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Rev. ADM ; 78(5): 258-263, sept.-oct. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344709


Introducción: La displasia epitelial oral (DEO) es la presencia de alteraciones celulares y tisulares, lo que puede significar una etapa anterior al desarrollo del cáncer. Múltiples marcadores han sido considerados para estimar su potencial neoplásico y evolución a carcinoma, incluyendo a la molécula p53, se considera como participe de diversos fenómenos de la homeostasis celular. Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre la inmunoexpresión de p53 DO-7 y PAb 240 con el grado de severidad de la displasia epitelial oral. Material y métodos: Se analizaron nueve muestras de DEO (tres para cada grado de severidad). La inmunoexpresión de p53 tipo silvestre (DO-7) y forma mutada (PAb 240), fue determinada a través de ensayo de inmunohistoquímica por peroxidasa. Se obtuvieron la media y desviación estándar y se realizó la prueba χ2 (p < 0.05). Resultados: La edad media fue de 65.7 ± 11.4 años, la zona anatómica con mayor presencia de DEO es el borde lateral de la lengua. Ocho de nueve muestras fueron positivas para DO-7 y solo dos para PAb 240. Conclusiones: Nuestros resultados indican que, aunque la expresión de p53 DO-7 podría estar relacionada parcialmente con la patogénesis de la displasia epitelial, no todas las displasias presentaron la forma mutada de p53 (PAb 240). Lo cual coincide con el comportamiento biológico incierto de las displasias al poder permanecer sin cambios, involucionar o transformarse

Introduction: Oral epithelial dysplasia (OED) is the presence of cellular and tissue alterations, which may mean a stage prior to the development of cancer. Multiple markers have been considered to estimate its pathogenic potential and evolution to neoplasms, including the p53 molecule, considered as participating in various phenomena of cellular homeostasis. Objective: To determine the relationship between the immunoexpression of p53 DO-7 and PAb 240 with the degree of severity of oral epithelial dysplasia. Material and methods: Nine OED samples were analyzed (three for each degree of severity). The immunoexpression of wild-type p53 (DO-7) and mutated form (PAb 240) was determined through a peroxidase immunohistochemical assay. The mean and standard deviation were obtained, and χ2 test (p < 0.05) were performed. Results: The mean age was 65.7 ± 11.4 years, with a greater presence of OED in the anatomical area of the lateral side of the tongue. Eight out of nine samples were positive for DO-7 and only two for PAb 240. Conclusions: Our results indicate that, although the expression of p53 DO-7 could be partially related to the pathogenesis of epithelial dysplasia, not all dysplasias presented the mutated form of p53 (PAb 240), which coincides that not all dysplasias have a potential for malignant transformation and that could be related to other oncogenic mechanisms (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Precancerous Conditions , Immunohistochemistry , Genes, p53 , Gingival Neoplasms , Tongue Neoplasms , Pilot Projects , Statistical Analysis , Carcinogenesis , Observational Study , Mexico
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921371


OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to explore the effect of acidic culture conditions on the proliferation, apoptosis, and migration ability of human tongue squamous cell carcinoma SCC15 and CAL27 cells and its potential molecular mechanism.@*METHODS@#After acidic culture for different periods, methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) method was adop-ted to detect the cell proliferation of SCC15 and CAL27. Flow cytometry was employed to detect the apoptosis level of SCC15 and CAL27 cells. The migration ability of SCC15 and CAL27 after acidic culture was detected by scratch hea-ling test. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (FQ-PCR) was used to detect the mRNA expression of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) and survivin in SCC15 and CAL27 cells after acidic culture.@*RESULTS@#After culture for 24 h under acidic microenvironment, SCC15 and CAL27 cells grew rapidly and reached the stationary phase after adjustment for 3 days. The apoptosis levels of SCC15 and CAL27 cells decreased after acidic culture, but the most significant reduction occurred after 6 h of acidic culture. The scratch healing rates of SCC15 and CAL27 cells increased after acidic culture. The results of FQ-PCR showed that the mRNA expression levels of COX-2 and survivin in SCC15 and CAL27 cells increased after acidic culture.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Extracellular acidic microenvironment can inhibit the apoptosis of tongue squamous carcinoma cells, promote their migration, and induce more adaptable and malignant tongue squamous carcinoma cells. The mechanism may be related to COX-2 and survivin and their signal pathways.

Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Mouth Neoplasms , Tongue , Tongue Neoplasms , Tumor Microenvironment
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921367


OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to investigate the effect of RhoE expression on the migration and invasion of tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC).@*METHODS@#Forty-eight TSCC cases were selected from the Maxillofacial Surgery Center of Qingdao Municipal Hospital from 2017 to 2019. The expression of RhoE in the specimens (TSCC and adjacent tissues) was detected by immunohistochemistry, and RhoE mRNA and protein were extracted to further detect the expression of RhoE. SCC-4 and CAL-27 cells were selected for @*RESULTS@#The expression level of RhoE in TSCC was significantly lower than that in adjacent tissues (@*CONCLUSIONS@#RhoE expression is low in TSCC. Over expression RhoE in TSCC can significantly decrease its migration and invasion abilities. Hence, RhoE may play an important role in regulating the metastasis and invasion of TSCC and provide a new target for gene therapy.

Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Tongue , Tongue Neoplasms , rho GTP-Binding Proteins/genetics , rho-Associated Kinases
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2999-3008, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921262


BACKGROUND@#The association between miR-532-3p and tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) has been examined in the literature to improve the survival rate of patients with this tumor. However, further studies are needed to confirm the regulatory roles of this microRNA (miRNA) in TSCC. The objective of this study was to investigate the roles played by and the underlying mechanism used by the miR-532-3p/podoplanin (PDPN) axis in TSCC development.@*METHODS@#Western blotting and quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) were performed to evaluate the PDPN expression level in TSCC tissues and cells. The proliferative, adhesive, and migratory capabilities of TSCC cells (CAL-27 and CTSC-3) were examined using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), cell adhesion, and wound-healing assays, respectively. The dual-luciferase reporter (DLR) assay was later conducted to confirm the relationship between miR-532-3p and PDPN.@*RESULTS@#The results indicated that PDPN expression was enriched in TSCC tissues and cells, and that the expression of PDPN was associated with some clinicopathological parameters of TSCC, including lymph node metastasis (P = 0.001), tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging (P = 0.010), and grading (P = 0.010). Further analysis also showed that PDPN knockdown inhibited the viability, adhesive ability, and migratory capacity of CAL-27 and CTSC-3 cells, effects that could be reversed by the application of a miR-532-3p inhibitor. Additionally, PDPN was found to be a direct target of miR-532-3p.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This research suggested that by targeting PDPN, miR-532-3p could inhibit cell proliferation viability, adhesion, and migration in TSCC. Findings also revealed that the miR-532-3p/PDPN axis might provide more insights into the prognosis and treatment of TSCC.

Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Membrane Glycoproteins , MicroRNAs/genetics , Tongue Neoplasms/genetics
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887886


Objective To investigate the effects of osthole on the proliferation,apoptosis,and autophagy of human tongue cancer Tca8113 cells and explore its possible mechanism of action. Methods Tca8113 cells were cultured

Apoptosis , Autophagy , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Coumarins , Humans , Tongue Neoplasms
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878451


OBJECTIVES@#The effect of isoprenylcysteine carboxymethyltransferase (ICMT) silencing on the migration and invasion of tongue squamous cell carcinoma was investigated by constructing the small interfering RNA (siRNA) of ICMT.@*METHODS@#Through liposomal transfection, siRNA was transfected into human tongue squamous cell carcinoma CAL-27 and SCC-4 cells (ICMT-siRNA group) with a negative control group (transfected with NC-siRNA) and a blank control group (transfected with a transfection reagent but not with siRNA). Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to analyze the mRNA expression of ICMT and RhoA in each group of cells after transfection and to measure the silencing efficiency. Western blot was applied to examine the expression levels of ICMT, total RhoA, membrane RhoA, ROCK1, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, and MMP-9 proteins in each group. The migration and invasion abilities were evaluated via wound healing and Transwell motility assays.@*RESULTS@#After CAL-27 and SCC-4 cells were transfected with ICMT-siRNA, the expression levels of ICMT genes and proteins decreased significantly in the experimental group compared with those in the negative and blank control groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The migration and invasion abilities of CAL-27 and SCC-4 cells were reduced significantly after the transfection of ICMT-siRNA, and the involved mechanism might be related to the RhoA-ROCK signaling pathway.

Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Protein Methyltransferases , RNA, Small Interfering , Tongue , Tongue Neoplasms , Transfection , rho-Associated Kinases
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878413


