Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 17 de 17
Filter
1.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 45: 1-9, May 15, 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177370

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Maize is one of the most important crops worldwide and has been a target of nuclear-based transformation biotechnology to improve it and satisfy the food demand of the ever-growing global population. However, the maize plastid transformation has not been accomplished due to the recalcitrant condition of the crop. RESULTS: In this study, we constructed two different vectors with homologous recombination sequences from maize (Zea mays var. LPC13) and grass (Bouteloua gracilis var. ex Steud) (pZmcpGFP and pBgcpGFP, respectively). Both vectors were designed to integrate into rrn23S/rrn16S from an inverted repeat region in the chloroplast genome. Moreover, the vector had the mgfp5 gene driven by Prrn, a leader sequence of the atpB gene and a terminator sequence from the rbcL gene. Also, constructs have an hph gene as a selection marker gene driven by Prrn, a leader sequence from rbcL gene and a terminator sequence from the rbcL gene. Explants of maize, tobacco and Escherichia coli cells were transformed with both vectors to evaluate the transitory expression­an exhibition of green and red fluorescent light under epifluorescence microscopy. These results showed that both vectors were expressed; the reporter gene in all three organisms confirmed the capacity of the vectors to express genes in the cell compartments. CONCLUSIONS: This paper is the first report of transient expression of GFP in maize embryos and offers new information for genetically improving recalcitrant crops; it also opens new possibilities for the improvement in maize chloroplast transformation with these vectors.


Subject(s)
Tobacco/metabolism , Chloroplasts/genetics , Chloroplasts/metabolism , Zea mays/genetics , Green Fluorescent Proteins/metabolism , Transformation, Genetic , Biotechnology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Plants, Genetically Modified , Plastids/genetics , Green Fluorescent Proteins/genetics , Escherichia coli , Genome, Chloroplast
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1338-1344, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259472

ABSTRACT

To identify Salvia shandongensis and its relatives at molecular level, the psbA-trnH intergenic region of three species including Salvia shandongensis, Salvia miltiorrhiza and S. miltiorrhiza f. alba were amplified and sequenced. Sequences were assembled with CodonCode Aligner. The K2P genetic distances between Salvia shandongensis and its relatives were calculated and UPGMA tree was performed by MEGA5.0. The results indicated that the lengths of psbA-trnH regions of Salvia shandongensis were about 391 bp, while the lengths of psbA-trnH regions of Salvia miltiorrhiza and S. miltiorrhiza f. alba were about 386 bp. The psbA-trnH sequences showed considerable variations between species and thus were revealed as a promising candidate for barcoding of Salvia shandongensis and its relatives. The intra-specific genetic distances of Salvia shandongensis were 0, while the intra-specific genetic distances of Salvia miltiorrhiza and S. miltiorrhiza f. alba were 0.002 and 0.001 respectively. Additionally, the genetic distance of Salvia shandongensis and Salvia miltiorrhiza ranged from 0.034 to 0.04, and the genetic distance of Salvia shandongensis and S. miltiorrhiza f. alba ranged from 0.005 to 0.008, the intra-specific genetic distances of Salvia shandongensis were much smaller than that of Salvia miltiorrhiza and S. miltiorrhiza f. alba; clustering results showed that there were obvious differences between Salvia shandongensis, Salvia miltiorrhiza and S. miltiorrhiza f. alba, which was consistent with morphological characteristics. This study not only firstly provides the scientific basis for establishing the taxonomy position in molecular level and revealing their genetic relationships of S. shandongensis, S. miltiorrhiza and S. miltiorrhiza f. alba; but also provides DNA molecular identification scientific basis for the development of new medicinal plant resources of Salvia shandongensis. Our results suggest that the psbA-trnH intergenic spacer region can be used as a barcoding to identify Salvia shandongensis, Salvia miltiorrhiza and S. miltiorrhiza f. alba.


