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1.
Rev. enferm. Cent.-Oeste Min ; 12: 4354, nov. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1402112

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:avaliar o conhecimento dos pacientes com doença renal crônica terminal quantoaos fatores de risco e complicações associadas antes e após uma intervenção educativa. Método: estudo de intervenção, randomizado com 101 participantes subdivididos em dois gruposde um setor de hemodiálise entre 2019 a julho de 2020. Para as análises fizeram-se testes McNemar, t-Student pareado, Qui-Quadrado de Pearson e Exato de Fisher, com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: após intervenção, houve diminuição significativa (p<0,05) das complicações como hipotensão, hipoglicemia, câimbra, náuseas ,tremores, calafrio e febre. As equipes de enfermagem e médica verificaram posicionamento ativo dos participantes quanto aos cuidados com a fístula arteriovenosa e com o cateter venoso central. O aumento do conhecimento sobre o processo de hemodiálise propiciou entender a causa das complicações associadas ao tratamento. Conclusão: a ação educativa foi efetiva e gerou indicadores de avaliação positivos, permitindo que os participantes se tornassem protagonistas do autocuidado (AU)


Objective:to assess the knowledge of patients with end-stage chronic kidney disease regarding the risk factors and associated complications before and after an educational intervention. Method:an intervention and randomized study conducted with 101 participants divided into two groups of a hemodialysis sector from 2019 to July 2020. The analyses were performed using the McNemar, paired Student'st, Pearson's Chi-Square and Fisher's Exact tests, with a 5% significance level. Results:after the intervention, there was a significant reduction (p<0.05) in the number of complications such as hypotension, hypoglycemia, cramps, nausea, tremors, chills and fever. The nursing and medical team verified the participants' active stance regarding the care measures for the arteriovenous fistula and the central venous catheter. The increase in knowledge about the hemodialysis process made it possible to understand the cause of the complications associated with the treatment. Conclusion:the educational action was effective and generated positive evaluation indicators, allowing the participants to become protagonists of self-care(AU)


Objetivo:evaluar el conocimiento de los pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica terminal sobre los factores de riesgo y las complicaciones asociadas antes y después de una intervención educativa. Método:estudio de intervención, aleatorizado con 101 participantes divididos en dos grupos de un sector de hemodiálisis entre 2019 a julio de 2020. Los análisis se realizaron mediante las pruebas de McNemar, t-Student pareada, Chi-Cuadrado de Pearson y Exacta de Fisher, con nivel de significancia del 5%. Resultados:tras la intervención hubo una disminución significativa (p<0,05) de complicaciones como hipotensión, hipoglucemia, calambres, náuseas, temblores, escalofríos y fiebre. El personal médico y de enfermería verificó la posición activa de los participantes con respecto al cuidado de la fístula arteriovenosa y del catéter venoso central. El aumento del conocimiento sobre el proceso de hemodiálisis permitió comprender la causa de las complicaciones asociadas al tratamiento. Conclusión:la acción educativa fue efectiva y generó indicadores de evaluación positivos, permitiendo a los participantes convertirse en protagonistas del autocuidado (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Patient Education as Topic , Renal Dialysis , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Nursing Care/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires
2.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 736-747, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399333

ABSTRACT

Contexto: A doença renal crônica representa um sério problema de saúde pública, devido aos crescentes índices de morbimortalidade, e que associado à rotina de sessões de hemodiálise, promove alterações na qualidade de vida dos indivíduos com esta condição. Objetivo: Avaliar os fatores relacionados à qualidade de vida de pacientes renais crônicos em tratamento hemodialítico. Desenho e local: Estudo transversal, quantitativo, composto por 52 pacientes em hemodiálise no hospital Santa Casa de Caridade de Diamantina, Diamantina (MG), em 2017. Métodos: Foram utilizados dois questionários: socioeconômico-demográfico e o instrumento Kidney Disease and Quality of life Short Form. Os dados referentes à qualidade de vida foram analisados pelo programa elaborado e disponibilizado pelo Working Group. Resultados: Como fatores relacionados à baixa qualidade de vida foram encontrados: situação ocupacional (33,65 ± 26,71), peso da doença renal (49,28 ± 21,58), funcionamento físico (53,37 ± 22,39), saúde geral (54,71 ± 27,19) e função emocional (58,97 ± 26,23); em relação à boa qualidade de vida foram encontrados: função sexual (80,17 ± 22,46), função cognitiva (80,26 ± 35,32), satisfação do paciente (83,33 ± 20,51) e estímulo por parte da equipe de diálise (91,59 ± 29,17). Discussão: Por comparação aos trabalhos realizados em Goiânia (2006), Indaiatuba (2009), Mogi das Cruzes (2014) e ao presente estudo (2017) verificaram escores semelhantes na maioria das dimensões avaliadas, a exemplo das funções social e satisfação do paciente. Conclusão: A qualidade de vida apresentou-se como boa na maioria das dimensões avaliadas, entretanto, os fatores determinantes da baixa qualidade de vida reforçam a ideia da implementação de estratégias da equipe de saúde para melhorar a expectativa de vida desses pacientes.


Chronic kidney disease represents a serious public health problem, due to the increasing rates of morbidity and mortality, which, associated with the routine of hemodialysis sessions, promotes changes in the quality of life of individuals with this condition. Objective: To evaluate factors related to the quality of life of chronic renal patients undergoing hemodialysis. Design and location: Cross-sectional, quantitative study, composed of 52 hemodialysis patients at the Santa Casa de Caridade hospital in Diamantina, Diamantina (MG), in 2017. Methods: Two questionnaires were used: socioeconomic-demographic and the Kidney Disease and Quality of instrument life Short Form. Data on quality of life were analyzed using the program developed and made available by the Working Group. Results: As factors related to low quality of life were found: occupational situation (33.65 ± 26.71), weight of kidney disease (49.28 ± 21.58), physical functioning (53.37 ± 22.39), general health (54.71 ± 27.19) and emotional function (58.97 ± 26.23); in relation to good quality of life, sexual function (80.17 ± 22.46), cognitive function (80.26 ± 35.32), patient satisfaction (83.33 ± 20.51) and stimulation on the part were found of the dialysis team (91.59 ± 29.17). Discussion: Comparing the studies carried out in Goiânia (2006), Indaiatuba (2009), Mogi das Cruzes (2014) and the present study (2017) found similar scores in most of the dimensions evaluated, such as social functions and patient satisfaction. Conclusion: Quality of life was shown to be good in most of the dimensions evaluated, however, the determinants of low quality of life reinforce the idea of implementing health team strategies to improve the life expectancy of these patients.


Antecedentes: La enfermedad renal crónica representa un grave problema de salud pública, debido a las crecientes tasas de morbilidad y mortalidad, y la asociada a la rutina de sesiones de hemodiálisis, promueve cambios en la calidad de vida de los individuos con esta condición. Objetivo: Evaluar los factores relacionados con la calidad de vida de los pacientes renales crónicos en tratamiento hemodialítico. Diseño y entorno: Estudio transversal, cuantitativo, compuesto por 52 pacientes en hemodiálisis en el hospital Santa Casa de Caridade de Diamantina, Diamantina (MG), en 2017. Métodos: Se utilizaron dos cuestionarios: socioeconómico-demográfico y el instrumento Kidney Disease and Quality of life Short Form. Los datos relativos a la calidad de vida fueron analizados por el programa preparado y puesto a disposición por el Grupo de Trabajo. Resultados: Como factores relacionados con la baja calidad de vida se encontraron: la situación laboral (33,65 ± 26,71), la carga de la enfermedad renal (49,28 ± 21,58), el funcionamiento físico (53,37 ± 22,39), la salud general (54,71 ± 27,19) y la función emocional (58,97 ± 26,23); en relación con la buena calidad de vida se encontraron: la función sexual (80,17 ± 22,46), la función cognitiva (80,26 ± 35,32), la satisfacción del paciente (83,33 ± 20,51) y el estímulo del equipo de diálisis (91,59 ± 29,17). Discusión: En comparación con los estudios realizados en Goiânia (2006), Indaiatuba (2009), Mogi das Cruzes (2014) y el presente estudio (2017) se encontraron puntuaciones similares en la mayoría de las dimensiones evaluadas, como las funciones sociales y la satisfacción del paciente. Conclusión: La calidad de vida se presentó como buena en la mayoría de las dimensiones evaluadas, mientras que los factores determinantes de la baja calidad de vida refuerzan la idea de la implementación de estrategias del equipo de salud para mejorar las expectativas de vida de los pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Physical Fitness , Public Health , Cognition , Sexuality , Nephrology
3.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 40(3): 79-92, 15 octubre de 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1401412

ABSTRACT

Methods. This is a randomized controlled trial study on 52 caregivers of hemodialysis patients referred an universitary hospital at Jahrom. The caregivers were randomly divided into intervention and control groups. In the intervention group, Benson's relaxation was performed twice a day for 15 minutes each time, and continued for one month. Data collection tools included demographic information questionnaire and standard Zarit Burden Interview questionnaire which was completed by all participants before the intervention and one month after it. Results. After the intervention, the mean caregiver burden of hemodialysis patients in the intervention group decreased significantly compared to the control group (p<0.001). The results of paired t-test showed that in the intervention group, the mean scores of caregiver burden after the intervention (14.46± 10.91) was significantly lower than before the intervention (38.33±16.94) (p=0.001). Conclusion. Benson's relaxation method can reduce caregiver burden in caregivers of hemodialysis patients.


Objetivo. Investigar el efecto de la técnica de relajación de Benson sobre la carga de los cuidadores de pacientes en hemodiálisis. Métodos. Estudio de intervención realizado con la participación de 52 cuidadores de pacientes en hemodiálisis remitidos a un hospital universitario de Jahrom (Iran). Los cuidadores fueron divididos aleatoriamente en los grupos de intervención y de control. En el grupo de intervención, se realizó la técnica de relajación de Benson dos veces al día durante 15 minutos cada vez, y se continuó durante un mes. Las herramientas de recogida de datos incluían un cuestionario de información demográfica y la entrevista de percepción de carga del cuidador "Zarit Burden Interview" que fue completado por todas participantes antes de la intervención y un mes después de terminada la misma. Resultados. Después de la intervención, la carga media de los cuidadores de pacientes en hemodiálisis en el grupo de intervención disminuyó significativamente en comparación con el grupo de control (p<0.001). Los resultados de la prueba t pareada mostraron que en el grupo de intervención, las puntuaciones medias de la carga del cuidador después de la intervención (14.46±10.91) fueron significativamente menores que antes de la intervención (38.33±16.94) (p=0.001). Conclusión. El método de relajación de Benson puede reducir la carga de los cuidadores de pacientes en hemodiálisis.


Objetivo. Investigar o efeito do relaxamento de Benson na sobrecarga do cuidador em cuidadores de pacientes em hemodiálise na cidade de Jahrom. Métodos. Este é um estudo controlado randomizado envolvendo 52 cuidadores de pacientes em hemodiálise encaminhados a um hospital afiliado à Jahrom University of Medical Sciences. Os cuidadores foram divididos aleatoriamente em grupos intervenção (n=24) e controle (n=24). No grupo intervenção, os cuidadores realizaram o relaxamento de Benson duas vezes ao dia por 15 minutos cada, e foi continuado por um mês. A coleta de informações incluiu um questionário de informações demográficas e o questionário padrão Zarit que foi preenchido por todos os participantes antes da intervenção e um mês após o seu preenchimento. Resultado S. A maioria dos cuidadores nos grupos intervenção (79.2%) e controle (64.3%) eram mulheres. Após a intervenção, a sobrecarga média dos cuidadores de pacientes em hemodiálise no grupo intervenção diminuiu significativamente em relação ao grupo controle (p<0.001). Os resultados do teste t pareado mostraram que, apenas no grupo intervenção, os escores médios de sobrecarga do cuidador após a intervenção (14.46 ±10.1) foram significativamente menores do que antes da intervenção (38.33) ±16.94) com p <0.001. Conclusão. O método de relaxamento de Benson demonstrou ser eficaz na redução da sobrecarga dos cuidadores de pacientes em hemodiálise.


Subject(s)
Control Groups , Relaxation Therapy , Renal Dialysis , Caregiver Burden , Kidney Failure, Chronic
4.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 21(2): 232-237, out.2022. fig
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400142

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a doença arterial obstrutiva periférica (DAOP) tem alta prevalência na população em geral e está associada a elevado risco de eventos cardiovasculares. O índice tornozelo-braquial (ITB), é um exame simples e não invasivo, com alta sensibilidade e especificidade no diagnóstico de DAOP. A patologia pode estar associada a diversos fatores de risco, entre eles a doença renal crônica terminal. Contudo, os dados que avaliam sua prevalência e fatores de risco na população de doentes renais crônicos são escassos. Objetivos: Determinar a prevalência e os fatores de risco da doença arterial obstrutiva periférica em pacientes com insuficiência renal crônica dialítica. Metodologia: trata-se de um estudo transversal, que analisou 117 pacientes com doença renal dialítica. Foram avaliados através de um questionário para identificação dos fatores de risco e submetidos ao teste do ITB, sendo considerado diagnóstico de DAOP quando ITB <0,9. Resultados: o presente estudo evidenciou uma prevalência de DAOP em 11% dos pacientes, sendo 10 classificados como DAOP leve e 3 como moderada. Não foram encontrados pacientes com DAOP severa. Entretanto, 54 pacientes (46,2%) apresentaram rigidez de parede vascular. Assim, foi possível verificar que 67 (57,3%) pacientes apresentaram o ITB alterado. Conclusão: a alta prevalência de DAOP em pacientes com doença renal crônica dialíticafoi análoga ao encontrado por outros autores. É importante ressaltar que pacientes com ITB > 1,3 podem gerar resultados falsos-negativos no diagnóstico de DAOP. Devido a isso, a prevalência pode estar subestimada, o que sugere que o ITB nesses pacientes deve ser avaliado com mais atenção.


Background: peripheral arterial disease (PAD) has a high prevalence in the general population and is associated with a high risk of cardiovascular events. The ankle-brachial index (ABI) is a simple noninvasive exam with high sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of PAD. Pathology may be associated with several risk factors, including terminal chronic kidney disease. However, data assessing their prevalence and risk factors in the chronic kidney disease population are scarce. Objectives: to determine the prevalence and risk factors of peripheral arterial disease in patients with dialytic chronic renal failure. Methods: this is a cross-sectional study that analyzed 117 patients with dialytic kidney disease. They were evaluated through a questionnaire to identify risk factors and were submitted to the ABI test, being considered a diagnosis of PAD when ABI <0.9. Results: the present study showed a prevalence of PAD in 11% of the patients, 10 classified as mild and 3 as moderate. No patients with severe PAD were found. However, 54 patients (46.2%) had vascular wall stiffness. Thus, it was possible to verify that 67 (57.3%) patients presented altered ABI. Conclusion: the high prevalence of PAD in patients with dialytic chronic kidney disease was similar to that found by other authors. It is important to highlight that patients with ABI> 1.3 may generate false negative results in the diagnosis of PAD. Because of this, the prevalence may be underestimated, suggesting that ABI in these patients should be evaluated more carefully.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Ankle Brachial Index , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cardiovascular Abnormalities
5.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 42(3): 135-138, sept. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1396307

ABSTRACT

Árnica es una planta medicinal de la especie Arnica montana, endémica en Europa Central y Meridional, perteneciente a la familia Asteracae; rica en flavonoides y compuestos fenólicos, lactonas, helenalina y ácido hexurónico que le dan propiedades cicatrizantes, antiinflamatorias, analgésicas, antimicrobianas y anticoagulantes. Se utiliza en casos de contusiones, dolores musculares, reumáticos y hematomas profundos. El artículo describe ocho casos, que presentaron hematoma profundo por punción infructuosa, en pacientes con insuficiencia renal crónica terminal con esquema de hemodiálisis, donde se aplicó árnica en gel. Por medio de fotografías se registró cómo los hematomas revirtieron a partir del tercer día, mientras que el dolor disminuyó en un 50% al tercer día. (AU)


Arnica is a medicinal plant of the species Arnica Montana, endemic in Central and Southern Europe, it belongs to the Asteracae family, rich in flavonoids and phenolic compounds, lactones, helenalin and hexuronic acid that give it healing, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antimicrobial and anticoagulant properties. It is used in cases of bruises, muscle pain, rheumatic pain and deep bruises. The article describes eight patients with terminal chronic renal failure under hemodialysis, who presented deep hematoma due to unsuccessful puncture of their dialysis fistula. All patients were treated with local gel arnica. Verbal analogue scale (VAS) and qualitative visual image analysis (photography) on how the hematomas reverted on the third day was analyzed. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Arnica , Pain Management/methods , Hematoma/therapy , Homeopathy , Pain Measurement , Punctures/adverse effects , Renal Dialysis , Kidney Failure, Chronic/complications
6.
rev.cuid. (Bucaramanga. 2010) ; 13(3): 1-13, 20220831.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1402551

ABSTRACT

ntrodution: The immunosuppressive state of patients with CKD increases their risk of developing poor clinical outcomes if they acquire COVID-19 infection. Objetive: To identify the scientific evidence about the repercussions of COVID-19 in hemodialysis patients. Materials and méthods: A systematic review was conducted in this study. The databases Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Science Direct, PubMed, and Virtual Health Library were searched to identify relevant studies. The methodological quality of the studies was assessed using the adapted Downs and Black checklist. The review adhered to the PRISMA guidelines. Results:A total of 16 articles were included after the screening process. All articles had a methodological quality higher than 66.8%. The most common repercussions of COVID-19 in hemodialysis patients were the increased mortality rate (75%), development of typical signs and symptoms of the disease such as fever, cough, dyspnea, and fatigue (68.75%), lymphopenia (68.75%), progression to severe acute respiratory syndrome (56.25%), need for mechanical ventilation (50%), and admission to intensive (50%). Conclusión: The hemodialysis patients are more susceptible to COVID-19 infection and, when infected by SARS-CoV-2, these patients have more adverse clinical outcomes, more serious diseases, higher mortality, and worse prognosis than the general population. The repercussions of COVID-19 in hemodialysis patients reveal a need for preventive nursing care in hemodialysis clinics.


Introducción: El estado de inmunosupresión de los pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica (ERC) aumenta su riesgo de obtener resultados clínicos desfavorables si llegaran a contraer COVID-19. Objetivo: Identificar la evidencia científica acerca de las repercusiones que tiene el COVID-19 en los pacientes en hemodiálisis. Materiales y Métodos: Se realizó una revisión sistemática en este estudio. Se hizo una búsqueda en las bases de datos Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Science Direct, PubMed y Virtual Health Library para identificar estudios relevantes. La calidad metodológica de los estudios se evaluó mediante la lista de chequeo adaptada por Downs y Black. La revisión siguió los lineamientos de la declaración PRISMA. Resultados:Tras el proceso de selección se incluyeron un total de 16 artículos en la revisión. Todos los artículos obtuvieron una calidad metodológica superior a 66,8%. Las repercusiones más comunes del COVID-19 en los pacientes en hemodiálisis fueron el aumento de la tasa de mortalidad (75%), el desarrollo de signos y síntomas típicos de la enfermedad como fiebre, tos, disnea y fatiga (68,75%), linfopenia (68,75%), progresión a un síndrome respiratorio agudo grave (56,25%), necesidad de ventilación mecánica (50%) e ingreso a cuidados intensivos (50%). Conclusiones: Los pacientes en hemodiálisis son más susceptibles a contraer COVID-19 y, cuando contraen el SARS-CoV-2, tienen resultados clínicos más adversos, enfermedades más graves, mayor mortalidad y peor pronóstico que la población general.


Introdução: O estado imunossupressor dos pacientes com CKD aumenta seu risco de desenvolver maus resultados clínicos se eles adquirirem a infecção COVID-19. Objetivo: Identificar as evidências científicas sobre as repercussões da COVID-19 em pacientes com hemodiálise. Materiais e Métodos: Uma revisão sistemática foi conduzida neste estudo. As bases de dados Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Science Direct, PubMed e Virtual Health Library foram pesquisadas para identificar estudos relevantes. A qualidade metodológica dos estudos foi avaliada utilizando a lista de verificação Downs e Black adaptada. A revisão seguiu as diretrizes do PRISMA. Resultados: Um total de 16 artigos foram incluídos após o processo de triagem. Todos os artigos tinham uma qualidade metodológica superior a 66,8%. As repercussões mais comuns da COVID-19 em pacientes de hemodiálise foram o aumento da taxa de mortalidade (75%), desenvolvimento de sinais e sintomas típicos da doença como febre, tosse, dispnéia e fadiga (68,75%), linfopenia (68,75%), progressão para síndrome respiratória aguda grave (56,25%), necessidade de ventilação mecânica (50%) e admissão a intensivo (50%). Conclusões: Os pacientes em hemodiálise são mais suscetíveis à infecção por COVID-19 e, quando infectados pela SRA-CoV-2, estes pacientes têm resultados clínicos mais adversos, doenças mais graves, maior mortalidade e pior prognóstico do que a população em geral. As repercussões da COVID-19 em pacientes de hemodiálise revelam uma necessidade de cuidados preventivos de enfermagem em clínicas de hemodiálise.


Subject(s)
Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
7.
Rev. méd. Paraná ; 80(1): 1-4, jan. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1381039

ABSTRACT

A insuficiência renal crônica compromete as funções fisiológicas dos rins, e leva o paciente à diálise como terapia; contudo, essa condição gera suscetibilidade àdesnutrição. O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever o perfil epidemiológico e nutricional dos pacientes em hemodiálise e compará-los em relação à doença renal de base. Éestudo retrospectivo, descritivo e transversal. Foram coletados dados demográficos, clínicos, antropométricos e laboratoriais de pacientes que estiveram em diálise. Foram incluídos pacientes com insuficiência renal crônica e excluídos menores de 18 anos, com dados insuficientes ou com comorbidades que alterassem processo nutricional. Em conclusão, observaram-se 4 principais causas para doença renal crônica: hipertensão arterial crônica, doença renal policística, doença renal terminal e nefropatia diabética, que foi a mais prevalente, com pouca evidência de desnutrição


Chronic renal failure compromises the physiological functions of the kidneys and leads the patient to dialysis as a therapy; however, this condition generates susceptibility to malnutrition. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiological and nutritional profile of patients on hemodialysis and to compare them in relation to the underlying renal disease. It is a retrospective, descriptive and cross-sectional study. Demographic, clinical, anthropometric and laboratory data were collected from patients who were on dialysis. Patients with chronic renal failure were included and those under 18 years of age, with insufficient data or with comorbidities that altered the nutritional process, were excluded. In conclusion, 4 main causes of chronic kidney disease were observed: chronic arterial hypertension, polycystic kidney disease, end-stage renal disease and diabetic nephropathy, which was the most prevalent, with little evidence of malnutrition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Renal Dialysis , Malnutrition , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Epidemiology
8.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 30(3): 54-59, 18-jul-2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1379493

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la satisfacción con la calidad en la atención de enfermería por parte del paciente es el resultado de la relación profesional entre la enfermera y el paciente. Objetivo: evaluar la satisfacción con la calidad en la atención de enfermería de los pacientes de hemodiálisis de un hospital de especialidades en Sonora. Metodología: estudio cuantitativo, observacional, descriptivo, transversal y prospectivo, realizado mediante la aplicación del cuestionario SERVQHOS-E, que consta de 16 ítems y una encuesta de opinión y sirve para medir la satisfacción del paciente y la calidad percibida de la atención de enfermería. El análisis de datos se hizo con estadística descriptiva, frecuencias relativas y absolutas. Resultados: se estudiaron 146 pacientes. En cuanto a percepción de la calidad de la atención de enfermería, 99.3% estuvieron satisfechos y solo 0.7% estuvieron insatisfechos. En relación con la satisfacción global, el 100% se manifestaron satisfechos y 99.3% de los pacientes recomendaría el servicio. Conclusión: los pacientes con hemodiálisis de un hospital de especialidades en Sonora se encuentran satisfechos.


Introduction: Patient satisfaction with the quality of nursing care is the result of the professional relationship between nurse and patient. Objective: To assess patient satisfaction with hemodialysis as relates to the quality of nursing care in a specialty hospital in Sonora. Methodology: observational, descriptive, cross-sectional and prospective study, which was carried out using the SERVQHOS-E questionnaire, which consists of 16 items and one survey and measures the patient satisfaction and the perceived quality about nursing care. Data analysis was completed through descriptive statistics, relative and absolute frequencies. Results: 146 patients were studied. Concerning the perceived quality of nursing care, 99.3% were satisfied and only 0.7% reported dissatisfaction. Regarding global satisfaction, 100% of patients expressed satisfaction with their stay and 99.3% would recommend the services received to others. Conclusion: Hemodialysis patients at a specialty hospital in Sonora are satisfied.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Quality of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Renal Dialysis/nursing , Patient Satisfaction/statistics & numerical data , Nursing Care/statistics & numerical data , Socioeconomic Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies
9.
Rev. cuba. med ; 61(2): e2590, abr.-jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408999

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La fístula arteriovenosa por vía quirúrgica para hemodiálisis constituye el acceso vascular de elección, para ese proceder depurador, no obstante, repercute negativamente sobre el aparato cardiovascular. Objetivo: Actualizar aspectos conceptuales y conductuales relativos a la permanencia de la fístula arteriovenosa para hemodiálisis posterior al trasplante renal. Métodos: Se revisó la literatura publicada en los últimos cinco años en las bases de datos; PubMed/Medline y Scopus y las fuentes de información; Cochrane Library y Ebsco. Resultados: La repercusión de la fístula arteriovenosa sobre el sistema cardiovascular tiene una marcada incidencia en diferentes alteraciones estructurales y funcionales del corazón que requieren de la adopción de una conducta destinada a evitar el riesgo. Se examinan puntos de vista convergentes y divergentes relacionados con la pertinencia de la fístula arteriovenosa como acceso vascular creado para hemodiálisis y la posibilidad de mantenerla luego del trasplante renal. Conclusiones: La fístula arteriovenosa supone el acceso vascular de apropiado para la supervivencia en hemodiálisis, sin embargo, las consecuencias de su permanencia sobre el aparato cardiovascular implican riesgo añadido de morbilidad y mortalidad(AU)


Introduction: Surgical arteriovenous fistula for hemodialysis is the vascular access of choice, this purifying procedure, however, has negative impact on the cardiovascular system. Objective: To bring up-to-date conceptual and behavioral aspects related to the permanence of the arteriovenous fistula for hemodialysis after renal transplantation. Methods: The literature published in the last five years was reviewed in PubMed/Medline and Scopus and information sources; Cochrane Library and Ebsco databases. Results: The repercussion of the arteriovenous fistula on the cardiovascular system has a marked incidence in different structural and functional alterations of the heart that require the adoption of a behavior to avoid risks. Convergent and divergent points of view related to the relevance of the arteriovenous fistula as a vascular access created for hemodialysis and the possibility of maintaining it after renal transplantation are examined. Conclusions: The arteriovenous fistula is the appropriate vascular access for survival in hemodialysis, however, the consequences of its permanence on the cardiovascular system imply an added risk of morbidity and mortality(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cardiovascular System , Arteriovenous Fistula/epidemiology , Renal Dialysis/methods , Kidney Transplantation , Cardiovascular Abnormalities/complications
10.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 39(2): 161-169, abr.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395053

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo. Comparar la supervivencia de pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica (ERC) en hemodiálisis (HD) versus diálisis peritoneal (DP). Materiales y métodos. Se realizó un análisis de supervivencia de una cohorte retrospectiva de pacientes ≥ 18 años que iniciaron HD versus DP en el Hospital Víctor Lazarte Echegaray del 2015 al 2019. Se analizaron las covariables: edad, sexo, diabetes mellitus con causa de ERC, catéter venoso central temporal (CVC) como acceso vascular inicial y tasa de filtración glomerular. Se calculó la supervivencia con curvas de Kaplan-Meier para la cohorte global y para edad ≥ 60 años, diabetes mellitus como causa de ERC y CVC. Se estimó el riesgo de fallecer mediante Hazard Ratio (HR) según el modelo de riesgos proporcionales de Cox para cada covariable ajustada a la modalidad de diálisis en un análisis bivariado y multivariado considerando diferencia significativa si el valor de p < 0,05. Resultados. Se incluyeron 368 pacientes en HD de los cuales fallecieron 129 (35,1%) y 172 pacientes en DP de los cuales fallecieron 66 (38,4%) (p=0,455). La probabilidad acumulada de supervivencia a los 60 meses para HD fue de 30% y para DP fue de 37% con curvas de supervivencia similares (p=0,719). La mediana del tiempo de sobrevida en HD fue de 32 meses (RIC: 20-53) y en DP fue de 32,5 meses (RIC: 18-57) (p=0,999). Se determinó que las covariables asociadas con una mayor mortalidad ajustadas a la modalidad de diálisis fueron edad ≥60 años (HR 1,77; p<0,001) y diabetes mellitus como causa de ERC (HR 1,63; p=0,002). Conclusiones. La supervivencia de los pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica en HD y DP fue similar.


ABSTRACT Objective. To compare the survival of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on hemodialysis (HD) versus peritoneal dialysis (PD). Materials and methods. Survival analysis of a retrospective cohort of patients ≥ 18 years who started HD versus PD at the Victor Lazarte Echegaray Hospital from 2015 to 2019. We analyzed the following covariates: age, sex, diabetes mellitus as cause of CKD, temporary central venous catheter (CVC) as initial vascular access and glomerular filtration rate. Survival was calculated with Kaplan-Meier curves for the overall cohort and for age ≥ 60 years, diabetes mellitus as a cause of CKD and CVC. The risk of death was estimated by Hazard Ratio (HR) according to the Cox proportional hazards model for each covariate adjusted for dialysis type in a bivariate and multivariate analysis considering significant difference if the p-value < 0.05. Results. We included 368 patients on HD of whom 129 (35.1%) died, and 172 patients on PD of whom 66 (38.4%) died (p=0.455). The cumulative probability of survival at 60 months for HD was 30% and for PD was 37% with similar survival curves (p=0.719). The median survival time for HD was 32 months (IQR: 20-53) and for PD was 32.5 months (IQR: 18-57) (p=0.999). The covariates associated with higher mortality adjusted for dialysis type were age ≥60 years (HR 1.77; p<0.001) and diabetes mellitus as a cause of CKD (HR 1.63; p=0.002). Conclusions. Survival of patients with CKD on HD and PD was similar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Survival Analysis , Mortality , Peritoneal Dialysis , Dialysis , Patients , Survival , Renal Dialysis , Survivorship
11.
Notas enferm. (Córdoba) ; 22(39): 49-53, junio 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1380366

ABSTRACT

La Insuficiencia Renal Aguda (IRA), es sin dudas una de las complicaciones más frecuentes que puede presentar el paciente crítico; la cual se define como la disminución en la capacidad que tienen los riñones para eliminar productos nitrogenados de desechos. En las unidades de cuidados críticos la causa de las mismas puede ser multifactorial y se relaciona con el fallo multiorgánico. El presente trabajo es un relato de experiencia, un trabajo descriptivo de experiencias de la terapia en reemplazo renal continuo, acompañado además de recolección bibliográfica, cuyo objetivo principal es la capacitación en el tratamiento de las insuficiencias renales en los pacientes críticos con la terapia de reemplazo renal continuo. Para abordar esta temática, se conformó un equipo multidisciplinario en el mes de Abril del año 2021, entre los servicios de Unidad de Cuidados Crítico y el Servicio de Nefrología, en donde se desarrolló un plan de capacitación de manera virtual para abordar el tratamiento a los pacientes con fallo renal, el cual contó además con la disertación y capacitación de personal altamente calificados en el tema, para posteriormente realizar un entrenamiento teórico-práctico en el servicio de Hemodiálisis del Sanatorio Allende de Nueva Córdoba, en la técnica de conexión y desconexión de catéteres de hemodiálisis, en el cual asistieron un total de 26 enfermeros del área de Terapia Intensiva de ambas sedes con el fin de aprender la técnica específica que se aplicará en los pacientes que serán sometidos a hemofiltración venovenosa continua[AU]


Acute Renal Insufficiency (AKI) is undoubtedly one of the most frequent complications that critical patients may present; which is defined as the decrease in the ability of the kidneys to eliminate nitrogenous waste products. In critical care units, their cause can be multifactorial and is related to multiorgan failure.The present work is a report of experiences, a descriptive work of experiences of continuous renal replacement therapy, accompanied by a bibliographic collection, whose main objective is training in the treatment of renal insufficiency in critical patients with replacement therapy. continuous kidney. To address this issue, a multidisciplinary team was formed in April 2021, between the services of the Critical Care Unit and the Nephrology Service, where a training plan was developed virtually to address the treatment of patients. patients with kidney failure, which also included the dissertation and training of highly qualified personnel on the subject, to subsequently carry out theoretical-practical training in the Hemodialysis service of the Allende Sanatorium in Nueva Córdoba, in the connection and disconnection technique of hemodialysis catheters, which was attended by a total of 26 nurses from the Intensive Care area of both sites in order to learn the specific technique that will be applied to patients who will undergo continuous venovenous hemofiltration[AU]


A Insuficiência Renal Aguda (LRA) é, semdúvida, uma das complicaçõesmaisfrequentes que os pacientes críticos podemapresentar; que é definida como a diminuição da capacidade dos rins de eliminar produtosresiduais nitrogenados. Em unidades de terapia intensiva, sua causa pode ser multifatorial e está relacionada à falência de múltiplos órgãos. O presente trabalho é um relato de experiências, umtrabalhodescritivo de experiências de terapia renal substitutiva contínua, acompanhado de umlevantamento bibliográfico, cujo objetivo principal é a capacitação no tratamento da insuficiência renal em pacientes críticos com terapia substitutiva renal. Para abordar essaquestão, uma equipe multidisciplinar foi formada em abril de 2021, entre os serviços da Unidade de Terapia Intensiva e o Serviço de Nefrologia, onde foi desenvolvido um plano de treinamento virtualmente para abordar o tratamento de pacientes com insuficiência renal, que incluiutambém o dissertação e treinamento de pessoal altamente qualificado no assunto, para posteriormente realizar treinamento teórico-prático no serviço de Hemodiálise do Sanatório Allende em Nueva Córdoba, na técnica de conexão e desconexão de cateteres de hemodiálise, que contoucom a participação de um total de 26 enfermeiros da área de Terapia Intensiva de ambos os locais para conhecer a técnica específica que será aplicada aos pacientes que ser ãosubmetidos à hemofiltração venovenosa contínua[AU]


Subject(s)
Humans , Renal Dialysis , Education, Distance , Critical Care , Renal Insufficiency , Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy , Inservice Training , Multiple Organ Failure
12.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(3): 406-411, May-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377398

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Frailty is consensually understood to be a clinical syndrome in which minimal stressors can lead to negative outcomes such as hospitalization, early institutionalization, falls, functional loss and death. Frailty is more prevalent among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and those on dialysis are the frailest. Depression contributes towards putting patients with CKD into the frailty cycle. OBJECTIVE: To assess frailty and its relationship with depression among patients with CKD undergoing hemodialysis. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational and quantitative cross-sectional study conducted in a renal therapy unit, located in the interior of the state of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: This investigation took place in 2019, among 80 patients. The following instruments were applied: a sociodemographic, economic and health condition characterization and the Subjective Frailty Assessment (SFA) and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). RESULTS: Among the patients, there was higher prevalence of females, individuals with a steady partner and retirees, and their mean age was 59.63 (± 15.14) years. There was high prevalence of physical frailty (73.8%) and depression (93.7%). Depression was associated with frailty, such that patients with depression were 9.8 times more likely to be frail than were patients without depression (odds ratio, OR = 9.80; 95% confidence interval, CI, 1.93-49.79). CONCLUSION: Based on the proposed objective and the results achieved, it can be concluded that depression was associated with the presence of frailty among patients with CKD on hemodialysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Frailty/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Frail Elderly , Renal Dialysis , Depression/etiology , Depression/epidemiology , Middle Aged
13.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(3): 398-405, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377382

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The high number of patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis makes it necessary to conduct studies aimed at improving their quality of life. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate brain compliance, using the Brain4care method for intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring, among patients with ESRD before and at the end of the hemodialysis session, and to correlate ICP with the dialysis quality index (Kt/V). DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted at a renal replacement therapy center in Brazil. METHODS: Sixty volunteers who were undergoing hemodialysis three times a week were included in this study. Brain compliance was assessed before and after hemodialysis using the noninvasive Brain4care method and intracranial pressure wave morphology was analyzed. RESULTS: Among these 60 ESRD volunteers, 17 (28%) presented altered brain compliance before hemodialysis. After hemodialysis, 12 (20%) exhibited normalization of brain compliance. Moreover, 10 (83%) of the 12 patients whose post-dialysis brain compliance became normalized were seen to present good-quality dialysis, as confirmed by Kt/V > 1.2. CONCLUSIONS: It can be suggested that changes to cerebral compliance in individuals with ESRD occur frequently and that a good-quality hemodialysis session (Kt/V > 1.2) may be effective for normalizing the patient's cerebral compliance.


Subject(s)
Renal Dialysis , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Quality of Life , Brain , Cross-Sectional Studies
14.
Más Vita ; 4(2): 293-303, jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1392284

ABSTRACT

La insuficiencia renal crónica afecta a toda una población adulta e influye en su calidad de vida. En el Ecuador se reporta que más del 65% de pacientes con hipertensión y diabetes progresan con insuficiencia renal. Objetivo: Validar los instrumentos para evaluar la influencia de la hemodiálisis en la calidad de vida del adulto mayor con insuficiencia renal crónica, Unidad Dialysis Center. Materiales y métodos: La investigación tuvo un enfoque cuali-cuantitativo, diseño no experimental, descriptivo de corte transversal. Se realizó una prueba piloto con los instrumentos a validarse en una muestra conformada por 15 adultos mayores que se encuentran en tratamiento sustitutivo de hemodiálisis. Resultados: El instrumento cuantitativo o encuesta obtuvo un coeficiente de confiabilidad (Alfa de Cronbach) de 0.80 y la entrevista o instrumento cualitativo, una puntuación de 95 según la rúbrica de los expertos, por lo que los instrumentos fueron aprobados y es confiable su aplicación para responder a los objetivos planteados en la investigación. Conclusiones: Con los resultados obtenidos por el plan piloto realizado, se identifica una influencia considerable de la insuficiencia renal crónica en la calidad de vida, comprende repercusiones a nivel emocional desarrollando depresión. Los datos obtenidos validan la efectividad de los instrumentos para el estudio(AU)


Chronic renal failure affects an entire adult population and influences their quality of life. In Ecuador it is reported that more than 65% of patients with hypertension and diabetes progress to kidney failure. Objective: To validate the instruments to evaluate the influence of hemodialysis on the quality of life of the elderly with chronic renal failure, Dialysis Center Unit. Materials and methods: The research had a qualitative-quantitative approach, non-experimental, descriptive cross-sectional design. A pilot test was carried out with the instruments to be validated in a sample made up of 15 older adults who are on hemodialysis replacement therapy. Results: The quantitative instrument or survey obtained a reliability coefficient (Cronbach's Alpha) of 0.80 and the interview or qualitative instrument, a score of 95 according to the experts' rubric, so the instruments were approved and their application is reliable for respond to the objectives set out in the research. Conclusions: With the results obtained by the pilot plan carried out, a considerable influence of chronic renal failure on quality of life is identified, including repercussions at an emotional level, developing depression. The data obtained validate the effectiveness of the instruments for the study(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life , Aged , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Chronic Disease , Surveys and Questionnaires , Mood Disorders , Diabetes Mellitus , Hypertension
15.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 55(1): 27-38, 20220401.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1366663

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Procesos como la mutagénesis, la carcinogénesis y la teratogénesis son producto de la interacción de agentes de origen endógeno como exógeno que interactúan con la molécula de ADN en forma crónica produciendo rupturas en la doble hélice, y en cromosomas completos resultando en la inestabilidad genómica. El estrés oxidativo al que se encuentran sometidas las células al formarse las especies reactivas de oxígeno (ROS) y también las especies reactivas de nitrógeno (RNS), que pueden provenir de radicales producidos a consecuencia de la diabetes o en estados iniciales de la enfermedad renal crónica o como respuesta a procesos inflamatorios en estados avanzados de estas patologías, actúan como agentes genotóxicos endógenos.Objetivos: Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo determinar el daño basal en la molécula de ADN de pacientes diabéticos hemodializados, a través del ensayo del Cometa, como un bioindicador de inestabilidad genómica., durante seis meses de tratamiento. Materiales y métodos: Se planteó un estudio longitudinal prospectivo de cohorte para comparar los diferentes niveles de daño antes y durante los primeros seis del tratamiento de hemodiálisis. Se evaluó con el test del cometa o electroforesis de células individuales, el daño basal en muestras de sangre venosa de pacientes diagnosticados con Diabetes de tipo II como control negativo y en pacientes diabéticos con enfermedad renal crónica antes de iniciar el tratamiento de diálisis y luego durante el tratamiento. Se utilizó el test de t- Student para muestras independientes y emparejadas. Resultados: Se observó un aumento significativo de daño basal y oxidativo en el material genético de pacientes diabéticos con enfermedad renal crónica, comparados con los controles negativos (p< 0.005) y se observó, además, que el daño celular aumenta con el tratamiento de hemodiálisis (p<0.005). Conclusión: Los resultados obtenidos en esta investigación permiten concluir que el estrés oxidativo tiene un efecto genotóxico y que el nivel de daño genético es un buen bioindicador del avance de la enfermedad renal crónica y que la hemodiálisis induce a un aumento de daño a nivel del material genético, aumentando el riesgo de carcinogénesis.


Introduction: Processes such as mutagenesis, carcinogenesis and teratogenesis are the product of the interaction of agents of endogenous and exogenous origin that interact with the DNA molecule in a chronic way producing ruptures in the double helix, and in complete chromosomes resulting in genomic instability. The oxidative stress to which the cells are subjected when reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) are formed, which may come from radicals produced as a result of diabetes or in initial stages of chronic kidney disease or in response to inflammatory processes in advanced stages of these pathologies, act as endogenous genotoxic agents. Objectives: This research aimed to determine the basal damage in the DNA molecule of hemodialyzed diabetic patients, through the Comet assay, as a bioindicator of genomic instability, during six months of treatment. Materials and methods: For this research, a prospective longitudinal cohort study was proposed to compare the different levels of genetic damage before and during the first six of hemodialysis treatment. Baseline damage was evaluated with the comet test or single cell electrophoresis, in venous blood samples from patients diagnosed with Type II Diabetes as a negative control and in diabetic patients with chronic kidney disease before starting dialysis treatment and then during treatment. Results: A significant increase in basal and oxidative damage was observed in the genetic material of diabetic patients with chronic kidney disease, compared to negative controls (p< 0.005) and it was also observed that cell damage increases with hemodialysis treatment (p<0.005). The t-Student test was used for independent and paired samples. Conclusion: The results obtained in this research allow us to conclude that oxidative stress has a genotoxic effect and that the level of genetic damage is a good bioindicator of the progression of chronic kidney disease and that hemodialysis induces an increase in damage at the level of the genetic material, increasing the risk of carcinogenesis.


Subject(s)
Renal Dialysis , Comet Assay , Dialysis , Research , DNA , Oxidative Stress
16.
ABCS health sci ; 47: e022204, 06 abr. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363533

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Kidney transplantation (KT) is the renal replacement therapy (RRT) of choice for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, not every KT is successful and some patients persist on RRT. OBJECTIVE: To model a logistic regression with pre- and post-KT risk covariates capable of predicting secondary allograft dysfunction in need of RRT or reaching stage V of CKD until the first six months post-KT. METHODS: Cohort with KT recipients from Northeastern Brazil. Medical records of KT performed between 2011-2018 were analyzed. KT-recipients with insufficient data or who abandoned follow-up were excluded. The covariables analyzed were: demographic; infectious; pre- and post-KT comorbidities; panel reactive-antibodies; number of HLA mismatches; acute rejection episodes mediated by T-cell (ACR) or antibodies (AAR) six months after KT; and laboratory tests six months after KT. RESULTS: Covariates with higher risk for the analyzed outcomes six months after KT were: elderly KT recipients (OR:1.41; CI95%:1.01-1.99), time between onset of RRT and KT (ΔT-RRT&KT)>10years (OR:3.54; CI95%:1.27-9.87), diabetes mellitus (DM) pre-KT (OR:3.35; CI95%:1.51-7.46), pyelonephritis (OR:2.45; CI95%:1.24-4.84), polyomavirus nephropathy (OR:4.99; CI95%:1.87-13.3), AAS (OR:4.82; CI95%:1.35-17.2), 24h-proteinuria ≥300mg/24h (OR:5.05; CI95%:2.00-12.7) and serum calcium (Ca) <8.5mg/dL (OR:4.72; CI95%:2.00-11.1). The multivariate model presented an accuracy of 88.1% and the mean variance inflation factor is 1.81. CONCLUSION: Elderly-recipients, ΔT-RRT&KT>10 years, pre-KT DM, and post-KT aggressions until six months (pyelonephritis, polyomavirus nephropathy, ABMR, 24h-proteinuria≥300mg/24h, and Ca<8.5mg/dL) are associated with high predictive power for secondary allograft dysfunction in need of RRT or reaching CKD stage V until the first six months post-KT.


INTRODUÇÃO: Transplante renal (TR) é a terapia renal substitutiva (TRS) de escolha para pacientes com doença renal crônica (DRC). Entretanto, nem todo TR é bem-sucedido e alguns pacientes persistem em TRS. OBJETIVO: Modelar uma regressão logística com covariáveis de risco pré e pós-TR preditora da disfunção secundária do aloenxerto com necessidade de TRS ou alcance ao estágio V da DRC até os primeiros seis meses pós-TR. MÉTODOS: Coorte com receptores transplantados realizado em hospital no Nordeste brasileiro. Analisou-se registros médicos dos TR realizados entre 2011-2018. Receptores com dados insuficientes ou que abandonaram seguimento foram excluídos. Foram analisadas covariáveis: demográficas; infecciosas; comorbidades pré e pós-TR; painel de reatividade; incompatibilidades de HLA; episódios de rejeições agudas mediadas por células-T ou por anticorpos; exames laboratoriais seis meses pós-TR. RESULTADOS: Receptores idosos (OR:1,41; IC95%:1,01-1,99), tempo entre início da TRS e TR (∆T-TRS&TR)>10 anos (OR:3,54; IC95%:1,27-9,87), diabetes mellitus (DM) pré-TR (OR:3,35; IC95%:1,51-7,46), pielonefrite (OR:2,45; IC95%:1,24-4,84), nefropatia por poliomavírus (OR:4,99; IC95%:1,87-13,3), RAMA (OR:4,82; IC95%:1,35-17,2), proteinúria de 24h (Pt24h) ≥300mg/24h (OR:5,05; IC95%:2,00-12,7) e cálcio sérico (Ca)<8,5mg/dL (OR:4,72; IC95%:2,00-11,1) foram identificadas como covariáveis de maior risco para os desfechos analisados até seis meses pós-TR. O modelo multivariado apresentou acurácia de 88,1% e fator de inflação da variância médio de 1,81. CONCLUSÃO: Receptores idosos, ∆T-TRS&TR>10anos, DM pré-TR e agressões até seis meses pós-TR (pielonefrite, nefropatia por poliomavírus, RAMA, Pt24h≥300mg/24h e Ca<8,5mg/dL), apresentam alto poder preditivo para disfunção secundária do aloenxerto com necessidade de TRS ou alcance ao estágio V da DRC até os primeiros seis meses pós-TR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Risk Factors , Kidney Transplantation , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Allografts , Proteinuria , Pyelonephritis , Logistic Models , Retrospective Studies , Renal Dialysis , Immunosuppression Therapy , BK Virus , Disease Progression , Hypocalcemia
17.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 80(2): 129-136, Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364370

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Headache is one of the most frequent symptoms that occur during hemodialysis sessions. Despite the high prevalence of dialysis headache, it has been little studied. Objective: To evaluate the characteristics, impact and factors associated with dialysis headache. The behavior of the cerebral vasculature was also compared between patients with and without dialysis headache. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. Consecutive patients who underwent hemodialysis were assessed through a semi-structured questionnaire, the Headache Impact Test (HIT-6), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36). Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography was performed in the first and fourth hours of hemodialysis. Results: A total of 100 patients were included; 49 of them had dialysis headache. Women (OR=5.04; 95%CI 1.95-13.04), younger individuals (OR=1.05; 95%CI 1.01-1.08), individuals with higher schooling levels (OR=3.86; 95%CI 1.4-10.7) and individuals who had spent longer times on dialysis programs (OR=0.99; 95%CI 0.98-1) had more dialysis headache (logistic regression). Individuals with dialysis headache had worse quality of life in the domains of pain and general state of health (56.9 versus 76.4, p=0.01; 49.7 versus 60.2, p=0.03, respectively). Dialysis headache was associated with significantly greater impact on life (OR=24.4; 95%CI 2.6-226.6; logistic regression). The pulsatility index (transcranial Doppler ultrasonography) was lower among patients with dialysis headache than among those without them. Conclusions: Dialysis headaches occur frequently and are associated with worse quality of life and patterns of cerebral vasodilatation.


RESUMO Antecedentes: A cefaleia é um dos sintomas mais frequentes que ocorrem durante as sessões de hemodiálise. Apesar da alta prevalência, essa cefaleia é pouco estudada. Objetivo: Avaliar as características, impacto e fatores associados à cefaleia da diálise. O comportamento da vasculatura cerebral também foi comparado entre pacientes com e sem cefaleia da diálise. Métodos: Este foi um estudo transversal. Pacientes consecutivos submetidos à hemodiálise foram avaliados por meio de questionário semiestruturado, do Headache Impact Test (HIT-6), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale e Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36). Foi realizada ultrassonografia Doppler transcraniana na primeira e na quarta horas de hemodiálise. Resultados: Foram incluídos 100 pacientes, 49 deles tinham cefaleia da diálise. Mulheres (OR=5,04; IC95% 1,95-13,04), indivíduos mais jovens (OR=1,05; IC95% 1,01-1,08), com maior escolaridade (OR=3,86; IC95% 1,4-10,7) e que passaram mais tempo em programas de diálise (OR=0,99, IC95% 0,98-1) tiveram mais cefaleia da diálise (regressão logística). Indivíduos com cefaleia dialítica tiveram pior qualidade de vida nos domínios dor e estado geral de saúde (56,9 versus 76,4, p=0,01; 49,7 versus 60,2, p=0,03, respectivamente). A cefaleia da diálise foi associada a um impacto significativamente maior na vida (OR=24,4; IC95% 2,6-226,6; regressão logística). O índice de pulsatilidade (ultrassonografia Doppler transcraniana) foi menor entre os pacientes com cefaleia da diálise do que entre aqueles sem. Conclusões: A cefaleia da diálise ocorre com frequência e está associada a pior qualidade de vida e a padrões de vasodilatação cerebral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Quality of Life , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Headache/etiology , Headache/diagnostic imaging
18.
19.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(2): 297-304, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366052

ABSTRACT

Abstract BACKGROUND: Standard precautions (SPs) are recommended safety measures for healthcare professionals to follow, with a view to preventing healthcare-related infections (HCRIs) and for their own protection. Inadequate adherence to these measures can lead to occurrences of occupational accidents and HCRIs. OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the knowledge of and adherence to SP measures among the nursing staff of a hemodialysis service and the relationship of these variables to occurrences of work accidents with biological material. DESIGN AND SETTING: Descriptive cross-sectional and correlational study with a quantitative approach developed in a hemodialysis clinic in Minas Gerais. METHODS: Data were collected through sociodemographic questionnaires and questionnaires on knowledge of and adherence to SPs. RESULTS: 29 professionals participated in the study. It is noteworthy that all of them had already participated in training related to SPs. However, no relationship was identified between knowledge of (15.17 points) and adherence to (71.86 points) SPs. In addition, inferential analysis showed that there was a relationship between suffering a work accident with biological material and the sociodemographic data and knowledge of and adherence to standard precautions. CONCLUSION: Knowledge of the SPs that had been established did not mean mastery of the subject. Despite positive results regarding adherence, factors requiring improvement were observed. It was possible to infer the characteristics that gave rise to greater risk of occurrences of accidents at work. Thus, this study showed the importance of assessing knowledge of and adherence to SP, in order to optimize and direct continuing education towards resolving occupational exposure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Guideline Adherence , Hemodialysis Units, Hospital , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Renal Dialysis , Infection Control/methods
20.
Av Enferm ; 40(1): 50-62, 01-01-2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1349176

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: mensurar a ativação de pacientes em hemodiálise e determinar os fatores associados à ativação dessa população. Materiais e método: estudo exploratório, de caráter descritivo e corte transversal com 162 pacientes em tratamento hemodialítico no interior de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Os dados foram coletados de janeiro a abril de 2019, com instrumentos para avaliação sociodemográfica, socioeconômica e clínica e da escala Patient Activation Measure de 13 itens. A análise de dados foi realizada por estatística descritiva e regressão de Poisson com variância robusta. Resultados: a medida de ativação dos pacientes em hemodiálise variou de 39,4 a 90,7 pontos, em que a média é 60,85 + 15,57 pontos e a mediana 53,2 (IC: 58,4- 63,3) pontos. Dos participantes, 52,5 % (n = 85) apresentavam baixa ativação, sendo que o menor quantitativo de pessoas (18,5 %, n = 30) se encontrava no nível 3. Foi associado à maior prevalência de alta ativação o fato de apresentar o nível superior de ensino e não necessitar de cuidador. Conclusões: embora as variáveis associadas à alta ativação não sejam modificadas pelos profissionais de saúde, conhecê-las permite inferir qual o perfil de pacientes em hemodiálise que necessitam de intervenções direcionadas ao aumento dos níveis de ativação


Objetivo: medir la activación de pacientes en hemodiálisis y determinar los factores asociados con la activación de esta población. Materiales y método: estudio exploratorio, descriptivo y transversal con 162 pacientes sometidos a hemodiálisis en el interior de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Los datos fueron recopilados entre enero y abril de 2019 mediante instrumentos para evaluación sociodemográfica, socioeconómica y ecológica y el uso de la escala de Medición de Activación del Paciente de 13 ítems. El análisis de los datos se llevó a cabo por medio de estadística descriptiva y regresión de Poisson con varianza robusta. Resultados: la medida de activación de los pacientes en hemodiálisis osciló entre 39,4 y 90,7 puntos, siendo la media de 60,85 ± 15,57 puntos y la mediana de 53,2 (IC: 58,4-63,3) puntos. El 52,5 % (n = 85) de los participantes presentaba baja activación y el 18,5 % (n = 30) de la muestra fue clasificado en el nivel 3. Tener un nivel de educación superior y no requerir de un cuidador fueron variables asociadas a una mayor prevalencia de alta activación en este tipo de pacientes. Conclusiones: aunque las variables asociadas con una alta activación no pueden ser modificadas por los profesionales de la salud, conocerlas permite inferir el perfil de pacientes en hemodiálisis que requiere intervenciones dirigidas a incrementar sus niveles de activación.


Objective: To measure the activation of hemodialysis patients and determine the factors associated with the activation of this population. Materials and method: Exploratory, descriptive and cross-sectional study with 162 hemodialysis patients residing in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Data was collected from January to April 2019, using instruments for sociodemographic, socioeconomic and clinical evaluation and the 13-item Patient Activation Measure scale. Data analysis was performed using descriptive statistics and Poisson regression with robust variance. Results: The activation measure of the studied patients ranged from 39.4 to 90.7 points, with a mean of 60.85 ± 15.57 points and a median of 53.2 (CI: 58.4-63.3). Among participants, 52.5 % (n = 85) reported low activation, while the smallest share of patients (18.5 %, n = 30) was classified within level 3. A higher level of educational attainment and not requiring a caregiver were the variables associated with a higher prevalence of high activation among these patients. Conclusions: Although the variables associated with high activation cannot be modified by health professionals, recognizing them allows us to infer the profile of hemodialysis patients in need for interventions aimed at increasing their activation levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Participation , Self Care , Renal Dialysis , Self-Management
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