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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(5): 788-794, Sept.-Oct. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407691

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Histological and macroscopic evaluation of the healing process of acute lesions of the femoral rectus muscle using stem cells derived from adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs). Method An experimental study was conducted with 18 hind legs of New Zealand rabbits, which were divided into three study groups according to the intervention to be performed. In group I, no surgical procedure was performed; in group II—SHAN, the experimental lesion was performed without any additional intervention protocol; in group III—Intervention, the addition of ADSCs was performed in the same topography of the experimental lesion. After the proposed period, 2 weeks, the material was collected and submitted to macroscopic and histological evaluation. Results The quantitative analysis showed that the addition of ADSCs is related to the reduction of inflammatory cells in the 2-week evaluation (164.2 cells in group II - SHAN to 89.62 cells in group III - ADSC). The qualitative analysis of the slides with Picrosirius red, noticed an increase in orange/yellow fibers in group III - ADSC, which evidences a final healing process. The macroscopic evaluation found no difference between the groups. Conclusion The use of ADSCs in the treatment of acute muscle injury presented histological advantages when compared to their non-use.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliação histológica e macroscópica do processo de cicatrização das lesões agudas do músculo reto femoral, com utilização de células-tronco derivadas de tecido adiposo (ADSCs, na sigla em inglês). Método Foi realizado um estudo experimental com 18 patas traseiras de coelhos Nova Zelândia, que foram divididos em três nos grupos de estudo de acordo com a intervenção a ser realizada. No grupo I não foi realizado procedimento cirúrgico; no grupo II - SHAN foi realizado a lesão experimental sem nenhum protocolo de intervenção adicional; e no grupo III - Intervenção foi realizado a adição de ADSCs na mesma topografia onde foi realizada a lesão experimental. Após o período proposto, 2 semanas, o material foi coletado, submetido a avaliação macroscópica e histológica. Resultados A análise quantitativa demonstrou que a adição de ADSCs está relacionada com a diminuição de células inflamatórias na avaliação com 2 semanas (164,2 células no grupo II - SHAN para 89,62 células no grupo III - ADSC). A análise qualitativa das lâminas coradas com Picrosírius red demonstrou um aumento das fibras de cor laranja/amarela no grupo III - ADSC, o que evidencia um processo final de cicatrização. A avaliação macroscópica não encontrou diferença entre os grupos. Conclusão A utilização de ADSCs no tratamento de lesão muscular aguda apresentou vantagens histológicas quando comparada a sua não utilização.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Regeneration , Regenerative Medicine , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Muscles , Muscular Diseases
2.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 80(231): 19-23, jul. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392286

ABSTRACT

En el campo de la odontología, prevalecen actualmente alternativas terapéuticas con una filosofía conservadora. Sin embargo, con el advenimiento de los tratamientos con células madre (CM), se amplían las posibilidades terapéuticas, que buscan la combinación y el equilibrio entre la intervención tradicional y las posibilidades de reposición de estructuras anatómicas dañadas, a través de la regeneración de tejidos utilizando células madre o sus derivados (AU)


In the dentistry field, therapeutic alternatives with a conservative philosophy currently prevail. However, with the advent of stem cell (SC) treatments, therapeutic possibilities are expanding, seeking a combination and balance between traditional intervention and the pos- sibility of replacing damaged anatomical structures through tissue regeneration, using stem cells or their derivatives (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Stem Cells , Tissue Engineering , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/physiology , Periodontal Ligament/physiology , Regeneration/physiology , Tooth/cytology , Tooth Germ/physiology , Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use , Bone Regeneration/physiology , Dental Pulp/physiology , Tissue Scaffolds , COVID-19/therapy
3.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e20089, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403760

ABSTRACT

Abstract Regeneration of damaged kidney cells using stem cells is the current research approach in the treatment of chronic renal failure (CRF). In the present study, the histopathological and biochemical techniques were used to evaluate stem cells' (SCs) role in treatment of CRF. Sixty-four rats were divided into eight groups. Group I (GI): rats were injected with doxorubicin (15 mg/kg) to initiate CRF. GII-GVII: rats were injected with doxorubicin and treated with SCs (1x106 MSCs or/and 2x104 HSCs/rat) with/without growth factors extract (200 µL/rat) and/or immunosuppressor (cyclosporine A, 5 mg/kg/day). GVIII: rats treated with PBS (100 µL/kg/day). Levels of creatinine, urea and uric acid were increased in rats sera after injection with doxorubicin, while blood electrolyte levels of Na, K, P and Mg were decreased. Also, histopathological abnormalities such as hyalinized blood vessels, degenerated hyalinized glomerulus tubules and cell debris in the lumen and degeneration of renal tissues were observed in these rats. After treatment with SCs, all these parameters restore their normal values with regeneration of the damaged cells as demonstrated in histopathology of the treated groups. It can be concluded that, the use of SCs in treatment of kidney diseases is a promising approach and needs more efforts.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/diagnosis , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/physiology , Kidney Failure, Chronic/pathology , Regeneration , Urea , Hematopoietic Stem Cells/physiology , Immunosuppressive Agents/adverse effects , Kidney Diseases/pathology
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929146

ABSTRACT

The programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) and its receptor programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) deliver inhibitory signals to regulate immunological tolerance during immune-mediated diseases. However, the role of PD-1 signaling and its blockade effect on human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) differentiation into the osteo-/odontogenic lineage remain unknown. We show here that PD-L1 expression, but not PD-1, is downregulated during osteo-/odontogenic differentiation of hDPSCs. Importantly, PD-L1/PD-1 signaling has been shown to negatively regulate the osteo-/odontogenic differentiation of hDPSCs. Mechanistically, depletion of either PD-L1 or PD-1 expression increased ERK and AKT phosphorylation levels through the upregulation of Ras enzyme activity, which plays a pivotal role during hDPSCs osteo-/odontogenic differentiation. Treatment with nivolumab (a human anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody), which targets PD-1 to prevent PD-L1 binding, successfully enhanced osteo-/odontogenic differentiation of hDPSCs through enhanced Ras activity-mediated phosphorylation of ERK and AKT. Our findings underscore that downregulation of PD-L1 expression accompanies during osteo-/odontogenic differentiation, and hDPSCs-intrinsic PD-1 signaling inhibits osteo-/odontogenic differentiation. These findings provide a significant basis that PD-1 blockade could be effective immunotherapeutic strategies in hDPSCs-mediated dental pulp regeneration.


Subject(s)
B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , Dental Pulp/metabolism , Humans , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/metabolism , Regeneration , Stem Cells
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939857

ABSTRACT

Pulp loss is accompanied by the functional impairment of defense, sensory, and nutrition supply. The approach based on endogenous stem cells is a potential strategy for pulp regeneration. However, endogenous stem cell sources, exogenous regenerative signals, and neovascularization are major difficulties for pulp regeneration based on endogenous stem cells. Therefore, the purpose of our research is to seek an effective cytokines delivery strategy and bioactive materials to reestablish an ideal regenerative microenvironment for pulp regeneration. In in vitro study, we investigated the effects of Wnt3a, transforming growth factor-beta 1, and bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP7) on human dental pulp stem cells (h-DPSCs) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells. 2D and 3D culture systems based on collagen gel, matrigel, and gelatin methacryloyl were fabricated to evaluate the morphology and viability of h-DPSCs. In in vivo study, an ectopic nude mouse model and an in situ beagle dog model were established to investigate the possibility of pulp regeneration by implanting collagen gel loading BMP7. We concluded that BMP7 promoted the migration and odontogenic differentiation of h-DPSCs and vessel formation. Collagen gel maintained the cell adhesion, cell spreading, and cell viability of h-DPSCs in 2D or 3D culture. The transplantation of collagen gel loading BMP7 induced vascularized pulp-like tissue regeneration in vivo. The injectable approach based on collagen gel loading BMP7 might exert promising therapeutic application in endogenous pulp regeneration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 7/pharmacology , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Collagen/pharmacology , Dental Pulp , Dogs , Endothelial Cells , Gelatin , Humans , Methacrylates , Mice , Regeneration , Stem Cells
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939633

ABSTRACT

For the damage and loss of tissues and organs caused by urinary system diseases, the current clinical treatment methods have limitations. Tissue engineering provides a therapeutic method that can replace or regenerate damaged tissues and organs through the research of cells, biological scaffolds and biologically related molecules. As an emerging manufacturing technology, three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting technology can accurately control the biological materials carrying cells, which further promotes the development of tissue engineering. This article reviews the research progress and application of 3D bioprinting technology in tissue engineering of kidney, ureter, bladder, and urethra. Finally, the main current challenges and future prospects are discussed.


Subject(s)
Bioprinting , Regeneration , Technology , Tissue Engineering/methods
7.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 296-300, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936009

ABSTRACT

Sweat gland is one of the important appendage organs of the skin, which plays an important role in thermoregulation and homeostasis maintenance. Sweat glands are damaged and unable to self-repair after burns, resulting in perspiration disorders eventually. However, current clinical strategies cannot restore the function of the damaged sweat glands effectively. Therefore, it is urgent to seek treatments that can promote the regeneration of sweat glands and restore their normal functions. Stem cells have extensive sources, low immunogenicity, high proliferation capacity, and multi-directional differentiation potential, which have become a focus in the field of regenerative medicine. In recent years, a variety of stem cells have been induced to differentiate into sweat gland-like tissue with certain secretory function, which provides treatment direction for sweat gland regeneration after burns in clinic. This article reviews the recent research advances on the application of stem cells in sweat gland regeneration from the perspectives of the manner by which stem cells transform into sweat gland cells in different environments and their influencing factors.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation/physiology , Regeneration/physiology , Skin , Stem Cells , Sweat Glands/physiology
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935830

