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1.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 592-598, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985738

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical, pathological and immunophenotypic features, molecular biology and prognosis of fibrin-associated large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL-FA) in various sites. Methods: Six cases of LBCL-FA diagnosed from April 2016 to November 2021 at the Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China and the First Affiliated Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China were collected. The cases were divided into atrial myxoma and cyst-related groups. Clinical characteristics, pathological morphology, immunophenotype, Epstein Barr virus infection status, B-cell gene rearrangement and fluorescence in situ hybridization of MYC, bcl-2, bcl-6 were summarized. Results: The patients' mean age was 60 years. All of them were male. Three cases occurred in atrial myxoma background, while the others were in cyst-related background, including adrenal gland, abdominal cavity and subdura. All cases showed tumor cells located in pink fibrin clot. However, three cyst-related cases showed the cyst wall with obviously fibrosis and inflammatory cells. All cases tested were non germinal center B cell origin, positive for PD-L1, EBER and EBNA2, and were negative for MYC, bcl-2 and bcl-6 rearrangements, except one case with MYC, bcl-2 and bcl-6 amplification. All of the 5 cases showed monoclonal rearrangement of the Ig gene using PCR based analysis. The patients had detailed follow-ups of 9-120 months, were treated surgically without radiotherapy or chemotherapy, and had long-term disease-free survivals. Conclusions: LBCL-FA is a group of rare diseases occurring in various sites, with predilection in the context of atrial myxoma and cyst-related lesions. Cyst-related lesions with obvious chronic inflammatory background show more scarcity of lymphoid cells and obvious degeneration, which are easy to be missed or misdiagnosed. LBCL-FA overall has a good prognosis with the potential for cure by surgery alone and postoperative chemotherapy may not be necessary.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Atrial Fibrillation , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Fibrin/genetics , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/pathology , Myxoma , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-6/genetics
2.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 24-33, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971367

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Hyperhomocysteinaemia (Hcy) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. MicroRNA (miR)-18a-5p is closely related to cardiovascular diseases. This study aims to investigate the effects of miR-18a-5p on homocysteine (Hcy)-induced myocardial cells injury.@*METHODS@#H9c2 cells were transfected with miR-18a-5p mimic/miR-18a-5p mimic negative control (NC) or combined with Hcy for intervention, and untreated cells were set as a control group. The transfection efficiency was verified by real-time RT-PCR, and cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to determine cell viability. Flow cytometry was used to detect apoptosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels. Western blotting was performed to measure the protein levels of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3)-I, LC3-II, Beclin1, p62, Bax, Bcl-2, and Notch2. Dual luciferase reporter assay was used to detect the interaction of miR-18a-5p with Notch2.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control, treatment with Hcy or transfection with miR-18a-5p mimic alone, or combined treatment with Hcy and miR-18a-5p mimic/miR-18a-5p mimic NC significantly reduced the H9c2 cell viability, promoted apoptosis and ROS production, up-regulated the expressions of Bax and Beclin, down-regulated the expressions of Bcl-2, p62, and Notch2, and increased the ratio of LC3-II/LC3-I (all P<0.05). Compared with the combined intervention of miR-18a-5p mimic NC and Hcy group, the above indexes were more significantly changed in the combined intervention of miR-18a-5p mimic and Hcy group, and the difference between the 2 groups was statistically significant (all P<0.05). There is a targeted binding between Notch2 and miR-18a-5p.@*CONCLUSIONS@#MiR-18a-5p could induce autophagy and apoptosis via increasing ROS production in cardiomyocytes, and aggravate Hcy-induced myocardial injury. Notch2 is a target of miR-18a-5p.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Apoptosis/genetics , Autophagy/genetics , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , Reactive Oxygen Species , Myocytes, Cardiac/drug effects , Homocysteine/adverse effects , Hyperhomocysteinemia
3.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 120-125, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935487

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of high-grade B-cell lymphoma (HGBL) involving combined rearrangements of MYC, bcl-2 and bcl-6. Methods: A total of 1 138 cases of large B cell lymphoma (LBL) that were treated at the Ruijin Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine from January 2017 to September 2020 were analyzed using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with probes against MYC, bcl-2 and bcl-6. The clinical and pathological data of the 45 patients with HGBL that had rearrangements of MYC and bcl-2 and/or bcl-6 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. Results: Among the 1 138 LBL, 45 (4.0%) cases had combined rearrangements of MYC, bcl-2 and/or bcl-6 that included 6 HGBL cases with MYC, bcl-2 and bcl-6 rearrangements, 14 HGBL cases with MYC and bcl-2 rearrangements, and 25 HGBL cases with MYC and bcl-6 rearrangements. Of these 45 patients, 29 patients were male, and 16 patients were female, aged 29 to 83 years. HGBL with MYC, bcl-2 and bcl-6 rearrangements and HGBL with MYC and bcl-2 rearrangement were reclassified as the germinal center B-cell (GCB) subtype using the Hans algorithm. HGBL with MYC and bcl-6 rearrangement were reclassified as the GCB subtype (68.0%) and the non-GCB subtype (32.0%). The vast majority of HGBL cases had a high Ki-67 proliferation index. Most HGBL patients had advanced stage disease with a high IPI score and an increased LDH level. Also, some patients had clinical features including elevated plasma β2-microglobulin levels, B symptoms, and bone marrow involvement. The IPI scores and LDH levels were significantly different between the HGBL cases with MYC, bcl-2 and bcl-6 rearrangements and the HGBL cases with MYC and bcl-6 rearrangements (P<0.05). Compared with the HGBL cases with MYC, bcl-2 and bcl-6 rearrangements, the HGBL cases with MYC and bcl-2 or bcl-6 rearrangements had a lower incidence of bone marrow involvement (P<0.05). There were no significant differences in the prognosis among HGBL cases with MYC, bcl-2 and bcl-6 rearrangements, the cases with MYC and bcl-2 rearrangements, and the cases with MYC and bcl-6 rearrangements (P>0.05). Conclusions: HGBL with MYC, bcl-2 and/or bcl-6 rearrangements are rare types of B-cell lymphoma with high degree of malignancy and have a short overall survival. To reduce misdiagnosis and improve diagnostic accuracy, it is necessary to assess the patients' clinical features and conduct histopathological, immunohistochemical and FISH analyses.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China , Gene Rearrangement , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/genetics , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-6/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc/genetics , Retrospective Studies
4.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 14(4): 159-165, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344801

ABSTRACT

La diabetes Tipo 1 (DT1) es una compleja enfermedad autoinmune con una etiología aún desconocida. La vitamina D ha sido ampliamente estudiada debido a su potencial terapéutico en los potenciales nuevos casos de DT1. Por otra parte, los microARNs (miRs) han sido propuestos como posibles biomarcadores en diversos procesos biológicos como en la apoptosis e inflamación. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el efecto de la suplementación con vitamina D sobre el perfil de expresión del miR-21 y marcadores de apoptosis tales como: BCL2, STAT3, TIPE2 y DAXX, en células mononucleares periféricas provenientes de pacientes con DT1 y sujetos controles. RESULTADOS: El perfil de expresión de miR-21 se encontró disminuido en los pacientes con DT1 en comparación con los controles. La expresión relativa de BCL2 se encontró aumentada en controles al comparar con pacientes DT1 en todas las condiciones experimentales. La expresión relativa de DAXX mostró un perfil de expresión diferencial al comparar pacientes con DT1 versus controles (p=0.006). CONCLUSIÓN: El estímulo con vitamina D parece tener un posible efecto regulador sobre los genes BCL2 y DAXX.


Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a complex chronic autoimmune disease. Vitamin D has been one of the most studied therapeutic potential outbreaks related to T1D. Specific miRNAs have been proposed as potential biomarkers in several biological processes as apoptosis and inflammation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of vitamin D on the expression profiles of miR-21 and apoptotic markers BCL2, STAT3, TIPE2 and DAXX, in PBMCs from T1D patients and control subjects. RESULTS: miR-21 expression was increased in controls regarding T1D patients. BCL2 was increased in controls compared to T1D patients in all experimental conditions. DAXX showed different expression patterns between T1D patients and controls (p=0.006). CONCLUSION: Vitamin D showed a possible regulation effect on apoptosis markers mainly through the regulation of BCL2 and DAXX


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Vitamin D/administration & dosage , Apoptosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/metabolism , Vitamin D/metabolism , Biomarkers , Molecular Chaperones/drug effects , Molecular Chaperones/genetics , Molecular Chaperones/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/drug effects , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , MicroRNAs/drug effects , MicroRNAs/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , STAT3 Transcription Factor/drug effects , STAT3 Transcription Factor/genetics , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Co-Repressor Proteins/drug effects , Co-Repressor Proteins/genetics , Co-Repressor Proteins/metabolism , Glucose/administration & dosage
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 406-411, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878988

