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2.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(10): 1351-1354, Oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS | ID: biblio-1136158

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Vertebral Artery Dissection (VAD) is a rare condition that can be caused by a wide amplitude of neck movement, which injures the vessel wall and can cause ischemia in the cerebellum. We present a 37-year-old man with herniated lumbar disc and allergic rhinosinusitis, which caused sneezing spells. After one of these bouts with a ricochet of the head, he presented C3 misalignment with local pain. Twenty-one days later, affected by a new crisis, he presented left temporal headache, nystagmus, and vertigo. After 3 days, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) identified 2 regions of cerebellar ischemia and filling failure of the right vertebral artery. After 2 days, Computed Angiotomography (CT Angiography) was performed and showed right VAD with a local thrombus, without aneurysmal signs. Transcranial Doppler did not indicate an increase in blood flow from this artery. The suggested treatment involved administration of anticoagulant Apixabana 5mg, 12/12h, for 3 months, until the condition was reevaluated with new Angio CT and MRI. It was recommended that the patient was released from work for 1 month and forbidden from doing intense physical exercises for 3 months; however, due to setbacks, these deadlines were extended until a new appointment, 4 months after the first visit. The new tests showed no changes, indicating that the condition was stable. This case aims to indicate the possible investigations of the diagnosis and therapeutic options of the rare association between VAD with cerebellar infarction in a well-documented case.


RESUMO A Dissecção da Artéria Vertebral (DAV) é quadro raro que pode ser causado por movimentação de grande amplitude do pescoço, que lesiona a parede desse vaso, podendo provocar isquemia no cerebelo. Apresentamos um homem de 37 anos, com hérnia de disco e rinossinusite alérgica que lhe causava crises de espirros em salva (CE). Após uma dessas crises com ricocheteamento da cabeça, apresentou desalinhamento de C3 com dor local. Vinte e um dias depois, acometido por nova crise, apresentou cefaleia temporal esquerda, nistagmo e vertigem. Decorridos 3 dias, o paciente foi submetido a Ressoânncia Magnética (RM), que identificou 2 regiões de isquemia cerebelar e enchimento comprometido da artéria vertebral direita. Após 2 dias, foram feitos Angiotomografia Computadorizada (Angio TC), que constatou DAV direita com trombo local, sem sinais aneurismáticos, e Doppler Transcraniano, que não indicou aumento do fluxo sanguíneo dessa artéria. O tratamento sugerido envolvia administração de anticoagulante Apixabana 5mg, 12/12h, por 3 meses, até que o quadro fosse reavaliado com novas Angio TC e RM. Foi recomendado que o paciente ficasse afastado do trabalho por 1 mês e de exercícios físicos intensos por 3 meses, porém devido a contratempos, esses prazos foram prorrogados até nova consulta, 4 meses após a primeira. Os novos exames não apresentaram alterações, indicando que o quadro estava estável. Esse caso tem como objetivo indicar as possíveis investigações do diagnóstico e opções terapêuticas da rara associação entre DAV com infarto cerebelar em caso bem documentado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Cerebellar Diseases , Vertebral Artery Dissection/etiology , Vertebral Artery Dissection/diagnostic imaging , Sneezing , Vertebral Artery , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Infarction
3.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(1): 63-73, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089372

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The types of allergic rhinitis are roughly classified based on the causative antigens, disease types, predilection time, and symptom severity. Objective To examine the clinical typing and individualized treatment approach for allergic rhinitis and to determine the optimal treatment method for this disease using various drug combination therapies. Methods A total of 108 participants with allergic rhinitis were divided into three groups based on symptoms. Subsequently, each group was further categorized into four subgroups based on the medications received. The efficacy of the treatments was evaluated using the visual analog scale VAS scores of the total and individual nasal symptoms, decline index of the symptom score, histamine and leukotriene levels, and mRNA and protein expression levels of histamine 1 and cysteinyl leukotriene 1 receptors. Results Loratadine + mometasone furoate and loratadine + mometasone furoate + montelukast significantly improved the sneezing symptom and reduced the histamine levels compared with the other combination therapies (p < 0.05). Meanwhile, montelukast + mometasone furoate and montelukast + mometasone furoate + loratadine considerably improved the nasal obstruction symptom and decreased the leukotriene D4 levels compared with the other combination therapies (p < 0.05). Conclusion Clinical symptom evaluation combined with experimental detection of histamine and leukotriene levels can be an objective and accurate method to clinically classify the allergic rhinitis types. Furthermore, individualized treatment based on allergic rhinitis classification can result in a good treatment efficacy.


Resumo Introdução A rinite alérgica é basicamente classificada de acordo com os antígenos causadores, tipos de doença, peridiocidade e gravidade dos sintomas. Objetivo Avaliar os tipos clínicos e a abordagem terapêutica individualizada para cada tipo de rinite alérgica e determinar o método de tratamento ideal utilizando várias terapias de combinação de fármacos. Método Um total de 108 participantes com rinite alérgica foram divididos em três grupos com base nos sintomas. Posteriormente, cada grupo foi subsequentemente categorizado em quatro subgrupos com base nos medicamentos recebidos. A eficácia dos tratamentos foi avaliada utilizando os escores da escala visual analógica EVA dos sintomas nasais totais e individualmente, índice de declínio do escore de sintomas, níveis de histamina e leucotrienos e níveis de expressão de mRNA e proteína dos receptores de histamina 1 e cisteinil-leucotrieno 1. Resultados As associações entre loratadina + furoato de mometasona, assim como a de loratadina + furoato de mometasona + montelucaste melhoraram significativamente o sintoma de espirros e reduziram os níveis de histamina em comparação às outras terapias combinadas (p < 0,05). Por outro lado, a associação montelucaste + furoato de mometasona, assim como a associação montelucaste + furoato de mometasone + loratadina melhoraram consideravelmente o sintoma de obstrução nasal e diminuíram os níveis de leucotrieno D4 em comparação com as outras combinações (p < 0,05). Conclusão A avaliação clínica dos sintomas combinada com a detecção experimental dos níveis de histamina e leucotrieno pode ser um método objetivo e preciso para classificar clinicamente os tipos de rinite alérgica. Além disso, o tratamento individualizado baseado na classificação da rinite alérgica pode resultar no aumento da eficácia do tratamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Histamine/blood , Leukotriene D4/blood , Drug Therapy, Combination/methods , Precision Medicine/methods , Rhinitis, Allergic/blood , Quinolines/therapeutic use , Sneezing , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Receptors, Histamine H1/genetics , Nasal Obstruction/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Loratadine/therapeutic use , Receptors, Leukotriene/genetics , Anti-Allergic Agents/therapeutic use , Rhinitis, Allergic/diagnosis , Rhinitis, Allergic/drug therapy , Mometasone Furoate/therapeutic use , Acetates/therapeutic use , Nasal Mucosa
4.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research ; : 655-663, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762156

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of daily vacuuming of mattresses on the concentration of house dust mite (HDM) allergens and on allergic rhinitis (AR) symptoms in children sensitized to HDM. METHODS: Forty children between the ages of 6 and 12 years with mild persistent AR and sensitized only to HDM were enrolled and randomly allocated to 2 groups. Caregivers of children in the experimental group cleaned the children's rooms and vacuumed their mattresses daily for 2 weeks. Caregivers of children in the control group cleaned the children's rooms without vacuuming mattresses. Symptoms of AR were checked weekly and dust samples were collected from the mattresses before and after the study. RESULTS: Demographics at the beginning of the study were not significantly different between the 2 groups. In the experimental group, symptoms of AR and dust weight were significantly decreased after 2 weeks (total symptoms of AR, P <0.001; sneezing, P < 0.001; rhinorrhea, P <0.001; nasal obstruction, P < 0.001; itching, P <0.001; and dust weight, P = 0.006). The concentrations of HDM allergens were not changed significantly (Der p1, P = 0.333; Der f1, P = 0.841). In the control group, there were no significant changes in symptoms of AR, dust weight, or the concentration of HDM allergens. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings showed that daily vacuuming of mattresses reduced dust weight and symptoms of AR. However, the concentration of HDM allergens did not significantly decrease.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Allergens , Beds , Caregivers , Demography , Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus , Dust , Nasal Obstruction , Pruritus , Pyroglyphidae , Rhinitis, Allergic , Sneezing , Vacuum
5.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 23(3): e20180292, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1001977

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the prevalence of signs and symptoms related to inhalation of surgical smoke among surgical technologists and non-surgical technologists nursing professionals. Method: A cross-sectional study with 46 professionals from a university hospital. To evaluate the prevalence, an instrument with signs/symptoms related to the inhalation of electrocautery smoke was used. To verify the comparison between the prevalence of signs/symptoms, the Fisher's exact test was performed. Results: Higher prevalence of all signs/symptoms among surgical technologists, with a statistically significant difference between the act of instrumenting with the presence of at least one signs/symptoms related to inhalation of surgical smoke (p=0.01); eye irritation (p=0.02); irritation of nasal mucosa and oral cavity (p=0.03); headache (p=0.04). Conclusion: The presence of problems related to surgical smoke in nursing workers elicits more attention. Implications for practice: Health units must be aware of the risk of such exposure and take measures to preventing it.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Comparar la prevalencia de signos y síntomas relacionados a la inhalación del humo quirúrgico entre trabajadores de enfermería instrumentadores y no-instrumentadores. Método: Estudio transversal realizado con 46 trabajadores en un hospital universitario. Para evaluación de la prevalencia, se utilizó un instrumento con signos/síntomas relacionados con la inhalación del humo del electrocauterio. Para la comparación entre prevalencia de signos/síntomas, fue realizada la prueba exacta de Fisher. Resultados: Mayor prevalencia de todos los signos/síntomas entre instrumentadores, con diferencia estadísticamente significante entre el acto de instrumentar con la presencia de por lo menos un signo/síntomas relacionado con la inhalación del humo quirúrgico (p=0,01); irritación en los ojos (p = 0,02); de mucosa nasal y cavidad oral (p=0,03); cefalea (p=0,04). Conclusión: La presencia de problemas relacionados al humo quirúrgico en instrumentadores suscita mayor cuidado. Implicaciones para la práctica: Unidades de salud deben considerar los riesgos de esta exposición y adoptar medidas de prevención.


RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar a prevalência de sinais e sintomas relacionados à inalação da fumaça cirúrgica entre trabalhadores de enfermagem instrumentadores e não-instrumentadores. Método: Estudo transversal realizado com 46 trabalhadores em um hospital universitário. Para avaliação da prevalência, foi utilizado um instrumento com sinais e sintomas relacionados à inalação da fumaça do eletrocautério. Para a comparação entre a prevalência dos sinais/sintomas, realizou-se o teste exato de Fisher. Resultados: Maior prevalência de todos os sinais/sintomas entre profissionais que instrumentam, com diferença estatisticamente significante entre o ato de instrumentar com a presença de pelo menos um sinal/sintoma relacionado à inalação da fumaça cirúrgica (p=0,01); irritação nos olhos (p=0,02); da mucosa nasal e cavidade oral (p=0,03); cefaleia (p=0,04). Conclusão: A presença de problemas relacionados à fumaça cirúrgica em instrumentadores suscita maior atenção. Implicações para a prática: As unidades de saúde devem tomar ciência do risco dessa exposição e adotar medidas de prevenção a este risco.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Smoke , Occupational Health/statistics & numerical data , Inhalation Exposure , Electrocoagulation/instrumentation , Nursing, Team , Sneezing , Surgicenters , Nasal Obstruction , Eye Injuries , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Headache
7.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 2(3): 379-381, jul.set.2018. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380955

ABSTRACT

The effects observed with nasal provocation testing using 5% glycerol were associated only with irritation/burning sensation within the first few minutes, reducing spontaneously and disappearing quickly. The use of 5% glycerol was found to have no influence on the prevalence of nasal obstruction, rhinorrhea, sneezing and nasal/ocular itching obtained through summing symptoms, as evaluated in different nasal provocation tests, after 15-20 minutes. Overall, dilution with 5% glycerol did not change the final score for symptoms during nasal provocation testing.


Os efeitos observados com glicerol a 5% na provocação nasal foram associados unicamente a irritação e sensação de prurido nos primeiros minutos, cedendo espontaneamente e desaparecendo rapidamente. O uso de glicerol a 5% não influenciou a prevalência de obstrução nasal, rinorreia, espirros e prurido nasal e ocular obtidos na soma dos sintomas, quando avaliado em diferentes testes de provocação nasal específica, após 15-20 minutos. Tomada em conjunto, essa diluição com glicerol a 5% não altera a pontuação final dos sintomas durante a provocação nasal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Glycerol , Nasal Mucosa , Nasal Provocation Tests , Pruritus , Sensation , Signs and Symptoms , Sneezing , Nasal Obstruction , Prevalence , Dilution , Rhinorrhea
8.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research ; : 34-42, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739389

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has been widely used in China to treat allergic rhinitis (AR). However, several studies have produced conflicting data with regard to the efficacy of the medicine. Our aim was to perform a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) to evaluate the relative efficacy of CHM. METHODS: We systematically searched the PubMed, Medline, and Springer electronic databases up to March 2017 for RCTs comparing the efficacy of CHM versus placebo for the treatment of patients with AR. Total nasal symptoms and quality of life were assessed through pooling mean difference (MD) with its 95% confidence interval (CI). Moreover, sensitivity and subgroup analyses according to control design and quality of life assessment were performed to evaluate the source of heterogeneity. RESULTS: Eleven RCTs were enrolled in the meta-analysis. Assessment of overall heterogeneity indicated significant heterogeneity among the individual studies (I 2=100%, P<0.00001), and thus ransomed effects model was used to pool data. CHM was found to significantly enhance quality of life compared with placebo (MD=-0.88, (95% CI: -1.55, -0.21); P=0.01). The symptom of itchy nose, sneezing or total nasal symptoms scores were not significantly improved after CHM treatment, although the improvement in itchy nose just failed to reach significance (MD=0.09, (95% CI: 0.00, 0.18); P=0.06). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that CHM appears to improve the quality of life of AR patients. However, these findings, as well as the findings for the effect of CHM on sneezing, total nasal symptoms, and the symptom of itchy nose, need to be substantiated in larger cohorts of AR patients by further well-designed studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asian People , China , Cohort Studies , Herbal Medicine , Nose , Population Characteristics , Quality of Life , Rhinitis, Allergic , Sneezing
9.
Asia Pacific Allergy ; (4): e7-2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750126

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a global health problem and is characterised by one or more symptoms, including sneezing, itching, nasal congestion and rhinorrhea. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the features of AR and the physician's approach to the management of AR patients in four geographical regions. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a questionnaire survey concerning AR was completed by Honorary and Corresponding Members of the Italian Society of Rhinology from different countries among 4 world geographical regions—Asia, Europe, the Americas, and Africa. RESULTS: The prevalence of AR was reported to be 15%–25%. Children and adolescents, as well as young adults, were the age groups more affected by AR with comorbidities of asthma, sinusitis, conjunctivitis, and nasal polyposis. Nasal symptoms of AR were more intense in the spring (51.92%) and autumn (28.85%). The most common aero-allergens were pollen and mites (67.31%), animal dander and pollutants (23.08%), and fungal allergens (21.15%). Allergen-specific immunotherapy was prescribed for both perennial and seasonal allergens (32.69%) via sublingual swallow (46.15%) and subcutaneous (32.69%) routes. For the AR patients, the most prescribed drugs were intranasal corticosteroids (86.54%) and oral H₁-antihistamines (82.69%). CONCLUSION: A network of experts can improve our knowledge concerning AR epidemiology, and together with guidelines, could assist practitioners and otolaryngologists in standardising the diagnosis and treatment of AR.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Animals , Child , Humans , Young Adult , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Africa , Allergens , Americas , Asthma , Comorbidity , Conjunctivitis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dander , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Estrogens, Conjugated (USP) , Europe , Global Health , Immunotherapy , Mites , Pollen , Prevalence , Pruritus , Rhinitis, Allergic , Seasons , Sinusitis , Sneezing , Sublingual Immunotherapy
10.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 85-90, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760078

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Chronic rhinitis is divided into allergic rhinitis (AR) and nonallergic rhinitis (NAR), both of which have similar symptoms but differ in treatment approaches. For the diagnosis of AR, allergen-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) tests along with characteristic symptoms are required. However, these tests are costly and not always practicable. The purpose of this study was to investigate how symptoms respond differently to different allergen sensitization or sensitized allergen. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: We retrospectively reviewed 1661 patients who underwent multiple allergen simultaneous test (MAST) for chronic rhinitis symptoms. The total nasal symptom (TNS) scores of these patients from 2006 to 2014 were assessed for rhinorrhea, nasal obstruction, itching, and sneezing. Patients were classified as AR and NAR according to the results of MAST and their association with symptoms. RESULTS: There were 1021 patients designated to the AR group and 640 patients to the NAR. The AR group had lower age, higher TNS, and higher serum IgE levels than the NAR group. In addition, sneezing and itching were more common in the AR group. Furthermore, sneezing was a positive predictor for seasonal allergen sensitization. On the other hand, itching was a positive predictor for perennial allergen sensitization. CONCLUSION: AR and NAR patients showed different demographic characteristics and symptoms. These results may be helpful in classifying and treating patients with chronic rhinitis, especially when the allergen specific IgE test cannot be performed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diagnosis , Hand , Immunoglobulin E , Immunoglobulins , Methods , Nasal Obstruction , Pruritus , Retrospective Studies , Rhinitis , Rhinitis, Allergic , Seasons , Sneezing , Urbanization
11.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 52-57, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713329

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: It is well known that allergic rhinitis (AR) has positive association with adenotonsillectomy. However, the impact of AR on symptom improvement after adenotonsillectomy is not well documented. Hence, we aimed to evaluate the effect of AR on the symptom improvement after adenotonsillectomy between AR and nonallergic patients. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 250 pediatric patients younger than 10 years old who received adenotonsillectomy from June 2009 to June 2014 in a tertiary referral hospital. All patients underwent skin prick test or multiple allergen simultaneous test (MAST) before surgery and classified into AR group and control group. Obstructive and rhinitis symptoms including snoring, mouth breathing, nasal obstruction, rhinorrhea, itching, and sneezing were evaluated before and 1 year after surgery using questionnaire and telephone survey. RESULTS: AR group was 131 and control group was 119, showing higher prevalence (52.4%) of AR among adenotonsillectomized patients. Both groups showed dramatic improvement of symptoms such as snoring and mouth breathing after surgery (all P < 0.05). However, AR group showed significantly less improvement than control group in snoring, mouth breathing, nasal obstruction, and rhinorrhea (all P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that preoperative mouth breathing and snoring were dependent on tonsil grade and postoperative symptoms were mainly dependent on presence of AR. Nasal obstruction was dependent on tonsil grade and presence of AR preoperatively and presence of AR postoperatively. These suggest the importance of AR as a risk factor for mouth breathing, snoring, and nasal obstruction. CONCLUSION: AR has positive association with adenotonsillectomy and not only allergic symptoms but also obstructive symptoms such as snoring and mouth breathing improved less in AR group than control group. Hence, patients with AR should be monitored for long-term basis and more carefully after adenotonsillectomy.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Adenoidectomy , Mouth Breathing , Multivariate Analysis , Nasal Obstruction , Palatine Tonsil , Prevalence , Pruritus , Retrospective Studies , Rhinitis , Rhinitis, Allergic , Risk Factors , Skin , Sneezing , Snoring , Telephone , Tertiary Care Centers , Tonsillectomy
12.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 77(2): 193-196, jun. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902762

ABSTRACT

Las fracturas laríngeas se producen principalmente en el contexto de traumas cervicales, ahorcamiento o estrangulamiento. Las fracturas laríngeas no traumáticas son excepcionales, existiendo escasos reportes en la literatura. A continuación, presentamos dos casos de fracturas laríngeas no traumáticas evaluadas en nuestro servicio.


Laryngeal fractures occur mainly in the context of cervical trauma, hanging or strangulation. Nontraumatic laryngeal fractures are rare and there are fewreports in the literature. We present two cases of nontraumatic laryngeal fractures evaluated in our service.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Laryngeal Diseases/diagnosis , Larynx/injuries , Sneezing , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Laryngeal Diseases/etiology , Laryngeal Diseases/drug therapy , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Deglutition , Laryngoscopy , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use
13.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research ; : 403-409, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209992

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Nasal cytology is important in the diagnosis and treatment of nasal inflammatory diseases. Treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR) according to nasal cytology has not been fully studied. We plan to explore the individualized treatment of AR according to nasal cytology. METHODS: Nasal cytology from 468 AR patients was examined for inflammatory cell quantity (grade 0–5) and the percentage of neutrophils and eosinophils. Results were subdivided into the following categories: AR(Eos), eosinophil ≥50% of the whole inflammatory cells; AR(Neu), neutrophils ≥90%; AR(Eos/Neu), 10%≤ eosinophil <50%; AR(Low), grade 0/1 inflammatory cell quantity. Nasal cytology-guided treatment was implemented: all AR(Eos) patients (n=22) and half of the AR(Neu) patients (AR[Neu1], n=22) were treated with mometasone furoate spray and oral loratadine. Another half of the AR(Neu) patients (AR[Neu2], n=22) were treated with oral clarithromycin. Visual analog scale (VAS), symptom scores, and nasal cytology were evaluated 2 weeks before and after treatment. RESULTS: There were 224/468 (47.86%) AR(Eos), 67/468 (14.32%) AR(Neu), 112/468 (23.93%) AR(Eos/Neu), and 65/468 (13.89%) AR(Low) of the AR patients studied. There were no significant differences in clinical characteristics among these subgroups, except that the nasal blockage score was higher in AR(Eos) patients than in AR(Neu) patients (1.99 vs. 1.50, P=0.02). Comparing AR(Eos) patients with AR(Neu1) patients 2 weeks after treatment, nasal symptoms and VAS were significantly lower in AR(Eos) patients, except for nasal blockage symptoms (P<0.05 of nasal itching and sneezing; P<0.01 for nasal secretion, total scores, and VAS). Comparing AR(Neu1) with AR(Neu2) patients, nasal symptoms, and VAS were significantly lower in AR(Neu2), except for nasal blockage and nasal itching symptoms (P<0.05 for nasal secretions, sneezing, total score, and VAS). CONCLUSIONS: Nasal cytology may have important value in subtyping AR and optimizing AR treatment. Treating neutrophils is very important in AR patients with locally predominant neutrophils.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clarithromycin , Diagnosis , Eosinophils , Loratadine , Mometasone Furoate , Nasal Obstruction , Neutrophils , Pruritus , Rhinitis, Allergic , Sneezing , Visual Analog Scale
14.
The Korean Journal of Parasitology ; : 77-79, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-168701

ABSTRACT

The infection by Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri Claparède, 1862 (Oligochaeta: Tubificinae) in humans is relatively uncommon. The present report is to describe an incidental human infection with oligochaetes in the nasal cavity of a Chinese man, a 25-year-old man residing in Zhangjiakou city, Hebei province, China presenting with nose bleed, severe itching, continuous sneezing, and rhinorrhea. A lot of oligochaete worms were found in the nasal discharge of the patient. The detected worms were identified as Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri (Annelida: Oligochaeta) based on morphological and molecular characteristics. This incidental L. hoffmeisteri nasal infection is the first case in China and indicates that oligochaete worms can be encountered in humans.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Asian People , China , Epistaxis , Nasal Cavity , Pruritus , Sneezing
15.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research ; : 152-157, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-161588

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We previously reported that the skin prick test was sensitive and the serum specific immunoglobulin E test was specific for predicting positive airway responses to house dust mites (HDMs) in patients with asthma. Because the nose and bronchus are one airway, the nasal provocation test would be more specific for predicting the bronchial responses to HDM than the skin test. METHODS: The allergy skin prick test and nasal and bronchial provocation tests using HDM (Dermatophagoides farinae) were performed in 41 young men (age, 19–28 years) who wanted military certification for asthma. The nasal responses to HDM was scored according to the severity of rhinorrhea, sneezing, and nose itching. RESULTS: The prevalence of a positive skin prick test to HDM did not significantly differ between patients with (n=24) and without (n=17) an early airway reaction (EAR; 79.2% vs 70.6%, P=0.534). However, the prevalence of a positive nasal test was significantly higher in the airway responders than in the others (37.5% vs 0%, P=0.005). The concordance of a positive response to the nasal test (κ=0.332, P=0.004) but not to the skin prick test (κ=0.091, P=0.529) was significant with an EAR. The diagnostic sensitivity of the nasal test (37.5%) was lower than that of the skin prick test (79.2%), but the specificity was higher (100% vs 29.4%). CONCLUSIONS: The skin prick test is more sensitive, whereas the nasal test is more specific and accurate, for predicting an EAR to HDM in patients with asthma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Asthma , Bronchi , Bronchial Provocation Tests , Certification , Dermatophagoides farinae , Dust , Ear , Hypersensitivity , Immunoglobulin E , Immunoglobulins , Military Personnel , Nasal Provocation Tests , Nose , Prevalence , Pruritus , Pyroglyphidae , Sensitivity and Specificity , Skin , Skin Tests , Sneezing
16.
Journal of Bacteriology and Virology ; : 111-121, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-139541

ABSTRACT

Human rhinoviruses (HRVs) are responsible for many of the characteristic symptoms of the common cold, such as a sore throat, runny nose, nasal congestion, sneezing, and coughing. However, despite the high detection rate in children, most HRV infections are asymptomatic. As a result, these viruses are generally ignored, even though a close association between HRV infections in early life and the subsequent induction of asthma has been reported. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct further research into HRV diagnostics, treatments, epidemiology, and vaccines. This review describes recent studies of HRVs, including their genomic diversity, surveillance systems, taxonomy, and immune responses, as well as vaccines.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Asthma , Classification , Common Cold , Cough , Epidemiology , Estrogens, Conjugated (USP) , Nose , Pharyngitis , Rhinovirus , Sneezing , Vaccines
17.
Journal of Bacteriology and Virology ; : 111-121, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-139539

ABSTRACT

Human rhinoviruses (HRVs) are responsible for many of the characteristic symptoms of the common cold, such as a sore throat, runny nose, nasal congestion, sneezing, and coughing. However, despite the high detection rate in children, most HRV infections are asymptomatic. As a result, these viruses are generally ignored, even though a close association between HRV infections in early life and the subsequent induction of asthma has been reported. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct further research into HRV diagnostics, treatments, epidemiology, and vaccines. This review describes recent studies of HRVs, including their genomic diversity, surveillance systems, taxonomy, and immune responses, as well as vaccines.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Asthma , Classification , Common Cold , Cough , Epidemiology , Estrogens, Conjugated (USP) , Nose , Pharyngitis , Rhinovirus , Sneezing , Vaccines
18.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 254-258, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-41401

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the clinical usefulness of Allerkin (Lofarma) for nasal provocation testing (NPT) in patients with rhinitis symptoms, by examining changes in nasal symptoms and acoustic parameters after exposure to house dust mite (HDM) extract. METHODS: Twenty patients (16 males and 4 females, mean age: 29.6±14.6 years) were enrolled. We performed skin prick test (SPT) before and 15 and 30 minutes after intranasal challenge with Allerkin HDM extract, and we evaluated symptom changes (nasal obstruction, rhinorrhea, sneezing, and itching) using a visual analogue scale. We also evaluated changes in acoustic parameters such as total nasal volume (TNV) and minimal cross-sectional area (MCA) before and after challenge. RESULTS: Group A (the nonallergic group, n=8) showed negative results for all tested aeroallergens in SPT and nonprovocative results ( 29% decrease in TNV/MCA from the baseline value). Patients in group C showed significant aggravation of nasal obstruction compared to those in group A (P < 0.05). Thirty minutes after HDM challenge, patients in groups B and C showed significantly greater decreases in MCA compared to those in group A (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Allerkin HDM extract can be a useful provocative agent in NPT for diagnosing allergic rhinitis and local allergic rhinitis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Acoustics , Allergens , Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus , Dust , Nasal Obstruction , Nasal Provocation Tests , Pyroglyphidae , Rhinitis , Rhinitis, Allergic , Rhinometry, Acoustic , Skin , Sneezing
19.
Philippine Journal of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; : 6-10, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-633701

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To determine if Ehretia microphylla (Tsaang Gubat) decoction tea and placebo can improve the symptoms of mild intermittent allergic rhinitis in comparison to loratadine and control tea.METHODS:Design: Double-Blind, Randomized ControlledTrial Setting: Tertiary-Government Training HospitalParticipants: Twenty-four patients diagnosed with mild intermittent allergic rhinitis from October 2015 to July 2016 were randomly divided into a treatment group given Ehretia microphylla (Tsaang Gubat) decoction tea and placebo, and a control group given control tea and loratadine, both taken for 7 days. Patients underwent pre- and post-intervention evaluation by anterior rhinoscopy, Sino-nasal Outcome Test 22 (SNOT 22) Questionnaire and 10-point Visual Analog Scale (VAS). Data were encoded and subjected to statistical analysis using Mann Whitney U test and Wilcoxon Signed Rank test.RESULTS: Age and gender of the treatment and control group participants were comparable. Prior to intervention, no differences in symptoms were noted between both groups on SNOT 22 and VAS scores. After intervention, no differences in symptoms were noted between the 2 groups on SNOT 22 and VAS scores either. Comparison of pre- (30.4 ± 17.3) and post- (7.2 ± 6.5) intervention mean SNOT 22 scores of the loratadine control group with pre- (32.5 ± 23.7) and post- (7.8 ± 10.4) intervention mean SNOT 22 scores of the Ehretia Microphylla treatment group showed significant improvement of symptoms in both groups. Likewise, comparison of pre- and post-intervention mean VAS scores of the loratadine control group and pre- and post-intervention mean VAS scores of the Ehretia Microphylla treatment group based on symptoms of sneezing, rhinorrhea, nasal congestion and pruritus showed significant improvement of symptoms in both groups (p-values of CONCLUSION: Ehretia microphylla (Tsaang Gubat) decoction tea may improve symptoms of allergic rhinitis (sneezing, rhinorrhea, pruritus and nasal congestion) and be taken as an alternative to loratadine in patients with mild intermittent allergic rhinitis. Further clinical trials with more participants may provide stronger evidence for this conclusion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Adult , Loratadine , Sneezing , Statistics, Nonparametric , Rhinitis, Allergic , Nose , Benzenesulfonates , Pruritus , Boraginaceae
20.
Philippine Journal of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; : 6-10, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961019

ABSTRACT

@#<p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>OBJECTIVE:</strong> To determine if Ehretia microphylla (Tsaang Gubat) decoction tea and placebo can improve the symptoms of mild intermittent allergic rhinitis in comparison to loratadine and control tea.<br /><strong>METHODS:</strong><br /><strong>Design:</strong> Double-Blind, Randomized Controlled<br /><strong>Trial Setting:</strong> Tertiary-Government Training Hospital<br /><strong>Participants:</strong> Twenty-four patients diagnosed with mild intermittent allergic rhinitis from October 2015 to July 2016 were randomly divided into a treatment group given Ehretia microphylla (Tsaang Gubat) decoction tea and placebo, and a control group given control tea and loratadine, both taken for 7 days. Patients underwent pre- and post-intervention evaluation by anterior rhinoscopy, Sino-nasal Outcome Test 22 (SNOT 22) Questionnaire and 10-point Visual Analog Scale (VAS). Data were encoded and subjected to statistical analysis using Mann Whitney U test and Wilcoxon Signed Rank test.<br /><strong>RESULTS:</strong> Age and gender of the treatment and control group participants were comparable. Prior to intervention, no differences in symptoms were noted between both groups on SNOT 22 and VAS scores. After intervention, no differences in symptoms were noted between the 2 groups on SNOT 22 and VAS scores either. Comparison of pre- (30.4 ± 17.3) and post- (7.2 ± 6.5) intervention mean SNOT 22 scores of the loratadine control group with pre- (32.5 ± 23.7) and post- (7.8 ± 10.4) intervention mean SNOT 22 scores of the Ehretia Microphylla treatment group showed significant improvement of symptoms in both groups. Likewise, comparison of pre- and post-intervention mean VAS scores of the loratadine control group and pre- and post-intervention mean VAS scores of the Ehretia Microphylla treatment group based on symptoms of sneezing, rhinorrhea, nasal congestion and pruritus showed significant improvement of symptoms in both groups (p-values of < .001).<br /><strong>CONCLUSION:</strong> Ehretia microphylla (Tsaang Gubat) decoction tea may improve symptoms of allergic rhinitis (sneezing, rhinorrhea, pruritus and nasal congestion) and be taken as an alternative to loratadine in patients with mild intermittent allergic rhinitis. Further clinical trials with more participants may provide stronger evidence for this conclusion.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Adult , Loratadine , Sneezing , Statistics, Nonparametric , Rhinitis, Allergic , Nose , Benzenesulfonates , Pruritus , Boraginaceae
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