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1.
São Paulo; s.n; 20240222. 75 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1531765

ABSTRACT

A doença renal crônica em estágio terminal pode levar a alterações sistêmicas que tornam o manejo clínico odontológico desses indivíduos desafiador, especialmente se os procedimentos forem invasivos. As preocupações incluem alteração do metabolismo de drogas, da resposta imunológica e do metabolismo ósseo, além do risco aumentado de sangramento e discussão sobre risco aumentado para endocardite infecciosa. O objetivo deste estudo retrospectivo foi conhecer a frequência e o tipo de complicações durante e após execução de procedimentos odontológicos em indivíduos com insuficiência renal crônica em diálise (IRC-D), atendidos no Centro de Atendimento a Pacientes Especiais (CAPE) da Faculdade de Odontologia da USP (FOUSP). Adicionalmente, comparamos a quantidade e o tipo de complicações entre os indivíduos que usaram antibiótico profilático e aqueles que não usaram, antes dos procedimentos odontológicos. Para tanto desenvolvemos um formulário específico para este estudo, no qual compilamos as informações relativas aos períodos trans e pós-operatórios de procedimentos odontológicos realizados nos pacientes com IRC em diálise. Nossa hipótese era a de que a prevalência de complicações durante e após os procedimentos odontológicos de indivíduos com IRC em diálise fosse baixa, e que ouso do antibiótico prescrito profilaticamente não interferiria na qualidade dareparação ou na incidência de complicações relacionadas aos procedimentos odontológicos. Analisamos retrospectivamente 225 prontuários de pacientes com IRC em diálise atendidos no CAPE-FOUSP desde 1990 até os dias atuais. Desse total, 130 eram pacientes do sexo masculino e do 95 do feminino. A idade média destes indivíduos foi de 48,4 anos. As principais doenças de base que levaram a ocorrência da IRC-HD foram a hipertensão arterial sistêmica (48 pacientes) e o diabetes mellitus (23 pacientes). Nos 225 pacientes, 1.390 procedimentos odontológicos foram realizados, dos quais 856 foram não invasivos, 443 invasivos e 91 tratamentos endodônticos. Dentre os procedimentos invasivos, houve 259 exodontias. Antes de 80 das 259 intervenções cirúrgicas (31%) houve a prescrição de antibiótico profilático em diferentes posologias; em 29 exodontias (11%) foram utilizados hemostáticos locais no momento da realização da sutura. Foram descritos nos prontuários 16 casos de sangramento transoperatório (6%), 5 casos de sangramento pós-operatório (2%) e 2 casos de complicação pós-operatória (0,8%), definidos como uma alveolite e uma infecção alveolar. Nossos resultados permitiram nos concluir que a incidência de complicações após exodontias é baixa e que o uso de antibiótico profilático (AP) não interferiu nessa incidência.


Subject(s)
Dental Care , Renal Dialysis , Dry Socket , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Hemorrhage
2.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(2): 1010-1026, Maio-Ago. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425168

ABSTRACT

A Doença Renal Crônica (DRC) é uma importante redução da função renal que causa alterações no metabolismo dos indivíduos. Para acompanhar a progressão da DRC e prevenir possíveis complicações, foi realizada uma pesquisa para avaliar o perfil sociodemográfico, bioquímico e hematológico de pacientes com Insuficiência Renal Crônica (IRC) submetidos a hemodiálise. Esta pesquisa foi quantitativa, descritiva e transversal de caráter retrospectivo, realizada por meio da análise de dados secundários contidos nos prontuários dos pacientes. A coleta de dados ocorreu no Centro de Hemodiálise da cidade de Russas, no Ceará. A amostra foi constituída por 161 pacientes com DRC, sendo 63,35% do sexo masculino e 85,71% pardos, com uma idade média de 54,39 anos. Desses, 63,97% tinham entre 2 e 10 anos de tratamento e 57,76% possuíam ensino fundamental incompleto. 19,25% residiam em Russas. Resultados: Após a hemodiálise, os resultados mostraram 44 mg/dL de Ureia, 48,44% dos pacientes com valores normais. A hemoglobina e hematócrito médios foram 11,8 g/dL e 33,7%, respectivamente, sendo que 63,35% tiveram valores reduzidos. 85,10% dos pacientes tiveram contagem de plaquetas normal, 72,04% níveis adequados de ferro e albumina, 52,79% tiveram níveis elevados de ferritina, 23,61% redução de transferrina e níveis lipídicos satisfatórios. 79,50% apresentaram níveis séricos de potássio dentro da normalidade, 12,42% de fósforo acima do normal, 85,09% de cálcio dentro dos valores normais, 39,13% de PTHi normais e 86,33% de glicose dentro dos valores considerados normais. Com base nos resultados, concluiu-se que todos os pacientes em tratamento hemodialítico apresentam diversas alterações em decorrência da DRC e do próprio processo de tratamento. Portanto, a realização de exames para avaliar ou monitorar possíveis complicações da IRC é essencial para criar estratégias e intervenções mais eficazes, que melhorem a assistência prestada a esses pacientes e, consequentemente, da qualidade e expectativa de vida dos mesmos.


Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is an important reduction in kidney function that causes changes in the metabolism of individuals. To monitor the progression of CKD and prevent possible complications, a survey was carried out to assess the sociodemographic, biochemical and hematological profile of patients with Chronic Renal Failure (CRF) undergoing hemodialysis. This research was quantitative, descriptive and cross-sectional with a retrospective character, carried out through the analysis of secondary data contained in the patients' medical records. Data collection took place at the Hemodialysis Center in the city of Russas, Ceará. The sample consisted of 161 patients with CKD, 63.35% male and 85.71% brown, with an average age of 54.39 years. Of these, 63.97% had between 2 and 10 years of treatment and 57.76% had incomplete primary education. 19.25% resided in Russas. Results: After hemodialysis, the results showed 44 mg/dL of Urea, 48.44% of patients with normal values. Average hemoglobin and hematocrit were 11.8 g/dL and 33.7%, respectively, with 63.35% having reduced values. 85.10% of the patients had normal platelet counts, 72.04% had adequate levels of iron and albumin, 52.79% had high levels of ferritin, 23.61% had reduced transferrin and satisfactory lipid levels. 79.50% had serum levels of potassium within the normal range, 12.42% of phosphorus above normal, 85.09% of calcium within normal values, 39.13% of PTHi normal and 86.33% of glucose within the values considered normal. Based on the results, it was concluded that all patients on hemodialysis have several changes due to CKD and the treatment process itself. Therefore, carrying out tests to assess or monitor possible complications of CRF is essential to create more effective strategies and interventions that improve the care provided to these patients and, consequently, their quality and life expectancy.


La Enfermedad Renal Crónica (ERC) es una reducción importante de la función renal que provoca cambios en el metabolismo de los individuos. Para monitorizar la evolución de la ERC y prevenir posibles complicaciones, se realizó una encuesta para evaluar el perfil sociodemográfico, bioquímico y hematológico de los pacientes con Insuficiencia Renal Crónica (IRC) en hemodiálisis. Esta investigación fue cuantitativa, descriptiva y transversal con carácter retrospectivo, realizada a través del análisis de datos secundarios contenidos en las historias clínicas de los pacientes. La recolección de datos ocurrió en el Centro de Hemodiálisis de la ciudad de Russas, Ceará. La muestra estuvo constituida por 161 pacientes con ERC, 63,35% del sexo masculino y 85,71% pardos, con una edad media de 54,39 años. De estos, 63,97% tenían entre 2 y 10 años de tratamiento y 57,76% tenían primaria incompleta. El 19,25% residía en Russas. Resultados: Posterior a la hemodiálisis los resultados arrojaron 44 mg/dL de Urea, 48,44% de los pacientes con valores normales. La hemoglobina y el hematocrito medios fueron 11,8 g/dl y 33,7 %, respectivamente, con un 63,35 % con valores reducidos. El 85,10% de los pacientes presentaba plaquetas normales, el 72,04% presentaba niveles adecuados de hierro y albúmina, el 52,79% presentaba niveles elevados de ferritina, el 23,61% presentaba transferrina reducida y niveles satisfactorios de lípidos. El 79,50% presentaba niveles séricos de potasio dentro de la normalidad, el 12,42% de fósforo por encima de lo normal, el 85,09% de calcio dentro de los valores normales, el 39,13% de PTHi normal y el 86,33% de glucosa dentro de los valores considerados normales. Con base en los resultados, se concluyó que todos los pacientes en hemodiálisis tienen varios cambios debido a la ERC y al propio proceso de tratamiento. Por tanto, la realización de pruebas para evaluar o monitorizar las posibles complicaciones de la IRC es fundamental para crear estrategias e intervenciones más eficaces que mejoren la atención a estos pacientes y, en consecuencia, su calidad y esperanza de vida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Patients/statistics & numerical data , Health Profile , Renal Dialysis/statistics & numerical data , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/epidemiology , Kidney Diseases/epidemiology , Serology , Biochemistry , Medical Records/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Creatinine , Data Analysis , Hematology
3.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e4022, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1515337

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analizar el efecto de la reflexología podal sobre la fatiga en pacientes en hemodiálisis, combinando los resultados de estudios independientes sobre este tema. Método: estudio de metaanálisis. Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en siete bases de datos. La calidad metodológica de los estudios incluidos se evaluó mediante las herramientas propuestas por el Joanna Briggs Institute. Para el metaanálisis se utilizó el programa Comprehensive Meta-Analysis v3. Resultados: en el metaanálisis se incluyeron ocho estudios. El resultado de la diferencia de medias estandarizada del metaanálisis = 1,580 (Intervalo de Confianza de 95% = 1,075 - 2,085 p = 0,000). El resultado del análisis de subgrupos realizado sobre la base de la diferencia de medias estandarizada en el número de sesiones de reflexología podal = 1,478 (Intervalo de Confianza de 95% = 1,210 - 1,747, p = 0,000). Conclusión: se concluyó que la reflexología podal puede utilizarse para reducir la fatiga en pacientes en hemodiálisis. En los estudios investigados no se proporcionó información sobre los posibles efectos secundarios y negativos de la reflexología podal.


Objective: this meta-analysis study analyzed the effect of foot reflexology on fatigue in hemodialysis patients by combining the results of independent studies on this subject. Method: meta-analysis study. A literature search was conducted in seven databases. The methodological quality of the included studies was assessed using tools proposed by the Joanna Briggs Institute. Comprehensive Meta-Analysis v3 was used for meta-analysis. Results: eight studies were included in the meta-analysis. The result of the meta-analysis standardized mean difference = 1.580 (95% Confidence Interval = 1.075 - 2.085 p = 0.000). The result of the subgroup analysis performed based on the number of foot reflexology sessions standardized mean difference = 1,478 (95% Confidence Interval = 1,210 - 1,747, p = 0.000). Conclusion: it was concluded that foot reflexology can be used to reduce fatigue in hemodialysis patients. No information was provided in the investigated studies about the possible side effects and negative effects of foot reflexology.


Objetivo: analisar o efeito da reflexologia podal sobre a fadiga em pacientes em hemodiálise, combinando os resultados de estudos independentes sobre este assunto. Método: estudo de metanálise. Foi realizada uma pesquisa bibliográfica em sete bases de dados. A qualidade metodológica dos estudos incluídos foi avaliada por meio de ferramentas propostas pelo Joanna Briggs Institute. Para a metanálise, foi utilizado o Comprehensive Meta-Analysis v3. Resultados: oito estudos foram incluídos na metanálise. O resultado da diferença média padronizada da metanálise = 1,580 (Intervalo de Confiança de 95% = 1,075 - 2,085 p = 0,000). O resultado da análise de subgrupo realizada com base na diferença média padronizada do número de sessões de reflexologia podal = 1,478 (Intervalo de Confiança de 95% = 1,210 - 1,747, p = 0,000). Conclusão: a reflexologia podal pode ser utilizada para reduzir a fadiga em pacientes em hemodiálise. Não foram fornecidas informações nos estudos investigados sobre os possíveis efeitos colaterais e negativos da reflexologia podal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Musculoskeletal Manipulations , Fatigue/ethnology , Fatigue/therapy , Massage/methods
4.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e4049, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1530185

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: evaluar las evidencias sobre estrategias de telesalud en la atención de personas con enfermedad renal crónica. Método: revisión integradora de la literatura. La búsqueda de estudios primarios se realizó en seis bases de datos: PubMed/MEDLINE, Web of Science, EMBASE, CINAHL, LILACS y Scopus. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 48 artículos publicados entre 2000 y 2021, la estrategia de telesalud fue aplicada mediante equipo multidisciplinario, médico, enfermero, farmacéutico, nutricionista y trabajador social. De los artículos se extrajo el tipo de estudio, país, estrategia aplicada, escenario, población y profesional. Los estudios fueron seleccionados mediante la lectura de título y resumen (fase 1) y, posteriormente, mediante la lectura completa (fase 2), se los categorizó por estrategia de telesalud. El resumen de resultados se presentó de forma descriptiva y los estudios se clasificaron según el nivel de evidencia. Resultados: el domicilio fue el más representativo en las terapias de diálisis y tratamiento conservador. Se identificaron seis categorías de estrategias de telesalud: dispositivos de monitoreo remoto, teleconsulta, plataforma digital, aplicaciones, estrategias multimodales y contacto telefónico. Conclusión: el uso de esas estrategias para la atención de personas con enfermedad renal crónica tiene diferentes formatos e implementaciones, las mismas son factibles para dicha población en cualquier etapa de la enfermedad y pueden ser aplicadas por diferentes profesionales de la salud especialmente en el ámbito domiciliario. La evidencia ha demostrado que la telesalud favorece la reducción de costos, la accesibilidad a ubicaciones remotas, un mejor seguimiento de la diálisis con resultados positivos sobre el control de los síntomas, la reducción de riesgos y capacitación del paciente.


Objective: to evaluate the evidence about telehealth strategies in caring for people with chronic kidney disease. Method: integrative literature review. The search for primary studies was carried out in six databases: PubMed/MEDLINE, Web of Science, EMBASE, CINAHL, LILACS, and Scopus. The sample consisted of 48 articles published between 2000 and 2021. The telehealth strategy was applied by a multidisciplinary team of doctors, nurses, pharmacists, nutritionis, and social workers. The type of study, country, strategy applied, setting, population, and professional were extracted from the articles. The studies were selected by reading the title and abstract (phase 1) and then reading them in full (phase 2), categorizing them by telehealth strategy. The results were summarized descriptively and the studies were classified according to their level of evidence. Results: the home was the most representative in dialysis and conservative treatment. Six categories of telehealth strategies were identified: remote monitoring devices, teleconsultation, digital platforms, apps, multimodality strategies, and telephone contact. Conclusion: using these strategies for the care of people with chronic kidney disease presents different forms and implementations, being feasible for the renal population at any stage of the disease and applicable by different health professionals with an emphasis on the home environment. The evidence shows that telehealth favors lower cost, accessibility to remote locations, and better monitoring of dialysis with positive resul in symptom control, risk reduction, and patient training.


Objetivo: analisar as evidências sobre as estratégias de telessaúde no atendimento às pessoas com doença renal crônica. Método: revisão integrativa da literatura. A busca pelos estudos primários foi realizada em seis bases de dados: PubMed/MEDLINE, Web of Science, EMBASE, CINAHL, LILACS e Scopus. A amostra foi composta por 48 artigos publicados entre 2000 e 2021, a estratégia de telessaúde foi aplicada por equipe multidisciplinar, médico, enfermeiro, farmacêutico, nutricionista e assistente social. Foram extraídos dos artigos o tipo de estudo, país, estratégia aplicada, cenário, população e profissional. Os estudos foram selecionados por leitura de título e resumo (fase 1) e, após, por leitura completa (fase 2), com sua categorização por estratégia de telessaúde. A síntese dos resultados foi apresentada de forma descritiva e os estudos classificados de acordo com o nível de evidência. Resultados: o domicílio foi o de maior representatividade nas terapias dialíticas e tratamento conservador. Foram identificadas seis categorias de estratégias de telessaúde: dispositivos de monitoramento remoto, teleconsulta, plataforma digital, aplicativos, estratégias multimodalidades e contato telefônico. Conclusão: a utilização dessas estratégias para o atendimento de pessoas com doença renal crônica apresenta diferentes formatos e implementações, sendo viável à população renal em quaisquer fases da doença e aplicável por diferentes profissionais de saúde com ênfase no ambiente domiciliar. As evidências apontaram que a telessaúde favorece a diminuição de custos, acessibilidade aos locais afastados, melhor monitoramento da diálise com resultados positivos no controle dos sintomas, redução dos riscos e treinamento do paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Renal Dialysis , Telemedicine , Remote Consultation , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Ambulatory Care Facilities
5.
Med. infant ; 30(3): 258-262, Septiembre 2023. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1515932

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad renal crónica terminal aumenta el riesgo cardiovascular y puede ocasionar defectos en la mineralización ósea. Para prevenir esto, se debe mantener el fósforo plasmático normal, que depende de la diálisis, los quelantes y la ingesta de fósforo, principalmente de origen inorgánico, incorporado mediante aditivos alimentarios. Las intervenciones nutricionales son pilares en el tratamiento de estos pacientes. El objetivo es facilitar estrategias alimentarias a un grupo de pacientes pediátricos en diálisis, mediante educación alimentaria nutricional, para aumentar el consumo de alimentos naturales, disminuyendo la ingesta de fósforo inorgánico especialmente de los productos cárnicos procesados. Materiales y métodos: se estudió una población pediátrica en diálisis. Se preparó un programa educativo con atención personalizada, instrucción alimentaria y seguimiento mensual, seguido de un taller. Resultados: n: 17 pacientes, edad decimal media de 12,3, 53% sexo masculino, 88% en hemodiálisis. Previo a la intervención el 64,7% consumía productos cárnicos procesados. Luego del taller el 58,8% disminuyó su consumo, el 41,2% aumentó la ingesta de preparaciones caseras, el 53% incorporó nuevos condimentos, de los cuales el 89% presentó al incorporarlos, mejor aceptación a las preparaciones. Conclusiones: la hiperfosfatemia está presente en alrededor del 50% de los pacientes en diálisis asociándose a un incremento entre 20% al 40% del riesgo de mortalidad. La presencia de fósforo oculto en los alimentos y la falta de adherencia hacen prioritario trabajar en programas educativos que favorezcan el aprendizaje colaborativo, centralizados en prácticas culinarias, para brindar herramientas que faciliten una alimentación natural, disminuyendo el consumo de ultraprocesados (AU)


Chronic end-stage renal disease increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and may lead to defects in bone mineralization. In order to prevent these risks, normal plasma phosphorus levels should be maintained. Achieving this goal depends on dialysis, chelators, and phosphorus intake, mainly of inorganic origin, incorporated through food supplements. Nutritional interventions are crucial in the treatment of these patients. The objective is to facilitate nutritional strategies to a group of pediatric dialysis patients, through food education, to increase the consumption of natural foods, decreasing the intake of inorganic phosphorus, especially from processed meat products. Materials and methods: a pediatric population undergoing dialysis was studied. An educational program was prepared with personalized care, nutritional instruction, and monthly follow-up visits, followed by a workshop. Results: n: 17 patients, mean age 12.3 years, 53% male, 88% on hemodialysis. Prior to the intervention, 64.7% consumed processed meat products. After the workshop, 58.8% decreased their consumption, 41.2% increased the intake of homemade food, 53% incorporated new seasonings, of whom 89% reported better acceptance of the preparations when they were incorporated. Conclusions: hyperphosphatemia is observed in around 50% of patients undergoing dialysis and is associated with a 20% to 40% increased risk of mortality. The presence of hidden phosphorus in food and the lack of adherence point to the need for the development of educational programs that promote collaborative learning, focusing on food-preparation practices. These programs should provide tools that facilitate a natural diet, reducing the consumption of ultra-processed food (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Food and Nutrition Education , Patient Education as Topic , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/diet therapy , Hyperphosphatemia/prevention & control , Phosphorus/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Food, Processed
6.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 12(2): 362, ago. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1517737

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad de células falciformes (ECF) o anemia drepanocítica, es el trastorno hereditario más frecuente en los glóbulos rojos, y la enfermedad con más complicaciones en diferentes órganos, lo que provoca múltiples presentaciones de una misma enfermedad., se hace revisión literatura sobre ECF y colestasis intrahepática drepanocítica, y se describe un caso presentado en el Hospital General y de Especialidades Nuestra Señora de la Altagracia de Higüey Republica Dominicana en el año 2022. Es un varón de 24 años, con diagnóstico de ECF, que se complicó con una colestasis intrahepática drepanocítica muy severa que se manejó con hemodiálisis. El objetivo de publicar este caso es revisar la información respecto a la incidencia y la morbimortalidad de esta complicación, teniendo en cuenta que fue tratado por un equipo multidisciplinario usando la hemodiálisis como alternativa terapéutica(AU)


Sickle cell disease (SCD) or sickle cell anemia is the most common hereditary disorder in red blood cells, and the disease with the most complications in different organs, which causes multiple presentations of the same disease. Literature review on SCD is made and sickle cell intrahepatic cholestasis,and a case presented at the Hospital General y de Especialidades Nuestra Señora de la Altagracia de Higüey in the Dominican Republic in 2022 is described. Very severe sickle cell intrahepatic disease that was managed with hemodialysis. The purpose of publishing this case is to review the information regarding the incidence and morbidity and mortality of this complication,taking into account that it was treated by a multidisciplinary team using hemodialysis as a therapeutic alternative(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Cholestasis/complications , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic/physiopathology , Anemia, Sickle Cell , Renal Dialysis , Erythrocytes , Renal Insufficiency
7.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 22(supl.1): e20236670, 03 fev 2023. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1525028

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Mapear as tecnologias educacionais utilizadas pelo enfermeiro no cuidado ao idoso em hemodiálise. MÉTODO: Trata-se de um protocolo de revisão de escopo desenvolvido com base nas recomendações do Manual do Instituto Joanna Briggs e registrado na Open Science Framework: https://osf.io/9qfge. A busca pelos artigos será realizada nas bases de dados Medline/PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, LILACS, BDENF, CINAHL e Google Scholar. Serão considerados elegíveis os estudos que respondam à pergunta de pesquisa "Quais são as tecnologias educacionais utilizadas pelo enfermeiro ao idoso em hemodiálise?". Dois revisores atuarão de maneira independente para promover a seleção dos artigos. O software Rayyan será utilizado como ferramenta para auxiliar no arquivamento dos documentos. As listas de referências dos artigos selecionados também serão consultadas. Caso haja divergências entre os revisores, um terceiro revisor fará a apreciação para resolver as discordâncias. Para a síntese e extração dos dados, os autores utilizarão um formulário previamente elaborado. A apresentação dos resultados será feita por meio de quadros, fluxogramas, resumo e discussão narrativa.


OBJECTIVE: To identify the educational technologies used by nurses in the care of the elderly on hemodialysis. METHOD: This is a scoping review protocol developed based on the recommendations of the Joanna Briggs Institute Manual and registered with the Open Science Framework: https://osf.io/9qfge. Articles will be searched in Medline/PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, LILACS, BDENF, CINAHL, and Google Scholar databases. Studies that answer the research question, "What educational technologies are used by nurses working with the elderly in hemodialysis?" will be considered eligible. Two reviewers will work independently to select articles. Rayyan software will be used as a tool to assist in document archiving. The reference lists of the selected articles will also be consulted. A third reviewer will assess the disagreement in case of disagreement between the reviewers. For data synthesis and extraction, the authors will use a pre-designed form. The results will be presented in tables, flowcharts, summaries, and narrative discussions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Health of the Elderly , Renal Dialysis , Educational Technology , Nursing Care , Nephrology Nursing
8.
Curitiba; s.n; 20230213. 107 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1434386

ABSTRACT

Resumo: O diagnóstico da doença renal crônica acarreta, muitas vezes, modificações às quais obrigam a pessoa a reduzir a jornada de trabalho, diminuindo a renda familiar, situação que pode ocasionar um fenômeno chamado toxicidade financeira que contribui para redução da qualidade de vida relacionada a saúde. Trata-se de um estudo observacional, analítico e correlacional com corte transversal de abordagem quantitativa, com objetivo de investigar a relação da toxicidade financeira na qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde de pessoas com doença renal crônica em tratamento hemodialítico. A coleta de dados foi realizada de fevereiro de 2022 a maio de 2022 em um grupo de clínicas de diálise de Curitiba-PR e Região Metropolitana. O processo de amostragem foi probabilístico, mas o recrutamento foi por conveniência, obedecendo aos critérios de inclusão: pessoas com doença renal crônica, idade igual ou acima de 18 anos e que estavam em tratamento hemodialítico por período maior que seis meses (n=214). Para realização do estudo, foram utilizados os instrumentos sociodemográfico e clínico, Comprehensive Score For Financial Toxicity - COST e Kidney Disease Quality Of Life - Short Form -KDQOL-SFTM. A análise dos dados foi realizada descritivamente com frequências absolutas e relativas das variáveis da caracterização sociodemográfica e clínica da população do estudo, para os escores da toxicidade financeira e qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde foi usado o odds ratio, modelos de regressão logística bayesiano e o método de análise de variância (Anova). Participaram do estudo 214 pessoas com doença renal crônica, sendo 54,67% do sexo masculino, 52,80% tinham 60 anos ou mais, 53,52% eram casados ou estavam em união consensual, 56,07% tinham de 1 a 3 filhos, mais da metade 54,67% tinham menos de 9 anos de escolaridade, 54,97% eram aposentados, 81,75% apresentavam alguma comorbidade além da doença renal crônica, 59,34% tinham o diagnóstico de doença renal crônica de 1 a 5 anos, 88,26% faziam uso de medicação de uso contínuo, 69,69% não eram tabagistas e 72,89% não ingeriam bebida alcoólica. Em relação à toxicidade financeira, a média do escore total encontrado, considerando todas as unidades de coleta de dados, foi de 20,30/44. Pessoas do sexo feminino e renda familiar mensal de no máximo dois salários-mínimos têm maiores chances de apresentarem algum grau de toxicidade financeira (odds ratio: 0,85; 0,76). Verificou-se que na relação entre as medidas COST e qualidade de vida relacionado à saúde o maior impacto da toxicidade financeira foi associado a pior qualidade de vida relacionado à saúde. Sendo assim, foi identificado neste estudo a existência da toxicidade financeira em pessoas com doença renal crônica em hemodiálise e há, também, associação dos piores graus de toxicidade financeira com características sociodemográficas e clínicas. Portanto, a mensuração da toxicidade financeira pode auxiliar a enfermagem a orientar ações para minimizar esse evento.


Abstract: The diagnosis of chronic kidney disease often entails changes that force the person to reduce the workday, reducing family income, a situation that can cause a phenomenon called financial toxicity that contributes to a reduction in the quality of life related to health. This is an observational, analytical and correlational study with a cross-sectional quantitative approach, with the aim of investigating the relationship between financial toxicity and the health-related quality of life of people with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis treatment. Data collection was carried out from February 2022 to May 2022 in a group of dialysis clinics in Curitiba-PR and the Metropolitan Region. The sampling process was probabilistic, but the recruitment was for convenience, according to the inclusion criteria: people with chronic kidney disease, aged 18 years or older and who were on hemodialysis for a period longer than six months (n=214). To carry out the study, the sociodemographic and clinical instruments, Comprehensive Score For Financial Toxicity - COST and Kidney Disease Quality Of Life - Short Form -KDQOL-SFTM were used. Data analysis was performed descriptively with absolute and relative frequencies of the variables of the sociodemographic and clinical characterization of the study population, for the scores of financial toxicity and health-related quality of life, the odds ratio, Bayesian logistic regression models and the analysis of variance method (Anova). The study included 214 people with chronic kidney disease, 54.67% male, 52.80% aged 60 years or older, 53.52% married or in a consensual union, 56.07% had 1 to 3 children, more than half 54.67% had less than 9 years of schooling, 54.97% were retired, 81.75% had some comorbidity in addition to chronic kidney disease, 59.34% had a diagnosis of chronic kidney disease from 1 to 5 years, 88.26% used continuous medication, 69.69% were non-smokers and 72.89% did not drink alcohol. Regarding financial toxicity, the mean total score found, considering all data collection units, was 20.30/44. Females with a monthly family income of at most two minimum wages are more likely to have some degree of financial toxicity (odds ratio: 0,85; 0.76). It was found that in the relationship between COST measures and health-related quality of life, the greater impact of financial toxicity was associated with worse health-related quality of life. Therefore, this study identified the existence of financial toxicity in people with chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis and there is also an association of the worst degrees of financial toxicity with sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. Therefore, measuring financial toxicity can help nursing guide actions to minimize this event.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Quality of Life , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Psychological Distress , Financial Stress , Nursing Care
9.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 151(1): 72-80, feb. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515423

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The prevention and control of SARS-CoV-2 infection in hemodialysis (HD) units is challenging. AIM: To describe the clinical characteristics and outcome of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on HD with COVID-19, between March 2020 and January 28, 2021, attending a single HD unit in Bogotá, Colombia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this prospective observational study, incidence, prevalence, and case-fatality rate were estimated, including screening results with RT-PCR and anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG and IgM antibodies in all patients and health personnel in the HD unit. RESULTS: Among patients and health workers, 55 and 9 cases of COVID-19 were identified, respectively. The median age of patients was 63 years (84% males). Fifty five percent of patients were symptomatic, with fever, cough and/or myalgia. The most common comorbidities were hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and coronary heart disease. The cumulative incidence of infection was 30.2%, population seroprevalence was 24.9%, and fatality was 9.1%. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of SARS-CoV-2 infection in this HD unit was high. Strict biosafety protocols are required to prevent outbreaks.


INTRODUCCIÓN: La prevención y el control de la infección por SARS-CoV-2 en las unidades de hemodiálisis (HD) es un desafío. OBJETIVO: Describir las características clínicas y la evolución de los pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica (ERC) en HD con COVID-19, entre marzo de 2020 y el 28 de enero de 2021, que acudieron a una unidad de HD en Bogotá, Colombia. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio observacional prospectivo con estimación de incidencia, prevalencia y letalidad, incluyendo los resultados del cribado con RT-PCR y anticuerpos IgG e IgM anti-SARS-CoV-2 en todos los pacientes y personal sanitario de la unidad de HD. RESULTADOS: Se identificaron 55 casos de pacientes en HD y 9 casos de trabajadores de salud con COVID-19. La mediana de edad de los pacientes fue de 63 años y 84% eran hombres. Cincuenta y cinco por ciento de los pacientes eran sintomáticos, con fiebre, tos y/o mialgia. Las comorbilidades más frecuentes fueron hipertensión arterial, diabetes mellitus tipo 2 y enfermedad coronaria. La incidencia acumulada de infección fue del 30,2%, la seroprevalencia poblacional del 24,9% y la letalidad del 9,1%. CONCLUSIONES: La incidencia de infección por SARS-CoV-2 en esta unidad de HD fue alta. Se requieren de protocolos estrictos de bioseguridad para evitar brotes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Renal Dialysis/methods , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/epidemiology , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Disease Outbreaks , Prospective Studies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , SARS-CoV-2
10.
ABCS health sci ; 48: e023217, 14 fev. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1516686

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Chronic kidney disease is a worldwide public health problem, because of its association with an elevated risk of mortality, low quality of life, and prohibitive cost to the health system. OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors that might influence the kidney transplantation technical registry. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of descriptive analysis conducted in six dialysis health care centers in the south of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Patients over 18 years of age were included in this study in 2016 and 2017. The demographic and clinical variables were subjected to Pearson's chi-square test using Stata Software for statistical analysis. Research approved by the Ethics Committee 1386385. RESULTS: Of 314 participants, 228 (72.6%) were not on the kidney transplantation technical registry. The medical and non-medical factors with statistical significance were age (p<0.01), income (p<0.01), having children (p=0.01), time since diagnosis (p=0.01), and time on hemodialysis (p=0.01). CONCLUSION: There is a substantial proportion of 72.6% of hemodialysis patients not registered on the kidney transplantation technical registry. The identification of factors that influence the kidney transplantation technical registry contributes both theoretically and to healthcare management, by the health team and government who can direct strategies towards the most appropriate health care. Health professionals should be aware of the impact of these factors and how the factors might pose a risk of complications that make it impossible to register on the kidney transplantation waiting list.


INTRODUÇÃO: A doença renal crônica é um problema de saúde pública mundial, pois está associada ao alto risco de mortalidade, baixa qualidade de vida e elevado custo ao sistema de saúde. OBJETIVO: Identificar os possíveis fatores que podem influenciar o acesso ao cadastro técnico para transplante renal. MÉTODO: Estudo transversal de análise descritiva realizado em seis serviços de diálise da Metade Sul do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Participaram desse estudo pacientes maiores de 18 anos nos anos de 2016 e 2017. As variáveis demográficas e clínicas foram submetidas ao teste qui-quadrado de Pearson utilizando o Software Stata para a análise estatística. Pesquisa aprovada pelo Comitê de Ética 1.386385. RESULTADOS: dos 314 pacientes em hemodiálise 228 (72,6%) não estavam no cadastro técnico para transplante renal. Os fatores clínicos e não clínicos que apresentaram significância estatística foram: idade (p<0,01), renda (p<0,01) possuir filhos (p=0,01), tempo de diagnóstico (p=0,01) e tempo em hemodiálise (p=0,01). CONCLUSÃO: Há uma proporção substancial de 72,6% pacientes em hemodiálise que não estão no cadastro técnico para transplante renal. A identificação dos fatores que influenciam no cadastro contribui tanto gerencial quanto teoricamente pois, possibilita que a equipe de saúde e os gestores possam direcionar estratégias para o cuidado em saúde mais adequado. Os profissionais de saúde devem estar cientes do impacto que esses fatores exercem e que podem oferecer risco de complicações que inviabilizem o cadastro técnico para transplante renal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Waiting Lists , Renal Dialysis , Kidney Transplantation , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hemodialysis Units, Hospital
11.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 22: e20236652, 01 jan 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1451709

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Realizar adaptação transcultural e validação do conteúdo do HemodialysisSafetyChecklist para uso no Brasil. MÉTODO: Este estudo metodológico foi dividido em seis etapas: i) tradução para o português; ii) comparação e síntese; iii) retrotradução cega; iv) comparação e análise das equivalências conceituais, semânticas e de conteúdo; v) teste piloto com a população-alvo; e vi) validação de conteúdo por meio do cálculo do índice de validade de conteúdo (IVC). RESULTADOS: O processo de adaptação transcultural realizado resultou em um instrumento considerado claro pela população-alvo após a realização do teste piloto. Após duas rodadas de avaliação pelos especialistas, o instrumento foi considerado válido, obtendo um IVC por item (I-IVC) ≥ 0,88 para cada item, e um IVC da escala (S-IVC/Ave) = 0,97. CONCLUSÃO: A versão em português do Hemodialysis Safety Checklist apresenta um conteúdo válido para utilização na realidade da hemodiálise brasileira.


OBJECTIVE: To perform cross-cultural adaptation and content validation of the Hemodialysis Safety Checklist for use in Brazil. METHODS: This methodological study was divided into six stages: i) translation into Portuguese; ii) comparison and synthesis; iii) blind back-translation; iv) comparison and analysis of conceptual, semantic, and content equivalence; v) pilot testing with the target population; and vi) content validation by calculating the Content Validity Index (CVI). RESULTS: The cross-cultural adaptation process resulted in an instrument that was considered precise by the target population after the pilot test. After two rounds of evaluation by experts, the instrument was considered valid, obtaining an Item-Level Content Validity Index (I-CVI) ≥ 0.88 for each item and a Scale-Level Content Validity Index (S-CVI/Ave) = 0.97. CONCLUSION: The Portuguese version of the Hemodialysis Safety Checklist presents valid content for use in Brazilian hemodialysis.


Subject(s)
Renal Dialysis , Patient Safety , Time Out, Healthcare , Nursing Care , Translating
12.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 22: e20236631, 01 jan 2023. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1427086

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Analisar os diagnósticos, as intervenções e atividades de enfermagem em pacientes submetidos à hemodiálise secundária à COVID-19. MÉTODO: Estudo descritivo, retrospectivo e de natureza quantitativa. A população do estudo foi representada pelos prontuários de pacientes submetidos à hemodiálise secundária à COVID-19, totalizando cerca de 64 registros. Consultaram-se os dados do instrumento de coleta de dados, bem como dados sociodemográficos, clínicos e indicadores dos diagnósticos de enfermagem. Para análise, utilizou-se da estatística descritiva e inferencial. RESULTADOS: Os principais diagnósticos de enfermagem encontrados foram: risco de infecção, risco de volume de líquidos desequilibrado, déficit no autocuidado para banho/higiene íntima e troca de gases prejudicada. As intervenções e atividades assinaladas foram correspondentes aos diagnósticos traçados. CONCLUSÃO: O estudo possibilitou identificar os principais diagnósticos, as intervenções e atividades de enfermagem em pacientes acometidos pela COVID-19 que desenvolveram lesão renal aguda.


Objective: To analyze nursing diagnoses, interventions, and activities in patients undergoing hemodialysis secondary to COVID-19. METHOD: This is a descriptive, retrospective, and quantitative study. The study population was represented by the medical records of patients undergoing hemodialysis secondary to COVID-19, totaling about 64 records. Data from the data collection instrument, sociodemographic and clinical data, and indicators of nursing diagnoses were consulted. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for analysis. RESULTS: The main nursing diagnoses found were risk for infection, risk for imbalanced fluid volume, bathing/toileting self-care deficit, and impaired gas exchange. The registered interventions and activities corresponded to the outlined diagnoses. CONCLUSION: The study identified the main diagnoses, interventions, and nursing activities in patients affected by COVID-19 who developed acute kidney injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Renal Dialysis , Acute Kidney Injury , COVID-19 , Nursing Process , Retrospective Studies
13.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 748-774, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981054

ABSTRACT

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global public health problem that is usually progressive. Hypertension is a risk factor for the progression of CKD, and cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of death in patients with CKD. In Chinese patients with CKD, there is a high prevalence of hypertension and a poor rate of control. Several studies have demonstrated that effective blood pressure control can delay the progression of kidney disease and reduce the risk of cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality. Based on previously published high-quality evidence, guidelines and consensus reports, the Zhongguancun Nephropathy and Blood Purification Innovation Alliance formulated a new consensus. This consensus includes blood pressure measurement; the blood pressure management of non-dialysis patients, dialysis patients and kidney transplantation patients, and the interaction between commonly used drugs and antihypertensive drugs. The consensus aims to further strengthen the standardization and safety of blood pressure management in CKD patients, delay disease progression, reduce disease burden, and comprehensively improve the quality-of-life and prognosis of patients with CKD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases , Consensus , East Asian People , Hypertension/therapy , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Renal Dialysis
14.
REVISA (Online) ; 12(4): 747-756, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1530648

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Identificar as intervenções de enfermagem prestada aos pacientes que realizam hemodiálise. Método:Trata-se de um artigo de revisão integrativa realizado por meio da análise de 10 artigos científicos Portal da Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), nas bases de dados Literatura Latino-Americano do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS) e Biblioteca Eletrônica Base de Dados de Enfermagem (BDENF) e Scientific Electronic Library Online (SCIELO). Resultados: O enfermeiro é o responsável pela avaliação e manutenção dos acessos em hemodiálise, à interpretação de exames laboratoriais e também, pela tomada de decisões juntamente com a equipe médica, além de ser capaz de prevenir, identificar e tratar complicações apresentadas pelos pacientes antes, durante e após o procedimento. Conclusão:Em suma, essa pesquisa é importante porque fornece subsídios, conscientizar a equipe responsável pelo tratamento hemodialítico, avalia as necessidades e a importância da qualidade de vida do paciente, em fazer hemodiálise e fornecer a eles métodos otimizados desta forma de tratamento.


Objective:Identify the nursing interventions provided to patients undergoing hemodialysis. Method:This is an integrative review article carried out through the analysis of 10 scientific articles Portal da Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (VHL), in the databases Latin American Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (LILACS) and Electronic Library Base de Nursing Data (BDENF) and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SCIELO). Results:The nurse is responsible for evaluating and maintaining hemodialysis accesses, interpreting laboratory tests and also for making decisions together with the medical team, in addition to to be able to prevent, identify and treat complications presented by patients before, during and after the procedure. Conclusion:In short, this research is important because it provides subsidies, makes the team responsible for hemodialysis aware, evaluates the needs and importance of the patient's quality of life, in undergoing hemodialysis and provides them with optimized methods of this form of treatment


Objetivo: Identificar las intervenciones de enfermería proporcionadas a pacientes sometidos a hemodiálisis. Método: Se trata de un artículo de revisión integradora realizado a través del análisis de 10 artículos científicos del Portal de la Biblioteca Virtual en Salud (BVS), en las bases de datos Literatura Latinoamericana del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud (LILACS) y Biblioteca Electrónica de Base de Datos de Enfermería (BDENF) y Biblioteca Científica Electrónica en Línea (SCIELO). Resultados: El enfermero es responsable de la evaluación y mantenimiento de los accesos de hemodiálisis, la interpretación de las pruebas de laboratorio y también de la toma de decisiones junto con el equipomédico, además de poder prevenir, identificar y tratar las complicaciones presentadas por los pacientes antes, durante y después del procedimiento. Conclusión: En definitiva, esta investigación es importante porque proporciona subvenciones, sensibiliza alequipo responsable de la hemodiálisis, evalúa las necesidades y la importancia de la calidad de vida del paciente en la hemodiálisis y le proporciona métodos optimizados de esta forma de tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Renal Dialysis , Nursing
15.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 39: e39013, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1415901

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to evaluate whether individuals with chronic renal failure (CRF) undergoing hemodialysis treatment have more salivary and oral mucosa alterations when compared to healthy individuals, through a systematic review followed by meta-analysis. A systematic literature review was performed, evaluating randomized clinical trials found in the Proquest, Embase, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Lilacs and Pubmed databases, using MeSH terms and other keywords. Initially, 40 articles were included in the study and, after reading the complete articles, only 15 clinical trials that analyzed oral lesions and salivary changes in patients with CRF undergoing hemodialysis treatment were eligible. Most of the clinical studies included were cross-sectional and composed of a study group and a control group. The mean age of participants in the study group was 50.19 years and in the control group, 48.95 years. The most common oral alterations found in the CRF group in relation to the control group were xerostomia, uremic breath, dysgeusia, coated tongue, gingival bleeding and pale mucosa. The salivary flow of patients with CRF was 46.6% lower than the control group. The salivary pH in the study group was also more alkaline when compared to the control group. Greater amounts of urea, phosphate, C-reactive protein and total proteins were found in the saliva of individuals with CRF. Individuals with CRF undergoing hemodialysis are more prone to changes in both the quantity and quality of saliva, as well as having a greater amount of oral changes.


Subject(s)
Xerostomia , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Mouth Mucosa
16.
Ann. Health Res. (Onabanjo Univ. Teach. Hosp.) ; 9(3): 190-198, 2023. tables, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1512876

ABSTRACT

Anaemia is a global public health problem with high mortality and morbidity. It is also a common consequence of chronic kidney disease (CKD). There is a paucity of data on the actual burden of anaemia among patients on chronic haemodialysis (CHD) in Lagos, Nigeria. Objectives: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with the severity of anaemia among Nigerian patients undergoing chronic haemodialysis. Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of adult patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on maintenance haemodialysis at the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja, Lagos. The data extracted from the clinical case files included the bio-demographic and clinical parameters, including the treatment modalities. Results: A total of 92 patients comprising 69 (75%) males and 23 (25.0%) females with the overall mean age of 48.2±14.0 years were included. Hypertension was the commonest aetiology of CKD and the average duration of haemodialysis was 16.6 months. The commonest access route for haemodialysis was a central line while 96.7% and 81.5% received erythropoietin and intravenous iron sucrose respectively. Seventy-three (79.3%) patients have had intra-dialysis blood transfusions in the past. Mild, moderate, and severe anaemia were recorded in 17%, 67%, and 16% respectively. The use of erythropoietin, iron sucrose, and increased frequency of blood transfusions correlated with the severity of anaemia. Conclusion: Anaemia is highly prevalent among patients with CKD on chronic haemodialysis. Increased frequency of blood transfusions, inadequate utilization of erythropoietin, and iron sucrose administration are associated with anaemia severity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Erythropoietin , Renal Dialysis , Anemia, Hemolytic , Blood Transfusion , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Public Health , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Ferric Oxide, Saccharated , Kidney Failure, Chronic
17.
Ethiop. med. j. (Online) ; 61(1): 51-60, 2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1416377

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Dialysis still remains the most common modality for the treatment of end stage kidney disease and it could be maneuvered to augment its dose, minimize complications and improve outcome. Dialysis prescription is a brief of how dialysis is to be given and involves adjustments in patients' characteristics, disease or dialytic procedure. This study aimed to assess the determinants of the prescribed dialysis and its relationship with intradialytic complications and the dialysis dose. Methods: A prospective study in which 1248 sessions for 232 consented participants with end stage kidney disease on maintenance hemodialysis were studied from 2017-2020. Biodata was taken, participants were examined and blood samples were taken to determine electrolytes, urea/creatinine and hematocrit. Pearson's correlation was used to determine the strength of association between dialysis dose and some variables. Results: Determinants of the prescribed dose were dialysis frequency (P<0.001), and predialysis systolic blood pressure (P<0.001) and packed cell volume (P<0.001). Dialysis sessions without significant intradialytic blood pressure changes were most likely to be completed, as sessions with intra-dialysis hypotension were most likely to be terminated. Participants dialyzed with high flux dialyzers, via an arterovenous fistula, higher blood flow and ultrafiltration rates had higher dialysis doses (P<0.001 in all instances). Conclusion: Higher dialysis doses were achieved with higher blood flow and ultrafiltration rates. Intradialytic hypotension was common with dialysis termination, higher blood flow and ultrafiltration rates. Intradialytic hypertension was common with low flux dialyzers. An optimized dialysis prescription is needed to deliver an adequate dialysis dose and minimize complications


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Blood Circulation , Renal Dialysis , Dialysis , Prescriptions , Kidney Diseases , Therapeutics
18.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 205-209, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971061

ABSTRACT

Extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal is an artificial lung auxiliary technique based on extrapulmonary gas exchange and can effectively remove carbon dioxide and provide oxygenation to a certain extent, and it is one of the effective treatment techniques for hypercapnia developed after mechanical ventilation and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in recent years and has wide application prospect. This article elaborates on the development, working principle, advantages, classification, complications, and clinical application of extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal, so as to provide a new choice for extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carbon Dioxide , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Renal Dialysis , Respiration, Artificial
19.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 39-41, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970943

ABSTRACT

It is difficult to insert long-term dialysis catheters after severe stenosis or occlusion of the internal jugular vein and innominate vein. We used REcanalisation and balloon-oriented puncture for Re-insertion of dialysis catheter in nonpatent central veins (REBORN) in seven patients with severe central venous lesions, and all patients were inserted with long-term dialysis catheters successfully. None had severe complications such as pneumothorax, hemothorax, or pulmonary embolism during operation. All catheters functioned well after postoperative follow-up of 2 months. REBORN provides a novel approach to establish difficult dialysis pathways.


Subject(s)
Humans , Catheterization, Central Venous/adverse effects , Catheters, Indwelling , Renal Dialysis , Jugular Veins , Punctures
20.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 36-38, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970942

ABSTRACT

Central venous lesion is a difficult problem in the vascular access complications of hemodialysis, which can cause serious clinical symptoms and affect the quality of hemodialysis and life of patients. We established arteriovenous fistula of the contralateral graft blood vessel with the used vein on the diseased side of the central vein of the patient. The arteriovenous fistula of the graft blood vessel was successfully punctured and hemodialysis was performed 2 weeks later. In this way, we not only solved the problem of venous hypertension and subsequent vascular access in the patient, but also reserved more vascular resources.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical/adverse effects , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Treatment Outcome , Renal Dialysis , Arteriovenous Fistula
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