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1.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 256-259, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970188

ABSTRACT

Endovascular treatment of Stanford type B aortic dissection (type B dissection) has been widely used. There will be complications such as aortic dilatation, which will lead to poor prognosis of some patients. With more in-depth researches, it was found that there was a possible correlation between the prognosis of type B dissection and tears, such as the increasing of aortic diameter would be faster with longer tears, and the location of the tear will affect the thrombosis of the false lumen. Studies on hemodynamics have also found that different characteristics of tears of aortic dissection can cause changes in the pressure, blood flow rate and blood capacity in the true and false lumens recently. The hemodynamic changes can be used to predict the prognosis of type B dissection. The main characteristics of tears included the size, position, number of tears, residual tears and stent graft induced new entry. Describing the effect of tear characteristics on the development of type B dissection, can provide the basis for the clinical treatment and further research of type B dissection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Dissection/surgery , Hemodynamics , Prognosis , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Thrombosis/etiology , Endovascular Procedures/adverse effects , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Stents/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 602-606, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982103

ABSTRACT

Transplantation-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) is one of the serious complications mostly occurring within 100 days after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Risk factors of TA-TMA include genetic predispositions, GVHD, and infections. The pathophysiological mechanisms of TA-TMA start with endothelial injury caused by complement activation, which leads to microvascular thrombosis, and microvascular hemolysis, ultimately resulting in multi-organ dysfunction. In recent years, the development of complement inhibitors has markedly improved the prognosis of TA-TMA patients. This review will give an update on risk factors, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment of TA-TMA, so as to provide references for clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thrombotic Microangiopathies/therapy , Prognosis , Thrombosis/etiology , Risk Factors , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects
4.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 380-382, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935816

ABSTRACT

Acute carbon monoxide poisoning can cause multiple organ damage due to hypoxia. In severe cases, it can be life-threatening and has a high fatality rate. Intestinal obstruction and thrombosis are rare complications of carbon monoxide poisoning. A case of carbon monoxide poisoning was reported. In addition to the central nervous system lesion, intestinal obstruction and lower limb thrombosis were also found. In the treatment of carbon monoxide poisoning patients, the clinician was able to treat the common complications, attention should be paid to gastrointestinal tract, thrombotic disease and other rare complications, so as to avoid missed diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carbon Monoxide Poisoning/therapy , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Thrombosis/etiology
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 577-582, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928757

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the changes of Ⅻ antithrombin (FⅫa-AT), thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1), and lupus anticoagulant (LA) ratio in the peripheral blood factor of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and the clinical value of combined diagnosis of thrombotic events.@*METHODS@#A total of 133 SLE patients treated in Xingtai People's Hospital were selected and divided into simple SLE group (105 cases) and SLE complicated with thrombosis group (28 cases) according to whether thrombotic events occurred, and 102 cases of healthy people in the same period were selected as control. The clinical data of the 3 groups, the level of peripheral blood FⅫa-AT, TSP-1, and LA ratio were compared, the relationship between each peripheral blood index and SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) score were analyzed. The influencing factors of thrombotic events in SLE patients were analyzed, and the value of each peripheral blood index in the diagnosis of SLE complicated with thrombotic events were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The proportion of the patients with age ≥60 year, hypertension, and smoking history in SLE complicated with thrombosis group was higher than those in simple SLE group and control group (P<0.05). The SLEDAI score, peripheral blood FⅫa-AT, TSP-1, LA ratio levels of the patients in SLE complicated with thrombosis group were significantly higher than those in simple SLE group and control group, and the simple SLE group was significantly higher than the control group (P<0.05). FⅫa-AT, TSP-1, LA ratio in peripheral blood of SLE patients were positively correlated with SLEDAI score (r=0.663, 0.578 and 0.625). Age, blood pressure, smoking history, peripheral blood FⅫa-AT, TSP-1, LA ratio were the important influencing factors of thrombotic events in SLE patients (P<0.05). The AUC diagnosed by the FⅫa-AT, TSP-1, and LA ratio in peripheral blood was 0.881, the 95% CI was 0.813-0.931, the sensitivity was 82.14%, and the specificity was 91.43%, which was superior to each index alone (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Peripheral blood FⅫa-AT, TSP-1, LA ratio level changes in SLE patients are significantly related to disease activity, and the combined diagnosis of thrombotic events is more reliable.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Risk Factors , Thrombosis/etiology , Thrombospondin 1
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 658-664, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927538

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune prothrombotic condition with significant morbidity. The objective of this study was to identify additional clinical and epidemiological risks of arterial thrombosis, venous thrombosis, and pregnancy morbidities in a large cohort of persistent antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs)-positive carriers.@*METHODS@#This was a cross-sectional cohort study of 453 consecutive patients with a documented positive aPL who attended Peking University People's Hospital. Among 453 patients screened, 297 patients had persistent positive aPL. We compared asymptomatic aPL carriers with thrombotic and obstetric APS patients. And the univariate analysis and multivariable logistic regression were used to evaluate the association between different risk factors and APS clinical manifestations. The levels of circulating markers of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) (cell-free DNA and citrullinated histone H3 [Cit-H3]) were assessed and compared among aPL-positive carriers with or without autoimmune disease and APS patients.@*RESULTS@#Additional risk factors associated with arterial thrombosis among aPL-positive carriers included: smoking (odds ratio [OR] = 6.137, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.408-15.637, P  = 0.0001), hypertension (OR = 2.368, 95% CI = 1.249-4.491, P  = 0.008), and the presence of underlying autoimmune disease (OR = 4.401, 95% CI = 2.387-8.113, P < 0.001). Additional risks associated with venous thrombosis among aPL carriers included: smoking (OR = 4.594, 95% CI = 1.681-12.553, P  = 0.029) and the presence of underlying autoimmune disease (OR = 6.330, 95% CI = 3.355-11.940, P < 0.001). The presence of underlying autoimmune disease (OR = 3.301, 95% CI = 1.407-7.744, P  = 0.006) is the additional risk, which demonstrated a significant association with APS pregnancy morbidity. Higher circulating levels of cell-free DNA and Cit-H3 were observed among APS patients and aPL patients with autoimmune diseases compared with those aPL carriers without underlying autoimmune diseases. Furthermore, control neutrophils that are conditioned with APS patients'sera have more pronounced NET release compared with those treated with aPL carriers'sera without underlying autoimmune diseases.@*CONCLUSIONS@#We identified several potential additional risk factors for APS clinical manifestations among a large cohort of Chinese aPL carriers. Our data may help physicians to risk stratify aPL-positive Asian patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Antibodies, Antiphospholipid , Antiphospholipid Syndrome/complications , Autoimmune Diseases , Cell-Free Nucleic Acids , Cohort Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Morbidity , Risk Factors , Thrombosis/etiology
7.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 177-180, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927863

ABSTRACT

Renal artery thrombosis can cause acute occlusion of unilateral or bilateral renal arteries,and kidney failure would be induced if it is not diagnosed and treated in time.Therefore,rapid and correct treatment is especially important for renal artery thrombosis.Due to the lack of specificity of clinical manifestations,this disease in commonly misdiagnosed or missed and thus has a low early diagnosis rate.Here we report a case of acute renal artery thrombosis to improve the diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Disease , Diagnostic Errors/adverse effects , Renal Artery , Renal Artery Obstruction/diagnosis , Thrombosis/etiology
8.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(6): 829-833, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351664

ABSTRACT

Abstract We report the case of a 41-year-old female who presented with left upper limb embolization due to primary thoracic aortic mural thrombus; this latter represented an uncommon condition with difficult diagnosis and a high rate of life-threatening complications. Upper extremities embolization is extremely rare because it usually occurs in the lower limbs. Management strategy is still controversial, and no clear guidelines indicate superiority of either conservative or invasive treatment approach to date. Our report illustrates how endovascular exclusion of thoracic aortic mural thrombus has the advantage to be a low-risk procedure that represents a definitive therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Aortic Diseases/surgery , Aortic Diseases/etiology , Aortic Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Thromboembolism , Thrombosis/surgery , Thrombosis/etiology , Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Endovascular Procedures/adverse effects , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Aorta, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Upper Extremity
10.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 73(2): 173-180, abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388811

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto que tiene el uso de catéteres de hemodiálisis en la permeabilidad de fístulas arteriovenosas. Materiales y Método: Estudio observacional, analítico, tipo cohorte retrospectiva. Se calculó un tamaño muestral de 195 pacientes, seleccionados aleatoriamente a partir del total de pacientes diagnosticados con enfermedad renal crónica (ERC) terminal, a quienes se les realizó su primera fístula arteriovenosa (FAV) entre enero de 2014 y diciembre de 2018. Como variables resultado se consideraron la trombosis de FAV y el tiempo de permeabilidad. Para el análisis inferencial se utilizaron las pruebas de Chi cuadrado; RR (IC 95%); curvas Kaplan-Meier; regresión de Cox; considerando un valor de p significativo < 0,05. Resultados: El 52,3% utilizó catéter de hemodiálisis, de los cuales el 49,5% presentó trombosis de su FAV versus el 17,7% del grupo sin este antecedente (p < 0,001); estimándose en el análisis univariado un riesgo de trombosis 2,7 veces mayor en pacientes con catéter previo a la confección de su FAV (IC 95% 1,7 a 4,4). En el análisis multivariado, se identificó como único factor significativo el antecedente de catéter de hemodiálisis, estimándose que los pacientes usuarios de catéter previo a la confección de su FAV tienen 2,8 veces más riesgo de trombosis en el tiempo que quienes no utilizaron catéter (IC 95% 1,6 a 4,9), quienes además presentaron un tiempo de permeabilidad significativamente menor (p < 0,001) en comparación con pacientes sin antecedente de catéter (28,1 vs 43,9 meses). Conclusión: Identificamos el uso del catéter de hemodiálisis como un factor de riesgo de trombosis de fístulas arteriovenosas, afectando significativamente su permeabilidad en el tiempo.


Objective: To evaluate the effects of hemodialysis catheter on arteriovenous fistula (AVF) permeability. Materials and Method: We conducted a retrospective cohort study, including 195 patients randomly selected from all patients diagnosed with chronic renal failure, who had their first arteriovenous fistula between January 2014 and December 2018. The outcomes were arteriovenous fistula thrombosis and permeability. For data analysis we used Chi-square test; Relative-Risk (CI 95%); Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression; p value less than 0.05 were considered as significant. Results: The 52.3% of the patients used hemodialysis catheter, from this group, the 49.5% had AVF thrombosis versus the 17.7% of the group without history of hemodialysis catheter (p < 0.001), estimating in the univariate analysis a risk of thrombosis 2.7 times higher in patients with catheter before the creation of their AVF (CI 95% 1.7 a 4.4), as well as, in the multivariate analysis the risk of AVF thrombosis was 2.8 times higher in this group of patients, being identified the history of hemodialysis catheter as the only significative risk factor for thrombosis. Additionally, the AVF permeability time in this group was significantly less (p < 0.001) than patients without history of hemodialysis catheter (28.1 vs 43.9 months). Conclusion: We identified the hemodialysis catheter as a risk factor of arteriovenous fistula thrombosis, decreasing significantly its permeability time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical/adverse effects , Arteriovenous Fistula/etiology , Catheters/adverse effects , Thrombosis/etiology , Arteriovenous Fistula/diagnosis , Perioperative Period
11.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(2): 325-331, fev. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153019

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamentos A fibrilação atrial é a arritmia persistente mais comum e é o principal fator que leva ao tromboembolismo. Objetivo Investigar o valor do diâmetro do átrio esquerdo combinado com o escore CHA2DS2-VASc na predição da trombose atrial esquerda/trombose de apêndice atrial esquerdo na fibrilação atrial não valvar. Métodos Trata-se de estudo retrospectivo. 238 pacientes com fibrilação atrial não valvar foram selecionados e divididos em dois grupos: trombose e não trombose. Determinou-se o escore CHA2DS2-VASc. Valores de p<0,05 foram considerados estatisticamente significativos. Resultados A análise de regressão logística multivariada revelou que histórico de acidente vascular cerebral/ataque isquêmico transitório, doença vascular, escore CHA2DS2-VASc, DAE, DDFVE e FEVE foram fatores de risco independentes para trombose atrial esquerda/trombose de apêndice atrial esquerdo (p<0,05). A análise da curva ROC ( Receiver Operating Characteristic ) revelou que a área sob a curva para o escore CHA2DS2-VASc na predição de trombose atrial esquerda/trombose de apêndice atrial esquerdo foi de 0,593 quando o escore CHA2DS2-VASc foi ≥3 pontos, e a sensibilidade e especificidade foram 86,5% e 32,6%, respectivamente, enquanto a área sob a curva para o DAE na predição de trombose atrial esquerda/trombose de apêndice atrial esquerdo foi 0,786 quando o DAE foi ≥44,17 mm, e a sensibilidade e especificidade foram 89,6% e 60,9%, respectivamente. Entre os diferentes grupos CHA2DS2-VASc, a taxa de incidência de trombose atrial esquerda/trombose de apêndice atrial esquerdo em pacientes com DAE ≥44,17 mm foi maior do que em pacientes com DAE <44,17 mm (p <0,05). Conclusão O escore CHA2DS2-VASc e o DAE estão correlacionados com a trombose atrial esquerda/trombose de apêndice atrial esquerdo na fibrilação atrial não valvar. Para pacientes com escore CHA2DS2-VASc de 0 ou 1, quando o DAE é ≥44,17 mm, o risco de trombose atrial esquerda/trombose de apêndice atrial esquerdo permaneceu alto. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Abstract Background Atrial fibrillation is the most common persistent arrhythmia, and is the main factor that leads to thromboembolism. Objective To investigate the value of left atrial diameter combined with CHA2DS2-VASc score in predicting left atrial/left atrial appendage thrombosis in non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Methods This is a retrospective study. 238 patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation were selected and divided into two groups: thrombosis and non-thrombosis. CHA2DS2-VASc score was determined. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the history of stroke/transient ischemic attack, vascular disease, CHA2DS2-VASc score, left atrial diameter (LAD), left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (LVEDD) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were independent risk factors for left atrial/left atrial appendage thrombosis (p<0.05). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed that the area under the curve for the CHA2DS2-VASc score in predicting left atrial/left atrial appendage thrombosis was 0.593 when the CHA2DS2-VASc score was ≥3 points, and sensitivity and specificity were 86.5% and 32.6%, respectively, while the area under the curve for LAD in predicting left atrial/left atrial appendage thrombosis was 0.786 when LAD was ≥44.17 mm, and sensitivity and specificity were 89.6% and 60.9%, respectively. Among the different CHA2DS2-VASc groups, the incidence rate of left atrial/left atrial appendage thrombosis in patients with LAD ≥44.17 mm was higher than patients with LAD <44.17 mm (p<0.05). Conclusion CHA2DS2-VASc score and LAD are correlated with left atrial/left atrial appendage thrombosis in non-valvular atrial fibrillation. For patients with a CHA2DS2-VASc score of 0 or 1, when LAD is ≥44.17 mm, the risk for left atrial/left atrial appendage thrombosis remained high. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnostic imaging , Thrombosis/etiology , Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Atrial Appendage/diagnostic imaging , Stroke/etiology , Stroke Volume , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Ventricular Function, Left , Risk Assessment
14.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 999-1002, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143991

ABSTRACT

Abstract Minimally invasive surgical ablation is generally contraindicated in patients with atrial fibrillation and thrombosis of the left atrial appendage. We have treated three of these patients using an innovative technique based on a bilateral video-thoracoscopic approach, performing a continuous encircling lesion at the pulmonary veins outflow with radio-frequency ablation, simultaneously excluding the left atrial appendage. The postoperative course was uneventful, without neurologic events and all patients maintained a stable sinus rhythm at 1-year follow-up. This procedure represents a new mini-invasive method to treat persistent atrial fibrillation when partial thrombosis of the left atrial appendage contraindicates other ablation techniques.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Thrombosis/etiology , Catheter Ablation , Atrial Appendage/surgery , Atrial Appendage/diagnostic imaging , Thoracoscopy , Treatment Outcome
15.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 1010-1012, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143999

ABSTRACT

Abstract We report the case of a 60-year-old patient who underwent orthotopic heart transplant 14 years earlier. Routine echocardiography showed giant masses in the left atrium. There were no symptoms or thromboembolic events in the past. Magnetic resonance imaging study revealed very enlarged left atrium (8.7 × 10.6 cm) occupied by irregular smooth mass (7 × 5 × 6.1 cm) with a stalk that was attached to the posterior left atrial wall in the area of graft suture lines. Intraoperative examination revealed a massive thrombus (12 × 10 cm) that filled almost the entire left atrial area.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Thromboembolism , Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Heart Transplantation/adverse effects , Heart Diseases/surgery , Heart Diseases/etiology , Heart Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Thrombosis/etiology , Echocardiography , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging
16.
Rev. invest. clín ; 72(6): 353-362, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289730

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Left ventricular (LV) thrombus formation is a common complication of anterior myocardial infarction (ANT-MI). The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between apical longitudinal strain (ALS) and LV apical thrombus after ANT-MI. Methods: The cross-sectional study included a total of 235 patients who were followed up after primary percutaneous coronary intervention performed for ANT-MI and had a reduced LV ejection fraction (LVEF) (≤40%). Of these patients, 24 were excluded from the study, and the remaining 211 patients were included in the analysis. Patients were divided into two groups based on the presence (n = 42) or absence (n = 169) of LV thrombus detected by echocardiography. ALS was measured using speckle-tracking echocardiography. Results: Thrombus was detected in 42 of 211 patients. There was no significant difference between the groups regarding age or gender. Apical strain (AS), global longitudinal strain (GLS), apical wall thickness (AWT), and EF were significantly lower in patients with LV apical thrombus when compared to those without LV apical thrombus (AS, –5.00 ± 2.30% vs. −8.54 ± 2.48%, p < 0.001; GLS, −10.6 ± 3.54% vs. −12.1 ± 2.84%, p = 0.013; AWT, 4.71 ± 1.11 vs. 6.33 ± 1.78 mm, p < 0.001; EF, 31.40 ± 4.10% vs. 37.75 ± 3.17%, p < 0.001). On univariate and multivariate analyses, aneurysm (AA), AS, and AWT were found to be independent predictors of LV apical thrombus (AA, odds ratio [OR] 4.649, p = 0.010; AS, OR 1.749, p < 0.001; AWT, OR 0.729, p = 0.042). Conclusion: ALS is highly sensitive and specific for predicting LV thrombus after ANT-MI. An early and accurate evaluation of LV thrombus may prevent embolic complications, particularly cerebrovascular events.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Thrombosis/etiology , Anterior Wall Myocardial Infarction/complications , Heart Diseases/etiology , Heart Ventricles , Thrombosis/diagnosis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Heart Diseases/diagnosis , Heart Function Tests
17.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(10): 1437-1443, Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS | ID: biblio-1136138

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY INTRODUCTION: The present study aimed to determine independent predictors of left atrial thrombus (LAT) in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients without atrial fibrillation (AF) using transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). METHODS: In this single-center, retrospective study, we enrolled 149 consecutive AIS patients. All of the patients underwent a TEE examination to detect LAT within 10 days following admission. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to assess independent predictors of LAT. RESULTS: Among all cases, 14 patients (9.3%) had a diagnosis of LAT based on the TEE examination. In a multivariate analysis, elevated mean platelet volume (MPV), low left-ventricle ejection fraction (EF), creatinine, and reduced left-atrium appendix (LAA) peak emptying velocity were independent predictors of LAT. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis for MPV was 0.70 (95%CI: 0.57-0.83; p = 0.011). With the optimal cut-off value of 9.45, MPV had a sensitivity of 71.4% and a specificity of 63% to predict LAT. CONCLUSION: AIS patients with low ventricle EF and elevated MPV should undergo further TEE examination to verify the possibility of a cardio-embolic source. In addition, this research may provide novel information with respect to the applicability of MPV to predict LAT in such patients without AF.


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO: O presente estudo teve como objetivo determinar indicadores independentes do trombo auricular esquerdo (LAT) em doentes com acidente vascular cerebral isquêmico agudo (AIS) sem fibrilação auricular (AF) utilizando ecocardiografia transesofágica (TEE). MÉTODOS: Neste único centro, estudo retrospectivo, inscrevemos 149 pacientes consecutivos com AIS. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a exame de TEE para detectar LAT no prazo de dez dias após a admissão. A análise de regressão logística multivariada foi realizada para avaliar preditores independentes do final. RESULTADO: Entre todos os casos, 14 pacientes (9,3%) tiveram um diagnóstico de exame tardio no TEE. Numa análise multivariada, volume médio de plaquetas (VMP) elevado, fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo baixo (EF), creatinina e uma velocidade de pico de esvaziamento do átrio esquerdo reduzida (LAA) foram indicadores independentes da LAT. A área sob a análise da curva característica de operação do receptor para VMP foi de 0,70 (95% IC: 0, 57-0, 83; p=0,011). Com o valor-limite ideal de 9,45, o VMP teve uma sensibilidade de 71,4% e uma especificidade de 63% para prever mais tarde. CONCLUSÃO: Os doentes AIS com EF ventricular baixa e VMP elevado devem ser submetidos a um exame de TEE adicional para determinar a possibilidade de origem cardioembólica. Além disso, esta investigação pode fornecer novas informações sobre a aplicabilidade do VMP para prever tardiamente os doentes sem AF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnostic imaging , Thrombosis/etiology , Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Brain Ischemia/complications , Brain Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , Atrial Appendage , Stroke/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
19.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 18(3): 134-138, mar 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361505

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a associação entre o índice de massa corporal e a gravidade das lesões coronarianas em pacientes com infarto agudo do miocárdio. Métodos: Coorte aninhada ao Catarina Heart Study que avaliou 350 indivíduos durante o primeiro evento de infarto agudo do miocárdio e o 30º dia pós-infarto. As variáveis qualitativas foram analisadas pelo teste do qui-quadrado. Após o resultado da distribuição, a avaliação de variáveis quantitativas foi feita pelo teste de t de Student, pela correlação de Pearson, pelo teste de Mann-Whitney e pela correlação de Spearman. Resultados: Indivíduos com obesidade G2 (15,4%) tiveram maior probabilidade de trombose em 30 dias em comparação a indivíduos com índice de massa corporal normal (1,1%), com p=0,005. Indivíduos com obesidade grau 1 (6,0%) e obesidade grau 2 (7,7%) tiveram mais eventos de infarto agudo do miocárdio em 30 dias em comparação a indivíduos com índice de massa corporal normal (0,0%), com p=0,019 e p=0,009, respectivamente. Nenhuma associação significativa foi encontrada em termos de fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo, mortalidade e complexidade das lesões coronarianas (escore SYNTAX e TIMI frame count). Conclusão: A obesidade em diversos graus está diretamente associada a fatores de risco para doença cardiovascular, como hipertensão arterial sistêmica, dislipidemia e tabagismo. Não houve associação entre o índice de massa corporal com a gravidade das lesões coronarianas ou a fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo. Não houve diferença na mortalidade comparando-se indivíduos com índice de massa corporal elevado a pacientes com índice de massa corporal normal. Pacientes com obesidade tiveram mais desfechos cardiovasculares, como trombose e novo evento de infarto agudo do miocárdio em 30 dias, ao serem comparados a pacientes com índice de massa corporal normal. Outros desfechos de seguimento em 30 dias não estiveram associados ao índice de massa corporal.


Objective: To evaluate the association between body mass index and severity of coronary lesions in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Methods: A cohort nested to Catarina Heart Study, which evaluated 350 individuals during the first event of myocardial infarction and the 30th day post-infarction. Qualitative variables were analyzed using the Chi-square test. After the distribution result, the evaluation of quantitative variables was done through Student's t-test, Pearson's correlation, Mann Whitney's test, and Spearman's correlation. Results: Individuals with G2 obesity (15.4%) had a greater probability of having thrombosis in 30 days compared to individuals with normal body mass index (1.1%), p=0.005. Individuals with G1 obesity (6.0%) and G2 obesity (7.7%) had more events of myocardial infarction in 30 days compared to individuals with normal body mass index (0.0%), with p=0.019 and p=0.009, respectively. No significant association was found in terms of left ventricle ejection fraction, mortality, and complexity of coronary lesions (SYNTAX score and TIMI frame count). Conclusion: Obesity in several degrees is directly associated with risk factors for cardiovascular disease, such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, and smoking. There was no association between the body mass index and the severity of coronary lesions or left ventricle ejection fraction. There was no difference in mortality comparing individuals with high body mass index to patients with normal body mass index. Patients with obesity had more cardiovascular outcomes, such as thrombosis and a new event of myocardial infarction in 30 days when compared to patients with normal body mass index. Other follow-up outcomes in 30 days were not associated with body mass index


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Body Mass Index , Coronary Disease/etiology , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Thrombosis/etiology , Tobacco Use Disorder/complications , Incidence , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Troponin I/blood , Creatine Kinase/blood , Dyslipidemias/complications , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Hypertension/complications , Myocardial Infarction/etiology , Myocardial Infarction/blood , Obesity/complications
20.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 18(3): 139-144, mar 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361509

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a associação entre marcadores de gravidade e complexidade, assim como de desfechos em 30 dias, com a razão de monócitos por HDL em pacientes com primeiro infarto agudo do miocárdio. Métodos: Foram selecionados 580 pacientes com primeiro infarto agudo do miocárdio submetidos a questionário durante a internação e seguimento em 30 dias. Os dados laboratoriais foram obtidos de 312 pacientes na entrada e de 237 em 72 horas. A gravidade e a complexidade foram avaliadas pelo TIMI frame count, pela fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo e pelo escore Syntax. Resultados: O estudo evidenciou correlação positiva entre a razão de monócitos por HDL em 72 horas e o TIMI frame count, com r de 0,219 (p=0,018). Também evidenciou maior mediana de razão de monócitos por HDL nos pacientes que apresentaram trombose de stent em até 30 dias da internação ­ 35,8 (30,0-43,9) ­ comparados àqueles que não apresentaram, com 18,27 (12,98-26,74), p=0,038. Não houve correlação significativa entre a razão de monócitos por HDL da entrada com TIMI frame count, escore SYNTAX ou fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo. Conclusão: Houve correlação positiva entre a razão de monócitos por HDL em 72 horas e o TIMI frame count em pacientes com primeiro infarto agudo do miocárdio submetidos à angioplastia primária. Verificou-se, também, associação entre maiores níveis de razão de monócitos por HDL na entrada com trombose de stent em 30 dias.


Objective: To investigate the association between complexity and severity markers, as well as 30-day outcomes with the monocytes to HDL-cholesterol ratio in patients with first myocardial infarction. Methods: A total of 580 patients with first myocardial infarction was selected and answered a questionnaire during hospitalization and 30-day follow up. Laboratory data were obtained at admission for 312 patients and for 237 in 72 hours. Severity and complexity were assessed by TIMI frame count, left ventricular ejection fraction, and Syntax score. Results: The study showed that the monocyte to HDL ratio in 72 hours was significantly positively correlated with TIMI frame count, with r of 0.219 (p=0.018). It also showed higher monocyte to HDL ratio median in patients presenting stent thrombosis within 30 days of hospitalization ­ 35,8 (30,0-43,9) ­ compared to those who did not develop it 18,27 (12,98-26,74), p=0.038. No correlation was found between admission monocytes to HDL ratio and TIMI frame count, Syntax score, or left ventricular ejection fraction. Conclusion: There was a positive correlation between Monocytes to HDL ratio in 72 hours and TIMI frame count in patients with first myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. An association between higher levels of admission monocyte to HDL ratio and stent thrombosis in 30 days was also observed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Thrombosis/etiology , Monocytes , Stents/adverse effects , Coronary Angiography/methods , Lipoproteins, HDL , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Angioplasty , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Myocardial Infarction/blood
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