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , DNA, Intergenic , Genetics , DNA, Plant , Genetics , Genetic Variation , Phylogeny , Plants, Medicinal , Classification , Genetics , Plastids , Genetics , Salvia , Classification , Genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Species Specificity
3.
IBJ-Iranian Biomedical Journal. 2013; 17 (3): 158-164
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-127659

ABSTRACT

Human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor [hG-CSF] can serve as valuable biopharmaceutical for research and treatment of the human blood cancer. Transplastomic plants have been emerged as a new and high potential candidate for production of recombinant biopharmaceutical proteins in comparison with transgenic plants due to extremely high level expression, biosafety and many other advantages. hG-CSF gene was cloned into pCL vector between prrn16S promoter and TpsbA terminator. The recombinant vector was coated on nanogold particles and transformed to lettuce chloroplasts through biolistic method. Callogenesis and regeneration of cotyledonary explants were obtained by Murashige and Skoog media containing 6-benzylaminopurine and 1-naphthaleneacetic acid hormones. The presence of hG-CSF gene in plastome was studied with four specific PCR primers and expression by Western immunoblotting. hG-CSF gene cloning was confirmed by digestion and sequencing. Transplastomic lettuce lines were regenerated and subjected to molecular analysis. The presence of hG-CSF in plastome was confirmed by PCR using specific primers designed from the plastid genome. Western immunoblotting of extracted protein from transplastomic plants showed a 20-kDa band, which verified the expression of recombinant protein in lettuce chloroplasts. This study is the first report that successfully express hG-CSF gene in lettuce chloroplast. The lettuce plastome can provide a cheap and safe expression platform for producing valuable biopharmaceuticals for research and treatment


Subject(s)
Plastids , Lettuce , Gene Expression
4.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 10(5): 476-488, sept. 2011. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-618830

ABSTRACT

The carotenoids are photosensitive pigments during photosynthesis. The objective of this work was to study the effect on development and accumulation of carotenoids in ligules of Tagetes erecta exposed under two different lighting ambient (with mesh and without mesh of 50 percent). The plant development was evaluated measuring the height of the plant, number of floral buds, the ligules diameter. In adition, the quantification and identification of carotenoids from ligules was done by HPLC. The results showed significant differences (p<0.05) in the height of the plant, number of floral buds and ligules diameter of T. erecta. The group grown without mesh received greater UV radiation and different temperature, that under a mesh. The first conditions lead to a reduction of the ligules diameter and total content of xanthophylls (lutein and zeaxanthin). The plastids ultrastructure in the cells of T. erecta developed with mesh showed the greatest amount of thylakoid membranes and more conspicuous starch granules.


Los carotenoides son pigmentos fotosensibles frente a un exceso de intensidad luminosa durante el proceso de fotosíntesis. El objetivo de este trabajo fue el estudio del efecto en el desarrollo de la planta y la acumulación de carotenoides por la exposición a dos diferentes intensidades lumínicas (con y sin malla de sombra al 50 por ciento). Se evaluó el desarrollo de T. erecta en cuanto a la altura de la planta, número de botones florales y el diámetro de las lígulas. Adicionalmente, en las lígulas se cuantificaron e identificaron los carotenoides por HPLC. Los resultados mostraron diferencias significativas (p<0.05) en cuanto al desarrollo de las plantas expuestas a mayor radiación UV y temperatura, presentaron reducción del diámetro de las lígulas y disminución en el contenido de Xantófilas totales ( luteína y zeaxantina) con respecto a las cultivadas con malla,. La ultraestructura de los plastidios mostró mayor cantidad de membranas tilacoidales y gránulos de almidón más conspicuos en las células de las plantas de T erecta desarrolladas con malla.


Subject(s)
Calendula/growth & development , Carotenoids/analysis , Lighting , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Culture Media , Calendula/metabolism , Calendula/chemistry , Carotenoids/biosynthesis , Photosynthesis , Pigments, Biological , Plastids , Spectrophotometry , Temperature , Xanthophylls
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 926-933, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354552

ABSTRACT

Curcuma drugs have been used discriminatingly for invigorating blood circulation, promoting digestion, and as a cholagogic in China. However, there is confusion about the drug's botanical origins and clinical uses because of morphological similarity of Curcuma plants and drugs. Comparative sequencing of the 18S rRNA gene in nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA) and trnK gene in chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) was carried out in order to examine interspecies phylogeny and to identify ultimately Curcuma species. A total of a hundred of accessions of eighteen species were analyzed. This resulted in an aligned matrix of 1810 bp for 18S rDNA and 2 800 bp for trnK. 18S rDNA sequence divergence within the ingroup ranged from 0-0.05%, trnK ranged from 0-0.19%. One base transversion-substituted site (from cytosine to thymine) was observed from the upstream of 18S rDNA at nucleotide position 234 in C. kwangsiensis and Japanese population of C. zedoaria which have separated genetic distance to other Curcuma taxa. Two noncoding regions embedded in trnK intron showed higher variability, including nucleotide substitutions, repeat insertion and deletions. Based on consensus of relationship, eighteen major lineages within Curcuma are recognized at the species level. The results suggest that Curcuma is monophyletic with 100% bootstrap support and sister to the genera Hedychium and Zingiber. The trnK sequences showed considerable variations between Curcuma species and thus were revealed as a promising candidate for barcoding of Curcuma species, which provide valuable characters for inferring relationship within species but are insufficient to resolve relationships among closely related taxa.


Subject(s)
China , Curcuma , Classification , Genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis , DNA, Chloroplast , Genetics , DNA, Plant , Genetics , Introns , Japan , Molecular Sequence Data , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques , Phylogeny , Plants, Medicinal , Classification , Genetics , Plastids , Genetics , RNA, Ribosomal, 18S , Genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 126-130, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250656

ABSTRACT

The dried succulent stems of Cistanche (Cistanche deserticola Y. C. Ma and Cistanche tubulosa Wight.) are one of the most widely used components of traditional Chinese medicines. However, it is often confused and substituted with the roots of Orobanche pycnostachya, Boschniakia rossica (Cham. & Schltdl.) Standl., Cistanche sinensis Beck, and Cistanche salsa (C. A. Mey.) Beck. In this study, we identified psbA-trnH regions from species and tested their suitable for the identification of the above mentioned taxa. The psbA-trnH sequences showed considerable variations between species and thus were revealed as a promising candidate for barcoding of Cistanche species. Additionally, the average genetic distance of psbA-trnH ranging from 0.077% to 0.743%. In contrast, the intra-specific variation among Cistanche species was found to be significantly different from those of other species, with percentages of variation studied ranged from 0% to 0.007%. The sequence difference between the psbA-trnH sequences of Cistanche species and Orobanche pycnostachya ranged from 0.979% to 1.149%. The distance between the Cistanche species and Boschniakia rossica ranged from 1.066% to 1.224%. Our results suggest that the psbA-trnH intergenic spacer region represent a barcode that can be used to identify Cistanche species and other morphologically undistinguishable species.


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Cistanche , Genetics , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , Methods , DNA, Intergenic , Genetics , DNA, Plant , Genetics , Orobanche , Genetics , Phylogeny , Plant Stems , Genetics , Plants, Medicinal , Genetics , Plastids , Genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Methods , Species Specificity
7.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 81(1): 29-37, Mar. 2009. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-506850

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to give information on ultrastructure of in vivo pollen tubes of Mimulus aurantiacus which were collected from the Botanical Garden of the University of California at Berkeley. Materials were prepared according to electron microscopy methods and examined under Zeiss electron microscope. Four zones were examined in the pollen tubes of Mimulus aurantiacus. APICAL ZONE: Mitochondria, smooth endoplasmic reticulum, rough endoplasmic reticulum, dictyosomes and secretory vesicles were observed. SUBAPICAL ZONE: This area contained abundant rough endoplasmic reticulum and occasionally some smooth endoplasmic reticulum. The polysomes, mitochondria, proplastids that contain starch, small vacuoles and a few lipid bodies were detected. NUCLEAR ZONE: Both generative and vegetative cell nuclei lie in this zone. The vegetative cell nucleus was large and long. Rough endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria, ribosomes, dictyosomes, and amyloplasts that are rich of starch were observed. VACUOLATION AND PLUG FORMATION ZONE: Cytoplasm of the tubes was full of large vacuoles. Few organelles such as mitochondria, dictyosome and rough endoplasmic reticulum were detected along their periphery.


O objetivo deste estudo é informar sobre a ultraestrutura de tubos de pólen de Mimulus aurantiacus in vivo coletados no "Botanical Garden" da Universidade da Califórnia em Berkeley. O material foi preparado de acordo com os métodos de microscopia eletrônica e examinado em microscópio eletrônico Zeiss. Quatro zonas dos tubos de pólen de Mimulus aurantiacus foram examinadas. ZONA APICAL: foram observados mitocôndrias, retículo endoplasmático liso; retículo endoplasmático rugoso, dictiossomos e vesículas secretoras. ZONA SUBAPICAL: esta área continha retículo endoplasmático rugoso em abundância e, ocasionalmente, algum retículo endoplasmático liso. Foram detectados polissomos, mitocôndrias, proplastídeos que contêm amido, pequenos vacúolos e alguns corpos lipídicos. ZONA NUCLEAR: nesta área, existem tanto núcleos de células geradoras como vegetativas. O núcleo de célula vegetativa é grande e longo. Foram observados retículo endoplasmático rugoso, mitocôndria, ribossomos, dictiossomos e amiloplastos ricos em amido. ZONA DE VACUOLIZAÇÃO E DE FORMAÇÃO DE "PLUG": o citoplasma dos tubos estava cheio de grandes vacúolos. Algumas organelas como mitocôndria, dictiossomo e retículo endoplasmático rugoso foram detectadas em toda a periferia desta área.


Subject(s)
Mimulus/ultrastructure , Pollen Tube/ultrastructure , Endoplasmic Reticulum, Rough , Endoplasmic Reticulum, Smooth , Microscopy, Electron , Mitochondria , Plastids/ultrastructure
8.
IJB-Iranian Journal of Biotechnology. 2009; 7 (4): 247-253
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-111889

ABSTRACT

Presence of antibiotic resistance markers has always been considered as one of the main safety concerns in transgenic plants and their derived products. Elimination of antibiotic selectable markers from transgenics is a major hurdle for finding efficient and safe candidates. Herbicide tolerance genes might be attractive alternatives. In this study, a variant form of the 5-enoylpyruvyl shikimate-3-phosphate synthase [EPSPS] gene that harbors glycine at position 96 to alanine and alanine 183 to threonine substitutions and confers higher resistance to the broad-spectrum herbicide, glyphosate, was substituted against the spectinomycin resistant gene as a sole selectable marker for plastid transformation of Nicotiana tabacum. Plastid transformation was carried out using the biolistic delivery procedure while delivery parameters such as rupture disk pressure, bombardment distance, etc had been optimized first. A previous study showed that the glyphosate herbicide imposes lethal effects on the structure and integrity of the plastid membrane, even at low concentrations. In order to overcome this problem, a modified procedure for selection of transplastomic cells was used. A long preculture incubation period followed by a gradual increased in glyphosate concentration led to sufficient expression of the transgene. Tolerant calli were thus regenerated through direct selection of transformed plastids in the presence of the glyphosate


Subject(s)
Tobacco , Plastids , Transformation, Genetic , Mutation/genetics
9.
Biocell ; 27(2): 181-187, Aug. 2003.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-384245

ABSTRACT

The present study analyzed several characters of the red seaweed Gymnogongrus torulosus, such as cellular structure of the thallus, cuticle, pit plug and cell wall ultrastructure, and morphology of some organelles like plastids, Golgi bodies and mitochondria. Also, anomalous chloroplasts with thylakoid disorganization were found in medullary cells. The significance of this thylakoid disposition is still unclear. This is one of the first studies focused on the fine structure of a red alga recorded in Argentina.


