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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(1): 94-99, 20240102. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526827

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La gastrectomía y disección ganglionar es el estándar de manejo para los pacientes con cáncer gástrico. Factores como la identificación de ganglios por el patólogo, pueden tener un impacto negativo en la estadificación y el tratamiento. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar el recuento ganglionar de un espécimen quirúrgico después de una gastrectomía completa (grupo A) y de un espécimen con un fraccionamiento por grupos ganglionares (grupo B). Métodos. Estudio de una base de datos retrospectiva de pacientes sometidos a gastrectomía D2 en el Servicio de Cirugía gastrointestinal de la Liga Contra el Cáncer seccional Risaralda, Pereira, Colombia. Se comparó el recuento ganglionar en especímenes quirúrgicos con y sin división ganglionar por regiones anatómicas previo a su envío a patología. Resultados. De los 94 pacientes intervenidos, 65 pertenecían al grupo A y 29 pacientes al grupo B. El promedio de ganglios fue de 24,4±8,6 y 32,4±14,4 respectivamente (p=0,004). El porcentaje de pacientes con más de 15 y de 25 ganglios fue menor en el grupo A que en el grupo B (27 vs 57, p=0,432 y 19 vs 24, p=0,014). El promedio de pacientes con una relación ganglionar menor 0,2 fue mayor en el grupo B (72,4 % vs 55,4 %, p=0,119). Conclusiones. Los resultados de nuestro estudio mostraron que una división por grupos ganglionares previo a la valoración del espécimen por el servicio de patología incrementa el recuento ganglionar y permite establecer de manera certera el pronóstico de los pacientes, teniendo un impacto positivo en su estadificación, para evitar el sobretratamiento


Introduction. A gastrectomy and lymph node dissection is the standard of management for patients with gastric cancer. Factors such as the identification of nodes by the pathologist can have a negative impact on staging and treatment. The objective of this study was to compare the lymph node count of a surgical specimen after a complete gastrectomy (group A) and of a specimen with lymph node by groups (group B). Methods. Study of a retrospective database of patients undergoing D2 gastrectomy in the Risaralda section of the Liga Contra el Cancer Gastrointestinal surgical service, Pereira, Colombia. The lymph node count was compared in surgical specimens with and without lymph node division by anatomical regions, prior to sending them to pathology. Results. Of the 94 patients who underwent surgery, 65 were from group A and 29 patients were from group B. The average number of nodes was 24.4±8.6 and 32.4±14.4, respectively (p=0.004). The percentage of patients with more than 15 and 25 nodes was lower in group A than in group B (27 vs 57, p=0.432 and 19 vs 24, p=0.014). The average number of patients with a nodal ratio less than 0.2 was higher in group B (72.4% vs 55.4%, p=0.119). Conclusions. The results of our study showed that a division by lymph node groups prior to the evaluation of the specimen by the pathology service increases the lymph node count and allows the prognosis of patients to be accurately established, having a positive impact on their staging, to avoid overtreatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms , Lymph Node Excision , Neoplasm Staging , Gastrectomy , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis
2.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 22(2): 181-187, set 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1516183

ABSTRACT

Introdução: o câncer é um grave problema de saúde pública, considerado a segunda causa de óbitos no Brasil. Devido à sua relevância, é indispensável um controle eficiente dos casos através do acompanhamento da taxa de mortalidade. Dessa forma, o trabalho analisou a evolução da mortalidade por câncer para as localizações primárias mais frequentes, segundo sexo, durante o período de 2010 a 2020. Metodologia: trata-se de um estudo observacional descritivo, no qual os dados foram obtidos através do Atlas On-line de Mortalidade por Câncer. Os dados colhidos correspondem ao número de óbitos estratificados por tipo de câncer mais frequente, por ano estudado e por sexo, além das taxas de mortalidade específica bruta e a taxa de mortalidade ajustada por idade para o sexo masculino e feminino, para cada tipo de câncer em estudo, considerando a população padrão mundial, sendo avaliado por regressão linear a significância da tendência temporal. Resultados: no Brasil, no período de 2010 a 2020, as neoplasias mais frequentes em mulheres foram câncer de mama, câncer nos brônquios e pulmões, câncer no colo do útero, câncer no cólon e no pâncreas e em homens foram brônquios e pulmões, câncer de próstata, câncer de estômago, de esôfago e no fígado e vias biliares, sendo observado uma tendência crescente na taxa de mortalidade em mulheres e decrescente na taxa de mortalidade em homens. Conclusão: os resultados demonstram um possível comprometimento com a notificação durante o período de pandemia por Covid-19 e um possível rastreamento ainda deficiente de câncer na população masculina.


Introduction: cancer is a severe public health problem, considered the second cause of death in Brazil. Due to its relevance, efficient control of cases by monitoring the mortality rate is essential. Thus, the work analysed the evolution of cancer mortality for the most frequent primary locations, according to sex, from 2010 to 2020. Methodology: this is a descriptive observational study in which data were obtained through the Atlas Online Cancer Mortality Report. The data collected correspond to the number of deaths stratified by the most frequent type of cancer, by year studied and by sex, in addition to the crude specific mortality rates and the age-adjusted mortality rate for males and females, for each type of cancer. Understudy, considering the standard world population, the significance of the temporal trend is evaluated by linear regression. Results: in Brazil, from 2010 to 2020, the most frequent neoplasms in women were breast cancer, bronchial and lung cancer, cervical cancer, colon and pancreas cancer and in men, they were bronchial and lung cancer, cancer prostate, stomach, oesophagal and liver and biliary tract cancer, with an increasing trend in the mortality rate in women and a decreasing trend in the mortality rate in men. Conclusion: the results demonstrate a possible compromise with notification during the Covid-19 pandemic and a possible still poor screening of cancer in the male population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Death , Neoplasms , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Prostatic Neoplasms , Stomach Neoplasms , Breast Neoplasms , Esophageal Neoplasms , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Liver Neoplasms , Lung Neoplasms
3.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(3): 447-458, Mayo 8, 2023. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1438422

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El diagnóstico adecuado de los tumores de la unión esofagogástrica es esencial para el tratamiento de estos pacientes. La clasificación propuesta por Siewert-Stein define las características propias, factores de riesgo y estrategias quirúrgicas según la localización. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir las características de los pacientes con adenocarcinoma de la unión esofagogástrica tratados en nuestra institución. Métodos. Estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo, de corte longitudinal, que incluyó los pacientes con diagnóstico de adenocarcinoma de la unión esofagogástrica intervenidos quirúrgicamente en el Instituto Nacional de Cancerología, Bogotá, D.C., Colombia, entre enero de 2012 y mayo de 2017. Resultados. Se operaron 59 pacientes (84,7 % hombres), con una edad media de 62,5 años. En su orden de frecuencia los tumores fueron tipo II (57,6 %), tipo III (30,7 %) y tipo I (11,9 %). El 74,6 % recibieron neoadyuvancia y se realizó gastrectomía total en el 73 % de los pacientes. La concordancia diagnóstica moderada con índice Kappa fue de 0,56, difiriendo con la endoscópica en 33,9 %. El 10,2 % de los pacientes presentó algún tipo de complicación intraoperatoria. La supervivencia a tres años en los tumores tipo II fue del 89,6 % y del 100 % en aquellos con respuesta patológica completa. Conclusión. Es necesario el uso de diferentes estrategias para un proceso diagnóstico adecuado en los tumores de la unión esofagogástrica. En esta serie, los pacientes Siewert II, aquellos que recibieron neoadyuvancia y los que obtuvieron una respuesta patológica completa, tuvieron una mejor supervivencia a tres años


Introduction: Proper diagnosis of gastroesophageal junction tumors is essential for the treatment of these patients. The classification proposed by Siewert-Stein defines its own characteristics, risk factors and surgical strategies according to the location. This study describes the characteristics of patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction treated at our institution. Methods. Retrospective, descriptive, longitudinal study, which includes patients diagnosed with adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction who underwent surgery at the National Cancer Institute in Bogotá, Colombia, between January 2012 and May 2017. Results. Fifty-nine patients (84.7% men) were operated on, with a mean age of 62.5 years. In their order of frequency, the tumors were type II (57.6%), type III (30.7%) and type I (11.9%). 74.6% received neoadjuvant therapy and total gastrectomy was performed in 73% of the cases. The moderate diagnostic concordance with the Kappa index was 0.56, differing from the endoscopic one in 33.9%. 10.2% of the patients presented some type of intraoperative complication. Three-year survival in type II tumors was 89.6% and 100% in those with complete pathologic response. Conclusion. The use of different strategies is necessary for an adequate diagnostic process in tumors of the esophagogastric junction. In this series, Siewert II patients, those who received neoadjuvant therapy, and those who obtained a complete pathological response had a better three-year survival


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Neoplasms , Esophagogastric Junction , Stomach Neoplasms , Survival , Classification
4.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(3): 459-467, Mayo 8, 2023. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1438423

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El cáncer gástrico es la cuarta causa de muerte por cáncer a nivel mundial, con más de un millón de casos diagnosticados cada año. La cirugía con intención curativa sigue siendo el pilar del manejo para los pacientes resecables. La identificación de pacientes con mayor riesgo de morbimortalidad es importante para el proceso de toma de decisiones, sin existir hasta el momento una herramienta ideal. La revisión y el análisis de la experiencia de un centro oncológico de referencia pueden generar información útil. Métodos. Estudio observacional de cohorte histórica, en el que se incluyeron los pacientes llevados a gastrectomía por adenocarcinoma gástrico en el Instituto Nacional de Cancerología, Bogotá, D.C., Colombia, entre el 1° de enero del 2010 y el 31 de diciembre del 2017. Resultados. Se evaluaron 332 pacientes, de los cuales el 57,2 % eran hombres con edad promedio de 61 años. La mortalidad en esta serie fue del 4,5 % y la morbilidad de 34,9 %. El factor asociado con mayor riesgo de muerte fue la edad, con un HR de 1,05 (p=0,021). Se encontró un mayor riesgo en el grupo de pacientes con ASA mayor a II (p=0,009).El 17,4 % presentaron complicaciones mayores a IIIA de la clasificación de Clavien-Dindo. Conclusiones. En el presente trabajo las cifras de morbilidad y mortalidad son similares a las reportadas en la literatura. Solo la edad y la clasificación de ASA mostraron asociación con valor estadístico significativo para complicaciones postoperatorias


Introduction. Gastric cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer death worldwide with more than one million cases diagnosed each year. Surgery with curative intent remains the mainstay of management for resectable patients. Identify patients at increased risk of morbidity and mortality is important for the decision making process, with no ideal tool available yet. Review and analysis of the experience of a referral cancer center may generate useful information. Methods. Historical cohort observational study. Patients undergoing gastrectomy for gastric adenocarcinoma at the National Cancer Institute in Bogotá, Colombia, between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2017 were included. Results. We included 332 patients of which 57.2% were men with mean age of 61 years. Mortality in this series was 4.5% and morbidity was 34.9%. The factor associated with higher risk of death was age with a HR of 1.05 statistically significant value (p=0.021). A higher risk was found in the group of patients with ASA greater than II (p=0.009). The 17.4% presented complications greater than IIIA of the Clavien Dindo classification. Conclusions. In this study morbidity and mortality seem similar to those reported in the literature. Only age and ASA score showed an association with significant statistical value for postoperative complications


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms , Gastrectomy , Postoperative Complications , Prognosis , Morbidity , Mortality
5.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(3): 468-473, Mayo 8, 2023. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1438424

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El tratamiento oncológico perioperatorio en pacientes con cáncer gástrico localmente avanzado está indicado; aun así, no siempre es posible. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la supervivencia de los pacientes según la administración de quimioterapia perioperatoria. Métodos. Estudio observacional, tipo cohorte ambispectivo, incluyendo pacientes con cáncer gástrico localmente avanzado quienes recibieron o no quimioterapia perioperatoria. Resultados. Se incluyeron 33 pacientes, 90,9 % pertenecían al régimen subsidiado de salud y el 78,8 % en estadio T4. El grupo que recibió quimioterapia perioperatoria, que solo tuvo 5 pacientes (15,1 %), presentó mayor supervivencia global a 2 años (100 %), seguido del grupo de quimioterapia postoperatoria (58,8 %) y del grupo sin quimioterapia, que alcanzó una supervivencia global a 2 años de 54,5 %. Discusión. La supervivencia global fue mayor en el grupo de quimioterapia perioperatoria, consonante a lo descrito a nivel internacional, aunque los pacientes se encontraban en un estadío localmente más avanzado, la mayoría con T4 y N+ según AJCC VIII edición. Conclusiones. El estadío clínico es un factor pronóstico importante y, en nuestro medio, la mayoría de los pacientes consultan en estadíos localmente más avanzados. A eso se suman las dificultades en el acceso a la atención en salud. Aun así, la quimioterapia perioperatoria mostró una supervivencia mayor en pacientes con cáncer gástrico localmente avanzado


Introduction. Perioperative cancer treatment in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer is indicated; even so, it is not always possible. The objective was to evaluate survival according to time and receipt of perioperative chemotherapy. Methods. Observational study, ambispective cohort type, including patients with locally advanced gastric cancer who received or did not receive perioperative chemotherapy. Results. Thirty-three patients were included, 90.9% belonged to the subsidized regimen and 78.8% with TNM T4. The perioperative chemotherapy group, which only had five patients (15.1%), had a higher overall survival at 2 years (100%), followed by the postoperative chemotherapy group and by the group without chemotherapy, with an overall survival at 2 years of 58.8% and 54.5%, respectively. Discussion. Overall survival was higher in the perioperative chemotherapy group, consistent with what has been described internationally, although the patients were in a more advanced stage, most being with T4 and N+ according to the AJCC VIII edition. Conclusions. The clinical stage is an important prognostic factor and in our environment, most patients consult in more advanced stages, coupled with difficulties in accessing health care. Even so, perioperative chemotherapy showed a longer survival in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer, the data should not be extrapolated since the number of patients in each group is significantly different


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms , Survival Analysis , Prognosis , Mortality , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant
6.
Oncología (Guayaquil) ; 33(1): 58-69, 4 de Abril 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1427643

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer gástrico constituye como una de las enfermedades de mayor morbimortalidad a nivel mundial; no obstante, la mortalidad se puede reducir con intervenciones tempranas. El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar la relación entre la edad y la sobrevida tras cirugía con intención curativa por cáncer gástrico en pacientes atendidos en el Instituto del cáncer SOLCA, Cuenca, en el periodo 2012-2017. Métodos: El presente estudio analítico, retrospectivo fue realizado con la base de datos del Instituto del Cáncer SOLCA-Cuenca. Los datos fueron presentados en tablas de frecuencia y porcentajes. Se aplicó Chi-cuadrado (X2), análisis de Kaplan Meier y regresión de Cox, para relacionar las variables edad y años de sobrevida, considerándose estadísticamente significativo cuando P<0.05. Resultados: De los 603 pacientes con cáncer gástrico registrado durante el periodo de evaluación, el 35.3% fueron intervenidos quirúrgicamente, lográndose el seguimiento del 45.1%. Un total de 96 pacientes fueron incluidos, el 70.8% fueron intervenidos quirúrgicamente con intención curativa. En la muestra predominaba los hombres (52.9%) y el grupo etario de 70 a 79 años (30.2%). La tasa de sobrevida a los 5 años fue de 69.1% con un tiempo promedio de supervivencia de 7.24±0.49 años. La edad no se relacionó significativamente con la sobrevida de los pacientes (X2=3.15; P=0.667). Conclusión: existe una elevada tasa de sobrevida a los 5 años en los pacientes con cáncer gástrico intervenidos quirúrgicamente con intención curativa, la cual no asoció con la edad.


Introduction: Gastric cancer is one of the diseases with the highest morbidity and mortality worldwide; however, early interventions can reduce mortality. This study aimed to determine the relationship between age and survival after surgery with curative intent for gastric cancer in patients treated at the SOLCA Cancer Institute, Cuenca, in 2012-2017. Methods: The present analytical, retrospective study was carried out with the database of the SOLCA-Cuenca Cancer Institute. Data were presented in frequency and percentage tables. Chi-square (X2), Kaplan Meier analysis, and Cox regression were applied to relate the variables age and years of survival, being considered statistically significant when P<0.05. Results: Of the 603 patients with gastric cancer registered during the evaluation period, 35.3% underwent surgery, achieving a follow-up of 45.1%. A total of 96 patients were included, 70.8% underwent surgery with curative intent. The sample was dominated by men (52.9%) and the age group of 70 to 79 (30.2%). The 5-year survival rate was 69.1%, with a median survival time of 7.24±0.49 years. Age was not significantly related to patient survival (X2=3.15; P=0.667). Conclusion: there is a high 5-year survival rate in patients with gastric cancer who underwent surgery with curative intent, which was not associated with age. Keywords:


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Stomach Neoplasms , Survivorship , Survival Analysis , Mortality Registries , Gastrectomy
7.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(2): 491-500, abr. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440341

ABSTRACT

Siendo el cáncer gástrico la 3ª causa de muerte por cáncer en Chile, y existiendo estrategias de tamizaje consistentes en pesquisa de lesiones preneoplásicas de la mucosa gástrica, es relevante conocer los aspectos genéticos y moleculares que puedan ser aplicados, en la optimización de dichas estrategias a grupos de mayor riesgo. El objetivo de este manuscrito fue revisar la evidencia actual en los aspectos señalados, y de la inmunohistoquímica de 4 marcadores (p53, CDX2, MUC2 y S100A9) en la mucosa gástrica normal y en las lesiones preneoplásicas de la misma.


SUMMARY: Since gastric cancer is the 3rd leading cause of death from cancer in Chile, and there are screening strategies consisting of screening for preneoplastic lesions of the gastric mucosa, it is important to know certain genetic and molecular aspects that can be applied in optimizing these strategies for higher risk groups. The aim of this manuscript was to review the current evidence on the aforementioned aspects, and on the immunohistochemistry of 4 markers (p53, CDX2, MUC2 and S100A9) in normal gastric mucosa and in its preneoplastic lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Precancerous Conditions/pathology , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Precancerous Conditions/genetics , Precancerous Conditions/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor , Mass Screening , Risk Factors , Genes, p53 , Mucin-2 , CDX2 Transcription Factor , Gastric Mucosa/metabolism , Metaplasia
8.
Univ. salud ; 25(1): A1-A6, ene.-abr. 2023. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1424733

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El riesgo de desarrollar cáncer gástrico varía entre continentes, países y regiones. A pesar de que existe una alta prevalencia de Helicobacter pylori su rol como patógeno o mutualista define el riesgo de cáncer gástrico en las regiones de Colombia. Objetivo: Discutir el rol de Helicobacter pylori en el riesgo de cáncer gástrico en Colombia. Materiales y métodos: Revisión de literatura mediante la búsqueda, en las bases de datos LILACS, SciELO, PubMed. Resultados: La coevolución del humano y de Helicobacter pylori; la virulencia de genes cagA, vacA; el tipo de respuesta inmune inflamatoria a Helicobacter pylori (Th1) o antinflamatoria (Th2) y la susceptibilidad humana a cáncer gástrico (IL1β, IL10), junto a la dieta y factores ambientales explican el papel de Helicobacter pylori como patógeno o mutualista asociado al riesgo de cáncer gástrico en Colombia. Conclusiones: Helicobacter pylori tiene un rol mutualista principalmente en poblaciones de bajo riesgo de cáncer gástrico (costas), no obstante, en poblaciones con alto riesgo de cáncer gástrico (andes), su papel como patógeno amerita la erradicación; única estrategia para mitigar la alta incidencia de este cáncer en Colombia.


Introduction: The risk to develop gastric cancer varies between continents, countries and regions. Although there is a high prevalence of Helicobater pylori, its role as either pathogen or mutualistic bacteria defines the risk of gastric cancer in Colombian regions. Objective: To discuss the role of Helicobacter pylori in the risk of gastric cancer in Colombia. Materials and methods: A literature review based on searching LILACS, SciELO, and PubMed databases. Results: Helicobacter pylori role as either a pathogen or mutualistic microorganism associated with gastric cancer risk in Colombia can be explained by analyzing elements such as: human and Helicobacter pylori coevolution; cagA and vacA gene virulence; inflammatory (Th1) or anti-inflammatory (Th2) responses induced by Helicobacter pylori; human susceptibility to gastric cancer (IL1β, IL10); diet; and environmental factors. Conclusions: Even though Helicobacter pylori has a mutualistic role in populations at low gastric cancer risk (coastal regions), its role as a pathogen in populations at higher risk (Andean regions) justifies its eradication as a key strategy to mitigate the incidence of this cancer in Colombia.


Introdução: O risco de desenvolver câncer gástrico varia entre continentes, países e regiões. Embora haja uma alta prevalência de Helicobacter pylori, seu papel como patógeno ou mutualista define o risco de câncer gástrico nas regiões da Colômbia. Objetivo: Discutir o papel do Helicobacter pylori no risco de câncer gástrico na Colômbia. Materiais e métodos: Revisão da literatura por meio da busca, nas bases de dados LILACS, SciELO e PubMed. Resultados: A coevolução de humanos e Helicobacter pylori; a virulência dos genes cagA, vacA; o tipo de resposta imune inflamatória ao Helicobacter pylori (Th1) ou anti-inflamatório (Th2) e a suscetibilidade humana ao câncer gástrico (IL1β, IL10), juntamente com a dieta e fatores ambientais explicam o papel do Helicobacter pylori como patógeno ou mutualista associado ao risco de câncer gástrico na Colômbia. Conclusões: Helicobacter pylori tem um papel mutualista principalmente em populações de baixo risco de câncer gástrico (litoral), porém, em populações com alto risco de câncer gástrico (andes), seu papel como patógeno justifica a erradicação; única estratégia para mitigar a alta incidência deste câncer na Colômbia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacteria , Neoplasms , Stomach Neoplasms , Carcinogens , Risk Factors , Helicobacter pylori
9.
ABCS health sci ; 48: e023227, 14 fev. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1518568

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Gastric cancer (GC) is the fifth most diagnosed neoplasia and the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths. A substantial number of patients exhibit an advanced GC stage once diagnosed. Therefore, the search for biomarkers contributes to the improvement and development of therapies. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify potential GC biomarkers making use of in silico tools. METHODS: Gastric tissue microarray data available in Gene Expression Omnibus and The Cancer Genome Atlas Program was extracted. We applied statistical tests in the search for differentially expressed genes between tumoral and non-tumoral adjacent tissue samples. The selected genes were submitted to an in-house tool for analyses of functional enrichment, survival rate, histological and molecular classifications, and clinical follow-up data. A decision tree analysis was performed to evaluate the predictive power of the potential biomarkers. RESULTS: In total, 39 differentially expressed genes were found, mostly involved in extracellular structure organization, extracellular matrix organization, and angiogenesis. The genes SLC7A8, LY6E, and SIDT2 showed potential as diagnostic biomarkers considering the differential expression results coupled with the high predictive power of the decision tree models. Moreover, GC samples showed lower SLC7A8 and SIDT2 expression, whereas LY6E was higher. SIDT2 demonstrated a potential prognostic role for the diffuse type of GC, given the higher patient survival rate for lower gene expression. CONCLUSION: Our study outlines novel biomarkers for GC that may have a key role in tumor progression. Nevertheless, complementary in vitro analyses are still needed to further support their potential.


Subject(s)
Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Biomarkers, Tumor , Computational Biology , Prognosis , Computer Simulation , Gene Expression , Tissue Array Analysis
10.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(1): 308-318, feb. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430503

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Gastrin plays a vital role in the development and progression of gastric cancer (GC). Its expression is up-regulated in GC tissues and several GC cell lines. Yet, the underlying mechanism remains to be investigated. Here, we aim to investigate the role and mechanism of gastrin in GC proliferation. Gastrin-overexpressing GC cell model was constructed using SGC7901 cells. Then the differentially expressed proteins were identified by iTRAQ analysis. Next, we use flow cytometry and immunofluorescence to study the effect of gastrin on the mitochondrial potential and mitochondria-derived ROS production. Finally, we studied the underlying mechanism of gastrin regulating mitochondrial function using Co-IP, mass spectrometry and immunofluorescence. Overexpression of gastrin promoted GC cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo. A total of 173 proteins were expressed differently between the controls and gastrin- overexpression cells and most of these proteins were involved in tumorigenesis and cell proliferation. Among them, Cox17, Cox5B and ATP5J that were all localized to the mitochondrial respiratory chain were down-regulated in gastrin-overexpression cells. Furthermore, gastrin overexpression led to mitochondrial potential decrease and mitochondria-derived ROS increase. Additionally, gastrin-induced ROS generation resulted in the inhibition of cell apoptosis via activating NF-kB, inhibiting Bax expression and promoting Bcl-2 expression. Finally, we found gastrin interacted with mitochondrial membrane protein Annexin A2 using Co-IP and mass spectrometry. Overexpr ession of gastrin inhibits GC cell apoptosis by inducing mitochondrial dysfunction through interacting with mitochondrial protein Annexin A2, then up-regulating ROS production to activate NF-kB and further leading to Bax/Bcl-2 ratio decrease.


La gastrina juega un papel vital en el desarrollo y progresión del cáncer gástrico (CG). Su expresión está regulada al alza en tejidos de CG y en varias líneas celulares de CG. Sin embargo, el mecanismo subyacente aun no se ha investigado. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar el papel y el mecanismo de la gastrina en la proliferación de CG. El modelo de células CG que sobre expresan gastrina se construyó usando células SGC7901. Luego, las proteínas expresadas diferencialmente se identificaron mediante análisis iTRAQ. A continuación, utilizamos la citometría de flujo y la inmunofluorescencia para estudiar el efecto de la gastrina en el potencial mitocondrial y la producción de ROS derivada de las mitocondrias. Finalmente, estudiamos el mecanismo subyacente de la gastrina que regula la función mitocondrial utilizando Co-IP, espectrometría de masas e inmunofluorescencia. La sobreexpresión de gastrina promovió la proliferación de células CG in vitro e in vivo. Un total de 173 proteínas se expresaron de manera diferente entre los controles y las células con sobreexpresión de gastrina y la mayoría de estas proteínas estaban implicadas en la tumorigenesis y la proliferación celular. Entre estas, Cox17, Cox5B y ATP5J, todas localizadas en la cadena respiratoria mitocondrial, estaban reguladas a la baja en las células con sobreexpresión de gastrina. Además, la sobreexpresión de gastrina provocó una disminución del potencial mitocondrial y un aumento de las ROS derivadas de las mitocondrias. Por otra parte, la generación de ROS inducida por gastrina resultó en la inhibición de la apoptosis celular mediante la activación de NF-kB, inhibiendo la expresión de Bax y promoviendo la expresión de Bcl-2. Finalmente, encontramos que la gastrina interactuaba con la proteína de membrana mitocondrial Anexina A2 usando Co-IP y espectrometría de masas. La sobreexpresión de gastrina inhibe la apoptosis de las células CG al inducir la disfunción mitocondrial a través de la interacción con la proteína mitocondrial Anexina A2, luego regula el aumento de la producción de ROS para activar NF-kB y conduce aún más a la disminución de la relación Bax/Bcl-2.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Gastrins/metabolism , Annexin A2/metabolism , Mitochondria/pathology , Mass Spectrometry , NF-kappa B , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Reactive Oxygen Species , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Immunoprecipitation , Cell Proliferation , Carcinogenesis , Flow Cytometry
11.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 605-612, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984756

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and influencing factors of programmed death protein 1 (PD-1) monoclonal antibody rechallenge therapy in advanced gastric cancer (GC). Methods: The clinical data of patients with advanced GC who were treated with anti-PD-1 rechallenge in Henan Cancer Hospital from January 2020 to December 2021 were collected retrospectively. The progression-free survival (PFS) was defined as the time from the first or second used of anti-PD-1 treatment to the date of disease progression or the last follow-up, named PFS(1) and PFS(2), respectively. Kaplan-Meier method and Log rank test were used for survival analysis, Cox proportional hazard model was used to analyze the influencing factors. Results: A total of 60 patients with anti-PD-1 rechallenge therapy were collected, the median follow-up time was 12.2 months. The median progression-free survival (PFS(2)) of anti-PD-1 rechallenge therapy was 2.9 months, the objective response rate (ORR) was 16.7%, and the disease control rate (DCR) was 55.0%. The median PFS(2) of the first and second anti-PD-1 identical and different rechallenge treatment was 3.5 months and 1.9 months (P=0.007) respectively. The median PFS(2) of positive PD-L1 expression in rechallenge therapy was 3.4 months, ORR was 22.7%, and DCR was 63.6%; the median PFS(2) was 4.5 months, ORR was 27.3%, and DCR was 54.5% in patients with median PFS(1)≥6 months. Multivariate analysis showed that peritoneal metastasis was independently associated with anti-PD-1 rechallenge therapy with PFS(2) (HR=2.327, 95% CI, 1.066-5.082, P=0.034). The incidence of adverse reactions in grade 1-2 and grade 3-4 of anti-PD-1 rechallenge therapy was 83.3%, and 35.0%, respectively, and the safety was controllable. Conclusion: Rechallenge therapy with anti-PD-1 is a feasible treatment in advanced GC, but the screening of suitable population for rechallenge therapy still needs prospective data analysis and verification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Prospective Studies , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Immunotherapy/adverse effects
12.
ABCD (São Paulo, Online) ; 36: e1745, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447011

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: There are no information in the literature associating the volume of gastrectomies with survival and costs for the health system in the treatment of patients with gastric cancer in Colombia. AIMS: The aim of this study was to analyze how gastrectomy for gastric cancer is associated with hospital volume, 30-day and 180-day postoperative mortality, and healthcare costs in Bogotá, Colombia. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study based on hospital data of all adult patients with gastric cancer who underwent gastrectomy between 2014 and 2016 using a paired propensity score. The surgical volume was identified as the average annual number of gastrectomies performed by the hospital. RESULTS: A total of 743 patients were included in the study. Hospital mortality at 30 and 180 days postoperatively was 36 (4.85%) and 127 (17.09%) patients, respectively. The average health care cost was USD 3,200. A total of 26 or more surgeries were determined to be the high surgical volume cutoff. Patients operated on in hospitals with a high surgical volume had lower 6-month mortality (HR 0.44; 95%CI 0.27-0.71; p=0.001), and no differences were found in health costs (mean difference 398.38; 95%CI-418.93-1,215.69; p=0.339). CONCLUSIONS: This study concluded that in Bogotá (Colombia), surgery in a high-volume hospital is associated with better 6-month survival and no additional costs to the health system.


RESUMO RACIONAL: Não há informações na literatura relacionando o volume de gastrectomias bem como a sobrevida e os custos para o sistema de saúde, no tratamento de pacientes com câncer gástrico na Colômbia. OBJETIVOS: analisar como a gastrectomia para câncer gástrico está associada ao volume hospitalar, mortalidade pós-operatória de 30 e 180 dias e custos de saúde em Bogotá, Colômbia. MÉTODOS: Estudo de coorte retrospectivo baseado em dados hospitalares de todos os pacientes adultos com câncer gástrico submetidos à gastrectomia entre 2014 e 2016, utilizando um escore de propensão pareado. O volume cirúrgico foi identificado como o número médio anual de gastrectomias realizadas pelo hospital. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos no estudo 743 pacientes. A mortalidade hospitalar aos 30 e 180 dias de pós-operatório, foram respectivamente, 36 (4,85%) e 127 (17,09%) pacientes. O custo médio de saúde foi de US$ 3.200. Vinte e seis ou mais cirurgias foram determinadas como ponto de corte de alto volume cirúrgico. Pacientes operados em hospitais de alto volume cirúrgico tiveram menor mortalidade em seis meses (HR 0,44; IC95% 0,27-0,71; p=0,001) e não foram encontradas diferenças nos custos com saúde (diferença média 398,38; IC95% −418,93-1215,69; p=0,339). CONCLUSÕES: Este estudo concluiu que em Bogotá (Colômbia), a cirurgia em um hospital com alto volume cirúrgico está associada a uma melhor sobrevida de seis meses e não há custos adicionais para o sistema de saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Gastrectomy/economics , Gastrectomy/mortality , Postoperative Complications/mortality , Stomach Neoplasms/mortality , Survival Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Hospital Mortality , Colombia/epidemiology , Gastrectomy/statistics & numerical data
13.
Med. lab ; 27(1): 51-64, 2023. ilus, Tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1414243

ABSTRACT

El virus de Epstein-Barr (VEB) fue el primer virus asociado a neoplasias en humanos. Infecta el 95 % de la población mundial, y aunque usualmente es asintomático, puede causar mononucleosis infecciosa y se relaciona con más de 200.000 casos de neoplasias al año. De igual forma, se asocia con esclerosis múltiple y otras enfermedades autoinmunes. A pesar de ser catalogado como un virus oncogénico, solo un pequeño porcentaje de los individuos infectados desarrollan neoplasias asociadas a VEB. Su persistencia involucra la capacidad de alternar entre una serie de programas de latencia, y de reactivarse cuando tiene la necesidad de colonizar nuevas células B de memoria, con el fin de sostener una infección de por vida y poder transmitirse a nuevos hospederos. En esta revisión se presentan las generalidades del VEB, además de su asociación con varios tipos de neoplasias, como son el carcinoma nasofaríngeo, el carcinoma gástrico, el linfoma de Hodgkin y el linfoma de Burkitt, y la esclerosis múltiple. Adicionalmente, se describen los mecanismos fisiopatológicos de las diferentes entidades, algunos de ellos no completamente dilucidados


Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) was the first virus associated with human cancer. It infects 95% of the world's population, and although it is usually asymptomatic, it causes infectious mononucleosis. It is related to more than 200,000 cases of cancer per year, and is also associated with multiple sclerosis and other autoimmune diseases. Despite being classified as an oncogenic virus, only a small percentage of infected individuals develop EBV-associated cancer. Its persistence involves the ability to alternate between a series of latency programs, and the ability to reactivate itself when it needs to colonize new memory B cells, in order to sustain a lifelong infection and be able to transmit to new hosts. In this review, the general characteristics of EBV are presented, in addition to its association with various types of cancers, such as nasopharyngeal carcinoma, gastric carcinoma, Hodgkin's lymphoma and Burkitt's lymphoma, and multiple sclerosis. Additionally, the pathophysiological mechanisms of the different entities are described, some of them not completely elucidated yet


Subject(s)
Humans , Herpesvirus 4, Human/physiology , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/complications , Stomach Neoplasms/physiopathology , Stomach Neoplasms/virology , Hodgkin Disease/physiopathology , Hodgkin Disease/virology , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/physiopathology , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/virology , Burkitt Lymphoma/physiopathology , Burkitt Lymphoma/virology , Carcinogenesis , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/physiopathology , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/virology , Multiple Sclerosis/physiopathology , Multiple Sclerosis/virology
14.
Article in Spanish | BNUY, UY-BNMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1513565

ABSTRACT

El carcinoma de células en anillo de sello es una variante histopatológica de cáncer gástrico que se encuentra en aumento, se caracteriza por un mal pronóstico. Se presenta el caso de un hombre joven al que se le hizo este diagnóstico en el contexto de una complicación rara como es el síndrome de estenosis gastroduodenal.


Signet ring cell carcinoma is a histopathological variant of gastric cancer that is increasing and is characterized by a poor prognosis. We present the case of a young man who underwent this diagnosis in the context of a rare complication such as upper gastrointestinal stenosis syndrome.


O carcinoma de células em anel de sinete é uma variante histopatológica do câncer gástrico que está aumentando e é caracterizado por um mau prognóstico. É apresentado o caso de um jovem que recebeu este diagnóstico no contexto de uma complicação rara como a síndrome de estenose gastroduodenal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell/diagnosis , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Stomach Neoplasms/complications , Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell/complications , Constriction, Pathologic/etiology , Gastrectomy
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987023

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the prognostic value of death-associated protein 5 (DAP5) in gastric cancer (GC) and its regulatory effect on aerobic glycolysis in GC cells.@*METHODS@#We analyzed DAP5 expression levels in GC and adjacent tissues and its association with survival outcomes of GC patients using public databases. We collected paired samples of GC and adjacent tissues from 102 patients undergoing radical resection of GC in our hospital from June, 2012 to July, 2017, and analyzed the correlation of DAP5 expression level detected immunohistochemically with the clinicopathological parameters of the patients. Cox regression analysis, Kaplan-Meier analysis, and ROC curves were used to explore the independent risk factors and the predictive value of DAP5 expression for 5-year survival of the patients. In the cell experiments, we observed the changes in aerobic glycolysis in MGC-803 cells following lentivirus-mediated DAP5 knockdown or overexpression by measuring glucose uptake and cellular lactate level and using qRT-PCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Analysis using the public databases showed that DAP5 was highly expressed in GC and correlated with tumor progression and poor survival outcomes of the patients (P < 0.05). In the clinical samples, DAP5 expression was significantly higher in GC than in the adjacent tissues (3.19±0.60 vs 1.00±0.12; t=36.863, P < 0.01), and a high expression of DAP5 was associated with a reduced 5-year survival rate of the patients (17.6% vs 72.5%; χ2=29.921, P < 0.05). A high DAP5 expression, T3-4, N2-3, and CEA≥5 ng/mL were identified as independent risk factors affecting 5-year survival outcomes of GC (P < 0.05), for which DAP5 expression showed a prediction sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of 73.2%, 80.4% and 79.0%, respectively. In MGC-803 cells, DAP5 knockdown significantly reduced glucose uptake, lactate level and the expressions of GLUT1, HK2 and LDHA, and DAP5 overexpression produced the opposite effects (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#A high expression of DAP5 in GC, which enhances cellular aerobic glycolysis to promote cancer progression, is correlated with a poor survival outcome and may serve as a biomarker for evaluating long-term prognosis of GC patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms , Blotting, Western , Databases, Factual , Glucose , Lactates
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987011

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of four-jointed box kinase 1 (FJX1) in gastric cancer (GC), its correlation with survival outcomes of the patients, and its role in GC progression.@*METHODS@#The expression level of FJX1 in GC tissues and normal gastric mucosal tissues and its correlation with the survival outcomes of GC patients were analyzed using TCGA and GEO database GC cohort. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect FJX1 expression level in clinical specimens of GC tissue, and its correlations with the patients' clinicopathological parameters and prognosis were analyzed. Bioinformatic analysis was performed to identify the potential pathways of FJX1 in GC. The effects of FJX1 overexpression or FJX1 silencing on GC cell proliferation and expressions of proliferation-related proteins, PI3K, AKT, p-PI3K, and p-AKT were evaluated using CCK-8 assay and Western blotting. The effect of FJX1 overexpression on GC cell tumorigenicity was evaluated in nude mice.@*RESULTS@#GC tissues showed significantly higher expressions of FJX1 mRNA and protein compared with normal gastric mucosa tissues (P < 0.05). The high expression of FJX1 was associated with poor prognosis of GC patients (P < 0.05) and served as an independent risk factor for poor survival outcomes in GC (P < 0.05). FJX1 was expressed mainly in the cytoplasm of GC cells in positive correlation with Ki67 expression (R=0.34, P < 0.05), and was correlated with CA199 levels, depth of tumor infiltration and lymph node metastasis of GC (P < 0.05). In the cell experiment, FJX1 level was shown to regulate the expressions of Ki67 and PCNA and GC cell proliferation (P < 0.05). Gene set enrichment analysis indicated that the PI3K/AKT pathway potentially mediated the effect of FJX1, which regulated the expressions of PI3K and AKT and their phosphorylated proteins. In nude mice, FJX1 overexpression in GC cells significantly promoted the growth of the transplanted tumors (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#FJX1 is highly expressed in GC tissues and is correlated with poor prognosis of GC patients. FJX1 overexpression promotes GC cell proliferation through the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, and may serve as a potential prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for GC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Humans , Cell Proliferation , Ki-67 Antigen , Mice, Nude , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Signal Transduction , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986979

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the molecular mechanism underlying the inhibitory effect of aloin on the proliferation and migration of gastric cancer cells.@*METHODS@#Human gastric cancer MGC-803 cells treated with 100, 200 and 300 μg/mL aloin were examined for changes in cell viability, proliferation and migration abilities using CCK-8, EdU and Transwell assays. HMGB1 mRNA level in the cells was detected with RT-qPCR, and the protein expressions of HMGB1, cyclin B1, cyclin E1, E-cadherin, MMP-2, MMP-9 and p-STAT3 were determined using Western blotting. JASPAR database was used to predict the binding of STAT3 to HMGB1 promoter. In a BALB/c-Nu mouse model bearing subcutaneous MGC-803 cell xenograft, the effect of intraperitoneal injection of aloin (50 mg/kg) on tumor growth was observed. The protein expressions of HMGB1, cyclin B1, cyclin E1, E-cadherin, MMP-2, MMP-9 and p-STAT3 in the tumor tissue was examined using Western blotting, and tumor metastasis in the liver and lung tissues was detected using HE staining.@*RESULTS@#Treatment with aloin concentration-dependently inhibited the viability of MGC-803 cells (P < 0.05), significantly reduced the number of EdU-positive cells (P < 0.01), and attenuated the migration ability of the cells (P < 0.01). Aloin treatment dose-dependently down-regulated HMGB1 mRNA expression (P < 0.01), lowered the protein expressions of HMGB1, cyclin B1, cyclin E1, MMP-2, MMP-9 and p-STAT3, and up-regulated E-cadherin expression in MGC-803 cells. Prediction based on JASPAR database suggested that STAT3 could bind to the promoter region of HMGB1. In the tumor-bearing mice, aloin treatment significantly reduced the tumor size and weight (P < 0.01), lowered the protein expressions of cyclin B1, cyclin E1, MMP-2, MMP-9, HMGB1 and p-STAT3 and increased the expression of E-cadherin in the tumor tissue (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Aloin attenuates the proliferation and migration of gastric cancer cells by inhibiting the STAT3/HMGB1 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Stomach Neoplasms , Cyclin B1 , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , HMGB1 Protein , Signal Transduction , Cell Proliferation , STAT3 Transcription Factor
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986959

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of microRNA miR-431-5p in gastric cancer (GC) tissues and its effects on apoptosis and mitochondrial function in GC cells.@*METHODS@#The expression level of miR-431-5p in 50 clinical samples of GC tissues and paired adjacent tissues was detected using real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR, and its correlation with the clinicopathological features of the patients was analyzed. A cultured human GC cell line (MKN-45 cells) were transfected with a miR-431-5p mimic or a negative control sequence, and the cell proliferation, apoptosis, mitochondrial number, mitochondrial potential, mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP), reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content were detected using CCK-8 assay, flow cytometry, fluorescent probe label, or ATP detection kit. The changes in the expression levels of the apoptotic proteins in the cells were detected with Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of miR-431-5p was significantly lower in GC tissues than in the adjacent tissues (P < 0.001) and was significantly correlated with tumor differentiation (P=0.0227), T stage (P=0.0184), N stage (P=0.0005), TNM stage (P=0.0414) and vascular invasion (P=0.0107). In MKN-45 cells, overexpression of miR-431-5p obviously inhibited cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis, causing also mitochondrial function impairment as shown by reduced mitochondrial number, lowered mitochondrial potential, increased mPTP opening, increased ROS production and reduced ATP content. Overexpression of miR-431-5p significantly downregulated the expression of Bcl-2 and increased the expressions of pro-apoptotic proteins p53, Bcl-2 and cleaved caspase-3 protein.@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of miR-431-5p is down-regulated in GC, which results in mitochondrial function impairment and promotes cell apoptosis by activating the Bax/Bcl-2/caspase3 signaling pathway, suggesting the potential role of miR-431-5p in targeted therapy for GC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis/genetics , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Caspase 3 , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Mitochondria/metabolism , Mitochondrial Permeability Transition Pore , Reactive Oxygen Species , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986852

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the pathological characteristics of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) specimens for early gastric cancer and precancerous lesions, accumulating experience for clinical management and pathological analysis.@*METHODS@#A total of 411 cases of early gastric cancer or precancerous lesions underwent ESD. According to the Japanese guidelines for ESD treatment of early gastric cancer and classification of gastric carcinoma, the clinicopathological data, pathologic evaluation, concordance rate of pathological diagnosis between preoperative endoscopic forceps biopsies and their ESD specimens (in 400 cases), as well as the risk factors of non-curative resection of early gastric cancer, were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#23.4% (96/411) of the 411 cases were adenoma/low-grade dysplasia and 76.6% (315/411) were early gastric cancer. The latter included 28.0% (115/411) non-invasive carcinoma/high-grade dysplasia and 48.7% (200/411) invasive carcinoma. The concordance rate of pathological diagnosis between endoscopic forceps biopsies and ESD specimens was 66.0% (264/400), correlating with pathological diagnosis and lesion location (P < 0.01). The rate of upgraded diagnosis and downgraded diagnosis after ESD was 29.8% (119/400) and 4.2% (17/400), respectively. Among the 315 cases of early gastric cancer, there were 277 cases (87.9%) of differentiated type and 38 cases (12.1%) of undifferentiated type. In the study, 262 cases (83.2%) met with absolute indication, while 53 cases (16.8%) met relative indication. En bloc and curative resection rates were 98.1% and 82.9%, respectively. Risk factors for non-curative resection included a long diameter >20 mm (OR=3.631, 95%CI: 1.170-11.270, P=0.026), tumor infiltration into submucosa (OR=69.761, 95%CI: 21.033-231.376, P < 0.001)and undifferentiated tumor histology (OR=16.950, 95%CI: 4.585-62.664, P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Several subjective and objective factors, such as the limitations of biopsy samples, the characteristics and distribution of the lesions, different pathological understanding, and the endoscopic sampling and observation, can lead to the differences between the preoperative and postoperative pathological diagnosis of ESD. In particular, the pathological upgrade of postoperative diagnosis was more significant and should receive more attention by endoscopists and pathologists. The curative resection rate of early gastric cancer in ESD was high. Non-curative resection was related to the long diameter, the depth of tumor invasion and histological classification. ESD can also be performed in undifferentiated early gastric cancer if meeting the indication criteria. The comprehensive and standardized pathological analysis of ESD specimens is clinically important to evaluate the curative effect of ESD operation and patient outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection , Retrospective Studies , Endoscopy , Precancerous Conditions
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986851

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinicopathological features of Helicobacter pylori (Hp)-negative early gastric cancer.@*METHODS@#The clinicopathological data of 30 cases of Hp-negative early gastric cancer were collected retrospectively at Pingdingshan Medical District, 989 Hospital of PLA Joint Logistics Support Force, and Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, from 2009 to 2021, and the histomorphological characteristics and immunophenotype were observed, and combined with the literature to explore.@*RESULTS@#The median age of 30 patients was 58.5 years (range: 21-80 years), including 13 males and 17 females. The upper part of the stomach was 13 cases, the middle part of the sto-mach was 9 cases, and the lower part of the stomach was 8 cases. The median diameter of the tumor was 11 mm (range: 1-30 mm). According to the Paris classification, 9 cases were 0-Ⅱa, 7 cases were 0-Ⅱb, and 14 cases were 0-Ⅱc. Endoscopic examination showed that 18 cases of lesions were red, 12 cases of lesions were faded or white, and microvascular structures and microsurface structures were abnormal. In all the cases, collecting venules were regularly arranged in the gastric body and corner mucosa. There were 18 cases of well differentiated adenocarcinoma in the mucosa. The tumor presented glandular tubular-like and papillary structure, with dense glands and disordered arrangement; the cells were cuboidal or columnar, with increased nuclear chromatin and loss of nuclear polarity, and most of them expressed gastric mucin. Signet-ring cell carcinoma was found in 7 cases, all the cancer tissues were composed of signet-ring cells, and the cancer cells were mainly distributed in the middle layer to the surface layer of mucosa. Gastric oxyntic gland adenoma (gastric adenocarcinoma of the fundic gland type confined to mucosa) in 2 cases, gastric adenocarcinoma of the fundic gland type in 2 cases, and gastric adenocarcinoma of fundic gland mucosa type in 1 case. The tumor tissue was composed of branching tubular glands, except 1 case of mucosal surface epithelium was partially neoplastic, the other 4 cases of mucosal surface epi-thelium were all non-neoplastic; the cells were arranged in a single layer, and the nucleus was close to the basal side, and the nucleus was only slightly atypical. Pepsinogen I and H+/K+ ATPase were positive in 5 cases of gastric fundus gland type tumors, and 1 case of foveolar-type tumor cells at the surface and depth of mucosa showed MUC5AC positive. The gastric mucosa adjacent to cancer was generally normal in all cases, without atrophy, intestinal metaplasia and Hp.@*CONCLUSION@#Hp-negative early gastric cancer is a heterogeneous disease group with various histological types, and tubular adenocarcinoma and signet-ring cell carcinoma are common. Tubular adenocarcinoma mostly occurs in the elderly and the upper to middle part of the stomach, while signet-ring cell carcinoma mostly occurs in young and middle-aged people and the lower part of the stomach. Gastric neoplasm of the fundic gland type is relatively rare.


Subject(s)
Male , Aged , Middle Aged , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Aged, 80 and over , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Helicobacter pylori , Retrospective Studies , Helicobacter Infections/diagnosis , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell/pathology
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