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1.
Biol. Res ; 56: 4-4, 2023. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420302

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) are critical for sustaining spermatogenesis. Even though several regulators of SSC have been identified in rodents, the regulatory mechanism of SSC in humans has yet to be discovered. METHODS: To explore the regulatory mechanisms of human SSCs, we analyzed publicly available human testicular single-cell sequencing data and found that Ankyrin repeat and SOCS box protein 9 (ASB9) is highly expressed in SSCs. We examined the expression localization of ASB9 using immunohistochemistry and overexpressed ASB9 in human SSC lines to explore its role in SSC proliferation and apoptosis. Meanwhile, we used immunoprecipitation to find the target protein of ASB9 and verified its functions. In addition, we examined the changes in the distribution of ASB9 in non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) patients using Western blot and immunofluorescence. RESULTS: The results of uniform manifold approximation and projection (UMAP) clustering and pseudotime analysis showed that ASB9 was highly expressed in SSCs, and its expression gradually increased during development. The immunohistochemical and dual-color immunofluorescence results displayed that ASB9 was mainly expressed in nonproliferating SSCs. Overexpression of ASB9 in the SSC line revealed significant inhibition of cell proliferation and increased apoptosis. We predicted the target proteins of ASB9 and verified that hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha inhibitor (HIF1AN), but not creatine kinase B-type (CKB), has a direct interaction with ASB9 in human SSC line using protein immunoprecipitation experiments. Subsequently, we re-expressed HIF1AN in ASB9 overexpressing cells and found that HIF1AN reversed the proliferative and apoptotic changes induced by ASB9 overexpression. In addition, we found that ABS9 was significantly downregulated in some NOA patients, implying a correlation between ASB9 dysregulation and impaired spermatogenesis. CONCLUSION: ASB9 is predominantly expressed in human SSCs, it affects the proliferation and apoptotic process of the SSC line through HIF1AN, and its abnormal expression may be associated with NOA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Testis/metabolism , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/metabolism , Repressor Proteins/metabolism , Spermatogenesis/physiology , Ubiquitins/metabolism , Cell Line , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling Proteins/metabolism , Mixed Function Oxygenases/metabolism
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1599-1607, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010011

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effects and molecular mechanism of circ-SFMBT2 on the proliferation, migration and invasion of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells.@*METHODS@#Bone marrow samples from 35 pediatric AML patients and 35 healthy controls in Henan Provincial Children's Hospital from April 2015 to April 2017 and human bone marrow stromal cell lines (HS-5) and AML cell lines (HL-60, THP-1, U-937 and Kasumi-1) were collected. The expressions of circ-SFMBT2, miR-491-5p and homeobox A9 (HOXA9) in bone marrow samples and cells were detected by RT-qPCR and Western blot. The Pearson method was used to analyze the correlation of circ-SFMBT2, miR-491-5p and HOXA9 mRNA expression levels in bone marrow samples of AML patients. HL-60 cells were cultured in vitro and divided into 5 groups: Control, si-NC, si-circ-SFMBT2, si-circ-SFMBT2+anti-NC and si-circ-SFMBT2+anti-miR-491-5p, HL-60 cells were transfected with si-NC, si-circ-SFMBT2, anti-NC, and miR-491-5p inhibitor with Lipofectamine™ 3000. RT-qPCR and Western blot were performed to detect the expression levels of circ-SFMBT2, miR-491-5p and HOXA9 in cells of each group. The proliferation activity of HL-60 cells in each group was detected by CCK-8 assay at 24, 48 and 72 h after transfection, respectively. The apoptosis rate was detected by flow cytometry. The migration and invasion abilities of cells were detected by Transwell assay. The regulatory roles of circ-SFMBT2, miR-491-5p and HOXA9 in AML cells were verified by dual-luciferase reporter gene assay, RNA pull-down and RNA-binding protein immunoprecipitation (RIP) experiments.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of circ-SFMBT2 and HOXA9 mRNA were increased in bone marrow samples and cell lines (HL-60, THP-1, U-937 and Kasumi-1) of children with AML (P <0.001), while the expression level of miR-491-5p was significantly decreased (P <0.001). Pearson correlation analysis showed that the expression levels of circ-SFMBT2 and miR-491-5p in bone marrow samples of AML children were negatively correlated (r =-0.905), miR-491-5p was also negatively correlated with HOXA9 mRNA (r =-0.930), while the expression levels of HOXA9 mRNA and circ-SFMBT2 was positively correlated (r =0.911). The overall survival rate of AML children with high expression of circ-SFMBT2 was significantly decreased than those with low expression of circ-SFMBT2 (P <0.05). Silencing of circ-SFMBT2 could greatly up-regulate the expression of miR-491-5p, decrease the expression of HOXA9, inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of AML cells, and promote cell apoptosis (P <0.05). Down-regulation of miR-491-5p expression greatly attenuated the inhibitory effects of circ-SFMBT2 silencing on cell proliferation, migration and invasion (P <0.05). Dual-luciferase reporter gene assay, RNA pull-down and RIP experiments confirmed that circ-SFMBT2 could target miR-491-5p and negatively regulate the expression of miR-491-5p in AML, and HOXA9 was the target of miR-491-5p.@*CONCLUSION@#Silencing of circ-SFMBT2 may inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of AML cells by regulating the miR-491-5p/HOXA9 axis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Genes, Homeobox , HL-60 Cells , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Luciferases , MicroRNAs , Repressor Proteins , RNA, Messenger , RNA, Circular/genetics
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1085-1092, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009965

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the biological function of LINC00174 in multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the expressions of LINC00174 and miR-150 in peripheral blood of MM patients and MM cell lines. EdU staining and flow cytometry were used to detect the effects of LINC00174 and miR-150 on the proliferation and apoptosis of MM cells. Western blot was used to detect the expressions of proliferation marker nuclear-related antigen Ki67, apoptosis-related protein cleaved caspase-3 and transcription factor forkhead box protein P1 (FOXP1). Bioinformatics and dual-luciferase reporter assay were used to verify the targeting relationship between LINC00174 and miR-150 and the targeting relationship between miR-150 and FOXP1.@*RESULTS@#The level of LINC00174 was significantly increased in peripheral blood of MM patients and MM cell lines (P <0.05). Compared with NC-siRNA group, the expression of LINC00174 was significantly reduced in LINC00174-siRNA group, the proliferation of U266 cells was reduced, the apoptosis rate was significantly increased, the level of Ki67 protein was reduced, and the level of cleaved caspase-3 protein was increased (all P <0.05). LINC00174 targeted regulation of the expression of miR-150. Compared with LINC00174-siRNA+NC inhibitor group, the expression of miR-150 in U266 cells in LINC00174-siRNA+miR-150 inhibitor group was significantly reduced, the cell proliferation was enhanced, the apoptosis rate was reduced, the level of Ki67 protein was increased, and the level of cleaved caspase-3 was decreased (all P <0.05). FOXP1 is the target gene of miR-150. Compared with NC mimic group, the expression of FOXP1 protein in miR-150 mimic group was significantly reduced, the cell proliferation was reduced, the apoptosis rate was significantly increased, Ki67 protein level was decreased, and the level of cleaved caspase-3 was increased. Compared with miR-150 mimic + vector group, the expression of FOXP1 protein in miR-150 mimic + pcDNA-FOXP1 group was significantly increased, the cell proliferation was enhanced, the apoptosis rate was reduced, the level of Ki67 protein was increased, and the level of cleaved caspase-3 was decreased (all P <0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#LINC00174 promotes the proliferation of MM cells and inhibits cell apoptosis by regulating the miR-150/ FOXP1 axis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Ki-67 Antigen , MicroRNAs/genetics , Multiple Myeloma/pathology , Repressor Proteins , RNA, Small Interfering , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1009-1014, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009249

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical and genetic characteristics of an infant with craniosynostosis.@*METHODS@#An infant who was admitted to Wuhan Children's Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology in April 2021 due to widening of the lateral ventricles for over a month was selected as the study subject. Clinical data of the patient was collected. Peripheral blood samples were collected from the infant and her parents for chromosomal karyotyping and whole exome sequencing. Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatic analysis. Relevant literature was retrieved from the PubMed, Wanfang and CNKI databases (up to December 2021) by using key words including ERF gene, craniosynostosis, ERF mutation, craniosynostosis and ERF-related craniosynostosis.@*RESULTS@#The infant, a 1-month-and-16-day-old female, was found to have sagittal synostosis by cranial X-ray radiography. Genetic testing revealed that she has harbored a heterozygous c.787C>T (p.Q263*) variant of the ERF gene, which was not found in either parent. Based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), the variant was predicted as pathogenic (PVS1+PS2+PM2_Supporting). In total 63 relevant cases were retrieved from the database, and a total of 64 individuals were analyzed by genetic testing. Most of the cases were sporadic and males. Multiple cranial sutures (including at least two of the sagittal suture, coronal suture, lambdoid suture, and frontal suture) were involved in 45.45% of the cases, and those with sagittal suture closure only have accounted for 20.00%. The main clinical manifestations have included hypertelorism, exophthalmos, development delay, malar dysplasia, etc. Chiari type 1 malformation may present in some patients. Variants of the ERF gene have mainly included splicing and deletional variants, and there was a strong genetic heterogeneity among the infants and their pedigrees.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.787C>T (p.Q263*) variant of the ERF gene probably underlay the craniosynostosis of this infant. Above finding has enriched the phenotype ~ genotype spectrum of the ERF gene.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Cranial Sutures/surgery , Craniosynostoses/genetics , Genetic Testing , Mutation , Repressor Proteins/genetics
5.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 317-329, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982568

ABSTRACT

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play a critical role in the regulation of atherosclerosis. Here, we investigated the role of the lncRNA growth arrest-specific 5 (lncR-GAS5) in atherogenesis. We found that the enforced expression of lncR-GAS5 contributed to the development of atherosclerosis, which presented as increased plaque size and reduced collagen content. Moreover, impaired autophagy was observed, as shown by a decreased LC3II/LC3I protein ratio and an elevated P62 level in lncR-GAS5-overexpressing human aortic endothelial cells. By contrast, lncR-GAS5 knockdown promoted autophagy. Moreover, serine/arginine-rich splicing factor 10 (SRSF10) knockdown increased the LC3II/LC3I ratio and decreased the P62 level, thus enhancing the formation of autophagic vacuoles, autolysosomes, and autophagosomes. Mechanistically, lncR-GAS5 regulated the downstream splicing factor SRSF10 to impair autophagy in the endothelium, which was reversed by the knockdown of SRSF10. Further results revealed that overexpression of the lncR-GAS5-targeted gene miR-193-5p promoted autophagy and autophagic vacuole accumulation by repressing its direct target gene, SRSF10. Notably, miR-193-5p overexpression decreased plaque size and increased collagen content. Altogether, these findings demonstrate that lncR-GAS5 partially contributes to atherogenesis and plaque instability by impairing endothelial autophagy. In conclusion, lncR-GAS5 overexpression arrested endothelial autophagy through the miR-193-5p/SRSF10 signaling pathway. Thus, miR-193-5p/SRSF10 may serve as a novel treatment target for atherosclerosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atherosclerosis/genetics , Autophagy/genetics , Cell Cycle Proteins/metabolism , Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Endothelium/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Repressor Proteins/metabolism , RNA Splicing Factors , Serine-Arginine Splicing Factors/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism
6.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 279-293, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982546

ABSTRACT

Aging poses a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, the leading cause of death in the aged population. However, the cell type-specific changes underlying cardiac aging are far from being clear. Here, we performed single-nucleus RNA-sequencing analysis of left ventricles from young and aged cynomolgus monkeys to define cell composition changes and transcriptomic alterations across different cell types associated with age. We found that aged cardiomyocytes underwent a dramatic loss in cell numbers and profound fluctuations in transcriptional profiles. Via transcription regulatory network analysis, we identified FOXP1, a core transcription factor in organ development, as a key downregulated factor in aged cardiomyocytes, concomitant with the dysregulation of FOXP1 target genes associated with heart function and cardiac diseases. Consistently, the deficiency of FOXP1 led to hypertrophic and senescent phenotypes in human embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes. Altogether, our findings depict the cellular and molecular landscape of ventricular aging at the single-cell resolution, and identify drivers for primate cardiac aging and potential targets for intervention against cardiac aging and associated diseases.


Subject(s)
Aged , Animals , Humans , Aging/genetics , Forkhead Transcription Factors/metabolism , Myocytes, Cardiac/metabolism , Primates/metabolism , Repressor Proteins/metabolism , Transcriptome , Macaca fascicularis/metabolism
7.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 690-695, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985759

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features and differential diagnosis of CIC-rearranged sarcoma (CRS). Methods: Five CRSs of 4 patients (2 biopsies of pelvic cavity and lung metastasis from case 4) diagnosed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were enrolled from 2019 to 2021. All cases were evaluated by clinical presentation, H&E, immunohistochemical staining and molecular analysis and the related literature was reviewed. Results: There were one male and three females, the age at diagnosis ranged from 18 to 58 (mean 42.5) years. Three cases were from the deep soft tissues of the trunk and one case from the skin of foot. Grossly, the tumor size ranged from 1 to 16 cm. Microscopically, the tumor was arranged in nodules or solid sheets. The tumor cells were typically round or ovoid, with occasional spindled or epithelioid morphology. The nuclei were round to ovoid with vesicular chromatin and prominent nucleoli. Mitotic figures were brisk (>10/10 HPF). Rhabdoid cells were seen in four of five cases. Myxoid change and hemorrhage were observed in all samples and two cases showed geographic necrosis. Immunohistochemically, CD99 was variably positive in all samples, while WT1 and TLE-1 were positive in four of five samples. Molecular analysis showed CIC-rearrangements in all cases. Two patients succumbed within 3 months. One had mediastinal metastasis 9 months after surgery. One underwent adjuvant chemotherapy and remained tumor-free 10 months after diagnosis. Conclusions: CIC-rearranged sarcoma is uncommon and shows aggressive clinical course with dismal prognosis. The morphological and immunohistochemical characteristics can largely overlap with a variety of sarcomas; hence, knowledge of this entity is vital to avoid potential diagnostic pitfalls. Definitive diagnosis requires molecular confirmation of CIC-gene rearrangement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Sarcoma/therapy
8.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 202-204, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971060

ABSTRACT

A full-term female infant was admitted at 5 hours after birth due to heart malformations found during the fetal period and cyanosis once after birth. Mmultiple malformations of eyes, face, limbs, and heart were noted. The whole-exome sequencing revealed a pathogenic heterozygous mutation, c.2428C>T(p.Arg810*), in the BCOR gene. The infant was then diagnosed with oculo-facio-cardio-dental syndrome. He received assisted ventilation to improve oxygenation and nutritional support during hospitalization. Right ventricular double outlet correction was performed 1 month after birth. Ocular lesions were followed up and scheduled for elective surgery. The possibility of oculo-facio-cardio-dental syndrome should be considered for neonates with multiple malformations of eyes, face, and heart, and genetic testing should be performed as early as possible to confirm the diagnosis; meanwhile, active ophthalmic and cardiovascular symptomatic treatment should be given to improve the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Abnormalities, Multiple/therapy , Cataract/genetics , Cyanosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Heart Defects, Congenital/genetics
9.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 42-46, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970875

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for two patients from a family with BCL11A-related intellectual disability (BCL11A-ID).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the proband and her family members was analyzed. Chromosomal karyotyping analysis, trio-whole exome sequencing (trio-WES) and copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq) were carried out. For the suspected genetic variants, Sanger sequencing was used to verify, and pathogenicity assessment was conducted.@*RESULTS@#The proband and her mother both had intellectual and language impairment, and their fetal hemoglobin (HbF) was significantly elevated. A heterozygous c.1327_c.1328delTC (p.Ser443Hisfs*128) variant was found in exon 4 of the BCL11A gene by WES, which has resulted in truncated expression of the encoded protein, and Sanger sequencing has verified that the variant was inherited from the mother. The variant was not found in related databases. The variant was predicted as pathogenic according to the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) (PVS1+PM2+PP1). No karyotypic abnormality was found in the proband, her parents and brother, and no pathogenic CNVs was found in the proband and her parents.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.1327_c.1328delTC (p.Ser443Hisfs*128) variant may underlay the BCL11A-ID in the proband and her mother. This de novo variant has expanded the mutational spectrum of the BCL11A gene.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Intellectual Disability/genetics , DNA Copy Number Variations , Pedigree , Mutation , Transcription Factors/genetics , Mothers , Repressor Proteins/genetics
10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 7-11, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970868

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical phenotype and results of genetic testing in three children with Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the children and their parents were collected. Peripheral blood samples of the pedigrees were collected for next generation sequencing analysis.@*RESULTS@#The main clinical manifestations of the three children have included growth delay, mental retardation, peculiar facies and other accompanying symptoms. Based on the criteria proposed by the International Diagnostic Consensus, all three children were suspected for CdLS. As revealed by whole exome sequencing, child 1 has harbored NIPBL gene c.5567_5569delGAA insTAT missense variant, child 2 has harbored SMC1A gene c.607A>G missense variant, and child 3 has harbored HDAC8 gene c.628+1G>A splicing variant. All of the variants were de novo in origin.@*CONCLUSION@#All of the children were diagnosed with CdLS due to pathogenic variants of the associated genes, among which the variants of NIPBL and HDAC8 genes were unreported previously. Above finding has enriched the spectrum of pathogenic variants underlying CdLS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics , De Lange Syndrome/diagnosis , Genotype , Phenotype , Genetic Testing , Histone Deacetylases/genetics , Repressor Proteins/genetics
11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1-6, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970867

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical and genetic characteristics of three children with KBG syndrome.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the three children from two families who have presented at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University between October 2019 and September 2020 and their family members were collected. Trio-whole exome sequencing (trio-WES) and Sanger sequencing were carried out.@*RESULTS@#All children had feeding difficulties, congenital heart defects and facial dysmorphism. The sib- pair from family 1 was found to harbor a novel de novo heterozygous c.6270delT (p.Q2091Rfs*84) variant of the ANKRD11 gene, whilst the child from family 2 was found to harbor a novel heterozygous c.6858delC (p.D2286Efs*51) variant of the ANKRD11 gene, which was inherited from his mother who had a mild clinical phenotype.@*CONCLUSION@#The heterozygous frameshift variants of the ANKRD11 gene probably underlay the disease in the three children. Above findings have enriched the spectrum of the ANKRD11 gene variants.


Subject(s)
Female , Child , Humans , Abnormalities, Multiple/genetics , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Bone Diseases, Developmental/genetics , Tooth Abnormalities/genetics , Facies , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Mothers , Mutation
12.
Singapore medical journal ; : 188-195, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969656

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#The diagnosis of Wilson disease (WD) is plagued by biochemical and clinical uncertainties. Thus, calculated parameters have been proposed. This study aimed to: (a) compare the diagnostic values of non-caeruloplasmin copper (NCC), NCC percentage (NCC%), copper-caeruloplasmin ratio (CCR) and adjusted copper in WD; and (b) derive and evaluate a discriminant function in diagnosing WD.@*METHODS@#A total of 213 subjects across all ages who were investigated for WD were recruited. WD was confirmed in 55 patients, and the rest were WD free. Based on serum copper and caeruloplasmin values, NCC, NCC%, CCR and adjusted copper were calculated for each subject. A function was derived using discriminant analysis, and the cut-off value was determined through receiver operating characteristic analysis. Classification accuracy was found by cross-tabulation.@*RESULTS@#Caeruloplasmin, total copper, NCC, NCC%, CCR, adjusted copper and discriminant function were significantly lower in WD compared to non-WD. Discriminant function showed the best diagnostic specificity (99.4%), sensitivity (98.2%) and classification accuracy (99.1%). Caeruloplasmin levels <0.14 g/L showed higher accuracy than the recommended 0.20 g/L cut-off value (97.7% vs. 87.8%). Similarly, molar NCC below the European cut-off of 1.6 umol/L showed higher accuracy than the American cut-off of 3.9 umol/L (80.3% vs. 59.6%) (P < 0.001). NCC%, mass NCC, CCR and adjusted copper showed poorer performances.@*CONCLUSION@#Discriminant function differentiates WD from non-WD with excellent specificity, sensitivity and accuracy. Performance of serum caeruloplasmin <0.14 g/L was better than that of <0.20 g/L. NCC, NCC%, CCR and adjusted copper are not helpful in diagnosing WD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatolenticular Degeneration/diagnosis , Copper/analysis , Ceruloplasmin/metabolism , Repressor Proteins
13.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 773-782, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008131

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the cell subsets and characteristics related to the prognosis of osteosarcoma by analyzing the cellular composition of tumor tissue samples from different osteosarcoma patients.Methods The single-cell sequencing data and bulk sequencing data of different osteosarcoma patients were downloaded.We extracted the information of cell samples for dimensionality reduction,annotation,and cell function analysis,so as to identify the cell subsets and clarify the cell characteristics related to the prognosis of osteosarcoma.The development trajectory of macrophages with prognostic significance was analyzed,and the prognostic model of osteosarcoma was established based on the differentially expressed genes of macrophage differentiation.Results The cellular composition presented heterogeneity in the patients with osteosarcoma.The infiltration of mononuclear phagocytes in osteosarcoma had prognostic significance(P=0.003).Four macrophage subsets were associated with prognosis,and their signature transcription factors included RUNX3(+),ETS1(+),HOXD11(+),ZNF281(+),and PRRX1(+).Prog_Macro2 and Prog_Macro4 were located at the end of the developmental trajectory,and the prognostic ability of macrophage subsets increased with the progression of osteosarcoma.The prognostic model established based on the differentially expressed genes involved in macrophage differentiation can distinguish the survival rate of osteosarcoma patients with different risks(P<0.001).Conclusion Macrophage subsets are closely related to the prognosis of osteosarcoma and can be used as the key target cells for the immunotherapy of osteosarcoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Osteosarcoma/genetics , Immunotherapy , Macrophages , Transcription Factors , Bone Neoplasms/genetics , Homeodomain Proteins , Repressor Proteins
14.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 11-11, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971598

ABSTRACT

Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) play crucial roles in tumor progression and immune responses. However, mechanisms of driving TAMs to antitumor function remain unknown. Here, transcriptome profiling analysis of human oral cancer tissues indicated that regulator of G protein signaling 12 (RGS12) regulates pathologic processes and immune-related pathways. Mice with RGS12 knockout in macrophages displayed decreased M1 TAMs in oral cancer tissues, and extensive proliferation and invasion of oral cancer cells. RGS12 increased the M1 macrophages with features of increased ciliated cell number and cilia length. Mechanistically, RGS12 associates with and activates MYC binding protein 2 (MYCBP2) to degrade the cilia protein kinesin family member 2A (KIF2A) in TAMs. Our results demonstrate that RGS12 is an essential oral cancer biomarker and regulator for immunosuppressive TAMs activation.


Subject(s)
Mice , Humans , Animals , Tumor-Associated Macrophages/metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Mouth Neoplasms , GTP-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/metabolism , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , RGS Proteins/metabolism , Kinesins/metabolism , Repressor Proteins/metabolism
15.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 1261-1265, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012403

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the expression of TRPS1 in salivary gland-type breast carcinoma and its clinical application. Methods: A total of 30 cases of salivary gland-type breast carcinoma diagnosed from May 2015 to November 2022 at the Department of Pathology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were collected. The expression of TRPS1 was detected by immunohistochemistry and compared with that of GATA3. TRPS1 and GATA3 expression in 24 cases of primary salivary gland carcinoma. Results: There were 10 cases of breast secretory carcinoma, aged 21-61 years (median 53.5 years), with the size ranging from 0.9-2.2 cm (median 1.6 cm), 2 of which were accompanied by axillary nodal macrometastasis. All patients were alive after 2-55 months of follow-up (median 29.5 months, mean 29.7 months). There were 20 cases of breast adenoid cystic carcinoma, aged 36-77 years (median 53.5 years), with the size ranging from 1.2-5.5 cm (median 2.5 cm), 3 of which were accompanied by axillary nodal macrometastasis. All patients were alive after 3-92 months of follow-up (median 22.5 months, mean 31.7 months), and 1 patient had lung metastasis 15 months after surgery. The medium/high expression ratio of TRPS1 in breast secretory carcinoma was 10/10, which was higher than that of GATA3 (7/10). TRPS1 was also positive in the 2 cases with lymph node metastases. The medium/high expression rate of TRPS1 in breast adenoid cystic carcinoma was 20/20, which was significantly higher than that of GATA3 (2/20). TRPS1 was highly expressed in both classic and solid subtypes, while GATA3 was only expressed in a few cases of the classic subtype. TRPS1 was also positive in 3 cases with lymph node metastases and 1 case of the pulmonary metastases. The expression level of TRPS1 was the same in 1 case before and after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. In addition, TRPS1 was positive in parotid secretory carcinoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma. The medium/high expression rate of TRPS1 in parotid secretory carcinoma (6/6) was higher than that of GATA3 (2/6), and the medium/high expression rate of TRPS1 in parotid adenoid cystic carcinoma (17/18) was higher than that of GATA3 (2/18). Conclusions: The expression of TRPS1 is highly sensitive to salivary gland-type breast carcinoma, especially in GATA3-negative solid subtype of adenoid cystic carcinoma, which plays an important role in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/pathology , Parotid Neoplasms , Lung Neoplasms , Breast Neoplasms , Parotid Gland , Repressor Proteins
16.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 1120-1125, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012375

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, immunophenotype, molecular features and differential diagnosis of primary synovial sarcoma of the lung (PSSL). Methods: Twelve cases of PSSL were collected at Henan Provincial People's Hospital, during May 2010 and April 2021, and their clinicopathological parameters were summarized. SS18-SSX, H3K27Me3, and SOX2 were added to the original immunomarkers to evaluate their diagnostic value for PSSL. Results: The age of 12 patients when diagnosed ranged from 32 to 75 years (mean of 50 years). There were 7 males and 5 females, 2 left lung cases and 10 right lung cases. Of the 6 patients who underwent surgical resection, five cases were confined to lung tissue (T1), one case had mediastinal invasion (T3), two cases had regional lymph node metastasis (N1), and none had distal metastasis. Microscopically, 11 cases showed monophasic spindle cell type and one case showed biphasic type composed of mainly epithelial cells consisting of cuboidal to columnar cells with glandular and cribriform structures. It was difficult to make the diagnosis by using the biopsy specimens. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) showed CKpan expression in 8 of 12 cases; EMA expression in 11 of 12 case; TLE1 expression in 8 of 12 cases; S-100 protein expression in two of 12 cases; various expression of bcl-2 and vimentin in 12 cases, but no expression of SOX10 and CD34 in all the cases. The Ki-67 index was 15%-30%. The expression of SS18-SSX fusion antibody was diffusely and strongly positive in all 12 cases. SOX2 was partially or diffusely expressed in 8 of 12 cases, with strong expression in the epithelial component. H3K27Me3 was absent in 3 of 12 cases. SS18 gene translocation was confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) test in all 12 samples. Six cases underwent surgery and postoperative chemotherapy, while the other six cases had chemotherapy alone. Ten patients were followed up after 9-114 months, with an average of 41 months and a median of 26 months. Five patients survived and five died of the disease within two years. Conclusions: PSSL is rare and has a broad morphological spectrum. IHC and molecular tests are needed for definitive diagnosis. Compared with current commonly used IHC markers, SS18-SSX fusion antibody has better sensitivity to PSSL, which could be used as an alternative for FISH, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction or next generation sequencing in the diagnosis of PSSL.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Sarcoma, Synovial/diagnosis , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Histones/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins/metabolism , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Repressor Proteins/metabolism , Lung/pathology , Lung Neoplasms
17.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(3): 193-202, July-Sept. 2022. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421988

ABSTRACT

Background: It is important to detect novel biomarkers responsible for the progression and spread of colorectal cancer (CRC) to better evaluate the prognosis of the patients, provide better management, and foster the development of therapeutic targets. In humans, pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase 2 (PYCR2) is encoded on chromosome 1q42.12, and its metabolic activity has been linked to oncogenesis in many cancers. Zinc finger and broad-complex, tramtrack, and bric-à-brac (BTB) domain-containing protein 18 (ZBTB18), a zinc finger transcriptional repressor, has been found to have a tumor-suppressor role and to be methylated in CRCs. To date, the prognostic roles of PYCR2 and ZBTB18 in CRC patients have not been thoroughly studied. Objective: To evaluate the tissue protein expression of PYCR2 and ZBTB18 in CRC and adjacent non-neoplastic intestinal tissues, to detect their roles in CRC carcinogenesis, progression and metastases. Patients and methods: After applying the inclusion criteria, 60 CRC patients were included in the study. Tissue samples from the tumor and the adjacent non-neoplastic tissues were stained with PYCR2 and ZBTB18. The patients were followed up for about 30 months (range: 10 to 36 months). We performed a correlation regarding the expression of the markers, and clinicopathological and prognostic parameters. Results Upregulation of PYCR2 and downregulation of ZBTB18 were found to be higher in CRC tissue than in the adjacent non-neoplastic colonic mucosa (p = 0.026 and p < 0.001 respectively). High expression of PYCR2 and low expression of ZBTB18 were positively correlated with large tumor size, higher tumor grade, advanced tumor stage, presence of spread to lymph nodes, and presence of distant metastases (p < 0.001). High PYCR2 and low ZBTB18 expressions were significantly associated with poor response to therapy (p = 0.008 and 0.0.17 respectively), as well as high incidence of progression and recurrence (p = 0.005), and unfavorable overall survival (OS) rates (p = 0.001). Conclusion: High expression of PYCR2 and low expression of ZBTB18 were independent predictors of CRC, progression, poor prognosis and unfavorable patient OS and progression-free survival (PFS) rates. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pyrroline Carboxylate Reductases , Rectal Neoplasms/therapy , Repressor Proteins , Colonic Neoplasms/therapy , Prognosis , Carcinoma , Treatment Outcome , Neoplasm Staging
18.
Biol. Res ; 55: 7-7, 2022. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383911

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Aerobic metabolism generates reactive oxygen species that may cause critical harm to the cell. The aim of this study is the characterization of the stress responses in the model aromatic degrading bacterium Paraburkholderia xenovorans LB400 to the oxidizing agents paraquat and H 2 O2. METHODS: Antioxidant genes were identified by bioinformatic methods in the genome of P. xenovorans LB400, and the phylogeny of its OxyR and SoxR transcriptional regulators were studied. Functionality of the transcriptional regulators from strain LB400 was assessed by complementation with LB400 SoxR of null mutant P. aeruginosa ΔsoxR, and the construction of P. xenovorans pIZ oxyR that overexpresses OxyR. The effects of oxidizing agents on P. xenovorans were studied measuring bacterial susceptibility, survival and ROS formation after exposure to paraquat and H 2 O2. The effects of these oxidants on gene expression (qRT PCR) and the proteome (LC-MS/MS) were quantified. RESULTS: P. xenovorans LB400 possesses a wide repertoire of genes for the antioxidant defense including the oxyR , ahpC , ahpF , kat , trxB , dpsA and gorA genes, whose orthologous genes are regulated by the transcriptional regulator OxyR in E. coli . The LB400 genome also harbors the soxR, fumC , acnA , sodB , fpr and fldX genes, whose orthologous genes are regulated by the transcriptional regulator SoxR in E. coli . The functionality of the LB400 soxR gene was confirmed by complementation of null mutant P. aeruginosa Δ soxR . Growth, susceptibility, and ROS formation assays revealed that LB400 cells were more susceptible to paraquat than H2O2. Transcriptional analyses indicated the upregulation of the oxyR , ahpC1 , katE and ohrB genes in LB400 cells after exposure to H2O2, whereas the oxyR , fumC , ahpC1 , sodB1 and ohrB genes were induced in presence of paraquat. Proteome analysis revealed that paraquat induced the oxidative stress response proteins AhpCF and DpsA, the universal stress protein UspA and the RNA chaperone CspA. Both oxidizing agents induced the Ohr protein, which is involved in organic peroxide resistance. Notably, the overexpression of the LB400 oxyR gene in P. xenovorans significantly decreased the ROS formation and the susceptibility to paraquat, suggesting a broad OxyR regulated antioxidant response. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that P. xenovorans LB400 possess a broad range oxidative stress response, which explain the high resistance of this strain to the oxidizing compounds paraquat and H2O2.


Subject(s)
Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial , Escherichia coli Proteins/genetics , Escherichia coli Proteins/metabolism , Oxidation-Reduction , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Repressor Proteins/metabolism , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Bacterial Proteins/metabolism , Chromatography, Liquid , Oxidative Stress , Burkholderiaceae , Escherichia coli/genetics , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Hydrogen Peroxide/pharmacology
19.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 30-30, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939849

ABSTRACT

Human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) are a promising cell type for bone tissue regeneration. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been shown to play a critical role in regulating various cell differentiation and involve in mesenchymal stem cell osteogenesis. However, how circRNAs regulate hASCs in osteogenesis is still unclear. Herein, we found circ_0003204 was significantly downregulated during osteogenic differentiation of hASCs. Knockdown of circ_0003204 by siRNA or overexpression by lentivirus confirmed circ_0003204 could negatively regulate the osteogenic differentiation of hASCs. We performed dual-luciferase reporting assay and rescue experiments to verify circ_0003204 regulated osteogenic differentiation via sponging miR-370-3p. We predicted and confirmed that miR-370-3p had targets in the 3'-UTR of HDAC4 mRNA. The following rescue experiments indicated that circ_0003204 regulated the osteogenic differentiation of hASCs via miR-370-3p/HDAC4 axis. Subsequent in vivo experiments showed the silencing of circ_0003204 increased the bone formation and promoted the expression of osteogenic-related proteins in a mouse bone defect model, while overexpression of circ_0003204 inhibited bone defect repair. Our findings indicated that circ_0003204 might be a promising target to promote the efficacy of hASCs in repairing bone defects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Adipose Tissue/metabolism , Cell Differentiation/genetics , Cells, Cultured , Histone Deacetylases/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Osteogenesis/genetics , RNA, Circular/metabolism , Repressor Proteins/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Stem Cells/metabolism
20.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 243-247, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928553

ABSTRACT

Thanks to tremendous advances in sequencing technologies and in particular to whole exome sequencing (WES), many genes have now been linked to severe sperm defects. A precise genetic diagnosis is obtained for a minority of patients and only for the most severe defects like azoospermia or macrozoospermia which is very often due to defects in the aurora kinase C (AURKC gene. Here, we studied a subject with a severe oligozoospermia and a phenotypic diagnosis of macrozoospermia. AURKC analysis did not reveal any deleterious variant. WES was then initiated which permitted to identify a homozygous loss of function variant in the zinc finger MYND-type containing 15 (ZMYND15 gene. ZMYND15 has been described to serve as a switch for haploid gene expression, and mice devoid of ZMYND15 were shown to be sterile due to nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA). In man, ZMYND15 has been associated with NOA and severe oligozoospermia. We confirm here that the presence of a bi-allelic ZMYND15 variant induces a severe oligozoospermia. In addition, we show that severe oligozoospermia can be associated macrozoospermia, and that a phenotypic misdiagnosis is possible, potentially delaying the genetic diagnosis. In conclusion, genetic defects in ZMYND15 can induce complete NOA or severe oligozoospermia associated with a very severe teratozoospermia. In our experience, severe oligozoospermia is often associated with severe teratozoospermia and can sometimes be misinterpreted as macrozoospermia or globozoospermia. In these instances, specific AURKC or dpy-19 like 2 (DPY19L2) diagnosis is usually negative and we recommend the direct use of a pan-genomic techniques such as WES.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Mice , Azoospermia/genetics , Infertility, Male/genetics , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mutation , Oligospermia/genetics , Repressor Proteins/metabolism , Teratozoospermia/genetics
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