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1.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 11(1,n.esp): 196-198, ago. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1116669

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Discutir medidas preventivas, de detecção precoce e estabelecimento de barreiras, no escopo gerencial do trabalho do enfermeiro responsável técnico do serviço de hemodiálise crônica, contra a COVID-19. Método: Trata-se de um artigo de reflexão, que aborda o trabalho do enfermeiro gestor para enfrentamento a pandemia causada pelo coronavírus. Resultados: O enfermeiro gestor do serviço assume as diretrizes relacionadas a equipe de enfermagem, ao manejo clínico dos pacientes e monitoramento do ambiente físico. Organizar esse fluxo ambulatorial para todos envolvidos, é estabelecer uma barreira efetiva para tratamento precoce e prevenção de danos. Conclusão: O aporte teórico da Qualidade em Saúde, no item da Segurança do Paciente e as diretrizes técnicas das Sociedades de Especialistas em Nefrologia oferecem o subsídio teórico para enfrentar a pandemia no âmbito da gestão da enfermagem, mas o alcance dessas ações será efetivado no exercício profissional da enfermagem. (AU)


Objective: This paper's aim is to discuss measures of detection and prevention, in the scope of a nurse manager technician responsible for the chronic Hemodialysis service, against COVID-19. Method: This paper describes how a nurse manager should exercise their position in order to face the pandemic caused by the coronavirus. Results: The nurse manager that is responsible for this service will be held accountable for the correct following of the guidelines that are related to their team, the handling of patients and monitoring of their work environment. Conclusion: Organizing these outpatient shifts is essential to ensure an effective barrier for early treatment and general damage prevention in this context. The theoretical contribution of Quality in Healthcare in the entry of Patient Safety and the technical guidelines of the Nephrology Specialists' society offer the theoretical background and support to face the pandemic within the scope of nursing management. (AU)


Objetivo: Discutir las medidas preventivas, la detección temprana y el establecimiento de barreras, dentro del alcance administrativo del trabajo de la enfermera a cargo del servicio de hemodiálisis crónica, contra COVID-19. Método: este es un artículo reflexivo que aborda el trabajo del gerente de enfermería para enfrentar la pandemia causada por el coronavirus. Resultados: La enfermera administradora de servicios asume las pautas relacionadas con el equipo de enfermería, el manejo clínico de los pacientes y el monitoreo del entorno físico. Organizar este flujo ambulatorio para todos los involucrados es establecer una barrera efectiva para el tratamiento temprano y la prevención de daños. Conclusión: El aporte teórico de Calidad en Salud, en el ítem de Seguridad del Paciente y las directrices técnicas de las Sociedades de Especialistas en Nefrología ofrecen el apoyo teórico para enfrentar la pandemia en el ámbito del manejo de enfermería, pero el alcance de estas acciones será efectivo en el ejercicio profesional de enfermería. (AU)


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections , Renal Dialysis , Nursing , Education , Patient Safety
2.
J. Hum. Growth Dev. (Impr.) ; 30(2): 251-259, May-Aug. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1114933

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUNG: Chronic kidney disease is directly related to cardiovascular disorders. Guided physical exercises significantly improve the adverse effects of dialytic treatmentOBJECTIVE: To analyze changes in biochemical parameters of subjects with chronic kidney disease undergoing moderate exercise during hemodialysisMETHODS: This is an experimental study composed of 54 subjects submitted to hemodialysis, split into a control group and a group with intervention. The experimental group underwent three weekly sessions of aerobic exercise, performed during hemodialysis sessions, with a duration of 30 minutes, for 12 weeks. The blood parameters of both groups were comparedRESULTS: Statistically significant differences were observed between pre (p=0.001) and post-exercise protocol for urea (p=0.006), calcium (p=0.001), alanine aminotransferase (p=0.020) and sodium (p=<0.001). In the control group, we observed significant differences for the calcium variable (p<0.001), alanine aminotransferase (p=0.024), hematocrit (p=0.015), calcium vs phosphorus (p=0.018), and sodium (p=0.023), before and after the periodCONCLUSION: Aerobic training during hemodialysis was able to maintain blood level stability in patients with chronic kidney disease, both during and at the end of the protocol, even considering increased blood flow. This trial is registered in the Brazilian registry of clinical Trials - number RBR-7354r6. : July 5, 2018 at 12:59 PM. : July 24, 2018 at 10:24 AM. Identification of the test - UTN Number: U1111-1216-8272


INTRODUÇÃO: A doença renal crônica está diretamente relacionada a distúrbios cardiovasculares. Exercícios físicos guiados melhoram significativamente os efeitos adversos do tratamento dialíticoOBJETIVO: Analisar as alterações nos parâmetros bioquímicos de indivíduos com doença renal crônica submetidos a exercícios moderados durante a hemodiáliseMÉTODO: Este é um estudo experimental composto por 54 indivíduos submetidos à hemodiálise, divididos em um grupo controle e um grupo com intervenção. O grupo experimental passou por três sessões semanais de exercício aeróbico, realizadas durante as sessões de hemodiálise, com duração de 30 minutos, por 12 semanas. Os parâmetros sanguíneos de ambos os grupos foram comparadosRESULTADOS: Diferenças estatisticamente significativas foram observadas entre o protocolo pré (p=0,001) e pós-exercício para urea (p=0,006), cálcio (p=0,001), alanina aminotransferase (p=0,020) e sódio (p=&0.001). No grupo controle, observamos diferenças significativas para a variável cálcio (p<0.001), alanina aminotransferase (p=0,024), hematócrito (p=0,015), cálcio vs fósforo (p=0,018) e sódio (p=0,023), antes e depois do períodoCONCLUSÃO: O treinamento aeróbico durante a hemodiálise foi capaz de manter a estabilidade do nível sanguíneo em pacientes com doença renal crônica, tanto durante quanto no final do protocolo, considerando mesmo o aumento do fluxo sanguíneo. Este ensaio está registrado no registro brasileiro de Ensaios Clínicos - número RBR-7354r6. Data de inscrição: 5 de julho de 2018 às 12h59. : 24 de julho de 2018 às 10h24. Identificação do teste - UTN Número: U1111-1216-8272


