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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888370

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore gender difference in the clinical manifestations of two children with Keishi-Bukuryo-Gan syndrome (KBGS).@*METHODS@#Clinical manifestations of the two children were reviewed. Genetic testing was carried out through next generation sequencing (NGS). Treatment was summarized, and the prognosis was followed up.@*RESULTS@#Both children showed particular appearance including megatooth, abnormal hair distribution, hands' abnormality and language development delay. NGS revealed that both children have carried pathogenic variants of the ANKRD11 gene (c.1903_1907del and c.4911delT), which resulted in shifting of amino acid sequences starting from the Lysine and Proline at positions 635 and 1638, respectively. The female patient exhibited central precocious puberty. Her height has increased by 13 cm, and sex characteristics has retracted after treatment with leuprorelin for 23 months and recombinant human growth hormone for 1 month.@*CONCLUSION@#Comparison of the two cases with different genders and summary of previously reported cases found that male KBGS patients have more obvious dysmorphisms such as triangular face, synophrys, ocular hypertelorism and vertebral body abnormality, with higher morbidity of epilepsy, mental retardation, autism, congenital heart disease, immune thrombocytopenia and other complications. KBGS is an autosomal dominant disease featuring more evident peculiar appearance and global development delay. Male patients often have multi-system involvement, and multidisciplinary cooperation is required for early recognition of particular features in order to improve the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Abnormalities, Multiple , Bone Diseases, Developmental , Child , Facies , Female , Humans , Intellectual Disability , Male , Phenotype , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Sex Characteristics , Tooth Abnormalities
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2595-2602, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887825

ABSTRACT

Nuclear receptor subfamily 2, group F, member 6 (NR2F6) is a member of orphan nuclear receptors, which is expressed in major tissues and organs of the human body, and plays an important role in the regulation of various biological functions and gene expressions. Recent studies have shown that the expression of NR2F6 was up-regulated in a variety of malignant tumors and showed significant correlations with cancer progression. These findings triggered the widespread interest in understanding the relationship between NR2F6 and cancer development and progression. In addition, the latest studies have underscored that NR2F6 was involved in enhancing antitumor immune responses that could serve as a potential target for immune regulation. This review summarizes the biological functions of NR2F6 and its role in tumors, with the aim to provide new insights into effective cancer therapies.


Subject(s)
Gene Expression Regulation , Humans , Neoplasms/genetics , Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear/genetics , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2105-2115, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887784

ABSTRACT

Triterpenoids are a class of natural products of great commercial value that are widely used in pharmaceutical, health care and cosmetic industries. The biosynthesis of triterpenoids relies on the efficient synthesis of squalene epoxide, which is synthesized from the NADPH dependent oxidation of squalene catalyzed by squalene epoxidase. We screened squalene epoxidases derived from different species, and found the truncated squalene epoxidase from Rattus norvegicus (RnSETC) showed the highest activity in engineered Escherichia coli. Further examination of the effect of endogenous cytochrome P450 reductase like (CPRL) proteins showed that overexpression of NADH: quinone oxidoreductase (WrbA) under Lac promoter in a medium-copy number plasmid increased the production of squalene epoxide by nearly 2.5 folds. These results demonstrated that the constructed pathway led to the production of squalene epoxide, an important precursor for the biosynthesis of triterpenoids.


Subject(s)
Animals , Escherichia coli/genetics , NADPH-Ferrihemoprotein Reductase , Protein Engineering , Rats , Repressor Proteins , Squalene , Squalene Monooxygenase/genetics
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 963-970, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878129

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Histone deacetylase 4 (HDAC4) regulates chondrocyte hypertrophy and bone formation. The aim of the present study was to explore the effects of HDAC4 on Interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β)-induced chondrocyte extracellular matrix degradation and whether it is regulated through the WNT family member 3A (WNT3A)/β-catenin signaling pathway.@*METHODS@#Primary chondrocytes (CC) and human chondrosarcoma cells (SW1353 cells) were treated with IL-1β and the level of HDAC4 was assayed using Western blotting. Then, HDAC4 expression in the SW1353 cells was silenced using small interfering RNA to detect the effect of HDAC4 knockdown on the levels of matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP3) and MMP13 induced by IL-1β. After transfection with HDAC4 plasmids, the overexpression efficiency was examined using Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and the levels of MMP3 and MMP13 were assayed using Western blotting. After incubation with IL-1β, the translocation of β-catenin into the nucleus was observed using immunofluorescence staining in SW1353 cells to investigate the activation of the WNT3A/β-catenin signaling pathway. Finally, treatment with WNT3A and transfection with glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (GSK3β) plasmids were assessed for their effects on HDAC4 levels using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#IL-1β downregulated HDAC4 levels in chondrocytes and SW1353 cells. Furthermore, HDAC4 knockdown increased the levels of MMP3 and MMP13, which contributed to the degradation of the extracellular matrix. Overexpression of HDAC4 inhibited IL-1β-induced increases in MMP3 and MMP13. IL-1β upregulated the levels of WNT3A, and WNT3A reduced HDAC4 levels in SW1353 cells. GSK-3β rescued IL-1β-induced downregulation of HDAC4 in SW1353 cells.@*CONCLUSION@#HDAC4 exerted an inhibitory effect on IL-1β-induced extracellular matrix degradation and was regulated partially by the WNT3A/β-catenin signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cells, Cultured , Chondrocytes/metabolism , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta/genetics , Histone Deacetylases/genetics , Humans , Interleukin-1beta/pharmacology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 13/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3 , Repressor Proteins , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Wnt3A Protein/genetics , beta Catenin/metabolism
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1768-1774, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922332

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of silencing DNA methyltransferase 1(DNMT1) to the methylation of the promoter of the tumor suppressor gene wnt-1 (WIF-1) in human chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cells.@*METHODS@#DNMT1 siRNAi plasmid was constructed and DNMT1 siRNAi was transfected into CML K562 cells. RT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression of DNMT1 gene and related protein, and methylation PCR was used to detect WIF-1 gene promoter methylation level. The trypan blue exclusion and MTT assay were used to detect the cell proliferation, flow cytometry were used to detect the cell apoptosis rate, colony formation assay was used to detect cell colony formation ability. Expression of Wnt/β- catenin and its downstream signaling pathway proteins were detected by Western blot after DNMT1 gene was silenced.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of DNMT1 mRNA and its related protein in the experimental group were significantly lower than those in the control group and negative control group (P<0.05). After 72 hours of successful transfection, the WIF-1 gene in the control group and negative control group were completely methylated, while in the experimental group, the methylation level significantly decreased. The results of MSP showed that the PCR product amplified by the unmethylated WIF-1 primer in the experimental group increased significantly,while by the methylated WIF-1 primer decreased significantly. After 48 h of transfection, the OD value, viable cell number and colony formation of the cells in experimental group were significantly lower than those in the negative control group and the control group (P<0.05). The apoptosis rate of the cells in experimental group was significantly higher than those in the negative control group and control group (P<0.05). The expression levels of β- actin, myc, cyclin D1 and TCF-1 in K562 cells in the experimental group were significantly lower than those in the negative control group and control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Silencing DNMT1 gene can inhibit the proliferation and promote the apoptosis of K562 cells. The mechanism may be related to reverse the hypermethylation level of the WIF-1 gene promoter, thereby inhibit the activity of the Wnt/β- catenin signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , DNA Methylation , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/genetics , Repressor Proteins/metabolism
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1741-1745, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922327

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of acute myeloid leukemia(AML) patients with ASXL1 mutation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 229 newly diagnosed AML patients treated in our hospital from April 2016 to October 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The next-generation sequencing technology was used to detect gene mutations in all the patients, the clinical characteristics of the patients with ASXL1 mutation were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#ASXL1 gene mutation was detected out in 45 patients(19.6%). Among these patients, the frameshift mutation (n=22,48.9%) was most common, followed by missense mutation (n=15, 33.3%) and nonsense mutation (n=8,17.8%), respectively, all of them were located at exon 12. The median mutation rate was 32.47%(range, 2.74%-53.50%). The median age of the patients with ASXL1 mutation was 54(range, 14-74) years old, and most of the patients were male, and most of them with the history of MDS or MPN, and low white blood cell count at the initial diagnosed (P<0.05). Patients with ASXL1 mutation showed a lower CR rate than that of without ASXL1 mutation. Patients with or without ASXL1 mutation showed a statistically significant difference in survival at 20 months (P=0.042), while there was no significant difference between the patients in the two groups over 20 months (P=0.505). All the 6 patients with ASXL1 mutation in low-risk group were survived, while the median OS time was 16 months in the high-risk group(P=0.034). Multivariate analysis showed that the history of MDS or MPN and CR rate from induction therapy were the independent risk factors affecting survival of the patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Frameshift mutation is commonly in AML patients with ASXL1 gene mutation, and ASXL1 mutation were more often in men, the history of MDS or MPN, and low white blood cell count. The CR rate of the patients with ASXL1 mutation was lower than that of the AML patients without ASXL1 mutations, AML patients with ASXL1 mutation showed poor short-term efficacy, but there was no significant difference between the two groups in long-term survival over 20 months.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , Prognosis , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922022

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical features and genetic basis of three children with mental retardation, language impairment and autistic features due to de novo variants of FOXP1 gene.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the children were collected.Trio-whole exome sequencing was carried out for the children and their parents. Pathogenicity of the variants was analyzed through bioinformatics prediction.@*RESULTS@#All of the children had various degrees of mental retardation in conjunct with language deficit, global developmental delay, abnormal behavior and peculiar facial features, among whom two also developed autism spectrum disorders. The results of genetic testing showed that all three children harbored de novo variants of the FOXP1 gene, namely c.613_c.614delCTinsTA, c.1248delC and c.1393A>G. Two of these were frameshift variants and one was missense variant, which were all rated as pathogenic based on the guidelines of the American College of Medical Genetics (ACMG). Database search suggested that c.613_c.614delCTinsTA and c.1248delC were unreported previously.@*CONCLUSION@#For the three children from unrelated families with mental retardation in conjunct with language deficit, global growth delay, abnormal behavior and peculiar facial features, the c.613_ c. 614delCTinsTA, c.1248delC and c.1393A>G variants of the FOXP1 gene may be the pathogenic factors. Above cases have further expanded the genotype-phenotype profile of FOXP1 deficiency syndrome.


Subject(s)
Autistic Disorder/genetics , Child , Forkhead Transcription Factors/genetics , Genetic Testing , Humans , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Language Development Disorders/genetics , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Whole Exome Sequencing
8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3253-3267, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921422

ABSTRACT

Members of the ferric uptake regulator (Fur) protein family are bacterial transcriptional repressors that control iron uptake and storage in response to iron availability, thereby playing a crucial role in the maintenance of iron homeostasis. The fur null mutants of Pseudomonas aeruginosa could not be obtained because fur is an essential gene. In this study, We constructed a Fur inducibly expression strain Δfur/attB::PBAD-fur in order to study the effect of fur on the growth, biofilm formation, motilities and oxidative stress response of P. aeruginosa. The results showed that a low level of fur expression retarded the growth of P. aeruginosa at an iron-depleted condition, or under high concentration of iron, or in the presence of H2O2. Fur affected the biofilm formation and the motilities (swimming, twitching, and swarming) of strain PAO1. The production of pyoverdine is regulated by Fur. Interestingly, proteins from Magnetospirillum gryphiswaldense MSR-1, which shares homology with Fur, can partially recover the pyoverdine production of strain Δfur/attB::PBAD-fur. This study provides new clues for the prevention and treatment of P. aeruginosa infections.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Hydrogen Peroxide , Magnetospirillum , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/genetics , Repressor Proteins/genetics
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880127

ABSTRACT

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a single gene genetic disease, which seriously threatens the life span and quality of patients. On the basis of the pathogenesis of SCD and the alternative therapy based on fetal hemoglobin F (HbF), the research progress of transcription factors involved in the regulation of HbF gene expression, such as BCL11A, ZBTB7A, KLF-1, c-MYB and SOX6, as well as the application of CRISPR / Cas9, TALEN, zinc finger nuclease and other gene editing technologies in this field has been made, providing a solid theoretical basis for the exploration of new treatment schemes for β- like hemoglobin diseases, such as sickle cell disease and β- thalassemia.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Sickle Cell/therapy , Cell Line, Tumor , DNA-Binding Proteins , Fetal Hemoglobin/genetics , Genetic Therapy , Humans , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Transcription Factors
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880096

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients ASXL2, ZBTB7A gene mutations and the prognosis.@*METHODS@#42 AML Patients treated in our hospital from January 2014 to January 2016 were selected and ASXL2 and ZBTB7A genes of their bone marrow samples were sequenced, the genetic characteristics and prognosis of core-binding factor-AML(CBF-AML) patients with ASXL2 and ZBTB7A mutations were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#ASXL2 (33.3%) and ZBTB7A (9.5%) mutations were found in t (8; 21) AML patients. Compared with wild-type, patients with ASXL2 mutations showed significantly higher white blood cell count at diagnosis [(9.49±1.85)×10@*CONCLUSION@#ASXL2 and ZBTB7A mutations are frequently found in t (8; 21) AML patients. The mutation of ASXL2 and ZBTB7A genes shows no significant effect on the prognosis of AML patients.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Mutation , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Prognosis , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics
11.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 448-459, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888730

ABSTRACT

The ability of tumor cells to sustain continuous proliferation is one of the major characteristics of cancer. The activation of oncogenes and the mutation or inactivation of tumor suppressor genes ensure the rapid proliferation of tumor cells. The PI3K-Akt-mTOR axis is one of the most frequently modified signaling pathways whose activation sustains cancer growth. Unsurprisingly, it is also one of the most commonly attempted targets for cancer therapy. FK506 binding protein 8 (FKBP8) is an intrinsic inhibitor of mTOR kinase that also exerts an anti-apoptotic function. We aimed to explain these contradictory aspects of FKBP8 in cancer by identifying a "switch" type regulator. We identified through immunoprecipitation-mass spectrometry-based proteomic analysis that the mitochondrial protein prohibitin 1 (PHB1) specifically interacts with FKBP8. Furthermore, the downregulation of PHB1 inhibited the proliferation of ovarian cancer cells and the mTOR signaling pathway, whereas the FKBP8 level in the mitochondria was substantially reduced. Moreover, concomitant with these changes, the interaction between FKBP8 and mTOR substantially increased in the absence of PHB1. Collectively, our finding highlights PHB1 as a potential regulator of FKBP8 because of its subcellular localization and mTOR regulating role.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Female , Humans , Ovarian Neoplasms , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proteomics , Repressor Proteins , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases , Tacrolimus Binding Proteins
12.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 46: 8-13, jul. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223212

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) can be efficiently produced in recombinant Escherichia coli by the overexpression of an operon (NphaCAB) encoding PHB synthetase. Strain improvement is considered to be one of critical factors to lower the production cost of PHB in recombinant system. In this study, one of key regulators that affect the cell growth and PHB content was confirmed and analyzed. RESULT: S17-3, a mutant E. coli strain derived from S17-1, was found to be able to achieve high cell density when expressing NphaCAB with the plasmid pBhya-CAB. Whole genome sequencing of S17-3 revealed genetic alternations on the upstream regions of csrA, encoding a global regulator cross-talking between stress response, catabolite repression and other metabolic activities. Deletion of csrA or expression of mutant csrA resulted in improved cell density and PHB content. CONCLUSION: The impact of gene deletion of csrA was determined, dysfunction of the regulators improved the cell density of recombinant E. coli and PHB production, however, the detail mechanism needs to be further clarified.


Subject(s)
Escherichia coli/metabolism , Hydroxybutyrates/metabolism , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Biopolymers/genetics , Recombinant Proteins , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Gene Deletion , Escherichia coli Proteins/genetics , Escherichia coli/genetics , Metabolic Engineering , Ligases/metabolism
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 2004-2010, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880006

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognostic significance of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients with BCOR/BCORL1 mutation.@*METHODS@#The clinical characteristics of 135 patients diagnosed as de novo MDS in People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region from September 2015 to September 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. Next-generation sequencing was used to detect 34 kinds of myeloid-tumor-related gene in MDS patients. The clinical characteristics of BCOR/BCORL1 mutation and its effect to progression-free survival(PSF) and overall survival (OS) in MDS patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among MDS patients, BCOR/BCORL1 mutation was found in 34(25.2%) patients, including 16(11.9%) BCOR mutation and 18(13.3%) BCORL1 mutation. Patients with BCOR/BCORL1 mutation were more common in women and showed lower neutrophil count [0.75(0.08-22.20) vs 1.27(0.06-35.71)×10@*CONCLUSION@#BCOR/BCORL1 mutation is more common in MDS patients and often company with other genes co-mutations. BCOR/BCORL1 mutation is not associated with disease progression and AML transformation in MDS patients, but it predicts poor overall survival.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Mutation , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/genetics , Patients , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins/genetics , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Retrospective Studies
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879500

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the dynamic variant and clinical subtype of a pedigree affected with spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) by using fluorescent-labeled primer combined with capillary electrophoresis.@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA was extracted from 8 members including 6 patients and 2 healthy individuals from the pedigree. Six pairs of fluorescent-labeled primers were designed to screen pathological variants in association with common subtypes of SCA including SCA1, SCA2, SCA3, SCA6, SCA12 and SCA17.The PCR products were detected by capillary electrophoresis.@*RESULTS@#The number of CAG repeats in the SCA3 gene of the proband were determined as 8 and 70, exceeded the normal range(12 to 40), which suggested a diagnosis of SCA3. The other five patients were all detected with abnormal CAG repeats in the SCA3 gene, while the two healthy individuals were determined to be within the normal range.@*CONCLUSION@#The abnormal expansion of CAG repeats in the SCA3 gene probably underlay the pathogenesis of the disease in this pedigree. Combined fluorescent-labeled primers PCR and capillary electrophoresis can detect dynamic variants among SCA patients with efficiency and accuracy.


Subject(s)
Ataxin-3/genetics , Genetic Variation , Humans , Machado-Joseph Disease/genetics , Pedigree , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Trinucleotide Repeats/genetics
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826366

ABSTRACT

To analyze the expression of splicing factors in gastric cancer using bioinformatics methods and investigate the effect of aberrantly expressed serine/arginine-rich splicing factor(SRSF10)on the phenotype of gastric cancer cells. The RNA-seq data of gastric cancer and paracancerous tissues were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas(TCGA)cancer database,and bioinformatics analysis was performed to obtain the splicing factors differentially expressed in gastric cancer.The splicing factor SRSF10 was selected to investigate its effect on the development of gastric cancer.RNA interference technology was used to construct SRSF10 knockdown gastric cancer cells.MTS,Transwell,and cell scratches were used to study the effect of SRSF10 knockdown on gastric cancer cell phenotype. A total of 48 splicing factors were identified in gastric cancer by a series of bioinformatics techniques,of which 35 were up-regulated and 13 were down-regulated.The splicing factor SRSF10,which was up-regulated,was selected for further study.It was found that the gastric cancer cells after SRSF10 knockdown proliferated more slowly and had lower migration ability than normal gastric cancer cells. Multiple splicing factors are found in gastric cancer and may play an important role in the development of gastric cancer.The splicing factor SRSF10 may contribute to the pathogenesis of gastric cancer.


Subject(s)
Alternative Splicing , Cell Cycle Proteins , Computational Biology , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , RNA Splicing Factors , Repressor Proteins , Serine-Arginine Splicing Factors , Stomach Neoplasms
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828958

ABSTRACT

As a member of the AFF (AF4/FMR2) family, AFF4 is a transcription elongation factor that is a component of the super elongation complex. AFF4 serves as a scaffolding protein that connects transcription factors and promotes gene transcription through elongation and chromatin remodelling. Here, we investigated the effect of AFF4 on human dental follicle cells (DFCs) in osteogenic differentiation. In this study, we found that small interfering RNA-mediated depletion of AFF4 resulted in decreased alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and impaired mineralization. In addition, the expression of osteogenic-related genes (DLX5, SP7, RUNX2 and BGLAP) was significantly downregulated. In contrast, lentivirus-mediated overexpression of AFF4 significantly enhanced the osteogenic potential of human DFCs. Mechanistically, we found that both the mRNA and protein levels of ALKBH1, a critical regulator of epigenetics, changed in accordance with AFF4 expression levels. Overexpression of ALKBH1 in AFF4-depleted DFCs partially rescued the impairment of osteogenic differentiation. Our data indicated that AFF4 promoted the osteogenic differentiation of DFCs by upregulating the transcription of ALKBH1.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Dental Sac , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation , Humans , Osteogenesis , Genetics , Repressor Proteins , Transcription Factors , Genetics , Metabolism , Transcriptional Elongation Factors , Metabolism
17.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 137(3): 255-261, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020958

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: There is evidence that genetic predisposition and epigenetic alteration (e.g. DNA methylation) play major roles in lung cancer. In our genetic epidemiological studies, rs1970764 in oncogene PPP1R13L was most consistently associated with lung cancer risk. Here, we explored the role of PPP1R13L methylation in lung cancer development. DESIGN AND SETTING: Analytical cross-sectional study (45 lung cancer cases and 45 controls), conducted in China. METHODS: We investigated the DNA methylation status of 2,160 cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) sites in the PPP1R13L promoter region using the EpiTYPER assay of the Sequenom MassARRAY platform. RESULTS: In the whole study group, the methylation levels of CpG-6, CpG-9, CpG-20 and CpG-21 were significantly lower and those of CpG-16 were significantly higher in cases than in controls. Among smokers, the methylation levels at five CpG sites (CpG-6, CpG-11, CpG-15, CpG-20 and CpG-21) were statistically significantly lower among cases. Among men, the methylation levels at four CpG sites (CpG-11, CpG-15, CpG-20 and CpG-21) were significantly lower among cases. Regarding smokers, the methylation levels at CpG-7.8 and CpG-21 among cases and at CpG-22 among controls were significantly lower, compared with nonsmokers. The frequency of positivity for methylation was not significantly different between lung cancer cases and controls (68.22% for cases and 71.87% for controls; P = 0.119). CONCLUSION: Our study on a Chinese population suggests that lung cancer patients have aberrant methylation status (hypomethylation tended to be more frequent) in peripheral blood leukocytes at several CpG sites in the PPP1R13L promoter region and that exposure to smoking may influence methylation status.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Repressor Proteins/genetics , DNA Methylation/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Promoter Regions, Genetic
18.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(8): e8341, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011606

ABSTRACT

MicroRNAs (miRNAs), as post-transcriptional regulators, have been reported to be involved in the initiation and progression of various types of cancer, including gastric cancer (GC). The present study aimed to investigate the role of miR-383-5p in gastric carcinogenesis. Cell viability was analyzed using CCK-8 kit. Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide double staining was used to evaluate cell apoptosis. The expression levels of miR-383-5p and histone deacetylase 9 (HDAC9) mRNA in GC tissues and cell lines were analyzed using RT-qPCR. The protein expression of HDAC9 was detected by western blotting. We found that HDAC9 was up-regulated and miR-383-5p was down-regulated in GC tissues and cell lines. High HDAC9 expression or low miR-383-5p expression was closely related to poor prognosis and metastasis in GC patients. HDAC9 knockout or miR-383-5p mimics led to growth inhibition and increased apoptosis in AGS and SGC-7901 cells. More importantly, we validated that miR-383-5p as a post-transcriptional regulator inhibited HDAC9 expression and was inversely correlated with HDAC9 expression in GC tissues. miR-383-5p had the opposite effects to HDAC9 in gastric carcinogenesis. miR-383-5p played an important role in gastric carcinogenesis, and it is one of the important mechanisms to regulate oncogenic HDAC9 in GC, which might be helpful in the development of novel therapeutic strategies for the treatment of GC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Repressor Proteins/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma/pathology , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Histone Deacetylases/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Carcinoma/genetics , Carcinoma/metabolism , Down-Regulation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Apoptosis , Disease Progression , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Carcinogenesis/genetics , Neoplasm Staging
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771991

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To report on the clinical pictures of 7 patients from a pedigree affected with X-linked adrenal hypoplasia congenita (XL-AHC) and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH) and the underlying mutations.@*METHODS@#Seven patients were identified from a four-generation pedigree affected with XL-AHC and HH. Their clinical features, endocrinological changes, treatment and drug response were recorded. The patients were subjected to next-generation sequencing, and the result was verified by Sanger sequencing. PolyPhen-2 was used for predicting the influence of the mutation on protein production.@*RESULTS@#Three deceased patients had manifested adrenal insufficiency (AI) within one year after birth. Two died at 6 and one died at 12. The four survivors presented with salient clinical and endocrinological features of AHC and HH, adrenal and testicular atrophy, and renin-angiotensin compensation. Two adult patients had testicular micro-stone detected by ultrasound.One of them also had remarkable seminiferous tubule degeneration by biopsy. The patients were followed up for 0.5 to 10 years. All required hyper-physiological dose of hydrocortisone to stabilize their clinical condition. In three patients, gonadotropic or androgen replacement induced cardinal masculine development but with unsatisfactory testis growth and sperm production.Genetic analysis revealed a novel missense c.827A>C (p.Q276P) mutation in a hotspot region within a highly conserved domain. PolyPhen-2 predicted the mutation to be highly hazardous.@*CONCLUSION@#The novel p.Q276P mutation of the DAX1 gene probably underlies the XL-AHC and HH in this pedigree with variable clinical presentations in the patients.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Insufficiency , DAX-1 Orphan Nuclear Receptor , Genetics , Humans , Hypoadrenocorticism, Familial , Genetics , Male , Mutation , Mutation, Missense , Pedigree , Repressor Proteins
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771942

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for three patients with development delay and to correlate their clinical phenotypes with genetic findings.@*METHODS@#The karyotypes of the probands and their parents were analyzed by conventional G-banding. Chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) was used to detect microdeletion and microduplication.@*RESULTS@#No kartotypic abnormality was detected in the patients and their parents. CMA analysis identified a de novo 3.10 Mb deletion on chromosome 15q24.1q24.2 in case 1, a de novo 3.14 Mb deletion at 15q24.1q24.2 in case 2, and a 3.13 Mb deletion at 15q24.1q24.2 in case 3. All deletions have encompassed the CPLX3,SEMA7A and SIN3A genes.@*CONCLUSION@#The three patients were diagnosed with 15q24 microdeletion syndrome. CPLX3,SEMA7A and SIN3A may be the key genes responsible for this syndrome.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Genetics , Antigens, CD , Genetics , Child , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosome Disorders , Genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15 , Genetics , GPI-Linked Proteins , Genetics , Humans , Intellectual Disability , Genetics , Repressor Proteins , Genetics , Semaphorins , Genetics
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