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of exosomes from mild-inflammation- stimulated human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSC) combined with stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) on dental pulp regeneration in rats. Methods: Primary hDPSCs were isolated, cultured and then stimulated by using lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The exosomes from the hDPSCs with (L-EXO) or without (N-EXO) LPS were extracted by overspeed differential centrifugation and were identified by transmission electron microscopy and Western blotting. Forty SD rats, aged 6-8 weeks, were equally divided into S group (SDF-1 alone), L+S group (L-EXO combined with SDF-1), N+S group (N-EXO combined with SDF-1) and blank control group (no substance implanted into the root canal) by random number table method. Bilateral mandibular first molars were used as the experimental teeth to establish pulpless root canal models and different contents were implanted into the root canals according to the groups. All rats were over-anesthetized and sacrificed at the 30th day after content implantation. Bilateral mandibular tissues were taken for histological evaluation by means of HE, Masson and immunohistochemical stainings. Results: The HE staining showed new pulp-like tissue in the root canals of all three experimental groups. The amount of new tissues and the number of cells in the tissues were greatest in L+S group and least in S group. Masson staining showed that the mineralized tissue in L+S group was arranged longitudinally along the root canal wall and the collagen fibers were arranged in an orderly fashion, while those in N+S group showed an irregular and disordered distribution. Quantitative analysis of the area of neovascularization in each group showed that the density of vessels in the L+S group [(2.03±0.65)%] was significantly higher than that in the S group [(0.65±0.05)%] and the N+S group [(1.06±0.38)%] respectively (F=5.879, P<0.05). Immunohistochemical staining showed that the expression of CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) was significantly lower in S and L+S groups than in N+S group, with a statistically significant difference (F=8.633, P<0.01). Conclusions: Exosomes secreted by hDPSCs combined with SDF-1 might increase the amount of new tissue in the root canal and the density of blood vessels in the tissue. L-EXO showed a stronger effect than N-EXO did. The combination of L-EXO with SDF-1 might result in more regular arrangement of mineralized tissue and collagen fibers in the regenerative tissues.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Dental Pulp , Exosomes , Humans , Lipopolysaccharides , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Regeneration , Stem Cells , Stromal Cells
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935824

ABSTRACT

In recent years, great progress has been made in research on the treatment of pulpitis, mainly due to the rapid development of basic and clinical researches in this field, and some achievement from basic research has been applied in clinical practice. Advances in the diagnostic methods for pulpitis can help the clinicians to recognize the true state of pulpitis more accurately and to adopt the corresponding treatment methods including indirect/direct pulp capping, pulpotomy, pulp regeneration and root canal therapy. The new theory of pulpitis diagnosis and the studies on immune defense, repair function of dental pulp and new pulp capping materials have significantly improved the success rate of vital pulp therapy. For diffuse coronary pulpitis or radicular pulpitis, which is difficult to achieve vital pulp therapy successfully, methods of pulp revascularization, cell homing and pulp stem cells-mediated pulp regeneration can also be used as treatment options in addition to root canal therapy. The present article focuses on the research progress on pulpitis treatments and related clinical transformation practices, in order to provide reference on vital pulp therapy and pulp regeneration for clinicians.


Subject(s)
Dental Pulp , Dental Pulp Capping , Humans , Pulpitis/therapy , Pulpotomy , Regeneration
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935822

ABSTRACT

Regenerative endodontic therapy is a tissue engineering based approach of treatment for endodontic disease. Its purpose is to achieve the regeneration of the pulp-dentin complex, thus to promote root development of the immature permanent tooth with necrotic pulp. Like other treatments based on tissue engineering techniques, the success of regenerative pulp therapy depends on such three elements as seed cells, scaffold materials and growth factors. Since its inception 20 years ago, there have been various terminologies in the literature, with similarities and differences in connotation. The present article summarizes and analyzes the term evolution, biological basis, clinical considerations and future scientific research directions of regenerative endodontics, in order to find out the unsolved scientific problems and to promote the development and standardization of this technique in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Dental Pulp , Dental Pulp Necrosis , Humans , Regeneration , Regenerative Endodontics , Root Canal Therapy , Tissue Engineering
11.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 37(2): e1237, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289429

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En el tejido adiposo se han identificado células madre mesenquimales con capacidad autorrenovadora y multipotencial. Mediante digestión enzimática y centrifugado del lipoaspirado se libera una población heterogénea de células denominada fracción vascular estromal, con innumerables potencialidades terapéuticas en el campo de la medicina regenerativa. Objetivo: Actualizar el alcance de las células madre derivadas de tejido adiposo en la terapia regenerativa. Método: Se revisaron 38 artículos entre los años 2000 y 2019 en las bases de datos Scielo, ScienceDirect, Medline y Pubmed. Desarrollo: Las células de la fracción vascular estromal se caracterizan por su capacidad de generar tejido adiposo y vasos sanguíneos, y por la producción de factores de crecimiento que ayudan en la supervivencia de los adipocitos y la formación de una red vascular. El principal mecanismo de acción de las células madre derivadas de tejido adiposo parece deberse a su acción paracrina y a la sinergia con células endoteliales. En el campo de la medicina regenerativa se han utilizado en el tratamiento de cicatrices patológicas y de fibrosis deformantes con impotencia funcional, en las reconstrucciones de secuelas por cáncer y en el cierre precoz de zonas cruentas. Conclusiones: La lipotransferencia es un procedimiento con un mínimo de complicaciones que constituye una de las opciones terapéuticas más empleadas para corregir defectos en los tejidos, debido a que no solo es un medio de relleno, sino que también permite la regeneración y restauración tisular. La presencia de células madre en el tejido adiposo, unido a su accesibilidad, disponibilidad e histocompatibilidad, ha motivado su aplicación cada vez más expandida en la medicina estética, reconstructiva y regenerativa(AU)


Introduction: Mesenchymal stem cells with self-renewing and multipotential capacity have been identified in adipose tissue. By means of enzymatic digestion and centrifugation of the lipoaspirate a heterogeneous population of cells called vascular stromal fraction is released. It has innumerable therapeutic potentialities in the field of regenerative medicine. Objective: To update the scope of stem cells derived from adipose tissue in regenerative therapy. Method: 38 articles published between 2000 and 2019 in the Scielo, ScienceDirect, Medline and Pubmed databases were reviewed. Development: The cells of the vascular stromal fraction are characterized by generating adipose tissue and blood vessels and by the production of growth factors that help in the survival of adipocytes and the formation of a vascular network. The main mechanism of action of stem cells derived from adipose tissue appears to be due to their paracrine action and synergy with endothelial cells. Stem cells derived from adipose tissue have been used in regenerative medicine for the treatment of pathological scars and deforming fibrosis with functional impotence, in the reconstruction of cancer sequelae and in the early closure of bloody areas. Conclusions: Lipotransfer is a procedure with a minimum of complications that constitutes one of the most widely used therapeutic options to correct tissue defects, since it is not only a filling medium, but also allows tissue regeneration and restoration. The presence of stem cells in adipose tissue, together with their accessibility, availability and histocompatibility, has motivated their increasingly widespread application in aesthetic, reconstructive and regenerative medicine(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Regeneration , Centrifugation , Adipocytes , Regenerative Medicine , Mesenchymal Stem Cells
13.
Cambios rev. méd ; 20(1): 87-93, 30 junio 2021. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292972

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. Los defectos de la fosa poplítea suponen un desafío reconstructivo para el cirujano plástico, dada la relación íntima de esta área con la articulación de la rodilla y la neurovasculatura vital subyacente. El propósito de éste informe fie compartir la experiencia en la utilización de un colgajo fasciocutaneode la arteria safena. CASO CLÍNICO. Paciente de 5 años de edad que sufrió quemadura térmica en miembros inferiores con dos años y medio de evolución, ameritó injertos, presentó contractura por tejido cicatricial en fosa poplítea, dificultó la deambulación y desarrollo neuro osteomuscular. Se realizó reconstrucción de la fosa poplítea con colgajo fasciocutáneo de la arteria safena. RESULTADOS. El colgajo fasciocutáneo de la arteria safena dio cobertura al defecto en fosa poplítea izquierda tras retiro del tejido cicatricial que producía contractura, limitaba la marcha y el desarrollo neuro osteo-muscular. Seis meses postquirúrgicos brindó cobertura cutánea definitiva y estable en el área crítica, que permitió la deambulación con movimientos de extensión y flexión de rodilla conservados. DISCUSIÓN. Este colgajo al igual que en otros estudios que respaldan su ejecución brindó excelentes resultados en defectos de partes blandas a nivel de la articulación de la rodilla. CONCLUSIÓN. El colgajo fasciocutáneo de la arteria safena demostró utilidad para la reconstrucción del defecto de la fosa poplítea, posibilitó una cobertura definitiva, funcional y estética, restableció los ángulos de movilidad y favoreció el desarrollo pondoestatural del paciente.


INTRODUCTION. Defects of the popliteal fossa pose a reconstructive challenge for the plastic surgeon, because of the intimate relation of this area with the knee joint and the near vital neurovasculature; the purpose of this report was to share the experience of using a fasciocutaneous flap of the saphenous artery. CLINICAL CASE. A 5 year old patient who suffered thermal burn in lower limbs with two and a half years of evolution, he nedeed grafts and presented tissue contracture because the scar in the popliteal fossa hindered ambulation and neuro-osteomuscular growth. Reconstruction of the popliteal fossa was made it with a fasciocutaneous flap of the saphenous artery. RESULTS. The fasciocutaneous flap of the saphenous artery covered the defect in the left popliteal fossa after removal of the scar tissue that caused contracture, limited to walk and growth. Six months after surgery the flap provided definitive and secure skin coverage in the critical area, which allowed to walk with preserved knee extension and flexion movements. DISCUSSION. This flap was useful for the recons-truction of the defect of the popliteal fossa and provided excellent results in soft tissue defects in this area of the knee joint. CONCLUSION. The fasciocutaneous flap of the saphenous artery proved useful for the reconstruction of the popliteal fossa defect, it permited a definitive, functional and esthetic coverage, reestablished the angles of mobility and helped with the patient growth


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Arteries , Regeneration , Surgical Flaps , Burns , Lower Extremity/injuries , Pediatrics , Child Development , Skin Transplantation , Motor Skills Disorders , Knee , Knee Joint
14.
Rev. biol. trop ; 69(2)jun. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1387637

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Se han realizado múltiples estudios en bosques afectados por huracanes, pero la información obtenida para Costa Rica es escasa, o nula en el caso de impactos directos como lo fue Otto, por lo que es necesario ampliar el conocimiento que se tiene acerca de los efectos de estos fenómenos en bosques tropicales y los mecanismos de recuperación de estos biomas. Consecuentemente se vuelve necesario identificar la vulnerabilidad de los ecosistemas a largo plazo y cuantificar las pérdidas que se generan a diferentes escalas, producto de los intensos eventos pluviales y los fuertes vientos. Objetivo: Determinar el comportamiento y estado de la recuperación en un bosque secundario afectado directamente por el huracán Otto en Boca Tapada, Pital, San Carlos, Costa Rica. Métodos: Se establecieron 10 unidades de muestreo de 20 x 50 m distribuidas de forma sistemática dentro de un bosque secundario afectado por el huracán Otto en Boca Tapada de San Carlos. Se evaluó la condición actual del bosque, se identificaron las especies que más daño recibieron por consecuencia de los fuertes vientos, así como las que poseen capacidad de recuperarse a través de rebrotes. Se realizó un sobrevuelo con un vehículo no tripulado, y se construyó un ortomosaico que fue posteriormente digitalizado y clasificado de acuerdo con el estado de la cobertura forestal presente en tres tiempos evaluados, condición inicial, después del aprovechamiento forestal y la condición al momento de realizado el muestreo. Se comparó la densidad poblacional, diversidad y área basal con lo presentado para un bosque primario aledaño al sitio de estudio, que también fue afectado por el paso del huracán Otto. Resultados: Se obtuvo que un 69.5 % de los individuos con d ≥ 5 cm se encuentran en buen estado, un 20.3 % fue descopado y un 12.7 % inclinado sin exposición de raíces. La familia que más riqueza de especies aporta es Fabaceae, esta misma es la que más abundancia de individuos dañados posee y la que presentó mayor cantidad de especies con capacidad de rebrotar. La especie que más daños sufrió fue Couma macrocarpa (Euphorbiaceae). El área de cobertura boscosa inicial fue afectada en un 7,63 % por el aprovechamiento forestal, y en un 44.25 % por el paso del huracán Otto. Se determinó que existen diferencias significativas en la diversidad de especies (P = 0.0004; α = 0.05) y en la densidad de individuos (P = 0.0011; α = 0.05), el bosque secundario es quien posee la mayor media. No se presentaron diferencias significativas en los valores de área basal (P = 0.6951; α = 0.05). Conclusiones: Un 30,5 % de la masa forestal fue afectada por el paso del huracán Otto y la familia Fabaceae representa un papel importante en la recuperación del bosque. Además, el aprovechamiento forestal en un bosque puede aumentar el riesgo de afectación por el paso de huracanes y el bosque secundario posee mayor diversidad de especies y mayor densidad de individuos que el bosque primario.


Abstract Introduction: Multiple studies have been carried out in forests affected by hurricanes, but the information obtained for Costa Rica is scarce or null, in the case of direct impacts such as Otto, so it is necessary to expand the existing knowledge about the effects of these phenomena on tropical forests and the recovery mechanisms of these biomes. Consequently, it is necessary to identify the vulnerability of ecosystems in long term and quantify the losses that are generated at different scales, as a result of the intense events of rain and strong winds. Objective: Determining behavior and recovery status in a secondary forest directly affected by Hurricane Otto in Boca Tapada, Pital, San Carlos, Costa Rica. Methods: Ten 20 x 50 m sampling units were systematically distributed within a secondary forest affected by Hurricane Otto in Boca Tapada, San Carlos. The current condition of the forest was evaluated, the species that received the most damage due to high winds were identified, as well as those that have the capacity to recover through regrowths. An overflight was carried out with an unmanned aerial vehicle and an orthomosaic was constructed, subsequently digitized, and classified according to the state of the forest cover presented in three evaluated moments, initial condition, after logging and the condition at the time of sampling. Population density, diversity, and basal area, were compared to data obtained in an adjacent primary forest also affected by the passage of Hurricane Otto. Results: It was obtained that 69.5 % of individuals with d ≥ 5 cm are in good condition, 20.3 % were broken in the tree canopy and 12.7% inclined without exposure of the roots. The family that provided the greatest species richness is Fabaceae, which is the same with the greatest abundance of damaged individuals and the one with the highest number of species with the ability to resprouting. The species that suffered the most damage was Couma macrocarpa (Euphorbiaceae). The initial area of forest cover was reduced by 7.63 % due to logging and 44.25 % due to Hurricane Otto. It was determined that there are significant differences in species diversity (P = 0.0004; α = 0.05) and in the density of individuals (P = 0.0011; α = 0.05). The secondary forest has the highest average in both cases. There are no significant differences in the values of the basal area (P = 0.6951; α = 0.05). Conclusions: 30.5 % of the forest mass was affected by the passage of Hurricane Otto and the Fabaceae family plays an important role in forest recovery. In addition, forest harvesting in a forest can increase the risk of being affected by the passage of hurricanes and the secondary forest has a greater diversity of species and a higher density of individuals than the primary forest.


Subject(s)
Regeneration , Forests , Costa Rica , Cyclonic Storms
15.
Rev. biol. trop ; 69(2)jun. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1387632

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El banco de semillas en el suelo es uno de los indicadores ecológicos más importantes para la evaluación y monitoreo de recuperación de ecosistemas degradados. Así mismo, actualmente indicadores ecológicos de restauración son usados en áreas afectadas por la ruptura de la represa de relaves de Fundão en Mariana, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Objetivo: En este estudio se evaluó la variación de la riqueza, composición de especies, densidad y parámetros fitosociológicos del banco de semillas en dos profundidades de relaves mineros en Mariana, municipio de Mariana, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Métodos: Se recolectaron 15 muestras por nivel de profundidad, en la capa superior (Profundidad1, P1 = 0-2.5 cm) y capa inferior (Profundidad2, P2 = 2.5-5.0 cm) del relave de minería para examinar el banco de semillas viable, que luego se colocó en un invernadero para la germinación. Posteriormente se contaron e identificaron semanalmente todos los individuos de cada especie durante un período de seis meses. Resultados: Se demostró que existe un banco de semillas en las capas superficiales de relaves mineros acumulados en las áreas afectadas de Mariana, con una marcada diferencia entre profundidades en términos de riqueza de especies y densidad de individuos. Se observó una mayor riqueza y número de individuos en P1, (1 165 semillas germinadas), pertenecientes a 18 familias y 47 especies, en comparación a P2 (197 individuos), pertenecientes a 12 familias y 23 especies. El banco de semillas de la capa P1 está influenciado por la lluvia de semillas del bosque cercano. Por otro lado, el banco de semillas de P2, puede ser característico de los relaves mineros. Conclusiones: El banco de semillas estudiado puede tener efectos positivos sobre la recuperación en el área de estudio, debido a la alta proporción de especies nativas, pioneras y anemocóricas típicas de etapas iniciales de sucesión secundaria.


Abstract Introduction: The soil seed bank is one of the most important ecological indicators for evaluating and monitoring the resilience of degraded ecosystems. Likewise, ecological restoration indicators are currently used in areas affected by the rupture of the Fundão tailings dam in Mariana, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Objective: To evaluate the seed bank at two depths of areas affected by mining tailings, Mariana municipality, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Methods: 15 samples (40 × 40 cm) were collected per level of depth, in the upper layer (Depth1, P1 = 0-2.5 cm), and lower layer (Depth2, P2 = 2.5-5.0 cm) of the mining tailings to survey the viable seed bank, which was later placed in a greenhouse for germination and seedling identification. The samples were placed in plastic trays to germinate in the nursery, then counted and identified weekly for six months. Results: The results showed that there is a seed bank in the surface layers of accumulated mining tailings in the affected areas of Mariana, with a marked difference between depths in terms of species richness and density of individuals. Higher species richness and number of individuals were observed in P1, (1 165 germinated seeds), belonging to 18 families and 47 species, in comparison to P2 (197 individuals), belonging to 12 families and 23 species. Probably the seed bank of layer P1 is influenced by the rain of seeds from the nearby forest. On the other hand, the P2 seed bank can be characteristic of mining tailings. Conclusions: Seed bank patterns can have positive effects on forest resilience at the local-scale, due to the high proportion of native, pioneer and anemochorical species of early successional stages.