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Renal Circulation , Exercise , Longitudinal Studies , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
3.
Notas enferm. (Córdoba) ; 20(35): 5-12, jun. 2020. graf.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BDENF, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1119029

ABSTRACT

Esta investigación tuvo por objetivo describir las características de los pacientes trasplantados renales con retraso en la función del injerto. Estudio descriptivo, transversal y observacional. Población: trasplantados renales asistidos en el Instituto de Cardiología de Corrientes entre 2016 y 2018 que cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. Se utilizó formulario de elaboración propia; los datos se obtuvieron de revisión de historias clínicas. La información recolectada se analizó mediante programa informático Epidat_4.2. Se contó con el aval del comité de la institución. Se estudiaron 61 pacientes trasplantados; 43% pertenecía a donantes vivos y 57% a cadavéricos. El 66% de donantes cadavéricos tuvo retraso de la función del injerto, los de donantes vivos no lo presentaron. En cuanto al sexo 48% de los varones presentaron retraso en la función; en las mujeres fue el 28%. En edad de los pacientes, la media fue de 40,6 años ± 15,7; se observó mayor frecuencia de retrasos de la función en el grupo etario de 31 a 50 años con 44%. En cuanto al estado nutricional 17% que se encontraba con sobrepeso y 48% con bajo peso presentaron retraso de la función del injerto. Según los años en diálisis pre trasplante el 65% de aquellos con 4 a 7 años de diálisis presentaron retraso en la función del injerto. Según tiempo de isquemia fría del órgano trasplantado, 52% presentó retraso en la función del injerto cuando el tiempo fue mayor a 15 horas. En requerimiento de diálisis pos-operatorio, el 66% presentó retraso en la función del injerto y pertenecían a donantes cadavéricos. En índice de resistencia vascular renal en las primeras 24hs, el 65% con retraso de la función del injerto presentó índice patológico. En conclusión, sexo masculino, grupo etario de 31 a 50 años, tener alterado el estado nutricional, haberse dializado pre trasplante entre 4 a 7 años, padecer un tiempo prolongado de isquemia fría > 15 horas y presentar un índice de resistencia vascular renal patológico, son características presentes; en trasplantados renales con retraso en la función del injerto; y requieren ser tenidos en cuenta cuando se planean estas cirugías[AU]


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Postoperative Period , Nutritional Status , Renal Dialysis , Kidney Transplantation , Delayed Graft Function/physiopathology , Cold Ischemia
4.
Rev. Col. méd. cir ; 159(1): 3-8, abr 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1096974

ABSTRACT

La Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS),declaró el 11 de marzo de 2020, la COVID-19 como una pandemia. Aun cuando se observa el crecimiento epidemiológico de esta pandemia, al momento no contamos con un protocolo de manejo de los pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica y trasplante renal que sean afectados por esta enfermedad. Los miembros del Departamento de Nefrología y Trasplante del Hospital General San Juan de Dios de Guatemala, desarrollaron este documento con la finalidad de establecer guías de manejo de los pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Betacoronavirus , Patient Isolation/methods , Tissue Donors , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Chloroquine/therapeutic use , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Interferons/therapeutic use , Pandemics/prevention & control
5.
Rev. bras. promoç. saúde (Impr.) ; 33: 1-10, 03/01/2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1099875

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar o uso de medicamentos por automedicação em pacientes renais crônicos hemodialíticos. Métodos: Estudo quantitativo, descritivo e transversal, realizado em um centro de tratamento hemodialítico, na região Sudoeste da Bahia, em março de 2015, por meio da aplicação de formulário contendo variáveis sociodemográficas, clínicas e farmacoterapêuticas de 170 pacientes. A amostra compôs-se de pacientes em tratamento hemodialítico crônico há mais de um ano, com idade maior ou igual a 18 anos. Utilizou-se o Epidata 3.1 como banco de dados. Realizou-se análise descritiva e empregou-se o método de regressão logística binária, usado para avaliar a associação entre automedicação e variáveis independentes, utilizando o programa SPSS, versão 21.0. Resultados: Dos participantes, 64,1% (109) eram homens, com idade média de 50,5 anos (± 14,9); 57% (98) possuíam renda menor que um salário mínimo; 20% (34) nunca estudaram; 48,2% (82) estavam dialisando em período de um a cinco anos e 92,9% (158) não possuíam plano de saúde. Contabilizaram-se 104 medicamentos utilizados por automedicação, com destaque para o calcitriol (9,6%) e a clonidina (6,7%). Verificou-se que pacientes com maior escolaridade (OR=1,32; IC95%=1,32-28,72) e que usam sobra de medicamentos em casa (OR=22,48; IC95%=6,53-77,38) têm mais chances de se automedicar. Conclusão: Há baixa frequência de automedicação na população de renais crônicos investigada, sendo associada ao uso de medicamentos guardados em casa e à baixa escolaridade.


Objective: To analyze self-medication in chronic kidney disease patients on hemodialysis. Methods: A quantitative descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at a hemodialysis center in Southwestern Bahia in March 2015 using a form to collect sociodemographic, clinical and drug therapy data from 170 patients in March 2015. The sample comprised patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis treatment for over one year aged 18 years or older. Epidata 3.1 was used as a database. Descriptive analysis was performed and binary logistic regression was used to check for associations between self-medication and independent variables using the SPSS software version 21.0. Results: In all, 64.1% (109) of the participants were men and the mean age was 50.5 years (±14.9). 57% (98) of the participants earned less than one minimum wage, 20% (34) had never studied, 48.2% (82) had been on dialysis for one to five years, and 92.9% (158) had no health insurance. We confirmed self-medication of 104 drugs, particularly calcitriol (9.6%) and clonidine (6.7%). Patients with higher levels of education (OR=1.32; 95%CI=1.32-28.72) and those who use leftover drugs at home (OR=22.48; 95%CI=6.53-77.38) were more likely to self-medicate. Conclusion: The rate of self-medication in chronic kidney disease patients is low and it is associated with the use of drugs stored at home and low levels of education.


Objetivo: Analizar el uso de medicamentos por automedicación de pacientes renales crónicos en hemodiálisis. Métodos: Estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo y transversal realizado en un centro de tratamiento de hemodiálisis de la región Sudoeste de Bahía en marzo de 2015 a través de la aplicación de un formulario con variables sociodemográficas, clínicas y de tratamiento farmacológico de 170 pacientes. La muestra ha sido de pacientes en tratamiento de hemodiálisis desde hace más de un año con edad mayor o igual a 18 años. Se utilizó el Epidata 3.1 para el banco de datos. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo y se utilizó el método de regresión logística binaria para evaluar la asociación entre la automedicación y las variables independientes con el programa SPSS, versión 21.0. Resultados: Entre los participantes, el 64,1% (109) era hombres con edad media de 50,5 años (± 14,9); el 57% (98) tenía renta de menos de un sueldo mínimo; el 20% (34) nunca ha estudiado; el 48,2% (82) realizaba la hemodiálisis desde el periodo entre uno y cinco años y el 92,9% (158) no tenía seguro de salud. Se ha contabilizado 104 medicamentos utilizados por la automedicación con énfasis para el calcitriol (9,6%) y la clonidina (6,7%). Se verificó que los pacientes con mayor escolaridad (OR=1,32; IC95%=1,32-28,72) y los que usan lo que queda de los medicamentos que tienen en casa (OR=22,48; IC95%=6,53-77,38) tienen más oportunidades para la automedicación. Conclusión: Hay baja frecuencia de automedicación en la población de renales crónicos investigados y la misma se asoció con el uso de medicamentos almacenados en casa y las personas de baja escolaridad.


Subject(s)
Outpatients , Renal Dialysis , Pharmacoepidemiology , Drug Utilization , Nonprescription Drugs , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
6.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1087516

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever os cuidados da equipe de enfermagem aos clientes portadores de Fistula Arteriovenosa (FAV). Método: revisão integrativa de literatura, que utilizou como questão de busca: quais são os cuidados da equipe de enfermagem aos clientes portadores de fístula arteriovenosa? A busca foi realizada na Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde, nas bases de dados: MEDLINE, LILACS e BDENF; PubMed; Portal de Periódicos da Capes, nas bases SCOPUS e CINAHL, em agosto de 2018. Resultados: foram encontrados três artigos indexados na LILACS e dois na CINAHL. Emergiu a categoria analítica do estudo intitulada: Cuidados de enfermagem aos clientes portadores de FAV, e duas unidades de decodificação: "Incorporação de evidências sobre a FAV, para se pensar os cuidados de enfermagem" e "Atuação da equipe de enfermagem na preservação da FAV: pensando o autocuidado". Conclusões: os cuidados de enfermagem aos clientes portadores de FAV perpassaram pela durabilidade e a manutenção do seu funcionamento


Objective: to describe the care of nursing staff to customers bearers of Arteriovenous Fistula (AVF). Method: integrative Review of literature, which used as search question: what are the care of nursing staff to customers bearers of arteriovenous fistula? The search was conducted in the health Virtual Library, in the databases BDENF, LILACS and MEDLINE; PubMed; Capes Journal Portal, CINAHL, SCOPUS and bases in August 2018. Results: were found three articles indexed at LILACS and two in CINAHL. Analytical category emerged the study entitled: nursing care to clients suffering from AVF, and two units of decoding: "incorporation of evidence about the FAV, to think about nursing care" and "performance of nursing staff in preservation of FAV: thinking self-care". Conclusions: the nursing care to clients suffering from perpassaram FAV durability and maintenance of your operation


Objetivo: para describir el cuidado de enfermería personal para portadores de clientes de la fístula arteriovenosa (AVF). Método: integral revisión de la literatura, que utiliza como pregunta de la búsqueda: ¿Cuáles son los cuidados de enfermería personal para portadores de fístula arteriovenosa de los clientes? La búsqueda se realizó en la Biblioteca Virtual, de la salud en las bases de datos, BDENF, LILACS y MEDLINE; PubMed; CAPES Portal diario, CINAHL, SCOPUS y en agosto de 2018. Resultados: se encontraron tres artículos indizados en LILACS y dos en CINAHL. Categoría analítica surgió el estudio titulado: atención a clientes de AVF y dos unidades de decodificación de enfermería: "incorporación de la evidencia acerca de la FAV, a pensar en cuidados de enfermería" y "rendimiento del personal de enfermería preservación de la FAV: autocuidado de pensamiento" . Conclusiones: la atención de enfermería a clientes que sufren de perpassaram FAV durabilidad y mantenimiento de su operación


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arteriovenous Fistula/nursing , Nephrology Nursing/trends , Nursing, Team , Catheterization/nursing , Renal Dialysis/nursing , Vascular Access Devices/trends
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811228

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To examine the effects of a smartphone application-based exercise program on self-efficacy expectations (SEE) and outcome expectations regarding exercise (OEE), physical fitness, activity level, physiological indices, and health-related quality of life in a sample of hemodialysis patients.METHODS: A quasi-experimental control group pre-test post-test design was used. Subjects were recruited from two university hospitals in G city. The subjects were assigned randomly by coin toss: 33 participants to the experimental group and 30 to the control group. A literature review and the self-efficacy theory were used to develop the smartphone program. Experts designed and verified the program to be userfriendly and in consideration of user interaction. Data were collected through a self-report pre-test post-test questionnaire and online medical records.RESULTS: In the experimental group, the levels of physical fitness and physical activity were significantly improved post-test, but the scores on health-related quality of life and the physical indices did not improve. In the experimental group, the SEE and OEE post-test scores were also significantly higher than the pre-test scores, but the control group's scores did not change.CONCLUSION: The smartphone application-based exercise program based on self-efficacy theory significantly improved the level of physical fitness and activity, SEE, and OEE for hemodialysis patients. The use of this application-based exercise program for hemodialysis patients might be an effective nursing intervention tool for improving SEE, OEE, level of physical fitness, and physical activity.


