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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e247529, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339345

ABSTRACT

Abstract Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays targeting 16S rRNA genes followed by DNA sequencing are still important tools to characterize microbial communities present in environmental samples. However, despite the crescent number of deposited archaeal DNA sequences in databases, until now we do not have a clear picture of the effectiveness and specificity of the universal primers widely used to describe archaeal communities from different natural habitats. Therefore, in this study, we compared the phylogenetic profile obtained when Cerrado lake sediment DNA samples were submitted to 16S rDNA PCR employing three Archaea-specific primer sets commonly used. Our findings reveal that specificity of primers differed depending on the source of the analyzed DNA. Furthermore, archaeal communities revealed by each primer pair varied greatly, indicating that 16S rRNA gene primer choice affects the community profile obtained, with differences in both taxon detection and operational taxonomic unit (OTU) estimates.


Resumo A amplificação de genes que codificam o rRNA 16S por reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR) e o seu subsequente sequenciamento consistem em uma ferramenta importante na caracterização de comunidades microbianas presentes em amostras ambientais. No entanto, apesar do crescente número de sequências de DNA de Archaea depositadas em bancos de dados, a especificidade e efetividade dos iniciadores de PCR descritos como universais e amplamente utilizados na descrição desse grupo ainda não está clara. Neste estudo foram comparados os perfis filogenéticos de comunidades de arqueias obtidos a partir amostras de DNA de sedimentos lacustres do Cerrado submetidas a ensaios de PCR empregando três pares de iniciadores específicos para Archaea, comumente utilizados neste tipo de estudo. Nossos resultados indicam que as comunidades de arqueias detectadas com cada par de iniciadores apresentaram grande variação filogenética, sugerindo que a escolha de iniciadores dirigidos ao gene de rRNA 16S tem efeito significativo no perfil da comunidade descrita, com diferenças tanto em relação aos táxons detectados, como nas estimativas de unidades taxonômicas operacionais (OTU).


Subject(s)
Archaea/genetics , Phylogeny , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Analysis, DNA , DNA Primers/genetics , Genes, rRNA
2.
Acta sci., Biol. sci ; 45: e62205, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1419135

ABSTRACT

Limosilactobacillus fermentum is a promising probiotic with several documented health benefits. LAB1 is an antagonistic L. fermentum strain isolated from borhani, a traditional South Asian beverage prepared from dairy and plant ingredients. Here, I present the genome sequence of the L. fermentum LAB1 strain, its annotation, and phylogenetic features. The 2.01 Mb genome with a G+C content of 51.9% was assembled into 221 contigs and predicted to have 1,913 protein-coding genes, 98 pseudo genes, 7 rRNAs, 60 tRNAs, and 1 CRISPR array. As much as 91.1% of the coding sequences could be assigned to known functional genes. Determination of average nucleotide identity (ANI) of the genome sequence revealed 99.37% identity to that of the type strain ATCC 14931. Its 16S rRNA gene sequence extracted from the genome sequence showed close phylogenetic association with several L. fermentum strains. The genome sequence is expected to provide useful insights with regard to the phenotypic, metabolic and beneficial aspects of this lactic acid bacterium.(AU)


Subject(s)
Cultured Milk Products/analysis , Limosilactobacillus fermentum/genetics , Phylogeny , Sequence Analysis, DNA/methods
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2965-2985, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981244

ABSTRACT

Schizothorax argentatus that only distributes in the Ili River basin in Xinjiang is one of the rare and endangered species of schizothorax in China, thus has high scientific and economic values. In this study, the complete mitochondrial genome sequence of S. argenteus with a length of 16 580 bp was obtained by high-throughput sequencing. The gene compositions and arrangement were similar to those of typical vertebrates. It contained 13 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNA genes, 2 rRNA genes, and a non-coding region (D-loop). The nucleotide compositions were A (30.25%), G (17.28%), C (27.20%), and T (25.27%), respectively, showing obvious AT bias and anti-G bias. Among the tRNA genes, only tRNA-Ser(GCU) could not form a typical cloverleaf structure due to the lack of dihydrouracil arm. The AT-skew and GC-skew values of the ND6 gene were fluctuating the most, suggesting that the gene may experience different selection and mutation pressures from other genes. The mitochondrial control region of S. argenteus contained three different domains, i.e., termination sequence region (ETAS), central conserved region (CSB-F, CSB-E, CSB-D, and CSB-B), and conserved sequence region (CSB1, CSB2, and CSB3). The conserved sequence fragment TT (AT) nGTG, which was ubiquitous in Cypriniformes, was identified at about 50 bp downstream CSB3. Phylogenetic relationships based on the complete mitochondrial genome sequence of 28 Schizothorax species showed that S. argenteus had differentiated earlier and had a distant relationship with other species, which may be closely related to the geographical location and the hydrological environment where it lives.


Subject(s)
Animals , Genome, Mitochondrial/genetics , Phylogeny , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Cyprinidae/genetics , RNA, Transfer/genetics , DNA, Mitochondrial/genetics , Genes, Mitochondrial
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2954-2964, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981243

ABSTRACT

Incarvillea younghusbandii Sprague is a traditional tonic herb. The roots are used as herbal medicine for nourishing and strengthening, as well as treating postpartum milk deficiency and weakness. In this study, the chloroplast genome of I. younghusbandii was sequenced and assembled by the high-throughput sequencing technology. The sequence characteristics, sequence repeats, codon usage bias, phylogenetic relationships and estimated divergence time of I. younghusbandii were analyzed. The 159 323 bp sequence contained a large single copy (80 197 bp), a small single copy (9 030 bp) and two inverted repeat sequences (35 048 bp). It contained 120 genes, including 77 protein coding genes, 8 ribosomal RNA genes and 35 transfer RNA genes. AAA was the most frequent codon in the chloroplast coding sequence of I. younghusbandii. A total of 42 simple sequence repeats were identified in the chloroplast genome. Phylogenetic analysis revealed I. younghusbandii was mostly like its taxonomically close relative Incarvillea compacta. The divergence between I. younghusbandii and I. compacta was dated to 4.66 million years ago. This study was significant for the scientific conservation and development of resources related to I. compacta. It also provides a basic genetic resource for the subsequent species identification of the genus Incarvillea, and the population genetic diversity study of Bignoniaceae.


Subject(s)
Phylogeny , Molecular Sequence Annotation , Genome, Chloroplast , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Whole Genome Sequencing
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970921

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the serological characteristics and molecular mechanism for an individual with p phenotype.@*METHODS@#An individual with p phenotype upon blood group identification at Jiaxing Blood Center in May 2021 was analyzed. ABO, RhD and P1PK blood groups and irregular antibodies in her serum were identified using conventional serological methods. The encoding region of α1, 4-galactosyltransferase gene (A4GALT) encoding P1 and Pk antigens was analyzed by polymerase chain reaction-sequence-based typing (PCR-SBT).@*RESULTS@#The individual was A group, RhD positive and had a p phenotype of the P1PK blood group system. Anti-PP1Pk was discovered in her serum. Sequencing analysis revealed that she has harbored a homozygous c.343A>T variant of the A4GALT gene.@*CONCLUSION@#The homozygous c.343A>T variant of the A4GALT gene probably underlay the p phenotype in this individual.


Subject(s)
Female , Animals , Blood Group Antigens , Homozygote , Phenotype , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Analysis, DNA
6.
Clin. biomed. res ; 42(3): 218-225, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1415205

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Dried blood spot (DBS) samples have been used for diagnostic purposes since their introduction in the neonatal screening of phenylketonuria almost 50 years ago. The range of its application has been extended to modern approaches, such as next-generation sequencing (NGS) for molecular genetic testing. This study aimed to evaluate the use of a standardized organic method for DNA extraction from DBS samples in the diagnostic setting.Methods: The clinical applicability of the method was tested using 3 samples collected from a newborn screening project for lysosomal storage diseases, allowing the determination of the genotype of the individuals. DNA was extracted from 3 3-mm diameter DBS punches. Quality, purity, and concentration were determined, and method performance was assessed by standard polymerase chain reaction, restriction length polymorphism, Sanger sequencing, and targeted NGS.Results: Results were compared with the ones obtained from DNA samples extracted following the internally validated in-house extraction protocol that used 6 3-mm punches of DBS and samples extracted from whole blood.Conclusion: This organic method proved to be effective in obtaining high-quality DNA from DBS, being compatible with several downstream molecular applications, in addition to having a lower cost per sample


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Polymerase Chain Reaction/statistics & numerical data , Neonatal Screening , Sequence Analysis, DNA/statistics & numerical data , DNA/genetics , Dried Blood Spot Testing/statistics & numerical data
7.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2022. 186 p. tab, graf, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397348

ABSTRACT

Os avanços metodológicos e instrumentais decorrentes do Projeto Genoma Humano formaram o arcabouço necessário para o surgimento das tecnologias de sequenciamento de DNA de Nova Geração, as quais se caracterizam por um custo reduzido, uma baixa demanda operacional e a produção de um grande volume de dados por experimento. Concomitantemente a isso, o aumento no poder de processamento computacional permitiu o desenvolvimento de análises genéticas em larga escala, de modo que, atualmente, é possível estudar características genômicas individualizadas e, até então, pouco ou nunca exploradas. Dentre essas características, aquelas relacionadas às variações estruturais em genomas têm recebido bastante atenção. Os pseudogenes processados, ou retrocópias, são variações estruturais causadas pela duplicação de genes codificadores mediante à transposição de seu RNA mensageiro maduro pela maquinaria enzimática de LINE- 1. As retrocópias podem estar fixadas, ou seja, presentes em todos os genomas de uma dada espécie, os quais são representados pela montagem modelo do genoma de referência, ou podem não estar fixadas, sendo polimórficas, germinativas ou somáticas. No entanto, o conhecimento acerca das retrocópias não fixadas ainda é limitado devido à falta de ferramentas de bioinformática dedicadas a sua identificação e anotação em dados de sequenciamento de DNA. Posto isso, este trabalho apresenta o sideRETRO um programa computacional especializado na detecção de pseudogenes processados ausentes do genoma de referência, mas presentes em dados de sequenciamento de genoma completo e exoma de outros indivíduos. Além de apontar para a presença de retrocópias não fixadas, o sideRETRO é capaz de anotar várias outras características relacionadas a esses evento, tais como: a coordenada genômica de inserção do pseudogene processado, a qual constitui o cromossomo, o ponto de inserção e a fita de DNA (líder or retardada); o contexto genômico do evento (exônico, intrônico ou intergênico); a genotipagem (presente ou ausente) e a haplotipagem (em homozigose ou heterozigose). Para atestar a eficiência da ferramenta, o sideRETRO foi executado para dados simulados e para dados reais validados experimentalmente por um grupo independente. Portanto, em resumo, nesta tese são descritos o desenvolvimento e o uso do sideRETRO uma ferramenta computacional robusta e eficiente, designada para identificar e anotar pseudogenes processados não fixados. Por fim, vale destacar que o sideRETRO preenche uma lacuna metodológica e possibilita novas hipóteses e investigações sistemáticas no campo de chamada de variantes estruturais


The methodological and instrumental advances resulting from the Human Genome Project have created the necessary framework to the emergence of Next Generation DNA sequencing technologies, which are characterized by a reduced cost, low operational demand and the generation of a large volume of data per experiment. Concomitantly with this, the increase in computational processing power has driven the development of large-scale genetic analyses, which allowed us to study individualized genomic traits little or never explored before. Among these characteristics, those related to structural variations in genomes have received much attention. Processed pseudogenes, or retrocopies, are structural variations caused by the duplication of coding genes through the transposition of their mature messenger RNA by the LINE-1 enzymatic machinery. Retrocopies can be fixed (i.e., present in all genomes of a given species and included into the assembly of the reference genome) or unfixed, being polymorphic, germinal or somatic. However, knowledge about unfixed retrocopies is still limited due to the lack of bioinformatics tools dedicated to their identification and annotation in DNA sequencing data. Therefore, this work presents sideRETRO a computer program specialized in the detection of processed pseudogenes absent from the reference genome, but present in whole genome and exome sequencing data from other individuals. In addition to pointing out the presence of unfixed retrocopies, sideRETRO is able to annotate several other characteristics related to these events, such as: the genomic coordinate of the processed pseudogene insetion, which constitutes the chromosome, the insertion point and the DNA strand (leader or retard); the genomic context of the event (exonic, intronic or intergenic); genotyping (present or absent) and haplotyping (homozygous or heterozygous). To certify the sideRETRO efficiency, it was run on simulated data and on real data experimentally validated by an independent group. Therefore, in summary, this thesis describes the development and use of sideRETRO a robust and efficient computational tool, designed to identify and annotate unfixed processed pseudogenes. Finally, it is worth noting that sideRETRO fills a methodological gap and allows new hypotheses and systematic investigations in the field of structural variant calling


Subject(s)
Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Computational Biology/classification , Computational Biology/instrumentation , Costs and Cost Analysis , Genomics/instrumentation , Sequence Analysis, DNA/instrumentation , Clinical Coding
8.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 267-279, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984120

ABSTRACT

In recent years, more and more forensic genetics laboratories have begun to apply massively parallel sequencing (MPS) technology, that is, next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology, to detect common forensic genetic markers, including short tandem repeat (STR), single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), the control region or whole genome of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), as well as messenger RNA (mRNA), etc., for forensic practice, such as individual identification, kinship analysis, ancestry inference and body fluid identification. As the most widely used genetic marker in forensic genetics, STR is currently mainly detected by capillary electrophoresis (CE) platform. Compared with CE platform, MPS technology has the advantages of simultaneous detection of a large number of genetic markers, massively parallel detection of samples, the polymorphism of sequence detected by NGS makes STR have the advantages of higher resolution and system efficiency. However, MPS technology is expensive, there is no uniform standard so far, and there are problems such as how to integrate MPS-STR data with the existing CE-STR database. This review summarizes the current status of the application of MPS technology in the detection of STR genetic markers in forensic genetics, puts forward the main problems that need to be solved urgently, and prospects the application prospect of this technology in forensic genetics.


Subject(s)
DNA Fingerprinting/methods , Forensic Genetics/methods , Genetic Markers , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing/methods , Microsatellite Repeats/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Technology
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927677

ABSTRACT

Infectious diseases are an enormous public health burden and a growing threat to human health worldwide. Emerging or classic recurrent pathogens, or pathogens with resistant traits, challenge our ability to diagnose and control infectious diseases. Nanopore sequencing technology has the potential to enhance our ability to diagnose, interrogate, and track infectious diseases due to the unrestricted read length and system portability. This review focuses on the application of nanopore sequencing technology in the clinical diagnosis of infectious diseases and includes the following: (i) a brief introduction to nanopore sequencing technology and Oxford Nanopore Technologies (ONT) sequencing platforms; (ii) strategies for nanopore-based sequencing technologies; and (iii) applications of nanopore sequencing technology in monitoring emerging pathogenic microorganisms, molecular detection of clinically relevant drug-resistance genes, and characterization of disease-related microbial communities. Finally, we discuss the current challenges, potential opportunities, and future outlook for applying nanopore sequencing technology in the diagnosis of infectious diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Communicable Diseases/diagnosis , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Microbiota/genetics , Nanopore Sequencing , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Technology
10.
11.
Braz. j. biol ; 81(4): 928-933, Oct.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153425

ABSTRACT

Abstract Species of Trichogramma Westwood, 1833 (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammtidae) are frequently used as biological control agents against Lepidoptera, but practical application of these egg endoparasitoids are complicated because of their complex taxonomy. This study aimed to compare sequences of internal transcribed spacer regions of ribosomal DNA (ITS2-rDNA) of Trichogramma accessions with those deposited in GenBank in order to access the reliability of the ITS2 as a barcode for discriminating species and evaluating the genetic diversity. ITS2-rDNA sequences obtained from seventeen specimens of Trichogramma confirmed previous identifications based on morphological characteristics. Multiple sequence alignment revealed the existence of highly conserved regions in ITS2 sequences while the neighbour-joining dendrogram indicated that the specimens formed three clusters comprising T. manicobai and T. marandobai (group I), T. galloi (group II) and T. pretiosum (group III). The ITS2 marker was shown to be a powerful DNA barcode for discriminating Trichogramma species and could be used to complement the morphological approach.


Resumo Espécies de Trichogramma Westwood, 1833 (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) são freqüentemente usadas como agentes de controle biológico contra Lepidoptera, esses endoparasitóides de ovos apresentam taxonomia complexa, o que dificulta sua aplicação prática. Este estudo teve como objetivo comparar seqüências de regiões espaçadoras internas transcritas de DNA ribossômico (ITS2-rDNA) de acessos de Trichogramma com aquelas depositadas no GenBank, a fim de avaliar a confiabilidade do ITS2 barcode para discriminar espécies e avaliar a diversidade genética. As seqüências de ITS2-rDNA obtidas de dezessete espécimes de Trichogramma confirmaram identidades anteriores com base em características morfológicas. O alinhamento de múltiplas sequências revelou a existência de regiões altamente conservadas nas sequências ITS2, enquanto o dendrograma indicou que os espécimes formavam três grupos compreendendo T. manicobai e T. marandobai (grupo I), T. galloi (grupo II) e T. pretiosum (grupo III). O marcador ITS2 mostrou ser um poderoso DNA barcode para discriminar espécies de Trichogramma podendo ser usado como complemento da abordagem morfológica.


Subject(s)
Animals , Hymenoptera/genetics , Phylogeny , Genetic Variation/genetics , DNA, Ribosomal/genetics , Reproducibility of Results , Sequence Analysis, DNA , DNA, Ribosomal Spacer/genetics
12.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(3): 742-746, May-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278357

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se neste estudo relatar a frequência e a identidade de patógenos transmitidos por carrapatos em cães residentes de uma área caracterizada por brejo de alta altitude. Amostras sanguíneas (n=203) foram coletadas e molecularmente analisadas via PCR (Babesia spp., Hepatozoon spp., Anaplasma spp. e Ehrlichia spp.) e sequenciamento de DNA. De todas as amostras analisadas, 8,87% (18/203) foram positivas a algum patógeno transmitido por carrapato. Especificamente, 5,42% (11/203) e 3,45% (7/203) foram positivos a Anaplasma platys e Ehrlichia canis, respectivamente. Este estudo fornece, pela primeira vez, evidência científica de infecção de cães por esses patógenos nessa área de alta altitude e reforça o provável papel de R. sanguineus s.l. como vetor de A. platys, principalmente considerando.se que muitos animais positivos eram infestados por essa espécie de carrapato.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Ehrlichiosis/epidemiology , Ehrlichia canis/isolation & purification , Anaplasma/isolation & purification , Anaplasmosis/epidemiology , Brazil , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Sequence Analysis, DNA/veterinary , Wetlands , Altitude
13.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 25(3): 101596, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339422

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Brazil is a huge continental country with striking geographic differences which are well illustrated in the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Contrasting with the significant decline in the national AIDS detection rate in the last decade, a linear growth has been reported in the Northern region. Despite its public health and epidemiologic importance, there is scarce HIV-1 molecular data from Northern Brazil. This scoping review summarizes recent epidemiologic data with special emphasis on HIV-1 genetic diversity and antiretroviral drug resistance mutations in patients from the seven Northern states of Brazil. Studies from the Northern Brazil on different HIV-1 genomic regions, mostly pol (protease/reverse transcriptase) sequences of naïve/antiretroviral treated adults/children were retrieved from PubMed/MEDLINE electronic database. These studies indicate a consistent molecular profile largely dominated by HIV-1 subtype B with minor contribution of subtypes F1 and C and infrequent detection of other subtypes (A1, D, K), recombinants (BF1, BC), circulating recombinant forms (CRF) as the new CRF90_BF1 and CRF02_AG-like, CRF28-29_BF-like, CRF31_BC-like, and a potential new CRF_BF1. This pattern indicates a founder effect of subtype B and the introduction of non-B-subtypes and recombinants probably generated in the Southern/Southeastern regions. In naïve populations transmitted drug resistance (TDR) can impact the outcome of first-line antiretroviral treatment and prophylactic/preventive regimens. In the Northern region TDR rates are moderate while patients failing highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) showed high prevalence of acquired drug resistance mutations. The limited HIV-1 molecular data from Northern Brazil reflects the great challenges to generate comprehensive scientific data in isolated, underprivileged areas. It also highlights the need to invest in local capacity building which supported by adequate infrastructure and funding can promote robust research activities to help reduce the scientific asymmetries in the Northern region. Currently the impacts of the overwhelming COVID-19 pandemic on the expanding HIV/AIDS epidemic in Northern Brazil deserves to be closely monitored.


Subject(s)
Humans , HIV Infections/drug therapy , HIV Infections/epidemiology , HIV-1/genetics , COVID-19 , Phylogeny , Brazil , Drug Resistance , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Drug Resistance, Viral/genetics , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Genotype , Mutation
14.
Neotrop. ichthyol ; 19(2): e200109, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1279484

ABSTRACT

The fishes of the Haemulidae family are currently allocated to 19 genera with a worldwide distribution in the tropical and subtropical waters of the world's oceans. Brachygenys and Haemulon are important genera of reef fish in Brazil, as they occur in large shoals, which are both ecologically and commercially valuable. This study identified the Brazilian species of the genera Brachygenys and Haemulon using DNA barcodes. While we found only a single lineage in Brachygenys chrysargyrea, Haemulon melanurum, H. parra, and H. squamipinna, more than one molecular operational taxonomic unit (MOTU) was identified in H. atlanticus, H. aurolineatum, and H. plumieri, indicating the possible existence of discrete populations or cryptic species.(AU)


Os peixes da família Haemulidae estão atualmente distribuídos em 19 gêneros, com distribuição mundial em águas oceânicas tropicais e subtropicais. Brachygenys e Haemulon são importantes gêneros de peixes recifais do Brasil, visto que ocorrem em grandes cardumes, de valores ecológicos e comerciais. Este estudo identificou as espécies brasileiras dos gêneros Brachygenys e Haemulon usando o código de barras de DNA. Embora apenas uma única linhagem de Brachygenys chrysargyrea, Haemulon melanurum, H. parra e H. squamipinna tenha sido encontrada em nosso conjunto de dados, mais de uma unidade taxonômica operacional molecular (MOTU) foi identificada em H. atlanticus, H. aurolineatum e H. plumieri, indicando a possível existência de populações discretas ou espécies crípticas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Perciformes , Products Distribution , Molecular Biology , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Fishes
15.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 187-191, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985207

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the feasibility of the rbcL sequence of chloroplast DNA as a genetic marker to identify Cannabis sativa L. Methods The rbcL sequences in 62 Cannabis sativa L. samples, 10 Humulus lupulus samples and 10 Humulus scandens DNA samples were detected, and 96 rbcL sequences of the Cannabaceae family were downloaded from Genbank. Sequence alignment was performed by MEGA X software, the intraspecific and interspecific Kimura-2-Parameter (K2P) genetic distances were calculated, and the system clustering tree was constructed. Results The rbcL sequence length acquired by sequencing of Cannabis sativa L. and Humulus scandens were 617 bp and 649 bp, respectively, and two haplotypes of Cannabis sativa L. were observed in the samples. The BLAST similarity search results showed that the highest similarity between the sequences acquired by sequencing and Cannabis sativa L. rbcL sequences available from Genbank was 100%. The genetic distance analysis showed that the maximum intraspecific genetic distance (0.004 9) of Cannabis sativa L. was less than the minimum interspecific genetic distance (0.012 9). The results of median-joining network and system clustering tree analysis showed that Cannabis sativa L. and other members of the Cannabaceae family were located in different branches. Conclusion The rbcL sequence could be used as a DNA barcode for identifying Cannabis sativa L., and combined with comparative analysis of the rbcL sequence and system cluster analysis could be a reliable and effective detection method for Cannabis sativa L. identification in forensic investigation.


Subject(s)
Cannabis/genetics , Genetic Markers , Sequence Analysis, DNA
16.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 21-25, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985188

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the heteroplasmy of the whole mitochondrial genome genotyping result of hair shaft samples using HID Ion GeneStudioTM S5 Sequencing System. Methods The buccal swabs and blood of 8 unrelated individuals, and hair shaft samples from different parts of the same individual were collected. Amplification of whole mitochondrial genome was performed using Precision ID mtDNA Whole Genome Panel. Analysis and detection of whole mitochondrial genome were carried out using the HID Ion GeneStudioTM S5 Sequencing System. Results The mitochondrial DNA sequences in temporal hair shaft samples from 2 individuals showed heteroplasmy, while whole mitochondrial genome genotyping results of buccal swabs, blood, and hair samples from the other 6 unrelated individuals were consistent. A total of 119 base variations were observed from the 8 unrelated individuals. The numbers of variable sites of the individuals were 29, 40, 38, 35, 13, 36, 40 and 35, respectively. Conclusion Sequence polymorphism can be fully understood using HID Ion GeneStudioTM S5 Sequencing system.


Subject(s)
Humans , DNA, Mitochondrial/genetics , Genome, Mitochondrial/genetics , Heteroplasmy , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Sequence Analysis, DNA
17.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 817-824, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984080

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the ability of the ForenSeqTM DNA Signature Prep kit (ForenSeq kit) in analyzing the sequence information of STRs in Zhejiang She ethnic group and its forensic application efficacy.@*METHODS@#A total of 50 Zhejiang She ethnic group samples were sequenced with the ForenSeq kit on the MiSeq FGx platform. The data was analyzed using ForenSeqTM universal analysis software to obtain the motif structure and flank regions of the 58 STRs, then compared with PCR-CE typing results to test the consistency. At last, the allele frequency and population genetic parameters were calculated.@*RESULTS@#A total of 448 sequence polymorphic alleles were detected in 50 samples of Zhejiang She ethnic group. Compared with fragment length polymorphism detected by PCR-CE, 82 alleles were increased by MPS detection based on ForenSeq kit, and 7 SNPs variation were detected in the flanking regions of 6 loci. The 22 male individuals were genotyped, and total 19 haplotypes were detected in 24 Y chromosome STRs of these 22 males. The cumulative discrimination power of the 27 autosomal STRs was 1-8.87×10-30, the cumulative probability of exclusion of duo-testing was 0.999 999 962 640 657, the cumulative probability of exclusion of trios-testing was 0.999 999 999 999 633.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Based on MPS typing technology, using the ForenSeq kit greatly improves the detection efficiency. In addition, the 58 STRs have good genetic polymorphisms in Zhejiang She ethnic group, which are suitable for individual identification and paternity identification in forensic application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , DNA , DNA Fingerprinting/methods , Ethnicity/genetics , Gene Frequency , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing/methods , Microsatellite Repeats , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Sequence Analysis, DNA/methods
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921335

ABSTRACT

Thalassemia is a group of genetically heterogeneous diseases characterized by hemolytic anemia. To investigate molecular characteristics of α- and β-thalassemia among young individuals of marriageable age in Guangdong Province, 24,788 subjects with suspected thalassemia were genetically tested for α- and β-thalassemia by Gap-PCR and reverse dot blot during 2018-2019. For suspected rare thalassemia cases, DNA sequencing was performed to identify rare and unknown thalassemia gene mutations. A total of 14,346 thalassemia carriers were detected, including 7,556 cases of α-thalassemia with 25 genotypes and 8 α-gene mutations identified, 5,860 cases of β-thalassemia with 18 genotypes and 18 β-gene mutations identified, and 930 cases of compound α/β-thalassemia. Among them, the frequency of --


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , China , Genotype , Mutation , Sequence Analysis, DNA , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics , beta-Thalassemia/genetics
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888399

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To verify a rare allele of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) and analyze its inheritance and 3D molecular structure.@*METHODS@#PCR-sequence-based typing, PCR-single strand oligonucleotide polymorphism and single allele-specific sequencing were carried out to characterize the rare HLA-C allele and its transmission in the family. Its protein structure was modeled by using SWISS-MODEL, Phyre2 and FATCAT software.@*RESULTS@#Analysis indicated that the rare allele (HLA-C*08:84) has transmitted from the proband's mother and has differed from HLA-C*08:01 by a single base (g.512G>C), resulting in substitution of an amino acid (p.Trp147Ser). Modeling of the 3D structure of the encoded protein indicated that the amino acid residue variation is located at the alpha 2 helix, which participates the formation of pocket F. Modeling of the structures of C*08:84, C*08:01, C*08:02, C*08:03 and C*08:22 has suggested significant variation in the peptide binding regions of the backbone, with root mean square errors being 1.70 nm, 1.79 nm, 0.71 nm and 1.70 nm, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#A rare HLA-C*08:84 allele has been identified, and its clinical significance has been analyzed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alleles , Base Sequence , HLA-B Antigens/genetics , HLA-C Antigens/genetics , Molecular Structure , Sequence Analysis, DNA
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880843

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the feasibility of detecting maternal hereditary mitochondrial tRNA@*METHODS@#We performed sequence analysis of mitochondrial DNA in blood samples from 2070 cases of maternal hereditary mitochondrial disease in the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, and identified 3 patients with m.15927G>A mutation.Buccal swabs and blood samples were obtained from the 3 patients (mutation group) and 3 normal volunteers (control group).After extracting whole genomic DNA from all the samples, the DNA concentration and purity were analyzed.The PCR products were subjected to dot blot hybridization, Southern blot hybridization, and DNA sequencing analysis to verify the feasibility of detecting m.15927G>A mutation using buccal swabs.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in DNA concentration extracted from buccal swabs and blood samples in either the mutation group or the control group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Buccal swabs collection accurate is an accurate and sensitive method for the detection of m.15927G>A mutation.


Subject(s)
Humans , DNA, Mitochondrial/genetics , Mitochondria , Mutation , RNA, Transfer , Sequence Analysis, DNA
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