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1.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 39(2): 161-169, abr.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395053

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo. Comparar la supervivencia de pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica (ERC) en hemodiálisis (HD) versus diálisis peritoneal (DP). Materiales y métodos. Se realizó un análisis de supervivencia de una cohorte retrospectiva de pacientes ≥ 18 años que iniciaron HD versus DP en el Hospital Víctor Lazarte Echegaray del 2015 al 2019. Se analizaron las covariables: edad, sexo, diabetes mellitus con causa de ERC, catéter venoso central temporal (CVC) como acceso vascular inicial y tasa de filtración glomerular. Se calculó la supervivencia con curvas de Kaplan-Meier para la cohorte global y para edad ≥ 60 años, diabetes mellitus como causa de ERC y CVC. Se estimó el riesgo de fallecer mediante Hazard Ratio (HR) según el modelo de riesgos proporcionales de Cox para cada covariable ajustada a la modalidad de diálisis en un análisis bivariado y multivariado considerando diferencia significativa si el valor de p < 0,05. Resultados. Se incluyeron 368 pacientes en HD de los cuales fallecieron 129 (35,1%) y 172 pacientes en DP de los cuales fallecieron 66 (38,4%) (p=0,455). La probabilidad acumulada de supervivencia a los 60 meses para HD fue de 30% y para DP fue de 37% con curvas de supervivencia similares (p=0,719). La mediana del tiempo de sobrevida en HD fue de 32 meses (RIC: 20-53) y en DP fue de 32,5 meses (RIC: 18-57) (p=0,999). Se determinó que las covariables asociadas con una mayor mortalidad ajustadas a la modalidad de diálisis fueron edad ≥60 años (HR 1,77; p<0,001) y diabetes mellitus como causa de ERC (HR 1,63; p=0,002). Conclusiones. La supervivencia de los pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica en HD y DP fue similar.


ABSTRACT Objective. To compare the survival of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on hemodialysis (HD) versus peritoneal dialysis (PD). Materials and methods. Survival analysis of a retrospective cohort of patients ≥ 18 years who started HD versus PD at the Victor Lazarte Echegaray Hospital from 2015 to 2019. We analyzed the following covariates: age, sex, diabetes mellitus as cause of CKD, temporary central venous catheter (CVC) as initial vascular access and glomerular filtration rate. Survival was calculated with Kaplan-Meier curves for the overall cohort and for age ≥ 60 years, diabetes mellitus as a cause of CKD and CVC. The risk of death was estimated by Hazard Ratio (HR) according to the Cox proportional hazards model for each covariate adjusted for dialysis type in a bivariate and multivariate analysis considering significant difference if the p-value < 0.05. Results. We included 368 patients on HD of whom 129 (35.1%) died, and 172 patients on PD of whom 66 (38.4%) died (p=0.455). The cumulative probability of survival at 60 months for HD was 30% and for PD was 37% with similar survival curves (p=0.719). The median survival time for HD was 32 months (IQR: 20-53) and for PD was 32.5 months (IQR: 18-57) (p=0.999). The covariates associated with higher mortality adjusted for dialysis type were age ≥60 years (HR 1.77; p<0.001) and diabetes mellitus as a cause of CKD (HR 1.63; p=0.002). Conclusions. Survival of patients with CKD on HD and PD was similar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Survival Analysis , Mortality , Peritoneal Dialysis , Dialysis , Patients , Survival , Renal Dialysis , Survivorship
2.
Rev. cuba. med ; 61(1)mar. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408970

ABSTRACT

Estimado director: La COVID-19 afecta a los pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica (ERC) en diálisis,1,2 ya que estos presentan factores de riesgo para desarrollar enfermedad grave, como diabetes mellitus, hipertensión arterial y edad mayor de 65 años. A esto se une la uremia, la inflamación crónica, el trastorno mineral óseo y la diálisis condicionan inmunosupresión crónica.3 La uremia produce cambios en la inmunidad innata y adaptativa y condiciona la disminución de la habilidad bactericida de los neutrófilos, la hiporeactividad de monocitos y diferenciación disminuida de células dendríticas, respuesta de células T alteradas, activación de la apoptosis inducida de células T y B, disminución de linfocitos B, cambios en la relación Th1/Th2 y disminución en número y actividad de células "natural killers".4,5 Además, en la ERC existe una alteración del sistema renina-angiotensina-aldosterona y de la relación ECA/ECA-2, que condiciona mayor susceptibilidad y peores resultados ante la infección por COVID-19.6 A pesar de ello, en diálisis, se ha reportado una cifra elevada de pacientes asintomáticos7 y también, síntomas gastrointestinales como náuseas, vómitos y diarrea,8,9 que son factores que provocan la diseminación de la enfermedad. Resalta la presencia de linfopenia y el patrón de vidrio esmerilado en gran número de pacientes, aunque también es frecuente la neumonía bilateral.6 Igualmente, los índices neutrófilo/linfocito y plaquetas/linfocitos se identifican como marcadores pronósticos tempranos de severidad de COVID-19 incluso en pacientes en hemodiálisis.10,11,12 Los pacientes con ERC deben continuar la terapia dialítica antes, durante o tras la infección por COVID-19. En ese sentido, se ha planteado que la diálisis peritoneal podría minimizar el riesgo de contraer la enfermedad por ser una terapia domiciliaria. Su uso en pacientes con falla renal y COVID-19 es segura, ya que brinda estabilidad hemodinámica, no precisa de anticoagulación ni de acceso vascular, puede iniciarse en forma aguda sin mayores complicaciones, disminuye la exposición del personal, puede ser monitorizada por teleconsulta y sus resultados son similares en comparación a las técnicas extracorpóreas.13,14,15 Presentamos nuestra experiencia en el manejo de cuatro pacientes con ERC, con infección por COVID-19 e iniciaron diálisis peritoneal, al no contar con hemodiálisis hospitalaria en su Centro Asistencial en Juliaca, Perú; ubicada a 3 827 metros sobre el nivel del mar. Dos de ellos eran hombres y tres tenían antecedente de hipertensión arterial. Los cuatro fueron hospitalizados en área COVID-19 y realizaron diálisis peritoneal manual, recibieron entrenamiento a cargo de la enfermera del programa por vía telefónica, por WhatsApp y mediante videos grabados previamente. Hubo complicaciones médicas y quirúrgicas relacionadas a la inserción del catéter en dos pacientes y se utilizó en forma aguda y urgente con un tiempo máximo de 36 h tras la cirugía. Las principales características de los pacientes se presentan en la tabla 1 y sus exámenes de laboratorio en la tabla 2. Al alta, dos de ellos...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Peritoneal Dialysis/methods , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Peru
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936346

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop and validate a risk prediction model of treatment failure in patients with peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis (PDAP).@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the data of patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) in 3 dialysis centers in Jilin Province who developed PDAP between January 1, 2013 and December 31, 2019. The data collected from the Second Hospital of Jilin University and Second Division of First Hospital of Jilin University) were used as the training dataset and those from Jilin Central Hospital as the validation dataset. We developed a nomogram for predicting treatment failure using a logistic regression model with backward elimination. The performance of the nomogram was assessed by analyzing the C-statistic and the calibration plots. We also plotted decision curves to evaluate the clinical efficacy of the nomogram.@*RESULTS@#A total of 977 episodes of PDAP were included in the analysis (625 episodes in the training dataset and 352 episodes in the validation dataset). During follow-up, 78 treatment failures occurred in the training dataset and 35 in the validation dataset. A multivariable logistic regression prediction model was established, and the predictors in the final nomogram model included serum albumin, peritoneal dialysate white cell count on day 5, PD duration, and type of causative organisms. The nomogram showed a good performance in predicting treatment failure, with a C-statistic of 0.827 (95% CI: 0.784-0.871) in the training dataset and of 0.825 (95% CI: 0.743-0.908) in the validation dataset. The nomogram also performed well in calibration in both the training and validation datasets.@*CONCLUSION@#The established nomogram has a good accuracy in estimating the risk of treatment failure in PDAP patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Peritoneal Dialysis/adverse effects , Peritonitis/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Failure , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927845

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical characteristics and treatment of Pseudomonas peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis(PsP). Methods The data of patients receiving peritoneal dialysis in four tertiary hospitals in Jilin province from 2015 to 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.According to the etiological classification,the patients with peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis(PDAP)were classified into PsP group and non-PsP group.The incidence of PsP was calculated,and the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of the two groups were compared.Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw the survival curve,and Cox regression was performed to analyze the risk factors affecting the technical failure of PsP.The treatment options of Pseudomonas aeruginosa-caused PDAP and the drug sensitivity of PsP were summarized. Results A total of 1530 peritoneal dialysis patients with complete data were included in this study,among which 439 patients had 664 times of PDAP.The incidence of PsP was 0.007 episodes/patient-year.PsP group had higher proportion of refractory peritonitis(41.38% vs.19.69%,P=0.005),lower cure rate(55.17% vs.80.79%, P=0.001),and higher extubation rate(24.14% vs.7.09%,P=0.003)than non-PsP group.The technical survival rate of PsP group was lower than that of non-PsP group(P<0.001).Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that Pseudomonas aeruginosa was an independent risk factor for technical failure in patients with PsP(HR=9.020,95%CI=1.141-71.279,P=0.037).Pseudomonas was highly sensitive to amikacin,meropenem,and piperacillin-tazobactam while highly resistant to compound sulfamethoxazole,cefazolin,and ampicillin. Conclusion The treatment outcome of PsP is worse than that of non-PsP,and Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an independent risk factor for technical failure of PsP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Peritoneal Dialysis/adverse effects , Peritonitis/etiology , Pseudomonas , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927474

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#In patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) suitable for peritoneal dialysis (PD), PD should ideally be planned and initiated electively (planned-start PD). If patients present late, some centres initiate PD immediately with an urgent-start PD strategy. However, as urgent-start PD is resource intensive, we evaluated another strategy where patients first undergo emergent haemodialysis (HD), followed by early PD catheter insertion, and switch to PD 48-72 hours after PD catheter insertion (early-start PD). Conventionally, late-presenting patients are often started on HD, followed by deferred PD catheter insertion before switching to PD≥14 days after catheter insertion (deferred start PD).@*METHODS@#This is a retrospective study of new ESKD patients, comparing the planned-start, early-start and deferred-start PD strategies. Outcomes within 1 year of dialysis initiation were studied.@*RESULTS@#Of 148 patients, 57 (38.5%) patients had planned-start, 23 (15.5%) early-start and 68 (45.9%) deferred-start PD. Baseline biochemical parameters were similar except for a lower serum urea with planned-start PD. No significant differences were seen in the primary outcomes of technique and patient survival across all 3 subgroups. Compared to planned-start PD, early-start PD had a shorter time to catheter migration (hazard ratio [HR] 14.13, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.65-121.04, P=0.016) while deferred-start PD has a shorter time to first peritonitis (HR 2.49, 95% CI 1.03-6.01, P=0.043) and first hospital admission (HR 2.03, 95% CI 1.35-3.07, P=0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Planned-start PD is the best PD initiation strategy. However, if this is not possible, early-start PD is a viable alternative. Catheter migration may be more frequent with early-start PD but does not appear to impact technique survival.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Male , Peritoneal Dialysis/methods , Renal Dialysis , Retrospective Studies , Time Factors
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927460

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in end-stage renal failure (ESRF) patients are high. We examined the incidence and predictors of death and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in ESRF patients on different modalities of dialysis.@*METHOD@#Data were obtained from a population-based database (National Registry Disease Offices) in Singapore. The study cohort comprised all adult patients initiated on dialysis between 2007 and 2012 who were closely followed for the development of death and AMI until September 2014. Cox regression methods were used to identify predictors of death and AMI.@*RESULTS@#Of 5,309 patients, 4,449 were on haemodialysis and 860 on peritoneal dialysis (PD). Mean age of the cohort was 61 (±13) years (44% women), of Chinese (67%), Malay (25%) and Indian (7%) ethnicities. By September 2014, the incidence of all-cause death was 34%; close to a third of the patients died from a cardiovascular cause. Age >60 years and the presence of ischaemic heart disease, diabetes, stroke, peripheral vascular disease and PD were identified as independent predictors of all-cause death. PD patients had lower odds of survival compared to patients on haemodialysis (hazard ratio 1.51, 95% confidence interval 1.35-1.70, P<0.0001). Predictors of AMI in this cohort were older age (>60 years) and the presence of ischaemic heart disease, diabetes, stroke, peripheral vascular disease and current/ex-smokers. There were no significant differences in the incidence of AMI between patients on PD and haemodialysis.@*CONCLUSION@#The short-term incidence of death and AMI remains high in Singapore. Future studies should investigate the benefits of a tighter control of cardiovascular risk factors among ESRF patients on dialysis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Incidence , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology , Peritoneal Dialysis , Renal Dialysis
7.
J. bras. nefrol ; 43(4): 486-494, Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350907

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is gaining track as an efficient/affordable therapy in poor settings. Yet, there is little data regarding differences in quality of life (QoL) of primary caregivers (PCG) of patients in PD and hemodialysis (HD). Aim: To compare the QoL of PCG of patients in PD and HD from an upper middle-income population in a Mexican city. Methods: Cross-sectional study was carried out with PCG of patients in PD (n=42) and HD (n=95) from 4 hospitals (response rate=70.2%). The SF 36-item QoL questionnaire, the Zarit burden interview, and the Goldberg anxiety/depression scale were used. Mean normalized scores for each QoL domain were compared by dialysis type. Adjusted odds were computed using logistic regression to determine the probability of low QoL (<70% of maximum possible score resulting from the added scores of the 8 dimensions). Results: The PD group had higher mean scores for emotional role functioning (+10.6; p=0.04), physical functioning (+9.2; p=0.002), bodily pain (+9.2; p=0.07), social functioning (+5.7; p=0.25), and mental health (+1.3; p=0.71); the HD group had higher scores for physical role functioning (+7.9, p=0.14), general health perception (+6.1; p=0.05), and vitality (+3.3; p=0.36). A non-significant OR was seen in multivariate regression (1.51; 95% CI 0.43-5.31). Zarit scores were similar, but workload levels were lower in the PD group (medium/high: PD 7.2%, HD 14.8%). Anxiety (HD 50.5%, PD 19%; p<0.01) and depression (HD 49.5%, PD 16.7%; p<0.01) were also lower in the PD group. Conclusion: Adjusted analysis showed no differences in the probability of low QoL between the groups. These findings add to the value of PD, and strengthen its importance in resource-limited settings.


Resumo Histórico: A diálise peritoneal (DP) vem ganhando terreno como terapia eficiente/acessível em ambientes pobres. Contudo, há poucos dados sobre diferenças na qualidade de vida (QV) dos cuidadores primários (CP) de pacientes em DP e hemodiálise (HD). Objetivo: Comparar QV dos CP de pacientes em DP e HD de uma cidade mexicana de renda média. Métodos: Estudo transversal com CP de pacientes em DP (n=42) e HD (n=95) de 4 hospitais (taxa resposta=70,2%). Aplicou-se o questionário QV-36 itens, entrevista de sobrecarga de Zarit e escala de ansiedade/depressão Goldberg. Escores médios normalizados para cada domínio de QV foram comparados por tipo de diálise. Probabilidades ajustadas foram calculadas usando regressão logística para determinar a probabilidade de baixa QV (<70% da pontuação máxima possível resultante das pontuações adicionadas das 8 dimensões). Resultados: O grupo DP apresentou escores médios mais altos para aspectos emocionais (+10,6; p=0,04), capacidade funcional (+9,2; p=0,002), dor (+9,2; p=0,07), aspectos sociais (+5,7; p=0,25), saúde mental (+1,3; p=0,71); o grupo HD teve pontuação maior para aspectos físicos (+7,9, p=0,14), estado geral de saúde (+6,1; p=0,05), vitalidade (+3,3; p=0,36). Uma probabilidade não significativa foi observada na regressão multivariada (OR=0,66; 95% IC 0,18-2,31). Os escores de Zarit foram semelhantes, mas os níveis da sobrecarga foram menores na DP (médio/alto: DP 7,2%, HD 14,8%). Ansiedade (50,5% vs 19%; p<0,01) e depressão (49,5% vs 16,7%; p<0,01) foram menores na DP. Conclusão: O risco de baixa QV entre grupos não foi diferente na análise ajustada. Estes achados fortalecem a importância da DP em ambientes com recursos limitados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Peritoneal Dialysis , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Quality of Life , Cross-Sectional Studies , Renal Dialysis , Caregivers
8.
J. bras. nefrol ; 43(4): 502-509, Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350899

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Progressive structural changes in the peritoneal membrane occur over the course of treatment in peritoneal dialysis (PD), resulting in an increase in cytokines such as CCL2 and structural changes in peritoneal membrane triggering an increase in CA-125 in dialysate, which reflects a probable local inflammatory process, with possible loss of mesothelial cells. Thus, the current study aimed to evaluate the association between plasma and CCL2 and CA-125 dialysate levels in patients undergoing PD. Methods: Cross-sectional study was conducted with 41 patients undergoing PD. The assessments of CA-125 and CCL2 levels were performed using a capture ELISA. Correlations were estimated using Spearman's correlation and the investigation of the association between the explanatory variables (CCL2) and response variable (CA-125) was done for crude ratio of arithmetic means and adjusted utilizing generalized linear models. Results: A moderate positive correlation was observed between the levels of CA-125 and CCL2 in the dialysate (rho = 0.696). A statistically significant association was found between the levels in the CCL2 and CA-125 dialysate (RoM=1.31; CI = 1.20-1.43), which remained after adjustment for age (RoM = 1.31; CI=1.19-1.44) and for time in months of PD (RoM=1.34, CI=1.22-1.48). Conclusion: The association of CA-125 levels with CCL2 in the dialysate may indicate that the local inflammatory process leads to temporary or definitive changes in peritoneal membrane. A better understanding of this pathogenesis could contribute to the discovery of new inflammatory biomarkers.


Resumo Introdução: Alterações estruturais progressivas na membrana peritoneal ocorrem no decorrer do tratamento em diálise peritoneal (DP), resultando em um aumento de citocinas como CCL2 e alterações estruturais na membrana peritoneal desencadeando um aumento de CA-125 no dialisato, o que reflete um provável processo inflamatório local, com possível perda de células mesoteliais. Assim, o presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a associação entre CCL2 e CA-125 no plasma e no dialisato de pacientes submetidos à DP. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo transversal com 41 pacientes submetidos à DP. As avaliações dos níveis de CA-125 e CCL2 foram realizadas utilizando ELISA de captura. As correlações foram estimadas usando a correlação de Spearman, e a investigação da associação entre as variáveis explicativas (CCL2) e a variável resposta (CA-125) foi feita pela razão bruta das médias aritméticas e ajustada utilizando modelos lineares generalizados. Resultados: Foi observada uma correlação positiva moderada entre os níveis de CA-125 e CCL2 no dialisato (rho = 0,696). Foi encontrada uma associação estatisticamente significativa entre os níveis no dialisato de CCL2 e CA-125 (RoM=1,31; IC = 1,20-1,43), que permaneceu após ajuste por idade (RoM = 1,31; IC=1,19-1,44) e pelo tempo de DP em meses (RoM=1,34, IC=1,22-1,48). Conclusão: A associação dos níveis de CA-125 com CCL2 no dialisato pode indicar que o processo inflamatório local leva a alterações temporárias ou definitivas na membrana peritoneal. Uma melhor compreensão desta patogênese pode contribuir para a descoberta de novos biomarcadores inflamatórios.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Peritoneal Dialysis , CA-125 Antigen/blood , Chemokine CCL2/blood , Peritoneum , Dialysis Solutions , Cross-Sectional Studies , Inflammation , Membrane Proteins
9.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 29(3): 174-180, 04-oct-2021. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1357966

ABSTRACT

Introducción: los pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica (ERC), y en específico los que tienen tratamiento renal sustitutivo (TRS), se ven afectados en su ciclo circadiano y en su calidad del sueño. Objetivo: evaluar la calidad del sueño de los pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica que acuden al servicio de Nefrología de una unidad médica de segundo nivel de atención. Metodología: estudio comparativo en pacientes con ERC del servicio de Nefrología, clasificados en tres grupos, dos de ellos en terapia de reemplazo renal (diálisis peritoneal y hemodiálisis) y uno sin terapia de reemplazo renal (prediálisis). Para la calidad del sueño se utilizó la escala de Pittsburgh, se incluyeron datos sociodemográficos y parámetros bioquímicos. Los datos se analizaron median- te comparación de frecuencias con Chi cuadrada, medias con t de Student y ANOVA de un factor. Resultados: se formaron tres grupos: hemodiálisis (n = 75), diálisis peritoneal (n = 58) y prediálisis (n = 71). La edad media fue de 53.5 años; la calidad subjetiva del sueño fue buena en el 48% del total y en el 54.9% de los pacientes en prediálisis (p < 0.05). Al aplicar la escala de Pittsburgh, el 80.4% del total y el 84.5% de los pacientes en diálisis reportaron una calidad de sueño mala. De las siete dimensiones evaluadas, dos fueron diferentes en los tres grupos (p < 0.05). Conclusiones: la percepción del paciente sobre la calidad del sueño habitualmente se sobreestima, lo que indica una adaptación a un sueño ineficiente. Debido a las características de estos pacientes es importante mantener un control de sus parámetros bioquímicos, que también tienen un impacto en la calidad del sueño.


Introduction: In patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and specifically with renal replacement therapy (RRT), their circadian cycle and consequently their sleep quality are affected. Objective: To evaluate the quality of sleep in patients with chronic kidney disease attends at the nephrology service. Methods: Comparative study in patients with chronic kidney disease from the nephrology service classified into three groups, two of them had renal replacement therapy (peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis) and one without renal replacement therapy (predialysis). For the quality of sleep we used the Pittsburgh Scale, sociodemographic data and biochemical parameters were included. Comparison of frequencies with chi-square, means with Student's t and Anova of one factor. Results: Three groups were formed: hemodialysis (n = 75), peritoneal dialysis (n = 58) and predialysis (n = 71). The mean age was 53.5 years; the subjective quality of sleep was "good" in 48.0% of the total and in 54.9% of predialysis patients (p <0.05). When applying the Pittsburgh scale, 80.4% of the total and 84.5 of the dialysis patients reported a "poor" quality of sleep. Of the seven dimensions evaluated, two were different in the three groups (p < 0.05) Conclusions: The patient's perception of the quality of sleep is regularly overestimated, which indicates an adaptation to this dream habit. Due to the characteristics of these patients, it is important to keep a check on their biochemical parameters, which also have an impact on the quality of sleep.


Subject(s)
Humans , Secondary Care , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Peritoneal Dialysis , Mexico , Nephrology
11.
J. bras. nefrol ; 43(3): 422-428, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340127

ABSTRACT

Abstract The coronavirus (Sars-Cov-2) pandemic raised the need for social distance to reduce its spread. Chronic kidney disease patients on renal replacement therapy are especially susceptible to developing the most severe form of COVID-19, and, at the same time, require regular medical and multidisciplinary periodic follow-up. On an emergency basis, Brazil's professional regulatory bodies authorized telehealth assistance, which made possible to migrate from face-to-face to distance appointments in health services across the country, when necessary. This article's main objective is to describe the process of developing and implementing telehealth for monitoring renal transplant patients and patients on peritoneal dialysis during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Resumo A pandemia do coronavírus (Sars-CoV-2) trouxe a necessidade do isolamento social para a diminuição de sua propagação. Pacientes renais crônicos em terapia renal substitutiva são especialmente suscetíveis a desenvolverem a forma mais grave da covid-19, e, ao mesmo tempo, necessitam de acompanhamento médico e multidisciplinar regular com consultas periódicas. Em caráter emergencial, órgãos regulatórios profissionais brasileiros passaram a autorizar o atendimento da equipe de saúde por meio da teleconsulta, o que tornou possível a migração das consultas presenciais para consultas a distância nos serviços de saúde em todo o país, quando necessário. O principal objetivo deste artigo foi descrever o processo de desenvolvimento e implementação da teleorientação para acompanhamento de pacientes transplantados renais e em diálise peritoneal de um serviço de Joinville, SC, durante a pandemia de covid-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Peritoneal Dialysis , Telemedicine , COVID-19 , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
12.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 59(4): 322-329, ago. 2021. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359029

ABSTRACT

Introducción: en México 130 000 personas viven con enfermedad renal crónica (ERC). Las afecciones cardiacas son los problemas clínicos más frecuentes; 45% de las muertes de pacientes en terapia sustitutiva tienen un origen cardiaco. Objetivo: identificar la probabilidad de presentar falla cardiaca aguda (FCA) en pacientes con ERC en el Servicio de Urgencias Adultos de un hospital de segundo nivel. Material y métodos: estudio de casos (111) y controles (103). Los casos se definieron como pacientes con ERC ingresados a Urgencias por FCA comparados con controles, pacientes con ERC que ingresaron por otro diagnóstico diferente. Se realizó regresión logística binaria y se determinaron razones de momios (RM) e intervalos de confianza al 95% (IC 95%). Un valor de p ˂ 0.05 fue significativo. Resultados: la hipertensión arterial (RM 7.12, IC 95% 2.3-22.06, p = 0.01), el uso de 3 o más antihipertensivos (RM, 2.903, IC 95% 1.19-7.11, p = 0.02), empleo de inhibidores de la enzima convertidora de angiotensina (IECA) (RM 4.25, IC 95% 1.78-10.09, p = 0.01), antagonistas de los receptores de angiotensina-II (ARA-II) (RM 2.41, IC 95% 1.19-4.89, p = 0.014), diuréticos (RM 42.87, IC 95% 9.02-203.63, p = 0.00), diálisis peritoneal (RM 2.48, IC 95% 1.25-4.81, p = 0.009) y hemodiálisis (RM 0.40, IC 95% 0.20-0.79, p = 0.009) tuvieron significación estadística. Conclusiones: los pacientes con ERC con hipertension arterial, empleo de IECA, ARA-II, diuréticos y en dialisis peritoneal, tuvieron mayor probabilidad de presentar falla cardiaca aguda, mientras que los pacientes que se encontraban en hemodiálisis tuvieron menor probabilidad.


Background: In Mexico 130,000 people live with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Heart conditions are the most frequent clinical problems; 45% of the deaths of patients in replacement therapy have a cardiac origin. Objective: To identify the probability of presenting acute heart failure (AHF) in patients with CKD in the Adult Emer- gency Department (AED) of a second-level hospital. Material and methods: Case-control study with 111 cases and 103 controls. Cases were defined as patients with CKD admitted to AED for AHF compared with controls: patients with CKD who were admitted for a different diagnosis. Binary logistic regression was performed and odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were determined. A value of p ˂ 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Arterial hypertension (OR 7.12, 95% CI 2.3-22.06, p = 0.01), the use of 3 or more antihypertensive drugs (OR 2.903, 95% CI 1.19-7.11, p = 0.02), the use of inhibitors of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE inhibitors) (OR 4.25, 95% CI 1.78-10.09, p = 0.01), angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) (OR 2.41, 95% CI 1.19-4.89, p = 0.014), diuretics (OR 42.87, 95% CI 9.02-203.63, p = 0.00), peritoneal dialysis (OR 2.48, 95% CI 1.25-4.81, p = 0.009) and hemodialysis (OR 0.40, 95% CI 0.20-0.79, p = 0.009) had statistical significance. Conclusions: CKD patients with arterial hypertension, use of ACE inhibitors, ARBs, diuretics and peritoneal dialysis were more likely to present AHF, while patients who were on hemodialysis were less likely to presenting it.


Subject(s)
Humans , Disease Management , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Heart Failure , Case-Control Studies , Peritoneal Dialysis , Heart Disease Risk Factors
14.
J. bras. nefrol ; 43(2): 173-181, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286946

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Chronic kidney disease - mineral and bone disorders (CKD-MBD) are common in dialysis patients. Definition of targets for calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), parathormone (iPTH), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and their treatment recommendations, are provided by international guidelines. There are few studies analyzing CKD-MBD in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients and the impact of guidelines on mineral metabolism control. The aim of our study was to describe the prevalence of biomarkers for CKD-MBD in a large cohort of PD patients in Brazil. Methods: Data from the nation-wide prospective observational cohort BRAZPD II was used. Incident patients were followed between December 2004 and January 2011. According to KDOQI recommendations, reference ranges for total Ca were 8.4 to 9.5 mg/dL, for P, 3.5 to 5.5 mg/dL, for iPTH, 150-300 pg/mL, and for ALP, 120 U/L. Results: Mean age was 59.8 ± 16 years, 48% were male, and 43% had diabetes. In the beginning, Ca was 8.9 ± 0.9 mg/dL, and 48.3% were on the KODQI target. After 1 year, Ca increased to 9.1 ± 0.9 mg/dL and 50.4% were in the KDOQI preferred range. P at baseline was 5.2 ± 1.6 mg/dL, with 52.8% on target, declining to 4.9 ± 1.5 mg/dL after one year, when 54.7% were on target. Median iPTH at baseline was 238 (P25% 110 - P75% 426 pg/mL) and it remained stable throughout the first year; patients within target ranged from 26 to 28.5%. At the end of the study, 80% was in 3.5 meq/L Ca dialysate concentration, 66.9% of patients was taking any phosphate binder, and 25% was taking activated vitamin D. Conclusions: We observed a significant prevalence of biochemical disorders related to CKD-MBD in this dialysis population.


Resumo Introdução: Os distúrbios minerais e ósseos da doença renal crônica (DMO-DRC) são comuns em pacientes em diálise. A definição de metas para cálcio (Ca), fósforo (P), paratormônio (PTHi) e fosfatase alcalina (FA) e suas recomendações de tratamento são fornecidas por diretrizes internacionais. Há poucos estudos analisando o DMO-DRC em pacientes em diálise peritoneal (DP) e o impacto das diretrizes no controle do metabolismo mineral. O objetivo do nosso estudo foi descrever a prevalência de alterações nos marcadores para DMO-DRC em uma grande coorte de pacientes em DP no Brasil. Métodos: Foram utilizados dados da coorte observacional prospectiva nacional BRAZPD II. Pacientes incidentes foram acompanhados entre Dezembro de 2004 e Janeiro de 2011. De acordo com as recomendações do KDOQI, os intervalos de referência para Ca total foram de 8,4 a 9,5 mg/dL, para P, 3,5 a 5,5 mg/dL, para PTHi, 150-300 pg/mL, e para FA, 120 U/L. Resultados: A idade média foi de 59,8 ± 16 anos, 48% eram homens e 43% tinham diabetes. No início, o Ca era de 8,9 ± 0,9 mg/dL, e 48,3% estavam na meta do KODQI. Após 1 ano, o Ca aumentou para 9,1 ± 0,9 mg/dL e 50,4% estavam na faixa preferida do KDOQI. P basal era 5,2 ± 1,6 mg/dL, com 52,8% na meta, diminuindo para 4,9 ± 1,5 mg/dL após um ano, quando 54,7% estavam na meta. O PTHi basal mediano foi de 238 (P25% 110 - P75% 426 pg/mL) e permaneceu estável durante o primeiro ano; os pacientes dentro da meta variaram de 26 a 28,5%. No final do estudo, 80% estavam na concentração de 3,5 meq/L de Ca dialisato, 66,9% dos pacientes estavam tomando qualquer quelante de fosfato, e 25% estavam tomando vitamina D ativada. Conclusões: Observamos uma prevalência significativa de distúrbios bioquímicos relacionados ao DMO-DRC nesta população em diálise.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder/etiology , Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder/epidemiology , Peritoneal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Parathyroid Hormone , Calcium , Prevalence , Renal Dialysis , Goals , Middle Aged , Minerals
15.
J. bras. nefrol ; 43(2): 217-227, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286940

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: National data on chronic dialysis treatment are essential for the development of health policies that aim to improve the treatment of patients. Objective: To present data from the Brazilian Dialysis Survey 2019, promoted by the Brazilian Society of Nephrology. Methods: Data collection from dialysis units in the country through a completed online questionnaire for 2019. Results: 314 (39%) centers responded the questionnaire. In July 2019, the estimated total number of patients on dialysis was 139,691. Estimates of the prevalence and incidence rates of patients undergoing dialysis treatment per million of the population (pmp) were 665 and 218, respectively, with mean annual increases of 25 pmp and 14 pmp for prevalence and incidence, respectively. The annual gross mortality rate was 18.2%. Of the prevalent patients, 93.2% were on hemodialysis and 6.8% on peritoneal dialysis; and 33,015 (23.6%) on the waiting list for transplantation. 55% of THE centers offered treatment with peritoneal dialysis. Venous catheters were used as access in 24.8% of THE patients on hemodialysis. 17% of the patients had K ≥ 6.0mEq/L; 2.5% required red blood cell transfusion in July 2019 and 10.8% of the patients had serum levels of 25-OH vitamin D < 20 ng/mL. Conclusion: The absolute number of patients, the incidence and prevalence rates in dialysis in the country continue to increase, as well as the percentage of patients using venous catheter as dialysis access. There was an increase in the number of patients on the list for transplantation and a tendency to reduce gross mortality.


Resumo Introdução: Dados nacionais sobre o tratamento dialítico crônico são essenciais para a elaboração de políticas de saúde que almejem melhora no tratamento dos pacientes. Objetivo: Apresentar dados do Inquérito brasileiro de diálise de 2019, promovido pela Sociedade Brasileira de Nefrologia. Métodos: Coleta de dados das unidades de diálise do país através de questionário preenchido on-line referente a 2019. Resultados: 314 (39%) centros responderam ao questionário. Em julho de 2019, o número total estimado de pacientes em diálise foi de 139.691. As estimativas das taxas de prevalência e incidência de pacientes em tratamento dialítico por milhão da população (pmp) foram 665 e 218, respectivamente, com médias de aumento anuais de 25 pmp e 14 pmp para prevalência e incidência, respectivamente. A taxa anual de mortalidade bruta foi de 18,2%. Dos pacientes prevalentes, 93,2% estavam em hemodiálise e 6,8% em diálise peritoneal, e 33.015 (23,6%) em fila de espera para transplante. 55% dos centros ofereciam tratamento com diálise peritoneal. Cateter venoso era usado como acesso em 24,8% dos pacientes em hemodiálise. 17% dos pacientes tinham K ≥ 6,0mEq/L, 2,5% necessitaram de transfusão de hemácias em julho/2019 e 10,8% dos pacientes apresentavam níveis séricos de 25-OH vitamina D < 20 ng/mL. Conclusão: O número absoluto de pacientes e as taxas de incidência e prevalência em diálise no país continuam aumentando, assim como o percentual de pacientes em uso de cateter venoso como acesso para diálise. Houve aumento do número de pacientes na lista para transplante e tendência para redução da mortalidade bruta.


Subject(s)
Humans , Peritoneal Dialysis , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Nephrology , Brazil/epidemiology , Renal Dialysis
16.
J. bras. nefrol ; 43(2): 182-190, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286936

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Mineral and bone disorders (MBD) are associated with higher mortality in dialysis patients. The main guidelines related to the subject, Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (KDOQI) and Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO), were elaborated based on published information from hemodialysis participants. The aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), and parathyroid hormone (PTH) (according to guideline ranges from KDOQI and KDIGO) on the cardiovascular mortality of peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Methods: We used the BRAZPDII database, an observational multi-centric prospective study, which assessed participants on PD between December 2004 and January 2011. Amongst 9,905 participants included in this database, we analyzed 4424 participants who were on PD for at least 6 months. The appropriate confounding variables were entered into the model. Serum levels of Ca, P, and PTH were the variables of interest for the purposes of the current study. Results: We found a significant association between high P serum levels, categorized by KDOQI and KDIGO (P above 5.5 mg/dL), and cardiovascular survival (p < 0.01). Likewise, a compelling association was found between lower levels of PTH, categorized by guidelines (KDOQI and KDIGO - PTH less than 150 pg/mL, p < 0.01), and cardiovascular survival. Conclusion: In conclusion, levels of P above and PTH below the values proposed by KDOQI and KDIGO were associated with cardiovascular mortality in PD patients.


Resumo Introdução: Os distúrbios minerais e ósseos (DMO) estão associados a maior mortalidade em pacientes de diálise. As principais diretrizes relacionadas ao assunto, Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (KDOQI) e Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) foram elaboradas com base em informações publicadas de pacientes em hemodiálise. O objetivo do nosso estudo foi avaliar o impacto do cálcio (Ca), fósforo (P) e paratormônio (PTH) (de acordo com as faixas propostas pelas diretrizes do KDOQI e KDIGO) na mortalidade cardiovascular de pacientes em diálise peritoneal (DP). Métodos: Utilizamos o banco de dados BRAZPDII, um estudo prospectivo observacional multicêntrico, que avaliou participantes de DP entre dezembro de 2004 e janeiro de 2011. Entre os 9.905 participantes incluídos neste banco de dados, analisamos 4.424 que estavam em DP há pelo menos 6 meses. As variáveis de confusão apropriadas foram inseridas no modelo. Os níveis séricos de Ca, P e PTH foram as variáveis de interesse para os fins do presente estudo. Resultados: Encontramos uma associação significativa entre níveis séricos de P elevados, categorizados por KDOQI e KDIGO (P acima de 5,5 mg/dL), e sobrevivência cardiovascular (p < 0,01). Da mesma forma, foi encontrada uma associação convincente entre níveis mais baixos de PTH, categorizados por diretrizes (KDOQI e KDIGO - PTH inferior a 150 pg/mL, p < 0,01), e sobrevivência cardiovascular. Conclusão: Em conclusão, níveis de P acima e PTH abaixo dos valores propostos por KDOQI e KDIGO foram associados à mortalidade cardiovascular em pacientes de DP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases , Peritoneal Dialysis , Parathyroid Hormone , Calcium , Prospective Studies , Renal Dialysis , Minerals
17.
J. bras. nefrol ; 43(2): 191-199, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286933

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are affected by dynapenia, sarcopenia, and vascular calcification. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) may accumulate in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients and favor sarcopenia via changes in collagen cross-linking, muscle protein breakdown, and the calcification of arterial smooth muscle cells via p38-MAPK activation. The aim of this study is to explore the relationships between AGEs, muscle degeneration, and coronary artery calcification. Methods: This was a clinical observational study in patients with CKD undergoing PD, in which serum and skin AGEs (AGEs-sAF), cumulative glucose load, muscle strength and functional tests, muscle ultrasounds with elastography, coronary artery calcium (CAC) quantification, and muscle density by multislice computed tomography were measured. Results: 27 patients aged 48±16 years, dialysis vintage of 27±17 months, had AGEs-sAF levels of 3.09±0.65 AU (elevated in 13 [87%] patients), grip strength levels of 26.2±9.2 kg (11 [42%] patients with dynapenia), gait speed of 1.04±0.3 m/s (abnormal in 14 [58%] patients) and "timed-up-and-go test" (TUG) of 10.5±2.2s (abnormal in 7 [26%] patients). Correlations between AGEs-sAF levels and femoral rectus elastography (R=-0.74; p=0.02), anterior-tibialis elastography (R= -0.68; p=0.04) and CAC (R=0.64; p=0.04) were detected. Cumulative glucose load correlated with femoral rectal elastography (R=-0.6; p=0.02), and serum glycated hemoglobin concentrations correlated with psoas muscle density (R= -0.58; p=0.04) and CAC correlated with psoas muscle density (R=0.57; p=0.01) and lumbar square muscle density (R=-0.63; p=0.005). Conclusions: The study revealed associations between AGEs accumulation and lower muscle stiffness/density. Associations that linked muscle degeneration parameters with vascular calcification were observed.


Resumo Histórico: Pacientes com doença renal crônica (DRC) são afetados pela dinapenia, sarcopenia e calcificação vascular. Produtos finais da glicação avançada (AGEs) podem se acumular em pacientes em diálise peritoneal (DP) e favorecer a sarcopenia por meio de alterações em ligações cruzadas do colágeno, quebra da proteína muscular e calcificação das células do músculo liso arterial por meio da ativação da p38-MAPK. O objetivo deste estudo é explorar as relações entre AGEs, degeneração muscular e calcificação da artéria coronária. Métodos: Este foi um estudo clínico observacional em pacientes com DRC submetidos à DP, no qual foram medidos os AGEs séricos e teciduais (AGEs-sAF), a carga cumulativa de glicose, a força muscular e testes funcionais, ultrassonografias musculares com elastografia, quantificação do cálcio da artéria coronária (CAC), e a densidade muscular por tomografia computadorizada multislice. Resultados: 27 pacientes com idade entre 48±16 anos, tempo de diálise entre 27±17 meses, tinham níveis de AGEs-sAF de 3,09±0,65 UA (elevado em 13 [87%] pacientes), níveis de força de preensão de 26,2±9,2 kg (11 [42%] pacientes com dinapenia), velocidade de marcha de 1,04±0,3 m/s (anormal em 14 [58%] pacientes) e teste "timed-up-and-go" (TUG) de 10,5±2,2s (anormal em 7 [26%] pacientes). Foram detectadas correlações entre os níveis AGEs-sAF e a elastografia do reto femoral (R=-0,74; p=0,02), a elastografia tibial anterior (R= -0,68; p=0,04) e a CAC (R=0,64; p=0,04). A carga cumulativa de glicose se correlacionou com a elastografia do reto femoral (R=-0,6; p=0,02), as concentrações séricas de hemoglobina glicada se correlacionaram com a densidade muscular do psoas (R= -0,58; p=0,04) e o CAC se correlacionou com a densidade do músculo psoas (R=-0,57; p=0,01) e a densidade do músculo quadrado lombar (R=-0,63; p=0,005). Conclusões: O estudo revelou associações entre o acúmulo de AGEs e menor rigidez/densidade muscular. Foram observadas associações que ligavam parâmetros de degeneração muscular com a calcificação vascular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Peritoneal Dialysis , Glycation End Products, Advanced/metabolism , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Vascular Calcification/etiology , Vascular Calcification/diagnostic imaging , Renal Dialysis , Muscles/physiopathology
18.
J. bras. nefrol ; 43(1): 47-51, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154660

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Urgent-start peritoneal dialysis (US-PD) has been used worldwide with very positive results. The prior assessment of candidates for this therapy by a nurse can favor the success of the therapy. Objectives: To identify the profile of patients who are candidates for US-PD, the causes of contraindication of the method by the nurse and their permanence in the method after 30 days, as well as the growth of the service after implementing the program. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the forms used to assess candidates for US-PD applied by nurses between May 2017 and August 2019 in a clinic in Santa Catarina. We analyzed information on demographic profile, reasons for contraindication and permanence in the method after 30 days, as well as service growth after the program was implemented. Results: Of the 215 patients indicated for US-PD, 51% were male, 55% were under 60 years old, 51% had diabetes mellitus and 89% were hypertensive. Of these, 173 (80%) patients had the nurse's approval for PD. The only cause contraindicated was the inability to self-care associated with the lack of family support. In the first 30 days after the assessment, 89% of the patients who started PD remained on it. During the study period, the PD service grew by 91%. Conclusion: During the study period, a fifth of patients referred to US-PD received contraindication by nursing due to self-care inability associated with the lack of family support. After 30 days, 89% of the patients remained on it.


Resumo Introdução: A diálise peritoneal (DP) de início urgente ou urgent start (DP-US) vem sendo utilizada mundialmente e apresenta resultados bastante positivos. A avaliação prévia dos candidatos a essa terapia por um enfermeiro pode favorecer o sucesso do tratamento. Objetivos: Identificar o perfil dos pacientes candidatos à DP-US, as causas de contraindicação do método pelo enfermeiro e sua permanência após 30 dias, bem como o crescimento do serviço com a implementação do programa. Métodos: Foram analisados retrospectivamente formulários de avaliação dos candidatos à DP-US aplicados pelos enfermeiros entre maio de 2017 a agosto de 2019 em uma clínica de diálise localizada na região sul brasileira. Foram analisadas informações referentes a perfil demográfico, motivos para contraindicação e permanência no método após 30 dias, bem como crescimento do serviço após implementação do programa. Resultados: Dos 215 pacientes indicados para DP-US, 51% eram do sexo masculino, 55% tinham menos de 60 anos, 51% apresentavam diabetes mellitus, 89% eram hipertensos. Desses, 173 (80%) pacientes obtiveram parecer positivo do enfermeiro para DP. A única causa para contraindicação foi a incapacidade para autocuidado associado à falta de apoio familiar. Nos primeiros 30 dias após a avaliação, 89% dos pacientes que iniciaram a DP-US permaneceram na técnica. No período do estudo, o serviço de DP teve um crescimento de 91%. Conclusão: Um quinto dos pacientes indicados à DP-US recebeu contraindicação pela enfermagem devido à incapacidade de autocuidado associado à falta de apoio familiar. Após 30 dias, 89% dos pacientes haviam permanecido na técnica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Peritoneal Dialysis , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Self Care , Brazil , Retrospective Studies
19.
J. bras. nefrol ; 43(1): 110-114, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154651

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) has been considered a safe option of therapy in end-stage renal disease patients with urgent need of dialysis. Recently, it was proposed that Urgent-Start-PD (US-PD) be defined when PD starts within 72 hours after catheter placement and "early start" PD (ES-PD) when PD starts between 3 and 14 days after. We aimed to compare demographic and clinical characteristics between patients in US-PD and ES-PD as well as 30-day complications, 6-month hospitalization, and dropout rate. Methods: Adult patients starting PD within 14 days after catheter insertion (October/2016 - February/2019) were included and divided into US-PD group and ES-PD group based on the their PD initiation time. Clinical and demographic data, fill volume for the first PD session, 30-day complications, 6-month hospitalization, and dropout rate were assessed. Results: In our study, 72 patients were analyzed (US-PD=40, ES-PD=32) with mean age of 53.2±15.2 years old. No differences between US-PD and ES-PD regarding demographic characteristics, 30-day complications, 6-month hospitalization, and dropout events were found. The most frequent short-term complication in patients who started PD urgently was leakage. The most common cause of dropout was transfer to HD. Conclusion: Fifty five percent of our sample started PD less than 72 hours after catheter insertion. The lack of difference in the measured outcomes compared to patients that had therapy initiated after this period encourages the use of urgent PD when needed.


RESUMO Introdução: A diálise peritoneal (DP) tem sido considerada uma opção segura de terapia em pacientes com doença renal terminal com necessidade urgente de diálise. Recentemente, foi proposto que a DP de início urgente (US-PD) fosse definida quando a DP iniciar dentro de 72 horas após o implante do cateter, e a DP de "início precoce" (ES-PD) quando a DP iniciar entre 3 e 14 dias após o procedimento. Nosso objetivo foi comparar características demográficas e clínicas entre pacientes em US-PD e ES-PD, bem como complicações em 30 dias, internação por 6 meses e taxa de saída do tratamento. Métodos: Pacientes adultos iniciando DP em até 14 dias após a inserção do cateter (outubro/2016 - fevereiro/2019) foram incluídos e divididos no grupo US-PD ou ES-PD com base no tempo de início da DP. Dados clínicos e demográficos, volume de preenchimento na primeira sessão de DP, complicações em 30 dias, hospitalização por 6 meses e taxa de saída foram avaliados. Resultados: Em nosso estudo, 72 pacientes foram analisados (US-PD = 40, ES-PD = 32) com média de idade de 53,2 ± 15,2 anos. Não foram encontradas diferenças entre US-PD e ES-PD em relação às características demográficas, complicações em 30 dias, hospitalização por 6 meses e saída do tratamento. A complicação de curto prazo mais frequente nos pacientes que iniciaram a DP com urgência foi o extravasamento de líquido peritoneal. A causa mais comum de saída foi a transferência para HD. Conclusão: Mais da metade da nossa amostra iniciou a DP menos de 72 horas após a inserção do cateter. A falta de diferença nos desfechos mensurados em comparação com os pacientes que iniciaram o tratamento após esse período incentiva o uso de US-PD quando necessário.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Peritoneal Dialysis , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Time Factors , Catheterization , Renal Dialysis
20.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 1316-1322, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1291039

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Compreender as interlocuções entre os usuários que realizam a diálise peritoneal domiciliar e os serviços da Rede de Atenção à Saúde. Método: pesquisa qualitativa realizada com 19 pessoas em tratamento dialítico distribuídas em três grupos amostrais conforme o método da Grounded Theory. Análise através da codificação aberta, axial e seletiva. Resultado: o contexto assistencial expõe a descontinuidade do cuidado dialítico nas esferas da atenção primária e hospitalar, analisada pela categoria "Realizando a Diálise Peritoneal no domicílio, estando inserido na Rede de Atenção à Saúde". Conclusão: na ótica dos entrevistados a principal interlocução é com o serviço de terapia renal substitutiva, principal referência para o cuidado e intercorrências com a dialise domiciliar. As interlocuções com os outros pontos assistenciais da Rede visam obter serviços de apoio, não implicados com o procedimento de dialise peritoneal domiciliar


Objective: To understand the interlocutions between users who perform peritoneal dialysis at home and the services of the Health Care Network. Method: qualitative research carried out with 19 people undergoing dialysis treatment distributed in three sample groups according to the Grounded Theory method. Analysis through open, axial and selective coding. Result:the care context studied exposes the discontinuity of dialysis care in the spheres of primary and hospital care, analyzed by the category "Performing Peritoneal Dialysis at home, being inserted in the Health Care Network". Conclusion: from theinterviewees' point of view, the main dialogue is with the renal replacement therapy service, the main reference for care and complications with home dialysis. The interlocutions with the other assistance points of the Network aim to obtain support services, not involved with the peritoneal dialysis procedure at home


Objetivo: Comprender las interlocuciones entre usuarios que realizan diálisis peritoneal en el hogar y los servicios de Health Care Network. Método: investigación cualitativa realizada con 19 personas sometidas a tratamiento de diálisis distribuidas en tres grupos de muestra según el método de la teoría fundamentada. Análisis mediante codificación abierta, axial y selectiva. Resultado: el contexto de atención estudiado expone la discontinuidad de la atención de diálisis en las esferas de atención primaria y hospitalaria, analizada por la categoría "Realización de diálisis peritoneal en el hogar, que se inserta en la red de atención médica". Conclusión:Para los entrevistados, la interlocución principal es con el servicio de terapia de reemplazo renal, la principal referencia para la atención y las complicaciones con la diálisis en el hogar. Las interlocuciones con los otros puntos de asistencia de la Red apuntan a obtener servicios de apoyo, no involucrados en el procedimiento de diálisi


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Hemodialysis, Home/trends , Comprehensive Health Care , Health Services Accessibility/trends , Peritoneal Dialysis , Integrality in Health
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