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1.
RFO UPF ; 27(1): 111-117, 08 ago. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1509388

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: relatar um caso de ferimento por arma de fogo (FAF), com projétil balístico alojado em região infraorbitária à esquerda, relatando tratamento cirúrgico de urgência para exérese do projetil por acesso subciliar. Relato do caso: Paciente do gênero masculino, 18 anos, foi encaminhado ao pronto socorro do Hospital Universitário por conta de ferimento por arma de fogo. Ao exame clínico, foi verificado discreto aumento de volume em região cervical e hemiface à esquerda, ausência de sangramento em face; presença de limitação para infraversão de olho esquerdo. O orifício de entrada do projetil foi identificado em região de tórax superior posterior à esquerda; após realização de tomografia de face, confirmou-se fratura de assoalho orbitário esquerdo, assim como projétil alojado abaixo do globo ocular. O ato cirúrgico foi realizado com caráter de urgência pela equipe de Cirurgia e Traumatologia Bucomaxilofacial. Discussão: estudos descrevem a importância da realização do adequado manejo de lesões traumáticas decorrentes de FAF seguido de remoção do projetil com urgência, visto que as complicações ao postergar o tempo cirúrgico só agravam o quadro clínico do paciente, além das afecções futuras que podem surgir com o decorrer da resolução do caso clínico. Conclusão: ratifica-se a importância da multidisciplinariedade entres as clínicas médicas, assim como, o correto manejo do paciente traumatizado, baseado nos critérios que conduzem o plano de tratamento.(AU)


Aim: to report a case of gunshot wound, with ballistic projectile lodged in the left infraorbital region, reporting emergency surgical treatment for projectile exeresis by subciliary access. Case Report: An 18-year-old male patient was referred to the emergency department of the University Hospital due to a gunshot wound. On clinical examination, it was found slight increase in volume in the cervical region and left hemiface, absence of bleeding in the face; presence of limitation to infraversion of the left eye. The entrance hole of the projectile was identified in the posterior left upper thorax region; after a tomography of the face, a fracture of the left orbital floor was confirmed, as well as the projectile lodged below the eyeball. The surgery was urgently performed by the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery team. Discussion: Studies describe the importance of performing the proper management of traumatic injuries resulting from FAF followed by removal of the projectile with urgency, since the complications to postpone the surgical time only aggravate the clinical picture of the patient, in addition to future problems that may arise with the resolution of the clinical case. Conclusion: the importance of multidisciplinarity among medical clinics is ratified, as well as the correct management of the traumatized patient, based on the criteria that lead to the treatment plan.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Wounds, Gunshot/surgery , Eye Foreign Bodies/surgery , Thoracic Injuries , Wounds, Gunshot/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Eye Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome
2.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 343-349, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009365

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The artificial intelligence-aided diagnosis model of rib fractures based on YOLOv3 algorithm was established and applied to practical case to explore the application advantages in rib fracture cases in forensic medicine.@*METHODS@#DICOM format CT images of 884 cases with rib fractures caused by thoracic trauma were collected, and 801 of them were used as training and validation sets. A rib fracture diagnosis model based on YOLOv3 algorithm and Darknet53 as the backbone network was built. After the model was established, 83 cases were taken as the test set, and the precision rate, recall rate, F1-score and radiology interpretation time were calculated. The model was used to diagnose a practical case and compared with manual diagnosis.@*RESULTS@#The established model was used to test 83 cases, the fracture precision rate of this model was 90.5%, the recall rate was 75.4%, F1-score was 0.82, the radiology interpretation time was 4.4 images per second and the identification time of each patient's data was 21 s, much faster than manual diagnosis. The recognition results of the model was consistent with that of the manual diagnosis.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The rib fracture diagnosis model in practical case based on YOLOv3 algorithm can quickly and accurately identify fractures, and the model is easy to operate. It can be used as an auxiliary diagnostic technique in forensic clinical identification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rib Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Artificial Intelligence , Thoracic Injuries , Algorithms , Radiography , Retrospective Studies
3.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, ColecionaSUS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1444626

ABSTRACT

O trauma é responsável por significativos impactos na sociedade. De acordo com dados da Organização Mundial de Saúde (OMS), mais de nove pessoas morrem por minuto, vítimas de trauma. Entre os principais tipos de trauma, o torácico representa na atualidade cerca de 25% dos mortos em politraumatizados, constituindo um problema complexo, tendo em vista os elevados índices de mortalidade e sequelas incapacitantes permanentes. Objetivo: Descrever o perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes atendidos em um hospital de urgências da região centro-oeste, vítimas de trauma torácico. Método: Estudo quantitativo, de caráter transversal e retrospectivo, realizado a partir de coleta de dados efetuada em prontuário eletrônico no período de março a maio de 2022. Resultados: Identificou-se 73 pacientes vítimas de trauma torácico, com maior acometimento de pessoas do sexo masculino, com idade entre 26 e 35 anos. Como causa mais frequente, se destacaram os acidentes motociclísticos, resultando principalmente em lesões do tipo hemopneumotórax. Conclusão: o perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes vítimas de trauma torácico foi representado com maior frequência pelo sexo masculino, com idade entre 26 a 35 anos, causados predominantemente por acidentes motociclísticos, resultando na maioria das vezes em lesões do tipo hemopneumotórax


Trauma is responsible for significant impacts on society. According to data from the World Health Organization (WHO), more than nine people die per minute victims of trauma. Among the main types of trauma, thoracic trauma currently represents about 25% of polytrauma deaths, constituting a complex problem, in view of the high rates of mortality and sequelae permanent disabling. Objective: To describe the epidemiological profile of patients treated at an emergency hospital in the Midwest region, victims of thoracic trauma. Method: Quantitative, cross-sectional and retrospective study carried out from data collection of electronic medical records in the period from March to May of 2022. Results: We identified 73 patients who were victims of chest trauma with higher affecting males aged between 26 and 35 years. As the most frequent cause motorcycle accidents stood out, resulting mainly in lesions of the hemopneumothorax type. Conclusion: the profile epidemiology of patients victims of thoracic trauma was represented with greater frequency by males, aged between 26 and 35 years, caused predominantly by motorcycle accidents, often resulting in hemopneumothorax lesions


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Thoracic Injuries/epidemiology , Inpatients/statistics & numerical data , Tomography , Emergency Service, Hospital
4.
Coluna/Columna ; 22(1): e262526, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430251

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Evaluate the neurological recovery with a follow-up of 06 (six) months in victims of thoracic and lumbar fractures who underwent spinal decompression in less than 24 hours, between 24 and 48 hours, and more than 48 hours after the trauma. Methods: Data were collected on patients seen at a large public hospital in Belo Horizonte, between 2014 and 2018, who were victims of SCI who presented with neurological deficits at initial care, and the neurological recovery presented. Results: 41 SCI patients were evaluated, whose mean age was 34 years. There was a predominance of thoracic spine fractures (65.9% of the cases) and classified as AO Spine type C (75%). Regarding the time variable, about 68% of the patients were submitted to surgical treatment more than 48 hours after the trauma. It was observed that both the patients submitted to surgical decompression within less than 24 hours, and those operated on more than 48 hours after the trauma showed a slight neurological improvement at the 6-month follow-up. However, no statistical significance was found. It is worth noting that even when analyzing the 41 patients of the study, regardless of the surgical interval, it was impossible to observe a statistically significant neurological improvement at the 6-month follow-up. Conclusion: Our study could not demonstrate significant differences between those patients who operated early in less than 24 hours and those who operated after more than 48 hours. Level of Evidence III; Comparative retrospective study.


Resumo: Objetivo: Avaliar a recuperação neurológica com um acompanhamento de 06 (seis) meses em vítimas de fraturas torácicas e lombares submetidos a descompressão medular em menos de 24 horas, entre 24 e 48 horas e em mais de 48 horas do trauma. Métodos: Foram coletados dados relativos a pacientes atendidos em hospital público de grande porte de Belo Horizonte, no período de 2014 e 2018, vítimas de TRM que apresentavam déficits neurológicos no atendimento inicial, e a recuperação neurológica apresentada. Resultados: Foram avaliados 41 pacientes vítimas de TRM, cuja idade média foi de 34 anos. Observou-se predomínio de fraturas na coluna torácica (65.9% dos casos) e classificadas como AO Spine tipo C (75%). Em relação a variável tempo cerca de 68% dos pacientes foram submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico com mais de 48h decorridas do trauma. Observou-se que tanto nos pacientes submetidos a descompressão cirúrgica com menos de 24h quanto nos operados com mais de 48h após o trauma houve discreta melhora neurológica no follow-up de 6 meses. Não foi constatada, todavia, significância estatística. Cabe destacar ainda que mesmo analisando o conjunto dos 41 pacientes do estudo, independente do intervalo cirúrgico, não foi possível constatar melhora neurológica com significância estatística na reavaliação de 6 meses. Conclusão: Nosso trabalho não conseguiu demonstrar diferenças significativas entre aqueles pacientes operados precocemente em menos de 24 horas daqueles operados em mais de 48 horas. Nível de evidência III; Estudo retrospectivo comparativo.


Resumen: Objetivo: Evaluar la recuperación neurológica con un acompañamiento de 06 meses en víctimas de fracturas torácicas y lumbares sometidos a la descompresión medular en menos de 24 horas, entre 24 y 48 horas y en más de 48 horas del trauma. Métodos: Se recogieron datos de pacientes atendidos en un gran hospital público de Belo Horizonte, en el período de 2014 y 2018, víctimas de TRM que presentaban déficits neurológicos en el atendimiento inicial y la recuperación neurológica presentada. Resultados: Fueron evaluados 41 pacientes víctimas de TRM, cuya edad media fue de 34 años. Se ha observado una preponderancia de fracturas en la columna torácica (65.9% de los casos) y clasificadas como AO Spine tipo C (75%). En relación a la variable tiempo, un 68% de los pacientes fueron sometidos al tratamiento quirúrgico con más de 48h transcurridas del trauma. Se ha observado que tanto en los pacientes sometidos a la descompresión quirúrgica con menos de 24 horas cuanto en los operados con más de 48h tras el trauma hubo discreta mejora neurológica en "follow-up" de 6 meses. No fue averiguada, sin embargo, significancia estadística. Conviene resaltar todavía que, aunque analizando el conjunto de los 41 pacientes de estudio, independiente del intervalo quirúrgico, no fue posible observar mejora neurológica con significancia estadística en la revaluación de 6 meses. Conclusión: Nuestro trabajo no consiguió demostrar diferencias significativas entre aquellos pacientes operados tempranamente en menos de 24 horas de aquellos operados en más de 48 horas. Nivel de Evidencia III; Estudio retrospectivo comparativo.


Subject(s)
Thoracic Injuries , Lumbar Vertebrae , Nerve Degeneration
5.
African journal of emergency medicine (Print) ; 13(1): 15-19, 2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1413332

ABSTRACT

Background: Trauma is the leading cause of death in individuals between the ages of 1 and 44 years and it is the third commonest cause of death regardless of age. Thoracic trauma is a relatively common cause of preventable death among trauma patients. The spectrum of injuries after blunt chest trauma presents a challenging problem to the emergency physician. This study is intended to discuss the epidemiology, severity and initial management strategies in chest trauma patients, in a low income country. Methods: A cross sectional retrospective study among chest trauma patients seen in the emergency room of National Hospital Trauma Centre, Abuja, Nigeria, from January 2015 to December 2017. Relevant patients' information was retrieved from the trauma registry kept in the trauma centre. Data processing and analysis was done using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 24. Test of significance was done where applicable using chi square and student t test, using p value less than 0.05 as significant. Results are presented in tables and figures. Results: A total of 637 patients, male to female ratio of 3.6 and mean age of 34.18 ± 11.34 were enrolled into the study. The most common mechanisms of injury were MVC (54.6%) and assault (23.5%). Blunt injuries were 3.5 times more frequent than the penetrating injuries. The RTS of 12 (76.3%) and the ISS of 1-15 category (52.3%) were the most common scores. Up to 98% of patients were managed non-operatively. Recovery rate was high (89%) with relatively low mortality rate of 4.2%. Conclusion: Majority of thoracic trauma can be managed effectively by employing simple, non-operative procedures such as needle decompression and chest tube insertion. Efforts should be made to include these procedures in the skill set of every medical officer working in the emergency room, particularly in low and middle income countries where there is paucity of emergency physicians.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Wounds and Injuries , Emergency Service, Hospital , Thoracic Injuries , Thorax , Wounds, Nonpenetrating
6.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 116-120, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970977

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Patients with multiple traumas are at high risk of developing respiratory complications, including pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome. Many pulmonary complications are associated with systemic inflammation and pulmonary neutrophilic infiltration. Leukotriene-receptor antagonists are anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant drugs subsiding airway inflammation. The present study investigates the effectiveness of montelukast in reducing pulmonary complications among trauma patients.@*METHODS@#This randomized, double-blind, placebo-control trial was conducted in patients with multiple blunt traumas and evidence of lung contusion detected via CT scan. We excluded patients if they met at least one of the following conditions: < 16 years old, history of cardiopulmonary diseases or positive history of montelukast-induced hypersensitivity reactions. Patients were allocated to the treatment (10 mg of montelukast) or placebo group using permuted block randomization method. The primary measured outcome was the volume of pulmonary contusion at the end of the trial. The secondary outcomes were intensive care unit and hospital length of stay, ventilation days, multi-organ failure, and the in-hospital mortality rate.@*RESULTS@#In total, 65 eligible patients (treatment = 31, placebo = 34) were included for the final analysis. The treatment group had more pulmonary contusion volume (mean (SD), mm3) at the right (68726.97 (93656.54) vs. 59730.27 (76551.74)) and the left side (67501.71 (91514.04) vs. 46502.21 (80604.21)), higher initial C-reactive peptide level (12.16 (10.58) vs. 10.85 (17.87)) compared to the placebo group, but the differences were not statistically significant (p > 0.05). At the end of the study, the mean (SD) of pulmonary contusion volume (mm3) (right side = 116748.74 (361705.12), left side = 64522.03 (117266.17)) of the treatment group were comparable to that of the placebo group (right side = 40051.26 (64081.56), left side = 25929.12 (47417.13), p = 0.228 and 0.082, respectively). Moreover, both groups have statistically similar hospital (mean (SD), days) (10.87 (9.83) vs. 13.05 (10.12)) and intensive care unit length of stays (mean (SD), days) (7.16 (8.15) vs. 7.82 (7.48)). Of note, the frequency of the in-hospital complications (treatment vs. control group) including acute respiratory distress syndrome (12.9% vs. 8.8%, p = 0.71), pneumonia (19.4% vs. 17.6%, p = 0.85), multi-organ failure (12.9% vs. 17.6%, p = 0.58) and the mortality rate (22.6% vs. 14.7%, p = 0.41) were comparable between the groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Administrating montelukast has no preventive or therapeutic effects on lung contusion or its complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Thoracic Wall , Pneumonia , Wounds, Nonpenetrating , Thoracic Injuries/drug therapy , Lung Injury , Contusions , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/etiology , Inflammation , Tablets , Treatment Outcome
7.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 41-47, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970970

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To develop animal models of penetrating thoracic injuries and to observe the effects of the animal model-based training on improving the trainees' performance for emergent and urgent thoracic surgeries.@*METHODS@#With a homemade machine, animal models of lung injuries and penetrating heart injuries were produced in porcine and used for training of chest tube drainage, urgent sternotomy, and emergent thoracotomy. Coefficient of variation of abbreviated injury scale and blood loss was calculated to judge the reproducibility of animal models. Five operation teams from basic-level hospitals (group A) and five operation teams from level III hospitals (group B) were included to be trained and tested. Testing standards for the operations were established after thorough literature review, and expert questionnaires were employed to evaluate the scientificity and feasibility of the testing standards. Tests were carried out after the training. Pre- and post-training performances were compared. Post-training survey using 7-point Likert scale was taken to evaluate the feelings of the trainees to these training approaches.@*RESULTS@#Animal models of the three kinds of penetrating chest injuries were successfully established and the coefficient of variation of abbreviated injury scale and blood loss were all less than 25%. After literature review, testing standards were established, and expert questionnaire results showed that the scientific score was 7.30 ± 1.49, and the feasibility score was 7.50 ± 0.89. Post-training performance was significantly higher in both group A and group B than pre-training performance. Post-training survey showed that all the trainees felt confident in applying the operations and were generally agreed that the training procedure were very helpful in improving operation skills for thoracic penetrating injury.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Animal model-based simulation training established in the current study could improve the trainees' performance for emergent and urgent thoracic surgeries, especially of the surgical teams from basic-level hospitals.


Subject(s)
Animals , Swine , Reproducibility of Results , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Thoracotomy , Thoracic Injuries/surgery , Hemorrhage , Models, Animal
8.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 409-414, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982603

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether dynamic monitoring of citrulline (Cit) has guiding value for early enteral nutrition (EN) in patients with severe gastrointestinal injury.@*METHODS@#A observational study was conducted. A total of 76 patients with severe gastrointestinal injury admitted to different intensive care units of Suzhou Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from February 2021 to June 2022 were enrolled. Early EN was performed in 24-48 hours after admission as recommended by the guidelines. Those who did not terminate EN after 7 days were enrolled in the early EN success group, and those who terminated EN within 7 days due to persistent feeding intolerance or deterioration of general condition were enrolled in the early EN failure group. There was no intervention during the treatment. Serum Cit levels were measured by mass spectrometry at admission, before EN starting and EN 24 hours, respectively, and the changes in Cit within EN 24 hours (ΔCit) were calculated (ΔCit = EN 24-hour Cit-Cit before EN starting). Receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was plotted to investigate the predictive value of ΔCit for early EN failure, and the optimal predictive value was calculated. Multivariate unconditional Logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors for early EN failure and death at 28 days.@*RESULTS@#Seventy-six patients were enrolled in the final analysis, of which 40 succeeded in early EN and 36 failed. There were significant differences in age, main diagnosis, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score at admission, blood lactic acid (Lac) before EN initiation and ΔCit between the two groups. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age [odds ratio (OR) = 0.929, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 0.874-0.988, P = 0.018], ΔCit (OR = 2.026, 95%CI was 1.322-3.114, P = 0.001) and increased feeding rate within 48 hours (OR = 13.719, 95%CI was 1.795-104.851, P = 0.012) were independent risk factors for early EN failure in patients with severe gastrointestinal injury. ROC curve analysis showed that ΔCit had a good predictive value for early EN failure in patients with severe gastrointestinal injury [area under the ROC curve (AUC) = 0.787, 95%CI was 0.686-0.887, P < 0.001], and the optimal predictive value of ΔCit was 0.74 μmol/L (sensitivity was 65.0%, specificity was 75.0%). Combined with the optimal predictive value of ΔCit, "overfeeding" was defined as ΔCit < 0.74 μmol/L and increased feeding within 48 hours. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age (OR = 0.825, 95%CI was 0.732-0.930, P = 0.002), APACHE II score (OR = 0.696, 95%CI was 0.518-0.936, P = 0.017) and early EN failure (OR = 181.803, 95%CI was 3.916-8 439.606, P = 0.008) were independent risk factors for 28-day death in patients with severe gastrointestinal injury. The new variable "overfeeding" was also associated with an increased risk of death at 28 days (OR = 27.816, 95%CI was 1.023-755.996, P = 0.048).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Dynamic monitoring of Cit has guiding value for early EN in patients with severe gastrointestinal injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Enteral Nutrition , Citrulline , APACHE , Abdominal Injuries , Cognition , Thoracic Injuries
9.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 38(4): 253-260, dic. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441387

ABSTRACT

El neumatocele traumático, o pseudoquiste pulmonar traumático, es una complicación infrecuente del trauma cerrado de tórax, caracterizada por lesiones cavitadas únicas o múltiples de paredes fibrosas bien delimitadas, sin revestimiento epitelial. Representa un reto diagnóstico ante la prevalencia de etiologías más frecuentes de cavitación pulmonar, presentación clínica inespecífica y el carácter subreportado de la patología. Se presenta el caso de un paciente de 21 años, con cuadro clínico de fiebre y dolor torácico posterior a traumatismo contuso por accidente en motocicleta, con identificación de una lesión cavitada rodeada de vidrio esmerilado, ubicada en lóbulo superior derecho en tomografía de tórax. Se ofreció tratamiento antibiótico ante la sospecha clínica de sobreinfección. Sin embargo, se atribuyó la alteración pseudoquística pulmonar al antecedente traumático. En ocasiones las cavitaciones pulmonares postrauma no son identificadas en la atención inicial, por ende, es fundamental la evaluación clínica e imagenológica subsecuente.


Traumatic pneumatocele, or traumatic pulmonary pseudocyst, is a rare complication of blunt chest trauma, characterized by multiple or unique cavitary lesions, with well-defined fibrous walls without epithelial lining. It represents a diagnostic challenge due to the higher prevalence of other etiologies of lung cavities, nonspecific clinical features and the under-reported nature of this pathology. We present the case of a 21-year-old male with fever and chest pain after a blunt chest trauma in a motorcycle accident, with identification of a cavity in the right upper lobe, surrounded by ground glass opacities. Antibiotic therapy was administered after clinical suspicion of superinfection, however, the cavitary lesion was attributed to the trauma. Occasionally, traumatic pulmonary pseudocysts are not identified during initial assessment, therefore, clinical and imagenologic follow-up is essential.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Thoracic Injuries/complications , Cysts/etiology , Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Lung Injury/etiology , Lung Injury/diagnostic imaging , Wounds, Nonpenetrating , Radiography, Thoracic , Superinfection , Accidents , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Cavitation
10.
Rev. cientif. cienc. med ; 25(1): 63-67, sept. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399926

ABSTRACT

El Lupus eritematoso sistemico (LES) subagudo representa el 10% del total de los casos y en su variedad psoriasiforme resulta poco frecuente. Presentamos el caso de una paciente femenina de 22 años con el diagnóstico previo de LES y nefropatía lúpica hace 2 años, que refiere cuadro clínico de +/- aproximadamente 2 meses de evolución posterior a la suspensión de micofenolato de mofetilo. Ccuadro caracterizado por la aparición progresiva de lesiones dérmicas discoides, costrosas y descamativas que comprometen aproximadamente el 80% de la superficie corporal acompañado de orina espumosa. Examen físico: lesiones corporales respetando palmas y plantas, dolorosas a la digitopresión. Llenado capilar > a 2 segundos. Laboratorios: leucocitos 5930 y Granulocitos 90%. Examen general de orina: infeccioso. Se trata de LES cutáneo subagudo psoriasiforme. El tratamiento fue antibiótico, inmunosupresor y antihipertensivo. Se otorgó el Aalta hospitalaria con micofenolato y ciprofloxacino. El seguimiento debe realizarse por personal médico especializado en reumatología, nefrología y dermatología.


Subacute systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) represents 10% of all cases and is rare in its psoriasiform variety. We present the case of a 22-year-old female patient with a previous diagnosis of SLE and lupus nephropathy 2 years ago, who reported a clinical picture of +/- 2 months of evolution after the suspension of mycophenolate mofetil. Table characterized by the progressive appearance of discoid, crusty and scaly dermal lesions that involve approximately 80% of the body surface accompanied by foamy urine. Physical examination: bodily injuries respecting palms and soles, painful on acupressure. Capillary filling> 2 seconds. Laboratories: leukocytes 5930 and Granulocytes 90%. General urine test: infectious. This is subacute psoriasiform cutaneous SLE. The treatment was antibiotic, immunosuppressive and antihypertensive. Hospital discharge with mycophenolate and ciprofloxacin. Follow-up should be by medical personnel specialized in rheumatology, nephrology, and dermatology.


Subject(s)
Lupus Erythematosus, Cutaneous , Thoracic Injuries
11.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(4): 354-367, ago. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407937

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Las lesiones de grandes vasos del tórax por traumatismo torácico (TTLGV) son un grupo heterogéneo de lesiones con alta morbimortalidad que constituyen un 0,3-10% de los hallazgos en el traumatismo torácico (TT). Objetivos: Describir características, tratamientos y variables asociadas a mortalidad en pacientes hospitalizados con TTLGV. Material y Métodos: Estudio analítico-observacional. Período enero-1981 y diciembre-2020. Revisión de protocolos de TT prospectivos y fichas clínicas. Se clasificaron los TTLGV según American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST), se calcularon índices de gravedad del traumatismo: Injury Severity Score (ISS), Revised Trauma Score Triage (RTS-T) y Trauma Injury Severity Score (TRISS). Se realizó análisis univariado y multivariado con cálculo de Odds Ratio (OR) para variables asociadas a mortalidad. Se usó SPSS25®, con pruebas UMann Whitney y chi-cuadrado, según corresponda. Resultados: de un total 4.577 TT, 97 (2,1%) cumplieron criterios de inclusión. Hombres: 81 (91,8%), edad promedio: 32,3 ± 14,8 años. TT penetrante: 65 (67,0%). Lesión de arterias axilo-subclavias en 39 (40,2%) y aorta torácica en 31 (32,0%) fueron las más frecuentes. Fueron AAST 5-6: 39 (40,2%). Tratamiento invasivo: 87 (89,7%), de éstos, en 20 (20,6%) reparación endovascular, 14 (14,4%) de aorta torácica. Cirugía abierta en 67 (69,1%). Mortalidad en 13 (13,4%), fueron variables independientes asociadas a mortalidad el shock al ingreso (OR 6,34) e ISS > 25 (OR 6,03). Conclusión: En nuestra serie, los TTLGV fueron más frecuentemente de vasos axilo-subclavios y aorta torácica. El tratamiento fue principalmente invasivo, siendo la cirugía abierta el más frecuente. Se identificaron variables asociadas a mortalidad.


Background: Thoracic great vessel injuries in thoracic trauma (TTGVI) are a heterogeneous group of injuries with high morbimortality that constituting 0.3-10% of the findings in thoracic trauma (TT). Aim: To describe characteristics, treatments and variables associated with mortality in hospitalized patients with TTGVI. Methods: Observational-analytical study. Period January-1981 and December-2020. Review of prospective TT protocols and clinical records. TTGVI were classified according to American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST), trauma severity index were calculated: Injury Severity Score (ISS), Revised Trauma Score Triage (RTS-T) and Trauma Injury Severity Score (TRISS). Univariate and multi- variate analysis was performed with calculation of Odds Ratio (OR) for variables associated with mortality. SPSS25® was used, with U Mann Whitney and chi-squared tests, as appropriate. Results: From a total of 4.577 TT in the period, 97 (2.1%) met the inclusion criteria. Males: 81 (91.8%), mean age: 32.3 ± 14.8 years. Penetrating TT: 65 (67.0%). Axillary-subclavian artery lesions in 39 (40.2%) and thoracic aorta in 31 (32.0%) were more frequent. AAST 5-6: 39 (40.2%). Invasive treatment: 87 (89.7%), of these, in 20 (20.6%) endovascular repair, 14 (14.4%) of thoracic aorta. Open surgery in 67 (69.1%). Mortality in 13 (13.4%), shock on admission was independently associated with mortality (OR 6.34) and ISS > 25 (OR 6.03). Conclusión: In our series, TTGVI were more frequent in axillary-subclavian vessels and thoracic aorta. Treatment was mainly invasive, with open surgery being the most frequent. Variables associated with mortality were identified.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Thoracic Injuries/diagnosis , Thoracic Injuries/therapy , Thoracic Surgery/methods , Veins/injuries , Radiography, Thoracic/methods , Vascular System Injuries , Endovascular Procedures
12.
Rev. méd. Paraná ; 80(1): 1-3, jan. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1381055

ABSTRACT

O cenário de violência urbana e a alta tecnologia automobilística culminaram no aumento de incidência de lesões penetrantes e contusas. Como o fígado ocupa a maior parte do quadrante superior do abdome, qualquer trauma na parte inferior do tórax ou no abdome superior o coloca em risco de lesão que pode acarretar vazamento biliar, sangue ou seroma. Portanto, a drenagem é indicada para evitar complicações causadas pelo acúmulo desses líquidos. Este estudo visou avaliar a efetividade da drenagem em procedimentos cirúrgicos de trauma hepático. Estudo observacional, com análise retrospectiva de prontuários onde foi avaliado um total de 60 prontuários. Em conclusão, os pacientes com lesões mais graves tiveram maior número de drenagem; o tempo de permanência em UTI foi semelhante àqueles que não utilizaram drenos; reoperações utilizaram o dreno com maior frequência; o uso ou não de drenagem não evidenciou diferenças quanto a necessidade de hemoderivados ou em relação ao número de óbitos


The urban violence scenario and the high automobile technology culminated in an increase in the incidence of penetrating and blunt injuries. Since the liver occupies most of the upper quadrant of the abdomen, any trauma to the lower chest or upper abdomen is risky for injury that can lead to bile leakage, blood, or seroma; therefore, drainage is indicated to avoid complications caused by the accumulation of these liquids. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of drainage in surgical procedures for liver trauma. It is observational, with retrospective analysis of medical records. A total of 60 records were evaluated. In conclusion, patients with more severe injuries had a greater number of drainages; the length of stay in the ICU was similar to those who did not use drains; reoperations used the drain more frequently; the use or not of drainage did not show differences in terms of the need for blood products or in relation to the number of deaths


Subject(s)
Humans , Thoracic Injuries , Wounds and Injuries , Drainage , Liver
13.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(3): 303-308, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407910

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Presentar dos casos en que se empleó como soporte la circulación extracorpórea (CEC) durante cirugía por traumatismo torácico con lesión de grandes vasos del tórax (TTLGV). Materiales y Método: Se presentan dos casos con TTLGV en que se empleó cirugía con CEC. Resultados: Caso 1; hombre de 31 años con TTLGV por cuerpo extraño (tubo pleural) intracavitario del tronco de la arteria pulmonar izquierda, con entrada a través de parénquima pulmonar, en que se realizó cirugía abierta para retiro de cuerpo extraño más toractotomía pulmonar utilizando CEC como soporte. Caso 2; hombre de 21 años con TTLGV contuso y lesión de aorta en unión sino tubular, en que se realizó cirugía abierta y reemplazo de aorta ascendente con prótesis y uso CEC como soporte. Discusión: El uso de CEC como soporte es una alternativa para sustituir la función cardíaca y/o pulmonar durante cirugías excepcionales de reparación de TTLGV. Conclusión: El uso de técnicas de asistencia circulatoria como soporte durante la cirugía de reparación de TTLGV ocurre en casos muy seleccionados, siendo una alternativa ante lesiones particularmente complejas.


Aim: To present two cases of thoracic trauma with great vessel injury (TTGVI) surgeries where extracorporeal circulation (ECC) was employed. Materials and Method: Two TTGVI cases are presented and ECC during surgery was used in both. Results: Case 1; 31-year-old man with TTGVI due to an intracavitary foreign body (pleural tube) in the left pulmonary artery trunk, which entered through lung parenchyma. An open surgery was performed to remove the foreign body with pulmonary tractotomy using ECC as support. Case 2; 21-year-old man with blunt TTGVI and aortic injury at sinotubular junction. An open surgery with ascending aorta prosthesis replacement was performed, using ECC as support. Discussion: The use of ECC as support is an alternative to replace cardiac and/or pulmonary function during exceptional TTGVI reparation surgeries. Conclusión: The use of circulation assist techniques as support during TTGVI repair surgery occurs in highly selected cases, being an alternative to face very complex injuries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Thoracic Injuries/diagnosis , Thoracic Injuries/therapy , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/diagnosis , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/therapy , Thoracic Injuries/surgery , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/surgery , Diagnostic Imaging/methods , Radiography , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
14.
Nursing (Ed. bras., Impr.) ; 25(286): 7420-7435, mar.2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1372403

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar quais os principais fatores relacionados às complicações torácicas após massagem cardíaca. Método: Consiste em uma revisão integrativa da literatura. Utilizou-se a estratégia de População, Interesse e Contexto (PICo) para a construção da pergunta norteadora. As buscas foram realizadas entre os meses de julho a setembro de 2021 na Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde (BVS), e bases de dados: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Literatura LatinoAmericana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS) e no serviço da U. S. National Library of Medicine (NLM) PubMed. Após filtragem, foram obtidos 250 artigos que com a leitura criteriosa dos títulos, resumos e aplicação dos critérios de inclusão e exclusão, 10 estudos foram selecionados. Resultados: existem fatores que interferem na eficácia da compressão e podem comprometer a saúde do indivíduo. Conclusão: apesar da massagem cardíaca possuir riscos, é imprescindível a sua realização no atendimento pré-hospitalar da PCR(AU)


Objective: to identify the main factors related to thoracic complications after cardiac massage. Method: It consists of an integrative literature review. The Population, Interest and Context (PICo) strategy was used to construct the guiding question. Searches were carried out between the months of July to September 2021 in the Virtual Health Library (VHL), and databases: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences (LILACS) and in the US National Library of Medicine (NLM) PubMed service. After filtering, 250 articles were obtained which, after carefully reading the titles, abstracts and application of the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 10 studies were selected. Results: there are factors that interfere with the effectiveness of compression, which can compromise the individual's health. Conclusion: although cardiac massage has risks, it is essential to perform it in pre-hospital CPA care.(AU)


Objetivo: identificar los principales factores relacionados con las complicaciones torácicas posteriores al masaje cardíaco. Método: consiste en una revisión integradora de la literatura. Se utilizó la estrategia Población, Interés y Contexto (PICo) para construir la pregunta guía. Las búsquedas se realizaron entre los meses de julio a septiembre de 2021 en la Virtual Health Library (BVS) y en las bases de datos: Online Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System (MEDLINE), Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (LILACS) y en la Biblioteca Nacional de Medicina de los Estados Unidos. (NLM) Servicio PubMed. Luego del filtrado, se obtuvieron 250 artículos, con lectura atenta de los títulos, resúmenes y aplicación de los criterios de inclusión y exclusión, se seleccionaron 10 estudios. Resultados: existen factores que interfieren con la efectividad de la compresión, comprometiendo la salud del individuo. Conclusión: aunque el masaje cardíaco tiene riesgos, es fundamental realizarlo en la atención prehospitalaria de la CPA(AU)


Subject(s)
Thoracic Injuries , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Heart Arrest
15.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(1): 13-21, feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388912

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El traumatismo torácico (TT) es la causa de aproximadamente un cuarto de las muertes por traumatismos. Los pacientes tratados con cirugía por traumatismo torácico (CTT) presentan un amplio espectro de características y pronósticos. Objetivos: Describir características clínicas, indicaciones, temporalidad, morbilidad, mortalidad y las variables asociadas a mortalidad en pacientes con CTT. Materiales y Método: Estudio observacional de pacientes tratados con CTT, período enero-1981 a diciembre-2019. Revisión de protocolos prospectivos de TT y base de datos. Se realizó regresión logística para variables asociadas a mortalidad. Se utilizó SPSS25® con prueba chi-cuadrado para comparar clasificación, tipo de TT y su distribución temporal, considerando significativo p < 0,05. Resultados: En total 808 casos (18,2%) de 4.448 TT requirieron CTT. Fueron hombres 767 (94,9%) y la edad promedio fue 31,5 ± 13,8 años. El traumatismo fue penetrante y por arma blanca en la mayoría de los casos. Fueron politraumatizados 164 (20,3%). La cirugía fue urgente en 474 (58,7%), precoz en 41 (5,0%) y diferida en 293 (36,3%) casos. La mortalidad global fue de 6,7% y fue significativamente mayor en TT contusos, politraumatizados y en cirugía urgente. La mortalidad fue 9,7% en CTT urgente, 4,9% en precoz y 2,0% en diferida (p < 0,001). Se observaron variables independientes asociadas a mortalidad. Conclusión: En nuestra serie, las CTT se realizaron principalmente en hombres jóvenes con TT penetrantes. Correspondieron a un grupo heterogéneo en cuanto a las indicaciones, hallazgos y lesiones intratorácicas y/o asociadas. Múltiples variables demostraron influir significativamente en la mortalidad de los pacientes tratados con CTT.


Background: Thoracic Trauma (TT) is the cause of approximately a quarter of trauma deaths. The patients who undergo Thoracic Trauma Surgery (TTS) present a wide spectrum of characteristics and prognosis. Aim: To describe clinical characteristics, indications, temporality, morbidity, mortality and mortality associated variables in TTS patients. Materials and Method: Observational study of TT hospitalized patients, period January-1981 to December-2019. A review of operation notes and database was done. A logistic regression for mortality associated variables was made. To compare classification, type of TT and its temporal distribution, SPSS25® with chi-square test was used, considering significant p < 0.05. Results: A total of 808 (18.2%) of 4.448 TT patients required TTS, 767 (94.9%) were men with average age: 31.5 ± 13.8. The trauma was penetrating trauma due to a stab in most cases, 164 (20.3%) were polytraumatized. The surgery was urgent in 474 (58.7%), early in 41 (5.0%) and delayed in 293 (36.3%) cases. The global mortality was 6.7% and was significantly higher in the blunt TT, polytrauma, urgent and early surgery patients. Mortality in urgent TTS was 9.7%, early 4.9% and 2.0% in delayed (p < 0.001). Independent variables associated with mortality were observed. Conclusions: In our series, TTS were performed mainly in young men with penetrating TT. The group was heterogeneous regarding surgical indications, findings and intrathoracic or associated injuries. Multiple variables showed to influence significantly on mortality in patients who underwent TTS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Thoracic Injuries/diagnosis , Thoracic Injuries/therapy , Thoracic Surgery/methods , Thoracic Injuries/epidemiology , Mortality , Thoracic Wall/anatomy & histology , Thoracic Wall/physiology
16.
In. Pedemonti, Adriana; González Brandi, Nancy. Manejo de las urgencias y emergencias pediátricas: incluye casos clínicos. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2022. p.69-85, ilus, tab.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1525424
17.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 45-48, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928473

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Rib fractures are one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality and are associated with abdominal solid organ injury (ASOI). The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation of ASOI with the number, location, and involved segments of rib fracture(s) in blunt chest trauma.@*METHODS@#This retrospective cohort study was conducted on patients with blunt chest trauma over the age of 15 years, who were hospitalized with the diagnosis of rib fractures from July 2015 to September 2020. After ethic committee approval, a retrospective chart review was designed and patients with a diagnosis of rib fractures were selected. Patients who had chest and abdominopelvic CT scan were included in the study and additional data including age, gender, injury severity score, trauma mechanism, number and sides of the fractured ribs (left/right/bilateral), rib fracture segments (upper, middle, lower zone) and results of chest and abdominal spiral CT scan were recorded. The correlation between ASOI and the sides, segments and number of rib fracture(s) was assessed by Pearson's correlation coefficient.@*RESULTS@#Altogether 1056 patients with rib fracture(s) were included. The mean age was (42.76 ± 13.35) years and 85.4% were male. The most common mechanism of trauma was car accident (34.6%). Most fractures occurred in the middle rib zone (60.44%) and the most commonly involved ribs were the 6th and 7th ones (15.7% and 16.4%, respectively). Concurrent abdominal injuries were observed in 103 patients (34.91%) and were significantly associated with middle zone rib fractures.@*CONCLUSION@#There is a significant relationship between middle zone rib fractures and ASOI. Intra-abdominal injuries are not restricted to fractures of the lower ribs and thus should always be kept in mind during management of blunt trauma patients with rib fractures.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Abdominal Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Rib Fractures/epidemiology , Thoracic Injuries/epidemiology , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/diagnostic imaging
18.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 486-489, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984140

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To analyze the characteristics of thoracic aorta injury in road traffic accidents, to provide data reference for forensic identification.@*METHODS@#The data of 27 traffic accident death cases with thoracic aorta injury were analyzed according to relevant parameters including sex, age, mode of transportation, and thoracic aorta injury.@*RESULTS@#Aortic injury in traffic accidents was significantly more in males than females, and 74.1% cases were in the age range of 31-70 years. The most common mode of transportation was the motorcycle, followed by electric bike, most of which crashed with trucks. Most cases were accompanied by rib fractures and lung injuries. Thoracic aorta injury was the most common in ascending aorta, followed by aortic arch and thoracic aorta. Ascending aorta injury was most likely to occur in the range of 0-<1.6 cm from the aortic valve, while it was rare over 2.6 cm. Taking the aortic valve as the reference, the most common locations of injury were the anterior semilunar valve, followed by the right posterior semilunar valve and the left posterior semilunar valve. Thoracic aortic rupture occurred in 63.0% cases, and intima and media lacerations only occurred in 37.0% cases. A few deceased had aortic diseases.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The proximal part of the ascending aorta is prone to be injured because of the large external force of traffic accidents. The medical examiner should carefully examine the aortic injury in traffic accident deaths, and evaluate the relationship between the injury and the disease according to the condition and degree of aortic injury.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aorta, Thoracic/injuries , Accidents, Traffic , Thoracic Injuries , Aortic Rupture/etiology , Rib Fractures
19.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(6): 1431-1435, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355672

ABSTRACT

A radiologia é uma importante ferramenta complementar para o diagnóstico de diversas afecções em diferentes espécies. O uso de exames complementares na medicina de animais silvestres, em especial o exame de imagem, traz inúmeras informações acerca do paciente. Este trabalho apresenta os dados obtidos por meio de um levantamento dos exames radiográficos realizados em animais silvestres entre os anos de 2017 e 2020, no Laboratório de Diagnóstico de Imagem e Cardiologia (LADIC), do Hospital de Clínicas Veterinárias da Universidade Federal de Pelotas (HCV/UFPel). Ao todo, foram avaliados 464 prontuários, sendo 293 (63,1%) de aves, 135 (29,1%) de mamíferos e 36 (7,8%) de répteis. As alterações mais encontradas nos exames radiológicos foram fratura de membros torácicos para as duas primeiras classes, e pneumonia para a última.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Pneumonia/diagnostic imaging , Thoracic Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Animals, Wild/injuries , Brazil , Radiography/veterinary , Radiography/statistics & numerical data
20.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 73(5): 592-601, oct. 2021. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388884

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Los traumatismos están entre las diez principales causas de muerte a nivel mundial y son la primera en jóvenes. El traumatismo torácico (TT) está presente en un alto porcentaje de las muertes por traumatismos y es la segunda causa de muerte después del traumatismo encefalocraneano. Objetivos: Analizar las variables asociadas a mortalidad, las causas principales y la distribución temporal de la mortalidad en hospitalizados fallecidos con TT. Materiales y Método: Estudio observacional de hospitalizados con TT, período enero de 1981 a diciembre de 2018. Revisión de protocolos prospectivos de TT y base de datos. Se consignaron las causas de muerte sindromáticas principales y se realizó una regresión logística para variables asociadas a mortalidad. Se utilizó SPSS25® con pruebas chi-cuadrado para comparar clasificación, tipo de TT y su distribución temporal, considerando significativo p < 0,05. Resultados: Total 4.297 TT, mortalidad global de 120 (2,8%) casos. Las principales variables independientes asociadas a mortalidad fueron el deterioro fisiológico al ingreso, el hemotórax masivo y el TT por arma de fuego. La principal causa de muerte fue el shock hipovolémico, con diferencias significativas según tipo de TT en las primeras 4 y 24 horas. En la distribución temporal se observó que las muertes con TT penetrante y aislado fueron más precoces y no se evidenció un nuevo peak en la mortalidad luego de la primera semana. Conclusiones: Se observaron variables independientes asociadas a mortalidad en hospitalizados con TT, siendo el deterioro fisiológico al ingreso el factor más importante. Además, existen diferencias significativas en las causas de muerte y distribución temporal de la mortalidad entre diferentes subgrupos de hospitalizados con TT.


Background: Trauma is one of the ten leading causes of death worldwide and the first among the youth. Thoracic trauma (TT) is present in a high percentage of deaths due to trauma and is the second leading cause of death after traumatic brain injury. Aim: To analyze the mortality associated variables, major causes and temporal distribution of mortality among dead hospitalized patients with TT. Materials and Method: Observational study in hospitalized patients with TT, period January 1981 to December 2018. Review of prospective TT protocols and data base. Major syndromic causes of death were recorded and a logistic regression for variables associated with mortality was made. SPSS25® with chi-quadrat tests was used to compare classification, type of TT and temporal distribution. A p value < 0,05 was considered significant. Results: Total 4.297 TT and global mortality was 120 (2,8%) cases. The main independent variables associated with mortality were the physiological decline upon admission, massive hemothorax and TT by firearms. The leading cause of death was hypovolemic shock, with significant differences according to the type of TT in the first 4 and 24 hours. In the temporal distribution was observed that, the deaths with penetrating and isolated TT were earlier and that there was no second peak of mortality following the first week. Conclusions: Independent variables associated with mortality were observed among hospitalized patients with TT, being physiological deterioration the most important factor. Besides, there are significant differences in the death causes and temporal distribution of mortality among the different subgroups of hospitalized patients with TT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Thoracic Injuries/mortality , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/mortality , Wounds, Penetrating/mortality , Thoracic Injuries/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Cause of Death
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