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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225454, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1366512

ABSTRACT

Aim: Evaluating the resin-dentin bond strength of Class II conventional and bulk-fill composite restorations, using different cavity sizes before and after aging. Methods: Seventy-five human molars were distributed into groups according to the buccolingual width of the cavities, conservative (n=25) and extended (n=50). They were divided according to the restorative material: conventional (Z100/control group) or bulk-fill resin composites (Filtek Bulk Fill/FBF; Tetric N Ceram Bulk Fill/TNCBF; Filtek Bulk Fill Flow/FBFF; Surefill SDR flow/SDR). The restored teeth were sectioned on sticks (n=50 per restorative materials + width cavities group), half were stored in Water/Ethanol 75% for 30 days and the other half were submitted to the immediate microtensile bond strength (µTBS) test. Data were analyzed applying the Three-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), Bonferroni test, test t, and Weibull analyses (p<0.05). Results: SDR and FBF presented lower µTBSvalues for extended preparation when compared to the conservative preparation, before aging. After aging, only for the FBFF, a decrease in the µTBSvalues was observed. Comparing the µTBSvalues, before and after aging, the SDR demonstrated lower µTBSvalues after aging when the conservative cavity was used. A decrease in the µTBSvalues was observed for the Z100, the FBF and, the FBFF, after aging, when the extended cavity was used. Conclusion: The effect of cavity preparation and aging on the resin-dentin of Class II is material dependent. Most of the bulk-fill resin composites evaluated presented a similar performance to the conventional resin composites for all the conditions of this study


Subject(s)
Humans , Tensile Strength , Aging , Composite Resins/analysis , Dental Cavity Preparation
2.
Rev. ADM ; 79(1): 20-27, ene.-feb. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361506

ABSTRACT

Los sistemas cementantes han mejorado notablemente, los objetivos que persiguen los nuevos cementos es que la adhesión sea duradera y conseguir siempre que sea posible una interface cerrada con un sellado perfecto. Se han podido desarrollar nuevas técnicas y nuevos materiales de cementación que han ido perfeccionando la unión del material restaurador al diente. En el presente estudio se compara la fuerza de adhesión a dentina de cementos de autograbado y cementos de grabado total para comprobar los efectos positivos en el grabado de la dentina. Para el estudio se utilizaron dos cementos a base de resina (RelyX U200 Clicker 3M y RelyX Ultimate 3M). Se encapsularon 40 molares en acrílico en dos grupos de 20 muestras para la aplicación de dos sistemas cementantes de autograbado (grupo 1) y de grabado total (grupo 2), respectivamente, se desgastaron hasta descubrir la dentina; siguiendo las especificaciones del fabricante se colocó el cemento en cada grupo, y después se sometieron a pruebas de cizalla en una máquina de ensayo universal Instron. La medida expresada en megapascales (MPa) fue: grupo 1 = 7.5569 y grupo 2 = 12.6444. En este caso fueron analizados dos grupos, tomándose la primera significancia bilateral. Se realiza la prueba en t de Student, con 95% de intervalo de confianza en la diferencia, demostrando así que el cemento RelyX Ultimate 3M tiene mayor fuerza de adhesión que el cemento RelyX U200 Clicker 3M. Nuestra investigación fue factible y llegamos a nuestro propósito, en el cual comprobamos la mayor adhesión de cementos de grabado total, los cuales son sometidos a un previo tratamiento del diente (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Acid Etching, Dental , Cementation , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Resin Cements , Shear Strength , Tensile Strength , Statistical Analysis , Dentin/drug effects
3.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e210328, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253738

ABSTRACT

Aim: The in vitro study evaluated the effect of different concentrations of green tea extract solution (GT) on the bonding durability of etch-and-rinse adhesive system to caries dentin affected (CAD). Methods: Dentinal surfaces of human third molars were polished and submitted to a microbiological caries induction protocol for 14 days. After removal of the infected dentin layer, the samples were randomly divided into 4 groups (n= 10), according to the concentration of GT solution applied in CAD, after acid etching: 0.05%; 0.2%; 2% and NT (no treatment ­ control). After application of a etch-and-rinse adhesive system (Adper Single Bond 2, 3M ESPE), composite resin restorations were performed on the dentin. After 24 hours, the resin-dentin blocks were sectioned 1mm2 specimens, which were subjected to the microtensile test immediately or after 6 months of storage in water. Data were submitted to two-way ANOVA for randomized blocks and Tukey test (α= 5%). Results: There was no effect of double interaction (p= 0.934). The application of 0.2% GT promoted a statistically significant increase in dentin bond strength values in comparison to the condition where GT was not used (p=0.012). There was a significant decrease of bond strength after 6 months of storage, regardless of dentin pretreatment (p = 0.007). The G test identified that there was no statistical difference regarding failure mode (p= 0.326). Conclusion: The concentration of 0.2% improved the bond strength of an etch-and-rinse adhesive system to caries affected dentin, however, none of dentin pretreatments could prevent the decrease in bond strength over time


Subject(s)
Tensile Strength , Camellia sinensis , Dental Caries , Dentin
4.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(4): 106-115, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345518

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 2% chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX) on microtensile bond strength (µTBS) between an adhesive system and under 3 dentin conditions. For that, this study evaluated the adhesive interface at initial, after 6 months and 1 year of storage. Forty-eight human third molars were prepared and randomly divided into 3 groups, according to dentin substrates: sound dentin (Sd), caries-infected dentin (Ci) and caries-affected dentin (Ca). The groups were subdivided into two according to the dentin pre-treatment: application of 2% CHX or without pre-treatment (control). The dentin surfaces were etched with 35% phosphoric acid gel and bonded with Adper Single Bond 2 (3M ESPE) adhesive system according to manufacturer's instructions. Subsequently, the specimens were stored in deionized water at 37°C for 24h, 6 months and 1 year. Two additional teeth were used to analyze the bonding interfaces by SEM. Data was submitted to three-way ANOVA in a split plot design and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). The results showed that Ci decreased µTBS values when compared to Ca and Sd, regardless storages time or treatment. Stored samples for 6 months and 1 year decreased the µTBS for the control group, but no difference was found between storages time for the CHX group. As a conclusion, the 2% CHX application after etching showed improved dentin bond strength in the storage time, regardless of the substrates evaluated.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito do digluconato de clorexidina 2% (CHX) na resistência de união à microtração (µTBS) entre um sistema adesivo e sob 3 condições de dentina. Para tanto, este estudo avaliou a interface adesiva no início, após 6 meses e 1 ano de armazenamento. Quarenta e oito terceiros molares humanos foram preparados e divididos aleatoriamente em 3 grupos, de acordo com os substratos dentinários: dentina hígida (Dh), dentina infectada por cárie (Di) e dentina afetada por cárie (Da). Os grupos foram subdivididos em dois de acordo com o pré-tratamento: aplicação de CHX 2% ou sem pré-tratamento (controle). As superfícies da dentina foram condicionadas com gel de ácido fosfórico a 35%, em seguida, utilizou-se o sistema adesivo Adper Single Bond 2 (3M ESPE) de acordo com as instruções do fabricante. Posteriormente, os corpos-de-prova foram armazenados em água deionizada a 37°C por 24h, 6 meses e 1 ano. Dois dentes adicionais foram usados ​​para analisar as interfaces de união no MEV. Os dados foram submetidos a ANOVA três fatores em esquema de parcela subdividida e ao teste de Tukey (α = 0,05). Os resultados mostram que a Di diminuiu os valores de µTBS quando comparado as Da e Dh, independente do tempo de armazenamento ou tratamento. Amostras armazenadas por 6 meses e 1 ano diminuíram a µTBS para o grupo de controle, mas nenhuma diferença foi encontrada entre o tempo de armazenamento para o grupo CHX. A aplicação de CHX 2% após o condicionamento apresentou melhora na resistência de união à dentina no tempo de armazenamento, independente dos substratos avaliados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Bonding , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Tensile Strength , Materials Testing , Composite Resins , Resin Cements , Dentin
5.
Rev. ADM ; 78(3): 149-154, mayo-jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254699

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las alternativas de tratamiento de órganos dentales con gran destrucción en su estructura varían, no sólo por el material de restauración, sino también por el valor económico y estético. Dentro de las alternativas existe: corona convencional, endocorona cuyo objetivo principal es la elaboración de una restauradora que evita la colocación de postes intraconducto y endocorona con ausencia de una pared axial (EPA) que se realiza cuando una pared, mesial, distal, vestibular o palatina está ausente. Objetivo: Verificar si la endocorona EPA se comporta de igual manera que las coronas convencionales y endocoronas al medir su resistencia ante fuerzas de tracción. Material y métodos: Treinta premolares fueron tratados endodóncicamente, 10 fueron preparados para recibir una corona convencional (grupo A), 10 para endocorona (grupo B) y 10 para endocorona EPA (grupo C). Se realizaron fuerzas de tracción para obtener el valor máximo en el cual las coronas fallaron. Se realizó una prueba ANOVA para comparar los resultados. Resultados: Al someter a los tres tipos de coronas a fuerzas de tracción los resultados obtenidos fueron: 3.04 ± 0.55 MPa para la corona, 7.08 ± 1.6 MPa para la endocorona y 6.17 ± 1.12 MPa para la endocorona EPA. Conclusiones: No existió diferencia significativa entre la endocorona (7.08 MPa) y la EPA (6.17 MPa), convirtiéndose en una alternativa de tratamiento con buen pronóstico en la práctica diaria (AU)


Introduction: The alternatives of treatment of tooth with excessive wear vary not only by the restoration material but also by the economic and aesthetic value. Among the alternatives there is: conventional crown, endocrown whose main objective is the elaboration of a restorative that avoids the placement of intraconducting posts and endocrown without one axial wall (EPA) that is done when a wall; mesial, distal, vestibular or palatal is absent. Objective: To verify if the (EPA) behaves in the same way as the conventional crown and endocrown when measuring its resistance to tensile strength. Material and methods: 30 premolars were treated endodontically, ten were prepared to receive a conventional crown, 10 for endocrown and 10 for EPA. Tensile strength were performed to obtain the maximum value at which the crowns failed, an ANOVA test was performed to compare the results. Results: When the three types of crowns were subjected to tensile strength, the results obtained were; 3.04 ± 0.55 MPa for the crown, 7.08 ± 1.6 MPa for the endocrown and 6.17 ± 1.12 MPa for the EPA endocrown. Conclusions: There was no significant difference between the endocrown (7.08 MPa) and EPA endocrown (6.17 MPa) becoming an alternative treatment with good prognosis in daily practice (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tensile Strength , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy , Crowns , Prognosis , Bicuspid , Ceramics , Statistical Analysis , Analysis of Variance , Cementation/methods
6.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(2): 207-211, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280070

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) has been described in the literature as a resource capable of improving physical performance. Objective: The purpose of this randomized double-blind study was to evaluate the influence of IPC on the neuromuscular performance of trained individuals. Methods: Twenty-four (24) resistance training participants (6 of them women) with a mean age of 25.8 ± 4.6 years were selected and divided into two groups: the upper limb group (ULG) composed of 12 individuals (4 women) and the lower limb group (LLG) composed of 12 individuals (2 women). The maximum repetitions test was applied in the bench press for the ULG and in the 45° leg press for the LLG, with 50% of the one-repetition maximum under control, placebo and IPC conditions, at a random interval of 72 hours between tests. The IPC was applied four hours before the tests by means of an analog sphygmomanometer cuff inflated to 220 mmHg on the arm for the ULG and on the thigh for LLG, with three cycles of five minutes each of ischemia and reperfusion, alternating between the right and left sides. For the placebo, the cuff was inflated to 40 mmHg without causing ischemia. The significance level for the Wilcoxon test was p <0.017, due to the Bonferroni correction. The effect size (ES) was also analyzed. Results: With IPC, the ULG performed 34.8 ± 4.8 repetitions, representing an improvement of 11.29% (IPC vs. control, ES = 0.68 and p = 0.002) and the LLG performed 40.5 ± 15.7 repetitions, representing an improvement of 37.47% (IPC vs. control, ES = 0.84 and p = 0.002). No significant improvements were observed for the placebo in either group. Conclusion: Our data showed that IPC positively influenced neuromuscular performance of both the upper and lower limbs. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies investigating the results of treatment (Prospectived comparative studye).


RESUMEN Introducción: El preacondicionamiento isquémico (PCI) ha sido descrito en la literatura como un recurso capaz de mejorar el desempeño físico. Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio aleatorio doble ciego fue evaluar la influencia del PCI en el desempeño neuromuscular de individuos entrenados. Métodos: Fueron seleccionados 24 individuos (6 mujeres) con promedio de edad de 25,8 ± 4,6 años, practicantes de entrenamiento resistido, divididos en dos grupos, siendo un grupo de miembros superiores (GMS) compuesto por 12 individuos (4 mujeres) y grupo de miembros inferiores (GMI) compuesto por 12 individuos (2 mujeres). El test de repeticiones máximas fue aplicado en el ejercicio de supino para el GMS y en el leg press 45° para el GMI con 50% de una repetición máxima, en las condiciones de control, placebo y PCI, de forma aleatoria con intervalo de 72 horas entre los tests. El PCI fue aplicado cuatro horas antes de los tests mediante un manguito de esfigmomanómetro analógico inflado a 220 mmHg en el brazo para el GMS y en el muslo para el GMI, siendo tres ciclos de cinco minutos de isquemia y cinco minutos de reperfusión, alternando los lados derecho e izquierdo. Para el placebo, el manguito quedó en 40 mmHg, sin provocar isquemia. El nivel de significancia del test de Wilcoxon fue p <0,017, debido a la corrección de Bonferroni. El tamaño del efecto (TE) también fue analizado. Resultados: Con el PCI, el GMS realizó 34,8 ± 4,8 repeticiones, representando mejora de 11,29% (PCI vs control, TE = 0,68 y p = 0,002) y el GMI realizó 40,5 ± 15,7 repeticiones, representando mejora de 37,47% (PCI vs control, TE = 0,84 y p = 0,002). Con el placebo, ambos grupos no mostraron mejora. Conclusión: Nuestros datos mostraron que el PCI influenció positivamente el desempeño neuromuscular tanto de miembros superiores como inferiores. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento (estudio comparativo prospectivo).


RESUMO Introdução: O pré-condicionamento isquêmico (PCI) tem sido descrito na literatura como um recurso capaz de melhorar o desempenho físico. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo randomizado duplo cego foi avaliar a influência do PCI no desempenho neuromuscular de indivíduos treinados. Métodos: Foram selecionados 24 indivíduos (6 mulheres) com média de idade de 25,8 ± 4,6 anos, praticantes de treinamento resistido, divididos em dois grupos, sendo um grupo de membros superiores (GMS), composto por 12 indivíduos (4 mulheres) e grupo de membros inferiores (GMI), composto por 12 indivíduos (2 mulheres). O teste de repetições máximas foi aplicado no exercício de supino para o GMS e no leg press 45° para o GMI com 50% de uma repetição máxima, nas condições de controle, placebo e PCI, de forma aleatória com intervalo de 72 horas entre os testes. O PCI foi aplicado quatro horas antes dos testes por meio de um manguito de esfigmomanômetro analógico inflado a 220 mmHg no braço para o GMS e na coxa para o GMI, sendo três ciclos de cinco minutos de isquemia e cinco minutos de reperfusão, alternando os lados direito e esquerdo. Para o placebo, o manguito ficou em 40 mmHg, sem provocar isquemia. O nível de significância do teste de Wilcoxon foi de p < 0,017, devido à correção de Bonferroni. O tamanho do efeito (TE) também foi analisado. Resultados: Com o PCI, o GMS realizou 34,8 ± 4,8 repetições, representando melhora de 11,29% (PCI vs. controle, TE = 0,68 e p = 0,002) e o GMI realizou 40,5 ± 15,7 repetições, representando melhora de 37,47% (PCI vs. controle, TE = 0,84 e p = 0,002). Com o placebo, ambos os grupos não apresentaram melhora. Conclusão: Nossos dados mostraram que o PCI influenciou positivamente o desempenho neuromuscular tanto de membros superiores quanto inferiores. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos-Investigação dos resultados do tratamento (Estudo prospectivo comparativo).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Ischemic Preconditioning , Muscle Strength/physiology , Athletic Performance/physiology , Endurance Training/methods , Muscles/blood supply , Tensile Strength , Double-Blind Method , Exercise Test/methods
7.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(82): 35-42, 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291352

ABSTRACT

En los últimos años resulta de elección la utilización de postes de fib ra en la rehabilitación de piezas endodónticamente tratadas. La adhesión entre poste, agente cementante y dentina radicular permitiría lograr una retención de la estructura dentro de las paredes del conducto. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar la resistencia adhesiva en los tercios cervical, medio y apical, entre la dentina del conducto radicular y el cemento adhesivo utilizado en la cementación de postes de fibra. Se utilizaron 30 premolares inferiores uniradiculares humanos, recientemente extraídos, se realizaron los tratamientos endodónticos, se desobturaron y realizaron las preparaciones con la fresa conformadora número 3 para la cementación de postes White Post DC especial número 3 con cemento Paracore utilizando el protocolo adhesivo del mismo sistema. Las muestras fueron incluidas en acrílico cristal, cortadas en forma perpendicular al eje mayor de la pieza con una máquina de corte y por último se procedió a medir los valores de adhesión de los postes a la superficie interna de los conductos en los tres tercios con la prueba push-out mediante una máquina de ensayo universal. Los resultados arrojaron que las resistencias (media +- DE, MPa) en los tercios cervical, medio y apical, fueron 8,74 +- 3,12, 9,38 +- 2,29 y 11,11 +- 2,95, respectivamente. En el tercio apical se registró mayor resistencia. Considerando las limitaciones de esta investigación, se puede concluir que la cementación de postes de fibra con cementos resinosos, presenta mayores valores en el tercio apical y menores en el tercio cervical del conducto radicular con técnica de Push-out (AU)


Subject(s)
Tensile Strength , Post and Core Technique , Flexural Strength , Bicuspid , Statistical Analysis , Cementation/methods , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Tooth Cervix , Dental Pulp Cavity , Fibric Acids
8.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64(spe): e21210148, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339319

ABSTRACT

Abstract The Brazilian Power Sector is preparing the introduction of battery energy storage in its distribution lines for energy quality control. The technical and financial viability of this new technology depends on several factors: battery technologies, geographical locations, environmental restrictions and the local regulation. One of the objectives of the present project was to create a methodology for helping technicians to choose the best battery technology for each particular application. The Analytic Hierarchy Process - AHP algorithm was selected to take into account all the above-mentioned factors. This methodology was applied to a case study considering four different commercially available battery energy storage systems (BESS) and the methodology was able to recommend the best choice by taking into account all the criteria and subcriteria considered. The second objective of the present project is to evaluate a real hybrid BESS operation composed of two different battery technologies. Up to the moment when this paper was submitted the BESS has not been installed yet. The installation place has already been selected, a feeder-line with 1,360 kW peak power, and monitored for energy quality. The BESS has been sized, a 250 kW/1 MWh flow battery together with a 250 kW/500 kWh lithium-ion battery and the purchase process has been initiated. Both battery technologies will work in separate and joint operations for power quality in on-grid and island cases.


Subject(s)
Tensile Strength , Electricity , Batteries , Algorithms
9.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2021. 70 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1359883

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a resistência à fadiga e ciclos até a falha de 3 zircônias odontológicas após envelhecimento hidrotérmico isolado e um novo protocolo alternado. Discos de zircônia "Y"Z T (VITA), INCORIS "T"ZI (Dentsply Sirona) e "K"ATANA UTML (Noritake Kuraray) (N=135) ­ 1ª, 2ª e 3ª gerações, respectivamente ­, foram divididos em 9 grupos (n=15), com 3 tratamentos para cada zircônia: CF ­ Controle, somente com fadiga mecânica; EF ­ Envelhecido em reator hidrotérmico a 134 ºC por 20 h + Fadiga; EFA: 4 passos de envelhecimentos de 5h alternados com fadiga. O teste de fadiga em flexão biaxial foi realizado com configuração de pistão sob 3 esferas, utilizando o método step-stress (carga inicial: 100 Mpa, step: 50 MPa/10.000 ciclos, frequência: 20 Hz). Os dados foram analisados através de teste Kaplan-Meir e Mantel-Cox com α=0,05, além da análise de Weibull. Discos fraturados foram analisados em estereomicroscópio, Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura (MEV) e Difratômetro de Raios-X (DRX). O envelhecimento isolado com fadiga aumentou a resistência do grupo TEF (810 ± 76 MPa), enquanto diminuiu a do YEF (516 ± 38 MPa), o protocolo alternado aumentou a resistência apenas para a YZ T (730 ± 59 MPa). A KATANA UMTL não apresentou diferenças para ambos os tratamentos. Igualmente, foi a única a não sofrer transformação de fase T-M. O grupo TEF apresentou maior taxa sobrevivência à fadiga (147,000.00 ciclos). A origem de fratura para todos os espécimes deu-se no lado de tração em defeitos pré-existentes. Zircônias de 2ª geração possuem melhor comportamento mecânico e longevidade pós-envelhecimento e fadiga. Embora seja menos resistente, a KATANA UTML não sofreu degradação


This study aimed to evaluate the fatigue strength and cycles for failure of 3 dental zirconias after isolated and a novel hydrothermal and mechanical fatigue cycling aging protocol. "Y"Z T (VITA), INCORIS "T"ZI (Dentsply Sirona) and "K"ATANA UTML (Noritake Kuraray) zirconia discs (N=135), were divided into 9 groups (n=15), according to 3 proposed treatments for each zirconia: CF (control ­ only mechanical fatigue cycling); AF (aging in hydrothermal reactor at 134°C for 20 h + mechanical fatigue cycling ); AFA (Alternating protocol: 4 steps of 5 h of hydrothermal aging intercalated with mechanical fatigue cycling). Mechanical fatigue aging was performed according to the step stress approach through biaxial flexural setup (piston-on-3-balls, initial strength: 100 MPa, step: 50 MPa/ci000, frequency: 20 Hz) until failure. Data were analyzed using KaplanMeier and Mantel-Cox test (α=0.05), in addition to Weibull analysis. Fractured discs were analyzed in stereomicroscope, Scanning Electron Microscopy and XRay Diffraction. Continuous hydrothermal and mechanical fatigue cycling decreased the fatigue strength of YAF group (516 ± 38 MPa), while the alternating protocol increased it (730 ± 59 MPa). KATANA UTML showed no differences for both treatments and did not undergo T-M phase transformation. The TAF group showed the highest fatigue strength (810 ± 76 MPa) and cycles for failure (147,000.00 cycles). The fracture origin for all specimens was on the tensile side in pre-existing defects. INCORIS TZI zirconia have higher fatigue strength after hydrothermal and mechanical fatigue aging. Although less resistant, KATANA UTML did not suffer chemical degradation


Subject(s)
Tensile Strength , Zirconium/chemistry , Materials Testing , Ceramics , X-Ray Diffraction , Biocompatible Materials/analysis , Microscopy, Electrochemical, Scanning
10.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(2): 1-5, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1177573

ABSTRACT

Objetives: this study aimed to fabricate electrospun-based polyetherimide (PEI) fibers, under controlled parameters, and to perform a diameter analysis for potential mechanical improvement of dental materials. Material and Methods: PEI pallets (0.75 g) were dissolved in 2 mL of chloroform and then processed by electrospinning, under a flow rate of 1mLh-1, three different electrical voltages (10kV, 15kV and 20kV) and three distances (10 cm, 15 cm and 18 cm) between the needle tip and collector. These parameter combinations resulted in nine experimental groups that were analyzed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and image processing program for diameter measurement. Statistical analysis was performed using two-way ANOVA with post-hoc Tukey (5% significance). Results: from SEM images it was possible to observe formation of solid, misaligned and flawless defect-free fibers. And from the statistical analysis, distance (p = 0,0026) and the electric tension (p = 0,0012) showed a significant difference, but not for interaction between then (p = 0,4486). Conclusion: thus, it can be concluded that there is a possibility of the morphology control of PEI electrospun fibers, such as diameter, that can be used for a variety of applications such as incorporation in dental materials in order to improve its properties. (AU)


Objetivos: o objetivo deste estudo foi fabricar fibras de polieterimida à base de eletrofiação (PEI), sob parâmetros controlados, e realizar uma análise de diâmetro para potencial aprimoramento mecânico de materiais odontológicos. Material e métodos: paletes de PEI (0,75 g) foram dissolvidos em 2 mL de clorofórmio e processados pela eletrofiação, sob uma razão de fluxo de 1 mLh-1, três tensões elétricas diferentes (10 kV, 15 kV e 20 kV) e três distâncias (10 cm, 15 cm e 18 cm) entre a ponta da agulha e o coletor. Essas combinações de parâmetros resultaram em nove grupos diferentes que foram analisadas usando microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) e programa de processamento de imagem para medição de diâmetro. Resultados: a partir das imagens de MEV foi possível observar a formação de fibras sólidas, desalinhadas e sem defeitos. E a partir da análise estatística, a distância (p = 0,0026) e a tensão elétrica (p = 0,0012) apresentaram diferença significativa, mas não para interação entre elas (p = 0,4486). Conclusão: assim, pode-se concluir que existe a possibilidade de controle da morfologia das fibras eletrofiadas PEI, como o diâmetro, que pode ser utilizado para uma variedade de aplicações, como incorporação em materiais dentários, a fim de melhorar suas propriedades (AU)


Subject(s)
Polymers , Tensile Strength , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Dental Materials
11.
Clinics ; 76: e2358, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249574

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: In the present study, a novel single knot tenorrhaphy was developed by combining the modified Kessler flexor tendon suture (MK) with the loop lock technique. METHODS: A total of 48 porcine flexor digitorum profundus tendons were collected and randomly divided into six groups. The tendons were transversely cut and then repaired using six different techniques, the MK method, double knot Kessler-loop lock flexor tendon suture (DK), and single knot Kessler-loop lock flexor tendon suture (SK), each in combination with the epitendinous suture (P), and the same three techniques without P. Furthermore, by performing the load-to-failure tests, the biomechanical properties and the time taken to complete a repair, for each tenorrhaphy, were assessed. RESULTS: Compared to the MK+P method, DK+P was more improved, thereby enhancing the ultimate tensile strength. The SK+P method, which required fewer knots than DK+P, was easier to perform. Moreover, the SK+P repair increased the force at a 2-mm gap formation, while requiring lesser knots than DK+P. CONCLUSION: As opposed to the traditional MK+P method, the SK+P method was improved and exhibited better biomechanical properties, which may facilitate early mobilization after the repair.


Subject(s)
Animals , Sutures , Suture Techniques , Swine , Tendons/surgery , Tensile Strength , Biomechanical Phenomena
12.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e045, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1153603

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the biocompatibility and mechanical properties of two commercially available and one experimental periodontal dressing materials. The cytotoxicity of Periobond ® , Barricaid ® and one experimental periodontal dressing based on Exothane ® 8 monomer was tested on 3T3/NIH mouse fibroblast. Genotoxicity was assessed by micronuclei formation, and cell alterations were analyzed using light microscopy. Both biological assays were performed using the eluate obtained from specimens after 24, 72, or 168 hours of incubation. Mechanical characterization was assessed through the ultimate tensile strength and the water sorption and solubility tests. The significance level of α = 0.05 was used for all statistical analyses. All the materials promoted a cell viability lower than 60% in all evaluated times. In general, the cell viability was significantly reduced after 72 and 168h of specimens' incubation. Considering the factor material, there were not statistical differences in the cell viability (p = 0.156). The genotoxicity was not statistically significant among the groups in the different periods of time (p > 0.05). Differences in the ultimate tensile strength values were not statistically significant different among the groups (p = 0.125). Periobond ® showed the higher water sorption values (p < 0.001). Regarding solubility, there were no statistical differences between the groups (p = 0.098). All the periodontal dressing materials evaluated in this study exerted a cytotoxic effect against mouse fibroblasts, and their toxicity became more evident over time. Among the materials evaluated, the experimental light-cure type has shown overall similar properties to the commercial references.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Periodontal Dressings , Bandages , Solubility , Tensile Strength , Materials Testing
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922049

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#A rapid fixation device is developed to solve the problems of emergency fixation and transportation of patients with spinal injury.@*METHODS@#Through the analysis of the function,3D modeling design, finite element analysis and optimization design based on ANSYS Workbench, tensile strength verification experiment, we produced the prototype, and tested it, conducted a simulated rescue experiment.@*RESULTS@#The fixation device designed can meet the demand of spinal injury patients for safe rescue after accidents, and the quality of the rapid fixation device was lighten by about 30% without reducing the intensity.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The method based on optimal design can obviously improve the structure design, and has reference significance for other related rescue equipment design.


Subject(s)
Equipment Design , Finite Element Analysis , Humans , Tensile Strength
14.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(6): 657-663, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132344

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of cleaning solutions on the retention force of o-ring-type overdenture attachments. The effect of four solutions on nitrile rings were evaluated: Cepacol (C), Cepacol with fluoride (CF), Listerine (L) and 0.05% sodium hypochlorite (SH); deionized water (DW) was used as a control. Matrices containing two implants and abutments and acrylic specimens with the metal capsules were obtained and divided into the groups. A simulation of 90 overnight immersions (8 h) was performed, and the tensile strength value was obtained at the beginning (T0) and in every 30 days (T1, T2 and T3) (n=6). In order to analyze o-ring surface damage after the immersions, a scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used (n=1). For statistical analysis of the results, analysis of variance (ANOVA) and multiple comparisons with Bonferroni adjustment (test power=1.000; a=0.05) were used. There was a significant difference for the factors time (p<0.001), solution (p<0.001) and for the interaction time × solution (p<0.001). Considering the times of each solution, only for DW there was no significant loss of retention over time. Comparing the solutions in each moment, there was no difference among the solutions in T0. From T1, CF and SH provided less retention than DW (p<0.005). Through SEM it was possible to observe changes in the surface of the CF and SH nitrile o-rings. CF and SH should be avoided due to deleterious action in o-rings.


Resumo O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar o efeito de soluções higienizadoras sobre a força de retenção de encaixes do tipo o-ring. Foram avaliadas quatro soluções: Cepacol (C); Cepacol com flúor (CF), Listerine (L), hipoclorito de sódio 0,05% (HS) e água deionizada (controle/AD) em o-rings de nitrilo. Matrizes contendo dois implantes e pilares e espécimes em acrílico com as cápsulas metálicas foram obtidas e divididas entre os grupos. Foi realizada a simulação de 90 imersões noturnas (8 h), sendo obtido o valor da resistência à tração no início e a cada 30 dias (T0, T1, T2 e T3) por meio da máquina de ensaios mecânicos (n=6). Microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) foi utilizada para análise de danos na superfície do o´ring após a imersão (n=1). Para análise estatística dos resultados foi utilizada análise de variância (ANOVA) e múltiplas comparações com ajuste de Bonferroni (poder do teste=1,000; a=0,05). Houve diferença significante para os fatores tempo (p<0,001), solução (p<0,001) e para interação de tempo × solução (p<0,001). Considerando-se os tempos de cada solução, apenas AD não apresentou perda significativa de retenção ao longo do tempo. Comparando as soluções em cada momento, não houve diferença entre as soluções em T0. A partir de T1, CF e HS propiciaram menor retenção quando comparados à AD (p <0,005). Através do MEV foi possível observar alterações nas superfícies dos o-rings de nitrilo imersos em CF e HS. O Cepacol com flúor e hipoclorito de sódio devem ser evitados devido à ação deletéria nos o-rings.


Subject(s)
Sodium Hypochlorite , Tensile Strength , Materials Testing , Denture Retention , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Dental Stress Analysis , Denture, Overlay
15.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(4): 445-452, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132320

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the effect of different commercial liquid phases (Ketac, Riva, and Fuji IX) and the use of spherical pre-reacted glass (SPG) fillers on cement maturation, fluoride release, compressive (CS) and biaxial flexural strength (BFS) of experimental glass ionomer cements (GICs). The experimental GICs (Ketac_M, Riva_M, FujiIX_M) were prepared by mixing SPG fillers with commercial liquid phases using the powder to liquid mass ratio of 2.5:1. FTIR-ATR was used to assess the maturation of GICs. Diffusion coefficient of fluoride (DF) and cumulative fluoride release (CF) in deionized water was determined using the fluoride ion specific electrode (n=3). CS and BFS at 24 h were also tested (n=6). Commercial GICs were used as comparisons. Riva and Riva_M exhibited rapid polyacrylate salt formation. The highest DF and CF were observed with Riva_M (1.65x10-9 cm2/s) and Riva (77 ppm) respectively. Using SPG fillers enhanced DF of GICs on average from ~2.5x10-9 cm2/s to ~3.0x10-9 cm2/s but reduced CF of the materials on average from ~51 ppm to ~42 ppm. The CS and BFS of Ketac_M (144 and 22 MPa) and Fuji IX_M (123 and 30 MPa) were comparable to commercial materials. Using SPG with Riva significantly reduced CS and BFS from 123 MPa to 55 MPa and 42 MPa to 28 MPa respectively. The use of SPG fillers enhanced DF but reduced CF of GICs. Using SPG with Ketac or Fuji IX liquids provided comparable strength to the commercial materials.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito de diferentes fases líquidas comerciais (Ketac, Riva e Fuji IX) e o uso de partículas esféricas de vidro pré-reagido (SPG) na maturação do cimento, liberação de flúor, força de compressão (CS) e resistência biaxial à flexão (BFS) de cimentos de ionômero de vidro (GICs) experimentais. Os GICs experimentais (Ketac_M, Riva_M, FujiIX_M) foram preparados pela mistura de partículas SPG com fases líquidas comerciais usando a proporção de pó para massa líquida de 2,5: 1. O FTIR-ATR foi usado para avaliar a maturação dos GICs. O coeficiente de difusão do flúor (DF) e a liberação cumulativa de flúor (CF) em água deionizada foram determinados usando o eletrodo específico do íon fluoreto (n = 3). CS e BFS em 24 h também foram testados (n = 6). GICs comerciais foram usados como comparações. Riva e Riva_M exibiram rápida formação de sal de poliacrilato. Os maiores DF e CF foram observados com Riva_M (1,65x10-9 cm2/s) e Riva (77 ppm), respectivamente. O uso de partículas SPG melhorou o DF de GICs em média de ~ 2,5x10-9 cm2/s a ~ 3,0x10-9 cm2/s, mas reduziu o CF dos materiais em média de ~ 51 ppm a ~ 42 ppm. O CS e BFS de Ketac_M (144 e 22 MPa) e Fuji IX_M (123 e 30 MPa) foram comparáveis aos materiais comerciais. Usar SPG com Riva reduziu significativamente CS e BFS de 123 MPa para 55 MPa e 42 MPa para 28 MPa, respectivamente. O uso de SPG partículas melhorou o DF, mas reduziu o CF dos GICs. O uso de partículas SPG com líquidos Ketac ou Fuji IX proporcionou resistência comparável aos materiais comerciais.


Subject(s)
Dental Cements , Glass Ionomer Cements , Tensile Strength , Materials Testing , Compressive Strength
16.
Odontoestomatol ; 22(35): 20-29, jul. 2020. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, BNUY-Odon | ID: biblio-1103033

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Evaluar la resistencia de unión a la microtracción en dentina humana de un sistema adhesivo universal con clorhexidina en su composición, en modo de grabado y lavado en 2 pasos, y en modo de autograbado. Metodología: 20 terceros molares divididos aleatoriamente en 4 grupos según el tipo de sistema adhesivo utilizado (Single Bond Universal®, 3MESPE y Peak Universal Bond®, Ultradent Products) y modo de uso (grabado total y autograbado). Se confeccionaron cuerpos de prueba sometidos al ensayo de microtracción utilizando una máquina de ensayos universales. Resultados: No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los cuatro grupos estudiados. Conclusiones: La resistencia de unión de una resina compuesta a dentina humana no fue afectada por el uso de un sistema adhesivo universal que contiene clorhexidina en su composición aplicado en los modos de grabado total y autograbado


Objectives: To evaluate the microtensile bond strength to human dentin of chlorhexidine containing universal adhesive system applied in the total-etch and selfetch modes. Methods: Twenty third molars were randomly divided into four groups according to the universal adhesive system (Single Bond Universal ®, 3M ESPE and Peak Universal Bond®, Ultradent) and application mode used (total-etch and self-etch). Specimens were prepared and subjected to a microtensile bond strength using a MTS SANS universal testing machine. Results: No statistically significant differences were found in the microtensile bond strength between the four groups studied. Conclusions: The bond strength of a composite resin to human dentin was not affected by the use of a universal adhesive system with chlorhexidine in its composition applied in the total-etch and self-etch modes.


Objetivos: Avaliar a resistência de união á microtração na dentina humana de um sistema adesivo universal com clorexidina na sua composição, no modo de condicionamento total em dois passos e no modo autocondicionante. Metodologia: 20 terceiros molares foram divididos aleatoriamente em 4 grupos, de acordo com o tipo de sistema adesivo utilizado (Single Bond Universal®, 3MESPE e Peak Universal Bond®, Ultradent Products) e modo de uso (condicionamento total e autocondicionante). Os corpos de prova criados foram submetidos ao teste de microtração utilizando uma máquina de ensaios universal. Resultados: Não foram encontradas diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os quatro grupos estudados. Conclusões: A resistência de união da resina composta à dentina humana não foi afetada pelo uso de um sistema adesivo universal contendo clorexidina em sua composição, aplicado nos modos de condicionamento total ou autocondicionamento.


Subject(s)
Tensile Strength , Chlorhexidine , Dental Bonding , Dental Cements
17.
Coluna/Columna ; 19(3): 205-208, July-Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133584

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To analyze the behavior of thoracolumbar fractures of the coronal split type using the finite element method. Methods Two comparative studies were conducted through simulation of coronal split fractures in a finite model in which the first lumbar vertebra (L1) was considered to be fractured. In the first case, the fracture line was considered to have occurred in the middle of the vertebral body (50%), while in the second model, the fracture line occurred in the anterior quarter of the vertebral body (25%). The maximum von Mises stress values were compared, as well as the axial displacement between fragments of the fractured vertebra. Results The stress levels found for the fracture located at half of the vertebral body were 43% higher (264.88 MPa x 151.16 MPa) than those for the fracture located at the anterior 25% of the vertebra, and the axial displacement of the 50% fractured body was also greater (1.19 mm x 1.10 mm). Conclusions Coronal split fractures located in the anterior quarter of the vertebral body incurred less stress and displacements and are more amenable to conservative treatment than 50% fractures occurring in the middle of the vertebral body. Level of Evidence III; Experimental study.


RESUMO Objetivo Analisar o comportamento das fraturas toracolombares do tipo split coronal através de elementos finitos. Métodos Foram realizados dois estudos comparativos através da simulação de fratura do tipo split coronal, em modelo finito, considerando que a primeira vértebra lombar (L1) estava fraturada. No primeiro caso, considerou-se que o traço da fratura ocorria na metade do corpo vertebral (50%), já no segundo modelo, o traço de fratura ocorria na porção anterior do corpo (25%). Foram comparados os valores de tensão máxima segundo von Mises, assim como o deslocamento axial sofrido entre os fragmentos da vértebra fraturada. Resultados Na fratura localizada ao nível da metade do corpo vertebral, os níveis de tensões encontrados foram 43% maiores (264,88 MPa x 151,16 MPa) do que aqueles na fratura a 25% no terço anterior do corpo vertebral, em que o deslocamento axial da porção fraturada também foi mais elevado (1,19 mm x 1,10 mm). Conclusões As fraturas do tipo split coronal localizadas no quarto anterior do corpo vertebral concentram menos tensões e deslocamentos, sendo mais passíveis de tratamento conservador em comparação às fraturas que ocorrem na metade do corpo vertebral. Nível de Evidência III; Estudo experimental.


RESUMEN Objetivo Analizar el comportamiento de las fracturas toracolumbares del tipo split coronal a través de elementos finitos. Métodos Se realizaron dos estudios comparativos a través de la simulación de fractura del tipo split coronal, en modelo finito, considerando que la primera vértebra lumbar (L1) estaba fracturada. En el primer caso, se consideró que el trazo de la fractura ocurría en la mitad del cuerpo vertebral (50%), ya en el segundo modelo, el trazo de la fractura ocurría en la porción anterior del cuerpo (25%). Fueron comparados los valores de tensión máxima según von Mises, así como el desplazamiento axial sufrido entre los fragmentos de la vértebra fracturada. Resultados En la fractura localizada al nivel de la mitad del cuerpo vertebral, los niveles de tensiones encontrados fueron 43% mayores (264,88 MPa x 151,16 MPa) que aquellos en la fractura a 25% en el tercio anterior del cuerpo vertebral, en que el desplazamiento axial de la porción fracturada fue también más elevado (1,19 mm x 1,10 mm). Conclusiones Las fracturas del tipo split coronal localizadas en el cuarto anterior del cuerpo vertebral concentran menores tensiones y desplazamientos, siendo más susceptibles de tratamiento conservador en comparación a las fracturas que ocurren en la mitad del cuerpo vertebral. Nivel de Evidencia III; Estudio experimental.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spine , Tensile Strength , Spinal Fractures
18.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(3): 272-280, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132305

ABSTRACT

Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of the application mode of three universal adhesive systems on interfacial physical properties of indirect composite restorations adhesively cemented to dentin cavities. Seventy-eight bovine lower incisors were selected and a slice of dentin (thickness: 2 mm) between the buccal surface and pulp chamber was obtained for each tooth. Conical cavities were made on this surface. The internal walls of the cavities were then coated with a hydrophilic gel, filled with composite resin and photopolymerized. The dentin/cone sets were divided into 6 groups (n=10) according to type of universal adhesive (TETRI: Tetric N Bond, FUT: Futura Bond U, SBU: Single Bond Universal) and acid etching on dentin (A: with acid etching; WA: without acid etching). The acid etching and the adhesive systems were applied to the surface of the dentin. All composite resin cones were sandblasted (Al2O3, 20 s) and silanized. After surface treatment, the cones were cemented (RelyX Ultimate) into the dentin cavity and photopolymerized. After thermocycling (10,000 cycles), samples were submitted to marginal adaptation analysis (using caries detector dye), push-out test (0.5 mm/min), and failure mode analysis. Additional samples were prepared for nanoleakage analysis (SEM). The data (MPa) were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's post-test (5%). The groups in which the dentin was acid etched showed significantly lower bond strength values in the push-out test (p<0.01). Dentin acid etching significantly reduced the bond strength between universal adhesive systems and dentin in indirect restorative procedures.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a influência do modo de aplicação de três sistemas adesivos universais nas propriedades físicas interfaciais de restaurações indiretas de compósito adesivamente cimentadas a cavidades dentinária. Setenta e oito incisivos inferiores bovinos foram selecionados e uma fatia de dentina (espessura: 2 mm) entre a face vestibular e a câmara pulpar foi obtida para cada dente. Cavidades cônicas foram feitas nesta superfície. As paredes internas das cavidades foram então revestidas com um gel hidrofílico, preenchidas com resina composta, e fotopolimerizados. Os conjuntos dentina/cone foram divididos em 6 grupos (n=10) de acordo com o tipo de adesivo universal (TETRI: Tetric N Bond, FUT: Futura Bond U, SBU: Single Bond Universal) e ácido na dentina (A: com condicionamento ácido; WA: sem condicionamento ácido). O condicionamento ácido e os sistemas adesivos foram aplicados na superfície da dentina. Todos os cones de resina composta foram jateados (Al2O3, 20 s) e silanizados. Após o tratamento superficial, os cones foram cimentados (RelyX Ultimate) na cavidade dentinária e fotopolimerizados. Após a termociclagem (10.000 ciclos), as amostras foram submetidas a análise de adaptação marginal (usando corante detector de carie), teste push-out (0,5 mm/min) e análise do modo de falha. Amostras adicionais foram preparadas para análise de nanoinfiltração (MEV). Os dados (MPa) foram analisados por ANOVA dois fatores e pós-teste de Tukey (5%). Os grupos em que a dentina foi condicionada por ácido apresentaram valores significativamente menores de resistência de união no teste push-out (p<0,01). O condicionamento ácido da dentina reduziu significativamente a resistência de união entre sistemas adesivos universais e dentina em procedimentos restauradores indiretos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dental Bonding , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Surface Properties , Tensile Strength , Materials Testing , Cattle , Composite Resins , Resin Cements , Dental Cements , Dental Pulp Cavity , Dentin
19.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(2): 179-185, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132286

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim was to evaluate, in vitro, the influence of pH cycling on microtensile bond strength (µTBS) and percentage of nanoleakage (%NL) in the dentin-adhesive interface. Flat dentin surfaces were obtained in 56 extracted third molars. The teeth were randomly divided into four groups (n=14): G1- Single Bond Universal (etch-and-rinse mode); G2- Single Bond Universal (self-etch mode); G3- Scotchbond Multi-Purpose; G4- Clearfil SE Bond. A block of composite was built on the adhesive area. Eight tooth/resin sets were cut parallel to the tooth's long axis to obtain 48 beams (0.8 mm2) for each group. Half of the beams were submitted to four cycles of pH cycling (demineralizing solution for 6 h and remineralizing solution for 18 h). The samples were submitted to µTBS test in a universal testing machine. Six tooth/resin sets were cut parallel to the tooth's long axis to obtain three slices of the central region (1.0 mm thickness). Half of the slices were submitted to pH cycling. The nanoleakage methodology was applied to obtain the %NL at the adhesive interfaces. According to two-way ANOVA, the interaction between factors (adhesive system x storage) was significant (p=0.0001) for µTBS and %NL. After pH cycling, there was a significant decrease in µTBS and a significant increase in %NL for all adhesives. The adhesives applied in the self-etch mode obtained lower %NL, differing significantly from the etch-and-rinse adhesives. It was concluded that the pH cycling negatively influenced the µTBS and %NL for all adhesives evaluated. However, self-etch adhesives allowed less %NL.


Resumo O objetivo foi avaliar, in vitro, a influência da ciclagem de pH na resistência de união à microtração (RUµT) e na porcentagem de nanoinfiltração (%NI) na interface dentina-adesivo. Superfícies planas em dentina foram obtidas em 56 terceiros molares. Os dentes foram aleatoriamente divididos em quatro grupos (n=14): G1- Single Bond Universal (condicionamento ácido prévio); G2- Single Bond Universal (autocondicionante); G3- Scotchbond Multi-Purpose; G4- Clearfil SE Bond. Bloco de resina composta foi construído sobre o adesivo. Oito conjuntos dente/resina foram cortados paralelamente ao longo eixo do dente para obter 48 palitos (0,8 mm2) para cada grupo. Metade dos palitos foi submetida a quatro ciclos de ciclagem de pH (solução desmineralizadora por 6 h e solução remineralizadora por 18 h). As amostras foram submetidas ao teste de RUµT em máquina de ensaio universal. Seis conjuntos dente/resina foram cortados paralelamente ao longo eixo para obter três fatias da região central (1,0 mm de espessura). Metade das fatias foi submetida à ciclagem de pH. A metodologia de nanoinfitração foi aplicada para obter a %NI nas interfaces. De acordo com ANOVA de duas vias, interação entre os fatores (adesivo x armazenamento) foi significativa (p=0.0001) para for RUµT e %NI. Após ciclagem de pH, houve redução significativa na RUµT e aumento significativo na %NI para todos adesivos. Os adesivos aplicados na técnica autocondicionante obtiveram menor %NI, diferindo significativamente dos adesivos com condicionamento ácido prévio. Concluiu-se que a ciclagem de pH influenciou negativamente a RUµT e a %NI para todos adesivos. Contudo, adesivos autocondicionantes permitiram menor %NI.


Subject(s)
Dental Bonding , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Tensile Strength , Materials Testing , Resin Cements , Dental Cements , Dentin
20.
Rev. ADM ; 77(1): 22-27, ene.-feb. 2020. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087921

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Hoy en día, la mayoría de los pacientes requieren tratamiento de ortodoncia fija convencional, la cual utiliza procedimientos adhesivos afines con la superficie amelodentinaria. Aunque existen diferentes técnicas adhesivas que pueden ofrecer adecuados niveles de resistencia al desalojo, el uso del hipoclorito de sodio (NaClO) como agente desproteinizante no ha sido bien definido en materiales de cementación en aparatología ortodóncica convencional. Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar los niveles de resistencia al desalojo con pruebas de microtensión y análisis topográfico con microscopia electrónica de barrido. Material y métodos: 20 bloques de esmalte bovino fueron expuestos superficialmente a soluciones acondicionadoras (ácido ortofosfórico al 37%) con y sin agente desproteinizante (NaClO al 5.25%); finalmente, brackets individuales de ortodoncia fueron cementados con sistemas adhesivos y resinas compuestas de casas comerciales (Ormco y 3M). Las pruebas de resistencia al desalojo fueron realizadas con una máquina de fuerzas universales y el análisis topográfico con microscopia electrónica de barrido. Resultados: El uso del NaClO al 5.25% y la marca Ormco tuvieron estadísticamente los mejores niveles de adhesión que el grupo sin desproteinización y la casa comercial 3M, respectivamente. La topografía adamantina expuesta al agente desproteinizante mostró características de superficie relacionadas con el patrón de grabado tipo I. Conclusión: El uso de un agente desproteinizante (NaClO 5.25%) así como una marca comercial (Ormco) en particular podrían definir el aumento en los niveles de adhesión en superficies adamantinas con aparatología ortodóncica convencional (AU)


Introduction: Nowadays, patients require conventional fixed orthodontic treatment, which uses adhesive procedures related to the dentinal denture surface. Although there are different adhesive techniques that can offer adequate levels of bonding resistance, the use of NaClO as a deproteinizing agent has not been well defined in cementing materials in conventional orthodontic appliances. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the levels of bond resistance using micro tension tests and topographic analysis with scanning electron microscopy. Material and methods: Twenty-blocks of bovine enamel were exposed superficially to conditioning solutions (37% orthophosphoric acid) with and without deproteinizing agent (5.25% NaClO); finally, individual orthodontic brackets were cemented with adhesive systems and resin composites of different trademarks (Ormco and 3M). Bonding resistance tests were performed with a universal force machine and topographic analysis was made with scanning electron microscopy. Results: The use of 5.25% NaClO and the Ormco brand had statistically better levels of adhesion than the group without deproteinization and the 3M brand, respectively. Adamantine topography exposed to the deproteinizing agent showed surface characteristics related to the type I etching pattern. Conclusion: The use of a deproteinizing agent (NaClO 5.25%) as well as a trademark (Ormco) in particular conditions could define the increase in adhesion levels on adamantine surfaces with conventional orthodontic appliances (AU)


Subject(s)
Sodium Hypochlorite/chemistry , Acid Etching, Dental , Dental Bonding , Orthodontic Brackets , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Phosphoric Acids , Surface Properties , Tensile Strength , In Vitro Techniques , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistical Analysis , Composite Resins
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