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1.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e261792, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529200

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi compreender como mulheres adultas (acima de 30 anos) diagnosticadas com transtornos alimentares (TAs) vivenciam o adoecer. Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo, descritivo e exploratório, desenvolvido com base no referencial teórico-metodológico da Análise Fenomenológica Interpretativa (AFI). Participaram seis mulheres, com idades entre 34 e 65 anos, atendidas em um serviço especializado. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevista aberta, de inspiração fenomenológica, na modalidade remota. As entrevistas foram audiogravadas, transcritas e analisadas seguindo os passos da AFI. Duas categorias temáticas foram identificadas: "Vivendo antes do adoecer" e "Encontrando-se doente." Constatou-se que os sintomas tiveram início anteriormente à vida adulta e que houve dificuldade na confirmação do diagnóstico. Na perspectiva das participantes, conviver com a sintomatologia ficou mais complicado em função de particularidades de manejo dos sintomas na vida adulta, e a idade é percebida como um fator que impacta e dificulta ainda mais a recuperação. As participantes relataram desesperança em relação ao futuro, apesar de a maioria reconhecer melhoras no quadro clínico ao longo do tempo e de valorizar a relação de confiança estabelecida com a equipe multiprofissional.(AU)


This study aimed to understand the experience of illness of adult women (over 30 years) diagnosed with eating disorders (ED). This is a qualitative, descriptive, and exploratory study, using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) as theoretical and methodological framework. A sample of six women aged 34-64 years, assisted in a specialized service, were recruited to complete a phenomenological in-depth open interview. The data were remotely collected. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed and analyzed following the IPA. Two thematic categories were identified: "Living before the illness" and "Finding about the illness." It was found that the symptoms started before adulthood and that there was difficulty establishing the diagnosis. Living with the symptoms became more complicated due to particularities of symptom management in adulthood and age is perceived as a factor that impacts recovery and makes it even more difficult. The participants reported hopelessness about the future, although most recognized improvements in the clinical condition over time and valued the trusting relationship they established with the multiprofessional team.(AU)


El objetivo de este estudio fue comprender las experiencias de las mujeres adultas (mayores de 30 años) diagnosticadas con trastornos alimentarios (TA) respecto a la enfermedad. Se trata de un estudio cualitativo, descriptivo y exploratorio, desarrollado a partir del marco teórico y metodológico del Análisis Fenomenológico Interpretativo (AFI). Participaron seis mujeres, con edades de entre 34 y 65 años, atendidas en un servicio especializado. Los datos se recogieron mediante entrevistas abiertas, de inspiración fenomenológica, en la modalidad a distancia. Las entrevistas fueron grabadas en audio, transcritas y analizadas siguiendo los pasos del AFI. Se identificaron dos categorías temáticas: "Vivir antes de enfermar" y "Encontrarse enfermo." Se constató que los síntomas comenzaron antes de la edad adulta y que hubo dificultades de establecer el diagnóstico. La convivencia con síntomas se complicó debido a las particularidades del manejo de los síntomas en la vida adulta y la edad se percibe como un factor que influye y dificulta aún más la recuperación. Los participantes manifestaron desesperanza sobre el futuro, aunque reconocieron mejoras en el cuadro clínico con el paso del tiempo y valoraron la relación de confianza establecida con el equipo multiprofesional.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Anorexia Nervosa , Feeding and Eating Disorders , Bulimia Nervosa , Pandemics , Anxiety , Perceptual Distortion , Appetite , Personal Satisfaction , Psychiatry , Psychology , Psychopathology , Quality of Life , Self-Assessment , Self Concept , Shame , Stomach Diseases , Stress, Psychological , Awareness , Therapeutics , Thinness , Beauty Culture , Vomiting , Nutrition Rehabilitation , Body Image , Body Weight , Aging , Menopause , Weight Loss , Family , Hyperphagia , Comorbidity , Mental Health , Mortality , Interview , Cultural Factors , Dehydration , Transcription Factors, General , Malnutrition , Depressive Disorder , Diagnosis , Diet , Diet Therapy , Emotions , Nutritional Sciences , Laxatives , Feeding Behavior , Binge-Eating Disorder , Bullying , Social Stigma , Physical Appearance, Body , Self-Control , Applied Behavior Analysis , Food Addiction , Rumination, Digestive , Mental Health Recovery , Body-Weight Trajectory , Embarrassment , Avoidant Restrictive Food Intake Disorder , Body-Shaming , Social Representation , Orthorexia Nervosa , Social Status , Guilt , Health Promotion , Mass Media , Mental Disorders , Metabolism , Obesity
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2249-2259, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981356

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Biling Weitong Granules in the treatment of stomach ache disorder. Randomized controlled trial(RCT) of Biling Weitong Granules in the treatment of digestive diseases with stomach ache disorder as the primary symptom was retrieved from Chinese and English electronic databases and trial registration platforms from database inception to June 10, 2022. Two investigators conducted literature screening and data extraction according to the screening criteria. The Cochrane risk-of-bias tool(v 2.0) was used to assess the risk of bias in the included studies. Analyses were performed using RevMan 5.4 and R 4.2.2, with summary estimates measured using fixed or random effects models. The primary outcome indicators were the visual analogue scale(VAS) scores and stomach ache disorder symptom scores. The secondary outcome indicators were clinical recovery rate, Helicobacter pylori(Hp) eradication rate, and adverse reaction/events. Twenty-seven RCTs were included with a sample size of 2 902 cases. Meta-analysis showed that compared with conventional western medicine treatments or placebo, Biling Weitong Granules could improve VAS scores(SMD=-1.90, 95%CI[-2.18,-1.61], P<0.000 01), stomach ache disorder symptom scores(SMD=-1.26, 95%CI[-1.71,-0.82], P<0.000 01), the clinical recovery rate(RR=1.85, 95%CI[1.66, 2.08], P<0.000 01), and Hp eradication rate(RR=1.28, 95%CI[1.20, 1.37], P<0.000 01). Safety evaluation revealed that the main adverse events in the Biling Weitong Granules included nausea and vomiting, rash, diarrhea, loss of appetite, and bitter mouth, and no serious adverse events were reported. Egger's test showed no statistical significance, indicating no publication bias. The results showed that Biling Weitong Granules in the treatment of digestive system diseases with stomach ache disorder as the primary symptom could improve the VAS scores and stomach ache disorder symptom scores of patients, relieve stomach ache disorder, and improve the clinical recovery rate and Hp eradication rate, with good safety and no serious adverse reactions. However, the quality of the original studies was low with certain limitations. Future studies should use unified and standardized detection methods and evaluation criteria of outcome indicators, pay attention to the rigor of study design and implementation, and highlight the clinical safety of the medicine to provide more reliable clinical evidence support for clinical application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dyspepsia , Abdominal Pain , Stomach Diseases
4.
Bol. malariol. salud ambient ; 62(3): 526-545, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1397154

ABSTRACT

El acceso al agua potable por red pública es un problema de la población rural en el departamento de Huánuco, por ende, se suele realizar el consumo de este recurso sin previo tratamiento, produciéndose así enfermedades estomacales. El uso de agentes naturales como el Aloe vera (L.) (Sábila) viene a ser una alternativa como floculante para el tratamiento convencional del agua, por tal motivo, en esta investigación se visualizaron experimentalmente las características y reacciones del gel de A. vera como floculante en la remoción de la turbidez. La turbidez del agua se simuló con el caolín, y se determinó la concentración óptima de alúmina y sábila (1%) a valores diferentes de pH y turbidez iniciales, con los datos resultantes se optimizó las dosis mediante el modelo matemático de superficie de respuesta, para después realizar su respectiva validación mediante métodos gráficos e índices matemáticos; los resultados reflejaron que la turbidez inicial, pH inicial y la dosis del coagulante influyen significativamente en la remoción de la turbidez de agua, de forma individual, concluyendo según el modelo de superficie de respuesta que el volumen óptimo de sábila al 1% alcanza su mayor eficiencia a 0,1 mL y 0,4 mL por cada 500 mL, dosis que varía de acuerdo a su pH y turbidez inicial, este modelo matemático se ajusta para aguas superficiales de la ciudad de Tingo María(AU)


Access to drinking water through the public network is a problem for the rural population in the department of Huánuco, therefore, this resource is usually consumed without prior treatment, thus producing stomach illnesses. The use of natural agents such as Aloe vera (L.) becomes an alternative as a flocculant for conventional water treatment, for this reason, in this investigation the characteristics and reactions of the A. vera gel were visualized experimentally as a flocculant in the removal of turbidity. The turbidity of the water was simulated with kaolin, and the optimum concentration of alumina and aloe vera (1%) was determined at different values of initial pH and turbidity. With the resulting data, the doses were optimized using the mathematical model of the response surface. to later carry out their respective validation through graphic methods and mathematical indices; The results showed that the initial turbidity, initial pH and the dose of the coagulant significantly influence the removal of the turbidity of the water, individually, concluding according to the response surface model that the optimal volume of aloe at 1% reaches its highest level. efficiency at 0.1 mL and 0.4 mL per 500 mL, a dose that varies according to its pH and initial turbidity, this mathematical model is adjusted for surface waters of the city of Tingo María(AU)


Subject(s)
Water Supply , Aloe , Aluminum Oxide , Kaolin , Stomach Diseases , Water Purification
5.
Ethiop. j. health dev. (Online) ; 36(2): 1-7, 2022-06-07. Tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1379849

ABSTRACT

Background:An abnormality that causes reflux is termed as Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which is symptomatic by nature and adds to the long-term effects.Objective:The aim of this study is to observe and monitor the effects of a herbal ttratment of GERD with SiniZuojin Decoction (SNZID)and to assess its mediation impacts regarding the use of the medication in patients with Gastrointestinal EBB ailment.Materials and Methods:The cohort research methodology was used inthe study.The research included 2581 individual patients who were older than 18 years of age and were suffering from Gastrointestinal ebbailment. The patients were selected from various government herbal clinics in eastern China, including the states of Anhui, Fujian, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shandong, and Zhejiangover, from 2008 to 2018. Results:The study was conducted with a total of 2581 patients. The thorough assessment indicated that Sini Zuojin Decoction (SZD)notwithstanding standard stomach remedies pack was more effective than the traditionalist stomach suppositories bundle (RR=1.34, with CI=95% [1.47, 1.38], and P-value = 0.008); Test packs including SZD was essentially better contrasted with traditional stomach medicines(TSM)gearshifts in developing dyspepsia, substernal chest plague, decreasing regurgitation, and vomiting (P < 0.0002); SNZJD plus traditional stomach medicines(SPTSM)could by and large lessen full-scale sign scores with liberal ampleness (P < 0.00002). The replication degree and antagonistic effects regarding Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction(SJD)treatment were basic. As confirmed through the TSA regarding thorough assessment, the results were significant, yet repeat security consequences were uncertain. As shown by the computation of the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation(GRADE)strategy, the idea regarding verification was minimal. Moreover, Schizoaffective disorder(SZD)may treat Gastrointestinal ebb ailment by presenting the onsetof the infection and controlling factors that may contribute to Gastrointestinal ebb ailments.Conclusion:The research evaluated the efficiency of Sini Zuojin Decoction in treating patients suffering from Gastrointestinal Ebb Ailments. [Ethiop. J. Health Dev.2022: 36(2) (00-00)]Keywords:GERD, Esophagitis, Sini Zuojin Decoction(SZD), Gastrointestinal ebb ailment;


Subject(s)
Patients , Stomach Diseases , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Vomiting , Esophagitis, Peptic
6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 821-824, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939540

ABSTRACT

The ancient and modern discussions on the treatment of acupoints of the pericardium meridian of hand jueyin and non-acupoints along the meridian for stomach diseases were summarized, and the treatment principle of pericardium meridian for stomach diseases was explored. The relationship between pericardium meridian and stomach was discussed from the three perspectives of heart-stomach correlation, organ-meridian correlation and qi-position correlation. Based on these discussions, the guiding significance of the thoughts of selection effective treatment parts and the theoretical construction for clinical practice was considered and examined.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Meridians , Pericardium , Stomach Diseases/therapy
7.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408663

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los inhibidores de la bomba de protones son fármacos usados en múltiples gastropatías. El omeprazol pertenece a este grupo de medicamentos y es aprobado y catalogado como indispensable por la Organización Mundial de la Salud. Esto ha causado que su uso se vuelva constante y hasta cierto punto equívoco. Pese a ser medicamentos seguros muestran efectos secundarios, dentro de los cuales uno ocasional es el trastorno hidroelectrolítico. Objetivo: Presentar un caso clínico en el cual se constató la presencia de efectos secundarios tras el uso de un fármaco de uso constante por la comunidad médica: el omeprazol. Caso clínico: Se presenta a continuación el caso clínico de un paciente masculino con antecedente de hipertensión arterial y gastropatía crónica que muestra uso por 8 años consecutivos de inhibidores de la bomba de protones, al cual se le diagnostica hipomagnesemia e hipocalcemia. Se obtuvieron resultados de laboratorio normales tras administración de suplementos orales y uso de ranitidina con supresión de terapéutica con omeprazol. Conclusiones: Un control constante de los fármacos que usan los pacientes crónicos es fundamental en atención primaria de salud. El uso de inhibidores de la bomba de protones se ha convertido en rutinario y es necesario corroborar siempre la dosis y el tiempo de uso de los fármacos además de la relación con otros medicamentos que use el paciente(AU)


Introduction: Proton-pump inhibitors are drugs used in multiple gastropathies. Omeprazole belongs to this group of medicines; it is approved and classified as essential by the World Health Organization. This has permitted for its use to become constant and, to some extent, misleading. Despite being safe drugs, they show side effects, among which an occasional one is fluid and electrolyte disorders. Objective: To present a clinical case in which the occurrence of side effects was verified after the administration of a drug constantly used by the medical community. Clinical case: The following is a clinical case of a male patient with a history of arterial hypertension and chronic gastropathy, characterized by the usage of proton-pump inhibitors for eight consecutive years, diagnosed with hypomagnesemia and hypocalcemia. Normal laboratory results were obtained after oral supplementation and usage of ranitidine with suppression of omeprazole therapy. Conclusions: Constant control of the drugs used by chronic patients is essential in primary health care. The usage of proton-pump inhibitors has become a routine. It is always necessary to check the dose and time for using the drugs as well as the relationship with other drugs used by the patient(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Primary Health Care , Ranitidine/therapeutic use , Stomach Diseases/epidemiology , Omeprazole/therapeutic use , Proton Pump Inhibitors , Hypocalcemia/diagnosis
8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1276-1280, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921045

ABSTRACT

Taking the clinical trial of acupuncture in treatment of postprandial distress syndrome as an example, this paper proposes that the acupuncture clinical trial protocol should be optimized in view of acupuncture prescription, acupuncture frequency and outcomes. Besides, the data quality of acupuncture clinical trial should be improved in consideration of data sharing and electronic data capture so as to provide a reference for the majority of researchers to optimize and implement acupuncture clinical trial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Clinical Trials as Topic , Dyspepsia/therapy , Research Personnel , Stomach Diseases/therapy , Treatment Outcome
9.
Med. UIS ; 33(3): 9-20, sep.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360571

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La hemorragia digestiva alta es frecuente, con diversas etiologías, métodos de diagnóstico y tratamiento para el manejo de estos pacientes, además, cuenta con escalas de predicción clínica. Objetivo: Describir aspectos clave relacionados con la etiología, diagnóstico, factores de riesgo y escalas de evaluación que se han usado en pacientes con esta entidad. Metodología de búsqueda: Fueron incluídos artículos publicados en idiomas español e inglés, la mayoría entre 2013 y 2019 que tengan contenido relacionado con el objetivo del presente manuscrito. Conclusiones: La hemorragia digestiva alta es la principal emergencia gastroenterológica, con diferentes etiologías y métodos de diagnóstico y tratamiento orientados a mejorar la supervivencia de estos pacientes, actualmente se recomiendan diferentes escalas de evaluación para predecir desenlaces de estos pacientes, pero los estudios han tenido diferencias en los resultados encontrados, lo que sucita una oportunidad de investigación para beneficio de los pacientes y la práctica clínica. MÉD.UIS.2020;33(3):9-20


Abstract Introduction: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding it's a frequent clinical situation, has different etiologies, diagnostic methods and treatments for the management of these patients, in addition, has clinical scales to predict outcomes in those patients. Objective: To describe key points related to the etiology, diagnosis, risk factors, and evaluation scales that have been used in patients with this entity. Methodology: Articles published in spanish and english were included, the majority between 2013 and 2019 that have content related to the objective of this manuscript. Conclusions: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding is the main gastroenterological emergency, with different etiologies and methods of diagnosis and treatment aimed at improving the survival of these patients; currently, different evaluation scales are recommended to predict outcomes in these patients, but studies have differences in the results between them, which creates an opportunity of clinical research for patients and clinical practice benefit. MÉD.UIS.2020;33(3):9-20.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Stomach Diseases , Upper Gastrointestinal Tract , Duodenal Diseases , Endoscopy , Esophageal Diseases
10.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(9): 669-676, Sept. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1143419

ABSTRACT

Ingestion of metallic and/or sharp foreign bodies triggers cases of traumatic reticuloperitonitis and its sequelae in cattle. Among these sequelae, we can highlight traumatic reticulosplenitis, that has high mortality, although its frequency in the ruminant medicine is low. Therefore, based on the scarcity of information on this disease, the current study aimed to evaluate the clinical, laboratory, ultrasonographic, and pathological findings of 30 adult cattle diagnosed with traumatic reticulosplenitis. Clinical, ultrasound, and anatomopathological findings were analyzed using descriptive statistics and laboratory data were evaluated using measures of central tendency. Clinically the animals presented dehydration and alterations in behavior, appetite, and ruminal motility. Hematological findings revealed neutrophilic leukocytosis (37077.17±25004.59cell/µL) with regenerative left shift and hyperfibrinogenemia (1130±364.98mg/dL). The ultrasound examination enabled visualization of mobile and echogenic filaments that corresponded to the presence of fibrin adhesions. Displacement of the reticulum and irregularity in its contour, as well as alterations in the quantity, pattern, and amplitude of reticular contractions were also observed. Splenic alterations such as abscesses were found, characterized as circular structures of varying sizes delimited by capsules containing variable echogenicity. Splenic vein thrombosis and spleen folding were also observed. The results obtained in the current study indicated that traumatic reticulosplenitis causes nonspecific clinical signs, severe laboratory alterations and, mainly, that ultrasound is an efficient method for the diagnosis of this disease, since the anatomopathological lesions confirmed the ultrasound findings.(AU)


A ingestão de corpos estranho de origem metálica e/ou pontiagudos desencadeia em bovinos, quadros de Reticuloperitonite Traumática e suas sequelas. Dentre as quais podemos destacar a retículo esplenite traumática cuja letalidade é elevada, embora a mesma apresente uma baixa frequência na clínica de ruminantes. Portanto, baseado na escassez de informações sobre esta enfermidade, este trabalho teve por objetivo avaliar os achados clínicos, laboratoriais, ultrassonográficos e anatomopatológicos de 30 bovinos adultos diagnosticados com retículo esplenite traumática. Os achados clínicos, ultrassonográfico e anatomopatológico foram analisados por meio de estatística descritiva, e os dados laboratoriais foram avaliados utilizando-se as medidas de tendência central. Clinicamente os animais apresentaram desidratação e alterações no comportamento, apetite e na motilidade ruminal. Os achados hematológicos revelaram leucocitose (37077.17±25004.59cell/µL) por neutrofilia com desvio à esquerda regenerativo e hiperfibrinogenemia (1130±364.98mg/dL). O exame ultrassonográfico possibilitou a visualização de filamentos móveis e ecogênicos que corresponderam à presença de aderências fibrinosas, observou-se também, deslocamento do retículo e irregularidade no seu contorno além das alterações na quantidade, padrão e amplitude das contrações reticulares. Permitiu ainda, a constatação de alterações esplênicas como abscessos que foram caracterizados como estruturas circulares de variados tamanhos delimitada por capsula contendo no seu interior conteúdo de ecogenicidade variável. Trombose da veia esplênica e dobramento do baço. Os resultados obtidos nesse trabalho, indicaram que a retículo esplenite traumática causa sinais clínicos inespecíficos, severas alterações laboratoriais e principalmente que a ultrassonografia é um método eficiente para o diagnóstico dessa enfermidade uma vez que as lesões anatomopatológicas confirmaram os achados ultrassonográficos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Peritonitis/veterinary , Peritonitis/diagnostic imaging , Reticulum/injuries , Reticulum/diagnostic imaging , Spleen/diagnostic imaging , Stomach Diseases/veterinary , Stomach Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Foreign-Body Reaction/veterinary , Ultrasonography/veterinary
11.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(3): 681-687, May-June, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1128758

ABSTRACT

An 11-year (2007-2018) survey of epidemiological, clinical and pathological findings of horses with primary gastric rupture (PGR) was conducted. Twenty horses presented PGR, nine (45%) horses were clinically evaluated, eleven (55%) were sent dead, and all animals were necropsied. PGR contributed to a prevalence of 0.31% (9/2,868) of all equid attendances, 1.83% (9/491) of colic cases, and 4.1% (20/487) of all equid necropsies. Highly fermentable feed (n=7), gastric impaction (n=4), and perforating gastric ulcer (n=1) were the main causes of PGR; whilst eight horses presented idiopathic gastric rupture. Clinically evaluated horses were tachycardic, tachypneic, febrile, dehydrated, with increased abdominal tension, abnormal mucous membranes and reduced to absent intestinal borborygmi. Improper dietary management, such as the ingestion of low-quality roughage and highly fermentable feedstuffs were detected as the main factors associated with PGR in Midwestern Brazil. It is important to raise awareness in horse owners about proper feed management to minimize PGR.(AU)


Foi realizado um levantamento de 11 anos (2007-2018) dos achados epidemiológicos, clínicos e patológicos de equinos com ruptura gástrica primária (RGP). Vinte equinos apresentaram RGP, dos quais nove (45%) foram avaliados clinicamente e 11 (55%) foram enviados mortos, sendo todos os animais necropsiados. A RGP contribuiu com prevalência de 0,31% de todos os atendimentos de equídeos (9/2.868), 1,83% (9/491) dos casos de cólica, e 4,1% (20/487) das necropsias em equídeos. Alimentos altamente fermentáveis (n=7), compactação gástrica (n=4) e perfuração de úlcera gástrica (n=1) foram as principais causas de RGP, enquanto oito equinos tiveram ruptura gástrica idiopática. Os equinos avaliados clinicamente apresentaram-se taquicárdicos, taquipneicos, febris, desidratados, com mucosas anormais, aumento da tensão abdominal e motilidade intestinal reduzida. O manejo inadequado da dieta, como a ingestão de forragens de baixa qualidade e alimentos altamente fermentáveis, foi o principal fator de risco associado à RGP no Centro-Oeste do Brasil. É importante aumentar a conscientização dos proprietários de equinos sobre o manejo alimentar adequado para minimizar a RGP.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Stomach Rupture/veterinary , Stomach Ulcer/veterinary , Horses/metabolism , Peritonitis/veterinary , Stomach Diseases/veterinary , Dietary Fiber , Abdomen, Acute/veterinary
12.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(5): 333-339, May 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1135638

ABSTRACT

The causes of death of cattle kept in pre-export feedlots (PEFs) and in feedlot for finishing for slaughter are described. Two studies were conducted: a retrospective study of mortality cases in feedlots from 2000 to 2017 registered at the "Laboratório Regional de Diagnóstico" of the "Faculdade de Veterinária" of the "Universidade Federal de Pelotas"; and a prospective study from January 2018 to August 2019, following up 22 feedlots for finishing and six PEFs for the export of live cattle. From January 2000 to August 2019 samples of 150 cases of diseases that affected feedlot cattle were received from 22 feedlots for finishing and 115 of the six PEFs followed. Mortality considering all diagnosed diseases was significantly higher in feedlots for finishing (p<0.05), than in PEFs for the export of live cattle, of 1% and 0.12%, respectively. Diseases of the digestive system were the most important causes, of death in feedlots regardless of its purpose. Acidosis presented the highest mortality rates both in feedlot for finishing (3.33%) as in PEFs for export (0.95%). In all cases the disease occurred due to failure in the adaptation of animals to the ingestion of concentrated foods. Bovine tick fever and pneumonia presented mortality rates of 0.13% and 0.09%, respectively in PEFs. In the feedlot for finishing seneciosis was the second cause of death due to cattle coming from areas with high infestation by the plant. In the present study, it was possible to identify the main diseases that occur in cattle feedlots for finishing or for the export of live animals in the southern region of Rio Grande do Sul. These diseases are known in other systems of cattle breeding and can be prevented or controlled through management, chemoprophylaxis or vaccination, minimizing losses due to mortality.(AU)


Descrevem-se as causas de morte de bovinos mantidos confinados em estabelecimentos pré-embarque (EPEs) para exportação de animais vivos e em estabelecimentos de terminação para abate. Foram realizados dois estudos: um retrospectivo dos casos de mortalidade em confinamentos de 2000 a 2017 registrados no Laboratório Regional de Diagnóstico da Faculdade de Veterinária da Universidade Federal de Pelotas; e um estudo prospectivo de janeiro de 2018 a agosto de 2019, acompanhando-se 22 confinamentos de terminação e seis EPEs para exportação de bovinos vivos. No total, de janeiro de 2000 a agosto de 2019 foram recebidos no LRD-UFPel amostras de 150 casos de enfermidades que afetaram bovinos confinados, 35 provenientes de 22 confinamentos de terminação e 115 dos seis EPEs acompanhados. A mortalidade considerando-se todas as enfermidades diagnosticadas foi significativamente maior nos confinamentos para terminação (p<0,05), do que nos EPEs para exportação de bovinos vivos, de 1% e 0,12%, respectivamente. As doenças do sistema digestivo foram as causas de morte mais importante nos confinamentos, independente da finalidade. Acidose apresentou as maiores taxas de mortalidade tanto nos confinamentos para terminação (3,33%) como nos EPEs para exportação (0,95%). Em todos os casos a doença ocorreu devido a falha na adaptação dos animais à ingestão de alimentos concentrados. Tristeza parasitária bovina e pneumonias apresentaram taxas de mortalidade de 0,13% e 0,09, respectivamente em EPEs de exportação. Nos confinamentos para terminação a seneciose foi a segunda causa de morte devido aos bovinos serem provenientes de áreas com alta infestação pela planta. Este estudo permitiu identificar as principais enfermidades diagnosticadas em confinamentos para terminação de bovinos ou para exportação de bovinos vivos na região Sul do Rio Grande do Sul. Observou-se que são doenças que ocorrem em outros sistemas de criação de bovinos e que podem ser prevenidas ou controladas por meio de manejo, quimioprofilaxia ou vacinação, minimizando prejuízos por mortalidade de animais.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Pneumonia/veterinary , Stomach Diseases/veterinary , Stomach, Ruminant , Acidosis/veterinary , Cattle Diseases/mortality , Cattle Diseases/pathology , Cattle Diseases/epidemiology , Tick-Borne Diseases/veterinary , Quarantine/veterinary
13.
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 33(2): e1506, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130535

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Acid inhibition from chronic proton pump inhibitor use and a possible increase in gastrin can lead to changes in the regulation of hydrochloric acid production. However, it has not known whether such chronic use changes the presence of gastrin, delta, and enterochromaffin-like cells in the stomach or the relationship between gastrin and delta cells. Aim: To analyze the number of gastrin-producing gastrin cells, somatostatin-producing cells, and histamine-producing cells in patients who were chronic users of proton pump inhibitor, with or without related Helicobacter pylori infection. Methods: Biopsies from 105 patients, including 81 chronic proton pump inhibitor users (experimental group) and 24 controls, were processed immunohistochemically and subjected to counting of gastrin, delta, and enterochromaffin-like cells in high-magnification microscopic fields and in 10 glands. Results: Gastrin cell, delta cell, and enterochromaffin-like cells counts were similar across the groups and appeared to be unaffected by Helicobacter pylori infection. The ratio between gastrin cells and delta cells was higher in the chronic users of proton pump inhibitor group than in controls. Conclusion: Chronic users of proton pump inhibitor does not affect gastrin cell, delta cell, and enterochromaffin-like cell counts significantly, but may alter the ratio between gastrin cells and delta cells.


RESUMO Racional: A inibição ácida pelo uso crônico de inibidores de bomba de prótons e o possível aumento da gastrina podem ser seguidos de alterações na regulação da produção do ácido clorídrico. Ainda não está definido se o uso crônico altera a quantidade de células G, D e ECL no estômago ou a razão células G/D. Objetivo: Avaliar o número de células G - produtoras de gastrina -, células D - produtoras de somatostatina - e células ECL - produtoras de histamina -, em pacientes com uso crônico de inibidores de bomba de prótons, com ou sem infecção pelo Helicobacter pylori. Método: Trata-se de estudo retrospectivo avaliando 105 pacientes, 81 usadores crônicos de inibidores de bomba de prótons e 24 controles, através de biópsias com contagem das células G, D e ECL por estudo imunoistoquímico, de forma quantitativa onde havia maior número de células positivas por campo microscópico de grande aumento e em 10 glândulas. Resultados: Não houve diferença estatística comparando-se o número de células G, D e ECL. A razão entre as células G e D foi maior nos pacientes usadores crônicos de inibidores de bomba de prótons. Conclusão: O uso crônico de inibidores de prótons parece não interferir na contagem das células G, D e ECL, porém, interfere na razão entre as células G e D.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Diseases/chemically induced , Gastrins/blood , Helicobacter pylori/isolation & purification , Helicobacter Infections/therapy , Proton Pumps/metabolism , Enterochromaffin-like Cells/metabolism , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Stomach , Stomach Diseases/blood , Gastrins/physiology , Case-Control Studies , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Enterochromaffin-like Cells/drug effects , Proton Pump Inhibitors/adverse effects
14.
Gastroenterol. latinoam ; 31(2): 85-89, 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292373

ABSTRACT

Subepithelial lesions are generally an incidental diagnosis with an prevalence of 0.4%. These tumors represent a great diagnostic challenge, mainly when ruling out potentially malignant lesions, such as gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), lymphomas and carcinomas. Among the many differential diagnosis, the ectopic pancreas arises with an prevalence of 1-2% in general population. The first diagnostic approach is performed using upper digestive endoscopy, computed tomography and endosonography. This last one has a diagnostic performance of less than 50%, which increases to 90% when it is associated with a histopathological examination. There is no current consensus regarding the management and monitoring of these lesions. Based on the imaging and histological characteristics, the possibilities range from observation to endoscopic or surgical resection. In this context, we will present a clinical case of ectopic pancreas as an incidental finding, and afterwards the diagnostic and therapeutic breakdown of subepithelial lesions.


Las lesiones subepiteliales son pesquisadas generalmente de manera incidental, con una prevalencia de 0,4%. Estos tumores suponen un gran desafío diagnóstico, principalmente al momento de descartar lesiones potencialmente malignas, como el tumor estromal gastrointestinal (GIST), linfomas y carcinomas. Dentro de los posibles diagnósticos, surge el páncreas ectópico, con una prevalencia de hasta 1-2% en la población general. La primera aproximación diagnóstica se realiza mediante endoscopia digestiva alta, tomografía computarizada y la endosonografía, ésta última con un rendimiento diagnóstico menor del 50%, que aumenta hasta el 90% al asociar el examen histopatológico. No existe consenso actual respecto al manejo y seguimiento de estas lesiones, que según sus características imagenológicas e histológicas, va desde la observación hasta la resección endoscópica o quirúrgica. En este contexto, se presenta un caso clínico de páncreas ectópico como hallazgo incidental y el desglose diagnóstico y terapéutico de las lesiones subepiteliales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Pancreas/diagnostic imaging , Choristoma/diagnostic imaging , Stomach Diseases/diagnosis , Endosonography , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/diagnosis
15.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 435-438, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826716

ABSTRACT

"" is a word describing the syndrome of cold sensation, which is one of the foot- stomach-meridian syndromes. The lesions of stomach and meridian could cause changes of and superficial symptoms of the interior syndrome, leading to "". In this study, the specific manifestation of the "" is analyzed from the aspect of word meaning, and the relationship between the "" and stomach is further discussed through the perspectives of and the exterior-interior relationship. In addition, combined with typical clinical case, it is suggested that attention should be paid on the relationship between exterior and interior syndromes, and the clinical application of and method (activating and promoting circulation of organs) should be strengthened, which could expand the new thinking of clinical treatments for viscera diseases through acupuncture and moxibustion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Meridians , Stomach , Stomach Diseases , Therapeutics , Syndrome
16.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 745-748, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826661

ABSTRACT

The present situation of the clinical application of dog-days moxibustion (moxibustion applied in the three periods of the hot season) is summarized so as to provide the guide for the theoretic study and clinical application of dog-days moxibustion. The intervention time of dog-days moxibustion is on the 1st day of each of the three periods of the hot season. Simultaneously, the geographic factors are considered. The disorders of lung system are mostly dominant among the indications of dog-days moxibustion, complicated with spleen and stomach disorders as well as cold and deficiency syndromes/patterns. The acupoints are mainly selected from the front- points on the chest and the back- points on the back, in combination with the differentiation of diseases, symptoms/patterns and the disorder stages. The duration of treatment is ranged from 1 to 3 years. The clinical therapeutic effect is improved constantly along with the increase of treatment periods by years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Lung Diseases , Moxibustion , Seasons , Splenic Diseases , Stomach Diseases
18.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(4): 445-450, Out.-Dez. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1024455

ABSTRACT

Introduction: For the singer, the voice is a medium used to express feelings that capture the listener. Every singing style has specific demands, and a vocal alteration may prevent the singer from meeting them. Objective: To compare the singing style, the vocal habits, and the general health data of professional singers. Methods: Cross-sectional, quantitative and retrospective study of a survey database. Data on the singing style, the vocal habits, and the health conditions and history of 57 professional singers, 31 female singers and 26 male singers, aged from 19 to 57 years old (average of 32 years old), from a mid-sized town were analyzed. Results: There was a prevalence of female (54 ± 2%) popular singers (91 ± 2%), in the adult age (51 ± 2%), nonsmokers (89 ± 2%), nonusers of alcohol (77 ± 2%), with respiratory problems (53 ± 2%), mainly rhinitis (23 ± 2%), and without other health problems. There was a significant use of alcohol in males ( p = 0.010); among the alcohol users, there was a significant presence of respiratory problems ( p = 0.046), of pharyngitis/tonsillitis ( p = 0.003), and of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) ( p = 0.043); there was a significant presence of GER in subjects reporting endocrine problems ( p = 0.023), of gastritis ( p = 0.023), and of pharyngitis/tonsillitis ( p = 0.030). Conclusion: There was a predominance of adult professional popular female singers, with complaints of respiratory issues (with a higher prevalence of rhinitis), without other general health issues, of nonsmokers, and of nonusers of alcohol (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Voice Quality , Occupational Health , Singing , Respiratory Tract Diseases , Stomach Diseases , Alcohol Drinking , Cross-Sectional Studies , Tobacco Use
19.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 39(2): 241-246, ene.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011436

ABSTRACT

Resumen La anisakiasis es una enfermedad parasitaria zoonótica causada por el consumo de pescados o mariscos crudos o poco cocidos infectados con nematodos de los géneros Anisakis, Pseudoterranova y Contracaecum. Se describe el primer caso de anisakiasis en Colombia y se resume la literatura médica disponible. Una mujer de 52 años de edad consultó por dolor epigástrico agudo de inicio abrupto, náuseas, vómitos, diarrea y urticaria después de consumir pescado. El examen físico reveló sensibilidad moderada en el epigastrio. El examen de laboratorio evidenció leucocitosis, en tanto que la radiografía simple y el electrocardiograma no reflejaron ninguna anormalidad. El diagnóstico se hizo mediante una endoscopia de vías digestivas altas, la cual reveló engrosamiento de la pared gástrica y un parásito en movimiento. Se encontró una larva de Anisakis y se la extrajo por endoscopia, lo que alivió el dolor de la paciente. Clínicamente, la anisakiasis puede presentarse como una enfermedad gástrica, intestinal, en otros sistemas o alérgica. El diagnóstico se hace con base en la elaboración del historial alimentario del paciente y la visualización directa de las larvas; el único tratamiento efectivo consiste en su extracción endoscópica.


Abstract Anisakiasis is a zoonotic parasitic disease caused by consumption of raw or undercooked fish or seafood infected with nematodes of the Anisakis, Pseudoterranova or Contracaecum genera. Here, we describe the first case of anisakiasis in Colombia and summarize the available literature. A 52-year-old female with a history of abrupt-onset sharp epigastric pain, nausea, vomit, diarrhea, and urticaria following fish consumption consulted the health service. The physical examination revealed moderate tenderness of the epigastric region; the laboratory evaluation showed leukocytosis and a simple X-ray and ECG showed no abnormalities. The diagnosis was made by endoscopic examination, which revealed a thickened gastric wall and a moving larval worm. An Anisakis larva was found and extracted endoscopically, which relieved the pain of the patient. Clinically, anisakiasis may present as a gastric, intestinal, extragastrointestinal or allergic disease. Diagnosis and treatment of anisakiasis are made by a dietary history, direct visualization and endoscopic extraction of possible larvae, which is the only effective therapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Stomach Diseases/parasitology , Urticaria/etiology , Food Parasitology , Anisakis/isolation & purification , Anisakiasis/diagnosis , Fishes/parasitology , Raw Foods/adverse effects , Stomach Diseases/diagnosis , Stomach Diseases/immunology , Albendazole/therapeutic use , Gastroscopy , Anisakis/growth & development , Anisakiasis/surgery , Anisakiasis/immunology , Anisakiasis/drug therapy , Colombia , Combined Modality Therapy , Raw Foods/parasitology , Larva , Anthelmintics/therapeutic use
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