Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.744
Filter
3.
Rev. latinoam. psicol ; 52: 176-183, June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1180945

ABSTRACT

Abstract Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), mainly HIV/AIDS, are acquired through risky sexual behaviors that have been associated with sexual sensation seeking. The purpose of this work is development a new scale for the assessment of sexual sensations seeking, with evidence of validity based on internal structure and relationship to other measures, for use in young people and adults in a Latin American context. An instrumental study was performed, with time-space sampling of students from the two Chilean cities with the highest rates of HIV. Final scale has 9 items to evaluate two dimensions: (1) sexual emotions seeking and (2) tendency to sexual boredom. The identified structure provides good levels of reliability and presents validity evidence, based on the internal structure of the test, using CFA and ESEM. Two-dimensional sexual sensation seeking scale evidence proper psychometric properties to evaluate the seeking for sexual sensations in equivalents samples.


Resumen Resumen Las infecciones de transmisión sexual (ITS), principalmente el VIH/SIDA, son adquiridas a través de comportamientos sexuales de riesgo que se han asociado con la búsqueda de sensaciones sexuales. El propósito de este trabajo es desarrollar un nuevo instrumento de medida para evaluar la búsqueda de sensaciones sexuales en jóvenes y adultos en Latinoamérica. Se realizó un estudio instrumental, con un muestreo espaciotemporal en estudiantes de las dos ciudades chilenas con mayores índices de VIH. La escala final contiene 9 ítems para evaluar dos dimensiones: (1) búsqueda de emociones sexuales y (2) tendencia al aburrimiento sexual. La estructura identificada proporciona niveles adecuados de confiabilidad y presenta evidencia de validez, basada en la estructura interna del test, utilizando AFC y ESEM. La Escala Bidimensional de Búsqueda de Sensaciones Sexuales evidencia propiedades psicométricas adecuadas para eva luar la búsqueda de sensaciones sexuales en muestras equivalentes.


Subject(s)
Sensation , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Sexually Transmitted Diseases , Emotions
4.
J. psicanal ; 53(98): 41-50, jan.-jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1154735

ABSTRACT

Embora as sessões de análise de modo não presencial já fossem uma realidade em alguns contextos, a pandemia causada pelo novo coronavírus faz com que os consultórios dos analistas se transformem em consultórios virtuais de forma abrupta. Desse modo, psicanalistas têm relatado uma sensação de cansaço muito maior ao fim de sessões realizadas nessa modalidade. Um dos fatores que acreditamos estejam relacionados a isso é a diferença de ritmo entre a sessão presencial e a não presencial - estas últimas tendem a ser mais aceleradas e tolerar menos silêncios, sob pena do risco de extinção do encontro analítico. Propomos assim uma reflexão sobre tais fatores, utilizando conceitos da Semiótica Tensiva, do linguista francês Claude Zilberberg, bem como da noção de enquadre como trabalhada por José Bleger e outros autores, construindo assim um trabalho interdisciplinar na interface da semiótica com a psicanálise.


Although remote psychoanalytical sessions were already a reality in certain situations, the covid-19 pandemic transformed the analyst's consulting rooms into virtual ones in a very unexpected and sudden way. Psychoanalysts have reported being more tired than normal at the end of remote sessions. One of the critical differences, that we perceive, between in-person and remote sessions, is that the latter tends to be more accelerated and also tends to tolerate less silent moments, which risks the extinction of the analytical meeting. Therefore, we propose a discussion about these factors using tensive semiotics concepts from the French semiotician Claude Zilberberg as well as using the notion of setting as developed by José Bleger and other authors, to develop an interdisciplinary paper between semiotics and psychoanalysis.


Aunque las sesiones de análisis no presenciales eran realidad en algunas situaciones, la pandemia causada por la covid-19 está transformando los consultorios de los analistas en consultorios virtuales de manera abrupta. Así, psicoanalistas están relatando una sensación de cansancio mucho mayor al final de las sesiones realizadas en esta modalidad. Uno de los factores que creemos estar relacionado a ello es la diferencia de ritmo entre la sesión presencial y la no presencial, porque las sesiones no presenciales tienen tendencia a ser más aceleradas y tolerar menos silencios bajo pena de riesgo de extinción del encuentro analítico. Proponemos una reflexión sobre tales fatores, usando conceptos de semiótica tensiva, del lingüista francés Claude Zilberberg, así como de la noción de encuadre como trabajada por José Bleger y otros autores, construyendo un trabajo interdisciplinar en la interfaz de la semiótica con la psicoanálisis.


Bien que les séances de psychanalyse non-présentielles fussent déjà d'actualité dans certains contextes, la pandémie causée par le covid-19 a soudainement transformé le cabinet du psychanalyste en cabinet virtuel, de sorte que les praticiens ont fait part d'une plus grande fatigue au terme des séances effectuées selon cette modalité. L'un des facteurs que nous y croyons liés est la différence de rythme entre les séances dites présentielles et celles dites non-présentielles, ces dernières tendant à être plus accélérées et à moins tolérer les silences sous peine d'encourir un risque d'extinction de la rencontre analytique. Nous proposons une réflexion sur ces facteurs, à l'aide des concepts de la sémiotique tensive du linguiste français Claude Zilberberg, ainsi que de la notion de cadre telle qu'elle est développée par José Bleger et d'autres auteurs, construisant par là un travail interdisciplinaire à l'interface de la sémiotique et de la psychanalyse.


Subject(s)
Psychoanalysis , Sensation , Pandemics , Sadness , Coronavirus Infections
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782067

ABSTRACT

3) of the pain in domains of tingling/prickling sensation (p=0.024), mechanical allodynia (p=0.027), sudden pain attacks (p=0.018), and thermal hyperalgesia (p=0.002) were significantly more frequent in NMOSD compared to MS patients. Among the patients experiencing pain with a neuropathic component, total pain-related interference (p=0.045) scores were significantly higher in NMOSD patients than in MS patients. In daily life, pain interfered with normal work (p=0.045) and relationships with other people (p=0.039) more often in NMOSD patients than in MS patients. Although pain medication was prescribed more frequently in NMOSD patients, the percentage of patients experiencing medication-related pain relief was lower in those patients.CONCLUSIONS: The severity of neuropathic pain and the pain-related interference in daily life were greater in NMOSD patients than in MS patients. Individualized analgesic management should be considered based on a comprehensive understanding of neuropathic pain in these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hyperalgesia , Korea , Multiple Sclerosis , Neuralgia , Neuromyelitis Optica , Referral and Consultation , Sensation , Sex Ratio
8.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 49: e20200070, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1144881

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução A Doença de Parkinson (DP) resulta em condições clínicas desfavoráveis para a saúde bucal e não existe estudo publicado sobre dor ao tratamento odontológico em pacientes com DP. Objetivo Pesquisar associação entre características clínicas da DP e a intensidade de dor em decorrência de tratamentos odontológicos. Material e método Foi utilizada uma amostra consecutiva de 70 pacientes com DP, nos quais foram realizados 217 procedimentos odontológicos invasivos. Tempo de DP foi coletado do prontuário odontológico; estágio da DP foi definido por meio da escala de Hoehn e Yahr; défice cognitivo, por meio do Mini Exame do Estado Mental; depressão, por meio do Inventário de Depressão de Beck; e comprometimento motor, por meio da escala UPDRS/AVD. Os pacientes foram questionados se no último mês sentiram alguma sensação de dormência, formigamento, queimação ou dor bem como dificuldade para sentir cheiros ou gostos. A dor relacionada ao tratamento foi coletada por meio de uma escala numérica de dor com valores de 0 a 10. Resultado O nível de dor percebida pelos pacientes durante o tratamento odontológico não apresentou associação significativa com tempo de DP, estágio da DP, comprometimento motor nem ocorrência de depressão. Maior nível de dor foi estatisticamente mais frequente entre aqueles com défice cognitivo e aqueles que relataram a presença de maior número de sintomas sensitivos, sobretudo dormência e queimação. Conclusão A dor ao tratamento odontológico em pacientes com DP está associada aos sintomas não motores desses pacientes, especificamente o défice cognitivo e a presença de sintomas sensitivos.


Abstract Introduction Parkinson's disease (PD) results in unfavorable clinical conditions for oral health and there is no published study on pain during dental treatment in PD patients. Objective To investigate association between clinical characteristics of PD and the intensity of pain due to dental treatments. Material and method A consecutive sample of 70 patients with PD was used, in which 217 invasive dental procedures were performed. PD duration was collected from dental records; PD stage was defined using the Hoehn and Yahr scale; cognitive deficit, using the Mini Mental State Examination; depression, using the Beck Depression Inventory; and motor impairment, using the UPDRS-AVD scale. Patients were asked whether in the last month they felt any numbness, tingling, burning or pain sensation; as well as difficulty in smelling or tasting. Treatment-related pain was collected using a Numerical Pain Scale with values ranging from 0 to 10. Result the level of pain perceived by patients during dental treatment was not significantly associated with PD duration, PD stage, motor impairment or occurrence of depression. The frequency of patients who reported a higher level of pain was statistically higher among those with cognitive impairment and those who reported the presence of a greater number of sensory symptoms, especially numbness and burning. Conclusion Pain related to dental treatment in PD patients is associated with non-motor symptoms of these patients, specifically the cognitive impairment and the presence of sensory symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Parkinson Disease , Association , Dental Care , Pain, Procedural , Parkinson Disease/epidemiology , Sensation , Oral Health , Depression , Pain Perception , Cognitive Dysfunction , Mental Status and Dementia Tests
9.
Rev. iberoam. psicol. (En línea) ; 13(3): 127-137, 2020. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1224681

ABSTRACT

El rasgo de Búsqueda de Sensaciones (BS) se puede entender como la necesidad de sensaciones y experiencias nuevas, variadas y complejas, y el deseo de arriesgarse con el fin de obtenerlas. Este rasgo se asocia con un mayor riesgo de realizar conductas peligrosas y con diferentes trastornos mentales. Sin embargo, en México no se conoce el comportamiento de la escala más utilizada para evaluar la BS cuando se utiliza en adolescentes. Por ello, el objetivo de la presente investigación es estudiar las propiedades psicométricas de la Escala Búsqueda de Sensaciones ­ Forma V (Sensation Seeking Scale ­ Form V), analizando su consistencia interna, su validez convergente y fiabilidad considerando la naturaleza dicotómica de los datos. Participaron 334 estudiantes de secundaria, con edades comprendidas entre 12 y 15 años tanto mujeres (n=171) como hombres (n = 163). En los resultados se identificaron 20 ítems que se distribuían en tres factores mediante un análisis factorial exploratorio que se calculó con la mitad de la muestra. Esta estructura mostró un ajuste adecuado en el análisis confirmatorio que se realizó con la otra parte de la muestra (χ2 = 213.78, gl = 167, p < 0.05, CFI = 0.93, TLI = 0.91, RMSEA = 0.04). Se calcularon los índices de fiabilidad (KR = 0.78, Omega = 0.94), se encontraron correlaciones con la escala de impulsividad (r = .39), la escala de uso de sustancias (r =.31 ) y con depresión (r = .26 ). Tanto en la escala total como en los factores se observaron mayores puntuaciones en hombres que en mujeres


The Sensation Seeking (SS) trait is conceived as the need for new, varied and complex sensations and experiences, and the desire to take risks in order to experience them. The trait is associated with a higher risk of dangerous behaviors and with different mental disorders. However, in Mexico, the performance of the scale most used to assess BS when used in adolescents is not known. For this reason, the objective of this research is to study the psychometric properties of the Sensation Seeking Scale - Form V (Sensation Seeking Scale - Form V), its internal consistency, its convergent validity and reliability considering the dichotomous nature of the data. 334 high school students participated, aged between 12 and 15 years, both women (n = 171) and men (n = 163). Results: 20 items were identified that were distributed in three factors through an exploratory factor analysis that was calculated with half of the sample This structure showed an adequate fit in the confirmatory analysis that was carried out with the other part of the sample


Subject(s)
Humans , Psychometrics , Mental Disorders , Research , Sensation , Behavior , Risk , Depression , Mexico
10.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20190702, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132183

ABSTRACT

Abstract Texture is an important parameter which influences on the quality and acceptability of yoghurts. The utilize of stabilizers in yoghurt manufacturing has become a prevalent application to improve the textural properties of yoghurts. In this context, guar gum obtained from Cyamopsis tetragonolobus is generally used as a natural stabilizer for its thickening and gelling properties. Accordingly, this study evaluated the use of chia seed mucilage as an alternative to guar gum to improve the textural properties of yoghurt. This study focused on the effect of using chia seed mucilage (CSM) and guar gum (GG) at 1, 2, and 3% concentrations on the textural and microstructural characteristics of yoghurts. The results of fortifications with CSM and GG on the physicochemical, sensory, and antioxidative properties of yoghurts were also evaluated. Compared to GG, CSM provided higher antioxidant activity which improved with increasing concentrations of CSM. An enhancement was observed in textural properties of yoghurts containing CSM and GG, but CSM concentrations up to 2% gave better effect on firmness. Besides, the microstructure of yoghurt was enhanced depending on the increase in CSM and GG amounts. No negative effect was determined on the sensory properties of the samples by CSM and GG additions. The results showed that CSM can be used in set-type yoghurt production as an alternative stabilizer by improving firmness and consistency and reducing syneresis. Furthermore, its use is suitable for industrial yoghurt production with regards to sensorial properties.


Subject(s)
Seeds , Sensation , Yogurt/analysis , Salvia , Plant Mucilage , Food Technology , Antioxidants/analysis , Cyamopsis
11.
Rev. iberoam. psicol. (En línea) ; 13(1): 105-115, 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1247982

ABSTRACT

En este artículo se buscó describir las autopercepciones asociadas a la competencia de autorregulación de los propios deseos, en estudiantes de magisterio de cuatro cursos consecutivos. Participaron un total de 224 estudiantes de la Facultad de Educación de entre 18 y 19 años en la asignatura de Psicología del Desarrollo. Para ello, tras una revisión teórica sobre la literatura científica, se expone una propuesta docente exploratoria y descriptiva en la que se parte de dos fuentes de información. Por un lado, el análisis de contenido cualitativo de un trabajo escrito introspectivo, personal y confidencial sobre la autopercepción de esta competencia. Por otro lado, la consideración de los resultados de 39 minigrupos de discusión. El análisis descriptivo e interpretativo de los resultados sugiere que los participantes reconocen y describen importantes dificultades para la autorregulación de sus deseos, con altos índices en factores de riesgo para su salud física y emocional que les llevan a conductas adictivas con o sin sustancias. Asimismo se sienten de forma significativa incapaces de mejorarse y con sensación de vacío vital. Como conclusión, se destaca la necesidad del entrenamiento en esta competencia dentro del ámbito universitario, con formación previa de los docentes, y se constata que tanto el trabajo introspectivo como los grupos de discusión son recursos educativos de metodología cualitativa para la formación inicial del docente. Se sugiere investigar la relación de esta competencia con otras competencias emocionales intrapersonales y con los propósitos vitales.


This article aims to describe qualitatively the self-perceptions in the competence of self-regulation of the wishes of students of teaching in four consecutive courses with a total of 224 students of the Faculty of Education between 18 and 19 years in the subject of Developmental Psychology. To this end, after a theoretical review of the scientific literature, an exploratory and descriptive teaching proposal is presented, in which two sources of information based. On the one hand, the qualitative content analysis of an introspective, personal and confidential written work about the self-perception of this competence. On the other hand, the consideration of the results of 39 mini-discussion groups.The descriptive and interpretive analysis of the results shows that the participants recognize and describe important difficulties for self-regulation of their desires, with high rates of risk factors for their physical and emotional health that lead to addictive behaviors with or without substances. They also feel significantly unable to improve themselves and feel vitally empty. As conclusions, the need for training in this competence within the university context is highlighted with previous training of teachers, and it is found that both introspective work and discussion groups are educational resources of qualitative methodology for initial teachers training. It is suggested to investigate the relationship of this competence with other intrapersonal emotional competences and with the purposes of life


Subject(s)
Humans , Self Concept , Psychology, Developmental , Self-Control , Sensation , Risk Factors , Mental Competency , Behavior, Addictive , Education , Methodology , Literature
12.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(supl.1): 2457-2460, Mar. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101067

ABSTRACT

Abstract Mental disorders (MD) are commonly comorbid with cardiovascular, metabolic, and some infectious diseases. Since the current SARS-CoV-2 epidemic is affecting the most multimorbid individuals, we might expect that the epidemic will be particularly problematic for people with MD. Understanding the burden of an outbreak on mental health is fundamental to effective action towards containing the spread of the disease, as psychopathology might reduce endurance during the lockdown. This can potentially reduce adhesion to ongoing treatment resulting in avoidable recurrence of a disorder. Additionally, there is the stress caused by the eminent risk of infection or economic uncertainty, especially in low-middle income settings. This is an overview on the expected influence of the COVID-19 on mental health from a research group that has not long ago been involved in the Zika epidemic. It aims to discuss the effects of the pandemic on a Low and Middle-Income country (LMIC), Brazil.


Resumo Os Transtornos Mentais (TM) são comorbidades comuns associadas a doenças cardiovasculares, metabólicas e algumas doenças infecciosas. Como a atual epidemia de SARS-CoV-2 está afetando mais os indivíduos multimórbidos, podemos esperar que a epidemia seja particularmente problemática para pessoas com TM. Compreender o ônus de um surto na saúde mental é fundamental para uma ação de contenção eficaz da propagação da doença, pois a psicopatologia pode reduzir a resistência durante o confinamento. Que pode potencialmente reduzir a adesão ao tratamento em andamento, resultando na recorrência evitável de um distúrbio. Além disso, há o estresse causado pelo risco eminente de infecção ou incerteza econômica, especialmente em ambientes de baixa e média renda. Esta é uma "overview" sobre a potencial influência do COVID-19 na saúde mental realizada por um grupo de pesquisa que não faz muito tempo esteve envolvido na epidemia de Zika. Ela tem como objetivo discutir os efeitos da pandemia do COVID-19 em um país de baixa e média renda, Brasil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/psychology , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Mental Health , Coronavirus Infections/psychology , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Developing Countries , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus , Sensation , Social Isolation , Bipolar Disorder/psychology , Bipolar Disorder/therapy , Brazil , Family , Caregivers , Coronavirus Infections , Dementia/nursing , Multimorbidity , Health Services Accessibility , Mental Disorders/psychology , Mental Disorders/drug therapy , Mental Disorders/epidemiology
14.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 18(6): 969-982, nov.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093920

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El apego materno-fetal es un proceso relacional que construye la mujer gestante. Objetivo: Identificar los atributos del concepto de apego materno-fetal. Material y métodos: Se utilizó la metodología de análisis de concepto propuesta por Walker y Avant. Se realizó búsqueda de artículos en las bases de datos Lilacs/BIREME, CUIDEN, EBSCO, Science Direct, Ovid, EMBASE, Pubmed/Medline y Google Scholar. Se diseñó una base de datos para consolidar la información proveniente de los artículos. La integración de la información se hizo a través de los pasos propuestos para el análisis de concepto de Walker y Avant. Desarrollo: El apego materno-fetal es un proceso que requiere la representación mental del feto como persona, puede ser manifestado en comportamientos de interacción con el feto y cuidado hacia sí misma y requiere de una red de apoyo. Son antecedentes del apego materno-fetal, las formas de vinculación de la mujer gestante con su madre y su pareja, y, como consecuencias, la intención de lactar, la sensación de competencia materna y el vínculo materno-infantil. Los atributos de este concepto se pueden agrupar en cuatro dimensiones: cognitiva, afectiva, altruista y personal/relacional. Son varios los instrumentos que se han desarrollado para medirlas, entre los que se cuentan el de Cranley, Muller y el de Condon. Conclusiones: Se concluye que el apego materno-fetal es un concepto de trascedencia para la teoría y la práctica de la enfermería materno-infantil y el cuidado prenatal, pues es pilar fundamental en la transición hacia la maternidad(AU)


Introduction: Maternal-fetal bonding is a relational process built by the pregnant woman. Objective: To identify the attributes of the concept of maternal-fetal bonding. Material and methods: The conceptual analysis approached by Walker and Avant´s was used. A detailed searched for articles in several databases such as Lilacs/BIREME, CUIDEN, EBSCO, Science Direct, Ovid, EMBASE, PubMed/Medline y Google Scholar was carried out. A database was designed to gather information from different articles. The integration of information was carried out following the steps proposed for the concept analysis outlined by Walker and Avant. Development: Maternal-fetal bonding is a process that requires the mental representation of the fetus as a person. It can be expressed as interactions with the fetus and self-care behavior, and it requires network support. Some antecedents of maternal-fetal bonding are the relation of the pregnant woman with her mother and her partner and consequently, the intention to breastfeed, the sensation of maternal competence, and maternal-infant attachment. The attributes of this concept can be grouped into four dimensions: cognitive, affective, altruistic, and personal/relational. Several instruments have been developed to carry out its measurement, including Cranley´s, Muller´s and Condon´s. Conclusions: It is concluded that maternal-fetal bonding is a concept of transcendence combining theory and practice of maternal and child nursing care and prenatal care; as it is a fundamental pillar in the transition to motherhood(AU)


Subject(s)
Maternal-Fetal Relations/psychology , Sensation
15.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 79(1,supl.1): 38-43, abr. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002603

ABSTRACT

Las conductas auto estimulatorias y auto lesivas son muy frecuentes en los trastornos del neurodesarrollo, siendo una fuente de ansiedad y sufrimiento importante tanto para las personas que las presentan como para sus familias. En ocasiones estas conductas son tan intensas y frecuentes que llegan a ser un peligro para la salud del sujeto. Se realiza una revisión bibliográfica sobre las diferentes vías de atención de estas conductas desarrolladas hasta el momento, y se expone la metodología aplicada en nuestra clínica, presentando datos recopilados sobre el efecto de la terapia sobre las conductas auto lesivas y auto estimulatorias en 20 casos, como punto de partida para próximas investigaciones. Se destaca el modelo de integración sensorial que complementa el tratamiento farmacológico y el cognitivo conductual, ya que considera relevante las necesidades sensoriales y entrena la capacidad de auto regulación funcional.


Self-stimulatory and self-injurious behaviors are very frequent in neurodevelopmental disorders, being a source of anxiety and suffering for persons who have that behavior and their families. Sometimes these behaviors are so intense and frequent that it becomes a self-integrity risk. A bibliographic review was conducted on the different approaches that have been developed until today; in addition, this article explains the methodology applied in our clinic, with a data collection on the effect of therapy on self-injurious and self-stimulatory behaviors in 20 cases, as a starting point for future research. The sensory integration model that complements pharmacological and behavioral cognitive treatment is highlighted, since it considers sensory needs relevant and trains the capacity for functional self-regulation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Occupational Therapy/methods , Self-Injurious Behavior/rehabilitation , Autism Spectrum Disorder/rehabilitation , Self Stimulation , Sensation , Self-Injurious Behavior/complications , Self-Injurious Behavior/etiology , Autism Spectrum Disorder/complications
16.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 37(1): 97-103, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-985131

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Revisar, na literatura, estudos que abordem alterações nos sistemas sensoriais apresentadas por respiradores orais. Fonte de dados: A busca foi realizada nas bases de dados PubMed, BIREME, LILACS, Web of Science e Scopus. A busca foi realizada independentemente por dois pesquisadores, seguindo os critérios de seleção. Foram selecionados artigos originais que abordaram a respiração oral e as alterações nos sistemas sensoriais publicados nos idiomas português, inglês e espanhol. Os artigos de revisão da literatura, as dissertações, os capítulos de livros, os estudos de caso e os editoriais foram excluídos. Síntese dos dados: Foram encontrados 719 artigos, dos quais 663 foram excluídos pelo título e 22 pelo resumo. Trinta e quatro manuscritos foram analisados, dos quais 23 estavam repetidos e 8 foram excluídos pelo texto lido na íntegra. Assim, três artigos foram selecionados para esta revisão. Conclusões: A maioria dos estudos apresenta a ocorrência de alterações dos sistemas sensoriais em crianças respiradoras orais. Contudo, observa-se maior preocupação na avaliação da recepção sensorial. Além disso, a avaliação dos sistemas sensoriais foi realizada de forma não padronizada, o que pode ter acarretado resultados menos precisos na população estudada.


ABSTRACT Objective: To review, in the literature, information regarding changes in the sensory systems of mouth breathers. Data sources: The search was conducted in the following databases PubMed, BIREME, LILACS, Web of Science and Scopus. The search was independently carried out by two researchers, following the selection criteria. Original articles that approached mouth breathing and changes in sensory systems published in Portuguese, English and Spanish were published. Literature review of articles, dissertations, book chapters, case studies and editorials were excluded. Data synthesis: We found 719 articles. Among them, 663 were excluded by the title and 22 by the summary. Among the 34 analyzed manuscripts, 23 were repeated and 8 were excluded by reading the full text. Thus, 3 articles were selected for this review. Conclusions: Most studies presents the occurrence of changes in sensory systems in mouth breathing children. However, sensory reception is a matter of more concern. Besides, the evaluation of sensory systems was not standardized, which may have led to less precise results in the studied population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Sensation/physiology , Perception/physiology , Sensation Disorders/etiology , Sensation Disorders/physiopathology , Sensation Disorders/psychology , Mouth Breathing/complications , Mouth Breathing/physiopathology
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773193

ABSTRACT

The taste is the key to the research and design for formulation prescription of traditional Chinese medicine buccal tablets( TCMBTs). TCMBTs are dissolved in the oral cavity in parallel with the release of the drug,providing a sufficient " time window" for the perception of various basic taste,tactile and retention. The overall taste is the result of competitive inhibition,comprehensive superposition and dynamic change of multiple tastes. Traditional evaluation methods rely mostly on recalled experience score,difficult to reflect the dynamic changes of taste for buccal tablets. Therefore,it is urgent to establish a new optimized model for taste evaluation and formulation prescription according to the formulation characteristics of TCMBTs. To this end,this paper proposed for the first time to construct a research method for the optimal formulation of TCMBTs based on temporal dominant description of sensations combined with multivariate statistical analysis: the sensory test of volunteers was carried out by temporal dominant description analysis method,and elements separation was conducted for the time and taste in the process of inclusion to form a temporal dominant descriptive score of multi-time points and multi-sensory attributes. Finally,the optimal formulation was obtained by multivariate statistical analysis. Taking the formulation prescription of Compound Caoshanhu Buccal Tablets as an example,the research ideas of this method were explained,and the optimal formulation prescription was obtained as follows,Glabrous Sarcandra Extract of 20. 0 g,mannitol of 24. 0 g,microcrystalline cellulose of 12. 0 g,aspartame of 1. 0%,menthol of 0. 7%,and menthol oil of 0. 7%. This study provides a new method for the taste evaluation and formulation research of TCMBTs,providing a new idea for the fine manufacturing and innovative development of TCM buccal tablets in the new era.


Subject(s)
Drug Compounding , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Sensation , Solubility , Tablets , Taste
18.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1193-1198, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776189

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the correlation between referred pain distribution and acupoint sensitization in patients with intestinal diseases.@*METHODS@#In clinical research, 443 patients from 8 hospitals were recruited, including the outpatients and inpatients of Crohn's disease (=143), ulcerative colitis (=108), chronic appendicitis (=87) and other intestinal diseases (=105). The site with tenderness on the body surface and the morphological changes of local skin were observed and recorded in the patients. Using a sensory tenderness instrument, the pain threshold at the sensitization point was measured in 60 patients with ulcerative colitis. In animal experiment, SD rats were used and divided into a enteritis group (=8), in which the enteritis model were established, and a control group (=3), in which no any intervention was given. After the injection of Evans blue (EB) at caudal vein, the blue exudation points on the body surface were observed and the distribution rule was analyzed statistically.@*RESULTS@#The referred pain on the body surface in the patients with intestinal diseases was mainly located in the lower abdomen (93.9%, 416/443), the lumbar region (70.9%, 314/443) and the lower legs (33.0%, 146/443). The diameter of tenderness region was 1.5 to 2.5 cm. Compared with the region without sensitization, the pain threshold of the sensitization point in the patients with ulcerative colitis was reduced significantly (<0.001). The referred pain on the body surface in the patients with appendicitis was located in the right lower abdomen (97.7%, 85/87), the waist and back (54.0%, 47/87) and the right lower limbs on the medial side (71.3%, 62/87). The tenderness region was 1 to 2 cm in diameter and was irregular in form. After modeling of enteritis in the rats, the EB exudation points were visible from T to L.@*CONCLUSION@#Intestinal diseases induce referred pain on the body surface where is the same as or adjacent to the location of the spinal segment corresponding to the affected intestinal section. These sensitization regions are related to the locations of acupoints.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Animals , Colitis, Ulcerative , Humans , Intestinal Diseases , Pain Threshold , Pain, Referred , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sensation
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775923

ABSTRACT

In the pathological conditions, the human body induces somatic sensory exchanges and takes neurogenic inflammatory reactions according to referred visceral organ. Acupoint possesses both diagnosing and treating functions according to the acupuncture theory. The sensitization of acupoint refers to a pathophysiological dynamic change which is manifested predominately as a neurogenic inflammatory reaction in the specific area(s) of the body surface under pathological conditions. Furthermore, the process of acupoint from "silent" (physiological status) to "active" (pathological status) is generally represented by the dynamic changes of acupoint location, size and physicochemical environment. These responses of acupoint sensitization simultaneously activate self-healing system in the body and eventually induce the curative effects.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Humans , Sensation
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775873

ABSTRACT

Acupuncture sensation, as one of the essential signs of (arrival of ), is closely associated with curative effect. With systematically reviewing the literature regarding relationship between acupuncture sensations of and different organizational structures of acupoint area (skin, connective tissue, muscles, nerves and blood vessels), it is believed that acupuncture sensation of is the product of various organizational structures in acupoint area, which is closely related to the nervous system. The sensations sensed by the hands of acupuncturists, which is called sense of needle stagnation, maybe caused by the contraction of muscles in the acupoint area during the process of needle manipulation. By system review, this paper puts forward a new research idea to explore the role of different manipulations of needling in generating the sense of -generating needle based on different acupoint structure and brain function response system, which could provide some reference for clarifying the scientific mechanism and clinical application of acupuncture sensations of .


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Needles , Sensation
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL