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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880419


This paper introduced a liver normothermic machine perfusion repair and assessment system. This system consists of a liver normothermic machine perfusion device, a fluorescence imaging system and a tissue oxygen detector. The normothermic machine perfusion device can continuously perfuse the donor liver and monitor and control the perfusion parameters in real time. The fluorescence imaging system can detect the indocyanine green metabolized by the liver to evaluate the microcirculation and the metabolism function of hepatocytes. The tissue oxygen detector can monitor the change of oxygen partial pressure of liver tissue in real time to evaluate the state of cell oxygen consumption.

Humans , Liver , Liver Transplantation , Living Donors , Organ Preservation , Perfusion
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879946


:To explore the value of quantitative perfusion histogram parameters of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) in pathological classification of uterine leiomyoma and its correlation with Ki-67 protein expression. Thirty five patients with uterine leiomyoma confirmed by operation and pathology at Shaoxing People's Hospital from October 2015 to September 2017 were analyzed retrospectively,including 15 cases of ordinary type,8 cases of cellular type and 12 cases of degenerative type. All patients were examined by pelvic DCE-MRI before operation,and the histogram parameters (median,mean,skewness,kurtosis,energy,entropy) of various quantitative perfusion parameters,including volume transport constant (K),rate constant (K),extravascular extracellular space distribute volume per unit tissue volume (V),blood plasma volume per unit volume of tissue (V) were calculated,and the efficacy of different parameters in pathological classification of uterine leiomyoma was evaluated by ROC curve. The expression of Ki-67 protein in uterine leiomyoma was detected by immunohistochemical method,and the correlation between histogram parameters and Ki-67 protein expression was analyzed by Pearson and Spearman correlation analysis. The median and mean values of K,K,V and V in the cellular group were higher than those in the degenerative group and the ordinary group(<0.05 or <0.01),while the skewness of V,the skewness and kurtosis of K in the cellular group were lower than those in the ordinary group (all <0.05). The entropy of K in the cellular group was higher than that in the degenerative group and the ordinary group (all < 0.05). The entropy of V in the cellular group was higher than that in the ordinary group (<0.01). The median,mean,skewness of K,median and mean of K,median and mean of V,median,mean,energy and entropy of V were correlated with Ki-67 expression(all <0.05). The results of ROC curve analysis showed that the median threshold of K was 0.994/min,the sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of cellular uterine leiomyoma were 100.0% and 77.8% respectively,and the area under the ROC curve was 0.949. When the mean threshold of K was 1.170/min,the sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing cellular uterine leiomyoma were 100.0% and 77.8% respectively,and the area under the ROC curve was 0.958. The area under the ROC curve of K (entropy),K (median,mean),V (median,mean,entropy) in the diagnosis of cellular uterine leiomyoma were 0.755-0.907. :DCE-MRI quantitative perfusion histogram parameters have high diagnostic value in differentiating pathological types of uterine leiomyoma,especially for cellular uterine leiomyoma.

Contrast Media , Humans , Leiomyoma/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Perfusion , Retrospective Studies
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06785, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | ID: biblio-1250490


The objective of this study was to verify the applicability of B-mode ultrasonography, ARFI elastography and CEUS in the diagnosis of chronic kidney disease and its Stages in dogs. 24 healthy dogs and 28 with CKD were included. In B-mode, the echogenicity, echotexture and cortico-medullary ratio of the kidneys were verified. By elastography, the shear-wave velocity of the cortical (SWVcort) and medullary (SWVmed) regions were determined and tissue deformity was evaluated. Wash-in, wash-out and peak enhancement (TPic) of the contrast in the renal parenchyma were calculated and homogeneity, presence of filling gaps and distinction of filling phases were evaluated by CEUS. Changes in echogenicity, echotexture and cortico-medullary ratio were observed only in sick patients. There was an increase in SWVcort in CKD, with a cutoff point >2.91m/s. Healthy kidneys were non-deformable and 25% had changes in gray scales. There was an increase in wash-in and TPic, changes in filling characteristics, filling failures and difficulty in distinguishing between the Stages in CEUS in CKD. It was found that dogs with CKD 2, 3 and 4 had greater SWVcort and wash-in values than CKD 1. Elastographic and CEUS changes were observed in dogs with CKD, demonstrating the applicability of ultrasonographic techniques in their diagnosis.(AU)

O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a aplicabilidade da ultrassonografia modo-B, elastografia ARFI e CEUS no diagnóstico da doença renal crônica e seus estágios em cães. Foram incluídos 24 cães saudáveis e 28 com DRC. Pelo modo-B, verificou-se ecogenicidade, ecotextura e relação córtico-medular dos rins. Pela elastografia, foram determinadas as velocidades de cisalhamento das regiões cortical (SWVcort) e medular (SWVmed) e foi avaliada a deformidade tecidual. Calculou-se os temos de wash-in, wash-out e pico de intensidade (TPic) do parênquima renal e avaliou-se homogeneidade, presença de falhas e distinção das fases de preenchimento por contraste por meio de CEUS. Alterações em ecogenicidade, ecotextura e relação córtico-medular foram observadas somente em pacientes doentes. Houve aumento da SWVcort na DRC, com ponto de corte >2.91m/s. Rins saudáveis foram não-deformáveis e 25% apresentou alterações nas escalas de cinza. Houve aumento do wash-in e TPic, alterações nas características de preenchimento, falhas e dificuldade para distinguir as fases de preenchimento do contraste nos rins com DRC. Verificou-se que cães com DRC graus 2, 3 e 4 tiveram valores de SWVcort e wash-in maiores que cães com DRC grau 1. Foram obsrervadas alterações elastográfica e de CEUS em cães com DRC, demonstrando a aplicabilidade destas técnicas ultrassonográficas no seu diagnóstico.(AU)

Animals , Dogs , Congenital Abnormalities , Ultrasonography , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Perfusion , Kidney
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878697


Objective To determine the appropriate averaging strategy for pancreatic perfusion datasets to create images for routine reading of insulinoma.Methods Thirty-nine patients undergoing pancreatic perfusion CT in Peking Union Medical College Hospital and diagnosed as insulinoma by pathology were enrolled in this retrospective study.The time-density curve of abdominal aorta calculated by software dynamic angio was used to decide the timings for averaging.Five strategies,by averaging 3,5,7,9 and 11 dynamic scans in perfusion,all including peak enhancement of the abdominal aorta,were investigated in the study.The image noise,pancreas signal-to-noise ratio(SNR),lesion contrast and lesion contrast-to-noise ratio(CNR)were recorded and compared.Besides,overall image quality and insulinoma depiction were also compared.ANOVA and Friedman's test were performed.Results The image noise decreased and the SNR of pancreas increased with the increase in averaging time points(all P0.99)and were higher than that of the first group(all P<0.05).There was no significant difference in overall image quality among the 5 groups(P=0.977).Conclusions Image averaged from 5 scans showed moderate image noise,pancreas SNR and relatively high lesion contrast and lesion CNR.Therefore,it is advised to be used in image averaging to detect insulinoma.

Contrast Media , Humans , Insulinoma/diagnostic imaging , Pancreas/diagnostic imaging , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Perfusion , Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted , Reading , Retrospective Studies , Signal-To-Noise Ratio
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1181-1190, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878169


BACKGROUND@#Pre-operative non-invasive histological evaluation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains a challenge. Tumor perfusion is significantly associated with the development and aggressiveness of HCC. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the clinical value of quantitative liver perfusion parameters and corresponding histogram parameters derived from traditional triphasic enhanced computed tomography (CT) scans in predicting histological grade of HCC.@*METHODS@#Totally, 52 patients with HCC were enrolled in this retrospective study and underwent triple-phase enhanced CT imaging. The blood perfusion parameters were derived from triple-phase CT scans. The relationship of liver perfusion parameters and corresponding histogram parameters with the histological grade of HCC was analyzed. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine the optimal ability of the parameters to predict the tumor histological grade.@*RESULTS@#The variance of arterial enhancement fraction (AEF) was significantly higher in HCCs without poorly differentiated components (NP-HCCs) than in HCCs with poorly differentiated components (P-HCCs). The difference in hepatic blood flow (HF) between total tumor and total liver flow (ΔHF = HFtumor - HFliver) and relative flow (rHF = ΔHF/HFliver) were significantly higher in NP-HCCs than in P-HCCs. The difference in portal vein blood supply perfusion (PVP) between tumor and liver tissue (ΔPVP) and the ΔPVP/liver PVP ratio (rPVP) were significantly higher in patients with NP-HCCs than in patients with P-HCCs. The area under ROC (AUC) of ΔPVP and rPVP were both 0.697 with a high sensitivity of 84.2% and specificity of only 56.2%. The ΔHF and rHF had a higher specificity of 87.5% with an AUC of 0.681 and 0.673, respectively. The combination of rHF and rPVP showed the highest AUC of 0.732 with a sensitivity of 57.9% and specificity of 93.8%. The combined parameter of ΔHF and rPVP, rHF and rPVP had the highest positive predictive value of 0.903, and that of rPVP and ΔPVP had the highest negative predictive value of 0.781.@*CONCLUSION@#Liver perfusion parameters and corresponding histogram parameters (including ΔHF, rHF, ΔPVP, rPVP, and AEFvariance) in patients with HCC derived from traditional triphasic CT scans may be helpful to non-invasively and pre-operatively predict the degree of the differentiation of HCC.

Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnostic imaging , Contrast Media , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Perfusion , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Gac. méd. boliv ; 43(2): 228-231, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249989


TRAP describe la perfusión crónica de un gemelo acardíaco por un gemelo de bomba a través de canales vasculares entrelazados permeables. La secuencia TRAP ocurre en 1 de cada 35.000 nacimientos o en 1 de cada 100 pares de gemelos monocigóticos. Se diagnostica mediante los hallazgos ecográficos de un feto de desarrollo normal y una masa amorfa con frecuencia con partes fetales perceptibles. El Doppler color revela el flujo sanguíneo reverso hacia el gemelo acardíaco dentro de la arteria umbilical lo que lleva a las complicaciones típicas del cuadro. El manejo expectante es razonable en ausencia de características pronósticas deficientes. El propósito de este artículo es revisar los aspectos básicos y el estado actual de esta condición, haciendo énfasis en el diagnóstico y el manejo expectante.

TRAP describes the chronic perfusion of an acardiac twin by a pump twin through permeable interlocking vascular channels. TRAP occurs in 1 in 35,000 births or 1 in 100 pairs of monozygotic twins. It is diagnosed by ultrasound findings of a normally developing fetus and an amorphous mass often with noticeable fetal parts. Color Doppler reveals the reverse blood flow to the acardiac twin within the umbilical artery, leading to typical complications of the condition. Expectant management is reasonable in the absence of poor prognostic characteristics. The purpose of this article is to review the basic aspects and current status of this condition, emphasizing the diagnosis and expectant management.

Female , Adult , Fetus , Perfusion , Twins , Blood
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(2): 305-311, Mar./Apr. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | ID: biblio-1128167


The effects of two vibration platform (VP) exercise protocols on stifle and rectal temperatures were evaluated. Eleven animals participated in two exercise protocols, different in duration in each exercise. Exercise protocol 1 (EP1) took 30 seconds and EP2, 60 seconds, with different vibratory levels in both cases (L1 = acceleration ≅ 1g, L4 = acceleration ≅ 2.5g, and L7 = acceleration ≅ 5g). The animals were evaluated before and 1 minute after the exercise, using infrared thermography to obtain stifle temperatures. The rectal temperature (RT) was also checked at each moment. The dogs had higher stifle temperatures in EP1 at all vibratory levels compared to the time before the exercise; EP2 resulted in higher temperature only at maximum vibration intensity (L7). Increase in TR was observed only in EP2. The results suggested that the short duration protocol (EP1) increased the muscular and peripheral vascular activities of the joint, regardless of the vibration intensity. The long duration protocol (EP2) with maximum vibration intensity increased the RT, demonstrating activity beyond the stifle muscle group. It is concluded that exercises on the VP can be used as complementary therapy for low-impact muscle activity in dogs and may be adequate for efficient energy consumption.(AU)

