de los encuestados dicen que la buena relación de enfermera persona si mejora su estado de salud. CONCLUSIÓN: El profesional de enfermería brinda un cuidado al aspecto o necesidad emocional del paciente creando un entorno confortable siendo este el motivo por el cual se sienta más a gusto con la atención recibida.


INTRODUCTION: Humanized treatment is when a professional approaches care and family, sharing experiences, appreciating values and recognizing the individuality of the other person. OBJECTIVE: To determine the perception in the recovery of health of the hospitalized person regarding the quality of nursing care in the regional hospital of San Gil. METHODS: Descriptive-cross-sectional study, the sample consisted of 101 hospitalized persons who met the inclusion criteria, the Instrument on the Perception on the recovery of health of the hospitalized person with respect to the quality of nursing care in the regional hospital of San Gil was applied, the results were analyzed in the statistical program SPSS. RESULTS: 97.0% (n=98) of the respondents say that the good nurse-person relationship does improve their state of health. CONCLUSION: The nursing professional provides care to the emotional aspect or need of the patient by creating a comfortable environment, which is the reason why the patient feels more comfortable with the care received.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Patients/psychology , Nursing Care/psychology , Colombia , Ethics, Nursing
5.
Ter. psicol ; 40(2): 231-256, jul. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1410236

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Existe un variado número de investigaciones que emplea nociones de la perspectiva de sistemas dinámicos (SD) para describir procesos de cambio en psicoterapia, conceptualizándolo como un sistema no lineal autoorganizado que presenta procesos emergentes y variaciones estructurales. Se realizó una revisión sistemática de la investigación en psicoterapia individual con pacientes adultos abordada desde esta perspectiva. La revisión se sustentó en la metodología PRISMA rastreando los principales conceptos de la perspectiva SD aplicados a la psicoterapia individual de adultos (entre 1997 y 2019), en los idiomas inglés y español, utilizando las bases de datos electrónicas PsycINFO y ProQuest. La selección final incluyó 34 estudios, tanto estudios de caso como estudios naturalistas, que abordaron diferentes variables de proceso y resultado de la psicoterapia. Los resultados resaltan la forma en que dichos conceptos ayudan a comprender el cambio de los pacientes como un proceso no lineal, destacando sus características de autoorganización, transiciones desde estados que generan sufrimiento psicológico a estados más saludables, y la formación de patrones emergentes en diferentes etapas de la psicoterapia. Se discuten algunos aspectos derivados (p.e. rol de la alianza, y de las intervenciones clínicas) que pueden ser abordados en el trabajo terapéutico.


Abstract: There is a diverse body of research that utilizes notions of the dynamical systems (DS) perspective to describe change processes in psychotherapy, understanding it as a non-linear self-organized system that presents emergent processes and structural variations. A systematic review of research in individual psychotherapy with adult patients addressed from this perspective has been carried out. The review was carried out supported by the PRISMA methodology tracking the main concepts of the DS perspective applied to individual psychotherapy of adults (between 1997 and 2019), in English and Spanish, using the electronic databases PsycINFO and ProQuest. The final selection included 34 studies, both case studies and naturalistic studies, covering different process and outcome variables of psychotherapy. The results highlight how such concepts help to understand patients' change as a nonlinear process, emphasizing its self-organizing characteristics, transitions from states that generate psychological distress to healthier states, and the formation of emergent patterns at different stages of psychotherapy. Some related aspects (e.g. role of the alliance, and of clinical interventions) that can be considered in the therapeutic work are discussed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Patients/psychology , Nonlinear Dynamics
6.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(3): 318-324, jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407912

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los aspectos espirituales y religiosos han retomado su importancia en la atención de salud, en la búsqueda de una atención integral, digna y más humana, teniendo en cuenta además, los múltiples beneficios clínicos asociados. Sin embargo, el cuidado de las necesidades espirituales y religiosas, históricamente asumidas por capellanes religiosos y guías espirituales, actualmente, en forma paulatina, son considerados parte de las obligaciones de los equipos de salud, no sin la reticencia de los mismos y sin una manera clara de cómo hacerlo. El objetivo del presente trabajo es presentar la importancia de la atención de las necesidades espirituales y religiosas en el cuidado de salud y un modelo de atención basado en el acompañamiento espiritual.


In the search for comprehensive, dignified and more humane care, the spiritual and religious aspects have regained their importance in health care. Furthermore, the múltiple associated clinical benefits must also be taken into account. However, the care of spiritual and religious needs, historically undertaken by religious chaplains and spiritual guides, have gradually become considered part of the obligations of the health teams, in spite of their reluctance and without a clear way on how to do it. The objective of this work is to present the importance of attending to the spiritual and religious needs in health care and a care model based on spiritual accompaniment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patients/psychology , Health Personnel/psychology , Spirituality , Respect , Religion and Medicine , Surveys and Questionnaires , Delivery of Health Care
7.
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 60(2): 213-222, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388426

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Los avances de la medicina moderna nos han permitido la subespecialización de diversas áreas, con gran ganancia en múltiples ámbitos, pero adoleciendo a veces de perder la perspectiva del ser humano completo. La salud como la enfermedad suceden a un sujeto que es más que la suma de sus partes. La psiquiatría, especialmente la de enlace, busca integrar las miradas y superar la "falsa escisión" del ser. Logra hacerlo cuando el síntoma inicia en la psiquis. La medicina psicosomática emerge como oportunidad de hacerlo cuando el síntoma/enfermedad se origina en el cuerpo. Se presenta la historia de una persona, que presenta una enfermedad orgánica muy frecuente en nuestros días, abordando lo convencional y clásico, sumando además la mirada psicosomática. Para ello usa las herramientas de la medicina integrativa, específicamente las de la medicina antroposófica y terapia artística de dicha corriente. El objeto de su presentación es mostrar esta mirada de como enfocar a estos paciente y su acompañamiento terapéutico, que intenta reunificar psique-soma como una forma de sanación del Ser. Este enfoque propone un camino concreto, con una mirada y un lenguaje común, entre diversas especialidades, que permita recuperar el lugar de centro de la identidad del ser humano, como ser sujeto a acompañar en salud y enfermedad. Pienso que esto puede tener beneficios en la morbi- mortalidad de los pacientes.


ABSTRACT The advances of modern medicine have allowed us to subspecialize in various areas, with great gain in multiple areas, but sometimes suffering from losing the perspective of the complete human being. Health and illness happen to a subject who is more than the sum of its parts. Liaison Psychiatry seeks to integrate the looks and overcome the "false split" of being. It manages to do it when the symptom starts in the psyche. Psychosomatic medicine emerges as an opportunity to do so when the symptom / illness originates in the body. I present the story of a pathient, who has a very frequent organic disease in our days, addressing the conventional view, and also adding the psychosomatic perspective. For this we use the tools of integrative medicine, specifically those of anthroposophic medicine and artistic therapy. The purpose of his presentation is to show this sight of how to approach these patients and their therapeutic accompaniment, which tries to reunify psyche-somatism as a form of healing of the Being. This approach proposes a concrete path, with a common sight and language, between various specialties, that allows to recover the place of center of the identity of the human being, as being subject to accompany in health and illness. I think this may have benefits in the morbidity and mortality of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Patients/psychology , Art Therapy , Psychosomatic Medicine , Anthroposophy
8.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e56546, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367534

ABSTRACT

The aim of the study is to determine the psychological well-being of patients who underwent stem cell transplantation. This cross-sectional study was conducted with 100 patients. Data were collected face-to-face using an introductory information form and the Brief Symptom Inventory.When the results of the patients were examined, the interpersonal sensitivity of the sub-dimensions of the scale was found to be 5.0 ± 4.06, depression 7.60 ± 5.37, and anxiety disorder 7.90 ± 5.34. There was a significant difference between the diagnosistime of the patients and all sub-factors of the scale, except phobic anxiety. It was found that the psychological state of the patients was directly related to the time of first diagnosis. As a result, the importance of following the psychological processof the patients during the treatment process was revealed when planning nursing care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Patients/psychology , Stem Cell Transplantation/nursing , Emotional Adjustment/ethics , Nursing Care/ethics , Anxiety Disorders/diagnosis , Anxiety Disorders/nursing , Anxiety Disorders/rehabilitation , Paranoid Disorders/diagnosis , Paranoid Disorders/nursing , Paranoid Disorders/therapy , Psychotic Disorders/diagnosis , Psychotic Disorders/nursing , Psychotic Disorders/therapy , Somatoform Disorders/diagnosis , Somatoform Disorders/nursing , Somatoform Disorders/therapy , Bone Marrow , Demography/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression/diagnosis , Depression/nursing , Hostility , Neoplasms/diagnosis , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/diagnosis , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/nursing , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/therapy
9.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e58112, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363999

ABSTRACT

Objective: to understand the perception and performance of the Nursing team in a hospital emergency service in the care of patients after attempting suicide. Methods: exploratorystudy, with a qualitative approach, carried out through semi-structured interviews with Nursing professionals who work in an Emergency Service. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed as to their content following Bardin's thematic model. Results: seven nurses and four Nursing technicians participated in the study, with an average age of 36 years, most of them female. Suicide attempts are often associated with 'psychic pain' that is opposed to the principles of life preservation; such an attitude has caused suicidal behavior to be misinterpreted by health professionals. Conclusion: most professionals demonstrated a stereotyped 'pre-concept' and full of taboos about patients who attempted suicide, which triggered a service more directed to physical needs and protocol formalities. Few professionals reported carrying out holistic and empathic care, which is so necessary for these people. In this sense, the importance and urgency of training the team in the identification of suicide risks and in the continuity of treatment of surviving individuals is emphasized.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Suicide, Attempted/psychology , Nursing Care/psychology , Nursing, Team/organization & administration , Pain/psychology , Patients/psychology , Religion , Suicide/psychology , Mental Health , Emergency Nursing/ethics , Death , Health Services Needs and Demand , Hospitals, Packaged/supply & distribution , Nurses/psychology
10.
Psicol. reflex. crit ; 35: 31, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1406434

ABSTRACT

Positive thinking is a form of positive cognition and a coping strategy. The Positive Thinking Scale (PTS) is used to measure positive thinking, but the reliability and validity of the PTS-Chinese have yet to be tested. This study aims to examine the psychometric properties of the PTS-Chinese. A total of 154 patients post-hip fracture surgery completed the questionnaire in a hospital in Taiwan between April 2020 and December 2020. The scales in the questionnaire included the PTS, Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire-Positive, Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire-Negative, Barthel Index, and items related to happiness, demographics, and disease treatment. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis and average variance extracted show that the PTS-Chinese version exhibits construct validity. Scores on the PTS-Chinese version are positively related to scores on the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire-Positive and happiness items and negatively related to scores on the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire-Negative. This finding indicates that the PTS-Chinese demonstrates concurrent, predictive, and discriminant validity. The scale also presents acceptable reliability and test-retest reliability. Overall, the PTS-Chinese can be used to evaluate and track the positive thinking of patients. Further studies are needed to assess the psychometric properties of the PTS-Chinese in different cultures and ethnic groups. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Patients/psychology , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Optimism , Psychometrics , China , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Hip Fractures/surgery
11.
Interface (Botucatu, Online) ; 26: e220017, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385945

ABSTRACT

The present study is a qualitative research with the objective of analyzing the perceptions of patients in the face of the challenges in the bariatric surgery line through focal groups. All patients were treated with an outpatient protocol, however, they were divided into two groups, one participated in the educational process and the other did not. Four categories of analysis were drawn up and discussed in the light of the current literature. Patients from the educational process were able to express themselves with greater positivity in view of the challenges and they showed better resources for going through the emotional suffering, the worsening of comorbidities and the risk of death. The results show the potential of education in health and of group work in the promotion of self-care and well-being.(AU)


O presente estudo trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa com o objetivo de analisar as percepções dos pacientes diante dos desafios na fila da cirurgia bariátrica por meio de grupos focais. Todos os pacientes foram atendidos com protocolo ambulatorial, porém, foram divididos em dois grupos, um participou do processo educativo e o outro não. Quatro categorias de análise foram elaboradas e discutidas à luz da literatura atual. Os pacientes do processo educativo conseguiram se expressar com maior positividade diante dos desafios e apresentaram melhores recursos para atravessar o sofrimento emocional, o agravamento das comorbidades e o risco de morte. Os resultados mostram o potencial da educação em saúde e do trabalho em grupo na promoção do autocuidado e do bem-estar.(AU)


