Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 108
Filter
1.
Rev. nefrol. diál. traspl ; 38(3): 179-186, sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1006881

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El trastorno del metabolismo óseo y mineral constituye una grave complicación de la IRC. Respecto al fósforo, las nuevas Guías KDIGO sugieren disminuirla hiperfosfatemia, sin recomendar un valor determinado. Sin embargo, en Argentina se continúa utilizando como indicador de calidad dialítica (IndCalDial) un valor de fósforo igual o inferior a 5 mg.dl. Nuestro objetivo fue evaluar si un valor fijo de fosfatemia es válido como IndCalDial. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se realizó un estudio multicéntrico, de corte transversal. Se incluyeron pacientes mayores de 18 años, con más de 90 días en hemodiálisis crónica. Se tabularon datos demográficos y de laboratorio. Según el reactivo empleado en la determinación de fósforo, en 4 centros el límite superior de referencia fue 4.5 mg.dl (Grupo F4.5) y en tres 5.6 mg.dl (Grupo F5.6). RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 334 pacientes. Edad, sexo, porcentaje con FAV, diabéticos, tiempo en diálisis, Kt/V, Hemoglobina y Albúmina, resultaron semejantes a los del Registro Nacional de Diálisis. La mediana de fosfatemia fue 5.2 mg.dl, (rango: 2.3 a 10.6). Los pacientes hiperfosfatémicos fueron más jóvenes y presentaron mejores niveles de Albúmina. De considerarse como IndCalDial: Fósforo menor a 5 mg.dl, 21 pacientes del Grupo F4.5 (n=154) con fosfatemia entre 4.5 y 5.0 mg.dl no recibirían tratamiento, mientras que en el Grupo F5.6 (n=180), 32 pacientes con fosfatemia entre 5.1 y 5.6 mg.dl deberían recibir tratamiento, a pesar de presentar normofosfatemia. CONCLUSIONES: Debería estandarizarse la determinación de fosfatemia, previo a utilizar un valor fijo como IndCalDial


Subject(s)
Humans , Renal Dialysis , Hyperphosphatemia , Phosphorus/analysis , Phosphorus/metabolism , Quality Indicators, Health Care
2.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 89(1): 10-17, feb. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042712

ABSTRACT

Las estrategias nutricionales para prematuros extremos con alto aporte de proteínas, han mostrado alteraciones metabólicas con hipofosfemia precoz, especialmente en el grupo de pacientes con restricción de crecimiento intrauterino (Rein). También se presenta hipofosfemia tardía, característica de la enfermedad metabólica ósea. En este artículo se revisan y actualizan conceptos en relación a la fisiopatología del metabolismo del fósforo en recién nacidos prematuros y uso de parenterales precoces en el contexto de enfermedad metabólica ósea. Los artículos fueron identificados en base de datos electrónicas como Pubmed y Rima. Fueron incluidos artículos en inglés y español. Fueron filtrados por título y resumen. La literatura actual propone diversas estrategias de nutrición precoz que permitan asegurar una adecuada cantidad de nutrientes para continuar con el crecimiento y desarrollo extrauterino. En pacientes con nutrición parenteral pero con diferentes aportes de fósforo, o relación calcio: fósforo inadecuada, a mayor contenido de aminoácidos, se presenta hipofosfemia, hipercalcemia, hipomagnesemia, hipokalemia e hiperglicemia, especialmente en casos de Rein. Estas alteraciones se asocian a prolongación de ventilación mecánica, mayor riesgo de displasia broncopulmonar y aumento de sepsis tardía. La hipofosfemia tardía, descrita ya hace muchos años, se presenta con normocalcemia y aumento de fosfatasas alcalinas, en la enfermedad metabólica ósea del prematuro, con alteración de la mineralización en distintos grados, secundaria a un inadecuado aporte de este mineral para los altos requerimientos de estos pacientes. Esta presentación de hipofosfemia precoz y tardía en el prematuro alerta sobre el control oportuno de fosfemia para ajustar el aporte nutricional. En el prematuro con nutrición parenteral precoz, el control en conjunto con la calcemia en la primera semana de vida, especialmente en Rein, permite tratar la hipofosfemia y prevenir sus complicaciones. En hipofosfemia tardía, el seguimiento semanal o quincenal desde las 4 semanas a los prematuros con riesgo, permite lograr un aporte óptimo de minerales.


New nutritional approaches to treat extreme premature babies have demonstrated relevant eviden ce of metabolic disturbances with early hypophosphatemia, especially in patients with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). They have shown late hypophosphatemia, as well, which is characteristic in the metabolic bone disease. A sytematic search of literature describing metabolic disturbances of phosphorus in preterm newborns is presented, related to the use of early parenteral nutrition and also in the context of metabolic bone disease. The articles were gathered from electronic data bases, such as PubMed and Rima. We include articles in english and spanish which were selected by titles and abstracts. Several strategies for early nutrition have been proposed in order to ensure an adequate amount of nutrients to accomplish the development and growth of preterm babies. Patients with parenteral nutrition support with different doses of phosphate, or inadequate calcium phosphate relation, or an increased amino acid content, may present hypophosphatemia, hypercalcemia, hy pomagnesemia, hypokalemia and hyperglycemia, all of these are additionally noteworthy in the pre sence of intrauterine growth restriction. Furthermore, said alterations are associated with prolonged mechanical ventilation, as well as bronchopulmonary dysplasia and increase in late onset sepsis. The late hypophosphatemia, described several years ago, arises as normocalcemia and as an increment of alkaline phosphatases in the metabolic bone disease in preterm babies, and also with an inadequate mineralization in different grades, secondary to an inadequate supply due to high nutritional requi rements in these patients. When early or late hypophosphatemia appears in preterm babies, it shall require timely control of phosphemia and will need to adjust the nutritional intake in order to correct it. In case of preterm babies with early parenteral nutrition it will also need a control of calcemia in the first week of birth, especially if those belonging to the IUGR group. Adjustment must be made along with metabolic follow up, as well. In late hypophosphatemia, a weekly or every two weeks fo llow up will be a must for all preterm babies in risk and they should be given supplements to get an optimum mineral supply.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Hypophosphatemia/diagnosis , Hypophosphatemia/etiology , Hypophosphatemia/metabolism , Hypophosphatemia/therapy , Infant, Premature, Diseases/diagnosis , Infant, Premature, Diseases/etiology , Infant, Premature, Diseases/metabolism , Infant, Premature, Diseases/therapy , Phosphorus/metabolism , Infant, Premature , Biomarkers/metabolism , Calcium/metabolism , Parenteral Nutrition/adverse effects , Refeeding Syndrome/physiopathology , Fetal Growth Retardation/physiopathology
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 78(1): 25-31, Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888844

ABSTRACT

Abstract We aimed in this study utilize environmental indicators as a quantitative method to evaluate and discuss the nitrogen (TN) and phosphorus (TP) flux by a production stage grow-out (termination) of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in fishpond. The TN and TP load, the mass balance, the input of TN and TP via feed and the converted nutrients in fish biomass are the environmental indicators applied in this study. During the production cycle (128 days), the system exported 15,931 g TN and 4,189 g TP that were related to the amount of feed supplied (r Pearson = 0.8825 and r = 0.8523, respectively), corroborated by the feed conversion ratio (1.61:1). The indicators showed that 26% TN and 45% TP were reversed into fish biomass, 62% TN and 40% TP were retained in the fishpond, and 12% TN and 15% TP were exported via effluent. The largest contribution of nutrients generated by the system and exported via effluent was observed in phase III and IV. This result is supported by the feed conversion ratio 2.14 and 2.21:1 obtained at this phase, a fact explained by the amount of feed offered and the fish metabolism. Application of environmental indicators showed to be an efficient tool to quantify flux of TN and TP produced during the grow-out period of Nile tilapia and therefore, guide management practices more sustainable. Concerning the environmental sustainability of the activity the implementation of best management practices such as the better control of the feed amount offered would lead to a smaller loss of TN and TP to the water. Furthermore, the use of better quality feeds would allow greater nutrient assimilation efficiency.


Resumo Nós objetivamos neste estudo, utilizar indicadores ambientais como método quantitativo para avaliar e discutir sobre o fluxo de nitrogênio (TN) e fósforo (TP) na etapa final de crescimento (terminação) de tilápia-do-nilo (Oreochromis niloticus) em viveiro escavado. A carga de TN e TP, o balanço de massa, a entrada de nutrientes via ração e o TN e TP convertido em biomassa de peixe foram os indicadores ambientais utilizados neste estudo. Durante o ciclo produtivo (128 dias), o sistema exportou 15.931 g NT e 4.189 g PT os quais foram relacionadas às quantidades de alimento fornecido (r Pearson = 0,8825 e r = 0,8523, respectivamente), corroborada pela conversão alimentar (1,61:1). Os indicadores evidenciaram que 26% NT e 45% PT foram revertidos em biomassa de peixe, 62% NT e 40% PT ficaram retidos no viveiro e 12% NT e 15% PT foram exportados via efluente. O maior aporte de nutrientes gerado pelo sistema e exportado via efluente foi verificado nas fases III e IV. Este resultado é corroborado pelas taxas de conversão alimentar de 2,14 e 2,21:1 obtida nestas fases, fato explicado pela quantidade de ração ofertada e pelo metabolismo dos peixes. A aplicação dos indicadores ambientais mostrou ser uma ferramenta eficiente para quantificar o fluxo de TN e TP produzidos durante a etapa final de crescimento de tilápia-do-nilo e com isso orientar práticas de manejo mais sustentáveis. Com vistas à sustentabilidade ambiental da atividade, a implantação de boas práticas de manejo tais como o melhor controle da quantidade de alimento ofertado levaria a menor perda de NT e PT para a água. Além disso, o uso de rações de melhor qualidade permitiria maior eficiência de assimilação desses nutrientes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Phosphorus/analysis , Phosphorus/metabolism , Cichlids/metabolism , Nitrogen/analysis , Nitrogen/metabolism , Aquaculture , Biomass , Metabolic Flux Analysis
4.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(supl.1): 15-24, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974338

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study was aimed to investigate the effect of bio-organic phosphate either alone or in combination with phosphorus solubilizing bacteria strain (Bacillus MWT-14) on the growth and productivity of two wheat cultivars (Galaxy-2013 and Punjab-2011) along with recommended (150-100 NP kg ha−1) and half dose (75-50 NP kg ha−1) of fertilizers. The combined application of bio-organic phosphate and the phosphorous solubilizing bacteria strain at either fertilizer level significantly improved the growth, yield parameters and productivity of both wheat cultivars compared to non-inoculated control treatments. The cultivar Punjab-2011 produced the higher chlorophyll contents, crop growth rate, and the straw yield at half dose of NP fertilizer; while Galaxy-2013, with the combined application of bio-organic phosphate and phosphorous solubilizing bacteria under recommended NP fertilizer dose. Combined over both NP fertilizer levels, the combined use of bio-organic phosphate and phosphorous solubilizing bacteria enhanced the grain yield of cultivar Galaxy-2013 by 54.3% and that of cultivar Punjab-2011 by 83.3%. The combined application of bio-organic phosphate and phosphorous solubilizing bacteria also increased the population of phosphorous solubilizing bacteria, the soil organic matter and phosphorous contents in the soil. In conclusion, the combined application of bio-organic phosphate and phosphorous solubilizing bacteria offers an eco-friendly option to harvest the better wheat yield with low fertilizer input under arid climate.


Subject(s)
Phosphates/pharmacokinetics , Phosphorus/metabolism , Bacillus/metabolism , Triticum/growth & development , Fertilizers/analysis , Crop Production/methods , Phosphates/analysis , Phosphorus/analysis , Soil Microbiology , Triticum/metabolism , Triticum/microbiology , Climate
5.
Rev. nefrol. diál. traspl ; 37(3): 146-156, sept. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1006498

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La urolitiasis (UL) es una alteración frecuente, cuya incidencia ha aumentado en el último cuarto del siglo XX. Para su diagnóstico se realizan estudios metabólicos para lo cual es necesario contar con valores de referencia (VR) establecidos para la población en cuestión. OBJETIVO: El objetivo del trabajo fue determinar VR de calcio, oxalato, citrato, úrico, fósforo, magnesio, sulfato y sodio en orina de 24 horas de alumnos de la Facultad de Bioquímica y Ciencias Biológicas de la Universidad Nacional del Litoral, Santa Fe, Argentina. Con los VR hallados se determinó la frecuencia de alteraciones y se la comparó con datos bibliográficos. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se utilizó la guía NCCLSC28-A3, 2008. La muestra de referencia fue de 69 alumnos. Se utilizaron métodos enzimáticos-colorimétricos, espectrofotómetro Metrolab 1600 plus, electrodos ion selectivo DIESTRO. RESULTADOS: Los VR hallados (IC 95%) fueron para el oxalato: 1,96-45,08; calcio: 20,65-250,74; citrato: 112,78-666,01; ácido úrico 58,73-782,17; fósforo 238,37-1051,44; magnesio 28,7-146,67 todos en mg/24h; sulfato 3,15-25,18 mmol/24h y sodio 42,81-285,3 mEq/24h. Se encontró un 3% hiperoxaluria, 12% hipercalciuria, 3% hipocitraturia y 6% hiperuricosuria, 6% hiperfosfaturia, 6% hipomagnesuria, 7% hipernatriuria, 0% hipersulfaturia. Los VR comparados mostraron coincidencias para algunos analitos y para otros amplias diferencias. CONCLUSIONES: El diagnóstico de la alteración metabólica para el estudio de UL varía según el valor de referencia utilizado. Adoptar valores establecidos para otras poblaciones, incluidos los de los fabricantes de los kits comerciales, conducen a un diagnóstico que puede no ser acorde a la situación clínica del paciente


INTRODUCTION: Urolithiasis (UL) is a common disease whose incidence increased in the last quarter of the twentieth century. Metabolic evaluation is necessary for diagnosis, which requires the establishment of reference values (RV) for the population in question. OBJECTIVE: To determine the RV for calcium, oxalate, citrate, uric acid, phosphate, magnesium, sulphate and sodium in 24-hour urine belonging to students from the School of Biochemistry and Biological Sciences at Universidad Nacional del Litoral, province of Santa Fe, Argentina. Once RV were established, a frequency of alterations was determined and then compared with literature data. METHODS: The NCCLSC28-A3 guideline (2008) was used. The study group included 69 students. The enzymatic colorimetric method, a Metrolab 1600 plus spectrophotometer and a DIESTRO ion-selective electrode were also employed. Results: The RV found (95 % CI) were the following: oxalate, 1.96-45.08; calcium, 20.65-250.74; citrate, 112.78-666.01; uric acid, 58.73-782.17; phosphate, 238.37-1051.44; magnesium, 28.7-146.67, all these values expressed as mg/24h; sulphate, 3.15-25.18 mmol/24h, and sodium, 42.81-285.3 mEq/24h. These findings emerged as well: hyperoxaluria, 3%; hypercalciuria 12%; hypocitraturia, 3%; hyperuricosuria, 6%; hyperphosphaturia, 6%; hypomagnesuria, 6%; hypernatriuria, 7%, and hypersulphaturia, 0%. When RV were compared, some analyte levels were similar and others showed a considerable difference. CONCLUSIONS: The diagnosis of UL through the study of metabolic changes is different according to the reference value used. Applying reference values established for other populations, including those of commercial kits manufacturers, may lead to a diagnosis which does not match the clinical condition of the patient


Subject(s)
Humans , Reference Values , Urolithiasis , Phosphorus/metabolism , Sodium/metabolism , Uric Acid/metabolism , Calcium Oxalate/metabolism , Citric Acid/metabolism , Magnesium/metabolism
6.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 89(3,supl): 2021-2031, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886773

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The present study evaluated the effects of the culturing media and the levels of nitrogen and phosphorus on the growth, biomass productivity and lipid production of four species of Microcystis (M. novacekii, M. aeruginosa, M panniformis and M. protocystis). The lipid extract was obtained by refluxing with dichloromethane (Soxhlet). The biomass and biomass productivity yields were maximized with ASM-1 medium treatment enriched with nitrogen and/or phosphorus (0.25-0.65 g/L and 25-50.7 mg/L d-1, respectively). The lipid extract yields from M. panniformis and M. novacekii were inversely correlated with the concentration of nitrogen and directly correlated with the concentration of phosphorus (35.8 % and 31.7 %). The lipid extract yield from M. aeruginosa was inversely correlated with the nutrient concentration (23.3 %). M. protocystis exhibited a higher lipid content in the control medium (41.5 %) than in the nitrogen-enriched media. The recorded results show that a nutrient-poor culture medium favours cell growth and stimulates lipid accumulation, which directly affects the cost of cultivation by reducing nutrient consumption. All studied species may serve as biomass sources for biodiesel production, although M. protocystis exhibited the highest lipid production. Further studies are necessary to determine the composition of the recorded lipid extract.


Subject(s)
Biofuels/microbiology , Lipids/biosynthesis , Phosphorus/metabolism , Cyanobacteria/chemistry , Biomass , Culture Media/pharmacology , Nitrogen/metabolism
7.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 47(4): 931-940, Oct.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828205

ABSTRACT

Abstract Twelve bacterial strains isolated from shrimp farming ponds were screened for their growth activity on chitin as the sole carbon source. The highly chitinolytic bacterial strain was detected by qualitative cup plate assay and tentatively identified to be Cohnella sp. A01 based on 16S rDNA sequencing and by matching the key morphological, physiological, and biochemical characteristics. The cultivation of Cohnella sp. A01 in the suitable liquid medium resulted in the production of high levels of enzyme. The colloidal chitin, peptone, and K2HPO4 represented the best carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus sources, respectively. Enzyme production by Cohnella sp. A01 was optimized by the Taguchi method. Our results demonstrated that inoculation amount and temperature of incubation were the most significant factors influencing chitinase production. From the tested values, the best pH/temperature was obtained at pH 5 and 70 °C, with Km and V max values of chitinase to be 5.6 mg/mL and 0.87 µmol/min, respectively. Ag+, Co2+, iodoacetamide, and iodoacetic acid inhibited the enzyme activity, whereas Mn2+, Cu2+, Tweens (20 and 80), Triton X-100, and EDTA increased the same. In addition, the study of the morphological alteration of chitin treated by enzyme by SEM revealed cracks and pores on the chitin surface, indicating a potential application of this enzyme in several industries.


Subject(s)
Bacillus/metabolism , Chitinases/metabolism , Phosphorus/metabolism , Temperature , Bacillus/isolation & purification , Bacillus/genetics , Bacillus/ultrastructure , Enzyme Stability/drug effects , Carbon/metabolism , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , Kinetics , Chitinases/chemistry , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Enzyme Activation , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Ions , Metals , Nitrogen/metabolism
8.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 47(3): 628-639, July-Sept. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-788957

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The main objective of this study was to evaluate the anaerobic conversion of vinasse into biomethane with gradual increase in organic loading rate (OLR) in two upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactors, R1 and R2, with volumes of 40.5 and 21.5 L in the mesophilic temperature range. The UASB reactors were operated for 230 days with a hydraulic detection time (HDT) of 2.8 d (R1) and 2.8-1.8 d (R2). The OLR values applied in the reactors were 0.2-7.5 g totalCOD (L d)−1 in R1 and 0.2-11.5 g totalCOD (L d)−1 in R2. The average total chemical oxygen demand (totalCOD) removal efficiencies ranged from 49% to 82% and the average conversion efficiencies of the removed totalCOD into methane were 48-58% in R1 and 39-65% in R2. The effluent recirculation was used for an OLR above 6 g totalCOD (L d)−1 in R1 and 8 gtotalCOD (L d)−1 in R2 and was able to maintain the pH of the influent in R1 and R2 in the range from 6.5 to 6.8. However, this caused a decrease for 53-39% in the conversion efficiency of the removed totalCOD into methane in R2 because of the increase in the recalcitrant COD in the influent. The largest methane yield values were 0.181 and 0.185 (L) CH4 (gtotal COD removed)−1 in R1 and R2, respectively. These values were attained after 140 days of operation with an OLR of 5.0-7.5 g totalCOD (L d)−1 and total COD removal efficiencies around 70 and 80%.


Subject(s)
Sewage/microbiology , Fermentation , Methane/biosynthesis , Phosphorus/metabolism , Bioreactors , Volatile Organic Compounds , Biological Oxygen Demand Analysis , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Anaerobiosis , Nitrogen/metabolism
9.
Braz. j. biol ; 76(2): 461-468, Apr.-June 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-781397

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aquatic plants can use differential allocation (trade-off) of carbon among their structures depending on the nutrition concentration. Given that N and P are limiting in the growth of plants, our questions were: Are the N and P concentrations in S. auriculata related to the biomass allocation to its structures? Is a differential allocation of N and P between floating and submerged leaves? We evaluated the relation between the nutrients and the biomass allocation, and the trade-off among the leaves using the Spearman correlation. Our results showed that N and P concentrations in S. auriculata are related to the biomass allocation to its structures, and that there is no trade-off of these nutrients between “shoot and root”. Thus, we can see the importance of N and P concentration in the biomass of S. auriculata, and why this plant is capable to development in different environments as a weedy.


Resumo Plantas aquáticas podem realizar alocação diferencial (trade-off) de carbono entre as suas estruturas dependo da disponibilidade de nutrientes. Considerando que N e P são limitantes para o crescimento de plantas, nossas perguntas foram: As concentrações de N e P em S. auriculata estão relacionadas com a alocação de biomassa para suas estruturas? Existe alocação diferencial de N e P entre os folíolos aéreos e a “raiz”? Avaliamos a relação entre os nutrientes e a biomassa, e o trade-off entre as folhas utilizando correlação de Spearman. Os resultados encontrados mostram que as concentrações de N e P em S. auriculata estão relacionadas com a alocação de biomassa para as suas estruturas, e que não há um trade-off de N e P entre os folíolos aéreos e a “raiz”. Dessa maneira, é possível observar a importância de N e P no ganho de biomassa de S. auriculata, e porque a espécie é capaz de se desenvolver em diferentes ambientes como uma planta daninha.


Subject(s)
Phosphorus/analysis , Phosphorus/metabolism , Plant Physiological Phenomena , Plant Weeds/physiology , Nitrogen/analysis , Nitrogen/metabolism , Carbon/metabolism , Statistics as Topic , Plant Leaves/growth & development , Biomass , Hydrobiology/methods
10.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 74(2): 93-98, Feb. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-776444

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective We evaluated extratemporal metabolic changes with phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS) in patients with unilateral mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS). Method 31P-MRS of 33 patients with unilateral MTS was compared with 31 controls. The voxels were selected in the anterior, posterior insula-basal ganglia (AIBG, PIBG) and frontal lobes (FL). Relative values of phosphodiesters- PDE, phosphomonoesters-PME, inorganic phosphate - Pi, phosphocreatine- PCr, total adenosine triphosphate [ATPt = γ- + a- + b-ATP] and the ratios PCr/ATPt, PCr/γ-ATP, PCr/Pi and PME/PDE were obtained. Results We found energetic abnormalities in the MTS patients compared to the controls with Pi reduction bilaterally in the AIBG and ipsilaterally in the PIBG and the contralateral FL; there was also decreased PCr/γ-ATP in the ipsilateral AIBG and PIBG. Increased ATPT in the contralateral AIBG and increased γ-ATP in the ipsilateral PIBG were detected. Conclusion Widespread energy dysfunction was detected in patients with unilateral MTS.


RESUMO Objetivo Nós avaliamos as alterações metabóblicas através da espectroscopia de fósforo por ressonância magnética (31P-MRS) em pacientes com esclerose mesial temporal (EMT) unilateral. Método 31P-MRS de 33 pacientes com EMT unilateral foram comparadas aos de 31 controles. Foram selecionados os voxels nas regiões insulonuclear anterior e posterior (RINA e RINP) e frontal (RF). Os valores relativos de fosfodiésteres – PDE, fosfomonoésteres- PME, fosfato inorgânico- Pi, fosfocreatina –PCr, adenosina trifosfato total [ATPt = γ- + a- + b-ATP] e as razões PCr/ATPt, PCr/γ-ATP, PCr/Pi e PME/PDE foram obtidas. Resultados Nós encontramos anormalidades em pacientes com EMT em comparação aos controles. Redução de Pi nas RINA bilateralmente, RINP ipsilateral e RF contralateral, redução de PCr/γ-ATP nas RINA e RINP ipsilaterais foram detectadas. Aumentos de ATPT na RINA contralateral e aumento de γ-ATP na RINP ipsilateral também foram encontradas. Conclusão Disfunção energética difusa foi encontrada em pacientes com EMT unilateral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Phosphorus/metabolism , Temporal Lobe/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Sclerosis/diagnosis , Sclerosis/metabolism , Temporal Lobe/metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/metabolism
11.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 46(4): 1045-1052, Oct.-Dec. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-769662

ABSTRACT

Abstract High copper (Cu) levels in uprooted old vineyard soils may cause toxicity in transplanted young vines, although such toxicity may be reduced by inoculating plants with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of AMF on the plant growth, chlorophyll contents, mycorrhizal colonization, and Cu and phosphorus (P) absorption in young vines cultivated in a vineyard soil contaminated by Cu. Commercial vineyard soil with high Cu levels was placed in plastic tubes and transplanted with young vines, which were inoculated with six AMF species (Dentiscutata heterogama, Gigaspora gigantea, Acaulospora morrowiae, A. colombiana, Rhizophagus clarus, R. irregularis) and a control treatment on randomized blocks with 12 replicates. After 130 days, the mycorrhizal colonization, root and shoot dry matter (DM), height increment, P and Cu absorption, and chlorophyll contents were evaluated. The height increment, shoot DM and chlorophyll contents were not promoted by AMF, although the root DM was increased by R. clarus and R. irregularis, which had the greatest mycorrhizal colonization and P uptake. AMF increased Cu absorption but decreased its transport to shoots. Thus, AMF species, particularly R. clarus and R. irregularis, contribute to the establishment of young vines exposed to high Cu levels.


Subject(s)
Copper/growth & development , Copper/metabolism , Copper/microbiology , Fungi/growth & development , Fungi/metabolism , Fungi/microbiology , Mycorrhizae/growth & development , Mycorrhizae/metabolism , Mycorrhizae/microbiology , Phosphorus/growth & development , Phosphorus/metabolism , Phosphorus/microbiology , Plant Roots/growth & development , Plant Roots/metabolism , Plant Roots/microbiology , Plant Shoots/growth & development , Plant Shoots/metabolism , Plant Shoots/microbiology , Soil Pollutants/growth & development , Soil Pollutants/metabolism , Soil Pollutants/microbiology , Vitis/growth & development , Vitis/metabolism , Vitis/microbiology
12.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2015 Jun; 53(6): 395-405
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-158521

ABSTRACT

In this study, we assessed the role of phosphorus in preventing chromium uptake by plants. Two-factor complete randomized pot experiment (5x5 pattern) was conducted hydroponically with Spinacea oleracea L. (spinach), for 28 days in green house. Five concentrations of Cr (2.0, 3.5, 5.0, 6.5 and 8.0 mM), each amended with five concentrations of phosphorus (25, 50, 75, 100 and 125 mM) were supplied. With the phosphorus amendment in the growth medium, accumulation of chromium decreased up to 55% in root and 50% in shoot tissues. A 1.8-fold enhancement in total chlorophyll and 2-fold increase in the biomass of root and shoot were observed due to phosphorus amendment. Levels of superoxide dismutase, catalase, peroxidase and malondialdehyde were reduced by 27, 11.7, 38.1 and 45.5% in root tissues; and 27, 17.4, 32.3 and 35.1%, in shoot tissues, respectively. In conclusion, the phosphorus amendment has been shown not only to moderate the Cr-toxicity in S. oleracea but also enrich chlorophyll content as well as the biomass.


Subject(s)
Chromium/metabolism , Hydroponics/methods , Metals, Heavy/poisoning , Phosphorus/metabolism , Phosphorus/toxicity , Plant Roots/metabolism , /metabolism
13.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 18(1): 46-50, Jan. 2015. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-736985

ABSTRACT

Background CO2 emission, water pollution and petroleum shortage are the issues coming with the development of industry. A cost effective system was constructed to fix the CO2 in flue gas (15% CO2), remove nitrogen and phosphorus from manure wastewater and produce biofuels at the same time. The significant cultivation conditions were selected by Plackett-Burman design, and then optimized with central composite design. Results Optimum culture condition was predicted at light intensity of 238 µmol·m- 2·s- 1, TN of 152 mg·L- 1, inoculum density of 0.3 g·L- 1, under which the measured CO2 fixation rate, total nitrogen and phosphorus removing rate, and lipid content were 638.13 mg·L- 1·d- 1, 88.16%, 73.98% and 11.9%, respectively. The lipid content was then enhanced to 24.2% by a nitrogen starvation strategy. Conclusion A cultivation strategy was suggested to achieve effective C/N/P removal from flue gas and manure wastewater, and meanwhile obtained high lipid content from microalgal biomass.


Subject(s)
Phosphorus/metabolism , Carbon/metabolism , Scenedesmus/metabolism , Lipids/biosynthesis , Nitrogen/metabolism , Water Pollution , Carbon Dioxide , Water Purification , Combustion , Culture Techniques , Biofuels , Lipids/analysis
14.
Rev. biol. trop ; 62(4): 1637-1648, oct.-dic. 2014. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-753716

ABSTRACT

Eichhornia crassipes is an aquatic plant native to the Amazon River Basin. It has become a serious weed in freshwater habitats in rivers, lakes and reservoirs both in tropical and warm temperate areas worldwide. Some research has stated that it can be used for water phytoremediation, due to its strong assimilation of nitro- gen and phosphorus, and the accumulation of heavy metals, and its growth and spread may play an important role in environmental ecology. In order to explore the molecular mechanism of E. crassipes to responses to nitrogen deficiency, we constructed forward and reversed subtracted cDNA libraries for E. crassipes roots under nitrogen deficient condition using a suppressive subtractive hybridization (SSH) method. The forward subtraction included 2 100 clones, and the reversed included 2 650 clones. One thousand clones were randomly selected from each library for sequencing. About 737 (527 unigenes) clones from the forward library and 757 (483 unigenes) clones from the reversed library were informative. Sequence BlastX analysis showed that there were more transporters and adenosylhomocysteinase-like proteins in E. crassipes cultured in nitrogen deficient medium; while, those cultured in nitrogen replete medium had more proteins such as UBR4-like e3 ubiquitin- protein ligase and fasciclin-like arabinogalactan protein 8-like, as well as more cytoskeletal proteins, including actin and tubulin. Cluster of Orthologous Group (COG) analysis also demonstrated that in the forward library, the most ESTs were involved in coenzyme transportation and metabolism. In the reversed library, cytoskeletal ESTs were the most abundant. Gene Ontology (GO) analysis categories demonstrated that unigenes involved in binding, cellular process and electron carrier were the most differentially expressed unigenes between the forward and reversed libraries. All these results suggest that E. crassipes can respond to different nitrogen status by efficiently regulating and controlling some transporter gene expressions, certain metabolism processes, specific signal transduction pathways and cytoskeletal construction.


Se ha convertido en una maleza importante en hábitats de agua dulce en ríos, lagos y embalses, tanto en zonas tropicales como templadas de todo el mundo. Algunas investigaciones han indicado que se puede utilizar para la fitorremediación de agua, debido a su fuerte asimilación de nitrógeno y fósforo, y la acumulación de metales pesados, su crecimiento y propagación puede desempeñar un papel importante en la ecología ambiental. Con el fin de explorar el mecanismo molecular de respuesta a la deficiencia de nitrógeno en E. crassipes, se construyeron bibliotecas de cDNA mediante síntesis adelantada y retrasada para raíces de E. crassipes en condiciones de deficiencia de nitrógeno mediante el método de hibridación supresiva sustractiva (SSH). Para este estudio se utilizaron 2 100 clones de síntesis adelantada y 2 650 de síntesis retrasada. De la biblioteca se escogieron al azar mil clones, 737 (527 unigenes) de síntesis adelanta- da y 757 (483 unigenes) de síntesis retrasada que fueron informativos. El análisis BLASTX mostró que había más transportadores y proteínas adenosilhomocisteinasa en E. crassipes cultivadas en un medio deficiente de nitrógeno; mientras que las cultivadas en un medio repleto de nitróge- no tenían más proteínas como UBR4 e3 ubiquitina-proteína ligasa y la proteína arabinogalactano 8 tipo fasciclina, así como otras proteínas del citoesqueleto, incluyendo la actina y la tubulina. Clúster del Grupo Ortológico (COG) también demostró que en la biblioteca de síntesis adelan- tada, la mayoría de los marcadores de secuencia expresada (ESTs) estaban involucrados en el transporte de coenzimas y el metabolismo.


Subject(s)
Environmental Restoration and Remediation , Expressed Sequence Tags , Eichhornia/genetics , Genes, Plant , Nitrogen/metabolism , Phosphorus/metabolism , Eichhornia/classification , Eichhornia/metabolism , Gene Library , Nitrogen/deficiency , Polymerase Chain Reaction
15.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 45(3): 937-943, July-Sept. 2014. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-727024

ABSTRACT

Strain P17 was a bacterial strain identified as Bacillus megaterium isolated from ground accumulating phosphate rock powder. The fermentation broth of strain P17 and the yellow-brown soil from Nanjing Agricultural University garden were collected to conduct this study. The simulation of fixed insoluble phosphorous forms after applying calcium superphosphate into yellow-brown soil was performed in pots, while available P and total P of soil were extremely positive correlative with those of groundwater. Then the dissolving effect of strain P17 on insoluble P of yellow-brown soil was studied. Results showed that Bacillus megaterium strain P17 had notable solubilizing effect on insoluble phosphates formed when too much water-soluble phosphorous fertilizer used. During 100 days after inoculation, strain P17 was dominant. Until the 120th day, compared with water addition, available P of strain P17 inoculation treated soil increased by 3 times with calcium superphosphate addition. Besides available P, pH, activity of acid and alkaline phosphatase and population of P-solubilizing microbes were detected respectively. P-solubilizing mechanism of P-solubilizing bacteria strain P17 seems to be a synergetic effect of pH decrease, organic acids, phosphatase, etc.


Subject(s)
Bacillus megaterium/metabolism , Calcium Phosphates/metabolism , Phosphorus/metabolism , Soil/chemistry , Bacillus megaterium/isolation & purification , Carboxylic Acids/metabolism , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases/metabolism , Soil Microbiology
17.
Arq. bras. endocrinol. metab ; 58(5): 452-463, 07/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-719190

ABSTRACT

Differently from most hormones, which commonly are specialized molecules able to influence other cells, tissues and systems, thyroid hormones (TH) are pleiotropic peptides, whose primordial function is difficult to identify. The complex action of TH on human economy can be easily witnessed by examining the diverse consequences of TH excess and deficiency during development and after maturity. In particular, different manifestations in bone modeling and remodeling reflect the circumstantial consequences of thyroid disturbances, which are age dependent. While hyperthyroidism during childhood enhances bone mineralization and accelerates epiphyseal maturation, in adults it induces bone loss by predominant activation of osteoclast activity. Furthermore, the syndrome of TH resistance is a multifaceted condition in which different sites exhibit signs of hormone excess or deficiency depending on the configuration of the TH receptor isoform. The investigation of the impact of TH resistance on the skeleton still remains to be elucidated. We present here a thorough review of the action of TH on bone and of the impact of thyroid disorders, including hyper- and hypothyroidism and the syndrome of TH resistance, on the skeleton.


Diferentemente da maioria dos hormônios, que usualmente são moléculas especializadas capazes de influenciar outras células, tecidos e sistemas, os hormônios da tireoide (HT) são peptídeos pleiotrópicos, cuja função primordial é difícil de identificar. A ação complexa dos HT na fisiologia humana pode ser facilmente reconhecida ao observar as diversas consequências do excesso e da deficiência de HT durante e após o pleno desenvolvimento. Em particular as diferentes manifestações na modelação e remodelação óssea refletem que as consequências esqueléticas das disfunções tireoidianas dependem das circunstâncias e variam com a idade. Enquanto o hipertireoidismo durante a infância aumenta a mineralização óssea e acelera a maturação epifisária, em adultos induz a perda óssea pela ativação predominante da ação osteoclástica. Além disso, a síndrome de resistência ao HT é uma condição multifacetada na qual diferentes tecidos apresentam sinais de excesso ou deficiência hormonal, dependendo da predominância da expressão das diversas isoformas do receptor de HT. O impacto da resistência ao HT sobre o esqueleto ainda é motivo de investigação. Apresentamos aqui uma revisão abrangente sobre as ações ósseas dos HT e o impacto no esqueleto dos distúrbios da tireoide, incluindo hipo e hipertireoidismo e síndrome de resistência ao HT.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Bone and Bones/metabolism , Hypothyroidism/metabolism , Minerals/metabolism , Thyroid Hormone Resistance Syndrome/metabolism , Thyrotoxicosis/metabolism , Calcification, Physiologic/physiology , Calcium/metabolism , Databases, Bibliographic , Epiphyses/growth & development , Osteoclasts/metabolism , Osteoporosis/etiology , Phosphorus/metabolism , Thyroid Diseases/metabolism , Thyrotoxicosis/complications , Thyroxine/metabolism , Triiodothyronine/metabolism
18.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 45(2): 603-611, Apr.-June 2014. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-723124

ABSTRACT

Glucose dehydrogenase (GDH; EC 1.1. 5.2) is the member of quinoproteins group that use the redox cofactor pyrroloquinoline quinoine, calcium ions and glucose as substrate for its activity. In present study, Leclercia sp. QAU-66, isolated from rhizosphere of Vigna mungo, was characterized for phosphate solubilization and the role of GDH in plant growth promotion of Phaseolus vulgaris. The strain QAU-66 had ability to solubilize phosphorus and significantly (p < 0.05) promoted the shoot and root lengths of Phaseolus vulgaris. The structural determination of GDH protein was carried out using bioinformatics tools like Pfam, InterProScan, I-TASSER and COFACTOR. These tools predicted the structural based functional homology of pyrroloquinoline quinone domains in GDH. GDH of Leclercia sp. QAU-66 is one of the main factor that involved in plant growth promotion and provides a solid background for further research in plant growth promoting activities.


Subject(s)
Enterobacteriaceae/enzymology , Enterobacteriaceae/physiology , Glucose 1-Dehydrogenase/genetics , Nerve Growth Factors , Phaseolus/growth & development , Phaseolus/microbiology , Cluster Analysis , Computational Biology , Cytosol/chemistry , DNA, Bacterial/chemistry , DNA, Bacterial/genetics , Enterobacteriaceae/genetics , Enterobacteriaceae/isolation & purification , Glucose 1-Dehydrogenase/chemistry , Models, Molecular , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Protein Conformation , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Phosphorus/metabolism , Plant Roots/growth & development , Plant Shoots/growth & development , Quinones/analysis , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Sequence Homology
19.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 66(2): 626-630, Jan.-Apr. 2014. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-709308

ABSTRACT

The present study evaluated serum levels of urea, creatinine, calcium and phosphorus in non-azothemic dogs by continued use of lactulose orally. Serum levels of urea, creatinine, calcium and phosphorus were determined in Beagle dogs, clinically healthy and without biochemical changes (non-azothemic), undergoing oral treatment with lactulose (n = 6), for a period of 30 days. The prebiotic showed no significant lowering effect on serum urea and creatinine, but the values of calcium and phosphorus, as well as their relation, were modified with reduced serum phosphorus levels in animals treated with lactulose compared to controls, with a significant difference...


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Azotemia/therapy , Azotemia/veterinary , Dog Diseases/pathology , Lactulose/administration & dosage , Calcium/metabolism , Phosphorus/metabolism
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-202160

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was done to assess the bone mineral density (BMD), biochemical bone turnover markers (BTMs), and factors associated with bone health in young Korean women. METHODS: Participants were 1,298 women, ages 18-29, recruited in Korea. Measurements were BMD by calcaneus quantitative ultrasound, BTMs for Calcium, Phosphorus, Osteocalcin, and C-telopeptide cross-links (CTX), body composition by physical measurements, nutrients by food frequency questionnaire and psychosocial factors associated with bone health by self-report. RESULTS: The mean BMD (Z-score) was -0.94. 8.7% women had lower BMD (Z-score or =0) and low-BMD (Z-score<0) women. However, Osteocalcin and CTX were higher in women preferring caffeine intake, sedentary lifestyle and alcoholic drinks. Body composition and Calcium intake were significantly higher in high-BMD. Low-BMD women reported significantly higher susceptibility and barriers to exercise in health beliefs, lower bone health self-efficacy and promoting behaviors. CONCLUSION: Results of this study indicate that bone health of young Korean women is not good. Development of diverse strategies to intervene in factors such as exercise, nutrients, self-efficacy, health beliefs and behaviors, shown to be important, are needed to improve bone health.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Alcohol Drinking , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Biomarkers/metabolism , Body Composition , Bone Density , Bone and Bones/metabolism , Calcium/metabolism , Collagen Type I/metabolism , Female , Health Promotion , Humans , Knowledge , Life Style , Osteocalcin/metabolism , Peptides/metabolism , Phosphorus/metabolism , Republic of Korea , Self Efficacy , Women/psychology , Young Adult
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL