Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.777
Filter
1.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 22(supl.1): e20236655, 03 fev 2023. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1517668

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Mapear estratégias e recursos instrucionais utilizados com abordagem multissensorial para o ensino presencial de graduandos em Enfermagem e resumir as discussões/conclusões dos autores em relação às repercussões do ensino com essa abordagem no processo de aprendizagem dos graduandos. MÉTODO: A metodologia Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) foi utilizada para o desenvolvimento deste protocolo e será empregada para conduzir e relatar a revisão. Não haverá restrição quanto ao idioma, data ou tipo de publicação. As fontes de informação incluirão PubMed, Cumulative Index in Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PsycINFO, Scopus, Excerpta Medica Database (EMBASE), Web of Science, Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC), portal da Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde (BVS), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), ProQuest e cinco fontes de literatura cinzenta. Os softwares Rayyan e JBI SUMARI serão utilizados para a seleção dos estudos. A seleção dos títulos e resumos, leitura integral dos textos e extração de dados serão realizadas por dois revisores independentes, utilizando um instrumento elaborado e testado pelas autoras. Se necessário, um terceiro revisor será incluído. Os resultados serão apresentados em formato narrativo, diagramas ou tabelas.


OBJECTIVE: To describe instructional strategies and resources used with a multisensory approach for face-to-face teaching of undergraduate nursing students and to summarize the authors' discussions/conclusions regarding the impact of teaching with this approach on the student's learning process. METHOD: The Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) methodology was used to develop this protocol and will be used to conduct and report the scoping review. There will be no restrictions on language, date, or type of publication. Sources of information will include PubMed, Cumulative Index in Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PsycINFO, Scopus, Excerpta Medica Database (EMBASE), Web of Science, Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC), Virtual Health Library (VHL) portal, Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), ProQuest, and five sources of grey literature. Rayyan and JBI SUMARI software are used for study selection. Title and abstract screening, full-text reading, and data extraction will be performed by two independent reviewers using a tool developed and tested by the authors. If necessary, a third reviewer will be involved. The results will be presented in a narrative format, graphs, or tables.


Subject(s)
Sensation , Teaching , Teaching Materials , Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate , Learning
2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 504-508, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980752

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of meridian sinew releasing technique on moxibustion sensation of heat-sensitive moxibustion in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA).@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with KOA were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases each group. In the observation group, on the basis of the meridian sinew releasing technique, moxibustion sensation exploration method was applied at Dubi (ST 35) area on the affected side. In the control group, moxibustion sensation exploration method was applied at Dubi (ST 35) area on the affected side. The meridian sinew releasing technique was performed for 20 min each time, the moxibustion sensation exploration method was performed for 60 min each time, once a day for 3 days. The excitation rate, latency, duration time and intensity value of moxibustion sensation of heat-sensitive moxibustion were recorded on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd days of exploration in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The excitation rate on the 3rd day of exploration and total excitation rate in the observation group were higher than the control group (P<0.05). On the 1st, 2nd and 3rd days of exploration, the latency of moxibustion sensation of heat-sensitive moxibustion in the observation group was shorter than the control group (P<0.05), the duration time was longer than the control group (P<0.05), and the intensity value was higher than the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Meridian sinew releasing technique could improve the excitation rate of moxibustion sensation of heat-sensitive moxibustion in patients with KOA, shorten the latency, prolong the duration time, and improve the intensity value.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Hot Temperature , Meridians , Moxibustion , Sensation
3.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 23-23, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982480

ABSTRACT

Resection of oral and maxillofacial tumors is often accompanied by the inferior alveolar nerve neurectomy, resulting in abnormal sensation in lower lip. It is generally believed that spontaneous sensory recovery in this nerve injury is difficult. However, during our follow-up, patients with inferior alveolar nerve sacrifice showed different degrees of lower lip sensory recovery. In this study, a prospective cohort study was conducted to demonstrate this phenomenon and analyze the factors influencing sensory recovery. A mental nerve transection model of Thy1-YFP mice and tissue clearing technique were used to explore possible mechanisms in this process. Gene silencing and overexpression experiments were then conducted to detect the changes in cell morphology and molecular markers. In our follow-up, 75% of patients with unilateral inferior alveolar nerve neurectomy had complete sensory recovery of the lower lip 12 months postoperatively. Patients with younger age, malignant tumors, and preservation of ipsilateral buccal and lingual nerves had a shorter recovery time. The buccal nerve collateral sprouting compensation was observed in the lower lip tissue of Thy1-YFP mice. ApoD was demonstrated to be involved in axon growth and peripheral nerve sensory recovery in the animal model. TGF-β inhibited the expression of STAT3 and the transcription of ApoD in Schwann cells through Zfp423. Overall, after sacrificing the inferior alveolar nerve, the collateral compensation of the ipsilateral buccal nerve could innervate the sensation. And this process was regulated by TGF-β-Zfp423-ApoD pathway.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Lip/innervation , Prospective Studies , Mandibular Nerve/pathology , Sensation/physiology , Trigeminal Nerve Injuries/pathology
4.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 602-616, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982426

ABSTRACT

Methcathinone (MCAT) belongs to the designer drugs called synthetic cathinones, which are abused worldwide for recreational purposes. It has strong stimulant effects, including enhanced euphoria, sensation, alertness, and empathy. However, little is known about how MCAT modulates neuronal activity in vivo. Here, we evaluated the effect of MCAT on neuronal activity with a series of functional approaches. C-Fos immunostaining showed that MCAT increased the number of activated neurons by 6-fold, especially in sensory and motor cortices, striatum, and midbrain motor nuclei. In vivo single-unit recording and two-photon Ca2+ imaging revealed that a large proportion of neurons increased spiking activity upon MCAT administration. Notably, MCAT induced a strong de-correlation of population activity and increased trial-to-trial reliability, specifically during a natural movie stimulus. It improved the information-processing efficiency by enhancing the single-neuron coding capacity, suggesting a cortical network mechanism of the enhanced perception produced by psychoactive stimulants.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Reproducibility of Results , Neurons , Sensation , Perception
5.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e256598, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529209

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho teve como objetivo analisar a relação entre arte e vida segundo Vigotski. Para isso, foi realizada uma análise conceitual dos capítulos 1, 7, 9, 10 e 11 da Psicologia da Arte, do capítulo 13 da Psicologia Pedagógica e do texto O significado histórico da crise da Psicologia: Uma investigação metodológica. A pesquisa conceitual consiste na análise semântica dos principais conceitos de uma teoria com o intuito de elucidar seus sentidos ocultos ou confusos e desvendar possíveis contradições e ambiguidades no quadro teórico. Podemos observar que a arte é um fenômeno dialético tanto em sua criação como em seus efeitos. A influência da vida, isto é, da realidade sócio-histórica, na criação artística é indireta, pois ela é sempre mediada pelo psiquismo particular do artista. Já o efeito da arte sobre a vida possibilita que o ser humano se conscientize de sua realidade social e se engaje para mudá-la. A arte é, portanto, transformadora, pois reorganiza o psiquismo e possibilita uma mudança nas condições materiais dos seres humanos.(AU)


This study aims to analyze the relationship between art and life according to Vygotsky. Therefore, a conceptual analysis of chapters 1, 7, 9, 10, and 11 of Psychology of Art, chapter 13 of Educational Psychology and the text The Historical meaning of the Crisis of Psychology: A Methodological Investigation was carried out. Conceptual research consists of the semantic analysis of the main concepts of a theory to elucidate its hidden or confused meanings and to reveal possible contradictions and ambiguities in the theoretical framework. Results show that art is a dialectical phenomenon both in its creation and its effects. The influence of life, that is, of socio-historical reality, on artistic creation is indirect since it is always mediated by the artist's particular psyche. The effect of art on life, on the other hand, allows human beings to become aware of their social reality and engage to change it. Art is, therefore, transformative, as it reorganizes the psyche and enables a change in the material conditions of human beings.(AU)


Este proyecto tuve como objetivo analizar la relación entre el arte y la vida, según Vigotski. Para esto, fue realizado un análisis de los capítulos 1, 7, 9, 10 y 11 de Psicología del arte, del capítulo 13 de Psicología Pedagógica y del texto Él significado histórico de la crisis de la Psicología: una investigación metodológica. La pesquisa conceptual consiste en la analice semántica de los conceptos de una teoría, para aclarar sus significados ocultos o confusos y desvendar contradicciones y ambigüedades em el cuadro teórico. Pudimos observar que, el arte es un fenómeno dialéctico en su creación tanto como en sus efectos. La influencia de la vida, esto es, de la realidad socio-histórica, en la creación artística es indirecta, pues es mediada por el psiquismo particular de lo artista. Así, el efecto del arte sobre la vida habilita que lo ser humano adquiera conciencia de su realidad social y que se comprometa a cambiarla. El arte, consiguientemente, transformadora, pues reorganiza lo psiquismo y habilita un cambio en las condiciones materiales de los seres humanos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Art , Psychology , Life , Social Representation , Paint , Perception , Personality , Personality Development , Philosophy , Architecture , Pleasure-Pain Principle , Politics , Psychology, Social , Psychomotor Agitation , Rejection, Psychology , Religion , Association , Research , Role , Sensation , Social Environment , Spiritualism , Thinking , Transference, Psychology , Unconscious, Psychology , Behavior , Humans , Symbolism , Adaptation, Psychological , Attitude , Catharsis , Comment , Mental Competency , Cognition , Communism , Conflict, Psychological , Congresses as Topic , Expressed Emotion , Self Psychology , Psychotherapeutic Processes , Drawing , Creativity , Cues , Culture , Dancing , Capitalism , Human Characteristics , Abreaction , Drama , Drive , Education , Emotions , Esthetics , Existentialism , Cultural Competency , Resilience, Psychological , Poetry , Pleasure , Social Norms , Science in the Arts , Freedom , Dialectical Behavior Therapy , Egocentrism , Group Processes , History , Individuality , Intelligence , Interpersonal Relations , Literature , Methods , Anthropology , Models, Theoretical , Morale , Motion Pictures , Motivation , Music
6.
Junguiana ; 40(2)jul.-dez.2022. ilus.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1434717

ABSTRACT

O artigo enfoca a confluência dos princípios fundamentais que norteiam a física quântica e a psicologia analítica. Destaca a questão de estarmos habituados a lidar com as aplicações práticas decorrentes de ambas as abordagens e a dificuldade de integrarmos suas implicações no que concerne a nossa visão de mundo. Compreende a experiência da sincronicidade como sendo a experiência humana da interconexão quântica e elabora a questão do sentido envolvida nessa vivência, a percepção de fazermos parte integrante de uma ordem mais ampla, a vivência paradoxal da unicidade e do cósmico.


The article focuses on the confluence of the fundamental principles that guide quantum physics and analytical psychology. Of note is the question of dealing with the practical issues arising from both approaches and the difficulty of integrating their implications in terms of our worldview. The experience of synchronicity is understood as being the human experience of quantum interconnection, and the article expounds on the question of meaning involved in this experience, the perception of being an integral part of a broader order, and the paradoxical experience of uniqueness and the cosmic.


El artículo se centra en la confluencia de los principios fundamentales que orientan la física cuántica y la psicología analítica. Destaca la cuestión de que estamos habituados a tratar con las aplicaciones prácticas derivadas de ambos abordajes y la dificultad que tenemos de integrar sus implicancias en lo que concierne a nuestra visión del mundo. Comprende la experiencia de la sincronicidad como la experiencia humana de interconexión cuántica y elabora la cuestión del sentido intrínseca en esa vivencia, la percepción de formar parte integrante de un orden más amplio, la vivencia paradojal de la unicidad y de lo cósmico.


Subject(s)
Quantum Theory , Physics , Psychology , Sensation
7.
Psicol. USP ; 33: e210092, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1406392

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este ensaio traz o método do racional desregramento de todos os sentidos, do poeta Arthur Rimbaud, como ponto de partida para uma reflexão sobre a relação entre razão e afeto e para um possível diálogo com a noção de sentimento de racionalidade, do psicólogo e filósofo William James, sob a perspectiva teórico-metodológica do construtivismo semiótico-cultural em psicologia. Aborda-se o experimento de inalação do óxido nitroso de James como uma experiência de desregramento dos sentidos que proporcionou a ele uma compreensão sobre a questão da unidade e da variedade, ajudando a enriquecer sua cosmovisão empirista e pluralista, em oposição ao racionalismo monista de Hegel.


Abstract This essay uses Rimbaud's rational derangement of all the senses as a starting point for its reflection on the relationship between reason and affection, and for possible dialogues with psychologist and philosopher William James' sentiment of rationality, from the perspective of semiotic-cultural constructivism in psychology. James' experiment of nitrous oxide inhalation is seen as an experience of derangement of the senses that gave him insight on the question of unity and variety, thus enriching his empiricist and pluralist worldview opposed to Hegel' s monistic rationalism.


Résumé Cet essai utilise le raisonné dérèglement de tous les sens de Arthur Rimbaud comme point de départ de sa réflexion sur la relation entre raison et l'affection, et des dialogues possibles avec le sentiment de rationalité du psychologue et philosophe William James, dans la perspective du constructivisme sémiotique-culturel en psychologie. L'expérience d'inhalation d'oxide nitreux de James est considérée comme une expérience du dérèglement des sens qui lui a donné un aperçu de la question de l'unité et de la variété, enrichissant ainsi sa vision empiriste et pluraliste du monde, opposée au rationalisme moniste de Hegel.


Resumen Este ensayo toma el método del racional desarreglo de todos los sentidos del poeta Arthur Rimbaud como punto de partida para una reflexión sobre la relación entre la razón y el afecto, y un posible diálogo con la noción del sentimiento de la racionalidad del psicólogo y filósofo William James, bajo la perspectiva teórico-metodológica del constructivismo semiótico-cultural en psicología. El experimento de la inhalación de óxido nitroso de James se aborda como una experiencia de desarreglo de los sentidos que le proporcionó una comprensión de la unidad y la variedad, contribuyendo a enriquecer su cosmovisión empirista y pluralista en oposición al racionalismo monista de Hegel.


Subject(s)
Psychology , Sensation , Attitude , Philosophy
8.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 35: e210227, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1406923

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective This study aimed to describe the sensory workshops carried out as part of an intervention study developed in 2018 (Brazil), designed to promote the consumption of vegetables, legumes, and fruits among preschool children aged 4 to 6 years old (n=179). Methods The study comprised three stages: (a) raising awareness among the school staff and parents; (b) collecting data on children's food consumption; and (c) conducting sensory-based workshops. Through experimentation, children were encouraged to explore the senses of smell, taste, sight, hearing, and touch to learn about foods. Five workshops were held weekly each one corresponding to one of the senses. Participatory and interactive dynamics as well as playful techniques were adopted to stimulate children's interaction with foods and verbal expression about the experiences. Results Through experimentation, the senses of smell, taste, sight, hearing, and touch were explored, enabling children to learn about food and preparations. Conclusion The low-cost sensory method proved easy to apply and its replication in the school environment to promote healthy eating in preschoolers should be encouraged. Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials, under the register number RBR-5b6zrg.


RESUMO Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo é descrever as oficinas sensoriais realizadas no âmbito de um estudo de intervenção desenvolvido em 2018 (Brasil), para promover o consumo de verduras, legumes e frutas em pré-escolares de 4 a 6 anos (n=179). Métodos O estudo compreendeu três etapas: (a) sensibilização dos funcionários da escola e responsáveis; (b) coleta de dados sobre o consumo alimentar das crianças; e (c) realização de workshops de base sensorial. Por meio da experimentação, as crianças foram incentivadas a explorar os sentidos do olfato, do paladar, da visão, da audição e do tato para aprender sobre os alimentos. Semanalmente foram realizadas cinco oficinas, cada uma correspondendo a um dos sentidos. Dinâmicas participativas e interativas, bem como técnicas lúdicas foram adotadas a fim de estimular a interação das crianças com os alimentos e a expressão verbal sobre as experiências. Resultados A experimentação dos sentidos do olfato, paladar, visão, audição e tato foram explorados, possibilitando que as crianças aprendessem sobre alimentos e preparações. Conclusão O método sensorial de baixo custo mostrou-se de fácil aplicação, e sua replicação no ambiente escolar para promoção da alimentação saudável em pré-escolares deve ser incentivada. Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios Clínicos, número de registro RBR-5b6zrg.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Sensation , Food and Nutrition Education , Child, Preschool , Child Nutrition/education
9.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 329-337, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939891

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study evaluated the effectiveness of acupuncture treatment on postoperative pain in patients with degenerative lumbar spine disease, and explored the relationship between the postoperative analgesic effect of acupuncture and the sensation of acupuncture experienced by the patients.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study analyzed the medical records of 97 patients who had undergone an operation by the same surgeon due to degenerative lumbar disease. These patients were divided into acupuncture group (n = 32), patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) group (n = 27), and oral analgesia group (n = 38) according to the different postoperative analgesic methods. During their hospitalization, patients completed daily evaluations of their pain using a visual analogue scale (VAS), and injection times of supplemental meperidine were recorded. Also, the Chinese version of the Massachusetts General Hospital Acupuncture Sensation Scale (C-MASS) was used in the acupuncture group.@*RESULTS@#Each of the three treatment groups showed significant reductions in postoperative pain, as shown by reduced VAS scores. The acupuncture group, however, had less rebound pain (P < 0.05) than the other two groups. Both the acupuncture and PCA groups experienced acute analgesic effects that were superior to those in the oral analgesia group. In addition, the higher the C-MASS index on the second day after surgery, the lower the VAS score on the fourth day after surgery. There was also a significant difference in the "dull pain" in the acupuncture sensation.@*CONCLUSION@#The results demonstrated that acupuncture was beneficial for postoperative pain and discomfort after simple surgery for degenerative spinal disease. It is worth noting that there was a disproportionate relevance between the patient's acupuncture sensation and the improvement of pain VAS score.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Analgesia/methods , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Consensus , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Sensation
10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 437-441, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927403

ABSTRACT

The paper introduces the placebo acupuncture simulation devices commonly used in clinical trial of acupuncture therapy. These devices are composed of Streitberger, Park, Takakura, Foam and Phantom acupuncture. Because acupuncture therapy is a kind of complex intervention, there are the controversies in methodology for the acupuncture placebo control of clinical trial. Placebo acupuncture may be an effective control, with a certain of specific therapeutic effect. The blinding effect of placebo acupuncture is highly questioned, specially, the sensation of deqi is hardly imitated during acupuncture. On these grounds, in this research, the suggestions has been proposed on the selection and the setting of placebo control in clinical trial of acupuncture therapy.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Sensation
11.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(5): 497-501, oct. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388688

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Los trastornos sensitivos genitales y su relación con el maltrato psicológico en la pareja es un tema poco tratado en la literatura y, sin embargo, presente en la entrevista médica y psicológica. Aplica para aquellos casos en que no se aprecia alteración en la exploración física suficiente como para atribuirlo a causas orgánicas. OBJETIVO: Recopilar e integrar diferentes visiones acerca del síntoma de insensibilidad genital durante las relaciones sexuales, definir si este síntoma corresponde a una disfunción sexual e indagar sobre su relación con la violencia psicológica en la relación de pareja. MÉTODO: Revisión bibliográfica. Resultados: Los trastornos sensitivos cuya base orgánica es descartada no corresponderían a una disfunción sexual, sino más bien a una alteración sensorial disociativa como respuesta a una situación de violencia psicológica acompañada de violencia sexual en todos los casos. CONCLUSIONES: La insensibilidad genital es un tema que debe ser considerado al hacer la anamnesis de una paciente, para así ser derivada a un especialista con la intención de abordarlo de forma interdisciplinaria y, por ende, evaluar y diferenciar los elementos orgánicos y funcionales del síntoma.


INTRODUCTION: Genital sensory disorders and how they relate to psychological abuse in the couple is a topic that is scarcely address in the literature, however present it might be in medical and psychological interviews. It is often found in cases where there is no perceived sufficient alteration in physical examinations in order to attribute it to organic causes. OBJECTIVE: To collect and integrate different views regarding the symptom of genital insensitivity during sexual intercourse, define whether this symptom relates to sexual dysfunction and inquire about its connection with psychological violence in the couple. METHOD: Bibliographic assessment. Results: Sensory disorders, whose organic basis is ruled out, do not relate to sexual dysfunction but rather to a dissociative sensory alteration in response to a situation of psychological violence accompanied, in all cases, by sexual violence. CONCLUSIONS: Genital insensitivity is an issue that must be taken into account at the time of taking the patients medical history. This way, it can be referred to a specialist with the intention of addressing it in an interdisciplinary way and, therefore, evaluate and differentiate the organic and functional elements of the symptom.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/psychology , Intimate Partner Violence , Sensation , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/therapy , Sexuality
12.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(3): 43-60, set. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1290808

ABSTRACT

Introdução:O Brasil está no ranking dos 10 países que mais desperdiçam alimentos no mundo, é também o 3º maior produtor de frutas. As cascas e sementes, que são desprezadas, podem ser utilizadas na alimentação por meio do aproveitamento integral de alimentos. Objetivo:Verificar características organolépticas de preparações culinárias elaboradas com farinha das sementes de melão cantaloupe (Cucumis melo L. var. reticulatus). Metodologia:O trabalho trata-se de um estudo piloto, em que foi elaborada farinha de sementes do melão utilizada na produção de dois coprodutos, bolo simples e torta de frango, elaborados com diferentes percentuais de farinha das sementes, sendo de 25%, 50% e 75% adicionada à farinha de trigo enriquecida com ferro e ácido fólico. Posteriormente foi realizada degustação das amostras para realização da avaliação das características organolépticas dos coprodutos elaborados. Resultados:As preparações feitas com farinha cuja constituição possuía 50% de farinha de sementes foram as comentadas na avaliação das características organolépticas, visto que eram mais palatáveis, em virtude da menor quantidade de resíduos, bem como apresentaram aroma e sabor mais agradáveis quando comparadas às amostras de 75% de farinha de sementes. Conclusões:Diante dos resultados observou-se que os participantes optaram pelos produtos que possuíam quantidade intermediária de resíduos de melão nas preparações, sendo os produtos cuja concentração era 50% de farinha de sementes, visto que não dificultavam a mastigação e deglutição, bem como não tiveram alterações significativas nas características organolépticas como aroma e sabor. Espera-se que em breve com a volta das atividades presenciais, a análise sensorial com provadores não treinados seja realizada para continuidade e conclusão do estudo (AU).


Introduction:Brazil is in the ranking of the 10 countries that most waste food in the world, it is also the 3rd largest fruit producer. The husks and seeds that are neglected can be used in food through the full use of food. Objective:To verify organoleptic characteristics of culinary preparations made with flour from cantaloupe melon seeds (Cucumis melo L. var. Reticulatus).Methodology:The work is a pilot study in which cantaloupe melon melon seed meal flour was used to produce two co-products, simple cake and chicken pie, made with different percentages of flour of the seeds, 25%, 50% and 75% being added to wheat flour enriched with iron and folic acid. Subsequently, samples were tasted to evaluate the organoleptic characteristics of the elaborated by-products.Results:The preparations made with flour whose constitution had 50% of seed meal were those mentioned in the evaluation of the organoleptic characteristics, since they were more palatable, due to the lower amount of residues, as well as presenting a more pleasant aroma and flavor when compared to 75% samples. of seed meal. Conclusions:In view of the results, it was observed that the participants opted for products that had an intermediate amount of melon residues in the preparations, being the products whose concentration was 50% ofseed meal, since they did not hinder chewing and swallowing, as well as had no significant changes in organoleptic characteristics such as aroma and flavor. It is expected that soon with the return of face-to-face activities, sensory analysis with untrained tasters will be carried out for the continuity and conclude of the study (AU).


Introducción: Brasil está en el ranking de los 10 países que más desperdician alimentos en el mundo, también es el 3er productor de frutas más grande. Las cáscaras y semillas que se descuidan se pueden utilizar en los alimentos mediante el uso completo de los alimentos.Objetivo: Verificar las características organolépticas de preparaciones culinarias elaboradas con harina de semillas de melón cantalupo (Cucumis melo L. var. Reticulatus).Metodología: El trabajo es un estudio piloto en el que se utilizó harina de melón cantalupo harina de semilla de melón para producir dos coproductos, bizcocho simple y pastel de pollo, elaborado con diferentes porcentajes de harina de las semillas, 25% , 50% y 75% se agrega a la harina de trigo enriquecida con hierro y ácido fólico. Posteriormente, se cantaron muestras para evaluar las características organolépticas de los subproductos elaborados. Resultados: Las preparaciones elaboradas con harina cuya constitución tenía 50% de harina de semillas fueron las mencionadas en la evaluación de las características organolépticas, ya que resultaron más palatables, por la menor cantidad de residuos, además de presentar un aroma y sabor más agradable al compararse con 75% de muestras de harina de semillas. Conclusiones:A la vista de los resultados, se observó que los participantes optaron por productos que presentaban una cantidad intermedia de residuos de melón en las preparaciones, siendo los productos cuya concentración era del 50% de harina de semillas, ya que no dificultaban la masticación yla deglución, así como no tuvo cambios significativos en las características organolépticas como aroma y sabor. Se espera que próximamente con el regreso de las actividades presenciales se realice un análisis sensorial com catadores no capacitados para continuar y concluir el estudio (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Brazil/epidemiology , Cucumis melo , Whole Utilization of Foods , Sustainable Development Indicators , Food , Seeds , Sensation , Flour
13.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348990

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of sensory regulation of static and dynamic balance in older women, and to verify the sensitivity and specificity levels of the Body Balance Test (Teste de Equilíbrio Corporal, TEC) in relation to its reference standard, determining the best cutoff point for identifying risk of falling. METHODS: 74 women (age 67.59 ± 5.26 years) participated in the study, divided into fallers (n = 18) and non-fallers (n = 56). RESULTS: Comparatively, non-fallers had higher performance scores on static balance exteroceptive regulation (SBER), dynamic balance exteroceptive regulation (DBER), and dynamic balance interoceptive regulation (DBIR). Statistically significant differences were found in DBER (p = ≤0.001) and DBIR (p = 0.031). The area under the ROC curve was 0.73 (95%CI 0.58 ­ 0.88; p = 0.003), with a sensitivity level of 42.30% and specificity of 84.80%. CONCLUSIONS: The greatest chance of falling was found for dynamic balance in situations of exteroceptive and interoceptive regulation for older women with and without a history of falls. Deficits in sensory regulation of body balance are common in older women, both fallers and non-fallers


OBJETIVO: Avaliar o desempenho da regulação sensorial do equilíbrio estático e dinâmico de mulheres idosas e verificar os níveis de sensibilidade e especificidade do Teste de Equilíbrio Corporal (TEC) em relação ao seu padrão de referência, determinando o melhor ponto de corte para a identificação do risco de queda. METODOLOGIA: participaram do estudo 74 mulheres (67,59 ± 5,26 anos), divididas em caidoras (n = 18) e não-caidoras (n = 56). RESULTADOS: Comparativamente, não-caidoras indicaram escores de desempenho mais elevados para equilíbrio estático regulação exteroceptiva (EERE), equilíbrio dinâmico regulação exteroceptiva (EDRE) e equilíbrio dinâmico regulação interoceptiva (EDRI). Diferenças estatisticamente significativas foram encontradas na regulação EDRE (p = ≤0,001) e EDRI (p = 0,031). A área verificada sob a curva ROC foi de 0,73 (IC95% 0,58 ­ 0,88; p = 0,003) e nível de sensibilidade de 42,30% e especificidade de 84,80%. CONCLUSÕES: A maior chance de queda foi encontrada para o equilíbrio dinâmico em situação de regulação exteroceptivo e interoceptivo para mulheres idosas com e sem histórico de queda. Déficits na regulação sensorial do equilíbrio corporal são comuns em mulheres idosas caidoras e não-caidoras


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Sensation/physiology , Accidental Falls , Geriatric Assessment , Postural Balance/physiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , ROC Curve
14.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 666-670, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877676
15.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 570-574, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877660
16.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1063-1068, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921010

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the moxibustion sensation and the clinical therapeutic effect of heat-sensitive moxibustion of two different suspension moxibustion methods and imitation moxibustion apparatus on mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis (KOA), and compare the therapeutic effect of different moxibustion methods.@*METHODS@#A total of 90 patients with mild to moderate KOA were randomized into a hand-held group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off), an imitation moxibustion apparatus group (30 cases) and a moxibustion shelf group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off). @*RESULTS@#The compositions of moxibustion sensation and numbers of moxibustion sensation types in individuals in the hand-held group and the moxibustion shelf group were richer, the moxibustion sensation intensity was higher than that in the imitation moxibustion apparatus group (@*CONCLUSION@#Heat-sensitive moxibustion can effectively treat knee osteoarthritis, while the different suspension moxibustion methods have an influence on clinical therapeutic effect, hand-held suspension moxibustion has the best efficacy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hot Temperature , Imitative Behavior , Moxibustion , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Sensation , Treatment Outcome
17.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 830-836, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942531

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the oropharyngeal sensory function by Current Perception Threshold(CPT) detection, to explore the detection method of oropharyngeal sensory function in normal population, and to analyze the possible influencing factors. Methods: Fifty-eight normal subjects were included prospectively in this study. Age, gender, body mass index (BMI) were collected. The age of the subjects ranged from 20 to 76 (43.27±13.52) years old. There were 34 females with 17 in childbearing period and 17 in menopause; and 24 males were included.In all the cases, 6 cases were in low BMI, 39 cases were in normal BMI, 10 cases were overweight and 3 cases were suffering from obesity. The CPT system of Neurometer was used to stimulate bilateral palatoglossal arch and tongue base.The current used was 2000 Hz, 250 Hz and 5 Hz respectively.The function of type Aβ, Aδ and C sensory nerve fibers were tested and the CPT values were recorded.The values were inversely proportional to pharyngeal sensation function.To evaluate the oropharyngeal sensory function of the subjects, the CPT values of each frequency at each testing point were compared. SPSS 25.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: The CPT value of palatoglossal arch was significantly lower than that of tongue base (t=-2.58,-2.65,-2.54,-2.47,-2.37,-2.77,P<0.05), 2 000 Hz>250 Hz>5 Hz, and there was no significant difference between left and right sides(t=-0.03,-0.51,-0.49,0.06,-0.16,0.13,P>0.05). The CPT value of male was slightly higher than that of female (t=0.92,1.55,0.27,0.78,1.44,1.26,0.35,0.77,1.27,0.24,0.78,0.96,P>0.05). The CPT values of women in childbearing period were significantly less than those in menopausal women (t=-3.90,-3.64,-2.14,-4.20,-4.28,-4.28,-3.52,-4.46,-3.41,-3.63,-4.66,-2.86,P<0.05). The CPT value increased with age, and the values of all frequency of 20 to 30 years old group was significantly lower than those of subjects over 40 years old at each point (The t values of bilateral palatoglossal arch at 2 000 Hz were -5.57,-6.22,-10.18,-11.00;the t values of bilateral palatoglossal arch at 250 Hz were -6.39,-8.79,-6.39,-15.61;the t values of bilateral palatoglossal arch at 5 Hz were -7.09, -5.57, -9.26, -15.23;the t values of tongue base at 2 000 Hz were -3.11,-3.88,-7.60,-8.55;the t values of tongue base at 250 Hz were -6.31,-10.59,-8.52,-10.60;the t values of tongue baseat 5 Hz were -6.69,-5.09,-8.70,-7.07,P<0.05).The values at all frequencies and testing points of 30-40 years old group were significantly lower than those of all subjects over 60 years old (The t values of bilateral palatoglossal arch at 2 000 Hz were -10.91,-12.42;the t values of bilateral palatoglossal arch at 250 Hz were -6.25,-10.87;the t values of bilateral palatoglossal arch at 5 Hz were -5.53,-11.01;the t values of tongue base at 2 000 Hz were -8.62,-10.12;the t values of tongue base at 250 Hz were -6.89,-7.82;the t values of tongue base at 5 Hz were -6.13,-6.48,P<0.05). Conclusions: CPT can be used to evaluate oropharyngeal sensory function. The sensitivity of tongue base is lower than that of palatoglossal arch, there is no significant difference in oropharyngeal sensory function between male and female,between left and right sides. There are many factors influencing oropharyngeal sensory function. Age, hormone level changes may affect the sensitivity of oropharyngeal sensory function.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Electric Stimulation , Nerve Fibers , Pharynx , Sensation , Sensory Thresholds
18.
Rev. chil. ter. ocup ; 20(2): 17-28, dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362762

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. El Autoconcepto, la autoeficacia y la calidad de vida son variables que pueden verse afectadas en los niños/as por la presencia de un déficit de procesamiento sensorial (DPS). Este déficit se caracteriza por fallas en el procesamiento de las sensaciones que pueden ocasionar dificultades en el desempeño cotidiano. La presente investigación tuvo por objetivo determinar si existe diferencia en el autoconcepto, la autoeficacia y la calidad de vida de niños/as venezolanos/as entre 7 y 13 años con y sin DPS.Metodología. El presente es un estudio transversal, con diseño estadístico no experimental de comparación de medias mediante el estadístico t de Student. La muestra estuvo constituida por 98 niños/as de 7 a 13 años, de los cuales 38 (38,8%) estaban diagnosticados con déficit de procesamiento sensorial y 60 (61,2%) sin déficit. Resultados. Se evidenció que existen diferencias significativas en la autoeficacia académica, donde los niños/as con DPS mostraron puntajes medios menores; así como en el autoconcepto físico, donde los puntajes fueron menores en niños/as sin déficit. No se encontraron diferencias significativas en la calidad de vida de las dos muestras. Esta investigación permitió abrir una línea de investigación en el área de variables psicológicas que han sido poco estudiadas en niños/as con DPS, demostrando que esta condición impacta principalmente su percepción de autoeficacia.


Objective. Self-concept, self-efficacy and quality of life are variables that can be affected in children by the presence of a sensory processing deficit (DPS). This deficit is characterized by failures in the processing of sensations that can cause difficulties in daily performance. The objective of this study is to determine whether or not there is a significant difference in the self-concept, self-efficacy and quality of life of Venezuelan children between 7 and 13 years old with and without Sensory Processing Difficulties (SPD). Methodology. This is a cross-sectional study, with a non-experimental statistical design of comparison of means using the student's t-statistic. The sample consisted of 98 children from 7 to 13 years old, of whom 38 (38.8%) were diagnosed with sensory integration deficit and 60 (61.2%) without deficit. Results. There was evidence of significant differences in academic self-efficacy, where children with SPD showed lower mean scores; as well as in physical self-concept, where children without SPD attained lower scores. No significant differences were found in the quality of life of the samples. This study contributes to a line research in psychological variables that have been little studied in children with sensorial integration deficit, demonstrating that this condition mainly impacts their perception of self-efficacy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Quality of Life , Self Concept , Sensation/physiology , Sensation Disorders/physiopathology , Self Efficacy , Perception , Cross-Sectional Studies
19.
Rev. chil. ter. ocup ; 20(2): 27-41, dic. 2020. tab, ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362766

ABSTRACT

La defensividad táctil es una de las disfunciones de integración sensorial que fueron tempranamente descritas por Jean Ayres (Lane, 2020). Sin embargo, para su diagnóstico se carece de instrumentos de evaluación basados en la observación del desempeño del niño, y en cambio, se suele utilizar casi exclusivamente el reporte de los padres por medio de cuestionarios sensoriales. Basado en diversos fundamentos teóricos se diseñó un procedimiento estructurado de observación clínica de la modulación táctil, compuesto por dos juegos con exposición a estímulos táctiles, el cual fue aplicado en contexto de práctica clínica privada, registrándose sus observaciones textualmente en fichas clínicas. El objetivo de esta investigación es describir los signos de defensividad táctil que pueden ser detectados con este procedimiento. Por medio de una pauta de análisis de 29 ítems de respuesta dicotómica, se examinaron retrospectivamente 83 fichas, de una población clínica de niños con y sin defensividad táctil, de 2 a 11 años de edad. Se comparó los resultados de una muestra de niños con defensividad táctil con otra de niños sin defensividad táctil, por medio de estadística descriptiva y pruebas no paramétricas. El desempeño de niños con defensividad táctil estadísticamente difiere de manera significativa del de niños sin defensividad táctil en el procedimiento de observación estudiado. Además, este instrumento puede contribuir con el proceso diagnóstico de defensividad táctil, por medio de la contabilización de indicadores para sugerir el diagnóstico, o de la identificación específica de algunos de ellos que serían más relevantes.


Tactile defensiveness is one of the first sensory integration dysfunctions described by Jean Ayres. However, for the diagnosis, evaluation procedures based on the observation of the child's performance are lacking, and instead, parents' reports are usually used almost exclusively. Based on several theoretical foundations, a structured procedure of clinical observations of tactile modulation was designed, consisting of two games that expose children to tactile stimuli. The observation was applied in a private clinic, using recording used for the purpose of documentation in clinical records. The objective of this research is to describe the tactile defensiveness signs that may be detected with this procedure. Through a guideline with 29 items of dichotomous response, 83 clinical records were retrospectively examined, from a clinical population of children with and without tactile defensiveness, aged 2 to 11 years. The results of a sample of children with tactile defensiveness were compared with another one of children without tactile defensiveness, through descriptive statistics and non-parametric tests. The performance of children with tactile defensiveness are significantly different from children without tactile defensiveness. In addition, this instrument can contribute to the diagnostic process of tactile defensiveness, through the analysis of indicators that suggest the diagnosis, or the specific identification of relevant signs of tactile defensiveness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Perceptual Defense , Sensation/physiology , Touch , Play and Playthings , Surveys and Questionnaires
20.
Rev. chil. ter. ocup ; 20(2): 43-57, dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362900

ABSTRACT

Las relaciones entre las dificultades de aprendizaje y las disfunciones de integración sensorial están reportadas en la literatura norteamericana, aunque en Latinoamérica la información disponible es limitada. Por lo anterior, se orientan los objetivos de este estudio a aportar a la literatura que describe los problemas sensoriales en niños con dificultades de aprendizaje y del impacto del tratamiento basado en la teoría de integración sensorial. El método de tipo retrospectivo utilizó el análisis anónimo de datos de diecisiete estudiantes derivados a terapia ocupacional por presentar dificultades en el entorno escolar. Se aplicaron evaluaciones estandarizadas: el test de Integracion Sensorial y Praxis; y el Perfil Sensorial, que al inicio reconocieron disfunciones entre 53% y el 88% y en reevaluación entre el 27% y el 88% reflejando cambio positivo después del programa. El análisis de varianza ANOVA permitió precisar el efecto del programa y contribuyó a explicar la relación de los déficits del procesamiento sensorial con las dificultades académicas y de comportamiento.


The relationships between learning difficulties and sensory integration dysfunctions are reported in American literature, in Latin America the information available is limited, guiding the objectives of this study to contribute to literature describing sensory problems in children with learning difficulties and the impact of treatment based on sensory integration theory. The retrospective method, I use anonymous analysis of data from seventeen students derived to occupational therapy because they present difficulties in the school environment. The Sensory Integration and Praxis test and sensory profile were applied as a standardized evaluation, which initially recognized dysfunctions between 53% and 88% and in re-evaluation between 27% and 88% reflecting positive change after the program. The ANOVA variance analysis allowed to specify the effect of the program and helped explain the relationship of sensory processing deficits with academic and behavioral difficulties.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Students , Learning Disabilities/rehabilitation , Sensation , Retrospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Colombia , Learning Disabilities/diagnosis
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL