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1.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 27-27, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929155

ABSTRACT

Periodontitis is a widespread oral disease characterized by continuous inflammation of the periodontal tissue and an irreversible alveolar bone loss, which eventually leads to tooth loss. Four-octyl itaconate (4-OI) is a cell-permeable itaconate derivative and has been recognized as a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. Here, we explored, for the first time, the protective effect of 4-OI on inhibiting periodontal destruction, ameliorating local inflammation, and the underlying mechanism in periodontitis. Here we showed that 4-OI treatment ameliorates inflammation induced by lipopolysaccharide in the periodontal microenvironment. 4-OI can also significantly alleviate inflammation and alveolar bone loss via Nrf2 activation as observed on samples from experimental periodontitis in the C57BL/6 mice. This was further confirmed as silencing Nrf2 blocked the antioxidant effect of 4-OI by downregulating the expression of downstream antioxidant enzymes. Additionally, molecular docking simulation indicated the possible mechanism under Nrf2 activation. Also, in Nrf2-/- mice, 4-OI treatment did not protect against alveolar bone dysfunction due to induced periodontitis, which underlined the importance of the Nrf2 in 4-OI mediated periodontitis treatment. Our results indicated that 4-OI attenuates inflammation and oxidative stress via disassociation of KEAP1-Nrf2 and activation of Nrf2 signaling cascade. Taken together, local administration of 4-OI offers clinical potential to inhibit periodontal destruction, ameliorate local inflammation for more predictable periodontitis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Alveolar Bone Loss/prevention & control , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Inflammation , Kelch-Like ECH-Associated Protein 1/metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Molecular Docking Simulation , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Periodontitis/prevention & control , Succinates
2.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 47: 17-28, sept. 2020. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253006

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cichoric acid (CA) is extracted from Echinacea purpurea. It is well known and widely used for its immunological function. However, the effect of CA on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from yaks is still unclear. This study investigated the potential influences of CA on the proliferation, cytokine induction, and apoptosis of PBMCs from Datong yak in vivo, and aimed to provide a basis for exploring the pharmacological activities of CA on yaks. RESULTS: In this study, CA promoted PBMCs proliferation by combining concanavalin A (Con A) and exhibited a dose-dependent effect as demonstrated by a Cell Counting Kit-8. The concentration of 60 µg/ml CA was the best and promoted the transformation from the G0/G1 phase to the S and G2/M phases with Con A. Furthermore, 60 µg/ml CA significantly increased IL-2, IL-6, and IFN-γ levels and PCNA, CDK4 and Bcl-2 expression levels, but it significantly inhibited the TP53, Bax, and Caspase-3 expression levels. Transcriptome analysis revealed a total of 6807 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the CA treatment and control groups. Of these genes, 3788 were significantly upregulated and 3019 were downregulated. Gene Ontology and pathway analysis revealed that DEGs were enriched in cell proliferation and immune function signaling pathways. The expression level of some transcription factors (BTB, Ras, RRM_1, and zf-C2H2) and genes (CCNF, CCND1, and CDK4) related to PBMCs proliferation in yaks were significantly promoted after CA treatment. By contrast, anti-proliferation-associated genes (TP53 and CDKN1A) were inhibited. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, CA could regulate the immune function of yaks by promoting proliferation and inhibiting inflammation and apoptosis of PBMCs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Succinates/pharmacology , Caffeic Acids/pharmacology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects , Echinacea/chemistry , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Transcription Factors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/cytology , Blotting, Western , Cytokines , Apoptosis/drug effects , Concanavalin A/pharmacology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA-Seq
3.
Endocrinology and Metabolism ; : 36-43, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816631

ABSTRACT

Since the identification of succinate's receptor in 2004, studies supporting the involvement of succinate signaling through its receptor in various diseases have accumulated and most of these investigations have highlighted succinate's pro-inflammatory role. Taken with the fact that succinate is an intermediate metabolite in the center of mitochondrial activity, and considering its potential regulation of protein succinylation through succinyl-coenzyme A, a review on the overall multifaceted actions of succinate to discuss whether and how these actions relate to the cellular locations of succinate is much warranted. Mechanistically, it is important to consider the sources of succinate, which include somatic cellular released succinate and those produced by the microbiome, especially the gut microbiota, which is an equivalent, if not greater contributor of succinate levels in the body. Continue learning the critical roles of succinate signaling, known and unknown, in many pathophysiological conditions is important. Furthermore, studies to delineate the regulation of succinate levels and to determine how succinate elicits various types of signaling in a temporal and spatial manner are also required.


Subject(s)
Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Inflammation , Learning , Microbiota , Periodontitis , Succinates , Succinic Acid
4.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(3): 282-289, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893629

ABSTRACT

Abstract Zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate (ZLS) is a ceramic that promises to have better mechanical properties than other materials with the same indications as well as improved adaptation and fracture strength. Objective In this study, marginal and internal misfit and fracture load with and without thermal-mechanical aging (TMA) of monolithic ZLS and lithium disilicate (LDS) crowns were evaluated. Material and methods Crowns were milled using a computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing system. Marginal gaps (MGs), absolute marginal discrepancy (AMD), axial gaps, and occlusal gaps were measured by X-ray microtomography (n=8). For fracture load testing, crowns were cemented in a universal abutment, and divided into four groups: ZLS without TMA, ZLS with TMA, LDS without TMA, and LDS with TMA (n=10). TMA groups were subjected to 10,000 thermal cycles (5-55°C) and 1,000,000 mechanical cycles (200 N, 3.8 Hz). All groups were subjected to compressive strength testing in a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min until failure. Student's t-test was used to examine misfit, two-way analysis of variance was used to analyze fracture load, and Pearson's correlation coefficients for misfit and fracture load were calculated (α=0.05). The materials were analyzed according to Weibull distribution, with 95% confidence intervals. Results Average MG (p<0.001) and AMD (p=0.003) values were greater in ZLS than in LDS crowns. TMA did not affect the fracture load of either material. However, fracture loads of ZLS crowns were lower than those of LDS crowns (p<0.001). Fracture load was moderately correlated with MG (r=-0.553) and AMD (r=-0.497). ZLS with TMA was least reliable, according to Weibull probability. Conclusion Within the limitations of this study, ZLS crowns had lower fracture load values and greater marginal misfit than did LDS crowns, although these values were within acceptable limits.


Subject(s)
Organometallic Compounds/chemistry , Succinates/chemistry , Zirconium/chemistry , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported/methods , Dental Restoration Failure , Crowns , Reference Values , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Tooth Fractures , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Dental Prosthesis Design , Computer-Aided Design , Statistics, Nonparametric , Compressive Strength , X-Ray Microtomography
5.
Journal of the Philippine Dermatological Society ; : 35-37, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-633130

ABSTRACT

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) rarely manifests as cutaneous lesions in immunocompromised patients. Only 25 cases have been reported since 1991. It causes latent infection among exposed individuals but reactivation may occur in immunocompromised patients causing encephalitis, pneumonitis, colitis, retinitis and congenital fetal infection. Cutaneous manifestations of CMV infection usually present with various skin lesions such as ulcers, erosions, erythematous morbilliform rash, vesicles and bullae. We report a case of cutaneous CMV infection in an HIV-AIDS patient presenting as a persistent ulcerated plaque on the nose. The lesion slowly evolved into a plaque which partially destroyed the right alar rim. Skin punch biopsy showed perivascular giant cells with large eosinophilic inclusions resembling an owl's eye consistent with CMV infection. He was subsequently diagnosed with CMV retinitis because of blurring of vision and findings of retinal necrosis on fundoscopy. Oral valganciclovir 1800mg/day was given for 21 days. Significant thinning and drying of the plaque with no further progression of ulceration of the alar rim were noted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Blister , Colitis , Cytomegalovirus , Cytomegalovirus Retinitis , Encephalitis , Exanthema , Ganciclovir , Immunocompromised Host , Pneumonia , Strigiformes , Succinates , Ulcer
6.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 618-627, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812503

ABSTRACT

In the present study, a series of 13-β-elemene ester derivatives were designed and prepared, and their antioxidant activity was investigated in the H2O2-treated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Among the test compounds, the dimer compounds 5v and 5w exhibited the most potent antioxidant activity with significant ROS suppression being observed. Both compounds markedly inhibited the H2O2-induced changes in various biochemical substances, such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), malonyldialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO), and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), which were superior to that of the positive control vitamin E. Further more, they did not produce any obvious cytotoxicity, but increased the viability of HUVECs injured by H2O2 in a dose-dependent manner. Additionally, compound 5w, designed as a prodrug-like compound, showed improved stability relative to compound 4 in vitro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antioxidants , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Cells, Cultured , Curcuma , Chemistry , Drug Stability , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Endothelium, Vascular , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Hydrogen Peroxide , Metabolism , Malondialdehyde , Metabolism , Nitric Oxide , Metabolism , Oxidation-Reduction , Oxidative Stress , Phthalic Acids , Pharmacology , Sesquiterpenes , Pharmacology , Succinates , Pharmacology , Superoxide Dismutase , Metabolism
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1747-1750, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351272

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish an HPLC method for the content determination of baicalin, wogonin, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, cichoric acid, corynoline and adenosine in Pudilan Xiaoyan oral liquid.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The analysis was performed on a Phenomenex Luna C18 column (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 µm) with a gradient mobile phase of methanol-0.1% trifluoroacetic acid solution system at flow rate of 1.0 mL · min(-1). The detective wavelength was at 280 nm. The column temperature was 30 °C.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The standard curves of seven studied components show good linearity in their concentration ranges with r ≥ 0.999 6. The average recovery was 98.73%-102.1% with RSD less than 2.6%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The method is rapid, simple and accurate, and can be applied for the quality control of Pudilan Xiaoyan oral liquid.</p>


Subject(s)
Caffeic Acids , Chlorogenic Acid , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavanones , Flavonoids , Succinates
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1563-1566, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231734

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Sarpogrelate is a selective 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptor subtype 2A antagonist which blocks 5-HT induced platelet aggregation and proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells. We compared the efficacy of sarpogrelate-based dual antiplatelet therapies for the prevention of restenosis and target lesion revascularization (TLR) rates comparing with that of clopidogrel after percutaneous endovascular interventions (EVIs) of femoropopliteal (FP) arterial lesions.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This prospective, multicenter, randomized clinical trial recruited a total of 120 patients with successful EVI of FP lesions at seven centers across China between January 2011 and June 2012. Patients were randomized to receive either sarpogrelate (100 mg trice daily for 6 months, n = 63) or clopidogrel (75 mg once daily for 6 months, n = 57). All patients also received oral aspirin (100 mg once daily for 12 months). Clinical follow-up was conducted up to 12 months postprocedure.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no significant difference between the two groups in basic demographic data. The restenosis rate was higher in the clopidogrel group (22.80%) than in sarpogrelate group (17.50%), but there was no significant difference between these two groups (P = 0.465). The TLR rate, ipsilateral amputation rate, mortality in all-cause and bleeding rate were also similar in the two groups (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Aspirin plus sarpogrelate is a comparable antithrombotic regimen to aspirin plus clopidogrel after EVI of FP arterial lesions. Dual antiplatelet therapies might play an important role in preventing restenosis after successful EVI of FP lesions.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arterial Occlusive Diseases , Drug Therapy , Fibrinolytic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Drug Therapy , Popliteal Artery , Pathology , Serotonin Antagonists , Therapeutic Uses , Succinates , Therapeutic Uses , Ticlopidine , Therapeutic Uses
9.
Salud pública Méx ; 56(6): 579-591, nov.-dic. 2014. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-733352

ABSTRACT

Objective. To conduct a health impact assessment (HIA) to quantify health benefits for several PM and O3 air pollution reduction scenarios in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA). Results from this HIA will contribute to the scientific support of the MCMA air quality management plan (PROAIRE) for the period 2011-2020. Materials and methods. The HIA methodology consisted of four steps: 1) selection of the air pollution reduction scenarios, 2) identification of the at-risk population and health outcomes for the 2005 baseline scenario, 3) selection of concentration-response functions and 4) estimation of health impacts. Results. Reductions of PM10 levels to 20 μg/m³ and O3 levels to 0.050ppm (98 µg/m³) would prevent 2300 and 400 annual deaths respectively. The greatest health impact was seen in the over-65 age group and in mortality due to cardiopulmonary and cardiovascular disease. Conclusion. Improved air quality in the MCMA could provide significant health benefits through focusing interventions by exposure zones.


Objetivo. Realizar una evaluación de impacto en salud (EIS) que documente los beneficios en salud ante diversos escenarios de reducción de PM10 y O3 en el aire de la Zona Metropolitana del Valle de México (ZMVM). Los resultados contribuyen al sustento científico del plan de gestión de calidad del aire (PROAIRE 2011-2020). Material y métodos. La metodología de EIS comprende cuatro pasos: 1) selección de los escenarios de reducción, 2) identificación de la población en riesgo y de los eventos en salud para el año basal 2005, 3) selección de las funciones de concentración-respuesta y 4) estimación del impacto en la salud. Resultados. Reducciones de PM10 a 20μg/m³ y de O3 a 0.050ppm (98 µg/m³) evitarían, respectivamente, cerca de 2 300 y 400 muertes por año. El mayor impacto se observa en el grupo de más de 65 años y en la mortalidad por causas cardiopulmonares y cardiovasculares. Conclusiones. Mejorar la calidad del aire en la ZMVM podría reflejar importantes beneficios para la salud focalizados por zonas o áreas de exposición.


Subject(s)
Pseudomonas putida/metabolism , Styrenes/metabolism , Aldehyde Oxidoreductases/metabolism , Biodegradation, Environmental , Epoxy Compounds/metabolism , Escherichia coli Proteins , Glutamic Acid/metabolism , Isomerases/metabolism , Oxidation-Reduction , Oxygen Consumption , Phenylacetates/metabolism , Pseudomonas putida/enzymology , Pseudomonas putida/growth & development , Styrene , Succinates/metabolism , Succinic Acid
10.
Journal of the Korean Association of Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons ; : 243-247, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785227
11.
Journal of Medicinal Plants. 2013; 12 (45): 75-84
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-126946

ABSTRACT

Purple coneflower [Echinacea purpurea L.] is one of the most important medicinal plants. Hairy root culture of Echinace, represent a valuable alternative to field cultivation for the production of bioactive secondary metabolites. The present study investigates the effects of KNO[3], CaCl[2] and MgSO[4] concentrations on growth and the biosynthesis of cichoric acid in Echinacea purpurea hairy root culture. Agrobacterium rhizogenes strain R15834 was used for hairy root induction. The experiment was performed with 0.5 g of fresh hairy roots [about 2 cm long segments] per 100 ml Erlenmeyer flasks containing 30 ml of hormone-free liquid 1/2MS salts with B5 vitamins supplemented with different amounts of KNO[3] [3131, 3939, and 4747 mg/l], CaCl[2] [85, 170, and 340 mg/l] and MgSO[4] [370 [control], 600, and 1600 mg/l]. After 4 weeks, growth parameters and cichoric acid amounts were assessed. Results indicated that the highest fresh [99.69 g/l] and dry weight [6.91 g/l] of hairy roots was achieved using 3131 mg/l KNO[3]. Fresh and dry weights of hairy roots in various CaCl[2] and MgSO[4] concentrations were not significantly different from those of control. The highest amount of cichoric acid [30.55 mg/g DW] was produced by 1600 mg/l MgSO[4] treated hairy roots after 4 weeks. The present work demonstrated the effectiveness of modified 1/2MS salts supplemented with B5 vitamins medium for improving hairy root growth and in vitro production of cichoric acid


Subject(s)
Caffeic Acids , Succinates , Calcium Chloride , Potassium Compounds , Nitrates , Plant Roots , Magnesium Sulfate
12.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1059-1063, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345648

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy and safety of iron protein succinylate (IPS) oral solution in preventing and treating anemia of prematurity (AOP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty premature infants less than 35 weeks of gestation were randomly divided into IPS (n=30) and polysaccharide iron complex (PIC) groups(n=30). Treatment began at two weeks after birth. The infants received IPS or PIC in addition to recombinant human erythropoietin. On days 14, 28, 42, and 60 after treatment, hemoglobin (Hb), red blood cell count(RBC), hematocrit (HCT), percentage of reticulocytes, serum iron, and serum ferritin were determined. Liver and renal functions were evaluated before and after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were significant differences in the changing trends of RBC and HCT between the two groups (P<0.05). In the IPS group, RBC and HCT gradually decreased after birth, but began to rise gradually on days 28 and 42 of treatment; in the PIC group, RBC and HCT kept decreasing from birth to day 60 of treatment. On day 60 of treatment, the IPS group had significantly higher levels of Hb, RBC, HCT, serum iron, and serum ferritin than the PIC group (P<0.05). No notable adverse events occurred in either group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>IPS oral solution has good efficacy and tolerability in preventing and treating AOP.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Administration, Oral , Anemia, Neonatal , Blood , Drug Therapy , Erythrocyte Count , Hematinics , Therapeutic Uses , Hematocrit , Infant, Premature , Iron , Metabolism , Metalloproteins , Therapeutic Uses , Solutions , Succinates , Therapeutic Uses
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3287-3290, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238607

ABSTRACT

The aim was to develop a high performance liquid chromatography method for simultaneous determination of five organic acids in Kudiezi injection. The Diamonsil C18 column (4.6 mm x 200 mm, 5 microm) was adopted with acetonitrile and water as the mobile phase at a gradient mode program. The flow rate was 1.0 mL min-1 , detection wavelength was 325 nm, and column temperature was 35 degree C. The linear range of monocaffeyltartaric acid, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, ferulic acid, and chicoric acid were 0. 64-81.60 (r =0. 999 9),0.09-11. 10 (r =0.999 8) ,0.09-11.30 (r =0. 999 8),0.10-12.80 (r =0.999 9),0.43-55. 50 mg L-1 (r = 0.999 8) , respectively. The average recoveries were 101.8% ,100. 9% ,99. 24% ,99. 83% ,101.9%, respectively, with RSD of less than 2.0%. The developed HPLC method was simple, sensitive and accurate with good repeatability. This work provided helpful information for comprehensive quality control of Kudiezi injection. [Key words] Kudiezi injection; organic acids; content determination; HPLC


Subject(s)
Caffeic Acids , Chlorogenic Acid , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Coumaric Acids , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Quinic Acid , Succinates
14.
Journal of Rhinology ; : 102-108, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-133793

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Aesthetic and functional reconstruction of nose whose nasal septal support is deteriorated is challenging problem. The goal with this study was to evaluate our experience with 3 patients who underwent rhinoplasty with extended columellar strut integrated with dorsal graft. METHODS: Open rhinoplasty approach using the transcolumellar and marginal incision was used. After elevation of skin envelop, bilateral subperichondrial tunnels are made along the dorsal aspect of the septum and deformed septal cartilage and perpendicular plate were removed. Costal cartilage was harvested and carved into two pieces which were boat-shaped dorsal graft and 'upper and lower left quadrants'-shaped columellar strut. Cephalic end of dorsal graft was placed in subperiosteal pocket of nasal bone and ventral end of columellar strut graft was fixed on nasal spine with non-absorbable suture. Finally, two grafts were integrated in the shape of tongue-in-groove at the nasal tip area. Onlay tip graft was placed over the alar dome if necessary. The results and complications were evaluated postoperatively. RESULTS: All patients were satisfied with functional and aesthetic results. There was no severe complication or requirement of revision surgery with this technique. Conclusion: The extended columellar strut integrated with dorsal graft is a reliable method to provide stable nasal tip projection and functional concern. The successful use of the graft requires precise diagnosis and surgical technique.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cartilage , Diagnosis , Inlays , Methods , Nasal Bone , Nasal Obstruction , Nasal Septum , Nose , Rhinoplasty , Skin , Spine , Succinates , Sutures , Transplants
15.
Journal of Rhinology ; : 102-108, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-133792

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Aesthetic and functional reconstruction of nose whose nasal septal support is deteriorated is challenging problem. The goal with this study was to evaluate our experience with 3 patients who underwent rhinoplasty with extended columellar strut integrated with dorsal graft. METHODS: Open rhinoplasty approach using the transcolumellar and marginal incision was used. After elevation of skin envelop, bilateral subperichondrial tunnels are made along the dorsal aspect of the septum and deformed septal cartilage and perpendicular plate were removed. Costal cartilage was harvested and carved into two pieces which were boat-shaped dorsal graft and 'upper and lower left quadrants'-shaped columellar strut. Cephalic end of dorsal graft was placed in subperiosteal pocket of nasal bone and ventral end of columellar strut graft was fixed on nasal spine with non-absorbable suture. Finally, two grafts were integrated in the shape of tongue-in-groove at the nasal tip area. Onlay tip graft was placed over the alar dome if necessary. The results and complications were evaluated postoperatively. RESULTS: All patients were satisfied with functional and aesthetic results. There was no severe complication or requirement of revision surgery with this technique. Conclusion: The extended columellar strut integrated with dorsal graft is a reliable method to provide stable nasal tip projection and functional concern. The successful use of the graft requires precise diagnosis and surgical technique.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cartilage , Diagnosis , Inlays , Methods , Nasal Bone , Nasal Obstruction , Nasal Septum , Nose , Rhinoplasty , Skin , Spine , Succinates , Sutures , Transplants
16.
Archives of Craniofacial Surgery ; : 16-23, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-8233

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Even though degrees of deformation of microform cleft lip are not high, it has to be corrected with various procedures upon conditions and areas since it has various expressions. Many studies have focused on the classifications and procedures, but there are only a few studies on how much these procedures are performed in the actual field. This study aims to analyze the utilization of various procedures upon major correction points. METHODS: A total of 52 patients who had been corrected by one surgeon from 1995 to 2011 were enrolled as subjects. Based on the medical records, it was checked whether the incision was made or not along with the correction procedures for alar base and philtral column, Cupid's bow, and vermillion free margin. RESULTS: In case of an incision, full incision (42 times) was conducted most frequently. For alar base and philtral column, muscle re-approximation (25 times) was performed most frequently. However, recently, it was shown that excision on only the affected area and correction with dermis were more likely to be used. For Cupid's bow and vermilion free margin, elliptical excision on the only affected area followed by re-approximation was performed most frequently for 46 times (Cupid's bow) and 44 times (vermilion free margin), respectively. CONCLUSION: For the correction of microform cleft lip, less invasive procedures are preferred. However, in the actual field, if needed, aggressive procedures consisting of incisions have been conducted to correction. These trends are somewhat changed to utilization of a simple procedure, such as excision on the modified area, followed by a re-approximation rather than complicated procedures using the muscle.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cleft Lip , Dermis , Medical Records , Microfilming , Muscles , Succinates , Surgical Procedures, Operative
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4347-4350, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287585

ABSTRACT

To establish an HPLC method for determination of dactylorhin A and militarine in Cremastrae Pseudobulbus/Pleiones Pseudobulbus. The analysis was achieved on an Alltech Prevail C18 column (4. 6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm) using a mobile phase of acetonitrile (A), water (B) gradient elution in a total run time of 35 min (0 min, 20:80; 30 min, 55:45; 35 min, 55:45) and a diode array detector was set at 224 nm. The flow rate was 0.8 mL x min(-1). The assay displayed good linearity over the concentration range of 0.257-9.95 microg (r = 0.999 8), and 0.128-10.27 microg (r = 0.999 9), respectively. The average recoveries (n = 9) were 94.70% and 102.8% for dactylorhin A and militarine, respectively. The method is accurate, quick, simple and reproducibility. It can be used for the quality control of Pleione bulbocodioides and Pleione yunnanensis.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Glucosides , Orchidaceae , Chemistry , Succinates
18.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 754-758, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251398

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to develop docetaxel-poly (lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) loaded nanoparticles by using nanoprecipitation method and optimize the relative parameters to obtain nanoparticles with higher encapsulation efficiency and smaller size. The physicochemical characteristics of nanoparticles were studied. The optimized parameters were as follows: the oil phase was mixture of acetone and ethanol, concentration of tocopheryl polyethylene glycol succinate (TPGS) was 0.2%, the ratio of oil phase to water phase was 1:5, and the theoretical drug concentration was 5%. The optimized nanoparticles were spherical with size between 130 and 150 nm. The encapsulation efficiency was (40.83±2.1)%. The in vitro release exhibited biphasic pattern. The results indicate that docetaxel-PLGA nanoparticles were successfully fabricated and may be used as the novel vehicles for docetaxel, which would replace Taxotere® and play great roles in future.


Subject(s)
Acetone , Chemistry , Antineoplastic Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drug Compounding , Methods , Ethanol , Chemistry , Fractional Precipitation , Methods , Lactic Acid , Chemistry , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Nanoparticles , Chemistry , Nanotechnology , Methods , Particle Size , Polyethylene Glycols , Chemistry , Polyglycolic Acid , Chemistry , Succinates , Chemistry , Surface Properties , Taxoids , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics
19.
Journal of the Korean Fracture Society ; : 69-72, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-175223

ABSTRACT

This study reviews a case of sacral fracture with delayed onset neurological deficit that showed good results after decompressive surgery. The delayed neurological deficit appeared at 4 weeks after injury and it was treated with anterior decompression through transperitoneal approach. A 23-year-old woman was injured in a car accident and had bilateral pubic rami fractures and fractures of the sacral ala on the right side. She was treated with external fixation devices for approximately four weeks, but complained of pain and numbness. The dorsiflexion and plantalflexion of the right ankle was weakened and graded as grade 2. Preoperative pelvic and sacral radiographs, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and electromyelography, and nerve conduction study were performed to identify the region of neurological deficit, and we decided to implement neurological decompression. By transperitoneal approach, we performed bone curratage and decompression around the region of sacral alar slope and S1 foramen. The pain and numbness of the right foot cleared up. Dorsiflexion and plantalflexion of the right ankle improved to grade 5. Anterior decompression by transperitoneal approach proved to bring satisfactory results in a patient, who presented delayed neurological deficit after sacral fracture.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Ankle , Decompression , External Fixators , Foot , Hypesthesia , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neural Conduction , Succinates
20.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 45(9): 869-874, Sept. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-646330

ABSTRACT

The effects of Ringer lactate, 6% hydroxyethyl starch (HES) (130/0.4) or 4% succinylated gelatin solutions on perioperative coagulability were measured by thromboelastography (TEG). Seventy-five patients (ASA I-III) who were to undergo major orthopedic procedures performed under epidural anesthesia were included in the study. Patients were randomly divided into three groups of 25 each for the administration of maintenance fluids: group RL (Ringer lactate), group HES (6% HES 130/0.4), and group JEL (4% gelofusine solution). Blood samples were obtained during the perioperative period before epidural anesthesia (t1, baseline), at the end of the surgery (t2), and 24 h after the operation (t3). TEG data, reaction time (R), coagulation time (K), angle value (α), and maximum amplitude (MA) were recorded. TEG parameters changed from normal values in all patients. In group RL, R and K times decreased compared to perioperative values while the α angle and MA increased (P < 0.05). In group HES, R and K times increased, however, the α angle and MA decreased (P < 0.05). In group JEL, R time increased (P < 0.05), but K time, α angle and MA did not change significantly. In the present study, RL, 6% HES (130/0.4) and 4% JEL solutions caused changes in the coagulation system of all patients as measured by TEG, but these changes remained within normal limits.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Hemostasis/drug effects , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Thrombelastography , Gelatin/administration & dosage , Hydroxyethyl Starch Derivatives/administration & dosage , Isotonic Solutions/administration & dosage , Random Allocation , Succinates/administration & dosage
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