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1.
Oncología (Ecuador) ; 32(1): 71-85, 30-04-2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368949

ABSTRACT

El carcinoma de mama es una enfermedad común, con efectos negativos significativos en la salud predominantemente femenina. Los linfocitos infiltrantes al tumor (TILs) son una manifestación de la respuesta inmune del huésped al cáncer. Este estudio revisa y resume los reportes bibliográficos relacionados con la eficacia pronóstica del porcentaje alto de TILs en cánceres de mama de tipos moleculares rico en HER2 y triple negativo. Se incluyeron estudios y revisiones en inglés buscados en la base de datos PubMed. Un mayor nivel de TILs se corresponde con mejor supervivencia libre de enfermedad tanto en los cánceres triple negativo como los ricos en HER2; por tanto, constituye un marcador histológico que debería ser utilizado rutinariamente en los análisis microscópicos de biop-sias de mama.


Breast cancer is a common disease affecting women, with significant health-related negative effects. Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) are recognized as manifestations of the host's antitumor im-munity. The following study reviews and summarizes reports on the effectiveness of prognosis of high levels of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes on triple negative and HER2-enriched breast cancer molecular subtypes. Studies and reviews in English from Pubmed's database were included. A higher percentage of tumor- infiltrating lymphocytes is associated with better prognosis and survival rate of triple negative and HER2-enriched breast cancer. Consequently, such histological marker should be routinely used in the microscopic analysis of breast biopsies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms , Lymphocytes, Tumor-Infiltrating , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms
2.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(2): 227-233, Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365336

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The stroma surrounding the tumor cells is important in tumor progression and treatment resistance, besides the properties of tumor cells. Studies on the tumor stroma characteristics will contribute to the knowledge for new treatment approaches. METHODS: A total of 363 breast cancer patients were evaluated for the tumor-stroma ratio. The percentage of stroma was visually assessed on hematoxylin-eosin stained slides. The cases of tumor-stroma ratio more than 50% were categorized as tumor-stroma ratio high, and those less than 50% and below were categorized as tumor-stroma ratio low. RESULTS: Tumor-stroma ratio-high tumors had shorter overall survival (p=0.002). Disease-free survival tended to be shorter in tumor-stroma ratio-high tumors (p=0.082) compared with tumor-stroma ratio-low tumors. Tumor-stroma ratio was an independent prognostic parameter for the total group of patients (p=0.003) and also axillary lymph node metastasis and tumor-stroma ratio was statistically associated (p=0.004). Also, tumor-stroma ratio was an independent prognostic parameter in node-positive Luminal A and B subgroups for overall survival (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Tumor-stroma ratio is an independent prognostic parameter that can be evaluated quite easily in all molecular subtypes of all breast cancers and does not require extra cost and time to evaluate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Stromal Cells/pathology , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Disease-Free Survival , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology
3.
Ibom Medical Journal15 ; 15(3): 223-235, 2022. tales, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1398760

ABSTRACT

Background: Breast's Invasive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC), which is the commonest type of malignancy in females worldwide, can be characterized using immunohistochemistry in view of personalized cancer therapy. In this study, we aimed to determine the pattern of immunohistochemical profiles of IDC using oestrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), human epidermal growth factor 2 receptor (HER2) and proliferative index (Ki-67) biomarkers in our tertiary healthcare facility in Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria given the dearth of its data in our environment. Materials and methods: We carried out a retrospective hospital-based immunohistochemical study of archival IDC tissue blocks over a four- and half-year period. Using systematic random sampling method, 64 formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) IDC tissue blocks were selected for this study. We carried out immunohistochemical evaluation using ER, PR, HER2 and Ki-67 biomarkers. Subsequently, we presented the results and classification schemes as text, tables, graphs, and photomicrographs. Results: We found that the proportion of expressions were ER-negative (88.7%), PR-negative (87.3%), HER2-negative (68.3%) and Ki-67 (<20%) being 83.6% respectively. The immunohistochemical-based classification which was done using combined immunohistochemical profiles of ER/PR/HER2 and ER/PR/HER2/Ki-67 biomarkers respectively, revealed five immunohistochemical-based subtypes. These subtypes were ER-positive luminal A (ER+/±PR+/HER2-) [5.56%], ER-positive luminal B (ER+/±PR+/HER2+) [5.56%], HER2-overexpression (ER-/±PR+/HER2+) [16.66%], Triple negative (ER-/PR-/HER2-) [66.67%] and Unclassified subtypes (ER-/PR+/HER2-) [5.56%]. Furthermore, these five subtypes were further subcategorized into low (Ki-67 <20%) and high (Ki-67 ≥20%) proliferation subtypes accordingly. Conclusion: The commonest pattern of immunohistochemical profile expression of IDC in Uyo was found to be the Triple negative subtype.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Immunohistochemistry , Carcinoma, Ductal , Carcinoma , Flow Profiles , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941048

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of JAG1 on the malignant phenotype of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and its role in angiogenesis in breast cancer microenvironment.@*METHODS@#The expressions of Notch molecules were detected in human TNBC 231 and 231B cells using RT-qPCR. Five female nude mice were inoculated with 231 cells and another 5 with 231B cells into the mammary fat pads, and 4-6 weeks later, the tumors were collected for immunohistochemical and immunofluorescence tests. 231 cells and 231B cells were treated with recombinant JAG (rJAG) protein and DAPT, respectively, and changes in their malignant phenotypes were assessed using CCK-8 assay, Hoechst 33258 staining, wound healing assay, Transwell chamber assay and endothelial cell adhesion assay. Western blotting was used to detect the changes in the expressions of proteins related with the malignant phenotypes of 231 and 231B cells. The effects of conditioned medium (CM) derived from untreated 231 and 231 B cells, rJAG1-treated 231 cells and DAPT-treated 231B cells on proliferation and tube formation ability of cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were evaluated using CCK-8 assay and tube-forming assay.@*RESULTS@#The expression of JAG1 was higher in 231B cells than in 231 cells (P < 0.05). Tumor 231B showed higher expression of VEGFA and CD31. Compared with 231-Blank group, the migration, invasion and adhesion of 231 cells in 231-rJAG1 were significantly enhanced (P < 0.05). Protein levels of Twist1 and Snail increased (P < 0.01), anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 increased (P < 0.05), while DAPT inhibited the related phenomena and indicators of 231B. The 231-rJAG1-CM increased the cell number and tubule number of HUVEC (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#JAG1 may affect the malignant phenotype of TNBC and promote angiogenesis in the tumor microenvironment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Culture Media, Conditioned , Female , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Humans , Jagged-1 Protein/metabolism , Mice , Mice, Nude , Neovascularization, Pathologic/metabolism , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Sincalide/metabolism , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/metabolism , Tumor Microenvironment
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941020

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of Chaihu Guizhi Decoction (CHGZD) combined with capecitabine on growth and apoptosis of subcutaneous triple-negative breast cancer xenografts in nude mice and explore the possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Nude mouse models bearing subcutaneous triple-negative breast cancer xenografts were randomized into 6 groups (n=10) for treatment with distilled water (model group), low (10.62 g/kg), medium (21.23 g/kg) and high (42.46 g/kg) doses of CHGZD, capecitabine (0.2 mg/kg), or the combination of CHGZD (42.46 g/kg) and capecitabine (0.2 mg/k) once daily for 21 consecutive days. The general condition of mice was observed, and after 21-day treatments, the tumors were dissected for measurement of tumor volume and weight and histopathological examination with HE staining. Serum IL-6 levels of the mice were determined with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the expression levels of IL-6, STAT3, p-STAT3, Bax, Bcl-2 and cyclin D1 in the tumor tissues were detected using real-time PCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those in the model group, the tumor-bearing mice receiving treatments with CHGZD showed significantly increased food intake with good general condition, sensitive responses, increased body weight, and lower tumor mass (P < 0.01). Compared with capecitabine treatment alone, treatment with CHGZD alone at the medium and high doses and the combined treatment all resulted in significantly higher tumor inhibition rates (P < 0.01), induced obvious tumor tissue degeneration and reduced the tumor cell density. Treatments with CHGZD, both alone and in combination with capecitabine, significantly decreased serum IL-6 level, lowered the mRNA expression levels of IL-6 and STAT3, the protein expressions of IL-6, STAT3 and P-STAT3 (P < 0.05), and the mRNA and protein expressions of Bcl-2 and cyclin D1 (P < 0.05), and increased the mRNA and protein expressions of Bax in the tumor tissues (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#CHGZD combined with capecitabine can significantly inhibit tumor growth in nude mice bearing triple-negative breast cancer xenografts, the mechanism of which may involve the inhibition of IL-6/STAT3 signaling pathway and regulation of Bax, Bcl-2 and cyclin D1 expressions to suppress tumor cell proliferation and differentiation and induce cell apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Capecitabine/pharmacology , Cyclin D1/metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Heterografts , Humans , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Mice , Mice, Nude , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935285

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the germline mutation status of related genes in breast cancer patients and high-risk individuals by next-generation sequencing. To analyze the correlations between homologous recombination repair (HR) pathway gene mutation status and clinicopathological characteristics of breast cancer patients. To supplement the database of breast cancer related gene mutations in Chinese population. Methods: This study is a cross-sectional study. From October 2020 to September 2021, whole blood samples were collected from 350 breast cancer patients and 49 high-risk individuals, admitted to Peking University People's Hospital and accepted genetic testing voluntarily. Germline mutations in 32 breast cancer related genes were detected by NGS. The clinicopathological characteristics, including age at the onset, family history, unilateral/bilateral tumor, Luminal typing (Luminal A subtype, Luminal B subtype, HER2-enriched subtype and triple negative breast cancer), tumor size and metastasis, were analyzed, and the correlations between HR pathway gene mutation status and clinicopathological characteristics were analyzed by Chi-squared test and Fisher's exact probability test. Results: Among 350 breast cancer patients, 64 (18.3%) cases carried gene pathogenic mutations (including pathogenic and likely pathogenic mutations), including 47 (13.4%) in BRCA1/2, 16 (4.6%) in non-BRCA1/2 genes, 1 (0.3%) in BRCA2 and FANCL. Among 49 high-risk individuals, 7 (14.3%) cases carried gene pathogenic mutations, including 6 (12.3%) in BRCA1/2 and 1 (2%) in ATM genes. BRCA1/2 pathogenic mutations were associated with age at the onset (18%, 8.7%, χ²=6.346, P=0.012), and the BRCA1/2 pathogenic mutation frequency was higher in patients diagnosed at age ≤45 years. HR pathway gene mutations (including pathogenic, likely pathogenic and uncertain significance mutations) were correlated with unilateral/bilateral tumor (49.5%, 68.4%, χ²=4.841, P=0.028) and Luminal typing (45.7%, 62.2%, 32%, 60%, χ²=12.004, P=0.007), and the HR mutation frequencies were higher in patients with bilateral tumor, Luminal B breast cancer and triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). Conclusion: The BRCA1/2 pathogenic mutation frequency in high-risk individuals is similar to that in breast cancer patients, and BRCA1/2 testing is helpful to guide breast cancer screening and prevention in high-risk individuals. Patients with early onset breast cancer, bilateral breast cancer, Luminal B breast cancer and TNBC have higher mutation frequencies of HR pathway genes, and HR pathway genes testing should be conducted as soon as possible to provide laboratory evidence for diagnosis, treatment, prognosis and risk evaluation of breast cancer.


Subject(s)
BRCA1 Protein/genetics , BRCA2 Protein/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Germ-Line Mutation , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Middle Aged , Mutation , Recombinational DNA Repair , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/pathology
7.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 364-369, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935222

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the efficacy and safety of real-world eribulin in the treatment of metastatic breast cancer. Methods: From December 2019 to December 2020, patients with advanced breast cancer were selected from Beijing Chaoyang District Sanhuan Cancer Hospital, Shandong Cancer Hospital, Peking University Cancer Hospital, Baotou Cancer Hospital, Shengjing Hospital Affiliated to China Medical University, and Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. Kaplan-Meier method and Log rank test were used for survival analysis, and Cox regression model was used for multivariate analysis. Results: The median progression-free survival (PFS) of 77 patients was 5 months, the objective response rate (ORR) was 33.8%, and the disease control rate (DCR) was 71.4%. The ORR of patients with triple-negative breast cancer was 23.1%, and the DCR was 57.7%; the ORR of patients with Luminal breast cancer was 40.0%, and the DCR was 77.8%; the ORR of patients with HER-2 overexpression breast cancer was 33.3%, and the DCR was 83.3%. ORR of 50.0% and DCR of 66.7% for patients treated with eribulin as first to second line treatment, ORR of 29.4% and DCR of 76.5% for patients treated with third to fourth line and ORR of 28.6% and DCR of 71.4% for patients treated with five to eleven line. The ORR of patients in the eribulin monotherapy group was 40.0% and the DCR was 66.0%; the ORR of patients in the combination chemotherapy or targeted therapy group was 22.2% and the DCR was 81.5%. Patients with a history of treatment with paclitaxel, docetaxel, or albumin paclitaxel during the adjuvant phase or after recurrent metastasis had an ORR of 32.9% and a DCR of 69.9% when treated with eribulin. The treatment efficacy is an independent prognostic factor affecting patient survival (P<0.001). The main adverse reactions in the whole group of patients were Grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ neutrophil decline [29.9% (23/77)], and other adverse reactions were Grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ fatigue [5.2% (4/77)], Grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ peripheral nerve abnormality [2.6% (2/77)] and Grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ alopecia [2.6% (2/77)]. Conclusions: Eribulin still has good antitumor activity against various molecular subtypes of breast cancer and advanced breast cancer that has failed multiple lines of chemotherapy, and the adverse effects can be controlled, so it has a good clinical application value.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Female , Furans/adverse effects , Humans , Ketones/adverse effects , Paclitaxel/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy
8.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 260-267, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935209

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the expression of programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1, SP142) and PD-L1 (22C3) in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), and analyze their correlation with the clinicopathological factors and prognosis. Methods: The clinicopathologic data of 259 patients with TNBC treated in Cancer Hospital from August 2010 to December 2013 were collected. Whole section of surgical tissue samples were collected to conduct PD-L1 (SP142) and PD-L1 (22C3) immunohistochemical (IHC) staining. The PD-L1 expression in tumor cells and tumor infiltrating immune cells were visually assessed respectively, the relationship between PD-L1 expression and clinicopathologic characterizes were analyzed. Univariable and multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to test the correlations between PD-L1 expression and disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). Results: The positive rates of SP142 (immune cell score, ICs≥1%) and 22C3 (combined positive score, CPS≥1) were 42.1%(109/259) and 41.3%(107/259) in TNBC tissues, respectively, with a total coincidence rate of 82.3%. The Kappa value of positive expression cases was 0.571 and the distribution difference of SP142 and 22C3 positive expression cases was statistically significant (P<0.001). The PD-L1 positive patients were less likely to have vascular invasion (P<0.05), but with higher histological grade and Ki-67 proliferation index (P<0.05). The recurrence/metastasis cases(8) of the patients with positive PD-L1 (SP142) was significantly lower than that of patients with negative PD-L1(SP142, 27, P=0.016). The positive expression of PD-L1 (SP142) patients were longer DFS (P=0.019). The OS of patients with positive PD-L1 (SP142) were longer than those with negative PD-L1 (SP142), but without significance (P=0.116). The positive expression of PD-L1 (22C3) was marginally associated with DFS and OS of patients (P>0.05). Conclusions: The expression of PD-L1 (22C3) is different from that of PD-L1 (SP142) in TNBC, and the two antibodies can't be interchangeable for each other in clinical tests. PD-L1 (SP142) status is an independent prognostic factor of DFS in TNBC. The DFS is significantly prolonged in patients with positive expression of PD-L1 (SP142).


Subject(s)
B7-H1 Antigen/genetics , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Prognosis , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/pathology
9.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 178-184, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935199

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and survival outcomes of dose-dense (biweekly) carboplatin plus paclitaxel (PC) as neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), and to explore an optimal neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimen for TNBC. Methods: Patients diagnosed as TNBC(cT1-4N0-3M0) in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College Between January 2008 and September 2018 who received dose-dense PC and standard 3-weekly PC as NAC were 1∶1 matched using propensity score matching (PSM) to compare the efficacy, safety and survival outcomes. Results: One hundred of TNBC patients were enrolled (50 patients were divided in dose-dense group, 50 patients in standard group). The objective response rate (ORR) of dose-dense group and standard group were both 90.0% (45/50). The grade 3-4 neutropenia in dose-dense group was less than that of standard group (32.7% vs. 68.0%, P=0.001), while the rate of ALT/AST elevation in dose-dense group was higher than that of standard group (57.1% vs. 32.0%, P=0.012). The pathological complete response (pCR) rates were 34.0% (17/50) in dose-dense group and 38.0% (19/50) in standard group, without statistically significance (P=0.677). The median follow-up time was 55 months (3-150 months). The 5-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) in dose-dense group and standard group were 83.5% and 75.2%, respectively the 5-year overall survival (OS) in dose-dense and standard group were 87.9% and 84.5% the difference were not statistically significant (P=0.322 and 0.647, respectively). Patients with residual disease (tumor size≥1 cm or lymph node positive) had poor prognosis, the 5-year RFS and OS were 59.3% and 68.5%, respectively. Conclusions: Dose-dense PC has similar efficacy with standard 3-weekly PC and has a good safety profile. Since dose-dense regimen can shorten the duration of therapy, it can be an alternative in TNBC.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Carboplatin/therapeutic use , Humans , Neoadjuvant Therapy/adverse effects , Paclitaxel/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/pathology
10.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 68-72, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935183

ABSTRACT

Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is prone to recurrence and metastasis, which is the subtype of poorest prognosis. Chemotherapy is the main treatment, although there is lack of effective adjuvant chemotherapy regimens. The unsatisfactory efficacy of chemotherapy has been a bottleneck in improving the outcome of TNBC. Platinum compounds act directly on DNA to kill tumor cells, and they have a stronger killing effect on tumor cells carrying DNA damage repair (DDR) defects, which is an important entry point to improve the efficacy of TNBC. Biomarkers for predicting the efficacy of platinum drugs in TNBC treatment have always been a hot topic. The DDR pathway contains a large number of related genes, and recent studies have shown that deficiencies in the DDR pathway may be associated with the efficacy of platinum drugs, which is expected to be a biomarker for predicting the efficacy of platinum drugs in breast cancer treatment.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , DNA Damage , DNA Repair , Humans , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Platinum/therapeutic use , Platinum Compounds/therapeutic use , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/genetics
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927872

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the performance and mechanism of(+)-corynoline in treating triple negative breast cancer MDA-MB-436 cells and thus provide an option for the development of drugs against this cancer. Methods The viability,proliferation,apoptosis and migration/invasion of MDA-MB-436 cells treated with(+)-corynoline were detected by CCK-8 assay,colony formation assay,flow cytometry and Transwell assay,respectively.Furthermore,Western blotting was employed to determine the expression of related proteins,and RNA-Seq was performed for the MDA-MB-436 cells treated with(+)-corynoline. Results (+)-corynoline inhibited the proliferation and stemness and promoted the apoptosis of MDA-MB-436 cells.Further,(+)-corynoline may activate the oxidative phosphorylation pathway to play a role in inhibiting triple negative breast cancer. Conclusion (+)-corynoline can inhibit triple negative breast cancer cells,which helps to address the poor efficacy of existing chemotherapeutics and facilitate the development of drugs against this cancer.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Berberine Alkaloids , Breast Neoplasms , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Female , Humans , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/metabolism
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936335

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the inhibitory effect of agkistrodon halys venom antitumor component-I (AHVAC-I) on vasculogenic mimicry (VM) formation in triple-negative breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells and explore its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#CCK8 assay was used to determine the optimal concentration of AHVAC-I for cell treatment based on its halfinhibitory concentration (IC50). MDA-MB-231 cells were treated with different concentrations of AHVAC-I or 5-Fu, and the changes in vasomimetic capacity of the cells were examined using Matrigel assay. The expression levels of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2) and MMP9 in the treated cells were detected using quantitative PCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control treatment with culture medium, treatment with 5, 10 and 20 μg/mL AHVAC-I significantly reduced vasomimetic ability of MDA-MB-231 cells in a dose-dependent manner (P < 0.01). MMP2 supplementation obviously restored the vasomimetic ability of the cells inhibited by AHVAC-I.@*CONCLUSION@#AHVAC-I inhibits VM formation in triplenegative breast cancer cells in vitro by down-regulating MMP2 production.


Subject(s)
Agkistrodon/metabolism , Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , Healthy Life Expectancy , Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/metabolism , Neovascularization, Pathologic/metabolism , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/metabolism , Venoms
13.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2022. 205 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379336

ABSTRACT

Dentre os subtipos de câncer de mama, o triplo negativo (TNBC) é o que apresenta as maiores taxas de mortalidade, sendo, portanto, considerado um enorme desafio para a clínica. O uso de moléculas como marcadores tumorais vem auxiliando o clínico no diagnóstico, no prognóstico e, até mesmo, no tratamento do TNBC, sendo essenciais na redução de suas altas taxa de mortalidade. No entanto, um pequeno grupo de marcadores tumorais são validados na prática clínica, estimulando à busca por novos alvos, e sua caracterização funcional, como forma de se entender a Biologia desta doença. Assim, o objetivo deste trabalho é caracterizar funcionalmente o gene codificador de proteína CD14 e o gene não codificador de proteína LINC01133 em linhagens celulares humanas de TNBC, no intuito de descobrir o papel destas moléculas na progressão tumoral. Na primeira parte deste trabalho, analisou-se a expressão do CD14 frente à um painel de linhagens celulares que representam os diferentes subtipos dos tumores mamários. O CD14 exibiu elevados níveis de expressão nas linhagens nãotumorigênicas MCF10A e MCF12A e baixos níveis na linhagem triplo negativa Hs578T. A partir destes resultados, o CD14 foi superexpresso na linhagem Hs578T. Ensaios de caracterização funcional mostraram que a superexpressão do CD14 reduziu a capacidade migratória e invasiva das células, efeito que foi hipoteticamente relacionado ao aumento da expressão da E-caderina. No entanto, observou-se aumento no potencial tumorigênico, levando-nos a sugerir seu envolvimento num possível mecanismo utilizado pelas células para compensar a significativa redução do potencial migratório e invasivo. Os resultados obtidos indicam que o nível basal de expressão do CD14 observado na linhagem Hs578T é importante, podendo contribuir para a desenvolvimento primário do tumor, atuando como um oncogene. Na segunda parte deste trabalho, analisou-se a expressão de 10 RNAs longos não codificadores (lncRNAs), frente ao mesmo painel de linhagens descritoanteriormente. Dentre estes, o lncRNA LINC01133 exibiu baixos níveis de expressão nas linhagens não-tumorigênicas MCF10A e MCF12A e elevados níveis na linhagem triplo negativa Hs578T, sendo, então, escolhido como alvo de estudo. A partir destes resultados, decidimos superexpressar, de forma indutível, o LINC01133 na linhagem MCF10A e nocautear este gene, via sistema CRISPR/Cas9, na linhagem Hs578T. Ensaios de caracterização funcional mostraram que a superexpressão do LINC01133 na linhagem MCF10A reduziu a proliferação celular e inibiu o crescimento de colônias dependente de ancoragem, mas, em contrapartida, aumentou o crescimento de colônias independente de ancoragem e a capacidade migratória e invasiva destas células. No entanto, sugerimos que isto não seja suficiente para tornar estas células tumorigênicas e metastáticas. Por outro lado, o nocauteamento do LINC01133 na linhagem triplo negativa Hs578T aumentou de forma considerável todos os parâmetros de malignidade analisados. Baseado nos dados obtidos, sugerimos que o elevado nível de expressão do LINC01133 na linhagem Hs578T é importante na regulação negativa de processos relacionados com a progressão tumoral, atuando com um supressor tumoral. Os dados obtidos em nosso estudo contribuem para o enriquecimento de informações relacionadas à Biologia do TNBC, auxiliando, desta forma, no desenvolvimento de potenciais protocolos clínicos e terapêuticos utilizandos estes biomarcadores


Among the breast cancer subtypes, the triple negative (TNBC) displays the highest mortality rates, being, therefore, considered a major challenge for the clinic. The use of molecules as tumor markers has helped clinicians in the diagnosis, prognosis and even in treatment of TNBC, being essential in reducing its high mortality rate. However, a small group of tumor markers is validated in clinical practice, stimulating the search for new targets, and their functional characterization, as a way to understand the biology of this disease. Thus, the aim of this work is to functionally characterize the CD14 protein-coding gene and the non-protein-coding LINC01133 gene in human TNBC cell lines, in order to probe into the role of these molecules in tumor progression. In the first part of this work, the expression of CD14 was analyzed in a panel of cell lines that represent the different subtypes of breast tumors. High expression levels of CD14 were observed in the non-tumorigenic MCF10A and MCF12A lineages and low levels in the triple negative Hs578T lineage. Based on these results, CD14 was overexpressed in the Hs578T lineage. Functional characterization assays showed that CD14 overexpression reduced the migratory and invasive capacity of cells, an effect that was hypothetically related to increased E-cadherin expression. However, increased in the tumorigenic potential was observed, leading us to suggest its involvement in a possible mechanism used by cells to compensate for the significant reduction in the migratory and invasive potential. The results obtained indicate that CD14 expression basal level observed in the Hs578T lineage may be important to contribute to the primary development of tumor, thus acting as an oncogene. In the second part of this work, the expression of 10 long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) was analyzed against the same lineage panel described above. Among these, the LINC01133 lncRNA exhibited low expression levels in the non-tumorigenic MCF10A and MCF12A lineages and high levels in the triple negative Hs578T lineage, being, then, chosen as a target for this study. Based on these results, we decided toinducibly overexpress LINC01133 in the MCF10A lineage and knockout this gene, via the CRISPR/Cas9 system, in the Hs578T lineage. Functional characterization assays showed that overexpression of LINC01133 in the MCF10A lineage reduced cell proliferation and inhibited anchorage-dependent colony growth, but, on the other hand, increased anchorage-independent colony growth and the migratory and invasive capacity of these cells. However, we suggest that this is not sufficient to render these cells tumorigenic and metastatic. On the other hand, the knockout of LINC01133 in the triple negative Hs578T lineage considerably increased all the analyzed malignancy parameters. Based on the results obtained, we suggest that the high expression level of LINC01133 in the Hs578T lineage is important for down-regulation of processes related to tumor progression, acting as a tumor suppressor. The data obtained in our study contribute to the enrichment of information related to TNBC Biology, thus assisting in the development of potential clinical and therapeutic protocols using these biomarkers


Subject(s)
Biomarkers/analysis , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Cells/chemistry , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Cell Line , Growth and Development
14.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(8): 1167-1171, Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346968

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE To explore the values of automated breast volume scanning (ABVS) combined with shear wave elastography (SWE) in the differential diagnosis of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive breast cancers (HER2+BC). METHODS In this study, 28 patients with TNBC and 32 patients with HER2+BC were enrolled. The characteristics of ABVS and virtual touch quantification (VTQ) in SWE of all patients were reviewed. The multivariate logistic regression analysis was carried out and the receiver operating characteristic curves of ABVS and ABVS+VTQ were drawn. RESULTS In ABVS imaging, the microcalcification, posterior echo, internal echo, shape, and edge had significant difference between TNBC and HER2+BC groups (p<0.05). The regular shape was the independent factor for TNBC (p=0.04, odds ratio [OR]=4.479), and the microcalcification in mass was the independent factor for HER2+BC (p=0.01, OR=2.997). In VTQ imaging, the shear wave velocity (SWV)max, SWVmin, and SWVmean in TNBC group were significantly lower than those in HER2+BC group (p<0.001). The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of ABVS+VTQ in diagnosing TNBC were higher than those of ABVS alone. CONCLUSIONS ABVS combined with SWE has certain advantages in differentiating TNBC from HER2+BC, which is helpful for the treatment planning and prognosis judgment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Breast , ROC Curve , Receptor, ErbB-2
15.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(7): 950-957, July 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346933

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is characterized by lack of estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) expression and accounts for 15-20% of all breast cancers. This study aims to analyze prognostic factors related to a reduction in overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), and risk of mortality and recurrence in TNBC. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational cohort study. Medical records of 532 patients with breast cancer diagnosed from 2007 to 2020 were analyzed. Of these patients, 93 (17%) were women with TNBC. Ten medical records were excluded, and the final sample was composed of 83 women with TNBC. OS and DFS were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier model. Univariate analysis (log-rank test) and multivariate analysis (Cox regression) were used to examine prognostic factors related to a statistically significant reduction (p<0.05) in OS and DFS and increased risk of mortality and tumor recurrence. RESULTS: Smoking, advanced clinical stage, larger tumor size, angiolymphatic invasion, positive sentinel lymph node, axillary node involvement, higher cancer burden, surgical treatment with mastectomy, and recurrence were related to a significant decrease in OS and/or DFS and increased risk of mortality and/or recurrence in TNBC. The 10-year OS and DFS was around 61 and 65%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Advanced clinical stage, positive sentinel lymph node, axillary node involvement, surgical treatment with mastectomy, and higher residual cancer burden were related to a significant reduction in OS and DFS and increased risk of mortality and recurrence in TNBC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Mastectomy
16.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(2): 289-292, June 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287283

ABSTRACT

Resumen El presente caso corresponde a una mujer con antecedentes de tres abortos de menos de 10 semanas y cáncer de mama, que desarrolló isquemia digital grave luego del segundo ciclo de capecitabina. Se determinó la presencia de anticuerpos antifosfolipídicos positivos. Dado que las pacientes con síndrome antifosfolipídico obstétrico tienen incremento del riesgo de desarrollar neoplasia y que la isquemia digital grave puede ser la forma de presentación del síndrome antifosfolipídico en los pacientes con cáncer, se presenta el caso para remarcar el beneficio de pesquisar y realizar un diagnóstico temprano de estas características de la enfermedad.


Abstract The present case corresponds to a woman with history of three miscarrieges less than10 weeks and breast cancer, who develops severe digital ischemia after the second cycle of capecitabine. Positive antiphospholipid antibodies were determined. Patients with obstetric antiphospholipid syndrome have an increased risk of developing cancer, and severe digital ischemia could be an unusual form of presentation of the antiphospholipid syndrome in patients with cancer. This case is presented to highlight the benefit of researching and making an early diagnosis of these characteristics of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Antiphospholipid Syndrome , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms , Ischemia/etiology
17.
Rev. venez. oncol ; 33(1): 46-59, mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1147479

ABSTRACT

El cáncer de mama Triple Negativo es un subtipo molecular que se caracteriza por ausencia de expresión de receptores de estrógeno, progesterona y proteína HER2. Representa el 10 % a 15 % de todos los subtipos de cáncer de mama con impacto en el pronóstico y en las líneas de tratamiento; siendo negativo para receptores hormonales y HER2, la terapéutica hormonal y anti-HER2 no cuentan para su manejo. Aún no se dispone de productos dirigidos a blancos específicos para esta categoría.(AU)


The Triple Negative breast cancer is a molecular subtype characterized by no expression of the estrogen, the progesterone and the HER2 protein receptors. They represents 10 % to 15 % of all the breast cancer subtypes with an impact on the prognosis and in the treatment lines; is negative for the hormone receptors and for the HER2, hormonal and the anti-HER2 therapeutics do not count for the management of them. The products targeting specific to this category are not yet available(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Biomarkers, Tumor , Anthracyclines/therapeutic use , Taxoids/therapeutic use , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Mammography , Drug Therapy , Medical Oncology
18.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 50: 59-67, Mar. 2021. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292412

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cross talk of tumor­immune cells at the gene expression level has been an area of intense research. However, it is largely unknown at the alternative splicing level which has been found to play important roles in the tumor­immune microenvironment. RESULTS: Here, we re-exploited one transcriptomic dataset to gain insight into tumor­immune interactions from the point of AS level. Our results showed that the AS profiles of triple-negative breast cancer cells co-cultured with activated T cells were significantly changed but not Estrogen receptor positive cells. We further suggested that the alteration in AS profiles in triple-negative breast cancer cells was largely caused by activated T cells rather than paracrine factors from activated T cells. Biological pathway analyses showed that translation initiation and tRNA aminoacylation pathways were most disturbed with T cell treatment. We also established an approach largely based on the AS factor­AS events associations and identified LSM7, an alternative splicing factor, may be responsible for the major altered events. CONCLUSIONS: Our study reveals the notable differences of response to T cells among breast cancer types which may facilitate the development or improvement of tumor immunotherapy.


Subject(s)
T-Lymphocytes , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms , Peptide Chain Initiation, Translational , Gene Expression , Alternative Splicing , Cell Culture Techniques , Receptor Cross-Talk , Transfer RNA Aminoacylation , Transcriptome , Immunotherapy
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887882

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer has become the most common cancer for women in China.Lack of effective therapeutic targets,triple negative breast cancer(TNBC)has poorer prognosis compared with other subtypes of breast cancer.Tumor infiltrating lymphocytes(TILs)are a group of heterogeneous lymphocytes around the tumor,which are believed as immunoreactive products of host immune response to tumor antigens.At present,there have been reports on the predictive effect of TILs on the prognosis of breast cancer,and the available studies focus mainly on TNBC.This article briefly reviews the recent progress of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes in immunotherapy of TNBC.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , China , Female , Humans , Immunotherapy , Lymphocytes, Tumor-Infiltrating , Prognosis , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/therapy
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887860

ABSTRACT

Triple-negative breast cancer is a complex type of breast cancer,the most common malignant tumor in women.Since the early image features of triple-negative breast cancer appear benign tumor with rapid growth,this cancer has progressed into the middle and late stages once diagnosed,which leads to high mortality.Therefore,the diagnosis of triple-negative breast cancer has always been a clinical difficulty.This article summarizes the role of ultrasound in the diagnosis and treatment of triple-negative breast cancer.The extracted multi-mode ultrasound features will facilitate the early detection of this cancer and improve the prognosis of these patients.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Humans , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography , Ultrasonography, Mammary
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