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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(6): e202303017, dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1517881

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los síndromes de sobrecrecimiento corporal segmentario son un grupo de enfermedades poco frecuentes caracterizadas por exceso de crecimiento en una o más partes del cuerpo relacionadas, en su mayoría, con mutaciones en mosaico en la vía de señalización AKT/PI3K/mTOR y RAS-MAPK. Nuestro objetivo fue analizar las características clínicas y auxológicas, y la calidad de vida relacionada a salud (CVRS) en este grupo de pacientes en un hospital de tercer nivel de atención. Población y métodos. Estudio transversal de una cohorte en seguimiento. Se analizaron edad, sexo, datos sociodemográficos, mediciones antropométricas del segmento afectado y del contralateral, complicaciones, tratamiento, calidad de vida (PedsQL4.0) y dolor. Se calcularon medidas centrales y de dispersión. Se realizó análisis univariado entre calidad de vida y variables incluidas. Resultados. Se incluyeron 50 pacientes, 29 varones. Mediana de edad 9,95 (r 1,44-17,81) años. El diagnóstico más frecuente fue síndrome de sobrecrecimiento relacionado a PIK3CA (PROS) (37/50). Mediana de número de segmentos afectados 2 (r: 1-7) por niño. Cuarenta casos presentaron malformación vascular; 20, capilar. El dolor (24/50) fue la complicación más frecuente. Treinta y un pacientes mostraron asimetría de longitud de miembros inferiores, < 5 cm. La estatura se ubicó entre los centilos 50 y 97 en la mayoría de los niños. Menor CVRS se observó en mujeres, en pacientes con malformación vascular compleja y necesidades básicas insatisfechas (NBI). Conclusiones. PROS fue el diagnóstico más frecuente. El dolor fue una complicación frecuente. La CVRS fue menor en mujeres, pacientes con malformación vascular combinada y NBI.


Introduction. Segmental overgrowth syndromes are a group of rare diseases characterized by overgrowth in one or more parts of the body, mostly related to mosaic mutations in the AKT/PI3K/mTOR and RASMAPK signaling pathway. Our objective was to analyze the clinical and auxological characteristics and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in this group of patients at a tertiary care hospital. Population and methods. Cross-sectional study of a follow-up cohort. Age, sex, sociodemographic data, anthropometric measurements of the affected and contralateral segments, complications, treatment, quality of life (PedsQL 4.0), and pain were analyzed. Central and dispersion measures were estimated. A univariate analysis between the quality of life and study variables was done. Results. A total of 50 patients were included; 29 were males. Median age: 9.95 (r: 1.44­17.81) years. The most common diagnosis was PIK3CA-related overgrowth spectrum (PROS) (37/50). The median number of affected segments was 2 (r: 1­7) per patient. Vascular malformations were observed in 40, and capillary malformations, in 20 patients. Pain was the most common complication (24/50). An asymmetry of the lower extremities of < 5 cm was observed in 31 patients. In most children, height was between the 50th and 97th percentiles. A lower HRQoL was observed among girls, patients with complex vascular malformations, and those with unmet basic needs (UBNs). Conclusions. PROS was the most common diagnosis. Pain was the most common complication. HRQoL was lower among girls, patients with combined vascular malformations, and those with UBNs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Quality of Life , Vascular Malformations , Pain , Syndrome , Signal Transduction , Cross-Sectional Studies , Mutation
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(4): e202202762, ago. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1442949

ABSTRACT

La ictericia colestásica se debe a la alteración de la secreción de bilirrubina conjugada; es una de las posibles causas la alteración del flujo biliar por obstrucción de la vía biliar extrahepática. El linfoma es la tercera neoplasia más frecuente en pediatría, mientras que los tumores pancreáticos son poco frecuentes y, en su mayoría, lesiones benignas. Las manifestaciones clínicas de los tumores de localización retroperitoneal son poco específicas y suelen ser tardías, por lo que la sospecha clínica debe ser alta. El objetivo del siguiente trabajo es presentar el caso de un niño de 7 años con síndrome colestásico en el que se halló un tumor en la cabeza del páncreas que comprimía la vía biliar extrahepática. El diagnóstico del tumor fue linfoma no Hodgkin (LNH). Se destaca la infrecuencia de este tumor en esta localización en la edad pediátrica


Cholestatic jaundice is due to an alteration in conjugated bilirubin secretion; a possible cause is an altered bile flow resulting from an obstruction of the extrahepatic bile duct. A lymphoma is the third most common neoplasm in pediatrics, while pancreatic tumors are rare and mostly benign. The clinical manifestations of retroperitoneal tumors are not very specific and are usually late, so a high level of clinical suspicion is required. The objective of this study is to describe the case of a 7-year-old boy with cholestatic syndrome with a tumor in the head of the pancreas compressing the extrahepatic bile duct. The tumor diagnosis was non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). It is worth noting that the presence of a tumor in this location in pediatric age is uncommon


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/complications , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/diagnosis , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/pathology , Cholestasis/etiology , Jaundice, Obstructive/diagnosis , Jaundice, Obstructive/etiology , Jaundice, Obstructive/pathology , Pancreas , Syndrome , Cholestasis/diagnosis
3.
Univ. salud ; 25(2): A7-A14, mayo-ago. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1510604

ABSTRACT

Introducción:La literatura científica reporta estudios sobre la Ketamina, con alta heterogeneidad en los diseños, poblaciones, desenlaces y especialidades clínicas; sin embargo, no se encontró un documento que consolidara sistemáticamente la evidencia disponible y que oriente decisiones clínicas para el paciente agitado.Objetivo:Analizar la evidencia disponible en revisiones sistemáticas sobre el uso de Ketamina en paciente agitado. Materiales y métodos:Búsqueda sistemática en bases de datos multidisciplinarias. Se garantizó la exhaustividad del protocolo de búsqueda y selección de estudios, reproducibilidad y evaluación de la calidad metodológica según la herramienta Ameasurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews-2.Se realizó síntesis cualitativa de variables extraídas y estimación de proporciones con IC=95%.Resultados:Se tamizaron 134 estudios, 10 cumplieron los criterios del protocolo. Las revisiones sistemáticas incluyeron una población de 26.936 pacientes, la evidencia procede de dos series de caso, 7 estudios observacionales y 9 ensayos clínicos controlados. La Ketamina produce múltiples efectos adversos, algunos mayores a los causados por Midazolam.Conclusión:En algunos subgrupos se presentó alta proporción de efectos adversos respiratorios, neuropsiquiátricos y cardiovasculares, pero sin posibilidades de generalización a otros contextos. Es necesario mejorar la evidencia clínica y epidemiológica para la prescripción de Ketamina en el manejo de la agitación.


Introduction:The scientific literature about Ketamine use shows high heterogeneity in terms of design, populations, outcomes, and clinical specialties. Nevertheless, available evidence systematically consolidated to guide clinical decisions for anxious patients was notfound. Objective:To analyze evidence available in systematic reviews about the use of Ketamine in anxious patients. Materials and methods:Systematic search in multidisciplinary databases. The "A measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews-2" was used to guarantee comprehensiveness of the searching protocol and study selection, reproducibility, and analysis of the methodological quality. A quantitative synthesis of the extracted variables and proportion estimation with a 95% CI were performed. Results:10 out of 134 screened studies met the protocol criteria. The systematic reviews included a population of 26,936 patients and the evidence comes mainly from two case series, 7 observational studies, and 9 controlled clinical trials. Ketamine has multiple adverse effects, some of them more critical than those caused by Midazolam. Conclusion:Some patient subgroups showed a high frequency of adverse effects such as respiratory, neuropsychiatric, and cardiovascular dysfunctions, but it was difficult to generalize them to other contexts. It is necessary to improve clinical and epidemiological evidence in order to prescribe Ketamine to manage anxiety.


Introdução:A literatura científica relata estudos sobre Ketamina, com elevada heterogeneidade nos desenhos, populações, resultados e especialidades clínicas; no entanto, não foi encontrado nenhum documento que consolide sistematicamente as evidências disponíveis e que oriente às decisões clínicas para o paciente agitado. Objetivo:Analisar as evidências disponíveis em revisões sistemáticas sobre o uso da Ketaminaem pacientes agitadose/ou agressivos. Materiais e métodos:Pesquisa sistemática em bases de dados multidisciplinares. A exaustividade do protocolo de pesquisae seleção dos estudos, reprodutibilidade e avaliação da qualidade metodológica foram garantidos com a ferramenta Ameasurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews-2. Foi realizada uma síntese qualitativa das variáveis extraídas e estimativa de proporções com IC=95 %. Resultados:134 estudos foram selecionados, 10 preencheram os critérios do protocolo. As revisões sistemáticas incluíram uma população de 26.936 pacientes,a evidência vem de duas séries de casos, 7 estudos observacionais e 9 ensaios clínicos controlados. A Ketaminaproduz múltiplos efeitos adversos, alguns maiores que os causados pelo Midazolam. Conclusão:Em alguns subgrupos houve alta proporção de efeitos adversos respiratórios, neuropsiquiátricos e cardiovasculares, mas sem possibilidade de generalização para outros contextos. É necessário melhorar as evidências clínicas e epidemiológicas para a prescriçãoda Ketaminano manejo da agitação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Syndrome , Cyclohexanes , Psychomotor Agitation , Ketamine
4.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(3): 568-573, Mayo 8, 2023. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1438592

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los tricobezoares ocurren de forma frecuente en niñas y adolescentes, y se asocian a trastornos psicológicos como depresión, tricotilomanía o tricofagia. Caso clínico. Se presenta una paciente adolescente con síndrome de Rapunzel, con hallazgo adicional de perforación yeyunal debido al tricobezoar. Discusión. Dentro de las complicaciones de los tricobezoares se reporta invaginación intestinal (principalmente de yeyuno), apendicitis, obstrucción biliar, neumonía, pancreatitis secundaria y perforación, esta última como ocurrió en nuestra paciente. Conclusión. En pacientes mujeres adolescentes con dolor abdominal o abdomen agudo, se debe tener en cuenta el diagnóstico de síndrome de Rapunzel, así como sus probables complicaciones


Introduction. Trichobezoars occur frequently in young and adolescent girls, and are associated with psychological disorders such as depression, trichotillomania, or trichophagia. Clinical case. An adolescent patient with Rapunzel syndrome is presented, with an additional finding of jejunal perforation due to the trichobezoar. Discussion. Among the complications of trichobezoars, intussusception is reported (mainly of the jejunum), appendicitis, biliary obstruction, pneumonia, secondary pancreatitis, and perforation, the latter as occurred in our patient. Conclusion. In adolescent female patients with abdominal pain or acute abdomen, the diagnosis of Rapunzel syndrome should be taken into account, as well as its probable complications


Subject(s)
Humans , Trichotillomania , Bezoars , Intestinal Perforation , Syndrome , Abdomen, Acute , Laparotomy
5.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(2): 138-144, March-Apr. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439597

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Malignant Hyperthermia (MH) is an inherited hypermetabolic syndrome triggered by exposure to halogenated anesthetics/succinylcholine. The lack of knowledge regarding this condition might be associated with the rare occurrence of MH reaction and symptoms. Methods This observational study evaluated 68 patients from 48 families with confirmed or suspected MH susceptibility due to medical history of MH reaction or idiopathic increase of creatine kinase or MH-related myopathies. Participants were assessed by a standardized questionnaire and submitted to physical/neurological examination to assess the characteristics of patients with MH, their knowledge about the disease, and the impact suspected MH had on their daily lives. Results Suspected MH impacted the daily life of 50% of patients, creating difficulties in performing surgical/clinical/dental treatment and problems related to their family life/working/practicing sports. The questionnaire on MH revealed a correct answer score of 62.1 ± 20.8 (mean ± standard deviation) on a scale 0 to 100. Abnormal physical/neurological examination findings were detected in 92.6% of susceptible patients. Conclusions Suspected MH had impacted the daily lives of most patients, with patients reporting problems even before MH investigation with IVCT. Patients showed a moderate level of knowledge about MH, suggesting the need to implement continuing education programs. MH susceptible patients require regular follow-up by a health team to detect abnormalities during physical and neurological examination.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anesthetics , Malignant Hyperthermia/diagnosis , Succinylcholine , Syndrome , Disease Susceptibility
6.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 41(1)27 feb 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1425696

ABSTRACT

Objective. This work sought to validate the Spanish version of the scale Healthy Aging Brain-Care Monitor (HABC-M) scale as clinical tool to detect the Post-intensive Care Syndrome. Methods. Psychometric study, conducted in adult intensive care units from two high-complexity university hospitals in Colombia. The sample was integrated by 135 survivors of critical diseases with mean age of 55 years. The translation of the HABC-M was carried out through transcultural adaptation, evaluating content, face, and construct validity and determining the scale's reliability. Results. A replica was obtained of the HABC-M scale in its version into Spanish, semantically and conceptually equivalent to the original version. The construct was determined through confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), evidencing a three-factor model comprised of the subscales: cognitive (6 items), functional (11 items), and psychological (10 items), with a confirmatory factor index (CFI) of 0.99, a Tucker Lewis index (TLI) of 0.98, and an approximate root-mean-square error (RMSE) of 0.073 (90% CI: 0.063 ­ 0.084). Internal consistency was determined through Cronbach's alpha coefficient, obtaining 0.94, (95% CI 0.93 ­ 0.96). Conclusion. The Spanish of the HABC-M scale is a tool with adequate psychometric properties, validated and reliable to detect the Post-intensive Care Syndrome.


Objetivo. Validar la versión en español de la escala Healthy Aging Brain-Care Monitor (HABC-M) como herramienta clínica para la detección del síndrome poscuidado intensivo. Métodos. Estudio psicométrico, el cual se llevó a cabo en unidades de cuidado intensivo adulto de dos hospitales universitarios de alta complejidad en Colombia. La muestra fue integrada por un total de 135 sobrevivientes a enfermedades críticas con edad promedio de 55 años. La traducción del HABC-M se realizó mediante adaptación transcultural, evaluándose la validez de contenido, facial, constructo y determinándose la confiabilidad de la escala. Resultados. Se obtuvo una réplica de la escala HABC-M en su versión al español, semántica y conceptualmente equivalente a la versión original. El constructo se determinó a través de análisis factorial confirmatorio (AFC), evidenciando un modelo de tres factores compuesto por las subescalas: cognitiva (6 ítems), funcional (11 ítems) y psicológica (10 ítems), con un índice de factores confirmatorios (CFI) de 0.99, un índice de Tucker Lewis (TLI) de 0.98 y una raíz cuadrada del error cuadrático medio aproximado (RMSEA) de 0.073 (IC 90 %: 0.063 ­ 0.084). La consistencia interna se determinó mediante el coeficiente alfa de Cronbach, obteniendo e 0.94, (IC 95 % 0.93 ­ 0.96). Conclusión. La versión en español de la escala HABC-M es una herramienta con adecuadas propiedades psicométricas, válida y confiable para la detección del síndrome poscuidado intensivo.


Objetivo. Para validar a versão espanhola da escala Healthy Aging Brain-Care Monitor (HABC-M) como uma ferramenta clínica para a detecção da síndrome do cuidado pós-cuidado. Métodos. Estudo psicométrico, que foi realizado em unidades de terapia intensiva para adultos de dois hospitais universitários de alta complexidade na Colômbia. A amostra consistiu em 135 sobreviventes de doenças críticas. A tradução do HABC-M foi realizada por meio de adaptação transcultural, avaliando o conteúdo, facial e construção de validade e determinando a confiabilidade da escala. Resultados.Uma réplica da escala HABC-M foi obtida em sua versão em espanhol, semântica e conceitualmente equivalente à versão original. A construção foi determinada através da análise fatorial confirmatória, mostrando um modelo de três fatores composto pelas subescalas: cognitiva (6 itens), funcional (11 itens) e psicológica (10 itens), com um índice fator confirmatório (CFI) de 0.99, um índice de Tucker Lewis (TLI) de 0.98 e um erro médio quadrático aproximado da raiz (RMSEA) de 0.073 (90% CI: 0.063 ­ 0.084). A consistência interna foi determinada pelo coeficiente alfa do Cronbach, com de 0.94 (95 % CI 0.93 ­ 0.96). Conclusão. A versão espanhola da escala HABC-M é uma ferramenta com propriedades psicométricas adequadas, válida e confiável para a detecção da síndrome do pós-cuidado intensivo


Subject(s)
Psychometrics , Syndrome , Survivors , Critical Care , Patient Health Questionnaire
7.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(1): e202102482, feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1413257

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de enterocolitis inducido por proteínas de los alimentos (FPIES, por su sigla en inglés) es una reacción alérgica no mediada por inmunoglobulina E (IgE) con síntomas gastrointestinales, como vómitos y diarrea. El diagnóstico se basa en criterios clínicos y en una prueba de provocación para confirmarlo. Es una enfermedad desconocida en las unidades neonatales, debido a la inespecificidad de los síntomas en los recién nacidos. La cifra de metahemoglobina elevada es una opción sencilla de aproximación diagnóstica. Se describe el caso clínico de un recién nacido que ingresa al servicio de urgencias por deshidratación, letargia, vómitos, diarrea y acidosis metabólica grave con elevación de metahemoglobina, con mejora clínica y recuperación total tras el inicio del aporte de fórmula elemental. La sospecha diagnóstica se confirmó tras la prueba de provocación positiva.


Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a non-IgE mediated allergic reaction with gastrointestinal symptoms, such as vomiting and diarrhea. FPIES diagnosis is based on clinical criteria and on a food challenge test. It is an unknown disease in neonatal units due to its nonspecific symptoms in newborn infants. An elevated methemoglobin level is a simple way to approach diagnosis. Here we describe a clinical case of a newborn admitted to the emergency department because of dehydration, lethargy, vomiting, diarrhea, severe metabolic acidosis, and a high methemoglobin level. Clinical improvement and complete recovery was achieved after initiation of elemental formula. The diagnostic suspicion was confirmed after a positive challenge test.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Acidosis/diagnosis , Acidosis/etiology , Enterocolitis/diagnosis , Enterocolitis/etiology , Food Hypersensitivity/complications , Food Hypersensitivity/diagnosis , Syndrome , Vomiting/etiology , Methemoglobin , Dietary Proteins , Diarrhea/etiology
8.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 6(1): 12-17, ene. 30, 2023. graf, ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1413600

ABSTRACT

Presentación del caso. Lactante femenina de 14 meses de edad con desarrollo psicomotor normal, sin comórbidos. Con historia de un día de fiebre de 40 °C, intermitente, acompañada de evacuaciones diarreicas y vómitos. Fue llevada por sus padres a una clínica privada sin notar mejoría con el tratamiento médico indicado. Posteriormente, presentó deterioro clínico y fue llevada a un hospital, donde se diagnosticó un síndrome febril agudo, diarrea con deshidratación leve y faringitis. Al cuarto día de evolución inició con máculas y pápulas que progresaron a vesículas y costras. Además, presentó intolerancia a la vía oral, disnea, distensión abdominal, coma y desequilibrio hidroelectrolítico. Intervención terapéutica. Inició el tratamiento con hidratación parenteral, antivirales, esteroides endovenosos y antihistamínicos; se diagnosticó shock séptico con compromiso respiratorio, se proporcionó ventilación mecánica asistida y fue referida al hospital de tercer nivel para atención por medicina crítica. Los estudios reportaron un derrame pleural derecho del 40 % y hepatomegalia. Continuó el tratamiento con antibiótico terapia, hidratación parenteral, antivirales, diuréticos, antipiréticos y hemoderivados, presentó mejoría, continuó el manejo terapéutico. Evolución clínica. El día 18 presentó fiebre, hepatoesplenomegalia, los exámenes reportaron elevación de ferritina, triglicéridos y citopenia se diagnosticó un síndrome hemofagocítico que evolucionó con una falla multisistémica y falleció al siguiente día


Case presentation. A 14-month-old female infant with normal psychomotor development, without comorbidities. With a one-day history of fever of 40 °C, intermittent, accompanied by diarrhea and vomiting. She was taken by her parents to a private clinic without improvement with the indicated medical treatment. Subsequently, she presented clinical deterioration and was taken to a hospital, where she was diagnosed with acute febrile syndrome, diarrhea with mild dehydration, and pharyngitis. On the fourth day of evolution, she started with macules and papules that progressed to vesicles and crusts. In addition, she presented oral intolerance, dyspnea, abdominal distension, coma, and hydro electrolytic imbalance. Therapeutic intervention. She started treatment with parenteral hydration, antivirals, intravenous steroids, and antihistamines; septic shock with respiratory distress was diagnosed, assisted mechanical ventilation was provided, and she was referred to a tertiary hospital for critical care medicine. Studies reported a 40 % right pleural effusion and hepatomegaly. She continued treatment with antibiotic therapy, parenteral hydration, antivirals, diuretics, antipyretics, and hemoderivatives, presented improvement, and continued therapeutic management. Clinical evolution. On day 18 he presented fever and hepatosplenomegaly. Tests reported elevated ferritin, triglycerides, and cytopenia, and was diagnosed with hemophagocytic syndrome that evolved with multisystemic failure and died the following day


Subject(s)
Syndrome , Chickenpox , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Pleural Effusion , Sepsis , Critical Care , Hepatomegaly
9.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 6(1): 78-85, ene. 30, 2023.
Article in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1413719

ABSTRACT

Como parte de las terapias alternativas para el control de síntomas refractarios en enfermedades avanzadas destaca el uso de cannabidiol. Este se ha estudiado en patologías como enfermedad de Alzheimer, Parkinson y trastornos convulsivos. Los síndromes convulsivos están presentes en todos los grupos etarios. Dentro de este, la epilepsia es refractaria hasta en un 40 % de los pacientes, quienes han demostrado disminución en la frecuencia de convulsiones con el uso concomitante de cannabidiol y antiepilépticos convencionales, con efectos secundarios leves, como diarrea y somnolencia. Con el objetivo de determinar el uso del cannabidiol para el control de síntomas neurológicos refractarios en pacientes con síndromes convulsivos y enfermedades neurodegenerativas, se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en Pubmed, Scopus y Embase. Se incluyeron metaanálisis, artículos originales, revisiones sistemáticas y bibliográficas, y documentos de la Organización Panamericana de la Salud, publicados entre 2017 y 2022. Los efectos del cannabidiol lo convierten en una alternativa, adicional a la terapéutica convencional, para el control de síntomas en trastornos neurológicos, disminuyendo de forma sostenida el número total de episodios con un perfil de seguridad aceptable. Existe limitada información respecto al uso de cannabidiol en enfermedades neurodegenerativas, por lo que no se ha evidenciado su efectividad


As part of the alternative therapies for the control of refractory symptoms in advanced diseases, the use of cannabidiol stands out. It has been studied in pathologies such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and convulsive disorders. Convulsive syndromes are present in all age groups. Within this group, epilepsy is refractory in up to 40 % of patients, who have shown a decrease in the frequency of seizures with the concomitant use of cannabidiol and conventional antiepileptics, with mild side effects such as diarrhea and drowsiness. To determine the use of cannabidiol for the control of refractory neurological symptoms in patients with seizure syndromes and neurodegenerative diseases, a literature search was performed in PubMed, Scopus, and Embase. Meta-analyses, original articles, systematic and literature reviews, and documents from the Pan American Health Organization, published between 2017 and 2022, were included. The effects of cannabidiol make it an alternative, in addition to conventional therapeutics, for symptom control in neurological disorders, sustainably decreasing the total number of episodes with an acceptable safety profile. There is limited information regarding the use of cannabidiol in neurodegenerative diseases, the reason its effectiveness has not been demonstrated.


Subject(s)
Seizures , Syndrome , Cannabidiol , Neurodegenerative Diseases , Anticonvulsants , Nervous System Diseases
10.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 82: e0014, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1431666

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT A 12-year-old boy with Donnai-Barrow syndrome diagnosed intra-uterus presented esotropia, high myopia, nystagmus, and optic disk staphyloma in an ophthalmologic examination. The patient had associated Fanconi syndrome and sensorineural hearing loss as well as facial manifestations as hypertelorism, downward slanting of palpebral fissures and low ear implantation. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed agenesis of the corpus callosum. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case associated with esotropia, nystagmus, and optic disk staphyloma.


RESUMO Paciente do sexo masculino, 12 anos, com diagnóstico intrauterino de síndrome de Donnai-Barrow, apresentava ao exame oftalmológico esotropia, alta miopia, nistagmo e estafiloma de disco óptico. Associado ao quadro, apresentava síndrome de Falconi e perda auditiva neurossensorial, além de alterações faciais, como hipertelorismo, inclinação inferior das fissuras palpebrais e implantação baixa das orelhas. Ressonância magnética revelou agenesia de corpo caloso. Ao nosso conhecimento, este é o primeiro caso relatado associando esotropia, nistagmo e estafiloma de disco óptico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Abnormalities, Multiple , Optic Nerve Diseases/physiopathology , Esotropia/physiopathology , Nystagmus, Pathologic/physiopathology , Myopia/physiopathology , Renal Tubular Transport, Inborn Errors , Syndrome , Acidosis, Renal Tubular , Retinal Detachment , Cryptorchidism , Fanconi Syndrome/physiopathology , Agenesis of Corpus Callosum/physiopathology , Hernias, Diaphragmatic, Congenital , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Hypertelorism/physiopathology
11.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1442410

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar sinais e sintomas experienciados por mulheres com síndrome autoimune induzida por adjuvantes (ASIA) devido ao uso de prótese mamária e os tratamentos realizados. Método: Estudo de campo de abordagem qualitativa realizado por meio de entrevistas online utilizan-do-se a técnica bola de neve. Incluíram-se 13 participantes. Resultados: A partir da análise dos dados, foram elencadas quatro categorias: conhecimento acerca da síndrome; sinais e sintomas; tratamento; e cuidados e implicações de Enfermagem. Identificaram-se mais de 120 sinais e sintomas, e o explante foi mencionado como tratamento definitivo por todas as entrevistadas. Os sinais e sintomas apresentados pelas participantes vão ao encontro do que é descrito pela literatura. Conclusão: Antes da descoberta da doença, as participantes realizaram tratamento com foco no alívio dos sintomas. Após o diag-nóstico, todas as mulheres procederam com o explante


Objective: To identify signs and symptoms experienced by women with autoimmune/inflammatory syndrome induced by adjuvants (ASIA) due to the use of breast implants and the treatments performed. Method: Field study with a qualitative approach carried out through online interviews using the snowball technique. 13 participants were included. Results: Based on data analysis, four categories were listed: knowledge about the syndrome; signs and symptoms; treatment; and nursing care and implications. Over 120 signs and symptoms were identified, and the explant was mentioned as a defi-nitive treatment by all interviewees. The signs and symptoms presented by the participants are in line with what is described in the literature. Conclusion:Before discovering the disease, the participants underwent treatment focused on symptom relief. After diagnosis, all women proceeded with the explant.Keywords: Autoimmune diseases. Prothesis implantation. Breast implantation. Silicones. Perioperative nursing


Objetivo: Identificar los signos y síntomas experimentados por mujeres con síndrome autoinmune inducido por adyuvantes (ASIA) debido al uso de implantes mamarios y los tratamientos realizados. Método: Estudio de campo con enfoque cualitativo realizado a través de entrevistas en línea utilizando la técnica de bola de nieve. Se incluyeron 13 participantes. Resultados: Con base en el análisis de los datos, se enumeraron cuatro categorías: conocimiento sobre el síndrome; signos y síntomas; tratamiento; y cuidados e implicaciones de enfermería. Se identificaron más de 120 signos y sínto-mas, y todos los entrevistados mencionaron el explante como tratamiento definitivo. Los signos y síntomas presentados por los participantes están en línea con lo descrito en la literatura. Conclusión: Antes de descubrir la enfermedad, los participantes realizaban un tratamiento enfocado en el alivio de los síntomas. Después del diagnóstico, todas las mujeres procedieron al explante


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Autoimmune Diseases/etiology , Adjuvants, Immunologic/adverse effects , Breast Implants/adverse effects , Syndrome , Interviews as Topic , Qualitative Research
12.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1523940

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de fricción escapulotorácica, resalto o chasquido escapular es un cuadro poco frecuente, descrito, por primera vez, por Boinet, en 1867. Se produce por una incongruencia en la articulación escapulotorácica, asociada a múltiples causas, como bursitis, exostosis, masas óseas, tejidos fibrótico o muscular anómalos, consolidación defectuosa de fracturas o variaciones de la anatomía costal o escapular. El propósito de este artículo es comunicar un caso clínico de una adolescente con dolor incapacitante y deformidad en la región escapular derecha, de más de cuatro años de evolución. Los estudios diagnósticos revelaron una masa ósea única subescapular sugestiva de un osteocondroma de gran tamaño, más de 2,5 cm x 4 cm x 4 cm. También, se presenta una revisión y actualización de la bibliografía sobre el diagnóstico y el tratamiento actual de esta enfermedad. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Snapping scapula syndrome is a rare pathology first described by Boinet in 1867. Its pathogenesis is caused by an incongruency in the thoracic scapular joint, associated with multiple causes including bursitis, exostosis, bone mass, fibrotic tissue or muscular abnormalities, defective consolidation of fractures or anatomical rib or scapular fractures. The purpose of this article is to present a clinical case of an adolescent with incapacitating clinical pain in the right scapular region, as well as a deformity at this level that had evolved for more than 4 years, and which, when diagnostic tests were performed, revealed a subscapular bone mass suggestive of a single large osteochondroma measuring more than 2.5 cm x 4 cm x 4 cm.. A review and update of the literature on the diagnosis and current treatment of this pathology is made. Level of Evidence: III


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Pain , Scapula , Shoulder Joint , Syndrome , Osteochondroma , Thoracic Wall
13.
Gastroenterol. latinoam ; 34(2): 66-69, 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1524724

ABSTRACT

Chronic diarrhea is a frequent cause of consultation in daily clinical practice. There are multiple diagnostic algorithms that allow a staggered approach to the most frequent pathologies, leaving out some lesser-known ones. This article reports the case of a 66-year-old female patient with a history of arterial hypertension, dyslipidemia and resected AB thymoma and a history of chronic diarrhea of 8 weeks of evolution. The etiological study ruled out infectious causes, celiac disease and negative viral serology. Due to a history of thymoma, immunoglobulin count was performed, showing severe pan-hypogammaglobulinemia. Good's Syndrome is the combination of thymoma and hypogammaglobulinemia, where patients may present with diarrhea secondary to immunodeficiency. Hypogammaglobulinemia associated with the presence of a thymoma is a rare cause but widely described in the literature as Good's Syndrome. Therefore, it seems relevant to describe a case, its approach and subsequent management.


La diarrea crónica constituye una causa frecuente de consulta en la práctica clínica diaria. Existen múltiples algoritmos diagnósticos que permiten realizar un abordaje escalonado de las patologías más frecuentes y permiten descartar algunas menos conocidas. En el presente artículo se reporta el caso de una paciente de género femenino de 66 años, antecedentes de hipertensión arterial, dislipidemia y timoma AB resecado con historia de diarrea crónica de 8 semanas de evolución. Dentro del estudio etiológico se descartan las causas infecciosas, enfermedad celíaca y serologías virales negativas. Por antecedente de timoma, se realizó recuento de inmunoglobulinas, evidenciando una severa pan-hipogammaglobulinemia. El Síndrome de Good es la combinación de timoma e hipogammaglobulinemia, donde los pacientes podrían presentar diarreas secundarias a inmunodeficiencia. La hipogammaglobulinemia asociada a la presencia de un timoma es una causa poco frecuente pero ampliamente descrita en la literatura como Síndrome de Good. Por lo antes señalado, nos parece relevante describir un caso, su abordaje y manejo posterior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Thymoma/complications , Diarrhea/etiology , Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes/etiology , Syndrome , Thymoma/diagnosis , Agammaglobulinemia/etiology , Agammaglobulinemia/therapy , Gastrointestinal Diseases/etiology , Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes/therapy
14.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e252071, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1440790

ABSTRACT

Este artigo analisou a percepção e os sentimentos de casais sobre o atendimento recebido nos serviços de saúde acessados em função de perda gestacional (óbito fetal ante e intraparto). O convite para a pesquisa foi divulgado em mídias sociais (Instagram e Facebook). Dos 66 casais que contataram a equipe, 12 participaram do estudo, cuja coleta de dados ocorreu em 2018. Os casais responderam conjuntamente a uma ficha de dados sociodemográficos e uma entrevista semiestruturada, realizada presencialmente (n=4) ou por videochamada (n=8). Os dados foram gravados em áudio e posteriormente transcritos. A Análise Temática indutiva das entrevistas identificou cinco temas: sentimento de impotência, iatrogenia vivida nos serviços, falta de cuidado em saúde mental, não reconhecimento da perda como evento com consequências emocionais negativas, e características do bom atendimento. Os achados demonstraram situações de violência, comunicação deficitária, desvalorização das perdas precoces, falta de suporte para contato com o bebê falecido e rotinas pouco humanizadas, especialmente durante a internação após a perda. Para aprimorar a assistência às famílias enlutadas, sugere-se qualificação profissional, ampliação da visibilidade do tema entre diferentes atores e reorganização dos serviços, considerando uma diretriz clínica para atenção ao luto perinatal, com destaque para o fortalecimento da inserção de equipes de saúde mental no contexto hospitalar.(AU)


This study analyzed couples' perceptions and feelings about pregnancy loss care (ante and intrapartum fetal death). A research invitation was published on social media (Instagram and Facebook) and data collection took place in 2018. Of the 66 couples who contacted the research team, 12 participated in the study by filling a sociodemographic questionnaire and answering a semi-structured interview in person (n=04) or by video call (n=08). All interviews were audio recorded, transcribed, and examined by Inductive Thematic Analysis, which identified five themes: feelings of impotence, iatrogenic experiences in health services, lack of mental health care, not recognizing pregnancy loss as an emotionally overwhelming event, and aspects of good healthcare. Analysis showed experiences of violence, poor communication, devaluation of early losses, lack of support for contact with the deceased baby, and dehumanizing routines, especially during hospitalization after loss. Professional qualification, extended pregnancy loss visibility among different stakeholders, and reorganization of health services are needed to improve the care offered to grieving families, considering a clinical guideline for perinatal grief care with emphasis on strengthening the insertion of mental health teams in the hospital context.(AU)


Este estudio analizó las percepciones y sentimientos de parejas sobre la atención recibida en los servicios de salud a los que accedieron debido a la pérdida del embarazo (muerte fetal ante e intraparto). La invitación al estudio se publicó en las redes sociales (Instagram y Facebook). De las 66 parejas que se contactaron con el equipo, 12 participaron en el estudio, cuya recolección de datos se realizó en 2018. Las parejas respondieron un formulario de datos sociodemográficos y realizaron una entrevista semiestructurada presencialmente (n=4) o por videollamada (n=08). Los datos se grabaron en audio para su posterior transcripción. El análisis temático inductivo identificó cinco temas: Sentimiento de impotencia, experiencias iatrogénicas en los servicios, falta de atención a la salud mental, falta de reconocimiento de la pérdida como un evento con consecuencias emocionales negativas y características de buena atención. Los hallazgos evidenciaron situaciones de violencia, comunicación deficiente, desvalorización de las pérdidas tempranas, falta de apoyo para el contacto con el bebé fallecido y rutinas poco humanizadas, especialmente durante la hospitalización tras la pérdida. Para mejorar la atención a las familias en duelo, se sugiere capacitación profesional, ampliación de la visibilidad del tema entre los diferentes actores y reorganización de los servicios, teniendo en cuenta una guía clínica para la atención del duelo perinatal, enfocada en fortalecer la inserción de los equipos de salud mental en el contexto hospitalario.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Middle Aged , Child Health Services , Mental Health , Humanization of Assistance , Fetal Death , Pain , Parents , Pediatrics , Perinatology , Placenta Diseases , Prejudice , Prenatal Care , Psychology , Psychology, Medical , Public Policy , Quality of Health Care , Reproduction , Syndrome , Congenital Abnormalities , Torture , Uterine Contraction , Birth Injuries , Maternity Allocation , Labor, Obstetric , Trial of Labor , Adaptation, Psychological , Abortion, Spontaneous , Child Care , Maternal-Child Nursing , Refusal to Treat , Women's Health , Patient Satisfaction , Parenting , Parental Leave , Health Care Quality, Access, and Evaluation , Privacy , Depression, Postpartum , Credentialing , Affect , Crying , Curettage , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted , Access to Information , Ethics, Clinical , Humanizing Delivery , Abortion, Threatened , Denial, Psychological , Prenatal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena , Parturition , Labor Pain , Premature Birth , Prenatal Injuries , Fetal Mortality , Abruptio Placentae , Violence Against Women , Abortion , User Embracement , Ethics, Professional , Stillbirth , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Nuchal Cord , Resilience, Psychological , Reproductive Physiological Phenomena , Fear , Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications , Fertility , Fetal Diseases , Prescription Drug Misuse , Hope , Prenatal Education , Courage , Psychological Trauma , Professionalism , Psychosocial Support Systems , Frustration , Sadness , Respect , Psychological Distress , Obstetric Violence , Family Support , Obstetricians , Guilt , Health Services Accessibility , Hospitals, Maternity , Obstetric Labor Complications , Labor, Induced , Anger , Loneliness , Love , Midwifery , Mothers , Nursing Care
15.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e244244, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448957

ABSTRACT

Com os avanços tecnológicos e o aprimoramento da prática médica via ultrassonografia, já é possível detectar possíveis problemas no feto desde a gestação. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a prática do psicólogo no contexto de gestações que envolvem riscos fetais. Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo sob formato de relato de experiência como psicólogo residente no Serviço de Medicina Fetal da Maternidade Escola da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Os registros, feitos por observação participante e diário de campo, foram analisados em dois eixos temáticos: 1) intervenções psicológicas no trabalho em equipe em consulta de pré-natal, exame de ultrassonografia e procedimento de amniocentese; e 2) intervenções psicológicas em casos de bebês incompatíveis com a vida. Os resultados indicaram que o psicólogo nesse serviço é essencial para atuar de forma multiprofissional na assistência pré-natal para gravidezes de alto risco fetal. Ademais, a preceptoria do residente é relevante para sua formação e treinamento para atuação profissional no campo da psicologia perinatal.(AU)


Face to the technological advances and the improvement of medical practice via ultrasound, it is already possible to detect possible problems in the fetus since pregnancy. The objective of this study was to analyze the psychologist's practice in the context of pregnancies which involve fetal risks. It is a qualitative study based on an experience report as a psychologist trainee at the Fetal Medicine Service of the Maternity School of UFRJ. The records, based on the participant observation and field diary, were analyzed in two thematic axes: 1) psychological interventions in the teamwork in the prenatal attendance, ultrasound examination and amniocentesis procedure; and 2) psychological interventions in cases of babies incompatible to the life. The results indicated that the psychologist in this service is essential to work in a multidisciplinary way at the prenatal care for high fetal risk pregnancies. Furthermore, the resident's preceptorship is relevant to their education and training for professional performance in the field of Perinatal Psychology.(AU)


Con los avances tecnológicos y la mejora de la práctica médica a través de la ecografía, ya se puede detectar posibles problemas en el feto desde el embarazo. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la práctica del psicólogo en el contexto de embarazos de riesgos fetal. Es un estudio cualitativo basado en un relato de experiencia como residente de psicología en el Servicio de Medicina Fetal de la Escuela de Maternidad de la Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Los registros, realizados en la observación participante y el diario de campo, se analizaron en dos ejes temáticos: 1) intervenciones psicológicas en el trabajo en equipo, en la consulta prenatal, ecografía y los procedimientos de amniocentesis; y 2) intervenciones psicológicas en casos de bebés incompatibles con la vida. Los resultados señalaron como fundamental la presencia del psicólogo en este servicio trabajando de forma multidisciplinar en la atención prenatal en el contexto de embarazos de alto riesgo fetal. Además, la tutela del residente es relevante para su educación y formación para el desempeño profesional en el campo de la Psicología Perinatal.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Prenatal Care , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Psychosocial Intervention , Heart Defects, Congenital , Anxiety , Orientation , Pain , Parent-Child Relations , Parents , Paternity , Patient Care Team , Patients , Pediatrics , Placenta , Placentation , Pregnancy Complications , Pregnancy Maintenance , Prognosis , Psychoanalytic Theory , Psychology , Puerperal Disorders , Quality of Life , Radiation , Religion , Reproduction , Reproductive and Urinary Physiological Phenomena , General Surgery , Syndrome , Congenital Abnormalities , Temperance , Therapeutics , Urogenital System , Bioethics , Physicians' Offices , Infant, Premature , Labor, Obstetric , Pregnancy , Pregnancy, Animal , Pregnancy Outcome , Adaptation, Psychological , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Echocardiography , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Family , Abortion, Spontaneous , Child Rearing , Child Welfare , Mental Health , Family Health , Survival Rate , Life Expectancy , Cause of Death , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Chromosome Mapping , Parental Leave , Mental Competency , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive , Down Syndrome , Perinatal Care , Comprehensive Health Care , Chemical Compounds , Depression, Postpartum , Neurobehavioral Manifestations , Disabled Children , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Gravidity , Crisis Intervention , Affect , Cytogenetic Analysis , Spirituality , Complicity , Value of Life , Humanizing Delivery , Death , Decision Making , Defense Mechanisms , Abortion, Threatened , Delivery of Health Care , Dementia , Uncertainty , Organogenesis , Qualitative Research , Pregnant Women , Early Diagnosis , Premature Birth , Nuchal Translucency Measurement , Child Mortality , Depression , Depressive Disorder , Postpartum Period , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Techniques, Obstetrical and Gynecological , Ethanol , Ego , Emotions , Empathy , Environment , Humanization of Assistance , User Embracement , Ethics, Professional , Cell Nucleus Shape , Prenatal Nutrition , Cervical Length Measurement , Family Conflict , Family Therapy , Resilience, Psychological , Reproductive Physiological Phenomena , Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications , Gestational Sac , Brief, Resolved, Unexplained Event , Fetal Death , Embryonic and Fetal Development , Multimodal Imaging , Mortality, Premature , Clinical Decision-Making , Pediatric Emergency Medicine , Child, Foster , Freedom , Burnout, Psychological , Birth Setting , Frustration , Sadness , Respect , Psychological Distress , Genetics , Psychological Well-Being , Obstetricians , Guilt , Happiness , Health Occupations , Hospitalization , Hospitals, Maternity , Hospitals, University , Human Development , Human Rights , Imagination , Infections , Infertility , Anencephaly , Jurisprudence , Obstetric Labor Complications , Licensure , Life Change Events , Life Support Care , Loneliness , Love , Medical Staff, Hospital , Intellectual Disability , Morals , Mothers , Narcissism , Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities , Neonatology , Nervous System Malformations , Object Attachment
17.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 705-710, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985978

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the misdiagnosis of area postrema syndrome (APS) manifesting as intractable nausea, vomiting and hiccups in neuromyelitis optic spectrum disease (NMOSD) and reduce the risk of misdiagnosis. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data from NMOSD patients attending the Department of Neurology at the First Medical Center of PLA General Hospital between January 2019 and July 2021. SPSS25.0 was then used to analyze the manifestations, misdiagnosis, and mistreatment of APS. Results: A total of 207 patients with NMOSD were included, including 21 males and 186 females. The mean age of onset was 39±15 years (range: 5-72 years). The proportion of patients who were positive for serum aquaporin 4 antibody was 82.6% (171/207). In total, 35.7% (74/207) of the NMOSD patients experienced APS during the disease course; of these patients, 70.3% (52/74) had APS as the first symptom and 29.7% (22/74) had APS as a secondary symptom. The misdiagnosis rates for these conditions were 90.4% (47/52) and 50.0% (11/22), respectively. As the first symptom, 19.2% (10/52) of patients during APS presented only with intractable nausea, vomiting and hiccups; 80.8% (42/52) of patients experienced other neurological symptoms. The Departments of Gastroenterology and General Medicine were the departments that most frequently made the first diagnosis of APS, accounting for 54.1% and 17.6% of patients, respectively. The most common misdiagnoses related to diseases of the digestive system and the median duration of misdiagnosis was 37 days. Conclusions: APS is a common symptom of NMOSD and is associated with a high rate of misdiagnosis. Other concomitant symptoms often occur with APS. Gaining an increased awareness of this disease/syndrome, obtaining a detailed patient history, and performing physical examinations are essential if we are to reduce and avoid misdiagnosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Neuromyelitis Optica/diagnosis , Area Postrema , Retrospective Studies , Hiccup/complications , Vomiting/etiology , Nausea/etiology , Inflammation , Syndrome , Autoantibodies , Diagnostic Errors , Aquaporin 4
18.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 526-531, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985956

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association between triiodothyronine (T3) and inflammatory factors, and its potential effect on long-term outcomes in hospitalized patients with heart failure (HF). Methods: A total of 2 475 patients with HF admitted in Heart Failure Care Unit were consecutively enrolled in this retrospective cohort study from December 2006 to June 2018. Patients were divided into low T3 syndrome group (n=610, 24.6%) and normal thyroid function group (n=1 865, 75.4%). The median follow-up time was 2.9 (1.0, 5.0) years. A total of 1 048 all-cause deaths were recorded at the final follow-up. The effects of free T3 (FT3) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) on the risk of all-cause death were evaluated by Cox regression analysis and Kaplan-Meier analysis. Results: The age of the total population was 19-95 (57±16) years, 1 823 cases (73.7%) were male. Compared to those with normal thyroid function, albumin [(36.5±5.4) vs. (40.7±4.7) g/L], hemoglobin [(129.4±25.1) vs. (140.6±20.6) g/L], total cholesterol [3.6 (3.0, 4.4) vs. 4.2 (3.5, 4.9) mmol/L] (all P<0.001) were lower, Whereas age [(60.5±16.0) vs. (55.2±15.4) years], creatinine [105.0 (83.6, 137.0) vs. 87.8 (75.6, 106.3) mmol/L], log N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide [(8.2±1.3) vs. (7.2±1.4) ng/L] were higher in LT3S patients (all P<0.001). In Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, patients with lower FT3 and higher hsCRP had significantly lower cumulative survival (P<0.001), lower FT3 combined with higher hsCRP subgroup had the highest risk of all-cause death (Ptrend<0.001). In multivariate Cox regression analysis, LT3S was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality (HR=1.40, 95%CI 1.16-1.69, P<0.001). Conclusion: LT3S is an independent predictor of poor prognosis in patients with heart failure. FT3 combined with hsCRP improve the predictive value of all-cause death in hospitalized patients with heart failure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , C-Reactive Protein , Retrospective Studies , Heart Failure , Prognosis , Triiodothyronine , Syndrome
19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 845-850, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985571

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a dynamic syndromic surveillance system in the border areas of Yunnan Province based on information technology, evaluate its effectiveness and timeliness in the response to common communicable disease epidemics and improve the communicable disease prevention and control in border areas. Methods: Three border counties were selected for full coverage as study areas, and dynamic surveillance for 14 symptoms and 6 syndromes were conducted in medical institutions, the daily collection of information about students' school absence in primary schools and febrile illness in inbound people at border ports were conducted in these counties from January 2016 to February 2018 to establish an early warning system based on mobile phone and computer platform for a field experimental study. Results: With syndromes of rash, influenza-like illness and the numbers of primary school absence, the most common communicable disease events, such as hand foot and mouth disease, influenza and chickenpox, can be identified 1-5 days in advance by using EARS-3C and Kulldorff time-space scanning models with high sensitivity and specificity. The system is easy to use with strong security and feasibility. All the information and the warning alerts are released in the form of interactive charts and visual maps, which can facilitate the timely response. Conclusions: This system is highly effective and easy to operate in the detection of possible outbreaks of common communicable diseases in border areas in real time, so the timely and effective intervention can be conducted to reduce the risk of local and cross-border communicable disease outbreaks. It has practical application value.


Subject(s)
Humans , Influenza, Human , Sentinel Surveillance , Syndrome , China , Cell Phone
20.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 639-644, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980773

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy on lumbar muscle strain with cold and dampness between the different operation sequences of acupuncture and cupping therapy.@*METHODS@#Seventy-six patients with lumbar muscle strain with cold and dampness were randomly divided into an acupuncture + cupping group (A + C group, 38 cases) and a cupping + acupuncture group (C + A group, 38 cases, 1 case dropped off). In the A + C group, cupping therapy was delivered 10 min after the end of treatment with acupuncture, while in the C + A group, acupuncture therapy was exerted 10 min after the end of treatment with cupping. Acupuncture was applied to Mingmen (GV 4), Yaoyangguan (GV 3), ashi point and bilateral Shenshu (BL 23), Dachangshu (BL 25), Weizhong (BL 40) and Yanglingquan (GB 34), and the needles were retained for 30 min in each intervention. Flash cupping was operated along the bilateral sides of the lumbar spine for 3 min, and the cups were retained for 10 min at bilateral Shenshu (BL 23), Dachangshu (BL 25) and ashi points. The intervention was delivered once every two days, 3 times weekly, for 3 weeks totally in each group. The scores of visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI), TCM syndrome score and the mean temperature of the lumbar region before and after treatment were compared between the two groups. The safety and the clinical efficacy were assessed for the interventions of the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the values before treatment, except for the sleep score of ODI, the VAS scores, ODI scores and TCM syndrome scores were decreased after treatment (P<0.01, P<0.05); while the mean temperature of the lumbar region was increased (P<0.01) in both groups. After treatment, the VAS score and the pain score of ODI in the C + A group were lower than those in the A + C group (P<0.05). The incidence rate of adverse reactions of the C + A group was lower than that of the A + C group (P<0.01). The effective rate in the A+C group was 92.1% (35/38), that in the C+A group was 94.6%(35/37), there was no statistical difference between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Different operation sequences between acupuncture and cupping therapy obtain the similar efficacy on lumbar muscle strain with cold and dampness, but cupping therapy delivered prior to acupuncture has certain advantages in relieving pain and improving safety.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cupping Therapy , Acupuncture Therapy , Cold Temperature , Pain , Syndrome , Muscles
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