Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 737
Filter
1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e250151, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1350306

ABSTRACT

Abstract Mammals have a limited capacity to regenerate their tissues and organs. One of the mechanisms associated with natural regeneration is dedifferentiation. Several small molecules such as vitamin C and growth factors could improve reprogramming efficiency. In this study, the NTERA2-D1 (NT2) cells were induced towards differentiation (NT2-RA) with 10-5 M retinoic acid (RA) for three days and then subjected to various amounts of vitreous humor (VH). Results show that the growth rate of these cells was reduced, while this rate was partly restored upon treatment with VH (NT2-RA-VH). Cell cycle analysis with PI method also showed that the numbers of cells at the S phase of the cell cycle in these cells were increased. The levels of SSEA3 and TRA-1-81 antigens in NT2-RA were dropped but they increased in NT2- RA-VH to a level similar to the NT2 cells. The level of SSEA1 had an opposite pattern. Expression of OCT4 gene dropped after RA treatment, but it was recovered in NT2-RA-VH cells. In conclusion, we suggest VH as a potent mixture for improving the cellular reprogramming leading to dedifferentiation.


Resumo Os mamíferos têm uma capacidade limitada de regenerar seus tecidos e órgãos. Um dos mecanismos associados à regeneração natural é a desdiferenciação. Várias moléculas pequenas, como vitamina C e fatores de crescimento, podem melhorar a eficiência da reprogramação. Neste estudo, as células NTERA2-D1 (NT2) foram induzidas à diferenciação (NT2-RA) com ácido retinóico (RA) 10-5 M por três dias e depois submetidas a várias quantidades de humor vítreo (VH). Os resultados mostram que a taxa de crescimento dessas células foi reduzida, enquanto essa taxa foi parcialmente restaurada após o tratamento com VH (NT2-RA-VH). A análise do ciclo celular com o método PI também mostrou que o número de células na fase S do ciclo celular nessas células estava aumentado. Os níveis de antígenos SSEA3 e TRA-1-81 em NT2-RA diminuíram, mas aumentaram em NT2-RA-VH a um nível semelhante ao das células NT2. O nível de SSEA1 teve um padrão oposto. A expressão do gene OCT4 diminuiu após o tratamento com AR, mas foi recuperado em células NT2-RA-VH. Em conclusão, sugerimos o VH como uma mistura potente para melhorar a reprogramação celular levando à desdiferenciação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vitreous Body , Cell Proliferation , Cell Dedifferentiation , Tretinoin , Tumor Cells, Cultured , Cell Differentiation , Cell Division , Cell Line
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1315-1321, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009987

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of cytokine levels on early death and coagulation function of patients with newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL).@*METHODS@#Routine examination was performed on 69 newly diagnosed APL patients at admission. Meanwhile, 4 ml fasting venous blood was extracted from the patients. And then the supernatant was taken after centrifugation. The concentrations of cytokines, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and ferritin were detected by using the corresponding kits.@*RESULTS@#It was confirmed that cerebral hemorrhage was a major cause of early death in APL patients. Elevated LDH, decreased platelets (PLT) count and prolonged prothrombin time (PT) were high risk factors for early death (P <0.05). The increases of IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12p70 and IL-17A were closely related to the early death of newly diagnosed APL patients, and the increases of IL-5 and IL-17A also induced coagulation disorder in APL patients by prolonging PT (P <0.05). In newly diagnosed APL patients, ferritin and LDH showed a positive effect on the expression of IL-5, IL-10 and IL-17A, especially ferritin had a highly positive correlation with IL-5 (r =0.867) and IL-17A (r =0.841). Moreover, there was a certain correlation between these five high-risk cytokines, among which IL-5 and IL-17A (r =0.827), IL-6 and IL-10 (r =0.823) were highly positively correlated.@*CONCLUSION@#Elevated cytokine levels in newly diagnosed APL patients increase the risk of early bleeding and death. In addition to the interaction between cytokines themselves, ferritin and LDH positively affect the expression of cytokines, thus affecting the prognosis of APL patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute/diagnosis , Cytokines/metabolism , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-17/metabolism , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Interleukin-5/metabolism , Blood Coagulation Disorders , Ferritins , Tretinoin
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 33-37, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971098

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the treatment of children with high-risk acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), aiming to improve the prognosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical datas of 24 children with high-risk APL in our hospital from January 2015 to June 2021 were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The main manifestations of 24 children (including 15 males and 9 females) were purpura, gingiva bleeding and nasal hemorrhage, with a median age of 7 years old and a median leukocyte count of 28.98 (10-232)×109/L, including 15 cases with leukocyte count between 10×109/L and 50×109/L, 2 cases between 50×109/L and 100×109/L, and 7 cases >100×109/L. The leukocyte count of 2 cases in 3 children admitted from 2015 to November 2016 was >100×109/L, in which 1 case was first treated with homoharringtonine for cytoreduction, 7 days later treated with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) after genetic diagnosis, then died of differentiation syndrome and pulmonary hemorrhage after 3 days. The other one was treated with reduced ATRA+daunorubicin+arsenic trioxide (ATO) for induction, then achieved complete remission. The third one with leukocyte count 12×109/L had cerebral hemorrhage before admission and died on the 7th day of treatment. The remaining 21 children were treated with chemotherapy according to the APL regimen for children in South China, including 14 cases with leukocyte count between 10×109/L and 50×109/L, 2 cases between 50×109/L and 100×109/L, and 5 cases >100×109/L. In the 5 children with leukocyte count >100×109/L, 1 case died of cerebral hemorrhage on the second day of oral ATRA before the addition of anthracyclines, 3 cases died of cerebral hemorrhage after the addition of anthracyclines to chemotherapy on the second day of oral ATRA, and another one developed differentiation syndrome after the addition of mitoxantrone on the second day of oral ATRA, then achieved complete remission after ATRA reduction chemotherapy and survived without disease till now. In the 2 children with leukocyte count between 50×109/L and 100×109/L, 1 case died of cerebral hemorrhage on the second day of oral ATRA before the addition of anthracyclines. All the children were followed up until 1st August, 2021, with a median follow-up time of 40 months, including 7 deaths and 1 recurrence in maintenance therapy who achieved second remission after chemotherapy, 14 cases survived in 3 years and 13 cases survived without event. The 7 dead children had a median time from treatment to death of 5 days, including 1 case with leukocyte count between 10×109/L and 50×109/L, 1 case between 50×109/L and 100×109/L, and 5 cases >100×109/L.@*CONCLUSION@#High-risk APL children with leukocyte count >100×109/L have a high mortality rate. Gradual addition of chemotherapy starting at small doses and early addition of ATO may help to improve the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Arsenic Trioxide/therapeutic use , Tretinoin/therapeutic use , Remission Induction , Anthracyclines/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4108-4122, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008015

ABSTRACT

Meiotic initiation is a critical step in gametogenesis. Recently, some genes required for meiotic initiation have been identified. However, meiosis-initiating factors and the underlying mechanisms are far from being fully understood. We have established a long-term culture system of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) and an in vitro model of meiotic initiation using mouse SSCs. Our previous study revealed that the RNA-binding protein RBFOX2 may regulate meiotic initiation, but the role and the mechanism need to be further elucidated. In this study, we constructed RBFOX2 knockdown SSC lines by using lentivirus-mediated gene delivery method, and found that the knockdown SSCs underwent normal self-renewal, mitosis and differentiation. However, they were unable to initiate meiosis when treated with retinoic acid, and they underwent apoptosis. These results indicate that RBFOX2 plays an essential role in meiotic initiation of spermatogonia. This work provides new clues for understanding the functions of RNA-binding proteins in meiotic initiation.


Subject(s)
Mice , Male , Animals , Spermatogonia/metabolism , Meiosis/genetics , Cell Differentiation , Tretinoin/pharmacology , Mitosis , Testis/metabolism
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 659-665, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982113

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of a water-soluble novel dihydroartemisinin dimer containing nitrogen atoms SM 1044 on the apoptosis of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) resistant acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) NB4-R1 cells and its potential mechanism.@*METHODS@#The effects of SM 1044 on cell apoptosis, mitochondrial transmembrane potential, and the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) were assessed by flow cytometry. Expressions of apoptosis-related proteins were determined by Western blot. The effects of SM 1044 on MAPK (ERK, JNK) signaling pathway, PML/RARα fusion protein, and expressions of apoptosis-related proteins were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#SM 1044 could significantly induce apoptosis and the loss of mitochondrial transmembrane potential in NB4-R1 cells, and activate apoptosis-related proteins caspase-3, caspase-8, caspase-9 and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). SM 1044 could also induce NB4-R1 cells to produce ROS. Western blot showed that SM 1044 activated the phosphorylation of MAPK (ERK, JNK) signaling pathway and down-regulated the expression of PML/RARα fusion protein.@*CONCLUSION@#SM 1044 can induce apoptosis of ATRA resistant APL NB4-R1 cells, which may be related to ROS/ERK and ROS/JNK signaling pathway, and can also induce by down-regulating PML/RARα fusion protein.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reactive Oxygen Species/pharmacology , Tretinoin/pharmacology , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Cell Line , Apoptosis , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion , Cell Differentiation
7.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 558-563, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981899

ABSTRACT

Group 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILC3) are an ILC subset that is characterized by the expression of retinoic acid-related orphan nuclear receptor γt (RORγt) and interleukin 22 (IL-22). This review summarizes the role of ILC3 in coordinating innate immunity and adaptive immunity based on current research and elaborate the significance of ILC3 from the perspective of immune system evolution. In addition, based on immune-related functions, we propose a possible time when ILC3 appears in the evolution of the immune system. And then, the research limitations and prospects are discussed.


Subject(s)
Immunity, Innate , Lymphocytes , Tretinoin
8.
Med. lab ; 26(3): 273-286, 2022. Tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1412400

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La leucemia promielocítica aguda (LPA) es un subtipo poco frecuente de leucemia mieloide aguda (LMA), que se caracteriza por un comportamiento clínico particularmente agresivo, y en ausencia de tratamiento, su curso generalmente es fatal. El objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar las características clínicas y citogenéticas de una cohorte de pacientes con LPA, con la finalidad de evaluar su relación con las complicaciones, el pronóstico y el desenlace de estos pacientes. Metodología. Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, retrospectivo de los pacientes mayores de 15 años con diagnóstico de LPA, atendidos en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente Fundación, entre los años 2012 a 2020. Resultados. Un total de 32 pacientes fueron incluidos. La edad media del diagnóstico fue 37 años. El 84,4% de los pacientes tenía la traslocación (15;17) en el cariotipo, y el 93,75% tenían FISH positivo. El 12,5% de los casos tenían cariotipo complejo. La mortalidad en los primeros 30 días fue del 15,6%, siendo el sangrado la causa de muerte más frecuente. Todos los pacientes que sobrevivieron alcanzaron la remisión completa (84,3%). En un promedio de seguimiento de 24 meses, el 14,8% de los casos recayeron. En el análisis bivariado se encontró relación entre sexo masculino y tener cariotipo complejo (p=0,015). No se encontró relación entre cariotipo complejo y mortalidad temprana (p=0,358), tampoco entre cariotipo complejo y recaída (p=0,052). Conclusiones. Se presentan las características clínicas y citogenéticas de una cohorte de pacientes con LPA en Colombia. El sangrado en el sistema nervioso central fue la principal causa de mortalidad temprana, todos los pacientes que sobrevivieron alcanzaron la remisión completa con la terapia de inducción. Las tasas de mortalidad, remisión completa y recaída fueron similares a las reportadas por otras series latinoamericanas, pero inferiores a estudios provenientes de países europeos. Contrario a lo reportado en otros estudios, no se encontró relación entre el cariotipo complejo y la mortalidad temprana o recaída.


Introduction. Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is a rare subtype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), characterized by a particularly aggressive clinical behavior, that in the absence of treatment is usually fatal. The objective of this work was to determine the clinical and cytogenetic characteristics of a cohort of patients with APL, in order to evaluate their relationship with the outcome and prognosis of these patients. Methodology. An observational, descriptive, retrospective study of patients older than 15 years with a diagnosis of APL treated at the Hospital Universitario San Vicente Fundación, between 2012 and 2020, was carried out. Results. A total of 32 patients were included. The mean age at diagnosis was 37 years, 84.4% of the patients had the t(15;17) in the karyotype, and 93.75% had positive FISH. 12.5% of cases had a complex karyotype. Mortality in the first 30 days was 15.6%, with bleeding being the most common cause of death. All patients who survived achieved complete remission (84.3%). In an average follow-up of 24 months, 14.8% of cases relapsed. In the bivariate analysis, a relationship was found between the male sex and having a complex karyotype (p<0.015). No relationship was found between complex karyotype and early mortality (p=0.358), nor between complex karyotype and relapse (p=0.052). Conclusions. We present the clinical and cytogenetic characteristics of a cohort of patients with APL in Colombia. Central nervous system bleeding was the main cause of early mortality, with all surviving patients achieving complete remission on induction therapy. Mortality, complete remission and relapse rates were similar to those reported by other Latin American series, but lower than studies from European countries. Contrary to what has been reported in other studies, no relationship was found between complex karyotype and early mortality or relapse


Subject(s)
Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Tretinoin , Idarubicin , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotype , Arsenic Trioxide
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 6-11, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928662

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of decitabine (DEC) combined with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) on the number of immune cells, efficacy and adverse reactions in the treatment of myeloid neoplasms patients.@*METHODS@#Eighty-four patients with myeloid tumors, including AML, MDS-EB-1 or MDS-EB-2 treated by the regimen containing decitabine in our hospital from January 2009 to October 2019 were enrolled and retrospectively analyzed, among the patients, 21 patients treated with DEC alone, 24 patients treated with DEC combined with ATRA (DEC/ATRA) and 39 patients treated with DEC combined with G-CSF priming regimen (DEC/priming). The changes of peripheral blood immune cell levels before and after treatment of the patients between the three groups were compared, and the differences in clinical efficacy and adverse reactions of the patients between the three groups were also compared.@*RESULTS@#There was no statistical differences in the number of immune cells among the patients in the three groups before treatment (P>0.05). NK cell levels decreased significantly in the patients in DEC and DEC/ATRA group after treatment (P<0.05); After treatment, the levels of CD8+ and CD3+T cells in the patients treated by DEC /priming regimen significantly increased (P<0.05), while the levels of CD3-HLA-DR+ B cells significantly decreased (P<0.05). The overall response rate (ORR) of the patients in DEC/ATRA group (75%) and DEC/priming group (74.36%) was significantly higher than 42.86% in DEC monotherapy group, and the differences showed statistically significant (P<0.05), while the ORR between the patients in DEC/ATRA and DEC/priming group showed no statistic differences (P>0.05). There were no statistical differences in overall survival (OS) and incidence of bleeding between the patients in the three groups (P>0.05). The incidences of grade 3 to 4 bone marrow suppression and the infection rate of the patients in DEC monotherapy and DEC/ATRA group were significantly lower than that in DEC/priming regimen group after treatment (all P<0.05), however, there was no statistical difference between DEC monotherapy and the DEC/ATRA group.@*CONCLUSION@#The efficacy of DEC/ATRA on myeloid neoplasms is comparable to that of DEC/priming regimen, and the anti-myeloid tumor effect of DEC/ATRA regimen may be related to the regulation of NK cells and T cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Decitabine/therapeutic use , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/therapeutic use , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Tretinoin/therapeutic use
10.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 370-375, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929570

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the prognostic significance of interferon regulatory factor 9 (IRF9) expression and identify its role as a potential therapeutic target in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) . Methods: The gene expression profile and survival data applied in the bioinformatic analysis were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas and Beat acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cohorts. A dox-induced lentiviral system was used to induce the expression of PML-RARα (PR) in U937 cells, and the expression level of IRF9 in U937 cells treated with or without ATRA was examined. We then induced the expression of IRF9 in NB4, a promyelocytic leukemia cell line. In vitro studies focused on leukemic phenotypes triggered by IRF9 expression. Results: ①Bioinformatic analysis of the public database demonstrated the lowest expression of IRF9 in APL among all subtypes of AML, with lower expression associated with worse prognosis. ②We successfully established a PR-expression-inducible U937 cell line and found that IRF9 was downregulated by the PR fusion gene in APL, with undetectable expression in NB4 promyelocytic cells. ③An IRF9-inducible NB4 cell line was successfully established. The inducible expression of IRF9 promoted the differentiation of NB4 cells and had a synergistic effect with lower doses of ATRA. In addition, the inducible expression of IRF9 significantly reduced the colony formation capacity of NB4 cells. Conclusion: In this study, we found that the inducible expression of PR downregulates IRF9 and can be reversed by ATRA, suggesting a specific regulatory relationship between IRF9 and the PR fusion gene. The induction of IRF9 expression in NB4 cells can promote cell differentiation as well as reduce the colony forming ability of leukemia cells, implying an anti-leukemia effect for IRF9, which lays a biological foundation for IRF9 as a potential target for the treatment of APL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Differentiation , Interferon-Stimulated Gene Factor 3, gamma Subunit/metabolism , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute/genetics , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/metabolism , Phenotype , Tretinoin/therapeutic use , U937 Cells
11.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 970-978, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970092

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to explore the regulating effects of hyperoside (Hyp) on lipid metabolism in high-fat diet mice. The high-fat diet mouse model was established by high-fat diet induction. After 5 weeks of Hyp intragastric administration in high-fat diet mice, the serum lipid levels before and after Hyp administration were measured by the corresponding kits. The tissue structure of mouse liver was observed by HE staining before and after Hyp administration. The changes of intestinal flora and transcriptome were measured by Illumina platforms. Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) was used to determine non-targeted metabolites. The results showed that Hyp significantly reduced lipid levels in the high-fat diet mice and effectively restored the external morphology and internal structure of liver tissue. Hyp changed the species composition of the intestinal flora in high-fat diet mice, increased the abundance of beneficial flora such as Ruminococcus, and decreased the abundance of harmful flora such as Sutterella. Combined multi-omics analysis revealed that the effect of retinoic acid on lipid metabolism was significant in the high-fat diet mice treated with Hyp, while the increase of retinoic acid content was significantly negatively correlated with the expression of genes such as cyp1a2 and ugt1a6b, positively correlated with AF12 abundance, and significantly negatively correlated with unidentified_Desulfovibrionaceae abundance. These results suggest that Hyp may modulate the abundance of AF12, unidentified_Desulfovibrionaceae and inhibit the expression of genes such as cyp1a2 and ugt1a6b, thus increasing the content of retinoic acid and regulating lipid metabolism in the high-fat diet mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Lipid Metabolism , Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2/pharmacology , Multiomics , Liver , Lipids/pharmacology , Tretinoin/pharmacology , Mice, Inbred C57BL
12.
Journal of the Philippine Dermatological Society ; : 41-43, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978186

ABSTRACT

Introduction@#Non-classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) represents a group of inherited, autosomal recessive disor- ders that typically presents with androgenetic alopecia, but may present with alopecia universalis on rare occasions.@*Case report@#We report a case of a 14-year-old Filipino female with non-classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia presenting with alopecia universalis, treated with a combination of Tretinoin and Minoxidil solution, low dose prednisone and an oral supplement containing zinc gluconate, nicotinamide, superoxide dismutase, vitamin E and selenium, with noted gradual hair regrowth and improvement in Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI).@*Conclusion@#Alopecia universalis in a patient diagnosed with non-classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia is a rare and atypical manifestation, with no case reports available to describe its occurrence. Due to its rarity, there is no standard treatment for pa- tients with this condition. However, the combination of tretinoin and minoxidil solution, low dose prednisone and an oral supple- ment containing zinc gluconate, nicotinamide, superoxide dismutase, vitamin E and selenium shows promising results.


Subject(s)
Minoxidil , Tretinoin
13.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 43(4): 476-481, Oct.-Dec. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350816

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: We performed cost-effectiveness and cost-utility analyses of the modified International Consortium on Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia protocol in Mexico for the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia. Methods: We performed a three-state Markov analysis: stable disease (first line complete response [CR]), disease event (relapse, second line response and CR) and death. The modified IC-APL protocol is composed of three phases: induction, consolidation and maintenance. Cost and outcomes were used to calculate incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs); quality-adjusted life-years were used to calculate incremental cost-utility ratios (ICURs). Results: The CR was achieved in 18 patients (90%), treated with the IC-APL protocol as the first-line option; one patient (5%) died in induction, another one never achieved CR (5%); of the 18 patients that achieved CR, 1 relapsed (5.5%). The median treatment cost of the IC-APL protocol was $21,523 USD. The average life-year in our study was 7.8 years, while the average quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) was 6.1 years. When comparing the ICER between the IC-APL and the all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) plus arsenic trioxide (ATO) protocols, we found the different costs of $6497, $19,133 and $17,123 USD in Italy, the USA and Canada, respectively. In relation to the ICUR, we found the different costs to be $13,955 and $11,979 USD in the USA and Canada, respectively. Conclusion: Taking into account the similar response rates, lower cost and easy access to the modified IC-APL regimen, we consider it a cost-effective and cost-utility protocol, deeming it the treatment of choice for our population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute/diagnosis , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute/drug therapy , Tretinoin/therapeutic use , Clinical Protocols , Cost-Benefit Analysis
14.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 549-554, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922374

ABSTRACT

Male meiosis is a complex process whereby spermatocytes undergo cell division to form haploid cells. This review focuses on the role of retinoic acid (RA) in meiosis, as well as several processes regulated by RA before cell entry into meiosis that are critical for proper meiotic entry and completion. Here, we discuss RA metabolism in the testis as well as the roles of stimulated by retinoic acid gene 8 (STRA8) and MEIOSIN, which are responsive to RA and are critical for meiosis. We assert that transcriptional regulation in the spermatogonia is critical for successful meiosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Cell Differentiation/genetics , Meiosis/drug effects , Spermatogenesis/physiology , Tretinoin/metabolism
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 339-347, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880079

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify differentiation related miRNA and evaluate roles of miRNA during ATRA induced myeloid differentiation.@*METHODS@#The small RNA sequencing was used to analyze differential expressed miRNAs in ATRA induced NB4 cells. Then the several up or down-regulated miRNA were selected as the research candidates. SgRNAs targeting the genome of each miRNA were designed and NB4 cells with inducible expression of Cas9 protein were generated. After transduced sgRNA into NB4/Cas9 cells, the mutation level by PCR and surveyor assay were evaluated. The cell differentiation level was investigated by surface CD11b expression via flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#A total of 410 mature miRNAs which expressed in NB4 cells were detected out after treated by ATRA, 74 miRNAs were up-regulated and 55 were down-regulated miRNAs with DNA cleavage generated by CRISPR/Cas9 was assayed directly by PCR or surveyor assay, quantitative PCR showed that the expression of miRNA was downregulated, which evaluated that gene edition successfully inhibitied the expression of mature miRNA. MiR-223 knockout showed the myeloid differentation of NB4 significantly inhibitied, while miRNA-155 knockout showed the myeloid differentation of NB4 cells significantly increased.@*CONCLUSION@#CRISPR/Cas9 is a powerful tool for gene editing and can lead to miRNA knockout. Knockouts of miR-223 and miR-155 have shown a differentiation-related phenotype, and the potential mechanism is the integrative regulation of target genes.


Subject(s)
CRISPR-Cas Systems , Cell Differentiation , Gene Editing , MicroRNAs/genetics , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Tretinoin
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1065-1070, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888519

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PADI4) during the process of differentiation into granulocyte of NB4 cells induced by all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) and whether PADI4 is involved in the inflammatory cytokines expression.@*METHODS@#Granulocyte differentiation model of NB4 cells induced by ATRA was established. The cell morphology changes were observed by Wright-Giemsa staining. The expression of cell differentiation marker CD11b was analyzed by flow cytometry. The mRNA and protein expression of PADI4 was detected by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. The expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α and interleukin (IL) 1β was analyzed by ELISA, and also examined with the knockdown of PADI4 expression by siRNA.@*RESULTS@#After NB4 cells induced by ATRA, the cytoplasm increased and the ratio of nuclear to cytoplasmic was reduced. Nuclear dented, and rod-shaped nucleus, lobulated phenomenon increased (P<0.05). Flow cytometry analysis results showed that the cell surface molecule CD11b expression increased (P<0.01). RT-PCR and Western blot showed the expression of PADI4 increased at both transcriptional and translational levels during the process of the differentiation. ELISA showed TNF-α and IL-1β secretion increased in differentiated macrophages, while they could be inhibited by PADI4-specific siRNA.@*CONCLUSION@#During the differentiation into granulocyte of NB4 cells induced by ATRA, PADI4 expression increased. Furthermore, PADI4 appeared to play a critical role in inflammatory cytokines secretion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Differentiation , Cell Line, Tumor , Cytokines/metabolism , Granulocytes , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Protein-Arginine Deiminase Type 4/metabolism , Tretinoin/pharmacology
17.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 33: e180232, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057195

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective Acrylamide is a potentially neurotoxic and carcinogenic chemical and naturally creates during the heating process of carbohydrate-rich foods, such as potato chips and breakfast cereals. Acrylamide might be ingested by people via consuming food that contains it. Therefore, we investigated the effect of acrylamidegiven orally to male and female rats on plasma retinoic acid and α-tocopherol and serum sialic acid and malondialdehyde levels. Method A total of 50 Wistar rats were used (25 female and 25 male, three-four weeks old). The rats of each sex were given 2 and 5mg/kg/day acrylamide via drinking water for 90 days. At the end of the treatment, the animals were euthanized by cervical dislocation. Blood specimens were collected through cardiac puncture, and serum and plasma samples were analysed using the high-performance liquid chromatography technique with a Ultraviolet detector. Results The analysis of the plasma and serum samples revealed that serum sialic acid and malondialdehyde levels in both sexes given 5mg/kg/day acrylamide were significantly increased, and the serum sialic acid levels were higher in female rats given 2mg/kg/day acrylamide. The plasma retinoic acid and α-tocopherol levels significantly decreased in both sexes given only the highest dose. Conclusion The results show that acrylamide causes an increase in oxidative stress and leads to a decrease in the levels of retinoic acid and α-tocopherol which play a role in the defense mechanism against this stress.


RESUMO Objetivo A acrilamida é um químico potencialmente neurotóxico e carcinogênico, sendo naturalmente criada durante o processo de aquecimento de alimentos ricos em carboidratos, como batatas fritas e cereais matinais. Dado que o composto pode ser ingerido através do consumo de alimentos, o presente trabalho teve por objetivo investigar o seu efeito, quando administrado oralmente a ratos, medindo-se os níveis plasmáticos de ácido retinoico e α-tocoferol, bem como os níveis séricos de ácido siálico e malondialdeído Métodos Foram utilizados cinquenta ratos Wistar, sendo metade de cada sexo, com idade entre três e quatro semanas. Os animais foram divididos em dois grupos, os quais receberam diferentes doses diárias de acrilamida, via água potável, durante noventa dias: o primeiro ingeriu 2mg/kg/dia; e o segundo, 5mg/kg/dia. Ao final do tratamento, os animais foram eutanasiados por meio de luxação cervical. Amostras de sangue foram coletadas através de punção cardíaca, assim como amostras de soro e plasma foram medidas usando-se a técnica de cromatografia líquida de alta performance com detector de Ultravioleta. Resultados A análise das amostras de plasma e soro revelou que os níveis de ácido siálico e malondialdeído, em ratos de ambos os sexos tratados com acrilamida de 5mg/kg/dia, foram significativamente aumentados, ao passo que os níveis séricos de ácido siálico foram maiores em ratas tratadas com 2mg/kg/dia de acrilamida. Já os níveis plasmáticos de ácido retinoico e α-tocoferol diminuíram significativamente em ratos de ambos os sexos, quando tratados com a dose mais elevada.Concl Conclusão Os resultados mostram que a acrilamida causa um aumento no estresse oxidativo e leva a uma diminuição nos níveis de ácido retinoico e α-tocoferol, que desempenham um papel no mecanismo de defesa contra esse estresse.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Acrylamide , Tretinoin , Biomarkers , Rats, Wistar , Oxidative Stress , N-Acetylneuraminic Acid , Tocopherols , Malondialdehyde
18.
Dermatol. argent ; 26(1): 32-34, 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146323

ABSTRACT

Las poroqueratosis son un grupo heterogéneo de trastornos de la queratinización epidérmica, de presentación infrecuente. Se caracterizan clínicamente por pápulas hiperqueratósicas que confluyen y forman placas anulares con un centro atrófico y bordes sobreelevados. Hay seis variantes clínicas. El examen histopatológico evidencia la característica laminilla cornoide. Se presenta el caso de una niña de 2 años con diagnóstico de poroqueratosis de Mibelli y respuesta parcial al tratamiento tópico con tretinoína al 0,025%, que actualmente continúa en seguimiento clínico (AU)


Porokeratosis is a heterogeneous group of disorders in epidermal keratinization. It is an infrequent entity characterized clinically by hyperkeratotic papules that converge forming annular plaques with an atrophic center and raised borders. There are six clinical variants. The histopathological examination evidences the typical cornoid lamella. We present a 2-year-old girl diagnosed with porokeratosis of Mibelli and partial response to topical treatment of tretinoin 0,025%, still under clinical control (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Porokeratosis/diagnosis , Tretinoin/therapeutic use , Porokeratosis/pathology , Porokeratosis/drug therapy , Keratolytic Agents/therapeutic use
19.
Rev. Hosp. El Cruce ; (27): 35-42, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282916

ABSTRACT

Acute promyelocytic leukemiais a subtype of acute my eloid leukemia characterized by the presence of the PML:RAR aonco proteindueto a specific geneticalteration, translocation (15;17), which avoids my eloid differentiation, generating the accumulation of leukemic promyelocytes with posterior alteration of hemostasis. It presents with symptoms related to pancytopenia and thrombohemorrhagic coagulopathy, and there are few report sof cases with vasculitis secondary to promyelocytic leukemia. The clinical case aimed to describe a particular form of presentation of acute promyelocytic leukemia with vasculitis.


La leucemia promielocítica aguda es un subtipo de leucemia mieloide aguda caracterizada por la presencia de la oncoproteína PML-RARa debido a una alteracióngenéticaespecífica, la translocación (15;17), que impide la diferenciación mieloide generando la acumulación de promielocitos leucémicos y una alteración compleja de la hemostasia. Se presenta con síntomas relacionados a pancitopenia y coagulopatía trombo-hemorrágica existiendo escasos reportes de casos de vasculitis asociada a leucemia. El caso clínico descrito representa una forma particular de presentación de una leucemia promielocítica aguda con vasculitis.


Subject(s)
Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Tretinoin , Vasculitis
20.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(1): e202000106, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088526

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose To explore the role of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) in renal ischemia/reperfusion injury of diabetic rats. Methods Sixty adult male rats were randomly divided into 6 groups, including sham group (S group), ischemia-reperfusion group (I/R group), ischemia-reperfusion+ATRA group (A group), diabetic group (D group), diabetic ischemia-reperfusion group (DI/R group), diabetic ischemia-reperfusion +ATRA group (DA group). The levels of creatinine (Cr), cystatin C (Cys-C) and β2-microglobulin (β2-MG) were measured. Morphology of renal tissue was observed under light microscope. Results DJ-1, Nrf2, HO-1 and caspase-3 were detected by western blot. DJ-1, Nrf2, HO-1 and caspase-3 in I/R group, D group and DI/R group was higher than that in S group. Compared with I/R group, Nrf2 and HO-1 in A group was decreased, but caspase-3 was increased. However, Nrf2 in DA group was higher than that in DI/R group, HO-1 and caspase-3 in DA group were lower than that in DI/R group. Compared with group S, Cr, Cys-C and β2-MG in I/R group, A group, D group, and DI/R group were higher. Whereas the levels of Cr, Cys-C, β2-MG and renal injury score in DA group were lower than those in DI/R group. Conclusion ATRA has a protective effect on renal ischemia-reperfusion injury in diabetic rats, maybe relating to DJ/Nrf2 pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Tretinoin/therapeutic use , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/chemically induced , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/therapeutic use , Kidney/drug effects , Tretinoin/pharmacology , Reperfusion Injury/pathology , Streptozocin , Disease Models, Animal , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/pharmacology , Kidney/pathology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL