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1.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 680-688, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986837

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the prognostic value of preoperative inflammatory and nutritional condition detection in the postoperative survival, and establish a prognostic model for predicting the survival of patients with gastric cancer. Methods: The clinicopathological data of 1123 patients with gastric cancer who had undergone radical gastrectomy in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute & Hospital from January 2005 to December 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients with history of other malignancy, with history of gastrectomy, who had received preoperative treatment, who died during the initial hospital stay or first postoperative month, and missing clinical and pathological information were excluded. Cox univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify independent clinicopathological factors associated with the survival of these gastric cancer patients. Cox univariate analysis was used to identify preoperative inflammatory and nutritional indexes related to the survival of patients with gastric cancer after radical gastrectomy. Moreover, the Cox proportional regression model for multivariate survival analysis (forward stepwise regression method based on maximum likelihood estimation) was used. The independent clinicopathological factors that affect survival were incorporated into the following three new prognostic models: (1) an inflammatory model: significant preoperative inflammatory indexes identified through clinical and univariate analysis; (2) a nutritional model: significant preoperative nutritional indexes identified through clinical and univariate analysis; and (3) combined inflammatory/nutritional model: significant preoperative inflammatory and nutritional indexes identified through clinical and univariate analysis. A model that comprised only pT and pN stages in tumor TNM staging was used as a control model. The integrated area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (iAUC) and C-index were used to evaluate the discrimination of the model. Model fitting was evaluated by Akaike information criterion analysis. Calibration curves were used to assess agreement between the predicted probabilities and actual probabilities at 3-year or 5-year overall survival (OS). Results: The study cohort comprised 1 123 patients with gastric cancer. The mean age was 58.9±11.6 years, and 783 were males. According to univariate analysis, age, surgical procedure, extent of lymph node dissection, tumor location, maximum tumor size, number of examined lymph nodes, pT stage, pN stage, and nerve invasion were associated with 5-year OS after radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer (all P<0.050). Multivariate analysis further identified age (HR: 1.18, 95%CI: 1.03-1.36, P=0.019), maximum tumor size (HR: 1.19, 95%CI: 1.03-1.38, P=0.022), number of examined lymph nodes (HR: 0.79, 95%CI: 0.68-0.92, P=0.003), pT stage (HR: 1.40, 95%CI: 1.26-1.55, P<0.001) and pN stage (HR: 1.28, 95%CI: 1.21-1.35, P<0.001) as independent prognostic factors for OS of gastric cancer patients. Additionally, according to univariate survival analysis, the preoperative inflammatory markers of neutrophil count, percentage of neutrophils, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, platelet/neutrophil ratio and preoperative nutritional indicators of serum albumin and body mass index were potential prognostic factors for gastric cancer (all P<0.05). On the basis of the above results, three models for prediction of prognosis were constructed. Variables included in the three models are as follows. (1) Inflammatory model: age, maximum tumor size, number of examined lymph nodes, pT stage, pN stage, percentage of neutrophils, and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio; (2) nutritional model: age, maximum tumor size, number of examined lymph nodes, pT stage, pN stage, and serum albumin; and (3) combined inflammatory/nutritional model: age, maximum tumor size, number of examined lymph nodes, pT stage, pN stage, percentage of neutrophils, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, and serum albumin. We found that the predictive accuracy of the combined inflammatory/nutritional model, which incorporates both inflammatory indicators and nutrition indicators (iAUC: 0.676, 95% CI: 0.650-0.719, C-index: 0.698),was superior to that of the inflammation model (iAUC: 0.662, 95% CI: 0.673-0.706;C-index: 0.675), nutritional model (iAUC: 0.666, 95% CI: 0.642-0.698, C-index: 0.672), and TNM staging control model (iAUC: 0.676, 95% CI: 0.650-0.719, C-index: 0.658). Furthermore, the combined inflammatory/nutritional model had better fitting performance (AIC: 10 762) than the inflammatory model (AIC: 10 834), nutritional model (AIC: 10 810), and TNM staging control model (AIC: 10 974). Conclusions: Preoperative percentage of neutrophils, NLR, and BMI have predictive value for the prognosis of gastric cancer patients. The inflammatory / nutritional model can be used to predict the survival and prognosis of gastric cancer patients on an individualized basis.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Female , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Gastrectomy , Serum Albumin
2.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1047-1050, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987021

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the value of pharmacogenetic testing for improving the efficacy and safety of treatment with cyclosporine, tacrolimus, and cyclophosphamide (CTX) for PLA2R-related membranous nephropathy and for determing individualized and precise treatment plans for the patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 63 patients with PLA2R-related membranous nephropathy hospitalized in the Department of Nephrology at our hospital from January, 2019 to October, 2021 were enrolled in this study. Thirty-three of the patients underwent pharmacogenetic testing before taking the immunosuppressive drugs selected based on the results of genetic screening for sensitive targets, and the other 30 patients were empirically given immunosuppressive drugs according to the guidelines (control group). The clinical efficacy and adverse effects of the immunosuppressive drugs were analyzed for all the patients. The two groups of patients were compared for demographic and biochemical parameters including 24-h urine protein, serum albumin, renal function, and serum anti-phospholipase A2 receptor antibody both before and at 3 months after the beginning of the treatment.@*RESULTS@#Among the 33 patients undergoing pharmacogenetic testing, 51.5% showed a GG genotype for cyclosporine, and 61.6% had an AG genotype for tacrolimus; for CTX, 51.5% of the patients showed a homozygous deletion and 63.6% had an AA genotype. After treatment for 3 months, serum anti-phospholipase A2 receptor antibody, 24-h urine protein, and serum albumin levels were significantly improved in pharmacogenetic testing group as compared with the control group (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Individualized and precise administration of immunosuppressive drugs based on pharmacogenetic testing better controls proteinuria and serum antiphospholipase A2 receptor antibodies and increases serum albumin level in patients with PLA2R-related membranous nephropathy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autoantibodies , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Glomerulonephritis, Membranous/diagnosis , Homozygote , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Pharmacogenomic Testing , Receptors, Phospholipase A2 , Sequence Deletion , Serum Albumin , Tacrolimus/therapeutic use
3.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 923-928, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010150

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the risk factors of different types of Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) in Tibetan patients at high altitude, as to provide reference for correctly identifying high-risk patients.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was used to analyze the 304 HSP patients admitted to Tibet Autonomous Region People's Hospital from April 2014 to March 2022. The gender, age, allergic history, family history, clinical type, laboratory indexes (hemoglobin, platelet count, eosinophil, C-reactive protein (CRP), albumin, immunoglobulin G, immunoglobulin A, complement C3 and C4) were analyzed retrospectively. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis to screen for risk factors affecting different types of HSP.@*RESULTS@#Renal HSP patients showed higher IgA [(9.2±1.7) g/L vs. (6.4±2.4) g/L, P=0.015], lower complement C3 [(203.3±21.6) mg/dL vs. (301.1±19.5) mg/dL, P=0.043], and complement C4 [(33.5±2.3) mg/dL vs. (53.0±7.2) mg/dL, P=0.032]. The patients with abdominal HSP showed lower levels of hemoglobin [(119.6±19.6) g/L vs. (146.6±47.3) g/L, P=0.038] and plasma albumin [24.8 (22.1, 33.9) g/L vs. 32.6 (24.6, 35.1) g/L, P=0.045]. The patients with articular HSP exhibited higher CRP [13.5 (0.2, 20.6) g/L vs. 7.5 (0.1, 15.2) g/L, P=0.036] and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) [24 (5, 40) mm/h vs. 15 (4, 30) mm/h, P=0.049]. Elevated IgA and decreased complement C4 were risk factors for renal HSP, anemia and decreased plasma albumin were risk factors for abdominal HSP, and elevated CRP was a risk factor for articular HSP.@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical characteristics of different types of HSP in plateau areas were different. Patients with high IgA, low complement C4, anemia, hypoalbuminemia, and significantly elevated CRP should be highly vigilant. Early and effective intervention can improve the clinical efficacy, avoid severe development, and improve the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Tibet/epidemiology , Complement C3/analysis , IgA Vasculitis/complications , Altitude , Complement C4 , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Immunoglobulin A , Risk Factors , Anemia , Hemoglobins/analysis , Serum Albumin/analysis
4.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 164-168, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970257

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the short-term efficacy and safety of dapagliflozin in children with hereditary proteinuric kidney disease. Methods: This was a prospective cohort study. From August 2020 to December 2021, 23 children with hereditary kidney disease from Children's Hospital of Fudan University were enrolled. Patients received dapagliflozin 5 mg/d (weight≤30 kg) or initial dose 5 mg/d for 1 week, then 10 mg/d (weight>30 kg) and the dose of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors was stable during treatment. Clinical data including demographic parameters, primary diagnosis, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), 24 h proteinuria and characteristics in the follow-up were collected. The primary outcome was the change in 24 h proteinuria at 12 (±2) weeks, secondary outcomes included changes of 24 h proteinuria at 24 (±2) weeks, eGFR at both 12 (±2) and 24 (±2) weeks. The data were analysed by using mixed linear model. Results: Totally 23 patients were enrolled, including 16 males and 7 females. The age was (10.8±2.9) years. The primary diseases were Alport syndrome (12 cases), Dent disease (5 cases), proteinuria (4 cases), and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (2 cases) respectively. Primary outcome showed that 24 h proteinuria decreased from baseline at 12 (±2) weeks during treatment (1.75 (1.46, 2.20) vs. 1.84 (1.14, 2.54) g/m2, P<0.05). Secondary outcomes showed that there was no significant difference in 24 h urine protein at 24 (±2) weeks (P>0.05). eGFR decreased slightly at 12 (±2) weeks ((107±21) vs. (112±28) ml/(min·1.73m2), P<0.05), and there was no significant difference at 24 (±2) weeks (P>0.05). Serum albumin increased at 12 (±2) and 24 (±2) weeks following the treatment ((39±8) vs. (37±8) g/L, (38±7) vs. (37±8) g/L, both P<0.05). No hypoglycemia event was reported during the treatment. Conclusion: The dapagliflozin had therapeutic effects on decreasing proteinuria and increasing serum albumin in short-term treatment in children with hereditary proteinuric kidney disease, no hypoglycemia or serious adverse events were observed.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Child , Adolescent , Prospective Studies , Nephritis, Hereditary , Proteinuria/drug therapy , Serum Albumin
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 213-220, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970060

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The clinical importance of hypokalemia is likely underrecognized in Chinese dialysis patients, and whether its clinical effect was mediated by serum albumin is not fully elucidated. This study aimed to explore the association between serum potassium and mortality in dialysis patients of a Chinese nationwide multicenter cohort, taking albumin as a consideration.@*METHODS@#This was a prospective nation-wide multicenter cohort study. Restricted cubic splines were used to test the linearity of serum potassium and relationships with all-cause (AC) and cardiovascular (CV) mortality and a subsequent two-line piecewise linear model was fitted to approach the nadir. A mediation analysis was performed to examine relations of albumin to potassium and mortalities.@*RESULTS@#A total of 10,027 patients were included, of whom 6605 were peritoneal dialysis and 3422 were hemodialysis patients. In the overall population, the mean age was 51.7 ± 14.8 years, 55.3%(5546/10,027) were male, and the median dialysis vintage was 13.60 (4.70, 39.70) months. Baseline serum potassium was 4.30 ± 0.88 mmol/L. After a median follow-up period of 26.87 (14.77, 41.50) months, a U-shape was found between potassium and mortality, and a marked increase in risk at lower potassium but a moderate elevation in risk at higher potassium were observed. The nadir for AC mortality risk was estimated from piecewise linear models to be a potassium concentration of 4.0 mmol/L. Interestingly, the significance of the association between potassium and mortality was attenuated when albumin was introduced into the extended adjusted model. A subsequent significant mediation by albumin for potassium and AC and CV mortalities were found ( P < 0.001 for both), indicating that hypokalemia led to higher mortality mediated by low serum albumin, which was a surrogate of poor nutritional status and inflammation.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Associations between potassium and mortalities were U-shaped in the overall population. The nadir for AC mortality risk was at a potassium of 4.0 mmol/L. Serum albumin mediated the association between potassium and AC and CV mortalities.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , East Asian People , Hypokalemia/etiology , Kidney Failure, Chronic/mortality , Potassium/blood , Prospective Studies , Renal Dialysis , Serum Albumin/analysis
6.
Singapore medical journal ; : 196-202, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969655

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Our aim was to study the prevalence of frailty and its associated factors in a subacute geriatric ward.@*METHODS@#This was a cross-sectional study of 167 participants between June 2018 and June 2019. Baseline demographics and participants' Mini Nutritional Assessment, Geriatric Depression Scale, Mini Mental State Examination, Charlson's Comorbidity Index and LACE index scores were obtained. Functional measurements such as modified Barthel's Index scores and hand grip strength (HGS) were taken. Frailty was assessed using the Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) and the FRAIL scale. Data on history of healthcare utilisation, medications, length of stay, selected blood investigations and presence of geriatric syndromes were also collected.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of pre-frailty (CFS 4) and frailty (CFS ≥ 5) was 16.2% and 63.4%, respectively. There were significant associations between CFS and age (pre-frail vs. non-frail: odds ratio [OR] 1.14, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.04-1.25, P = 0.006; frail vs. non-frail: OR 1.08, 95% CI 1.01-1.15, P = 0.021), HGS at discharge (frail vs. non-frail: OR 0.90, 95% CI 0.82-0.99, P = 0.025), serum albumin (frail vs. non-frail: OR 0.90, 95% CI 0.82-0.99, P = 0.035) and the presence of urinary incontinence (frail vs. non-frail: OR 3.03, 95% CI 1.19-7.77, P = 0.021).@*CONCLUSION@#Frailty is highly prevalent in the subacute geriatric setting and has many associated factors. In this study, independent factors associated with frailty were age, HGS at discharge, serum albumin and urinary incontinence. This has implications for future resource allocation for frail older inpatients and may help direct further research to study the effectiveness of frailty-targeted interventions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Frailty/epidemiology , Frail Elderly , Hand Strength , Prevalence , Singapore/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic , Geriatric Assessment , Urinary Incontinence , Serum Albumin
7.
Hepatología ; 4(1): 25-36, 2023. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1415973

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La cirrosis constituye la etapa final de la enfermedad hepática crónica, con una alta mortalidad, y puede deberse a diferentes etiologías. La albúmina tiene tres indicaciones bien establecidas: la prevención de la disfunción circulatoria inducida por paracentesis, la peritonitis bacteriana espontánea y el síndrome hepatorrenal, sin embargo, su uso a largo plazo es controvertido. El objetivo de esta revisión fue identificar si el uso prolongado de la albúmina tiene efectos beneficiosos en el tratamiento de pacientes cirróticos. Metodología. Se realizaron búsquedas en la base de datos de PubMed, empleando los siguientes términos: ("Liver Cirrhosis"[Mesh]) AND ("Serum Albumin"[Mesh] OR "Serum Albumin, Human"[Mesh]). Se excluyeron los artículos que no cumplieron con la temática y aquellos que tenían más de 5 años de antigüedad, a excepción de aquellos relevantes para la revisión. Resultados. Se ha demos-trado en varios estudios realizados en los últimos 4 años, que la administración prolongada de albúmina reduce la mortalidad en el paciente cirrótico. Además, resulta en una disminución en ingresos hospitalarios por complicaciones de la cirrosis, disminución de la necesidad de para-centesis y menor uso de albúmina para otras indicaciones ya establecidas, lo que contrarresta los costos derivados de la terapia. Conclusión. Se concluye con base en la evidencia presenta-da, que el uso de albúmina a largo plazo podría resultar beneficioso en pacientes con cirrosis hepática descompensada. No obstante, es necesario abordar otros aspectos de la terapia en estudios posteriores


Introduction. Cirrhosis is the final stage of chronic liver disease, has a high mortality and can be due to different etiologies. Albumin has three well-established indications: prevention of circulatorydysfunction induced by paracentesis, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, and hepatorenal syndrome, however, its long-term use is controversial. The objective of this review was to identify if the prolonged use of albumin has beneficial effects in the treatment of cirrhotic patients. Methodology. PubMed database was searched using the following terms: ("Liver Cirrhosis"[Mesh]) AND ("Serum Albumin"[Mesh] OR "Serum Albumin, Human"[Mesh]). Articles that did not meet the topic and those that were more than 5 years old were excluded, except for those relevant to the review. Results.It has been shown in several studies within the previous 4 years, that prolonged administration of albumin reduces mortality in cirrhotic patients. In addition, it results in a decrease in hospital ad-missions due to complications of cirrhosis, a decrease in the need for paracentesis and less use of albumin for other established indications, which offsets the costs derived from therapy. Conclusion. It is concluded based on the evidence presented, that the long-term use of albumin could be beneficial in patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis. However, other aspects of the therapy need to be addressed in further studies


Subject(s)
Humans , Serum Albumin , Serum Albumin, Human , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver Diseases , Fibrosis
8.
São Paulo med. j ; 139(6): 598-606, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352299

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Few reports have examined the effects of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), one-anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) on changes to serum albumin (Alb) and liver enzyme levels. OBJECTIVE: To compare short-term post-surgery changes in serum Alb, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALKP) levels. Body composition changes were also measured and compared among three groups. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective cohort study conducted in Tehran, Iran. METHODS: 151 OAGB, RYGB and SG patients referred to the obesity clinic of Hazrat-e Rasool General Hospital, Tehran, Iran, were evaluated. Physical characteristics and biochemical parameters were measured pre-surgery and then after three and six months. RESULTS: Through repeated measurements to determine intragroup changes, significant changes in serum AST (P = 0.003) and ALT (P < 0.001) were observed in follow-ups. However, Alb levels did not change (P = 0.413). Body fat, fat-free mass and muscle mass decreased significantly in each group (P < 0.05). In a univariate general linear model for determining intergroup changes, SG showed greater decreases in ALT and AST at three and six months (P < 0.05) and in ALKP at six months (P = 0.037), compared with OAGB. There were no significant differences in Alb levels. Also, RYGB had a greater effect on reducing fat percentage (three months, P = 0.011; six months, P = 0.059) and fat mass (three months, P = 0.042) than OAGB. CONCLUSION: SG and RYGB may be superior to OAGB in reducing liver enzymes and body fat, respectively. However, Alb levels showed no significant differences.


Subject(s)
Humans , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Gastric Bypass , Bariatric Surgery , Serum Albumin , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Gastrectomy , Iran , Liver
9.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(1): 223-230, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1153065

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to evaluate increasing levels of fish waste oil in diets for laying hens on serum biochemistry profile. 192 Hisex White laying hens at 29 weeks of age were used, with water and food ad libitum. The experimental design was completely randomized consisting of eight treatments corresponding to the inclusion levels of fish waste oil (0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0 and 3.5%) in the diets, with four replicates of six birds each. Data collected were subjected to polynomial regression at 5% of significance. Significant differences (P<0.05) were observed in triglycerides, glucose, total cholesterol, and uric acid. These parameters presented a decrease when hens fed diets with higher level of fish waste oil. The results of the present study indicated that the inclusion of fish waste oil caused a significant effect in the serum biochemical profile of laying hens, especially in glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, and uric acid concentrations. The inclusion level of 3.5% of fish waste oil caused larger disequilibrium in the serum biochemical profile of laying hens.(AU)


O presente estudo objetivou avaliar os níveis crescentes de óleo de resíduo de pescado em dietas para poedeiras leves sobre o perfil bioquímico sérico. Foram utilizadas poedeiras Hisex White com 29 semanas, com água e ração ad libitum. O delineamento experimental foi inteiramente ao acaso, consistindo de oito tratamentos correspondentes aos níveis de inclusão de óleo de resíduo de pescado (0; 0,5; 1,0; 1,5; 2,0; 2,5; 3,0 e 3,5%) nas dietas, com quatro repetições de seis aves cada. Os dados coletados foram submetidos à regressão polinomial a 5% de significância. Diferenças significativas (P<0,05) foram observadas nas concentrações de triglicerídeos, glicose, colesterol total e ácido úrico. Esses parâmetros apresentaram uma diminuição quando as aves se alimentaram com rações contendo maior nível de óleo do resíduo de pescado. Os resultados do presente estudo indicaram que a inclusão de óleo do resíduo de pescado acarretou um efeito significativo no perfil bioquímico sérico de poedeiras, principalmente nas concentrações de glicose, triglicerídeos, colesterol total e ácido úrico. O nível de inclusão de 3,5% do óleo do resíduo de pescado acarretou maior desequilíbrio no perfil bioquímico sérico das poedeiras.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Fish Oils/administration & dosage , Chickens/blood , Industrial Waste/analysis , Animal Feed/analysis , Triglycerides/blood , Serum Albumin , Cholesterol/blood
10.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358667

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Cancer is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. There are few studies showing adjusted models with other predictors of mortality by a conceptual model perspective. Objective: The objective of this study was to verify the prediction of albumin and Prognostic Nutritional Index (PNI) with in-hospital mortality in cancer patients. Method: Retrospective study was performed from 2014 to 2016 with 262 cancer patients (gastrointestinal tract, male genital organs, breast, metastasis, urinary tract, head and neck and others). Demographic data, blood counts, C-reactive protein, albumin, and haematological indexes (Prognosis nutritional index - PNI, Neutrophils to lymphocytes ratio - NLR, Monocytes lymphocytes ratio - MLR, Platelets to lymphocytes ratio - PLR and Platelets to albumin ratio - PAR), nutritional diagnoses and hospital outcomes (discharge or death) were collected. The cumulative probability of death was calculated by Kaplan-Meier curves, and survival analyses were performed using the Cox proportional hazards model. Results: The frequency of death among the study patients was 10.7% (28). Among the patients who died, 99.2% (26) presented some degree of malnutrition (p=0.004). In the multivariate analysis, serum albumin (<3 g/dL) was independently associated with in-hospital mortality (HR=3.43, 95% CI 1.11-10.63). On the other hand, the PNI was not associated with in-hospital mortality. Conclusion: Serum albumin levels during hospitalization were predictors of in-hospital mortality in the population evaluated. These results suggest that the serum levels of this protein can be used in clinical practice, adding prognostic information in patients with cancer


Introducción: El cáncer es una de las principales causas de morbilidad y mortalidad en todo el mundo. Hay pocos estudios que muestren modelos ajustados con otros predictores de mortalidad desde una perspectiva de modelo conceptual. Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio fue verificar la predicción de la albúmina y el Índice Nutricional Pronóstico (IPN) con la mortalidad hospitalaria en pacientes con cáncer (tracto gastrointestinal, órganos genitales masculinos, mama, metástasis, tracto urinario, cabeza y cuello y otros). Método: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de 2014 a 2016 con 262 pacientes con cáncer. Se recogieron datos demográficos, hemogramas, proteína C reactiva, albúmina y índices hematológicos (Índice de Pronóstico Nutricional - IPN, proporción neutrófilos/linfocitos - NLR, proporción monocitos/linfocitos - MLR, proporción plaquetas/linfocitos - PLR y proporción plaquetas/albúmina - PAR), diagnósticos nutricionales y resultados hospitalarios (alta o muerte). La probabilidad acumulada de muerte se calculó mediante curvas de Kaplan-Meier y se realizaron análisis supervivencia utilizando el modelo de riesgos proporcionales de Cox. Resultados: La frecuencia de muerte entre los pacientes del estudio fue del 10,7% (28). Entre los pacientes fallecidos, el 99,2% (26) presentaba algún grado de desnutrición (p=0,004). En el análisis multivariado, la albúmina sérica (<3 g/dL) se asoció de forma independiente con la mortalidad hospitalaria (HR=3,43, IC 95% 1,11-10,63). Por otro lado, el IPN no se asoció con mortalidad intrahospitalaria. Conclusión: Los niveles de albúmina sérica durante la hospitalización fueron predictores de mortalidad intrahospitalaria en la población evaluada. Nuestros resultados sugieren que los niveles séricos de esta proteína se pueden utilizar en la práctica clínica, agregando información de pronóstico en pacientes con cáncer.


Introdução: O câncer é uma das principais causas de morbidade e mortalidade em todo o mundo. Existem poucos estudos mostrando modelos ajustados com outros preditores de mortalidade por uma perspectiva de modelo conceitual. Objetivo: Verificar a predição de albumina e do Índice Nutricional Prognóstico (IPN) com mortalidade intra-hospitalar em pacientes com câncer. Método: Estudo retrospectivo realizado de 2014 a 2016 com 262 pacientes com câncer (trato gastrointestinal, órgãos genitais masculinos, mama, metástases, trato urinário, cabeça e pescoço e outros). Foram coletados dados demográficos, hemograma, proteína C reativa, albumina e índices hematológicos (índice de prognóstico nutricional - IPN; relação neutrófilo por linfócitos - RNL; relação monócitos por linfócitos - RML; relação plaquetas por linfócitos - RPL; e relação plaquetas por albumina ­ RPA), diagnósticos nutricionais e desfechos hospitalares (alta ou óbito). A probabilidade cumulativa de morte foi calculada pelas curvas de Kaplan-Meier e as análises de sobrevivência realizadas usando o modelo de risco proporcional de Cox. Resultados: A frequência de óbito entre os pacientes do estudo foi de 10,7% (28). Entre os pacientes que morreram, 99,2% (26) apresentavam algum grau de desnutrição (p=0,004). Na análise multivariada, a albumina sérica (<3 g/dL) associou-se de forma independente à mortalidade hospitalar (HR=3,43, IC95% 1,11-10,63). Por outro lado, o IPN não foi associado com mortalidade intra-hospitalar. Conclusão: Os níveis de albumina sérica durante a internação foram preditores de mortalidade intra-hospitalar na população avaliada. Esses resultados sugerem que os níveis séricos dessa proteína podem ser utilizados na prática clínica, agregando informações prognósticas em pacientes com câncer


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Prognosis , Serum Albumin , Nutrition Assessment , Hospital Mortality , Neoplasms
11.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(supl.1): 91-96, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287840

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Serum inflammatory markers and albumin levels provide an assumption for the severity of COVID-19 infection. Our objective was to investigate the determinant role of serum inflammatory markers, albumin, and hemoglobin (Hb) in predicting the diagnosis in patients with a pre-diagnosis of COVID-19. METHODS: Demographic findings, complete blood count and serum biochemical values of the patients analyzed. RESULTS: Of the patients included in the study, 48 were COVID (+) and 253 were COVID (-). Statistically significant difference was found in terms of hemoglobin, mean platelet volume, and monocyte/eosinophil ratio. CONCLUSIONS: The levels of serum albumin, hemoglobin, monocyte/eosinophil ratio, and mean platelet volume can be predictive factors for diagnosis in patients with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Severity of Illness Index , Hemoglobins , Serum Albumin , Retrospective Studies , Emergency Service, Hospital , SARS-CoV-2
12.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 34: e200283, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250805

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The present study assessed the differences in nutritional markers (albumin, transferrin, total body fat, and body mass index) and clinical complications (diarrhea, vomiting, and diet interruptions) associated with enteral nutrition. Methods This is an open-label, randomized, two-arm parallel-group controlled clinical trial. Out of 105 patients assessed for eligibility, 35 adult patients were randomly divided into two groups and followed for 28 days. The sample comprised a heterogeneous group of severely ill individuals initially treated in the intensive care units. Neurological conditions (i.e., strokes and brain tumours) were the most common reasons for hospitalization. Patients had one singularity: the clinical need for exclusive enteral nutrition therapy. One group received the diet via gastric tube and the other via a post-pyloric tube. Results The groups presented increases in the calories prescribed and administered, as well as reduced diet discontinuation. Although similar values were observed up to day 21, the post-pyloric group showed increased albumin levels compared to the gastric group on Day 28. Transferrin levels increased over time in both groups. Conclusion There were no differences in the complications recorded between groups, albeit serum albumin significantly increased in the post-pyloric group.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar diferenças tanto nos marcadores nutricionais (albumina, transferrina, gordura corporal e índice de massa corporal) quanto nas complicações clínicas (diarreia, vômitos e interrupções na dieta) associadas à nutrição enteral administrada através de duas vias tradicionais. Métodos Este é um ensaio clínico de tratamento, paralelo de dois braços, aberto e randomizado controlado. Dos 105 participantes avaliados para elegibilidade, 35 pacientes adultos foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos e seguidos por 28 dias. A amostra foi formada por um grupo heterogêneo e gravemente enfermo, tratados inicialmente em unidades de terapia intensiva. Condições neurológicas, como acidente vascular e tumores cerebrais foram as razões principais para hospitalização. Os pacientes tinham em comum um aspecto, a saber, a necessidade clínica exclusiva de receber nutrição enteral. Um grupo recebeu a dieta via sonda gástrica e o outro através de sonda pós-pilórica. Resultados Os grupos apresentaram aumento de calorias prescritas e administradas, bem como redução da descontinuação da dieta. Embora valores semelhantes tenham sido observados até o 21° dia, o grupo pós-pilórico apresentou aumento dos níveis de albumina em relação ao grupo gástrico no dia 28. Os níveis de transferrina aumentaram ao longo do tempo em ambos os grupos. Conclusão Não houve diferenças nas complicações registradas entre os grupos, embora níveis séricos de albumina aumentaram significativamente no grupo pós-pilórico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Serum Albumin/analysis , Transferrin/analysis , Body Mass Index , Enteral Nutrition/methods , Intubation, Gastrointestinal/methods , Biomarkers/blood , Enteral Nutrition/adverse effects
13.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 156(6): 549-555, nov.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249966

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Aun con adecuado protocolo de desconexión de la ventilación mecánica (DVM), el procedimiento falla en 15 a 30 % de los casos. Objetivo: Evaluar la asociación entre factores de riesgo independientes y fracaso posextubación en pacientes con DVM en una unidad de cuidados intensivos. Método: Estudio de cohorte, longitudinal, prospectivo, analítico, que incluyó pacientes sometidos a ventilación mecánica por más de 24 horas y que fueron extubados. Se obtuvieron reportes preextubación de hemoglobina, albúmina, fósforo, índice cintura-cadera y puntuación SOFA. Se definió como fracaso de extubación al reinicio de la ventilación mecánica en 48 horas o menos. Resultados: Se extubaron 123 pacientes, 74 hombres (60 %); la edad promedio fue de 50 ± 18 años. Ocurrió fracaso de extubación en 37 (30 %). Como factores de riesgo independentes se asoció hipoalbuminemia en 29 (23.8 %, RR = 1.43, IC 95 % = 1.11-1.85) e hipofosfatemia en 18 (14.6 %, RR = 2.98, IC 95 % = 1.66-5.35); se observaron dos o más factores de riesgo independientes en 22.7 % (RR = 1.51, IC 95 % = 1.14-2.00). Conclusiones: Identificar los factores de riesgo independentes antes de la DVM puede ayudar a reducir el fracaso de la extubación y la morbimortalidad asociada.


Abstract Introduction: Even with an adequate mechanical ventilation weaning (MVW) protocol, the procedure fails in 15 to 30 % of cases. Objective: To assess the association between independent risk factors (IRFs) and post-extubation failure in patients undergoing MVW in an intensive care unit. Method: Longitudinal, prospective, analytical cohort study in patients on mechanical ventilation for more than 24 hours and who were extubated. Pre-extubation reports of hemoglobin, albumin, phosphorus, waist-hip ratio and SOFA score were obtained. Extubation failure was defined as resumption of mechanical ventilation within 48 hours or less. Results: 123 patients were extubated, out of whom 74 were males (60 %); average age was 50 ± 18 years. Extubation failure occurred in 37 (30 %). Hypoalbuminemia was associated as an independent risk factor in 29 (23.8 %, RR = 1.43, 95 % CI = 1.11-1.85) and hypophosphatemia was in 18 (14.6 %, RR = 2.98, 95 % CI = 1.66-5.35); two or more IRFs were observed in 22.7 % (RR = 1.51, 95 % CI = 1.14-2.00). Conclusions: Identifying independent risk factors prior to MVW can help reduce the risk of extubation failure and associated morbidity and mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Ventilator Weaning , Airway Extubation/adverse effects , Phosphorus/blood , Time Factors , Serum Albumin/analysis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Retreatment , Health Care Surveys/statistics & numerical data , Waist-Hip Ratio , Airway Extubation/statistics & numerical data , Intensive Care Units
14.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(4): 447-451, July-Aug. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130924

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Telogen effluvium is the most common form of non-scarring alopecia characterized by diffuse hair loss. Ischemia-modified albumin is a marker of oxidative stress and inflammation. Objective The aim of this study was to compare the levels of ischemia-modified albumin of telogen effluvium patients with healthy controls. Methods Ninety-one patients diagnosed with telogen effluvium and 35 healthy volunteers were included in the study. Serum ischemia-modified albumin level was determined by a fast-colorimetric method, and albumin cobalt binding test. The results were evaluated statistically. Results There was no statistically significant difference between the serum albumin values of patient and control groups (p = 0.739). Serum ischemia-modified albumin values were significantly higher in the patients with telogen effluvium than healthy controls (p < 0.001). Study limitations Body mass index values of the patient and control groups could not be calculated. Conclusions To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first clinical study to investigate the role of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of telogen effluvium using ischemia-modified albumin as a biomarker. Based on the results of the present study, it can be considered that oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis of telogen effluvium. There is a need for further studies to support the results of this study, to demonstrate the possible effects of oxidative stress, and to investigate the other oxidative stress markers in the pathogenesis of telogen effluvium.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Serum Albumin , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Alopecia Areata , Biomarkers , Environmental Biomarkers , Alopecia
15.
Medisan ; 24(4): 627-640, jul.-ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1125137

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La albúmina sérica constituye uno de los parámetros utilizados para predecir el riesgo de complicaciones en pacientes intervenidos quirúrgicamente. Objetivo: Evaluar la utilidad de la albúmina sérica como factor pronóstico de fallo múltiple de órganos en pacientes con peritonitis difusa secundaria. Método: Se realizó un estudio observacional, analítico, de cohortes de 54 pacientes con peritonitis difusa secundaria atendidos en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos del Hospital General Universitario Carlos Manuel de Céspedes de Bayamo, de la provincia de Granma, durante el 2016. La variable marcadora del pronóstico fue el fallo múltiple de órganos, que se evaluó con la escala Secuencial Organ Failure Assessment. Resultados: En 37,7 % de los pacientes se desarrolló fallo múltiple de órganos; asimismo, el valor promedio de la albúmina sérica al ingreso (desviación estándar) fue 30,3 g/L (+ 3,4) en pacientes con dicha afectación y 33,2 g/L (+ 4,1) sin esta (p=0,012). El riesgo relativo de fallo múltiple de órganos resultó ser de 1,9 (IC: 95 % 1,1-3,2) con albúmina de 30 g/L o menos. En el análisis multivariado la albúmina sérica constituyó un factor independiente de fallo múltiple de órganos junto al índice de APACHE II; mientras que el área bajo la curva receptor operador presentó un valor de 0,7 cuando se estimó la capacidad discriminativa de la albúmina para predecir la no aparición de fallo múltiple de órganos y de 0,2 para predecir su desarrollo. Conclusiones: La albúmina sérica es útil como factor pronóstico de fallo múltiple de órganos en pacientes con peritonitis difusa secundaria.


Introduction: Seric albumin constitutes one of the parameters used to predict the risk of complications in patients surgically intervened. Objective: To evaluate the utility of seric albumin as prediction factor of multiple failure of organs in patients with secondary diffuse peritonitis. Method: An observational, cohorts analytic study of 54 patients with secondary diffuse peritonitis was carried out, they were assisted in the Intensive Cares Unit of Carlos Manuel de Céspedes University General Hospital in Bayamo, Granma, during 2016. The marker variable of prediction was the multiple failures of organs that was evaluated with the Sequential scale Organ Failure Assessment. Results: In the 37.7 % of patients multiple failure of organs was developed; also, the average value of seric albumin at admission (standard deviation) was 30.3 g/L (+ 3.4) in patients with this disorder and 33.2 g/L (+ 4.1) without this disorder (p=0.012). The relative risk of multiple failure of organs was 1.9 (CI: 95 % 1.1-3.2) with albumin of 30 g/L or less. In the multivariate analysis seric albumin constituted an independent factor of multiple failure of organs along with APACHE II index; while the area under the curve receiving operator presented a value of 0.7 when the discriminative capacity of the albumin was considered to predict if the multiple failure of organs was not present and 0.2 to predict its development. Conclusions: Seric albumin is useful as prediction factor of multiple failure of organs in patients with secondary diffuse peritonitis.


Subject(s)
Peritonitis , Serum Albumin , Multiple Organ Failure , Risk Factors
16.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(2): 180-184, March-Apr. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132566

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Sudden hearing loss is a significant otologic emergency. Previous studies have revealed a coexistence of sudden hearing loss with chronic inflammation. The predictive importance of C-reactive protein/albumin values as a prognostic factor has been shown in various inflammatory and tumoral conditions. Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine whether the C-reactive protein/albumin ratio in sudden hearing loss can be used for prognostic purposes and whether there is a relationship between the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio and the C-reactive protein/albumin ratio. Methods: A retrospective examination was made of 40 patients diagnosed with idiopathic sudden hearing loss and a control group of 45 healthy subjects. The pure tone averages of all the patients were determined on first presentation and repeated at 3 months after the treatment. The patients were separated into 2 groups according to the response to treatment. The neutrophil/lynphocyte ratio and the C-reactive protein/albumin ratios were calculated from the laboratory tests. Results: The patients included 16 females and 24 males with a mean age of 44.1 ± 14.2 years and the control group was composed of 23 females and 22 males with a mean age of 42.2 ± 13.8 years. The mean C-reactive protein/albumin ratio was 0.95 ± 0.47 in the patient group and 0.74 ± 0.13 in the control group. The difference was statistically significant (p = 0.009). The mean C-reactive protein/albumin ratio was 0.79 ± 0.12 in the response to treatment group and 1.27 ± 0.72 in the non-response group, with no significant difference determined between the groups (p = 0.418). The mean neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio was 3.52 ± 3.00 in the response to treatment group and 4.90 ± 4.60 in the non-response group, with no statistically significant difference determined between the groups (p = 0.261). Conclusion: C-reactive/albumin ratio was significantly higher in patients with sudden hearing loss than in the control group. Although C-reactive protein/albumin ratio was found to be lower in sudden hearing loss patients who responded to treatment compared to those who did not, the difference between two groups was not statistically significant.


Resumo Introdução: A perda auditiva neurossensorial súbita ou surdez súbita é uma emergência otológica significativa. Estudos anteriores revelaram uma coexistência dessa condição com inflamação crônica. A importância preditiva dos valores da relação proteína C-reativa/albumina como fator prognóstico tem sido demonstrada em várias condições inflamatórias e tumorais. Objetivos: O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar se a relação proteína C-reativa/albumina na perda auditiva neurossensorial súbita pode ser usada para fins prognósticos e se existe uma associação entre as relações neutrófilo/linfócito e proteína C-reativa/albumina. Método: Foram avaliados retrospectivamente 40 pacientes com diagnóstico de perda auditiva neurossensorial súbita idiopática e um grupo controle de 45 indivíduos saudáveis. As médias de tons puros de todos os pacientes foram determinadas na primeira consulta e repetidas 3 meses após o tratamento. Os pacientes foram separados em 2 grupos de acordo com a resposta ao tratamento. As relações neutrófilo/linfócito e proteína C-reativa/albumina foram calculadas a partir de testes laboratoriais. Resultados: Os pacientes incluíam 16 mulheres e 24 homens, com média de 44,1 ± 14,2 anos, e o grupo controle por 23 mulheres e 22 homens, com média de 42,2 ± 13,8 anos. A média da relação proteína C-reativa/albumina foi de 0,95 ± 0,47 no grupo de pacientes e de 0,74 ± 0,13 no grupo controle e a diferença foi estatisticamente significante (p = 0,009). A média da relação proteína C-reativa/albumina foi de 0,79 ± 0,12 do grupo com resposta ao tratamento e de 1,27 ± 0,72 no grupo sem resposta, sem diferença significante entre os grupos (p = 0,418). A média da relação neutrófilo/linfócito foi de 3,52 ± 3,00 no grupo com resposta ao tratamento e de 4,90 ± 4,60 no grupo sem resposta, sem diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos (p = 0,261). Conclusão: A relação proteína C-reativa/albumina foi significantemente maior nos pacientes com perda auditiva neurossensorial súbita do que no grupo controle. No entanto, embora a relação proteína C-reativa/albumina tenha sido menor nos pacientes com perda auditiva neurossensorial súbita que responderam ao tratamento em comparação a aqueles que não apresentaram resposta, a diferença entre os dois grupos não foi estatisticamente significante.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Hearing Loss, Sudden/drug therapy , Hearing Loss, Sudden/blood , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/drug therapy , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/blood , Prognosis , Serum Albumin/analysis , Biomarkers/blood , Case-Control Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Lymphocyte Count , Neutrophils
17.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(3): 202-209, Mar. 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1135603

ABSTRACT

The objective of this research was to creates a reference interval for C-reactive protein (CRP)/albumin ratio (CAR) in the canine species and to analyze the potential of CRP, albumin and the relationship between both, to serve as indicators of disease severity, length of hospital stay (LoS) and mortality in this species. For this, an outcome study was conducted in a Veterinary Teaching Hospital in southern Brazil. One hundred ninety dogs were included randomly, without distinction of gender, age, or breed, from June 2013 to November 2016. Plasma was collected from them and analyzed for assessment of CRP and albumin. The reference range stipulated for CAR in dogs was 0.36-0.60, as determined by the confidence interval of mean resamplings (in percentiles). The frequencies mean, and standard deviations of the variables, correlation analysis, and comparative analysis (Kruskal-Wallis in α = 5%) were calculated. Elevation (above reference) of CAR was determined to be proportional to the severity of the underlying disease, and CRP means were reasonable. Besides, hypoalbuminemia was indicative of systemic disease, but not of severity. Thus, CAR was a better marker of disease severity than were CRP and albumin, analyzed separately. Concerning LoS, there was a positive correlation with CAR (p<0.01) in patients, and the same was not observed with CRP and albumin. Concerning mortality, hypoalbuminemia was the only marker valid in animals with a critical illness (p=0.04). In conclusion, CAR is a better marker of disease severity and LoS in dogs than are CRP and albumin analyzed separately.(AU)


O objetivo desta pesquisa foi determinar um intervalo de referência para a relação proteína C reativa (PCR)/albumina (R:PCR/ALB) na espécie canina e analisar o potencial de PCR, albumina e a relação entre ambas como indicadores de gravidade de doença, tempo de internação (TI) e mortalidade nesta espécie. Para isso, um estudo foi realizado em um Hospital Veterinário Escola no sul do Brasil. Cento e noventa cães foram incluídos aleatoriamente, sem distinção de sexo, idade ou raça, de junho de 2013 a novembro de 2016. O plasma foi coletado e analisado para avaliação da PCR e albumina. O intervalo de referência estipulado para o R:PCR/ALB em cães foi de 0,36-0,60, conforme determinado pelo intervalo de confiança da média das reamostragens (em percentis). Foram calculadas as frequências, médias e desvios-padrões das variáveis, análises de correlação e análises comparativas (Kruskal-Wallis em α = 5%). Notou-se elevação (acima da referência) da R:PCR/ALB proporcional à gravidade da doença de base, sendo normais as médias da PCR. Adicionalmente, a hipoalbuminemia foi indicadora de doença sistêmica, mas, não de gravidade. Dessa forma, a R:PCR/ALB foi melhor indicadora de gravidade de doença do que a PCR e albumina, analisadas separadamente. Em relação ao TI, houve correlação positiva com a R:PCR/ALB (p<0,01) em doentes, não sendo observado o mesmo com a PCR e albumina. Em relação à mortalidade, a hipoalbuminemia foi a única marcadora válida em animais com doenças críticas (p=0,04). Conclui-se, portanto, que a R:PCR/ALB é melhor marcadora de gravidade de doença e TI em cães do que a PCR e albumina analisadas separadamente.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Prognosis , Severity of Illness Index , C-Reactive Protein , Serum Albumin , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Dog Diseases/diagnosis , Hospitalization
18.
J. bras. nefrol ; 42(1): 59-66, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098349

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Mast cells may be involved in inflammation and contribute to the onset of fibrosis in lupus nephritis (LN). Objective: This study aimed to correlate the presence of mast cells in kidney biopsy specimens of pediatric patients with LN with activity (AI) and chronicity (CI) indices and assess how effectively mast cells may be used as a prognostic factor. Method: The study included 40 patients aged 6-18 years diagnosed with LN at the Renal Disease Service of the Federal University of Triângulo Mineiro between 1996 and 2015. Workup and epidemiological data were evaluated vis-à-vis AI, CI, and mast cell counts (MCC). Results: Significant positive correlations were found between mast cell counts (MCC) and AI (p = 0.003; r: 0.66) and MCC and CI (p = 0.048; r: 0.48). The ROC curve showed that mast cells were highly sensitive and specific in the differentiation of patients with an AI > 12 from individuals with an AI ≤ 12. Serum creatinine levels were higher in individuals with class IV LN than in patients with class V disease [1.50 (0.40-20.90) vs. 0.70 (0.62-0.90), p = 0.04]. Blood urea nitrogen had a positive significant correlation with MCC (p = 0.002; r: 0.75). A trend toward a negative correlation was observed between MCC and serum albumin (p = 0.06; r: -0.5459). Kidney biopsies of patients with nephrotic syndrome had higher MCC [2.12 (0.41-5.140) vs. 0.53 (0.0-3.94), p = 0.07]. Conclusion: Inflammatory cell infiltration and morphological differences between cell types in the inflammatory infiltrate are relevant factors in the assessment of the LN. Mast cell analysis and AI/CI assessment may be relevant prognostic indicators for pediatric patients with LN.


RESUMO Introdução: Mastócitos podem participar da inflamação e contribuir para fibrose na nefrite lúpica (NL). Objetivo: Correlacionar mastócitos em biópsias renais (BR) de pacientes pediátricos com NL com índices de atividade (IA) e cronicidade (IC), avaliando sua efetividade como fator prognóstico. Metodologia: Foram estudados 40 pacientes, entre 6 e 18 anos, diagnosticados com NL pelo Serviço de Nefropatologia da UFTM entre 1996 e 2015. Dados laboratoriais e epidemiológicos foram correlacionados com IA, IC e contagem de mastócitos (CM). Resultados: Encontramos correlação positiva e significativa entre contagem de mastócitos (CM) e IA (p = 0,003; r: 0,66) e entre CM e IC (p = 0,048; r: 0,48). Conforme a curva Roc, os mastócitos têm alta sensibilidade e especificidade na diferenciação de pacientes com IA menor ou maior do que 12. A creatinina sérica foi mais elevada na classe IV em relação à classe V [1,50 (0,40 - 20,90) versus 0,70 (0,62 - 0,90), p = 0,04]. Ureia sérica apresentou correlação positiva e significativa com CM (p = 0,002; r: 0,75). Observou-se tendência à correlação negativa entre CM e albumina sérica (p = 0,06; r: -0,5459). BR de pacientes com síndrome nefrótica apresentaram maior CM [2,12 (0,41 - 5,140) versus 0,53 (0,0 - 3,94), p = 0,07]. Conclusão: Não apenas o infiltrado inflamatório como também a diferenciação morfológica dos tipos celulares que o constituem são importantes para a avaliação da NL. Isso indica que a análise dos mastócitos, juntamente com a dos IA e IC, pode ajudar os nefrologistas a definirem o prognóstico de pacientes pediátricos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Severity of Illness Index , Lupus Nephritis/diagnosis , Kidney/pathology , Mast Cells/pathology , Prognosis , Biopsy , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Lupus Nephritis/complications , Lupus Nephritis/blood , Serum Albumin/analysis , Cell Count , Creatinine/blood , Nephrotic Syndrome/complications , Nephrotic Syndrome/pathology , Nephrotic Syndrome/blood
19.
J. bras. nefrol ; 42(1): 24-30, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098348

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aims: To evaluate the nutritional status, resting energy expenditure, caloric and protein intake, and evolution of biochemical parameters in three stages of chronic kidney disease: pre-dialytic, at the beginning of the dialysis treatment, and 30 days after starting treatment. Methods: The chi-square and Student's t tests were used to compare the variables, and analysis of repeated measurements was used to compare the data obtained in the three moments evaluated. The results were discussed at the 5% level of significance. Results: We evaluated 35 patients, 60% female and 60% with diabetes mellitus. There was a decrease in midarm circumference and serum albumin. Inflammatory state and caloric and protein intake increased. There was no significant difference in resting energy expenditure in the three moments. The serum urea and serum albumin, handgrip strength, and protein consumption after 30 days from the start of dialysis were greater in the peritoneal dialysis patients, when compared to the hemodialysis population. Conclusion: there was a decrease in midarm circumference and serum albumin and an increase in protein intake after dialysis. The peritoneal dialysis patients had higher muscle strength, even with lower protein intake. Resting energy expenditure was not different between dialysis methods and the moments evaluated.


Resumo Objetivos: Avaliar o estado nutricional, o gasto energético em repouso, o gasto calórico e proteico e a evolução dos parâmetros bioquímicos em três estágios da doença renal crônica: pré-dialítico, no início do tratamento dialítico e 30 dias após o início do tratamento. Métodos: O teste do qui-quadrado e o teste t de Student foram utilizados para comparar as variáveis, e a análise das medidas repetidas foi utilizada para comparar os dados obtidos nos três momentos avaliados. Os resultados foram discutidos ao nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Foram avaliados 35 pacientes, 60% mulheres e 60% com diabetes mellitus. Houve uma diminuição na circunferência do terço médio do braço (CMB) e na albumina sérica. O estado inflamatório e a ingestão calórica e protéica aumentaram. Não houve diferença significativa no gasto energético em repouso nos três momentos. A ureia sérica e a albumina sérica, a força de preensão manual e o consumo de proteínas após 30 dias do início da diálise foram maiores nos pacientes em diálise peritoneal, quando comparados com a população em hemodiálise. Conclusão: houve diminuição da circunferência do terço médio do braço e na albumina sérica, e aumento da ingestão protéica após a diálise. Os pacientes em diálise peritoneal apresentaram maior força muscular, mesmo com menor consumo proteico. O gasto energético em repouso não foi diferente entre os métodos de diálise e os momentos avaliados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Rest , Nutritional Status , Peritoneal Dialysis/methods , Energy Metabolism , Kidney Failure, Chronic/physiopathology , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Urea/blood , Energy Intake , Serum Albumin/analysis , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Treatment Outcome , Hand Strength , Kidney Failure, Chronic/blood
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