Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.755
Filter
2.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 44(1): 49-55, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364889

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background This study aims to validate the single-platform method for enumeration of CD34+ cells, by comparing the performance of two different commercial kits, as well as to evaluate the efficiency of the AccuriTM C6 cytometer in providing direct counts of absolute cell numbers. Method We evaluated 20 samples from umbilical cord blood (UCB), comparing the two different methodologies for enumeration of CD34+ cells: single and dual-platform. For the assessment of the single-platform, Procount and SCE kits were used, both of which use fluorescent beads as a counting reference to obtain absolute CD34+ cells numbers. Moreover, after the acquisition of samples in flow cytometer AccuriTM C6, following the protocol established for each kit, the number of CD34+ cells was recalculated, considering the cell count provided by the AccuriTM C6. Main Results In our analysis, the results showed a strong correlation between the number of CD34+ cells/μL (r2 = 0.77) when comparing the SCE kit and the current dual-platform method. On the other hand, the comparison between Procount kit and dual-platform results showed a moderate correlation for the number of CD34+/μL cells (r2 = 0.64). Conclusion Our results showed that the AccuriTM C6 flow cytometer can be used safely, applying both the dual and single platform analysis strategy. Considering the ISHAGE protocol-based single-platform approach, as the most appropriate methodology for CD34+ cells enumeration, our results demonstrated that the SCE kit has great potential for national standardization of UCB samples analysis methodology.


Subject(s)
Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Antigens, CD34 , Fetal Blood , Transplantation, Homologous , Guidelines as Topic , Flow Cytometry
3.
Cienc. Salud (St. Domingo) ; 6(1): [55-64], ene.-abr. 2022. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366873

ABSTRACT

La Leucemia Mieloide Aguda es una enfermedad caracterizada por la alteración en la producción de células madre hematopoyéticas y la proliferación celular. Es más común en adultos; a pesar de ello solo se presenta en el 1 % en los Estados Unidos. Entre los 65-68 años se observa una mayor incidencia existiendo de 2-3 casos por cada año en 100.000 habitantes, siendo aproximadamente el 10 % de los cánceres de este tipo. Los diagnósticos más recomendados para esta enfermedad son los de carácter sanguíneo, la realización de citometrías de flujo en muestra de médula ósea. Según estudios, los análisis citogenéticos en un gran número de pacientes han demostrado translocaciones e inversiones en los cromosomas somáticos, mientras que solo una minoría tiene una organización de cromosomas somáticos balanceada. La terapia de consolidación se acompaña del trasplante de células madre hematopoyéticas, conocido como el trasplante alogénico, que puede ser potencialmente curativo en algunos pacientes.


The acute myeloid leukemia, is a disease which is a characterized by an irregular production of hematopoietic cells and cellular proliferation. It´s most common in adults, however only 1% of American adults will be diagnosed throughout their lives. Between the ages of 65-68 there is a high incidence with only 2-3 cases per 100.000 patients; making up only 10% of this type of cancer. It´s mainly diagnosed by using blood test, flow cytometry (on Bone Marrow samples). Some cytogenetic studies suggest that in a significant number of patients both somatic chromosomal inversion and translocation are present, while only a small percentage show no somatic chromosomal mutations. Consolidation therapy with a hematopoietic Stem Cells transplant, also known as a "allogenic transplant", can be potentially curative in some special cases.


Subject(s)
Leukemia, Myeloid , Transplantation, Homologous
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939709

ABSTRACT

AbstractObjective: To investigate the sample selection, result correction and clinical application value of multi nucleotide polymorphism chimerism detection method based on Next-generation sequencing.@*METHODS@#The chimerism samples from November 2018 to June 2020 were collected, and Pearson correlation coefficient (r) was used to analyze the consistency of bone marrow and peripheral blood results detected by MNPseq; according to the different information integrity before transplantation, the calibration model was constructed to analyze the correction value of the micro chimerism results in each model; the clinical results were retrospectively analyzed to verify the reliability and practicability of chimerism results correction and the clinical value of MNPseq method.@*RESULTS@#The results of bone marrow and peripheral blood chimerism detected by MNPseq method were consistent with each other and showed significant correlation (r=0.985, P<0.01). The three groups of calibration models were constructed according to different pre-transplant information. For the no donor and pre-transplant patients information group, the correction value was 1%; while for the group with pre-transplant patients and without donor information, 0.61% of the chimerism rate and 13 heterotopic points were used as the correction value; 0.26% of the chimerism rate and 21.57% of the heterotopic points were used as the correction value for the group with pre-transplantation patients and donor information. After correction, the number of the patients with incomplete chimerism decreased from 276 (74.19%) to 141 (37.91%) (P<0.01). Among 18 (18/141, 12.77%) patients with incomplete chimerism, the results of MNPseq in the patients were 25-39 days earlier than those in STR and flow MRD, and the result showed statistical significance.@*CONCLUSION@#MNPseq method can be used to monitor chimerism with peripheral blood instead of bone marrow samples, and the results can be corrected to detect the changes of graft status in vivo in a more timely manner.


Subject(s)
Chimerism , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Nucleotides , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Chimera/genetics , Transplantation, Homologous
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939681

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the prognostic significance of dynamic detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) by 8-color flow cytometry.@*METHODS@#MRD of 282 AML patients who achieved remission after initial therapy was detected by 8-color flow cytometry. MRD threshold for predicting recurrence was determined by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, and time from MRD-positive to clinical recurrence was analyzed. The differences in overall survival (OS) time and relapse-free survival (RFS) time of patients with different MRD-changes were compared, and the related factors of recurrence in patients with MRD-negative were analyzed by univariate and logistic regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#ROC curve determined that the MFC-MRD threshold for predicting the recurrence of AML was 0.105%, and the recurrence rate of MRD-positive patients was significantly higher than that of MRD-negative patients [52.45% (75/143 cases) vs 35.97% (50/139 cases), P=0.005]. The patients in MRD persistent positive group and negative to positive group recurred earlier than those in positive to negative group and negative-positive fluctuation group (P<0.005). Survival analysis showed that OS and RFS time of patients with MRD persistent positive were significantly shorter than those of patients with MRD persistent negative, positive to negative, and negative-positive fluctuation (P<0.005). There was no significant difference in OS and RFS between MRD negative to positive group and MRD persistent positive group (P>0.005), either between MRD persistent negative group and MRD positive to negative group (P>0.005). Among 139 MRD-negative patients, 50 recurred. Univariate and logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of recurrence increased with the increase of white blood cells level (95%CI: 1.000-1.013, P=0.045). The risk of recurrence in patients without hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) was 9.694 times higher than that in patients who received HSCT (95%CI: 1.720-54.651, P=0.010), and in the high-risk group was 5.848 times higher than that in the low-risk group (95%CI: 1.418-24.121, P=0.015).@*CONCLUSION@#The prognosis of AML patients with different MRD changes is significantly different. No matter MRD-positive or MRD-negative at the initial remission, dynamic detection of MRD after treatment is more helpful to accurately guide treatment.


Subject(s)
Flow Cytometry , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Neoplasm, Residual/diagnosis , Prognosis , Recurrence , Transplantation, Homologous
7.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 43(3): 303-308, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346266

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a serious complication in allogeneic transplantation. The first-line treatment is high doses of corticosteroids. In the absence of response to corticosteroids, several immunosuppressive drugs can be used, but they entail an elevated risk of severe infections. Added to this, there are patients who do not improve on any immunosuppressive treatment, with subsequent deteriorated quality of life and high mortality. Ruxolitinib has been shown to induce responses in refractory patients. In this study we have presented our real-life experience. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on patients with severe GVHD refractory to corticosteroids. Demographic, previous treatment, response and mortality data were collected. Results: Since 2014, seventeen patients with GVHD were treated with ruxolitinib due to refractoriness to corticosteroids and immunosuppressants and a few to extracorporeal photopheresis, 8 with acute GVHD (1 pulmonary, 4 cutaneous grade IV and 3 digestive grade IV) and 9 with chronic GHVD (5 cutaneous sclerodermiform, 2 pulmonary and 1 multisystemic). The overall response to ruxolitinib treatment for acute GVHD was 80%, 40% with partial response and 40% with complete remission. Global response in chronic GVHD was 79%. The GVHD mortality was only seen in acute disease and was 40%. Causes of mortality in those patients were severe viral pneumonia, post-transplantation hemophagocytic syndrome and meningeal GVHD refractory to ruxolitinib. Conclusions: In our series, the use of ruxolitinib as a rescue strategy in acute or chronic GVHD was satisfactory. Ruxolitinib treatment in patients with a very poor prognosis showed encouraging results. However, the GVHD mortality remains high in refractory patients, showing that better therapeutic strategies are needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Transplantation, Homologous , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease/prevention & control , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Transfusion Reaction , Graft vs Host Disease/drug therapy
8.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 43(1): 58-64, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154302

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The allogeneic transfusion-related immunomodulation (TRIM) may be responsible for an increase in survival of renal transplants but in contrast it could increase the rate of bacterial infections or the recurrence rate of tumors post-operatively. Objective: This review focuses in the implications of perioperative allogeneic transfusions on the immune-inflammatory response of surgical transfused patients. Results: ABTs modify immune functions in recipients including decrease of the number of lymphocytes; decrease the CD4 cells; decrease the CD4/CD8 T-cell ratio; decrease NK cells; and decrease the lymphocyte response to mitogens. TRIM effects may be mediated by allogeneic white cells present in blood products; soluble peptides present in transfused plasma; and/or biologic mediators released into the supernatant of blood units. A recent systematic review and meta-analysis including 36 clinical observational studies (n = 174,036) concluded that perioperative ABTs not only decreased overall survival and reduced colorectal cancer-specific survival. Furthermore ABTs increased the rate of infectious, cardiac, pulmonary and anastomotic complications in colorectal cancer patients undergoing surgery. Conclusions: It has been demonstrated by laboratory tests that TRIM is associated with transfusion recipient immune alterations but its influence in colorectal cancer recurrence after resection remains controversial though may exist. Surgical techniques reducing intraoperative blood loss have limited the number of ABTs perioperatively, however increase in mortality continues to be reported in literature after ABT in colorectal cancer surgery. Poor survival associated to TRIM in colorectal cancer might be due to higher number of allogeneic transfused units and/or prolonged length of blood storage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Transplantation, Homologous , Colorectal Neoplasms , Erythrocyte Transfusion , Immunomodulation , Immunity , Prognosis , Blood Transfusion
9.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 728-739, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922506

ABSTRACT

Relapse is the main problem after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). The outcome of a second allo-HSCT (HSCT2) for relapse post-HSCT has shown promising results in some previous studies. However, little is known about the efficacy of HSCT2 in patients with relapsed/refractory acute leukemia (AL) post-chemotherapy plus modified donor lymphocyte infusion (post-Chemo + m-DLI) after the first allo-HSCT (HSCT1). Therefore, we retrospectively analyzed the efficacy of HSCT2 in 28 patients with relapsed/refractory AL post-Chemo + m-DLI in our center. With a median follow-up of 918 (457-1732) days, 26 patients (92.9%) achieved complete remission, and 2 patients exhibited persistent disease. The probabilities of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) 1 year after HSCT2 were 25.0% and 21.4%, respectively. The cumulative incidences of nonrelapse mortality on day 100 and at 1 year post-HSCT2 were 7.1% ± 4.9% and 25.0% ± 8.4%. The cumulative incidences of relapse were 50.0% ± 9.8% and 53.5% ± 9.9% at 1 and 2 years post-HSCT2, respectively. Risk stratification prior to HSCT1 and percentage of blasts before HSCT2 were independent risk factors for OS post-HSCT2, and relapse within 6 months post-HSCT1 was an independent risk factor for DFS and relapse post-HSCT2. Our findings suggest that HSCT2 could be a salvage option for patients with relapsed AL post-Chemo + m-DLI.


Subject(s)
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Lymphocytes , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Homologous
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1610-1616, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922304

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the incidence and clinical characteristics of metabolic syndrome (MS) within one year after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in order to screen the risk factors for HSCT-MS, provide early intervention and improve the long-term quality of survival of patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical follow-up data of 64 HSCT patients (survival time > 1 year) who received HSCT in our center from January 2007 to August 2018 were collected. Among them, 50 cases were allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) and 14 cases were autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT). The changes of MS-related indexes and clinical characteristics before and 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after HSCT were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#In allo-HSCT group, 14 cases were diagnosed as MS before operation, including high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (hypo-HDL-C)> hyper triglycerides(hyper-TG)> hyper fasting glucose(hyper-FBG)> abdominal obesity (AO) > hypertension. The preoperative diagnosis of MS in the auto-HSCT group was 5 cases, in the order of hyper-FBG> hyper-TG> AO> hypo-HDL-C> hypertension. Incidence of MS at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after transplantation: 19, 26, 24 and 20 cases in the allo-HSCT group, respectively; auto-HSCT group were 7, 7, 6 and 6 cases, respectively. Hyper-TG and hypo-HDL-C were prominent in both groups.@*CONCLUSION@#The incidence of HSCT-MS is significantly higher within 1 year after HSCT. Regardless of allo-HSCT and auto-HSCT, the prevention and control of HSCT-MS is emphasized as an important guarantee to improve the long-term survival quality of HSCT patients.


Subject(s)
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Humans , Metabolic Syndrome , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Homologous
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1606-1609, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922303

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and clinical significance of serum protein ROCK2 in patients with chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#The patients were divided into cGVHD group and control group (without cGVHD). The expression levels of serum protein ROCK2 were detected by ELISA in patients with or without cGVHD after allo-HSCT.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of ROCK2 in serum of cGVHD patients was significantly higher than those in control group, moreover, the expression level of ROCK2 in severe cGVHD group was significant higher than that in moderate and mild cGVHD group (P<0.001). The expression level of ROCK2 was significantly decreased in the serum of cGVHD patients after treatment(P<0.01); the expression level of ROCK2 was significantly higher in the serum of cGVHD patients with lung as the target organ(P<0.01). The median survival time of patients with severe cGVHD were significantly shorter than that of patients with mild and moderate cGVHD(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#ROCK2 shows certain reference value in the evaluation of severity and prognosis of cGVHD, and may be a new target for the treatment of cGVHD.


Subject(s)
Blood Proteins , Chronic Disease , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Transplantation, Homologous , rho-Associated Kinases
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1950-1956, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922230

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the correlation of limb muscle mass and acute graft-versus-host disease.@*METHODS@#Clinical data from 144 patients treated by allo-HSCT in Guangzhou First People's Hospital were collected and analyzed retrospectively. The age, sex, diagnosis, donor age, sex of the donors, preparative regimen, ATG dose, HLA match, graft source, and number of infused stem cells of the patients were collected as baseline information. Meanwhile, bioelectrical impedance principle (BIA) was used to measure the limb muscle mass, body weight, body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio, upper arm muscle circumference, triceps skinfold thickness, and body fat rate of the patients before and after transplantation, so as to compare the changes of limb muscle mass and investigate its correlation with aGVHD.@*RESULTS@#It was found that 61.11% of allo-HSCT patients showed muscle mass loss, and the proportion of male and female was 35.42% and 25.69%, respectively. There were reduction in the body weight, BMI, upper arm muscle circumference and muscle mass of limbs after transplantation as compared with those before transplantation (P<0.05). By comparing with the cumulative incidence of aGVHD between the patients in low muscle mass group and normal muscle mass group, it was found that the cumulative incidence of Ⅱ-Ⅳdegree aGVHD in patients with low muscle mass (30.38%) was higher than those with normal muscle mass (8.93%), which showed statistical difference (P<0.05). Univariate analysis showed that muscle mass, the sex of the donors, and preparative regimen were the influencing factors of aGVHD (P<0.05). Binary logistic regression showed that low muscle mass was the independent risk factor affecting aGVHD (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Patients treated by allo-HSCT shows a decline in muscle mass after transplantation, and the incidence of aGVHD is high in patients with low muscle mass. Therefore, the assessment of muscle quality in early stage in patients with HSCT can facilitate earlier detection of aGVHD.


Subject(s)
Female , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Male , Muscles , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Homologous
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888493

ABSTRACT

Haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is a recommended alternative therapy for children with severe aplastic anemia who lack a human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-identical sibling donor and do not respond well to immunosuppressive therapy; however, due to non-identical HLA, the patients may have donor-specific anti-HLA antibody, which may lead to a relatively high incidence rate of poor graft function. Compared with HLA-identical transplantation, conditioning regimen for haploidentical transplantation still needs to be explored. This article reviews the detection and treatment of donor-specific anti-HLA antibody, the selection of conditioning regimen, and the mechanism and treatment of poor graft function in haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic/therapy , Child , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Transplantation Conditioning , Transplantation, Homologous
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1584-1592, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887592

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#There were few studies on real-world data about autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) or allogeneic HSCT (allo-HSCT) in peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL). This study aimed to investigate the clinical outcomes of patients who received auto-HSCT or allo-HSCT in China.@*METHODS@#From July 2007 to June 2017, a total of 128 patients who received auto-HSCT (n  = 72) or allo-HSCT (n  = 56) at eight medical centers across China were included in this study. We retrospectively collected their demographic and clinical data and compared the clinical outcomes between groups.@*RESULTS@#Patients receiving allo-HSCT were more likely to be diagnosed with stage III or IV disease (95% vs. 82%, P = 0.027), bone marrow involvement (42% vs. 15%, P = 0.001), chemotherapy-resistant disease (41% vs. 8%, P = 0.001), and progression disease (32% vs. 4%, P < 0.001) at transplantation than those receiving auto-HSCT. With a median follow-up of 30 (2-143) months, 3-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in the auto-HSCT group were 70%(48/63) and 59%(42/63), respectively. Three-year OS and PFS for allo-HSCT recipients were 46%(27/54) and 44%(29/54), respectively. There was no difference in relapse rate (34%[17/63] in auto-HSCT vs. 29%[15/54] in allo-HSCT, P = 0.840). Three-year non-relapse mortality rate in auto-HSCT recipients was 6%(4/63) compared with 27%(14/54) for allo-HSCT recipients (P = 0.004). Subanalyses showed that patients with lower prognostic index scores for PTCL (PIT) who received auto-HSCT in an upfront setting had a better outcome than patients with higher PIT scores (3-year OS: 85% vs. 40%, P = 0.003). Patients with complete remission (CR) undergoing auto-HSCT had better survival (3-year OS: 88% vs. 48% in allo-HSCT, P = 0.008). For patients beyond CR, the outcome of patients who received allo-HSCT was similar to that in the atuo-HSCT group (3-year OS: 51% vs. 46%, P = 0.300).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our study provided real-world data about auto-HSCT and allo-HSCT in China. Auto-HSCT seemed to be associated with better survival for patients in good condition (lower PIT score and/or better disease control). For patients possessing unfavorable characteristics, the survival of patients receiving allo-HSCT group was similar to that in the auto-HSCT group.


Subject(s)
China , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral/therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Autologous , Transplantation, Homologous , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880681

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To establish mouse bone marrow transplantation by pretreatment with chemotherapy, and to explore the dynamic changes of immune cells in the early stage of allogeneic transplantation in the spleen of mice.@*METHODS@#Mice were divided into 4 groups (80 mg/kg group, 100 mg/kg group, 120 mg/kg group, and 150 mg/kg group) according to the difference in dose of busulfan. The mice were treated with busulfan and cyclophosphamide combined chemotherapy, and the appropriate dosage was determined by evaluating the myeloablative effect and drug toxicity. According to the type of the genetic transplantation, the mice were also divided into 4 groups: An allogeneic transplantation group, a homogenic transplantation group, a chemotherapy alone group, and a normal control group. The mice were pretreated with busulfan and cyclophosphamide before bone marrow transplantation. In the allogeneic transplantation group, the suspension of splenocytes was prepared at the first day, the 3rd day, the 5th day, and the 8th day after transplantation for flow cytometry detection, and the dynamic changes of splenic immune cells were analyzed. The homogeneic transplantation group served as the concurrent control, the normal control group served as the control of basic value of spleen immune cells, and the chemotherapy alone group was used to evaluate the myeloablative effect.@*RESULTS@#1) The optimal dose of busulfan was 100 mg/kg. The combination of busulfan and cyclophosphamide can restore the hematopoiesis of transplanted mice, and the toxicity associated with pretreatment is small. 2) In the allogeneic transplantation group: The hematopoietic reconstitution and high donor chimerism rate were achieved after transplantation. In the early phase of bone marrow transplantation, the T lymphocytes were the main cell group, while the recovery of B lymphocytes was relatively delayed. The dendritic cells and natural killer cells from donors were the earliest cells to recover and achieve high chimerism rate compared with T cells and B cells. Most T cells were in the initial T cell state within 5 days after allogeneic transplantation. However, in the 5th day after transplantation, these cells were mainly in the effective memory phenotype. The reconstruction of donor-derived naive T cells was slow, but the reconstruction of donor-derived effective memory T cells and regulatory T cells was relatively fast. 3) In the homogeneic transplantation group: The mice could recover hematopoiesis and the recovery of B lymphocytes was delayed. 4) In the chemotherapy alone group: All mice died in 12-15 days after chemotherapy, and the peripheral blood routine showed pancytopenia before death.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Pretreatment with chemotherapy can successfully establish the mouse model of bone marrow transplantation. There are difference in the proportion of T cells, B cells, natural killer cells, dendritic cells, effector memory T cells, initial T cells, and regulatory T cells after transplantation, and the relationship between donor and recipient is also changed.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow Cells , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Busulfan , Cell Proliferation , Kinetics , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Transplantation, Homologous
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880175

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical correlation of expression level changes of miR-181b and miR-194 to the pathogenesis of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD), and determine plasma miR-181b and miR-194 as the potential biomarkers for aGVHD.@*METHODS@#The plasma samples were collected from 31 patients who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) at before HSCT, 15 days after HSCT and onset of aGVHD. The expression levels of miR-181b and miR-194 were detected by quantitative real-time PCR. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) were used to assess the sensitivity and specificity of miRNA biomarkers for the diagnosis of aGVHD.@*RESULTS@#MiR-181b and miR-194 downregulated after treatment were significantly upregulated in the plasma at onset of aGVHD (P0.05). The expressions of plasma miR-181b and miR-194 collected on day 15 after HSCT were significantly upregulated in the patients with aGVHD in comparison with non-GVHD patients (P<0.05). Moreover, these elevated miRNAs were detected before aGVHD. The AUC of miR-181b predicting aGVHD was 0.91±0.05 (specificity was 0.94, sensitivity was 0.69). The AUC of miR-194 predicting aGVHD was 0.91±0.06 (specificity was 0.94, sensitivity was 0.77).@*CONCLUSION@#MiR-181b and miR-194 may serve as early biomarkers for the diagnosis and prognosis of aGVHD.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Biomarkers , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , MicroRNAs , Transplantation, Homologous
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880171

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the kinetics of infiltrated T cell in murine acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) target organs after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) and its relationship with tissue pathological damage and aGVHD progress.@*METHODS@#Male C57BL/6 (H-2K@*RESULTS@#Compared with BMT group, the number of infiltrated T cells in aGVHD target organs including liver, lung and gut increased since day 7 in BMT+T group (P<0.05). On day 14, 28, 40 and 47 after transplantation, more infiltrated CD3@*CONCLUSION@#Pathological damage of aGVHD target organs is induced by CD3


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease , Kinetics , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL , T-Lymphocytes , Transplantation, Homologous
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880161

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between pretransplant serum ferritin (SF) level and prolonged or prolonged isolated thrombocytopenia (PT) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 35 patients with PT after allo-HSCT were retrospectively analyzed, and 35 patients were matched according to age and sex as a controls from 424 allo-HSCT patients with normal platelet count. The serum ferritin level before the transplantation was analyzed. The potential risk factors were analyzed by chi-square test and Fisher's exact test as well as univariate and multivariate logistic regression. The survival curve was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier model to explore its clinical significance. In addition, ROC curve was used to verify the predictive power of SF.@*RESULTS@#Compared with control group, the SF level in the PT group before transplantation significantly increased (P=0.001). Multivariate analysis results showed that SF level before transplantation was a risk factor for prolonged thrombocytopenia after HSCT, and patients with SF≥1000 ng / ml showed a higher risk of death (P=0.014). ROC curve showed that SF level could be used as a predictor of prolonged thrombocytopenia after allo-HSCT.@*CONCLUSION@#The SF level before allo-HSCT relates with occurrence and prognosis of PT in patients after allo-HSCT. Detection of SF level can provide guidance for the intervention of prolonged thrombocytopenia after HSCT.


Subject(s)
Ferritins , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Thrombocytopenia , Transplantation, Homologous
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880120

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a mouse mixed chimerism (MC) model of nonmyeloablative allogeneic bone marrow transplantation(allo-BMT) and explore its affecting factors.@*METHODS@#The MC model was established by nonmyeloablative allo-BMT followed by high-dose post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCY). 123 mice in the experiments was retrospectively analyzed, and the factors related with the chimerism were explored with the univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. A multivariate linear regression was performed by R project to obtain a mathematical model for predicting the chimeric level with relevant affecting factors.@*RESULTS@#The model presented mixed chimerism on day 14 after transplantation, and was characterized by a donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) which significantly promoted donor engraftment on day 15, but transfplantation of PBS in control group was failed. Among 123 mice, 47 (38.21%) mice were MC, while 76 (61.79%) mice were non-MC in 123 mice, respectively; univariate analysis showed that the baseline body weight of mice (P=0.001, 17.84±1.19 g vs 18.50±0.94 g), total body irradiation(TBI,P=0.048) and the using of cyclophosphamide (P=0.16) were affected the chimeric state of mice, while the number of infusing cells and the time of detection showed no significant effects. Multivariate regression analysis showed that under certain conditions, the body weight of mice on day 0 was an independent factor affecting chimeric levels (OR=0.493, 95% CI 0.307-0.791, P=0.003). Through R project multiple linear regression, the math model was achieved, which was chimerism=6.09-12×weight(g)+80.03×TBI(Gy)-4.4×cell-counts (× 10@*CONCLUSION@#The experiment presents a method for establishing a mixed chimeric mice model after non-myeloablative bone marrow transplantation and constructs a mathematical model with relevant factors affected chimerism status.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Mice , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Chimera , Transplantation Conditioning , Transplantation, Homologous
20.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(5): e468-e475, oct 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1122525

ABSTRACT

El trasplante de médula ósea es una terapia potencialmente curativa para múltiples enfermedades; el alogénico es el más indicado en leucemias. La enfermedad injerto versus huésped (EIVH) constituye la principal complicación del trasplante de médula ósea alogénico. Tanto en la EIVH aguda como crónica, la piel es el órgano más frecuentemente comprometido. El objetivo fue analizar las manifestaciones cutáneas de esta entidad. Trabajo retrospectivo y descriptivo, que incluyó a 59 pacientes trasplantados de edades entre 0 y 20 años. En 50 casos, se realizó trasplante de médula ósea alogénico. Veinticinco pacientes desarrollaron EIVH (17, la forma aguda, y 8, la forma crónica), y 24 tuvieron compromiso cutáneo. En concordancia con lo comunicado se encontró que las manifestaciones cutáneas fueron la manifestación clínica más común de EIVH. El hallazgo principal en EIVH aguda en nuestra serie fue el rash eritematoso maculopapular y, en EIVH crónica, las lesiones escleróticas símil morf


Bone marrow transplant is a potentially curative therapy for several diseases, and allogeneic bone marrow transplant is the most commonly indicated type for leukemias. Graft versus host disease (GVHD) is the main complication of allogeneic bone marrow transplant. In both acute and chronic GVHD, the skin is the most frequently involved organ. The objective of this study was to analyze cutaneous manifestations of this disease. Retrospective and descriptive study that included 59 transplanted patients aged 0 to 20 years. In 50 cases allogeneic bone marrow transplant was performed. Twenty-five patients developed GVHD (17 acute disease and 8 chronic disease) and 24 of them had cutaneous involvement. According to the literature, skin compromise was the commonest clinical manifestation of GVHD. Main finding in acute GVHD in our series was the erythematous maculopapular rash, while in chronic GVHD they were sclerotic lesions resembling morphe


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Graft vs Host Disease/diagnosis , Skin Manifestations , Transplantation, Homologous , Leukemia , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Exanthema
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL