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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(11): e11592, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339449

ABSTRACT

Cervical cancer (CC) patients have a poor prognosis due to the high recurrence rate. However, there are still no effective molecular signatures to predict the recurrence and survival rates for CC patients. Here, we aimed to identify a novel signature based on three types of RNAs [messenger RNA (mRNAs), microRNA (miRNAs), and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs)]. A total of 763 differentially expressed mRNAs (DEMs), 46 lncRNAs (DELs), and 22 miRNAs (DEMis) were identified between recurrent and non-recurrent CC patients using the datasets collected from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GSE44001; training) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (RNA- and miRNA-sequencing; testing) databases. A competing endogenous RNA network was constructed based on 23 DELs, 15 DEMis, and 426 DEMs, in which 15 DELs, 13 DEMis, and 390 DEMs were significantly associated with disease-free survival (DFS). A prognostic signature, containing two DELs (CD27-AS1, LINC00683), three DEMis (hsa-miR-146b, hsa-miR-1238, hsa-miR-4648), and seven DEMs (ARMC7, ATRX, FBLN5, GHR, MYLIP, OXCT1, RAB39A), was developed after LASSO analysis. The built risk score could effectively separate the recurrence rate and DFS of patients in the high- and low-risk groups. The accuracy of this risk score model for DFS prediction was better than that of the FIGO (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics) staging (the area under receiver operating characteristic curve: training, 0.954 vs 0.501; testing, 0.882 vs 0.656; and C-index: training, 0.855 vs 0.539; testing, 0.711 vs 0.508). In conclusion, the high predictive accuracy of our signature for DFS indicated its potential clinical application value for CC patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , RNA, Messenger , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Disease-Free Survival , rab GTP-Binding Proteins , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/genetics
2.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 302-312, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880973

ABSTRACT

Cullin-RING E3 ubiquitin ligase (CRL)-4 is a member of the large CRL family in eukaryotes. It plays important roles in a wide range of cellular processes, organismal development, and physiological and pathological conditions. DDB1- and CUL4-associated factor 8 (DCAF8) is a WD40 repeat-containing protein, which serves as a substrate receptor for CRL4. The physiological role of DCAF8 is unknown. In this study, we constructed Dcaf8 knockout mice. Homozygous mice were viable with no noticeable abnormalities. However, the fertility of Dcaf8-deficient male mice was markedly impaired, consistent with the high expression of DCAF8 in adult mouse testis. Sperm movement characteristics, including progressive motility, path velocity, progressive velocity, and track speed, were significantly lower in Dcaf8 knockout mice than in wild-type (WT) mice. However, the total motility was similar between WT and Dcaf8 knockout sperm. More than 40% of spermatids in Dcaf8 knockout mice showed pronounced morphological abnormalities with typical bent head malformation. The acrosome and nucleus of Dcaf8 knockout sperm looked similar to those of WT sperm. In vitro tests showed that the fertilization rate of Dcaf8 knockout mice was significantly reduced. The results demonstrated that DCAF8 plays a critical role in spermatogenesis, and DCAF8 is a key component of CRL4 function in the reproductive system.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cullin Proteins/genetics , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Factor VIII , Male , Mice , Mice, Knockout , Spermatogenesis/genetics , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
3.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 252-263, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880970

ABSTRACT

An unexpected observation among the COVID-19 pandemic is that smokers constituted only 1.4%-18.5% of hospitalized adults, calling for an urgent investigation to determine the role of smoking in SARS-CoV-2 infection. Here, we show that cigarette smoke extract (CSE) and carcinogen benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) increase ACE2 mRNA but trigger ACE2 protein catabolism. BaP induces an aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR)-dependent upregulation of the ubiquitin E3 ligase Skp2 for ACE2 ubiquitination. ACE2 in lung tissues of non-smokers is higher than in smokers, consistent with the findings that tobacco carcinogens downregulate ACE2 in mice. Tobacco carcinogens inhibit SARS-CoV-2 spike protein pseudovirions infection of the cells. Given that tobacco smoke accounts for 8 million deaths including 2.1 million cancer deaths annually and Skp2 is an oncoprotein, tobacco use should not be recommended and cessation plan should be prepared for smokers in COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , COVID-19 , Epithelial Cells , Humans , Lung , Mice , Pandemics , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A , SARS-CoV-2 , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/genetics
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880151

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of the tripartite motif containing 31 (TRIM31) gene silencing on the proliferation and apoptosis of multiple myeloma cells and its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#The normal bone marrow plasma cells (nPCs) were selected as control, and the mRNA and protein expression levels of TRIM31 in human multiple myeloma cell lines (U266, RPMI-8226, NCI-H929 and KMS-11) were detected by RT-qPCR and Western blot. Recombinant lentivirol vector containing shRNA-TRIM31 and its negative control were used to infect U266 cells respectively, and the mRNA expression level of TRIM31 in infected cells was detected by RT-qPCR. Then cell proliferation, colony forming and apoptosis were analyzed by CCK-8, soft agar assay, and flow cytometry, respectively. The protein expression levels of TRIM31, cleaved-caspase-3, BCL-2, Bax, p-Akt (Ser473), Akt and PI3K (p110α) were evaluated by Western blot. In addition, the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway-specific inhibitor LY294002 and TRIM31-shRNA lentivirus were used to interfere with U266 cells, and the cell proliferation, apoptosis, and protein expression of p-Akt (Ser473) and Akt were detected by CCK-8, flow cytometry and Western blot, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Compared with nPCs, the expression levels of TRIM31 mRNA and protein in U266, RPMI-8226, NCI-H929 and KMS-11 cells were significantly increased (P<0.001), especially in U266 cells. After lentivirus infection, the levels of TRIM31 mRNA and protein in U266 cells were significantly decreased (P<0.001). TRIM31 silencing significantly inhibited the proliferation of U266 cells (P<0.05), attenuated the ability of cell cloning, improved cell apoptosis, up-regulated the protein expressions of cleaved-caspase-3 and Bas as well as down-regulated expressions of BCL-2, p-Akt (Ser473) and PI3K (p110α). There was no significant effect on Akt protein. Intervention of LY294002 significantly enhanced the inhibition on cell proliferation and the promotion on apoptosis mediated by TRIM31 gene silencing in U266 cells.@*CONCLUSION@#TRIM31 gene silencing can inhibit U266 cell proliferation and promote its apoptosis, which may be closely related to inhibition of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Gene Silencing , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Tripartite Motif Proteins/genetics , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879538

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a patient with intellectual disability.@*METHODS@#Whole exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing were carried out for the patient. The result was verified in her family.@*RESULTS@#DNA sequencing revealed that the patient has carried a heterozygous nonsense c.40C>T (p.Arg14X) variant of the TRIP12 gene, which was de novo in origin. The variant was unrecorded in the Human Gene Mutation Database. Based on the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics standards and guidelines, the variant was predicted to be pathogenic (PVS1+ PS2+ PP3).@*CONCLUSION@#The patient was diagnosed with autosomal dominant intellectual disability due to heterozygous c.40C>T variant of the TRIP12 gene.


Subject(s)
Carrier Proteins/genetics , Codon, Nonsense , Female , Heterozygote , Humans , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/genetics , Whole Exome Sequencing
6.
Biol. Res ; 53: 09, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100915

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common rheumatic diseases of which clinical symptoms includes swelling, synovitis and inflammatory pain, affect patients' daily life. It was reported that non-coding RNAs play vital roles in OA. However, the regulation mechanism of ncRNA in OA pathogenesis has not been fully elucidated. METHODS: The expression of SNHG7, miR-34a-5p and SYVN1 was detected using qRT-PCR in tissues, serum and cells. The protein expression of SYVN1, PCNA, cleavage-caspase 3, beclinl and LC3 were measured using western blot. The RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP), RNA pulldown, and luciferase reporter assays were used to verify the relationship between SNHG7, miR-34a-5p and SYVN1. The MTT and flow cytometry assay was performed to detected cell proliferation and cell apoptosis respectively. RESULTS: In this study, SNHG7 and SYVN1 expression were down-regulated, but miR-34a-5p was up-regulated in OA tissues and IL-1P treated cells compared with normal tissues and chondrocyte. Functional investigation revealed that up-regulated SNHG7 or down-regulated miR-34a-5p could promote cell proliferation and inhibit cell apoptosis and autophagy in OA cells. More than that, RIP, pulldown and luciferase reporter assay was applied to determine that miR-34a-5p was a target miRNA of SNHG7 and SYVN1 was a target mRNA of miR-34-5p. Rescue experiments showed that overexpression of miR-34a reversed high expression of SNHG7-mediated suppression of apoptosis and autophagy as well as promotion of proliferation, while its knockdown inhibited cell apoptosis and autophagy and promoted cell proliferation which could be impaired by silencing SYVN1. In addition, SNHG7 regulated SYVN1 through sponging miR-34a-5p. CONCLUSION: SNHG7 sponged miR-34a-5p to affect cell proliferation, apoptosis and autophagy through targeting SYVN1 which provides a novel sight into the pathogenesis of OA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoarthritis/metabolism , Autophagy/physiology , Apoptosis/physiology , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , Osteoarthritis/genetics , Autophagy/genetics , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Down-Regulation , Up-Regulation , Blotting, Western , Apoptosis/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/genetics , Cell Proliferation , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880798

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of rosmarinic acid (RA) on mitophagy and hypertrophy of cardiomyocytes exposed to high glucose (HG).@*METHODS@#Rat cardiomyocytes (H9c2) exposed to HG (25 mmol/L) were treated with 50 μmol/L RA or with both RA treatment and Parkin siRNA transfection, with the cells cultured in normal glucose (5.5 mmol/L) and HG as the controls. The expressions of PINK1, Parkin and LC3II/LC3I in the cells were detected by Western blotting. The formation of mitochondrial autophagosomes was observed by transmission electron microscope. Flow cytometry was employed to detect the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and apoptotic rate of the cells. The activities of respiratory chain complex enzymes were measured by spectrophotometry. Fluorescence enzyme labeling and @*RESULTS@#RA treatment significantly increased the expression levels of PINK1, Parkin and LC3-II/I (@*CONCLUSIONS@#RA can protect rat cardiomyocytes against oxidative stress injury and cardiomyocyte hypertrophy induced by HG by activating Parkin-mediated mitophagy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cinnamates , Depsides , Glucose , Hypertrophy , Mitophagy , Myocytes, Cardiac , Protein Kinases , Rats , Reactive Oxygen Species , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/genetics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828529

ABSTRACT

Cullin-RING E3 ligases (CRLs) are the major components of ubiquitin-proteasome system, responsible for ubiquitylation and subsequent degradation of thousands of cellular proteins. CRLs play vital roles in the regulation of multiple cellular processes, including cell cycle, cell apoptosis, DNA replication, signalling transduction among the others, and are frequently dysregulated in many human cancers. The discovery of specific neddylation inhibitors, represented by MLN4924, has validated CRLs as promising targets for anti-cancer therapies with a growing market. Recent studies have focused on the discovery of the CRLs inhibitors by a variety of approaches, including high through-put screen, virtual screen or structure-based drug design. The field is, however, still facing the major challenging, since CRLs are a large multi-unit protein family without typical active pockets to facilitate the drug design, and enzymatic activity is mainly dependent on undruggable protein-protein interactions and dynamic conformation changes. Up to now, most reported CRLs inhibitors are aiming at targeting the F-box family proteins (e.g., SKP2, β-TrCP and FBXW7), the substrate recognition subunit of SCF E3 ligases. Other studies reported few small molecule inhibitors targeting the UBE2M-DCN1 interaction, which specifically inhibits CRL3/CRL1 by blocking the cullin neddylation. On the other hand, several CRL activators have been reported, such as plant auxin and immunomodulatory imide drugs, thalidomide. Finally, proteolysis-targeting chimeras (PROTACs) has emerged as a new technology in the field of drug discovery, specifically targeting the undruggable protein-protein interaction. The technique connects the small molecule that selectively binds to a target protein to a CRL E3 via a chemical linker to trigger the degradation of target protein. The PROTAC has become a hotspot in the field of E3-ligase-based anti-cancer drug discovery.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Drug Design , Drug Discovery , Enzyme Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Neoplasms , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases , Metabolism , Ubiquitination
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772011

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical and genetic features of a patient suspected with Juvenile Parkinson's syndrome (JP).@*METHODS@#Clinical features of the patient were analyzed. Genomic DNA of the patient and his parents was extracted from peripheral blood samples and sequenced by exome capture sequencing. The nature and impact of detected mutations were predicted and validated.@*RESULTS@#The patient displayed typical features including resting tremor, bradykinesia, rigidity, but with excellent response to low dose levodopa. DNA sequencing showed that she has carried compound heterozygous mutations of the Parkin gene, namely c.1381dupC and c.619-1G>C, which were respectively inherited from his mother and father. Neither mutation was reported previously. Bioinformatic analysis predicted that both mutations are pathogenic.@*CONCLUSION@#The patient has JP caused by mutations of the Parkin gene. Exome capture sequencing is an accurate and efficient method for genetic diagnosis of such disease.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Base Sequence , Female , Humans , Mutation , Parkinson Disease , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases , Whole Exome Sequencing
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771982

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To provide genetic testing for two brothers with mental retardation and epilepsy.@*METHODS@#Array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) was used to detect copy number variations in the two patients, their parents and maternal grandparents. Methylation-specific multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MS-MLPA) was utilized to delineate the deleted region in the pedigree.@*RESULTS@#A 138 kb deletion in 15q11.2 region was detected by aCGH in both patients, which encompassed part of the UBE3A gene. MS-MLPA has narrowed down the region to exons 8 to 14 of the UBE3A gene. The same deletion was also found in their mother and grandfather.@*CONCLUSION@#The pathogenesis of this rare form of recurrent Angelman syndrome may be attributed to the partial deletion of maternal UBE3A gene.


Subject(s)
Angelman Syndrome , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , DNA Copy Number Variations , Female , Gene Deletion , Humans , Male , Sequence Deletion , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776525

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the therapeutic effects of massage on denervated skeletal muscle atrophy in rats and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#Forty-eight male SD rats were randomly divided into model group (n=24) and massage group (n=24). Gastrocnemius muscle atrophy model was established by transecting the right tibial nerve of rat. On the second day after operation, the gastrocnemius muscle of the rats in the massage group was given manual intervention and the model group was not intervened. Six rats were sacrificed at the four time points of 0 d, 7 d, 14 d and 21 d. The gastrocnemius of the rats were obtained and measured the wet mass ratio after weighing. Cross-sectional area and diameter of the muscle fiber were measured after HE staining. The relative expressions of miR-23a, Akt, MuRF1 and MAFbx mRNA were tested with qPCR.@*RESULTS@#Compared with 0 d, the wet weight ratio, cross-sectional area and diameter of gastrocnemius muscle showed a progressive decline in the model group and massage group. The wet weight ratio, cross-sectional area and diameter of gastrocnemius muscle in the massage group were higher than those in the model group on 7 d, 14 d and 21 d (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with 0 d, the expressions of MuRF1, MAFbx and Akt mRNA were increased first and then were decreased in the model group and massage group. The expression of MuRF1 mRNA in massage group was lower than that in model group on 7 d and 21 d (P<0.05, P<0.01). The expression of MAFbx mRNA in massage group was lower than that in model group on 7 d, 14 d and 21 d (P<0.01, P<0.05, P<0.01). The expression of Akt mRNA in massage group was higher than that in model group on 7 d, 14 d and 21 d (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with 0 d, the expression of miR-23a mRNA was increased in the model group and massage group on 21 d, and the expression of miR-23a mRNA in massage group was higher than that in model group (P< 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Massage can delay the atrophy of denervated skeletal muscle. The mechanism may be related to up-regulation of the expression of miR-23a and Akt mRNA, down-regulation of the expressions of MuRF1 and MAFbx mRNA, inhibition of protein degradation rate, and reduction of skeletal muscle protein degradation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Massage , MicroRNAs , Metabolism , Muscle Fibers, Skeletal , Muscle Proteins , Metabolism , Muscle, Skeletal , Muscular Atrophy , Therapeutics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , SKP Cullin F-Box Protein Ligases , Metabolism , Tripartite Motif Proteins , Metabolism , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases , Metabolism
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776050

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the effect of denticleless E3 ubiquitin protein ligase(DTL)on the proliferation and clone formation of multiple myeloma(MM)cells and investigate the related mechanism. Methods Mononuclear cells were extracted from 34 MM patients.Mononuclear cells harvested from 14 healthy volunteers were used as controls.Quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the change of DTL at mRNA level.Furthermore,12 MM patients and 2 controls were selected,in whom the change of DTL at protein level was detected by Western blot.Human MM cell line RPMI8226 was divided into control(CON)group and DTL-short hairpin RNA(DTL-shRNA)group,which was infected with the CON and DTL-shRNA virus,respectively,for 48 hours.The infection efficiency was detected by using flow cytometry,the knock-down efficiencies at mRNA and protein levels were detected by quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot,the change of cell counts in the next 0,24,48,72,96 hours were measured with CCK8 assay.The CON and DTL-shRNA cells were cultured in semisolid medium.Ten days later,inverted phase microscopy was used to measure the number of colones that contain more than 50 cells,annexin V/propidium iodide double staining to detect apoptosis,and propidium iodide staning to detect cell cycle.Finally,Western blot was empoyed to detect the phosphorylation of P65 and inhibitory subunit-κBα(IκBα)in nuclear factor-κB(NF-κB)pathway and electrophoretic mobility shift assay(EMSA)to detect the NF-κB transcriptional ability. Results The DTL expression was(1.00±0.12)and(9.36±3.71),respectively in the bone marrow mononuclear cells of healthy volunteers and in the CD138+cells of MM patients(t=3.65,P=0.0024).DTL was also highly expressed in MM CD138+positive cells at protein level.After RPMI8226 was infected by CON and DTL-shRNA virus for 48 hours,green fluorescent protein-positive cells accounted for more than 90%.The relative expression of DTL was(1.00±0.01)and(0.21±0.04)(t=33.19,P<0.0001)at mRNA level and(0.52±0.13)and(0.11±0.02)at protein level(t=5.399,P=0.0057).CCK8 revealed that CON and DTL-shRNA cells proliferated by(1.00±0.03)vs.(1.00±0.02),(2.19±0.28)vs.(1.47±0.13),(3.50±0.14)vs.(2.24±0.19),(5.43±0.41)vs.(3.08±0.14),(7.42±0.17)vs.(4.29±013)after 0,24,48,72,and 96 hours(F=24.58,P=0.001).The number of colone containing more than 50 cells was in 76±4 in CON group and 0 in DTL-shRNA group(P<0.01).The proportion of G1 stage cells was(28.61±8.64)% in CON group and(57.25±10.37)% in DTL-shRNA group(t=3.675,P=0.0213).The proportion of annexin V+in CON and DTL-shRNA groups was(3.21±0.89)% vs.(34.71±18.68)%(t=2.895,P=0.0443).After RPMI8226 was infected with CON or DTL-shRNA virus for 48 hours,the relative expression of phosphorylation P65 was(1.52±0.14)vs.(0.82±0.11)(t=6.81,P=0.0024),the P65 relative expression was(0.25±0.04)vs.(0.24±0.08)(t=0.19,P=0.85),the CON and DTL-shRNA phosphorylation-IκBα relative expression was(0.19±0.03)vs.(0.13±0.02)(t=2.882,P=0.0449),and the IκBα was(0.22±0.05)vs.(1.01±0.06)(t=17.52,P<0.0001).Detection of the transcriptional ability of DTL-shRNA NF-κB by EMSA further confirmed the down-regulation of DTL suppressed the NF-κB transcriptional ability. Conclusions DTL is highly expressed in MM cells,and down-regulation of DTL suppresses the cell proliferation,inhibit the colony formation,and induce cell apoptosis and cell cycle arrest.The effect of DTL on the biological functions of MM cells is related to the change of NF-κB pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Case-Control Studies , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Pathology , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Tumor Cells, Cultured , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases , Metabolism
13.
Immune Network ; : e32-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764028

ABSTRACT

Pellino-1 is a ubiquitin (Ub) E3 ligase that plays a role in M1, but not M2a polarization of macrophages. However, it is unknown whether Pellino-1 regulates IL-10-mediated M2c polarization of macrophages. Here, we found that Pellino-1 attenuated tumor growth by inhibiting M2c polarization of macrophages. Upon IL-10 stimulation, Pellino-1-deificient bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) showed higher expression of M2c markers, but not M2a, and M2b markers than wild-type (WT) BMDMs, indicating that Pellino-1 inhibits M2c polarization of macrophages. Pellino-1-deficient BMDMs exhibited a defect in mitochondria respiration, but enhancement of glycolysis during M2c polarization. During M2c polarization of macrophages, Pellino-1 increased STAT1 phosphorylation via K63-linked ubiquitination of IL-1 receptor associated kinase 1 (IRAK1). Furthermore, Lysm-CrePellino-1(fl/fl) mice showed enhancement of tumor growth via regulating M2c polarization of tumor-associated macrophages. These results demonstrate that Pellino-1 inhibits IL-10-induced M2c macrophage polarization via K63-linked ubiquitination of IRAK1 and activation of STAT1, thereby inhibiting tumor growth in vivo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Glycolysis , Interleukin-1 , Interleukin-10 , Macrophages , Mice , Mitochondria , Phosphorylation , Phosphotransferases , Respiration , Ubiquitin , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases , Ubiquitination
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(9): e8551, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019565

ABSTRACT

Fibroblasts are a highly heterogeneous population of cells, being found in a large number of different tissues. These cells produce the extracellular matrix, which is essential to preserve structural integrity of connective tissues. Fibroblasts are frequently engaged in migration and remodeling, exerting traction forces in the extracellular matrix, which is crucial for matrix deposition and wound healing. In addition, previous studies performed on primary myoblasts suggest that the E3 ligase MuRF2 might function as a cytoskeleton adaptor. Here, we hypothesized that MuRF2 also plays a functional role in skeletal muscle fibroblasts. We found that skeletal muscle fibroblasts express MuRF2 and its siRNA knock-down promoted decreased fibroblast migration, cell border accumulation of polymerized actin, and down-regulation of the phospho-Akt expression. Our results indicated that MuRF2 was necessary to maintain the actin cytoskeleton functionality in skeletal muscle fibroblasts via Akt activity and exerted an important role in extracellular matrix remodeling in the skeletal muscle tissue.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Muscle, Skeletal/physiology , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/physiology , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Fibroblasts/physiology , Muscle Proteins/physiology , Blotting, Western , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Muscle, Skeletal/metabolism , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/metabolism , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Muscle Proteins/metabolism
15.
Biol. Res ; 52: 24, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011426

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To analyze the relative expression of PELI3 and its mechanistic involvement in the non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: PELI3 expression in NSCLC tissue samples was determined by the immunohistochemistry. The transcripts abundance of PELI3 was measured with real-time PCR. The protein intensity was analyzed by western blot. The overall survival in respect to PELI3 or miR-365a-5p expression was plotted by the Kaplan-Meier's analysis. Cell growth was determined by colony formation assay. Cell viability was measured by MTT assay. The migration and invasion were evaluated by wound healing and transwell assay respectively. The regulatory effect of miR-365a-5p on PELI3 was interrogated with luciferase reporter assay. The direct binding between miR-365a-5p and PELI3 was analyzed by pulldown assay. RESULTS: PELI3 was aberrantly up-regulated in NSCLC both in vivo and in vitro. High level of PELI3 associated with poor prognosis. PELI3-deficiency significantly inhibited cell viability, colony formation, migration and invasion. We further identified that miR-365a-5p negatively regulated PELI3 in this disease. Ectopic expression of miR-365a-5p in both A549 and H1299 phenocopied PELI3-deficiency. Meanwhile, PELI3-silencing significantly abolished the pro-tumoral effect elicited by miR-365a-5p inhibition. CONCLUSIONS: Our results highlighted the importance of dysregulated miR-365a-5p-PELI3 signaling axis in NSCLC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Down-Regulation/physiology , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Tetrazolium Salts , Thiazoles , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , MicroRNAs/therapeutic use , Cell Line, Tumor , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/pharmacology , Disease Models, Animal , Coloring Agents , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813296

ABSTRACT

The subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) caused by ruptured intracranial aneurysms (IAs) is always a lethality. Increasing evidence suggests a familiar aggregation of IA occurrence, which may relate to genetics and there might be an increasing number of IAs in IA families when mutation of disease genes is aggregating. With the progress in the study of familiar intracranial aneurysms (FIAs), a large number of chromosome fragments are found to be related with IAs, such as 1p36, 5q31, 7q11, 14q22, 17cen, 19q13, Xp22. Further studies indicated that mutation of several genes could be the cause of FIAs, including TNFRSF13B, ANRIL, SOX17, ADAMTS15, RNF213 and LOXL2. The independent genetic epidemiologic study on aneurysm families can be used to discover the related genes more effectively, and to explore the mechanism of occurrence of IAs. It's also the precondition for the prevention of disease.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Triphosphatases , Amino Acid Oxidoreductases , Genetic Research , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , Genetics , Risk Factors , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
17.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(8): 703-712, Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949375

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To assess the action of vitamin C on the expression of 84 oxidative stress related-genes in cultured skin fibroblasts from burn patients. Methods: Skin samples were obtained from ten burn patients. Human primary fibroblasts were isolated and cultured to be distributed into 2 groups: TF (n = 10, fibroblasts treated with vitamin C) and UF (n = 10, untreated fibroblasts). Gene expression analysis using quantitative polymerase chain reaction array was performed for comparisons between groups. Results: The comparison revealed 10 upregulated genes as follows: arachidonate 12-lipoxygenase (ALOX12), 24-dehydrocholesterol reductase (DHCR24), dual oxidase 1 (DUOX1), glutathione peroxidase 2 (GPX2), glutathione peroxidase 5 (GPX5), microsomal glutathione S-transferase 3 (MGST3), peroxiredoxin 4 (PRDX4), phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate dependent Rac exchange factor 1 (P-REX1), prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1 (PTGS1), and ring finger protein 7 (RNF7). Conclusion: Cultured fibroblasts obtained from burn patients and treated with vitamin C resulted in 10 differentially expressed genes, all overexpressed, with DUOX1, GPX5, GPX2 and PTGS1 being of most interest.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Ascorbic Acid/pharmacology , Burns/pathology , Gene Expression/drug effects , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Fibroblasts/pathology , Reference Values , Skin/pathology , Arachidonate 12-Lipoxygenase/analysis , Arachidonate 12-Lipoxygenase/drug effects , Burns/drug therapy , Cells, Cultured , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/analysis , Oxidoreductases Acting on CH-CH Group Donors/analysis , Cyclooxygenase 1/analysis , Cyclooxygenase 1/drug effects , Peroxiredoxins/analysis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Dual Oxidases/analysis , Dual Oxidases/drug effects , Glutathione Peroxidase/analysis , Glutathione Peroxidase/drug effects
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772974

ABSTRACT

DNA damage response (DDR) is essential for maintaining genome stability and protecting cells from tumorigenesis. Ubiquitin and ubiquitin-like modifications play an important role in DDR, from signaling DNA damage to mediating DNA repair. In this report, we found that the E3 ligase ring finger protein 126 (RNF126) was recruited to UV laser micro-irradiation-induced stripes in a RNF8-dependent manner. RNF126 directly interacted with and ubiquitinated another E3 ligase, RNF168. Overexpression of wild type RNF126, but not catalytically-inactive mutant RNF126 (CC229/232AA), diminished ubiquitination of H2A histone family member X (H2AX), and subsequent bleomycin-induced focus formation of total ubiquitin FK2, TP53-binding protein 1 (53BP1), and receptor-associated protein 80 (RAP80). Interestingly, both RNF126 overexpression and RNF126 downregulation compromised homologous recombination (HR)-mediated repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). Taken together, our findings demonstrate that RNF126 negatively regulates RNF168 function in DDR and its appropriate cellular expression levels are essential for HR-mediated DSB repair.


Subject(s)
Carrier Proteins , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , DNA Breaks, Double-Stranded , DNA Repair , Genetics , DNA-Binding Proteins , Metabolism , Genomic Instability , HeLa Cells , Histones , Metabolism , Humans , Nuclear Proteins , Metabolism , RNA Interference , RNA, Small Interfering , Genetics , Signal Transduction , Tumor Suppressor p53-Binding Protein 1 , Metabolism , Ubiquitin , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases , Genetics , Metabolism , Ubiquitination
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772594

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory bowel disease refers to chronic inflammatory disorders that affect the gastrointestinal tract. Ubiquitination is an important protein post-translational modification. In recent years, the research of ubiquitination-deubiquitination system in the development of inflammatory bowel disease has become a hot spot. Up to now, the E3 ubiquitin ligases such as ring finger protein 183 (RNF183), RNF20, Itch and A20 were well studied in inflammatory bowel disease. RNF183 promotes the activation of the NF-κB pathway by increasing the ubiquitination and degradation of IκBα; RNF20 drives histone H2B monoubiquitylation, downregulates a panel of inflammation-associated genes; Itch inhibits IL-17-mediated colon inflammation by retinoid acid related orphan receptor γt ubiquitination; A20 has ubiquitinating-deubiquitinating activity to regulates colon inflammation. This article reviews the role and regulatory mechanism of RNF183, RNF20, Itch and A20 in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease.


Subject(s)
Histones , Metabolism , Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases , Metabolism , Ubiquitination
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775830

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a Chinese pedigree where three siblings were affected with Parkinson's disease.@*METHODS@#Multiple ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) and next-generation sequencing (NGS) were employed to detect the causative mutation. Sanger sequencing of cDNA was also used for verify the effect of mutation on the transcription of RNA.@*RESULTS@#Heterozygous deletion of exon 3 of the PARK2 gene was detected by MLPA, while a heterozygous splice site variant c.619-3G>C was detected by NGS. Both mutations were shown to result in aberrant transcripts of the PARK2 gene (loss of exons 3 and 6, respectively) by Sanger sequencing of cDNA. Both mutations have co-segregated with the disease in the pedigree.@*CONCLUSION@#Compound heterozygous mutations of the PARK2 gene probably underlie the disease in this pedigree. Identification of the splice site variant c.619-3G>C has expanded the mutation spectrum of the PARK2 gene.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , China , DNA Mutational Analysis , Exons , Heterozygote , Humans , Mutation , Parkinson Disease , Genetics , Pedigree , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases , Genetics
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