Clinical expertise, patient preference, and the best evidence are the three elements of evidence-based medicine. Based on high-level and high-quality evidence, qualitative and quantitative analysis of the prescribing decisions of physicians is beneficial to improving clinical efficacy. A mature methodological system is available for the retrieval, analysis, summary, evaluation, and recommendation of the evidence, but there are still few studies on physicians' prescribing decisions. How to analyze the trend of physicians' prescribing decisions based on the priority ranking in addition and subtraction of prescriptions? Analytic hierarchy process(AHP) is a method for decision making, which arranges the elements of the decision problem into overall goal, criteria, and operational sub-criteria, and uses the matrix eigenvector method to solve the problem. This study aims to analyze the priority of physicians' prescribing decisions for diabetes mellitus with deficiency of both Qi and Yin based on AHP. To be specific, a database of diabetes mellitus cases with deficiency of both Qi and Yin was established and AHP was used to yield the priority ranking of Chinese patent medicine prescriptions in specific clinical scenarios. In the selected cases of diabetes mellitus with deficiency of both Qi and Yin, Xiaoke Pills was the best prescription for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus(deficiency of both Qi and Yin)(normalized=0.388), followed by Liuwei Dihuang Pills(normalized=0.269), Qishen Capsules(normalized=0.230), and Shengmai Injection(normalized=0.113). According to the analysis the available data, for type 2 diabetes mellitus(deficiency of both Qi and Yin), Xiaoke Pills was the most effective prescription in specific scenarios. When the physicians' prescribing decisions are consistent with the evidence, quantitative analysis of physicians' cognition will boost the evidence-based medical decision-making. However, the research results are also affected by the quality of literature, evidence level and priority, which are thus have some limitations. It is recommended that further small data research based on individual cases be carried out to lay a evidence-based basis for the clinical decision-making of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Subject(s)Analytic Hierarchy Process , China , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Drug Prescriptions , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs/therapeutic use , Qi , Syndrome , Yin Deficiency/drug therapy
The present study systematically sorted out the existing research on Qilong Capsules in the treatment of ischemic stroke with Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome and comprehensively evaluated its clinical evidence and value to highlight the advantages and characteristics of products and provide references for the decision-making of national pharmaceutical management departments. Based on the evidence-based medicine, epidemiology, clinical medicine, evidence-based pharmacy, and pharmacoeconomics, the qualitative and quantitative evaluation of "6+1" dimensions of safety, effectiveness, economy, innovation, suitability, and accessibility, as well as characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) was performed with multi-criteria decision analysis(MCDA) mo-del using the information, such as public data, literature data, pharmaceutical research, and questionnaire survey, and CSC v2.0 was used to calculate the clinical value of Qilong Capsules. The evaluation results were grade A, B, C, or D. Spontaneous reporting system(SRS) monitoring data, literature reports, clinical trials, and other multi-source safety evidence showed that the main adverse reactions of this drug included dry mouth, nausea, and rash, and no severe adverse reactions was found. The evidence was sufficient with small and controllable known risks, and the safety was grade A. Meta-analysis showed that Qilong Capsules combined with conventional western medicine in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke was superior to the control group in improving neurological deficits, clinical total response rate, patients' activities of daily living, and hemorheological indexes. The level of evidence was high with manifest clinical significance, and the effectiveness was grade A. The results of pharmacoeconomic research showed that Qilong Capsules combined with conventional western medicine in the treatment of ischemic stroke were advantageous in cost-effectiveness as compared with conventional western medicine alone, but the incremental effect was not significant. The quality evaluation results of the economic report were comparatively clear, and the economy was grade B. Aiming at major cerebrovascular diseases in the society and giving full play to the advantages of TCM, Qilong Capsules focused on the inheritance of classics and scientific and technological innovation, and innovation was grade B. The results of the questionnaire survey showed that the technical characteristics and drug application could meet the medication needs of clinical doctors and patients, and the suitability was grade B. The price level of this drug was comparatively high and the affordability was good since the treatment cost accounted for a small proportion of disposable income. The drug accessibility was good with a wide range of drug sales, sufficient production capacity, and sustainable medicinal materials resources, and was grade B. This drug was derived from the classic prescription Buyang Huanwu Decoction with rich experience of human application, which could regulate Qi and blood circulation, and the section of TCM characteristics was grade B. Based on the evidence evaluation results of "6+1" dimensions of Qilong Capsules, the comprehensive evaluation of clinical value was class A. It is suggested that it can be transformed into relevant policy results of basic clinical medication management according to procedures.
