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2.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(3): 512-520, Mayo 8, 2023. tab, fig
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1438581

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El bazo es un órgano linfoide implicado en el reconocimiento antigénico, la depuración de patógenos y la remoción de eritrocitos envejecidos o con inclusiones citoplasmáticas. La esplenectomía es una técnica utilizada tanto para el diagnóstico (linfomas), el tratamiento (trombocitopenia inmune, anemia hemolítica adquirida) y la curación (microesferocitosis hereditaria) de diversas enfermedades. Métodos. Describir los principales cambios hematológicos y complicaciones asociadas al procedimiento de esplenectomía. Discusión. Los cambios posteriores a la esplenectomía pueden ser inmediatos, como la aparición de cuerpos de Howell-Jolly, la trombocitosis y la presencia de leucocitosis durante las primeras dos semanas. Otras complicaciones tempranas incluyen la presencia de trombosis, en especial en pacientes con factores de riesgo secundarios (edad, sedentarismo, manejo hospitalario, obesidad) o un estado hipercoagulable (diabetes, cáncer, trombofilia primaria), siendo tanto el flujo de la vena porta como el volumen esplénico los principales factores de riesgo para su aparición. Las complicaciones tardías incluyen la alteración en la respuesta inmune, aumentando el riesgo de infecciones por bacterias encapsuladas, en conjunto con una reducción en los niveles de IgM secundario a la ausencia de linfocitos B a nivel de bazo. Debido al riesgo de infecciones, principalmente por Streptococcus pneumoniae, la esplenectomía parcial se ha considerado una opción. Conclusión. Una adecuada valoración de la indicación de esplenectomía y la identificación precoz de complicaciones posoperatorias son fundamentales para reducir la mortalidad asociada a la esplenectomía


Introduction. The spleen is a lymphoid organ involved in antigen recognition, pathogen clearance, and removal of aged erythrocytes or those with cytoplasmic inclusions. Splenectomy is a technique used for diagnosis (lymphomas), treatment (immune thrombocytopenia, acquired hemolytic anemia), and cure (hereditary microspherocytosis) of various diseases. Methods. To describe the main hematological changes and complications associated with the splenectomy procedure. Discussion. Changes after splenectomy can be considered immediate: the appearance of Howell-Jolly bodies, thrombocytosis, and leukocytosis during the first two weeks. Other complications include the presence of thrombosis, especially in patients with risk factors (age, sedentary lifestyle, long hospital stay, obesity) or a hypercoagulable state (diabetes, cancer, primary thrombophilia), with both portal vein flow and splenic volume being the main risk factors for its appearance. Late complications include altered immune response, increased risk of infections by encapsulated bacteria, and a reduction in IgM levels secondary to the absence of B lymphocytes in the spleen; due to the risk of diseases mainly by Streptococcus pneumoniae, partial splenectomy has been considered an option. Conclusion. An adequate assessment of the indication for splenectomy and the early identification of complications are essential to reduce the mortality associated with splenectomy


Subject(s)
Humans , Splenectomy , Splenic Diseases , Postoperative Complications , Thrombosis , Erythrocyte Inclusions , Leukocytosis
3.
Rev. med. Urug ; 39(1): e702, 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY | ID: biblio-1431905

ABSTRACT

El angioma de células litorales del bazo es una neoplasia vascular benigna poco frecuente, de presentación clínica, paraclínica e imagenológica inespecífica. Se realizó en nuestro paciente la esplenectomía, el tratamiento indicado y curativo, y se logró el diagnóstico a través de la histología e inmunohistoquímica de la pieza de anatomía patológica.


Littoral cell angioma of the spleen is rather an unusual benign vascular neoplasm with non-specific clinical, paraclinical and imaging presentation. Our patient underwent splenectomy, performed as the appropriate and remedial treatment. Diagnosis was made by means of histology and immunohistochemistry techniques of the pathologic anatomy of the surgical piece.


O angioma de células litoraneas do baço é uma neoplasia vascular benigna rara com apresentação clínica, laboratorial e de imagem inespecíficas. A esplenectomia foi realizada em nosso paciente, sendo esse o tratamento indicado e curativo, obtendo-se o diagnóstico através da histologia e imunohistoquímica da peça anatomopatológica.


Subject(s)
Splenectomy , Splenic Neoplasms/surgery , Hemangioma
4.
Cir. Urug ; 7(1): e303, 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1447833

ABSTRACT

El tumor pseudopapilar de páncreas, conocido como tumor de Frantz, es excepcional; comprende entre el 0.2 y 2.7 % de los carcinomas de páncreas. Su etiología es desconocida y predomina en mujeres jóvenes. Son tumores de bajo potencial maligno, que cursan asintomáticos y dan síntomas por compresión regional: dolor gravativo y/o masa abdominal palpable. La probabilidad de una forma definidamente maligna es de 15 %. Anatómicamente se localizan con mayor frecuencia en la cola del páncreas, seguido por la cabeza y el cuerpo. El tratamiento es la resección quirúrgica y su pronóstico es excelente, con sobrevida a 5 años de casi 100 %. El diagnóstico es anátomo-patológico, considerando el aspecto microscópico y el perfil inmunohistoquímico. Se presenta un caso de una mujer de 21 años, en la cual se realizó una cirugía de excéresis completa del tumor y que se mantiene a asintomática a 24 meses de operada.


Pseudo papillary tumor of the pancreas, also called Frantz´s tumor, is a very rare disease; between 0.2 and 2.7 % of pancreatic carcinomas. Ethiology is unknown; is observed in young women. It´s a tumors with low malignant potential, usually of asymptomatic evolution by long time and the symptoms are due to regional compression: pain or abdominal mass. The possibility of a malignant form is around 15 %. Anatomically, they are most frequently located in the tail of the pancreas, followed by the head and body. The treatment is the surgical resection; with an excellent prognosis and a 5-year survival almost 100 %. The diagnosis is with pathological study, considering the microscopic appearance and the immunohistochemical profile. Its perform an analysis of the literature and once case of a 21 years old, woman is reported. A complete resection surgery of the tumor was performed and remains asymptomatic at 24 months of follow-up.


O tumor pseudopapilar do pâncreas, conhecido como tumor de Frantz, é excepcional; compreende entre 0,2 e 2,7 % dos carcinomas pancreáticos. Sua etiologia é desconhecida e predomina em mulheres jovens. São tumores de baixo potencial maligno, que são assintomáticos e apresentam sintomas devido à compressão regional: dor intensa e/ou massa abdominal palpável. A probabilidade de uma forma definitivamente maligna é de 15 %. Anatomicamente, eles estão localizados com mais frequência na cauda do pâncreas, seguido pela cabeça e corpo. O tratamento é a ressecção cirúrgica e seu prognóstico é excelente, com sobrevida em 5 anos de quase 100 %. O diagnóstico é anátomo-patológico, considerando o aspecto microscópico e o perfil imuno-histoquímico. Apresenta-se o caso de uma mulher de 21 anos submetida a cirurgia de excisão completa do tumor e que permanece assintomática 24 meses após a cirurgia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Papillary/surgery , Carcinoma, Papillary/diagnostic imaging , Pancreatectomy , Splenectomy , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Laparotomy
5.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 173-176, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970202

ABSTRACT

ABO incompatible(ABO-I) liver grafts will affect the prognosis of liver transplantation. With the improvement of perioperative treatment,including plasma exchange,rituximab,splenectomy,etc.,the prognosis of ABO-I liver transplantation has been greatly improved. Because children's immune systems are not fully developed,the perioperative management of ABO-I pediatric liver transplantation is significantly different from that of adults. Reducing the perioperative anti-donor ABO antibody titer is the key to the perioperative management of ABO-I liver transplantation. This article summarizes literatures on the perioperative management of ABO-I pediatric liver transplantation, including the perioperative anti-rejection regimen in pediatric recipients of different ages, splenectomy, postoperative monitoring and postoperative complications, etc.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Child , Liver Transplantation , Postoperative Complications , Splenectomy
6.
Article in English | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1410305

ABSTRACT

Splenectomy is necessary in beta thalassemia major patients when the spleen becomes hyperactive, leading to extreme destruction of erythrocytes. This study assessed the ferritin effect on serum pneumococcal antibody response following pneumococcal vaccination, in patients with beta thalassemia major after splenectomy. In this case series study, convenience sampling was used to recruit 347 splenectomised beta thalassemia patients under the auspices of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences. Demographic data such as age, sex, and time after splenectomy were recorded by a questionnaire. All participants had been splenectomised and received a dose of Pneumovax1 23 vaccine 14 days before surgery. The IgG antibody responses to pneumococcal vaccine and levels of serum specific ferritin were determine by commercial enzyme immunoassay kits. For the analysis, SPSS software version 16 was used. A p-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Most of the participants (63.4 percent) were hypo-responders to pneumococcal vaccine. Also, serum anti-pneumococcal IgG antibody was related to post splenectomy duration and serum ferritin (p 0.05). An important result was a relation of serum anti-pneumococcal IgG antibody to serum ferritin according to post splenectomy duration groups. Therefore, in three groups of post splenectomy duration, the serum ferritin was higher in hypo-responder than in good responder subjects. Our results indicate that serum anti-pneumococcal IgG antibody decreased with increment of serum ferritin and post splenectomy duration. Thus, there is a need to re-address the approach towards revaccination in this immune-compromised group of patients by administering a booster pneumococcal vaccination in an attempt to recover immunity and reduce morbidity(AU)