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to discuss the effect of swertiamarin, gentiopicrin and sweroside on rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes(RA-FLSs) and B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2) and their mechanisms. ZINC database and RCSB PDB database were retrieved for 3 D chemical structures of swertiamarin, gentiopicrin and sweroside and 3 D target protein structures. AutoDock Mgltools 1.5.6, AutoDockVina 1.1.2 and pyMOL 2.2.0 were applied for molecular docking to analyze the relationship between Bcl-2(1 GJH) target protein and important ingredients. The cell apoptosis of RA-FLSs was tested by Annexin V-FITC. The Bcl-2 protein expression of RA-FLSs treated with different ingredients was tested by Western blot. The Bcl-2 mRNA expression of RA-FLSs treated with different ingredients was tested by RT-PCR. Swertiamarin, gentiopicrin and sweroside were docked well with Bcl-2(1 GJH). The binding energy of swertiamarin was-6.9 kcal·mol~(-1), the binding energy of gentiopicrin was-6.7 kcal·mol~(-1) and the binding energy of sweroside was-6.4 kcal·mol~(-1). Compared with the blank group, the Bcl-2 protein expression of each group were reduced, while that of the gentiopicrin group was the highest(P<0.01). Compared with the blank group, the Bcl-2 mRNA expression of each groups were reduced. Gentiopicrin can reduce the Bcl-2 protein expression and the Bcl-2 mRNA expression, so as to promote the RA-FLSs apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Fibroblasts , Iridoid Glucosides , Molecular Docking Simulation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , Pyrones , Synoviocytes
6.
Biol. Res ; 53: 19, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1114696

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common cancer types among women. Recent researches have focused on determining the efficiency of alternative molecules and miRNAs in breast cancer treatment. The AIMof this study was to determine the effect of usnic acid response-miR-185-5p on proliferation in the breast cancer cell and to determine its relationship with apoptosis pathway. METHODS: The cell proliferation and cell apoptosis rate were significantly increased following the ectopic expression of miR-185-5p in BT-474 cells. Furthermore, the results of cell cycle assay performed by flow cytometry revealed that the transfection with miR-185-5p induced G1/S phase arrest. The apoptosis-related genes expression analysis was performed by qRT-PCR and the direct target of miR-185-5p in BT-474 cells was identified by western blot and luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: Our data showed that miR-185-5p can cause significant changes in apoptosis-related genes expression levels, suggesting that cell proliferation was suppressed by miR-185-5p via inducing apoptosis in breast cancer cells. According to western blot results, miR-185-5p lead to decrease BCL2 protein level in BT-474 cells and direct target of miR-185-5p was identified as BCL by luciferase reporter assay. CONCLUSION: This study revealed that miR-185-5p may be an effective agent in the treatment of breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Benzofurans/metabolism , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/metabolism , Transfection , Signal Transduction , Down-Regulation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Apoptosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation
7.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(2): 247-250, Feb. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004339

ABSTRACT

Patients transplanted from solid organs have an increased risk of cancer, especially lymphomas. Lymphomas correspond to 4 to 5% of malignant neoplasms in the general population and in solid organ transplant patients it reaches an incidence of 21%. The incidence of non-Hodgkin lymphomas is 10 times higher than in the non-transplanted population. We report the case of a 68-year-old man with a kidney transplant who 6 years after transplantation, developed a non-Hodgkin diffuse large cells B lymphoma with lymph node and pulmonary involvement, with markers of very poor prognosis (triple MYC expressor, BCL2 and BCL6). and its evolution with chemotherapy with DA R EPOCH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/genetics , Vincristine/therapeutic use , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/etiology , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/drug therapy , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Genes, myc/genetics , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/etiology , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-6/genetics , Etoposide/therapeutic use
8.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 75(12): 875-880, Dec. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888280

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most malignant glioma and represents 29% of all brain tumors. Tumorigenesis is intimately connected with characteristics acquired in the physiologic pathway of cellular death. Objective: In the present study, the expression of anti-apoptotic (XIAP and Bcl-2) and apoptotic (cytochrome C, caspase 9, APAF-1), caspase 3 and the Smac/DIABLO genes related to the apoptosis pathway were evaluated in 30 samples of glioblastoma. Methods: The gene expression was evaluated in 30 glioblastomas (WHO grade IV) and compared to 10 white matter control samples with real-time PCR. Results and Conclusion: There were higher expressions of XIAP (p = 0.0032) and Bcl-2 (p = 0.0351) in the glioblastoma samples compared to the control samples of normal brain. These results raise the question of whether Bcl-2 and XIAP genes can be responsible for the inhibition of programmed cell death in glioblastomas. Moreover, they provide additional information capable of allowing the development of new target therapy strategies.


RESUMO O glioblastoma (GBM) é o glioma mais maligno e representa 29% de todos os tumores cerebrais. A tumorigênese está intimamente ligada à características adquiridas na via fisiológica de morte celular. Objetivo: Avaliar a expressão de genes anti-apoptóticos (XIAP e Bcl-2) e apoptóticos (citocromo C, a caspase 9, APAF-1), caspase 3 e SMAC/DIABLO, relacionados à apoptose, em 30 amostras de tecido de pacientes com glioblastoma. Métodos: A expressão gênica foi avaliada em trinta glioblastomas e comparada a dez amostras controles de substância branca por PCR em tempo real. Resultados e Conclusão: Houve maior nível de expressão de XIAP (p = 0,0032) e Bcl-2 (p = 0,0351) em comparação com as amostras controle, de cérebro normal. Estes resultados levantam a questão de que os genes Bcl-2 e XIAP podem ser responsáveis pela inibição da morte celular programada em glioblastomas, além disso, proporcionam informação adicional capaz de permitir o desenvolvimento de novas estratégias de terapia alvo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Brain Neoplasms/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Apoptosis , Glioblastoma/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , X-Linked Inhibitor of Apoptosis Protein/metabolism , Brain Neoplasms/genetics , Brain Neoplasms/pathology , Glioblastoma/genetics , Glioblastoma/pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , X-Linked Inhibitor of Apoptosis Protein/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
9.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 145(11): 1485-1489, nov. 2017. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902470

ABSTRACT

High-grade B-cell lymphomas with rearrangement of MYC, BCL-2 and/or BCL-6 were introduced by the update of the WHO classification of lymphoid neoplasms. They usually present unique morphological and molecular characteristics, with an aggressive clinical outcome and worse prognosis. We report a 48 year-old female patient presenting with B symptoms and enlarged lymph nodes. Blood count showed pancytopenia and peripheral blood smears showed large lymphoid cells, some with nuclei and vacuoles. LDH was 3524 g/L and serum calcium was 11.5 mg/dL. Flow cytometry immunophenotyping showed pathological mature B lymphocytes. Protein electrophoresis showed a slight monoclonal peak. The biopsy disclosed a triple expressor diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, arising from germinal center. FISH was positive for MYC, BCL-2 and BCL-6 (triple hit) with a clonal evolution. Conventional cytogenetics showed a complex karyotype. Chemotherapy was started with R-CHOP (Rituximab/cyclophosphamide/doxorubicin/vincristine/prednisone). She developed impaired consciousness; the brain CT scan showed a large brain mass. The patient died within 3 weeks.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Translocation, Genetic/genetics , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-6/genetics , Hypercalcemia/etiology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/complications , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/pathology , Fatal Outcome , Karyotype
10.
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology ; : 424-432, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-219865

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of bevacizumab on expression of B-cell leukemia/lymphoma (Bcl)-2 and apoptosis in retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells under oxidative stress conditions. METHODS: RPE cells were treated with H2O2 (0, 100, 200, 300, and 400 microM) and bevacizumab at or above the doses normally used in clinical practice (0, 0.33, 0.67, 1.33, and 2.67 mg/mL). Cell apoptosis was measured using flow cytometry with annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate. The expression of Bcl-2 mRNA was determined using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Under low oxidative stress conditions (H2O2 100 microM), cell apoptosis was not significantly different at any concentration of bevacizumab, but Bcl-2 mRNA expression decreased with increasing concentration of bevacizumab (0.33, 0.67, 1.33, and 2.67 mg/mL). Under moderate oxidative stress conditions (H2O2 200 microM), Bcl-2 mRNA expression decreased with increasing concentration of bevacizumab (0.33, 0.67, 1.33, and 2.67 mg/mL), but cell apoptosis increased only at 2.67 mg/mL of bevacizumab. Under high oxidative stress (300 microM) conditions, cell apoptosis increased at high concentrations of bevacizumab (1.33 and 2.67 mg/mL), but it did not correlate with Bcl-2 expression. CONCLUSIONS: Withdrawal of vascular endothelial growth factor can lead to RPE cell apoptosis and influences the expression of anti-apoptotic genes such as Bcl-2 under oxidative stress conditions. Since oxidative stress levels of each patient are unknown, repeated injections of intravitreal bevacizumab, as in eyes with age-related macular degeneration, might influence RPE cell survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/pharmacology , Apoptosis/drug effects , Bevacizumab/pharmacology , Cell Line , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Flow Cytometry , Gene Expression Regulation/physiology , Hydrogen Peroxide/toxicity , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Retinal Pigment Epithelium/drug effects , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/antagonists & inhibitors
11.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 475-483, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-24553

ABSTRACT

Chronic enteritis can produce an excess of reactive oxygen species resulting in cellular damage. Stanniocalcin-1(STC-1) reportedly possesses anti-oxidative activity, the aim of this study was to define more clearly the direct contribution of STC-1 to anti-oxidative stress in cattle. In this study, primary intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) were exposed to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) for different time intervals to mimic chronic enteritis-induced cellular damage. Prior to treatment with 200 microM H2O2, the cells were transfected with a recombinant plasmid for 48 h to over-express STC-1. Acridine orange/ethidium bromide (AO/EB) double staining and trypan blue exclusion assays were then performed to measure cell viability and apoptosis of the cells, respectively. The expression of STC-1 and apoptosis-related proteins in the cells was monitored by real-time PCR and Western blotting. The results indicated that both STC-1 mRNA and protein expression levels positively correlated with the duration of H2O2 treatment. H2O2 damaged the bovine IECs in a time-dependent manner, and this effect was attenuated by STC-1 over-expression. Furthermore, over-expression of STC-1 up-regulated Bcl-2 protein expression and slightly down-regulated caspase-3 production in the damaged cells. Findings from this study suggested that STC-1 plays a protective role in intestinal cells through an antioxidant mechanism.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Male , Animals, Newborn , Blotting, Western/veterinary , Caspase 3/genetics , Cattle Diseases/etiology , Duodenum/metabolism , Enteritis/etiology , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation , Glycoproteins/genetics , Hydrogen Peroxide/pharmacology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary
12.
Experimental & Molecular Medicine ; : e47-2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-223715

ABSTRACT

Here, we report that B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) is a novel target molecule of aspirin in breast cancer cells. Aspirin influenced the formation of a complex by Bcl-2 and FKBP38 and induced the nuclear translocation of Bcl-2 and its phosphorylation. These events inhibited cancer cell proliferation and subsequently enhanced MCF-7 breast cancer cell apoptosis. Bcl-2 knockdown using small interfering RNA (siRNA) delayed apoptotic cell death, which correlated with increased proliferation following aspirin exposure. In contrast, Bcl-2 overexpression enhanced the onset of aspirin-induced apoptosis, which was also associated with a significant increase in Bcl-2 phosphorylation in the nucleus. Therefore, this study may provide novel insight into the molecular mechanism of aspirin, particularly its anticancer effects in Bcl-2- and estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Active Transport, Cell Nucleus/drug effects , Apoptosis , Aspirin/pharmacology , Cell Nucleus/metabolism , MCF-7 Cells , Phosphorylation , Protein Binding , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , Tacrolimus Binding Proteins/metabolism
13.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 336-343, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-140147

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Serrated adenomas of the colon show mixed characteristics of both hyperplastic and adenomatous polyps. Serrated adenomas are known to progress via the serrated pathway than the adenoma-carcinoma pathway. The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of traditional serrated adenomas compared to hyperplastic polyps and tubular adenomas by using immunohistochemical staining for p53, Bcl-2, and Ki-67. METHODS: Age, sex, location, size and the immunoexpression of p53, Bcl-2, and Ki-67 were retrospectively analyzed in 20 traditional serrated adenomas, 20 hyperplastic polyps, and 20 tubular adenomas from January 2007 to December 2012 at The Catholic University of Korea, Yeouido St. Mary's Hospital. RESULTS: There was no difference in Bcl-2 and p53 expression between traditional serrated adenomas and hyperplastic polyps. Ki-67 Expression of traditional serrated adenomas was higher than that of hyperplastic polyps (p=0.001). Ki-67 and p53 expression was similar between traditional serrated and tubular adenomas. Bcl-2 expression of traditional serrated adenomas was lower than that of tubular adenomas (p=0.001). Regarding the expression of p53, Bcl-2, and Ki-67 in traditional serrated adenomas, there were no statistical differences among age, sex, location, and size. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggested that Ki-67 may be helpful in distinguishing traditional serrated adenomas from hyperplastic polyps, and p53 expression may be ineffective in distinguishing between traditional serrated and tubular adenomas. From Bcl-2 expression, it is suggested that the tumorigenesis of traditional serrated adenomas is lower than that of tubular adenomas.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenoma/genetics , Colonic Polyps/physiopathology , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Immunohistochemistry , Ki-67 Antigen/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics
14.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 336-343, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-140146

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Serrated adenomas of the colon show mixed characteristics of both hyperplastic and adenomatous polyps. Serrated adenomas are known to progress via the serrated pathway than the adenoma-carcinoma pathway. The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of traditional serrated adenomas compared to hyperplastic polyps and tubular adenomas by using immunohistochemical staining for p53, Bcl-2, and Ki-67. METHODS: Age, sex, location, size and the immunoexpression of p53, Bcl-2, and Ki-67 were retrospectively analyzed in 20 traditional serrated adenomas, 20 hyperplastic polyps, and 20 tubular adenomas from January 2007 to December 2012 at The Catholic University of Korea, Yeouido St. Mary's Hospital. RESULTS: There was no difference in Bcl-2 and p53 expression between traditional serrated adenomas and hyperplastic polyps. Ki-67 Expression of traditional serrated adenomas was higher than that of hyperplastic polyps (p=0.001). Ki-67 and p53 expression was similar between traditional serrated and tubular adenomas. Bcl-2 expression of traditional serrated adenomas was lower than that of tubular adenomas (p=0.001). Regarding the expression of p53, Bcl-2, and Ki-67 in traditional serrated adenomas, there were no statistical differences among age, sex, location, and size. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggested that Ki-67 may be helpful in distinguishing traditional serrated adenomas from hyperplastic polyps, and p53 expression may be ineffective in distinguishing between traditional serrated and tubular adenomas. From Bcl-2 expression, it is suggested that the tumorigenesis of traditional serrated adenomas is lower than that of tubular adenomas.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenoma/genetics , Colonic Polyps/physiopathology , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Immunohistochemistry , Ki-67 Antigen/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics
15.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 834-841, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-93570

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the anti-tumor effect of capsaicin on human pharyngeal squamous carcinoma cells (FaDu). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of apoptosis/cell cycle-related proteins (or genes) was examined by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, western blotting and ELISA methods, while the apoptotic cell population, cell morphology and DNA fragmentation levels were assessed using flow cytometry, fluorescence microscopy and agarose gel electrophoresis. RESULTS: Capsaicin was found to inhibit the growth and proliferation of FaDu cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Apoptotic cell death was confirmed by observing increases in nuclear condensation, nuclear DNA fragmentation and sub-G1 DNA content. The observed increase in cytosolic cytochrome c, activation of caspase 3 and PARP (p85) levels following capsaicin treatment indicated that the apoptotic response was mitochondrial pathway-dependent. Gene/protein expression analysis of Bcl-2, Bad and Bax further revealed decreased anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein and increased pro-apoptotic Bad/Bax expression. Furthermore, capsaicin suppressed the cell cycle progression at the G1/S phase in FaDu cells by decreasing the expression of the regulators of cyclin B1 and D1, as well as cyclin-dependent protein kinases cdk-1, cdk-2 and cdk-4. CONCLUSION: Our current data show that capsaicin induces apoptosis in FaDu cells and this response is associated with mitochondrial pathways, possibly by mediating cell cycle arrest at G1/S.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis/drug effects , Blotting, Western , Capsaicin/pharmacology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Cell Cycle/drug effects , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Flow Cytometry , Microscopy, Fluorescence , Pharyngeal Neoplasms/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/genetics , bcl-Associated Death Protein/genetics
16.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 404-411, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-52132

ABSTRACT

As one of trials on neuroprotection after spinal cord injury, we used pregabalin. After spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats using contusion model, we observed the effect of pregabalin compared to that of the control and the methylprednisolone treated rats. We observed locomotor improvement of paralyzed hindlimb and body weight changes for clinical evaluation and caspase-3, bcl-2, and p38 MAPK expressions using western blotting. On histopathological analysis, we also evaluated reactive proliferation of glial cells. We were able to observe pregabalin's effectiveness as a neuroprotector after SCI in terms of the clinical indicators and the laboratory findings. The caspase-3 and phosphorylated p38 MAPK expressions of the pregabalin group were lower than those of the control group (statistically significant with caspase-3). Bcl-2 showed no significant difference between the control group and the treated groups. On the histopathological analysis, pregabalin treatment demonstrated less proliferation of the microglia and astrocytes. With this animal study, we were able to demonstrate reproducible results of pregabalin's neuroprotection effect. Diminished production of caspase-3 and phosphorylated p38 MAPK and as well as decreased proliferation of astrocytes were seen with the administration of pregabalin. This influence on spinal cord injury might be a possible approach for achieving neuroprotection following central nervous system trauma including spinal cord injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Apoptosis/drug effects , Astrocytes/drug effects , Blotting, Western , Body Weight/drug effects , Caspase 3/genetics , Cell Proliferation , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Gene Expression , Hindlimb/drug effects , Inflammation , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Microglia/drug effects , Motor Activity/drug effects , Neuroglia/drug effects , Neuroprotective Agents/therapeutic use , Paralysis/drug therapy , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spinal Cord Injuries/drug therapy , gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/analogs & derivatives , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/genetics
17.
Indian J Cancer ; 2010 Oct-Dec; 47(4): 412-417
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-144381

ABSTRACT

Background: Proteins encoded by FAS, BCL-2 and TP53 genes are major regulators of cellular survival and apoptosis. Results of recent investigations show remarkable biological features of these factors, which propose their role in the course of cancer. Therefore, it is plausible to test whether transcripts of these genes could be detected in the peripheral blood cells of patients with breast cancer. Materials and Methods: Real-time polymerase chain reaction assay was performed to detect FAS, BCL-2, and TP53 gene transcripts in the peripheral blood samples of 50 women with histologically confirmed infiltrative ductal carcinoma of the breast. Gene expression of patients was compared with 40 healthy women without history of malignancies or autoimmune disorders. Results: The relative overexpression of BCL-2 in the blood cells from patients of early stages (I and II), nonmetastatic and low-grade tumors compared with healthy individuals, was shown by measuring the gene transcript. Similarly, 3-4-fold higher expression of FAS was found in those patients. The measurement of TP53 transcripts also showed higher levels of gene expression in patients compared with healthy controls. BCL-2 gene expression showed a significant correlation with FAS, while such a correlation was not observed between BCL-2 and TP53 . Conclusion: It seems tumor cells overexpress BCL-2 to inhibit apoptosis and guarantee their cell survival. As a physiologic response, FAS and TP53 could be upregulated to suppress tumors. However, these pathways at early stages of disease may be inadequate and cause progressive malignancy.


Subject(s)
fas Receptor/blood , fas Receptor/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/blood , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/blood , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/genetics , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/pathology , Female , Gene Expression Profiling , Humans , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/blood , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transcription, Genetic , Biomarkers, Tumor/blood , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/blood , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics
18.
Experimental & Molecular Medicine ; : 195-204, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-203593

ABSTRACT

Chromatin structure has a crucial role in a diversity of physiological processes, including development, differentiation and stress responses, via regulation of transcription, DNA replication and DNA damage repair. Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors regulate chromatin structure and activate the DNA damage checkpoint pathway involving Ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM). Herein, we investigated the impact of histone acetylation/deacetylation modification on the ATM-mediated transcriptional modulation to provide a better understanding of the transcriptional function of ATM. The prototype HDAC inhibitor trichostain A (TSA) reprograms expression of the myeloid cell leukemia-1 (MCL1) and Gadd45alpha genes via the ATM-mediated signal pathway. Transcription of MCL1 and Gadd45alpha is enhanced following TSA treatment in ATM+ cells, but not in isogenic ATM- or kinase-dead ATM expressing cells, in the ATM-activated E2F1 or BRCA1-dependent manner, respectively. These findings suggest that ATM and its kinase activity are essential for the TSA-induced regulation of gene expression. In summary, ATM controls the transcriptional upregulation of MCL1 and Gadd45alpha through the activation of the ATM-mediated signal pathway in response to HDAC inhibition. These findings are important in helping to design combinatory treatment schedules for anticancer radio- or chemo-therapy with HDAC inhibitors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics , DNA Damage/genetics , DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , E2F1 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Histone Deacetylases/metabolism , Hydroxamic Acids/pharmacology , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Promoter Regions, Genetic/genetics , Protein Binding/drug effects , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Transcription, Genetic/drug effects , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/metabolism
19.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 235-239, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-109864

ABSTRACT

Prognostic value of p53 and bcl-2 expression on treatment outcome in breast cancer patients has been extensively evaluated, but the results were inconclusive. We evaluated the prognostic significance of these molecular markers in patients treated with breast conserving surgery and radiotherapy. One hundred patients whose immunostaining of p53 and bcl-2 expression was available among 125 patients who underwent radiotherapy after breast conserving surgery and axillary lymph node dissection were enrolled into this study. Eighty-seven patients also received adjuvant chemotherapy and/or hormonal therapy. Conventional clinicopathologic variables and treatment-related factors were also considered. The 5-yr loco-regional relapse-free and distant metastasis-free survival rates were 91.7% and 90.9%, respectively. On univariate analysis, age, T stage and the absence of bcl-2 & estrogen receptor (ER) expression were associated with loco-regional relapse-free survival. When incorporating these variables into Cox proportional hazard model, only bcl-2(-)/ER(-) phenotype was an adverse prognostic factor (P=0.018). As for the distant metastasis-free survival, age, T stage, and p53 expression were significant on univariate analysis. However, p53 expression was the only prognosticator on multivariate analysis (P=0.009). A bcl-2(-)/ER(-) phenotype and p53 expression are useful molecular markers predicting loco-regional relapse-free and distant metastasis-free survival, respectively, in patients treated with breast conserving surgery and radiotherapy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms/metabolism , Combined Modality Therapy , Disease-Free Survival , Mastectomy, Segmental , Multivariate Analysis , Phenotype , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , Receptors, Estrogen/metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics
20.
Experimental & Molecular Medicine ; : 94-101, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-103079

ABSTRACT

Phosphatidic acid (PA), the product of a PLD-mediated reaction, is a lipid second messenger that participates in various intracellular signaling events and is known to regulate a growing list of signaling proteins. We found that Bcl-2 was upregulated by PA treatment in HeLa cells. However, how PA upregulates Bcl-2 expression has not yet been studied. In this study, we tried to discover the mechanisms of Bcl-2 up-regulation by PA treatment in HeLa cells. Treatment with PA resulted in significantly increased expression of Bcl-2 in HeLa cells. Moreover, PA-induced Bcl-2 expression was blocked by mepacrine, an inhibitor of PLA2, but not by propranolol, an inhibitor of PA phospholyhydrolase (PAP). Treatment of 1,2-dipalmitoryl-sn-glycero-3-phosphate (DPPA) also increased Bcl-2 expression. These results indicate that Bcl-2 expression is mediated by lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), not by arachidonic acid (AA). Thereafter, we used MEK1/2 inhibitor, PD98059 to investigate the relationship between ERK1/2 MAPK and PA-induced Bcl-2 expression. PA-induced Bcl-2 expression was decreased when ERK1/2 was inhibited by PD98059. The transcription factor such as STAT3 which is controlled by ERK1/2 MAPK was increased along with Bcl-2 expression when the cells were treated with PA. Furthermore, STAT3 siRNA treatments inhibited PA-induced Bcl-2 expression, suggesting that STAT3 (Ser727) is involved in PA-induced Bcl-2 expression. Taken together, these findings indicate that PA acts as an important mediator for increasing Bcl-2 expression through STAT3 (Ser727) activation via the ERK1/2 MAPK pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Enzyme Inhibitors/pharmacology , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , HeLa Cells , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases/genetics , Phosphatidic Acids/genetics , Propranolol/pharmacology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , Quinacrine/pharmacology , RNA, Small Interfering/genetics , STAT3 Transcription Factor/genetics
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