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1.
J.health med.sci. ; 9(3): 65-74, jul.2023. graf, ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1524689

ABSTRACT

Las nuevas tecnologías para el tratamiento del cáncer con radiación ionizante tienen especial interés en mejorar la calidad de las imágenes para el posicionamiento adecuado del paciente con sistemas de radioterapia guiada por imagen IGRT. El sistema Halcyon cuenta con imágenes de tomografía computarizada de haz de cono CBCT. Estas imágenes podrían ser una opción para escenarios donde no se cuente con una Tomografía Computarizada CT o el equipo se encuentre en reparación o mantenimiento especialmente para escenarios de intensión paliativa. La diferencia en la distribución de dosis en imágenes CT y CBCT fue analizada en este estudio. Los resultados mostraron diferencias en las unidades Hounsfield UH, aunque no fueron estadísticamente significativas, el volumen irradiado mostro diferencias máximas de 3,92% que no supera el 4% permitido para tratamientos de intensión paliativa. En cuanto a las dosis dispersas al tejido sano la diferencia tampoco supera el 4%. Nuestro estudio mostro que las imágenes CBCT pueden ser una alternativa para el tratamiento de metástasis óseas, sin embargo, estas imágenes todavía no pueden remplazar las imágenes CT utilizadas para el cálculo de dosis en radioterapia


New technologies for the treatment of cancer with ionizing radiation are of particular interest in improving image quality for proper patient positioning with image-guided radiation therapy IGRT systems. IGRT image-guided radiation therapy systems. The Halcyon system features cone beam computed tomography CBCT imaging. These images could be an option for scenarios where a CT scan is not available or the equipment is under repair or maintenance especially for is under repair or maintenance, especially for palliative scenarios. The difference in the The difference in dose distribution in CT and CBCT images was analyzed in this study. The results showed differences in Hounsfield UH units, although not statistically significant, the irradiated volume showed maximum differences of 3.92%, which is the maximum difference of 3.92%. Differences of 3.92%, which does not exceed the 4% allowed for palliative treatments. As for the doses dispersed to healthy tissue the difference does not exceed the 4% allowed for palliative treatments. Our study showed that CBCT imaging can be an alternative for the treatment of metastases. an alternative for the treatment of bone metastases, however, these images cannot yet replace the CT images used for dose calculation. CT images used for dose calculation in radiotherapy


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Radiotherapy, Image-Guided/methods , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods
2.
J.health med.sci. ; 9(3): 51-63, jul.2023. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1524683

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION Radiobiological-based optimization functions for radiotherapy treatment planning involve dose-volume effects that could allow greater versatility when shaping dose distributions and DVHs than traditional dose volume (DV) criteria. Two of the most commercially available TPS (Monaco and Eclipse) already offer biological-based optimization functions, but they are not routinely used by most planners in clinical practice. Insight into the benefits of using EUD, TCP/NTCP-based cost functions in Monaco and Eclipse TPS was gained by comparing biological-based optimizations and physical-based optimizations for prostate and head and neck cases. METHODS Three prostate and three H&N cases were retrospectively optimized in Monaco and Eclipse TPS, using radiobiological-based cost functions vs DV-based cost functions. Plan comparison involved ICRU Report 83 parameters D95%, D50%, D2% and TCP for the PTV, and NTCP and RTOG tolerance doses for OARs. RESULTS Although there were differences between Monaco and Eclipse plans due to their dissimilar optimization and dose calculation algorithms as well as optimization functions, both TPS showed that radiobiological-based criteria allow versatile tailoring of the DVH with variation of only one parameter and at most two cost functions, in contrast to the use of three to four DV-based criteria to reach a similar result. CONCLUSION Despite the use of a small sample, optimization of three prostate and three head and neck cases allowed the exploration of optimization possibilities offered by two of the most commercially available TPS on two anatomically dissimilar regions. Radiobiological-based optimization efficiently drives dose distributions and DVH shaping for OARs without sacrifice of PTV coverage. Use of EUD-based cost functions should be encouraged in addition to DV cost functions to obtain the best possible plan in daily clinical practice


INTRODUCCION Las funciones de optimización basadas en radiobiología para la planificación del tratamiento de radioterapia implican efectos dosis volumen que podrían permitir una mayor versatilidad a la hora de dar forma a las distribuciones de dosis y DVH que los tradicionales criterios dosis-volumen (DV). Dos de los TPS más disponibles comercialmente (Mónaco y Eclipse) ya ofrecen productos de funciones de optimización de base biológica, pero la mayoría de los planificadores no las utilizan de forma rutinaria en la práctica clínica. El conocimiento de los beneficios del uso de las funciones de costos basadas en EUD, TCP/NTCP en Mónaco y Eclipse TPS se obtuvo comparando optimizaciones de base biológica y optimizaciones físicas para casos de próstata y cabeza y cuello. MÉTODOS Tres próstatas y tres casos de H&N en Mónaco y Eclipse TPS fueron optimizadas retrospectivamente usando funciones de costos basadas en radiobiología vs funciones de costos basadas en DV. La comparación de planes involucró los parámetros del Informe ICRU 83 D95%, D50%, D2% y TCP para el PTV, y dosis de tolerancia NTCP y RTOG para OAR. Resultados. Aunque hubo diferencias entre los planes Mónaco y Eclipse, debido a sus diferentes algoritmos de optimización y cálculo de dosis, así como funciones de optimización, ambos TPS demostraron que el criterio basado en radiobiología permiten una adaptación versátil del DVH con variación de un solo parámetro y como máximo dos funciones de costos, en contraste con el uso de tres o cuatro criterios basados en DV para alcanzar un resultado similar. CONCLUSIÓN A pesar del uso de una muestra pequeña, la optimización de tres casos de próstata y tres de cabeza y cuello permitió la exploración de las posibilidades de optimización que ofrecen dos de los TPS más disponibles comercialmente en dos regiones anatómicamente diferentes. La optimización basada en radiobiología impulsa de manera eficiente las distribuciones de dosis y la configuración de DVH para OAR sin sacrificar Cobertura de PTV. Se debe fomentar el uso de funciones de costos basadas en EUD además de las funciones de costos DV para obtener el mejor posible plan en la práctica clínica diaria


Subject(s)
Radiobiology/methods , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted , Prostate/diagnostic imaging , Software Validation , Head/diagnostic imaging , Neck/diagnostic imaging
3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 377-382, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982249

ABSTRACT

Dynamic multi-leaf collimator, which has the function of radiation beam shaping, is a key executive component of tumor precise radiotherapy, and plays a core role in improving the accuracy, efficiency and quality of radiotherapy. A new type of collimator leaf end structure with circular arc and plane combination was studied, and collimator penumbra performance analysis model combining analytical expression and graphic analysis was developed. The influence of leaf end structure on penumbra was analyzed quantitatively, and a set of three-dimensional structure design of dynamic multi-leaf collimator was completed. The feasibility of the structural design and analysis model was verified through experimental measurements.


Subject(s)
Humans , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted/methods , Particle Accelerators , Neoplasms , Radiotherapy Dosage
4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 365-369, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982247

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the feasibility and potential benefits of beam angle optimization (BAO) to automated planning in liver cancer.@*METHODS@#An approach of beam angle sampling is proposed to implement BAO along with the module Auto-planning in treatment planning system (TPS) Pinnacle. An in-house developed plan quality metric (PQM) is taken as the preferred evaluating method during the sampling. The process is driven automatically by in-house made Pinnacle scripts both in sampling and scoring. In addition, dosimetry analysis and physician's opinion are also performed as the supplementary and compared with the result of PQM.@*RESULTS@#It is revealed by the numerical analysis of PQM scores that only 15% patients whose superior trials evaluated by PQM are also the initial trials. Gantry optimization can bring benefit to plan quality along with auto-planning in liver cancer. Similar results are provided by both dose comparison and physician's opinion.@*CONCLUSIONS@#It is possible to introduce a full automated approach of beam angle optimization to automated planning process. The advantages of this procedure can be observed both in numerical analysis and physician's opinion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted/methods , Feasibility Studies , Radiometry/methods , Liver Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated/methods , Radiotherapy Dosage
5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 360-364, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982246

ABSTRACT

Advanced radiotherapy technology enables the dose to more accurately conform to the tumor target area of the patient, providing accurate treatment for the patient, but the gradient of the patient's radiation dose at the tumor edge is getting larger, which putting forward higher requirements for radiotherapy dose verification. The dose verification system software KylinRay-Dose4D can verify the patient's pre-treatment plan and the in vivo/on-line dose during the patient's treatment, providing important reference for the physicist to modify the radiotherapy plan and ensuring that the patient receives accurate treatment. This study introduces the overall design and key technologies of KylinRay-Dose4D, and tests the pre-treatment plan dose checking calculation and 2D/3D dose verification through clinical cases. The test results showed that the 2D/3D gamma pass rate (3 mm/3%) of KylinRay-Dose4D reconstructed dose compared with TPS plan dose and measured dose is larger than 95%, which indicating that the reconstructed dose of KylinRay-Dose4D meets the requirement of clinical application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted/methods , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated/methods , Software , Neoplasms , Phantoms, Imaging , Radiometry/methods
6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 355-359, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982245

ABSTRACT

In recent years, proton therapy technology has developed rapidly, and the number of patients treated with proton therapy has gradually increased. However, the application of proton therapy technology was far from practical needs. Because of the shortage of resources and the high cost, proton therapy systems are not accessible and affordable for most patients. In order to change this situation, it is necessary to develop a new truly practical proton therapy system based on clinical needs. Conceptual design of a practical proton therapy system was proposed. Compared with the existing system, one feature of the newly designed system is to reduce the maximum energy of the proton beam to 175~200 MeV; another feature is the configuration of deluxe and economical treatment rooms, the deluxe room is equipped with a rotating gantry and a six-dimensional treatment bed, and the economical room is equipped with a horizontal fixed beam and a patient vertical rotating setup device. This design can not only reduce the cost of proton therapy system and equipment room construction, but also facilitate the hospital to choose the appropriate configuration, which will ultimately benefit more patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Proton Therapy , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted , Hospitals , Radiotherapy Dosage
7.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 237-241, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982220

ABSTRACT

Biology-guided radiotherapy (BgRT) is a novel technique of external beam radiotherapy, combining positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) with a linear accelerator (LINAC). The key innovation is to utilize PET signals from tracers in tumor tissues for real-time tracking and guiding beamlets. Compared with a traditional LINAC system, a BgRT system is more complex in hardware design, software algorithm, system integration and clinical workflow. RefleXion Medical has developed the world's first BgRT system. Nevertheless, its actively advertised function, PET-guided radiotherapy, is still in the research and development phase. In this review study, we presented a number of issues related to BgRT, including its technical advantages and potential challenges.


Subject(s)
Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted/methods , Algorithms , Particle Accelerators , Biology , Radiotherapy, Image-Guided/methods , Radiotherapy Dosage
8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 110-114, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971314

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to establish and apply a correction method for titanium alloy implant in spinal IMRT plan, a corrected CT-density table was revised from normal CT-density table to include the density of titanium alloy implant. Dose distribution after and before correction were calculated and compared to evaluate the dose deviation. Plans were also copied to a spinal cancer simulation phantom. A titanium alloy fixation system for spine was implanted in this phantom. Plans were recalculated and compared with the measurement result. The result of this study shows that the max dose of spinal cord showed significant difference after correction, and the deviation between calculation results and measurement results was reduced after correction. The method for expanding the range CT-density table, which means that the density of titanium alloy was included, can reduce the error in calculation.


Subject(s)
Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated/methods , Titanium , Radiotherapy Dosage , Alloys , Radiometry/methods , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted/methods
9.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 627-633, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984759

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the incidence of radiation-related toxicities between conventional and hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for limited-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC), and to explore the risk factors of hypofractionated radiotherapy-induced toxicities. Methods: Data were retrospectively collected from consecutive limited-stage SCLC patients treated with definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from March 2016 to April 2022. The enrolled patients were divided into two groups according to radiation fractionated regimens. Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE, version 5.0) was used to evaluate the grade of radiation esophagus injuries and lung injuries. Logistic regression analyses were used to identify factors associated with radiation-related toxicities in the hypofractionated radiotherapy group. Results: Among 211 enrolled patients, 108 cases underwent conventional IMRT and 103 patients received hypofractionated IMRT. The cumulative incidences of acute esophagitis grade ≥2 [38.9% (42/108) vs 35.0% (36/103), P=0.895] and grade ≥ 3 [1.9% (2/108) vs 5.8% (6/103), P=0.132] were similar between conventional and hypofractionated IMRT group. Late esophagus injuries grade ≥2 occurred in one patient in either group. No differences in the cumulative incidence of acute pneumonitis grade ≥2[12.0% (13/108) vs 5.8% (6/103), P=0.172] and late lung injuries grade ≥2[5.6% (6/108) vs 10.7% (11/103), P=0.277] were observed. There was no grade ≥3 lung injuries occurred in either group. Using multiple regression analysis, mean esophageal dose ≥13 Gy (OR=3.33, 95% CI: 1.23-9.01, P=0.018) and the overlapping volume between planning target volume (PTV) and esophageal ≥8 cm(3)(OR=3.99, 95% CI: 1.24-12.79, P=0.020) were identified as the independent risk factors associated with acute esophagitis grade ≥2 in the hypofractionated radiotherapy group. Acute pneumonitis grade ≥2 was correlated with presence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD, P=0.025). Late lung injuries grade ≥2 was correlated with tumor location(P=0.036). Conclusions: Hypofractionated IMRT are tolerated with manageable toxicities for limited-stage SCLC patients treated with IMRT. Mean esophageal dose and the overlapping volume between PTV and esophageal are independently predictive factors of acute esophagitis grade ≥2, and COPD and tumor location are valuable factors of lung injuries for limited-stage SCLC patients receiving hyofractionated radiotherapy. Prospective studies are needed to confirm these results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated/methods , Retrospective Studies , Lung Injury , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiation Injuries/epidemiology , Esophagitis/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/complications
10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 108-113, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928869

ABSTRACT

To study an automatic plan(AP) method for radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery based on TiGRT system and and compare with manual plan (MP). The dosimetry parameters of 10 patients and the evaluation of scoring table were analyzed, it was found that the targets dose of AP were better than that of MP, but there was no statistical difference except for CI, The V5, V20 and V30 of affected lungs and whole lungs in AP were lower than all that in MP, the Dmean of hearts was slightly higher than that of MP, but the difference was not statistically significant, the MU of AP was increase by 16.1% compared with MP, the score of AP evaluation was increase by 6.1% compared with MP. So the AP could be programmed and automated while ensuring the quality of the plan, and can be used to design the plans for radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mastectomy, Segmental , Organs at Risk , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated
11.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 409-419, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939725

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The incidence of symptomatic radiation pneumonitis (RP) and its relationship with dose-volume histogram (DVH) parameters in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients receiving epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) and concurrent once-daily thoracic radiotherapy (TRT) remain unclear. We aim to analyze the values of clinical factors and dose-volume histogram (DVH) parameters to predict the risk for symptomatic RP in these patients.@*METHODS@#Between 2011 and 2019, we retrospectively analyzed and identified 85 patients who had received EGFR-TKIs and once-daily TRT simultaneously (EGFR-TKIs group) and 129 patients who had received concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT group). The symptomatic RP was recorded according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Event (CTCAE) criteria (grade 2 or above). Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS 26.0.@*RESULTS@#In total, the incidences of symptomatic (grade≥2) and severe RP (grade≥3) were 43.5% (37/85) and 16.5% (14/85) in EGFR-TKIs group vs 27.1% (35/129) and 10.1% (13/129) in CCRT group respectively. After 1:1 ratio between EGFR-TKIs group and CCRT group was matched by propensity score matching, chi-square test suggested that the incidence of symptomatic RP in the MATCHED EGFR-TKIs group was higher than that in the matched CCRT group (χ2=4.469, P=0.035). In EGFR-TKIs group, univariate and multivariate analyses indicated that the percentage of ipsilateral lung volume receiving ≥30 Gy (ilV30) [odds ratio (OR): 1.163, 95%CI: 1.036-1.306, P=0.011] and the percentage of total lung volume receiving ≥20 Gy (tlV20) (OR: 1.171, 95%CI: 1.031-1.330, P=0.015), with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or not (OR: 0.158, 95%CI: 0.041-0.600, P=0.007), were independent predictors of symptomatic RP. Compared to patients with lower ilV30/tlV20 values (ilV30 and tlV20<cut-off point values) and without COPD, patients with higher ilV30/tlV20 values (ilV30 and tlV20>cut-off point values) and COPD had a significantly higher risk for developing symptomatic RP, with a hazard ratio (HR) of 1.350 (95%CI: 1.190-1.531, P<0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Patients receiving both EGFR-TKIs and once-daily TRT were more likely to develop symptomatic RP than patients receiving concurrent chemoradiotherapy. The ilV30, tlV20, and comorbidity of COPD may predict the risk of symptomatic RP among NSCLC patients receiving EGFR-TKIs and conventionally fractionated TRT concurrently.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/radiotherapy , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/complications , Radiation Pneumonitis/etiology , Radiotherapy Dosage , Retrospective Studies
12.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 182-186, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936132

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the potential dosimetric effects of arms movement in patients with Cyberknife spine tumors.@*METHODS@#In the study, 12 patients with thoracic and lumbar tumors were retrospectively selected respectively. The contour of the patient's arms was sketched and the CT density was modified to be equivalent to air in order to simulate the extreme case when the arm was completely removed from the radiation fields. The dose of simulated plan was re-calculated with the original beam parameters and compared with the original plan. The changes of V100, D95, and D90, conformity index (CI) and heterogeneity index (HI) in planning target volume (PTV), as well as Dmax, D1cc and D2cc in the spinal cord, stomach, esophagus, and intestines were analyzed by comparing with the original plans.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the original treatment plan, V100, D95, D90 and CI of PTV for the simulated plan was increased by 0.86%, 2.02%, 1.97% and 0.80% respectively, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Dmax, D1cc and D2cc of spinal cord was increased by 2.35%, 0.59% and 1.49% on average, compared with the original plan, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The difference was statistically significant only in average D2cc of stomach, which was increased by 1.70%, compared with the original plan (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in dose change of eso-phagus and intestine between the original and simulated plans.@*CONCLUSION@#This study analyzed the most extreme arm position in spinal tumor of radiation therapy based on Cyberknife. It was found that the change of arm position had little effect on dosimetry. In addition, with the change of arm position, the dose in PTV and organ at risk (OAR) increased, but the increase was relatively small. Therefore, in some special cases where the patient really can't keep the arm position consistent during treatment, reasonable adjustment can be accepted. However, in order to ensure accurate radiotherapy, patient position should be as stable and consistent as possible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arm , Radiosurgery , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Neoplasms/surgery
13.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1089-1094, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941046

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the influence of positioning accuracy of the multi-leaf collimators (MLC) on the passing rate of the plan dose verification for volumetric modulation arc therapy (VMAT) of cervical cancer using an Elekta linear accelerator.@*METHODS@#The dose distributions were measured using Sun Nuclear's Mapcheck and Arccheck semiconductors matrix before and after MLC calibration in30 cervical cancer patients undergoing VMAT. Dosimetric comparisons were performed with 2D and 3D gamma passing rates of 3%, 3 mm and 2%, and 2 mm. The 3D gamma distribution was reconstructed with respect to the patient's anatomy using 3DVH software to evaluate the possible influence of MLC positioning accuracy.@*RESULTS@#Before and after MLC calibration, the gamma passing rates of Mapcheck were (88.80±1.81)% and (99.25 ± 0.53)% under 3% and 3 mm standard, respectively, with an average increase of 10.45%. The corresponding gamma passing rates of Arccheck were (87.61±1.98)% and (98.13±0.99)%, respectively, with an average increase of 10.52%. The gamma passing rates of 3DVH were (89.87±2.28)% and (98.3±1.15)%, respectively, with an average increase of 8.43%.@*CONCLUSION@#The MLC positioning accuracy is one of the main factors influencing dosimetric accuracy of VMAT for cervical cancer. The application of Autocal software facilitates MLC calibration and improves the accuracy and safety of VMAT delivery for cervical cancer.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Particle Accelerators , Quality Control , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted/methods , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated/methods , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/radiotherapy
14.
Clinics ; 76: e2769, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278923

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To explore the effect of tumor and normal lung volumes on lung volume-dose parameters in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who had undergone intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). METHODS: The clinical data of 208 patients with NSCLC who underwent radical IMRT between June 2014 and June 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. A regression model curve was used to evaluate the effect of tumor and normal lung volumes on normal lung relative volumes receiving greater than 5 and 20 Gy (V5, V20), on mean lung dose (MLD), and on absolute volumes spared from greater than 5 and 20 Gy (AVS5, AVS20). RESULTS: The V5, V20, and MLD of the bilateral lung were fitted to a quadratic equation curve with the change in tumor volume, which increased initially and then decreased when the tumor volume increased. The V5, V20, and MLD of the lung reached their apex when the tumor volumes were 288.07, 341.69, and 326.83 cm3, respectively. AVS5 and AVS20 decreased in a logarithmic curve with an increase in tumor volume. The V5, V20, and MLD of the small normal lung volume group were all significantly higher than those of the large normal lung volume group (p<0.001, p=0.004, p=0.002). However, the AVS5 and AVS20 of the small normal lung volume group were all significantly lower than those of the large normal lung volume group (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The effects of tumor volume and normal lung volume on dose-volume parameters should be considered. AVS5 is an important supplementary dose limitation parameter for patients whose tumor volume exceeds a certain boundary value (approximately 300 cm3).


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/radiotherapy , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/diagnostic imaging , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated , Lung Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Radiotherapy Dosage , Retrospective Studies , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Lung Volume Measurements
15.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 475-480, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880684

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the feasibility of ArcCHECK-3DVH system in dosimetric verification for stereotactic body radiaotherapy (SBRT) with flattening filter free (FFF) model.@*METHODS@#SBRT treatment plans for 57 patients were introduced into ArcCHECK phantom and recalculated. The calculated dose distribution of treatment planning system and the measured dose distribution of ArcCHECK phantom were compared by γ analysis. Then the 3 dimensional dose distribution of target and organs at risk was reconstructed by 3DVH software. The reconstructed dose and calculated dose with treatment planning system (TPS) were compared, and the dose volume γ pass rate and deviation of dose volume parameters to the target and organs at risk were quantitatively valuated.@*RESULTS@#Based on the threshold criteria (3%, 3 mm, 10%), namely the deviation of measuring points between the planned value and the measured value was less than 3%, and the proportion of points with similar values in the plane or sphere with the center of the point and the radius of 3 mm was 10%, the relative and absolute dose pass rates of SBRT treatment plans in ArcCHECK system via γ analysis were greater than 95%. Based on the stricter threshold criteria (2%, 2 mm, 10%), the relative and absolute dose pass rates of SBRT treatment plan in ArcCHECK system via γ analysis were about 93%. In 3DVH dose verification, the γ pass rate of target and organs at risk was exceed 97%, and the deviations in 3DVH of the target and organs at risk were less than ±5%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The ArcCHECK-3DVH system in dose verification can provide more comprehensive dose distribution information to reasonably evaluate the SBRT plan, with more significance for guiding clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Phantoms, Imaging , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Radiometry , Radiosurgery , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated
16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 163-166, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880444

ABSTRACT

In order to adapt to different target shapes and protect the surrounding normal tissues, the design of two-dimensional electron beam radiotherapy planning requires additional lead blocks. But the Pinnacle treatment planning system can not directly shape the lead block conformity to the size of the beam field given by the doctor. Every time, physicists need to manually drag the lead block to form the required beam field. When meeting a two-dimensional electron beam treatment planning with the same field parameters as before, physicists need to rearrange the field for dose calculation, which greatly reduces the design efficiency of the two-dimensional electron beam treatment planning. In this study, we independently developed a two-dimensional electron beam radiotherapy planning system based on Qt Creator. The system can quickly design a two-dimensional electron beam radiotherapy plan, which reduces the repeated work of physicists.


Subject(s)
Electrons , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted
17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 114-118, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880435

ABSTRACT

The transportation of electron is inseparable from vacuum environment. The maintenance of the vacuum system of Elekta linear accelerator depends on two sputtering ionic pumps at the gun end and the target end. The traveling wave acceleration were used in Elekta linear accelerators. And the design of the electron gun filament is detachable. Because of these two reasons, the vacuum stability is relatively weak. Only two vacuum values are used to reflect the operation state of the whole vacuum system, which causes a few failures but will not trigger a the machine interlock. Considering the complexity of whole vacuum system, the problem of vacuum caused by the failure of various components in vacuum system is analyzed in this paper. It is hoped that some useful repairing experience and suggestions for the maintenance engineers of linear accelerator to solve the vacuum fault and rebuild the vacuum can be provided quickly.


Subject(s)
Electrons , Particle Accelerators , Radiotherapy Dosage , Vacuum
18.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 109-113, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880434

ABSTRACT

Clinically, beam matching can greatly improve the flexibility and efficiency of treating patients between different medical electron linacs. However, in addition to the regular quality assurance (QA) test of the machine performance of linacs, there is still a lack of comprehensive evaluation of the clinical radiotherapy performance of beam-matched linacs. In this paper, the performance of volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) between three closely matched linacs was evaluated by statistical process control (SPC) technology. It was found that the average and median γ passing rates of the VMAT QA processes of the three linacs had little difference, but the process capability levels were at three different levels. The results show that SPC technology can effectively evaluate the performance of beam matching for medical electron linacs, improve the patient-specific VMAT QA processes, and guide clinical decision-making.


Subject(s)
Electrons , Particle Accelerators , Quality Assurance, Health Care , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated
19.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 621-625, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879903

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the efficacy and safety of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in children with high-risk neuroblastoma (NB).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 24 children with high-risk NB who were diagnosed and treated with IMRT in the Department of Hematology and Oncology, Hunan Provincial People's Hospital, from April 2018 to December 2020. The medical data included age, radiotherapy dose, times of radiotherapy, laboratory examination results, adverse reactions, and survival.@*RESULTS@#All 24 children (14 boys and 10 girls) received IMRT, with a mean age of (65±23) months and a median age of 59 months. The primary tumor was located in the abdomen in 23 children and 1 child had primary tumor in the mediastinum. The median age was 41.5 months at the time of radiotherapy. The radiation dose of radiotherapy ranged from 14.4 to 36.0 Gy, with a mean dose of (22±3) Gy and a daily dose of 1.8-2.0 Gy. The radiotherapy was performed for a total number of 8-20 times, with a mean number of 11.9 times. Among these children, 6 received radiotherapy for the residual or metastatic lesion. Of all the 23 children, 3 experienced cough, 2 experienced diarrhea, and 1 experienced vomiting during radiotherapy. At 2 weeks after radiotherapy, serum creatinine ranged from 2.3 to 70.1 μmol/L and alanine aminotransferase ranged from 9.1 to 65.3 μ/L. Ten children experienced grade Ⅲ bone marrow suppression and 2 experienced grade Ⅳ bone marrow suppression 1 to 2 weeks after radiotherapy. Four children experienced grade Ⅲ bone marrow suppression and 1 experienced grade Ⅳ bone marrow suppression 3 to 4 weeks after radiotherapy. During a median follow-up time of 13.5 months, 23 children (96%) achieved stable disease and 1 died. Up to the follow-up date, second malignant tumor or abnormal organ function was not observed.@*CONCLUSIONS@#IMRT can improve the local control rate of NB. IMRT appears to be safe in the treatment of children with NB.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Neuroblastoma/radiotherapy , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies
20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 454-458, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888645

ABSTRACT

Dose verification is carried out on the individualized three-dimensional phantom based on 3D printing technology, which simulates the anatomical structure of human body, contour shape, tumor anatomical structure and other dangerous organs to the greatest extent, and produces a reasonable and effective dose validation phantom. According to the need to obtain effective patient data, import Mimics software to reconstruct the parts of the body and its surrounding tissues and organs that need to be measured, and make them into three-dimensional shell components. The 3D printing is used to assemble and fill the equivalent tissue, and then the body phantom is made. The phantom was scanned by CT and the data was transmitted to TPS system. The previously completed treatment plan was transplanted to the phantom. The phantom was placed according to the patient's location information, irradiated and measured data. The three-dimensional shell assembly is completely reconstructed according to the patient's data, and the contour difference is not significant. The shell is filled with tissue radiation equivalent material whose CT value is the same as the average CT value of the shell volume. The CT image data show that the radiation equivalence of the phantom is similar to the actual tissue of the patient, and the equivalent dose distribution conforms to the conventional treatment range. It can provide a reliable means of dose verification for the accurate design of intensity modulated radiation therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Phantoms, Imaging , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated
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