Subject(s)
Hospitals, University , Humans , Medical Records , Motor Activity , Numismatics , Nursing , Physical Fitness , Quality of Life , Renal Dialysis , Self Efficacy , Smartphone
8.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 56-63, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782123

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Elevated aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) transactivating (AHRT) activity and uremia in chronic kidney disease (CKD) may interact with each other, further complicating the disease course. In this study, we prospectively estimated serum AHRT activity using a highly sensitive cell-based AhR-dependent luciferase activity assay in CKD patients and compared differences therein according to treatment modality.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) (n=22) and hemodialysis (HD) (n=38) and patients with pre-dialysis CKD stage IV or V (n=28) were included. AHRT activity and intracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) levels were measured. We performed a correlation analysis for AHRT activity, ATP levels, and various clinical parameters.RESULTS: AHRT activity and intracellular ATP levels were inversely correlated and differed according to treatment modalities. AHRT activity was higher in non-dialysis CKD patients than in patients undergoing dialysis and was higher in patients undergoing HD, compared to PD. AHRT activity decreased after HD treatment in HD patients. ATP levels were higher in healthy controls than in patients with pre-dialysis CKD and PD and were further decreased in patients with HD. We noted significant correlations between multiple clinical parameters associated with cardiovascular risk factors and AHRT activity.CONCLUSION: AHRT activity was elevated in CKD patients, while dialysis treatment reduced AHRT activity. Further studies are warranted to specify AHRT activity and to evaluate the precise roles thereof in patients with CKD.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Triphosphate , Dialysis , Humans , Luciferases , Peritoneal Dialysis , Prospective Studies , Receptors, Aryl Hydrocarbon , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Risk Factors , Uremia
9.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 27-35, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-787277

ABSTRACT

Intradialytic blood pressure abnormalities are associated with adverse outcomes in patients with end-stage renal disease on dialysis. Vascular calcification is a common complicating feature, but whether this complication results in intradialytic blood pressure abnormalities remains uncertain. Therefore, this study investigated the relationship between coronary artery calcium score and intradialytic blood pressure abnormalities in patients with end-stage renal disease on maintenance hemodialysis. Thirty-six patients who received nongated chest computed tomography scans were included. Intradialytic hypotension was defined as a minimum intradialytic systolic blood pressure of <100 mmHg or a pre-dialysis blood pressure – minimum intradialytic systolic blood pressure >30 mmHg. Intradialytic hypertension was defined as >10 mmHg increase in systolic blood pressure (pre- to post-dialysis). Patients were classified as 22 (61.1%) with coronary artery calcium score <400 and 14 (38.9%) with coronary artery calcium score ≥400. Median systolic and diastolic blood pressures were equivalent, but median pulse pressure was higher in patients with coronary artery calcium score ≥400 than in those with scores <400. Coronary artery calcium score was comparable according to both intradialytic hypotension and hypertension, and had no correlation with systolic blood pressure fall and nadir systolic blood pressure. Coronary artery calcium score predicted the occurrence of cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality (hazard ratio 1.001 and 1.001; p=0.058 and 0.010). Coronary vascular calcification could be irrelevant to intradialytic blood pressure abnormalities in patients with end-stage renal disease on dialysis.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Calcium , Coronary Vessels , Dialysis , Humans , Hypertension , Hypotension , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Mortality , Renal Dialysis , Thorax , Vascular Calcification
10.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1097218

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: conhecer a percepção da pessoa sobre sua condição enquanto doente renal crônico em hemodiálise. Método: estudo qualitativo do tipo exploratório, realizado por meio de entrevistas em uma associação filantrópica especializada, na região do Vale do Itajaí, estado de Santa Catarina. A análise de dados foi embasada na Análise Temática, que se desdobrou em três etapas interdependentes. Resultados: foram realizadas 10 entrevistas, sendo que da análise dos dados emergiram duas categorias temáticas intituladas 'Itinerário nos serviços de saúde' e 'O misto de sentimentos'. Conclusão: observou-se a importância da rede formal de saúde para estes sujeitos, sendo a maioria portador de comorbidades como hipertensão arterial sistêmica e diabetes mellitus. Em relação aos sentimentos vivenciados, a negação apareceu de modo recorrente, junto a outros sentimentos de conotação negativa, como medo e ansiedade, sendo fundamental a oferta de apoio e acolhimento por parte dos profissionais da saúde no enfrentamento e tratamento da doença


Objective: to know the person's perception about his condition as a chronic renal patient on hemodialysis. Method: a qualitative study of the exploratory type, conducted through interviews with a specialized philanthropic association, in the Itajaí Valley region, Santa Catarina state. Data analysis was based on the Thematic Analysis, which unfolded in three interdependent stages. Results: ten interviews were conducted, and from the analysis of the data emerged two thematic categories entitled 'Itinerary in health services' and 'The mixed feelings'. Conclusion: it was observed the importance of the formal health network for these subjects, being the majority with comorbidities such as systemic arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus. In relation to experienced feelings, negation appeared in a recurrent way, along with other feelings of negative connotation, such as fear and anxiety, being fundamental the offer of support and acceptance by health professionals in the confrontation and treatment of the disease


Objetivo: conocer la percepción de la persona sobre su condición como enfermo renal crónico en hemodiálisis. Método: estudio cualitativo del tipo exploratorio, realizado por medio de entrevistas en una asociación filantrópica especializada, en la región del Valle del Itajaí, estado de Santa Catarina. El análisis de datos se basó en el análisis temático, que se desdobló en tres etapas interdependientes. Resultados: se realizaron 10 entrevistas, siendo que del análisis de los datos surgieron dos categorías temáticas tituladas 'Itinerario en los servicios de salud' y 'El mixto de sentimientos'. Conclusión: se observó la importancia de la red formal de salud para estos sujetos, siendo la mayoría portador de comorbilidades como hipertensión arterial sistémica y diabetes mellitus. En cuanto a los sentimientos vivenciados, la negación apareció de modo recurrente, junto a otros sentimientos de connotación negativa, como miedo y ansiedad, siendo fundamental la oferta de apoyo y acogida por parte de los profesionales de la salud en el enfrentamiento y tratamiento de la enfermedad


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Perception , Renal Dialysis/psychology , Denial, Psychological , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/psychology , Comorbidity , Qualitative Research , Nursing Care
11.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 28: e3327, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1115742

ABSTRACT

Objective: to verify the association between the health-related quality of life of chronic renal patients on hemodialysis with sociodemographic, clinical, depression and medication adherence characteristics. Method: a cross-sectional study with 183 chronic renal patients undergoing hemodialysis in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. A sociodemographic and clinical questionnaire, Kidney Disease and Quality of Life Short-Form, Beck Depression Inventory and Morisky Medication Adherence Scale - eight items were used. Among the variables, comorbidities, complications of kidney disease and intercurrences during and after hemodialysis were evaluated. The analysis was performed with descriptive and analytical statistics. Results: 55.2% of the patients were 60 years old or older, 35.0% were hypertensive, with regular quality of life, average of 62.61. Scores below average in the dimensions of quality of life were mainly associated with repetitive infections and edema as complications of the disease, pain during hemodialysis and weakness afterwards. Low drug adherence resulted in a worse quality of life, impacting ten of the 20 dimensions evaluated and depression in all, except for patient satisfaction. Conclusion: reduced quality of life in this population is associated with depressive symptoms, complications such as repetitive infections, pain and anemia, weakness after the dialysis session and low medication adherence. Actions aimed at changing these factors can promote well-being.


Objetivo: verificar a associação entre a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde de pacientes renais crônicos em hemodiálise com as características sociodemográficas, clínicas, depressão e adesão medicamentosa. Método: pesquisa transversal com 183 pacientes renais crônicos em hemodiálise do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Foram utilizados questionário sociodemográfico e clínico, Kidney Disease and Quality of Life Short-Form, Inventário de Depressão de Beck e Escala de Adesão à Medicação de Morisky - oito itens. Entre as variáveis foram avaliadas comorbidades, complicações da doença renal e intercorrências durante e após a hemodiálise. A análise foi feita com estatística descritiva e analítica. Resultados: 55,2% dos pacientes tinham 60 anos ou mais, 35,0% eram hipertensos, com qualidade de vida regular, média de 62,61. Escores abaixo da média nas dimensões de qualidade de vida foram associados, principalmente, às infecções repetitivas e ao edema como complicações da doença, dor durante a hemodiálise e fraqueza após. A baixa adesão medicamentosa repercutiu em uma pior qualidade de vida com impacto em dez das 20 dimensões avaliadas e depressão em todas, exceto satisfação do paciente. Conclusão: a qualidade de vida reduzida nessa população associa-se aos sintomas depressivos, complicações como infecções repetitivas, dor e anemia, fraqueza após a sessão dialítica e baixa adesão medicamentosa. Ações direcionadas à modificação desses fatores podem promover bem-estar.


Objetivo: verificar la asociación entre la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud de los pacientes renales crónicos sometidos a hemodiálisis con las características sociodemográficas, clínicas, de depresión y de adhesión a la medicación. Método: estudio transversal con 183 pacientes renales crónicos sometidos a hemodiálisis en el estado de Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Se utilizaron cuestionario sociodemográfico y clínico, Kidney Disease and Quality of Life Short-Form, Inventario de Depresión de Beck y Escala de adhesión a la Medicación Morisky - ocho ítems. Entre las variables, se evaluaron las comorbilidades, las complicaciones de la enfermedad renal y las complicaciones durante y después de la hemodiálisis. El análisis se realizó con estadística descriptiva y analítica. Resultados: el 55.2% de los pacientes tenían 60 años o más, 35,0% eran hipertensos, con calidad de vida regular, promedio de 62.61. Puntuaciones por debajo del promedio en las dimensiones de calidad de vida se asociaron, principalmente, con infecciones repetitivas y edema como complicaciones de la enfermedad, dolor durante la hemodiálisis y debilidad posterior. La baja adhesión a los medicamentos repercutió en una peor calidad de vida, afectando diez de las 20 dimensiones evaluadas y la depresión en todos, excepto la satisfacción del paciente. Conclusión: la calidad de vida reducida en esta población se asocia con síntomas depresivos, complicaciones como infecciones repetitivas, dolor y anemia, debilidad después de la sesión de diálisis y baja adhesión a la medicación. Las acciones dirigidas a cambiar estos factores pueden promover el bienestar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Quality of Life , Renal Dialysis , Depression , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Medication Adherence , Kidney Diseases
12.
Rev Rene (Online) ; 21: e43685, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1115143

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo avaliar a dor e as diferenças desta avaliação com variáveis sociais, econômicas e clínicas em indivíduos com doença renal crônica. Métodos estudo transversal, com 90 pacientes em clínicas de hemodiálise. Foram utilizados três instrumentos: clínico/sociodemográfico, a escala visual analógica de dor e o questionário de dor McGill. Utilizou-se os testes U de Mann-Whitney e de Kruskal-Wallis. Resultados o tipo de dor mais frequente foi a musculoesquelética (35,6%), classificada como moderada pela escala visual analógica de dor. No questionário de McGill, as categorias mais selecionadas foram sensoriais e afetivas, que caracterizam a dor como aguda e fina. Foram encontradas diferenças estatísticas significativas nas medianas da dor com renda familiar, fonte de renda, uso de analgésicos/anti-inflamatórios, uso de acupuntura e prejuízo do sono. Conclusão a dor foi um resultado recorrente em várias regiões do corpo entre pacientes com insuficiência renal crônica.


ABSTRACT Objective to assess the pain and the differences of this assessment with social, economic and clinical variables in individuals with chronic kidney disease. Methods cross-sectional study, with 90 patients with hemodialysis clinics. Three instruments were used clinical/sociodemographic, visual analogue pain scale and McGill pain questionnaire. Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis U tests were used. Results the most frequent kind of pain was musculoskeletal (35.6%), which was classified as moderate by using the visual analogue pain scale. In McGill's questionnaire, the most selected categories were sensory and affective, which characterize pain as acute and thin. Significant statistical differences in medians of pain were found with family income, source of income, use of analgesics/anti-inflammatories, use of acupuncture and impaired sleep. Conclusion pain was a recurrent result in various regions of the body among patients with chronic renal failure.


Subject(s)
Pain , Renal Dialysis , Nursing , Kidney Failure, Chronic
13.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 28: e3289, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1101714

ABSTRACT

Objective: to identify the risk and prevalence of falls in the last year in chronic renal failure patients on hemodialysis; to associate the risk of falls with the fear of falling and socio-demographic-clinical variables. Method: association study. 131 individuals participated in the study. The Morse Falls Scale, the Fall Efficacy Scale and the Tilburg Frailty Indicator were used. The data were analyzed by linear regression, the level of significance adopted was 0.05. Results: 97.7% were at risk for falls and 37.4% had at least one fall per year, with a mean of 2.02. Extreme concern about falling was presented by women, patients with less education, amputees, and frail individuals. Diabetes, as a comorbidity, and people with difficulty or need for assistance for ambulance showed a significant increase in the occurrence of falls. Conclusion: high risk and high prevalence of falls were found in hemodialysis patients, greater in those with diabetes or mobility limitations. Fear of falling was identified especially in women and in people with less education. These findings challenge the role of preventing falls, both in hemodialysis sessions and in the adoption of strategies for activities of daily living that involve patients and their families.


Objetivo: identificar o risco e a prevalência de quedas no último ano em doentes renais crônicos em hemodiálise; associar o risco de queda com o medo de cair e variáveis sociodemográfico-clínicas. Método: estudo de associação. Participaram do estudo 131 indivíduos. Foram utilizados a Escala de Quedas de Morse, o Fall Efficacy Scale e o Tilburg Frailty Indicator. Os dados foram analisados por regressão linear, o nível de significância adotado foi de 0,05. Resultados: 97,7% apresentaram risco para quedas e 37,4% apresentaram pelo menos uma queda ao ano, com média de 2,02. Apresentaram extrema preocupação em cair: as mulheres, os pacientes com menor nível de escolaridade, os amputados e os frágeis. A diabetes, enquanto comorbidade, e pessoas com dificuldade ou necessidade de auxílio para a deambulação apresentaram aumento significante quanto à ocorrência de quedas. Conclusão: constatou-se alto risco e alta prevalência de quedas nos pacientes em hemodiálise, maiores naqueles com diabetes ou com limitações na mobilidade. O medo de cair foi identificado especialmente nas mulheres e pessoas com menor escolaridade. Esses achados desafiam a protagonizar a prevenção de quedas, tanto nas sessões de hemodiálise, quanto na adoção de estratégias para as atividades de vida diária que envolvam pacientes e seus familiares.


Objetivo: identificar el riesgo y la prevalencia de caídas en el último año en pacientes con insuficiencia renal crónica en hemodiálisis; asociar el riesgo de caer con el miedo a caer y las variables sociodemográficas-clínicas. Método: estudio de asociación. 131 personas participaron en el estudio. Se utilizaron la Escala de Caídas de Morse, la Fall Efficacy Scale y el Tilburg Frailty Indicator. Los datos fueron analizados por regresión lineal, el nivel de significancia adoptado fue de 0,05. Resultados: el 97,7% presentó riesgo de caídas y el 37,4% tenía al menos una caída por año, con un promedio de 2,02. Presentan extremada preocupación por las caídas: mujeres, pacientes con menos educación, y personas amputadas y frágiles. La diabetes, como comorbilidad, y las personas con dificultad o necesidad de asistencia para caminar mostraron un aumento significativo en la cantidad de caídas. Conclusión: se encontraron alto riesgo y alta prevalencia de caídas en pacientes en hemodiálisis, mayor en aquellos con diabetes o limitaciones de movilidad. El miedo a caer se identificó especialmente en mujeres y personas con menos educación. Estos hallazgos desafían el papel de la prevención de caídas, tanto en las sesiones de hemodiálisis como en la adopción de estrategias para las actividades de la vida diaria que involucran a los pacientes y a sus familiares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Accidental Falls , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Mobility Limitation , Patient Safety
14.
Rev. bras. ciênc. saúde ; 24(1): 5-16, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1087469

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Analisar parâmetros sialométricos (fluxo salivar, pH e capacidade tampão) e presença de alterações orais em portadores de IRC em hemodiálise. Metodologia:A pesquisa caracteriza-se por ser estudo transversal e observacional, constituída por dados clínicos e demográficos de pacientes portadores de IRC (n=50), comparados com pacientes sistemicamente saudáveis (n=20). Utilizou-se o teste qui-quadrado e exato de Fisher para verificar a associação entre as variáveis categóricas. O Mann-Whitney foi aplicado para se obter a comparação das variáveis quantitativas entre os grupos analisados. Para todos os testes, o nível de significância adotado foi 95%. Resultados:No grupo de pacientes portadores de IRC,a maioria dos pacientes (56%) apresentou halitose, grande parte (69,5%) tinha cálculo dentário visível e 26%, alguma lesão em mucosa oral. Foi constatado CPO-D médio de 13,9. Foi encontrada uma diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os valores de fluxo salivar (p=0,001) e do pH (p=0,037) com o grupo controle, mas não houve diferença significativa nos valores da capacidade tampão da saliva, nem desses valores com a idade, o sexo, o tempo de hemodiálise, a quantidade de líquido ingerido diariamente, medicamentos em uso ou comorbidades. Conclusão:A saúde bucal dos pacientes com IRC foi considerada precária, o que pode comprometer a realização do transplante. Assim, salienta-se a importância da inserção do cirurgião dentista na equipe de assistência ao paciente com IRC. (AU)


Objective: To characterize the oral health of Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients by evaluating salivary flow, pH and salivary buffering capacity, oral lesions, gingival bleeding, calculus and index of decayed, missing and filled teeth. Methodology: The present cross sectional, observational, analytical study, was composed of the clinical and demographic data of patients with CKD (n = 50) and compared with those systemically healthy patients (n = 20). The chi-square and Fisher's exact test were used for association between categorical variables. The Mann-Whitney test was applied to compare the quantitative variables between the groups. Level of significance of 5% was used for all the tests. Results:In the group of patients with CKD, 56% presented halitosis, 69.5% had visible dental calculus and 26% had some kinf of lesion in the oral mucosa. There was a statistically significant difference between salivary flow and pH in the group with CKD and the control group, but there was not significant difference in buffering capacity. Conclusion: The participant's oral health was considered precarious, which must be minimized, because those patients are potential transplant candidates. Therefore, it is important to point out the significance of a dentist in the assistance team of patients with CKD. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Oral Health , Renal Insufficiency , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
15.
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1053534

ABSTRACT

Aims: To investigate the arm and hand function in hemodialysis patients. Methods: Upper limb function using validated questionnaires such as Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Questionnaire (DASH), Cochin and Boston were applied to 57 chronic renal failure patients on hemodialysis and 60 healthy controls. Epidemiological data, data on pain and paresthesia in the upper limb and handgrip strength were obtained. Results: The three questionnaires showed worse performance of upper limb function in chronic renal failure patients than controls: DASH questionnaire with P = 0.05; Cochin questionnaire with P = 0.0004 and Boston questionnaire with P = 0.03. The questionnaire scores were affected by presence of pain (P = 0.05 for DASH and < 0.0001 for Boston questionnaires) and paresthesia (DASH with P = 0.003; Cochin with P = 0.01 and Boston questionnaire with P < 0.0001). Handgrip strength was lower in hemodialysis patients when compared with controls (P = 0.02) but did not affect the performance of any of the studied questionnaires. Conclusions: Upper limb function is impaired in hemodialysis patients and the main associations found were with pain and paresthesia.


Objetivos: Investigar a função do braço e da mão em pacientes em hemodiálise. Métodos: A função dos membros superiores foi investigada utilizando-se questionários validados, como Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Questionnaire (DASH), Cochin e Boston, sendo aplicada a 57 pacientes com insuficiência renal crônica em hemodiálise e 60 controles saudáveis. Foram obtidos dados epidemiológicos tais como dor e parestesia no membro superior e força de preensão manual. Resultados: Os três questionários apresentaram pior desempenho da função do membro superior em pacientes com insuficiência renal crônica do que os controles: questionário DASH com P = 0,05; questionário de Cochin com P = 0,0004 e questionário de Boston com P = 0,03. Os escores do questionário foram afetados pela presença de dor (P = 0,05 para DASH e <0,0001 para questionários de Boston) e parestesia (DASH com P = 0,003; Cochin com P = 0,01 e Boston com P <0,0001). A força de preensão manual foi menor nos pacientes em hemodiálise quando comparados aos controles (P = 0,02), mas não afetou o desempenho de nenhum dos questionários estudados. Conclusões: A função do membro superior é prejudicada em pacientes em hemodiálise e as principais associações encontradas foram com dor e parestesia.


Subject(s)
Renal Dialysis , Pain , Paresthesia , Arteriovenous Fistula , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Kidney Diseases , Medicine , Nephrology
16.
Rev. bras. ciênc. saúde ; 24(1): 63-70, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1087533

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar o perfil clínico e bioquímico de pacientes com e sem HPTS. Metodologia:Estudo transversal e analítico realizado com 93 pacientes com DRC em HD. Os pacientes foram alocados em dois grupos: sem HPTS (Paratormônio: < 300pg/mL) e com HPTS (Paratormônio: ≥ 300pg/mL). Foram verificados os dados socioeconômicos por meio de questioná-rio semiestruturado. Os dados bioquímicos e antropométricos foram obtidos por meio do prontuário de cada paciente. Tam-bém foram coletadas informações quanto ao tempo de HD, tabagismo, diabetes mellitus, hipertensão arterial sistêmica, cardiopatias, atividade física e a razão triglicerídeo/HDL-Coles-terol. Resultados:O gênero feminino apresentou-se prevalente no grupo com HPTS (59,09%, p=0,017). Nos pacientes que não apresentavam HPTS foi detectado maior presença de diabetes mellitus (77,27%, p=0,021). Os pacientes com HPTS diferiram dos pacientes sem HPTS para o hematócrito (p=0,0457), crea-tinina (p=0,0303) e a fosfatase alcalina (p=0,0011). Conclusão:Encontramos diferença ao comparar os grupos quanto aos níveis de hematócrito, creatinina, fósforo e fosfatase alcalina, resultados que podem implicar no estado clínico de indivíduos com HPTS. Essas análises poderão direcionar condutas e estratégias específicas para o acompanhamento da doença e proposta adequada de tratamento, buscando a melhora do quadro clínico e qualidade de vida. (AU)


Objective: To evaluate the clinical and biochemical profile of patients with and without secondary hyperparathyroidism. Methodology: Cross-sectional and analytical study conducted with 93 patients with CKD in HD. The patients were allocated into two groups: without HPTS (Parathyroid hormone: <300pg / mL) and with HPTS (Parathyroid hormone: ≥ 300pg / mL). Socioeconomic data were verified through a semi-structured questionnaire. Biochemical and anthropometric data were obtained from each patient's medical record. Information was also collected regarding HD time, smoking, diabetes mellitus, systemic arterial hypertension, heart disease, physical activity and the triglyceride / HDL-cholesterol ratio. Results: The female gender was prevalent in the group with HPTS (59.09%, p = 0.017). In patients without HPTS, a higher presence of diabetes mellitus was detected (77.27%, p = 0.021). Patients with HPTS differed from patients without HPTS for hematocrit (p = 0.0457), creatinine (p = 0.0303) and alkaline phosphatase (p = 0.0011). Conclusion: We found a difference when comparing the groups regarding hematocrit, creatinine, phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase levels. Results that may imply the clinical status of individuals with HPTS. These analysis may direct specific conducts and strategies for the follow-up of the disease and appropriate treatment proposal, seeking to improve the clinical condition and quality of life. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Renal Dialysis , Hyperparathyroidism , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-786182

ABSTRACT

The kidneys are closely connected with several organs, including the liver, and can therefore be negatively affected when the liver is damaged. The most common cause of chronic liver disease is chronic viral hepatitis, resulting from either a hepatitis B virus (HBV) or a hepatitis C virus (HCV). Chronic viral hepatitis often progresses to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. However, it can also lead to viral-associated glomerulopathies that can cause chronic kidney disease (CKD), which can then progress to end stage renal disease (ESRD). Additionally, patients with ESRD on hemodialysis are at risk for viral infections because HBV and HCV are hematogenously transmitted. Recently, treatments with oral nucleoside/nucleotide analogues and direct-acting antivirals have yielded excellent results in HBV- and HCV-infected patients with CKD. As a result, a new paradigm for the treatment of chronic viral infections in CKD patients has emerged. This review discusses viral-associated glomerulopathies, antiviral treatments of HBV and HCV infections in patients with CKD, and prevention strategies for the transmission of HBV and HCV in patients with ESRD.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Chronic Disease , Fibrosis , Hepacivirus , Hepatitis , Hepatitis B virus , Humans , Kidney Diseases , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Kidney , Liver Diseases , Liver , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
18.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-785430

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a fatal complication in patients with end-stage liver disease awaiting liver transplantation (LT). HRS often develops in patients with high model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score. This study investigated the outcomes of peritransplant management of HRS in a high-volume LT center in Korea for 2 years.METHODS: A total of 157 recipients that deceased donor liver transplantation (DDLT) from January 2017 to December 2018 were included. In-hospital mortality (IHM) was analyzed in relation to pre- and posttransplant application of renal replacement therapy (RRT).RESULTS: Primary diagnoses for DDLT were alcoholic liver disease (n = 61), HBV-associated liver cirrhosis (n = 48), retransplantation for chronic graft failure (n = 24), and others (n = 24). Mean MELD score was 34.6 ± 6.2 with 72 patients at Korean Network for Organ Sharing MELD status 2 (45.9%), 43 at status 3 (27.4%), 36 at status 4 (22.9%), and 6 at status 5 (3.8%). Pretransplant RRT was performed in 16 patients (10.2%) that did not show IHM. Posttransplant RRT was performed in 69 patients (44.0%), for whom IHM incidence was 15.9%. In 53 patients that had undergone de novo posttransplant RRT, IHM incidence increased to 20.8%. IHM in the 88 patients not requiring RRT was 2.3%.CONCLUSION: The majority of adult DDLT recipients in Korean MELD score-based allocation system have very high MELD scores, which is often associated with HRS. Pretransplant RRT appears to improve posttransplant survival outcomes. We thereby recommend that, if indicated, pretransplant RRT be performed while awaiting DDLT.


Subject(s)
Adult , Diagnosis , Hepatorenal Syndrome , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver Diseases , Liver Diseases, Alcoholic , Liver Transplantation , Liver , Renal Dialysis , Renal Replacement Therapy , Tissue Donors , Transplants
19.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-785424

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To develop and validate a clinical scoring model to predict 1-year access survival among end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients who received a new arteriovenous fistula (AVF).METHODS: The data of 195 ESRD patients in the development cohort who underwent first-time AVF creation between January 2009 and June 2013 and who had successful cannulation for dialysis use were reviewed. The clinical features that were significantly associated with 1-year AVF survival were incorporated into a clinical scoring model. The validity of this clinical score was then tested in a validation cohort of 204 ESRD patients who received a new AVF between July 2013 and December 2017.RESULTS: Of the 195 patients in the development cohort, 168 patients (86.2%) had a well-functioning AVF at 1 year. Absence of diabetes mellitus, no previous history of central venous catheter insertion, and absence of intervention performed to achieve access maturation were positively associated with 1-year AVF survival. These 3 factors were incorporated into a clinical scoring model, which ranged from 0 to 4 points. For a cutoff score of ≥3, the sensitivity, specificity and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve to predict 1-year AVF survival were 81.5%, 70.4%, and 0.760, respectively. The predictive performance of the clinical score was confirmed in the validation cohort, with a sensitivity of 76.1%, a specificity of 64.4% and an area under the curve of 0.703.CONCLUSION: The scoring model using clinical data yielded acceptable performance in predicting 1-year access survival among patients receiving a new AVF.


Subject(s)
Arteriovenous Fistula , Catheterization , Central Venous Catheters , Cohort Studies , Diabetes Mellitus , Dialysis , Humans , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Renal Dialysis , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-785395

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Pyuria seems to be common in chronic kidney disease (CKD), irrespective of urinary tract infection (UTI). It has been hypothesized that sterile pyuria occurs in CKD because of chronic renal parenchymal inflammation. However, there are limited data on whether CKD increases the rate of pyuria or how pyuria in CKD should be interpreted. We investigated the prevalence and characteristics of asymptomatic pyuria (ASP) in CKD via urinary white blood cell (WBC) analysis.METHODS: Urine examination was performed for all stable hemodialysis (HD) and non-dialysis CKD patients of the outpatient clinic (total N=298). Patients with infection symptoms or recent history of antibiotic use were excluded. Urine culture and WBC analysis were performed when urinalysis revealed pyuria.RESULTS: The prevalence of ASP was 30.5% (24.1% in non-dialysis CKD and 51.4% in HD patients). Over 70% of the pyuria cases were sterile. The majority of urinary WBCs were neutrophils, even in sterile pyuria. However, the percentage of neutrophils was significantly lower in sterile pyuria. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, the degree of pyuria, percentage of neutrophils, and presence of urinary nitrites remained independently associated with sterile pyuria.CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of ASP was higher in CKD patients and increased according to CKD stage. Most ASP in CKD was sterile. Ascertaining the number and distribution of urinary WBCs may be helpful for interpreting ASP in CKD.


Subject(s)
Ambulatory Care Facilities , Humans , Inflammation , Leukocytes , Logistic Models , Neutrophils , Nitrites , Prevalence , Pyuria , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Urinalysis , Urinary Tract Infections , Viperidae
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