El presente estudio se trata de una investigación cualitativa con el objetivo de analizar las percepciones de los pacientes ante los desafíos en la fila de la cirugía bariátrica por medio de grupos focales. Todos los pacientes fueron atendidos con protocolo ambulatorio, pero se dividieron en dos grupos, uno participó en el proceso educativo y el otro no. Se elaboraron y discutieron cuatro categorías de análisis a la luz de la literatura actual. Los pacientes del proceso educativo consiguieron expresarse con mayor positividad antes los desafíos y presentaron mejores recursos para pasar por el sufrimiento emocional, el agravamiento de las comorbilidades y el riesgo de muerte. Los resultados muestran el potencial de la educación en salud y del trabajo en grupo de la promoción del autocuidado y del bienestar.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Patients/psychology , Health Education , Bariatric Surgery , Qualitative Research , Obesity
12.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 21: e57088, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1384520

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: descrever o perfil dos pacientes com crise hipertensiva atendidos em uma Unidade de Pronto Atendimento. Método: estudo transversal descritivo, realizado por meio da análise de 80 prontuários de pacientes com quadro de crise hipertensiva, atendidos em uma unidade de pronto atendimento, entre o período de março de 2018 a fevereiro de 2019. Os dados foram coletados por meio de roteiro estruturado e receberam tratamento estatístico descritivo. Resultados: Após a análise dos 80 prontuários, constatou-se que a média de idade entre os pacientes atendidos foi de 58,03, sendo a faixa etária adulta a mais prevalente (53,8%). Constatou-se que a média da pressão arterial sistólica foi significativamente maior em homens em relação às mulheres (p=0,013). Quanto à sintomatologia, a cefaleia foi a mais prevalente, com 35,0%. Verificou-se que durante o atendimento da crise hipertensiva, a maioria dos pacientes fez uso de apenas uma droga para redução da PA, sendo o inibidor adrenérgico de ação central o mais citado. Quanto ao desfecho, grande parte dos pacientes recebeu alta (93,8%) logo após o atendimento, porém, 6,3% permaneceram em internamento de curta permanência até a estabilização do quadro. Considerações finais: Este estudo possibilitou a caracterização da população com crise hipertensiva atendida em um pronto atendimento, a qual evidencia uma possível fragilidade existente entre a articulação dos níveis de atenção à saúde.


RESUMEN Objetivo: describir el perfil de los pacientes con crisis hipertensiva atendidos en una Unidad de Pronta Atención. Método: estudio transversal descriptivo, realizado por medio del análisis de 80 registros médicos de pacientes con cuadro de crisis hipertensiva, atendidos en una unidad de pronta atención, entre el período de marzo de 2018 a febrero de 2019. Los datos fueron recogidos por medio de guion estructurado y recibieron tratamiento estadístico descriptivo. Resultados: después del análisis de los 80 registros médicos, se constató que el promedio de edad entre los pacientes atendidos fue de 58,03, siendo la franja etaria adulta la más prevalente (53,8%). Se constató que el promedio de la presión arterial sistólica fue significativamente mayor en hombres que en las mujeres (p=0,013). En cuanto a la sintomatología, la cefalea fue la más prevalente, con 35,0%. Se verificó que, durante la atención de la crisis hipertensiva, la mayoría de los pacientes hizo uso de solo una droga para reducción de la PA, siendo el inhibidor adrenérgico de acción central el más relatado. Respecto al resultado, gran parte de los pacientes recibió el alta (93,8%) inmediatamente después de la atención, sin embargo, el 6,3% permaneció en internamiento de corta estancia hasta la estabilización del cuadro. Consideraciones finales: este estudio posibilitó la caracterización de la población con crisis hipertensiva atendida en una pronta atención, la cual evidencia una posible fragilidad existente entre la articulación de los niveles de atención a la salud.