OBJECTIVES@#A study was conducted to investigate the molecular mechanism of chromodomain helicase/ATPase DNA binding protein 1-like gene (CHD1L) influencing the invasion and metastasis of tongue squamous cell carcinoma and to provide a new target for clinical inhibition of invasion and metastasis of tongue squamous cell carcinoma.@*METHODS@#Ualcan website was used to analyze the expression of CHD1L in normal epithelial tissue and primary head and neck squamous cell carcinoma and to analyze the effect of lymph node metastasis on the expression of CHD1L in tissues with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. The relationship between CHD1L expression and the survival rate of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma was tested by the GEPIA website. Western blot was used to quantify the levels of CHD1L protein in human tongue squamous cell carcinoma CAL27 and immortalized human skin keratinocyte cell HaCaT. After knocking down CAL27 in human tongue squamous cell carcinoma cells with an RNA interference plasmid, the cells were designated as SiCHD1L/CAL27 and Scr/CAL27. Western blot was utilized to detect the expression of CHD1L in each group of cells. The change in CAL27 cell proliferation ability was tested by EdU proliferation test after CHD1L knockdown. The change of cell migration ability of each group cells was tested through the wound healing assay. Western blot was used to detect epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) marker E-cadherin and Vimentin protein expression levels.@*RESULTS@#Ualcan database showed that the expression of CHD1L in primary head and neck squamous cell carcinoma tissues was higher than in normal epithelial tissues and in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma tissues with lymph node metastasis. GEPIA website analysis showed that the overall survival rate of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma with high expression of CHD1L was significantly lower than that of patients with low expression. Western blot results showed that CHD1L expression in human tongue squamous carcinoma cells CAL27 was higher than that of human normal skin cells HaCaT. CHD1L expression in SiCHD1L/CAL27 cells was much lower than that in Scr/CAL27 cells. Results of EdU proliferation experiments showed the significant reduction in the cell proliferation ability of the SiCHD1L/CAL27 cells. Results of the wound healing experiments showed the reduction in the migration capacity of the SiCHD1L/CAL27 cells. The expression of E-cadherin increased, whereas that of Vimentin decreased, in SiCHD1L/CAL27 cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CHD1L promoted the EMT, proliferation, migration, and invasion ability of tongue squamous cell carcinoma cells.

Adenosine Triphosphatases , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , DNA Helicases , DNA-Binding Proteins , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Neoplasm Invasiveness/genetics , Tongue , Tongue Neoplasms/genetics
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878411


OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to explore the effects of silencing isoprenylcysteine carboxyl methyltransfe-rase (Icmt) through small interfering RNA (siRNA) interference on the proliferation and apoptosis of tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC).@*METHODS@#Three siRNA were designed and constructed for the Icmt gene sequence and were then transfected into TSCC cells CAL-27 and SCC-4 to silence Icmt expression. The tested cells were divided as follows: RNA interference groups Icmt-siRNA-1, Icmt-siRNA-2, and Icmt-siRNA-3, negative control group, and blank control group. The transfection efficiency of siRNA was detected by the fluorescent group Cy3-labeled siRNA, and the expression of Icmt mRNA was screened by quantitive real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) selected the experimental group for subsequent experiments. The expression of Icmt, RhoA, Cyclin D1, p21, extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK), and phospho-extracellular regulated protein kinases (p-ERK) were analyzed by Western blot. The proliferation abilities of TSCC cells were determined by cell counting kit-8 assay. The change in apoptosis was detected by AnnexinV-APC/propidium staining (PI) assay. Cell-cycle analysis was conducted by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#The expression of Icmt mRNA and protein in TSCC cells significantly decreased after Icmt-siRNA transfection (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Silencing Icmt can effectively downregulate its expression in TSCC cells, reduce the RhoA membrane targeting localization and cell proliferation, and induce apoptosis. Thus, Icmt may be a potential gene therapy target for TSCC.

Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Protein Methyltransferases , RNA, Small Interfering , Tongue , Tongue Neoplasms
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(5): e10093, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153556


The aim of this study was to explore the effect of hsa_circ_0002162 on regulating cell proliferation, apoptosis, and invasion, and investigate its potential target microRNA (miRNA) in tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC). Hsa_circ_0002162 expression was detected in human TSCC cell lines and human oral keratinocytes (HOK) cell line. Cell proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, and candidate target miRNA expressions were detected in hsa_circ_0002162 knockdown-treated CAL-27 cells and hsa_circ_0002162 overexpression-treated SCC-9 cells. In the rescue experiment, miR-33a-5p knockdown plasmid was transfected into hsa_circ_0002162 knockdown-treated CAL-27 cells, while miR-33a-5p overexpression plasmid was transfected into hsa_circ_0002162 overexpression-treated SCC-9 cells. Subsequently, cell proliferation, apoptosis, and invasion were detected, and then luciferase reporter assay was performed. Hsa_circ_0002162 expression was increased in human TSCC cell lines SCC-9, CAL-27, HSC-4, and SCC-25 compared with HOK. In CAL-27 cells, hsa_circ_0002162 knockdown inhibited cell proliferation and invasion and promoted apoptosis. In SCC-9 cells, hsa_circ_0002162 overexpression enhanced cell proliferation and invasion and suppressed apoptosis. Furthermore, a negative regulation of hsa_circ_0002162 on miR-33a-5p (but not miR-302b-5p and miR-545-5p) was observed. In the rescue experiment, miR-33a-5p knockdown increased cell proliferation and invasion, and decreased apoptosis in hsa_circ_0002162 knockdown-treated CAL-27 cells, whereas miR-33a-5p overexpression decreased cell proliferation and invasion, but increased apoptosis in hsa_circ_0002162 overexpression-treated SCC-9 cells. The luciferase reporter assay showed the direct binding of hsa_circ_0002162 to miR-33a-5p. In conclusion, hsa_circ_0002162 had an important role in malignant progression of TSCC through targeting miR-33a-5p.