Subject(s)
Seed Bank/trends , Mining , Regeneration , Brazil , Seed Dispersal
16.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 10(2): 1-7, abr. 30, 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1381603

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Clinicians tend to encounter unfavorable situations in the treatment of teeth with severe attachment loss. Periodontal regeneration has been a successful therapeutic approach in treatments that require a long-term prognosis improvement. This case shows the benefits of combined regenerative periodontal therapy in a patient with a molar severely compromised by furcation, intrabony defects and attachment loss to the apex. Case Report: The clinical case included an endo-periodontal, class III furcation and intrabony defects in a generalized periodontitis, Stage III Grade C patient. After non-surgical periodontal treatment and re-evaluation, a full-thickness flap and surgical debridement were performed. Dental root surface was treated with EDTA and enamel matrix derivatives and the defects were filled with allograft and platelet-rich fibrin, additionally a collagen membrane was applied over the graft. After a 12-month follow-up there was a resolution of the intrabony defects and periodontal regeneration. Clinical and radiographic evaluation also showed the partial resolution of the class III furcation defect. Conclusion: Combined periodontal regeneration can be a therapeutic approach to improve the prognosis and prevent the extraction of molars severely compromised by furcation, intrabony defects and attachment loss to the apex.


Introducción: Los clínicos tienden a encontrar situaciones desfavorables en el tratamiento de dientes por pérdida de inserción severa. La regeneración periodontal ha sido un enfoque terapéutico exitoso en tratamientos que requieren una mejora del pronóstico a largo plazo. Este caso demuestra los beneficios de la terapia periodontal regenerativa combinada en un paciente con un molar gravemente comprometido por furcación, defectos intraóseos y por pérdida de inserción hasta el ápice. Reporte de caso: El caso clínico incluyó un defecto endoperiodontal, furcación clase III y defectos intraóseos en una Periodontitis estadio III generalizada grado C. Tras el tratamiento periodontal no quirúrgico y la reevaluación, se realizó un colgajo de espesor total y un desbridamiento quirúrgico. La superficie de la raíz dental se trató con EDTA y derivados de la matriz de esmalte y los defectos se rellenaron con aloinjerto y fibrina rica en plaquetas, adicionalmente se aplicó una membrana de colágeno sobre el injerto. Después de un seguimiento de 12 meses hubo resolución de los defectos intraóseos y regeneración periodontal. La evaluación clínica y radiográfica también mostró la resolución parcial del defecto de furcación de clase III. Conclusión: La regeneración periodontal combinada puede ser un abordaje terapéutico para mejorar el pronóstico y prevenir la extracción de molares severamente comprometidos por furcación, por defectos y hasta el ápice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Guided Tissue Regeneration, Periodontal , Furcation Defects/therapy , Periodontitis , Regeneration , Periodontal Attachment Loss , Platelet-Rich Fibrin
17.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 10(2): 1-9, abr. 30, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1381731

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the cytotoxicity and effects of graphene oxide (GO) on cellular proliferation of gingival-fibroblasts, pulp-dental cells and human osteoblasts in culture, and to determine the physical, mechanical and biological properties of poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) enriched with GO. Material and Methods: The GO was characterized with SEM. Cytotoxicity and cell proliferation were determined by the MTT bioassay. The physical mechanical tests (flexural strength and elastic modulus) were carried out with a universal testing machine. Sorption and solubility were determined by weighing before and after drying and immersion in water. Porosity was evaluated by visual inspection. Data were analyzed with Student's t-test and Tukey's posthoc ANOVA. Results: The GO has a heterogeneous morphology and a particle size of 66.67±64.76 µm. GO has a slight to no-cytotoxicity (>50-75% viability) at 1-30 days, and at 24 hours incubation of PMMA with GO significantly stimulates osteoblasts (45±8%, p<0.01). The physical and mechanical properties of PMMA with GO increase considerably without altering sorption, solubility and porosity. Conclusion: GO alone or with PMMA has an acceptable biocompatibility, could contribute to cell proliferation, cell regeneration and improve the physical mechanical properties of PMMA.


Objective: To determine the cytotoxicity and effects of graphene oxide (GO) on cellular proliferation of gingival-fibroblasts, pulpdental cells and human osteoblasts in culture, and to determine the physical, mechanical and biological properties of poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) enriched with GO. Material and Methods: T he G O w as c haracterized with SEM. Cytotoxicity and cell proliferation were determined by the MTT bioassay. The physical-mechanical tests (flexural strength and elastic modulus) were carried out with a universal testing machine. Sorption and solubility were determined by weighing before and after drying and immersion in water. Porosity was evaluated by visual inspection. Data were analyzed with Student's t-test and Tukey's post-hoc ANOVA. Results: The GO has a heterogeneous morphology and a particle size of 66.67±64.76 ?m. GO has a slight to no-cytotoxicity (>50-75% viability) at 1-30 days, and at 24 hours incubation of PMMA with GO significantly stimulates osteoblasts (45±8%, p<0.01). The physical and mechanical properties of PMMA with GO increase considerably without altering sorption, solubility and porosity. Conclusion: GO alone or with PMMA has an acceptable biocompatibility, could contribute to cell proliferation, cell regeneration and improve the physical-mechanical properties of PMMA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biocompatible Materials , Polymethyl Methacrylate/chemistry , Graphite/chemistry , Osteoblasts , Oxides , Regeneration , Biological Assay , Cell Proliferation , Flexural Strength
18.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 577-583, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887693

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to explore the roles of arachidonic acid cytochrome P450ω hydroxylase CYP4A14 in skeletal muscle regeneration after injury. Wild-type (WT) control mice and Cyp4a14 knockout (A14


Subject(s)
Animals , Arachidonic Acid , Cytochromes , Gene Knockout Techniques , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Knockout , Mixed Function Oxygenases , Muscle, Skeletal , Regeneration
19.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(6): 522-531, dic. 31, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178951

ABSTRACT

Three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting of cells is an emerging area of research but has not been explored yet in the context of periodontal tissue engineering. Objetive: This study reports on the optimization of the 3D bioprinting scaffolds and tissues used that could be applied clinically to seniors for the regenerative purpose to meet individual patient treatment needs. Material and Methods: We methodically explored the printability of various tissues (dentin pulp stem/progenitor cells, periodontal ligament stem/progenitor cells, alveolar bone stem/progenitor cells, advanced platelet-rich fibrin and injected platelet-rich fibrin) and scaffolds using 3D printers pertaining only to periodontal defects. The influence of different printing parameters with the help of scaffold to promote periodontal regeneration and to replace the lost structure has been evaluated. Results: This systematic evaluation enabled the selection of the most suited printing conditions for achieving high printing resolution, dimensional stability, and cell viability for 3D bioprinting of periodontal ligament cells. Conclusion: The optimized bioprinting system is the first step towards the reproducible manufacturing of cell laden, space maintaining scaffolds for the treatment of periodontal lesions.


La bioimpresión tridimensional (3D) de células es un área emergente de investigación, pero aún no se ha explorado en el contexto de la ingeniería de tejidos periodontales. Objetivo: Este estudio informa sobre la optimización de los tejidos y andamios de bioimpresión 3D utilizados que podrían aplicarse a personas mayores en el entorno clínico con fines regenerativos para satisfacer las necesidades de tratamiento de cada paciente. Material y Métodos: Exploramos metódicamente la capacidad de impresión de varios tejidos (células madre / progenitoras de la pulpa de dentina, células madre / progenitoras del ligamento periodontal, células madre / progenitoras de hueso alveolar, fibrina rica en plaquetas avanzada y fibrina rica en plaquetas inyectada) y andamios utilizando impresoras 3D que pertenecen solo a defectos periodontales. Se ha evaluado la influencia de diferentes parámetros de impresión con la ayuda de andamios para promover la regeneración periodontal y reemplazar la estructura perdida. Resultados: Esta evaluación sistemática permitió la selección de las condiciones de impresión más adecuadas para lograr una alta resolución de impresión, estabilidad dimensional y viabilidad celular para la bioimpresión 3D de células del ligamento periodontal. Conclusión: El sistema de bioimpresión optimizado es el primer paso hacia la fabricación reproducible de andamios de mantenimiento de espacio cargados de células para el tratamiento de lesiones periodontales


Subject(s)
Humans , Tissue Engineering/methods , Bioprinting/methods , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Periodontal Diseases/therapy , Regeneration , Stem Cells
20.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 48: 95-100, nov. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254838

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: An efficient regeneration protocol is a priority for the successful application of plant biotechnology. Grape nodal explants were used to develop a micropropagation protocol for Thompson Seedless and Taify cvs. Explants were cultured on MS medium supplemented with Kinetin or benzylaminopurine (BA) and indolebutyric acid (IBA). RESULTS: For both cultivars, axillary buds were grown, only, on a medium enriched with kinetin, moreover, shoot tip necrosis and callus formation were observed on Thompson Seedless cv. cultures grown on a medium with BA. Supplementing the growth medium with 100 mM (boron) B and 2.5 mM (calcium) Ca successfully help overcome these phenomena. The highest regenerated shoot numbers (14 and 6.2 explant 1 ) for Taify and Thompson Seedless cvs., respectively, were on media supplemented with 13.2 mM BA + 4.9 mM IBA and BA 13.2 mM + 5.8 mM IBA, respectively. Moreover, these media supported the developing shoots to have the heaviest dry weights (1.46 and 0.72 mg explant 1 ) for Taify and Thompson Seedless cvs., respectively. Thompson Seedless cv. regenerated shoot numbers and their dry weights were significantly increased by increasing the MS medium PO4 concentration. However, these two parameters were significantly decreased for Taify cv. Developing shoots were elongated and rooted on MS medium enriched with 4.9 mM, IBA 100 mM B and 2.5 mM Ca. Plantlets were acclimatized and successfully transferred to the greenhouse conditions. CONCLUSIONS: A novel promising protocol for Thomson Seedless and Taify cvs. micropropagation using single nodes has been developed.


Subject(s)
Phosphates/chemistry , Boron/chemistry , Calcium/chemistry , Vitis/growth & development , Regeneration , Biotechnology , Plant Shoots , Necrosis/prevention & control
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