Foram avaliados os efeitos de dois protocolos de exercício em plataforma vibratória (PV) sobre as temperaturas dos joelhos e retais. Onze animais participaram de dois protocolos de exercício, diferentes na duração de cada exercício. O protocolo de exercício 1 (PE1) foi de 30 segundos e o PE2 foi de 60 segundos, com diferentes níveis vibratórios em ambos (L1 = aceleração ≅ 1g; L4 = aceleração ≅ 2,5g; e L7 = aceleração ≅ 5g). Os animais foram avaliados antes e um minuto após os exercícios, por meio de termografia infravermelha para a obtenção das temperaturas dos joelhos. A temperatura retal (TR) foi aferida em cada momento. Os cães apresentaram temperaturas dos joelhos mais elevadas em PE1, em todos os níveis vibratórios, em comparação a antes do exercício; o PE2 resultou em temperatura mais alta apenas na intensidade máxima de vibração (L7). Aumento na TR foi observado apenas no PE2. Os resultados sugerem que o protocolo de curta duração (PE1) aumentou as atividades muscular e vascular periférica da articulação, independentemente da intensidade da vibração; o protocolo de longa duração (PE2) com intensidade máxima de vibração aumentou a TR demonstrando atividade além do grupo muscular do joelho. Conclui-se que os exercícios na PV podem ser utilizados como terapia complementar para atividade muscular de baixo impacto em cães e pode ser adequada para o consumo eficiente de energia.(AU)

Animals , Dogs , Perfusion/veterinary , Rectum/physiology , Vibration , Knee Joint/blood supply , Body Temperature , Thermography/veterinary , Exercise
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785432


PURPOSE: Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is a novel treatment option for peritoneal surface malignancies. Due to cytotoxic effects of chemotherapeutic agents, anastomosis healing can be impaired and lead to leakage rates higher than conventional intestinal surgery. In this experimental study, we aimed to investigate the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on colonic anastomosis in rats that received HIPEC with oxaliplatin.METHODS: Thirty rats were divided into 3 groups. Group 1 was determined as control group and hyperthermic saline perfusion was performed after colon anastomosis. In group 2, colon anastomosis then hyperthermic oxaliplatin perfusion was performed. In the last group, the colonic anastomosis was enhanced by PRP gel and then hyperthermic oxaliplatin perfusion was performed. All the rats were reoperated on postoperative day 7 and anastomotic bursting pressure values were recorded. Tissue samples were taken for hydroxyproline assay and histopathological examination.RESULTS: Control group had higher anastomotic bursting pressure value than group 2 and group 3 (P < 0.001). There were significant differences in anastomotic bursting pressure between groups 2 and 3 (P < 0.001). Group 2 had significantly lower hydroxyproline levels than group 3 and control group (P < 0.001). Histopathological examination revealed that PRP application reduced inflammatory response.CONCLUSION: PRP application on colonic anastomosis improves anastomotic healing and can reduce anastomosis related complications and stoma creation; though further clinical studies are needed.

Anastomotic Leak , Animals , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Fever , Hydroxyproline , Perfusion , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Rats
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1041-1050, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826872


In recent years, the demand of biologics has increased rapidly. Cell culture process with perfusion mode has become more and more popular due to its high productivity, good quality and high efficiency. In this paper, the unique operation and the details of process optimization for perfusion culture mode are discussed by comparing with traditional batch culture process. Meanwhile, the progress and strategies in the development and optimization of perfusion culture process in recent years are summarized to provide reference for the future development of mammalian cell perfusion culture technology.

Animals , Batch Cell Culture Techniques , Bioreactors , Reference Standards , CHO Cells , Cricetulus , Mammals , Perfusion
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202610, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136566


ABSTRACT Brazil, like most countries in the world, experiences the expansion of extended criteria donors, mainly due to the aging of the population and the obesity epidemic. Concerns regarding the quality of these organs along with the vast territorial areas of the country compromise the utilization rate of livers from donors and aggravate the discrepancy between the number of liver transplants performed and the needed. Ex situ liver machine perfusion offers superior preservation for livers from extended criteria donors, limiting cold ischaemia time and offering the possibility of evaluation of their function before transplantation as well as the reconditioning of marginal organs. Objections such as the financial cost, difficulty in transporting the device between hospitals, and demand of trained professionals in the handling of the device must be pondered with the possibility of increasing the number of transplants and the utilisation rate of donor organs. The optimal use of this resource, through the careful selection of donors and the appropriate technical and scientific knowledge, can ensure an effective and successful implementation of this technology.

RESUMO O Brasil, como a grande parte dos países no mundo, convive com a expansão de doadores de órgãos de critério estendido, principalmente devido ao envelhecimento da população e à epidemia de obesidade. Dúvidas em relação à qualidade desses órgãos juntamente com as longas extensões territoriais do país comprometem a taxa de utilização de fígados de doadores e agravam a discrepância entre o número de transplantes hepáticos realizados e o necessário. A máquina de perfusão hepática oxigenada ex situ oferece preservação superior para fígados de doadores de critério estendido, limitando o tempo de isquemia fria e oferecendo a possibilidade de avaliação da função antes do transplante bem como o recondicionamento de órgãos de qualidade limítrofe. Objeções como o custo financeiro, dificuldade de transporte do dispositivo entre hospitais e a demanda de profissionais treinados para o manuseio devem ser apreciadas diante da possibilidade do aumento do número de transplantes e a maior taxa de utilização de órgãos de doadores. A otimização na utilização desse recurso, por meio da seleção cuidadosa de doadores, e o conhecimento técnico-científico adequado podem garantir a implementação eficaz e bem sucedida dessa tecnologia.

Humans , Organ Preservation , Perfusion , Tissue Donors , Liver Transplantation , Liver, Artificial , Brazil , Liver
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811309


PURPOSE: We investigated the long-term longitudinal changes in axial length (AL), mean ocular perfusion pressure (MOPP), and choroidal thickness (CT) according to the reduction of intraocular pressure (IOP) after glaucoma surgery. The potential variables associated with CT changes were also evaluated.METHODS: This was a prospective study for 1 year after glaucoma surgery, which included 71 eyes of 71 patients with primary open-angle glaucoma. The subfoveal CT (SFCT) and peripapillary CT (PPCT) were measured using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography preoperatively and 1 week, 1 month, 2 months, 6 months, and 1 year postoperatively. MOPP was calculated from the IOP and blood pressure. The AL was measured using partial coherence interferometry. Regression analysis was conducted to assess the possible association of variables.RESULTS: The AL decreased and the MOPP, SFCT, and PPCT increased significantly with IOP reduction at 1 year post-operatively (all, p < 0.001). The changes in SFCT and PPCT were significantly associated with IOP reduction at 1 year postoperatively (r = −0.519 and r = −0.528, respectively). Importantly, greater increases in SFCT and PPCT were found in patients with IOP reduction more than 30% from baseline, when compared with those with less than 30% reduction (p = 0.001 and p = 0.002, respectively). The SFCT increased more significantly in patients with AL ≤ 24 mm, compared with patients with AL > 24 mm (p = 0.044).CONCLUSIONS: Reduction in the IOP, increase in the MOPP, decrease in the AL, and increase in the CT after glaucoma surgery persisted for 1 year during a long-term follow-up. These results suggested that glaucoma surgery reduced mechanical compression on the optic nerve fiber and increased intraocular blood flow.

Blood Pressure , Choroid , Follow-Up Studies , Glaucoma , Glaucoma, Open-Angle , Humans , Interferometry , Intraocular Pressure , Optic Nerve , Perfusion , Prospective Studies , Tomography, Optical Coherence
Int. j. morphol ; 37(2): 739-743, June 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002287


La preeclampsia (PE) es un trastorno hipertensivo inducido por el embarazo donde se reduce la presión de la perfusión uterina. Investigaciones avalan el uso de dosis baja de aspirina (DBAAS) y su utilidad en la prevención de PE en gestantes con factores de riesgo. Sus beneficios en modelos animales sometidos a esta reduccción no están determinados. El objetivo de la investigación fue analizar la presión arterial sistémica y los hallazgos morfológicos a nivel renal en fetos de ratas con reducción de la presión de perfusión uterina (RPPU) expuestas a DBAAS en comparación a las no expuestas. Se conformaron cuatro grupos de ratas hembras preñadas Sprague Dawley (n=5). A los 14,5 días post-concepción (dpc), vía quirúrgica se indujo RPPU, ligando arterias uterinas, conformándose el grupo RPPU y el grupo RPPU+DBAAS al que se le administró 5 mg/kg/día de aspirina vía oral. El grupo control lo conformaron las no operadas y el grupo DBAAS se le administró aspirina en igual dosis desde el 14,5 dpc. A los 18,5 dpc, previo a la eutansia se midió la presión arterial sistémica con pletismógrafo caudal Insight v2.11 y se extrajeron los fetos. Se midió la longitud céfalo-caudal (LCC), se procesaron y tiñeron con hematoxilina-eosina, describiéndose cortes histológicos transversales a nivel renal. Se determinó que en la presión arterial media, hubo diferencias significativas entre el grupo RPPU y RPPU+DBAAS (p<0,05). El tamaño de los fetos fue menor en el grupo RPPU (p<0,0001), donde 1 feto presentó hernia umbilical congénita. La cuantificación de vesículas renales también fue menor (p<0,005). En conclusión, la administración de DBAAS disminuye los efectos inducidos por la RPPU en cuanto al tamaño fetal, morfología renal y malformaciones congénitas como hernia umbilical. En cuanto a la presión arterial sistémica, tendría efectos sólo en presión arterial media.

Preeclampsia (PE) is a hypertensive disorder induced by pregnancy where there is a reduction in the uterine perfusion pressure. Research supports the use of low dose aspirin (LDAAS) and its usefulness in the prevention of PE in pregnant women with risk factors. Their benefits in animal models subject to RUPP are not determined. The objective of the investigation was to analyze the systemic blood pressure and the morphological findings at renal level in fetuses of rats with reduction of uterine perfusion pressure (RUPP) exposed to LDAAS compared to those not exposed. Four groups of pregnant female rats Sprague Dawley (n=5) were formed. At 14.5 days post-conception (dpc), surgical RUPP was induced, ligating uterine arteries, with the RUPP group and RUPP+LDAAS group being given 5 mg/kg/day of aspirin orally. The control group was made up of those not operated and the LDAAS group was administered aspirin in the same dose from 14.5 dpc. A 18.5 dpc, prior to euthanasia systemic blood pressure was measured with flow plethysmograph Insight v2.11 and fetuses were extracted. The cephalo-caudal length (CCL) was measured, processed and stained with hematoxylin-eosin, describing transverse histological sections at the kidney level. It was determined that in the mean arterial pressure, there were significant differences between the group RUPP and RUPP+LDAAS (p <0.05). The size of the fetuses was lower in the RUPP group (p <0.0001), where one fetus presented congenital umbilical hernia. The quantification of renal vesicles was also lower (p <0.005). In conclusion, the administration of LDAAS decreases the effects induced by RUPP in terms of fetal size, renal morphology and congenital malformations such as umbilical hernia. Regarding the systemic blood pressure, effects would only mean arterial pressure.

Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Rats , Blood Pressure/drug effects , Aspirin/administration & dosage , Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced/drug therapy , Perfusion , Regional Blood Flow , Uterus/blood supply , Aspirin/pharmacology , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Fetus , Arterial Pressure/drug effects
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(1): 24-33, mar 2019. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1026329


La presión intracraneal elevada es una complicación devastadora de la lesión neurológica, que puede complicar el trauma, los tumores del sistema nervioso central, la hidrocefalia, la encefalopatía hepática y el flujo venoso del SNC alterado. El adecuado tratamiento consta de un rápido reconocimiento, utilizar material de monitoreo neurológico invasivo y su manejo para reducir la hipertensión intracraneal y sus múltiples causas subyacente. A continuación presentamos una revisión de sus principales características y principios de abordaje diagnóstico-terapéutico

Intracranial pressure is a devastating complication of neurological damage, which can complicate trauma, central nervous system disorders, hydrocephalus, hepatic encephalopathy, and altered CNS venous flow. The appropriate treatment consists of a rapid recognition, the use of an invasive neurological system and its management to reduce intracranial hypertension and its multiple underlying causes. Below we present a review of its main characteristics and principles of diagnostic-therapeutic approach.

