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1.
Med. U.P.B ; 40(1): 10-18, 03/03/2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1177482

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: La capacidad intelectual (CI) y las funciones ejecutivas (FE) influyen en el rendimiento académico, lo que a su vez se asocia con la deserción universitaria que es un fenómeno que afecta a la sociedad colombiana en general. El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar los factores de la CI y de la FE que tienen que ver con el bajo rendimiento y con el alto rendimiento académico en una muestra de estudiantes universitarios. Metodología: Estudio observacional, transversal de dos grupos (bajo y alto rendimiento académico), de tipo analítico, prospectivo. Resultados: Todas las variables de CI y de FE mostraron diferencias significativas entre los grupos del estudio (p≤0.05), con mejor ejecución por parte de los estudiantes con alto rendimiento académico. Conclusiones: Se encontraron déficits ejecutivos y en el CI, así como en la mayoría de las dimensiones de FE en los estudiantes con bajo rendimiento, tales como menor rendimiento en la organización y categorización verbal, la memoria operativa verbal, la categorización visual y el control inhibitorio, sin que hubiera alteraciones en flexibilidad cognitiva. En el grupo de menor rendimiento también se observó mayor velocidad de la memoria operativa visual que podría entenderse como compensatoria.


Introduction: Intellectual capacity (IQ) and executive functions (EF) influence students' academic performance, which in turn is associated with university dropout, a phenomenon that affects Colombian society in general. The objective of this work was to analyze the factors of IQ and EF that have to do with low performance and high academic perfor-mance in a sample of university students. Methodology: Observational, analytical, prospective cross-sectional study carried out in 2 groups (low and high academic performance). Results: All IQ and FE variables showed significant differences between the study groups (p≤0.05), with better performance by students with high academic performance. Conclusions: Executive and IQ deficits were found, as well as in most of the EF dimensions in students with low performance, such as lower performance in verbal organization and categorization, verbal working memory, visual categorization and inhibitory control, without alterations in cognitive flexibility. In the group with the lowest performance, a higher speed of visual working memory was also observed, which could be understood as compensatory.


Objetivo: a capacidade intelectual (QI) e as funções executivas (EF) influenciam o des-empenho acadêmico, que por sua vez está associado à evasão universitária, fenômeno que afeta a sociedade colombiana em geral. O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar os fatores de QI e FE que têm a ver com baixo desempenho e alto desempenho acadêmico em uma amostra de estudantes universitários. Metodologia: Estudo observacional, transversal de dois grupos (baixo e alto rendimento escolar), analítico, prospectivo. Resultados: Todas as variáveis de QI e FE apresentaram diferenças significativas entre os grupos de estudo (p≤0,05), com melhor desempenho dos alunos com alto rendimento acadêmico. Conclusões: Foram encontrados déficits executivos e de QI, assim como na maioria das dimensões de FE em escolares com baixo desempenho, como menor desempenho em organização e categorização verbal, memória de trabalho verbal, categorização e controle visual. Inibitórios, sem alterações na flexibilidade cognitiva. No grupo de pior desempenho, também foi observada maior velocidade de memória visual de trabalho, o que pode ser entendido como compensatório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Executive Function , Universities , Qi , Affect , Academic Performance , Memory, Short-Term
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922107

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Yangyin Yiqi Huoxue Granule (, YYHG) in the treatment of ischemic stroke (IS) patients with qi-yin deficiency and blood stasis syndrome (QYDBSS), and to explore its effective dosage.@*METHODS@#The total of 288 patients were randomly assigned to the YYHG high-dose, YYHG low-dose, positive control (administered Xiaoshuantong Granule, XSTG, ), or placebo control (administered inert granule) groups (72 cases per group) by software-drived competitive block randomization. The trial was conducted for a 28-day period, with a 180-day follow-up period. The primary outcome was the comprehensive curative evaluation, and secondary outcomes were the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, Barthel activities of daily living (ADL) index score, the quality of life index (QLI) score, and the Chinese medicine syndrome (CMS) score. All analyses were done on an intention-to-treat basis. The clinical safety was also assessed.@*RESULTS@#The total of 288 participants were recruited between June 1, 2008 and September 30, 2009, and 287 patients received intervention; the treatment groups were well balanced at baseline. The comprehensive cure rates of YYHG high-dose, low-dose, positive and placebo control groups were 63.38%, 31.94%, 36.11% and 6.14%, respectively; there was a statistical difference between the two groups (P<0.01), while the high-dose YYHG treatment group was significantly higher than the other 3 groups (P<0.01). The improvement of NIHSS, ADL, QLI and CMS scores of the YYHG high-dose and low-dose groups was significantly better than that of the positive control group and the placebo control group (P<0.05). In terms of improving the classification of the NIHSS scale and the assessment of the ADL scale, the YYHG high-dose group was significantly better than the other three groups (P<0.05), and the YYHG low-dose group was better than the placebo control group (P<0.01). At the same time, except for the QLI score, the high-dose group was better than the low-dose group (P<0.05). In terms of safety, adverse reactions after YYHG treatment were generally mild (3.78%), and no serious adverse reactions have been reported.@*CONCLUSION@#YYHG is safe and effective in the treatment of IS patients with QYDBSS.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Humans , Ischemic Stroke , Qi , Quality of Life , Stroke/drug therapy , Yin Deficiency
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921767

ABSTRACT

Through investigating the current research on the effect of Naoxintong Capsules in the treatment of cerebral infarction with Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome and coronary heart disease angina pectoris, this study conducted a clinical comprehensive evaluation in "6+1" dimensions [safety, effectiveness, economy, innovation, suitability, accessibility, and characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)], so as to highlight the advantages and clinical value of Naoxintong Capsules. By combining qualitative and quantitative methods, we used the multi-criteria decision analysis(MCDA) model to measure each dimension, and the results thereby were divided into four grades of A, B, C, and D in high-to-low order. Through literature review and evaluation, the adverse effects of Naoxintong Capsules are mainly caused by the gastrointestinal system. Since the safety risk is controllable based on current research, the safety evaluation is grade B. The effectiveness of Naoxintong Capsules combined with conventional western medicine in the treatment of cerebral infarction with Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome and coronary heart disease angina pectoris is evaluated as grade A, as compared with conventional therapy alone. The economy of Naoxintong Capsules, compared with Tongxinluo Capsules, is assessed as grade B. According to literature reports, Naoxintong Capsules exhibits outstanding clinical innovation in optimizing the current anti-platelet therapy strategy for patients with coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI), and the innovation is class A. Given the capsule formulation is convenient for storage and transportation, and its usage is easy for patients to grasp and accept, the suitability is grade B. The accessibility is grade A considering the price level, availability, and affordability, and the characteristics of TCM are evaluated as grade A from the perspectives of theoretical characteristics and human experience. The results of the comprehensive drug evaluation showed that the clinical value of Naoxintong Capsules is class A for treating cerebral infarction with Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome and coronary heart disease angina pectoris. According to the Guidelines for the Management of Comprehensive Clinical Evaluation of Drugs(trial 2021 version) issued by the National Health Commission, relevant policy results for basic clinical drug management can be formulated directly by procedure.


Subject(s)
Angina Pectoris , Capsules , Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Coronary Disease/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Qi
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921766

ABSTRACT

This study explored the clinical comprehensive evaluation of Mudan Granules, aiming to promote the safe, effective and rational use of Mudan Granules, reflect its clinical value and provide a basis for medical decision-making. The safety, effectiveness, economy, innovation, suitability, accessibility, and characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine of Mudan Granules were combed, and the multi-criteria decision analysis(MCDA) model was used to carry out comprehensive evaluation on each dimension. In terms of safety, multiple sources of evidence showed that the adverse reactions of Mudan Granules mainly involved gastrointestinal system, with controllable safety risk rated as grade B. In terms of effectiveness, Mudan Granules can significantly alleviate the diabetic peripheral neuropathy(Qi-deficiency and collateral stagnation syndrome), limb and trunk numbness, pain and sensory abnormalities and other clinical symptoms, exhibiting positive curative effect rated as grade A. In terms of economy, Mudan Granules combined with Mecobalamin and other conventional western medicines is economical compared with the western medicine alone group, which is supported by sufficient evidence and clear results, rated as grade B. In terms of innovation, Mudan Granules is the only Chinese patent medicine with the indication of benefiting Qi for activating blood circulation and dredging collaterals in the Medicine Catalogue for National Basic Medical Insurance, Industrial Injury Insurance, and Maternity Insurance. It has important clinical innovation and is evaluated as grade A. In the aspect of suitability, Mudan Granules has good suitability in ADR treatment, drug characteristics and usage, and is rated as grade B. In terms of accessibility, Mudan Granules has the price level comparable to that of similar drugs, with good affordability. The resources of medicinal materials for the preparation of Mudan Granules are abundant and available, which is rated grade B. Moreover, Mudan Granules, as a hospital preparation with both functions of tonification and purgation, reflects the combination between syndrome differentiation and disease differentiation as well as the combination between overall and local characteristics, and has prominent Chinese medicine features. According to the above dimensions, we suggest to classify Mudan Granules as a class A preparation which can be directly included the policy results of basic clinical drug administration.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Neuropathies , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Female , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pregnancy , Qi , Syndrome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921765

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the safety, effectiveness, economy, innovation, suitability, accessibility, and characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine of Wenxin Granules in the treatment of arrhythmia(ventricular premature beat and atrial premature beat) with deficiency of Qi and Yin. The multi-criteria decision analysis(MCDA) model was adopted, and the criterion layer and index layer were weighted by experts. CSC v2.0 was used for clinical comprehensive evaluation. This study embodies the clinical value of Wenxin Granules, promotes its safe, effective and rational use, and provides a basis for national medical decision-making. The multi-source evidence shows that the major adverse reaction of Wenxin Granules is gastrointestinal damage. According to the available studies, Wenxin Granules has controllable risk and thus is rated as grade B in terms of safety. The systematic evaluation of effectiveness shows that compared with antiarrhythmic western medicine, Wenxin Granules demonstrates improved clinical efficacy and electrocardiogram efficacy, which is supported by high-quality evidence, and thus the effectiveness of Wenxin Granules is evaluated as grade A. Economic research shows that Wenxin Granules is more economical than antiarrhythmic western medicine, which is supported by sufficient evidence and clear results, and thus the economy of this preparation is rated as grade B. The indications and contraindications of Wenxin Granules are clear and detailed to different types of arrhythmia, which, together with the precise positioning and prominent clinical innovation and industrial innovation, rates it as grade A in terms of innovation. The suitability of drug storage, prescription circulation, dosage form and course of treatment basically meet the clinical medication needs of doctors and patients, and thus the suitability of Wenxin Granules is evaluated as grade B. Because of the few restrictions and the sustainable resources of medicinal materials, the accessibility of Wenxin Granules is evaluated as grade A. The prescription compatibility focuses on the pathogenesis characteristics of deficiency of Qi and Yin, and there are more than 3 000 cases studied. Therefore, the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine of Wenxin Granules are evaluated as grade B. Based on the evidence from all the above dimensions, Wenxin Granules has the clinical comprehensive value of class A and prominent characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine. It is suggested to include Wenxin Granules into the policy results related to basic clinical medication management according to the procedure.


Subject(s)
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Qi , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Premature Complexes , Yin Deficiency
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921644

ABSTRACT

Compound Renshen Buqi Granules have been widely used to treat chronic heart failure(CHF) due to Qi deficiency and blood stasis, but the mechanism of action remains unclear. This paper explored the pathogenesis of CHF due to Qi deficiency and blood stasis and the intervention mechanism of Compound Renshen Buqi Granules based on quantitative proteomics for uncovering the biological basis. SD rats were divided into the normal control(N) group, normal+Compound Renshen Buqi Granules(ND) group, model(M) group, model+Compound Renshen Buqi Granules(D) group, and positive control(Y) group. The rat model of CHF due to Qi deficiency and blood stasis was established by ligation of the left anterior descending(LAD) coronary artery and chronic sleep deprivation. The rats in the ND group and D group were provided with Compound Renshen Buqi Granules, while those in the Y group received valsartan. Six weeks later, the serum was sampled and the data-dependent acquisition(DDA) was employed for the non-targeted quantitative proteomics analysis of the differences in protein expression among groups, followed by the targeted analysis of differentially expressed proteins(DEPs) generated by data-independent acquisition(DIA). Compared with the N group, the rats in the M group pre-sented with decreased body weight, grip strength, and pulse amplitude and increased RGB value on the tongue surface. The pathomorphological examination revealed inflammatory cell infiltration, cell degeneration and necrosis, tissue fibrosis, etc. After the intervention with Compound Renshen Buqi Granules, multiple indicators were reversed. As demonstrated by proteomics results, there were 144 and 111 DEPs found in the M group and ND group in comparison with the N group. Compared with the M group, 107 and 194 DEPs were found in the D group and the Y group, respectively. Compared with the ND group, 119 DEPs were detected in the D group. As illustrated by DIA-based verification, the quantitative results of six proteins in each group were consistent with those by DDA. The syndrome indicators and pathomorphological examination results demonstrated that the protein expression profile of rats with CHF due to Qi deficiency and blood stasis changed obviously. However, Compound Renshen Buqi Granules were able to reverse the differential expression of immune proteins to regulate CHF of Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome, which has provided clues for figuring out the pathogenesis of CHF due to Qi deficiency and blood stasis and the intervention mechanism of Compound Renshen Buqi Granules.


Subject(s)
Animals , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Panax , Proteomics , Qi , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888123

ABSTRACT

The traditional Chinese medicines(TCM) for activating blood circulation and the TCM for regulating Qi are often used in combination in clinical practice. However, their mechanisms are still unclear. The activity spectrum of targets can fuse the active components, targets and intensity of action, which provides support for the discussion of efficacy targets. The chemical components of common TCM sets for activating blood circulation and regulating Qi, as well as the negative sets not for activating blood circulation and re-gulating Qi were obtained from the database of TCM. By the similarity analysis of chemical components in TCM for activating blood circulation and DrugBank database, the predicted targets of chemical components in TCM for activating blood circulation were obtained, and the similarity value of the two was taken as the activity value of the active components and predicted targets. Then, the component-target activity value was weighted. The activity values of herb acting on the same target were fused to construct activity spectra of targets of the herbs for activating blood circulation, herbs for regulating Qi and negative herbs. The targets whose activity values of activating blood circulation and regulating Qi were higher than those of negative herbs were selected as potential targets of efficacy. Protein-protein interaction networks were constructed for topological, GO and KEGG enrichment analysis to determine the key targets of efficacy of activating blood circulation and regulating Qi. The component-target activity information collected from DrugBank database contained 4 499 compounds, 627 targets and 11 295 action relationships. The activating blood function protein-protein interaction network contained 206 nodes and 1 728 edges, while the regulating Qi function protein-protein interaction network contained 230 nodes and 986 edges. The enrichment analysis of topology, GO and KEGG showed that TCM for activating blood circulation mainly exerted its anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective and angiogenic effects on signaling cascade pathway mediated by VEGF/VEGFR2, ERK signaling pathway, calcium signaling pathway and PI3 K-AKT signaling pathway, and the key targets included mitogen activated protein kinases 3(MAPK3), proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Src(SRC), mitogen activated protein kinases 1(MAPK1), epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR), phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha isoform(PIK3 CA), peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor gamma(PPARG), nitric oxide synthase 3(NOS3), prostaglandin G/H synthetase 2(PTGS2), matrix metalloproteinase-9(MMP9), and vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA). TCM for regulating Qi mainly exerted anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects by acting on MAPK signaling pathway and PI3 K-AKT signaling pathway, and the key targets included mitogen activated protein kinases 8(MAPK8), SRC, mitogen activated protein kinases 14(MAPK14), and RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase(AKT1), mitogen activated protein kinases 3(MAPK3). Based on the activity spectrum of targets, the targets of the TCM for activating blood and the targets of the TCM for regulating Qi were analyzed to provide reference for the study of efficacy targets of TCM, and also provide some scientific basis for clinical application.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Protein Interaction Maps , Qi , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887478

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the curative effect of refined moxibustion, traditional moxa box moxibustion and Chinese patent medicine on the sequelae of pelvic inflammatory disease with @*METHODS@#A total of 150 patients with sequelae of pelvic inflammatory disease with @*RESULTS@#After treatment, the TCM symptoms, body signs and comprehensive scores of each group were lower than those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with traditional moxa box moxibustion and Chinese patent medicine treatment, refined moxibustion can better improve the symptoms, body signs and quality of life in patients with the sequelae of pelvic inflammatory disease of


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Female , Humans , Moxibustion , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease/therapy , Qi , Quality of Life
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877618

ABSTRACT

The defensive function of defensive


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Meridians , Qi
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877616

ABSTRACT

It is to determine the effect mechanism and therapeutic method of the idea as "guiding meridian sinew


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Meridians , Qi , Running
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826697

ABSTRACT

(the Chapter 76 of ) states the running course and time of the defensive circulation, as well as the needling techniques of acupuncture for waiting for arrival. However, because of the conflicts on the time system of acupuncture in the record, it is hard to be adopted in clinical practice in the later generations. In comparison of the 28-lunar-mansion time system with the clepsydra time system, it is known that the 28-lunar-mansion time system is much more rational because the clepsydra system is the tool for counting rather than timing. Hence, in compliance with the original meaning recorded in , the method for estimating the circulation of defensive is re-collected so as to provide a new approach to the study on the needling techniques of acupuncture for waiting for arrival.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Methods , Acupuncture Points , Humans , Qi , Time Factors
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828448

ABSTRACT

Astragali Radix is the elixir for invigorating Qi, with the effects of invigorating Qi, promoting Yang and nourishing the body. With the deepening researches on the chemical constituents of Astragali Radix, it is used more extensively in clinical application. Based on systematic traditional Chinese medicine theory, in this paper, we characterized the effect of Astragali Radix on invigo-rating Qi from the molecular level, and explored the markers of Astragali Radix on invigorating Qi. Through TCMSP and ChEMBL databases, the active components-targets database of Astragali Radix was constructed to clarify the targets(elements) involved in Astragali Radix's Qi invigorating efficacy system. According to the relationship between the targets, the protein interaction network was constructed, and the network modules(structure) were divided according to the theoretic clustering algorithm molecular complex detection(MCODE), and the boundary of the Qi invigorating efficacy system was defined by the pharmacological function of Astragali Radix. The active components of Astragali Radix for invigorating Qi were characterized from the aspects of composition, target and efficacy. The results showed that eight key components of Astragali Radix, such as hederagenin, quercetin, calycosin, formononetin, jaranol, isorhamnetin, astragalosideⅢ, and 9,10-dimethoxypterocarpan-3-O-β-D-glucoside, could act on eight functional modules composed of 17 key targets, and participate in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway, regulation of lipid metabolic process, positive regulation of nitrogen compound metabolic process, positive regulation of programmed cell death, fatty acid metabolic process and other biological processes to produce pharmacological effects such as regulating immune function, strengthening heart, protecting myocardial cells, improving material metabolism, and antioxidation effects, thus playing the role of invigorating Qi. Based on the systematic Chinese medicine theory, this study explored the effective markers of Astragali Radix at the level of molecular network, which provided new ideas for the interpretation of the effective substance basis of systematic traditional Chinese medicine and the quality control of traditional Chinese medicine. In the future, it can focus on the compatibility research of these components, and then carry out more in-depth studies on the efficacy of Astragali Radix in invigorating Qi, and strengthen the development of the corresponding pharmacological mechanism and related preparations.


Subject(s)
Astragalus Plant , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Roots , Qi
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878835

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to construct a rat model of acute pancreatitis(AP) with syndrome of liver depression and Qi stagnation, and provide evaluation tools for pharmacodynamic research and efficacy network verification of related traditional Chinese medicine in view of the etiology, pathogenesis and clinical manifestations of AP. According to the Chinese and Western medicine diagnosis and treatment guidelines for AP with syndrome of liver depression and Qi stagnation, etiology, pathogenesis and clinical syndromes in TCM, Meta-analysis results, and evaluation strategy of establishing an animal model combining disease and syndrome in our laboratory, the biological surrogate outcomes suitable for the evaluation of animal models of AP with syndrome of liver depression and Qi stagnation were extracted then. The chronic unpredictable stress(CUS) method and chronic unpredictable stress +L-arginine(CUS +L-Arg) method were used to construct the rat model, and the above biological surrogate outcomes were used to evaluate whether an AP rat model was established. During the experiment, the weight and syndrome scores of the rats were observed and recorded. At the end of the experiment, the rats' serum, organs and tissues were collected from the operation to detect the various indicators. As compared with the normal group, the syndrome scores of the CUS group and CUS +L-Arg group were significantly increased(P<0.01); the anti-syndrome medicine Chaihu Shugan Pills could significantly reduce the syndrome scores of the two groups of rats(P<0.01), indicating that both modeling methods can replicate the syndrome of liver depression and Qi stagnation in the rat model. As compared with the normal group, the serum amylase(AMY) activity level was increased by 3 times in the CUS +L-Arg group(P<0.01), and the AMY activity level was also increased in CUS group, but not up to 3 times of the normal value. As compared with the normal group, the le-vels of TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA in the pancreatic tissues of the CUS +L-Arg group were significantly increased(P<0.01); the levels of TNF-α mRNA in the pancreatic tissues of the CUS group were significantly increased(P<0.05), but IL-6 mRNA level only showed a rising trend, indicating that only the CUS + L-Arg method can be used to replicate the AP damage in the disease-syndrome combination model. The CUS + L-Arg method can be used for continuous modeling for 4 weeks to establish a disease-syndrome combination model of AP rats with syndrome of liver depression and Qi stagnation. The model has the characteristics of repeatability, stability after mode-ling, low animal mortality, and similar clinical pathogenesis. It can be used for the evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine efficacy and the verification of efficacy network.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Animals , Depression , Liver , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pancreatitis , Qi , Rats , Syndrome
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759917

ABSTRACT

This study examines how Choe Han-gi (崔漢綺, 1803–1879) developed his medical discourse which integrated the concepts of traditional Chinese medicine with modern Western anatomy, based on the philosophy of Seo Gyeong-deok (徐敬德, 1489–1546), a scholar of the Neo-Confucianism of Joseon (1392–1910). Seo emphasized gi (氣, C. qi, vital, material force) rather than yi (理, C. li, the principle of things) as a way of understanding the world. Since Choe's early academic interests pertained to Neo-Confucianism, it is reasonable to examine his philosophy in this context. Similar to Seo, Choe assumed that the most essential component of the world was the intrinsic and mysterious gi. Although Seo spoke of gi as a damil cheongheo ji gi (湛一淸虛之氣, the gi which is profound, uniform, clear, invisible, and empty), Choe preferred to use the word singi (神氣, C. shenqi, the intrinsic, invisible, and mysterious gi). He believed that the earth, moon, and stars operated through the action of singi and that all creatures could only exist by relying on it. Singi was the most important premise in Choe's medical discourse, a fact demonstrating that although he could be very critical of traditional Chinese medicine, his perspective was part of that tradition. He believed that singi integrated and operated the entire human body and that it perceived external objects. He also emphasized the role of hyeongjil (形質, C. xingzhi, a visible object with a form and quality; here it means all human bodies). This was the medium through which singi could appear in reality. Choe thought that singi could not reveal itself in reality without hyeongjil, and that hyeongjil became a dead thing without singi. His perception of the role of hyeongjil was expressed in his interest in modern Western anatomy, an interest that complemented his focus on singi. In light of his understanding of the singi-hyeongjil relationship, Choe criticized both modern Western anatomy and traditional Chinese medicine. He thought that modern Western anatomy lacked awareness of singi and that traditional Chinese medicine lacked accurate knowledge of human anatomy. Although he was not completely sympathetic toward any forms of medicine, he was open to ideas from both Western and Chinese medicine. Choe could not accept Western anatomy as fully as Japanese intellectuals did. The study of anatomy in Japan had developed in relation to the idea of Ancient Learning (古學, C. guxue), which denied such theories of systematic correspondence as Yin and Yang and the Five Elements (陰陽 五行, C. yinyang wuxing) and tended to focus on the action of hyeongjil itself. Because Choe accepted modern Western anatomy without accepting Ancient Learning, his perspective was unique in the history of East Asian anatomy. From a medical history perspective, how does Choi Han-gi's medical discourse distinguish itself from other medical discourses, and what are its characteristics? In addition to other explanations, focusing on the political imagination associated with medicine can help illuminate the differences between the medical discourse of Choe and those of others. Discussion of medicine and the human body was tied to political thought, manifesting the political imagination of the society in which that discussion took place. The development of Western and Japanese anatomy reflected a vertical and hierarchical political order, exemplified by the belief that the brain was the center of the body. However, Choe doubted that organs like the brain or heart dominated the body. In his view, the singi ruled the body; it was not a specific organ, and it was equally inherent in all people. His political thought also emphasized the horizontal and equal order among people. His view of singi simultaneously influenced both his perspective on medicine and his perspective on society. Choe Han-gi's belief in this horizontal and equal political order was inherent in his singi-centered medical discourse.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Brain , Clothing , Complement System Proteins , Heart , Human Body , Humans , Imagination , Japan , Learning , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Moon , Philosophy , Qi
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773739

ABSTRACT

"Qi medicinal herbs" in China refers to a kind of regional national folk herbs related to the treatment of five labors and seven injuries,the last word of which is "Qi". Our study is to sort out and standardize the name and basic confused varieties through the establishment of " Qi medicinal herbs" VFP information database. " Qi medicinal herbs" variety sorting model of " literature research-variety survey-data mining-spatial distribution" was developed by means of literature analysis which the names and varieties of " Qi medicinal herbs" in the literature were summarized and sorted out. The relationship between the distribution of " Qi medicinal herbs" resources and the use of ethnic groups were visualized by Cytoscape 2. 8. 0 software. The information database of " Qi medicinal herbs" involved in 230 kinds of medicinal materials which including 211 species of plants( including varieties) from 66 families. Medicinal materials standard in China have 9 kinds of " Qi medicinal herbs". Among them,there are 31 kinds of " Qi medicinal herbs" with the confusion of " the different names of the same" and " the different substance of the same names". The most used ethnic groups are Tujia,Qiang and Miao. The main efficacy is clearing heat and detoxification,dispelling wind and removing dampness,etc.,and the main treatment is for injury,rheumatic arthralgia and so on. Names and varieties of " Qi medicinal herbs" among Chinese ethnic groups and folk are standardized and sorted out,which is served to promotethe " Qi medicinal herbs" reasonable protection and utilization of resources,and provide effective reference for exploring the information technology and geographical distribution of ethnic medicine and standardizing clinical medication.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plants, Medicinal , Classification , Qi , Terminology as Topic
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771509