ABSTRACT Objective: to describe the profile of patients with hypertensive crisis treated at an Emergency Care Unit. Method: descriptive cross-sectional study carried out through the analysis of 80 medical records of patients with hypertensive crisis, treated at an emergency care unit, between March 2018 and February 2019. Data were collected using a structured script and were subjected to descriptive statistical treatment. Results: after analyzing the 80 medical records, it was found that the mean age of the treated patients was 58.03, with the adult age group being the most prevalent (53.8%). It was found that the mean systolic blood pressure was significantly higher in men than in women (p=0.013). As for symptoms, headache was the most prevalent, with 35.0%. It was found that during the treatment of the hypertensive crisis, most patients used only one drug to reduce BP, with centrally acting antiadrenergic drugs being the most cited. Regarding the outcome, most of the patients were discharged (93.8%) soon after treatment; however, 6.3% remained in short-term hospitalization until their condition stabilized. Final considerations: this study made it possible to characterize the population with hypertensive crisis treated in an emergency room, showing a possible fragility in the articulation between health care levell


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Patients/psychology , Health Profile , Emergency Medical Services/statistics & numerical data , Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Hypertension/diagnosis , Hypertension/drug therapy , Medical Records/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Nursing/statistics & numerical data , Delivery of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Emergency Service, Hospital/standards , Arterial Pressure , Arterial Pressure/drug effects , Clinical Study , Hospitals, Packaged/statistics & numerical data , Hypertension/nursing , Hypertension/epidemiology
14.
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 59(3): 185-196, sept. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388397

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Comunicar el diagnóstico de demencia es un importante desafío médico, por lo que tiende a ser una práctica poco frecuente no obstante el derecho de los pacientes a ser informados de sus diagnósticos. En Chile, existe investigación que describe las implicancias del diagnóstico de demencia en el sistema familiar y cuidadores informales, pero no se ha abordado esta experiencia desde la perspectiva de los pacientes, por lo que sus implicancias son también desconocidas. OBJETIVO: Describir las experiencias luego del diagnóstico de demencia desde la perspectiva de los pacientes. MATERIAL Y MÉTODO: Estudio cualitativo. Se realizó entrevistas a 11 personas, 6 hombres y 5 mujeres, con edad promedio 70 años (64-82), quienes recibieron el diagnóstico de demencia tipo Alzheimer en etapa leve y fueron informados de su diagnóstico por Neuróloga tratante. Las entrevistas transcritas fueron analizadas mediante análisis de contenido con codificación abierta, usando software NVivo 11.0 Pro. RESULTADOS: Las siguientes cinco categorías temáticas genéricas fueron producidas a partir del análisis de las entrevistas, describiendo la experiencia de los pacientes luego de recibir el diagnóstico: rol capacitante de la familia, ser informado/a sobre la demencia, autoestigma, ambivalencia en contar el diagnóstico, y estrategias de adaptación al diagnóstico. CONCLUSIONES: Los resultados de este estudio informan de necesidades específicas de los pacientes luego de ser informados del diagnóstico de demencia tipo Alzheimer. Se presentan consideraciones para el abordaje local del diagnóstico por equipos de salud y apoyo social que enfrentan el desafío de planificar la atención de personas con trastornos cognitivos y sus familias.


INTRODUCTION: Communicating the diagnosis of dementia is a medical challenge. Despite the the patients' right to be informed of their diagnosis, diagnostic disclosure is globally underperformed. In Chile, previous research has addressed the implications of diagnosis from the perspectives of families and family caregivers, but the perspectives and implications from the patients' perspectives remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: To describe the experiences of patients following the diagnosis of dementia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Qualitative study. Interviews were performed to 11 individuals who had received the diagnosis of early-stage dementia of the Alzheimer's type, 5 women and 6 men, average age 70 years old (64-82). Interviews transcripts were analyzed using content analysis with open coding, using software NVivo 11.0 Pro. RESULTS: The following five generic categories were produced from the interpretation of interviews to describe the experience of patients after being informed of a diagnosis of dementia: the enabling role of families, being informed about dementia, self-stigma, ambivalence on sharing the diagnosis, and coping strategies. CONCLUSIONS: Findings report specific unmet needs of patients who have been communicated of the diagnosis of dementia of the Alzheimer's type. Suggestions are presented to inform local health care and social support teams that face the challenge of developing interventions to support people with dementia and their families.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Patients/psychology , Dementia/diagnosis , Dementia/psychology , Truth Disclosure , Adaptation, Psychological , Interviews as Topic , Qualitative Research , Family Relations , Social Stigma , Alzheimer Disease/diagnosis , Alzheimer Disease/psychology
15.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(3): 686-702, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289812

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la depresión es uno de los problemas de salud que más afecta a los seres humanos a nivel mundial. En Cuba, un elevado número de personas padece este flagelo, sin distinción de razas, sexos u otras categorías. Objetivo: evaluar la efectividad de la hipnosis como modalidad terapéutica en pacientes deprimidos. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio explicativo de tipo experimental de comparación de grupo pre-post prueba en 30 pacientes con trastornos depresivos; 15 de ellos se atendieron con hipnoterapia (grupo estudio) y otros 15 mediante terapia racional emotiva conductual (grupo control). Por la importancia para enriquecer la investigación, se definió como variable independiente el tratamiento empleado según el grupo, y como variables dependientes la respuesta psicológica antidepresiva y ansiolítica. Los datos se procesaron cuantitativa y cualitativamente. Se empleó la prueba de las probabilidades exactas de Fisher y la t de Student para validar la significación del cambio. Resultados: en términos de evolución clínica, la hipnoterapia fue efectiva, ya que el 93,3 % de los pacientes mejoraron significativamente en comparación con los resultados obtenidos con la terapia conductual racional emotiva, dados en un 73,33 %. Conclusión: la hipnoterapia es tan efectiva como la terapia racional emotiva conductual, y si bien no hubo diferencias significativas por los resultados del estadígrafo matemático empleado, sí las hubo desde el punto de vista práctico y clínico, pues evolucionaron más rápido los pacientes del grupo estudio que los del grupo control (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: depression is one of the health problems more affecting the human being around the world. A high number of persons suffers this scourge, without distinction of race, sex or any other category. Objective: to assess hypnosis effectiveness as a therapeutic modality in depressed patients. Materials and methods: an experimental-kind explanatory study was carried out comparing a group of 30 patients with depressive disorders before and after test; 15 of them were treated with hypnotherapy (study group) and 15 with rational emotive behavioral therapy (control group). For the importance of enriching the research the treatment used according to each group was defined as independent variable and the anxiolytic and anti-depressive psychological answer. Data were quantitative and qualitatively processed. Fisher's exact test and T student test were used to validate the change significance. Results: in terms of clinical evolution, hypnotherapy was effective, since 93.3% of patients significantly improved in comparison to the results achieved with the rational emotive behavioral therapy, reaching 73.33%. Conclusions: hypnotherapy is as effective as rational emotive behavioral therapy, and although there were not significant differences due to the results of the used mathematical statistic, there they were from the practical and clinical point of view, because the patients from the study group improved faster than the ones in the control group AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Depression/therapy , Hypnosis/methods , Patients/psychology , Therapeutics/methods , Health Services/standards
16.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(supl.1): 197-204, Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155309

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to understand indicators of the social representation of the coronavirus in adolescents undergoing cancer treatment during the COVID -19pandemic. Methods: the theory of social representations was used as theoretical and methodological support in its procedural approach in an exploratory study of a qualitative nature. The free word association technique was used in the application of virtual forms using guidelines of the snowball method. The terms 'Coronavirus', 'Going to the hospital' and 'Cancer treatment' were applied. After that moment, the participants were asked for a hierarchy and justification of the evoked words. Data analysis was based on content analysis and frequency distribution of the content produced. Results: articulations were made on the impacts that the pandemic situation had on the treatment experience of that population. It was identified a character endowed with fear and tension about the elaboration of the reality of these subjects in the current period in face of the inevitability of a hospital scenario that facilitates contamination and facing the immunological vulnerability characteristic of their treatments. Conclusions: the participants constructed different contents of psychological suffering aimed at expressions of fear and insecurity experienced during the pandemic period in the face of assistance in the hospital setting. This study is understood as a contribution to more effective actions in order to adapt the care plan of this population, aiming at future professional interventions.


Resumo Objetivos: compreender indicadores da representação social do coronavírus em jovens em tratamento oncológico durante a pandemia do COVID-19. Métodos: utilizou-se como apoio teórico-metodológico a teoria das representações sociais na sua abordagem processual em estudo exploratório de natureza qualitativa. Empregou-se a técnica de associação livre de palavras na aplicação de formulários virtuais utilizando diretrizes do método bola de neve. Foram aplicados os termos indutores 'Coronavírus', 'Ir ao hospital' e 'Tratamento contra o câncer'. Após esse momento foi solicitado aos participantes uma hierarquização e justificativa das palavras evocadas. A análise dos dados foi pautada na análise de conteúdo e distribuição de frequência dos conteúdos produzidos. Resultados: realizou-se articulações sobre os impactos que a conjuntura pandêmica gerou na experiência de tratamento da referida população. Identificou-se um carácter dotado de receio e tensão sobre a elaboração da realidade desses sujeitos no período atual diante da inevitabilidade de um cenário hospitalar facilitador da contaminação e frente a vulnerabilidade imunológica característica de seus tratamentos. Conclusões: os participantes construíram diferentes conteúdos de sofrimento psicológico voltados para expressões de medo e insegurança vivenciadas no período da pandemia diante da assistência em cenário hospitalar. Entende-se este estudo como uma contribuição para ações mais efetivas no intuito de adequar o plano de cuidado dessa população, visando futuras intervenções profissionais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Patients/psychology , Psychology, Social , Hospital Care , Psycho-Oncology , COVID-19 , Neoplasms/therapy , SARS-CoV-2
17.
Interface (Botucatu, Online) ; 25: e200809, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279225

ABSTRACT

Neste artigo, objetiva-se investigar as práticas corporais/atividades físicas e os discursos produzidos pelos usuários do Programa Academia da Cidade em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, em sua articulação com o cuidado integral na Atenção Primária à Saúde. Realizou-se uma pesquisa qualitativa ancorada no estudo de casos múltiplos com triangulação de métodos, envolvendo observação participante e entrevistas semiestruturadas. Buscamos aproximações com a perspectiva da subjetivação em Michel Foucault. Nas duas unidades pesquisadas constatou-se a presença não apenas da forma hegemônica de produção de cuidados em saúde, representada pela noção de atividade física, mas outras que se aproximaram da noção de práticas corporais. Tal fato contribuiu para se assumir a dupla e imbricada noção atribuída às ações produtoras de cuidados em saúde como práticas corporais/atividades físicas. Ambas se constituíram legítimas na produção de subjetividades dos usuários. (AU)


This article investigates the bodily practices/physical activity and discources produced by participants in the City Gym Program in Belo Horizonte, Brazil in relation to comprehensive primary health care. We conducted a qualitative study anchored in multiple case studies using participant observation and semi-structured interviews and drawing on the concept of subjectivation proposed by Michel Foucault. In the two gyms included in this study, the findings reveal the presence of the hegemonic approach to health care, represented by the notion of physical activity, and other approaches that resemble the concept of bodily practices. This contributed to the adoption of a dual interwined notion of health care as bodily practices/physical activity. Both approaches were legitimate in the production of subjectivities of program participants. (AU)


El objetivo de este artículo es investigar las prácticas corporales /actividades físicas y los discursos producidos por los usuarios del Programa Gimnasio de la Ciudad en Belo Horizonte, Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil, en su articulación con el cuidado integral en la Atención Primaria de la Salud. Se realizó una investigación cualitativa anclada en el estudio de casos múltiples con triangulación de métodos, envolviendo observación participante y entrevistas semiestructuradas. Buscamos aproximaciones con la perspectiva de la subjetivación en Michel Foucault. En las dos unidades investigadas se constató la presencia no solo de la forma hegemónica de producción de cuidados de salud, representada por la noción de actividad física, sino también otras que se aproximaron de la noción de prácticas corporales. Tal hecho contribuyó para asumir la doble y superpuesta noción atribuida a las acciones productoras de cuidados de salud como prácticas corporales/actividades físicas. Ambas se constituyeron como legítimas en la producción de subjetividades de los usuarios. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Patients/psychology , Primary Health Care , Exercise/physiology , Narration , Fitness Centers , Qualitative Research , Integrality in Health
18.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341983