Subject(s)Activities of Daily Living , Capsules , Humans , Ischemic Stroke , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Qi
Protective effect of Qilong Capsules(QL) on the myocardial fibrosis and blood circulation of rats with coronary heart disease of Qi deficiency and blood stasis type was investigated. Sleep deprivation and coronary artery ligation were used to construct a disease-symptom combination model, and 60 SD rats were divided into sham operation(sham) group, syndrome(S) group, disease and syndrome(M) group and QL group randomly. The treatment group received administration of QL 0.4 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1). Other groups were given the same amount of normal saline. The disease indexes of each group [left ventricular end diastolic diameter(LVESD), left ventricular end systolic diameter(LVEDD), left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF), left ventricular axis shortening rate(LVFS), myocardial histopathology, platelet morphology, peripheral blood flow] and syndrome indexes(tongue color, pulse, grip power) were detected. In sham group, cardiomyocytes and myocardial fibers were arranged neatly and densely with clear structures. The tongues' color in sham were light red, and the pulse shape were regular. RGB is a parameter reflected the brightness of the image of the tongue. In the S group, the amplitude and frequency of the animal's pulse increased accompanied by decreasing R,G,B, however, the decreased R,G,B was accompanied by reduced pulse amplitude in M group. And in M group, we observed fuzzy cell morphology, hypertrophied myocytes, disordered arrangement of cardiomyocytes and myocardial fibers, reduced peripheral blood flow and increased collagen volume fraction(CVF). Increased LVESD and LVEDD, and decreased LVEF and LVFS represented cardiac function in S group was significantly lower than that in sham. In QL group, the tongue's color was red and the pulse was smooth. The myocardial fibers of the QL group were arranged neatly and secreted less collagen. It improved the blood circulation in the sole and tail, and reversed the increasing of LVEDD, LVESD and the decreasing of LVEF and LVFS of M group. Platelets in M and S group showed high reactivity, and QL could decrease aggregation risk. In conclusion, Qilong Capsules has an obvious myocardial protective effect on ischemic cardiomyopathy, which may inhibit the degree of myocardial fibrosis and reduce platelet reactivity.
Subject(s)Animals , Capsules , Cardiomyopathies/drug therapy , Fibrosis , Myocytes, Cardiac , Qi , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
To evaluate the pharmacoeconomic value of Qidong Yixin Oral Liquid in the treatment of viral myocarditis(Qi-Yin deficiency syndrome) by supplementing Qi, nourishing the heart, calming the mind, and relieving palpitation, the present study performed the Meta-analysis based on the published papers on Qidong Yixin Oral Liquid by AMSTAR and carried out pharmacoeconomic evaluation using TreeAge Pro by the cost-effectiveness analysis. The results showed that the quality of the included papers was good. After four weeks of treatment, Qidong Yixin Oral Liquid combined with the conventional treatment regimen was superior to the conventional treatment in improving creatine kinase isoenzyme, and the difference was statistically significant. Furthermore, the treatment cost was also higher than that of conventional treatment, with an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of CNY 95.89, accounting for 0.30% of per capita disposable income. The results of sensitivity analysis showed that the research results were robust. Therefore, based on the assumption that the per capita disposable income in 2020 was the threshold of patients' willingness to pay, it is more economical for patients with viral myocarditis to use Qidong Yixin Oral Liquid combined with conventional secondary prevention regimen than conventio-nal secondary prevention regimen alone. The economic evaluation of Qidong Yixin Oral Liquid in the treatment of viral myocarditis will help physicians and patients choose optimal treatment options, improve rational clinical medication, and provide references for the efficient allocation and utilization of medical resources in China.
Subject(s)Cost-Benefit Analysis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Economics, Pharmaceutical , Humans , Myocarditis/drug therapy , Qi , Yin Deficiency/drug therapy
OBJECTIVE@#To test the hypothesis that β -glucan enhances protective qi (PQi), an important Chinese medicine (CM) concept which stipulates that a protective force circulates throughout the body surface and works as the first line of defense against "external pernicious influences".@*METHODS@#A total of 138 participants with PQi deficiency (PQD) were randomized to receive β -glucan (200 mg daily) or placebo for 12 weeks. Participants' PQi status was assessed every 2 weeks via conventional diagnosis and a standardized protocol from which a PQD severity and risk score was derived. Indices of participants' immune and general health status were also monitored, including upper respiratory tract infection (URTI), saliva secretory IgA (sIgA), and self-reported measures of physical and mental health (PROMIS).@*RESULTS@#PQi status was not significantly different between the β -glucan and placebo treatment groups at baseline but improved significantly in the β -glucan (vs. placebo) group in a time-dependent manner. The intergroup differences [95% confidence interval (CI)] in severity score (scale: 1-5), risk score (scale: 0-1), and proportion of PQD participants (%) at finish line was 0.49 (0.35-0.62), 0.48 (0.35-0.61), and 0.36 (0.25-0.47), respectively. Additionally, β -glucan improved URTI symptom (scale: 1-9) and PROMIS physical (scale: 16.2-67.7) and mental (scale: 21.2-67.6) scores by a magnitude (95% CI) of 1.0 (0.21-1.86), 5.7 (2.33-9.07), and 3.0 (20.37-6.37), respectively, over placebo.@*CONCLUSIONS@#β -glucan ameliorates PQi in PQD individuals. By using stringent evidence-based methodologies, our study demonstrated that Western medicine-derived remedies, such as β -glucan, can be employed to advance CM therapeutics. (ClinicalTrial.Gov registry: NCT03782974).
Subject(s)Adult , Double-Blind Method , Humans , Qi , Risk Factors , Self Report , beta-Glucans/therapeutic use
In reference with the systematic review of the thought of deqi (arrival of qi) put forward in Huangdi Neijing (Internal Classic of Yellow Emperor) and other classic books of traditional Chinese medicine, in view of detecting qi and identifying qi before treatment, as well as the prerequisites of deqi in tuina, meaning the accurate syndrome differentiation and manipulations, the importance of deqi in treatment with tuina is expounded. In association with clinical experience, the specific manifestations of deqi in patients during tuina are summarized, e.g. soreness, distention, pain, numbness, warm feeling and slight sweating, local changes in intestinal sound and skin color, as well as mind regulation. It is anticipated that deqi of tuina may be drawn the attention in clinical practice, and the relevant study be expanded.
Subject(s)Books , Emotions , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pain , Qi
The paper introduces professor GAO Shu-zhong's understanding on "seeking yin from yang needling method" and its clinical application on the basis of "qi street" and "four seas" theories. Through professor GAO's clinical practice for years, he integrates and extendes the theories of "seeking yin from yang", "qi street" and "four seas" in Huangdi Neijing (The Yellow Emperor's Inner Classic). In this specific acupuncture method, in reference with the theories of "qi street" and "four seas", acupuncture is exerted on yang part of body, e.g. the back and lumber region to treat the diseases of yin parts, e.g. the chest and abdomen, which is differentiated as yin-yang imbalance in pathogenesis. In order to fully explain the clinical curative effect of "seeking yin from yang needling method", the common diseases in clinic, e.g. the disorders of heart, spleen and stomach systems, as well as the gynecology are taken as examples in the paper.
Subject(s)Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy/history , Humans , Male , Qi , Vascular Surgical Procedures , Yin-Yang
The connotation of theory of "synchronization of heaven-qi, earth-qi and human-qi " in Zhuang Medicine is introduced, and its association with human physiological state, pathological changes and acupuncture treatment mechanism are discussed. The main points, acupuncture manipulation and clinical acupoint selection of acupuncture and moxibustion of Zhuang Medicine are guided by this theory. The points are mainly composed of Huan points, Luoyang points and experience-based points, which are divided into heaven part, earth part and human part according to the positions in the human body. The acupuncture manipulation is divided into mild manipulation, moderate manipulation and heavy manipulation according to heaven, earth and human theory. With the point prescriptions for headache, dysmenorrhea and herpes zoster sore as examples, the application of this theory in the clinical acupoint selection is explained.
Subject(s)Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Female , Humans , Moxibustion , Qi
Objetivo: La capacidad intelectual (CI) y las funciones ejecutivas (FE) influyen en el rendimiento académico, lo que a su vez se asocia con la deserción universitaria que es un fenómeno que afecta a la sociedad colombiana en general. El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar los factores de la CI y de la FE que tienen que ver con el bajo rendimiento y con el alto rendimiento académico en una muestra de estudiantes universitarios. Metodología: Estudio observacional, transversal de dos grupos (bajo y alto rendimiento académico), de tipo analítico, prospectivo. Resultados: Todas las variables de CI y de FE mostraron diferencias significativas entre los grupos del estudio (p≤0.05), con mejor ejecución por parte de los estudiantes con alto rendimiento académico. Conclusiones: Se encontraron déficits ejecutivos y en el CI, así como en la mayoría de las dimensiones de FE en los estudiantes con bajo rendimiento, tales como menor rendimiento en la organización y categorización verbal, la memoria operativa verbal, la categorización visual y el control inhibitorio, sin que hubiera alteraciones en flexibilidad cognitiva. En el grupo de menor rendimiento también se observó mayor velocidad de la memoria operativa visual que podría entenderse como compensatoria.
Introduction: Intellectual capacity (IQ) and executive functions (EF) influence students' academic performance, which in turn is associated with university dropout, a phenomenon that affects Colombian society in general. The objective of this work was to analyze the factors of IQ and EF that have to do with low performance and high academic perfor-mance in a sample of university students. Methodology: Observational, analytical, prospective cross-sectional study carried out in 2 groups (low and high academic performance). Results: All IQ and FE variables showed significant differences between the study groups (p≤0.05), with better performance by students with high academic performance. Conclusions: Executive and IQ deficits were found, as well as in most of the EF dimensions in students with low performance, such as lower performance in verbal organization and categorization, verbal working memory, visual categorization and inhibitory control, without alterations in cognitive flexibility. In the group with the lowest performance, a higher speed of visual working memory was also observed, which could be understood as compensatory.
Objetivo: a capacidade intelectual (QI) e as funções executivas (EF) influenciam o des-empenho acadêmico, que por sua vez está associado à evasão universitária, fenômeno que afeta a sociedade colombiana em geral. O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar os fatores de QI e FE que têm a ver com baixo desempenho e alto desempenho acadêmico em uma amostra de estudantes universitários. Metodologia: Estudo observacional, transversal de dois grupos (baixo e alto rendimento escolar), analítico, prospectivo. Resultados: Todas as variáveis de QI e FE apresentaram diferenças significativas entre os grupos de estudo (p≤0,05), com melhor desempenho dos alunos com alto rendimento acadêmico. Conclusões: Foram encontrados déficits executivos e de QI, assim como na maioria das dimensões de FE em escolares com baixo desempenho, como menor desempenho em organização e categorização verbal, memória de trabalho verbal, categorização e controle visual. Inibitórios, sem alterações na flexibilidade cognitiva. No grupo de pior desempenho, também foi observada maior velocidade de memória visual de trabalho, o que pode ser entendido como compensatório.
Subject(s)Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Executive Function , Universities , Qi , Affect , Academic Performance , Memory, Short-Term
Through investigating the current research on the effect of Naoxintong Capsules in the treatment of cerebral infarction with Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome and coronary heart disease angina pectoris, this study conducted a clinical comprehensive evaluation in "6+1" dimensions [safety, effectiveness, economy, innovation, suitability, accessibility, and characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)], so as to highlight the advantages and clinical value of Naoxintong Capsules. By combining qualitative and quantitative methods, we used the multi-criteria decision analysis(MCDA) model to measure each dimension, and the results thereby were divided into four grades of A, B, C, and D in high-to-low order. Through literature review and evaluation, the adverse effects of Naoxintong Capsules are mainly caused by the gastrointestinal system. Since the safety risk is controllable based on current research, the safety evaluation is grade B. The effectiveness of Naoxintong Capsules combined with conventional western medicine in the treatment of cerebral infarction with Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome and coronary heart disease angina pectoris is evaluated as grade A, as compared with conventional therapy alone. The economy of Naoxintong Capsules, compared with Tongxinluo Capsules, is assessed as grade B. According to literature reports, Naoxintong Capsules exhibits outstanding clinical innovation in optimizing the current anti-platelet therapy strategy for patients with coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI), and the innovation is class A. Given the capsule formulation is convenient for storage and transportation, and its usage is easy for patients to grasp and accept, the suitability is grade B. The accessibility is grade A considering the price level, availability, and affordability, and the characteristics of TCM are evaluated as grade A from the perspectives of theoretical characteristics and human experience. The results of the comprehensive drug evaluation showed that the clinical value of Naoxintong Capsules is class A for treating cerebral infarction with Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome and coronary heart disease angina pectoris. According to the Guidelines for the Management of Comprehensive Clinical Evaluation of Drugs(trial 2021 version) issued by the National Health Commission, relevant policy results for basic clinical drug management can be formulated directly by procedure.
Subject(s)Angina Pectoris , Capsules , Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Coronary Disease/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Qi
This study explored the clinical comprehensive evaluation of Mudan Granules, aiming to promote the safe, effective and rational use of Mudan Granules, reflect its clinical value and provide a basis for medical decision-making. The safety, effectiveness, economy, innovation, suitability, accessibility, and characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine of Mudan Granules were combed, and the multi-criteria decision analysis(MCDA) model was used to carry out comprehensive evaluation on each dimension. In terms of safety, multiple sources of evidence showed that the adverse reactions of Mudan Granules mainly involved gastrointestinal system, with controllable safety risk rated as grade B. In terms of effectiveness, Mudan Granules can significantly alleviate the diabetic peripheral neuropathy(Qi-deficiency and collateral stagnation syndrome), limb and trunk numbness, pain and sensory abnormalities and other clinical symptoms, exhibiting positive curative effect rated as grade A. In terms of economy, Mudan Granules combined with Mecobalamin and other conventional western medicines is economical compared with the western medicine alone group, which is supported by sufficient evidence and clear results, rated as grade B. In terms of innovation, Mudan Granules is the only Chinese patent medicine with the indication of benefiting Qi for activating blood circulation and dredging collaterals in the Medicine Catalogue for National Basic Medical Insurance, Industrial Injury Insurance, and Maternity Insurance. It has important clinical innovation and is evaluated as grade A. In the aspect of suitability, Mudan Granules has good suitability in ADR treatment, drug characteristics and usage, and is rated as grade B. In terms of accessibility, Mudan Granules has the price level comparable to that of similar drugs, with good affordability. The resources of medicinal materials for the preparation of Mudan Granules are abundant and available, which is rated grade B. Moreover, Mudan Granules, as a hospital preparation with both functions of tonification and purgation, reflects the combination between syndrome differentiation and disease differentiation as well as the combination between overall and local characteristics, and has prominent Chinese medicine features. According to the above dimensions, we suggest to classify Mudan Granules as a class A preparation which can be directly included the policy results of basic clinical drug administration.
Subject(s)Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Neuropathies , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Female , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pregnancy , Qi , Syndrome
This study evaluated the safety, effectiveness, economy, innovation, suitability, accessibility, and characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine of Wenxin Granules in the treatment of arrhythmia(ventricular premature beat and atrial premature beat) with deficiency of Qi and Yin. The multi-criteria decision analysis(MCDA) model was adopted, and the criterion layer and index layer were weighted by experts. CSC v2.0 was used for clinical comprehensive evaluation. This study embodies the clinical value of Wenxin Granules, promotes its safe, effective and rational use, and provides a basis for national medical decision-making. The multi-source evidence shows that the major adverse reaction of Wenxin Granules is gastrointestinal damage. According to the available studies, Wenxin Granules has controllable risk and thus is rated as grade B in terms of safety. The systematic evaluation of effectiveness shows that compared with antiarrhythmic western medicine, Wenxin Granules demonstrates improved clinical efficacy and electrocardiogram efficacy, which is supported by high-quality evidence, and thus the effectiveness of Wenxin Granules is evaluated as grade A. Economic research shows that Wenxin Granules is more economical than antiarrhythmic western medicine, which is supported by sufficient evidence and clear results, and thus the economy of this preparation is rated as grade B. The indications and contraindications of Wenxin Granules are clear and detailed to different types of arrhythmia, which, together with the precise positioning and prominent clinical innovation and industrial innovation, rates it as grade A in terms of innovation. The suitability of drug storage, prescription circulation, dosage form and course of treatment basically meet the clinical medication needs of doctors and patients, and thus the suitability of Wenxin Granules is evaluated as grade B. Because of the few restrictions and the sustainable resources of medicinal materials, the accessibility of Wenxin Granules is evaluated as grade A. The prescription compatibility focuses on the pathogenesis characteristics of deficiency of Qi and Yin, and there are more than 3 000 cases studied. Therefore, the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine of Wenxin Granules are evaluated as grade B. Based on the evidence from all the above dimensions, Wenxin Granules has the clinical comprehensive value of class A and prominent characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine. It is suggested to include Wenxin Granules into the policy results related to basic clinical medication management according to the procedure.
Subject(s)Anti-Arrhythmia Agents , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Qi , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Premature Complexes , Yin Deficiency
Compound Renshen Buqi Granules have been widely used to treat chronic heart failure(CHF) due to Qi deficiency and blood stasis, but the mechanism of action remains unclear. This paper explored the pathogenesis of CHF due to Qi deficiency and blood stasis and the intervention mechanism of Compound Renshen Buqi Granules based on quantitative proteomics for uncovering the biological basis. SD rats were divided into the normal control(N) group, normal+Compound Renshen Buqi Granules(ND) group, model(M) group, model+Compound Renshen Buqi Granules(D) group, and positive control(Y) group. The rat model of CHF due to Qi deficiency and blood stasis was established by ligation of the left anterior descending(LAD) coronary artery and chronic sleep deprivation. The rats in the ND group and D group were provided with Compound Renshen Buqi Granules, while those in the Y group received valsartan. Six weeks later, the serum was sampled and the data-dependent acquisition(DDA) was employed for the non-targeted quantitative proteomics analysis of the differences in protein expression among groups, followed by the targeted analysis of differentially expressed proteins(DEPs) generated by data-independent acquisition(DIA). Compared with the N group, the rats in the M group pre-sented with decreased body weight, grip strength, and pulse amplitude and increased RGB value on the tongue surface. The pathomorphological examination revealed inflammatory cell infiltration, cell degeneration and necrosis, tissue fibrosis, etc. After the intervention with Compound Renshen Buqi Granules, multiple indicators were reversed. As demonstrated by proteomics results, there were 144 and 111 DEPs found in the M group and ND group in comparison with the N group. Compared with the M group, 107 and 194 DEPs were found in the D group and the Y group, respectively. Compared with the ND group, 119 DEPs were detected in the D group. As illustrated by DIA-based verification, the quantitative results of six proteins in each group were consistent with those by DDA. The syndrome indicators and pathomorphological examination results demonstrated that the protein expression profile of rats with CHF due to Qi deficiency and blood stasis changed obviously. However, Compound Renshen Buqi Granules were able to reverse the differential expression of immune proteins to regulate CHF of Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome, which has provided clues for figuring out the pathogenesis of CHF due to Qi deficiency and blood stasis and the intervention mechanism of Compound Renshen Buqi Granules.
Subject(s)Animals , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Panax , Proteomics , Qi , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
The traditional Chinese medicines(TCM) for activating blood circulation and the TCM for regulating Qi are often used in combination in clinical practice. However, their mechanisms are still unclear. The activity spectrum of targets can fuse the active components, targets and intensity of action, which provides support for the discussion of efficacy targets. The chemical components of common TCM sets for activating blood circulation and regulating Qi, as well as the negative sets not for activating blood circulation and re-gulating Qi were obtained from the database of TCM. By the similarity analysis of chemical components in TCM for activating blood circulation and DrugBank database, the predicted targets of chemical components in TCM for activating blood circulation were obtained, and the similarity value of the two was taken as the activity value of the active components and predicted targets. Then, the component-target activity value was weighted. The activity values of herb acting on the same target were fused to construct activity spectra of targets of the herbs for activating blood circulation, herbs for regulating Qi and negative herbs. The targets whose activity values of activating blood circulation and regulating Qi were higher than those of negative herbs were selected as potential targets of efficacy. Protein-protein interaction networks were constructed for topological, GO and KEGG enrichment analysis to determine the key targets of efficacy of activating blood circulation and regulating Qi. The component-target activity information collected from DrugBank database contained 4 499 compounds, 627 targets and 11 295 action relationships. The activating blood function protein-protein interaction network contained 206 nodes and 1 728 edges, while the regulating Qi function protein-protein interaction network contained 230 nodes and 986 edges. The enrichment analysis of topology, GO and KEGG showed that TCM for activating blood circulation mainly exerted its anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective and angiogenic effects on signaling cascade pathway mediated by VEGF/VEGFR2, ERK signaling pathway, calcium signaling pathway and PI3 K-AKT signaling pathway, and the key targets included mitogen activated protein kinases 3(MAPK3), proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Src(SRC), mitogen activated protein kinases 1(MAPK1), epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR), phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha isoform(PIK3 CA), peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor gamma(PPARG), nitric oxide synthase 3(NOS3), prostaglandin G/H synthetase 2(PTGS2), matrix metalloproteinase-9(MMP9), and vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA). TCM for regulating Qi mainly exerted anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects by acting on MAPK signaling pathway and PI3 K-AKT signaling pathway, and the key targets included mitogen activated protein kinases 8(MAPK8), SRC, mitogen activated protein kinases 14(MAPK14), and RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase(AKT1), mitogen activated protein kinases 3(MAPK3). Based on the activity spectrum of targets, the targets of the TCM for activating blood and the targets of the TCM for regulating Qi were analyzed to provide reference for the study of efficacy targets of TCM, and also provide some scientific basis for clinical application.
Subject(s)Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Protein Interaction Maps , Qi , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
OBJECTIVE@#To compare the curative effect of refined moxibustion, traditional moxa box moxibustion and Chinese patent medicine on the sequelae of pelvic inflammatory disease with @*METHODS@#A total of 150 patients with sequelae of pelvic inflammatory disease with @*RESULTS@#After treatment, the TCM symptoms, body signs and comprehensive scores of each group were lower than those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with traditional moxa box moxibustion and Chinese patent medicine treatment, refined moxibustion can better improve the symptoms, body signs and quality of life in patients with the sequelae of pelvic inflammatory disease of
Subject(s)Acupuncture Points , Female , Humans , Moxibustion , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease/therapy , Qi , Quality of Life
Subject(s)Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Qi , Sensation
Subject(s)Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Books , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Qi , Sensation
The defensive function of defensive
Subject(s)Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Meridians , Qi
It is to determine the effect mechanism and therapeutic method of the idea as "guiding meridian sinew
Subject(s)Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Meridians , Qi , Running
OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Yangyin Yiqi Huoxue Granule (, YYHG) in the treatment of ischemic stroke (IS) patients with qi-yin deficiency and blood stasis syndrome (QYDBSS), and to explore its effective dosage.@*METHODS@#The total of 288 patients were randomly assigned to the YYHG high-dose, YYHG low-dose, positive control (administered Xiaoshuantong Granule, XSTG, ), or placebo control (administered inert granule) groups (72 cases per group) by software-drived competitive block randomization. The trial was conducted for a 28-day period, with a 180-day follow-up period. The primary outcome was the comprehensive curative evaluation, and secondary outcomes were the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, Barthel activities of daily living (ADL) index score, the quality of life index (QLI) score, and the Chinese medicine syndrome (CMS) score. All analyses were done on an intention-to-treat basis. The clinical safety was also assessed.@*RESULTS@#The total of 288 participants were recruited between June 1, 2008 and September 30, 2009, and 287 patients received intervention; the treatment groups were well balanced at baseline. The comprehensive cure rates of YYHG high-dose, low-dose, positive and placebo control groups were 63.38%, 31.94%, 36.11% and 6.14%, respectively; there was a statistical difference between the two groups (P<0.01), while the high-dose YYHG treatment group was significantly higher than the other 3 groups (P<0.01). The improvement of NIHSS, ADL, QLI and CMS scores of the YYHG high-dose and low-dose groups was significantly better than that of the positive control group and the placebo control group (P<0.05). In terms of improving the classification of the NIHSS scale and the assessment of the ADL scale, the YYHG high-dose group was significantly better than the other three groups (P<0.05), and the YYHG low-dose group was better than the placebo control group (P<0.01). At the same time, except for the QLI score, the high-dose group was better than the low-dose group (P<0.05). In terms of safety, adverse reactions after YYHG treatment were generally mild (3.78%), and no serious adverse reactions have been reported.@*CONCLUSION@#YYHG is safe and effective in the treatment of IS patients with QYDBSS.