La esplenectomía es necesaria en pacientes con beta talasemia mayor cuando el bazo se vuelve hiperactivo, lo que lleva a una destrucción extrema de los eritrocitos. Este estudio evaluó el efecto de la ferritina sobre la respuesta de anticuerpos antineumocócicos en suero después de la vacunación antineumocócica, en pacientes con talasemia beta mayor a los que se les realizó esplenectomía. En este estudio de serie de casos, se utilizó un muestreo de conveniencia para reclutar a 347 pacientes con beta talasemia esplenectomizados bajo los auspicios de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Jahrom. Los datos demográficos como la edad, el sexo y el tiempo después de la esplenectomía se registraron mediante un cuestionario. Todos los participantes fueron esplenectomizados y recibieron una dosis de la vacuna Pneumovax® 23, 14 días antes de la cirugía. Las respuestas de anticuerpos IgG a la vacuna neumocócica y los niveles de ferritina sérica específica se determinaron mediante estuches comerciales de inmunoensayo enzimático. Para el análisis se utilizó el programa SPSS versión 16. Un valor de p inferior a 0,05 se consideró estadísticamente significativo. La mayoría de los participantes (63,4 por ciento) resultaron hiporrespondedores a la vacuna antineumocócica. Además, el anticuerpo sérico antineumocócico IgG se relacionó con la duración de la esplenectomía y la ferritina sérica (p0,05). Un resultado importante fue la relación del anticuerpo sérico IgG antineumocócico con la ferritina sérica según los grupos de duración postesplenectomía. Por lo tanto, en tres grupos de duración posterior a la esplenectomía, la ferritina sérica fue mayor en los sujetos con hiporrespuesta que en los sujetos con buena respuesta. Nuestros resultados indican que el anticuerpo sérico IgG antineumocócico disminuyó con el incremento de la ferritina sérica y la duración posterior a la esplenectomía. Por lo tanto, existe la necesidad de volver a abordar el enfoque hacia la revacunación en este grupo de pacientes inmunocomprometidos mediante la administración de una vacunación antineumocócica de refuerzo en un intento por recuperar la inmunidad y reducir la morbilidad(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Splenectomy/methods , beta-Thalassemia/epidemiology , Pneumococcal Vaccines/therapeutic use , Ferritins/therapeutic use , Iran
7.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 87(4): 304-308, ago. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407848

ABSTRACT

Resumen El síndrome de Evans es una enfermedad conformada por la presencia simultánea o secuencial de trombocitopenia inmunitaria y anemia hemolítica autoinmunitaria, que puede ser primaria o secundaria a otra patología. Es una afección poco frecuente, por lo que es necesario tener una alta sospecha, y descartar otras patologías que cursan con dichas alteraciones hematológicas, para hacer el diagnóstico. Su manejo representa un desafío terapéutico dado su curso crónico y recidivante. La presentación durante el embarazo se asocia a morbilidad materna y fetal. A continuación presentamos el caso de una gestante en quien se pesquisó trombocitopenia severa aislada al ingreso al control prenatal, y que en el curso del embarazo desarrolló AHAI conformando un síndrome de Evans, que se consideró secundario a LES incompleto al realizar el estudio reumatológico. Debido a la pobre respuesta al tratamiento médico con corticoides e inmunosupresores, la mayor parte del embarazo se mantuvo hospitalizada para observación, ajuste y cambio de terapia, siendo necesario recurrir a manejo quirúrgico con esplenectomía.


Abstract Evans syndrome is a rare entity formed by the simultaneous or sequential presence of immune thrombocytopenia and autoimmune hemolytic anemia, which can be primary or secondary to another pathology. The presentation of this disease during pregnancy is associated with maternal and fetal morbidity. The syndrome's diagnosis requires a high suspicion and the ruling out of other pathologies that can happen with the same hematological alterations. The management represents a therapeutic challenge because of its chronic and recurrent course. Below we present the case of a pregnant woman in whom isolated severe thrombocytopenia was detected at admission for prenatal control, and who developed AIHA during the pregnancy, forming Evans syndrome, which was considered secondary to incomplete SLE when performing the rheumatological study. Due to the poor response to medical treatment with corticosteroids and immunosuppressants, the patient was hospitalized for most of her pregnancy for observation, adjustment and change of therapy, and even it was necessary resort to surgical management with splenectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pregnancy Complications, Hematologic , Thrombocytopenia/complications , Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune/complications , Splenectomy , Thrombocytopenia/diagnosis , Thrombocytopenia/therapy , Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune/diagnosis , Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune/therapy
8.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(2)jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408249

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cierre con pérdida masiva de tejido de la pared abdominal constituye un reto en la cirugía. Objetivo: Presentar un caso de cierre abdominal difícil donde se utilizó la técnica plicatura de la bolsa Bogotá hasta lograr aproximación de los planos cutáneo, muscular y aponeurótico. Caso clínico: Paciente recibido en emergencias con herida perforo-cortante en fosa lumbar izquierda. En la intervención se encontró hemoperitoneo por lesión esplénica, diafragmática y sección del ángulo esplénico del colon. Se le realizó esplenectomía, pleurostomía izquierda y rafia de lesión colónica. Pasadas cinco horas se reintervino por signos de choque y se encontró hematoma retroperitoneal y sección completa del polo superior del riñón izquierdo. Se le realizó nefrectomía izquierda. Al quinto día del posoperatorio mostró signos peritoneales y la exploración confirmó peritonitis fecaloidea por dehiscencia de sutura de colon. Se lavó cavidad y se le ejecutó colostomía tipo Devine. La pérdida masiva de pared abdominal obligó a emplear una plicatura de la bolsa Bogotá para aproximar ambos colgajos, se obtuvo aproximación paulatina hasta la síntesis de la pared. Conclusiones: El abdomen catastrófico es una condición grave y de difícil tratamiento. La bolsa Bogotá es una alternativa viable para esta condición y modificada con plicaturas paulatinas permite el acercamiento de los dos colgajos cutáneos y garantiza el cierre de la pared abdominal, además de ser una técnica fácil de usar y económica(AU)


Introduction: Closure with massive loss of abdominal wall tissue is a challenge in surgery. Objective: To report a case of difficult abdominal closure where the Bogotá bag technique was used until the approximation of the cutaneous, muscular and aponeurotic planes was achieved. Clinical case report: This patient was received in the emergency room with a perforating-cutting wound in the left lumbar fossa. In the intervention, hemoperitoneum was found due to splenic and diaphragmatic injury and section of the splenic flexure of the colon. Splenectomy, left pleurostomy and colonic injury raffia were performed. After five hours, the patient was operated again due to signs of shock. We found a retroperitoneal hematoma and a complete section of the upper pole of the left kidney. It was decided to perform left nephrectomy. On the fifth postoperative day, this patient showed peritoneal signs and examination confirmed fecal peritonitis due to dehiscence of the colon suture. Cavity was washed and a Devine-type colostomy was performed. The massive loss of the abdominal wall made it necessary to use a plication of the Bogotá bag to approximate both flaps, a gradual approximation was obtained until the synthesis of the wall. Conclusions: The catastrophic abdomen is a serious condition that is difficult to treat. The Bogotá bag is a viable alternative for this condition and modified with gradual plications, it allows the two skin flaps to approach each other and guarantees the closure of the abdominal wall, in addition to being an easy-to-use and economical technique(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Colostomy/methods , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Colon, Transverse/surgery , Emergency Service, Hospital , Splenectomy/methods , Research Report , Nephrectomy/adverse effects
9.
Salud mil ; 41(1): e502, abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1531265

ABSTRACT

Primary splenic hydatid cyst is a rare entity even in endemic areas. In most cases it presents asymptomatically being diagnosed by imaging findings. Treatment is multimodal and individualized, being surgical treatment the one that allows an integral solution of the disease. Conventional surgery continues to be the "Gold standard" in its approach. We present the case of a patient with this condition and the resolution approached by the surgical team.


O cisto hidatides esplénico primário é uma entidade rara mesmo em áreas endémicas. Na maioria dos casos apresenta-se de forma assintomática, sendo diagnosticada através de resultados de imagem. O tratamento é multimodal e individualizado, com um tratamento cirúrgico que proporciona uma solução abrangente para a condição. A cirurgia convencional continua a ser a abordagem "padrão de ouro". Apresentamos o caso de um paciente com esta condição e a resolução abordada pela equipa cirúrgica.


El quiste hidático primario esplénico es una entidad poco frecuente aún en áreas endémicas. Se presenta en la mayoría de los casos de forma asintomática, siendo diagnosticado por hallazgo imagenológico. El tratamiento es multimodal e individualizado, siendo el tratamiento quirúrgico el que permite una solución integral de la dolencia. La cirugía convencional sigue siendo el "Gold estándar" en su abordaje. Presentamos el caso de una paciente con esta afección y la resolución abordada por el equipo de cirugía.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Splenic Diseases/surgery , Echinococcosis, Hepatic/surgery , Splenectomy , Splenic Diseases/diagnosis , Albendazole/therapeutic use , Echinococcosis, Hepatic/diagnosis , Anthelmintics/therapeutic use
10.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 823-828, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939817

ABSTRACT

Echinococcosis is mainly prevalent in the agricultural and pastoral areas in the northwest of China, but it is relatively rare in Hunan Province. Here, we reported the clinical data of a case of echinococcosis in Hunan Province. The patient was an 11-year-old male, who sought treatment at the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University due to abdominal mass. According to the symptoms, signs, and laboratory examinations, he was initially diagnosed as "intra-abdominal mass" and "spleen cyst". Subsequently, he underwent abdominal massive occupying resection and splenectomy. Postoperative pathological examination revealed the cuticle and germinal layer of hydatid and protoscolex, which was consistent with characteristics of echinococcosis. In addition, the serological examination showed that the specific anti-hydatid IgG antibody was positive. Combined with the patient's condition, he was given praziquantel treatment. After a month of follow-up, the patient was asymptomatic.


Subject(s)
Animals , Child , Humans , Male , China , Echinococcosis/surgery , Echinococcus granulosus , Splenectomy
11.
Bull. méd. Owendo (En ligne) ; 20(51): 13-17, 2022. tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1378001

ABSTRACT

Introduction : la drépanocytose est une affection génétique héréditaire responsable d'une déformation des hématies en «faucilles¼. Elle peut engendrer de nombreuses complications parmi lesquelles la séquestration splénique et l'hypersplénisme. La splénectomie fait partie de l'arsenal thérapeutique, induisant un état d'hyposplénie ou d'asplénie aux conséquences parfois mortelles, surtout chez le sujet drépanocytaire. Le but de ce travail mené au service de chirurgie du centre hospitalier universitaire de Libreville au Gabon, est de déterminer les indications et les résultats à moyen terme de la splénectomie chez le drépanocytaire.Matériel et méthodes : il s'agissait d'une étude rétrospective, descriptive et monocentrique allant d'octobre 2016 à avril 2019. Tous les dossiers des patients drépanocytaires opérés d'une splénectomie seule ou associée à un autre geste chirurgical étaient retenus.Résultats : au total treize patients ont été inclus dans notre étude. L'âge moyen des patients était de 10,7 ans [3-25 ans]. L'indication opératoire était l'hypersplénisme (8 cas), la séquestration splénique (3 cas), et l'infarctus splénique (2 cas). Tous les patients étaient opérés d'une splénectomie totale par laparotomie. La vaccinothérapie et l'antibioprophylaxie post-opératoire étaient réalisées chez tous les patients. Aucune complication post-opératoire immédiate ni aucun décès n'avaient été noté chez tous les patients.Conclusion : l'indication des splénectomies chez le drépanocytaire est dominée par l'hypersplénisme. Dans notre context la splénectomie totale par laparotomie semble être la règle. La vaccination prophylactique est bien administrée. La morbi-mortalité post-opératoire immédiate est nulle.


Introduction: Sickle cell disease is a genetic inherited disorder responsible for the deformation of red blood cells into"sickles". It can lead to many complications including splenic sequestration and hypersplenism. Splenectomy is the indicated gesture. It induces a state of hyposplenia or asplenia with dreadful consequences, sometimes fatal especially in this sickle cell patient. The aim of this work, conducted at the Surgery Department of Libreville University Hospital Center in Gabon, is to determine the indications and results of splenectomy in sickle cell patients.Material and methods: this was a retrospective, descriptive and single-center study from October 2016 to April 2019.All records of sickle cell patients undergoing splenectomy alone or with other surgical procedures were included.Results: a total of thirteen patients were included in our study. The average age of the patients was 10.7 years [3-25years]. The operative indication was hypersplenism (8 cases), splenic sequestration (3 cases), and splenic infarction(2 cases). All patients underwent total splenectomy under laparotomy. Vaccine therapy and postoperative antibiotic prophylaxis were performed in all patients. No immediatepostoperativecomplications or deaths were noted in all patients. Conclusion: the indication of splenectomies in sickle cell disease is dominated by hypersplenism. In our context, total splenectomy under laparotomy was the rule. Prophylactic vaccination is well administered. Immediate postoperative morbidity and mortality is nil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Splenectomy , Anemia, Sickle Cell , Chelation Therapy , Gabon , Hypersplenism
12.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 424-431, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927618

ABSTRACT

Although the treatment strategy of esophageal and gastric varices bleeding in portal hypertension has been diversified and multidisciplinary now,the surgical treatment represented by pericardial devascularization operation will still play an important and irreplaceable role in China. In order to standardize the surgical procedure,guide clinical practice and improve the level of surgical treatment of portal hypertension,Chinese Society of Spleen and Portal Hypertension Surgery,Chinese Surgical Society,Chinese Medical Association organized Chinese experts to formulate this consensus. The main contents include:the position of surgical treatment,surgical indications and contraindications,preoperative evaluation,key points and precautions of surgical procedure,perioperative treatment,prevention and treatment of postoperative complications. The consensus emphasizes the standardization of surgical treatment of portal hypertension,pay attention to the prevention and treatment of postoperative portal vein thrombosis,and expect to provide surgeons with clinical guidance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consensus , Esophageal and Gastric Varices , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Hypertension, Portal/surgery , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Retrospective Studies , Splenectomy/adverse effects
13.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 37(3): e37313, set. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY | ID: biblio-1341561

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: si bien la esplenectomía laparoscópica en esplenomegalias masivas y supramasivas constituye un desafío técnico, su realización es factible y segura en centros con equipos con experiencia en cirugía laparoscópica. Objetivo: presentar el primer caso de esplenectomía laparoscópica en esplenomegalia masiva realizada en Uruguay. Caso clínico: se trata de una paciente de 70 años portadora de una pancitopenia periférica, esplenomegalia masiva y diagnóstico realizado por punción de médula ósea de neoplasia linfoproliferativa tipo B de bajo grado, a quien se le indicó la esplenectomía con fines diagnósticos y terapéuticos. La paciente se operó en decúbito lateral derecho a 15 grados, los trócares se colocaron bajo visión directa adaptados al tamaño del bazo que se extendía desde el diafragma hasta el estrecho superior de la pelvis. Se realizó la esplenectomía en un tiempo de 220 minutos, extrayéndose la pieza íntegra y sin haberla colocado en bolsa a través de un hemi Pfannenstiel, protegiendo la pared con un retractor de heridas quirúrgicas. No presentó complicaciones, fue dada de alta a las 48 horas. El hemograma realizado a las 24 horas demostró un aumento de las cifras de todas las series celulares y el informe anatomopatológico diagnosticó un linfoma no Hodgkin de zona marginal. Discusión: la esplenectomía laparoscópica en esplenomegalias masivas requiere de un mayor tiempo quirúrgico, aunque las pérdidas sanguíneas y la estadía hospitalaria son menores en comparación a los procedimientos convencionales, presentando una morbilidad similar. En la experiencia inicial de los equipos quirúrgicos se reporta un porcentaje de conversiones y reingresos cercanos al 30%.


Abstract: Introduction: despite the fact that laparoscopic splenectomy for massive and supramassive splenomegaly constitutes a technical challenge, it is a feasible and safe procedure in the context of institutions with experienced teams in laparoscopic surgery. Objective: to present the first case of laparoscopic splenectomy for massive splenomegaly in Uruguay. Clinical case: the study presents the case of a 70-year-old patient carrier of peripheral pancytopenia, massive splenomegaly and a diagnosis of type B lymphoproliferative neoplasm based on bone marrow aspiration and biopsy, who underwent diagnostic and therapeutic splenectomy. The patient was operated in supine position with a 15-degree tilt, the trocars were placed under direct view, adapted to the size of the spleen which went from the diaphragm until the superior pelvic outlet. Splenectomy was performed in 220 minutes, the entire piece was removed through a hemi Pfannenstiel incision, without placing it in a bag, the wall being protected with a surgical wound retractor. There were no complications and the patient was discharged from hospital 48 hours. The blood count performed after 24 hours evidenced increase in all cell series and the pathology report confirmed diagnosis of marginal zone non- Hodgkin lymphoma. Discussion: laparoscoppic splenectomy in massive splenomegaly requires of a greater surgical time, although blood loss and hospital star are lower when compared to conventional procedures and evidence similar morbility. The initial experience of surgical teams reports 30% of conversions and readmissions.


Resumo: Introdução: embora a esplenectomia laparoscópica em esplenomegalias massivas e supremassivas seja um desafio técnico, sua realização é viável e segura em centros com equipes com experiência em cirurgia laparoscópica. Objetivo: apresentar o primeiro caso de esplenectomia laparoscópica em esplenomegalia maciça realizada no Uruguai. Caso clínico: paciente de 70 anos com pancitopenia periférica, esplenomegalia maciça e diagnóstico feito por punção de medula óssea de neoplasia linfoproliferativa tipo B de baixo grau, com indicação de esplenectomia para fins diagnósticos e terapêuticos. A paciente foi operada em decúbito lateral direito a 15 graus, os trocartes foram colocados sob visão direta adaptados ao tamanho do baço que se estendia do diafragma ao estreito superior da pelve. A esplenectomia foi realizada em um tempo de 220 minutos, retirando-se toda a peça e sem colocá-la em bolsa por meio de uma hemi Pfannenstiel, protegendo a parede com afastador de ferida operatória. Sem apresentar complicações a paciente teve alta após 48 horas. O hemograma realizado 24 horas depois da cirurgia mostrou um aumento no número de todas as séries de células e o laudo anatomopatológico diagnosticou linfoma não Hodgkin de zona marginal. Discussão: a esplenectomia laparoscópica nas esplenomegalias maciças requer um tempo cirúrgico maior, embora as perdas sanguíneas e a permanência hospitalar sejam menores em comparação aos procedimentos convencionais, apresentando morbidade semelhante. Na experiência inicial das equipes cirúrgicas, é relatado um percentual de conversões e readmissões próximo a 30%.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Splenectomy , Splenomegaly/surgery , Laparoscopy , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
14.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(2): 216-223, jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1365476

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: la esplenectomía conlleva peligro de infecciones de distinta naturaleza. El riesgo de sepsis fluctúa entre 4,25 y 18,2%. El tratamiento quirúrgico corriente en las afecciones del bazo es la esplenectomía; la resección parcial, cuando es posible, es la mejor opción. Objetivo: evaluar los resultados a partir de la resección parcial del bazo y oclusión vascular en porta dores de quistes esplénicos. Material y métodos: en un período de 3 años se realizó esplenectomía parcial en 4 pacientes con quiste esplénico, en dos de los cuales se empleó exclusión vascular. Femenino, 3; edad, 30,5 años; IMC, 26,1. Resultados: tiempo operatorio,120,75 minutos; de clampeo,12 minutos. Pérdida sanguínea sin clam peo, 700 y 200 mL; con clampeo, 50 y 30 mL. Un paciente fue reintervenido, completando la esplenec tomía por vía convencional. Tiempo de internación, 3,5 días. Conclusiones: la resección parcial del bazo con clampeo vascular transitorio es una opción factible y asegura, con escaso sangrado.


ABSTRACT Background: Background: Spleen resection is associated with high risk of infections. The risk of sepsis ranges between 4.25% and 18.2%. Splenectomy is the usual surgical practice in spleen diseases, and partial resection is the best option, when possible. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of partial splenectomy with vascular occlusion in patients with splenic cysts. Material and methods: Over a 3-year period, 4 patients with splenic cysts underwent partial splenec tomy; vascular exclusion was used in 2 of them. Three patients were women; age, 30.5 years; BMI: 36.1 Results: Operative time. 120.75 minute; clamping time, 12 minutes. Blood loss without vascular clam ping, 700 and 200 mL; with vascular clamp, 50 and 30 mL. One patient was reoperated with total splenectomy via the conventional approach. Length of hospital stay, 3.5 days. Conclusions: Partial splenectomy with temporary vascular clamping is a feasible and safe option with minor intraoperative bleeding.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Spleen , Splenectomy , Cysts , Bereavement , Laparoscopy/methods , Sepsis , Hemorrhage , Length of Stay
15.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 149(4): 426-429, abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389480

ABSTRACT

Splenic vascular neoplasms are the most common form of spleen tumors. Among them, littoral cell angioma is rare and it is frequently an incidental finding in imaging studies. It has no specific clinical, laboratory or imaging findings. Splenectomy allows definitive diagnosis throughout a histopathological examination. We report a 52-year-old man presenting with asthenia and abdominal distension. Computed tomography with intravenous contrast showed multiple splenic hypodense masses and a prostatic enlargement. Presuming a lymphoma, a laparoscopic splenectomy was performed. Histopathologic examination diagnosed littoral cell angioma. During urological follow-up, a prostate adenocarcinoma was diagnosed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Splenic Neoplasms/surgery , Splenic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Hemangioma/surgery , Hemangioma/diagnostic imaging , Splenectomy
16.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 38(2): 205-211, abr. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388217

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La echinococcosis esplénica (EE), suele ser una enfermedad asintomática cuyo diagnóstico se plantea de forma incidental. OBJETIVO: Determinar morbilidad post-operatoria (MPO) y recurrencia en pacientes intervenidos quirúrgicamente por EE. Material y MÉTODO: Serie de casos con seguimiento, de pacientes con EE intervenidos de forma consecutiva, entre 2000 y 2018. Las variables resultado fueron MPO y recurrencia. Otras variables de interés fueron: diámetro y localización del quiste, tipo de cirugía, tiempo quirúrgico, estancia hospitalaria, y mortalidad. Los pacientes fueron seguidos de forma clínica y con imágenes por un mínimo de 18 meses. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva, con medidas de tendencia central y dispersión. RESULTADOS: Se intervinieron 26 pacientes (53,8% hombres), con una mediana de edad de 41,5 años. Las medianas del diámetro de los quistes, el tiempo quirúrgico y el tiempo de hospitalización fueron 14,5 cm; 65 minutos y 4,5 días, respectivamente. La MPO fue 11,5% (3 casos). No hubo mortalidad. Con una mediana de seguimiento de 94 meses, se verificó una recurrencia de 3,8%. CONCLUSIÓN: Los resultados verificados, en términos de MPO, mortalidad y recurrencia son apropiados en comparación a otras series publicadas.


BACKGROUND: Splenic echinococcosis (SE) is usually an asymptomatic disease whose diagnosis is made incidentally. Aim: To determine postoperative morbidity (POM) and recurrence in patients who underwent surgery for SE. METHODS: Case series with follow-up, of patients with SE operated on, consecutively, between 2000 and 2018. The outcome variables were POM and recurrence. Other variables of interest were diameter and location of the cyst, type of surgery, surgical time, hospital stay, and mortality. The patients were followed up clinically and with images for a minimum of 18 months. Descriptive statistics were used, with measures of central tendency and dispersion. RESULTS: Twenty-six patients (53.8% men), with a median age of 41.5 years, underwent surgery in this period. The medians of cysts diameter, surgical time and hospital stay were 14.5 cm, 65 min, and 4.5 days respectively. POM was 11.5% (3 cases). There was no mortality. With a median follow-up of 94 months, a recurrence of 3.8% was verified. CONCLUSION: Verified results, in terms of POM, mortality and recurrence are appropriate in comparison with those of series of similar size and follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Splenic Diseases/surgery , Splenic Diseases/epidemiology , Echinococcosis/surgery , Echinococcosis/epidemiology , Recurrence , Splenectomy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Echinococcosis, Hepatic , Length of Stay
17.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 38(2): 292-296, abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388236

ABSTRACT

Resumen La rotura esplénica es una complicación rara pero potencialmente fatal de la mononucleosis infecciosa. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 18 años que consultó por dolor abdominal de siete días de evolución, asociado a fiebre y pérdida de conciencia brusca y transitoria. En el hemograma presentaba una anemia y linfocitosis. Se realizó una tomografía computada de abdomen y pelvis que mostró un extenso hemoperitoneo, con el bazo rodeado por un hematoma, y numerosas adenopatías cervicales, mesentéricas e inguinales. Se efectuó una laparoscopía que demostró abundante hemoperitoneo con coágulos a lo largo de la gotera parietocólica izquierda. El bazo estaba completamente decapsulado y rodeado por una colección hemática con sangrado en napa. Se realizó una esplenectomía total sin complicaciones. El estudio histopatológico esplénico mostró una atenuación de la pulpa blanca y expansión de la pulpa roja con áreas de hemorragia y necrosis. La IgM anti-cápside para virus de Epstein Barr fue positiva. La paciente evolucionó de manera favorable.


Abstract Splenic rupture is a rare but potentially fatal complication of infectious mononucleosis. We report the case of an 18-year-old woman, who presented a 7-day history of abdominal pain, sudden temporary loss of consciousness and fever. Admission blood tests showed anemia, and lymphocytosis. Computed tomography of the abdomen and pelvis demonstrated extensive hemoperitoneum and numerous cervical, mesenteric and inguinal enlarged lymph nodes. Laparoscopy was performed and abundant hemoperitoneum with blood clots along the left parietocolic gutter were observed. The spleen was completely decapsulated and surrounded by a hematoma and the subcapsular tissue was bleeding. Total splenectomy was performed without complications. Splenic histology demonstrated white pulp attenuation and expansion of the red pulp with focal hemorrhage and necrosis. IgM anti-viral capsid antigen of Epstein Barr virus was positive. The patient had a satisfactory recovery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Splenic Rupture/surgery , Splenic Rupture/diagnosis , Splenic Rupture/etiology , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Infectious Mononucleosis/complications , Rupture, Spontaneous , Splenectomy , Herpesvirus 4, Human
18.
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 34(2): e1581, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345002

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The treatment of choice for patients with schistosomiasis with previous episode of varices is bleeding esophagogastric devascularization and splenectomy (EGDS) in association with postoperative endoscopic therapy. However, studies have shown varices recurrence especially after long-term follow-up. Aim: To assess the impact on behavior of esophageal varices and bleeding recurrence after post-operative endoscopic treatment of patients submitted to EGDS. Methods: Thirty-six patients submitted to EGDS were followed for more than five years. They were divided into two groups, according to the portal pressure drop, more or less than 30%, and compared with the behavior of esophageal varices and the rate of bleeding recurrence. Results: A significant reduction on the early and late post-operative varices caliber when compared the pre-operative data was observed despite an increase in diameter during follow-up that was controlled by endoscopic therapy. Conclusion: The drop in portal pressure did not significantly influence the variation of variceal calibers when comparing pre-operative and early or late post-operative diameters. The comparison between the portal pressure drop and the rebleeding rates was also not significant.


RESUMO Racional: O tratamento de escolha para pacientes com hipertensão portal esquistossomótica com sangramento de varizes é a desconexão ázigo-portal mais esplenectomia (DAPE) associada à terapia endoscópica. Porém, estudos mostram aumento do calibre das varizes em alguns pacientes durante o seguimento em longo prazo. Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto da DAPE e tratamento endoscópico pós-operatório no comportamento das varizes esofágicas e recidiva hemorrágica, de pacientes esquistossomóticos. Métodos: Foram estudados 36 pacientes com seguimento superior a cinco anos, distribuídos em dois grupos: queda da pressão portal abaixo de 30% e acima de 30% comparados com o calibre das varizes esofágicas no pós-operatório precoce e tardio além do índice de recidiva hemorrágica. Resultados: Após a DAPE houve diminuição significativa no calibre das varizes esofágicas que, durante o seguimento aumentaram de calibre e foram controladas com tratamento endoscópico. A queda da pressão portal não influenciou significativamente o comportamento do calibre das varizes no pós-operatório precoce nem tardio nem os índices de recidiva hemorrágica. Conclusão: A queda na pressão portal não influenciou significativamente a variação dos calibres das varizes ao comparar os diâmetros pré e pós-operatórios precoces ou tardios. A comparação entre a queda de pressão do portal e as taxas de ressangramento também não foi significativa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Schistosomiasis , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/surgery , Hypertension, Portal/surgery , Recurrence , Splenectomy , Follow-Up Studies , Portal Pressure , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/surgery , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 983-987, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880179

ABSTRACT

Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a blood system disease mediated by autoimmune mechanism. Currently, the goal of treatment for primary ITP is to keep patients' peripheral platelet count at a safe level to prevent severe bleeding. Recently, avatrombopag and fostamatinib have been approved by the FDA for the treatment of primary ITP in adults, while new drugs such as rozanolixizumab, efgartigimod, PRTX-100, decitabine and atorvastatin have shown efficacy in early clinical trials. This review summarizes the current accepted therapies for the clinical treatment of primary ITP in adults, and briefly discuss the progress of new therapies.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Hemorrhage , Platelet Count , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/drug therapy , Splenectomy
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 574-580, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880115

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the factors affecting the chronicity of childhood primary immune thrombo-cytopenia (ITP) and compare the efficiency of different first-line treatment regimens.@*METHODS@#Children with ITP hospitalized in our hospital from September 2013 to October 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Three hundred and one children (150 males and 151 females) were included in this study, with a median age of 8 (0.17-17) years old, and 110 (36.5%), 92 (30.6%), and 99 (32.9%) cases were grouped into newly diagnosed, persistent, and chronic ITP, respectively. The median of follow-up was 41.92 (1.07-74.03) months. At the end of the follow-up (October 2019), among the 202 newly diagnosed/persistent ITP children, 79 cases (59 newly diagnosed and 20 persistent ITP) achieved remission within 1 year after initial diagnosis, with a remission rate of 39.3%; 122 cases (50 newly diagnosed and 72 persistent ITP) developed chronic disease, with a chronicity rate of 60.7%; one case underwent splenectomy. In 99 cases with chronic ITP, 5 cases underwent splenectomy. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that, the insidious onset of symptoms (OR=3.754, 95%CI: 1.882-7.488, P=0.000) increased the risk of chronicity, while the positive antibody to anti-platelet membrane glycoprotein (OR=0.446, 95%CI: 0.224-0.888, P=0.021) might reduce the risk of chronicity. And no difference was found by the analysis of subtype of anti-platelet membrane glycoprotein (P=0.305). The efficacy of the first-line treatment of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) alone or combined with steroid was better than that of steroid alone (P=0.028, 0.028), however, the efficiency was not significantly different between IVIG alone and combined with steroid (P=0.086).@*CONCLUSION@#Insidious onset of symptoms in pediatric ITP increases the risk of chronicity, while the positive titer of anti-platelet membrane glycoprotein may reduce the risk. In the first-line treatment for the newly diagnosed/persistent children. The efficacy of IVIG alone or combined with steroid is better than that of steroid alone.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Child, Hospitalized , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Retrospective Studies , Splenectomy
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