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1.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 6(1): 12-17, ene. 30, 2023. graf, ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1413600

ABSTRACT

Presentación del caso. Lactante femenina de 14 meses de edad con desarrollo psicomotor normal, sin comórbidos. Con historia de un día de fiebre de 40 °C, intermitente, acompañada de evacuaciones diarreicas y vómitos. Fue llevada por sus padres a una clínica privada sin notar mejoría con el tratamiento médico indicado. Posteriormente, presentó deterioro clínico y fue llevada a un hospital, donde se diagnosticó un síndrome febril agudo, diarrea con deshidratación leve y faringitis. Al cuarto día de evolución inició con máculas y pápulas que progresaron a vesículas y costras. Además, presentó intolerancia a la vía oral, disnea, distensión abdominal, coma y desequilibrio hidroelectrolítico. Intervención terapéutica. Inició el tratamiento con hidratación parenteral, antivirales, esteroides endovenosos y antihistamínicos; se diagnosticó shock séptico con compromiso respiratorio, se proporcionó ventilación mecánica asistida y fue referida al hospital de tercer nivel para atención por medicina crítica. Los estudios reportaron un derrame pleural derecho del 40 % y hepatomegalia. Continuó el tratamiento con antibiótico terapia, hidratación parenteral, antivirales, diuréticos, antipiréticos y hemoderivados, presentó mejoría, continuó el manejo terapéutico. Evolución clínica. El día 18 presentó fiebre, hepatoesplenomegalia, los exámenes reportaron elevación de ferritina, triglicéridos y citopenia se diagnosticó un síndrome hemofagocítico que evolucionó con una falla multisistémica y falleció al siguiente día


Case presentation. A 14-month-old female infant with normal psychomotor development, without comorbidities. With a one-day history of fever of 40 °C, intermittent, accompanied by diarrhea and vomiting. She was taken by her parents to a private clinic without improvement with the indicated medical treatment. Subsequently, she presented clinical deterioration and was taken to a hospital, where she was diagnosed with acute febrile syndrome, diarrhea with mild dehydration, and pharyngitis. On the fourth day of evolution, she started with macules and papules that progressed to vesicles and crusts. In addition, she presented oral intolerance, dyspnea, abdominal distension, coma, and hydro electrolytic imbalance. Therapeutic intervention. She started treatment with parenteral hydration, antivirals, intravenous steroids, and antihistamines; septic shock with respiratory distress was diagnosed, assisted mechanical ventilation was provided, and she was referred to a tertiary hospital for critical care medicine. Studies reported a 40 % right pleural effusion and hepatomegaly. She continued treatment with antibiotic therapy, parenteral hydration, antivirals, diuretics, antipyretics, and hemoderivatives, presented improvement, and continued therapeutic management. Clinical evolution. On day 18 he presented fever and hepatosplenomegaly. Tests reported elevated ferritin, triglycerides, and cytopenia, and was diagnosed with hemophagocytic syndrome that evolved with multisystemic failure and died the following day


Subject(s)
Syndrome , Chickenpox , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Pleural Effusion , Sepsis , Critical Care , Hepatomegaly
2.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 6(1): 78-85, ene. 30, 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1413719

ABSTRACT

Como parte de las terapias alternativas para el control de síntomas refractarios en enfermedades avanzadas destaca el uso de cannabidiol. Este se ha estudiado en patologías como enfermedad de Alzheimer, Parkinson y trastornos convulsivos. Los síndromes convulsivos están presentes en todos los grupos etarios. Dentro de este, la epilepsia es refractaria hasta en un 40 % de los pacientes, quienes han demostrado disminución en la frecuencia de convulsiones con el uso concomitante de cannabidiol y antiepilépticos convencionales, con efectos secundarios leves, como diarrea y somnolencia. Con el objetivo de determinar el uso del cannabidiol para el control de síntomas neurológicos refractarios en pacientes con síndromes convulsivos y enfermedades neurodegenerativas, se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en Pubmed, Scopus y Embase. Se incluyeron metaanálisis, artículos originales, revisiones sistemáticas y bibliográficas, y documentos de la Organización Panamericana de la Salud, publicados entre 2017 y 2022. Los efectos del cannabidiol lo convierten en una alternativa, adicional a la terapéutica convencional, para el control de síntomas en trastornos neurológicos, disminuyendo de forma sostenida el número total de episodios con un perfil de seguridad aceptable. Existe limitada información respecto al uso de cannabidiol en enfermedades neurodegenerativas, por lo que no se ha evidenciado su efectividad


As part of the alternative therapies for the control of refractory symptoms in advanced diseases, the use of cannabidiol stands out. It has been studied in pathologies such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and convulsive disorders. Convulsive syndromes are present in all age groups. Within this group, epilepsy is refractory in up to 40 % of patients, who have shown a decrease in the frequency of seizures with the concomitant use of cannabidiol and conventional antiepileptics, with mild side effects such as diarrhea and drowsiness. To determine the use of cannabidiol for the control of refractory neurological symptoms in patients with seizure syndromes and neurodegenerative diseases, a literature search was performed in PubMed, Scopus, and Embase. Meta-analyses, original articles, systematic and literature reviews, and documents from the Pan American Health Organization, published between 2017 and 2022, were included. The effects of cannabidiol make it an alternative, in addition to conventional therapeutics, for symptom control in neurological disorders, sustainably decreasing the total number of episodes with an acceptable safety profile. There is limited information regarding the use of cannabidiol in neurodegenerative diseases, the reason its effectiveness has not been demonstrated.


