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1.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 368-377, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985660

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the mechanism of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and cancer associated fibroblasts (CAF) jointly generate chemo-resistance in epithelial-ovarian cancer and their effect on prognosis. Methods: A total of 119 patients with high-grade ovarian serous cancer who received surgery in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from September 2009 to October 2017 were collected. The clinico-pathological data and follow-up data were complete. Multivariate Cox regression model was used to analyze the prognostic factors. Ovarian cancer tissue chips of patients in our hospital were prepared. EnVision two-step method immunohistochemistry was used to detect the protein expression levels of STAT3, the specific markers of CAF activation, fibroblast activating protein (FAP), and type Ⅰ collagen (COL1A1) secreted by CAF. The relationship between the expression of STAT3, FAP, COL1A1 protein and drug resistance and prognosis of ovarian cancer patients was analyzed, and the correlation between the expression of three proteins was analyzed. These results were verified through the gene expression and prognostic information of human ovarian cancer tissues collected in the GSE26712 dataset of gene expression omnibus (GEO) database. Results: (1) Multivariate Cox regression model analysis showed that chemotherapy resistance was an independent risk factor for overall survival (OS) of ovarian cancer (P<0.001). (2) The expression levels of STAT3, FAP, and COL1A1 proteins in chemotherapy resistant patients were significantly higher than those in chemotherapy sensitive patients (all P<0.05). Patients with high expression of STAT3, FAP, and COL1A1 had significantly shorter OS than those with low expression (all P<0.05). According to the human ovarian cancer GSE26712 dataset of GEO database, patients with high expression of STAT3, FAP, and COL1A1 also showed shorter OS than patients with low expression (all P<0.05), the verification results were consistent with the detection results of ovarian cancer patients in our hospital. (3) Correlation analysis showed that the protein level of STAT3 was positively correlated with FAP and COL1A1 in our hospital's ovarian cancer tissue chips (r=0.47, P<0.001; r=0.30, P=0.006), the analysis of GEO database GSE26712 dataset showed that the expression of STAT3 gene and FAP, COL1A1 gene were also significantly positively correlated (r=0.31, P<0.001; r=0.52, P<0.001). Conclusion: STAT3 and CAF could promote chemotherapy resistance of ovarian cancer and lead to poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts/pathology , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 319-326, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982061

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of kaempferol on proliferation of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) KG1a cells and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#Human AML KG1a cells in logarithmic growth stage were taken and set at 25, 50, 75 and 100 μg/ml kaempferol group, another normal control group (complete medium without drug) and solvent control group (add dimethyl sulfoxide) were also set. After 24 and 48 hours of intervention, the cell proliferation rate was detected by CCK-8 assay. In addition, interleukin-6 (IL-6) combined with kaempferol group (Plus 20 μg/l IL-6 and 75 μg/ml kaempferol) was set up, 48 hours after culture, the cell cycle and apoptosis of KG1a cells were detected by flow cytometry, the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) of KG1a cells was detected by MMP detection kit (JC-1 method), and the expression of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) pathway related proteins in KG1a cells were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The cell proliferation rate of 25, 50, 75 and 100 μg/ml kaempferol group decreased significantly (P<0.05), and with the increase of kaempferol dose (r24 h=-0.990, r48 h= -0.999), the cell proliferation rate decreased gradually (P<0.05). The inhibitory effect of 75 μg/ml kaempferol on cell proliferation reached half of effective dose after 48 hours of intervention. Compared with normal control group, the G0/G1 phase cell proportion and apoptosis rate of cells in 25, 50 and 75 μg/ml kaempferol group increased, while the S phase cell proportion, MMP, phosphorylated JAK2 (p-JAK2)/JAK2 and phosphorylated STAT3 (p-STAT3)/STAT3 protein expression decreased in a dose-dependent manner (r=0.998, 0.994, -0.996, -0.981, -0.997, -0.930). Compared with 75 μg/ml kaempferol group, the G0/G1 phase cell proportion and apoptosis rate of cells in IL-6 combined with kaempferol group decreased, while the S phase cell proportion, MMP, p-JAK2/JAK2 and p-STAT3/STAT3 protein expression increased significantly (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Kaempferol can inhibit KG1a cell proliferation and induce KG1a cell apoptosis, its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of JAK2/STAT3 signal pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Kaempferols/pharmacology , Signal Transduction , Apoptosis , Janus Kinase 2 , Cell Proliferation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2669-2683, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981224

ABSTRACT

The goal of this study was to investigate the regulatory effect of angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) on cellular inflammation caused by avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) and the underlying mechanism of such effect. Vero and DF-1 cells were used as test target to be exposed to recombinant IBV virus (IBV-3ab-Luc). Four different groups were tested: the control group, the infection group[IBV-3ab-Luc, MOI (multiplicity of infection)=1], the ACE2 overexpression group[IBV-3ab Luc+pcDNA3.1(+)-ACE2], and the ACE2-depleted group (IBV-3ab-Luc+siRNA-ACE2). After the cells in the infection group started to show cytopathic indicators, the overall protein and RNA in cell of each group were extracted. real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to determine the mRNA expression level of the IBV nucleoprotein (IBV-N), glycoprotein 130 (gp130) and cellular interleukin-6 (IL-6). Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine the level of IL-6 in cell supernatant. Western blotting was performed to determine the level of ACE2 phosphorylation of janus kinase 2 (JAK2) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3). We found that ACE2 was successfully overexpressed and depleted in both Vero and DF-1 cells. Secondly, cytopathic indicators were observed in infected Vero cells including rounding, detaching, clumping, and formation of syncytia. These indicators were alleviated in ACE2 overexpression group but exacerbated when ACE2 was depleted. Thirdly, in the infection group, capering with the control group, the expression level of IBV-N, gp130, IL-6 mRNA and increased significantly (P < 0.05), the IL-6 level was significant or extremely significant elevated in cell supernatant (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01); the expression of ACE2 decreased significantly (P < 0.05); protein phosphorylation level of JAK2 and STAT3 increased significantly (P < 0.05). Fourthly, comparing with the infected group, the level of IBV-N mRNA expression in the ACE2 overexpression group had no notable change (P > 0.05), but the expression of gp130 mRNA, IL-6 level and expression of mRNA were elevated (P < 0.05) and the protein phosphorylation level of JAK2 and STAT3 decreased significantly (P < 0.05). In the ACE2-depleted group, there was no notable change in IBV-N (P > 0.05), but the IL-6 level and expression of mRNA increased significantly (P < 0.05) and the phosphorylation level of JAK2 and STAT3 protein decreased slightly (P > 0.05). The results demonstrated for the first time that ACE2 did not affect the replication of IBV in DF-1 cell, but it did contribute to the prevention of the activation of the IL-6/JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway, resulting in an alleviation of IBV-induced cellular inflammation in Vero and DF-1 cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Chlorocebus aethiops , Interleukin-6/genetics , Janus Kinase 2/pharmacology , Infectious bronchitis virus/metabolism , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2/pharmacology , Cytokine Receptor gp130/metabolism , Vero Cells , Signal Transduction , Inflammation , RNA, Messenger
4.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1646-1654, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971347

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Glioma is the most common primary intracranial tumor and there is still no ideal treatment at present. Gene therapy, as one of the new methods for treating glioma, has attracted attention in recent years. But its application in treating glioma is very limited due to lack of effective delivery vectors. This study aims to investigate the feasibility of biomimetic nanomaterials made from glioma cells-derived extracellular vesicles (EV) for targeted delivery of signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3)-small interfering RNA (siRNA) in treating glioma.@*METHODS@#First, U251 glioma cells-derived extracellular vessel (EVU251) was extracted by ultra-centrifugal method. Nanoparticle tracking analysis was used to characterize the particle size distribution, the transmission electron microscope was used to analyze the morphology, and Western blotting was used to verify the expression of srface characteristic protein. The homing ability was verified by cell uptake assay after labeling EVU251 with membrane dye kit PKH67; the EVU251 contents were removed by a low permeability method and then EVMU251 was prepared through a microporous membrane. Finally, the biomimetic nanomaterials EVMU251@STAT3-siRNA were prepared by loading STAT3-SiRNA with electro-dyeing method. The real-time quantitative PCR was used to quantify the successful encapsulation of siRNA, and the encapsulation and drug loading rate was calculated; then Cy5-labeled siRNA was used to evaluate the ability of biomimetic nanomaterials (EVMU251@CY5-siRNA) to target U251 cells. Lysosomal escape ability of the biomimetic nanomaterial was evaluated by lysosomal dye lyso-tracker green. At last, the ability of EVMU251@STAT3-siRNA to knock down STAT3 gene and selective killing of U251 cells was detected by cell experiments in vitro.@*RESULTS@#The size of EVU251 ranged from 50 nm to 200 nm with a natural disc shape. The expression of extracellular vesicle marker proteins could be detected on the membrane of EVU251. The cell uptake assay demonstrated that it had homing ability to target U251 cells. After EVU251 was prepared as EVMU251@STAT3-siRNA, the particle size was (177.9±5.0) nm, the siRNA loading rate was (33.5±2.2)% and the drug loading rate was (3.24±0.21)%. The biomimetic nanomaterial EVMU251@STAT3-siRNA still had the ability to target U251 cells and successfully deliver siRNA to the cytoplasm without lysosomal degradation. The EVMU251@STAT3-siRNA can effectively knock down the expression of STAT3 gene and produce selective killing ability in U251 cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The biomimetic nanomaterials EVMU251@STAT3-siRNA made from glioma U251 cells-derived extracellular vesicles can knock down STAT3 gene of U251 cells and produce selective killing effect, which can provide a new idea for the treatment of glioma.


Subject(s)
Humans , RNA, Small Interfering/genetics , Biomimetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Glioma/therapy , Nanostructures , Cell Proliferation , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism
5.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1637-1645, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971346

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic, relapsing inflammation of the colon. Impaired epithelial repair is an important biological features of UC. Accelerating intestinal epithelial repair to achieve endoscopic mucosal healing has become a key goal in UC. Yes-associated protein (YAP) is a key transcriptional coactivator that regulates organ size, tissue growth and tumorigenesis. Growing studies have focused on the role of YAP in intestinal epithelial regeneration. This study explore the molecular mechanism for the role YAP in modulating colonic epithelial proliferation, repair, and the development of colitis associated cancer.@*METHODS@#We constructed the acute colitis mouse model through successive 5 days of 3% dextran sulfate sodium salt (DSS) induction. Then YAP-overexpressed mouse model was constructed by intraperitoneal injection the YAP overexpressed and negative control lentivirus into DSS mice. On the 5th day of DSS induction and the 5th day of normal drinking water after removing DSS (5+5 d), the mice were killed by spinal dislocation. The colon was taken to measure the length, and the bowel 1-2 cm near the anal canal was selected for immunohistochemical and Western blotting. We used YAP over-expressed colonic epithelial cells and small interfering signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) RNA to probe the regulation of YAP on STAT3, using cell counting kit-8 and scratch assays to explore the role of YAP on colonic epithelial cell proliferation. Finally, we conducted co-immunoprecipitation to test the relationship between YAP and STAT3.@*RESULTS@#After DSS treatment, the expression of YAP was dramatically diminished in crypts. Compared with the empty control mice, overexpression of YAP drastically accelerated epithelial regeneration after DSS induced colitis, presenting with more intact of structural integrity in intestinal epithelium and a reduction in the number of inflammatory cells in the mucosa. Further Western blotting, functional experiment and co-immunoprecipitation analyses showed that the expression of YAP in nucleus was significantly increased by 2 h post DSS cessation, accompanied with up-regulated total protein levels of STAT3 and phosphorylated-STAT3 (p-STAT3). Overexpression of YAP enhanced the expression of STAT3, p-STAT3, and their transcriptional targets including c-Myc and Cyclin D1. In addition, it promoted the proliferation and the "wound healing" of colonic cells. However, these effects were reversed when silencing STAT3 on YAP-overexpressed FHC cells. Moreover, protein immunoprecipitation indicated that YAP could directly interact with STAT3 in the nucleus, up-regulatvng the expressvon of STAT3. Finally, during the process of CAC, overexpression of YAP mutant caused the down-regulated expression of STAT3 and inhibited the development and progress of CAC.@*CONCLUSIONS@#YAP activates STAT3 signaling in regulation of epithelial cell proliferation and promotes mucosal regeneration after DSS induced colitis, which may serve as a potential therapeutic target in UC. However, persistent and excessive YAP activation may promote CAC development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Cell Proliferation , Colitis/drug therapy , Colon/metabolism , Dextran Sulfate/adverse effects , Disease Models, Animal , Intestinal Mucosa , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/metabolism , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , YAP-Signaling Proteins/metabolism
6.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 905-912, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941020

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of Chaihu Guizhi Decoction (CHGZD) combined with capecitabine on growth and apoptosis of subcutaneous triple-negative breast cancer xenografts in nude mice and explore the possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Nude mouse models bearing subcutaneous triple-negative breast cancer xenografts were randomized into 6 groups (n=10) for treatment with distilled water (model group), low (10.62 g/kg), medium (21.23 g/kg) and high (42.46 g/kg) doses of CHGZD, capecitabine (0.2 mg/kg), or the combination of CHGZD (42.46 g/kg) and capecitabine (0.2 mg/k) once daily for 21 consecutive days. The general condition of mice was observed, and after 21-day treatments, the tumors were dissected for measurement of tumor volume and weight and histopathological examination with HE staining. Serum IL-6 levels of the mice were determined with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the expression levels of IL-6, STAT3, p-STAT3, Bax, Bcl-2 and cyclin D1 in the tumor tissues were detected using real-time PCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those in the model group, the tumor-bearing mice receiving treatments with CHGZD showed significantly increased food intake with good general condition, sensitive responses, increased body weight, and lower tumor mass (P < 0.01). Compared with capecitabine treatment alone, treatment with CHGZD alone at the medium and high doses and the combined treatment all resulted in significantly higher tumor inhibition rates (P < 0.01), induced obvious tumor tissue degeneration and reduced the tumor cell density. Treatments with CHGZD, both alone and in combination with capecitabine, significantly decreased serum IL-6 level, lowered the mRNA expression levels of IL-6 and STAT3, the protein expressions of IL-6, STAT3 and P-STAT3 (P < 0.05), and the mRNA and protein expressions of Bcl-2 and cyclin D1 (P < 0.05), and increased the mRNA and protein expressions of Bax in the tumor tissues (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#CHGZD combined with capecitabine can significantly inhibit tumor growth in nude mice bearing triple-negative breast cancer xenografts, the mechanism of which may involve the inhibition of IL-6/STAT3 signaling pathway and regulation of Bax, Bcl-2 and cyclin D1 expressions to suppress tumor cell proliferation and differentiation and induce cell apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Capecitabine/pharmacology , Cyclin D1/metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Heterografts , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Mice, Nude , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism
7.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 728-736, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940933

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the role and mechanism of tumor-derived mesenchymal stem cells in regulating the M2 polarization of macrophages within gastric cancer microenvironment. Methods: Gastric cancer tissues and the adjacent non-cancerous tissues were collected from patients underwent gastric cancer resection in the First People's Hospital of Lianyungang during 2018. In our study, THP-1-differentiated macrophages were co-cultured with gastric cancer-derived mesenchymal stem cells (GC-MSCs). Then, the M2 subtype-related gene, the markers expressed on cell surface and the cytokine profile were analyzed by real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), flow cytometry and Luminex liquid chip, respectively. The key cytokines mediating the inducing effect of GC-MSCs on macrophage polarization into the M2 subtype were detected and screened by Luminex liquid chip, which were further confirmed by the neutralizing antibody test. The expressions of macrophage proteins involved in M2 polarization-related signaling pathways under the different co-culture conditions of GC-MSCs were detected by western blot. Results: In Mac+ GC-MSC-culture medium (CM) group, the expression levels of Ym-1 and Fizz-1 (1.53±0.32 and 13.22±1.05, respectively), which are markers for M2 subtype, were both significantly higher than those of Mac group (1.00±0.05 and 1.21±0.38, respectively, P<0.05). The level of iNOS in Mac+ GC-MSC-CM group (0.60±0.41) was significantly lower than that of Mac group (1.06±0.38, P=0.023). In Mac+ GC-MSC-Transwell (TW) group, the expression levels of Ym-1 and Fizz-1 (1.47±0.09 and 13.16±2.77, respectively) were both significantly higher than those of Mac group (1.00±0.05 and 1.21±0.38, respectively, P<0.05). The level of iNOS in Mac+ GC-MSC-CM group (0.56±0.03) was significantly lower than that of Mac group (1.06±0.38, P=0.026). The ratios of CD163(+) /CD204(+) cells in Mac+ GC-MSC-CM and Mac+ GC-MSC-TW groups (3.80% and 4.40%, respectively) were both remarkably higher than that of Mac group (0.60%, P<0.05). The expression levels of IL-10, IL-6, MCP-1 and VEGF in Mac+ GC-MSC-CM group were (592.60±87.52), (1 346.80±64.70), (11 256.00±29.03) and (1 463.90±66.67) pg/ml, respectively, which were significantly higher than those of Mac group [(41.03±2.59), (17.35±1.79), (5 213.30±523.71) and (267.12±12.06) pg/ml, respectively, P<0.05]. The levels of TNF-α, IP-10, RANTES and MIP-1α were (95.57±9.34), (410.48±40.68), (6 967.30±1.29) and (1 538.70±283.04) pg/ml, which were significantly lower than those of Mac group [(138.01±24.31, (1 298.60±310.50), (14 631.00±4.21) and (6 633.20±1.47) pg/ml, respectively, P<0.05]. The levels of IL-6 and IL-8 in GC-MSCs [(11 185.02±2.82) and (12 718.03±370.17) pg/ml, respectively] were both strikingly higher than those of MSCs from adjacent non-cancerous gastric cancer tissues [(270.71±59.38) and (106.04±32.84) pg/ml, repectively, P<0.05]. The ratios of CD86(+) cells in Mac+ IL-6-blocked-GC-MSC-CM and Mac+ IL-8-blocked-GC-MSC-CM groups (28.80% and 31.40%, respectively) were both higher than that of Mac+ GC-MSC-CM group (24.70%). Compared to Mac+ GC-MSC-CM group (13.70%), the ratios of CD204(+) cells in Mac+ IL-6-blocked-GC-MSC-CM and Mac+ IL-8-blocked-GC-MSC-CM groups (9.90% and 8.70%, separately) were reduced. The expression levels of p-JAK2 and p-STAT3, which are proteins of macrophage M2 polarization-related signaling pathway, in Mac+ GC-MSC-CM group (0.86±0.01 and 1.08±0.01, respectively) were significantly higher than those of Mac group (0.50±0.01 and 0.82±0.01, respectively, P<0.05). The expression levels of p-JAK2 in Mac+ IL-6-blocked-GC-MSC-CM group (0.47±0.02) were significantly lower those that of Mac+ GC-MSC-CM group (0.86±0.01, P<0.05). The expression levels of p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 in Mac+ IL-8-blocked-GC-MSC-CM group (0.50±0.01 and 0.85±0.01, respectively) were both significantly lower than those of Mac+ GC-MSC-CM group (0.86±0.01 and 1.08±0.01, P<0.05). The expression levels of p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 in Mac+ IL-6/IL-8-blocked-GC-MSC-CM group (0.37±0.01 and 0.65±0.01, respectively) were both significantly lower than those of Mac+ GC-MSC-CM group (0.86±0.01 and 1.08±0.01, P<0.05). Conclusion: GC-MSCs promote the activation of JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway in macrophages via high secretions of IL-6 and IL-8, which subsequently induce the macrophage polarization into a pro-tumor M2 subtype within gastric cancer microenvironment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Interleukin-6/genetics , Interleukin-8/pharmacology , Janus Kinase 2/metabolism , Macrophages/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Tumor Microenvironment
8.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 389-394, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935226

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the possible mechanism of radiotherapy regulating the expression of PD-L1 in esophageal carcinoma. Methods: Three esophageal cancer cell lines (Eca109, Kyse150, TE1) were irradiated with different doses of X-rays, and 6 Gy+ AG490 group was set. The mRNA expression of PD-L1 was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). The protein expressions of PD-L1, STAT3, p-STAT3 were detected by western blotting and the protein level of IL-6 was detected by ELISA. Results: The mRNA expressions of PD-L1 in Eca109, Kyse150 and TE1 were 2.86±0.30, 960.01±21.27 and 106.78±6.67, higher than 1.07±0.15 in normal esophageal cell line HET-1A (P<0.01). The protein expressions of PD-L1 in Eca109, Kyse150 and TE1 were 0.091±0.036, 1.533±0.079 and 0.914±0.035, higher than 0.063±0.01 in normal esophageal cell line HET-1A (P<0.01). After 48 hours of 6 Gy irradiation, the protein expression levels of PD-L1 in Eca109, Kyse150 and TE1 were 0.135±0.007, 1.66±0.06 and 1.32±0.06, higher than 0.09±0.01, 1.21±0.05 and 0.93±0.03 of the 0 Gy group (P<0.01), while the protein expression levels of p-STAT3 in Eca109, Kyse150 and TE1 were 1.44±0.26, 0.75±0.04 and 1.92±0.17, higher than 0.18±0.05, 0.48±0.02 and 0.36±0.06 of the 0 Gy group (P<0.01). IL-6 protein expression increased significantly after different doses of irradiation (P<0.01). After the IL-6/STAT3 signaling pathway was blocked by the specific inhibitor AG490, the expressions of PD-L1 of Eca109, Kyse150 and TE1 in the 6 Gy+ AG490 groups were 0.11±0.03, 1.07±0.08 and 0.96±0.11, without significant differences of 0.09±0.01, 0.96±0.05 and 0.85±0.09 of the 0 Gy group (P>0.05), while the protein expressions of p-STAT3 were 0.76±0.11, 0.59±0.06 and 0.96±0.12, without significant differences of 0.67±0.08, 0.54±0.06 and 0.84±0.11 of the 0 Gy group (P>0.05). Conclusion: Radiotherapy may regulate the expression of PD-L1 in esophageal cancer cells through IL-6 / STAT3 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Esophageal Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Interleukin-6/metabolism , RNA, Messenger , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Signal Transduction
9.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 524-530, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939771

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanisms underlying the proliferative inhibition of Chinese herbal medicine Kang-Ai injection (KAI) in gastric cancer cells.@*METHODS@#Gastric cancer cell lines MGC803 and BGC823 were treated by 0, 0.3%, 1%, 3% and 10% KAI for 24, 48 and 72 h, respectively. The cell proliferation was evaluated by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The apoptosis and cell cycle were evaluated by flow cytometry. Interleukin (IL)-6 mRNA and protein expression levels were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA), respectively. The protein expression levels of cyclin A, cyclin E, cyclin B1, cyclin D1, p21, retinoblastoma (RB), protein kinase B (AKT), extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK), signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 1 and STAT3 were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#KAI inhibited the proliferation of MGC803 and BGC823 gastric cancer cells in dose- and time-dependent manner. After treated with KAI for 48 h, the proportion of G1 phase was increased, expression level of cyclin D1 and phosphorylation-RB were down-regulated, whereas the expression of p21 was up-regulated (all P<0.01). Furthermore, 48-h treatment with KAI decreased the phosphorylation level of STAT3, inhibited the mRNA and protein expressions of IL-6 (all P<0.01). IL-6 at dose of 10 ng/mL significantly attenuated the proliferative effect of both 3% and 10% KAI, and recovered KAI-inhibited STAT3 phosphorylation and cyclin D1 expression level (all P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#KAI exerted an anti-proliferative function by inhibiting IL-6/STAT3 signaling pathway followed by the induction of G1 phase arrest in gastric cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cyclin D1/pharmacology , Interleukin-6/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics
10.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 367-374, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936325

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of triptolide (TPL) on inflammatory response and migration of fibroblast like synovial cells (FLS) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA-FLS) and the mechanism of circular noncoding RNA (circRNA) 0003353 for mediating this effect.@*METHODS@#We collected peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and serum samples from 50 hospitalized RA patients and 30 healthy individuals for detecting the expression of circRNA 0003353, immune and inflammatory indexes (ESR, CRP, RF, anti-CCP, IgA, IgG, IgM, C3, and C4) and DAS28 score. Cultured RA-FLS was treated with 10 ng/mL TPL and transfected with a circRNA 0003353 overexpression plasmid, and cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and Transwell assay were used to detect the changes in the viability and migration of the cells. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to examine the cytokines IL-4, IL-6, and IL-17, and real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was performed to detect the expression of circRNA 003353; Western blotting was used to detect the expressions of p-JAK2, pSTAT3, JAK2 and STAT3 proteins in the treated cells.@*RESULTS@#The expression of circRNA 0003353 was significantly increased in PBMCs from RA patients and showed a good performance in assisting the diagnosis of RA (AUC=90.5%, P < 0.001, 95% CI: 0.83-0.98). CircRNA 0003353 expression was positively correlated with ESR, RF and DAS28 (P < 0.05). Treatment with TPL significantly decreased the expression of circRNA 0003353, suppressed the viability and migration ability, decreased the expressions of IL-6 and IL-17, and increased the expression IL-4 in cultured RA-FLS in a time-dependent manner (P < 0.01). TNF-α stimulation of RA-FLS significantly increased the ratios of p-JAK2/JAK2 and p-STAT3/STAT3, which were obviously lowered by TPL treatment (P < 0.01). TPL-treated RA-FLS overexpressing circRNA 0003353 showed significantly increased cell viability and migration ability with decreased IL-4 expression and increased IL-6 and IL-17 expressions and ratios of p-JAK2/ JAK2 and p-STAT3/STAT3 (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of circRNA 0003353 is increased in PBMCs in RA patients and in RA-FLS. TPL treatment can regulate JAK2/STAT3 signal pathway and inhibit the inflammatory response and migration of RA-FLS through circRNA 0003353.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/pathology , Cells, Cultured , Diterpenes/pharmacology , Epoxy Compounds/pharmacology , Fibroblasts/pathology , Interleukin-17/metabolism , Interleukin-4/metabolism , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Janus Kinase 2/metabolism , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , Phenanthrenes/pharmacology , RNA, Circular/metabolism , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Synovial Membrane/pathology
11.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 14(4): 159-165, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344801

ABSTRACT

La diabetes Tipo 1 (DT1) es una compleja enfermedad autoinmune con una etiología aún desconocida. La vitamina D ha sido ampliamente estudiada debido a su potencial terapéutico en los potenciales nuevos casos de DT1. Por otra parte, los microARNs (miRs) han sido propuestos como posibles biomarcadores en diversos procesos biológicos como en la apoptosis e inflamación. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el efecto de la suplementación con vitamina D sobre el perfil de expresión del miR-21 y marcadores de apoptosis tales como: BCL2, STAT3, TIPE2 y DAXX, en células mononucleares periféricas provenientes de pacientes con DT1 y sujetos controles. RESULTADOS: El perfil de expresión de miR-21 se encontró disminuido en los pacientes con DT1 en comparación con los controles. La expresión relativa de BCL2 se encontró aumentada en controles al comparar con pacientes DT1 en todas las condiciones experimentales. La expresión relativa de DAXX mostró un perfil de expresión diferencial al comparar pacientes con DT1 versus controles (p=0.006). CONCLUSIÓN: El estímulo con vitamina D parece tener un posible efecto regulador sobre los genes BCL2 y DAXX.


Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a complex chronic autoimmune disease. Vitamin D has been one of the most studied therapeutic potential outbreaks related to T1D. Specific miRNAs have been proposed as potential biomarkers in several biological processes as apoptosis and inflammation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of vitamin D on the expression profiles of miR-21 and apoptotic markers BCL2, STAT3, TIPE2 and DAXX, in PBMCs from T1D patients and control subjects. RESULTS: miR-21 expression was increased in controls regarding T1D patients. BCL2 was increased in controls compared to T1D patients in all experimental conditions. DAXX showed different expression patterns between T1D patients and controls (p=0.006). CONCLUSION: Vitamin D showed a possible regulation effect on apoptosis markers mainly through the regulation of BCL2 and DAXX


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Vitamin D/administration & dosage , Apoptosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/metabolism , Vitamin D/metabolism , Biomarkers , Molecular Chaperones/drug effects , Molecular Chaperones/genetics , Molecular Chaperones/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/drug effects , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , MicroRNAs/drug effects , MicroRNAs/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , STAT3 Transcription Factor/drug effects , STAT3 Transcription Factor/genetics , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Co-Repressor Proteins/drug effects , Co-Repressor Proteins/genetics , Co-Repressor Proteins/metabolism , Glucose/administration & dosage
12.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 396-402, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888509

ABSTRACT

Proteasome is the eukaryotic organelle responsible for degradation of short-lived proteins and involved in maintaining cellular protein homeostasis. It has been reported that during the occurrence and development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the regulatory particle subunits of proteasome regulate a series of tumor-related proteins, and proliferation, survival-associated signaling molecules, including PTEN gene, P53, Bcl-2, Bcl-2 interacting mediator of cell death (Bim), cyclin-dependent kinase 4(CDK4), transforming growth factor β receptor (TGFBR), E2F1, growth factor receptor-bound protein 2 (GRB2) . Meanwhile, these subunits regulate some tumor-associated pathway protein, such as signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and protein kinase B (AKT), inducing their malfunction to promote the occurrence, proliferation, invasion and metastasis of HCC. The core particle subunits are more to perform the degradation of HCC-related proteins, so inhibitors targeting the core particle show a good anti-tumor effect. This review summarizes the current research progress on the regulation and mechanism of proteasome subunits in promoting the occurrence and development .


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Liver Neoplasms , Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex/metabolism , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Signal Transduction
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 670-677, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878893

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the potential mechanism of curcumin in mediating interleukin-6(IL-6)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3(STAT3) signaling pathway to repair intestinal mucosal injury induced by 5-fluorouracil(5-FU) chemotherapy for colon cancer. SD rats were intraperitoneally injected with 60 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1) 5-FU for 4 days to establish a model of intestinal mucosal injury. Then the rats were randomly divided into model group(equal volume of normal saline), curcumin low, medium and high dose groups(50, 100, 200 mg·kg~(-1)), and normal SD rats were used as control group(equal volume of normal saline). Each group received gavage administration for 4 consecutive days, and the changes of body weight and feces were recorded every day. After administration, blood was collected from the heart, and jejunum tissues were collected. The levels of serum interleukin-1β(IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) were detected by ELISA, and at the same time, the concentration of Evans blue(EB) in jejunum was measured. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to observe the pathological state of jejunum, and the length of jejunum villi and the depth of crypt were measured. The positive expression levels of claudin, occludin and ZO-1 were detected by immunohistochemistry. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of IL-6, p-STAT3, E-cadherin, vimentin and N-cadherin in jejunum tissues. The results showed that, curcumin significantly increased body weight and fecal weight(P<0.05 or P<0.01), decreased fecal score, EB concentration, IL-1β and TNF-α levels(P<0.05 or P<0.01) in rats. In addition, curcumin maintained the integrity of mucosal surface and villi structure of jejunum to a large extent, and reduced pathological changes in a dose-dependent manner. Meanwhile, curcumin could increase the positive expression of occludin, claudin and ZO-1(P<0.05 or P<0.01), repair intestinal barrier function, downregulate the protein expression of IL-6, p-STAT3, vimentin and N-cadherin in jejunum tissues(P<0.05 or P<0.01), and upregulate the protein expression of E-cadherin(P<0.05). Therefore, curcumin could repair the intestinal mucosal injury induced by 5-FU chemotherapy for colon cancer, and the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of IL-6/STAT3 signal and the inhibition of epithelial-mesenchymal transition(EMT) process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Colonic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Curcumin , Fluorouracil/toxicity , Interleukin-6/genetics , Intestinal Mucosa/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Signal Transduction
14.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 732-740, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922756

ABSTRACT

Physalin B (PB), one of the major active steroidal constituents of Solanaceae Physalis plants, has a wide variety of biological activities. We found that PB significantly down-regulated β-amyloid (Aβ) secretion in N2a/APPsw cells. However, the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. In the current study, we investigated the changes in key enzymes involved in β-amyloid precursor protein (APP) metabolism and other APP metabolites by treating N2a/APPsw cells with PB at different concentrations. The results indicated that PB reduced Aβ secretion, which was caused by down-regulation of β-secretase (BACE1) expression, as indicated at both the protein and mRNA levels. Further research revealed that PB regulated BACE1 expression by inducing the activation of forkhead box O1 (FoxO1) and inhibiting the phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3). In addition, the effect of PB on BACE1 expression and Aβ secretion was reversed by treatment with FoxO1 siRNA and STAT3 antagonist S3I-201. In conclusion, these data demonstrated that PB can effectively down-regulate the expression of BACE1 to reduce Aβsecretion by activating the expression of FoxO1 and inhibiting the phosphorylation of STAT3.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alzheimer Disease , Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases/metabolism , Amyloid beta-Peptides/metabolism , Aspartic Acid Endopeptidases/metabolism , Down-Regulation , Forkhead Box Protein O1/genetics , Phosphorylation , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Secosteroids
15.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 38-38, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880853

ABSTRACT

Periodontitis patients are at risk of alveolar bone loss during orthodontic treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate whether intermittent parathyroid hormone (1-34) treatment (iPTH) could reduce alveolar bone loss during orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) in individuals with periodontitis and the underlying mechanism. A rat model of OTM in the context of periodontitis was established and alveolar bone loss was observed. The control, iPTH and iPTH + stattic groups received injections of vehicle, PTH and vehicle, or PTH and the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) inhibitor stattic, respectively. iPTH prevented alveolar bone loss by enhancing osteogenesis and suppressing bone resorption in the alveolar bone during OTM in rats with periodontitis. This effect of iPTH was along with STAT3 activation and reduced by a local injection of stattic. iPTH promoted osteoblastic differentiation and might further regulate the Wnt/β-catenin pathway in a STAT3-dependent manner. The findings of this study suggest that iPTH might reduce alveolar bone loss during OTM in rats with periodontitis through STAT3/β-catenin crosstalk.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Homeostasis , Osteogenesis , Parathyroid Hormone , Periodontitis/drug therapy , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Tooth Movement Techniques , beta Catenin
16.
Biol. Res ; 52: 50-50, 2019. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1505770

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Ureteral obstruction causes injury of the renal tissues and can irreversibly progress to renal fibrosis, with atrophy and apoptosis of tubular cells. The goal of the current study was to examine the effects of rhein on the apoptosis o renal tubular cells as well as renal fibrosis using a rodent model of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). METHODS: UUO was induced through ureteral ligation, then animals received treatments with rhein or vehicle. The control rats only received sham operation. The renal tissue was harvested 1 week after surgery for assessment of kidney fibrosis. RESULTS: The expressions of collagen I and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), as well as the severity of renal tubular apoptosis and fibrosis were time-dependently increased following UUO. Treatments with rhein partially inhibited such responses. Renal interstitial fibrosis was associated with STAT3 (signal transducer and activator of transcription 3) phosphorylation as well as altered expressions of Bax and Bcl2, both apoptosis-related proteins. Treatment with rhein also partly blocked these responses. CONCLUSION: These findings demonstrated that rhein mitigated apoptosis of renal tubular cell as well as renal fibrosis in a UUO rodent model. This curative effect is likely mediated via suppression of STAT3 phosphorylation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Ureteral Obstruction/prevention & control , Anthraquinones/administration & dosage , Apoptosis/drug effects , Kidney/pathology , Phosphorylation , Ureteral Obstruction/metabolism , Ureteral Obstruction/pathology , Fibrosis/metabolism , Fibrosis/pathology , Fibrosis/prevention & control , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Disease Progression , Disease Models, Animal , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism
17.
Biol. Res ; 52: 29, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011431

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI), which is mainly caused by sepsis, has high morbidity and mortality rates. CXCL8(3-72) K11R/G31P (G31P) can exert therapeutic effect on inflammatory diseases and malignancies. We aimed to investigate the effect and mechanism of G31P on septic AKI. METHODS: An AKI mouse model was established, and kidney injury was assessed by histological analysis. The contents of serum creatinine (SCr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) were measured by commercial kits, whereas neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. The expressions of CXCL8 in serum and kidney tissues were determined using ELISA and immunohistochemical analysis, respectively. Apoptosis rate of renal tissue was detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transfer-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) analysis. The expressions of inflammatory cytokines were measured by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot, respectively. The apoptosis-related proteins, JAK2, STAT3, NF-κB and IκB were determined by Western blot. RESULTS: G31P could reduce the levels of SCr, BUN, HGAL and KIM-1 and inhibit the renal tissue injury in AKI mice. G31P was also found to suppress the serum and nephric CXCL8 expressions and attenuated the apoptosis rate. The levels of inflammatory cytokines, pro-apoptotic proteins were decreased, while the anti-apoptotic proteins were increased by G31P in AKI mice. G31P also inhibited the activation of JAK2, STAT3 and NF-κB in AKI mice. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that G31P could protect renal function and attenuate the septic AKI. Our findings provide a potential target for the treatment of AKI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Sepsis/complications , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Janus Kinase 2/metabolism , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Signal Transduction , Apoptosis , Sepsis/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Acute Kidney Injury/metabolism , Acute Kidney Injury/pathology , Mice, Inbred C57BL
18.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 37(1): 119-130, ene.-feb. 2017. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-888450

ABSTRACT

resumen Introducción: El microambiente tumoral influye en el comportamiento de las células cancerosas. Especialmente, el estímulo de agentes estresantes, como la hipoxia, se convierte en un factor crítico para la evolución y el tratamiento del cáncer. La reacción celular frente a diversos estímulos se manifiesta en la activación de vías de señalización como la JAK/STAT, una de las más importantes por sus efectos en la diferenciación y proliferación celular. Objetivo: Evaluar el estado de la vía JAK/STAT mediante la expresión o activación de la proteína STAT3 en células de cáncer de cuello uterino (HeLa) y en células endoteliales (EA.hy926) sometidas a hipoxia. Materiales y métodos: Las líneas celulares se sometieron a condiciones de hipoxia física (1 % de O2) o química (100 μM de deferoxamina, DFO) durante dos, seis y 24 horas. Mediante Western blot se determinó el cambio en la expresión y activación de STAT3, y mediante inmunofluorescencia indirecta su localización subcelular. Resultados:. La hipoxia se evidenció por la activación y translocación al núcleo del HIF-1. Ni la hipoxia física ni la química alteraron la expresión de STAT3, pero sí la activación, según se comprobó por su fosforilación y su translocación al núcleo en los dos modelos bajo estudio. Conclusiones: Se evidenció la importancia de la hipoxia como un estímulo que modifica la activación de la proteína STAT3 en las células HeLa y EA.hy926, lo cual la convierte en un elemento importante en el diseño de estrategias terapéuticas contra el cáncer.


Abstract Introduction: The biological behavior of cancer cells is influenced by the tumor microenvironment in which they develop. In this context, stressor stimuli such as hypoxia are considered critical for tumor development and therapeutic management. Cellular response to various stimuli is evidenced in the activation of intracellular signaling pathways such as JAK/STAT, which is one of the most important for its effects in differentiation and cell proliferation. Objective: To evaluate the condition of the JAK/STAT pathway through the expression/activation of the STAT3 protein in cervix cancer cells (HeLa) and endothelial cells (EA.hy926) subjected to ypoxia. Material and methods: Cell lines were subjected to physical (1% O2) or chemical (deferoxamine, DFO, 100 μM) hypoxia for 2, 6 and 24 hours. Changes in the expression and activation of STAT3, and its subcellular localization by indirect immunofluorescence, were determined by western blot. Results: Hypoxia was evidenced by the activation and translocation to the nucleus of HIF-1. Neither physical nor chemical hypoxia altered STAT3 expression, but it did affect its activation, as seen in its phosphorylation and translocation to the nucleus in the two models under study. Conclusions: The present study highlights the importance of hypoxia as a stimulus that modifies the activation of the STAT3 protein in HeLa and EA.hy926 cells, which makes it an important factor in the design of therapeutic strategies against cancer.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Endothelial Cells/pathology , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Hypoxia/metabolism , Phosphorylation/physiology , STAT3 Transcription Factor/chemistry
19.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 761-768, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-205738

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Our previous studies have shown that oncostatin M (OSM) promotes trophoblast invasion activity through increased enzyme activity of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and -9. We further investigated OSM-induced intracellular signaling mechanisms associated with these events in the immortalized human trophoblast cell line HTR8/SVneo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated the effects of OSM on RNA and protein expression of MMP-2 and -9 in the first-trimester extravillous trophoblast cell line (HTR8/SVneo) via Western blot. The selective signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)3 inhibitor, stattic, STAT3 siRNA, and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) siRNA were used to investigate STAT3 and ERK activation by OSM. The effects of STAT3 and ERK inhibitors on OSM-induced enzymatic activities of MMP-2 and -9 and invasion activity were further determined via Western blot and gelatin zymography. RESULTS: OSM-induced MMP-2 and -9 protein expression was significantly suppressed by STAT3 inhibition with stattic and STAT3 siRNA silencing, whereas the ERK1/2 inhibitor (U0126) and ERK silencing significantly suppressed OSM-induced MMP-2 protein expression. OSM-induced MMP-2 and MMP-9 enzymatic activities were significantly decreased by stattic pretreatment. The increased invasion activity induced by OSM was significantly suppressed by STAT3 and ERK1/2 inhibition, though to a greater extent by STAT3 inhibition. CONCLUSION: Both STAT3 and ERK signaling pathways are involved in OSM-induced invasion activity of HTR8/SVneo cells. Activation of STAT3 appears to be critical for the OSM-mediated increase in invasiveness of HTR8/SVneo cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blotting, Western , Cell Movement/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/genetics , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/genetics , Oncostatin M/genetics , Phosphorylation/drug effects , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Signal Transduction/drug effects
20.
Biol. Res ; 48: 1-10, 2015. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950794

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) induces hepatotoxicity in animal models, including the increased blood flow and cytokine accumulation that are characteristic of tissue inflammation. The present study investigates the hepato-protective effect of rutin on CCl4-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. RESULTS: Forty male Wistar rats were divided into four groups. Group I (control group) received 1 mL/kg of dimethyl sulfoxide intragastrically and 3 mL/kg olive oil intraperitoneally twice a week for 4 weeks. Group II received 70 mg/ kg rutin intragastrically. Groups III and IV received CCl4 (3 mL/kg, 30 % in olive oil) intraperitoneally twice a week for 4 weeks. Group IV received 70 mg/kg rutin intragastrically after 48 h of CCl4 treatment. Liver enzyme levels were determined in all studied groups. Expression of the following genes were monitored with real-time PCR: interleukin-6 (IL-6), dual-specificity protein kinase 5 (MEK5), Fas-associated death domain protein (FADD), epidermal growth factor (EGF), signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), Janus kinase (JAK), B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl2) and B-cell lymphoma-extra-large (Bcl-XL). The CCl4 groups showed significant increases in biochemical markers of hepatotoxicity and up-regulation of expression levels of IL-6, Bcl-XL, MEK5, FADD, EGF, STAT3 and JAK compared with the control group. However, CCl4 administration resulted in significant down-regulation of Bcl2 expression compared with the control group. Interestingly, rutin supplementation completely reversed the biochemical markers of hepatotoxicity and the gene expression alterations induced by CCl4. CONCLUSION: CCl4 administration causes alteration in expression of IL-6/STAT3 pathway genes, resulting in hepatotoxicity. Rutin protects against CCl4-induced hepatotoxicity by reversing these expression changes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Rutin/pharmacology , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Interleukin-6/metabolism , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/drug therapy , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Carbon Tetrachloride , Biomarkers , Gene Expression/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Protective Agents/pharmacology , MAP Kinase Kinase 5/metabolism , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Epidermal Growth Factor/metabolism , bcl-X Protein/metabolism , Janus Kinases/metabolism , Fas-Associated Death Domain Protein/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Liver/drug effects
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