Humans , Perfusion , Intracranial Pressure , Cerebrovascular Circulation , Ultrasonography, Doppler/methods , Intracranial Hypertension/diagnosis , Intracranial Hypertension/prevention & control , Intracranial Hypertension/therapy , Craniotomy , Conservative Treatment
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786500


PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare lung perfusion scan with single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) for the evaluation of lung function and to elucidate the most appropriate modality for the prediction of postoperative lung function in patients with lung cancer.METHODS: A total of 181 patients underwent Tc-99m macroaggregated albumin lung perfusion scan and SPECT/CT to examine the ratio of diseased lung and diseased lobe. Forty-one patients with lung cancer underwent both preoperative and postoperative pulmonary function tests within 1 month to predict postoperative pulmonary function. Predicted postoperative forced expiratory volume in 1 s (ppoFEV₁) was calculated by the % radioactivity of lung perfusion scan and SPECT, and the % volume of the residual lung, assessed on CT.RESULTS: The ratios of diseased lung as seen on lung perfusion scan and SPECT showed significant correlation, but neither modality correlated with CT. The ratios of the diseased lung and diseased lobe based on CT were higher than the ratios based on either perfusion scan or SPECT, because CT overestimated the function of the diseased area. The lobar ratio of both upper lobes was lower based on the perfusion scan than on SPECT but was higher for both lower lobes. Actual postoperative FEV₁ showed significant correlation with ppoFEV₁ based on lung perfusion SPECT and perfusion scan.CONCLUSIONS: We suggest SPECT/CT as the primary modality of choice for the assessment of the ratio of diseased lung area. Both perfusion scan and SPECT/CT can be used for the prediction of postoperative lung function.

Forced Expiratory Volume , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Lung Volume Measurements , Lung , Perfusion , Radioactivity , Respiratory Function Tests , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786481


PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the diagnostic value of the relative filtration fraction (RFF) assessed by dynamic ⁹⁹mTc-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (⁹⁹mTc-DTPA) renal scintigraphy after angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition for renovascular hypertension (RVHT) diagnosis.METHODS: ⁹⁹mTc-DTPA captopril renal scintigraphy performed in adolescents or adults (≥ 10 years) with suspected RVHT was retrospectively reviewed. The RFF of the affected kidney was qualitatively assessed as the relative glomerular filtration rate during the 2 to 3-min period compared with the relative perfusion during the first 60 s (qualitative RFF) and scored from 1 (definitely same) to 5 (definitely decreased). The quantitative RFF of the affected kidney was obtained by dividing the percentage of glomerular filtration rate by the percentage of renal perfusion.RESULTS: Overall, 173 patients (high probability, n = 15; and low probability, n = 158) were included based on conventional captopril renal scintigraphic criteria. An abnormal qualitative RFF was observed in 12 patients with high probability, and the diagnostic sensitivity was 80.0% (95% CI, 51.9–95.7). The RFF was normal in 152 patients with low probability, and the diagnostic specificity was 96.2% (95% CI, 91.9–98.6). The RFF was lower in patients with high probability than in those with low probability (0.79 ± 0.15 vs. 1.02 ± 0.11, P < 0.0001).CONCLUSIONS: The RFF assessed by dynamic ⁹⁹mTc-DTPA renal scintigraphy after ACE inhibition can detect patients with high probability for RVHT. The RFF after ACE inhibition might be a useful diagnostic criterion especially when baseline scintigraphy is not available for evaluating ACE inhibition-induced changes.

Adolescent , Adult , Captopril , Diagnosis , Filtration , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Humans , Hypertension, Renovascular , Kidney , Perfusion , Radionuclide Imaging , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786477


Brain connectivity can now be studied with topological analysis using persistent homology. It overcame the arbitrariness of thresholding to make binary graphs for comparison between disease and normal control groups. Resting-state fMRI can yield personal interregional brain connectivity based on perfusion signal on MRI on individual subject bases and FDG PET produces the topography of glucose metabolism. Assuming metabolism perfusion coupling and disregarding the slight difference of representing time of metabolism (before image acquisition) and representing time of perfusion (during image acquisition), topography of brain metabolism on FDG PET and topologically analyzed brain connectivity on resting-state fMRI might be related to yield personal connectomics of individual subjects and even individual patients. The work of association of FDG PET/resting-state fMRI is yet to be warranted; however, the statistics behind the group comparison of connectivity on FDG PET or resting-state MRI was already developed. Before going further into the connectomics construction using directed weighted brain graphs of FDG PET or resting-state fMRI, I detailed in this review the plausibility of using hybrid PET/MRI to enable the interpretation of personal connectomics which can lead to the clinical use of brain connectivity in the near future.

Brain , Classification , Connectome , Glucose , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Metabolism , Perfusion