Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 808
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 36(2): e567, abr.-jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1409055


Introducción: En pocas áreas de la cirugía ortopédica se han producido cambios técnicos tan importantes en las últimas décadas como en la cirugía correctora espinal. Los cambios fundamentales han sobrevenido con los nuevos sistemas de instrumentación espinal, que se han modificado y mejorado sustancialmente para facilitar la corrección tridimensional de la deformidad y aportar fijación segura de la columna, corrección y estabilidad. Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados alcanzados con los sistemas de instrumentación espinal utilizados en la corrección de la cifosis toracolumbar por espondilitis anquilopoyética. Método: Se realizó un estudio tipo descriptivo, retrospectivo y longitudinal a 16 pacientes con cifosis toracolumbar por espondilitis anquilopoyética intervenidos con la técnica de osteotomía de sustracción pedicular e instrumentados con sistemas pediculares y sublaminar tipo Luque, en el servicio de Ortopedia del Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico Hermanos Ameijeiras, durante el período comprendido entre marzo de 2001 y marzo de 2021. Resultados: La totalidad de los pacientes correspondieron al sexo masculino, color de la piel blanca y edad promedio de 39 años. Se logró más del 80 por ciento de corrección en el perfil sagital y un promedio de 34,3° por osteotomía, sin complicaciones neurológicas mayores. Se obtuvo un buen resultado funcional, con un alto grado de satisfacción de los pacientes y mejora de su calidad de vida. Conclusiones: La utilización de ambos sistemas instrumentación espinal es eficaz para mantener la corrección de la cifosis toracolumbar por espondilitis anquilopoyética(AU)

Introduction: Few areas of orthopedic surgery have had such important technical changes in recent decades as in corrective spinal surgery. Fundamental changes have come with the new spinal instrumentation systems, which have been substantially modified and improved to facilitate three-dimensional correction of the deformity and provide secure spinal fixation, correction and stability. Objective: To evaluate the results achieved with the spinal instrumentation systems used in the correction of thoracolumbar kyphosis due to ankylosing spondylitis. Methods: A descriptive, retrospective and longitudinal study was carried out on 16 patients with thoracolumbar kyphosis due to ankylosing spondylitis operated on with the pedicle subtraction osteotomy technique and instrumented with Luque-type pedicle and sublaminar systems, in the Orthopedics service at Hermanos Ameijeiras Surgical Clinical Hospital, from March 2001 to March 2021. Results: All the patients were male, white skin color and average age of 39 years. More than 80 percent correction was achieved in the sagittal profile and an average of 34.3° per osteotomy, without major neurological complications. Good functional results were obtained, with high degree of patient satisfaction and improvement in their quality of life. Conclusions: The use of both spinal instrumentation systems is effective in maintaining the correction of thoracolumbar kyphosis due to ankylosing spondylitis(AU)

Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Osteotomy/instrumentation , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/surgery , Kyphosis/surgery , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936312


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the changes in autophagy of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from patients with ankylosing spondylitis and explore the mechanism for decreased autophagy in ASMSCs.@*METHODS@#MSCs collected from 14 patients with AS (ASMSCs) and from 15 healthy donors (HDMSCs) were cultured in the absence or presence of 25 ng/mL TNF-α for 6 h. Autophagy of the cells was determined by immunofluorescence staining of GFP-LC3B, and the results were confirmed by detecting the protein expressions of autophagy markers LC3 II/LC3 I and P62. The mRNA expressions of the related genes were detected using qRT-PCR, and the protein expressions of the autophagy markers and signaling pathway-related molecules were determined with Western blotting. TG100713 was used to block the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signal pathway, and its effect on autophagy of ASMSCs was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#ASMSCs showed significantly weaker GFP-LC3B puncta staining and lower protein expression levels of LC3 II/LC3 I but higher levels of P62 protein (P < 0.05), indicating a decreased autophagy capacity as compared with HDMSCs. TNF-α-induced ASMSCs showed significantly higher protein expressions of p-PI3K/ PI3K, p-AKT/AKT and p-mTOR/mTOR than HDMSCs (P < 0.05), suggesting hyperactivation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway in ASMSCs. Blocking PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling with TG100713 eliminated the difference in TNF-α-induced autophagy between HDMSCs and ASMSCs.@*CONCLUSION@#In patients with AS, hyperactivation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway results in decreased autophagy of the MSCs and potentially contributes to chronic inflammation.

Autophagy , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Spondylitis, Ankylosing , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928278


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of robot-assisted internal fixation in lateral decubitus position for the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) complicated with thoracolumbar fractures.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 26 patients with ankylosing spondylitis complicated with thoracolumbar fractures treated from January 2018 to June 2020 was retrospectively analyzed. According to different surgical methods, these patients were divided into observation group and control group. There were 8 patients in observation group, which were treated with robot-assisted percutaneous screw fixation in lateral decubitus position, including 4 males and 4 females, aged form 55 to 85 years old with an mean of (66.25±9.42) years, the course of disease was (4.00±0.76) days on average, 2 cases were T11 fracture, 2 cases were T12, 3 cases were L1 and 1 case was L2. And there were 18 patients in control group, which were treated with conventional percutaneous screw fixation in prone position, including 6 males and 12 females, aged from 48 to 81 years old with a mean of (61.22±9.53) years, the course of disease was (4.11±0.83) days on average, 2 cases were T10 injury, 3 cases were T11, 4 cases were T12, 7 cases were L1, and 2 cases were L2. The intraoperative blood loss, operation time, position time and postoperative neurological complications were compared between two groups. Postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) at 1d and 3 months, and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) before and 3 months after operation were observed. According to Gertzbein-Robbins standard to evaluate the accuracy of pedicle screw placement.@*RESULTS@#There was no nerve injury due to pedicle screw placement in both groups. The intraoperative blood loss in observation group and control group was (34.13±4.61) ml and (78.17±22.02) ml, operation time was(92.13±9.82) min and (106.22±11.55) min, position time was(10.00±2.14) min and (15.17±2.66) min, the differences was statistically significant(P<0.05);VAS of the two groups were (2.38±0.52) points and (4.56±0.98) points one day after surgery, respectively, with statistically significant differences (P<0.05), while VAS and ODI three months after surgery showed no statistically significant differences (P>0.05). The screw accuracy was 96.88%(62/64) in observation group and 81.48%(88/108) in control group, the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Robot-assisted internal fixation in lateral decubitus position for the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis complicated with thoracolumbar fractures can shorten the position time and operation time, significantly improve the accuracy of internal fixation screw placement, relieve the early postoperative pain, reduce intraoperative blood loss and postoperative complications, and facilitate the fast track rehabilitation of patients.

Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Robotics , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928162


To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Chinese patent medicines in the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis(AS) by frequency network Meta-analysis. Randomized controlled trials(RCTs)of Chinese patent medicines for AS were retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM, PubMed, EMbase and Cochrane Library databases from the time of database establishment to January 2021. The quality of the included RCTs was evaluated according to the Cochrane bias risk standard, and the data was analyzed by RevMan 5.3 and Stata/MP 15.1. A total of 12 kinds of Chinese patent medicines in 55 RCTs were included. According to Meta-analysis, in term of the effectiveness, the top three optimal medication regimens were Biqi Capsules, Yishen Juanbi Pills and Yaobitong Capsules combined with western medicine. The top three interventions to reduce the erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR)were Yishen Juanbi Pills, Xianling Gubao Capsules and Fufang Xuanju Capsules combined with western medicine. The top three interventions to reduce the C-reactive protein(CRP)were Biqi Capsules, Xianling Gubao Capsules and Fufang Xuanju Capsules combined with western medicine. In terms of the safety, top three optimal medication regimens were Total Glucosides of Paeony Capsules, Yishen Juanbi Pills, and Wangbi Tablets combined with western medicine. This network Meta-analysis suggests that Chinese patent medicines combined with conventional western medicine can effectively improve the joint pain symptoms of AS patients and reduce the acute inflammatory indicators, with high safety. However, the literature included in this study is generally of low methodological quality, and the conclusion needs to be verified by high-quality research.

Capsules , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Humans , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs/therapeutic use , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/drug therapy
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(9): 1293-1298, Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351485


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to explore the potential risk factors for radiological hip joint involvement in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: This cross-sectional convey collected the clinical data, laboratory indicators, and radiographic data of patients with AS. Radiographic hip joint involvement was defined as a Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Radiology Hip Index (BASRI-hip) score ≥2. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to explore the potential risk factors for radiological hip involvement in patients with AS. RESULTS: Based on BASRI-hip score, all enrolled 386 patients with AS were classified as patients involving with radiological hip joint involvement (BASRI-hip ≥2; n=203) and those without it (BASRI-hip ≤1; n=183). Mean age of enrolled patients with AS were 36.7±11.9 years, and 320 (82.9%) patients were male. Mean course of disease was 10.7±8.3 years, and 349 (90.4%) patients were with a positive HLAB27. Multivariate analyses indicated that Juvenile onset (onset age ≤16 years) (odds ratio [OR]=4.159, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.779-9.721, p<0.001), body mass index (BMI) <18.5 kg/m2 (OR=1.986, 95%CI 1.187-3.323, p=0.009), continuous nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use (OR=0.351, 95%CI 0.155-0.794, p=0.012), and bone mass below the expected range for age (Z score ≤-2) (OR=2.791, 95%CI 1.456-5.352, p=0.002) were independently associated with radiological hip joint involvement in patients with AS. CONCLUSIONS: The potential risk factors for radiological hip joint involvement were juvenile onset, lower BMI, and bone mass below the expected range for age. Furthermore, continuous NSAID use was the protective factor for radiological hip joint involvement in these population.

Humans , Male , Adult , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/complications , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/diagnostic imaging , Hip Joint/physiopathology , Severity of Illness Index , Body Mass Index , Bone Density , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Age of Onset , Hip Joint/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 19(2): 120-127, abr.-jun. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379285


Doenças autoimunes são doenças universais, e os diagnósticos e tratamentos primários são habitualmente iniciados por clínicos em enfermarias ou ambulatórios, antes de serem encaminhados a especialistas. Além disso, pacientes em uso de biológicos internados em hospitais gerais têm sido cada vez mais frequentes na prática clínica. Conhecer o perfil de segurança, as indicações e os efeitos colaterais dessas drogas deve ser preocupação dos clínicos. Neste trabalho, foi realizada revisão de literatura sobre terapia biológica com rituximabe no tratamento das principais doenças autoimunes sistêmicas da prática clínica: artrite reumatoide, lúpus eritematoso sistêmico, vasculites relacionadas aos anticorpos anticitoplasma de neutrófilo, púrpura trombocitopênica imune e espondilite anquilosante. (AU)

AutoimmunAutoimmune diseases are universal diseases and primary diagnosis and treatment are typically initiated by internists in wards or outpatient clinics before being referred to specialists. In addition, patients on use of biologicals hospitalized in general hospitals have been increasingly common in clinical practice. Knowing the safety profile, the indications, and the side effects of these drugs should be a concern for the internists as well. In this study, the literature review was performed on biological therapy with Rituximab for treating the main systemic autoimmune diseases of clinical practice: rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitides, immune thrombocytopenic purpura, and ankylosing spondylitis. (AU)

Humans , Autoimmune Diseases/drug therapy , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Immunologic Factors/therapeutic use , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/drug therapy , Immunoglobulins/drug effects , B-Lymphocytes/drug effects , Antigens, CD20/drug effects , Rituximab/pharmacology
Adv Rheumatol ; 61: 2, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152742


Abstract Large epidemiologic and clinical estimates of spondyloarthritis (SpA) in Latin America are not available. In this narrative review, our goal was to descriptively summarize the prevalence and features of SpA in Latin America, based on available small studies. A review of peer-reviewed literature identified 41 relevant publications. Of these, 11 (mostly based on Mexican data) estimated the prevalence of SpA and its subtypes, which varied from 0.28 to 0.9% (SpA), 0.02 to 0.8% (ankylosing spondylitis), 0.2 to 0.9% (axial SpA), and 0.004 to 0.08% (psoriatic arthritis). Demographic and/or clinical characteristics were reported in 31 of the 41 publications, deriving data from 3 multinational studies, as well as individual studies from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Data relating to treatment, disease manifestations (articular and extra-articular), and comorbidities were summarized across the countries. Available data suggest that there is a variability in prevalence, manifestations, and comorbidities of SpA across Latin America. Basic epidemiologic and clinical data are required from several countries not currently represented. Data relating to current treatment approaches, patient outcomes, and socioeconomic impact within this large geographic region are also needed.(AU)

Humans , Spondylarthritis/epidemiology , Prognosis , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/epidemiology , Arthritis, Psoriatic/epidemiology , Demography , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Latin America/epidemiology
Adv Rheumatol ; 61: 17, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152736


Abstract Background: Hyperhomocysteinemia is associated with autoimmune diseases such as ankylosing spondylitis (AS), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Current findings regarding plasma/serum homocysteine (HCY) levels in AS patients are inconsistent. This study aims to systematically evaluate the association between circulating HCY levels and AS. Methods: Online electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, ScienceDirect, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Wanfang data) were used to retrieve all relevant articles published up to May 7, 2020. The pooled standardized mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated using the random-effect model, Stata16 software. Results: Nine articles containing 778 AS patients and 522 controls were included in this meta-analysis. No significant differences in HCY levels were found between AS and control groups (pooled SMD = 0.46, 95% CI = − 0.30 to 1.23, P = 0.23). However, subgroup analysis suggested that HCY levels were significantly higher (P < 0.05) in the AS group treated with methotrexate (MTX) compared with the control group. In contrast, HCY levels were significantly (P < 0.05) lower in the AS group receiving anti-TNF-α treatment compared with the control group. No significant differences were detected between HCY levels and disease activity scores (Bath AS disease activity index, BASDAI), and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T genotype. Conclusion: This meta-analysis indicates that HCY levels are similar between AS and controls, and do not correlate with disease activity. However, different medical treatments cause fluctuations of circulating HCY levels in AS patients. Further and larger-scale studies are needed to confirm these findings. Trial registration: This study was registered at international prospective register of systematic reviews (PROSPERO), registration number: CRD42020184426.(AU)

Humans , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/etiology , Homocysteine/analysis , Case-Control Studies , Methotrexate/therapeutic use , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/therapeutic use
Adv Rheumatol ; 61: 4, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152735


Abstract Spondyloarthritis (SpA) is a group of chronic inflammatory systemic diseases characterized by axial and/or peripheral joints inflammation, as well as extra-articular manifestations. Over some decades, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been the basis for the pharmacological treatment of patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). However, the emergence of the immunobiologic agents brought up the discussion about the role of NSAIDs in the management of these patients. The objective of this guideline is to provide recommendations for the use of NSAIDs for the treatment of axSpA. A panel of experts from the Brazilian Society of Rheumatology conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials for 15 predefined questions. The Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation methodology to assess the quality of evidence and formulate recommendations were used, and at least 70% agreement of the voting panel was needed. Fourteen recommendations for the use of NSAIDs in the treatment of patients with axSpA were elaborated. The purpose of these recommendations is to support clinicians' decision making, without taking out his/her autonomy when prescribing for an individual patient.(AU)

Humans , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/drug therapy , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Guidelines as Topic/standards , Decision Making
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353887


Introducción: La espondilitis anquilosante es un trastorno inflamatorio progresivo que afecta el esqueleto axial, inclusive las articulaciones sacroilíacas; el riesgo de sufrir una fractura se cuadruplica (10% a los 10 años de enfermedad), la tasa de demora del diagnóstico es alta. La rigidez y la osteoporosis son factores clave para sufrir estas lesiones. La tomografía computarizada y la resonancia magnética cumplen un rol diagnóstico fundamental. La descompresión y la fijación quirúrgica es el tratamiento de elección actual. Se presenta una serie de casos con el objetivo de considerar las dificultades diagnósticas, describir las lesiones y la decisión terapéutica, analizar la presentación de complicaciones y realizar una actualización bibliográfica. materiales y métodos: Estudio multicéntrico retrospectivo de una serie de casos con 6 pacientes. Resultados: Seis hombres, edad promedio 58.1 años. Cuatro habían sufrido una caída desde la posición de pie. El tiempo promedio hasta el diagnóstico fue de 12.8 días. Los sectores más afectados fueron el torácico y el lumbar, con un mecanismo predominante en hiperextensión. Cuatro pacientes recibieron tratamiento quirúrgico. Conclusiones: Los pacientes con espondilitis anquilosante tienen un riesgo más alto de sufrir una fractura por traumas de baja energía. La demora para llegar al diagnóstico fue de 12.8 días. La cirugía con fijaciones largas y liberación por vía posterior es el tratamiento más utilizado. No se observaron complicaciones después del tratamiento. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

Introduction: Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) is a progressive inflammatory disorder that affects the axial skeleton including the sacroiliac joints. Patients are 4 times more likely to suffer a fracture (10% at 10 years of illness), and there is a high percentage of delay in diagnosis. Stiffness and osteoporosis are key to suffering these injuries. CT and MRI scannings play a fundamental role in diagnosis. The current choice for treatment is decompression and surgical fixation. A series of cases is presented in order to: consider diagnostic difficulties; describe the injuries and therapeutic decision; analyze the presentation of complications andcarry out a bibliographic update. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective multicenter study of a case series of 6 patients. Results: Six males with an average age of 58.1 years. Four presented a fall from the standing position. The delay in diagnosis was 12.8 days on average. The most affected areas were thoracic and lumbar, with a predominant mechanism of hyperextension. Four patients underwent surgery. Discussion: Fractures in patients with AS are frequent complications related to osteoporosis. CT is the sensitive and specific method for diagnosing the lesion. The current literature supports the need for subsequent surgical treatment. Conclusions: AS carriers are more at risk of suffering a low-energy trauma fracture. A delay of 12.8 days in diagnosis. Surgical treatment, with long fixations and posterior release, is the most widely used treatment. We have not observed post treatment complications. Level of Evidence: IV

Spondylitis, Ankylosing , Spinal Fractures
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2573-2582, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921184


BACKGROUND@#Circular RNA (circRNA) is a type of closed circular noncoding RNA (ncRNA), mostly formed by back-splicing or alternative splicing of pre-messenger RNA (mRNA). The aim of this study was to explore the expression profile of circRNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and discover potential molecular markers of AS.@*METHODS@#The circRNA microarray technology was used to detect the expression of circRNAs in the peripheral blood of 6 patients with AS and 6 healthy controls (HC). To screen the differentially expressed circRNAs by fold change (FC) and P value, these differentially expressed circRNAs were analyzed by bioinformatics. In 60 cases of AS and 30 cases of HC, 4 circRNAs were subjected to real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), and their correlation with various clinical indicators was analyzed. Finally, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze their potential as AS diagnostic markers.@*RESULTS@#The microarray results showed that there were 1369 significantly differently expressed (P  1.5) circRNAs between the AS and HC groups (675 upregulated and 694 downregulated). The results of bioinformatics analysis suggested that they were mainly involved in "enzyme binding," "adenosine ribonucleotide binding," "MAPK signaling pathway", etc. The RT-qPCR results showed that the expressions of hsa_circRNA_001544 (U = 486.5, P < 0.05) and hsa_circRNA_102532 (U = 645, P < 0.05) were significantly different between the AS group and the HC group. The AS group was further divided into two subgroups: active AS (ASA) and stable AS (ASS). After analysis, it was found that compared with the HC group, hsa_circRNA_001544 was significantly increased in both ASA (U = 214, P < 0.05) and ASS groups (U = 273, P < 0.05), while hsa_circRNA_008961 (U = 250, P < 0.05) and hsa_circRNA_102532 (U = 295, P < 0.05) were only significantly increased in the ASA group. Furthermore, hsa_circRNA_012732 was significantly different between the ASA and ASS groups (U = 194, P < 0.05), and there was no statistical significance among the remaining groups. Correlation analysis results showed that hsa_circRNA_012732 was negatively correlated with Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), and globulin (GLOB) and positively correlated with lymphocyte count (LY), mean corpusular volume, and albumin (ALB), and hsa_circRNA_008961 was negatively correlated with platelet (PLT) count. ROC curve analysis showed that hsa_circRNA_001544 (95% CI = 0.610-0.831, P < 0.05) and hsa_circRNA_102532 (95% CI = 0.521-0.762, P < 0.05) were statistically significant, and their area under curve (AUC) values were 0.720 and 0.642, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#There are differentially expressed circRNAs in PBMCs of AS patients, and they may be involved in the occurrence and development of AS. Among these differentially expressed circRNAs, hsa_circRNA_012732 has the potential to become an indicator of disease activity, and hsa_circRNA_001544 has the potential to become a molecular marker for AS diagnosis.

Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , RNA/genetics , RNA, Circular , ROC Curve , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/genetics
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2556-2563, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921163


BACKGROUND@#Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a common chronic progressive rheumatic disease. The aim of this study was to explore factors influencing abnormal bone mineral density (BMD) in young and middle-aged patients with AS.@*METHODS@#From July 2014 to August 2018, hospitalized patients with AS and health examinees in the health examination center of our clinics, ranging in age from 20 to 50 years, were monitored. The BMD of the lumbar spine and femoral neck of AS patients and those of a healthy control group were measured using dual-energy X-ray absorption. The BMDs of AS patients were compared with respect to age, course of disease, iritis, smoking habits, sex, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), medication use, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), platelet volume, platelet count, uric acid (UA), alkaline phosphatase (AKP), and calcium ion levels. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) related to BMD were screened using genome-wide association analysis.@*RESULTS@#There was no statistical difference in the proportion of abnormal bone masses between the different body parts. The BMD of all bones in AS patients was lower than that in healthy controls (P < 0.05). Additionally, BMD was correlated with serum calcium and CRP in AS patients (P < 0.05), but not with age, platelet volume, platelet count, ESR, UA, AKP, height, weight, and BMI. The incidence of abnormal bone mass in AS patients was correlated with sex (P < 0.05), but not with medication use, iritis, or smoking. BMD of the lumbar spine in AS patients did not correlate linearly with the course of the disease, but BMD of the femoral neck correlated linearly with the course of the disease (P < 0.05). BMD was correlated with multiple SNPs in patients with AS. Lumbar BMD was correlated with rs7025373 and rs7848078. Femoral head BMD was correlated with 3:102157365, 3:102157417, rs1252202, rs1681355, rs3891857, rs7842614, and rs9870734, suggesting that genetic factors play a role in BMD in patients with AS.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The proportion of abnormal bone mass in AS patients was higher than that in healthy individuals of the same age. The factors related to BMD in patients with AS are gender, CRP, and blood calcium. The BMD of the femoral neck of AS patients decreases with the course of the disease, but BMD of the lumbar spine is not related to the course of the disease. BMD in AS patients is associated with multiple SNPs.

Absorptiometry, Photon , Adult , Bone Density , Femur Neck , Genome-Wide Association Study , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Middle Aged , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/genetics , Young Adult
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1441-1449, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878189


BACKGROUND@#Andersson lesions (ALs) are not uncommon in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Plain radiography (PR) is widely used for the diagnosis of ALs. However, in our practice, there were some ALs in AS patients that could not be detected on plain radiographs. This study aimed to propose the concept of occult ALs and evaluate the prevalence and radiographic characteristics of the occult ALs in AS patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 496 consecutive AS patients were admitted in the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University between April 2003 and November 2019 and they were retrospectively reviewed. The AS patients with ALs who met the following criteria were included for the investigation of occult ALs: (1) with pre-operative plain radiographs of the whole-spine and (2) availability of pre-operative computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the whole-spine. The occult ALs were defined as the ALs which were undetectable on plain radiographs but could be detected by CT and/or MRI. The extensive ALs involved the whole discovertebral junction or manifested as destructive lesions throughout the vertebral body. Independent-samples t test was used to compare the age between the patients with only occult ALs and those with only detectable ALs. Chi-square or Fisher exact test was applied to compare the types, distribution, and radiographic characteristics between detectable and occult ALs as appropriate.@*RESULTS@#Ninety-two AS patients with a mean age of 44.4 ± 10.1 years were included for the investigation of occult ALs. Twenty-three patients had occult ALs and the incidence was 25% (23/92). Fifteen extensive ALs were occult, and the proportion of extensive ALs was significantly higher in detectable ALs (97% vs. 44%, χ2 = 43.66, P < 0.001). As assessed by PR, the proportions of osteolytic destruction with reactive sclerosis (0 vs. 100%, χ2 = 111.00, P < 0.001), angular kyphosis of the affected discovertebral units or vertebral body (0 vs. 22%, χ2 = 8.86, P = 0.003), formation of an osseous bridge at the intervertebral space adjacent to ALs caused by the ossification of the anterior longitudinal ligament (38% vs. 86%, χ2 = 25.91, P < 0.001), and an abnormal height of the affected intervertebral space were all significantly lower in occult ALs (9% vs. 84%, χ2 = 60.41, P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Occult ALs presented with more subtle radiographic changes. Occult ALs should not be neglected, especially in the case of extensive occult ALs, because the stability of the spine might be severely impaired by these lesions.

Adult , Humans , Kyphosis/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Middle Aged , Radiography , Retrospective Studies , Spine/diagnostic imaging , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/diagnostic imaging
Cambios rev. méd ; 19(1): 62-68, 30/06/2020. tabs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1122570


INTRODUCCIÓN. La Espondilitis Anquilosante compromete la calidad de vida del pacien-te por tratarse de una enfermedad de afectación axial, ocular, gastrointestinal y articular discapacitante que limita actividades básicas de la vida diaria que repercute en su entorno social. OBJETIVO. Evaluar la calidad de vida, funcionalidad y actividad de la enfermedad en pacientes con Espondilitis Anquilosante. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio trans-versal analítico, con una poblacion de 166 pacientes, una muestra de 120 con diagnós-tico de Espondilitis Anquilosante de la Unidad Técnica de Reumatología del Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín. Se aplicó un cuestionario estructurado que midió la actividad fisica, presencia del Antígeno Leucocitario Humano B-27, se utilizó escalas va-lidadas a nivel internacional que evaluaron calidad de vida, funcionalidad y actividad de la enfermedad. El análisis univariado, bivariado y multivariado, se calculó con Chi-cuadrado y Odds Ratios en el programa estadistico SPSS 23.0. RESULTADOS. Se observó un 50% (60; 120) de ligera afectación en calidad de vida, en funcionalidad el 74,2% (89; 120) pre-sentó afectación mientras que en actividad de la enfermedad en la encuesta Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score se encontró actividad alta con un 43,3% (52; 120) y en Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index 55% (66; 120) de enfermedad activa. El tratamiento combinado presentó mayor riesgo para afectación en la funcionalidad, en actividad de la enfermedad baja, alta y muy alta con valor p= 0,022; 0,014; 0,026 de forma respectiva. CONCLUSIÓN. La calidad de vida se vio afectado en mujeres y quienes no realizaron actividad física; se encontró comprometido la funcionalidad en quienes recibie-ron tratamiento combinado.

INTRODUCTION. Ankylosing Spondylitis compromises the quality of life of the patient as it is a disease of axial, ocular, gastrointestinal and articular disabling affectation that limits basic activities of daily life that affects the social environment. OBJECTIVE. To evaluate the quality of life, functionality and activity of the disease in patients with Ankylosing Spond-ylitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Analytical transversal study, with a population of 166 patients, a sample of 120 with a diagnosis of Ankylosing Spondylitis from the "Unidad Téc-nica de Reumatología del Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín". A structured questionnaire was applied to measure physical activity, presence of Human Leukocyte Antigen B-27, using internationally validated scales that evaluated quality of life, functio-nality and disease activity. Univariate, bivariate and multivariate analysis was calculated with Chi-square and Odds Ratios in the statistical program SPSS 23.0. RESULTS. A 50% (60; 120) of slight affectation in quality of life was observed, in functionality 74,2% (89; 120) presented affectation while in disease activity the Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score found high activity with 43,3% (52; 120) and in Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index 55% (66; 120) of active disease. Combined treatment presented a greater risk of affecting functionality, low, high and very high disease activity with p values of 0,022; 0,014 and 0,026, respectively. CONCLUSION. Quality of life was affected in women and those who did not carry out physical activity; functionality was found to be compromised in those who received combined treatment.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Quality of Life , Rheumatology , Spondylitis, Ankylosing , Uveitis , HLA-B27 Antigen , Biological Treatment , Patients , Exercise , Disease , Multivariate Analysis , Diagnosis , Motor Activity
Rev. argent. radiol ; 84(2): 61-67, abr. 2020. tab, graf, il.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125857


Resumen La inflamación de la aorta (aortitis) es una patología poco frecuente, con etiología infecciosa (pseudoaneurisma micótico, sífilis) y no infecciosa (arteritis, aortitis idiopática, espondilitis anquilosante, entre otras) de difícil diagnóstico clínico y variable pronóstico. Por esa razón, la utilización de diversos métodos por imágenes, tales como la tomografía computada multidetector (TCMD), la tomografía computada por emisión de positrones (PET-TC), la resonancia magnética (RM) y ultrasonido (US) facilitan la identificación, seguimiento y tratamiento de esa entidad. El siguiente trabajo tiene como objetivo realizar una revisión y actualización bibliográfica acerca de la aortitis y sus diversas etiologías, ejemplificando con casos de nuestra institución.

Abstract Aortic inflammation (aortitis) is a rare pathology, with infectious (fungal pseudoaneurysm, syphilis) and noninfectious etiology (arteritis, idiopathic aortitis, ankylosing spondylitis, among others), it has a difficult clinical diagnosis and a variable prognosis. The use of various imaging methods such as multidetector computed tomography (MDCT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) and ultrasound (US) facilitate the identification, monitoring and treatment of this entity. The following paper aims to perform a literature review and update about aortitis and its various etiologies, exemplifying cases of our institution.

Aortitis/etiology , Aortitis/diagnostic imaging , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/diagnostic imaging , Giant Cell Arteritis/diagnostic imaging , Angiography/methods , Takayasu Arteritis/etiology , Takayasu Arteritis/diagnostic imaging , Multidetector Computed Tomography/methods
Coluna/Columna ; 19(1): 74-79, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089640


ABSTRACT Objective We aim to identify retrospectively surgically treated patients with an ankylosed spine who sustained a vertebral fracture. Our goal is to evaluate the main outcomes and complications. Methods We selected patients through the database of surgical interventions in the setting of fractures of an ankylosed spine segment between January 1st 2008 and June 30th 2018. We collected data from digital medical records. The parameters analyzed include hospital length of stay, Intensive Care Unit (ICU) admission, perioperative and postoperative complications as well as neurological evolution. Results Fractures occurred in 14 patients with ankylosing spondylitis (82%) and 3 patients with diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (18%). All patients were male and the mean age was 69 years. Fourteen fractures occurred after minor trauma (83%), of which 11 were due to falls from standing height or lower (65%). The cervical spine represents the majority of the levels involved (65%). Seven patients were admitted to the ICU (41%) and 11 suffered neurological damage. There was improvement of neurological status in less than 50% and there were high percentages of post-operative complications. Conclusion Patients with ankylosed spine diseases are at higher risk for vertebral fracture, even after minor trauma, and these are located predominantly in the cervical spine. The surgical treatment of these conditions is effective as it allows improvement of the patient's neurological status. However, they still present higher morbidity and mortality, as well as increased post-op complications. Prevention of falls may drastically change patients' outcome, neurological function and independence in activities of daily living. Level of evidence IV; A case series therapeutic study.

RESUMO Objetivo Identificar retrospetivamente casos de tratamento cirúrgico de fraturas vertebrais em pacientes com coluna anquilosada. O nosso propósito consiste em avaliar os principais desfechos e respectivas complicações. Métodos Selecionamos pacientes através do banco de dados de intervenções cirúrgicas no quadro de fraturas de um segmento da coluna anquilosada entre 1 de janeiro de 2008 a 30 de junho de 2018. Coletamos os dados a partir dos prontuários médicos digitais. Os parâmetros analisados incluem período de internação hospitalar, admissão na Unidade de Tratamento Intensivo (UTI), complicações pré- e pós-operatórias, assim como evolução neurológica. Resultados As fraturas ocorreram em 14 pacientes com espondilite snquilosante (82%) e em 3 pacientes com hiperostose esquelética difusa idiopática (18%). Todos os pacientes eram do sexo masculino e a idade média era de 69 anos. Quatorze fraturas ocorreram devido a trauma menor (83%), das quais 11 eram devido a quedas da própria altura ou inferiores (65%). A coluna cervical representa a maioria dos níveis envolvidos (65%). Sete pacientes foram admitidos na UTI (41%) e 11 sofreram lesão neurológica. Houve melhoria do estado neurológico em menos de metade dos pacientes e altas porcentagens de complicações pós-operatórias. Conclusão Os pacientes com doenças da coluna anquilosada têm maior risco de fraturas vertebrais, mesmo após trauma menor, localizando-se predominantemente na coluna cervical. O tratamento cirúrgico dessas condições é eficaz, uma vez que permite melhora do estado neurológico do paciente. Entretanto, ainda apresentam altos índices de morbilidade e mortalidade, assim como maior incidência de complicações pós-operatórias. A prevenção de quedas pode alterar drasticamente o desfecho, função neurológica e independência nas atividades diárias do paciente. Nível de evidência IV; Estudo terapêutico de série de casos.

RESUMEN Objetivo Identificar retrospectivamente casos de tratamiento quirúrgico de fracturas vertebrales en pacientes con columna anquilosada. Nuestro propósito consiste en evaluar sus principales resultados y respectivas complicaciones. Métodos Seleccionamos pacientes mediante banco de datos de intervenciones quirúrgicas en el cuadro de fracturas de un segmento de la columna anquilosada entre el 1 de enero de 2008 al 30 de junio de 2018. Recolectamos los datos a partir de los prontuarios médicos digitales. Los parámetros analizados incluyen período de internación hospitalaria, admisión en la Unidad de Tratamiento Intensivo (UTI), complicaciones pre y postoperatorias, así como evolución neurológica. Resultados Las fracturas ocurrieron en 14 pacientes con espondilitis anquilosante (82%) y en 3 pacientes con hiperostosis esquelética difusa idiopática (18%). Todos los pacientes eran del sexo masculino y la edad promedio era de 69 años. Catorce fracturas ocurrieron debido a trauma menor (83%), de las cuales 11 eran debido a caídas de la propia altura o inferiores (65%). La columna cervical representa la mayoría de los niveles implicados (65%). Siete pacientes fueron admitidos en la UTI (41%) y 11 sufrieron lesión neurológica. Hubo mejora del estado neurológico en menos de la mitad de los pacientes y altos porcentajes de complicaciones postoperatorias. Conclusión Los pacientes con enfermedades de la columna anquilosada tienen mayor riesgo de fracturas vertebrales, incluso después de trauma menor, localizándose predominantemente en la columna cervical. El tratamiento quirúrgico de esas condiciones es eficaz, ya que permite mejora del estado neurológico del paciente. Entretanto, aún presentan altos índices de morbilidad y mortalidad, así como mayor incidencia de complicaciones postoperatorias. La prevención de caídas puede alterar drásticamente los resultados, función neurológica e independencia en las actividades diarias del paciente. Nivel de evidencia IV; Estudio terapéutico de serie de casos.

Humans , Spine , Spondylitis, Ankylosing , Spinal Fractures , Hyperostosis, Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal
Clin. biomed. res ; 40(1): 1-6, 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1104373


Introduction: Registries of spondyloarthritis (SpA) patients' follow-up provided evidence that tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) increase the incidence of active tuberculosis infection (TB). However, most of these registries are from low burden TB areas. Few studies evaluated the safety of biologic agents in TB endemic areas. This study compares the TB incidence rate (TB IR) in anti-TNF-naïve and anti-TNF-experienced subjects with SpA in a high TB incidence setting.Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, medical records from patients attending a SpA clinic during 13 years (2004 to 2016) in a university hospital were reviewed. The TB IR was calculated and expressed as number of events per 105 patients/year; the incidence rate ratio (IRR) associated with the use of TNFi was calculated.Results: A total of 277 patients, 173 anti-TNF-naïve and 104 anti-TNF-experienced subjects, were evaluated; 35.7% (N = 35) of patients who were prescribed an anti-TNF drug were diagnosed with latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). Total follow-up time (person-years) was 1667.8 for anti-TNF-naïve and 394.9 for anti-TNF-experienced patients. TB IR (95% CI) was 299.8 (37.4-562.2) for anti-TNF naïve and 1012.9 (25.3-2000.5) for anti-TNF experienced subjects. The IRR associated with the use of TNFi was 10.4 (2.3- 47.9).Conclusions: In this high TB incidence setting, SpA patients exposed to anti-TNF therapy had a higher incidence of TB compared to anti-TNF-naïve subjects, although the TB incidence in the control group was significant.(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Tuberculosis/chemically induced , Tuberculosis/epidemiology , Biological Products/adverse effects , Antirheumatic Agents/adverse effects , Spondylarthritis/drug therapy , Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors/adverse effects , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/drug therapy , Biological Products/therapeutic use , Arthritis, Psoriatic/drug therapy , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Antirheumatic Agents/therapeutic use , Endemic Diseases , Latent Tuberculosis/drug therapy , Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors/therapeutic use
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 27(1): 46-49, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144399


ABSTRACT Renal manifestations of spondyloarthritis are rare. The case is presented of a patient with ankylosing spondylitis of nine years of evolution. He had intense inflammation, as well as articular sequelae, with a significant deterioration in his quality of life. At the initial evaluation, the patient had a serum creatinine of 1.44mg/dL and a 24-h urine protein in the sub-nephrotic range (1.44 g). Renal biopsy showed the presence of Congophilic material, confirming the diagnosis of AA amyloidosis. Treatment with a TNF blocking agent was initiated with clinical improvement, especially regarding articular disease.

RESUMEN Las manifestaciones renales de la espondiloartritis son poco comunes. Se presenta el caso de un paciente con espondilitis anquilosante de 9 anos de evolución, con intensa inflamación y secuelas articulares y con un deterioro significativo en su calidad de vida. En la evaluación inicial, el paciente tenía una creatinina sérica de 1,44mg/dL y una proteína en orina de 24 horas en un rango subnefrótico (1,44 g). La biopsia renal mostró la presencia de material congofílico que confirmaba el diagnóstico de amiloidosis AA. Se inició tratamiento con un anti-TNF, con mejoría clínica, especialmente con respecto al componente articular.

Humans , Male , Adult , Spondylitis, Ankylosing , Amyloidosis , Quality of Life , Inflammation
Clinics ; 75: e1870, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133406


OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively evaluate the performance and distinctive pattern of latent tuberculosis (TB) infection (LTBI) screening and treatment in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) under anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy and determine the relevance of re-exposure and other risk factors for TB development. METHODS: A total of 135 and 83 patients with AS and PsA, respectively, were evaluated for LTBI treatment before receiving anti-TNF drugs via the tuberculin skin test (TST), chest radiography, and TB exposure history assessment. All subjects were evaluated for TB infection at 3-month intervals. RESULTS: The patients with AS were more often treated for LTBI than were those with PsA (42% versus 30%, p=0.043). The former also presented a higher frequency of TST positivity (93% versus 64%, p=0.002), although they had a lower frequency of exposure history (18% versus 52%, p=0.027) and previous TB (0.7% versus 6%, p=0.03). During follow-up [median, 5.8 years; interquartile range (1QR), 2.2-9.0 years], 11/218 (5%) patients developed active TB (AS, n=7; PsA, n=4). TB re-exposure was the main cause in seven patients (64%) after 12 months of therapy (median, 21.9 months; IQR, 14.2-42.8 months) and five LTBI-negative patients. TB was identified within the first year in four patients (36.3%) (median, 5.3 months; IQR, 1.2-8.8 months), two of whom were LTBI-positive. There was no difference in the TB-free survival according to the anti-TNF drug type/class; neither synthetic drug nor prednisone use was related to TB occurrence (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: Known re-exposure is the most critical factor for incident TB cases in spondyloarthritis. There are also some distinct features in AS and PsA LTBI screening, considering the higher frequency of LTBI and TST positivities in patients with AS. Annual risk reassessment taking into consideration these peculiar features and including the TST should be recommended for patients in endemic countries.

Humans , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/drug therapy , Arthritis, Psoriatic/diagnosis , Arthritis, Psoriatic/drug therapy , Arthritis, Psoriatic/epidemiology , Latent Tuberculosis/diagnosis , Latent Tuberculosis/epidemiology , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors/therapeutic use