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1.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 91-98, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009114

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of chitosan (CS) hydrogel loaded with tendon-derived stem cells (TDSCs; hereinafter referred to as TDSCs/CS hydrogel) on tendon-to-bone healing after rotator cuff repair in rabbits.@*METHODS@#TDSCs were isolated from the rotator cuff tissue of 3 adult New Zealand white rabbits by Henderson step-by-step enzymatic digestion method and identified by multidirectional differentiation and flow cytometry. The 3rd generation TDSCs were encapsulated in CS to construct TDSCs/CS hydrogel. The cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8) assay was used to detect the proliferation of TDSCs in the hydrogel after 1-5 days of culture in vitro, and cell compatibility of TDSCs/CS hydrogel was evaluated by using TDSCs alone as control. Another 36 adult New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups ( n=12): rotator cuff repair group (control group), rotator cuff repair+CS hydrogel injection group (CS group), and rotator cuff repair+TDSCs/CS hydrogel injection group (TDSCs/CS group). After establishing the rotator cuff repair models, the corresponding hydrogel was injected into the tendon-to-bone interface in the CS group and TDSCs/CS group, and no other treatment was performed in the control group. The general condition of the animals was observed after operation. At 4 and 8 weeks, real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) was used to detect the relative expressions of tendon forming related genes (tenomodulin, scleraxis), chondrogenesis related genes (aggrecan, sex determining region Y-related high mobility group-box gene 9), and osteogenesis related genes (alkaline phosphatase, Runt-related transcription factor 2) at the tendon-to-bone interface. At 8 weeks, HE and Masson staining were used to observe the histological changes, and the biomechanical test was used to evaluate the ultimate load and the failure site of the repaired rotator cuff to evaluate the tendon-to-bone healing and biomechanical properties.@*RESULTS@#CCK-8 assay showed that the CS hydrogel could promote the proliferation of TDSCs ( P<0.05). qPCR results showed that the expressions of tendon-to-bone interface related genes were significantly higher in the TDSCs/CS group than in the CS group and control group at 4 and 8 weeks after operation ( P<0.05). Moreover, the expressions of tendon-to-bone interface related genes at 8 weeks after operation were significantly higher than those at 4 weeks after operation in the TDSCs/CS group ( P<0.05). Histological staining showed the clear cartilage tissue and dense and orderly collagen formation at the tendon-to-bone interface in the TDSCs/CS group. The results of semi-quantitative analysis showed that compared with the control group, the number of cells, the proportion of collagen fiber orientation, and the histological score in the TDSCs/CS group increased, the vascularity decreased, showing significant differences ( P<0.05); compared with the CS group, the proportion of collagen fiber orientation and the histological score in the TDSCs/CS group significantly increased ( P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in the number of cells and vascularity ( P>0.05). All samples in biomechanical testing failed at the repair site during the testing process. The ultimate load of the TDSCs/CS group was significantly higher than that of the control group ( P<0.05), but there was no significant difference compared to the CS group ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#TDSCs/CS hydrogel can induce cartilage regeneration to promote rotator cuff tendon-to-bone healing.


Subject(s)
Rabbits , Animals , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Chitosan , Hydrogels , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Wound Healing , Tendons/surgery , Collagen , Stem Cells , Biomechanical Phenomena
2.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 51-55, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009108

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To report the clinical characteristics and treatment analysis of 3 cases of congenital ulnar collateral flexor contracture of the forearm and take a reference for clinic.@*METHODS@#A total of 3 patients with congenital ulnar collateral flexor contracture of the forearm were admitted between February 2019 and August 2021. Two patients were male and 1 was female, and their ages were 16, 20, and 16 years, respectively. The disease durations were 8, 20, and 15 years, respectively. They all presented with flexion deformity of the proximal and distal interphalangeal joints of the middle, ring, and little fingers in the neutral or extended wrist position, and the deformity worsened in the extended wrist position. The total action motion (TAM) scores of 3 patients were 1 and the gradings were poor. The Carroll's hand function evaluation scores were 48, 55, and 57, and the grip strength indexes were 72.8, 78.4, and 30.5. Preoperative CT of case 2 showed a bony protrusion of the flexor digitorum profundus tendon at the proximal end of the ulna; and MRI of case 3 showed that the ulnar flexor digitorum profundus presented as a uniform cord. After diagnosis, all patients were treated with operation to release the denatured tendon, and functional exercise was started early after operation.@*RESULTS@#The incisions of 3 patients healed by first intention. Three patients were followed up for 12, 35, and 12 months, respectively. The hand function and the movement range of the joints significantly improved, but the grip strength did not significantly improve. At last follow-up, TAM scores were 3, 4, and 4, respectively, among which 2 cases were excellent and 1 case was good. Carroll's hand function evaluation scores were 95, 90, and 94, and the grip strength indexes were 73.5, 81.3, and 34.2, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Congenital ulnar collateral flexor contracture is a rare clinical disease that should be distinguished from ischemic muscle contracture. The location of the contracture should be identified and appropriate surgical timing should be selected for surgical release. Active postoperative rehabilitation and functional exercise can achieve good hand function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Forearm/surgery , Contracture/surgery , Muscle, Skeletal , Tendons/surgery , Ulna/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular
3.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 22-27, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009103

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate short-term effectiveness of arthroscopic repair via modified subacromial viewing portal (hereinafter referred to as modified viewing portal) in treatment of LafosseⅠsubscapularis tendon tears.@*METHODS@#A clinical data of 52 patients with LafosseⅠsubscapularis tendon tears, who underwent the arthroscopic repair via modified viewing portal between October 2020 and November 2022 and met the selective criteria, was retrospectively analyzed. There were 15 males and 37 females with an average age of 63.4 years (range, 41-76 years). Twelve patients had trauma history and the other 40 patients had no obvious inducement. The main clinical symptom was shoulder pain and the hug resistance tests were positive in all patients. The interval between symptom onset and admission ranged from 3 to 26 months (mean, 7.2 months). The shoulder pain and function were evaluated by visual analogue scale (VAS) score, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score, and University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) score before operation and at 12 months after operation. The shoulder range of motion (ROM) of forward flexion, abduction, and external rotation and the internal rotation strength were measured before operation and at 3 and 12 months after operation. MRI was performed at 3-6 months after operation to assess the tendon healing and the structural integrity and tension of reattached tendon. Patient's satisfactions were calculated at last follow-up.@*RESULTS@#All incisions healed by first intention, no complication such as incision infection or nerve injury occurred. All patients were followed up 12-37 months (mean, 18.5 months). The VAS, UCLA, and ASES scores at 12 months after operation significantly improved when compared with those before operation ( P<0.05). The ROMs of abduction and forward flexion and the internal rotation strength at 3 and 12 months significantly improved when compared with those before operation ( P<0.05); and the ROMs at 12 months significantly improved compared to that at 3 months ( P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference ( P>0.05) in the ROM of external rotation at 3 months compared to that before operation; but the ROM at 12 months significantly improved compared to that before operation and at 3 months after operation ( P<0.05). Thirty-one patients underwent MRI at 3-6 months, of which 28 patients possessed intact structural integrity, good tendon tension and tendon healing; 3 patients underwent tendon re-tear. At last follow-up, 41 patients (78.8%) were very satisfied with the effectiveness, 7 were satisfied (13.5%), and 4 were dissatisfied (7.7%).@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic repair via modified viewing portal for Lafosse Ⅰsubscapularis tendon tears, which can achieve the satisfactory visualization and working space, can obtain good short-term effectiveness with low overall re-tear risk.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Shoulder Pain , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Arthroscopy , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Tendons/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular
4.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(4): 604-610, July-Aug. 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521797

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The interest in using 3D printing in the healthcare field has grown over the years, given its advantages and potential in the rapid manufacturing of personalized devices and implants with complex geometries. Thus, the aim of the present study was to compare the mechanical fixation behavior of a 3D-printed interference screw, produced by fused deposition modeling of polylactic acid (PLA) filament, with that of a titanium interference screw. Methods Eight deep flexor porcine tendons, approximately 8 mm wide and 9 cm long, were used as graft and fixed to a 40 pounds-per-cubic-foot (PCF) polyurethane block at each of its extremities. One group was fixed only with titanium interference screws (group 1) and the other only with 3D-printed PLA screws (BR 20 2021 018283-6 U2) (group 2). The tests were conducted using an EMIC DL 10000 electromechanical universal testing machine in axial traction mode. Results Group 1 (titanium) obtained peak force of 200 ± 7 N, with mean graft deformation of 8 ± 2 mm, and group 2 (PLA) obtained peak force of 300 ± 30 N, and mean graft deformation of 7 ± 3 mm. Both the titanium and PLA screws provided good graft fixation in the polyurethane block, with no slippage or apparent deformation. In all the samples, the test culminated in graft rupture, with around 20 mm of deformation in relation to the initial length. Conclusion The 3D-printed PLA screw provided good fixation, similar to that of its titanium counterpart, producing satisfactory and promising results.


Resumo Objetivo O interesse em utilizar a impressão 3D na área da saúde tem crescido ao longo dos anos, dadas as suas vantagens e o seu potencial na rápida fabricação de dispositivos e implantes personalizados com geometrias complexas. Assim, o objetivo do presente estudo foi comparar o comportamento de fixação mecânica de um parafuso de interferência impresso em 3D, produzido pela modelagem fundida de deposição do filamento de ácido polilático (PLA), com o de um parafuso de interferência de titânio. Métodos Oito tendões suínos flexores profundos, de aproximadamente 8 mm de largura e 9 cm de comprimento, foram utilizados como enxerto e fixados em um bloco de poliuretano de 40 PCF em cada uma de suas extremidades. Um grupo foi fixado apenas com parafusos de interferência de titânio (grupo 1) e o outro apenas com parafusos PLA impressos em 3D (BR 20 2021 018283-6 U2) (grupo 2). Os testes foram realizados utilizando uma máquina de teste universal eletromecânica EMIC DL 10.000 no modo de tração axial. Resultados O grupo 1 (titânio) obteve força máxima de 200 ± 7 N com deformação média do enxerto de 8 ± 2 mm, e a força máxima do grupo 2 (PLA) foi de 300 ± 30 N e deformação média do enxerto de 7 ± 3 mm. Ambos os parafusos de titânio e PLA forneceram boa fixação de enxerto no bloco de poliuretano, sem deslizamento ou deformação aparente. Em todas as amostras o teste culminou na ruptura do enxerto, com cerca de 20 mm de deformação em relação ao comprimento inicial. Conclusão O parafuso PLA impresso em 3D proporcionou boa fixação, semelhante à de sua contraparte de titânio, produzindo resultados satisfatórios e promissores.


Subject(s)
Animals , Swine , Tendons/surgery , Bone Screws , Lactic Acid , Printing, Three-Dimensional
5.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1380-1385, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009071

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the early effectiveness of arthroscopic repair of supraspinatus tendon tears with douple-pulley suture-bridge.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 38 patients with supraspinatus tendon tears who met the selection criteria between September 2020 and July 2022 were retrospectively analyzed, and all of them were treated with arthroscopic double-pulley suture-bridge technique. There were 15 males and 23 females, aged from 43 to 77 years, with an average of 61.5 years. There were 15 cases of left shoulder and 23 cases of right shoulder. Seven cases had a history of trauma, and the other 31 cases had no obvious inducement. The main clinical symptoms of the patient were pain in lifting the shoulder joint and hug resistance test (+). The time from onset of symptoms to admission ranged from 6 to 19 months, with an average of 10.3 months. Flexion, abduction, and external rotation of the shoulder were recorded before operation and at 3 and 12 months after operation. Pain and function of the shoulder were evaluated by visual analogue scale (VAS) score, University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder score, and American Society of Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score before operation and at 12 months after operation. Tendon healing, tendon continuity, and tension were evaluated by MRI at 3-6 months after operation, and patient's satisfaction was evaluated at last follow-up.@*RESULTS@#All the incisions healed by first intention, and there was no complication such as incision infection or nerve injury. All patients were followed up 12-34 months, with an average of 23.3 months. VAS score, UCLA shoulder score, and ASES score at 12 months after operation were significantly better than those before operation ( P<0.05). The external rotation range of shoulder joint significantly improved at 3 and 12 months after operation ( P<0.05), and it further improved at 12 months after operation when compared with 3 months after operation ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the range of flexion and abduction at 3 months after operation when compared with those before operation ( P>0.05), but the range of flexion and abduction at 12 months after operation significantly improved when compared with those before operation and at 3 months after operation ( P<0.05). MRI reexamination was performed in 28 patients at 3-6 months after operation. Among them, 25 patients had intact supraspinatus tendon structure, good tension, and tendon healing, and 3 patients had type 1 retear. The remaining 10 patients refused to undergo MRI reexamination because of the satisfactory effectiveness. At last follow-up, 29 patients (76.3%) were very satisfied with the results, 6 (15.7%) were satisfied, and 3 (7.8%) were not satisfied.@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic double-pulley suture-bridge technique can achieve the effect of suture bridge operation, reduce the cost of operation and the risk of type 2 retear, and the early effectiveness is satisfactory, but the shoulder joint movement is limited within 3 months after operation.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Arthroscopy/methods , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Tendons/surgery , Sutures , Suture Techniques , Pain/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular
6.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1292-1299, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009059

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review the bioactive strategies that enhance tendon graft healing after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), and to provide insights for improving the therapeutic outcomes of ACLR.@*METHODS@#The domestic and foreign literature related to the bioactive strategies for promoting the healing of tendon grafts after ACLR was extensively reviewed and summarized.@*RESULTS@#At present, there are several kinds of bioactive materials related to tendon graft healing after ACLR: growth factors, cells, biodegradable implants/tissue derivatives. By constructing a complex interface simulating the matrix, environment, and regulatory factors required for the growth of native anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), the growth of transplanted tendons is regulated at different levels, thus promoting the healing of tendon grafts. Although the effectiveness of ACLR has been significantly improved in most studies, most of them are still limited to the early stage of animal experiments, and there is still a long way to go from the real clinical promotion. In addition, limited by the current preparation technology, the bionics of the interface still stays at the micron and millimeter level, and tends to be morphological bionics, and the research on the signal mechanism pathway is still insufficient.@*CONCLUSION@#With the further study of ACL anatomy, development, and the improvement of preparation technology, the research of bioactive strategies to promote the healing of tendon grafts after ACLR is expected to be further promoted.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Tendons/surgery
7.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 653-657, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981647

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mid-term effectiveness of arthroscopic "mini incision" transtendon repair for partial articular-sided supraspinatus tendon avulsion (PASTA) lesion.@*METHODS@#A clinical data of 39 patients with PASTA lesions, who underwent the arthroscopic "mini incision" transtendon repair and met the selected criteria between May 2017 and April 2021, was retrospectively analyzed. There were 13 males and 26 females, with an average age of 63.7 years (range, 43-76 years). Nine patients underwent trauma history, and no obvious inducement was found in the other 30 patients. The main clinical symptom was shoulder pain with positive hug resistance test. The interval from symptom onset to operation was 3-21 months (mean, 8.3 months). The visual analogue scale (VAS) score, University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder score, American Association of Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score and shoulder range of motion (ROM) of forward flexion, abduction, and external rotation were used to evaluate shoulder function. MRI was performed to assess the structural integrity and tension of reattached tendon. Patient satisfactions were calculated at last follow-up.@*RESULTS@#All incisions healed by first intention with no complications such as incision infection or nerve injury. All patients were followed up 24-71 months (mean, 46.9 months). The VAS, UCLA, and ASES scores significantly improved at 24 months after operation when compared with preoperative ones ( P<0.05). The ROMs of forward flexion and external rotation of the shoulder joint significantly increased at 3 and 24 months, and further increased at 24 months compared to 3 months, with significant differences ( P<0.05). However, the ROM of abduction of the shoulder joint at 3 months did not significantly improve compared with that before operation ( P>0.05), and it was significantly greater at 24 months than before operation and at 3 months after operation ( P<0.05). At last follow-up, the patients were very satisfied with the effectiveness in 30 cases (76.9%), satisfied in 5 cases (12.8%), and dissatisfied in 4 cases (10.3%). At 6 months after operation, 31 patients underwent reviews of MRI scans, of which 28 patients possessed intact structural integrity, good tendon tension and tendon healing, and 3 patients underwent tendon re-tear.@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic "mini incision" transtendon repair in treatment of PASTA lesion could obtain satisfying mid-term effectiveness with low risk of tendon re-tear.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Arthroscopy , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Tendons/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular
8.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(2): 134-137, Apr.-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280057

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The use of substances to enhance sports performance among professional and amateur athletes is increasing. Such substances may either be included in the group of dietary supplements or fall into pharmacological classes. Every substance used for this purpose is called an ergogenic agent. The number of ergogenic options available increases every day, favoring overuse and use without proper guidance. Among the dietary supplements, we highlight the use of creatine, a substance widespread in sports. Among the pharmacological groups, many drugs are used. Recently the use of sildenafil citrate by professional athletes from various predominantly aerobic sports modalities was reported in the media. Objective: To compare and demonstrate the responses caused by physical training associated with the use of creatine and sildenafil citrate in mice. Methods: A swim training protocol was applied and then an electrophysiograph was used in order to obtain parameters related to contraction intensity, the area under the curve and the percentage drop. Results: The responses obtained demonstrated the ergogenic action of creatine because it altered the parameters used for measurement. The use of sildenafil citrate did not yield satisfactory results to frame the drug as an ergogenic agent. Conclusion: Creatine has an ergogenic effect, reducing the percentage drop after 10 seconds, while sildenafil demonstrated no ergogenic potential and, interestingly, resulted in weaker responses when compared to the exercise groups. Evidence level II; Comparative prospective study .


RESUMEN Introducción: El uso de sustancias con el objetivo de aumentar el rendimiento deportivo entre atletas profesionales y amateurs es creciente. Tales sustancias pueden formar parte del grupo de suplementos alimentarios o integrar clases farmacológicas. Toda sustancia empleada para ese fin es denominada agente ergogénico. El número de opciones entre los agentes ergogénicos aumenta cada día, favoreciendo así su uso excesivo y sin la debida orientación. Entre los suplementos alimentarios, se destaca el uso de creatina, sustancia muy difundida en el medio deportivo. Ya entre los grupos farmacológicos, muchas sustancias son usadas. Recientemente, fue divulgado entre los medios de comunicación el uso de citrato de sildenafil por atletas profesionales, de varias modalidades deportivas, predominantemente las aeróbicas. Objetivos: Comparar y demostrar las respuestas ocasionadas por el entrenamiento físico, asociadas al uso de creatina y citrato de sildenafil en ratones. Métodos: Se aplicó un protocolo de entrenamiento de natación y, a continuación, se usó un electrofisiógrafo con el objetivo de obtener parámetros referentes a la intensidad de contracción, al área bajo la curva y a la caída porcentual. Resultados: Las respuestas obtenidas demuestran acción ergogénica de la creatina, visto que alteraron los parámetros empleados para la medición. Ya el uso de citrato de sildenafil no presentó resultados satisfactorios para encuadrar al fármaco como agente ergogénico. Conclusión: La creatina presenta efecto ergogénico porque reduce la caída porcentual después de 10 segundos, mientras que el sildenafil no presentó potencial ergogénico y, curiosamente, demostró respuestas inferiores cuando comparado a los grupos de ejercicio. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudio prospectivo comparativo .


RESUMO Introdução: O uso de substâncias com o objetivo de aumentar o rendimento esportivo entre atletas profissionais e amadores é crescente. Tais substâncias podem fazer parte do grupo de suplementos alimentares ou integrar classes farmacológicas. Toda substância empregada para esse fim é denominada de agente ergogênico. O número de opções entre os agentes ergogênicos aumenta a cada dia, favorecendo assim o uso em demasia e sem a devida orientação. Entre os suplementos alimentares, salientamos a utilização de creatina, substância muito difundida no meio esportivo. Já entre os grupos farmacológicos, muitas substâncias são utilizadas. Recentemente, foi divulgado entre os meios de comunicação o uso de citrato de sildenafila por atletas profissionais de várias modalidades esportivas, predominantemente as aeróbicas. Objetivos: Comparar e demonstrar as repostas ocasionadas pelo treinamento físico, associadas ao uso de creatina e citrato de sildenafila em camundongos. Métodos: Aplicou-se um protocolo de treinamento de natação e, a seguir, empregou-se um eletrofisiógrafo com objetivo de obter parâmetros referentes à intensidade de contração, à área sob a curva e à queda percentual. Resultados: As respostas obtidas demonstram ação ergogênica da creatina, visto que alteraram os parâmetros empregados para a mensuração. Já a utilização de citrato de sildenafila não apresentou resultados satisfatórios para enquadrar o fármaco como agente ergogênico. Conclusão: A creatina apresenta efeito ergogênico porque reduz a queda percentual após 10 segundos, já a sildenafila não apresentou potencial ergogênico e, curiosamente, demonstrou respostas inferiores quando comparado aos grupos de exercício. Nível de evidência II; Estudo prospectivo comparativo .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Swimming , Vasodilator Agents/pharmacology , Muscle Fatigue/drug effects , Creatine/pharmacology , Sildenafil Citrate/pharmacology , Physical Functional Performance , Sciatic Nerve/surgery , Tendons/surgery , Models, Animal , Electrophysiology/instrumentation
9.
Clinics ; 76: e2358, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249574

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: In the present study, a novel single knot tenorrhaphy was developed by combining the modified Kessler flexor tendon suture (MK) with the loop lock technique. METHODS: A total of 48 porcine flexor digitorum profundus tendons were collected and randomly divided into six groups. The tendons were transversely cut and then repaired using six different techniques, the MK method, double knot Kessler-loop lock flexor tendon suture (DK), and single knot Kessler-loop lock flexor tendon suture (SK), each in combination with the epitendinous suture (P), and the same three techniques without P. Furthermore, by performing the load-to-failure tests, the biomechanical properties and the time taken to complete a repair, for each tenorrhaphy, were assessed. RESULTS: Compared to the MK+P method, DK+P was more improved, thereby enhancing the ultimate tensile strength. The SK+P method, which required fewer knots than DK+P, was easier to perform. Moreover, the SK+P repair increased the force at a 2-mm gap formation, while requiring lesser knots than DK+P. CONCLUSION: As opposed to the traditional MK+P method, the SK+P method was improved and exhibited better biomechanical properties, which may facilitate early mobilization after the repair.


Subject(s)
Animals , Sutures , Suture Techniques , Swine , Tendons/surgery , Tensile Strength , Biomechanical Phenomena
10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 892-896, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887503

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the ultrasonic anatomical characteristics and needle-knife insertion approach of common tendon lesions in knee osteoarthritis (KOA), so as to provide the references for accurate release of KOA by needle- knife along tendon lesions based on meridian sinew theory.@*METHODS@#Sixty patients with one-knee KOA were selected. High-frequency musculoskeletal ultrasound was used to collect sonograms at the anatomical positions of "Hedingci" "Binwaixia" "Binneixia" and "Yinlingshang". The anatomic levels were marked on the sonograms. The anatomic levels and sonographic features of lesions were compared and analyzed, and the relevant data of needle-knife simulation approach was measured.@*RESULTS@#The "Hedingci" lesions were mainly located at the attachment of quadriceps tendon to patella and suprapatellar bursa. The "Binwaixia" and "Binneixia" lesions were mainly located at the attachment of retinaculum patellae laterale and retinaculum patellae mediale to patella and infrapatellar fat pad. The "Yinlingshang" lesions were mainly located at the attachment of goose foot tendon to medial tibial condyle and bursa of goose foot. With "Hedingci" as an example, when the needle-knife entry point was 1 cm above the patella, the attachment of quadriceps tendon to patella was released, and the average depth of needle-knife was (3.60±0.10) cm, and the needle body was perpendicular to the skin. The average depth of needle-knife for releasing suprapatellar bursa was (2.35±0.17) cm, and the needle body was 45° towards head.@*CONCLUSION@#The musculoskeletal ultrasound could clearly show the local detailed anatomical level, ultrasonic characteristics and anatomical level of common tendon lesions of KOA, and could improve the accuracy of needle-knife along tendon lesions with non-direct vision, which has important reference value for needle-knife medical standardization and standardized operation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Meridians , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Patella , Tendons/surgery , Ultrasonography
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2316-2321, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921157

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Multiple techniques are commonly used for posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction. However, the optimum method regarding the fixation of PCL reconstruction after PCL tears remains debatable. The purpose of this study was to compare the biomechanical properties among three different tibial fixation procedures for transtibial single-bundle PCL reconstruction.@*METHODS@#Thirty-six porcine tibias and porcine extensor tendons were randomized into three fixation study groups: the interference screw fixation (IS) group, the transtibial tubercle fixation (TTF) group, and TTF + IS group (n = 12 in each group). The structural properties of the three fixation groups were tested under cyclic loading and load-to-failure. The slippage after the cyclic loading test and the stiffness and ultimate failure load after load-to-failure testing were recorded.@*RESULTS@#After 1000 cycles of cyclic testing, no significant difference was observed in graft slippage among the three groups. For load-to-failure testing, the TTF + IS group showed a higher ultimate failure load than the TTF group and the IS group (876.34 ± 58.78 N vs. 660.92 ± 77.74 N [P < 0.001] vs. 556.49 ± 65.33 N [P < 0.001]). The stiffness in the TTF group was significantly lower than that in the IS group and the TTF + IS group (92.77 ± 20.16 N/mm in the TTF group vs. 120.27 ± 15.66 N/m in the IS group [P = 0.001] and 131.79 ± 17.95 N/mm in the TTF + IS group [P < 0.001]). No significant difference in the mean stiffness was found between the IS group and the TTF + IS group (P = 0.127).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this biomechanical study, supplementary fixation with transtibial tubercle sutures increased the ultimate failure load during load-to-failure testing for PCL reconstruction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomechanical Phenomena , Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Sutures , Swine , Tendons/surgery , Tibia/surgery
12.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 982-985, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879337

ABSTRACT

The rate of rotator cuff injury repair and retear is high in elderly patients due to the combination of different degrees of osteoporosis. To solve this problem, many surgeons try to reduce retear rate of rotator cuff injuries in these patients by increasing the initial fixation strength of anchors and changing local bone conditions. The rapid advances of tissue engineering have made it possible to use growth factors as an aid. However, repair of rotator cuff injury with osteoporosis is still a great challenge for clinical workers. How to better increase anchor fixation strength, improve micro-environment of tendon and bone healing, reduce the rotator cuff retear rate have become the research focus in recent years. The paper reviewed literatures on the relationshipbetween osteoporosis and rotator cuff injury, effect of osteoporosis in rotator cuff tendon healing, methods of reducing osteoporosis on rotator cuff tendon healing, in order to guide clinical treatment, improve operative effect and postoperative satisfaction.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Arthroplasty , Osteoporosis , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Tendons/surgery
13.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(6): 1791-1799, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1055151

ABSTRACT

The tenectomy of the medial head of the deep digital flexor (TMHDDF) is a minimally studied surgery used in cases of dorsal subluxation of the proximal interphalangeal joint of the hindlimb in horses. The TMHDDF was evaluated in six healthy horses by the degree of lameness, perimeter of the surgical site, the angle of the distal articular joints, and the linear and angular measures of the hoof. Thus, TMHDDF of the right hindlimb was performed and the contralateral limb was used as a control. Both, right and left limbs were evaluated before surgery, as well as at 15, 30, and 60 days after surgery aiming to evaluate the effects of the surgical procedure in healthy limbs. Data were compared by analysis of variance regarding days and limbs. Values below the significant level (P< 0.05) were analyzed using the Tukey's test. TMHDDF caused a mild increase of the toe length and the height of lateral heel (0.2cm in both), as well as a decrease of the angle of the proximal interphalangeal joint (2°) when comparing the left hindlimb to the right hindlimb, 30 and 60 days after surgery. Overall, TMHDDF did not cause significant changes in the evaluated variables up to the 60 days of surgery.(AU)


A tenectomia da cabeça medial do flexor digital profundo (TCMFDP) é uma técnica cirúrgica pouco estudada, indicada para equinos com subluxação dorsal da articulação interfalângica proximal do membro pélvico. A TCMFDP foi avaliada em seis equinos hígidos no grau de claudicação; na perimetria da área operada; nos ângulos articulares distais; e nas medidas lineares e angulares de parâmetros dos cascos. Nesse sentido, foi realizada a TCMFDP do membro pélvico direito, permanecendo o esquerdo como controle. Ambos os membros foram avaliados nos momentos pré-operatório (0) e 15, 30 e 60 dias após a cirurgia, sendo objetivo avaliar os efeitos do procedimento cirúrgico em membros hígidos. Para comparação dos dados entre momentos e membros, foi realizada análise de variância. Os valores inferiores ao de significância (P<0,050) foram submetidos ao teste de Tukey. A TCMFDP provocou discreto aumento (0,2cm, em ambos) do comprimento de pinça e da altura do talão lateral e redução no ângulo da articulação interfalângica proximal (2°) na comparação com o membro pélvico esquerdo aos 30 e 60 dias após a cirurgia no contralateral. Em geral, a TCMFDP não causou alterações influentes nos aspectos avaliados até 60 dias do experimento.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Tendon Injuries/veterinary , Tendons/surgery , Horses/injuries
14.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(5): 417-421, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019425

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate three superior oblique surgical weakening procedures for correcting A-pattern strabismus: tenectomy, superior oblique hang-back recession, and that involving the use of superior oblique suture spacers. Methods: The inclusion criteria were A-pattern strabismus ≥10Δ and horizontal deviation ≥10Δ, with no other ocular abnormality and a follow-up period of ≥6 months. The 24 patients (mean age, 16.3 ± 8.1 years; mean postoperative follow-up, 9.63 ± 3.11 months) were randomly divided into three groups of 8 patients each. Sigmascan® Pro 5.0 software was used to measure the degree of torsion pre- and postoperatively. Results: Preoperatively, the mean angles of A-pattern deviation were 19.33Δ° ± 3.53Δ° (tenectomy group), 15.71Δ° ± 1.11Δ° (hang-back recession group), and 14.62Δ° ± 1.18Δ° (suture spacers group); these values did not differ significantly. At the final follow-up examination, the mean angles of A-pattern deviation were 4.67Δ° ± 0.67Δ° (tenectomy group), 6.29Δ° ± 1.48Δ° (hang-back recession group), and 4.38Δ° ± 1.03Δ° (suture spacers group), with no statistically significant difference in the correction in A-pattern strabismus among the three groups. Preoperatively, the mean torsional angles were +5.4° ± 3.9° (tenectomy group), +5.6° ± 4.9° (hang-back recession group), and +6.0° ± 3.3° (suture spacers group); these values did not differ significantly. At the final follow-up examination, the mean torsional angles were + 0.3° ± 5.6° (tenectomy group), +0.5° ± 4.6° (hang-back recession group), and +0.2° ± 5.2° (suture spacers group), with no statistically significant difference in the intorsion correction among the three groups. Conclusion: All three superior oblique weakening procedures were effective for correcting A-pattern strabismus and fundus intorsion.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar três procedimentos de debilitamento dos músculos oblíquos superiores para a correção de estrabismo com padrão em A: tenectomia, sutura em rédea (hang-back recession) e o uso de espaçadores de sutura oblíqua superior. Métodos: Os critérios de inclusão foram estrabismo padrão em A ≥10Δ e desvio horizontal ≥10Δ, sem outras anormalidades oculares e tempo de acompanhamento ≥6 meses. Os 24 pacientes (média de idade de 16,3 ± 8,1 anos; média de seguimento pós-operatório de 9,63 ± 3,11 meses) foram divididos aleatoriamente em três grupos de 8 pacientes cada. O programa Sigmascan® Pro 5.0 foi utilizado para medir o grau de torção no pré e pós-operatório. Resultados: No pré-operatório, a média e o desvio padrão dos ângulos de padrão em A foram de 19,33Δ° ± 3,53Δ° (grupo da tenectomia), 15,71Δ° ± 1,11Δ° (grupo da sutura em rédea), 14,62Δ° ± 1,18Δ° (grupo de espaçadores de sutura); esses valores não diferiram significativamente. No exame pós-operatório, a média e o desvio padrão dos ângulos de desvio do padrão em A foram de 4,67Δ° ± 0,67Δ° (grupo da tenectomia), 6,29Δ° ± 1,48Δ° (grupo da sutura em rédea), 4,38Δ° ± 1,03Δ° (grupo de espaçadores de sutura), sem diferença estatisticamente significativa na correção do estrabismo padrão em A entre os três grupos. No pré-operatório, os ângulos médios de torção foram de +5,4o ± 3,9° (grupo de tenectomia), +5,6° ± 4,9° (grupo da su­tura em rédea), e +6,0° ± 3,3° (grupo de espaçadores de sutura), esses valores não diferiram significativamente. No pós-operatório, os ângulos médios de torção foram de +0,3° ± 5,6° (grupo da tenectomia), +0,5° ± 4,6° (grupo da sutura em rédea), e +0,2° ± 5,2° (grupo de espaçadores de sutura), sem diferença estatisticamente significativa na correção da intorção entre os três grupos. Conclusão: Os três procedimentos de debili­tamento dos músculos oblíquos superiores foram efetivos para a correção do estrabismo com padrão em A e da intorção ocular observada na fundoscopia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Strabismus/surgery , Oculomotor Muscles/surgery , Tendons/surgery , Visual Acuity , Strabismus/physiopathology , Prospective Studies , Preoperative Period , Fundus Oculi , Oculomotor Muscles/physiopathology
15.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(2): e2151, 2019. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003092

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O objetivo deste trabalho é descrever, em cadáver, a técnica de transferência do tendão longo do bíceps para o tratamento da instabilidade anterior do ombro. Nesta técnica, o tendão longo do bíceps braquial é desinserido do tubérculo supraglenoidal e transferido para a borda anterior da cavidade glenoidal, através da tenotomia do subescapular, reproduzindo o efeito tirante e aumentando o batente anterior. A técnica é de fácil execução, minimizando os riscos da transferência do processo coracoide e pode ser uma opção para o tratamento da instabilidade glenoumeral.


ABSTRACT Our objective is to describe the long biceps tendon transfer technique for the treatment of shoulder anterior instability. In this procedure, the long tendon of the biceps brachii is detached from the supraglenoid tubercle and transferred to the anterior edge of the glenoid cavity through a subscapularis tenotomy, reproducing the sling effect and increasing the anterior block. The technique is easy to perform and minimizes the risks of the coracoid process transfer. In conclusion, the transfer of the long tendon of the biceps brachii is an option for the treatment of glenohumeral instability.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Tendon Transfer/methods , Tendons/surgery , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Tenotomy/methods , Joint Instability/surgery , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Medical Illustration
16.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 26(4): 108-112, 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1118208

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El propósito de este estudio es evaluar los resultados postoperatorios de la reconstrucción del ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) utilizando el tendón cuadricipital. Método: Cuatrocientas cuarenta y ocho reconstrucciones de LCA utilizando el tendón cuadricipital fueron evaluados retrospectivamente a los 5 años postoperatorio. Se utilizaron para dicha evaluación escalas funcionales de Lysholm y de IKDC, Escala de Actividad de Tegner y resultados objetivos de traslación tibial anterior (KT1000). Adicionalmente, las complicaciones y comorbilidades fueron también analizadas. Resultados: El Score de Lysholm mejoro en el postoperatorio de 64 a 93.1 puntos promedio. El análisis artrométrico demostró que 389 rodillas (87%) presentaron una diferencia menor a 3mm. Dentro de las comorbilidades un 3.4% de los pacientes presentaron dolor anterior de rodilla en el postoperatorio alejado. Conclusión: La utilización del tendón cuadricipital para la reconstrucción del LCA demuestra ser técnica reproducible, con una mejoría, en los pacientes, tanto subjetiva como objetivamente, con bajas tasas de complicaciones y morbilidades. Tipo de estudio: Serie de casos. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the postoperative results of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACL) using the quadricipital tendon. Method: Four hundred and forty-eight reconstructions of ACL using the quadricipital tendon were retrospectively evaluated at 5 years postoperatively. Functional scales of Lysholm and IKDC, Tegner Activity Scale and objective results of anterior tibial translation (KT1000) were used for this evaluation. Additionally, complications and comorbidities were also analyzed. Results: The Lysholm Score improved in the postoperative period from 64 to 93.1 average points. Arthrometric analysis showed that 389 knees (87%) had a difference of less than 3mm. Among the comorbidities, 3.4% of the patients presented anterior knee pain in the remote postoperative period. Conclusion: The use of the quadricipital tendon for the reconstruction of the ACL proves to be reproducible technique, with an improvement, in patients, both subjectively and objectively, with low rates of complications and morbidities. Type Study: Case series. Level of evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Tendons/surgery , Tendons/transplantation , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction/methods , Knee Injuries
17.
Acta méd. (Porto Alegre) ; 39(1): 323-334, 2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-911190

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Revisar a literatura quanto à conduta pós-operatória mais adequada para o tratamento das lesões dos tendões flexores da mão. Métodos: Foi realizada uma pesquisa na base de dados MEDLINE/PUBMED, com as seguintes palavras indexadas "digitorum profundus tendon", "digitorum superficialis tendon", "hand tendon injuries", "hand tendon repair", "hand tendon surgery", "early passive mobilization", "controlled active motion", "flexor tendon repair surgery", "postoperative hand rehabilitation". A data de seleção se restringiu entre os anos de 2010 a 2018. Foram encontrados 149 artigos e, desses, 9 foram escolhidos para a análise deste estudo, por atenderem os critérios de inclusão. Resultados: É consenso entre os artigos analisados que o movimento dos dígitos após a cirurgia é fundamental para a recuperação do déficit motor da mão. O movimento na intensidade apropriada previne rupturas e aderências tendíneas. Além do movimento, há um impasse quanto ao modo de imobilização do punho. Conclusão: A análise dos estudos indica que a melhor opção de tratamento pós-operatório é a mobilização ativa precoce, pelo fato de o índice de adesão tendínea ser baixíssimo. Resta dúvida se a posição do punho pode interferir no índice de ruptura dos tendões.


Objectives: To review the literature on the most appropriate postoperative question for the treatment of injuries of the flexor tendons of the hand. Methods: A search was performed in the MEDLINE / PUBMED database, with the following words indexed "digitorum profundus tendon", "digitorum superficialis tendon", "hand tendon injuries", "hand tendon repair", "hand tendon surgery", "early passive mobilization, "" controlled active motion, "" flexor tendon repair surgery, "" postoperative hand rehabilitation. "The selection date was restricted between 2010 and 2018. 149 articles were found and 9 were selected for analysis of this study, because they met the inclusion criteria. Results: It is a consensus among the articles that concern the movement of patients after surgery is fundamental, for a recovery of the motor deficit of the hand. The movement in the struggle for correction prevents tendinous ruptures and adhesions. In addition, there is a stalemate regarding the mode of immobilization of the wrist. Conclusion: The analysis of the studies indicates that the best option for postoperative treatment is active early mobilization, because the tendon adhesion index is very low. Whether the wrist position may interfere with tendon rupture rates remains to be questioned.


Subject(s)
Postoperative Care , Tendons/surgery , Hand Injuries/surgery
18.
Clinics ; 72(9): 582-587, Sept. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-890732

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: In this work, we attempted to develop a modified single-knot Kessler-loop lock suture technique and compare the biomechanical properties associated with this single-knot suture technique with those associated with the conventional modified Kessler and interlock suture techniques. METHODS: In this experiment, a total of 18 porcine flexor digitorum profundus tendons were harvested and randomly divided into three groups. The tendons were transected and then repaired using three different techniques, including modified Kessler suture with peritendinous suture, interlock suture with peritendinous suture, and modified Kessler-loop lock suture with peritendinous suture. Times required for suturing were recorded and compared among groups. The groups were also compared with respect to 2-mm gap load, ultimate failure load, and gap at failure. RESULTS: For tendon repair, compared with the conventional modified Kessler suture technique, the interlock and modified Kessler-loop lock suture techniques resulted in significantly improved biomechanical properties. However, there were no significant differences between the interlock and modified Kessler-loop lock techniques with respect to biomechanical properties, gap at failure, and time required. CONCLUSIONS: The interlock and modified Kessler-loop lock techniques for flexor tendon sutures produce similar mechanical characteristics in vitro.


Subject(s)
Animals , Suture Techniques , Tendons/surgery , Biomechanical Phenomena , Models, Animal , Random Allocation , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Sutures , Swine , Tendon Injuries/surgery , Tensile Strength , Treatment Outcome , Weight-Bearing , Wound Healing
19.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 69(4): 807-814, jul.-ago. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-876516

ABSTRACT

As lesões traumáticas dos membros que resultam em secções tendíneas são problemas comuns na clínica equina. Diversas complicações têm sido associadas à reparação dos tendões nessa espécie. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar biomecanicamente dois padrões de sutura e dois diferentes materiais aplicados às tenorrafias. Vinte e quatro peças de tendão flexor digital profundo de equinos foram seccionadas e suturadas em padrão locking loop duplo (grupo 1, com polipropileno; grupo 2, com poliglactina) ou em padrão locking loop simples associado à sutura de epitendão (grupo 3, com polipropileno; grupo 4, com poliglactina). Os corpos de prova foram submetidos a ensaios mecânicos de tração, em que se determinaram valores de força mínima, força máxima e pico de força, além do afastamento observado entre os cotos durante o pico máximo de força. Para avaliação dos resultados, foram utilizados os métodos ANOVA e os não paramétricos de Kruskal-Wallis e Mann-Whitney (P<0,05). Os maiores valores de força máxima foram documentados no grupo 3. Os valores de força mínima foram maiores nos grupos 3 e 4 que nos grupos 1 e 2, mas não diferiram significativamente entre os grupos 3 e 4. Os valores de pico de força foram maiores nos grupos 1 e 2 que no grupo 4, mas não diferiram significativamente no grupo 3. O afastamento foi maior nos grupos 1 e 2 quando comparados aos grupos 3 e 4. O padrão locking loop simples, com sutura de epitendão, atingiu maior resistência quando avaliado afastamento de até 3 milímetros entre os cotos tendíneos, sendo considerado padrão de escolha para aplicação clínica, tendo em vista os resultados obtidos neste trabalho.(AU)


Traumatic distal limb injuries resulting in tendon rupture are common in equine practice. Several complications have been associated with tendon repair in horses. The aim of this study was to compare the biomechanical properties of two tenorrhaphy techniques using two different suture materials. Twenty-four equine deep digital flexor tendon specimens were transected and sutured with the double locking loop pattern (polypropylene, group 1; polyglactin, group 2) or the single locking loop pattern with peripheral epitendon suture (polypropylene, group 3; polyglactin, group 4). Specimens were submitted to mechanical strain testing. Maximum, minimum and peak strain, and maximum, minimum and peak gap formation were evaluated. ANOVA and the non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests were used (P<0.05). Higher maximum strength values were documented in group 3. Minimum strength values were higher in groups 3 and 4 than 1 and 2, but did not differ significantly between groups 3 and 4. Peak strength values were higher in groups 1 and 2 than 4, but did not differ significantly from group 3. Gap formation was greater in groups 1 and 2 than 3 and 4. The single locking loop pattern with epitendon suture performed with polypropylene had greater resilience, yielded lesser gap formation (3 mm) and is the pattern of choice for clinical application based on the results of this study.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Horses/surgery , Mechanical Phenomena , Suture Techniques/veterinary , Sutures/veterinary , Tendons/surgery
20.
Acta ortop. mex ; 30(3): 147-149, may.-jun. 2016. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-837775

ABSTRACT

Resumen: La luxación congénita de rodilla es una patología poco frecuente con una etiología desconocida. En algunos casos se le considera una patología aislada mientras que en otros pueden observarse patologías asociadas o síndromes. El tratamiento de la luxación congénita de rodilla depende de la gravedad y flexibilidad de la deformidad y en la bibliografía pueden encontrarse desde enyesados seriados o arnés de Pavlik hasta plastías del tendón cuadricipital u osteotomías femorales. Presentamos un caso de una luxación congénita que se trató mediante enyesado seriado y que evolucionó favorablemente.


Abstract: Congenital knee dislocation is an infrequent condition with unknown etiology. In some cases it occurs as an isolated condition, while in others it coexists with associated conditions or syndromes. The treatment of congenital knee dislocation is driven by the severity and flexibility of the deformity. The literature includes from serial casting or the Pavlik harness to quadriceps tendon plasty or femoral osteotomies. We report herein the case of a congenital dislocation treated with serial casting with a good outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteotomy , Tendons/surgery , Knee Dislocation/congenital , Quadriceps Muscle , Femur/surgery
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