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1.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 224-232, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971321

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore whether casticin (CAS) suppresses stemness in cancer stem-like cells (CSLCs) obtained from human cervical cancer (CCSLCs) and the underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#Spheres from HeLa and CaSki cells were used as CCSLCs. DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) activity and mRNA levels, self-renewal capability (Nanog and Sox2), and cancer stem cell markers (CD133 and CD44), were detected by a colorimetric DNMT activity/inhibition assay kit, quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, sphere and colony formation assays, and immunoblot, respectively. Knockdown and overexpression of DNMT1 by transfection with shRNA and cDNA, respectively, were performed to explore the mechanism for action of CAS (0, 10, 30, and 100 nmol/L).@*RESULTS@#DNMT1 activity was increased in CCSLCs compared with HeLa and CaSki cells (P<0.05). In addition, HeLa-derived CCSLCs transfected with DNMT1 shRNA showed reduced sphere and colony formation abilities, and lower CD133, CD44, Nanog and Sox2 protein expressions (P<0.05). Conversely, overexpression of DNMT1 in HeLa cells exhibited the oppositive effects. Furthermore, CAS significantly reduced DNMT1 activity and transcription levels as well as stemness in HeLa-derived CCSLCs (P<0.05). Interestingly, DNMT1 knockdown enhanced the inhibitory effect of CAS on stemness. As expected, DNMT1 overexpression reversed the inhibitory effect of CAS on stemness in HeLa cells.@*CONCLUSION@#CAS effectively inhibits stemness in CCSLCs through suppression of DNMT1 activation, suggesting that CAS acts as a promising preventive and therapeutic candidate in cervical cancer.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , HeLa Cells , Neoplastic Stem Cells/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/metabolism
2.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 269-275, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981123

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to clarify the effects of Foxp3 silencing on the expression of inflammatory cytokines in human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLFs) in an inflammatory environment and on cell proliferation and invasiveness, as well as to explore the role of Foxp3 gene in the development of periodontitis.@*METHODS@#An small interfering RNA (siRNA) construct specific for Foxp3 was transfected into hPDLFs. Foxp3 silencing efficiency was verified by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blotting, and the siRNA with the optimum silencing effect of Foxp3 gene was screened. Using lipopolysaccharide to simulate an inflammatory environment in vitro, CCK-8 detected the effect of silencing Foxp3 on hPDLFs proliferation under inflammatory conditions. Wound-healing experiments and transwell assays were conducted to detect the effect of silencing Foxp3 on hPDLF migration under inflammatory conditions. The expression of the inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 was detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting under inflammatory conditions.@*RESULTS@#After siRNA transfection, RT-PCR and Western blotting analyses showed that the expression of Foxp3 mRNA in the Foxp3-si3 group decreased significantly (t=21.03, P<0.000 1), and the protein expression of Foxp3 also decreased significantly (t=12.8, P<0.001). In the inflammatory environment, Foxp3 gene silencing had no significant effect on hPDLFs proliferation (P>0.05), and Foxp3 gene silencing promoted hPDLFs migration (P<0.05). Moreover, the expression of IL-6 and IL-8 increased (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In an inflammatory environment, Foxp3 gene silencing promoted hPDLFs migration but had no significant effect on hPDLFs proliferation. The expression of inflammatory factors expressed in hPDLFs increased after Foxp3 gene silencing, indicating that Foxp3 gene inhibited inflammation in periodontitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Cells, Cultured , Cytokines/metabolism , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Forkhead Transcription Factors/metabolism , Gene Silencing , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Interleukin-8/metabolism , Periodontal Ligament/metabolism , Periodontitis/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Transcription Factors/metabolism
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1349-1357, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980848

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Dysfunction of the gap junction channel protein connexin 43 (Cx43) contributes to myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced ventricular arrhythmias. Cx43 can be regulated by small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) modification. Protein inhibitor of activated STAT Y (PIASy) is an E3 SUMO ligase for its target proteins. However, whether Cx43 is a target protein of PIASy and whether Cx43 SUMOylation plays a role in I/R-induced arrhythmias are largely unknown.@*METHODS@#Male Sprague-Dawley rats were infected with PIASy short hairpin ribonucleic acid (shRNA) using recombinant adeno-associated virus subtype 9 (rAAV9). Two weeks later, the rats were subjected to 45 min of left coronary artery occlusion followed by 2 h reperfusion. Electrocardiogram was recorded to assess arrhythmias. Rat ventricular tissues were collected for molecular biological measurements.@*RESULTS@#Following 45 min of ischemia, QRS duration and QTc intervals statistically significantly increased, but these values decreased after transfecting PIASy shRNA. PIASy downregulation ameliorated ventricular arrhythmias induced by myocardial I/R, as evidenced by the decreased incidence of ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation, and reduced arrythmia score. In addition, myocardial I/R statistically significantly induced PIASy expression and Cx43 SUMOylation, accompanied by reduced Cx43 phosphorylation and plakophilin 2 (PKP2) expression. Moreover, PIASy downregulation remarkably reduced Cx43 SUMOylation, accompanied by increased Cx43 phosphorylation and PKP2 expression after I/R.@*CONCLUSION@#PIASy downregulation inhibited Cx43 SUMOylation and increased PKP2 expression, thereby improving ventricular arrhythmias in ischemic/reperfused rats heart.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Connexin 43/genetics , Sumoylation , Down-Regulation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/drug therapy , Myocardial Ischemia/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism
4.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 117-128, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969814

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the expression of programmed death protein-ligand 1 (PD-L1) in liver cancer stem-like cells (LCSLC) and its effect on the characteristics of tumor stem cells and tumor biological function, to explore the upstream signaling pathway regulating PD-L1 expression in LCSLC and the downstream molecular mechanism of PD-L1 regulating stem cell characteristics, also tumor biological functions. Methods: HepG2 was cultured by sphere-formating method to obtain LCSLC. The expressions of CD133 and other stemness markers were detected by flow cytometry, western blot and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) were used to detect the expressions of stemness markers and PD-L1. The biological functions of the LCSLC were tested by cell function assays, to confirm that the LCSLC has the characteristics of tumor stem cells. LCSLC was treated with cell signaling pathway inhibitors to identify relevant upstream signaling pathways mediating PD-L1 expression changes. The expression of PD-L1 in LCSLC was down regulated by small interfering RNA (siRNA), the expression of stem cell markers, tumor biological functions of LCSLC, and the changes of cell signaling pathways were detected. Results: Compared with HepG2 cells, the expression rate of CD133 in LCSLC was upregulated [(92.78±6.91)% and (1.40±1.77)%, P<0.001], the expressions of CD133, Nanog, Oct4A and Snail in LCSLC were also higher than those in HepG2 cells (P<0.05), the number of sphere-formating cells increased on day 7 [(395.30±54.05) and (124.70±19.30), P=0.001], cell migration rate increased [(35.41±6.78)% and (10.89±4.34)%, P=0.006], the number of transmembrane cells increased [(75.77±10.85) and (20.00±7.94), P=0.002], the number of cloned cells increased [(120.00±29.51) and (62.67±16.77), P=0.043]. Cell cycle experiments showed that LCSLC had significantly more cells in the G(0)/G(1) phase than those in HepG2 [(54.89±3.27) and (32.36±1.50), P<0.001]. The tumor formation experiment of mice showed that the weight of transplanted tumor in LCSLC group was (1.32±0.17)g, the volume is (1 779.0±200.2) mm(3), were higher than those of HepG2 cell [(0.31±0.06)g and (645.6±154.9)mm(3), P<0.001]. The expression level of PD-L1 protein in LCSLC was 1.88±0.52 and mRNA expression level was 2.53±0.62, both of which were higher than those of HepG2 cells (P<0.05). The expression levels of phosphorylation signal transduction and transcription activation factor 3 (p-STAT3) and p-Akt in LCSLC were higher than those in HepG2 cells (P<0.05). After the expression of p-STAT3 and p-Akt was down-regulated by inhibitor treatment, the expression of PD-L1 was also down-regulated (P<0.05). In contrast, the expression level of phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase 1/2 (p-ERK1/2) in LCSLC was lower than that in HepG2 cells (P<0.01), there was no significant change in PD-L1 expression after down-regulated by inhibitor treatment (P>0.05). After the expression of PD-L1 was knockdown by siRNA, the expressions of CD133, Nanog, Oct4A and Snail in LCSLC were decreased compared with those of siRNA-negative control (NC) group (P<0.05). The number of sphere-formating cells decreased [(45.33±12.01) and (282.00±29.21), P<0.001], the cell migration rate was lower than that in siRNA-NC group [(20.86±2.74)% and (46.73±15.43)%, P=0.046], the number of transmembrane cells decreased [(39.67±1.53) and (102.70±11.59), P=0.001], the number of cloned cells decreased [(57.67±14.57) and (120.70±15.04), P=0.007], the number of cells in G(0)/G(1) phase decreased [(37.68±2.51) and (57.27±0.92), P<0.001], the number of cells in S phase was more than that in siRNA-NC group [(30.78±0.52) and (15.52±0.83), P<0.001]. Tumor formation in mice showed that the tumor weight of shRNA-PD-L1 group was (0.47±0.12)g, the volume is (761.3±221.4)mm(3), were lower than those of shRNA-NC group [(1.57±0.45)g and (1 829.0±218.3)mm(3), P<0.001]. Meanwhile, the expression levels of p-STAT3 and p-Akt in siRNA-PD-L1 group were decreased (P<0.05), while the expression levels of p-ERK1/2 and β-catenin did not change significantly (P>0.05). Conclusion: Elevated PD-L1 expression in CD133(+) LCSLC is crucial to maintain stemness and promotes the tumor biological function of LCSLC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , Ligands , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Neoplastic Stem Cells/physiology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation
5.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 240-250, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929208

ABSTRACT

The continuing discoveries of novel classes of RNA modifications in various organisms have raised the need for improving sensitive, convenient, and reliable methods for quantifying RNA modifications. In particular, a subset of small RNAs, including microRNAs (miRNAs) and Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs), are modified at their 3'-terminal nucleotides via 2'-O-methylation. However, quantifying the levels of these small RNAs is difficult because 2'-O-methylation at the RNA 3'-terminus inhibits the activity of polyadenylate polymerase and T4 RNA ligase. These two enzymes are indispensable for RNA labeling or ligation in conventional miRNA quantification assays. In this study, we profiled 3'-terminal 2'-O-methyl plant miRNAs in the livers of rice-fed mice by oxidative deep sequencing and detected increasing amounts of plant miRNAs with prolonged oxidation treatment. We further compared the efficiency of stem-loop and poly(A)-tailed RT-qPCR in quantifying plant miRNAs in animal tissues and identified stem-loop RT-qPCR as the only suitable approach. Likewise, stem-loop RT-qPCR was superior to poly(A)-tailed RT-qPCR in quantifying 3'-terminal 2'-O-methyl piRNAs in human seminal plasma. In summary, this study established a standard procedure for quantifying the levels of 3'-terminal 2'-O-methyl miRNAs in plants and piRNAs. Accurate measurement of the 3'-terminal 2'-O-methylation of small RNAs has profound implications for understanding their pathophysiologic roles in biological systems.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Methylation , MicroRNAs/genetics , Oxidative Stress , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
6.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 1005-1013, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970095

ABSTRACT

The TRPC family consists of multiple important cationic channels in mammals that participate in a variety of physiological and pathological processes. Our previous studies have shown that transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) increases the expression of TRPC6 in podocytes, but the roles of other members of the TRPC family in podocytes require further investigation. In this study, we investigated the effect of TGF-β1 on the expression of the TRPC family and the role of the TRPC family in the changes of the intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in podocytes induced by TGF-β1. The model of podocyte injury was established by treatment with TGF-β1 in immortalized glomerular podocytes (MPC5) in vitro. qRT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the effect of TGF-β1 on the mRNA and protein expression of each TRPC family member. After the expression of each TRPC family member was knocked down by a siRNA-based approach and blocked by SKF96365, respectively, free cytosolic Ca2+ was measured using the fluorescent Ca2+ indicator Fluo-3/AM, and the dynamic change of [Ca2+]i in podocytes was detected by a dynamic high-speed calcium imaging system. The results showed that TGF-β1 increased the protein expression of TRPC1/3/6 in podocytes, but had no effects on the protein expression of TRPC4. The protein expression levels of TRPC5/7 were only affected by 4 ng/mL and 8 ng/mL TGF-β1, respectively. TGF-β1 increased TRPC1/3/6 mRNA levels in podocytes, however had no effects on TRPC4/5/7 mRNA. TGF-β1 significantly increased [Ca2+]i in podocytes. Knockdown of TRPC1/4/5/7 in podocytes had no significant effect on the [Ca2+]i induced by TGF-β1, but TRPC3/6 knockdown significantly decreased the [Ca2+]i. There was no significant difference in the [Ca2+]i between the TRPC6 siRNA-treated group and SKF96365-treated group, but the [Ca2+]i of the TRPC3 siRNA-treated group was significantly higher than that of SKF96365-treated group. These results demonstrate that TGF-β1 increases the expression of the TRPC1/3/6 in podocytes. TGF-β1 increases [Ca2+]i in podocytes, which is dependent on the TRPC3/6 expression. Our results also suggest that the effect of TRPC6 on [Ca2+]i in podocytes may be greater than that of TRPC3.


Subject(s)
Animals , TRPC6 Cation Channel/metabolism , Calcium/metabolism , TRPC Cation Channels/metabolism , Podocytes/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Mammals/metabolism
7.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 622-632, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939601

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the regulatory relationship of Protein Phosphatase 2 Regulatory Subunit B"Alpha ( PPP2R3A) and hexokinase 1 ( HK1) in glycolysis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).@*Methods@#In HepG2 and Huh7 cells, PPP2R3A expression was silenced by small interfering RNA (siRNA) and overexpression by plasmid transfection. The PPP2R3A-related genes were searched by RNA sequencing. Glycolysis levels were measured by glucose uptake and lactate production. QRT-PCR, ELISA, western blot and immunofluorescence assay were performed to detect the changes of PPP2R3A and HK1. Cell proliferation, migration and invasion assay were used to study the roles of HK1 regulation by PPP2R3A.@*Results@#RNA sequencing data revealed that PPP2R3A siRNA significantly downregulated the expression of HK1. PPP2R3A gene overexpression promotes, while gene silencing suppresses, the level of HK1 and glycolysis in HCC cells. In HCC tissue samples, PPP2R3A and HK1 were colocalized in the cytoplasm, and their expression showed a positive correlation. HK1 inhibition abrogated the promotion of glycolysis, proliferation, migration and invasion by PPP2R3A overexpression in liver cancer cells.@*Conclusion@#Our findings showed the correlation of PPP2R3A and HK1 in the glycolysis of HCC, which reveals a new mechanism for the oncogenic roles of PPP2R3A in cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Glycolysis , Hexokinase/metabolism , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Protein Phosphatase 2/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism
8.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 610-617, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936355

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of Talin1 in the fallopian tube and chorionic villi in patients with tubal pregnancy and its role in regulating invasion and migration of trophoblasts.@*METHODS@#Immunohistochemistry and Western blotting were used to detect the localization and expression level of Talin1 in the fallopian tube and chorionic villi in patients with tubal pregnancy and in women with normal pregnancy. In the cell experiment, HTR-8/SVneo cells was transfected with Talin1 siRNA and the changes in cell invasion and migration were assessed using scratch assay and Transwell assay. The expressions of MMP-2, MMP-9, N-cadherin and Snail in the transfected cells were detected by qRT-PCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Positive expression of Talin1 was detected in both normal fallopian tube tissues and tissues from women tubal pregnancy, and its expression was localized mainly in the cytoplasm of cilia cells. The expression level of Talin1 was significantly higher in both the fallopian tube and chorionic villi in women with tubal pregnancy than in normal fallopian tube and chorionic villi samples (P < 0.01). In HTR-8/SVneo cells, transfection with Talin1 siRNA significantly inhibited cell invasion (P < 0.01) and migration (P < 0.05), down-regulated the expression of N-cadherin, MMP-2 and Snail (P < 0.05), and up-regulated the expression of MMP-9 in the cells (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of Talin1 in the fallopian tube and chorionic villi is significantly increased in women with tubal pregnancy, suggesting the association of Talin1-regulated trophoblast cell invasion with the occurrence of tubal pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Cadherins/metabolism , Cell Movement , Chorionic Villi/metabolism , Fallopian Tubes/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , Pregnancy, Tubal/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Talin/metabolism , Trophoblasts/metabolism
9.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 584-590, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936351

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of inhibiting polyribonucleotide nucleotidyl-transferase 1 (PNPT1) on oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)-induced apoptosis of mouse atrial myocytes.@*METHODS@#Cultured mouse atrial myocytes (HL-1 cells) with or without OGD were transfected with PNPT1-siRNA or a negative control siRNA (NC-siRNA group), and the cell survival rate was detected using CCK-8 assay. The expression levels of ACTB and TUBA mRNA were detected with qPCR, and the protein expression of PNPT1 was detected with Western blotting. The apoptosis rate of the treated cells was determined with flow cytometry, the mitochondrial membrane potential was detected using JC-1 kit, and the mitochondrial morphology was observed using transmission electron microscope.@*RESULTS@#With the extension of OGD time, the protein expression levels of PNPT1 increased progressively in the cytoplasm of HL-1 cells (P < 0.05). Transfection with PNPT1-siRNA significantly reduced PNPT1 expression in HL-1 cells (P < 0.05). Exposure to OGD significantly enhanced degradation of ACTB and TUBA mRNA (P < 0.05) and markedly increased the apoptosis rate of HL-1 cells (P < 0.05), and these changes were significantly inhibited by transfection with PNPT1-siRNA (P < 0.05), which obviously increased mitochondrial membrane potential and improved mitochondrial morphology of HL-1 cells exposed to OGD.@*CONCLUSION@#Inhibition of PNPT1 improves mitochondrial damage and reduces degradation of apoptotic-associated mRNAs to alleviate OGD-induced apoptosis of mouse atrial myocyte.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Apoptosis , Cell Survival , Glucose/pharmacology , Myocytes, Cardiac , Oxygen/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism
10.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 788-809, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922475

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary liver malignancy and is the fourth-leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. HCC is refractory to many standard cancer treatments and the prognosis is often poor, highlighting a pressing need to identify biomarkers of aggressiveness and potential targets for future treatments. Kinesin family member 2C (KIF2C) is reported to be highly expressed in several human tumors. Nevertheless, the molecular mechanisms underlying the role of KIF2C in tumor development and progression have not been investigated. In this study, we found that KIF2C expression was significantly upregulated in HCC, and that KIF2C up-regulation was associated with a poor prognosis. Utilizing both gain and loss of function assays, we showed that KIF2C promoted HCC cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and metastasis both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, we identified TBC1D7 as a binding partner of KIF2C, and this interaction disrupts the formation of the TSC complex, resulting in the enhancement of mammalian target of rapamycin complex1 (mTORC1) signal transduction. Additionally, we found that KIF2C is a direct target of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, and acts as a key factor in mediating the crosstalk between Wnt/β-catenin and mTORC1 signaling. Thus, the results of our study establish a link between Wnt/β-catenin and mTORC1 signaling, which highlights the potential of KIF2C as a therapeutic target for the treatment of HCC.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Mice , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/metabolism , Kinesins/metabolism , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Protein Binding , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Survival Analysis , Tumor Burden , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays , beta Catenin/metabolism
11.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(6): 705-715, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055510

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3, a serine/threonine kinase that functions downstream of the PI3K signaling pathway, plays a critical role in neoplastic processes. It is expressed by various tumors and contributes to carcinogenesis. Objective: The objective was to investigate serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 expression in nasopharyngeal carcinoma, to study the anti-tumor effects of serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 shRNA by inhibiting its expression in nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells and to discuss the potential implications of our findings. Methods: Serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 protein expression in nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell lines (CNE-1, CNE-2, HNE-1, HONE-1, and SUNE-1) and the human immortalized nasopharyngeal epithelium cell line NP69 were assayed by western blotting. Serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 expression in 42 paraffin-embedded nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues were performed by immunohistochemistry. MTT assay, flow cytometry, and scratch tests were performed after CNE-2 cells were transfected with the best serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 shRNA plasmid selected by western blotting using lipofectamine to study its effect on cell proliferation, apoptosis, and migration. Results: Serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 was overexpressed in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma tissues and cells. Serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 expression decreased markedly after CNE-2 cells were transfected with the serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 shRNA, leading to strong inhibition of cell proliferation and migration. In addition, the apoptosis rate increased in CNE-2 cells after serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 knockdown. Conclusion: Serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 expression was more frequently observed as the nasopharyngeal epithelium progresses from normal tissue to carcinoma. This suggests that serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 contributes to the multistep process of NPC carcinogenesis. Serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 3 represents a target for nasopharyngeal carcinoma therapy, and a basis exists for the further investigation of this adjuvant treatment modality for nasopharyngeal carcinoma.


Resumo Introdução: A quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide, uma serina/treonina quinase que funciona downstream da via de sinalização PI3K, desempenha um papel crítico nos processos neoplásicos. É expressa por vários tumores e contribui para a carcinogênese. Objetivo: Investigar a expressão de quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide no carcinoma nasofaríngeo, estudar os efeitos antitumorais do shRNA da quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide, que inibem sua expressão em células de carcinoma nasofaríngeo, e discutir as implicações potenciais de nossos achados. Método: A expressão de proteína quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide em linhagens de células de carcinoma nasofaríngeo (CNE-1, CNE-2, HNE-1, HONE-1 e SUNE-1) e a linhagem de células humanas imortalizadas do epitélio nasofaríngeo NP69 foram avaliadas por Western blot. A expressão da quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide em 42 tecidos de CNF embebidos em parafina foi feita por imuno-histoquímica. Testes com MTT, citometria de fluxo e testes de raspagem foram feitos após as células CNE-2 terem sido transfectadas com o melhor plasmídeo shRNA da quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide selecionado por Western blot, com o uso de lipofectamina para estudar seu efeito na proliferação, apoptose e migração celular. Resultados: Foi observada uma sobre-expressão da quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide em tecidos e células de carcinoma nasofaríngeo humanas. A expressão de quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide diminuiu acentuadamente após as células CNE-2 terem sido transfectadas com o shRNA da quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide, conduzindo a forte inibição de proliferação e migração celular. Além disso, a taxa de apoptose aumentou nas células CNE-2 após o knockdown da quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide. Conclusão: A expressão de quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide foi observada com maior frequência à medida que o epitélio nasofaríngeo progride de tecido normal para carcinoma. Isso sugere que a quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide contribui para o processo multietapas da carcinogênese do carcinoma nasofaríngeo. A quinase 3 sérica induzida por glicocorticoide representa um alvo para a terapia do carcinoma nasofaríngeo e há uma base para a investigação adicional dessa modalidade de tratamento adjuvante para o carcinoma nasofaríngeo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/metabolism , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Immediate-Early Proteins/metabolism , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Cell Movement/drug effects , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Nasopharyngitis/metabolism , Nasopharyngitis/pathology , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/pharmacology , Apoptosis , Immediate-Early Proteins/pharmacology , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/pathology
12.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(1): e7567, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974265

ABSTRACT

Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers among women around the world. However, the underlying mechanism involved in cervical cancer progression is incompletely known. In the present study, we determined the role of glycoprotein nonmetastatic melanoma protein B (GPNMB) in tumorigenesis of cervical cancer. According to the GEO database, we found that GPNMB expression was significantly higher in cervical cancer than in normal cervix epithelium. A similar pattern was observed in GPNMB expression in cultured cervical cancer cells and normal cervical epithelial cells. Compared with the control, GPNMB knockdown significantly decreased the proliferation and migration capacity, but enhanced the apoptosis capacity of SiHa and HeLa cells. Additionally, the activity of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were aberrantly increased in SiHa and HeLa cells compared with normal cervical epithelial cells, whereas their activities were strongly inhibited by GPNMB siRNA. Furthermore, Wnt/β-catenin signaling was activated by GPNMB in SiHa and HeLa cells. Increased MMP-2/MMP-9 expression was suppressed by Dkk-1, inhibitor of Wnt/β-catenin signaling, while it was enhanced by stimulator BIO. The proliferation, migration, and apoptosis capacity of HeLa cells were found to be affected by Dkk-1 and BIO to different extents. In conclusion, we demonstrated that GPNMB contributed to the tumorigenesis of cervical cancer, at least in part, by regulating MMP-2/MMP-9 activity in tumor cells via activation of canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling. This might be a potential therapeutic target for treating human cervical cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Membrane Glycoproteins/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/metabolism , beta Catenin/metabolism , Wnt Signaling Pathway/genetics , Membrane Glycoproteins/genetics , Cell Movement , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/genetics , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Blotting, Western , Apoptosis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , beta Catenin/genetics
13.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 48(3): 566-569, July-Sept. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889146

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the in vitro and in vivo effects of short-interfering RNAs (siRNAs) against rabies virus phosphoprotein (P) mRNA in a post-infection treatment for rabies as an extension of a previous report (Braz J Microbiol. 2013 Nov 15;44(3):879-82). To this end, rabies virus strain RABV-4005 (related to the Desmodus rotundus vampire bat) were used to inoculate BHK-21 cells and mice, and the transfection with each of the siRNAs was made with Lipofectamine-2000™. In vitro results showed that siRNA 360 was able to inhibit the replication of strain RABV-4005 with a 1 log decrease in virus titter and 5.16-fold reduction in P mRNA, 24 h post-inoculation when compared to non-treated cells. In vivo, siRNA 360 was able to induce partial protection, but with no significant difference when compared to non-treated mice. These results indicate that, despite the need for improvement for in vivo applications, P mRNA might be a target for an RNAi-based treatment for rabies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Phosphoproteins/genetics , Rabies/veterinary , Rabies virus/genetics , Viral Proteins/genetics , Chiroptera/virology , RNA, Small Interfering/genetics , RNA Interference , Phosphoproteins/metabolism , Rabies/virology , Rabies virus/physiology , Viral Proteins/metabolism , Virus Replication , RNA, Messenger/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(10): e6139, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888929

ABSTRACT

Augmenter of liver regeneration (ALR) is a thermostable cytokine that was originally identified to promote the growth of hepatocytes. This study was conducted to explore the expression and function of ALR in multiple myeloma (MM), a common hematologic malignancy. Real-time PCR and western blot analysis were performed to detect the expression of ALR in U266 human MM cells and healthy peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). U266 MM cells were exposed to 20 or 40 μg/mL of recombinant ALR and tested for cell proliferation. Small interfering RNA-mediated silencing of ALR was done to investigate the role of ALR in cell proliferation, apoptosis, and cytokine production. Compared to PBMCs, U266 MM cells exhibited significantly higher levels of ALR at both the mRNA and protein levels. The addition of recombinant ALR protein significantly promoted the proliferation of U266 cells. In contrast, knockdown of ALR led to a significant decline in the viability and proliferation of U266 cells. Annexin-V/PI staining analysis demonstrated that ALR downregulation increased apoptosis in U266 MM cells, compared to control cells (20.1±1.1 vs 9.1±0.3%, P<0.05). Moreover, ALR depletion reduced the Bcl-2 mRNA level by 40% and raised the Bax mRNA level by 2-fold. Additionally, conditioned medium from ALR-depleted U266 cells had significantly lower concentrations of interleukin-6 than control cells (P<0.05). Taken together, ALR contributed to the proliferation and survival of U266 MM cells, and targeting ALR may have therapeutic potential in the treatment of MM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Multiple Myeloma/metabolism , Proteins/pharmacology , Blotting, Western , Cell Line, Tumor , Cytokines/biosynthesis , Down-Regulation , Flow Cytometry , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , Multiple Myeloma/immunology , Proteins/physiology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Recombinant Proteins/pharmacology , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism
15.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 688-694, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-195412

ABSTRACT

The metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcription 1 (MALAT1) is a highly conserved long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) gene. However, little is known about the pathological role of lncRNA MALAT1 in glioma. In the present study, we explored the expression level of lncRNA MALAT1 in primary glioma tissues as well as in U87 and U251 glioma cell lines. Using qRT-PCR, we found that the expression of lncRNA MALAT1 was significantly increased in glioma tissues compared with that of paracancerous tissues. Meanwhile, the expression of MALAT1 was highly expressed in U98 and U251 cells. In order to explore the function of MALAT1, the expression of MALAT1 was greatly reduced in U87 and U251 cells transfected with siRNA specifically targeting MALAT1. Consequently, cell viability of U87 and U251 cells were drastically decreased after the knockdown of MALAT1. Concomitantly, the apoptosis rate of the two cell lines was dramatically increased. Furthermore, the expression levels of some tumor markers were reduced after the knockdown of MALAT1, such as CCND1 and MYC. In summary, the current study indicated a promoting role of MALAT1 in the development of glioma cell.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Blotting, Western , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Cyclin D1/genetics , Down-Regulation , Flow Cytometry , Glioma/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc/genetics , RNA Interference , RNA, Long Noncoding/antagonists & inhibitors , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
16.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 372-381, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-188162

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Chronic liver disease leads to liver fibrosis, and although the liver does have a certain regenerative capacity, this disease is associated with dysfunction of the liver vessels. C-reactive protein (CRP) is produced in the liver and circulated from there for metabolism. CRP was recently shown to inhibit angiogenesis by inducing endothelial cell dysfunction. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of CRP levels on angiogenesis in a rat model of liver dysfunction induced by bile duct ligation (BDL). METHODS: The diameter of the hepatic vein was analyzed in rat liver tissues using hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining. The expression levels of angiogenic factors, albumin, and CRP were analyzed by real-time PCR and Western blotting. A tube formation assay was performed to confirm the effect of CRP on angiogenesis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) treated with lithocholic acid (LCA) and siRNA-CRP. RESULTS: The diameter of the hepatic portal vein increased significantly with the progression of cirrhosis. The expression levels of angiogenic factors were increased in the cirrhotic liver. In contrast, the expression levels of albumin and CRP were significantly lower in the liver tissue obtained from the BDL rat model than in the normal liver. The CRP level was correlated with the expression of albumin in hepatocytes treated with LCA and siRNA-CRP. Tube formation was significantly decreased in HUVECs when they were treated with LCA or a combination of LCA and siRNA-CRP. CONCLUSION: CRP seems to be involved in the abnormal formation of vessels in hepatic disease, and so it could be a useful diagnostic marker for hepatic disease.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Rats , Angiogenic Proteins/genetics , Bile Ducts/surgery , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Cells, Cultured , Disease Models, Animal , Hepatic Veins/abnormalities , Hepatocytes/cytology , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Lithocholic Acid/pharmacology , Liver/metabolism , Liver Cirrhosis/etiology , Liver Diseases/metabolism , Microscopy, Fluorescence , Mitochondria/drug effects , RNA Interference , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Serum Albumin/genetics
17.
Cad. saúde pública ; 31(3): 607-619, 03/2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-744832

ABSTRACT

Este estudo analisa as conexões entre saúde, direitos, legislação e políticas públicas a partir da pesquisa documental realizada no âmbito federal e nos estados do Rio Grande do Sul, Mato Grosso, Paraná e São Paulo, acerca das garantias legais das mulheres e seus filhos que vivem no cárcere. Busca instrumentalizar uma atuação garantista dos agentes públicos e dar visibilidade à problemática, diante das extremas vulnerabilidades e invisibilidade jurídica e administrativa da questão. Foram identificadas 33 normas legais, com pontos de tensão, como a possibilidade de prisão domiciliar e as disparidades quanto a prazos e condições de permanência das crianças no sistema penitenciário. A garantia legal constitucional do direito à amamentação é refletida nas regulamentações identificadas. Mas constatam-se ausências de outros aspectos relativos à maternidade na prisão, que se traduzem em dupla penalidade às mulheres, arbitrariamente estendida aos seus filhos. É necessária a ampliação e efetivação da regulamentação existente para prevenir e coibir as violações de direitos apontadas.


This study analyzes the links between health, rights, legislation, and public policies based on document research on legal safeguards for women and their children residing in prison. The research was conducted at the Federal level and in four States of Brazil: Rio Grande do Sul, Mato Grosso, Paraná, and São Paulo. The study aims to back measures by public agencies to guarantee such rights and to raise awareness of the problem, given the extreme vulnerability of women inmates and their children and the issue's legal and administrative invisibility. The authors identified 33 different legal provisions as points of tension, such as the possibility of house arrest and disparities in the terms and conditions for children to remain inside the prison system. Various provisions cite the Constitutional guarantee of women inmates' right to breastfeed in prison. Meanwhile, the study found gaps in other issues pertaining to motherhood in prison, expressed as dual incarceration (imprisonment arbitrarily extended to their children). It is necessary to expand and enforce the existing legislation to prevent such violations of rights.


Este estudio analiza las conexiones entre la salud, derechos humanos, legislación y políticas públicas, partiendo de una investigación documental, realizada a nivel federal y en los estados de Río Grande do Sul, Mato Grosso, Paraná y São Paulo, sobre las garantías jurídicas de las mujeres presas y sus hijos. El estudio pretende instrumentalizar una actuación garantista de los agentes públicos y dar visibilidad a esta problemática, frente a la extrema vulnerabilidad e invisibilidad jurídica y administrativa existente. Se identificaron 33 normas legales, con puntos de tensión, como la posibilidad de arresto domiciliario y disparidades en cuanto a los términos y condiciones de la estancia de los niños en el sistema penitenciario. La garantía constitucional del derecho a la lactancia materna se refleja en las regulaciones identificadas. No obstante, hay ausencias de otros aspectos de la maternidad en la cárcel, que se traduce en una doble pena para las mujeres, extendida arbitrariamente a sus hijos. Es necesaria la ampliación y ejecución efectiva de las regulación existente para prevenir y frenar las violaciones de los derechos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Endothelium, Vascular/metabolism , Heme Oxygenase-1/chemistry , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Adenoviridae/metabolism , Biomechanical Phenomena , Endothelium, Vascular/cytology , Heme Oxygenase-1/metabolism , Hydrogen Peroxide/chemistry , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/chemistry , /metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Phosphorylation , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Stress, Mechanical
18.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2014 Oct; 52(10): 943-951
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-153783

ABSTRACT

The anti proliferative potential of siRNA26, targeted to Aurora kinase B, in prostate cancer cells is known from a previous study from our laboratory. Here we first show that siRNA26 cleaves at the same position of the target mRNA in the prostate cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines, PC3 and HepG2 respectively. Aurorakinase B specific siRNA, but not a control siRNA, inhibited PC3 and HepG2 cell proliferation and cell migration. These effects correlated to RNA silencing of Aurorakinase B in both the cell lines. Intra-tumoral administration of HiPerfect complexed siRNA26 inhibited the growth of HepG2 xenografts in SCID mice. In an orthotopic setting, intravenous administration of HiPerfect encapsulated siRNA26 appeared to reduce the severity of multifocal lesions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Aurora Kinase B/genetics , Aurora Kinase B/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Female , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Liver Neoplasms, Experimental/genetics , Liver Neoplasms, Experimental/metabolism , Liver Neoplasms, Experimental/therapy , Male , Mice , Mice, SCID , Prostatic Neoplasms/genetics , Prostatic Neoplasms/metabolism , Prostatic Neoplasms/therapy , RNA Interference , RNA, Messenger/chemistry , RNA, Messenger/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering/genetics , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering/pharmacology , Transfection , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
19.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : S139-S145, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-51698

ABSTRACT

We evaluated the effect of cobalt chloride (CoCl2) on TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma-induced-inflammation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in renal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2 cells). We treated HK-2 cells with CoCl2 before the administration of TNF-alpha/IFN-gamma. To regulate hemeoxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression, the cells were treated CoCl2 or HO-1 siRNA. CoCl2 reduced the generation of ROS induced by TNF-alpha/IFN-gamma. TNF-alpha/IFN-gamma-treated-cells showed an increase in the nuclear translocation of phosphorylated NF-kappaBp65 protein, the DNA-binding activity of NF-kappaBp50 and NF-kappaB transcriptional activity and a decrease in IkappaBalpha protein expression. These changes were restored by CoCl2. We noted an intense increase in monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and regulated on activation normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES) production in TNF-alpha/IFN-gamma-treated cells. We demonstrated that this effect was mediated through NF-kappaB signaling because an NF-kappaB inhibitor significantly reduced MCP-1 and RANTES production. CoCl2 effectively reduced MCP-1 and RANTES production. The expression of HO-1 was increased by CoCl2 and decreased by HO-1 siRNA. However, knockdown of HO-1 by RNA interference did not affect MCP-1 or RANTES production. We suggest that CoCl2 has a protective effect on TNF-alpha/IFN-gamma-induced inflammation through the inhibition of NF-kappaB and ROS in HK-2 cells. However, CoCl2 appears to act in an HO-1-independent manner.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line , Chemokine CCL2/metabolism , Chemokine CCL5/metabolism , Cobalt/pharmacology , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Heme Oxygenase-1/antagonists & inhibitors , Inflammation , Interferon-gamma/pharmacology , Kidney Tubules, Proximal/cytology , NF-kappa B/antagonists & inhibitors , NF-kappa B p50 Subunit/genetics , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Phosphorylation , Protein Binding , RNA Interference , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Transcription Factor RelA/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/pharmacology
20.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1464-1472, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-174930

ABSTRACT

Mcl-1 and Bcl-xL, key anti-apoptotic proteins of the Bcl-2 family, have attracted attention as important molecules in the cell survival and drug resistance. In this study, we investigated whether inhibition of Bcl-xL influences cell growth and apoptosis against simultaneous treatment of resveratrol and clofarabine in the human malignant mesothelioma H-2452 cells. Resveratrol and clofarabine decreased Mcl-1 protein levels but had little effect on Bcl-xL levels. In the presence of two compounds, any detectable change in the Mcl-1 mRNA levels was not observed in RT-PCR analysis, whereas pretreatment with the proteasome inhibitor MG132 led to its accumulation to levels far above basal levels. The knockdown of Bcl-xL inhibited cell proliferation with cell accumulation at G2/M phase and the appearance of sub-G0/G1 peak in DNA flow cytometric assay. The suppression of cell growth was accompanied by an increase in the caspase-3/7 activity with the resultant cleavages of procaspase-3 and its substrate poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase, and increased percentage of apoptotic propensities in annexin V binding assay. Collectively, our data represent that the efficacy of resveratrol and clofarabine for apoptosis induction was substantially enhanced by Bcl-xL-lowering strategy in which the simultaneous targeting of Mcl-1 and Bcl-xL could be a more effective strategy for treating malignant mesothelioma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenine Nucleotides/pharmacology , Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic/pharmacology , Apoptosis/drug effects , Arabinonucleosides/pharmacology , Caspase 3/metabolism , Caspase 7/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , G2 Phase Cell Cycle Checkpoints/drug effects , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Leupeptins/pharmacology , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , M Phase Cell Cycle Checkpoints/drug effects , Mesothelioma/metabolism , Myeloid Cell Leukemia Sequence 1 Protein/antagonists & inhibitors , RNA Interference , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Stilbenes/pharmacology , bcl-X Protein/antagonists & inhibitors
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