Humans , Tongue Neoplasms/genetics , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Tongue , Cell Line, Tumor , RNA, Circular
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1143397


ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the association of socio-demographic and clinic-pathological risk factors with oral cancer in Kelantan, Malaysia. Material and Methods: A 19-year cross-sectional survey was performed in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM), Malaysia. Medical record of 301 oral cancer patients was retrieved from the Medical Records office. Results: The majority of the oral cancer cases were male (62.8%), non-smokers (57.5%), non-alcohol consumers (83.4%), non-betel quid chewers (96.7%), and belonged to Malay ethnicity (68.8%). At the time of diagnosis, most of the patients were at stage II (38.9%). Approximately one-third (30.6%) of the total OC patients experienced loco-regional/distant metastasis, whereas no metastasis was detected in around two-thirds of cases (69.4%). A combination of surgery and radiotherapy was the most commonly employed treatment modality (27.2%). At the time of this study, the survival status of most of the patients was alive (69.1%). The most frequently encountered oral cancer in the Kelantanese population was oral squamous cell carcinoma (70.1%), with the tongue being the most frequently involved oral cavity site (35.5%). Conclusion: More than three-fourths of the cases were alive at follow-up, which included the cases that did not undergo any form of treatment.

Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/pathology , Tongue Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Risk Factors , Medical Records , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/pathology , Malaysia/epidemiology
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e019, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132747


Abstract Matrix degradation is an important event in the progression, invasion and metastasis of malignant head and neck lesions. Imbalances, mutations and polymorphisms of MMPs and their inhibitors are observed in several cancer subtypes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of the MMP-7 gene promoter (181 A/G) and MMP-9 (-1562 C/T) polymorphisms in oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC). MMP-7 (rs11568818) and MMP-9 (rs3918242) single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis in 71 cases of OTSCC. Normal tissue specimens were obtained from 60 healthy volunteers to serve as the control. The MMP-7 G allele and MMP-9 T allele were more frequent in the OTSCC group than the control group, but only when these two SNPs were taken together was a significant association found with the nodal metastasis of OTSCC (p < 0.001). Based on our results, SNPs in the promoter region of MMP-7 and MMP-9 appear to be associated with greater risk of developing OTSCC, and with a higher propensity to form metastatic tumors. In this respect, molecular studies investigating polymorphisms may be useful in predicting tumor behavior.

Humans , Tongue Neoplasms/genetics , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/genetics , Matrix Metalloproteinase 7/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genotype
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021257, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153184


Metastasis to the kidney from other primary sites is extremely rare. Previous studies reported the lung as the most common primary site. Distant metastasis from the tongue to the kidney is exceedingly rare. Herein, we describe a case of metastatic squamous cell carcinoma to the kidney in a 71-year-old male with a detailed discussion of differentiating it from potential mimickers. The patient underwent a total glossectomy and bilateral cervical lymph node dissection. A diagnosis of well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue was rendered and the tumor was staged pT3 pN3b. Within two years of initial presentation, the patient developed widely metastatic disease, including pulmonary nodules, renal masses, left adrenal mass, and pancreatic mass. Accurate diagnosis of a secondary involvement of the kidney by a metastatic tumor requires the appropriate correlation of clinical and imaging findings as well as morphologic and immunohistochemical clues.

Humans , Male , Aged , Tongue Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Metastasis , Oropharynx , Diagnosis, Differential
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(6): 595-604, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155768


Abstract Background and objectives: In this study, we aimed to investigate the predictive value of different airway assessment tools, including parts of the Simplified Predictive Intubation Difficulty Score (SPIDS), the SPIDS itself and the Thyromental Height Test (TMHT), in intubations defined as difficult by the Intubation Difficulty Score (IDS) in a group of patients who have head and neck pathologies. Methods: One hundred fifty-three patients who underwent head and neck surgeries were included in the study. The Modified Mallampati Test (MMT) result, Thyromental Distance (TMD), Ratio of the Height/Thyromental Distance (RHTMD), TMHT, maximum range of head and neck motion and mouth opening were measured. The SPIDSs were calculated, and the IDSs were determined. Results: A total of 25.4% of the patients had difficult intubations. SPIDS scores >10 had 86.27% sensitivity, 71.57% specificity and 91.2% Negative Predictive Value (NPV). The results of the Receiver Operating Curve (ROC) analysis for the airway screening tests and SPIDS revealed that the SPIDS had the highest area under the curve; however, it was statistically similar to other tests, except for the MMT. Conclusions: The current study demonstrates the practical use of the SPIDS in predicting intubation difficulty in patients with head and neck pathologies. The performance of the SPIDS in predicting airway difficulty was found to be as efficient as those of the other tests evaluated in this study. The SPIDS may be considered a comprehensive, detailed tool for predicting airway difficulty.

Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: Neste estudo, avaliamos o valor preditivo de diferentes ferramentas de avaliação das vias aéreas, incluindo componentes do Escore Simplificado Preditivo de Intubação Difícil (ESPID), o próprio ESPID e a Medida da Altura Tireomentoniana (MATM), em intubações definidas como difícies pelo Escore de Dificuldade de Intubação (EDI) em um grupo de pacientes com patologia de cabeça e pescoço. Método: Incluímos no estudo 153 pacientes submetidos a cirurgia de cabeça e pescoço. Coletamos os resultados do Teste de Mallampati Modificado (TMM), Distância Tireomentoniana (DTM), Razão Altura/Distância Tireomentoniana (RADTM), MATM, amplitude máxima de movimentação da cabeça e pescoço e da abertura da boca. Os ESPIDs foram calculados e os EDIs, determinados. Resultados: Observamos intubação difícil em 25,4% dos pacientes. Os escores de ESPID > 10 tiveram sensibilidade de 86,27%, especificidade de 71,57% e valor preditivo negativo de 91,2% (VPN). O resultado da análise da curva de operação do receptor (curva ROC) para os testes de avaliação das vias aéreas e ESPID mostrou que o ESPID tinha a maior área sob a curva; no entanto, foi estatisticamente semelhante a outros testes, exceto para o TMM. Conclusões: O presente estudo demonstra o uso prático do ESPID na previsão da dificuldade de intubação em pacientes com patologia de cabeça e pescoço. O desempenho do ESPID na predição de via aérea difícil mostrou-se tão eficiente quanto os demais testes avaliados neste estudo. O ESPID pode ser considerado ferramenta abrangente e detalhada para prever via aérea difícil.

Humans , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Intubation, Intratracheal/methods , Neck/surgery , Neck Dissection/statistics & numerical data , Thyroid Gland/surgery , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , ROC Curve , Range of Motion, Articular , Sensitivity and Specificity , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Mandibular Advancement , Head and Neck Neoplasms/surgery , Intubation, Intratracheal/instrumentation , Laryngectomy/statistics & numerical data , Maxillofacial Injuries/surgery , Middle Aged , Mouth/physiology , Neck/anatomy & histology
Braz. dent. j ; 31(6): 623-633, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132354


Abstract The aim of this study was to perform a comparative analysis of podoplanin (PDPN) and Twist immunoexpressions in lower lip and oral tongue squamous cell carcinomas (LLSCC and OTSCC, respectively). PDPN and Twist immunoexpressions were semi-quantitatively evaluated by analyzing the invasion front, the compressive areas, the large islands and nests and dissociated cells of the chosen carcinomas. Their statistical associations and correlations with clinical-pathological characteristics were verified by the Mann-Whitney and Spearman's test. Twist expression was low in both carcinomas, with <25% labeling on the invasive front. Significant differences were observed for LLSCC (p=0.032) and OTSCC (p=0.025) regarding PDPN immunoexpression in relation to the worst invasion patterns determined by a histological malignancy gradation system. Statistically significant negative correlations between PDPN membrane expression and general (r=-0.356, p=0.024) and cytoplasmic Twist expressions (r=-0.336; p=0.034) in LLSCC were also observed. Twist and PDPN are suggested to be associated to a more aggressive invasion pattern in both LLSCC and OTSCC cases but not related to the different biological behaviors on these anatomical sites. Also, it was seen that PDPN membrane expression is inversely related to general and cytoplasmic Twist expression in LLSCC cases.

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar uma análise comparativa das imunoexpressões de podoplanina (PDPN) e Twist em carcinomas de células escamosas de lábio inferior e língua oral (CCELI e CCELO, respectivamente). As imunoexpressões de PDPN e Twist foram avaliadas semi-quantitativamente através da análise do front invasivo, das áreas compressivas, das grandes ilhas e ninhos e das células dissociadas dos carcinomas escolhidos. Suas associações estatísticas e correlações com características clínico-patológicas foram verificadas pelos testes de Mann-Whitney e Spearman. A expressão de Twist foi baixa nos dois carcinomas, com marcação <25% no front invasivo. Diferenças significativas foram observadas para CCELI (p=0,032) e CCELO (p=0,025) em relação à imunoexpressão de PDPN em relação aos piores padrões de invasão determinados por um sistema de gradação histológica de malignidade. Também foram observadas correlações negativas estatisticamente significantes entre a expressão membranar de PDPN e as expressões geral (r=-0,356, p=0,024) e citoplasmática do Twist (r=-0,336; p=0,034) no CCELI. Sugere-se que o Twist e o PDPN estejam associados a um padrão de invasão mais agressivo nos casos de CCELI e CCELO, mas não relacionados aos diferentes comportamentos biológicos nesses sítios anatômicos. Também foi observado que a expressão membranar de PDPN está inversamente relacionada à expressão geral e citoplasmática de Twist em casos de CCELI.

Humans , Mouth Neoplasms , Tongue Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Lip
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(5): 545-551, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132633


Abstract Introduction: Cancer of the oral cavity and oropharynx presents aggressive behavior and its diagnosis is, in most cases, performed in advanced stages. Total glossectomy is a therapeutic option in locally advanced cancer, and the only one in the recurrent or residual disease, after chemoradiotherapy. Objective: To evaluate the clinical-epidemiological profile, postoperative complications, survival rates and functional aspects of patients with oral cavity and oropharynx cancer after total glossectomy. Methods: It was a retrospective study where 22 patients were included with oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer after total glossectomy at the Hospital Regional do Vale do Paraíba, em Taubaté, São Paulo. Results: All patients were male, with a median age of 57 years, most of tumors are located in the tongue and floor of the mouth and classified as stage IVa. Total glossectomy as initial treatment was performed in 18 and as salvage in four patients. The major pectoralis myocutaneous flap was used for reconstruction in all cases. The main postoperative complication was wound infection and salivary fistula. Conclusion: Overall survival was 19% and cancer-specific survival was 30.8% in five years. Eight patients were rehabilitated for exclusive oral feeding without the dependence tracheostomy and enteral tube, all with an overall survival greater than 15 months.

Resumo Introdução: O câncer da cavidade oral e da orofaringe apresenta comportamento agressivo e seu diagnóstico é, na maioria dos casos, realizado em fases avançadas. A glossectomia total é uma opção terapêutica no câncer localmente avançado e a única no resgate de pacientes com doença residual ou recorrente, após a quimiorradioterapia. Objetivo: Avaliar o perfil clínico-epidemiológico, as complicações pós-operatórias, as taxas de sobrevida e os aspectos funcionais de pacientes com câncer da cavidade oral e da orofaringe submetidos à glossectomia total. Método: Estudo retrospectivo em que foram incluídos 22 pacientes com câncer de cavidade oral e orofaringe submetidos à glossectomia total no Hospital Regional do Vale do Paraíba, em Taubaté, São Paulo. Resultados: Todos os pacientes eram do gênero masculino, com mediana de 57 anos, com tumores principalmente na língua e no assoalho da boca e classificados, em sua maioria, como estádio clínico IVa. A glossectomia total como tratamento inicial foi realizada em 18 e como resgate em quatro pacientes. O retalho miocutâneo peitoral maior foi utilizado para a reconstrução em todos os casos. A principal complicação pós-operatória foi a infecção da ferida operatória e a fístula salivar. Conclusão: A sobrevida global foi de 19% e a específica por câncer de 30,8% em cinco anos. Oito pacientes foram reabilitados para alimentação oral exclusiva sem a dependência de traqueostomia e ou de dieta enteral, todos com sobrevida global maior do que 15 meses.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms , Pectoralis Muscles , Tongue Neoplasms , Tracheostomy , Retrospective Studies , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Glossectomy
Rev. méd. panacea ; 9(2): 118-123, mayo-ago. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1121233


La Tomografía Computarizada continúa como la técnica diagnóstica de elección para la estadificación inicial y seguimiento de los pacientes con cáncer de lengua. Objetivo: Determinar las características imagenológicas por Tomografía Computarizada Simple y Contratada a casos con carcinoma epidermoide de lengua. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó una investigación preliminar, descriptiva, prospectiva en una muestra de 21 casos. Resultados: La edad predominante estuvo entre los 60-65 años, con antecedentes de tabaquismo y/o alcoholismo (63,4%). La mayor cantidad de casos presentaron tumores en la base (n=11; 52,38 %) y borde derecho (n=5; 23,81%) de la lengua, con tomas ganglionares submentoniana (n=9; 42,86%), submandibular (n=6; 28,57%) y yugular medio (n=4; 19,05%). Todos los tumores primarios (n=21; 100%) presentaron realce tras el contraste endovenoso, de ellos 19 (90,48%) mostraron patrón de captación intensa y homogénea. Mayoritariamente no se observó infiltración vascular (n=20; 95,24%), ni infiltración del tejido subcutáneo (n=20; 95,24%) o infiltración ósea (n= 8; 38,10 %). La infiltración glandular y el cruce de línea media se precisaron en 8 casos (38,10 %) respectivamente. Conclusiones: Los casos con tumores de lengua predominan en hombres mayores de 60 años con factores de riesgo como el tabaquismo y/o alcoholismo. La tomografía contrastada posibilita redefinir los indicadores imagenológicos en la arquitectura tumoral y ganglionar para el diagnóstico del cáncer de lengua. Se recomienda la inclusión de la maniobra dinámica en la evaluación de las dimensiones, extensión de la lesión primaria y la valoración del engrosamiento de las encías como un predictor de futuras metástasis óseas. (AU)

Computed Tomography continues as the diagnostic technique of choice for initial staging and follow-up of tongue cancer patients. Objective: To determine the imaging characteristics by Simple and Contracted Computed Tomography to cases with epidermoid tongue carcinoma. Materials and methods: A preliminary, descriptive, prospective investigation was conducted in a sample of 21 cases. Results: The predominant age was between 60-65 years, with a history of smoking and/or alcoholism (63.4%). The largest number of cases had tumors at the base (n=11; 52.38%) and right edge (no=5; 23.81%) of the tongue, with submentonian ganglion sockets (n=9; 42.86%), submandibular (n=6; 28.57%) and middle jugular (n-4; 19.05%). All primary tumors (n=21; 100%) highlighted after the endovenous contrast, of which 19 (90.48%) showed an intense and homogeneous uptake pattern. Mostly no vascular infiltration was observed (n=20; 95.24%), nor infiltration of subcutaneous tissue (n=20; 95.24%) bone infiltration (no=8; 38.10%). Glandular infiltration and midline crossing were specified in 8 cases (38.10%) respectively. Conclusions: Cases with tongue tumors predominate in men over 60 years of age with risk factors such as smoking and/or alcoholism. Proven tomography makes it possible to redefine imaging indicators in tumor architecture and ganglion for the diagnosis of tongue cancer. It is recommended to include dynamic manoeuvre in the evaluation of dimensions, extent of primary injury and assessment of gum thickening as a predictor of future bone metastases. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Tongue , Tongue Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 20(4): 16-20, out.-dez. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252645


Introdução: O tumor de células granulares (TCG) é uma neoplasia benigna de tecido mole incomum que acomete principalmente mulheres na quarta e sexta década de vida. A lesão possui predileção pela região de cabeça e pescoço, sendo a superfície dorsal da língua o local de maior acometimento. Clinicamente, apresenta-se como um nódulo submucoso firme, de coloração semelhante a mucosa ou levemente amarelada, de crescimento lento e assintomático. O objetivo deste trabalho é relatar um caso de TCG apresentando suas características clínicas, histopatológicas bem como os possíveis diagnósticos diferenciais. Relato de caso: Paciente sexo feminino, 46 anos de idade, apresentando nódulo localizado no bordo lateral posterior da língua. Ao exame intraoral foi possível observar tumefação firme à palpação, com coloração amarelada, medindo aproximadamente 1cm no seu maior diâmetro. Baseado na hipótese diagnóstica de lipoma, foi realizada uma biópsia excisional. A análise histopatológica revelou características morfológicas compatíveis com o TCG. Considerações finais: O Cirurgião-Dentista deve conhecer os diagnósticos diferenciais clínicos e histopatológicos, uma vez que a conduta terapêutica pode ser distinta em alguns casos... (AU)

Introduction: Granular cell tumor (GCT) is a benign neoplasm of uncommon soft tissue that mainly affects women in the fourth and sixth of life. The lesion has a predilection for the head and neck region, and the dorsal surface of the tongue is the site of major involvement. Clinically, it presents as a firm, mucosal or slightly yellowish, slowly growing, asymptomatic submucosal nodule. The objective of this work is to report a case of GCT presenting its clinical, histopathological and possible differential diagnoses. Case report: A 46-year-old female patient with a nodule located on the posterior lateral border of the tongue. On intraoral examination, it was found on a table, with a yellowish color, measuring approximately 1cm in its largest diameter. Based on the diagnostic hypothesis of lipoma, an excisional biopsy was performed. A histopathological analysis revealed morphological characteristics compatible with GCT. Final considerations: The Dentist should know the differential clinical and histopathological diagnoses, since the therapeutic behavior may be different in some cases... (AU)

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Tongue Neoplasms/pathology , Granular Cell Tumor/pathology , Biopsy , Diagnosis, Differential
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190198, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056596


Abstract Pathological parameters have been indicated as tumor prognostic factors in oral carcinoma. Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of pathological parameters on prognosis of patients affected only by tongue and/or floor of the mouth squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Methodology: In total, 380 patients treated in the Brazilian National Cancer Institute (INCA) from 1999 to 2006 were included. These patients underwent radical resection followed by neck dissection. The clinical and pathological characteristics were recorded. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards model were used in survival analysis. Overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS) and disease-free interval (DFI) were estimated. Cox residuals were evaluated using the R software version 3.5.2. Worst OS, CSS and DFI were observed in patients with tumors in advanced pathological stages (p<0.001), with the presence of perineural invasion (p<0.001) and vascular invasion (p=0.005). Results: Advanced pathological stage and the presence of a poorly differentiated tumor were independent prognostic factors for OS and CSS. However, advanced pathological stage and perineural invasion were independent predictors of a shorter OS, DFI and CSS. Conclusion: Pathological stage and perineural invasion were the most significant pathological variables in survival analysis in tongue and/or floor of the mouth SCC.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Tongue Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Mouth Floor/pathology , Neck Dissection/methods , Time Factors , Mouth Neoplasms/surgery , Mouth Neoplasms/mortality , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery , Tongue Neoplasms/mortality , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/mortality , Regression Analysis , Disease-Free Survival , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Neoplasm Grading/methods , Neoplasm Staging
Odontoestomatol ; 22(36): 94-102, 2020. graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BNUY | ID: biblio-1143369


Resumen: La leucoplasia proliferativa multifocal (LPM) es considerada uno de los desórdenes potencialmente malignos (DPM) con mayor tasa de transformación carcinomatosa. La terapéutica es sumamente dificultosa ya que en la mayoría de los casos las lesiones son refractarias. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar un caso de LPM y su evolución, destacando la importancia del seguimiento clínico mediante protocolos de follow up. Se presentó a la consulta una paciente de 75 años con múltiples lesiones queratóticas y verrugosas en toda la mucosa bucal y con un patrón de crecimiento proliferativo. Las biopsias y el contexto clínico permitieron encuadrarlo dentro del diagnóstico de LPM. La paciente adhirió a un protocolo estricto y hasta el momento se presenta libre de lesiones carcinomatosas. Este trabajo resalta el cuidadoso acompañamiento de los pacientes con este diagnóstico a fin de detectar precozmente carcinomas incipientes pudiendo mejorar el pronóstico de esta entidad.

Resumo: A leucoplasia proliferativa multifocal (LPM) é considerada um dos distúrbios orais potencialmente malignos (DOPM) com a maior taxa de transformação maligna. A terapêutica é extremamente difícil, pois na maioria dos casos as lesões são refratárias. O objetivo deste estudo é relatar um caso de LPM e sua evolução, destacando a importância do monitoramento clínico por meio de protocolos exaustivos de acompanhamento. Uma mulher de 75 anos com múltiplas lesões queratóticas e verrugas por toda a mucosa oral e com um padrão de crescimento proliferativo foi apresentada à consulta. As biópsias e o contexto clínico permitiram ajustá-lo ao diagnóstico de LPM. O paciente aderiu a um protocolo rigoroso e, até o momento, está livre de lesões carcinomatosas. Este trabalho destaca o acompanhamento cuidadoso dos pacientes com esse diagnóstico, a fim alcançar a detecção precoce do carcinoma epidermoide oral e, consequentemente, melhorar o prognóstico.

Abstract: Proliferative multifocal leukoplakia (PML) is considered one of the oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMD) with the highest malignant transformation rate. Therapeutics is extremely difficult since, in most cases, the lesions are refractory. This study aims to report a case of PML and its evolution, highlighting the importance of clinical monitoring through comprehensive follow-up protocols. A 75-year-old female with multiple keratotic and verrucous lesions with a proliferative growth pattern throughout the oral mucosa. The biopsies and the clinical context allowed clinicians to diagnose it as PML. The patient adhered to a strict protocol and so far has no carcinomatous lesions. This report highlights the careful monitoring of patients with PML to achieve early detection of oral squamous cell carcinoma and, consequently, improve prognosis.

Leukoplakia, Oral , Tongue Neoplasms , Clinical Protocols