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1.
Oncología (Ecuador) ; 32(1): 71-85, 30-04-2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368949

ABSTRACT

El carcinoma de mama es una enfermedad común, con efectos negativos significativos en la salud predominantemente femenina. Los linfocitos infiltrantes al tumor (TILs) son una manifestación de la respuesta inmune del huésped al cáncer. Este estudio revisa y resume los reportes bibliográficos relacionados con la eficacia pronóstica del porcentaje alto de TILs en cánceres de mama de tipos moleculares rico en HER2 y triple negativo. Se incluyeron estudios y revisiones en inglés buscados en la base de datos PubMed. Un mayor nivel de TILs se corresponde con mejor supervivencia libre de enfermedad tanto en los cánceres triple negativo como los ricos en HER2; por tanto, constituye un marcador histológico que debería ser utilizado rutinariamente en los análisis microscópicos de biop-sias de mama.


Breast cancer is a common disease affecting women, with significant health-related negative effects. Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) are recognized as manifestations of the host's antitumor im-munity. The following study reviews and summarizes reports on the effectiveness of prognosis of high levels of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes on triple negative and HER2-enriched breast cancer molecular subtypes. Studies and reviews in English from Pubmed's database were included. A higher percentage of tumor- infiltrating lymphocytes is associated with better prognosis and survival rate of triple negative and HER2-enriched breast cancer. Consequently, such histological marker should be routinely used in the microscopic analysis of breast biopsies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms , Lymphocytes, Tumor-Infiltrating , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms
2.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(2): 227-233, Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365336

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The stroma surrounding the tumor cells is important in tumor progression and treatment resistance, besides the properties of tumor cells. Studies on the tumor stroma characteristics will contribute to the knowledge for new treatment approaches. METHODS: A total of 363 breast cancer patients were evaluated for the tumor-stroma ratio. The percentage of stroma was visually assessed on hematoxylin-eosin stained slides. The cases of tumor-stroma ratio more than 50% were categorized as tumor-stroma ratio high, and those less than 50% and below were categorized as tumor-stroma ratio low. RESULTS: Tumor-stroma ratio-high tumors had shorter overall survival (p=0.002). Disease-free survival tended to be shorter in tumor-stroma ratio-high tumors (p=0.082) compared with tumor-stroma ratio-low tumors. Tumor-stroma ratio was an independent prognostic parameter for the total group of patients (p=0.003) and also axillary lymph node metastasis and tumor-stroma ratio was statistically associated (p=0.004). Also, tumor-stroma ratio was an independent prognostic parameter in node-positive Luminal A and B subgroups for overall survival (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Tumor-stroma ratio is an independent prognostic parameter that can be evaluated quite easily in all molecular subtypes of all breast cancers and does not require extra cost and time to evaluate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Stromal Cells/pathology , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Disease-Free Survival , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 697-706, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927556

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#: Breast cancer with low-positive human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) expression has triggered further refinement of evaluation criteria for HER2 expression. We studied the clinicopathological features of early-stage breast cancer with low-positive HER2 expression in China and analyzed prognostic factors.@*METHODS@#: Clinical and pathological data and prognostic information of patients with early-stage breast cancer with low-positive HER2 expression treated by the member units of the Chinese Society of Breast Surgery and Chinese Society of Surgery of Chinese Medical Association, from January 2015 to December 2016 were collected. The prognostic factors of these patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#: Twenty-nine hospitals provided valid cases. From 2015 to 2016, a total of 25,096 cases of early-stage breast cancer were treated, 7642 (30.5%) of which had low-positive HER2 expression and were included in the study. After ineligible cases were excluded, 6486 patients were included in the study. The median follow-up time was 57 months (4-76 months). The disease-free survival rate was 92.1% at 5 years, and the overall survival rate was 97.4% at 5 years. At the follow-up, 506 (7.8%) cases of metastasis and 167 (2.6%) deaths were noted. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that tumor stage, lymphvascular invasion, and the Ki67 index were related to recurrence and metastasis (P < 0.05). The recurrence risk prediction model was established using a machine learning model and showed that the area under the receiving operator characteristic curve was 0.815 (95% confidence interval: 0.750-0.880).@*CONCLUSIONS@#: Early-stage breast cancer patients with low-positive HER2 expression account for 30.5% of all patients. Tumor stage, lymphvascular invasion, and the Ki67 index are factors affecting prognosis. The recurrence prediction model for breast cancer with low-positive HER2 expression based on a machine learning model had a good clinical reference value for predicting the recurrence risk at 5 years.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#: ChiCTR.org.cn, ChiCTR2100046766.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/metabolism , Female , Humans , Ki-67 Antigen , Mastectomy , Receptor, ErbB-2/metabolism
4.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 54-59, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927315

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer is the most common malignant tumor in women, of which early-stage (stages Ⅰ-Ⅱ) breast cancer (EBC) accounts for 73.1%. The strategy of postoperative adjuvant treatment relies mainly on the clinicopathologic characteristics of patients, but there are certain deficiencies in the assessment of treatment benefits and disease prognosis. Multigene testing tools can evaluate the prognosis and predict therapeutic effects of breast cancer patients to guide the clinical decision-making on whether to use adjuvant chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and endocrine therapy by detecting the expression levels of specific genes. The consensus-writing expert group, based on the characteristics, validation results, and accessibility of the multigene testing tools and combined with clinical practice, described the result interpretation and clinical application of OncotypeDx(®) (21-gene), MammaPrint(®) (70-gene), RecurIndex(®) (28-gene), and BreastCancerIndex(®) (BCI, 7-gene) for hormone receptor-positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative EBC. The development and validation process of each tool was also briefly introduced. It is expected that the consensus will help to guide and standardize the clinical application of multigene testing tools and further improve the level of precise treatment for EBC.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , China , Consensus , Female , Hormones/therapeutic use , Humans , Prognosis , Receptor, ErbB-2/genetics
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922538

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#We employed a multidisciplinary approach incorporating theoretical ideas, clinical experience, psychology, physiology, traditional Chinese medicine (CM), modern practice of CM, and oncology to explore the effect of patients' repression of negative emotions and traumatic events on breast cancer (BC) pathogenesis.@*METHODS@#BC female patients, older than 18 years of age, with available pathology reports who were treated at Rabin Medical Center were recruited. All participants completed questionnaires regarding medical history, behavioral tendencies, negative emotions, trauma, symptoms, and pathology (from a CM perspective). Data on tumor characteristics were collected from the pathology reports. The associations were examined using hierarchical binary logistic regressions.@*RESULTS@#A total of 155 BC patients were enrolled. The median age was 52 years, with a range of 26-79; 95% were mothers; 28% had estrogen receptor (ER)-negative BC, 52% had progesterone receptor (PR)-negative BC, 48% had human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative BC, and antigen Ki-67 ≥ 20% was reported for 52% of tumors. Statistically significant associations were found between the emotional markers (sense of motherhood failure, and lack of self-fulfillment), avoidance behavior, and physical symptoms that are related to emotional repression based on CM. Significant associations were also found between variables associated with physical symptoms of emotional repression, which involves the production and accumulation of non-substantial phlegm (i.e., "high-lipid Qi-like microscopic phlegm"), avoidance behavior which unconsciously uses "high-lipid Qi-like microscopic phlegm" in order to achieve emotional repression, and tumor parameters including tumor grade, PR status, and Ki-67. Patients with higher levels of "high-lipid Qi-like microscopic phlegm" were more likely to have tumors with worse prognosis (PR-negative, higher grade, and higher Ki-67).@*CONCLUSION@#We demonstrated a relationship between emotional parameters, behavioral tendencies, CM parameters, and oncologic parameters in BC. Additional research is warranted to explore these associations and their relevance to clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Breast Neoplasms , Emotions , Female , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Receptors, Estrogen , Receptors, Progesterone
6.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(8): 1167-1171, Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346968

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE To explore the values of automated breast volume scanning (ABVS) combined with shear wave elastography (SWE) in the differential diagnosis of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive breast cancers (HER2+BC). METHODS In this study, 28 patients with TNBC and 32 patients with HER2+BC were enrolled. The characteristics of ABVS and virtual touch quantification (VTQ) in SWE of all patients were reviewed. The multivariate logistic regression analysis was carried out and the receiver operating characteristic curves of ABVS and ABVS+VTQ were drawn. RESULTS In ABVS imaging, the microcalcification, posterior echo, internal echo, shape, and edge had significant difference between TNBC and HER2+BC groups (p<0.05). The regular shape was the independent factor for TNBC (p=0.04, odds ratio [OR]=4.479), and the microcalcification in mass was the independent factor for HER2+BC (p=0.01, OR=2.997). In VTQ imaging, the shear wave velocity (SWV)max, SWVmin, and SWVmean in TNBC group were significantly lower than those in HER2+BC group (p<0.001). The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of ABVS+VTQ in diagnosing TNBC were higher than those of ABVS alone. CONCLUSIONS ABVS combined with SWE has certain advantages in differentiating TNBC from HER2+BC, which is helpful for the treatment planning and prognosis judgment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Breast , ROC Curve , Receptor, ErbB-2
7.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(6): 845-850, June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346926

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics of patients admitted to our hospital with a diagnosis of breast cancer who reached pathological complete response after being operated following eight cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS: Between 2015-2020, patients with pathological complete response who were operated on after neoadjuvant chemotherapy and sent to our clinic for radiotherapy were evaluated. RESULTS: The median age of the patients was 51 years. The most common histological type was invasive ductal cancer. The number of pathological complete response patients was 74 (28%), and the number of non-pathological complete response patients was 188 (72%). Patients with pathological complete response had a smaller tumor diameter than the non-pathological complete response group (p=0.001). For pathological complete response, T1 stage, N1 stage, NG 3, Ki-67 >20%, negative estrogen receptor, negative progesterone receptor, positive Cerb-B2, and adding trastuzumab to chemotherapy were statistically significant (p<0.05). Before neoadjuvant chemotherapy, stage T1-T2 (p=0.036), LN0-1 (p=0.026), Cerb-B2 positivity (p=0.025), and an initial nuclear grade of three (p=0.001) were found to be the factors affecting pathological complete response. CONCLUSIONS: With neoadjuvant chemotherapy, the size of locally advanced tumors decreases, allowing breast conserving surgery. The neoadjuvant chemotherapy response can be used as an early indicator of the prognosis of patients with breast cancer. Today, neoadjuvant chemotherapy is also used for patients with early-stage, operable breast cancer because it has been shown in many studies that reaching pathological complete response is associated with positive long-term results. If we can identify patients who have reached pathological complete response before neoadjuvant chemotherapy, we think we can also determine a patient-specific treatment plan at the beginning of treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Trastuzumab/therapeutic use , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
8.
ABCS health sci ; 46: e021225, 09 fev. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349382

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer is a heterogenous disease with multiple causes and it lacks more investigation related to its risk factors. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the likelihood of breast cancer subtypes according to the positivity to estrogen and progesterone receptors (ER+ and PR+ respectively), with or without the expression HER2, related to the following risk factors: age, parity, diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension, occurrence of familiar cancer case and body mass index (BMI). METHODS: The sample with 79 individuals was divided into three subtypes 1 (ER+/PR-), 2 (ER+/PR+) and 3 (RE+/RP+/HER+) and then analyzed by quantitative methods using Ordinal Generalized Linear Models (OGLM) for estimating the marginal effects of risk factors for the studied subtypes, and modeling the heteroscedasticity in terms of error. RESULTS: It were observed the following statistically significant positive effects: (1) age for the tumoral subtype 1 (ER+/PR-) and (2) parity for the subtype 2 (ER+/PR+); while the significant negative effects were: (1) age for subtype 3 (ER+/PR+/HER2+); (2) parity for both 1 (ER+/PR-) and 3 (ER+/PR+/HER2+) subtypes; and arterial hypertension for subtype 1 (ER+/PR-). There were no statistically significant effects for BMI, Diabetes mellitus and occurrence of familiar cancer variables on the studied tumoral subtypes. CONCLUSION: The risk factos age and parity demonstrated varied effects for the breast cancer subtypes according the expression of estrogen, progesterone and HER2 receptors.


INTRODUÇÃO: O câncer de mama é uma doença heterogênea, multifatorial e que necessita de mais estudos relacionados aos fatores de riscos. OBJETIVO: Analisar a probabilidade dos subtipos tumorais do câncer de mama receptores de estrogênio (RE) ou progesterona (RP) positivos, com ou sem expressão de HER2, em relação aos fatores de risco: idade, parto, diabetes mellitus, hipertensão arterial, ocorrência de câncer de mama familiar e índice de massa corporal (IMC). MÉTODOS: A análise da amostra de 79 pacientes dividida nos subtipos 1 (RE+/RP-), 2 (RE+/RP+) e 3 (RE+/RP+/HER+), foi feita por meio de métodos quantitativos usando o Modelo Linear Generalizado Ordinal (MLGO) para estimar os efeitos marginais dos fatores de risco para os subtipos estudados, e ao mesmo tempo modelando a heterocedasticidade do termo de erro. RESULTADOS: Nos resultados foram observados os seguintes efeitos positivos estatisticamente significantes: (1) da idade para o subtipo tumoral 1 (RE+/RP-) e (2) do número de partos para o subtipo 2 (RE+/RP+); enquanto os efeitos negativos significativos foram os seguintes: (1) da idade para o subtipo 3 (RE+/RP+/HER2+); (2) do número de partos para o sutipos 1 (RE+/RP) e 3 (RE+/RP+/HER2+); e da hipertensão arterial para o o subtipo 1 (RE+/RP-). Não foram observados efeitos estatisticamente significativos das variáveis IMC, Diabetes mellitus e ocorrência de câncer de mama familiar sobre os subtipos tumorais estudados. CONCLUSÃO: Os fatores de risco idade e número de partos têm efeitos variados para os subtipos do câncer de mama segundo a expressão de receptores para estrogênio, progesterona e HER2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms , Risk Factors , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Parity , Body Mass Index , Diabetes Mellitus , Hypertension
9.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(2): 265-270, Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287804

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Currently, there is an ongoing debate whether progesterone receptor positive and estrogen receptor negative breast carcinomas represent a true distinct subtype of tumor or a mere immunohistochemical artifact. In this study, we conducted an immunohistochemistry panel with the antibodies TFF1, EGFR, and CK5 to reclassify this phenotype in a luminal or basal-like subtype. METHODS: Tumors estrogen receptor -/progesterone receptor +, Her-2 - from a large population of breast cancer patients were selected to be studied. Immunohistochemistry with the antibodies TFF1, EGFR, and CK5 was performed. Tumors showing positivity for TFF1, regardless of EGFR and CK5 results, were classified as luminal-like carcinomas. Those lesions that were negative for TFF1, but were positive for EGFR and/or CK5, were classified as basal-like triple-negative carcinomas. When the three markers were negative, tumors were classified as undetermined. Clinical pathologic characteristics of patients and tumor recurrence were evaluated. RESULTS: Out of 1188 breast carcinomas investigated, 30 cases (2.5%) presented the estrogen receptor -/progesterone receptor +/HER2- phenotype. Of them, 27 tumors (90%) were classified as basal-like triple-negative carcinomas, one as luminal-like (3.3%), and two as undetermined tumors (6.7%). The mean follow-up for the study group was 27.7 (2.7 to 50) months. Out of the 26 patients, 6 had cancer recurrence: 2 local and 4 systemic recurrences. The average time for recurrence was 17 (8 to 38) months. CONCLUSION: Estrogen receptor -/progesterone receptor +/tumors exhibit aggressive behavior, similar to triple-negative tumors. An appropriate categorization of these tumors should be made to improve their therapeutic management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Receptors, Progesterone , Biomarkers, Tumor , Breast Neoplasms , Receptors, Estrogen , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 261-267, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921259

ABSTRACT

Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) combine the high specificity of monoclonal antibodies with the high anti-tumor activity of small molecular cytotoxic payloads. The anti-tumor activity of ADCs is mainly achieved by the direct blocking of the receptor by monoclonal antibodies, direct action and bystander effect of cytotoxic drugs, and antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity and complement-dependent cytotoxicity. ADCs have been used in adjuvant therapy and rescue treatment of human epidermal receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer, greatly improving the prognosis of breast cancer patients. Several ongoing clinical trials of ADC for breast cancer and other solid tumors proved the potential of ADCs will provide more promising treatment options for patients with malignant tumors. This review introduces the mechanism and latest clinical progress of ADC drugs approved for HER2-positive breast cancer to guide clinical practice and conduct research.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological/therapeutic use , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Female , Humans , Immunoconjugates/therapeutic use , Receptor, ErbB-2
11.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 1001-1006, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920981

ABSTRACT

Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2) plays an important role in carcinogenesis and development of urothelial carcinoma. Overexpression of HER-2 is associated with poor prognosis of urothelial carcinoma. Although there is no significant benefit from anti-HER-2 targeted therapies of monoclonal antibody and tyrosine kinase inhibitor, Anti-HER-2 antibody-drug conjugate (HER-2-ADC) has shown a promising efficacy in urothelial carcinoma patients with HER-2 overexpression. Therefore, effectively screening the potential beneficiaries of HER-2-ADC drugs has become a new challenge. However, standardized HER-2 scoring system for urothelial carcinoma has yet to be developed. Thus, the Committees organized experts to reach this expert consensus based on the clinical practice of HER-2 expression, gene amplification and mutation testing in urothelial carcinoma, combined with the current research progress and internal discussion of committee members, in order to construct HER-2 testing standard of urothelial carcinoma and improve the accuracy of interpretation, to guide the clinical application.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/genetics , Consensus , Humans , Receptor, ErbB-2/genetics , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/genetics
12.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 621-628, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888733

ABSTRACT

Multi-gene assays have emerged as crucial tools for risk stratification in early-stage breast cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic significance of the 21-gene recurrence score (RS) in Chinese patients with pN0-1, estrogen receptor-positive (ER


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Female , Humans , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Receptor, ErbB-2/genetics , Receptors, Estrogen
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1569-1575, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887576

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Although de novo stage IV breast cancer is so far incurable, it has entered an era of individualized treatment and chronic disease management. Based on systemic treatment, whether the surgical resection of primary or metastatic foci of de novo stage IV breast cancer can bring survival benefits is currently controversial. We aimed to explore the clinicopathological factors and current status of the management of de novo stage IV breast cancer in China to provide a reference for clinical decisions.@*METHODS@#Based on the assistance of Chinese Society of Breast Surgery, a retrospective study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of patients with de novo stage IV breast cancer in 33 centers from January 2017 to December 2018. The relationship between basic characteristic (age, menstrual status, family history, reproductive history, pathological type, estrogen receptor [ER] status, progesterone receptor [PR] status, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 [HER2] status, Ki-67 percentage, and molecular subtype), and metastasis sites (lung metastasis, liver metastasis, and bone metastasis) was examined by Pearson Chi-square tests.@*RESULTS@#A total of 468 patients with de novo stage IV breast cancer were enrolled. The median age of the enrolled patients was 51.5 years. The most common pathological type of primary lesion was invasive carcinoma (97.1%). Luminal A, luminal B, HER2 overexpressing, and triple-negative subtypes accounted for 14.3%, 51.8%, 22.1%, and 11.8% of all cases, respectively. Age, PR status, and HER2 status were correlated with lung metastasis (χ2 = 6.576, 4.117, and 8.643 and P = 0.037, 0.043, and 0.003, respectively). Pathological type, ER status, PR status, and molecular subtype were correlated with bone metastasis (χ2 = 5.117, 37.511, 5.224, and 11.603 and P = 0.024, <0.001, 0.022, and 0.009, respectively). Age, PR status, HER2 status, Ki-67 percentage, and molecular subtype were correlated with liver metastasis (χ2 = 11.153, 13.378, 10.692, 21.206, and 17.684 and P = 0.004, <0.001, 0.001, <0.001, and 0.001, respectively). Combined treatment with paclitaxel and anthracycline was the most common first-line chemotherapy regimen for patients with de novo stage IV breast cancer (51.7%). Overall, 91.5% of patients used paclitaxel-containing regimens. Moreover, 59.3% of hormone receptor-positive patients underwent endocrine therapy.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In 2018, 1.07% of patients from all studied centers were diagnosed with de novo stage IV breast cancer. This study indicated that 95.1% of patients received systemic therapy and 54.2% of patients underwent surgical removal of the primary lesion in China.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , China , Female , Humans , Mastectomy , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Receptors, Progesterone , Retrospective Studies
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880654

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Clarifying the expression of breast cancer receptor is the key to clinical treatment for breast cancer. This study aims to explore the correlation between X-ray and clinical characteristics of 4 molecular subtypes and their receptor types of breast cancer.@*METHODS@#A total of 439 breast cancer patients who confirmed by pathology and performed X-ray examination were enrolled. The X-ray and clinical characteristics of 4 molecular subtypes and the expression of their receptors were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Luminal A type showed the highest proportion of spiculate masses, and the lowest calcification score, showing significant difference with other 3 subtypes (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#Four molecular subtypes of breast cancer and their receptor expressions are correlated with X-ray and clinical characteristics, which can provide a basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Female , Humans , Receptor, ErbB-2/genetics , Receptors, Estrogen , Receptors, Progesterone , X-Rays
16.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 405-413, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877505

ABSTRACT

The introduction of cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitors has revolutionized the clinical management paradigm of hormone receptor (HR) positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER) 2 negative breast cancer. As of today, CDK 4/6 inhibitors including Palbociclib, Ribociclib, and Abemaciclib have been widely approved by regulatory agencies. Randomized clinical trials demonstrated that CDK 4/6 inhibitors in combination with an aromatase inhibitor (AI) or fulvestrant in the first-, second- or later-line setting for HR positive/HER2 negative locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer led to substantial reduction in the risk of disease progression or death. Adverse effects of treatment were manageable and as or better than expected in terms of patient satisfaction. Considering CDK4/6 inhibitors in combination with endocrine therapy being a novel approach in China clinical practice, the panel developed the consensus comprehensively describing the pharmacology properties, monitoring strategy during treatment and adverse events management, to facilitate greater understanding in Chinese oncologists of a whole new therapeutic class of drug, promote accuracy of clinical decision and help reach the ultimate goal of improving survival and quality of life of the target patient population.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , China , Consensus , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4 , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 6 , Humans , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Quality of Life , Receptor, ErbB-2
17.
Oncol. (Guayaquil) ; 30(3): 237-249, Diciembre 30, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145729

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El tratamiento neodyuvante del cáncer de mama HER2 positivo ha ido evolucionando a través del tiempo, con la implementación de nuevas estrategias de manejo terapéutico. Es de esta manera como el trastuzumab, un anticuerpo monoclonal anti-HER2sigue siendo el tratamiento estándar en este subtipo de cáncer, los primeros estudios en los que se evidencia su eficacia son el realizado por el Dr. Buzdar y el estudio NOAH en los cuales las pacientes alcanzaron mayores tasas de respuesta patológica completa en comparación con quimioterapia sola, así como también un mayor número de cirugías conservadoras de mama en lugar de mastectomía.Con el paso de los años se han ido desarrollando nuevas estrategias de manejo terapéutico, así tenemos el doble bloqueo anti-HER2 con los anticuerpos monoclonales trastuzumab y pertuzumab que han mejorado las tasas de respuesta patológica completa. Además se ha incluido al lapatinib un inhibidor de tirosina quinasa como parte de las terapias dirigidas. Se ha dilucidado si las antraciclinas confieren un beneficio adicional al tratamiento neoadyuvante y los estudios demuestran que el beneficio es el mismo queotros esquemas de quimioterapia. Es en realidad la quimioterapia indispensable en la neoadyuvancia, el estudio PHERGain demuestra que existen pacientes que pueden alcanzar respuesta patológica completa solo con el doble bloqueo anti-her2 (trastuzumab y pertuzumab) lo que evitaría la toxicidad innecesaria por quimioterapia, y se podrían desarrollar estrategias para el manejo de aquellas pacientes que no alcanzaron una respuestapatológica completa posterior al doble bloqueo. Aún queda un campo amplio por explorar y con estudios en curso al momento. Palabras claves:DsCS:Receptor ErbB-2, Trastuzumab, Neoplasias de la Mama, Quimioterapia Adyuvante, Ado-Trastuzumab Emtansina


Introduction:The neodyuvanttreatment of HER2 positive breast cancer has evolved over time, with the implementation of new therapeutic management strategies. It is in this way that trastuzumab, an anti-HER2 monoclonal antibody continues to be the standard treatment in this subtype of cancer, the first studies in which its efficacy is evidenced are the one carried out by Dr. Buzdar and the NOAH study in which patients achieved higher rates of complete pathological response compared to chemotherapy alone, as well as a higher number of breast-conserving surgeries rather than mastectomy.Over the years, new therapeutic management strategies have been developed, thus we have the double anti-HER2 blockade with the monoclonal antibodies trastuzumab and pertuzumab that have improved the ratesof complete pathological response. In addition, lapatinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has been included as part of targeted therapies. It has been elucidated whether anthracyclines confer an additional benefit to neoadjuvant treatment and studies show that the benefit is the same as other chemotherapy regimens.It is actually the essential chemotherapy in neoadjuvant therapy, the PHERGain study shows that there are patients who can achieve a complete pathological response only with the double anti-her2 blockade (trastuzumab and pertuzumab), which would avoid unnecessary toxicity due to chemotherapy, and strategies could be developed for the management of those patients who did not achieve a complete pathological response after double blockade. There is still a wide field to explore and with studies underway at the moment. Keywords:MESH:Receptor, ErbB-2;Trastuzumab; Breast Neoplasms; Chemotherapy, Adjuvant; Ado-Trastuzumab Emtansine


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Trastuzumab , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Ado-Trastuzumab Emtansine
18.
Oncol. (Guayaquil) ; 30(3): 249-279, Diciembre 30, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1222453

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los tumores gliales, dentro de las lesiones neuroepiteliales, son las neoplásicas intraaxiales más comunes. Representan alrededor del 45% de todos los tumores primarios del sistema nervioso central (SNC) y el 77% de todos los tumores primarios malignos del SNC. El promedio de supervivencia media de los pacientes con glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cuando se utiliza el tratamiento multimodal es de 15-18 meses y de 2 a 5 años con gliomas anaplásicos. Los tratamientos convencionales de los tumores cerebrales incluyen cirugía, radioterapia y quimioterapia. El tratamiento quirúrgico representa la primera aproximación para la gran mayoría de tumores cerebrales, sin embargo, la resección total no siempre es alcanzable en relación con la localización del tumor, de vital importancia para preservar estructuras nerviosas o vasculares. Modalidades de tratamiento agresivas han extendido la supervivencia media, pero la supervivencia a menudo se asocia con un deterioro significativo en la calidad de vida. La eficacia de quimioterapia sistémica está limitada por la presencia de la barrera hemato encefálica (BHE), la que limita el paso de una amplia variedad de agentes anti cancerígenos, la acción de los agentes alquilantes, está limitado por la activación de metil-guanina-metil-transferasa. El advenimiento de los estudios moleculares permite una nueva evaluación de la biología de los gliomas con, un nivel de precisión que promete interesantes avances hacia el desarrollo de terapias específicas eficaces. Las terapias dirigidas bloquean la activación de vías oncogénicas, ya sea a nivel de la interacción ligando-receptor o mediante la inhibición vías de transducción de señales, corriente abajo, inhibiendo así el crecimiento y la progresión del cáncer. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue realizar una revisión bibliográfica acerca de los aspectos relacionados con la patogénesis molecular en la progresión de estos tumores en los adultos, y sus potenciales blancos terapéuticos.


Introduction:Glial tumors, within neuroepithelial lesions, are the most common intraaxial neoplastic. They represent about 45% of all primary central nervous system (CNS) tumors and 77% of all malignant primary CNS tumors. The median median survival of patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) when multimodal treatment is used is 15-18 months and 2-5 years with anaplastic gliomas. Conventional treatments for brain tumors include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Surgical treatment represents the first approach for the vast majority of brain tumors; however, total resection is not always achievable in relation to the location of the tumor, which is vitally important to preserve nerve or vascular structures.Aggressive treatment modalities have extended median survival, but survival is often associated with a significant deterioration in quality of life. The efficacy of systemic chemotherapy is limited by the presence of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), which limits the passage of a wide variety of anticancer agents, the action of alkylating agents, is limited by the activation of methyl-guanine-methyltransferase. The advent of molecular studies allows a new evaluation of the biology of gliomas with, a level of precision that promises interesting advances towards the development of effective specific therapies. Targeted therapies block the activation of oncogenic pathways, either at the level of ligand-receptor interaction or by inhibiting downstream signal transduction pathways, thus inhibiting cancer growth and progression.The objective of the present work was to carry out a bibliographic review about the aspects related to the molecular pathogenesis in the progression of these tumors in adults, and their potential therapeutic targets.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Trastuzumab , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Ado-Trastuzumab Emtansine
19.
Oncol. (Guayaquil) ; 30(1): 13-24, Abril. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1140900

ABSTRACT

En el cáncer de mama luminal, la terapia hormonal está indicada en adyuvancia y neoadyuvancia. El estadio metastásico incluye un grupo heterogéneo de tumores que varían de acuerdo con el sitio de metástasis, tiempo de aparición, condición general de las pacientes, entre otras características intrínsecas del tumor. Esto establece tiempos de sobrevida con rangos variables de meses a muchos años. Los estrógenos actúan en receptores de membrana citoplasmática y nuclear: en las células neoplásicas estimulan la transcripción del ARN, con persistencia de la proliferación. El bloqueo de la acción hormonal en el cáncer avanzado encuentra mecanismos de resistencia con el uso de vías de señalización paralelas, este conocimiento ha permitido el desarrollo de inhibidores de CDK 4/6, mTOR y PIK3-CA, que se recomiendan en enfermedad metastásica, con prolongación significativa de la supervivencia global. En crisis visceral aún se mantiene el uso de quimioterapia sistémica secuencial o combinada


For a patient with estrogen receptor positivebreast cancer, the adjuvant and neoadjuvant endocrine therapy has an absolute benefit. The metastatic stage includes a diverse group of tumors that vary according to the site of metastasis, time of appear, general condition of the patients, and other intrinsic characteristics of the tumor. survival in cancer varies according these features, from a few months to many years. Estrogen hormones stimulate nuclear and cytoplasmic receptors. In neoplastic cells, estrogen regulate RNA transcription, with persistence of proliferation. The blocking of hormonal action in metastatic cancer, has resistance mechanisms with the use of parallel signaling pathways, this knowledge has allowed the development of inhibitors of CDK 4/6, mTOR and PIK3-CA, which are recommended in metastatic disease. with significant prolongation of overall survival. In visceral crisis, the use of sequential or combined systemic chemotherapy is still maintained


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Neoplasm Metastasis
20.
Clinics ; 75: e2360, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142774

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: In the Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor-2 (HER2) rs1136201 variant, the presence of the G allele may promote cellular alterations and increase breast cancer risk, in addition to enhanced cellular proliferation, tumor aggressiveness, and metastases. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of the single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) variant, rs1136201, within the HER2 gene in women from the Northeastern region of Brazil and breast cancer risk. METHODS: The study included 140 women who were divided into two groups, case (breast cancer) and control (without breast cancer), with 70 women in each group. Peripheral blood of each woman was drawn for the study of genomic Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) extracted from leukocytes using the genotyping technique by real-time polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: The GG genotype occurred in 1 woman in both groups (1.4%) (p=0.32), while the AG genotype occurred in 19 (27.2%) and 13 (18.6%) women in the case and control (p=1.00) groups, respectively. No statistically significant difference in GG and AG genotypes was observed between the case and control groups in premenopausal women (p=1.00). Furthermore, no significant difference in genotypes was observed between the groups, among postmenopausal women (p=0.14). CONCLUSION: In this study, the HER2 rs1136201 polymorphism did not show any statistically significant association with breast cancer, both in premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Nevertheless, further studies with a larger sample size should be performed to assess the association of HER2 polymorphism with breast cancer risk in women from the Northeastern region of Brazil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Receptor, ErbB-2/genetics , Brazil , Case-Control Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genotype
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