ABSTRACT

This research was aimed to evaluate the protective effect and potential mechanism of Yiqi Tongluo Particles(YQTLs).Firstly,an animal model of multiple cerebral infarction(MCI) with Qi deficiency and blood stasis was established.Rats were randomly divided into six groups:SHAM group,Vehicle group,Buyang Huanwu decoction original group(BYHWO),EGb761 group,high and low dose of YQTLs group.Rats underwent sleep deprivation after one week of MCI and the tongues and pulses of rats after six weeks of sleep deprivation were detected,followed by collecting blood to analysis the blood coagulation.Differential expression of angiogenesis associated proteins was examined using proteomic research and verified by immunohistochemical.RESULTS: showed that neurological function score was obviously declined,G and B value of tongue surface was increased significantly and the pulse distension,the activated partial thromboplatin time(APTT) as well as prothrombin time(PT) were recovered following YQTLs 7.56 g·kg-1 treatment.Furthermore,G value of tongue surface,APTT and PT were also improved by YQTLs 3.78 g·kg-1.The results of proteomic technology showed that proteins associated with angiogenesis were reversed compared with Vehicle group.Moreover,the expression of VEGFR2 from immunohistochemical was promoted after YQTLs treatment.The MCI with Qi deficiency and blood stasis was alleviated obviously following YQTLs treatment and the possible mechanism was that YQTLs may enhance angiogenesis during cerebral ischemia.


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inducing Agents , Pharmacology , Animals , Cerebral Infarction , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Proteomics , Qi , Random Allocation , Rats
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771505

ABSTRACT

This study aims to observe the intervention effects of Chinese herbal medicine of supplementing Qi and activating blood circulation on chronic intermittent hypoxia(CIH) composite insulin resistance(IR) mediated atherosclerosis(AS) mice model,and to observe the mechanism of SREBP-1 c signaling molecule.IR Apo E-/-mice model was induced by high-fat diet combined with STZ injection.Then the mice were treated with hypoxic animal incubator for 8 h per day and 8 weeks to establish a CIH+IR-ApoE-/-mouse model.Model mice were randomly and averagely divided into normoxic control group(NC),model group(CIH) and SREBPs inhibitor group(betulin),atorvastatin group(WM),TCM low-dose group(TCM-L),TCM middle-dose group(TCM-M) and TCM high-dose group(TCM-H) group.Chinese herbal medicine of supplementing Qi and activating blood circulation including ginsenosides combined with ligustrazine(TMP) were used as intervention drugs.The study observed the effect of drugs on IR,serum lipid,inflammation,stress,AS and SREBP-1 c related molecules.The results showed that fasting blood glucose in TCM-H group decreased compared with other experimental groups(P<0.05).HDL-C level in betulin group,WM group,TCM-H group was higher than that in CIH group(P<0.05).LDL-C level in TCM-M group,TCM-H group is lower than that in CIH group(P<0.05).The level of CRP in CIH group was higher than that in other groups(P<0.05).The level of SOD in TCM-H group was higher than that in CIH group(P<0.05).NC group and CIH group showed obvious AS aortic plaque,while betulin group,WM group,TCM-H group showed reduction in AS plaque(P<0.05).For descending aorta,AS plaque in CIH group was multiple and large,while less and smaller in WM group and TCM-H(P<0.05).The expression of SREBP-1 c and FAS in aorta and skeletal muscle in TCM-H group was lower than that in CIH group(P<0.05).In aorta,the expression of TNF-α and CD106(VCAM-1) was lower in TCM-H group than that in CIH group(P<0.05).In aorta,skeletal muscle and liver,the level of p-IRS-1 in TCM-H group was significantly higher than that in CIH group(P<0.05).In aorta and liver,the expression of HIF-1α in TCM-H group was lower than that in CIH group(P<0.05).The study demonstrated that combination ginsenosides with TMP could improve IR and serum lipid level and inhibit inflammation and oxidative stress as well as ultimately alleviate AS to some extent.And the mechanism of its interventional effects might be related to the inhibition of CIH-induced upregulation of SREBP-1 c related molecules.


Subject(s)
Animals , Atherosclerosis , Drug Therapy , Blood Circulation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Ginsenosides , Pharmacology , Hypoxia , Pathology , Insulin Resistance , Mice , Mice, Knockout, ApoE , Pyrazines , Pharmacology , Qi , Random Allocation
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