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este artículo consiste en dar a conocer un perfil social, económico y demográfico de la población registrada con SISBÉN en el Hospital Departamental Psiquiátrico Universitario del Valle (HDPUV) entre el 2009 y el 2018, cuyo diagnóstico se encuentra dentro del grupo de los trastornos del humor (correspondiente al espectro de códigos del CIE-10 que va desde F30 a F39, episodio maníaco, trastorno bipolar, episodio depresivo, trastorno depresivo recurrente, trastorno del humor persistente, otros trastornos del humor, trastorno del humor sin especificación). Se optó por un trabajo en el que se complementó la información entre las bases de datos del SISBÉN de Cali y la del HDPUV para profundizar en datos sobre pobreza y vulnerabilidad de las personas que son potenciales beneficiarios de programas sociales estatales. Se identificaron 5.280 pacientes diagnosticados con trastornos del humor, en su mayoría mujeres (70,4 %) en condiciones de vulnerabilidad económicas, sociales y de acceso a servicios de salud, que representan otro factor más de riesgo para su salud mental.


The aim of this article is to provide a social, economic and demographic profile of the population registered with SISBÉN at the Hospital Departamental Psiquiátrico Universitario del Valle (HDPUV) between 2009 and 2018, whose diagnosis is within the group of mood disorders, (corresponding to the spectrum of ICD- 10 codes ranging from F30 to F39, manic episode, bipolar disorder, depressive episode, recurrent depressive disorder, persistent mood disorder, other mood disorders, mood disorder without specification). We opted for a study in which we complemented the information between the Cali SISBÉN and HDPUV databases to deepen in data on poverty and vulnerability of people who are potential beneficiaries of state social programs. We identified 5,280 patients diagnosed with mood disorders, mostly women (70.4%) in conditions of economic, social and access to health services vulnerability, which represent yet another risk factor for their mental health.


Subject(s)
Mentally Ill Persons/psychology , Patients/psychology , Poverty/psychology , Mental Health
19.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341985

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este trabajo fue realizar una aproximación conceptual y análisis de prácticas que permitan problematizar la inclusión de estrategias comunitarias en abordajes integrales de salud mental. Desde una perspectiva cualitativa, este escrito es producto de un proceso de articulación conceptual y sistematización derivado de un análisis reflexivo sobre prácticas de salud mental desarrolladas en el primer nivel de atención en la ciudad y provincia de Buenos Aires desde el año 2010. Se reconoce la fragilización de redes comunitarias como una problemática colectiva en salud mental, y se propone a la promoción en salud mental como estrategia central que permite, desde una perceptiva no normativa e integral, el desarrollo de acciones participativas y el fortalecimiento de lazos comunitarios solidarios como recursos colectivos para el cuidado de la salud mental. Se abordan ejes problemáticos relevados en la implementación de dichas prácticas y su relación con una vigente tensión entre los modelos biomédico e integral de atención. Se articulan reflexiones relacionadas a la pandemia por COVID-19, evidenciando una necesidad actual de profundizar el desarrollo de estrategias comunitarias en salud mental.


The objective of this work was to carry out a conceptual approach and analysis of practices that allow problematizing the inclusion of community strategies in comprehensive mental health approaches. From a qualitative perspective, this paper is the result of a process of conceptual articulation and systematization derived from a reflexive analysis of mental health practices developed in the first level of care in the City and Province of Buenos Aires since 2010. The fragilization of community networks is recognized as a collective mental health problem, and mental health promotion is proposed as a central strategy that allows, from a non-normative and comprehensive perspective, the development of participatory actions and the strengthening of supportive community bonds, as collective resources for mental health care. It addresses problematic axes revealed in the implementation of such practices and their relationship with a current tension between the biomedical and integral models of care. Reflections related to the COVID-19 pandemic are articulated, evidencing a current need to deepen the development of community strategies in mental health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patients/psychology , Psychology, Social , Community Participation/methods , Patient Care
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