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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226351, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1355010

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aimed to assess the reporting characteristics of systematic review abstracts published in the proceedings of the Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica (SBPqO) meeting. Methods: We selected abstracts published in the SBPqO meeting proceedings of 2019 and 2020, mentioning that a systematic review was conducted in the title, objective or methods sections. One researcher performed the screening and the data extraction after a pilot test training. The following data were extracted: affiliation of the primary author, dental specialization, the term "systematic review" mentioned in the title, reporting of the objective, reporting of eligibility criteria, reporting of information sources, reporting of the number of included studies and if a meta-analysis was performed. A descriptive analysis of the data was performed with data summarized as frequencies. Results: We included 235 abstracts. A total of 20 studies were from the Universidade de Uberlândia (8.5%), and the main specialization was Restorative and Esthetic Dentistry, with 47 studies (20%). Most of the studies mentioned the term "systematic review" in the title (n=219; 93.2%) and reported the objective (n=231; 98.3%). A great majority of studies did not report the eligibility criteria (n=97; 41.3%) or it was classified as unclear (n=96; 40.8%). The great majority of studies only reported the databases searched (n=103; 43.8%) or databases and date of search (n=74; 31.5%). Most of the studies reported the number of included studies (n=204; 86.8%). Conclusion: Based on this study, the reporting characteristics of systematic review abstracts published in the proceedings of the SBPqO meeting are satisfactory. However, there is room for improvement


Subject(s)
Congresses as Topic , Dental Research/statistics & numerical data , Abstracting and Indexing , Research Report , Systematic Reviews as Topic
2.
San Salvador; MINSAL; feb. 02, 2022. 32 p. ilus, graf.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1361737

ABSTRACT

En los presentes lineamientos técnicos se describen los conceptos y procedimientos a realizar en la implementación del registro, además se presentan entre otros aspectos, los componentes relacionados con la obligatoriedad en el reporte, definición de caso registrable, las variables a registrar, las fuentes de información, metodología de la recolección, los centros de diálisis y trasplante, así como el reporte de resultados y la hoja de recolección de la información


These technical guidelines describe the concepts and procedures to be carried out in the implementation of the registry, in addition to presenting, among other aspects, the components related to the obligatory nature of the report, the definition of the registrable case, the variables to be registered, the sources of information, collection methodology, dialysis and transplant centers, as well as the results report and the information collection sheet


Subject(s)
Records , Kidney Transplantation , Dialysis , Registries , Research Report
3.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 8(1): e24820, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1348511

ABSTRACT

Introdução:O carcinoma de células escamosas de cavidade oral e orofaringe é uma neoplasia epitelial maligna comum, respondendo pela maioria dos casos de tumores de cabeça e pescoço. Ele está relacionado a hábitos comportamentais, como tabagismo e etilismo de longa duração, e à infecção pelo Papilomavírus humano. Objetivos:Esse estudo objetivou descrever o perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes diagnosticados com essa neoplasia na Liga Mossoroense de Estudos e Combate ao Câncer. Metodologia: Foi realizado um estudo observacional com delineamento transversal a partir de dados presentes nos prontuários clínicos e laudos anatomopatológicos e no Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade no período entre 2006 a 2018. Os dados foram analisados a partir do Software R, utilizandoo teste de Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney para as análises inferenciais e o método de Kaplan-Meier para análise da sobrevida. Resultados:225 prontuários foram analisados, sendo 70,22% de homens, 65,33% na faixa etária entre 46-70 anos e cor branca (51,57%). Destes, 25,78% eram tabagistas e 39,11% tabagistas e etilistas. O principal tratamento identificado foi a associação de cirurgia, quimioterapia e radioterapia. Observou-se que 49,10% dos óbitos foram em decorrência dessa neoplasia. O principal estádio patológico encontrado foi o quatro A (34,22%). Foi identificada maior sobrevida nos pacientes acima de 70 anos, cujo tratamento foi exclusivamente cirúrgico. Menor sobrevida foi identificada em indivíduos que tinham associação de hábitos (etilismo e tabagismo). Conclusões:Nossos resultados sugerem que a evolução à óbito foi o principal desfecho clínico e, isso pode estar relacionado aos hábitos comportamentais que influenciam diretamente o curso e prognóstico da doença. Ademais, destaca-se a importância do diagnóstico precoce a fim de reduzir óbitos e melhorar a qualidade de vida dos indivíduos, assim como a necessidade de implementar políticas educativas sobre os principais fatores de risco associados ao desenvolvimento dessa neoplasia (AU).


Introduction: Squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity and oropharynx is a common malignant epithelial neoplasm, accounting for most cases of head and neck tumors. It is related to behavioral habits, such as long-standing smoking and alcoholism, as well as to the human Papillomavirus infection. Objectives: This study aimed at describing the epidemiological profile of the patients diagnosed with this neoplasm in the Mossoró League for Studying and Combating Cancer. Methodology:An observational study with a cross-sectional design was carried out based on data present in the medical records and anatomopathological reports and in the Mortality Information System during the 2006-2018 period. The data were analyzed using the R Software, resorting to the Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitneytest for the inferential analyses and to the Kaplan-Meier method for survival analysis. Results: 225 medical records were analyzed: 70.22% belonging to men, 65.33% aged between 46 and 70 years old and white-skinned (51.57%). Of these, 25.78% were smokers and 39.11% were smokers and alcoholics. The main treatment identified was the association of surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. It was observed that 49.10% of the deaths were due to this neoplasm. The main pathological stage found wasfour A(34.22%).Longer survival was identified in patients over 70 years of age, whose treatment was exclusively surgical. Shorter survival was identified in individuals who had associated habits (alcoholism and smoking). Conclusions:Our results suggest that evolution to death was the main clinical outcome; this can be related to the behavioral habits that exert a direct influence on the course and prognosis of the disease. Furthermore, the importance of early diagnosis is highlighted in order to reduce the number of deaths and improve the individuals' quality of life, as well as the need to implement educational policies on the main risk factors associated with the development of this neoplasm (AU).


Introducción: El carcinoma de células escamosas de la cavidad oral y la orofaringe es una neoplasia epitelial maligna común, que representa la mayoría de los casos de tumores de cabeza y cuello. Se relaciona con hábitos de comportamiento, como el tabaquismo y el alcoholismo, y la infección por el virus papiloma humano. Objetivos:Este estudio tuvo como objetivo describir el perfil epidemiológico de los pacientes diagnosticados con esta neoplasiaen la Liga Mossoroense de Estudios y Combate al Cáncer. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio observacional, transversal a partir de los datos presentes en las historias clínicas e informes patológicos y en el Sistema de Información de Mortalidad en el período 2006-2018. Los datos se analizaron mediante el Software R, con utilización de la Prueba de Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney para análisis inferencial y el método de Kaplan-Meier para análisis de supervivencia. Resultados:Se analizaron 225 historias clínicas, 70,22% en hombres, 65,33% con edades entre 46-70 años y blancos (51,57%). De estos, 25,78% eran fumadores y 39,11% eran fumadores y alcohólicos. El principal tratamiento identificado fue la asociación de cirugía, quimioterapia y radioterapia. 49,10% de las muertes se debieron a esta neoplasia. El principal estadio patológico encontrado fue cuatro A (34,22%). Se identificó mayor sobrevida en pacientes mayores de 70 años, cuyo tratamiento fue exclusivamente quirúrgico. Se identificó una menor sobrevida en personas que tenían hábitos asociados. Conclusiones:Nuestros resultados sugieren que la evolución hacia la muerte fue el principal resultado clínico y esto puede estar relacionado con hábitos de comportamiento que influyen directamente en el curso y pronóstico de la enfermedad. Además, se destaca la importancia del diagnóstico precoz para reducir las muertes y mejorar la calidad de vida, así como la necesidad de implementar políticas educativas sobre los principales factores de riesgo asociados al desarrollo de esta neoplasia (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Profile , Brazil/epidemiology , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Head and Neck Neoplasms/pathology , Tobacco Use Disorder , Survival Analysis , Epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Papillomavirus Infections , Research Report , Smokers
4.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210056, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1356217

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo relatar a experiência de indução da lactação em nuligestas realizada por enfermeira consultora em aleitamento. Método relato de experiência. O processo de indução láctea foi realizado com três mulheres por motivo de gestação em útero de substituição e relacionamento homoafetivo. Resultados todas perceberam o aumento de tamanho e a sensibilidade nas mamas, bem como apresentaram secreção láctea. No entanto, a continuidade da amamentação foi diferenciada entre elas. A primeira não recebeu apoio de profissionais de saúde no contexto de pós-parto hospitalar, nem em casa, e não deu continuidade à amamentação. A segunda recebeu apoio da equipe do hospital e da parceira, amamentando por três meses. A terceira, com o apoio da parceira, amamentou por dois meses, mas interrompeu por sentir-se inibida por familiares. Conclusão e implicações para a prática a técnica de indução é capaz de desencadear a produção láctea. Já o processo de amamentação só se estabeleceu mediante a associação com a rede de apoio, o acolhimento, o incentivo da equipe de saúde e o olhar integral à mulher e sua família. Dessa forma, o cuidado de Enfermagem na indução láctea não deve focar apenas no manejo da indução, mas transcender o aspecto técnico, o que se mostra como fundamental para a proteção, o estabelecimento e a continuidade da amamentação.


Resumen Objetivo reportar la experiencia de inducir la lactancia en nuligestas realizada por una consultora de enfermería en lactancia materna. Método relato de experiencia. El proceso de inducción de la leche se realizó con tres mujeres por embarazo en útero de reemplazo y relación homoafectiva. Resultados todas notaron el aumento de tamaño y la sensibilidad en las mamas, además de presentar secreción de leche. Sin embargo, la continuidad de la lactancia materna se diferencia entre ellos. La primera no recibió apoyo de los profesionales de la salud en el contexto posparto hospitalario, ni en el domicilio, y no continuó con la lactancia. La segunda recibió apoyo del personal del hospital y su pareja, amamantando durante tres meses. La tercera, con el apoyo de su pareja, amamantó durante dos meses, pero la interrumpió porque se sentía inhibida por familiares. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica la técnica de inducción es capaz de desencadenar la producción de leche. El proceso de lactancia materna, en cambio, solo se estableció a través de la asociación con la red de apoyo, la acogida, el estímulo del equipo de salud y la mirada integral a la mujer y su familia. Así, el cuidado de Enfermería en la inducción de la leche no debe enfocarse solo en el manejo de la inducción, sino trascender el aspecto técnico, que se muestra fundamental para la protección, el establecimiento y la continuidad de la lactancia materna.


Abstract Objective to report the experience of lactation induction in women who never got pregnant by a lactation consultant nurse. Method experience report. The process of lactation induction was performed with three women due to surrogate pregnancy and homosexual relationships. Results all noticed an increase in the size and sensitivity of the breasts, as well as milk secretion. However, the continuity of breastfeeding was different between them. The first did not receive support from health professionals in the postpartum hospital setting, nor at home, and did not continue breastfeeding. The second received support from the hospital staff and her partner, breastfeeding for three months. The third, with the support of her partner, breastfed for two months, but stopped because she felt inhibited by family members. Conclusion and implications for practice the induction technique is capable of triggering milk production. However, the breastfeeding process was only established through the association with the support network, the reception, the encouragement of the health team, and the comprehensive view of the woman and her family. Thus, nursing care in lactation induction should not focus only on the management of induction, but transcend the technical aspect, which is essential for the protection, establishment, and continuity of breastfeeding.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Feeding/methods , Lactation , Social Support , Weaning , Women's Rights , Breast/injuries , Lactation/drug effects , Surrogate Mothers , Consultants , Domperidone/therapeutic use , User Embracement , Galactogogues/therapeutic use , Research Report , Breast Milk Expression , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Nurse Midwives
5.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210354, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1356212

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Relatar a experiência da equipe de saúde da atenção especializada na reorganização do processo de trabalho para a continuidade do cuidado às pessoas com condições crônicas complexas durante a pandemia da covid-19. Métodos Relato de experiência vivenciada em ambulatório do Estado do Paraná entre março e julho de 2020. O serviço ambulatorial em questão adota o Modelo de Atenção às Condições Crônicas para o atendimento de gestantes, crianças, idosos, pessoas com hipertensão arterial, diabetes mellitus e transtornos mentais, estratificadas como condições complexas. Resultados O avanço da pandemia no Brasil implicou a necessidade de planejar a reorganização da atenção ambulatorial especializada, definindo atividades assistenciais presenciais no serviço, atividades itinerantes nos municípios e uso de tecnologias remotas para assistência e matriciamento. Conclusão e Implicações para a prática O rigor no cumprimento das recomendações sanitárias possibilitou a reorganização dos processos de trabalho no serviço, com modificações que permitiram a continuidade do cuidado de pessoas com condições crônicas complexas. O planejamento e o desenvolvimento das modificações no serviço foram fundamentais para manter o acompanhamento e o monitoramento da saúde das pessoas com condições crônicas complexas em meio a pandemia, minimizando as descompensações e, consequentemente, diminuindo a necessidade de essas pessoas utilizarem os serviços de saúde.


Resumen Objetivo Exponer la experiencia del equipo de atención a la salud especializada, en la reorganización del proceso de trabajo para la continuidad de la atención a personas con enfermedades crónicas complejas durante la pandemia de COVID-19. Métodos Informe de experiencia en un centro ambulatorio del estado brasileño de Paraná entre marzo y julio de 2020. El servicio adopta el Modelo de Atención a Condiciones Crónicas para el atendimiento de: gestantes, niños, ancianos, personas con hipertensión arterial, diabetes mellitus y trastornos mentales, estratificado como condiciones complejas. Resultados El avance de la pandemia en Brasil implicó en la necesidad de planificar la reorganización de la atención ambulatoria especializada, al definir acciones de actividades asistenciales presenciales en el servicio, actividades itinerantes en los municipios y el uso de tecnologías remotas para la asistencia y apoyo matricial. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica El rigor en el cumplimiento de las recomendaciones sanitarias permitió la reorganización de los procesos de trabajo en el servicio, con cambios que permitieron la continuidad del cuidado de las personas con condiciones crónicas complejas. La planificación y el desarrollo de los cambios en el servicio fueron fundamentales para mantener el acompañamiento y la vigilancia de la salud de personas con condiciones crónicas complejas en medio a la pandemia, minimizando las descompensaciones y, consecuentemente, disminuyendo la necesidad de que estas personas utilicen los servicios de salud.


Abstract Objective To report the experience of the specialized care health team in reorganizing the work process for the continuity of care for people with complex chronic conditions during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods Experience report lived in an outpatient clinic in Paraná State between March and July 2020. The outpatient service in question adopts the Chronic Conditions Care Model for pregnant women, children, elderly people, people with hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and mental disorders, stratified as complex conditions. Results The advance of the pandemic in Brazil implied the need to plan the reorganization of specialized ambulatory care, defining face-to-face care activities in the service, itinerant activities in municipalities, and the use of remote care technologies and matrix support. Conclusion and Implications for practice Rigorous compliance with health recommendations allowed the reorganization of work processes in the service with modifications that allowed continuity of care for people with complex chronic conditions. The planning and development of the modifications in the service were fundamental to maintain the follow-up and monitoring of the health of people with complex chronic conditions amid the pandemic, minimizing decompensations and, consequently, reducing the need for these people to use health services.


Subject(s)
Humans , Patient Care Team/organization & administration , Chronic Disease , Continuity of Patient Care/organization & administration , Ambulatory Care/organization & administration , COVID-19/prevention & control , Referral and Consultation/organization & administration , Risk Groups , Remote Consultation , Research Report , Healthcare Models/organization & administration , Health Services/supply & distribution
6.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18893, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364414

ABSTRACT

Abstract On the increasing prevalence of using mAbs (monoclonal antibodies) in cancer therapy and the severe risk of hyperglycemia, we aimed to analyze the main clinical ADRs of mAbs, with a focus on adverse hyperglycemic events associated with currently clinically used mAbs. mAbs as well as target information were selected from Martinadale book and published articles. Drug approving information was collected from each government website, and ADR statistic data were collected from VigibaseR, comparing with Adverse Event Reporting System of US FDA. Top 10 mAbs were classified within listing in total ADR records, ADRs per year, hyperglycemic ADR records. Vigibase data were updated onto 15 Feb 2019. 20 mAbs were analyzed with 263217 ADR reports, wherein 16751 records on Metabolism and nutrition disorders and 1444 records on Glucose metabolism disorders. The geographic, age, gender distributions and annual ADR report numbers were listed respectively. Of the top 10, Rituximab, Bevacizumab and Nivolumab were on the top 3 in total ADR record and hyperglycemic record. Top 3 record results were similar in Vigibase and FDA database. It is of increasing importance for clinicians to be aware of early detection, patient management, or drug selection strategies when using mAbs, particularly within the high glycemic risk-reported mAbs, to improve the efficacy and tolerability of mAbs regiment and optimize patient outcomes.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose/analysis , Glucose Metabolism Disorders/pathology , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Research Report , Rituximab , Glucose/adverse effects , Hyperglycemia , Antibodies, Monoclonal/classification , Patients/statistics & numerical data , Computer Communication Networks/instrumentation , Efficacy/statistics & numerical data , Health Strategies , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Neoplasms
7.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18681, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360162

ABSTRACT

Abstract Vascular ulcers (VU) constitute a major cause of pain and disability, and significantly compromise quality of life. VU have a natural tendency to become chronic and in many cases exhibit anunsatisfactoryresponse to many of the standard therapeutic options.The case of a 73 year-old Caucasian female with severe pain and poorly-controlled pain (Visual Analogic Scale-VAS- of 8-9) due to three lower leg long-standing VUs is reported and discussed herein. The patient was treated with topical instillations of undiluted sevoflurane as per institutional off-label protocol (starting doses of 1mL/cm2 twice a day, and up-titrated according to response to a maximum of 7 mL twice daily). The VAS score dropped to 0-1 shortly after initiation of therapy and remained stable throughout treatment up until the closure of the observations. Subsequently, opioid therapy was gradually tapered down and ultimately abandoned.Sevoflurane application resulted on adequate and sustained pain management of refractory VU, with no significant side effects. On account of its beneficial effectivity and safety profiles, topical sevoflurane emerges as an add-on alternative for the long-term management of VU, and potentially other painful conditions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Pain/drug therapy , Varicose Ulcer , Research Report , Sevoflurane/analysis , Drug Tapering/methods , Analgesics, Opioid/agonists , Patients/classification , Pain Management/classification
8.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210328, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1360444

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivos relatar a experiência de produção de cuidado no pré-natal de alto risco, por meio de visitas domiciliares estruturadas na solicitude. Método estudo descritivo, na modalidade relato de experiência, pautado na vivência de enfermeiras em desenvolver visitas domiciliares, sob o referencial da solicitude para 17 mulheres com gravidez de alto risco. Resultados as visitas domiciliares possibilitaram às enfermeiras a valoração dos aspectos subjetivos do cuidado, com apreensão de necessidades das mulheres e compreensão da gravidez na vida de cada uma delas, aspectos determinantes à atenção pré-natal integral. Promoveu cuidado singular e contraposição às insuficiências e negativas experienciadas na atenção pré-natal recebida, ancorada no modelo biomédico. Conclusão e implicações para a prática a visita domiciliar por enfermeiras, sob os auspícios da solicitude, revelou-se como tecnologia de atenção pré-natal de alto risco que produz acolhimento de necessidades singulares, assim como conduz a reconstrução do cuidado no contexto da gravidez de alto risco.


Resumen Objetivo relatar la experiencia de producción del cuidado en la atención prenatal de alto riesgo a través de visitas domiciliares estructuradas por la solicitud. Método estudio descriptivo, en la modalidad de relato de experiencia, basado en la experiencia de enfermeras en el desarrollo de visitas domiciliaras a partir de la solicitud con 17 mujeres con embarazos de alto riesgo. Resultados las visitas domiciliaras permitieron a las enfermeras apreciar los aspectos subjetivos del cuidado, comprender las necesidades de la mujer y comprender el embarazo en la vida de las mujeres, aspectos determinantes de las demandas de la atención prenatal. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica la visita domiciliara de enfermeras bajo el auspicio de la solicitud se reveló como una tecnología de atención prenatal de alto riesgo que produce la acogida de necesidades únicas y capaz de conducir la reconstrucción de la atención prenatal en el contexto de embarazo de alto riesgo.


Abstract Objectives to report the experience of producing high-risk prenatal care through home visits structured on request. Method this is a descriptive study in the experience report modality, based on the experience of nurses in developing home visits under the solicitude framework for 17 women with high-risk pregnancies. Results home visits allowed nurses to value the subjective aspects of care, with apprehension of women's needs and understanding of pregnancy in the lives of each one of them, determining aspects of comprehensive prenatal care. It promoted unique care and opposed to the insufficiencies and negatives experienced in the prenatal care received, anchored in the biomedical model. Conclusion and implications for practice home visit by nurses under the auspices of solicitude has revealed itself as a high-risk prenatal care technology that produces reception of unique needs, as well as leads to care reconstruction in the context of high-risk pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Prenatal Care , Pregnancy, High-Risk , House Calls , Nurse-Patient Relations , Research Report , Integrality in Health
9.
Edumecentro ; 14: e1987, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356191

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: la labor conjunta del sector educacional y de la salud en Cuba encamina sus esfuerzos hacia la prevención, y establece vínculos para mejorar la calidad de vida de las personas que padecen del trastorno por déficit de atención con hiperactividad. Objetivo: describir resultados parciales de una investigación realizada en el municipio Santa Clara, provincia Villa Clara, basada en la atención integral a escolares con trastorno por déficit de atención con hiperactividad, mediante la articulación de la educación primaria con instituciones de salud mental. Métodos: el estudio fue realizado con un enfoque cualitativo a partir del diseño de una investigación-acción y se utilizó el estudio de caso como estrategia de investigación en el periodo 2014-2019 en cuatro instituciones de la educación primaria y las respectivas áreas de salud mental. Se emplearon métodos del nivel teórico y empírico, y entre las técnicas, el diario del investigador y el análisis de evidencias. Resultados: los obstáculos y progresos del propio proceso investigativo permitieron la concepción de la atención integral a escolares con trastorno por déficit de atención con hiperactividad, y la materialización de su efectividad en la evolución de los escolares, la preparación de familias y docentes, y el intercambio entre las instituciones educativas y de salud. Conclusiones: la concepción de la atención integral a escolares con trastorno por déficit de atención con hiperactividad con una perspectiva multisectorial desde los sectores educativos y sanitarios involucra a docentes y especialistas de salud en una atención individualizada para reducir las consecuencias del trastorno.


ABSTRACT Background: the joint work of the educational and health sector in Cuba directs its efforts towards prevention, and establishes links to improve the quality of life of people suffering from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Objective: to describe partial results of a research carried out in the Santa Clara municipality, Villa Clara province, based on comprehensive care for schoolchildren with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, through the articulation of primary education with mental health institutions. Methods: the study was carried out with a qualitative approach based on the design of an action research and the case study was used as a research strategy in the period from 2014 to 2019 in four primary education institutions and the respective areas of mental health. Methods of the theoretical and empirical level were used, and among the techniques, the researcher's diary and the analysis of evidence. Results: the obstacles and progress of the research process itself allowed the conception of comprehensive care for schoolchildren with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and the materialization of its effectiveness in the evolution of schoolchildren, the preparation of families and teachers, and the exchange between educational and health institutions. Conclusions: the conception of comprehensive care for schoolchildren with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder with a multisectoral perspective from the educational and health sectors involves teachers and health specialists in individualized care to reduce the consequences of the disorder.


Subject(s)
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity , Research Report
10.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211701, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254532

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate how meta-analyses are conducted and reported in dentistry. Methods: We conducted a search to identify dentistry-related Systematic Reviews (SRs) indexed in PubMed in 2017 (from January 01 until December 31) and published in the English language. We included only SRs reporting at least one meta-analysis. The study selection followed the 4-phase flow set forth in the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Statement (PRISMA), and it was independently conducted by two researchers. Data extraction was performed by one of three reviewers, and data related to conducting and reporting of the meta-analysis were collected. Descriptive data analysis was performed summarizing frequencies for categorical items or median and interquartile range for continuous data. Results: We included 214 SRs with meta-analyses. Most of the studies reported in the title that a meta-analysis was conducted. We identified three critical flaws in the included studies: Ninety (90) meta-analyses (43.1%) did not specify the primary outcome; most of the meta-analyses reported that a measure of statistical heterogeneity was used to justify the use of a fixed-effect or random-effects meta-analysis model (n=114, 58.5%); and a great part did not assess publication bias (n=106, 49.5%). Conclusion: We identified deficiencies in the reporting and conduct of meta-analysis in dentistry, suggesting that there is room for improvement. Educational approaches are necessary to improve the quality of such analyses and to avoid biased and imprecise results


Subject(s)
Oral Health , Research Report , Systematic Reviews as Topic
11.
Rev. baiana saúde pública ; 45(Supl. Especial 2): 130-140, 2021/12/28.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352343

ABSTRACT

O angiossarcoma primário hepático é o tumor mesenquimal mais comum do fígado, representando cerca de 2% das neoplasias malignas primárias do órgão. Esse raro tumor tem sintomas inespecíficos, evolução agressiva e diagnóstico usualmente tardio, com prognóstico reservado mesmo quando tratado. Este trabalho consiste em um relato de caso de um paciente do sexo masculino, de 44 anos, que foi encaminhado à emergência do Hospital Geral Roberto Santos para investigação de quadro de anemia grave sintomática, síndrome consumptiva e hepatoesplenomegalia. Durante investigação laboratorial, evidenciou-se anemia com provável componente microangiopático associado à anemia da doença crônica. As sorologias para doenças virais e baciloscopia do escarro foram negativas. Foram detectados em exames de imagem dois nódulos hepáticos de grandes dimensões, adenomegalias retroperitonais, esplenomegalia de grande monta, volumoso derrame pleural à direita, além de alterações do esqueleto axial e apendicular. Evoluiu com síndrome da lise tumoral após tratamento clínico com corticoterapia por suspeita de linfoma, com óbito. A biópsia guiada por uma tomografia realizada previamente teve como conclusão perfil imuno-histoquímico compatível com angiossarcoma hepático. O angiossarcoma é um raro tumor, de difícil diagnóstico e tratamento, com evolução agressiva e achados clínico-laboratoriais pouco elucidativos, devendo a hipótese desta doença ser considerada no diagnóstico diferencial das neoplasias hepáticas. As opções terapêuticas são limitadas. Relatos de casos como este são de suma importância para o aumento do grau de suspeição clínica e um diagnóstico mais precoce dessa entidade de costumeira evolução catastrófica.


Primary hepatic angiosarcoma is the most common mesenchymal tumor of the liver, representing about 2% of primary hepatic malignancies. This rare tumor has nonspecific symptoms, delayed diagnosis, and aggressive evolution, with a poor prognosis even when treated. This study reports the case of a 44-year-old male patient referred to the emergency department of the Hospital Geral Roberto Santos with symptomatic severe anemia, consumptive syndrome, and hepatosplenomegaly. Laboratory investigation indicated anemia with a probable microangiopathic component and chronic disease anemia. Serology tests for viral diseases returned negative results, as well as sputum smear microscopy for tuberculosis. Imaging exams revealed two large hepatic nodules, retroperitoneal adenomegaly, large splenomegaly, large pleural effusion in the right lung, and bone involvement. After clinical treatment with corticosteroids for suspected lymphoma, the patient evolved with tumor lysis syndrome and died. Tomography-guided liver biopsy was previously performed, indicating an immunohistochemical profile compatible with hepatic angiosarcoma ­ a rare tumor of difficult diagnosis and treatments due to its aggressive evolution and poor clinical and laboratory findings. Considering the nonspecificity of imaging exams, this disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of liver neoplasms investigation. Case reports such as the one described in this study are important for increasing the degree of clinical suspicion and earlier diagnosis of this malignancy.


El angiosarcoma hepático primario es el tumor mesenquimatoso del hígado más común y representa el 2% de las neoplasias malignas primarias del hígado. Este raro tumor presenta una sintomatología inespecífica, diagnóstico tardío y evolución agresiva, con mal pronóstico incluso en tratamiento. Este es un reporte de caso de un hombre de 44 años de edad, que fue remitido al servicio de urgencias del Hospital Geral Roberto Santos para investigar anemia severa sintomática, síndrome de consunción y hepatoesplenomegalia. Durante la investigación de laboratorio, se evidenció anemia con un probable componente microangiopático asociado a anemia por enfermedad crónica. La serología para enfermedades virales resultó negativa, así como la microscopía de frotis de esputo para tuberculosis. Las imágenes revelaron dos grandes nódulos hepáticos, adenomegalia retroperitoneal, gran esplenomegalia, gran derrame pleural en el pulmón derecho, así como afectación del esqueleto axial y apendicular. El paciente evolucionó con síndrome de lisis tumoral tras el tratamiento clínico con corticoides por sospecha de linfoma, y no se resistió. Previamente se realizó biopsia hepática guiada por tomografía con perfil inmunohistoquímico compatible con angiosarcoma hepático. El angiosarcoma es un tumor raro, de difícil diagnóstico y tratamiento por su evolución agresiva y deficientes hallazgos clínicos y de laboratorio. Los exámenes por imágenes son inespecíficos y la posibilidad de esta enfermedad debe considerarse en el diagnóstico diferencial de la investigación de neoplasias hepáticas. Las opciones terapéuticas son limitadas. Reportes de casos como este son importantes para incrementar el grado de sospecha clínica y el diagnóstico precoz de este tipo de evolución catastrófica habitual.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Tumor Lysis Syndrome , Research Report , Anemia , Hemangiosarcoma , Liver , Liver Neoplasms
12.
Rev. baiana saúde pública ; 45(Supl. Especial 2): 98-107, 2021/12/28.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352336

ABSTRACT

Cutaneous manifestations of dermatomyositis are unusual and difficult to treat. This study aimed to report a case of cutaneous manifestations of dermatomyositis treated with hyperbaric oxygen. We present a case of dermatomyositis in a 44-year-old female with pain ulcers in her left leg for 17 months, refractory to an exclusive clinical treatment, who underwent a hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) breathing O2 100%, 90 minute sessions, six days a week, at 2.4 ATA. HBOT therapy proved to be highly efficacious in wound healing in this case and HBOT should be considered as a treatment in the assistance given to such patients.


Manifestações cutâneas da dermatomiosite são raras e difíceis de ser tratadas. O objetivo deste estudo é relatar um caso de manifestações cutâneas da dermatomiosite tratadas com oxigenioterapia hiperbárica, ocorrido em uma paciente de 44 anos, sexo feminino, com úlceras dolorosas em seu membro inferior esquerdo por 17 meses. O caso foi refratário ao tratamento clínico exclusivo e a paciente submetida a tratamento de oxigenioterapia hiperbárica (HBOT), respirando oxigênio a 100%, em sessões de noventa minutos, seis dias por semana, a 2,4 ATA. O HBOT mostrou ser altamente eficaz na cicatrização da lesão neste caso e deve ser um tratamento considerado no cuidado desses pacientes.


Las manifestaciones cutáneas de la dermatomiositis son inusuales y difíciles de tratar. El objetivo de este estudio fue reportar un caso de manifestaciones cutáneas de dermatomiositis tratadas con oxigenoterapia hiperbárica. Presentamos un caso de dermatomiositis en una mujer de 44 años con úlceras dolorosas en su pierna izquierda durante 17 meses, refractaria a un tratamiento clínico exclusivo, que se sometió a oxigenoterapia hiperbárica (HBOT) respirando O2 100%, sesiones de 90 minutos, seis días a la semana, a 2,4 ATA. La terapia con HBOT demostró ser muy eficaz en la cicatrización de heridas en este caso y la HBOT debe considerarse como un tratamiento en la asistencia brindada a estos pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Skin Manifestations , Ulcer , Dermatomyositis , Research Report , Hyperbaric Oxygenation
13.
Rev. baiana saúde pública ; 45(Supl. Especial 2): 66-78, 2021/12/28.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352330

ABSTRACT

Hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO2) is a successful treatment of diabetic foot ulcerations. Research on the characterization of tissue by ultrasonography (CATUS) or by imaging (CATIM) has grown. We investigated the photographic pCATIM feasibility to quantitate HBO2 effects. Besides, we analyzed pre and post HBO2 treatment photographs quantitatively based on pixel brightnesses of gray-scale imaging versions. Grayscale Medians (GSM) for (1) entire ulceration, (2) inner core, (3) ulceration border, and (4) adjacent skin decreased from 92 to 77, 60 to 56, 105 to 101, and 105 to 90. Entire ulceration post-HBO2 pixel percentages were lower in the 112-153 intervals, 11% vs 29% (p = .0013 by Chi-square), and higher in the 41-111 brightness range, 87% vs 68% (p = .0008). A case report showed quantifiable relative changes detected by pCATIM post HBO2 treatment of diabetic foot ulceration. Further investigation may quantify brightness variabilities and/or specific GSM for ulceration and skin regions.


A oxigenioterapia hiperbárica (HBO2) tem sido um tratamento de sucesso para úlceras do pé diabético, enquanto cresce o número de pesquisas caracterizando o tecido por meio de ultrassonografia (Catus) ou imagem (Catim) ­ sendo que a pCatim torna viável quantificar os efeitos da oxigenioterapia hiperbárica. Fotografias do pré e pós tratamento foram analisadas quantitativamente com base em brilhos de pixel de versões de imagens em escala de cinza. Houve redução das medianas da escala de cinza (gray scale medians ­ GSM) para (1) ulceração inteira, de 92 para 77; (2) núcleo interno, de 60 para 56; (3) borda da ulceração, de 105 para 101; e (4) pele adjacente, de 105 para 90. Na úlcera completa, após a HBO2, as porcentagens de pixels foram menores nos intervalos 112-153 (11% contra 29%, p = 0,0013 por qui-quadrado) e maiores na faixa de brilho 41-111 (87% contra 68%, p = 0,0008). Um relato de caso demonstrou mudanças relativas quantificáveis detectadas por pCatim após o tratamento com HBO2 de uma úlcera do pé diabético, e investigações mais aprofundadas podem quantificar as variabilidades de brilho e/ou GSM específicas para cada ulceração e regiões da pele.


La oxigenación hiperbárica (HBO2) ha sido un tratamiento exitoso de las ulceraciones del pie diabético. Ha crecido la investigación sobre la caracterización de tejidos por ecografía (CATUS) o por imágenes (CATIM). Se investigó la viabilidad fotográfica de pCATIM para cuantificar los efectos de HBO2. Las fotografías anteriores y posteriores al tratamiento con HBO2 se analizaron cuantitativamente en función del brillo de los píxeles de las versiones de imágenes en escala de grises. Medianas de escala de grises (GSM) para (1) ulceración completa, (2) núcleo interno, (3) borde de ulceración y (4) piel adyacente disminuyeron de 92 a 77, 60 a 56, 105 a 101 y 105 a 90, respectivamente. En la ulceración completa, después de HBO2, los porcentajes de píxeles fueron más bajos en los intervalos 112-153, 11% vs 29% (p = .0013 por Chi-cuadrado) y más altos en el rango de brillo 41-111, 87% vs 68% (p = .0008). Un informe de caso demostró cambios relativos cuantificables detectados por pCATIM después del tratamiento con HBO2 de una ulceración del pie diabético. Una investigación adicional puede cuantificar las variaciones de brillo y o GSM específico para ulceraciones y regiones de la piel.


Subject(s)
Foot Ulcer , Diabetic Foot , Research Report , Hyperbaric Oxygenation
14.
Rev. baiana saúde pública ; 45(Supl. Especial 2): 58-65, 2021/12/28.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352328

ABSTRACT

Este artigo consiste em um estudo de caso de paciente do sexo masculino, 40 anos, com diarreia e perda ponderal significativa iniciada sete meses depois da sua admissão no Hospital Geral Roberto Santos. O paciente não apresentava alterações significativas no exame físico e as investigações clínicas e laboratoriais foram inexpressivas. Foram realizados estudos endoscópicos e anatomopatológicos, confirmando o diagnóstico de neoplasia neuroendócrina gástrica. Os achados histopatológicos evidenciaram um tumor bem diferenciado do tipo dois, sendo uma neoplasia rara de bom prognóstico. O paciente foi submetido a gastrectomia segmentar de corpo gástrico e evoluiu com melhora clínica da diarreia. Ele recebeu alta hospitalar e segue em acompanhamento com os serviços de gastroenterologia e endocrinologia.


This study reports the case of a 40-year-old male patient presenting with diarrhea and significant weight loss initiated seven months before admission at the Hospital Geral Roberto Santos. The patient showed no significant changes in the physical examination, and clinical and laboratory investigations were inexpressive. Gastric neuroendocrine neoplasia was diagnosed by endoscopic and anatomopathological studies. Histopathological findings showed a well-differentiated type 2 tumor ­ a rare neoplasm with a good prognosis. The patient underwent segmental gastrectomy of the gastric body, evolving with clinical improvement of diarrhea. He was discharged from the hospital and is being followed by gastroenterology and endocrinology services.


Paciente del sexo masculino, 40 años, con diarrea y pérdida significativa de peso, que inició siete meses después de su ingreso en el Hospital Geral Roberto Santos. El paciente no presentó cambios significativos en la exploración física y las investigaciones clínicas y de laboratorio fueron inexpresivas. Se realizaron estudios endoscópicos y anatomopatológicos que confirmaron el diagnóstico de neoplasia neuroendocrina gástrica. Los hallazgos histopatológicos mostraron un tumor tipo 2 bien diferenciado, que es una neoplasia poco frecuente y de buen pronóstico. El paciente fue sometido a gastrectomía segmentaria del cuerpo gástrico y evolucionó con mejoría clínica de la diarrea. Fue dado de alta del hospital y aún está en seguimiento con los servicios de gastroenterología y endocrinología.


Subject(s)
Weight Loss , Neuroendocrine Tumors , Diarrhea , Research Report , Gastrectomy
15.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(3): 85-102, Dec. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352914

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Considerando la Ley de la Nación Paraguaya 4995/2013 "De Educación Superior", en su artículo 82°, establece que "la Agencia Nacional de Evaluación y Acreditación de la Educación Superior (ANEAES) es el organismo técnico encargado de evaluar y acreditar la calidad académica de los Institutos de Educación Superior". Por Resolución N°08/07 del Consejo Directivo de la ANEAES de fecha 17 de diciembre de 2007 aprueba los criterios de calidad para la carrera de medicina, donde en la dimensión 5, componente "egresados" establece: La carrera debe velar por el cumplimiento de las metas establecidas en cuanto a duración real de la carrera, logro del perfil de egreso e inserción de sus egresados en el mercado laboral. A los efectos se deberá establecer y aplicar mecanismos de consulta a los egresados para determinar su grado de satisfacción y retroalimentar el proceso formativo y los planes de mejora. Objetivos: contribuir a obtener información de la situación laboral y formación académica que permitan evaluar la calidad de la educación superior brindada y proponer mecanismos que contribuyan a la mejora del desempeño profesional de los egresados. Materiales y métodos: Los datos fueron procesados utilizando estadística descriptiva para todas las variables. El Instrumento utilizado es un Cuestionario conformado por 63 preguntas divididas en 5 secciones. Se contactó con los egresados por llamadas telefónicas y mensajería instantánea. Resultados: Durante los años 2010-2017, egresaron 984 profesionales. Total, de Encuestados: 133 egresados, siendo 73 mujeres (55%) y 60 hombres (45%). El 25 % de los egresados que han respondido la encuesta consideran que la formación académica recibida es excelente, el 44% considera que es muy buena, el 23% que es buena, el 6% regular y el 2% considera que es mala. Conclusión: El nivel de inserción laboral es alto al momento del egreso. La Satisfacción con la formación académica recibida es muy buena, con recomendaciones viables para el plan de mejoras en el programa de estudio


Introduction: Considering the Law of the Paraguayan Nation 4995/2013 "On Higher Education", in its article 82°, establishes that "the National Agency for the Evaluation and Accreditation of Higher Education (ANEAES) is the technical body in charge of evaluating and accrediting the academic quality of the Institutes of Higher Education". By Resolution N ° 08/07 of the Board of Directors of the ANEAES dated December 17, 2007, it approves the quality criteria for the medical career, where in dimension 5, the "graduates" component, it establishes: The career must ensure compliance of the goals established in terms of real duration of the career, achievement of the graduation profile and insertion of its graduates in the labor market. For this purpose, consultation mechanisms must be established and applied to graduates to determine their degree of satisfaction and provide feedback on the training process and improvement plans. Objectives: The objective of this follow-up report was to obtain useful information on the employment situation and academic training that allow evaluating the quality and relevance of the higher education provided and proposing mechanisms that contribute to the improvement of the professional performance of graduates. Materials and methods: The data were processed using descriptive statistics for all variables. The Instrument used is a Questionnaire made up of 63 questions divided into 5 sections. Graduates were contacted by phone calls and instant messaging. Results: During the years 2010-2017, 984 professionals graduated. Total of Respondents: 133 graduates, being 73 women (55%) and 60 men (45%). 25% of the graduates who responded to the survey consider that the academic training received is excellent, 44% consider it very good, 23% that it is good, 6% fair and 2% consider that it is bad. Conclusion: The level of labor insertion is high at the time of graduation. Satisfaction with the academic training received is very good, with viable recommendations for the improvement plan in the study program


Subject(s)
Teaching , Running , Surveys and Questionnaires , Education, Higher , Research Report , Accreditation , Job Satisfaction , Medicine
16.
Iatreia ; 34(4): 295-306, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350829

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: describir las características sociodemográficas, clínicas y paraclínicas de los pacientes atendidos en el Hospital Universitario de Neiva, entre los años 2014 y 2018 e identificar los factores de riesgo que se asocien con la mortalidad. Materiales y métodos: estudio observacional analítico retrospectivo. Se calcularon las medias, la desviación estándar, frecuencias absolutas y relativas. Se realizó un análisis de normalidad con el Test de Shapiro-Wilk. Se evaluó la asociación de diferentes variables sociodemográficas y clínicas con el riesgo de mortalidad usando regresión logística. Resultados: se registraron 305 eventos, predominantemente leves (117 casos). El 2018 fue el año con mayor número de reportes (35,45 %). La mayoría eran personas jóvenes con una edad media de 17 años, principalmente de los 0 a 11 años (61 %). Más del 90% eran pacientes residentes del departamento Huila y más de la mitad (67 %) pertenecían al régimen subsidiado. La mayoría de las picaduras ocurrieron durante el día, siendo las extremidades la ubicación más frecuentemente reportada (82 %). Se encontró una asociación estadísticamente significativa entre un cuadro grave y la mayor necesidad de UCI. Conclusiones: el escorpionismo es un problema de salud pública infravalorado en Colombia. La población pediátrica tiene mayor riesgo de desarrollar complicaciones y síntomas graves en la escorpiotoxicosis. Un cuadro grave en cualquier edad aumenta la probabilidad de ingreso a una UCI, requerimiento frecuente de soporte hídrico e inotrópico y la necesidad de antihipertensivos, al igual que dosis elevadas de antiveneno.


SUMMARY Objective: To describe the sociodemographic, clinical and paraclinical characteristics of the patients treated at the Neiva University Hospital between 2014 and 2018, and identify risk factors that are associated with mortality. Materials and Methods: Observational, analytic retrospective, study. Absolute and relative frequencies were calculated. Normality analysis was performed with the Shapiro-Wilk Test. The relationship of different sociodemographic and clinical variables and the risk of mortality were evaluated using logistic regression. Results: 305 events were registered, predominantly mild (117 cases), being 2018 the year with the highest number of reports (35.45%). Most were young people, with a mean age of 17 years, mainly between 0-11 years (61%). More than 90% resided in the Huila department and more than half (67%) belonged to the subsidized regime. Most bites occurred during the day, with the extremities being the most frequently reported location (82%). A statistically significant association was found between a severe condition and an increased need for an ICU. Conclusions: Scorpionism is an undervalued public health problem in Colombia. The pediatric population is at increased risk of developing severe complications and symptoms in scorpiotoxicosis. A severe condition at any age increases the probability of ICU admission, more frequent requirement for inotropic and liquids supply, and the use of antihypertensive drugs and high doses of anti-venom.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mortality , Scorpion Stings , Scorpions , Signs and Symptoms , Bites and Stings , Public Health , Research Report
17.
Iatreia ; 34(4): 370-374, oct.-dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350837

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las alteraciones genéticas en el gen TP53 están presentes entre el 5 al 8 % de los pacientes de leucemia linfocítica crónica (LLC) en el momento del diagnóstico. Estos casos se relacionan con un mal pronóstico debido a su resistencia al tratamiento estándar. Presentamos el caso de un paciente masculino de 52 años diagnosticado con LLC, expresión del marcador CD38 y una deleción en el gen TP53 (17p13.1). Tras la evaluación posterior del tratamiento, se observó enfermedad mínima residual lo que llevó a un trasplante haploidéntico de progenitores hematopoyéticos. Debido al alto riesgo de recaída, su edad y la ausencia de comorbilidades, era la única opción curativa hasta la fecha para la LLC. El objetivo de este trabajo es realizar una revisión de la literatura que sirva como base para analizar el caso clínico presentado, en el marco de las implicaciones clínicas, pronóstico y respuesta al tratamiento en los individuos con LLC que presentan alteraciones en el gen TP53.


SUMMARY Genetic alterations in the TP53 gene are present in 5 to 8% of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cases at the time of diagnosis. These cases are typically associated with poor prognosis due to their resistance against standard CLL treatment. In our report a 52-yearold male patient was diagnosed with CLL, CD38 expression and a deletion in the TP53 gene (17p13.1). Upon evaluation post-treatment, minimal residual disease (MDR) was observed, and a haploidentical stem cell transplant was performed. Because of the high risk of relapse, his age, and the absence of comorbidities it was the only curative option to date for CLL. The purpose of this article is to complete a literature review that will give a basis to analyze the clinical case presented, within the framework of the clinical implications, prognosis, and response to treatment in patients with CLL who present with aberrations of the TP53 gene.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Genes, p53 , Research Report
18.
Arq. Ciênc. Vet. Zool. UNIPAR (Online) ; 24(2, cont.): e2409, jul-dez. 2021. tab, graf, mapas
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1352316

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do trabalho foi relatar a ocorrência de casos de cães com Leptospira spp. no Hospital Veterinário de Londrina. Foram avaliados 5.454 prontuários, durante os meses de janeiro a dezembro de 2016, e selecionados os que apresentaram solicitação de exame para Lepstopira por meio da técnica de campo escuro (CE). Nos positivos pela técnica CE dados sobre o sexo, sinais clínicos, endereço, data do atendimento e resultado na SAM foram coletados. A análise dos dados foi realizada pelo programa EpiInfo (7.2.3.1), dos 5.454 prontuários nos quais foi solicitado exame CE em 7,06% (385/5.454), e nesses, 13,76% (53/385) foi identificada a presença da espiroqueta. Dos animais positivos na técnica CE, 20,75% (11/53) foram reagentes na SAM. O sorovar Canicola foi o mais frequente em 90,91% (10/11) dos animais, apresentando títulos variados de 100 a 12.800. Para o sorovar Pomona 9,09% (1/11) dos animais apresentaram títulação de 100. Os sinais clínicos mais observados foram apatia em 58,49% (31/53), azotemia em 49,06% (26/53) e êmese em 49,06% (26/53) dos casos. Quanto ao sexo, os machos constituíram 71,70% dos casos e as fêmeas 28,30% (p=0,0015). Os resultados demonstraram a presença de Leptospira spp. entre os animais atendidos no hospital veterinário de Universidade Estadual de Londrina e reforçam a importância do sorovar Canicola entre os cães, visto que esse foi o mais frequente entre os sorovares e que apresentou os maiores títulos.(AU)


The purpose of this work is to report the occurrence of cases of dogs with Leptospira spp. at the Veterinary Hospital of Londrina. A total of 5,454 medical records were evaluated from January to December 2016, and data obtained from the examination for Lepstopira using the dark field technique (DF) were selected. In cases which were positive by the DF technique, data on gender, clinical signs, address, care data, and SAM results were collected. Data analysis was performed using the EpiInfo program (7.2.3.1). From the total 5,454 medical records in which DF examination was requested, in 7.06% (385/5.454), and from those, 13.76% (53/385) were positive for Leptospira. From the animals positive in the DF technique, 20.75% (11/53) were reactive in SAM. The Canicola serovar was the most prevalent, being present in 90.91% (10/11) of the animals, with titers ranging from 100 to 12,800. For the Pomona serovar, 9.09% (1/11) of the animals presented a title of 100. The most frequent clinical signs observed were apathy, in 58.49% (31/53); azotemia in 49.06% (26/53); and emesis in 49.06% (26/53) of the cases. As for gender, male animals constituted 71.70% of the cases and female 28.30% (p = 0.0015). The results demonstrated the presence of Leptospira spp. among animals treated at the Veterinary Hospital of the State University of Londrina which reinforces the importance of the Canicola serovar among dogs, since it was the serovar with the highest prevalence and highest titer found.(AU)


El objetivo de este trabajo fue reportar la ocurrencia de casos de perros con Leptospira spp. en el Hospital Veterinario de Londrina. Se evaluaron un total de 5.454 historias clínicas de enero a diciembre de 2016, y se seleccionó los que presentaron solicitud de examen de Lepstopira mediante la técnica de campo oscuro (CE). En los positivos por la técnica de CE se recogieron datos de sexo, signos clínicos, domicilio, fecha de atención y resultado en la SAM. El análisis de los datos se realizó mediante el programa EpiInfo (7.2.3.1), de las 5.454 historias clínicas en las que se solicitó examen CE en el 7,06% (385/5.454), y en estas, el 13,76% (53/385) se identificaron la de espiroqueta. De los animales positivos en la técnica CE, el 20,75% (11/53) fueron reactivos en la SAM. El serovar Canicola fue el más frecuente en el 90,91% (10/11) de los animales, con títulos que oscilaron entre 100 y 12.800. Para el serovar Pomona, el 9.09% (1/11) de los animales tuvo un título de 100. Los signos clínicos más observados fueron apatía en 58.49% (31/53), azotemia en 49.06% (26/53) y emesis en 49.06% (26/53) de los casos. Cuanto al sexo, los machos constituyeron el 71,70% de los casos y las hembras el 28,30% (p = 0,0015). Los resultados demostraron la presencia de Leptospira spp. entre los animales tratados en el Hospital Veterinario de la Universidad Estatal de Londrina y refuerzan la importancia del serovar Canicola entre los perros, ya que este fue el más frecuente entre los serovares y tuvo los títulos más altos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Retrospective Studies , Research Report , Leptospira , Leptospirosis , Data Analysis
19.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(3): e3116, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347438

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El liquen plano pigmentoso es una lesión autoinmune de etiología desconocida, aunque tiene mayor incidencia en mujeres de mediana edad, a las que afecta principalmente la cara y el cuello y, en menor medida, la cavidad oral. Objetivo: Describir las características clínicas e histopatológicas de un caso de liquen plano pigmentoso en la cavidad oral. Presentación del caso: Mujer de 21 años, negra, que acudió al servicio quejándose de una mancha en la cavidad oral. Las lesiones presentaban un mes de evolución, crecimiento radial y sin síntomas dolorosos. Consistían en placas ennegrecidas de contorno regular con estrías blanquecinas en su periferia, forma redondeada, bordes afilados, en mucosa yugal bilateral, que medían aproximadamente 25 mm en el derecho y 13 mm en el lado izquierdo. Después de la biopsia incisional y el análisis histopatológico, se confirmó la sospecha de liquen plano pigmentoso oral. El tratamiento propuesto para las lesiones fue conservador mediante un estricto seguimiento clínico. Conclusiones: El diagnóstico del liquen plano pigmentoso, debido a su baja ocurrencia en la cavidad oral y sus características clínicas atípicas y semejantes a otras lesiones orales, es complejo. En este contexto, se ratifica la relevancia del examen histopatológico y se destaca la necesidad de otros estudios para aclarar los factores etiológicos involucrados en esta lesión(AU)


Introduction: Pigment lichen planus is an autoimmune lesion of unknown etiology, with preference for middle-aged women, which mainly affects the face and neck, being rare in the oral cavity. Objective: To report a case of pigment lichen planus in the oral cavity, with emphasis on its clinical and histopathological characteristics. Case report: 21 years old woman, black, who came to the service complaining about a spot in the oral cavity. The lesions presented a month of evolution, radial growth and no painful symptoms. They consisted of blackened plates of regular contour with whitish stretch marks on their periphery, rounded shape, sharp edges, on bilateral jugular mucosa, which measured approximately 13 mm on the left side and 25 mm on the right. After the incisional biopsy and histopathological analysis, the suspicion of oral pigment lichen planus was confirmed. The proposed treatment for the lesions was conservative through strict clinical follow-up. Conclusion: The importance and difficulty of the diagnosis of pigment lichen planus is emphasized, especially due to its low occurrence in the oral cavity and its atypical clinical characteristics and similar to other oral lesions. In this context, the relevance of the histopathological examination is ratified and the need for further studies to clarify the etiological factors involved in this pathology is highlighted(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Hyperpigmentation/etiology , Lichen Planus/diagnosis , Mouth/injuries , Research Report , Lichen Planus/pathology
20.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(3): e3383, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347433

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La metodología Lean-Six-Sigma es utilizada actualmente en el área de la salud con el objeto de mejorar la calidad y competitividad de los servicios; pero aún no se tienen reportes de su uso en el área de ortodoncia. Objetivo: Determinar la satisfacción posortodoncia por medio de niveles sigma de los pacientes que asisten a una clínica docente-asistencial en Bucaramanga, Colombia. Métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal. La población estuvo constituida por 100 pacientes de ambos sexos, que ya habían concluido el tratamiento de ortodoncia. Se seleccionó toda la población que hubiera finalizado el tratamiento entre julio de 2017 y junio 2018 de acuerdo con criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Se realizó una encuesta telefónica de 17 preguntas y siete dimensiones de satisfacción. La confiabilidad del cuestionario se evaluó con la consistencia interna del cuestionario mediante el alpha de Cronbach en el que se obtuvo 0,87, y para la validez se utilizó el método de Lawshe. Se usó la metodología Lean-Six-Sigma para evaluar la calidad de la satisfacción; se presentan los resultados en porcentaje y niveles sigma. Resultados: La calidad en satisfacción en el servicio fue de 91,27 por ciento (medido convencionalmente) y 1,36 sigmas; en el grupo de 16-19 años fue de 93,6 por ciento y 1,52 sigmas; y para el grupo de más de 27 años, 84,9 por ciento y 1,03 sigmas. El sexo femenino reportó un 88,57 por ciento y 1,2 sigmas, mientras que el masculino, 93,46 por ciento y 1,51 sigmas. Conclusiones: Los resultados de satisfacción en ortodoncia, medidos por métodos convencionales, mostraron porcentajes aceptables, pero mostraron resultados incompetentes al medirse con niveles sigma, lo cual indica que existen problemas ocultos por identificar y que corresponderían a una siguiente investigación(AU)


Introduction: The Lean-Six-Sigma methodology is currently used in the health area in order to improve the quality and competitiveness of services; but there are still no reports of its use in the orthodontic area. Objective : to determine the post-orthodontic satisfaction by means of sigma levels of the patients who attend a teaching-assistance clinic in Bucaramanga, Colombia. Methods: Observational descriptive cross-sectional study. Population: 100 patients (female and male) who finish orthodontic treatment. Sample selection method: the entire population that had completed the treatment between July 2017 and June 2018 was selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. A telephone survey of 17 questions and seven dimensions of satisfaction was carried out. The reliability of the questionnaire was evaluated with the internal consistency of the questionnaire by means of the Cronbach's alpha in which 0.87 was obtained, and the Lawshe method was used for validity. The Lean-Six-Sigma methodology was used to assess the quality of satisfaction; Results are presented in percentage and sigma levels. Results: The quality of service satisfaction was 91.27 percent (conventionally measured) and 1.36 sigmas; in the group of 16 to 19 years it was 93.6 percent and 1.52 sigmas; and for the group over 27 years old, 84.9 percent and 1.03 sigma. The female sex reported 88.57 percent and 1.2 sigmas, and the male reported 93.46 percent with 1.51 sigmas. Conclusions: The satisfaction results in orthodontics, measured by conventional methods, showed acceptable percentages, but showed incompetent results when measured with sigma levels, which indicates that there are hidden problems to be identified and that they would correspond to a subsequent investigation(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Orthodontics/methods , Personal Satisfaction , Quality of Health Care , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Observational Studies as Topic , Research Report
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