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1.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1108-1116, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008940

ABSTRACT

Patients with acute heart failure (AHF) often experience dyspnea, and monitoring and quantifying their breathing patterns can provide reference information for disease and prognosis assessment. In this study, 39 AHF patients and 24 healthy subjects were included. Nighttime chest-abdominal respiratory signals were collected using wearable devices, and the differences in nocturnal breathing patterns between the two groups were quantitatively analyzed. Compared with the healthy group, the AHF group showed a higher mean breathing rate (BR_mean) [(21.03 ± 3.84) beat/min vs. (15.95 ± 3.08) beat/min, P < 0.001], and larger R_RSBI_cv [70.96% (54.34%-104.28)% vs. 58.48% (45.34%-65.95)%, P = 0.005], greater AB_ratio_cv [(22.52 ± 7.14)% vs. (17.10 ± 6.83)%, P = 0.004], and smaller SampEn (0.67 ± 0.37 vs. 1.01 ± 0.29, P < 0.001). Additionally, the mean inspiratory time (TI_mean) and expiration time (TE_mean) were shorter, TI_cv and TE_cv were greater. Furthermore, the LBI_cv was greater, while SD1 and SD2 on the Poincare plot were larger in the AHF group, all of which showed statistically significant differences. Logistic regression calibration revealed that the TI_mean reduction was a risk factor for AHF. The BR_ mean demonstrated the strongest ability to distinguish between the two groups, with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.846. Parameters such as breathing period, amplitude, coordination, and nonlinear parameters effectively quantify abnormal breathing patterns in AHF patients. Specifically, the reduction in TI_mean serves as a risk factor for AHF, while the BR_mean distinguishes between the two groups. These findings have the potential to provide new information for the assessment of AHF patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Heart Failure/diagnosis , Prognosis , Respiration , Wearable Electronic Devices , Acute Disease
2.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 453-457, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982613

ABSTRACT

In 2021, the Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) and the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM) jointly released the Surviving Sepsis Campaign: international guidelines for management of sepsis and septic shock 2020 with 93 recommendations. In the same year, the Japanese Society of Intensive Care Medicine (JSICM) and the Japanese Association for Acute Medicine (JAAM) also cooperated to publish the Japanese clinical practice guidelines for management of sepsis and septic shock 2020, covering 118 clinical issues in 22 areas. In this paper, 50 items in the contents of the two guidelines are compared in accordance with the order of international guidelines, including screening, initial resuscitation, mean arterial pressure, transfer to intensive care unit (ICU), diagnosis of infection, timing of antimicrobial administration, biomarkers for initiation of antimicrobial therapy, selection of antibiotic, antifungal therapy, antiviral therapy, infusion of antibiotic, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, source of infection control, antimicrobial de-escalation strategy, course of antimicrobial administration, biomarkers for discontinuation of antibiotic, fluid management, vasoactive agents, positive inotropic agents, monitoring and intravenous access, fluid balance, oxygenation targets, high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy, noninvasive ventilation, protective ventilation in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), low tidal volume in respiratory failure patients with non-ARDS, lung recruitment maneuvers, prone position ventilation, muscle relaxants, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), glucocorticoids, blood purification, red blood cell (RBC) transfusion, immunoglobulin, stress ulcer prevention, prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE), renal replacement therapy, glycemic management, vitamin C, sodium bicarbonate therapy, nutrition, treatment goals, palliative care, peer support groups, transition of care, screening economic and social support, education for the knowledge about sepsis to the patients and their families, common decision-making, discharge planning, cognitive therapy and follow-up after discharge. It is convenient for everyone to understand some views in the field of sepsis and septic shock, and deepen their understanding.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Respiration , Sepsis , Shock, Septic , Japan , Practice Guidelines as Topic
3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 449-452, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982612

ABSTRACT

Mechanical ventilation (MV) is an effective treatment for respiratory failure. In recent years, it has been found that MV can not only cause ventilation-associated lung injury (VALI), but also cause ventilation-induced diaphragmatic dysfunction (VIDD). Although the injury site and etiology are not the same, they are interrelated and mutually causal, and eventually lead to weaning failure. Studies have indicated that diaphragmatic function protection strategy should be implemented in patients on MV. That is, the entire process from assessing the ability of spontaneous breathing before MV, to the initiation of spontaneous breathing and to weaning during MV. For patients on MV, continuous monitoring of respiratory muscle strength should be conducted. Early prevention, early intervention and timely detection of VIDD may reduce the occurrence of difficult weaning, resulting in improved prognosis. This study mainly discussed the risk factors and pathogenesis of VIDD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory Muscles , Respiration , Diaphragm , Cognition
4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 442-445, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982610

ABSTRACT

For patients receiving mechanical ventilation, mechanical ventilation is also an injury factor at the same time of treatment, which can lead to or aggravate lung injury, that is, ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI). The typical feature of VILI is that the mechanical stress is transmitted to cells through the pathway, leading to uncontrollable inflammatory cascade reaction, which causes the activation of inflammatory cells in the lung and the release of a large number of cytokines and inflammatory mediators. Among them, innate immunity is also involved in the occurrence and development of VILI. A large number of studies have shown that damaged lung tissue in VILI can regulate inflammatory response by releasing a large number of damage associated molecular pattern (DAMP). Pattern recognition receptor (PRR) participates in the activation of immune response by combining with DAMP, and releases a large number of inflammatory mediators to promote the occurrence and development of VILI. Recent studies have shown that inhibition of DAMP/PRR signaling pathway can play a protective role in VILI. Therefore, this article will mainly discuss the potential role of blocking DAMP/PRR signal pathway in VILI, and provide new ideas for the treatment of VILI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiration, Artificial , Respiration , Immunity, Innate , Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury , Inflammation , Inflammation Mediators , Lung
5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 358-361, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982593

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of different fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) baseline levels before endotracheal intubation on the time of expiratory oxygen concentration (EtO2) reaching the standard in emergency patients with the EtO2 as the monitoring index.@*METHODS@#A retrospective observational study was conducted. The clinical data of patients receiving endotracheal intubation in the emergency department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 1 to November 1 in 2021 were enrolled. In order to avoid interference with the final result due to inadequate ventilation caused by non-standard operation or air leakage, the process of the continuous mechanical ventilation after FiO2 was adjusted to pure oxygen in patients who had been intubated was selected to simulate the process of mask ventilation under pure oxygen before intubation. Combined with the electronic medical record and the ventilator record, the changes of the time required to reach 0.90 of EtO2 (that was, the time required to reach the standard of EtO2) and the respiratory cycle required to reach the standard after adjusting FiO2 to pure oxygen under different baseline levels of FiO2 were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#113 EtO2 assay records were collected from 42 patients. Among them, 2 patients had only one EtO2 record due to the FiO2 baseline level of 0.80, while the rest had two or more records of EtO2 reaching time and respiratory cycle corresponding to different FiO2 baseline level. Among the 42 patients, most of them were male (59.5%), elderly [median age was 62 (40, 70) years old] patients with respiratory diseases (40.5%). There were significant differences in lung function among different patients, but the majority of patients with normal function [oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2) > 300 mmHg (1 mmHg ≈ 0.133 kPa), 38.0%]. In the setting of ventilator parameters, combined with the slightly lower arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide of patients [33 (28, 37) mmHg], mild hyperventilation phenomenon was considered to be widespread. With the increased in FiO2 baseline level, the time of EtO2 reaching standard and the number of respiratory cycles showed a gradually decreasing trend. When the FiO2 baseline level was 0.35, the time of EtO2 reaching the standard was the longest [79 (52, 87) s], and the corresponding median respiratory cycle was 22 (16, 26) cycles. When the FiO2 baseline level was increased from 0.35 to 0.80, the median time of EtO2 reaching the standard was shortened from 79 (52, 78) s to 30 (21, 44) s, and the median respiratory cycle was also reduced from 22 (16, 26) cycles to 10 (8, 13) cycles, with statistically significant differences (both P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The higher the FiO2 baseline level of the mask ventilation in front of the endotracheal intubation in emergency patients, the shorter the time for EtO2 reaching the standard, and the shorter the mask ventilation time.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Female , Intubation, Intratracheal , Respiration , Ventilators, Mechanical , Arteries , Blood Gas Analysis
6.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 759-761, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982669

ABSTRACT

Patients who are bedridden are for a long-time prone to develop bedsores, especially in the hip and sacral areas and limbs, which causes eczema, ulcers, infection and other complications, resulting in pain and more medical costs. Therefore, the medical staff of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University designed and developed a kind of anti-bedsore turning pad, and has obtained the national utility model patent (ZL 2021 2 3004923.9), which is suitable for various long-term bedridden patients. The anti-bedsore turning pad includes the center axis of the turning pad, and ventilation pad 1 and ventilation pad 2 designed on the left and right of turning pad center axis. Under the ventilation pad 1 and the ventilation pad 2, the air pad 1 and the air pad 2 are respectively designed. There is a bedspread connected with ventilation pad 1 and ventilation pad 2 on the inflatable pad 1 and the inflatable pad 2. Through the design of inflatable pad 1 and inflatable pad 2, the left and right of the anti-bedsore turning pad can be lowered or raised independently, which is convenient for the patient's body to tilt and turn over, and can significantly reduce the number of nursing staff and the burden of nursing staff when turning over. In addition, it is convenient to replace the force site at any time and reduce the occurrence of pressure ulcers caused by long-term pressure on the force site. Through the design of ventilation cushion 1 and ventilation cushion 2, the internal gas flow of the turning pad can be made, and the ventilation between the patient and the turning pad can be kept dry, so as to reduce the occurrence of eczema, ulcers or infection and other complications, and ultimately reduce the occurrence of bedsores. In addition, through the design of the most superficial limb pad, the patient's limb can be appropriately elevated or massaged, which increases the comfort of the patient. The anti-bedsore turning pad is simple and effective, and can be widely used in long-term bedridden patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pressure Ulcer/epidemiology , Ulcer , Respiration , Risk Factors , Eczema
7.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 662-666, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011027

ABSTRACT

The maxillofacial region has multiple functions such as breathing, language, and facial expressions. Children's maxillofacial development is a complex and long process, which is affected by many factors such as genetics, diseases, bad habits and trauma. Early detection, early diagnosis, and early treatment are important concepts in children's maxillofacial management. Digital technology medicine is an emerging technology based on medical imaging and anatomy that has emerged in recent years. The application of this technology in the field of clinical medicine will undoubtedly bring great benefits to children's maxillofacial management. This article summarizes the research on digital technology in children's maxillofacial management, and focuses on the research on children's malocclusion, children's OSA, cleft lip and palate and other related diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Cleft Lip/surgery , Cleft Palate/surgery , Digital Technology , Respiration
8.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 619-621, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011017

ABSTRACT

The pediatric total facial management refers to a series of diagnosis and treatment processes to achieve the healthy development of the face through reasonable medical intervention. The main reason for the poor treatment effect is that the first contact doctor is limited to his own disciplinary analysis and treatment. The importance of multidisciplinary cooperation in the diagnosis and treatment of facial dysplasia in children has become increasingly prominent. it is necessary to comprehensively analyze and find the pathogenic factors of patients and formulate a comprehensive treatment plan to restore normal upper airway structure and nasal breathing, and then reshape the healthy craniomaxillofacial tissue structure, and the monitoring of the results of medical intervention should accompany the whole process of children's growth and development. This paper summarizes the current situation of the treatment of children with facial dysplasia and puts forward the concept of orderly individualized multi-disciplinary diagnosis and treatment of pediatric oral maxillofacial management.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Motivation , Nose , Trachea , Respiration , Health Status
9.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 939-944, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010888

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of lateral prone position ventilation in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).@*METHODS@#A prospective control study was conducted. A total of 75 patients with moderate to severe ARDS admitted to the department of critical care medicine of Jingxian Hospital in Anhui province from January 2020 to December 2022 were selected as the research objects. According to the envelope method, the patients were divided into the lateral prone position ventilation group (38 cases) and the traditional prone position ventilation (PPV) group (37 cases), using lateral prone position ventilation and traditional PPV, respectively. The mechanical ventilation parameters were set according to the ARDS treatment guidelines and lung protective ventilation requirements in both groups, and the time of prone position for the first 3 times was not less than 16 hours per day. General data of patients were recorded, including heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), airway resistance and lung static compliance (Cst) before prone position (T0), 1 hour (T1), 4 hours (T2), 8 hours (T3), and before the end of prone position (T4), oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2) before the first prone position (t0) and 12 hours (t1), 24 hours (t2), 48 hours (t3), and 72 hours (t4) after the intensive care unit (ICU) admission, as well as the incidence of pressure injury (PI) and vomiting, tracheal intubation time, and mechanical ventilation time. Repeated measures analysis of variance was used to compare the effects of different prone positions on patients before and after the prone position.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in age, gender, body mass index (BMI), acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II), underlying diseases, HR, MAP, pH value, PaO2/FiO2, blood lactic acid (Lac), arterial blood pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2) and other general information between the two groups. The HR (intergroup effect: F = 0.845, P = 0.361; time effect: F = 1.373, P = 0.247; interaction: F = 0.245, P = 0.894), MAP (intergroup effect: F = 1.519, P = 0.222; time effect: F = 0.169, P = 0.954; interaction: F = 0.449, P = 0.773) and airway resistance (intergroup effect: F = 0.252, P = 0.617; time effect: F = 0.578, P = 0.679; interaction: F = 1.467, P = 0.212) of T0-T4 between two groups showed no significant difference. The Cst of T0-T4 between the two groups showed no significant difference in the intergroup effect (F = 0.311, P = 0.579) and the interaction (F = 0.364, P = 0.834), while the difference in the time effect was statistically significant (F = 120.546, P < 0.001). The PaO2/FiO2 of t0-t4 between the two groups showed no significant difference in the intergroup effect (F = 0.104, P = 0.748) and the interaction (F = 0.147, P = 0.964), while the difference in the time effect was statistically significant (F = 17.638, P < 0.001). The group factors and time factors were tested separately, and there were no significant differences in the HR, MAP, airway resistance, Cst, PaO2/FiO2 between the two groups at different time points (all P > 0.05). The Cst at T1-T4 and PaO2/FiO2 at t1-t4 in the two groups were significantly higher than those at T0/t0 (all P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the tracheal intubation time [days: 6.75 (5.78, 8.33) vs. 7.00 (6.30, 8.45)] and mechanical ventilation time [days: 8.30 (6.70, 9.20) vs. 7.40 (6.80, 8.75)] between the lateral prone position ventilation group and the traditional PPV group (both P > 0.05). However, the incidences of PI [7.9% (3/38) vs. 27.0% (10/37)] and vomiting [10.5% (4/38) vs. 29.7% (11/37)] in the lateral prone position ventilation group were significantly lower than those in the traditional PPV group (both P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both lateral prone position ventilation and traditional PPV can improve Cst and oxygenation in patients with moderate to severe ARDS. The two types of prone position have little influence on HR, MAP and airway resistance of patients, and there is no difference in the influence on tracheal intubation time and mechanical ventilation time of patients. However, the lateral prone position ventilation mode can reduce the incidence of PI and vomiting, and is worthy of clinical promotion and application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiration, Artificial , Prone Position , Prospective Studies , Lung , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/therapy , Respiration , Vomiting
10.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1823-1839, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010656

ABSTRACT

Breathing is an intrinsic natural behavior and physiological process that maintains life. The rhythmic exchange of gases regulates the delicate balance of chemical constituents within an organism throughout its lifespan. However, chronic airway diseases, including asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, affect millions of people worldwide. Pathological airway conditions can disrupt respiration, causing asphyxia, cardiac arrest, and potential death. The innervation of the respiratory tract and the action of the immune system confer robust airway surveillance and protection against environmental irritants and pathogens. However, aberrant activation of the immune system or sensitization of the nervous system can contribute to the development of autoimmune airway disorders. Transient receptor potential ion channels and voltage-gated Na+ channels play critical roles in sensing noxious stimuli within the respiratory tract and interacting with the immune system to generate neurogenic inflammation and airway hypersensitivity. Although recent studies have revealed the involvement of nociceptor neurons in airway diseases, the further neural circuitry underlying airway protection remains elusive. Unraveling the mechanism underpinning neural circuit regulation in the airway may provide precise therapeutic strategies and valuable insights into the management of airway diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Neurons , Respiration , Hypersensitivity , Reflex
11.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1577-1590, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010636

ABSTRACT

Respiration protocols have been developed to manipulate mental states, including their use for therapeutic purposes. In this systematic review, we discuss evidence that respiration may play a fundamental role in coordinating neural activity, behavior, and emotion. The main findings are: (1) respiration affects the neural activity of a wide variety of regions in the brain; (2) respiration modulates different frequency ranges in the brain's dynamics; (3) different respiration protocols (spontaneous, hyperventilation, slow or resonance respiration) yield different neural and mental effects; and (4) the effects of respiration on the brain are related to concurrent modulation of biochemical (oxygen delivery, pH) and physiological (cerebral blood flow, heart rate variability) variables. We conclude that respiration may be an integral rhythm of the brain's neural activity. This provides an intimate connection of respiration with neuro-mental features like emotion. A respiratory-neuro-mental connection holds the promise for a brain-based therapeutic usage of respiration in mental disorders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiration , Brain , Hyperventilation , Heart Rate/physiology , Lung
12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 264-267, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982225

ABSTRACT

At present, the passive simulated lung including the splint lung is an important device for hospitals and manufacturers in testing the functions of a respirator. However, the human respiration simulated by this passive simulated lung is quite different from the actual respiration. And it is not able to simulate the spontaneous breathing. Therefore, including" the device simulating respiratory muscle work "," the simulated thorax" and" the simulated airway", an active mechanical lung to simulate human pulmonary ventilation was designed:3D printed human respiratory tract was developed and connected the left and right air bags at the end of the respiratory tract to simulate the left and right lungs of the human body. By controlling a motor running to drive the crank and rod to move a piston back and forth, and to deliver an alternating pressure in the simulated pleural, and so as to generate an active respiratory airflow in airway. The experimental respiratory airflow and pressure from the active mechanical lung developed in this study are consistent with the target airflow and pressure which collected from the normal adult. The developed active mechanical lung function will be conducive to improve the quality of the respirator.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Lung/physiology , Respiration , Pulmonary Ventilation , Respiration, Artificial , Ventilators, Mechanical
13.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 131-138, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981930

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#SAM junctional tourniquet (SJT) has been applied to control junctional hemorrhage. However, there is limited information about its safety and efficacy when applied in the axilla. This study aims to investigate the effect of SJT on respiration when used in the axilla in a swine model.@*METHODS@#Eighteen male Yorkshire swines, aged 6-month-old and weighing 55 - 72 kg, were randomized into 3 groups, with 6 in each. An axillary hemorrhage model was established by cutting a 2 mm transverse incision in the axillary artery. Hemorrhagic shock was induced by exsanguinating through the left carotid artery to achieve a controlled volume reduction of 30% of total blood volume. Vascular blocking bands were used to temporarily control axillary hemorrhage before SJT was applied. In Group I, the swine spontaneously breathed, while SJT was applied for 2 h with a pressure of 210 mmHg. In Group II, the swine were mechanically ventilated, and SJT was applied for the same duration and pressure as Group I. In Group III, the swine spontaneously breathed, but the axillary hemorrhage was controlled using vascular blocking bands without SJT compression. The amount of free blood loss was calculated in the axillary wound during the 2 h of hemostasis by SJT application or vascular blocking bands. After then, a temporary vascular shunt was performed in the 3 groups to achieve resuscitation. Pathophysiologic state of each swine was monitored for 1 h with an infusion of 400 mL of autologous whole blood and 500 mL of lactated ringer solution. Tb and T0 represent the time points before and immediate after the 30% volume-controlled hemorrhagic shock, respectively. T30, T60, T90 and T120, denote 30, 60, 90, and 120 min after T0 (hemostasis period), while T150, and T180 denote 150 and 180 min after T0 (resuscitation period). The mean arterial pressure and heart rate were monitored through the right carotid artery catheter. Blood samples were collected at each time point for the analysis of blood gas, complete cell count, serum chemistry, standard coagulation tests, etc., and thromboelastography was conducted subsequently. Movement of the left hemidiaphragm was measured by ultrasonography at Tb and T0 to assess respiration. Data were presented as mean ± standard deviation and analyzed using repeated measures of two-way analysis of variance with pairwise comparisons adjusted using the Bonferroni method. All statistical analyses were processed using GraphPad Prism software.@*RESULTS@#Compared to Tb, a statistically significant increase in the left hemidiaphragm movement at T0 was observed in Groups I and II (both p < 0.001). In Group III, the left hemidiaphragm movement remained unchanged (p = 0.660). Compared to Group I, mechanical ventilation in Group II significantly alleviated the effect of SJT application on the left hemidiaphragm movement (p < 0.001). Blood pressure and heart rate rapidly increased at T0 in all three groups. Respiratory arrest suddenly occurred in Group I after T120, which required immediate manual respiratory assistance. PaO2 in Group I decreased significantly at T120, accompanied by an increase in PaCO2 (both p < 0.001 vs. Groups II and III). Other biochemical metabolic changes were similar among groups. However, in all 3 groups, lactate and potassium increased immediately after 1 min of resuscitation concurrent with a drop in pH. The swine in Group I exhibited the most severe hyperkalemia and metabolic acidosis. The coagulation function test did not show statistically significant differences among three groups at any time point. However, D-dimer levels showed a more than 16-fold increase from T120 to T180 in all groups.@*CONCLUSION@#In the swine model, SJT is effective in controlling axillary hemorrhage during both spontaneous breathing and mechanical ventilation. Mechanical ventilation is found to alleviate the restrictive effect of SJT on thoracic movement without affecting hemostatic efficiency. Therefore, mechanical ventilation could be necessary before SJT removal.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Swine , Shock, Hemorrhagic/therapy , Tourniquets , Axilla , Hemorrhage/therapy , Vascular Diseases , Respiration
14.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 117-124, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981594

ABSTRACT

Background A simple measurement of central venous pressure (CVP)-mean by the digital monitor display has become increasingly popular. However, the agreement between CVP-mean and CVP-end (a standard method of CVP measurement by analyzing the waveform at end-expiration) is not well determined. This study was designed to identify the relationship between CVP-mean and CVP-end in critically ill patients and to introduce a new parameter of CVP amplitude (ΔCVP= CVPmax - CVPmin) during the respiratory period to identify the agreement/disagreement between CVP-mean and CVP-end.Methods In total, 291 patients were included in the study. CVP-mean and CVP-end were obtained simultaneously from each patient. CVP measurement difference (|CVP-mean - CVP-end|) was defined as the difference between CVP-mean and CVP-end. The ΔCVP was calculated as the difference between the peak (CVPmax) and the nadir value (CVPmin) during the respiratory cycle, which was automatically recorded on the monitor screen. Subjects with |CVP-mean - CVP-end|≥ 2 mmHg were divided into the inconsistent group, while subjects with |CVP-mean - CVP-end| < 2 mmHg were divided into the consistent group.Results ΔCVP was significantly higher in the inconsistent group [7.17(2.77) vs.5.24(2.18), P<0.001] than that in the consistent group. There was a significantly positive relationship between ΔCVP and |CVP-mean - CVP-end| (r=0.283, P <0.0001). Bland-Altman plot showed the bias was -0.61 mmHg with a wide 95% limit of agreement (-3.34, 2.10) of CVP-end and CVP-mean. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUC) of ΔCVP for predicting |CVP-mean - CVP-end| ≥ 2 mmHg was 0.709. With a high diagnostic specificity, using ΔCVP<3 to detect |CVP-mean - CVP-end| lower than 2mmHg (consistent measurement) resulted in a sensitivity of 22.37% and a specificity of 93.06%. Using ΔCVP>8 to detect |CVP-mean - CVP-end| >8 mmHg (inconsistent measurement) resulted in a sensitivity of 31.94% and a specificity of 91.32%.Conclusions CVP-end and CVP-mean have statistical discrepancies in specific clinical scenarios. ΔCVP during the respiratory period is related to the variation of the two CVP methods. A high ΔCVP indicates a poor agreement between these two methods, whereas a low ΔCVP indicates a good agreement between these two methods.


Subject(s)
Humans , Central Venous Pressure , Respiration , ROC Curve
15.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 343-349, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981548

ABSTRACT

Without artificial airway though oral, nasal or airway incision, the bi-level positive airway pressure (Bi-PAP) has been widely employed for respiratory patients. In an effort to investigate the therapeutic effects and measures for the respiratory patients under the noninvasive Bi-PAP ventilation, a therapy system model was designed for virtual ventilation experiments. In this system model, it includes a sub-model of noninvasive Bi-PAP respirator, a sub-model of respiratory patient, and a sub-model of the breath circuit and mask. And based on the Matlab Simulink, a simulation platform for the noninvasive Bi-PAP therapy system was developed to conduct the virtual experiments in simulated respiratory patient with no spontaneous breathing (NSB), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The simulated outputs such as the respiratory flows, pressures, volumes, etc, were collected and compared to the outputs which were obtained in the physical experiments with the active servo lung. By statistically analyzed with SPSS, the results demonstrated that there was no significant difference ( P > 0.1) and was in high similarity ( R > 0.7) between the data collected in simulations and physical experiments. The therapy system model of noninvasive Bi-PAP is probably applied for simulating the practical clinical experiment, and maybe conveniently applied to study the technology of noninvasive Bi-PAP for clinicians.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiration, Artificial/methods , Positive-Pressure Respiration/methods , Respiration , Ventilators, Mechanical , Lung
16.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e250675, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448938

ABSTRACT

Em março de 2020 a situação causada pela covid-19 foi elevada à categoria de pandemia, impactando de inúmeras formas a vida em sociedade. O objetivo deste estudo foi compreender os impactos da pandemia na atuação e saúde mental do psicólogo hospitalar, profissional que atua nos espaços de saúde e tem experienciado mais de perto o sofrimento dos doentes e dos profissionais de saúde frente à covid-19. Trata-se de um estudo exploratório-descritivo com 131 psicólogos que atuam em hospitais. Os profissionais foram convidados a participar através de redes sociais e redes de contatos das pesquisadoras, utilizando-se a técnica Bola de Neve. Foram utilizados dois questionários, disponibilizados na plataforma Google Forms, um abordando os impactos da pandemia sentidos pelos profissionais e outro referente ao sofrimento psíquico. Os dados foram analisados a partir de estatísticas descritivas e inferenciais. Foram observados impactos na atuação de quase a totalidade dos participantes, constatada a necessidade de preparação dos profissionais para o novo cenário, a percepção de pouco apoio institucional e quase metade da população estudada referiu-se a sintomas de sofrimento psíquico considerável desde o início da pandemia. É fundamental dar atenção a sinais e sintomas de sofrimento psíquico, procurando evitar o adoecimento de uma categoria profissional que se encontra na linha de frente do combate aos danos psicológicos da pandemia e cuja própria saúde mental é pouco abordada na literatura.(AU)


In March 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic breakout hugely impacted life in society. This study analyzes how the pandemic impacted hospital psychologists' mental health and performance, professional who more closely experienced the suffering of patients and health professionals in this period. An exploratory and descriptive study was conducted with 131 hospital psychologists. Professionals were invited to participate through the researchers' social and contact networks using the Snowball technique. Data were collected by two questionnaires available on the Google Forms platform, one addressing the impacts felt by professionals and the other regarding psychic suffering, and analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics. Results showed that almost all participants had their performance affected by the need to prepare for the new scenario, the perceived little institutional support. Almost half of the study sample reported considerable psychological distress symptoms since the beginning of the pandemic. Paying attention to signs and symptoms of psychic suffering is fundamental to avoid compromising a professional category that is on the front line of combating the psychological damage caused by the pandemic and whose own mental health is little addressed by the literature.(AU)


En marzo de 2020, la situación provocada por el COVID-19 se caracterizó como pandemia e impactó el mundo de diversas maneras. El objetivo de este estudio fue comprender los impactos de la pandemia en la salud mental y la actuación del psicólogo en los hospitales, uno de los profesionales que trabaja en espacios sanitarios y que ha experimentado más de cerca el sufrimiento de pacientes y profesionales sanitarios frente al COVID-19. Este es un estudio exploratorio descriptivo, realizado con 131 psicólogos que trabajan en hospitales. Los profesionales recibieron la invitación a participar a través de las redes sociales y redes de contactos de las investigadoras, mediante la técnica snowball. Se utilizaron dos cuestionarios disponibles en la plataforma Google Forms: uno sobre los impactos de la pandemia en los profesionales y el otro sobre el sufrimiento psíquico. Los datos se analizaron a partir de estadísticas descriptivas e inferenciales. Se observaron impactos en el trabajo de casi todos los participantes, la necesidad de preparación de los profesionales para este nuevo escenario, la percepción de poco apoyo institucional, y casi la mitad de la población estudiada reportaron sentir síntomas de considerable angustia psicológica desde el inicio de la pandemia. Es esencial prestar atención a los signos y síntomas del sufrimiento psíquico, buscando evitar la enfermedad de una categoría profesional que está a la vanguardia de la lucha contra el daño psicológico de la pandemia y cuya propia salud mental se aborda poco en la literatura.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Psychology , Mental Health , Coronavirus Infections , Pandemics , Anxiety , Orientation , Physicians , Protective Clothing , Respiration , Respiratory Tract Infections , Safety , Attention , Set, Psychology , Social Adjustment , Social Isolation , Stress, Physiological , Stress, Psychological , Awareness , Software , Immunoglobulin M , Adaptation, Psychological , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Irritable Mood , Family , Carrier State , Epidemiologic Factors , Public Health Practice , Quarantine , Sanitation , Hygiene , Public Health , Epidemiology , Risk , Disease Outbreaks , Data Collection , Survival Rate , Mortality , Transportation of Patients , Triage , Contact Tracing , Occupational Health , Immunization , Universal Precautions , Infection Control , Immunization Programs , Infectious Disease Transmission, Professional-to-Patient , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional , Coronavirus , Comprehensive Health Care , Disease Transmission, Infectious , Remote Consultation , Containment of Biohazards , Pulmonary Ventilation , Emergency Plans , Disaster Vulnerability , Declaration of Emergency , Death , Trust , Air Pollution , Ethanol , Economics , Emergencies , Emergency Services, Psychiatric , Empathy , Ethics, Professional , Professional Training , Surveillance of the Workers Health , Family Relations , Family Therapy , Resilience, Psychological , Infectious Disease Incubation Period , Fear , Epidemics , Social Networking , Binge Drinking , Epidemiological Monitoring , Personal Protective Equipment , Emotional Adjustment , Emergency Medical Dispatch , Survivorship , Family Separation , Posttraumatic Growth, Psychological , Embarrassment , Sadness , Teleworking , Physical Distancing , COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing , SARS-CoV-2 , Sociodemographic Factors , Suicide Prevention , Post-Acute COVID-19 Syndrome , Health Services Research , Immune System , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Anger , Loneliness , Masks , Mass Media , Negativism , Nurses, Male , Nursing Assessment
17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 528-532, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010233

ABSTRACT

In order to solve the problems of quality control and traceability of medical test lung for meeting the calibration conditions of JJF 1234-2018 Calibration Specification for Ventilators, the calibration device and method are researched for compliance and airway resistance of medical test lung in this paper. A calibration device for medical test lung is designed using constant volume active piston technology to simulate human breathing. Through comparison experiment, the deviation between this device and the similar foreign device can be found. The deviation is lower than 0.4% for lung compliance and lower than 0.7% for airway resistance. The calibration of lung compliance and airway resistance can be completed by this device. This device has a clear and complete traceability path to ensure quality control from the source. The calibration of ventilator is improved. This paper provides a reference for related metrology departments and medical institutions to study on quality inspection of respiratory medical instruments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Calibration , Ventilators, Mechanical , Respiration , Quality Control , Lung
18.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 512-517, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010230

ABSTRACT

In order to effectively treat respiratory diseases, a non-invasive positive pressure ventilator system is designed, the overall structure design of the system is proposed, and the hardware construction is completed. The breathing state of the patient is identified by the threshold triggering method of the flow rate of change, and the calculation of the flow rate of change is realized by the least squares method. At the same time, the breathing parameters are calculated in real time according to the flow-time and pressure-time characteristic curves. In addition, CMV, CPAP, BiPAP and PSV ventilation modes are also implemented. Finally, the parameter measurement accuracy and ventilation mode setting tests are carried out. The results show that the calculation of key breathing parameters provided by the system meets the relevant standards, and supports the stable output of 4 ventilation modes at the same time, provides breathing treatment for patients, and meets the basic functional requirements of the ventilator.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ventilators, Mechanical , Respiration
19.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 21(3): 546-553, 20221229. fig, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1416271

ABSTRACT

Introdução: o sistema estomatognático é responsável por funções inatas e primordiais ao ser humano, como respiração, sucção, deglutição e fonação. O fonoaudiólogo é o profissional qualificado para realizar avaliação, diagnóstico e reabilitação desse sistema. Dessa forma, tais procedimentos são realizados por serviços de fonoaudiologia, e essa produtividade é lançada na plataforma correspondente do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) como "avaliação miofuncional do sistema estomatognático". Objetivo: analisar os investimentos do SUS destinados à avaliação miofuncional do sistema estomatognático no Brasil, no período de 2008 a 2021. Metodologia: trata-se de estudo ecológico, de caráter quantitativo, realizado com dados secundários disponibilizados na plataforma DataSUS/TABNet. Os dados coletados se referem a valores apresentados e aprovados para a avaliação miofuncional do sistema estomatognático, no período supracitado, no Brasil. Após a coleta, realizou-se a análise descritiva dos dados, com exposição dos valores absolutos e relativos, das taxas de crescimento e do déficit de repasses dos recursos financeiros. Resultados: no período estudado, foram realizadas 5,4 milhões de avaliações miofuncionais do sistema estomatognático, a um custo total de R$ 21,5 milhões com taxas de crescimento dos investimentos financeiros de até 64,1% ao longo dos anos. Observou-se que, em todo o período estudado, ocorreu déficit de repasses para procedimentos relacionados aos serviços de fonoaudiologia, chegando a taxas de 17464,6% de pagamentos não efetuados. Conclusão: constatou-se que houve aumento dos investimentos financeiros do SUS destinados ao procedimento de avaliação miofuncional. Contudo, foram notados, também, déficits de pagamentos pelas secretarias de saúde, destinados a uma parcela dos procedimentos realizados nos serviços de fonoaudiologia.


Introduction: the stomatognathic system is responsible for innate and primordial functions for human beings, such as breathing, sucking, swallowing and phonation. The speech therapist is the qualified professional to carry out evaluation, diagnosis and rehabilitation of this system. Thus, such procedures are performed by speech therapy services, and this productivity is released on the corresponding platform of the Unified Health System (SUS) as "myofunctional assessment of the stomatognathic system". Objective: to analyze SUS investments for the myofunctional assessment of the stomatognathic system in Brazil, from 2008 to 2021. Methodology: this is an ecological study, of a quantitative nature, carried out with secondary data available on the DataSUS/TABNet platform. The data collected refer to values presented and approved for the myofunctional assessment of the stomatognathic system, in the aforementioned period, in Brazil. After collection, a descriptive analysis of the data was carried out, with exposure of absolute and relative values, growth rates and the deficit in transfers of financial resources. Results: in the studied period, 5.4 million myofunctional assessments of the stomatognathic system were performed, at a total cost of R$ 21.5 million, with growth rates of financial investments of up to 64.1% over the years. It was observed that, throughout the studied period, there was a deficit in transfers for procedures related to speech therapy services, reaching rates of 17464.6% of payments not made. Conclusion: it was found that there was an increase in SUS financial investments for the myofunctional assessment procedure. However, deficits in payments by the health secretariats were also noted, destined for a portion of the procedures performed in the speech-language pathology services.


Subject(s)
Phonation , Respiration , Suction , Unified Health System , Stomatognathic System , Deglutition , Health Administration , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Health Services Research , Ecological Studies , Evaluation Studies as Topic
20.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 94(4)dic. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441814

ABSTRACT

La valoración pediátrica de urgencias tiene características especiales respecto al resto de la atención pediátrica. El diagnóstico final será una prioridad secundaria. Es una evaluación clínica, cuyo intento principal es la identificación de aspectos anatómicos y fisiológicos anormales, la estimación de la gravedad de la enfermedad o lesión y la determinación de la necesidad de tratamiento urgente. El objetivo de esta colaboración es brindar una sistemática clara, con una secuencia de valoraciones y acciones que sirvan de base para la toma de decisiones clínicas orientadas a la estabilización del paciente y a evitar situaciones que pueden amenazar la vida en poco tiempo. El triángulo de evaluación pediátrica, la secuencia ABCDE, una breve anamnesis y examen enfocado que identifique el motivo de consulta de mayor prioridad, signos de alarma que pueden cambiar la prioridad y las reevaluaciones frecuentes serán los pilares de la actuación médica. Con el propósito de respetar el derecho del niño al disfrute del más alto nivel posible de salud, de garantizar la calidad asistencial y la seguridad de los pacientes pediátricos con entidades agudas o traumatismos, el grupo nacional de pediatría desarrolló y aprobó la guía de valoración pediátrica de urgencias en Cuba. Mediante la aplicación de esta guía se puede optimizar el proceso de valoración pediátrica de urgencias de forma que los pacientes de este segmento de edad reciban el nivel de cuidados médicos más apropiado para su situación clínica(AU)


The pediatric emergency assessment has special characteristics with respect to the rest of pediatric care. The final diagnosis will be a secondary priority. It is a clinical evaluation, and the main purpose of it is the identification of abnormal anatomical and physiological aspects, the estimation of the severity of the disease or injury and the determination of the need for urgent treatment. The objective of this collaboration is to provide a clear system, with a sequence of assessments and actions that serve as a basis for clinical decision-making aimed at stabilizing the patient and avoiding life-threatening situations in a short time. The pediatric assessment triangle, the ABCDE sequence, a brief history and focused examination that identifies the highest priority reason for consultation, warning signs that may change priority and frequent re-evaluations will be the pillars of medical action. To respect the right of the child to have access to the highest possible level of health, to guarantee the quality of care and its safety in the face of acute conditions or trauma, the National Group of Pediatrics developed and approved the guide for pediatric emergency assessment in Cuba. Through its application, the pediatric emergency evaluation process can be optimized so that patients of this age segment receive the most appropriate level of medical care for their clinical situation(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Guideline , Respiration , Clinical Competence , Emergencies , Airway Management , Patient Care/methods , Neurologic Manifestations
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