Subject(s)
Seizures , Syndrome , Cannabidiol , Neurodegenerative Diseases , Anticonvulsants , Nervous System Diseases
3.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-7, 01/jan./2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411338

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: avaliar a prevalência do risco da Síndrome da Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono e seus fatores associados em idosos da comunidade atendidos em uma academia-escola universitária. Métodos: trata-se de estudo epidemiológico transversal, realizado com idosos participantes do Projeto da Terceira Idade da Universidade de Rio Verde, realizado entre abril e maio de 2019. A coleta de dados foi executada por meio da aplicação de questionário composto por avaliação sociodemográfica, antropométrica, das condições prévias de saúde, de autopercepção de saúde, de sonolência diurna excessiva, da qualidade do sono, além da avaliação de risco para desenvolver Síndrome da Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono. Resultados: entre os 75 indivíduos analisados, 50,7% apresentaram risco de Síndrome da Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono. Obesidade (p=0,001), aumento da circunferência de pescoço (p=0,004), baixo nível socioeconômico (p=0,034), baixa qualidade do sono (p=0,007) e sonolência diurna excessiva (p=0,006) apresentaram associação estatisticamente significativa com o diagnóstico da Síndrome da Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono. Conclusão: a maior parte dos indivíduos avaliados apresentou algum grau da Síndrome da Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono. Sugere-se que aqueles idosos que apresentaram algum dos fatores associados a esta condição possam passar por avaliação específica, como a polissonografia, e a criação de medidas para que a promoção da reduçã o de peso seja imediatamente instituída a fim de minimizar os riscos, a piora da síndrome bem como suas possíveis complicações.


Objectives: to evaluate the prevalence of the risk of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome and its associated factors in elderly individuals from the community who attended a University School Academy. Methods: This is a cross-sectional epidemiological study carried out with elderly participants of the Third Age Project at the University of Rio Verde, conducted between April and May 2019. Data collection was performed through the application of a questionnaire composed of sociodemographic, anthropometric assessment, previous health conditions, self-perception of health, excessive daytime sleepiness, and sleep quality, in addition to risk assessment for developing Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome. Results: among the 75 individuals analyzed, 50.7% were at risk for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome. Obesity (p=0.001), increased neck circumference (p=0.004), low socioeconomic status (p=0.034), poor sleep quality (p=0.007), and excessive daytime sleepiness (p=0.006) were statistically associated with the diagnosis of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome. Conclusion: most of the evaluated individuals presented some degree of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome, it is suggested that those elderly individuals who presented any of the factors associated with this condition may undergo specific evaluation, such as polysomnography, and the creation of measures for weight reduction promotion is immediately instituted in order to minimize the risks, the worsening of the syndrome as well as its possible complications.


Subject(s)
Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Sleep , Social Class , Syndrome , World Health Organization , Aged , Weight Loss , Diagnosis , Sleep Quality
4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1403141

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las infecciones representan la etiología más frecuente del síndrome febril prolongado (SFP). Si bien las fiebres entéricas constituyen una causa posible, en Uruguay su prevalencia ha disminuido significativamente con la mejora de las condiciones socio sanitarias. Objetivo: Comunicar el caso de un adolescente con una etiología actualmente excepcional de SFP. Caso clínico 14 años, sano, zona suburbana. Comienza 2 semanas previo al ingreso con dolor en hemiabdomen superior. Agrega cefalea holocraneana leve y vómitos ocasionales. 5 días previos al ingreso fiebre 40°C axilar, un pico diario, sin otra sintomatología. Tránsito digestivo bajo y urinario normal. Examen físico: lúcido, buen aspecto general, abdomen doloroso a la palpación profunda en epigastrio. Sin irritación peritoneal. Resto normal. Analítica: Leucocitos 5200mm3, Proteína C reactiva 71.4mg/dL, hemocultivo sin desarrollo. Ecografía abdominal, radiografía de tórax y ecocardiograma normales. Serologías para Virus Epstein Barr, Citomegalovirus, y Bartonella henselae negativas. Orina normal, urocultivo sin desarrollo. Persiste con fiebre, agrega exantema macropapular evanescente en tronco, sin otros síntomas. Al 7° día de internación nuevo hemocultivo: Salmonella Typhi sensible a ampicilina que recibe por 14 días. Buena evolución. Discusión: La fiebre tifoidea es una enfermedad infectocontagiosa, aguda, potencialmente mortal. Las condiciones socioeconómicas son determinantes en su transmisión. La sensibilidad del hemocultivo es mayor durante la primera semana de enfermedad, por lo que en ocasiones es necesario reiterarlo. Sus manifestaciones clínicas inespecíficas y la baja incidencia hacen que esta etiología no sea habitualmente sospechada en nuestro medio. Por tanto, es importante aumentar el índice de sospecha y considerar entre los diagnósticos diferenciales de SFP esta etiología.


Introduction: Infections are the most frequent etiology of prolonged febrile illness (PFI). Although enteric fevers are a possible cause, their prevalence has significantly diminished in Uruguay, due to improved socio-sanitary conditions. Objective: To communicate the case of an adolescent with a currently exceptional etiology of PFI. Clinical case: 14 years old, healthy, suburban area. Two days prior to admission the patient has pain in upper hemi abdomen. Adds mild holocranial headache and occasional vomiting. 5 days prior to admission axilary temperature of 40°C, one daily peak, without other symptoms. Normal lower digestive and urinary transit. Physical examination: lucid, good general aspect, pain at deep palpation in epigastrium. No peritoneal irritation. Rest is normal. Laboratory: leukocytes 5200 mm3, C-reactive protein 71.4mg/dL, blood culture shows no growth. Abdominal sonogram, thoracic X-ray and echocardiogram are normal. Negative serology for Epstein Barr Virus, Cytomegalovirus and Bartonella henselae. Normal urine, urine culture with no growth. Fever persists, adds evanescent macropapular exanthema in on the trunk, without other symptoms. On the 7th day in hospital a new blood culture shows Salmonella Typhi sensitive to ampicillin, which he receives for 14 days. Good evolution. Discussion: Typhoid fever is an acute, life-threatening, infectious disease. Socioeconomic conditions are determinant in its transmission. Blood culture sensitivity is greater during the first week of the disease, that is why it must occasionally be repeated. Its unspecific clinical manifestations and low incidence make this etiology not be usually suspected in our surroundings. It is therefore important to increase our suspicion and to consider it amongst differential diagnosis in PFI.


Introdução: As infecções representam a etiologia mais frequente da síndrome febril prolongada (SFP). Embora as febres entéricas sejam uma causa possível, no Uruguai sua prevalência diminuiu significativamente com a melhoria das condições sociossanitárias. Objetivo: Relatar o caso de um adolescente com etiologia atualmente excepcional de SFP. Caso clínico 14 anos, saudável, zona suburbana. Começa 2 semanas antes da admissão com dor no abdome superior. Adiciona dor de cabeça holocraniana leve e vômitos ocasionais. 5 dias antes da admissão febre 40°C axilar, pico diário, sem outros sintomas. Trânsito digestivo inferior e trânsito urinário normais. Exame físico: lúcido, bom aspecto geral, abdome doloroso à palpação profunda no epigástrio. Sem irritação peritoneal. Resto normal. Análise: Leucócitos 5200mm3, proteína C reativa 71,4mg/dL, hemocultura sem desenvolvimento. Ultrassonografia abdominal, radiografia de tórax e ecocardiograma foram normais. As sorologias para vírus Epstein Barr, Citomegalovírus e Bartonella henselae foram negativas. Urina normal, urocultura sem desenvolvimento. Persiste com febre, acrescenta erupção macropapular evanescente no tronco, sem outros sintomas. No 7º dia de internação, nova hemocultura: Salmonella Typhi sensível à ampicilina, que recebeu por 14 dias. Boa evolução. Discussão: A febre tifóide é uma doença infecciosa aguda, potencialmente fatal. As condições socioeconômicas são decisivas na sua transmissão. A sensibilidade da hemocultura é maior durante a primeira semana da doença, por isso às vezes é necessário repeti-la. Suas manifestações clínicas inespecíficas e baixa incidência fazem com que essa etiologia não seja usualmente suspeitada em nosso meio. Portanto, é importante aumentar o índice de suspeição e considerar essa etiologia entre os diagnósticos diferenciais da SFP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Typhoid Fever/diagnosis , Fever of Unknown Origin/etiology , Syndrome , Typhoid Fever/drug therapy , Amoxicillin/administration & dosage , Ampicillin/administration & dosage , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage
5.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 93(2): e310, dic. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1383656

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el síndrome del incisivo central maxilar medio único (SMMCI) es un trastorno de etiología desconocida, con base genética heterogénea, que se caracteriza por la erupción de un único incisivo central en el maxilar y que se puede relacionar con multitud de patologías y síndromes, entre los que destacan las alteraciones de la línea media, obstrucción nasal congénita, disfunción hipofisaria, talla baja y holoprosencefalia. Caso clínico: neonato mujer con síndrome dismórfico no filiado y obstrucción nasal congénita, que es diagnosticada de SMMCI tras consultar en repetidas ocasiones por cuadros de dificultad respiratoria y problemas para alimentarse. Conclusiones: el conocimiento de este raro síndrome es fundamental para la realización de un diagnóstico precoz por parte del equipo pediátrico y obstétrico, ya que un diagnóstico temprano es posible, mejorando la evaluación prenatal ecográfica, así como el adecuado manejo posnatal multidisciplinar posterior de nuestros pacientes.


Introduction: the Solitary Median Maxillary Central Incisor Syndrome (SMMCI) is a disorder of unknown etiology, with a heterogeneous genetic basis, characterized by the eruption of a single central incisor in the maxilla and that can be linked to various pathologies and syndromes, among which the alterations of the midline, congenital nasal obstruction, pituitary dysfunction, short stature and holoprosencephaly stand out. Clinical case: female newborns with unknown dysmorphic syndrome and congenital nasal obstruction, diagnosed with SMMCI after repeated consultations due to respiratory distress and feeding problems. Conclusions: understanding this rare syndrome is essential for an early diagnosis to be carried out by the pediatric and obstetric team, since it will improve the ultrasound prenatal assessment, as well as the adequate subsequent multidisciplinary postnatal patient management procedures.


Introdução: a síndrome do incisivo central maxilar médio solitário (SICMMS) é uma desordem de etiologia desconhecida, com base genética heterogênea, caracterizada pela erupção de um único incisivo central na maxila e que pode estar relacionada a uma infinidade de patologias e síndromes. onde se destacam alterações da linha média, obstrução nasal congênita, disfunção hipofisária, baixa estatura e holoprosencefalia. Caso clínico: recém-nascida com síndrome dismórfica de origem desconhecida e obstrução nasal congênita, diagnosticada com SICMSS após várias consultas por desconforto respiratório e problemas de alimentação. Conclusões: o conhecimento desta rara síndrome é essencial para que a equipe pediátrica e obstétrica possa fazer um diagnóstico precoce, pois ele pode melhorar a avaliação ultrassonográfica pré-natal, bem como o adequado manejo pós-natal multidisciplinar pós-natal dos pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Abnormalities, Multiple/diagnostic imaging , Nasal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Constriction, Pathologic/diagnostic imaging , Syndrome , Abnormalities, Multiple/pathology , Nasal Obstruction/surgery , Holoprosencephaly/diagnostic imaging , Incisor/abnormalities , Anodontia/complications
6.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 782-793, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399466

ABSTRACT

O Transtorno de Déficit de atenção e Hiperatividade (TDAH) é um transtorno de origem hereditária que acomete entre 3 a 5% das crianças em todo o mundo, causando nelas problemas de aprendizagem e socialização, o transtorno também pode continuar se manifestando na idade adulta, causando além dos sintomas já citados problemas nos relacionamentos. A Musicoterapia é uma das terapias integrativas e complementares reconhecidas pelo Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) brasileiro para ser aplicada na atenção básica, assim esse trabalho teve como objetivo estudar o tema do TDAH e como a Musicoterapia pode ser empregada nessa síndrome. Não foram muitos os trabalhos encontrados na literatura descrevendo práticas da Musicoterapia em pacientes com TDAH, porém os estudos publicados têm mostrado que ela possui resultados positivos na melhoria de vida e bem-estar desses pacientes, principalmente com o emprego de técnicas da Musicoterapia ativa.


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a disorder of hereditary origin that affects between 3 and 5% of children worldwide, causing them learning and socialization problems, the disorder can also continue to manifest in adulthood, causing in addition to the symptoms already mentioned problems in relationships. Music Therapy is one of the integrative and complementary therapies recognized by the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS) to be applied in primary care, in order to understand this issue this work aimed to study the theme of ADHD and how Music Therapy can be used in this syndrome. Few studies could been found in the literature describing Music Therapy practices in ADHD patients however, published studies have shown that it has positive results in improving the lives and well-being of these patients, mainly with the use of active Music Therapy techniques.


El Trastorno por Déficit de Atención e Hiperactividad (TDAH) es un trastorno de origen hereditario que afecta a entre el 3 y el 5% de los niños de todo el mundo, provocando en ellos problemas de aprendizaje y socialización, el trastorno también puede seguir manifestándose en la edad adulta, provocando además de los síntomas ya mencionados problemas en las relaciones. La musicoterapia es una de las terapias integradoras y complementarias reconocidas por el Sistema Único de Salud (SUS) brasileño para ser aplicada en la atención básica, por lo que este trabajo tuvo como objetivo estudiar el tema del TDAH y cómo la musicoterapia puede ser utilizada en este síndrome. No se han encontrado muchos trabajos en la literatura que describan las prácticas de Musicoterapia en pacientes con TDAH, sin embargo, los estudios publicados han demostrado que tiene resultados positivos en la mejora de la vida y el bienestar de estos pacientes, principalmente con el uso de técnicas de Musicoterapia activa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/therapy , Complementary Therapies/education , Music Therapy/education , Socialization , Syndrome , Learning , Music
7.
Educ. med. super ; 36(3): e3074, jul.-set. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1404562

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El COVID-19 es una enfermedad vírica que ha generado gran afectación en la salud de la población global. Varios estudios han demostrado que después de dos o tres meses de la infección por coronavirus los pacientes continúan refiriendo sintomatología: la fatiga, la disnea y el dolor de cabeza son los más frecuentes. Objetivo: Exponer información relevante de carácter científico sobre el síndrome pos-COVID. Desarrollo: Se hizo una revisión de la literatura entre noviembre de 2019 y febrero de 2021, que comprendió las fases de planeación, diseño y gestión, análisis, elaboración y formalización. Se realizó la búsqueda estratégica mediante ScienceDirect, PubMed/Medline, NusrginsOvid, SciELO y Google Académico, a través de la combinación de los operadores OR, AND y NOT. Se consideraron textos completos, en español, inglés y portugués, entre 2019 y 2021. Después de realizada la selección y revisión profunda se obtuvieron 38 artículos que cumplieron con el objetivo planeado, los cuales fueron sometidos a la metodología PRISMA. Conclusiones: Existe un síndrome pos-COVID, el cual se relaciona de forma directa con un proceso de inflamación multisistémico, lo que evidencia síntomas en pacientes después de tres meses de culminado el proceso infeccioso. Entre estos, la fatiga, la disnea y el dolor de cabeza resultan los más frecuentes; además de consecuencias cardíacas, psicológicas y neurobiológicas(AU)


Introduction: COVID-19 is a viral disease that has caused great affectation in the health of the global population. Several studies have shown that two to three months after coronavirus infection patients continue to report symptoms, fatigue, dyspnea and headache being the most frequent. Objective: To present relevant scientific information on post-COVID-19 syndrome. Development: A literature review was conducted between November 2020 and February 2021, consisting of the phases of planning, design and management, analysis, elaboration and formalization. The strategic search was carried out using ScienceDirect, PubMed/Medline, NusrginsOvid, SciELO and Google Scholar, through the combination of the Boolean operators OR, AND and NOT. Full texts were considered, in Spanish, English and Portuguese, from 2019 to 2021. After the selection and an in-depth review, 38 articles were obtained that met the set objective, which were processed with the PRISMA methodology. Conclusions: There is a post-COVID-19 syndrome, directly related to a multisystem inflammatory process, which shows symptoms in patients three months after the end of the infectious process. Among these, fatigue, dyspnea and headache are the most frequent, in addition to cardiac, psychological and neurobiological consequences(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Syndrome , Central Nervous System , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Impacts of Polution on Health , COVID-19/complications , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Mental Health , Mast Cell Activation Syndrome/etiology
8.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 82(3): 343-345, sept. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409944

ABSTRACT

Resumen El síndrome de mal de desembarque es un cuadro clínico de mareo y oscilaciones corporales persistente, descrito siglos atrás cuando los marineros llegaban a tierra después de navegar. Actualmente, se sabe que este cuadro clínico ocurre también al bajarse de cualquier medio de transporte, ya sea marítimo, aéreo o terrestre. Cuando el cuadro clínico tiene una duración de tres o más días, se denomina mal de desembarque persistente, y se asocia a cefalea y mayores niveles de ansiedad y síntomas depresivos. A continuación, presentamos el cuadro clínico de un paciente que consultó por mareo persistente posterior a un paseo en bote en el mar. Se discute diagnóstico y manejo terapéutico.


Abstract Mal de Debarquement is a clinical syndrome characterized by persistent self-motion dizziness and increased oscillatory body sway, that was described centuries ago after sailors landed in port. Nowadays, it is known that mal de debarquement could appear after any travel in a motion vehicle, including airplanes, ships and cars. When the duration of the symptoms lasts longer than three days, a persistent mal de debarquement is diagnosed, and it is associated with headache and higher levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms. Here, we present a clinical case of a persistent mal de debarquement that attended to the Otolaryngology clinics at the Clinical Hospital of the University of Chile after a boat trip in the sea. We discuss diagnosis and clinical management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Vertigo/etiology , Vertigo/therapy , Motion Sickness/etiology , Motion Sickness/therapy , Cognitive Dysfunction/etiology , Cognitive Dysfunction/therapy , Syndrome
9.
Rev. med. vet. zoot ; 69(2): 121-128, mayo-ago. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1395015

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La información sobre la presentación y los factores predisponentes del síndrome de úlcera gástrica en mulas (SUGM) es escasa en comparación con el síndrome de úlcera gástrica en equinos (SUGE) y asnales. Debido a la naturaleza multifactorial de este síndrome, la helicobacteriosis ha sido estudiada en otras especies. El objetivo de este trabajo fue establecer la presencia de Helicobacter spp. en mucosa gástrica de mulas a través de la prueba rápida de la ureasa (PRU) y de análisis histopatológico. Menos del 27% de las muestras reaccionaron a la PRU, con tiempos prolongados de reacción, y al Agar Urea (prueba de oro), con menor porcentaje de positividad. La histopatología reveló procesos inflamatorios crónicos, sin presencia de bacterias curvoespiraladas. Las PRU no fueron conclusivas en la determinación de Helicobacter spp., comportamiento similar reportado en equinos. Se requieren exámenes diagnósticos más específicos y procedimientos complementarios orientados a explorar por regiones del estómago en la consideración del número de muestras representativas.


ABSTRACT Information on the presentation and predisposing factors of Mule Gastric Ulcer Syndrome (MGUS) is scarce, compared to Equine Gastric Ulcer Syndrome (EGUS) and donkeys. Within the multifactorial nature of this syndrome, helicobacteriosis has been studied in other species. The objective of this work was to establish the presence of Helicobacter spp. in gastric mucosa of mules, through the rapid urease test (RUT) and histopathological analysis. Less than 27% of the samples reacted to RUTs, with prolonged reaction times, and Urea Agar (gold test), with a lower percentage of positivity. Histopathology revealed chronic inflammatory processes, without the presence of curved-spiral bacteria. The RUTs were not conclusive in the determination of Helicobacter spp., a similar behavior reported in horses. More specific diagnostic tests and complementary procedures are required to explore the regions of the stomach in consideration of the number of representative samples.


Subject(s)
Stomach Ulcer , Ulcer , Urease , Helicobacter , Equidae , Horses , Syndrome , Bacteria , Gastric Mucosa , Methods
10.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 5(2): 92-97, jul. 22, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1379899

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Sagliker es el conjunto de alteraciones craneofaciales y esqueléticas producidas por la elevación de la hormona paratiroidea y la alteración en el metabolismo del calcio, secundarios a la insuficiencia renal crónica. Consiste en una osteodistrosfia renal que se manifiesta como apariencia desfigurada del rostro, entre las más comunes, la protrusión del maxilar y de la mandíbula, la hiperplasia de los tejidos blandos del paladar, la pérdida de la anatomía nasal, la deformidad dental y de los dedos y una estatura baja. Este síndrome fue descrito por Sagliker et al. en 2004. Se ha reportado una incidencia del 0,5 % de los pacientes que se encuentran en hemodiálisis y se presenta con mayor frecuencia en el sexo femenino entre los 18 y los 39 años de. En este caso se presenta el manejo y tratamiento de un paciente con tumor pardo de maxilar con síndrome de Sagliker que acude al servicio de cirugía oral y maxilofacial del Hospital Nacional Rosales de El Salvador


Sagliker syndrome is the set of craniofacial and skeletal alterations produced by elevated parathyroid hormone and altered calcium metabolism, secondary to chronic renal failure. It consists of a renal osteodystrophy that manifests itself as a disfigured appearance of the face, among the most common, the protrusion of the maxilla and mandible, hyperplasia of the soft tissues of the palate, loss of nasal anatomy, dental deformity and fingers and short stature. This syndrome was described by Sagliker et al. in 2004. An incidence of 0.5% of patients on hemodialysis has been reported and it occurs more frequently in females between 18 and 39 years of age. In this case, the management and treatment of a patient with a brown maxillary tumor with Sagliker syndrome who attends the oral and maxillofacial surgery service of the Rosales National Hospital in El Salvador.


Subject(s)
Palate , Syndrome , Congenital Abnormalities , Craniofacial Abnormalities , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Mandible , Maxilla , Neoplasms
11.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 5(2): 112-117, jul. 22, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1379956

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de insensibilidad a los andrógenos (SIA), conocido también como un síndrome de feminización testicular, incluye un grupo variado de mutaciones que se relacionan con la disfunción de los receptores de andrógenos y la resistencia de los tejidos diana a la acción de las hormonas masculinas. Es causado por alteraciones genéticas localizadas en la secuencia de codificación de los receptores de andrógenos ligada al cromosoma Xq11 - 12, el gen que codifica al receptor de los andrógenos, de un individuo genéticamente masculino (46 XY). Las formas clínicas moderada, parcial o completa, dependen del grado de insensibilidad androgénica. Los avances en las causas genéticas han permitido que estas condiciones congénitas de desarrollo del sexo cromosómico, gonadal o anatómico atípico sean denominados trastornos de diferenciación sexual


Androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS), also known as testicular feminization syndrome, includes a diverse group of mutations that are related to androgen receptor dysfunction and resistance of target tissues to the action of hormones masculine. It is caused by localized genetic alterations in the androgen receptor coding sequence linked to chromosome Xq11-12, the gene encoding the androgen receptor, of a genetically male (46 XY) individual. Moderate, partial, or complete clinical forms depend on the degree of androgen insensitivity. Advances in genetic causes have allowed these congenital conditions of atypical chromosomal, gonadal, or anatomical sex development to be called disorders of sexual differentiation


Subject(s)
Androgen-Insensitivity Syndrome , Androgens , Disorders of Sex Development , Syndrome , Chromosomes , El Salvador , Hormones
12.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(2): 187-189, Apr.-June 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394417

ABSTRACT

Introduction: McKittrick-Wheelock syndrome is a rare condition that arises from a hypersecretory state secondary to large colorectal tumors, mainly villous adenomas, leading to an electrolytic disorder associated with chronic diarrhea that usually persists for years. It is a relatively unknown disease that can lead to severe complications such as acute kidney injury, severe hyponatremia, and hypokalemia. In fact, it causes death in most untreated cases. Surgical removal of the tumor is the most successful treatment, and symptoms tend to disappear after proper management. Case Report: A 62-year-old man with a 2-year history of mucoid diarrhea preceded by abdominal pain presented with acute kidney injury, hyponatremia, and hypokalemia. A digital rectal examination and sigmoidoscopy were performed, and revealed a large laterally-spreading tumor in the rectum. Further investigation showed a rectal tubulovillous adenoma with secondary McKittrick-Wheelock syndrome. An anterior resection of the rectum with a colonic J-pouch and a diverting ileostomy were performed, and the patient improved with the resolution of the renal failure and electrolyte disturbances. The histopathological analysis revealed an invasive rectal adenocarcinoma. Discussion: McKittrick-Wheelock syndrome is a condition with a low incidence that needs early intervention and proper diagnosis. It is of extreme importance that this disease is included in the differential diagnoses for chronic diarrhea associated with an electrolytic disorder. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Rectal Neoplasms/complications , Water-Electrolyte Imbalance/etiology , Adenocarcinoma/complications , Diarrhea/etiology , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Syndrome
13.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(2): 135-145, maio-ago. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372966

ABSTRACT

A meningite bacteriana é uma inflamação das leptomeninges que envolvem o Sistema Nervoso Central. Essa patologia, que possui diversos agentes etiológicos, apresenta-se na forma de síndrome, com quadro clínico grave. Entre as principais bactérias que causam a meningite, estão a Neisseria meningitis e Streptococcus pneumoniae. A transmissão ocorre através das vias aéreas por meio de gotículas, sendo a corrente sanguínea a principal rota para as bactérias chegarem à barreira hematoencefálica e, a partir dessa, até as meninges. Atualmente existem vários métodos de diagnóstico precisos, onde a cultura de líquido cefalorraquidiano (LCR) é o método padrão ouro. Ademais, a melhora na qualidade do tratamento com beta-lactâmicos e a maior possibilidade de prevenção, devido à elevação do número e da eficácia de vacinas, vem contribuindo para redução dos casos da doença e de sua gravidade. Porém, apesar desses avanços, ainda há um elevado número de mortalidades e sequelas causadas por essa síndrome.


Bacterial meningitis is an inflammation of the leptomeninges that surround the Central Nervous System. This pathology, which has several etiological agents, is presented as a syndrome with a severe clinical scenario. The main bacteria causing meningitis include Neisseria meningitis and Streptococcus pneumoniae. It can be transmitted by droplets through the airways, with the bacteria using the bloodstream as the main route to reach the blood-brain barrier, and from there to the meninges. There are currently several accurate diagnostic methods, with CSF culture being the gold standard. In addition, the improvement in the quality of beta-lactam treatment and the greater possibility of prevention due to the increased number and effectiveness of vaccines have contributed to reducing the number of cases and severity of the disease. Nevertheless, despite these advances, this syndrome still presents a high number of mortalities and sequelae.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Child, Preschool , Child , Aged , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Meningitis, Bacterial/diagnosis , Meningitis, Bacterial/therapy , Streptococcus pneumoniae/pathogenicity , Syndrome , Bacteria/classification , Meningitis, Bacterial/drug therapy , beta-Lactams/therapeutic use , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Gram-Positive Bacteria , Meningitis, Pneumococcal/drug therapy , Neisseria/pathogenicity
14.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 37(2): 237-241, Jan.-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394956

ABSTRACT

Abstract Vein thrombosis of unusual sites such as the splanchnic region continues to be not only a diagnostic but also a therapeutic challenge for the clinician due to its manifestation and associated pathologies. Latent JAK2 (Janus kinase 2) positive myeloproliferative neoplasm associated with sticky platelet syndrome is unusual. We present a clinical case of a 38-year-old female patient who presented with sudden onset abdominal pain of a possible vascular origin. Splanchnic thrombosis was diagnosed in latent myeloproliferative neoplasm by identifying the JAK2V617F mutation and sticky platelet syndrome via platelet aggregometry. Off-label anticoagulation with rivaroxaban 20 mg/day was administered. During her outpatient follow-up, she did not suffer any new thrombotic episodes.


Resumen La trombosis venosa de sitios inusuales como la esplácnica continúa siendo un reto no solo diagnóstico sino también terapéutico para el clínico debido a su forma de presentación y las patologías asociadas. La neoplasia mieloproliferativa latente JAK2 (cinasa de Janus 2) positiva asociada con síndrome de plaqueta pegajosa es inusual. Se presenta un caso clínico de una paciente de 38 años de edad que debutó con dolor abdominal de inicio súbito que sugirió un posible origen vascular. Se diagnosticó trombosis esplácnica en relación con neoplasia mieloproliferativa latente por la identificación de la mutación de la JAK2V617F y síndrome de plaqueta pegajosa mediante agregometría plaquetaria. Se administró de manera off-label anticoagulación con rivaroxabán 20 mg/día. Durante su seguimiento ambulatorio no ha presentado nuevos episodios trombóticos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Blood Platelets , Venous Thrombosis , Neoplasms , Splanchnic Circulation , Syndrome , Myelodysplastic Syndromes
15.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 60(2): 188-200, abr. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367410

ABSTRACT

El síndrome aórtico agudo incluye un grupo de patologías graves de la aorta, con una mortalidad hasta del 90% en los primeros 40 días tras el inicio de los síntomas. Según la localización de la lesión el tratamiento puede ser médico o quirúrgico, el cual ha demostrado mejorar el pronóstico de estos pacientes tanto a corto como a largo plazo. El diagnóstico oportuno es esencial para incrementar la supervivencia y disminuir la tasa de complicaciones relacionadas; no obstante, debido a la baja incidencia y presentación clínica en ocasiones inespecífica, l diagnóstico puede retrasarse u obviarse, ocasionando consecuencias catastróficas para los pacientes. Este artículo se centrará en el abordaje diagnóstico del síndrome aórtico agudo tipo A, además de ofrecer una breve revisión respecto al tratamiento médico y quirúrgico de estas patologías.


Acute aortic syndrome includes a group of serious aortic pathologies, with a mortality rate of up to 90% in the first 40 days after the onset of symptoms. Depending on the location of the lesion, the treatment will be medical or surgical which has been shown to improve the prognosis of these patients both in the short- and long-term. Timey diagnosis is essential to increase survival and decrease the rate of related complications; however, due to the low incidence and sometimes non-specific clinical picture, the diagnosis can be delayed or missed, leading to catastrophic consequences for the patients. This article will focus on the diagnostic approach of type A acute aortic syndrome, in addition to offering a brief review regarding the medical and surgical treatment of these pathologies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Diseases/diagnosis , Aortic Diseases/therapy , Syndrome , Acute Disease , Aneurysm, Dissecting/diagnostic imaging
16.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(1): 13-21, Jan-Abr. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362662

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desse artigo é relatar os resultados de um programa de exercícios para indivíduos adultos com deficiências cognitivas e transtornos, utilizando diferentes exergames como ferramentas pedagógicas. A intervenção foi realizada com a participação de 26 indivíduos adultos com deficiências cognitivas e transtornos com idades entre 25 e 59 anos. A pesquisa de abordagem qualitativa, de cunho exploratória, a qual foram utilizados a entrevista semiestruturada e o diário de campo como instrumentos de pesquisa. Para interação com os exergames, foram utilizados os consoles Xbox 360 com Kinect, Xbox One com Kinect e Nintendo Wii U. As intervenções foram realizadas no Exergame Lab Brazil, na Escola Superior de Educação Física da UFPel, por um período de duas horas, uma vez por semana, totalizando 25 encontros. A utilização de Exergames tem grande potencial, tanto nos aspectos relacionados à viabilidade, por ser uma tecnologia de baixo custo e de fácil implementação, quanto nos resultados esperados. O Just Dance e o Kinect Sports foram os games que mais contribuíram nesta pesquisa. Os participantes da pesquisa ganharam independência e socialização, bem como melhoraram as habilidades específicas em cada game. Além disso, a possibilidade de utilização dos Exergames em casa também poderá auxiliar pais e responsáveis a melhorar aspectos da vida diária de adultos com deficiências cognitivas e transtornos.


The purpose of this article is to report the results of an exercise program for adults with cognitive disabilities and disorders using different exergames as pedagogical tools. The intervention was carried out with the participation of 26 individuals with cognitive disabilities and disorders aged between 25 and 59 years old. The exploratory, qualitative research used a semi-structured interview and a field diary as research instruments. The Xbox 360 with Kinect, Xbox One with Kinect and Nintendo Wii U consoles were used for the interactions with the exergames. The interventions were carried out at Exergame Lab Brazil, at the Physical Education School at UFPel, for a period of two hours, once a week, totaling 25 meetings. The use of Exergames presents great potential, both in relation to feasibility, since it is a low-cost, easy-to-implement technology, and in terms of expected results. Just Dance and Kinect Sports were the games that contributed most to this research. Research participants gained independence and socialization, as well as the improvement of specific skills in each game. In addition, the possibility of using Exergames at home can also help parents and guardians to improve aspects of the daily life of adults with cognitive disabilities and disorders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Cognitive Dysfunction/therapy , Digital Inclusion , Health Promotion , Socialization , Syndrome , Teaching , Behavior , Exercise , Early Intervention, Educational , Video Games , Exercise Therapy/education , Virtual Reality , Mental Disorders/therapy
17.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 39(1): 95-99, feb. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388339

ABSTRACT

Resumen El parvovirus B19 es causante de una variedad de enfermedades exantemáticas durante la infancia y adolescencia, como el eritema infeccioso y el síndrome papular purpúrico en guante y calcetín. Este último es una acrodermatitis aguda, inusual y benigna, que puede asociarse a aftas orales, fiebre y otros síntomas constitucionales. Existen casos atípicos como la púrpura febril en otras localizaciones, sin cumplir la distribución característica en guante y calcetín de forma simétrica o con un mayor componente de eritrodermia. Presentamos el caso de una adolescente de 12 años con un síndrome papular purpúrico de distribución atípica por parvovirus B19.


Abstract Parvovirus B19 is the cause of a variety of exanthematous diseases during childhood and adolescence, such as erythema infectiosum and papular purpuric gloves and socks syndrome. This is an unusual, benign and acute acrodermatitis. Aphtous stomatitis, fever and other systemic symptoms can be associated with the eruption of the purpuric rash. Uncommon patterns such as asymmetrical distribution or erythematous involvement llave recently been described as additional features of PVB19-associated purpuric petechial eruption. This is a case report of a 12-year-old female with an atypical involvement of a papular-purpuric syndrome caused by human parvovirus B19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Purpura/etiology , Parvovirus B19, Human , Erythema Infectiosum/complications , Erythema Infectiosum/diagnosis , Foot Dermatoses/complications , Syndrome
18.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 87(1): 77-80, feb. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388713

ABSTRACT

Resumen El síndrome de obstrucción congénita de vías áreas superiores (CHAOS) es una condición que se caracteriza por la existencia de una obstrucción en las vías áreas altas en el feto, la cual puede ser parcial o completa. Comúnmente es una situación incompatible con la vida, por lo que su diagnóstico prenatal es importante considerando el pronóstico y los diferentes manejos prenatales y posnatales que existen. Presentamos un caso de CHAOS diagnosticado en la semana 21, con una breve revisión de la literatura sobre su diagnóstico, pronóstico y alternativas terapéuticas.


Abstract Congenital high airway obstruction syndrome (CHAOS) is a condition characterized by the existence of an obstruction of the fetal upper airways, which may be partial or complete. It is commonly incompatible with life, so its prenatal diagnosis is important due to the prognosis and the recently described pre and postnatal management options. We present a case of CHAOS in a pregnancy of 21 weeks with a brief review of the current literature about its diagnosis, prognosis and therapeutic alternatives.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Airway Obstruction/congenital , Airway Obstruction/diagnosis , Larynx/abnormalities , Syndrome , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Perinatal Death
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