Subject(s)
Seaweed/ultrastructure , Rhodophyta/ultrastructure , Organelles/ultrastructure , Seaweed/physiology , Rhodophyta/physiology , Golgi Apparatus/physiology , Golgi Apparatus/ultrastructure , Chloroplasts/physiology , Chloroplasts/ultrastructure , Microscopy, Electron , Mitochondria/physiology , Mitochondria/ultrastructure , Organelles/physiology , Cell Wall/physiology , Cell Wall/ultrastructure , Plastids/physiology , Plastids/ultrastructure , Thylakoids/physiology , Thylakoids/ultrastructure
10.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 1116-1120, 2002.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-154286

ABSTRACT

Protothecosis is an unusual cutaneous soft tissue infection caused by the Prototheca, which is a genus of the unicelluar, achloric algae. We report a case of cutaneous protothecosis in a 66-year-old female, who showed erythematous, purulent patches and plaques with ulcerations on the right forearm for 2 months. Biopsy specimen revealed the characteristic thick-walled morulalike sporangia in the dermis. Prototheca wickerhamii was isolated in the culture and the biochemical study. Electron microscopic examination showed the thick-walled spores containing dark dense bodies and amyloplasts. After two months of oral itraconazole 200mg/day, skin lesions were improved.


Subject(s)
Aged , Biopsy , Dermis , Female , Forearm , Humans , Itraconazole , Plastids , Prototheca , Skin , Soft Tissue Infections , Sporangia , Spores , Ulcer
11.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2000 Dec; 37(6): 453-8
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-28225

ABSTRACT

Light regulates leaf and chloroplast development, together with overall chloroplast gene expression at various levels. Plants respond to diurnal and seasonal changes in light by changing expression of photosynthesis genes and metabolism. In Populus deltoides, a deciduous tree species, leaf development begins in the month of March and leaf maturation is attained by summer, which is subsequently followed by autumnal senescence and fall. In the present study, diurnal changes in the steady state transcript levels of plastid genes were examined in the fully developed leaves during summer season. Our results show that steady state level of the psaA/B, psbA, psbEFLJ and petA transcripts showed differential accumulation during diurnal cycle in summer. However, there was no significant change in the pigment composition during the day/night cycle. Our studies suggest that the diurnal regulation of steady state mRNA accumulation may play a crucial role during daily adjustments in plants life with rapidly changing light irradiance and temperature.


Subject(s)
Circadian Rhythm , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Plant Leaves/genetics , Plastids/genetics , Trees/genetics
12.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2000 Jun; 38(6): 617-20
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-63463

ABSTRACT

High frequency of streptomycin resistant variants of Lycopersicon esculentum were isolated on selective shoot regeneration medium supplemented with IAA (0.5 mg/L), zeatin (1.5 mg/L) and streptomycin sulphate (500 mg/L). Nonmutagenized (controls) and NMU treated cotyledons were placed on shoot regeneration medium supplemented with antibiotic streptomycin. Resistant shoots appeared at a high frequency in mutagenized cotyledons, whereas in controls morphogenesis was suppressed, accompanied by bleaching. Shoot regeneration occurred from the nodular tissues developed at the cut ends of cotyledons. Resistant shoots developed into complete plantlets on rooting medium containing selective concentration of antibiotic. Stability of streptomycin resistance was confirmed by leaf assay and reciprocal crosses between streptomycin-resistant and sensitive plants.


Subject(s)
Breeding , Crosses, Genetic , Culture Media , Drug Resistance/genetics , Indoleacetic Acids/pharmacology , Lycopersicon esculentum/drug effects , Methylnitrosourea/pharmacology , Morphogenesis/drug effects , Mutagenesis , Mutagens/pharmacology , Organ Culture Techniques , Plant Shoots/drug effects , Plastids/drug effects , RNA, Plant/antagonists & inhibitors , RNA, Ribosomal/antagonists & inhibitors , Seeds/drug effects , Selection, Genetic , Streptomycin/pharmacology , Zeatin/pharmacology
13.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 1998 Dec; 35(6): 346-52
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-26602

ABSTRACT

Plastidic pyruvate kinase (ATP: pyruvate phosphotransferase, EC 2.7.1.40) was purified to near homogeneity as judged by native PAGE with about 4% recovery from developing seeds of Brassica campestris using (NH4)2SO4 fractionation, DEAE-cellulose chromatography, gel filtration through Sepharose-CL-6B and affinity chromatography through reactive blue Sepharose-CL-6B. The purified enzyme having molecular mass of about 266 kDa was quite stable and showed a broad pH optimum between pH 6.8-7.8. Typical Michaelis-Menten kinetics was obtained for both the substrates with K(m) values of 0.13 and 0.14 mM for PEP and ADP, respectively. The enzyme could also utilize CDP, GDP or UDP as alternative nucleotide to ADP, but with lower Vmax and higher K(m). The enzyme had an absolute requirement for a divalent and a monovalent cation for activity and was inhibited by oxalate, fumarate, citrate, isocitrate and ATP, and activated by AMP, aspartate, 3-PGA, tryptophan and inorganic phosphate. ATP inhibited the enzyme competitively with respect to PEP and non-competitively with respect to ADP. Similarly, oxalate inhibition was also of competitive type with respect to PEP and non-competitive with respect to ADP. This inhibition by either ATP or oxalate was not due to chelation of Mg2+, as the inhibition was not relieved on increasing Mg2+ concentration even upto 30 mM. Initial velocity and product inhibition studies demonstrated the reaction mechanism to be compulsory ordered type. The enzyme seems to be regulated synergistically by ATP and citrate.


Subject(s)
Brassica/chemistry , Chromatography , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Fractional Precipitation , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Molecular Weight , Plastids/enzymology , Pyruvate Kinase/antagonists & inhibitors , Seeds/chemistry , Substrate Specificity
14.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 1997 Dec; 34(6): 494-500
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-27035

ABSTRACT

The effects of phytohormones on plastid tRNA modifications were investigated in ragi (Eleucine coracana) coleoptiles. Intact 7-day old dark-grown ragi seedlings were given phytohormone, indoleacetic acid (IAA) or isopentenyladenine (i6A) treatment and grown in the dark or under white fluorescent light; coleoptiles were harvested 24 hr following treatment, and plastid total tRNAs were isolated and analyzed for their content of modified nucleotides. A total of 14 modified nucleotides were identified in the total digests of ragi plastid total tRNA preparations; significant increases in the content of some modified nucleotides were observed following treatment of phytohormones in the dark and light. The relative amounts of pT, pm1G, pm7G and pm1A in IAA-treated dark-grown, pi6A, pm2G and pCm in IAA-treated light-grown, and pT and pm2G in i6A-treated light-grown ragi coleoptiles were 2 to 10 times higher than the untreated control coleoptile plastid total tRNA. In order to gain a better understanding of the effects of phytohormones on ragi plastid tRNA modifications, we purified plastid tRNA(Ile)(GAU) from coleoptiles of the aforementioned ragi seedlings and analyzed its modifed nucleotide content. We find that the content of pGm was 4 to 5 times higher in the tRNA(Ile)(GAU) purified from i6A- or IAA-treated dark-grown coleoptiles, and pm7G was 5 to 6 times higher in the tRNA(Ile)(GAU) of i6A-treated light-grown ragi coleoptiles. These results suggest that the synthesis or activity of some plastid-specific tRNA-modifying enzymes may be enhanced by i6A and IAA with two different modes of regulation, one operating in the light and the other operating in the dark.


Subject(s)
Darkness , Light , Plant Growth Regulators/pharmacology , Plants/chemistry , Plastids/chemistry , RNA, Plant/chemistry , RNA, Transfer/chemistry , Ribonucleotides/analysis
15.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 201-207, 1997.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-70674

ABSTRACT

Cutaneous protothecosis sometimes poses diagnostic and therapeutic problems. Isolation of the causative organism may not be successful and spores may be mistaken for other skin diseases unless the characteristic sporangia are detected in tissue sections. Because there are few cases, the optimal therapy is still being debated. On Liebs crystal violet staining we found charateristic purplish dots in Prototheca spores; these correspond to the amyloplasts or dense bodies found under electron microscopy. The isolated organisms were inhibited in vitro by itraconazole, amphotericin B, ketoconazole, and amorolfine and we were able to successfully treat two patients with itraconazole.


Subject(s)
Amphotericin B , Gentian Violet , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Itraconazole , Ketoconazole , Microscopy, Electron , Plastids , Prototheca , Skin Diseases , Sporangia , Spores
16.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 1996 Dec; 33(6): 478-83
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-26315

ABSTRACT

Fatty acid synthesis from Na [1-14C] acetate in leucoplasts isolated from developing seeds of Brassica campestris was completely dependent on exogenous supply of ATP. None of the intermediates of glycolysis or pentose phosphate pathway tested could replace ATP in the reaction mixture. In absence of exogenously supplied ATP, maximum activity was obtained with glu-6-P (68%) followed by fru-6-P (50%) and PEP (44%), respectively. With other intermediates as energy sources, the activity ranged from 1 to 38%. In complementary experiments (presence of ATP), none of the metabolites gave activity higher than the ATP control activity. Under optimum conditions for fatty acid synthesis from acetate, Brassica leucoplasts readily utilized labelled glucose as the substrate for fatty acid synthesis. Omission of NADH and NADPH individually from the reaction mixtures containing labelled glucose resulted only in 46 and 20% loss in activity, respectively, compared to the corresponding losses of 56 and 50%, when labelled acetate was used as the substrate. Similarly, deletion of ATP from the reaction mixture containing glucose as the substrate decreased the rate of fatty acid synthesis by about 65%, while the corresponding decrease with acetate as the substrate was 96%. Inclusion of 5 mM cold acetate, pyruvate, malate and glu-6-P in the reaction mixture containing glucose as the labelled substrate reduced label incorporation into fatty acids by 38 to 69%, maximum reduction being observed with pyruvate followed by glu-6-P, acetate and malate, respectively. With labelled acetate as the substrate, maximum reduction in label incorporation was obtained with cold glucose (5 mM) followed by glu-6-P, pyruvate and malate, respectively. The study demonstrated the operation of complete glycolytic pathway in Brassica leucoplasts, allowing the plastids to use glucose as a source of carbon, reducing power and energy for fatty acid synthesis.


Subject(s)
Acetates/metabolism , Adenosine Triphosphate/metabolism , Brassica/metabolism , Energy Metabolism , Fatty Acids/biosynthesis , Glucose/metabolism , Glycolysis , Monosaccharides/metabolism , NAD/metabolism , NADP/metabolism , Pentose Phosphate Pathway , Plastids/metabolism , Seeds/metabolism
17.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 206-210, 1996.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-18320

ABSTRACT

Protothecosis is a rare cutaneous soft tissue infection caused by the genus prototheca, most commonly Prototheca wickerhatmii. An 80-year-old woman has had a painful or tender, non-healing, eczematous plaque on the extensor surface of the left forearm for 4 years. A biopsy specimen revealed the characteristic thick-walled morulalike sporangia in the dermis. P. wickerha mili was isolated in the culture and the biochemical studies. Electron microscopic examination showed the thick-walled spores containing dark dense bodies and amyloplasts. Oral itraconazole therapy for 4 weeks resulted-in a marked improvement of the skin lesion.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Biopsy , Dermis , Female , Forearm , Humans , Itraconazole , Plastids , Prototheca , Skin , Soft Tissue Infections , Sporangia , Spores
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL